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 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫اﻟﻤﺆﺳﺴﺔ اﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ ﻟﻠﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ اﻟﻔﻨﻲ واﻟﺘﺪرﻳﺐ اﻟﻤﻬﻨﻲ‬


‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬
-‫א‬‫א‬
٢٣٧
  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
   ٢٣٧  ‫א‬

 
 W،،‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K ‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،
‫א‬         ‫א‬   ،‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬  
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬،‫ א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬

?‫א‬??  - ‫א‬‫א‬?‫א‬‫א‬


 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
،‫א‬،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
   ٢٣٧  ‫א‬

 

 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
،‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،‫א‬
  ‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫اﻟﻤﺆﺳﺴﺔ اﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ ﻟﻠﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ اﻟﻔﻨﻲ واﻟﺘﺪرﻳﺐ اﻟﻤﻬﻨﻲ‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

-‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬ 
 ‫א‬

١
 ‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬
Pulse Amplitude Modulation
 ( PAM )
‫א‬ :‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬K‫א‬‫ א‬W‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬W‫א‬‫• א‬
 ‫א‬W‫א‬‫• א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
( PAM F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ .١
( PAM )‫א‬ .٢
E PAM F‫א‬ESampling PulsesF‫א‬‫ א‬K٣
E PAMF K٤
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 (PAM)‫א‬‫א‬ K١
 K‫א‬‫א‬(PAM)‫א‬ K٢
 K .‫א‬‫א‬(LPF)‫א‬‫א‬ K٣

 K٪٩٠‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ :‫א‬‫א‬

٤ :‫א‬‫א‬

K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬ :‫א‬‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ :‫א‬‫א‬

-١-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
PAM Signal Generation

 W‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬

( PAM F ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ .١
( PAM )‫א‬ .٢
E PAM F‫א‬ESampling PulsesF‫א‬‫ א‬K٣
E PAMF  K٤

 W‫א‬‫א‬
 ( Digital Communications Unit )‫א‬‫א‬ K١
EOscilloscopeF‫א‬‫א‬ K٢
EFunction GeneratorF‫א‬‫א‬ K٣

(PAM) ‫א‬ E1-1F 

-٢-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E1-1F(PAM)‫א‬‫א‬J
.(SAMPLER)‫א‬‫א‬EM2F‫א‬‫א‬J ١
(0.1ms/DIV) ‫א‬‫א‬E2V/DIV)  (١) ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٢
(M2) ‫( و‬SAMPLE) ‫א‬ (١) ‫א‬E١) ‫א‬ (TRIGGER)‫א‬
 (Fm) (Vp.p)EM2F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٣

M2 = Vp.p M2 = KHZ
 ‫א‬(Nyquist rate)‫א‬(2KHZ) (M2) ‫א‬J ٤
Nyquist rate= KHZ ‫(؟‬SP)‫א‬
 ‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬(2V/DIV)E٢F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٥
E
 K(SP)‫א‬E٢F‫א‬
     ‫א‬ ‫א‬  E٢F‫א‬  ‫א‬ ESPF ‫א‬ ‫א‬J ٦
 ((2-1)  (SP M2)‫א‬‫א‬F (Fs) ‫א‬‫א‬
T= ms Fs = KHZ

(2-1) 

 ‫( وﻟﻤﺎذا ؟‬PAM) (Fs)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٧


................................................................................................................................
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫( א‬SAMPLER)‫א‬‫א‬E٢F‫א‬J ٨
 E (3-1)‫( )اﻻﺷﺎرة ﺳﺘﻜﻮن آﻤﺎ ﺑﺎﻟﺸﻜﻞ‬٢)‫א‬
‫א؟‬(flat-top)‫א‬(natural)KJ

..................................................................................................................

-٣-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬






(3-1) 
K‫א‬‫א‬ (GND)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٩
  ‫א‬‫א‬ (AC)‫א‬‫א‬
 (3-1)‫ א‬‫א‬(PAM ) (M2)‫א‬‫א‬J
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F(CIRCUIT MODIVATION)(CM)J ١٠
‫א‬‫א‬ (16 KHZ ) EFsF‫א‬E ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
  ‫א؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(PAM)
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
(4-1)‫א‬(PAM)‫( و‬M2)‫א‬‫א‬J

 





(4-1)  
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ (4 KHZ) ‫(א‬Fs)‫א‬(CM)J ١١
 ‫א؟‬‫א‬(M2)‫א‬‫א‬
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
  ( Sample/hold)‫א‬(CM) (8 KHZ)‫א‬EFsF‫א‬(CM)J ١٢
‫( ؟‬Sample/hold) ‫א‬ ‫ ﻣﺮﺷﺢ ﻣﻊ‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫( ؟‬Sample/hold) ‫א‬ ‫ ﻣﺮﺷﺢ ﺑﺪون‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

-٤-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬

 ((5-1)‫א‬‫א‬F (Sample/hold)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK



(5-1)  

 ‫א‬‫א‬EPAMFE٢F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١٣
 EPAMFE50 ms/DIVF‫א‬‫א‬ (١ V/DIV)‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬E٢F
( 6-1 ) 

 Tp = ms ETpF‫א‬‫א‬K

 

(6-1) 

 EPWF‫א‬KE20µs/DIVF‫א‬‫א‬J ١٤
 Pw = ms K‫א‬‫א‬(7-1F‫א‬

-٥-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬


E7-1F 

 (PW/Tp)EP2F EP1FEPW/TpF‫א‬J ١٥
( ) PW/Tp = ( / ) ms
 E P2FE P1F‫א‬J ١٦
V1= V V2= V

 EPAMF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١٧

2 2
Vrms(p) = PW / TpX (v1 + v2
 = Vrms
 E١K Ω F‫א‬EPAMFJ ١٨
2
rms( p )
Pp = v
Z

= mw
E0.1ms/DIVF‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬E٢V/DIVFE١F‫א‬‫א‬J ١٩
 ( ( 8-1)‫א‬KFE٢{٥Vp) EM2F‫א‬‫א‬

-٦-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬

 E١K Ω F‫א‬EM2F‫א‬‫א‬J
Ps = (0.707 x V Peak)2 /Z

=mw




(8-1) 

 ‫א‬(M2)‫א‬‫א‬EPAMF‫א‬J ٢٠
 E( M2)LEPAMFF

Pp/Ps =

 ‫א‬.(Ps) (M2) (PAM)‫א‬‫א‬J ٢١
 (Tp)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(T= 0.125ms) (PAM)

Pp=PW/T x PS = mw

‫א‬‫א‬(PAM)J ٢٢
‫( ؟‬PW/Tp) ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(PAM)

.............................................................................................................................

-٧-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
PAM Signal Demodulation

 W‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬

 (PAM)‫א‬‫א‬J ١
 K‫א‬‫א‬(PAM)‫א‬J ٢
.‫א‬‫א‬(LPF)‫א‬‫א‬J ٣

 W‫א‬‫א‬
 ( Digital Communications Unit)‫א‬‫א‬ K١
EOscilloscopeF‫א‬‫א‬ K٢
ESignal GeneratorF‫א‬‫א‬ K٣


EPAMF ‫א‬ E1-2F 

-٨-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E1-2F(PAM)‫א‬‫א‬J
 ‫א‬‫א‬EM2F‫א‬‫א‬EPAMF‫א‬J ١
( SAMPLER)‫א‬‫א‬(SAMPLERF
 K‫א‬EL P FF‫א‬‫א‬EFILTERF‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬(0.1ms/DIV)‫א‬E2V/DIVFE١F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٢
(M2)‫א‬(M2)(١)‫א‬(١)‫א‬(TRIGGERF
 K‫א‬E2-2F‫א‬(٢KHZ)(٥V p.p)‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬،(2V/DIV)E٢F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٣
 (SP)‫א‬E٢F‫א‬E‫א‬F
 Fs = 8 KH(SP)


E2-2F 

 ‫( ؟‬Nyquist rate) ‫א‬(8KHZ)‫א‬(SP)(٢KHZ) (M2)J ٤
 ..…………………………………………………………………………………
‫א‬( SAMPLER ) ‫א‬‫א‬(٢)‫א‬J ٥
 ‫؟‬(M2)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(PAM)
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
‫א‬(M2)‫א‬‫(א‬TOW-POST CONNECTOR)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٦
‫א‬‫א‬E٢F‫א‬( SAMPLER )‫א‬‫א‬
 ( SAMPLER )‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ (SIGNAL GENERATOR )
-٩-
 ‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬
   K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
(2KHZ)(5Vp.p)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٧
 (2V /DIV)‫ ( وﺿﺒﻄﻬﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ‬SAMPLER ) ‫( ﻣﻊ ﻣﺪﺧﻞ‬١)‫( ﺑﻌﺪ ﺗﻮﺻﻴﻞ اﻟﻘﻨﺎة‬١)‫א‬
 (200 mv/DIV)E٢F‫א‬‫א‬(FILTER)‫א‬‫א‬E٢F‫א‬J ٨
‫א‬‫א‬E٢F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E3-2 F‫א‬F‫؟‬E١F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

 

E3-2F   

 E4-2F‫א‬( Fs>2Fm )‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٩
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬EFsF‫א‬‫א‬
. (Fs-Fm )‫א‬‫א‬

- ١٠ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬

E4-2F 
 
‫א‬(0.5VP.PF‫א‬‫א‬(±0.5KHZF‫א‬‫א‬J ١٠
(٢)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
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‫א‬(Fs)‫א‬ ( Fm)‫א‬‫א‬J
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 (٢KHZ) (5VP.P)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١١
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ (4KHZ‫א‬8KHZ)(Fs)(CM)J ١٢
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(٢)‫א‬(L P F)‫א‬‫א‬
 (5-2) EFs-Fm )‫ ( و‬Fm) ‫א‬‫א‬ (Fs)‫א‬
(Fs= 2Fm) ‫א‬‫א‬

 
E5-2F 

- ١١ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬


 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١٣
 …………………………………………………………………………………
‫א‬‫א‬E6-2F‫א‬


 
 

E6-2F 
( Fm)‫א‬(8KHZ)‫א‬( Fs)‫א‬(CM)J ١٤
F‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬‫א‬(6KHZ)‫א‬
‫א‬ ‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬EFs<Nyquist rateF( Fs<2 Fm‫א‬
(Fs-Fm)
 K‫א‬‫א‬ (7-2)‫א‬
(aliasing or fold-over distortion)‫א‬J


E7-2F  

- ١٢ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬

 CM)(16KHZF‫א‬(Fs)‫א‬(3.5KHZFEFmF‫א‬J ١٥
 (Fs>2 FmF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E8-2F‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬(Fs>2 Fm )J ١٦
(Fs-Fm)‫א‬(Fm)‫א‬‫א‬
 KE9-2F‫א‬
Fs=16KHZ (3.8KHZ)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١٧
 Fm=3.5KHZ 
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
 (2.6KHZ )(cut off frequency)‫א‬(CM)‫א‬J ١٨
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(3.8KHZ)
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫( א‬attenuation)‫א‬
 .‫( وﻳﻤﻜﻦ رﻓﻊ ﺗﺮدد اﻟﻘﻄﻊ أآﺜﺮ آﻠﻤﺎ زاداﻟﻔﺎﺻﻞ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺗﺮدد اﻟﺮﺳﺎﻟﺔ وﺗﺮدد اﻟﻌﻴﻨﺎت‬2.6KHZ )
‫( ﻗﺒﻞ داﺋﺮة‬SAMPLE/HOLD)‫א‬‫א‬(CM )‫א‬J ١٩
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(STAIRCASE) ‫اﻟﻤﺮﺷﺢ اﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺠﻌﻞ اﻟﻌﻴﻨﺎت ﺳﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬
 (SAMPLER)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
KE8-2F‫א‬‫א‬E٢F‫א‬ESPFE١F‫א‬‫א‬

