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Oil and Gas Production Handbook

Oil and Gas Production Handbook

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Published by hooman_teh

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Published by: hooman_teh on Dec 12, 2010
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05/15/2014

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Storage at the terminals and on LNG carriers is done in cryogenic tanks at
atmospheric pressure or slightly above, up to 125 kPa. The tanks are
insulated, but will not keep LNG cold enough to avoid evaporation. Heat

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leakage will heat and boil off the LNG. Therefore LNG is stored as a boiling
cryogen, which means that the liquid is stored at its boiling point for its
storage pressure (atmospheric pressure) i.e. about -162ºC. As the vapor
boils off, heat of vaporization is absorbed from and cools the remaining
liquid. The effect is called auto-refrigeration. With efficient insulation, only a
relatively small amount of boil-off is necessary to maintain temperature. Boil-
off gas from land based LNG storage tanks is compressed and fed to natural
gas pipeline networks. On LNG carriers the boil-off gas can be used for fuel.

At the receiving terminal, the LNG is stored in local cryogenic tanks. It is
regasified to ambient temperature on demand, commonly in a sea water
heat exchanger, and then injected into the gas pipeline system.

Cove point LNG terminal

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