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IIPersonalProperty Finding Class1

IIPersonalProperty Finding Class1

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Published by: Theron 'Ron' Solomon on Dec 12, 2010
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04/10/2014

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Personal Property Acquisition by Finding

2010 (revised) edition

Amory v Delamirie .

Finding Cases What the Case Says What the Case Means Armory v Delamirie F vs Stranger Key Fact: F has poss. title against world except the TO .

Finding Cases What the Case Says What the Case Means Armory v Delamirie F vs Stranger Key Fact: F has poss. title against world except the TO Armory v Delamirie Holding ± unrevised but narrowed by later fact patterns .

Finding Cases What the Case Says What the Case Means Armory v Delamirie F vs Stranger Key Fact: F has poss. title against world except the TO Bridges v Hawkesworth F v Landowner Key Fact: P not under protection/custody of shop Armory v Delamirie Holding ± unrevised but narrowed by later fact patterns .

Finding Cases What the Case Says What the Case Means Armory v Delamirie F vs Stranger Key Point: F has poss. title against world except the TO Bridges v Hawkesworth F v Landowner Key Fact: P not under protection/custody of shop Armory v Delamirie Holding ± unrevised but narrowed by later fact patterns Bridges v Hawkesworth Key Fact: P found in public part of shop .

Finding Cases What the Case Says What the Case Means Armory v Delamirie F vs Stranger Key Fact: F has poss. title against world except the TO Bridges v Hawkesworth F v Landowner Key Fact: P not under protection/custody of shop South Staffordshire v Sharman Landowner-ER v F-EE Key Fact: P embedded in land Armory v Delamirie Holding ± unrevised but narrowed by later fact patterns Bridges v Hawkesworth Key Fact: P found in public part of shop .

title against world except the TO Bridges v Hawkesworth F v Landowner Key Fact: P not under protection/custody of shop South Staffordshire v Sharman Landowner-ER v F-EE Key Fact: P embedded in land Armory v Delamirie Holding ± unrevised but narrowed by later fact patterns Bridges v Hawkesworth Key Fact: P found in public part of shop South Staffordshire v Sharman Key Fact: Servant (EE) find P For master (ER) .Finding Cases What the Case Says What the Case Means Armory v Delamirie F vs Stranger Key Fact: F has poss.

P = a mineral ± part of land owned by LL 2. P = chattel (not conveyed in lease to T) .Finding Cases What the Cases Say What the Cases Mean Elwes v Briggs Gas Landlord v Tenant Key Facts: 1. P = part of soil ± part of land owned by LL 3.

P = chattel (not conveyed in lease to T) Elwes v Briggs Gas Key Fact: LL prevails over Tenant .Finding Cases What the Cases Say What the Cases Mean Elwes v Briggs Gas Landlord v Tenant Key Facts: 1. P = part of soil ± part of land owned by LL 3. P = a mineral ± part of land owned by LL 2.

Finding Cases What the Cases Say What the Cases Mean Elwes v Briggs Gas Landlord v Tenant Key Facts: 1. P = a mineral ± part of land owned by LL 2. P = chattel (not conveyed in lease to T) Hanna v Peel F v Non-possessory Landowner Key Fact: Landowner never had possession of land Elwes v Briggs Gas Key Fact: LL prevails over Tenant . P = part of soil ± part of land owned by LL 3.

P = a mineral ± part of land owned by LL 2.Finding Cases What the Cases Say What the Cases Mean Elwes v Briggs Gas Landlord v Tenant Key Facts: 1. P = part of soil ± part of land owned by LL 3. P = chattel (not conveyed in lease to T) Hanna v Peel F v Non-possessory Landowner Key Fact: Landowner never had possession of land Elwes v Briggs Gas Key Fact: LL prevails over Tenant Hanna v Peel Holding not revised .

Finding Cases What the Case Says What the Case Means Bishop v Ellsworth Trepasser vs Landowner Key Point: Trespassers usually lose to landowner Jackson v Steinberg F-EE v ER Key Fact: EE-F lose if turning over found P is part of job duties (chamber maid) Erickson v Sinykin F-EE v ER Key Fact: F-EE wins if turning over found P is not part of job (interior decorator) .

