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The Southem Country Report – Forestry Brazil represents the best judgement of Trade and Media Services Limited, based on the information and data available prior to the time of publication. While every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of the information contained herein, no liability is accepted for any errors or omissions or any opinions expressed or recommendations made. Copyright © Trade and Media Services Limited, 2010. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise without the prior written permission of Trade and Media Services Limited.
use pointer and click on topic) BACKGROUND Background Geographic Area Climate Terrain Main Land Uses Capital Population Population Growth Rate Language Political System Key Ports POLITICS Political System Forest Political Structure ECONOMICS Economic Performance Economic Highlights Financial Information Forestry’s Economic Impact FORESTRY RESOURCES Background Plantation Forests Plantation Forest Area by Species Afforestation New Afforestation Forest Land Availability ROUNDWOOD RESOURCES Projected Wood Supplies FOREST PRODUCTS FOREST PRODUCTS TRADE OUTLOOK Sources About Trade and Media Services Ltd 1 1 2 2 3 4 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 6 6 7 9 9 9 10 11 12 12 13 14 15 15 16 17 17 18 19 20 21 22 .CONTENTS (NOTE: To go to Page.
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Brazil is on the threshold of becoming a world power in its own right. Figure 1 Map of Brazil ©Trade and Media Services Ltd 1 .Southem Country Report Forestry Brazil BRAZIL BACKGROUND The largest country in Latin America.
Southem Country Report Forestry Brazil Geography The IBGE map below illustrates the extent of Brazil’s geography.459.877 sq km 8.460 sq km 7.514. stretching from the Atlantic Ocean through to countries encompassing the Andes. east on the Atlantic Ocean 2 ©Trade and Media Services Ltd .491 km. Figure 2 Map of Brazil Geography Source: IBGE Area Total Land Water Coastline 8.417 sq km 55.
the main state for plantation forestry.Southem Country Report Forestry Brazil Climate Brazil is largely tropical but the southern regions are temperate and. is more like Brisbane’s. Figure 3 Map of Brazil’s Climate Source: IBGE ©Trade and Media Services Ltd 3 . similar in latitude to Brisbane in Australia and Johannesburg in South Africa. as it has a maritime temperate climate. The map below is from the Instituto Brasileiro da Geografica e Estatistica (IBGE). As can be seen. Paraná. particularly those coastal regions. is at 24-25 degrees south. while the inland areas have a subtropical highland climate. however. as such. there is a substantial climatic difference between the vast Amazonian states around the line of the equator and the cluster of states much further south. The climate of Curitiba. have quite different climatic conditions. Paraná’s capital city.
with a mild terrain in the north and greater variation in the south. and metropolitan regions. where there is a narrow coastal belt and plains further inland. as the map below shows it is mostly quite flat.Southem Country Report Forestry Brazil Terrain In terms of its terrain. the frontier regions with neighbouring countries (green striped). Figure 4 Map of Brazil’s Terrain Source IBGE 4 ©Trade and Media Services Ltd . Brazil has less dramatic highs and lows when compared to some of its other southern hemisphere Latin American neighbours. Although challenging in parts. The IBGE map below illustrates the areas regarded as “Amazonica” (dark green). the semi-arid north east (light yellow).
