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You are on page 1of 14

1) Preferences:

Select the type of preferences.

Preferences – Structural – O k

2) Element Type:

Define Element Type.

Preprocessor – Element Type – Add/Edit/Delete – Add – Solid –

Quad 4node42 – Ok.

3) Material Properties:

Material Properties of Steel are to be defined.

Preprocessor – Material Props – Material Models – Structural – Linear – Elastic –

Isotropic

Young’s Modulus EX – 2e5

Poisson’s Ratio PRXY – 0.3

Material – Exit.

4) Modeling :

Create the given component.

a. Preprocessor – Modeling – Create – Areas – Rectangle – By 2 Corners

Width – 150

Height – 100

Click O k

X – 75; Y – 100; Radius – 10; Click O k

then Rectangle – Apply – Again Select Circle – Click Ok.

7) Meshing:

Mesh the component.

a. Preprocessor – Meshing – Mesh Tool – Areas Set – Select Whole Area – Click O k

Element Edge Length – 2 – Click Ok.

8) Apply Constraints:

Apply the constraints.

Preprocessor – Loads – Define Loads – Apply – Structural – Displacement – On lines –

Select left edge of the rectangle – Ok – All DOF – Ok.

9) Apply Loads:

After applying constraints apply loads.

Preprocessor - Loads – Define Loads – Apply – Structural – Pressure – On lines –

Select Right edge of the rectangle – Ok – Value – 100 – Ok.

10) Solution:

Get the solution.

Solution – Solve – Current LS – Ok – Close.

Plot the result.

General Post Processor – Plot Results – Contour Plot – Nodal Solu – Stress – Von

mises Stress – Ok.

Capture image and Save it.

Utility Menu – Plot Ctrls – Capture Image – Save As – Give a name – Ok.

1) Preferences:

Select the preferences.

Preferences – Structural – Ok.

2) Element Type:

Define element type.

Preprocessor – Element Type – Add/Edit/Delete – Add – Beam –

2D elastic 3 – Ok.

3) Real Constants:

Define real constants for the beam.

Preprocessor – Real Constants – Add/Edit/Delete – Add – Ok

Area – 1500; Izz – 833.33; Height – 10.

4) Material Properties:

Define material properties for Steel.

Preprocessor – Material Props – Material Models – Structural – Linear –

Elastic –Isotropic –

Exx – 2e5; PRXY – 0.3.

5) Modeling:

Draw the given beam.

a. Preprocessor – Modeling – Create – Keypoints – In Active CS – Apply –

X: 1000 – Ok.

7) Meshing:

Mesh the component.

a. Preprocessor – Meshing – Mesh Tool – Lines Set – Select line –

No. of divisions – 10.

8) Apply Constraints:

Apply constraints according to the type of beam.

- Sructural – Displacement – On Keypoints – Select the end point on the left – Ok – All

DOF – Ok.

- Structural – Displacement – On Nodes – Select any two nodes except the end points

– Ok – All DOF – Ok.

Displacement – On Keypoints – Select the two endpoints – Ok – All DOF – Ok.

9) Apply Loads;

Apply loads according to the type of beam.

– Structural – Force/Moment – On Keypoints – Select the point at the right end of the

beam – Ok – Give Fy :( -1500) - Ok.

Structural – Force/Moment – On Nodes – Select node at the centre – Ok - Give Fy

:(-1500) – Ok.

Force/Moment – On Nodes – Select node at the centre – Ok – Give Fy : (-1500) – Ok.

10) Solution:

Get the solution.

Solution – Solve – Current LS – Ok – Close.

Plot the result.

General Post Processor – Plot Results – Contour Plot – Nodal Solu – Stress

– Von Mises Stress – Ok.

Define element table.

General Post Processor – Element Table – Add – By Sequence num –

SMISC – 2 - Apply – By Sequence num – SMISC- 8 – Apply –

By Sequence num – LS – 3 - Apply – By Sequence num - LS – 6 – Ok.

Plot the member force for the beam.

General Post Processor – Plot Results – Line Elem Res – I:SMIS2 – J:SMIS8 –

Undeformed Shape – Ok.

Capture the image and save it.

Utility Menu – Plot Ctrls – Capture Image – Save As – Member force – Ok.

Plot the bending stress for the beam.

General Post Processor – Plot Results – Line Elem Res – I:LS3 – J:LS6 –

Undeformed Shape – Ok.

Capture the image and save it.

Utility Menu – Plot Ctrls – Capture Image – Save As – Bending Stress – Ok.

1) Preferences:

Select the preferences.

Preferences – Structural – Ok.

2) Element Type:

Select the type of the element.

Preprocessor – Element Type – Add/Edit/Delete – Add – Solid –

Quad 4node42 – Ok.