Beyond the Common Law of Finding  Mislaid Property (US)  Common Law Treasure Trove (GB)   Bon vacantia Modern equivalents  Statutory Duties and Rights to Lost/Mislaid/Abandoned Property .

$5000 ± one year  Over $ 5000 .six months  $500 .A Statutory Answer for Finding Issues ± NY Legislation  Definitions  Lost Property  Owner  Finder  Duty to Deposit Lost Property with Police  Willful Refusal a Misdemeanor  Duties of Police to Hold Lost Property  Under $ 500 .three years .

A Statutory Answer for Finding Issues ± NY Legislation  Disposition of Lost Property  To Finder if still unclaimed  Finder to reimburse expenses of custody  Exceptions  Criminal finder  Employee with duty to deliver lost property  Lost property in a safe deposit box  Title to Lost Property  Vest in finder or other proper party  Effective on deposit with police .

TY Fi r] . s l t titl Personal Property: Flowchart on Finding [Fi r] . tr ( r r ) tt l tt c T st tt c t l [Fi r ¢  ¥¤¥¢   ¡ ¥¤ l r ] . lic s tti ( ri s) ¤ ¥¤ ¤ ¥¡¦ ¢  ¢ ¤ ¨ ¢ ¤  ¢¥ ¡¥¤  ¢¥  ¢ ¤ ¨ ¥¤ ¡ § © ¡ § ¤ ¨ $ $! $ % ¨ T T t t .[ (Mc st ) i ¢ ¤" ¢" ¤ ¤¥! ¥¤ ¡ § © ¡ § ¤ ¨  ¨ t t t r ¢ ¢ § ¡ ¦¤ ¥ ¤£ ¡ ¢ ¡  ¥¤ ¡ § © ¡ § ¤ ¨      N N ss ss r t t t r i s st i ¥¤ ¡ § © ¡ § ¤ ¨    ¨ I MI   $& $ & &   F  $ IZ $ #    First Remember: True Owner (TO) always has paramount ownership right. ss rs l s ¥ ¢¢©¡  ¢ ¡¥ ¢ § ¡ ¥ " £¥ ¥ ¢ ¡ ¢¢©¡   ¢©¡    ¢¥ ¢¢©¡   l Fi r . r r r ctic : M [ t t ]: t f first r f s l [Fi r]: j ct r r r r Legend: [Prevailing Party] (Case)  ¢¥ .[ lic s tti ( r )  ¤ ¢ ¡ ¢ ¦ ¢¥ ¤ §¢ ¡ $ ¢¤¨ ¢ ¤   ¥ ¢¡ ¢¥ ¡¥¤  ¢¥  ¢ ¤ ¨ t t ti ¢£  £¥ ¢ ¦§  ¢¥ ¡¥¤  ¢¥ r] . ¥¤ ¢ ¤   ¥ ¢ §¦ ¤ ¥ ¡ ¢¥ ¡¥¤ ¢¥ ¡¥¤  ¢¥ Fi r' r [ s' ll [Fi Fi i ri i r] ri r t l  ¥¤ ¡ ¢" ¤ ¤ ¢ ¤" © ¡  ¢£¥¤ ¨  ¢¥ r] . r rk # "¤¥¥¤ ¢¥ ¡¥¤ © ¡ ¢ ¡  ¥¡ ( ss ss r ) ¥¤ ¤" ¨ £¥ ¢ ¦§  ¥¡¥ ¢¥ ¡¥¤  ¢¥ r .T ( l s) T ¢ ¡ ¢ ¤  ¢ © ¤§ ! ¢¥ ¡¥¤  ¢¥ £¥ ¤  ¢ ssi Fi s ll tr s r . N tt l Tr s [ r] TY t r r ti s. l s l s if fi i is it i l s i . l r ctic : [ t t ] r c t t t r st i ©¡  ¢¥ ¡¥¤  ¢¥ t t t r r . Fi r . If t. Fi r .

Abandoned Property Preliminary issue ± proof of abandonment . What acts constitute first possession? . conduct evincing intent. Effect of abandonment on title . Interest of TO ± terminated .. Absolute ownership vests in first possessor . Who prevails: Finder? Landowner? .. requisite intent of TO .

End .

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