0% to 377. 2 UN FAO 2006 3 Source www. 17 March 2009. Pulp exports through the port were relatively small.32% at 2005. Political system A Federal Republic.872. 1 ©Trade and Media Services Ltd 5 . It is noted that the figures above are from the Agricultural Census but GIS numbers for the pasture land area differs. It is estimated that 95% of Brazil’s foreign trade is performed through its ports. 0. being 209 million hectares based on a 2006 GIS measurement.451 tons in 2009 (up 22. Address to the Institute for International Trade Negotiations. Brasilia. and Amerindian in areas dominated by indigenous peoples of the interior.N.3% on 2008) and paper exports were up 29.gov. September 27. Exports of wood products through the port in 2009 calendar year totalled totalled 725. at 11. Spanish in border areas. Director-General. Key ports The port system is administered through a National Agency for Waterway Transportation (ANTAQ in Portuguese). Leila Harfuch • Senior Researcher.)3 Population growth rate 1.451 tons.98%4 Language Portuguese plus a range of other languages depending on location.ibge. The Source: Modeling Land Use and Land Use Change in Brazil. lakes and inland waterways. Ports operate not only on the coast but also internally on a network of 17. for example. including rivers.2%).787 tons (down 6.2007.Southem Country Report Forestry Brazil Main Land Uses Crops: 77 million hectares Pasture: 172 million hectares1 Forest (within farms): 100 million hectares Forests and woodlands: 478 million hectares2 General Capital Brasilia Population 191.000 kilometres of waterways.br – Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística 4 Source: U. Brazilian Institute for International Trade Negotiations.5 The infrastructure includes a mix of public ports (known as Landlord Ports) and privately owned terminal as follows: Public ports: 35 Private use terminals: 124 Paranagua is the key port for the state of southern state of Paraná. Fernando Antonio Brito Fia ho National Agency for Waterway Transportation. estimate at 2009 5 Brazil’s Port Sector.009 (2009 est.
President Dilma Vana Rousseff (president elect) Picture left: President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva (right) with President designate Dilma Vana Rousseff in Berlin earlier this year. with proximity to both Argentina and Uruguay. is a key economic centre in the southern region of Brazil. further south in Rio Grande do Sul. has developed into a port facility serving as an exit for lumber and wood pulp production. Other major ports and terminals include Ilha Grande. The Guaiba Terminal. POLITICS Type of government A Federal Republic. Bicameral system has two legislative chambers: a National Congress consisting of the Federal Senate (81 seats) and the Chamber of Deputies (513 seats). and Tubrarao. Picture right: Dilma Rousseff during the election campaign. Last elections Next elections October 2010 October 2014 6 ©Trade and Media Services Ltd . south of Rio de Janeiro. Santos. Porto Alegre. with a President performing two functions – Head of State and Head of the Federal Government. Sao Sebastiao.Southem Country Report Forestry Brazil proportion of wood products being shipped through the port reflects its location in Brazil’s main pine-based region.
During the October 2010 election. representing Brazil at the 15th Conference of the Parties (CoP-15) in Copenhagen. she continued a pattern of recent years of women taking the reins of important Latin American countries. who was imprisoned and tortured during the Pinochet regime and rose to become President from 2006 until March this year. a task behind her appointment as Lula’s chief of the presidential staff. She skilfully handled an electricity crisis during her time as the Energy Minister. Ms Rousseff is regarded as a hard working technocrat who can make things happen. this seems unlikely as Ms Rousseff vowed to continue Lula’s popular economic policies. Unlike Argentina’s Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner. Like Chile’s Michelle Bachelet. Brazil has a complicated political structure. and announced Ms Rousseff to be his successor in leading the Workers’ Party (PT in Portuguese). As a former Energy Minister. or MMA in Portuguese). which can also complicate the administration of forestry. Nevertheless. governmental institutions from the President down are supportive of plantation forestry on the one hand and on the other hand have instituted policies aimed at combating deforestation of the Amazonian rainforests. President Elect Dilma Vana Rousseff had built up a sufficient head of steam in the polls to succeed her three-term sponsor. The majority was sufficient for her to take power of the largest and richest country in Latin America. Forest Political Structure With 26 states and one federal district. In doing so. In spite of suggestions by some observers that she will move the country to “the left”. This is a further complication for plantation forestry in the southern states. President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva (or Lula).Southem Country Report Forestry Brazil In spite of having to go into a run-off. The government’s Federal forestry responsibilities come under the wing of the Minister of the Environment (Ministério do Meio Ambiente. Instead of being portrayed as an excellent alternative wood supply. Lula was forbidden under Brazilian law from standing for election for a third time. being regarded as the “lungs of the world”. she led by a slim majority but required a run-off. she had a grasp of issues surrounding climate change. Ms Rousseff was also tortured and jailed while a leading figure in the Brazil underground opposition to the dictatorship of the 1970s. they are often seen by detractors as an unsustainable land use. It is an understatement to say that the rainforests of the Amazon play a vital role in the climate change debate. The Secretariat of Biodiversity ©Trade and Media Services Ltd 7 .