E8-2F 

- ١٣ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫اﻟﻤﺆﺳﺴﺔ اﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ ﻟﻠﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ اﻟﻔﻨﻲ واﻟﺘﺪرﻳﺐ اﻟﻤﻬﻨﻲ‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

-‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬

٢
 ‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬-‫א‬
PAM – Time Division Multiplexing
 ( PAM-TDM )

‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬W‫א‬‫א‬
 W
‫א‬‫א‬(PAMFW‫א‬‫• א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬PAM ‫א‬W‫א‬‫• א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬EPAMF J ١
(PAM- TDM ) ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٢
(S1-S2F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٣
 ‫א‬‫א‬
.(PAM-TDMF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ .١
K‫א‬‫א‬ (time slots) ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ .٢
K‫א‬‫א‬(PAM-TDM)‫א‬ K٣

 K٪٩٠‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ :‫א‬‫א‬

٤ :‫א‬‫א‬

K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬ :‫א‬‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ :‫א‬‫א‬

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 ‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬(PAMF
PAM – TDM (Transmission)

 W‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬

‫א‬EPAMF .١
(PAM- TDM ) ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ .٢
(S1-S2F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٣

 W‫א‬‫א‬
( Digital Communications Unit )‫א‬‫א‬ K١
EOscilloscopeF‫א‬‫א‬ K٢






 PAM-TDM E١J ٣ F

 W‫א‬‫א‬
  (1-3)‫א‬(PAM-TDM)‫א‬‫א‬J ١
 (SAMPLER2)(M2)(SAMPLER1)(M1)‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬( SAMPLER1) (٢)‫א‬ (M1)(١)‫א‬J ٢
 (١)‫א‬‫א‬(0.2 ms/DIV)‫א‬(2V/DIV) (٢)(١)‫א‬‫א‬
 (PAM)‫א‬(2-3)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٣

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 ‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬ (M1)‫א‬‫א‬(٢)‫א‬‫א‬
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK






   (2-3)

(DC)‫א‬‫א‬(٢)‫א‬(PAM)J ٤
‫א‬ (M2)‫א‬(SAMPLER1)‫א‬ (M1)‫א‬
 K‫א‬ (3-3)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬






 (3-3)

‫( ﻋﻨﺪ‬DC)‫א‬‫א‬(SAMPLER1)(M1)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٥
(SAMPLER1)‫ﻣﺪﺧﻞ‬
 DC = V
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(SAMPLER1)(M1)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٦
 (٢)‫א‬(PAM)(Tp)‫א‬‫א‬E10 µS/DIV)
 Tp = µS
  (SAMPLER1) ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
 Fs = KHZ

- ١٦ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬(fs=2 x fm) Nyquist ‫اﻟـ‬J ٧


 Fm =…………….KHZ (M1)‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬( SAMPLER2)(٢)‫א‬(SAMPLER1)(١)‫א‬J ٨
‫א‬‫א‬(PAM)E١F‫א‬‫א‬(50 ms/DIV)‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫؟‬‫א‬(4-3)




 
   E٤-٣F  

 ‫א؟‬‫א‬(M2)(M1)(PAM)J ٩
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
(S1)‫א‬(50 ms/DIV)‫א‬‫א‬(S1)‫א‬(٢)‫א‬J ١٠
 ‫؟‬(SAMPLER1)
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
 ‫؟‬(SAMPLER2)(S2)‫א‬J
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK



 


 E٥-٣F 

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(SLOT COUNTER)‫א‬‫א‬E5-3F‫א‬J ١١
 K‫א‬‫א‬(S2)(S1)‫א‬‫א‬
- ١٧ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬

(S2) (S1)‫א‬‫א‬(S2)(٢)‫א‬(S1)(١)‫א‬
= µS ‫؟‬ES2 S1)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(6-3)





 (6-3) 
 (slot 0)‫א‬‫(א‬frame)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١٢
 ( Slot 1)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫ ( اﻟﺘﻲ‬Sync. Pulse )‫א‬‫א‬
 K(7-3)‫א‬(PAM 2)( Slot 2)‫א‬‫א‬(PAM 1)
 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫(א‬bits)‫א‬‫א‬J
 ٤E٣E٢E١E‫א‬

  

 

 


E٧-٣F  

(Guard time)‫א‬‫א‬(PAM – TDM)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١٣
(S2)(S1)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬(8-3)‫א‬(Guard time)(S2)(S1)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬


- ١٨ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬



 


E٨-٣F  
(١)‫א‬(SAMPLER1)(EXT.TRIG.)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١٥
(EXT.TRIG)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(ADDER)‫א‬‫א‬(٢)‫א‬(S1)
‫א‬‫א‬ (5V/DIV)(١)‫א‬‫א‬ (0.1 ms/DIV)‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬EM2 M1F‫א‬E٩J ٣F







E٩-٣F 
 ‫( ؟‬٢)‫א‬(PAM – TDM)J ١٦
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
 (Guard time)‫א‬‫א‬(10 µs/DIV)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١٧
   Guard time =…………ms (PAM – TDM)‫א‬
 ‫؟‬(S2)(S1)‫א‬‫א‬
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

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 ‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(20 µs/DIV)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١٨
(CM)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(PAM – TDM)‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(CM)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬(PAM)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 (CM)(SYNC. PULS)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(١)‫א‬J ١٩
 (١)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
 (Guard time)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(PAM)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٢٠
 ‫א‬(PEDESTAL)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
E‫א‬F‫א‬(PEDESTAL)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(PAM – TDM)‫א‬
 K‫אא‬(10-3)‫א‬E‫א‬F‫א‬(CLCKT)‫א‬



 



E١٠-٣F 

(٢)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(CLCKT)‫א‬(١)‫א‬J ٢١
(CLCKT)‫א‬‫א‬(10µs/DIV)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(SAMPLER1)
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ECLCKTF‫א‬‫א‬EPAMF‫א‬
‫؟‬EPAMF‫א‬
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

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 ‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E11-3F‫א‬







 (11-3)


EM2M1)‫א‬(PAM) (ADDER)‫א‬J ٢٢
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(CLCKT)‫א‬(PAM-TDM)‫א‬
E‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(CLCKT)
‫א‬‫א‬(CLCKT) ( PAM)
(0 Vdc)(PEDESTAL)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(PAM)‫א‬
 (ADDER)‫א‬ ( 12-3)‫واﻟﺸﻜﻞ‬




   (12-3) 
‫א‬(٢)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫(א‬CLCKT) ‫ﻣﻊ‬(١)‫א‬J ٢٣
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ (SAMPLER1)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫ ( ﻗﺪح ﺧﺎرﺟﻲ‬EXT.TRIG)‫א‬(5V/DIV‫و‬2V/DIV )‫( ﻋﻠﻰ‬٢‫و‬١)‫( واﻟﻘﻨﺎﺗﻴﻦ‬10µs/DIV)
 ‫(؟‬ADDER)‫א‬‫א‬(CLCKT)‫א‬J
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
- ٢١ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬

 (10kΩ) =‫א‬‫א‬(12-3)‫א‬(Av)‫א‬‫א‬J ٢٤
 ‫א‬‫א‬J ١
 (CLCKT)J ٢
 Av = ?

 Av= ?

‫א‬(SAMPLER1)(1)‫א‬(50 µs/DIV)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٢٥
 (13-3)(1)‫א‬(PAM)‫א‬(٢)
 Vi = V

E13-3F 

 (14-3)‫א‬‫א‬(٢)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
 Vo = V





 (14-3)
‫א‬(Vi ,Vo )(Av)‫א‬‫א‬J ٢٦
Av= ?
 

- ٢٢ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬PAM‫א‬
PAM – TDM (Reception)

 W‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬

.(PAM-TDMF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ .١
K‫א‬‫א‬ (time slots) ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ .٢
K‫א‬‫א‬(PAM-TDM)‫א‬ K٣

 W‫א‬‫א‬
( Digital Communications Unit )‫א‬‫א‬ K١
EOscilloscopeF‫א‬‫א‬ K٢

 (PAM-TDM RECEIVER (1-4) 



- ٢٣ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬EPAM-TDMF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(1-4)‫א‬J
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬( 2-4)‫א‬EPAM-TDMF‫א‬J ١
SAMPLE&HOLD 1- ) (ADEER- COMP) (M2-SAMPLER 2) (M1-SAMPLER1)
(٢) ‫א‬E٢) ‫א‬ (١) ‫א‬‫א‬E١)‫א‬ (FILTER 1
E١F‫א‬‫א‬(0.5ms/DIV)‫א‬(2V/DIV) ‫א‬‫א‬


(2-4) 
 K‫א‬‫א‬(M2)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٢
(M١)‫א‬(M1)‫א‬ ‫ ( ﺛﻢ‬٢)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א؟‬E٢F‫א‬‫א‬(M٢)‫א‬(١)‫א‬‫א‬
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

E١F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬EM١F‫א‬E٢F‫א‬J ٣
 E١F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E٢F‫א‬EM١F‫א‬E١F‫א‬

Vi = V
Vo = V
 ‫א‬EPAM-TDMF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٤
 AV =

- ٢٤ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬

 E١F‫א‬EPAM-TDMF‫א‬‫א‬E٢F‫א‬J ٥
E١F‫א‬‫א‬E50ms/DIVF‫א‬‫א‬ESAMPLE & HOLD1F‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬EGNDF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
EM1FEPAMF‫א‬E١F‫א‬
SAMPLE & F‫א‬(StaircaseFE‫א‬F‫א‬
E‫א‬FE‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F(H1 FEHOLD1
‫א‬‫א‬E‫א‬F(H1F
 K‫א‬‫א‬E3-4F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬





 E٣-٤F   

 EM1F‫א‬ETime slot 1FE١F‫א‬‫א‬EH1F‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬( S1)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 (M2)‫א‬(Time slot 2)(2)‫א‬‫א‬(H2)‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬( S2)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 (20µs/DIV)‫א‬(2V/DIV)‫א‬(H1)E٢F‫א‬J ٦
‫ ( ؟‬HIGH)(H1)(SAMPLE&HOLD1)‫א‬
...................................................................................................................................
 ..............
 TH1 = µs (H1)‫א‬J ٧
E١F‫א‬‫א‬E٢F‫א‬‫א‬E١F‫א‬‫א‬J ٨
‫א‬(H1FEH1FES1F‫א‬‫א‬E5V/DIVF‫א‬(S1F
 KES1F
 TS1 = µs ES1F‫א‬J ٩

- ٢٥ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬

(S1)(H1)‫א‬‫א‬J ١٠
‫א‬EH1)(H1)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K(PAM)‫א‬‫א‬(PAM)‫א‬
 (H1)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(CM)–١١
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
 (CMFE١F‫א‬E٢F‫א‬E١F‫א‬E١F‫א‬J ١٢
 ECMF (7.7KHZF‫( א‬2.6KHZFE١F‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬E١F‫א‬‫א‬J
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
(H2) (H1)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
(S2)(S1)(S2)(S1)‫א‬(PAM-TDM)‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 .(M2) (M1)‫א‬
 ‫א‬(PAM-TDM)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(4-4)‫(א‬PAM - TDM)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K(PAM-TDM)‫א‬‫א‬




E٤-٤F  
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
‫א‬(CLKT)‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E5-4F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(PAM)‫א‬

