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Metallurgical Replication of a High

Pressure - High Temperature Steam


Line

Environment: Steam header, exposure


to elevated temperatures of 750°F and
pressures of 400 psi.

Material: ASTM A-53 Grade B carbon


steel pipe

Service Life: 60 + years

Findings: Metallurgical Replication of


the high temperature–high pressure
steam header which had been exposed Metallurgical Replication of a high temperature –
to 60+ years of service indicated that high pressure steam header from a powerhouse at
the header had come to the end of its a mining facility. Microstructure indicates a
safe service life. The microstructure primarily a soft, weak ferrite matrix with ~5%
indicated a primarily a soft and weak fraction pearlite. Damage from 60+ years of
ferrite matrix with ~5% fraction pearlite. elevated temperature service is shown by the
Damage from 60+ years of elevated presence of iron carbide particles which have
temperature service is shown by the precipitated along grain boundaries from
presence of iron carbide particles which decomposed pearlite lamellae within the grains.
have precipitated along grain
boundaries from decomposed pearlite
lamellae within the grains.
Recommendations were made to have
the steam header, and adjacent piping
replaced.