The government has laid out a plan to transform the Forest Service in an effort to give it more powers to manage public forests and better implement the certification of wood products in the country.sbs. For the forest industry. This has seen calls for greater discussion between the industry and government agencies. One of the unforeseen spin-offs from promotion of plantation forestry as a way of overcoming deforestation is that the MMA and its agencies have decided that trees planted on degraded areas cannot be harvested without permission. for reforestation and sustainable forest management.org. the Department of Biodiversity Conservation. which comes under the MMA. the Department of Protected Areas and the Department of Genetic Heritage. is responsible effectively for implementing government policy and strategy on all things involving the ecosystem. the NFP brings together 11 ministries and other public institutions and private sector agencies involved in forest management. Aluísio Pimenta . Though a National Commission for Forests (Conaflor).br/destaques_reflorestar.Southem Country Report Forestry Brazil and Forests.html 8 ©Trade and Media Services Ltd . The secretariat has under it the following departments: the Department of Forests (the Forest Service). an important part of the department’s work is the coordination of the National Forest Program (NFP). The Department of Forests is responsible for developing policies for restoring degraded areas.6 6 Source: Reflorestar E Desenvolver.Professor e Membro da Academia Mineira de Letras http://www.
0 percentage point range. Meirelles.0 3. In the 12 months to the end of November 2010.90 2009 -0.htm 8 Late in.30 2004 5. inflation was 5.Southem Country Report Forestry Brazil ECONOMICS Economic Performance Tackling Brazil’s rapid growth will be to the forefront of the economic strategy of the government under President-elect Dilma Rousseff.7 4.fazenda.8 billion) from the financial system. 14 September 2009. 2010 7 Governo poderá cortar gastos para manter superávit em 2010.2 4.6 4.46 2008 5.75 Source: Banco Central do Brasil * GDP estimate at December 1. for social projects and income transfer. first out.7 The message to ministries was that they should not develop new programmes or extend existing ones – there was simply not sufficient room to move.2%.2 5.31 2010* 7.53 2003 1. The minister said the government would have to cut some non-essential expenses in order to keep the country in a primary surplus situation in 2010. above the target of 4.gov. Economic Highlights The Economist newspaper has typified Brazil’s economy as “Fairly resilient”.67 2002 12.cfm?story_id=14442343 ©Trade and Media Services Ltd 9 . Nevertheless Guido Mantega still maintained the economy would improve in 2010 and retained his forecast of growth at 4.2 9. The Economist. It was expected that Brazil would have one of the best fiscal results of the G20 countries.br/portugues/docs/brasil-economia-sustentavel/link.69 2006 4. http://www. as well as “the solidity of the financial system”.1 5.7 7. seen as a career central banker who would tackle the challenge of reigning in inflation.8 Table 1 Economic Highlights 2001 GDP growth Inflation (%) 7.com/PrinterFriendly.economist. Statement at: http://www. as part of the drive to reduce inflation. Brazil’s Central Bank President Henrique Meirelles was due to step down and be replaced by Alexandre Tombi. noting that the mildness of the recession’s impacts on the country also reflected the high degree of diversification of the economy and trading partners.60 2005 3. 2010. announced a plan to withdraw about 61 billion reals (or about US$35. The financial “solidity” had cushioned Brazil from the fall out when the global financial crisis hit in 2008.14 2007 5. although he promised continued investment in the domestic market.5%-5%.2. in one of his final duties. Inflation to October.5% but within a +/.