- ٢٦ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬






(5-4) 
(PAM-TDM)(CLKT)‫א‬(COMP-)‫א‬J
 
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(PLL)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 E‫א‬F‫א‬(CLKT)‫א‬‫א‬
EF‫א‬‫א‬(PAM-TDM)‫א‬‫א‬(Time slot)
 ‫א‬(6-4)‫א‬(PEDESTAL)





(6-4) 

 ‫؟‬(CLKT)J
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
 ‫؟‬(PAM-TDM)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
 (-0.7V)‫א‬(PAM-TDM)‫א‬(COMP-)‫א‬J 
 ‫א‬‫א‬(PAM-TDM)‫اﻟـ‬‫א‬‫א‬
 (HIGH) ‫א‬(LOW)‫א‬
- ٢٧ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬(PAM-TDM)‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬(PAM-TDM)‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬(7-4)‫א‬(CLKT)‫א‬






(7-4)

 (M1-SAMPLER1)‫א‬EPAM-TDMF‫א‬J ١٤
‫א‬(SAMPLE&HOLD 1- FILTER 1) (ADDER- COMP) (M2-SAMPLER 2)
‫א‬(5V/DIV)‫א‬‫א‬(COMP-)(٢)‫א‬‫א‬(١)
 (10µs/DIV)
 ‫؟‬E‫א‬F‫א‬(PAM-TDM)J
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
 ‫א‬( ١) ‫( ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﻘﻨﺎة‬T)( PEDESTAL)‫א‬‫א‬J
 T= ms Fpam = KHZ
 
 ‫א‬(٢)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١٥
 ‫؟‬(-0.7V)‫א‬‫א‬(PAM-TDM)‫א‬
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
( ٢) ‫اﻟﻤﻌﺎد اآﺘﺸﺎﻓﻬﺎ ﻋﻨﺪ ﻣﺨﺮج اﻟﻤﻘﺎرن) اﻟﺴﺎﻟﺐ( ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﻘﻨﺎة‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
 ‫א‬
 T= ms Fcomp = KHZ


 ‫؟‬( -COMP)‫א‬‫א‬(PAM-TDM)‫א‬‫א‬J
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(CLKT)‫א‬(١)‫א‬J ١٥
- ٢٨ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬

 (-COMP)‫א‬(CLKT)‫א‬(PAM-TDM)‫א‬
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E‫א‬F‫א‬(6-4)‫א‬J
-)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K(PLL)‫א‬‫א‬(PH) (COMP
 ‫(؟‬CLKT) ‫א‬‫א‬ (PH)J
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
‫א‬‫א‬(PH)‫א‬(٢)‫א‬E‫א‬F‫א‬(١)‫א‬J ١٦
‫א‬(-COMP) E‫א‬F‫א‬(٢)‫א‬(PH)‫א‬E٢)‫א‬
 ‫א‬(PH)
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
‫א‬ (C48) (48KHZ)‫א‬(PH)‫א‬( PLL)‫א‬J
 . (C48)(PH)‫א‬‫א‬
 E‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬(PH)‫א‬(٢)‫א‬ (C48)‫א‬(١)‫א‬J ١٧
 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬(C48)J
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
 ‫א‬(CLOCK)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(PLL)‫א‬J ١٨
(PH)(C48)(PLL)‫א‬(C48)‫א‬
 .(PH)(PLL)‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬EPAM-TDMFJ ١٩
 ‫؟‬(PLL)‫א‬J
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
 ‫א‬(H2)(H1)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(SLOT 0)‫א‬‫א‬(S2)(S1)
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(SYNC PULS)
 ‫א‬‫א‬EPAM-TDMF ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
 (+COMP)‫א‬(-COMP)

- ٢٩ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬

( 2-4)‫א‬EPAM-TDMF‫א‬J ٢٠
SAMPLE&HOLD 1- ) (ADEER- COMP) (M2-SAMPLER 2) (M1-SAMPLER1)
(H1)(٢)‫א‬‫א‬(S1)‫א‬(١)‫א‬(FILTER 1
(٢) ‫א‬‫א‬ (20µS/DIV)‫א‬(5V/DIV)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫ ﻓﻌﺎﻻ؟‬(S1) ‫( ﻋﻨﺪﻣﺎ ﻳﻜﻮن‬H1)‫هﻞ ﻳﺤﺪث‬-
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‫א‬(CT2&CT1)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٢١
 K(Frame)‫א‬
‫א‬(٠,١)(SLOT 0)‫א‬(٠،٠)(CT2&CT1)
‫א‬(SLOT 2)‫א‬(1,0)(M1)‫א‬(SLOT 1)
 ‫א‬‫א‬(8-4)‫א‬(M2)



 

(8-4) 
 ‫א‬(٢)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(SYN)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(١)‫א‬J ٢٢
(١)‫( واﺿﺒﻂ ﻗﺎدح اﻟﺮاﺳﻢ ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﻘﻨﺎة‬CT2)
 ‫؟‬ESYNF‫א‬ELOWFECT2FJ
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‫( ﻣﻮﺟﻮدا؟‬SYN)(CT2)(CT1)(CT1)‫א‬(٢)‫א‬J ٢٣
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 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E9-4F‫א‬





E٩-٤F 
- ٣٠ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬

 (CM)‫א‬K‫א‬(M2 M1)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٢٤
 ‫(؟‬CM)(SYN)
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
 ‫א‬(TIME SLOT) ‫( وﻣﺎهﻮ اﻟﻤﻘﻄﻊ‬CT2)(CT1)(٢)‫א‬‫א‬J ٢٥
 ‫؟‬(CM)(CT2)(CT1)
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
 ‫؟‬‫א‬(CT2)(CT1)ESYNF(CM)J ٢٦
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(PAM-TDM)‫א‬(+COMP)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٢٧
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(PEDESTAL)‫א‬(PAM-TDM)
 K(SYN)‫א‬‫א‬(٠)‫א‬‫א‬
(+1.5V)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
(SYNC)(M2M1)‫( وهﻤﺎ ﻓﻘﻂ ﻋﻴﻨﺎت‬PAM-TDM)‫א‬‫א‬
 K(SLOT 0)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(+COMP)‫א‬(٢)‫א‬‫א‬(١)‫א‬J ٢٨
 ‫؟‬(1.5V)‫( א‬PAM-TDM)‫א‬‫א‬(٢)‫א‬
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(١)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(M2)J ٢٩
‫وذﻟﻚ ﻷﻧﻬﺎ هﻲ‬‫א‬ESLOT 2) ‫א‬‫א‬E20µS/DIV)
 ‫א‬(M1)‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫؟‬‫א‬(1.5V)‫א‬‫א‬J ٣٠
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(٢)‫א‬( SYN)‫א‬(١)‫א‬J ٣١
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E٢F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(٢)‫א‬
.ESLOT 0) ‫ ( ﺗﺤﺪث ﻓﻲ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﺔ اﻟﻤﻘﻄﻊ‬SYN)‫( ﺛﻢ ﻻﺣﻆ أن ﻧﺒﻀﺔ‬M2)
 (H2F(H1) ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
 .(S2)‫א‬(H2)(S1)‫א‬(H1)(PAM-TDM)‫א‬

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 ‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(SLOT 0)‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(PAM-TDM)‫ א‬‫א‬(+COMP)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬(PAM-TDM)‫א‬(+1.5Vdc)
 ‫א‬‫א‬(SLOT 2)(SLOT 1)(M2)(M1)
‫א‬‫א‬ ‫( ﻓﺈن‬SLOT 0)(H2)EH١)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(HIGH)
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(LOW)
‫א‬‫א‬(PAM-TDM)‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬( SLOT 0)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(SYNC)
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E‫א‬‫א‬FE‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K(PAM-TDM)‫א‬ (SYNC) ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
(H1)‫א‬EH1FE١F‫א‬‫א‬ES1F(٢)‫א‬J ٣٢
 ES1F(HIGH) ‫ﻣﺮﺗﻔﻌﺎ‬
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٣٣
 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
E١F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E٢F‫א‬E٢F‫א‬J ٣٤

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 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫اﻟﻤﺆﺳﺴﺔ اﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ ﻟﻠﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ اﻟﻔﻨﻲ واﻟﺘﺪرﻳﺐ اﻟﻤﻬﻨﻲ‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

-‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬
 ‫א‬

٣
 ‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬
Pulse Code Modulation
 ( PCM )

 W‫א‬K‫א‬‫ א‬W‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬W‫א‬‫• א‬
 ‫א‬W‫א‬‫• א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 EPCMF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ o
EPCMF‫א‬‫א‬ o
EPCMF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ o
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ETDMFEPCMF‫א‬‫א‬ o
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ o
 K .(PCMF‫א‬(FULL DUPLEXF‫א‬‫א‬ o

 K٪٩٠‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ :‫א‬‫א‬

٤ :‫א‬‫א‬

K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬ :‫א‬‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ :‫א‬‫א‬

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 ‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬ 
PCM Signal (Generation & Demodulation)

 W‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬
(PCMF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ .١
(PCM)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ .٢
(PCM)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٣

 W‫א‬‫א‬
( Digital Communications Unit )‫א‬‫א‬ K١
EOscilloscopeF‫א‬‫א‬ K٢
EFunction GeneratorF‫א‬‫א‬ K٣

‫א‬ (١-٥)  (PCM)

- ٣٤ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬

(١)‫א‬( 1-5)‫( א‬PCM)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١


  (codec 2) (٢)‫א‬ (codec 1 )
 (codec 1)EAXF‫א‬‫א‬(Signal Generator)‫א‬J ٢
 E1KHZ ) (4Vp.p)F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٣
 E١F‫א‬‫א‬E0.2 ms/DIVF‫א‬E2V/DIVF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٤
  (codec 2)‫א‬(AR)E٢F‫א‬(codec 1)‫א‬EAXF
 ‫א‬‫א‬E2-5F‫א‬‫א‬J ٥
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬EAXF‫א‬
 ‫؟‬E٢F‫א‬E٢F‫א‬(AR)‫א‬‫א‬
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK





( ٢-٥) 


 (3.5KHZ)(4KHZ)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٦
‫א‬‫א‬(0.2KHZ)(0.1KHZ)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(BPF)‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬
 ‫؟‬‫א‬(codec 2)(AR)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٧
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
‫א‬(١)‫א‬(AX)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٨
 ‫א‬(M1)
 M1= Vp.p M1= KHZ
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 ‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬

 (١)(SX)(٢)‫א‬(١)(AX)‫א‬(١)‫א‬J ٩
‫א‬(١)‫א‬‫א‬(0.2 ms/DIV)‫א‬(2 V/DIV) ‫א‬‫א‬
 (SX)(3-5)(٢)‫א‬(SX)‫א‬(١)‫א‬(M1)‫א‬
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK






( ٣-٥)  
 ‫(؟‬٢)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(٢)‫א‬(DR)‫א‬(٢)‫א‬J ١٠
  KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
(١)‫א‬(DR)‫א‬‫א‬(DX)‫א‬‫א‬FJ
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫אא‬(٢)‫א‬
(٢)‫א‬(DX)‫א‬(١)‫א‬(DR)‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(٢)‫א‬(١)‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(4-5)‫א‬J







  ( ٤-٥) 

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 ‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬(10µs/DIV)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١١
 K‫א‬(LEVEL)‫א‬‫א‬(PCM)‫א‬
 ‫؟‬(8 bit)‫א‬(Frame)(PCM)‫א‬‫א‬J ١٢
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
‫א‬(50 µs/DIV)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(١)‫א‬(SX)‫א‬(١)‫א‬J ١٣
 ‫א‬(PCM)‫א‬‫א‬E١)(SX)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ( ٢)‫א‬
(٢)(DR)
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
 K‫א‬ESXFEPCMF‫א‬ (5-5F‫א‬