3) Material Properties:

Define the material properties of Steel.

Preprocessor – Material Props – Material Models – Structural – Linear – Elastic –

Isotropic -

Young’s Modulus EX – 2e5

Poisson’s Ratio PRXY – 0.3

Material - Exit

4) Modeling:

Model the given component.

a. Preprocessor – Modeling – Create – Keypoints – In Active CS – X-0; X-100;

(X100,Y(-50)); (X75,Y(-50)); (X75,Y(-25)); (X0,Y(-25)).

(1,2);(2,3);(3,4);(4,5);(5,6);(6,1).

Lines – Ok.

- Radius 12.5 – Apply - (X87.5,Y(-50)) – Radius 12.5 – Ok.

and the L shaped area – Ok.

- Radius 3 – Apply – (X87.5,Y(-50)) – Radius 3 – Ok.

circle then the L-shape – Apply – then again top left circle – Ok. Repeat the same

procedure for the right bottom circle.

5) Meshing:

Mesh the component.

a. Preprocessor – Meshing – Mesh Tool – Areas Set – Select Area – Ok – Edge length

– 2- Ok.

b. Mesh Tool – Mesh – Area – Select area – Ok.

6) Apply Constraints:

Apply the constraints.

Preprocessor – Loads – Define Loads – Apply – Structural – Displacement – On Nodes

– Select the top left circle – Ok – All DOF – Ok.

7) Apply Loads:

Apply the loads.

Preprocessor – Loads – Define Loads – Apply – Structural – Force/Moment –

On nodes – select node at the bottom centre of the bottom right circle – Ok –

Fy – (-1500) – Ok.

8) Solution:

Get the solution.

Solution – Solve – Current LS – O k

9) Plot Result:

Plot the result.

General Post Processor – Plot Results – Contour Plot – Nodal Solu – Stress –

Stress – Von mises Stress – Deformed Shape – Ok.

Capture the image.

Utility Menu – Plot Ctrls – Capture Image – File – Save As – Give a title – Ok.

1) Preferences:

Select the preferences.

Preferences – Structural – Ok.

2) Element Type:

Define element type.

Preprocessor – Element Type – Add/Edit/Delete – Add- Solid – Quad 4node 42 – Ok.

Options – K3 – Axisymmetric – Ok – Close.

3) Material Properties:

Define material properties of Steel.

Preprocessor – Material Props – Material Models – Structural – Linear – Elastic –

Isotropic –

EX – 2e5; PRXY – 0.3 – Ok.

Material – Exit.

4) Modeling:

Model the given component.

a. Preprocessor – Modeling – Create – Areas – Rectangle – By 2 Corners –

Width – 120; Height – 60; Ok.

Radius – 10 ; Ok.

then rectangle – Apply – Again Circle – Ok.

5) Meshing:

Mesh the component.

a. Preprocessor - Meshing – Concatenate – Lines – Select left edge and quarter circle –

Ok.

b. Preprocessor – Meshing – Mesh Tool – Lines Set – Select all the lines on four sides

except the quarter circle – Ok – Edge length – 2 – Ok.

6) Apply Constraints:

Apply the constraints.

Preprocessor - Loads – Define Loads – Apply – Structural – Displacement –

On lines – Select all the four lines of the rectangle except the quarter circle –

all DOF – Ok.

7) Apply Loads:

Apply the loads.

Preprocessor – Loads – Define Loads – Apply – Structural – Pressure – On lines –

Select quarter circle – Give Value -20 – Ok.

8) Solution:

Get the solution.

Solution – Solve – Current LS – Ok – Close.

9) Plot Result:

Plot the result.

General Post Processor – Plot Results – Contour Plot – Nodal Solu – Stress –

Von mises Stress – Ok.

Get the axisymmetric component.

Utility Menu – Plot Ctrls – Style – Symmetry Expansion – Periodic/Cyclic

Symmetry – ¼ dihedral sym – Ok.

Capture the image and save it.

Utility Menu – Plot Ctrls – Capture Image – Save As – Give the title.

1) Preferences:

Select the preferences.

Preferences – Structural – Ok.

2) Element Type:

Define element type.

Preprocessor – Element Type – Add/Edit/Delete – Add – Link – 2D Spar 1 – Ok.

3) Real Constants:

Define real constants for 2D element.

Preprocessor – Real Constants – Add/Edit/Delete – Add – Ok –

Area – 100 ; ISTRN – 0.5; Ok.

4) Material Properties:

Define material properties of Steel.

Preprocessor – Material Props – Material Models – Structural – Linear – Elastic –

Isotropic –

EX – 2e5; PRXY – 0.3; Density – 7.84e-6; Ok.

Material – Exit.

5) Modeling:

Model the given component.

a. Preprocessor – Modeling – Create – Keypoints – In Active CS – Apply – X – 100 -

Ok.

end points – Ok.