5744 1.53 1.50 30.2819 1.61 24.5005 1.11 20.4039 1.3856 -0.7153 1.9483 1.3510 1.4266 1.60 4.9576 1.6189 1.38 7.80 -4.64 -5.30 26.2663 2.83 4.37 -22.8159 1.4334 1.3294 1.75 28.39 -1.4856 1.12 -20.0609 1.6605 1.45 14.86 35.45 1.89 1.9328 1.7298 1.74 -5.2703 1.4321 Source: Banco Central do Brasil 10 ©Trade and Media Services Ltd .8740 1.5619 1.62 -3.5190 1.52 -2.5 billion sovereign-wealth fund to buy dollars in the spot market to drive its currency down against the US$.89 -22.09 -5.31 -9.7076 1.2726 1.40 -1.4068 1.58 -18.20 -15.83 -26.46 -0.3309 Euro/US$ Rate Period 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year 2009 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1.6828 -2.3052 1.57 24.20 -16.1771 1.66 -0.90 8.74 -1.7404 In the year 56.7802 1.54 -1.66 -2.3634 1.6989 1.01 -1.7564 1.75 -16.05 33.39 0.2059 2.00 -23.4341 2.43 -1.88 -16.2238 1.3522 2.07 30.8007 1.92 21.2697 1.3127 2.27 0.3944 1.70 -10.92 0.74 21.87 -20.44 -4.3032 1.Southem Country Report Forestry Brazil Financial Information Brazil became a lightening rod for many other countries in what came to be known as the “currency wars”.51 -9. as the US dollar struggled against the power of a weaker Chinese yuan.1729 2.4675 1.68 -7.65 34.7773 1.82 -20.84 -2.0715 2.64 28.3138 2.67 -3.76 20.3074 2.48 -17.5600 1.02 -2.8102 1.6889 1.5783 1.56 1.02 -7.4727 1.3631 1.98 -0.30 2010 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1.07 -3.67 -6.57 -5.3909 1.66 4.4640 1.05 -4.8158 1.26 -1.3863 1.3296 1.3233 1.51 In 12 months -17.99 -5.69 -3.7552 1.37 -12.2680 1.8375 2.04 34.5914 1.63 0.7497 1.26 20.5558 1.72 -8.61 0.72 11. The table below shows the size of the movements.56 -10.7996 2.89 5.6123 1.9309 3.4138 1.37 -0.23 0.36 -1.7432 1.17 -4.66 -2. Others resisted such action as being beyond their resources.8856 1.25 -16.2306 1.8295 2.4719 1. Table 2 Currency Movements Brazil Real/US$ Selling Rate Percentage changes In the month 1. Brazil announced it would use its US$10.7277 1.7743 1.07 -5.80 -10.3191 1.7600 1.9257 2.03 -17.
http://pt.shvoong.com/business-management/1910467-import%C3%A2ncia-econ%C3%B4mica-socialsetor-florestal/ 9 ©Trade and Media Services Ltd 11 .9 Table 3 Forestry’s Contribution to the Economy Value of forestry exports Value of forestry imports Imports : Exports. plantation growing state of Paraná. it is estimated forestry’s contribution to the GDP is as high as 20%.Southem Country Report Forestry Brazil Forestry’s Economic Impact The table below includes the numbers for total forest products. In the southern.572 million (2010) US$5.908 million (2010) 4. by value Forest products contribution to GDP* US$32.664 million Source: Brazil Government sources.1 : 1 US$26. based on TMS sources Importância econômica e social do setor florestal.