( ٥-٥)  
‫א‬‫א‬(٢)‫א‬(SR)‫( إﻟﻰ א‬٢) ‫א‬J ١٤
  ‫؟‬(٢)(SR)‫א‬(١)(SX)
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
 (٢)(SR)‫א‬‫א‬(٢)‫א‬(DR)‫א‬(١) ‫א‬J ١٥
 (٢)(DR)‫א‬(PCM)‫א‬‫א‬
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
‫א‬EARFE١F‫א‬E١F‫א‬‫א‬(0.1 ms /DIVF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١٦
 KE٢F‫א‬(DRFE٢F‫א‬E٢F
 ‫؟‬(M1)(PCM)‫א‬ (Frame)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

- ٣٧ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬

‫א‬(١)(AX)(٢)‫א‬(0.2 ms /DIV)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١٧
(١)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(٢)(AR)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬E6-5F‫א‬EAXF‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬J
 F (AX) =…………KHZ F (AR) =……………..KHZ






( ٦-٥)  
 (Quantization)‫א‬J ١٨
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(SAMPLE&HOLD)‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(ADC)ELF‫א‬(SX)‫א‬
‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(+١٢٧‫اﻟﻰ‬٠)(8 bit)
 (٠٠٠٠ ٠٠٠٠) ‫א‬(١١١١ ١١١١)‫א‬(٠٠٠٠ ٠٠٠٠)(-127‫اﻟﻰ‬٠)
 ‫א‬(7-5) ‫א‬(Quantization)‫א‬(٠١١١ ١١١١)‫א‬









( ٧J ٥F 
- ٣٨ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬

EP/SF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
E١F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E8-5FEPCMF‫א‬
ES/ PF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E‫א‬FE٢F‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬ (DACF‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(SAMPLE/HOLDF




E٨J ٥F  
 (COMPANDING)‫א‬‫א‬J ١٩
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 PCM)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬
(6,4,2,0F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬A-lawJ ‫א‬
‫א‬(0111 1111)(-127) ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(PCM)‫א‬
 .(0010 1010)‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬µ-lawJ 
0111 )(-127)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(PCM)‫א‬E6,5,4,3,2,1,0F
 K(0٠00 0٠00)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(1111
‫א‬‫א‬(MSB) E‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬E9-5)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(٠)

- ٣٩ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬



 








(٩-٥)  
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(10-5)‫א‬J






 


  (١٠-٥) 
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ( TIMING AND CONTROL)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 (1.54 MHZ)‫א‬(CLK)‫א‬‫א‬
 K(8KHZ)‫א‬(SXSR)
- ٤٠ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
P C M Signal (Time- Division Multiplexing)

 W‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬
(TDM) (PCMF‫א‬‫א‬ .١
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٢
(PCMF‫א‬(FULL DUPLEX)‫א‬‫א‬ K٣

 W‫א‬‫א‬
( Digital Communications Unit )‫א‬‫א‬ K١
EOscilloscopeF‫א‬‫א‬ K٢
EFunction GeneratorF‫א‬‫א‬ K٣

‫א‬ ( ١-٦)  ( PCM)



- ٤١ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬
(M1-AX)‫ ( وﺑﺎﺳﺘﺨﺪام وﺻﻼت ﻣﺰدوﺟﻪ ﻗﻢ ﺑﺘﻮﺻﻴﻞ‬1-6)‫א‬(PCM)‫א‬‫א‬J ١
E2 V/DIVF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ (٢)(١)(DX-DX)(٢)(M2-AX)(١)
(٢)‫א‬(AX)‫א‬(١)‫א‬‫(א‬١)‫א‬(0,2 ms/DIV)‫א‬
‫א‬(2-6)‫א‬‫א‬(AX)‫א‬(٢)‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬




 
 
( ٢-٦)  
 W‫א‬‫א‬J ٢
M1 = Vp.p M1 = KHZ
 M2 = Vp.p M2 = KHZ 
 :(M1)( M2)‫א‬J ٣
 FM2/FM1 =
(٢)‫א‬(١)(SX)‫א‬(١)‫א‬( 50 µ S/DIV)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٣
  . ( ٣-6 )‫א‬(٢)(SR)‫א‬






 
( ٣-٦) 

- ٤٢ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬

(١)(SX)‫א‬‫א‬(٢)(SR)‫א‬J 
 ‫(؟‬١)‫א‬‫א‬(PCM)‫א‬(٢)‫א‬
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
(٢)‫א‬(١)‫א‬(AX)(١)‫א‬(0,2 ms/DIV)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٤
 (٢)‫א‬(AR)
 ‫؟‬(M1)‫א‬‫א‬(٢)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
‫א‬(٢)(SR)‫א‬(٢)‫א‬(١)(SX)‫א‬(١)‫א‬J ٥
 (٤-6)‫א‬(2µS/DIV)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 
 





( ٤-٦)  
‫א‬( CLK)‫א‬‫א‬(٢)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(SR)‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(١)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(SX)‫א‬‫א‬
‫(؟‬M1)‫א‬
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬( 5-6)‫א‬‫א‬(CM) ‫א‬J ٦
 ‫؟‬(١)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(SX)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(٢)‫א‬‫א‬(SR)
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(CM)‫א‬
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

- ٤٣ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬







( ٥-٦)  

(٢)‫א‬(١)(AX)‫א‬(١)‫א‬E0,1 ms/DIVF‫א‬‫א‬J ٧
(6-6)‫א‬(SR)(CM)‫א‬(٢)(AR)
 .(CM)‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫(؟‬١)‫א‬‫א‬(M1)‫א‬(٢)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK






(٦-٦)  
(SX)‫א‬(١)‫א‬(٢)‫א‬‫א‬E50 µS/DIVF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٨
 K(7-6)‫א‬‫א‬(١)(SR)‫א‬(٢)‫א‬(٢)

- ٤٤ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬



(٧-٦) 

 ‫؟‬(M2)(٢)‫א‬J ٩
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١٠
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
(٢)‫א‬(٢)(DR)(١)‫א‬E20 µS/DIVF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١١
 (١)(SR)‫א‬(M1-PCM)(١)(SR)‫א‬
(AX)‫א‬(١)‫א‬(١)‫א‬‫א‬E0.2mS/DIV)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١٢
 (٢)(AR)‫א‬(٢)‫א‬(١)
 ‫؟‬(١)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(٢)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
‫א‬(١)(AX)‫א‬(EX.TRIG.)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١٣
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(CM)(EXT.)‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫א‬E20 µS/DIVF‫א‬‫א‬
(FULL DUPLEX)
 (7-6)‫א‬(٢)(SX)‫א‬(٢)‫א‬(١)(SX)‫א‬(١)‫א‬J ١٤
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫؟‬(M2)(٢)‫א‬(M1)(١)‫א‬J
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

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 ‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬

.‫( ﻳﻮﺿﺢ اﻻﺷﺎرات‬٨-٦) ‫( واﻟﺸﻜﻞ‬٢)(DR)‫א‬(٢)‫א‬J ١٥


 ‫( ؟‬٢)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK



(٨-٦) 

 ‫؟‬(PCM-M1)(٢)‫א‬(٢)(SR)‫א‬(٢)‫א‬J ١٦
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
 K‫א‬(9-6)‫א‬J


(٩-٦) 


(١)(SR)‫א‬(٢)‫א‬(٢)(SX)‫א‬(١)‫א‬J ١٧
 ‫( ؟‬PCM-M2F(١)‫א‬
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
(٢)‫א‬(٢)(AX)‫א‬(١)‫א‬(2ms/Div)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١٨
 ‫(؟‬١)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(٢)‫א‬‫א‬(١)(AR)‫א‬
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

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 ‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬(10-6)‫א‬J






(١٠-٦)  

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(١)(AX)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١٩
‫א‬(١)(SX) ‫א‬(١)‫א‬(1µS/DIV)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(EXT.)
 ‫א‬(11-6)‫א‬K‫א‬(CLK)‫א‬(٢)



 
 




(١١-٦)  

- ٤٧ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬

  K(12-6)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٢٠
 ‫؟‬(12-6F‫א‬ECLKFESXFJ
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK






(١٢-٦)  

 ‫א‬(١)‫א‬(PCM)‫א‬(٢)(DR)‫א‬(١)‫א‬J ٢١
 (13-6)(PCM)(SX)‫א‬‫א‬






(١٣-٦)  

- ٤٨ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬

(٢)‫א‬(١)(SX)‫א‬(١)‫א‬(5µS/Div)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٢٢
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(٢)(DR)‫א‬
 (14-6)(٢)‫א‬(PCM)( ١)‫א‬(SX)‫א‬‫א‬
 





(١٤-٦)  
 ‫(؟‬M2)‫א‬(M1F(٢)‫א‬‫א‬(PCM)‫א‬J
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
(٢)‫א‬‫א‬(SX)(CM)(٢)(SX)‫א‬(١)‫א‬J ٢٣
 (15-6)(٢)‫א‬(PCM)‫א‬
 ‫(؟‬M2)‫( א‬M1)(٢)‫א‬‫א‬(PCM)‫א‬‫א‬J
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK






(١٥-٦)  

(١)(SR)(١)(SR)‫א‬(١)‫א‬J ٢٤
 ‫א؟‬(٢) (PCM)‫א‬
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

- ٤٩ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬(١)(SX)‫א‬(١)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٢٥
 ‫؟‬EM2F(M1)(PCM)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(٢)(SR)
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
 ‫( ؟‬٢)‫א‬(PCM)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٢٦
  KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(PCM)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(CM)J ٢٧
 ‫؟‬‫א‬EPCMF‫א‬
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
 ‫؟‬‫א‬(PCM)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٢٨
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
(PCM)(CM)‫א‬(2µS/DIV)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٢٩
 EF(PCM)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(٢)‫א‬

T pcm = ……..…..µ sec

 (١)‫א‬(SX) (20µs/DIV)‫א‬‫א‬J ٣٠
 (16-6)
T sx= ……………ms







(١٦-٦) 

‫(؟‬SX)‫א‬(PCM)  Tsx = 0.125µS ‫ و‬Tpcm = 5.208µS‫א‬J ٣١
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

- ٥٠ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫اﻟﻤﺆﺳﺴﺔ اﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ ﻟﻠﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ اﻟﻔﻨﻲ واﻟﺘﺪرﻳﺐ اﻟﻤﻬﻨﻲ‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

-‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬
 ‫א‬

٤
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬
Line Coding
 ‫א‬ :‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬K‫א‬‫ א‬W‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬W‫א‬‫• א‬
 ‫א‬W‫א‬‫• א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
(NRZ)(Non Return to Zero )‫א‬‫א‬ .١
(RZ)(Return to Zero)‫א‬‫א‬ .٢
(MAN)(Manchester )‫א‬ K٣
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٤
 ‫א‬‫א‬
(NRZ) (non return to zero )‫א‬‫א‬ .١
(RZ) (return to zero)‫א‬‫א‬ .٢
(MAN) (Manchester )‫א‬ K٣

 K٪٩٠‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ :‫א‬‫א‬

٤ :‫א‬‫א‬

K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬ :‫א‬‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ :‫א‬‫א‬

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 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬
Encoding

 W‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬
(NRZ)(Non Return to Zero )‫א‬‫א‬ .١
(RZ)(Return to Zero)‫א‬‫א‬ .٢
(MAN)(Manchester )‫א‬ K٣
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ K٤