6) Meshing:

Mesh the component.

a. Preprocessor – Meshing – Mesh Tool – Lines Set – Select the line – Ok –

Edge length – 5 – Ok.

7) Analysis Type:

Define the type of analysis.

a. Solution – Analysis Type – New analysis – Modal – Ok.

–

all DOF – Ok.

8) Apply Constraints:

Apply the constraints.

Solution – Define loads – Apply – Structural – Displacement – On nodes – Select the

left endpoint – All DOF – Ok.

9) Solution:

Get the solution.

Solution – Solve – Current LS – Ok – Close.

Plot the result.

a. General Post Processor – Read Results – Last Set

b. General Post Processor – Plot Results – Contour Plot – Nodal Solu – DOF

Solution – Y component of displacement – Ok.

Capture the image and save it.

Utility Menu – Plot Ctrls – Capture Image – File – Save As – Ok.

1) Preferences:

Select the preferences.

Preferences – Structural – Ok.

2) Element Type:

Define element type.

Preprocessor – Element Type – Add/Edit/Delete – Add – Beam – 2D Elastic 3 – Ok.

3) Real Constants:

Define real constants for the beam.

Preprocessor – Real Constants – Add/Edit/Delete – Add – Ok –

Area – 100 ; ISTRN – 0.5; Ok.

4) Material Properties:

Define material properties for Steel.

Preprocessor – Material Props – Material Models – Structural – Linear – Elastic –

Isotropic –

EX – 2e5; PRXY – 0.3; Density – 7.84e-6; Ok.

Material – Exit.

5) Modeling:

Model a beam.

a. Preprocessor – Modeling – Create – Keypoints – In Active CS – Apply – X – 100 -

Ok.

end points – Ok.

6) Meshing:

Mesh the beam.

a. Preprocessor – Meshing – Mesh Tool – Lines Set – Select the line – Ok –

Edge length – 5 – Ok.

7) Analysis Type:

Define the type of analysis.

a. Solution – Analysis Type – New analysis – Modal – Ok.

–

all DOF – Ok.

8) Apply Constraints:

Apply constraints according to the type of beam.

a. For Cantilever Beam : Preprocessor – Loads – Define loads – Apply – Structural –

Displacement – On Keypoints – Select the end point on the left – Ok – All DOF – Ok.

Structural – Apply – Displacement – On Nodes – Select any two nodes except the end

points – Ok – UY – Ok.

Displacement – On Keypoints – Select the two endpoints – Ok – All DOF – Ok.

9) Solution:

Get the solution.

Solution – Solve – Current LS – Ok – Close.

Plot the result.

a. General Post Processor – Read Results – Last Set

b. General Post Processor – Plot Results – Contour Plot – Nodal Solu – DOF

Solution – Y component of displacement – Ok.

Capture the image and save it.

Utility Menu – Plot Ctrls – Capture Image – File – Save As – Ok.

1) Preferences:

Select the preferences.

Preferences – Structural – Ok.

2) Element Type:

Define the type of element.

Preprocessor – Element Type – Add/Edit/Delete – Add – Beam – 2D Elastic 3 – Ok.

3) Real Constants:

Define real constants.

Preprocessor – Real Constants – Add/Edit/Delete – Add – Ok –

Area – 100 ; ISTRN – 0.5; Ok.

4) Material Properties:

Define material properties for Steel.

Preprocessor – Material Props – Material Models – Structural – Linear – Elastic –

Isotropic –

EX – 2e5; PRXY – 0.3; Density – 7.84e-6; Ok.

Material – Exit.

5) Modeling:

Create the component.

a. Preprocessor – Modeling – Create – Keypoints – In Active CS – Apply – X – 100 -

Ok.

end points – Ok.

6) Meshing:

Mesh the component.

a. Preprocessor – Meshing – Mesh Tool – Lines Set – Select the line – Ok –

Edge length – 5 – Ok.

7) Analysis Type:

Define the type of analysis.

a. Solution – Analysis Type – New analysis – Harmonic – Ok.

– Ok.

8) Apply Constraints:

Apply constraints.

Solution – Define loads – Apply – Structural –

Displacement – On Keypoints – Select the end point on the left – Ok – All DOF – Ok.

9) Apply Loads:

Apply the loads.

Solution – Define Loads – Apply – Structural – Force/Moment – On Keypoints – Select

the point at the right end of the beam – Ok – Give Fy – Real Part - ( -1500) - Ok.

Define the frequency range and the substeps.

Solution – Load Step Opts – Time/Frequency – Freq and Substeps –

Harmonic Frequency Range – 0-100;

No. of Substeps – 100 – Select Stepped – Ok.

11) Solution:

Get the solution.