424 6.625 10 Note Primary and Modified natural figures are at 2005 and plantation figures are at 2008. 12 ©Trade and Media Services Ltd .311 478.Southem Country Report Forestry Brazil FORESTRY RESOURCES Background Figure 5 Map of Brazil Vegetation Source: IBGE Table 4 Forest Area (‘000 hectares)10 Forest Primary Modified natural Productive plantation TOTAL Source: UN FAO & ABRAF 2010 Area 415.890 56.
while eucalypt planting continued to increase.11 See table below for the area of plantations in Brazil. when planting rose at an annual average rate of 5. with a consequent reduction on demand for wood fibre for processing. The increase is somewhat lower than in the period between 2005 and 2008. ABRAF Statistical Yearbook. The reduction reflected the impact of the global financial crisis. Nevertheless the increase was more than in most other southern hemisphere countries.310.5% over the area of planted forest in 2008. The planting of pines continued to fall.5%. This is an increase of 2.Southem Country Report Forestry Brazil Plantation Forests Figure 6 Map of Brazil’s Plantation Forests Source: ABRAF Total Planted Forest Area The total planted forest area in Brazil was 6. ©Trade and Media Services Ltd 13 .450 hectares as at the end of 2009. 11 Associaçao Brasileira de Productores de Florestas Plantadas.
680 1.423.391 6.570 214.587 850 44.328 628.980 290.515.874.794.310 490 28.969.113.367 6.080 5.880 64.940 204.000 1.346 1.730 5.117 810 62.079 10 61.210 16.140 628.199 857.000 167.794 3.245.850 31.730 6.Southem Country Report Forestry Brazil Table 5 Brazil Total Plantations Pine.660 695.920 100.711 4.142.040 171.794.929 15.656 1.670 157.632.940 72.886.844.745.126.870 Eucalypts 1.440 271.720 3.212 1.890 Total 1.384 Source: ABRAF 2010 (base year 2009) 14 ©Trade and Media Services Ltd .051 3.515.790 550.711 4.530 58.305 0 137.300.029.380 60.286 Source: ABRAF 2009 Plantation Forest Area by Species Table 6 Brazil Pine and Eucalypt Forest Area By State (Hectares) State Minas Gerais São Paulo Paraná Santa Catarina Bahia Rio Grande do Sul Mato Grosso do Sul Espírito Santo Pará Maranhão Amapá Golás Mato Grosso TO Others TOTAL Pines 140.867.720 4.200 57.720 136.399 0 139.696 450.450 2006 1.310. Eucalypt and Other Species (2006-2009 – hectares) Species Pine Eucalypt TOTAL 2008 2009 2007 1.655 622.480 284.360 111.
©Trade and Media Services Ltd 15 . The recessionary lower demand impacted new planting. Figure 7 Afforestation in Brazil (Hectares) 450.000 250.193 hectares was planted overall in 2008 and. The lower activity in new planting.000 200. We previously estimated that 406.Southem Country Report Forestry Brazil Brazil Afforestation Total planting in Brazil has been put at about 600.000 hectares to 700. 12 Southern Hemisphere Forest Industry Yearbook 2010. with a deficit in pines. as official statistics for new planting run up until only 2007. New afforestation is the difference between the planted area in the previous year. TMS Ltd.000 400.000 hectares but this includes official and unofficial figures for both new planting.645 hectares.000 50. new afforestation in Brazil has been increasingly driven by industrial demand12. coppicing and re-planting.000 350. This figure could be revised up or down in our Yearbook. or about 25% less.000 300.000 0 09 20 08 20 07 20 06 20 05 20 04 20 03 20 02 20 01 20 00 20 99 19 98 19 97 19 96 19 95 19 94 19 93 19 92 19 91 19 90 19 Source: TMS. However.000 100.SBS and ABRAF New Afforestation (Planted Area) The moderating of new afforestation in 2009 is clearly illustrated in the graph below. based on these factors. as noted previously.000 150. we estimate the total planting in 2009 was 304. suggests a similar lower level of re-planting was also undertaken.