 W‫א‬‫א‬
( Digital Communications Unit )‫א‬‫א‬ K١
EOscilloscopeF‫א‬‫א‬ K٢
EFunction GeneratorF‫א‬‫א‬ K٣
 (Multimeter)‫א‬‫א‬ K٤

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 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬(NRZ)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 (1-7)(١٠)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬






( ١-٧)  
‫א‬‫א‬(١)‫א‬(2-7)‫( א‬ENCODING)‫א‬‫א‬J ١
(SYNC)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(SYNC)‫א‬‫א‬(٢)‫א‬(CLK)
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬


( ٢-٧)  
‫א‬(0.5ms/DIV)‫א‬‫א‬(5V/DIV)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٢
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(3-7)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 T = msE١F‫א‬ECLKF



( ٣-٧) 
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 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٣
 EF
 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(CLK)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
 ‫א‬=‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(NRZ)‫א‬(٢)‫א‬J ٤
  (4-7) (NRZ)


( ٤-٧)  
 (NRZ)‫א‬E٨F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٥
 ‫(؟‬٢)‫א‬
 EF‫א‬‫א‬
( bit time)E‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(NRZ)J
(NRZ) ( timing information)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

(b/s)(DATA RATE)‫א‬J ٦
 (1/T F(CLK)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(CLK)
 T= ms
DATA RATE =1/ T= b/s 

- ٥٤ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬(BAUD RATE)‫א‬J ٧
  (5-7)(٢)‫א‬
BAUD RATE = baud






( ٥-٧) 
(NRZ)(BAUD RATE)(DATA RATE)‫א‬J ٨
 K‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(RZ)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
 (6-7)EF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬






( ٦-٧)  

- ٥٥ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫(א‬NRZ)(RZ)J ٩
 K(7-7)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬




( ٧-٧) 


 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(٣ ‫ و‬٢ ‫ و‬١)‫א‬‫א‬J ١٠
(ENCODING)‫א‬‫א‬(RZ)‫א‬‫א‬(٢)‫א‬J ١١
 K(8-7)(RZ)



( ٨-٧) 
 
(RZ) ‫א‬E٨F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١٢
 ‫؟‬E٢F‫א‬
 EF‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(RZ)J
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 (b/s)(DATA RATE)‫א‬J ١٣
 (1/T )(CLK)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(CLK)
 T= ms
 DATA RATE =1/ T= b/s
- ٥٦ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬(BAUD RATE)‫א‬J ١٤
 BAUD RATE = baud (٢)‫א‬
(DATA RATE)(BAUD RATE)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K(bit time)‫א‬‫א‬(RZ)‫א‬
 EMANF‫א‬‫א‬J 
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 (9-7)‫א‬‫א‬







( ٩-٧) 

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(NRZ)(MAN)J ١٥
 ‫א‬
(10-7)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬





( ١٠-٧)  

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(٣ ‫ و‬٢ ‫ و‬١)‫א‬‫א‬J ١٦

- ٥٧ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬

EENCODINGF‫א‬‫א‬(MAN)‫א‬‫א‬(٢)‫א‬J ١٧
 (11-7)(MAN)
 


( ١١-٧) 


 (MAN)‫א‬E٨F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١٨
 ‫؟‬E٢F‫א‬
 EF‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(MAN)‫א‬J
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
(b/s)(DATA RATE)‫א‬J ١٩
 (1/T) (CLK)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ (CLK)
 T = ms
 DATA RATE=1/ T= b/s

‫א‬‫א‬(BAUD RATE)‫א‬J ٢٠
 (٢) ‫א‬
 BAUD RATE = baud
(DATA RATE)(BAUD RATE)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
(bit time)‫א‬‫א‬(MAN)
(Bandwidth)(NRZ)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٢١
 K‫א‬(MAN)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 (unipolar)‫א‬(polar)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J 
- ٥٨ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬

 (12-7)‫א‬‫א‬

 



( ١٢-٧)  
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(٣ ‫ و‬٢ ‫ و‬١)‫א‬‫א‬J ٢٢
(NRZ)‫א‬ (13-7)‫( א‬Modulator)‫א‬‫א‬J ٢٣
‫א‬‫א‬(٢)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(NRZ)(١)‫א‬(FSK)‫א‬‫א‬
 (FSK)‫א‬‫א‬(polar)



( ١٣-٧) 

(٢)‫א‬(unipolar)‫א‬ (NRZ)(١)‫א‬J ٢٥
 ‫א‬(14-7)‫(א‬polar) (NRZ)



( ١٤-٧)  
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(+5V)‫א‬(١)‫א‬‫א‬J
 K‫א‬(-5V) (+5V)(٢)

- ٥٩ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬(٠)(١)‫א‬‫א‬J ٢٦
( Unipolar signal ) V(0)= V V(1)= V

(polar signal ) V(0)= V V(1)= V

‫א‬‫א‬E١F‫א‬(polar)‫א‬(١)‫א‬‫א‬(٢)‫א‬J ٢٧
 (polar)‫א‬(١٠١١٠١٠٠)
 ‫(א‬NRZ)‫א‬(DC)( Voltmeter)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٢٨
 NRZ = mv dc
(DC)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(٠١٠٠٠١٠٠)‫א‬(CM)J ٢٩
 ‫(א‬NRZ)‫א‬
NRZ = mv dc
‫א‬‫א‬(MAN)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٣٠
 (١٠١١٠١٠٠)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(١)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬( polar)‫א‬‫א‬
 (polar)(MAN)
 ‫א‬(MAN)‫א‬(DC)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٣١
MAN = mv dc
 (DC)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬( 0١٠٠٠١٠٠)‫א‬(CM)J ٣٢
MAN = mv dc‫א‬(MAN)‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬(MAN) (NRZ)‫א‬‫א‬J 
 (DC) (NRZ)‫א‬‫א‬(15-7)‫א‬‫א‬
 (DC)(MAN)‫א‬(MAN)
 K‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬NRZ    ‫א‬‫א‬
 56m.vdc  42mvdc  10110100
 -2.43mvdc  42mvdc  01000100

( ١٥-٧) 

- ٦٠ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬
Decoding

 W‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬
(NRZ) (non return to zero )‫א‬‫א‬ .١
(RZ) (return to zero)‫א‬‫א‬ .٢
(MAN) (Manchester )‫א‬ K٣

 W‫א‬‫א‬
( Digital Communications Unit )‫א‬‫א‬ K١
EOscilloscopeF‫א‬‫א‬ K٢
Efunction generatorF‫א‬‫א‬ K٣
 (Multimeter)‫א‬‫א‬ K٤

- ٦١ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬

 W‫א‬‫א‬
 (MAN)(RZ)(NRZ)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
 K‫א‬(NRZ)‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬(1-8)‫א‬ (NRZ)(RZ)‫א‬‫א‬J
 K‫א‬‫א‬




( ١-٨)  
 E٢F‫א‬(CLK)‫א‬‫א‬(١)‫א‬(ENCODING)‫א‬‫א‬J ١
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(SYNC)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(SYNC)
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(2-8)‫א‬ (EXT.)‫א‬



( ٢-٨)  
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(0.5ms/DIV)‫א‬(5V/DIV)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٢
 K‫א‬‫א‬(3-8)‫א‬


( ٣-٨)  

- ٦٢ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬

 (٢)‫א‬(D)‫א‬(RZ)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٣
 (RZ)‫א‬(RZ)‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(NRZ)‫א‬‫(א‬١)‫א‬‫א‬(٢)‫א‬J ٤
 K‫א‬‫א‬(4-8)‫א‬


 
 
( ٤-٨)  
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
 K(CLK) (NRZ)‫א‬‫א‬
  (٢)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(١)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٥
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ENRZF‫א‬ERZF‫א‬E١F‫א‬J ٦
 ‫א‬‫א‬ENRZF‫א‬ERZF‫א‬‫א‬E٥-8F‫א‬


  ( ٥-٨) 

 (NRZ)(MAN)‫א‬‫א‬J
 ‫א‬(6-8)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

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 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬

 



( ٦-٨)  
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E٢١F‫א‬‫א‬J ٧
(٢)‫א‬(XOR)‫א‬(MAN)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٨
 ( MAN)‫א‬( MAN)‫א‬
 (XOR)‫א‬‫א‬E٢F‫א‬(MAN) (XOR)‫א‬(١)‫א‬J ٩
 E7-8F‫א‬ENRZF‫א‬‫א‬EMANF‫א‬‫א‬



( ٧-٨) 

 ENRZF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E١F‫א‬J ١٠
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
 .(CLK) (NRZ)‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫؟‬E٢F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E١F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١١
 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١٢
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
 (Phase Locked Loop) (PLL)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
 .(MAN)(CLK)‫א‬E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F
 (PLL)‫א‬‫א‬(8-8)‫א‬

- ٦٤ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬







( ٨-٨)  
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E٢١F‫א‬‫א‬J ١٣
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(MAN)J ١٤
‫א‬(LOCK)‫א‬(MAN SYNC DECODER) (MAN)
‫א‬‫א‬(RELK)‫א‬E٢F‫א‬ (CW)‫א‬
 (DECODERF
‫א‬‫א‬ELOCKF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١٥
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E١F‫א‬ECLKFE٢F‫א‬ERCLKF
 K‫א‬‫ א‬EMANF
 ‫א‬‫א‬E8J 9F‫א‬







( ٩-٨)  
 (CLK)‫א‬‫א‬ (MAN)(RCLK)‫א‬‫א‬J
 W‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬(PLL) ‫א‬‫א‬(AND)‫א‬‫א‬(EDGE DET.)‫א‬
 ( -SHIFT)
- ٦٥ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬

 (EDGE DET.)‫א‬E٢F‫א‬(MAN)‫א‬E١F‫א‬J ١٦
E٢F‫א‬‫א‬E١F‫א‬(MAN)
(10-8)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(XOR)(AND)
(XOR)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(RC)‫א‬‫א‬(AND)
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 





( ١٠-٨)  
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١٧
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK‫א‬
 ‫א‬E١F‫א‬E - SHIFTF‫א‬E٢F‫א‬J ١٨
 ‫א‬‫א‬E١F‫א‬‫א‬EANDFJ
 (٢)‫א‬( - SHIFT)
 (AND)‫א‬(AND OUT)(٢)‫א‬J ١٩
 ( ١) ‫א‬‫א‬(AND)‫א‬‫א‬J
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(PLL)‫א‬‫א‬( AND)‫א‬J ٢٠
 K‫א‬
 (phase detector)‫א‬W(11-8)(PLL)‫א‬‫א‬J ٢١
 (V.C.O)(L.P.F)‫א‬‫א‬

- ٦٦ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬







( ١١-٨)  
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(VCO)‫א‬‫א‬(PLL)‫א‬J ٢٢
 ‫א‬(LOCK)‫א‬‫א‬(VCO)(REF)
(phase detector)‫א‬(REF)‫א‬(VCO)J
 (PLL)‫א‬(VCO OUT)(REF) 
 ‫א‬‫א‬(REF)(PLL)‫א‬J ٢٣
 ‫؟‬‫א‬(VCO OUT)(REF)
 ‫א‬E٢E١
‫א‬(VCO OUT)(REF)‫א‬J ٢٤
 ‫א‬(VCO)‫א‬‫א‬(LPF)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 .(VCO OUT)(REF)(VCO)‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬(VCO OUT)(PLL)‫א‬‫א‬J ٢٥
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK‫(؟‬VCO)‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬(AND OUT)E١F‫א‬(VCO OUT)E٢F‫א‬J ٢٦
 ‫؟‬E١F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E٢F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(RCLK)E٢F‫א‬J ٢٧
 ‫؟‬E١F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E٢F‫א‬
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(AND OUT)‫א‬J ٢٨
 K‫א‬‫א‬(RCLK)(PLL)‫א‬‫א‬
 ( - SHIFT )‫א‬E١F‫א‬J ٢٩
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 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬

 ‫؟‬‫א‬(RCLK)‫א‬‫א‬(SHIFT)‫א‬J ٣٠
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
‫א‬(NRZ-OUT)E٢F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(NRZ)E١F‫א‬J ٣١
 (MAN)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬(MAN)(RCLK)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
 (NRZ)(D)‫א‬
 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(NRZ)J ٣٢
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

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 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫اﻟﻤﺆﺳﺴﺔ اﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ ﻟﻠﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ اﻟﻔﻨﻲ واﻟﺘﺪرﻳﺐ اﻟﻤﻬﻨﻲ‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

-‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬ 
 ‫א‬‫א‬

٥
 ‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬
Frequency Shift Keying
 EF S K)
 W‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬W‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫ א‬K١
E‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫ א‬K٢
 E‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬ K٣
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬EF S KF‫א‬ .١
(FSK) ‫( آﻤﻀﻤﻦ‬Analog Multiplexer)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ .٢
(FSK)‫א‬‫א‬ K٣
 ‫א‬‫א‬
.‫א‬‫א‬(F S K)(NRZ)‫ א‬.١
‫א‬‫א‬(FSK)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ .٢
.‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬(Envelope Detector)‫א‬ K٣
 ‫א‬‫א‬
.‫א‬‫א‬(F S K)(NRZ)‫ א‬.١
‫א‬‫א‬(PLL)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ .٢
.(FSK)‫א‬‫א‬
.(PLL)‫א‬‫א‬ K٣

 K٪٩٠‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ :‫א‬‫א‬
٤ :‫א‬‫א‬
K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬ :‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ :‫א‬‫א‬

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 ‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
F S K Signal Generation


 ‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬EF S KF‫א‬ .١
(FSK) ‫( آﻤﻀﻤﻦ‬Analog Multiplexer)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ .٢
(FSK)‫א‬‫א‬ K٣

 ‫א‬‫א‬
( Digital Communications Unit )‫א‬‫א‬ K١
(Oscilloscope) ‫א‬‫א‬ K٢
(Function Generator )‫א‬‫א‬ .٣

- ٧٠ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬(FSK)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(1-9)‫א‬J
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬





( ١-٩) 

‫א‬‫א‬(2-9)‫( א‬ENCODING)‫א‬‫א‬J ١
 K‫א‬‫א‬(NRZ)‫א‬(١) ‫א‬(SYNC)‫א‬‫(א‬EXT.)‫א‬



( ٢-٩) 

 ‫א‬(NRZ)(BAUD RATE)‫א‬‫א‬J ٢

 BAUD RATE = baud

- ٧١ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬

E3-9F‫א‬EMODULATORSF‫א‬‫א‬ K٤
 EFSKF‫א‬E٢F‫א‬ENRZFEFSKF


 
( ٣-٩)  
E٢F‫א‬EFSKFEBAUD RATEF‫א‬J ٤
 EFSKF BAUD RATE = baud
 ‫؟‬ (BAUD RATE)‫א‬‫א‬J ٥
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
 (NRZ)‫ א‬(FSK) J ٦
 Vp.p = V (high)
 (NRZ)‫ א‬(FSK) J ٧
 Vp.p = V (low)
 ‫א؟‬‫א‬(FSK)‫א‬J
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
‫א‬ (FSK) (CARRIER) ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٨
‫א‬‫א‬ (FSK)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬
١٨٠° (٣٢٧٠° (٤ ٩٠° (٢ ٠ ° (١
‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬(FSK) ‫א‬J ٩
 ٢٧٠° (٤ ١٨٠° (٣ ٩٠° (٢ ٠ ° (١
 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(FSK) J ١٠
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
 ‫؟‬(NRZ)(FSK)‫א‬J ١١
 F= KHZ (high)

- ٧٢ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬

 (NRZ)(FSK)‫א‬J ١٢
F= KHZ (low)
 ‫ (؟‬FSK)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١٤
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
‫א‬‫א‬(FSK)(4-9)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١٥
‫א‬‫א‬K(HIGH)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬(LOW)‫א‬
 K(NRZ)‫א‬





( ٤-٩)  
 K(FSK)‫א‬‫א‬(POLAR)‫א‬‫א‬(٢)‫א‬J ١٦
 ‫(؟‬NRZ)‫א‬(POLAR)‫א‬‫א‬J ١٧
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
 . (FSK)‫א‬‫א‬(POLAR INV)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(١)‫א‬J ١٨
 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١٩
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
 K(FSK)‫א‬‫א‬(١)‫א‬J ٢٠
 (POLAR)‫א‬‫א‬(FSK)‫א‬J ٢١
 F= KHZ (high)
  EHIGH TONE)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E٢F‫א‬J ٢٢
 ‫؟‬EHIGH TONE)‫א‬‫א‬J ٢٣
 F= KHZ (high tone)
  (LOW TONE)‫א‬‫א‬(٢)‫א‬J ٢٤
 ‫؟‬(LOW TONE)‫א‬‫א‬J ٢٥
 F= KHZ (low tone)

- ٧٣ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬


 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬(FSK)‫א‬J ٢٦
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
 (LOW TONE)‫א‬(٢)‫א‬(HIGH TONE)‫א‬(١)‫א‬J ٢٧
 K(CM) ‫א‬
 ‫(؟‬CM)‫א‬‫א‬J ٢٨
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
 K(CM)(FSK)‫א‬(٢)‫א‬J ٢٩
 ‫؟‬(CM)(FSK)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٣٠
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
‫א‬(FSK)‫א‬(FSK)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٣١
 K‫א‬‫א‬( 5-9)




( ٥-٩) 


 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬(FSK)‫א‬‫א‬J ٣٢
2025/2225 HZ(٤ 1200/2000 HZ(٣ 600/1200 HZ(2 600 HZ(١
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(CM)‫א‬‫א‬(١)‫א‬J ٣٣
 K(FSK)‫א‬
 ‫؟‬(FSK)‫א‬(CM)‫א‬J ٣٤
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
‫א‬‫א‬(2400 HZ FSK)‫א‬‫א‬J ٣٥
١٨٠° (٤ ٩٠° (٣ ٤٥° (٢ ٠° (١ ‫؟‬

- ٧٤ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬

 (Discontinuities)‫א‬J
‫א‬(FSK)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 (Discontinuities)‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬(FSK)‫א‬E١٨٠°F‫א‬‫א‬J

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(2400HZ)(FSK)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٣٦
 ELOWF‫א‬‫א‬EHIGHF
 ١٨٠° (٤ ٩٠° (٣ ٤٥° (٢ ٠ ° (١

 KECMFEHIGH TONE)E٢F‫א‬J ٣٧
 ‫؟‬(Discontinuities)‫א‬(CM)J ٣٨
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

- ٧٥ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬
 E‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬
 F S K Asynchronous Detection


 ‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬
.‫א‬‫א‬(F S K)(NRZ)‫ א‬.١
‫א‬‫א‬(FSK)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ .٢
.‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬(Envelope Detector)‫א‬ K٣

 ‫א‬‫א‬
( Digital Communications Unit )‫א‬‫א‬ K١
EOscilloscopeF‫א‬‫א‬ K٢
EFunction GeneratorF‫א‬‫א‬ K٣





- ٧٦ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(1-10) ‫( א‬ENCODER)‫א‬‫א‬J ١
 (NRZ)‫א‬(١)‫א‬(SYNC)(EXT.)


  
( ١-١٠) 

‫א‬(NRZ) (MODULATORS)‫א‬‫א‬J ٢
E‫א‬‫()א‬CHANNEL)‫א‬‫א‬(FSK)‫א‬(FSK)
 K
 K(2-10)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬



( ٢-١٠) 
  
 (CCW)‫א‬‫א‬( NOISE)‫א‬J ٣
 (FSK)(NRZ) ‫א‬‫א‬ (CHANNEL) ‫א‬‫א‬(٢)‫א‬J ٤

- ٧٧ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬

 ‫؟‬(FSK)‫( اﻟـ‬CARRIER)(NRZ)‫א‬J ٥
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
 (BANDPASS)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(٢)‫א‬J ٦
 K‫א‬‫א‬
 (HIGH)(NRZ)‫א‬(FSK)‫א‬J ٧
 Vp.p = V (NRZ high)
 (LOW)(NRZ)‫א‬ (FSK)‫א‬J ٨
 Vp.p = V (NRZ low)
 ‫؟‬‫א‬(NRZ)J ٩
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
‫א‬‫א‬(NRZ)(Envelope Detector)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١٠
 . (BANDPASS)‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(FWR)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(٢)‫א‬J ١١
(3-10) ‫( א‬ASYNC DETECTOR)

( ٣-١٠) 

‫א‬‫א‬(FWR)‫א‬‫א‬(BANDPASS)‫א‬J ١٢
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫( و‬ASYNC DETECTOR)‫א‬‫א‬
 (NRZ)‫א‬‫א‬
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١٣
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬

- ٧٨ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬(LPF)‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬(٢)‫א‬J ١٤


‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(ATTENUATES)‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬
 ‫؟‬(٢)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١٥
10110110(٤ 01001001(٣ 11001111(٢ 1011011(١
‫א‬‫א‬(٢)‫א‬(LPF)‫א‬‫א‬J ١٦
 ‫؟‬(١)‫א‬ (NRZ)
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
 K(VOLT COMP)‫א‬‫א‬(٢)‫א‬J ١٧
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١٨
‫א‬(NRZ)‫א‬‫א‬( CW)‫א‬(CCW)
 .(١)‫א‬
 (LPF)‫א‬(١)‫א‬J ١٩
 ‫؟‬(LPF)‫א‬(+5V)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٢٠
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(+5V)(HIGH) ‫א‬J
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ ‫( اﻟﺘﻲ‬V ref.)
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ (0V) (LOW)‫א‬J
 K(V ref.)
 (CM)‫א‬(CHANNEL)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
 ‫؟‬(CM)(NRZ)J ٢١
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
 .(CM)(BANDPASS)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(١)‫א‬J ٢٢
 ‫؟‬(BANDPASS)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(CM)J ٢٣
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

- ٧٩ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬

 (CM)‫א‬(CHANNEL)‫א‬‫א‬(٢)‫א‬J ٢٤
 ‫(؟‬BANDPASS)‫א‬(CM)‫א‬
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
 K(CM)‫א‬‫א‬(CHANNEL)‫א‬‫א‬(١)‫א‬J ٢٥
 ‫א‬‫א‬(CM)J ٢٦

 (4-10)‫א‬‫א‬







( ٤-١٠)  
 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ J ٢٧
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E١
 K‫א‬(BANDPASS)‫א‬E٢
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E٣
 KE٤


- ٨٠ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬
 E‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬
 F S K Synchronous Detection

 ‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬
 E‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬
.‫א‬‫א‬(F S K)(NRZ)‫ א‬.١
‫א‬‫א‬(PLL)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ .٢
.(FSK)‫א‬‫א‬
.(PLL)‫א‬‫א‬ K٣

 ‫א‬‫א‬
( Digital Communications Unit )‫א‬‫א‬ K١
EOscilloscopeF‫א‬‫א‬ K٢
EFunction GeneratorF‫א‬‫א‬ K٣