Solution – Solve – Current LS – Ok – Close.

Define the graph variables and plot the graph.

a. Time History Post Processor – Close the calculation dialog box.

Capture the image and save it.

Utility Menu – Plot Ctrls – Capture Image – File – Save As – Ok.

1) Preferences:

Select the preferences.

Preferences – Thermal – Ok.

2) Element Type:

Define the type of the element.

Preprocessor – Element Type – Add/Edit/Delete – Solid – Quad 4node 42 – Ok.

3) Material Properties:

Define the material properties of Steel.

Preprocessor – Material Props – Material Model – Thermal – Conductivity –

Isotropic –

KXX – 1.2 – O k

Material – New Model – KXX – 0.4 – O k

Material – New Model – KXX – 0.9 – O k

Material – Exit.

4) Modeling:

Create the component.

a. Preprocessor – Modeling – Create – Key points – In Active CS – Apply –

X – 0.2 – Apply; X – 1 – Apply; X – 1.1;

X – 1.1, Y – 0.5 – Apply; X – 1, Y – 0.5;

X – 0.2, Y – 0.5 – Apply; X – 0, Y – 0.5; Ok.

Select all points one by one – Join (1,2),(2-3),(3-4),(4-5),(5-6),(6-7), (7-8),(1-8),

(2-7),(3-6).

Select lines (1,2),(2,7),(7,8),(2,1) – Apply.

Select lines (2,3),(3,6),(6,7),(7,2) – Apply.

Select lines (3,4),(4,5),(5,6),(6,3) – Ok.

5) Meshing:

Mesh the component.

a. Preprocessor – Meshing – Mesh Tool – Areas Set – Select all the areas – Ok –

Edge length – 2 – Ok.

b. Mesh Tool – Mesh – Select all the areas – Ok.

6) Apply Loads:

Apply the loads.

a. Solution – Define Loads – Apply – Thermal – Temperature – On lines –

Select left end of the rectangle – Ok – All DOF – Temp Value 1173 – Ok.

Select right end of the rectangle – Ok – All DOF – Temp Value 303 – Ok.

7) Solution:

Get the solution.

Solution – Solve – Current LS – Ok – Close.

8) Plot Result:

Plot the result.

General Post Processor – Plot Results – Contour Plot – Nodal Solu – DOF Solution –

Nodal Temperature – Ok.

9) Capture Image:

Capture the image and save it.

Utility Menu – Plot Ctrls – Capture Image – Save As.

1) Preferences:

Select the preferences.

Preferences – Thermal – Ok.

2) Element Type:

Define element type.

Preprocessor – Element Type – Add/Edit/Delete – Solid – Quad 4node 42 – Ok.

3) Material Properties:

Define material properties for Steel.

Preprocessor – Material Props – Material Model – Thermal – Conductivity –

Isotropic –

KXX - 235 – O k

Material – New Model – KXX – 0.153 – O k

Material – New Model – KXX – 400 – O k

Material – Exit.

4) Modeling:

Create the model.

a. Preprocessor – Modeling – Create – Key points – In Active CS – Apply –

X – 1 – Apply; X – 2 – Apply; X – 3;

X – 3, Y – 1 – Apply; X – 2, Y – 1;

X – 1, Y – 1 – Apply; X – 0, Y – 1; Ok.

Select all points one by one – Join (1,2),(2-3),(3-4),(4-5),(5-6),(6-7), (7-8),(1-8),

(2-7),(3-6).

Select lines (1,2),(2,7),(7,8),(2,1) – Apply.

Select lines (2,3),(3,6),(6,7),(7,2) – Apply.

Select lines (3,4),(4,5),(5,6),(6,3) – Ok.

5) Meshing:

Mesh the model.

a. Processor – Meshing – Mesh Tool – Areas Set – Select all the areas – Ok –

Edge length – 2 – Ok.

b. Mesh Tool – Mesh – Select all the areas – Ok.

6) Apply Loads:

Apply the loads.

a. Solution – Define Loads – Apply – Thermal – Temperature – On lines –

Select left end of the rectangle – Ok – All DOF – Temp Value 400 – Ok.

Select right end of the rectangle – Ok – All DOF – Temp Value 300 – film

Coefficient – 50 – Ok.

Solution – Define Loads – Apply – Thermal – Heat Generation – On Areas –

Select Area 1 on the left – give heat gen value 200 – Apply – Select Area 3

On the right – heat gen value 175 – Ok.

8) Solution:

Get the solution.

Solution – Solve – Current LS – Ok – Close.

9) Plot Result:

Plot the result.

General Post Processor – Plot Results – Contour Plot – Nodal Solu – DOF Solution –

Nodal Temperature – Ok.

Capture the image and save it.

Utility Menu – Plot Ctrls – Capture Image – Save As.

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