- ٨١ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬(1-11) ‫ ( א‬ENCODER)‫א‬‫א‬J ١
‫א‬(EXT.)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(SYNC)‫(ﻣﻊא‬EXT.)‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬(NRZ)‫א‬(١)



( ١-١١) 

‫א‬(NRZ)‫א‬(MODULATORS)‫א‬‫א‬J ٢
 (CHANNEL)‫א‬‫א‬(FSK)‫א‬‫א‬(FSK)‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(2-11)‫א‬



( ٢-١١)  
 (CCW)‫א‬(NOISE)‫א‬J ٣
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(CHANNEL)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(٢)‫א‬J ٤
 K‫א‬(NRZ)( FSK)

- ٨٢ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬

 ‫؟‬ENRZF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٥
 E)
ESYNC DETECTORF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(CHANNEL)‫א‬J ٦
 KEREF IN) ‫א‬(PLL)‫א‬‫א‬(CHANNEL)‫א‬
(VCO)‫א‬‫א‬(١)‫א‬ (PLL)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٧
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(3-11)‫א‬EREF IN) (PLL)‫א‬‫א‬E٢) ‫א‬



( ٣-١١) 

 ‫؟‬(FSK)(VCO)‫א‬J ٨
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
‫א‬K(CIN)‫א‬(PLL)‫א‬(A/F)J ٩
 (PLL)‫א‬‫א‬(D)‫א‬(VCO)
 (CHANNEL)‫א‬‫א‬(١)‫א‬(VCIN)‫א‬(VCO)(٢)‫א‬J ١٠
 K(LPF)‫א‬‫א‬(PC)‫א‬
 (VCIN)(VCO)‫א‬‫א‬(PC)‫א‬J
 ‫؟‬(HIGH)(PC)‫א‬J ١١
 ‫א‬‫א‬E٣‫א‬E٢‫א‬E١
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١٢
 (١)‫א‬‫א‬( FSK)( VCD)J ١٣

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 ‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(FSK)(VCIN)J ١٤
 ‫؟‬(VCD)
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
 K(VCIN)(٢)‫א‬(VCD)(١)‫א‬J ١٥
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(LPF) (VCIN)(CM)J
 (VCO)‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫(؟‬VCD)‫א‬(VCO)‫א‬J ١٦
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
 K(VCO)‫א‬(٢)‫א‬J ١٧
 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(VCD)(VCO)‫א‬J ١٨
F VCO out = HZ
 ‫א‬(VCIN) ‫( א‬VCO)‫ﻟﻠـ‬‫א‬‫א‬(PLL)‫א‬J
 (VCD)(FSK)‫א‬
 K(FSK)(٢)‫א‬J ١٩
 2400 HZ (FSK) (VCD)‫א‬‫א‬J ٢٠
F VCD out = HZ (FSK high)
 ١200 HZ (FSK)(VCD)‫א‬‫א‬J J ٢١
F VCD out = HZ (FSK low)
 ‫؟‬(FSK)(VCD)‫א‬J ٢٢
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
 .(VCIN)‫( א‬VCO)‫א‬ (١)‫א‬J ٢٣
 ‫؟‬(FSK)(VCO)‫א‬J ٢٤
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
 (LPF)‫א‬(PLL)‫א‬‫א‬J ٢٥
 (500 mv/ DIV) (٢)‫א‬‫א‬(LPF)‫א‬(٢)‫א‬J ٢٦
‫א‬(VCO)‫א‬(LPF)‫א‬(PLL)‫א‬‫א‬J
 (NRZ)(VCO)‫א‬

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 ‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬

 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(FSK)‫א‬(BINARY)‫א‬‫א‬J ٢٧
 EF
 K‫א‬(NRZ)(١)‫א‬J ٢٨
 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬(NRZ)J ٢٩
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
 ‫א‬(5 V)‫א‬J ٣٠
 E‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬F
 .(VOLT COMP)‫א‬‫א‬(٢)‫א‬J ٣١
(NEGATIVE SUPPLY)‫א‬‫א‬J ٣٢
 K‫א‬(NRZ)
 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬(NRZ)‫א‬‫א‬J ٣٣
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
 .(LPF)‫א‬‫א‬(٢)‫א‬(CHANNEL)‫א‬‫א‬(١)‫א‬J ٣٤
 K(1mse/DIV)‫א‬(500mv/DIV)(٢)‫א‬E2V/DIVF(١)‫א‬‫א‬J ٣٥
 .(4-11)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J









( ٤-١١)  

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 ‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬

 ‫(؟‬٢)‫א‬(LPF)‫א‬ (LOW)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(DC)‫א‬J ٣٦
 DC = mV
 ‫؟‬E٢)‫א‬(LPF)‫א‬ (HIGH)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(DC)‫א‬J ٣٧
 DC = mV

‫א‬ (CHANNEL) ‫اﻟﻘﻨﺎة‬(BANDWIDTH)(CM)J
 K‫א‬(FSK)‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫؟‬(NRZ)‫( א‬FSK)J ٣٨
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
 K(FSK)‫א‬(Discontinuities) (CM)‫א‬J ٣٩
 ‫؟‬(LPF)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٤٠
KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK

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 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫اﻟﻤﺆﺳﺴﺔ اﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ ﻟﻠﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ اﻟﻔﻨﻲ واﻟﺘﺪرﻳﺐ اﻟﻤﻬﻨﻲ‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

-‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬

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 ‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬
Phase Shift Keying
 EPSK)

 ‫א‬‫א‬ :‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬W‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫• א‬
 E‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫• א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
.(PSK) .١
 ‫א‬‫ א‬K٢

 ‫א‬‫א‬
.‫א‬‫א‬(PSK) .١
K‫א‬‫ א‬K٢

 K٪٩٠‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ :‫א‬‫א‬

٤ :‫א‬‫א‬

K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬ :‫א‬‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ :‫א‬‫א‬

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 ‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 P S K Signal Generation


 ‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬
.(PSK) .١
‫א‬‫ א‬K٢

 ‫א‬‫א‬
( Digital Communications Unit )‫א‬‫א‬ K١
EOscilloscopeF‫א‬‫א‬ K٢
EFunction GeneratorF‫א‬‫א‬ K٣

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 ‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬

  ‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E١F‫א‬E1-12F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١
 K(SYNCF

( ١-١٢) 

 K‫א‬(SYNC)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٢
(SYNC)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(SYNC)‫א‬‫א‬(١)J ٣
 ( EXT.)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬(NRZ)‫א‬( MODULATORS)‫א‬‫א‬J ٤
 ( 2-12)‫( א‬PSK/ASK )‫א‬



( ٢-١٢) 

 ( PSK)(PSK/ASK ) ‫א‬‫א‬J ٥
 (BAL)(CCW)(OFFSET)‫א‬(PSK/ASK )‫א‬J ٦
 K‫א‬
 (ASK/PSK)(P)‫א‬(٢)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(NRZ)‫א‬(١)‫א‬J ٧
 (٢)‫א‬(PSK)(١)‫א‬(NRZ)J ٨
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
BALANCED) ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(٢)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٩
 EJ F‫א‬EHF(MODULATOR

- ٨٩ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬

 ‫؟‬(NRZ)E0°F‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
 K(ASK/PSK)(٢)‫א‬J ١٠
 (CCW)(BAL)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١١
 ‫(؟‬BAL)(PSK)‫א‬‫א‬(CW)
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(BAL)J ١٢
 ‫א‬(ASK/PSK)‫א‬ENRZF‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١٣
‫א‬(١)‫א‬(ASK/PSK)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ (RZ)‫א‬
 EBALANCED MODULATORF‫א‬‫א‬
 (3-12)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١٤







( ٣-١٢) 

- ٩٠ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(MAN)(RZ)‫א‬‫א‬J ١٥
 (4-12)‫א‬‫א‬
 







( ٤-١٢) 

( 5-12)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(50µs/DIV)‫א‬‫א‬J ١٦
 ‫א‬‫א‬(١٨٠°) (PSK)
 (LOW)
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(PSK)‫א‬‫א‬J
١٨٠° (٣ ٩٠° (٢ ٠ ° (١


( ٥-١٢) 

 ‫א‬(PSK)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(CM)‫א‬J ١٧

- ٩١ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬
 E‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬
P S K Synchronous Detection

 ‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬
.‫א‬‫א‬(PSK) J ١
K‫א‬‫ א‬J ٢

 ‫א‬‫א‬
( Digital Communications Unit )‫א‬‫א‬ K١
EOscilloscopeF‫א‬‫א‬ K٢
EFunction GeneratorF‫א‬‫א‬ K٣

- ٩٢ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬
 
(NRZ) ‫א‬(1-13)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١
(PSK)

( ١-١٣) 

(CHANNEL)‫א‬‫א‬(PSK)-٢
K‫א‬(SYNC DETECTOR)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬ (NRZ)‫א‬(١)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(SYNC)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 (MODULATORS)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(٢)‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ (2-13)‫א‬



( ٢-١٣) 

 (NRZ)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٢

- ٩٣ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬

 ‫؟‬(٢)‫א‬J ٣
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
(CHANNEL)‫א‬‫א‬(٢)‫א‬‫א‬(١)‫א‬J ٤
 K‫א‬‫א‬(CCW)( NOISE)‫א‬
(PSK)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(BAL)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٥
 (3-13)



( ٣-١٣) 

 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬(PSK)(NRZ)J ٦
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
 (RECT)‫א‬(DOUBLER)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ (١)‫א‬J ٧
 ‫א‬‫א‬J ٨
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
 ‫؟‬(PSK)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٩
 ‫א‬E٣‫א‬E٢‫א‬E١
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬(4-13)‫א‬‫א‬

- ٩٤ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬







( ٤-١٣) 

(DOUBLER)‫א‬(٢)‫א‬(١)‫א‬J ١٠
 ‫؟‬(DOUBLER)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
 (PLL)‫א‬(VCO)(٢)‫א‬J ١١
 ‫؟‬‫ﻟﻪ ﻧﻔﺲ‬VCO)‫א‬J
 ‫א‬E٢‫א‬E١
 K(VCD)(٢)‫א‬J ١٢
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(VCD)‫א‬J ١٣
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(٢)‫א‬(VCO)(VCD)J
 .(5-13) ‫א‬‫א‬







( ٥-١٣)  

- ٩٥ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬

 ‫؟‬‫א‬(VCD)‫א‬‫א‬J
180°(٣ ٩٠°(٢ 0°(١
 K‫א‬‫א‬(٩٠° )(٢)‫א‬J ١٤
 ‫(؟‬٩٠°) ‫א‬‫א‬J
 (PSK)‫א‬‫א‬J ١
 (PSK)‫א‬J ٢
 ‫א‬J ٣
 .(MIXER) ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(٢)‫א‬J ١٥
 (MIXER)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
 VCDE٣ PSKE٢‫א‬E١
(٢)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(50mv/DIV)(٢)‫א‬J ١٦
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ (1)‫א‬
 ‫؟‬(PHASE SHIFTER)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
 ( unipolar )E٢( polar )E١
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬EMIXERF‫א‬EPSKFE١F‫א‬J ١٧
 E6-13F







( ٦-١٣) 

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
 ‫א‬(PSK)‫א‬‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

- ٩٦ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬

E‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬(PSK)
 ‫א‬
E‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬(PSK)
 K‫א‬
 (7-13)‫א‬‫א‬(PSK)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١٨
 (PHASE SHIFTER)
D (٤ C (٣ B (٢ A (١









( ٧-١٣) 

(BAL)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(٢)‫א‬J ١٩
 (8-13)‫א‬‫א‬








( ٨-١٣) 

- ٩٧ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
 ‫؟‬(PSK)
 ‫א‬(PSK)E٢(PSK) E١
 (PSK)E٣
 E0.5V/DIV) ‫( إﻟﻰ‬١)‫א‬(LPF)‫א‬(١)‫א‬J ٢١
 (LPF)(١)‫א‬‫א‬J
 ‫א‬E٢‫א‬E١
 K(CCW)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(٢)‫א‬J ٢٢
(٢)‫א‬(CW)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٢٢
 (9-13)







( ٩-١٣)  

 ‫؟‬‫א‬J
 ‫א‬E٣(LPF) E٢E١

- ٩٨ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(NRZ)(١)‫א‬J ٢٣
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ (10-13)‫א‬‫א‬
 E٣(PSK)E٢(NRZ)E١








( ١٠-١٣) 

‫א‬(CHANNEL)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٢٤
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(٢)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 (ASYNC DETECTOR)‫א‬‫א‬
 (CW)(CCW)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٢٥
 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(PSK)‫א‬E١
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(PSK)E٢

- ٩٩ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
‫اﻟﻤﺆﺳﺴﺔ اﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ ﻟﻠﺘﻌﻠﻴﻢ اﻟﻔﻨﻲ واﻟﺘﺪرﻳﺐ اﻟﻤﻬﻨﻲ‬
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

-‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬

٧
 ‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬
Amplitude Shift Keying
(ASK)
 ‫א‬‫א‬ :‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬W‫א‬‫א‬
‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫• א‬
 E‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫• א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
.(A S K) .١
K‫א‬‫א‬ K٢

 ‫א‬‫א‬
.‫א‬(A S K) .١
K‫א‬‫א‬ K٢

 K٪٩٠‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ :‫א‬‫א‬

٤ :‫א‬‫א‬

K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬K‫א‬‫א‬ :‫א‬‫א‬

 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ :‫א‬‫א‬

- ١٠٠ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬
 A S K Signal Generation

 ‫א‬‫א‬
 W‫א‬
.(A S K) .١
K‫א‬‫א‬ K٢

 ‫א‬‫א‬
( Digital Communications Unit )‫א‬‫א‬ K١
EOscilloscopeF‫א‬‫א‬ K٢
EFunction GeneratorF‫א‬‫א‬ K٣
 EMultimeterF‫א‬‫א‬ K٤

- ١٠١ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

(٢)‫א‬(CLK)‫א‬(١)‫א‬(1-14)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١
 (SYNC)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(SYNC)‫א‬‫א‬



( ١-١٤) 

‫א‬ ( EXT.)‫א‬(5V/DIV)‫א‬(5V/DIV)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٢
 ( 2-14)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬






( ٢-١٤)  
(3-14)‫א‬(ASK/PSK)‫א‬‫א‬J ٣
 K‫א‬‫א‬(ASK/PSK) ‫א‬(NRZ)‫א‬(ASK)
  (OFFSET) ‫א‬
 ‫א‬( BAL)،(CCW)



( ٣-١٤) 

- ١٠٢ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬

 (٢)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(NRZ)(١)‫א‬J ٤
 (ASK/PSK)‫א‬
 (DC)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ (2V/DIV)‫א‬‫א‬J ٥
 (٢)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
 ‫א‬E٢‫א‬E١
 (CCW)‫א‬(CW)(OFFSET)‫א‬J ٦
 ( 0)‫א‬‫א‬(٢)‫א‬(ASK) J
 ‫א‬E٢‫א‬E١
 ‫א‬E٣
 (1V/DV)(١)‫א‬(ASK/PSK)‫א‬‫א‬(١)‫א‬J ٧
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(٢)‫א‬‫א‬J
 (BAL)‫א‬‫א‬(CARRIER)(١)‫א‬
 (١)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٨
 Vc = Vp.p
 K (ASK)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬(٢)‫א‬(0.4 V ) (٠)‫א‬J ٩
 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
 (2V/DIV)‫א‬(١)‫א‬EJ F‫א‬‫א‬(١)‫א‬J ١٠
 (١)‫א‬J ١١
 ‫א‬E٢(ASK)‫א‬E١
 ( 4-14) ‫א‬‫א‬EOFFSETF‫א‬J ١٢







( ٤-١٤) 
- ١٠٣ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬

 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫( ﻟﻠﻤﻀﻤﻦ‬٢)‫א‬( 0.4 V)(NRZ)J ١٣


 KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
 (١)‫א‬‫א‬J ١٤
 ‫א‬E٢‫א‬‫א‬E١
 (NRZ)(١)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١٥
 (ASK)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E١
 (ASK)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E٢
 (0.2V)(٠)‫א‬‫א‬(ASK)‫א‬J ١٦
 (ASK)(٠)‫א‬(0V)(٠)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١٧
 E٢E١
‫א‬(CW)EOFFSETF‫א‬J ١٨
 (5-14)







( ٥-١٤) 

(0V )‫א‬(٢)(٠)‫א‬J ١٩
(١)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(ON)‫א‬(١)‫א‬(ASK)
(OOK)‫א‬(٠)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ (OFF)
. (ON OFF KYING)

- ١٠٤ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬
 E‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬
A S K Synchronous Detection


 ‫א‬‫א‬

 W‫א‬
.‫א‬(A S K) .١
K‫א‬‫א‬ K٢

 ‫א‬‫א‬
( Digital Communications Unit )‫א‬‫א‬ K١
EOscilloscopeF‫א‬‫א‬ K٢
EFunction GeneratorF‫א‬‫א‬ K٣
 EMulti-meterF‫א‬‫א‬ K٤

- ١٠٥ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬‫א‬

(٢)‫א‬(CLK)‫א‬(١)‫א‬ (1-15)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١
 (SYNC)‫א‬(EXT.)‫א‬‫א‬(SYNC)‫א‬‫א‬



( ١-١٥) 

 (EXT.)‫א‬(0.5 ms/DIV)‫א‬(5V/DIV)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٢
 (2-15)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٣







( ٢-١٥)  

‫א‬(ASK) ‫ ( أدﺧﻞ‬3-15)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٤
‫א‬(ASK/PSK)‫א‬(NRZ)(ASK/PSK)
 ( BAL)‫א‬‫א‬ (CCW)(OFFSET)

- ١٠٦ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬



( ٣-١٥) 

SYNC ) ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(ASK/PSK)J ٥
 (ASK)(MIXER) ‫א‬ (DETECTOR
 ‫א‬(A/F)‫א‬EPLL)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ (PLL)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(4-15)‫א‬(LPF)‫א‬‫א‬
 


 
( ٤-١٥) 

 (SYNC DETECTOR)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(١)‫א‬J ٥
(BAL)‫א‬‫א‬(OFFSET)‫א‬(ASK/PSK)‫א‬J ٦
 (0.5 Vp.p)(ASK)‫א‬
 (PLL)‫א‬(A/P)(٢)‫א‬(NRZ)(١)‫א‬J ٧
 (٢)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(BAL)J ٨
‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ (VOLT COMP)‫א‬(٢)‫א‬J ٩
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(NRZ)‫א‬
 K‫א‬‫(א‬ASK)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(ASK)‫א‬‫א‬J
- ١٠٧ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬
 (ASK) ‫א‬E٣(NRZ) ‫א‬E٢‫א‬‫א‬E١
 W(5-15)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J
 (MIXER)E٢( SYNCHRONIZER)‫א‬E١
 (VOLT COMP)E٤(LPF)E٣
 K‫א‬‫א‬( SYNCHRONIZER)‫א‬‫א‬J








( ٥-١٥) 

(٢)‫א‬(ASK)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(١)‫א‬J ١٠
( VCO)
 (٢)‫א‬(ASK)(١)‫א‬(VCO)J ١١
 (VCO)‫א‬J ١٢
 (ASK)E٢ (ASK)‫א‬E١
 (VCD)(٢)‫א‬J ١٣
(VCIN)(VCO) (VCO)‫א‬(multimeter)‫א‬‫א‬J ١٤
VC IN = V dc
‫א‬‫א‬(VCIN)‫א‬(VCO)‫א‬‫א‬J
(6-15)  (PHASE DETECTOR)‫א‬

- ١٠٨ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬

( ٦-١٥) 

 (VCIN)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١٥
١٨0°(٣ 90° (٢ 0°(١
 (ASK)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(VCIN)J ١٦
 E٢E١
‫א‬‫א‬(ASK)(VCD)(PLL)‫א‬J ١٧
( ASK)‫א‬‫א‬(XOR)‫א‬( 90° )‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬ (7-15) ‫א‬
 






( ٧-١٥)  
 (VCD)(٢)‫א‬(VCO)(١)‫א‬‫א‬J ١٨
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ١٩
 ‫א‬(XOR)J ٢٠
 (VCO)E٢(VCD)E١
- ١٠٩ -
 ‫א‬‫א‬  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬

‫א‬‫א‬( 90° )‫א‬‫א‬(١)‫א‬J ٢١


 (٢)‫א‬(VCD)( 90° )‫א‬(١)‫א‬
 .(ASK IN)(٢)‫א‬J ٢٢
 ‫א‬(١)‫א‬‫א‬J
 (٢)‫א‬‫א‬(ASK)‫א‬E٢(٢)‫א‬E١
 (100 mV/DIV)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(٢)‫א‬J ٢٣
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٢٤
 E٢E١
 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬E٢) ‫א‬(ASK)(١)‫א‬J ٢٥
(0.2ms/DIV)
 ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٢٦
 ‫א‬‫א‬E٣‫א‬E٢‫א‬E١
 ‫א‬‫א‬J ٢٧
 (ASK)E٢ E١
 (0.2ms/DIV)‫א‬(2V/DIV)‫א‬‫א‬(٢)‫א‬J ٢٨
 ‫א‬J ٢٩
 E٢E١
 K‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬(LPF)‫א‬‫א‬J
 (200mv/DIV)(٢)‫א‬‫א‬(LPF)(٢)‫א‬(NRZ)‫א‬(١)‫א‬J ٣٠
‫( א‬NRZ)‫א‬‫א‬(DC )‫א‬(LPF)‫א‬J ٣١
 E٢E١
 ‫א‬‫א‬(NRZ)‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬J ٣٢
 ‫א‬(٢)‫א‬
 (LPF)(NRZ)‫א‬J
‫א‬E٢‫א‬E١

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  -‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬
 ‫א‬  ٢٣٧  ‫א‬

 ‫א‬
............................................................................................................
............................................................................................................ 
١ ............................................................................ ‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬
٢ ............................................................................. ‫א‬
٨ ...................................................................................‫א‬
١٤ ................................................................... ‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬
١٥ ................................................... ‫א‬‫א‬(PAMF
٢٣ ................................................... ‫א‬‫א‬PAM‫א‬
٣٣ ....................................................................... ‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬
٣٤ ................................................................. ‫א‬ 
٤١ ......................................................................... ‫א‬
٥١ .................................................................................................. ‫א‬
٥٢ ................................................................................................... ‫א‬
٦١ ................................................................................................ ‫א‬
٦٩ ................................................................ ‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬
٧٠ ................................................................... ‫א‬‫א‬
٧٦ .................................................... E‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬
٨١ ......................................................... E‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬
٨٧ ................................................................ ‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬
٨٨ ................................................................... ‫א‬‫א‬
٩٢ ......................................................... E‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬
١٠٠ .............................................................. ‫א‬‫א‬W‫א‬‫א‬
١٠١ ................................................................. ‫א‬‫א‬
١٠٥ ...................................................... E‫א‬‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬

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 ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬
 ‫א‬E‫א‬F‫א‬‫א‬
GOTEVOT appreciates the financial support provided by BAE SYSTEMS