438 152.000 2005 130.13 13 ABRAF Statistical Yearbook. p 45.426 2006 146.943 187.Southem Country Report Forestry Brazil so although future plans to grow the pulp and paper sector mean eucalypt plantings continued to rise.5 million hectares of planted trees.000 250. This rate reached an accumulated growth of 23% by 2014 with the result that the total estimated area at that time would be 7. this should be at a lower pace.600 2003 139.000 2001 170. Figure 8 New Afforestation (Planted Area) in Brazil (Hectares) 300. SBS and ABRAF 2009 2000 131.000 100.700 Forest Land Availability The forest sector in Brazil has drawn up various scenarios incorporating the impact of the global recession on product demand and also including post-crisis situations.000 2004 154.000 50.000 0 09 20 08 20 07 20 06 20 05 20 04 20 03 20 02 20 01 20 00 20 99 19 98 19 97 19 96 19 95 19 94 19 93 19 92 19 91 19 90 19 Source: TMS.3% per year.000 2002 105. 16 ©Trade and Media Services Ltd . The scenarios gave allowed estimates for growth of new areas of eucalypt and pine plantations at an average rate for the next five years of 4.000 150.000 200.622 2007 2008 2009 175.
580 % Variation +6.3 Source: ABRAF.3 million cubic metres in our projection).996 32.698 4.392 19.8 -1. this is close to the volume based on the 7. Figure 9 Brazil’s Projected Wood Supplies 2009-2020 (‘000 cubic metres) 250.000 200. * From planted sources only. rising to 180.388 41.631 30.Southem Country Report Forestry Brazil ROUNDWOOD RESOURCES Table 7 Consumption of Roundwood by Industry* (‘000 cubic metres) Industry Pulp Timber processing Fibre boards Charcoal Industrial fuel wood Others Total 2007 52.4 -6.000 0 09 20 10 20 11 20 12 20 13 20 14 20 15 20 16 20 17 20 18 20 19 20 20 20 Source: TMS sources ©Trade and Media Services Ltd 17 .7 million cubic metres in 2010.5 +0. Interestingly enough.825 9.710 902 162. Based on these figures. Projected Wood Supplies The graph below provides an illustration of the kind of increase in round wood supplies Brazil might experience based on historical figures.619 38.0 +0.356 21.604 166.000 100.546 8.385 43.228 895 164.9 -9.840 2008 56.556 9.7 million cubic metres in 2015 and then to 202.000 50.685 2009 60.6 million cubic metres in 2020.552 40.3 -3. Brazil wood production will be 158.000 150.457 22.5 million hectares of the growth scenario in 2014 (176.
even increasing between 2007.461 9.997 9.283 1. 2008 and 2009.341 5.010 4.797 2009 13.8% in 2009. pulp held its own during the recession. However.460 18 ©Trade and Media Services Ltd .697 9.Southem Country Report Forestry Brazil FOREST PRODUCTS The following figures are based on production from various industries based on figures for plantation grown resources.260 2008 12.409 5.946 8. so far. Table 8 Wood Products Industries’ Production Pulp (‘000 tons) Paper (‘000 tons) Fibreboard (‘000 m ) Pine plywood (‘000 m ) Pine lumber (‘000 m3) Source: ABRAF 3 3 2007 11.980 9.202 1. As can be seen in the table. pine lumber production suffered with the downturn.639 8. falling 5% between 2007 and 2008 and a further 3.963 1.
forest products exports totalled US$6.593. Exports of pulp totalled US$3.3%. an overall drop of 22.8 billion in that period. Pulp and paper exports were about US$5 billion in the 2009 year but had reached US$5. Note that pulp produces 50% of the value of forest products exports. The graph below illustrates the proportions for all forest products.3 million compared to US$8.7 billion. up 47% on the same period of 2009 and paper exports were up 20% to US$1.5 billion in the period between January and October 2010.679 million) Add-value wood 9% Building products 4% Plywood 5% Fibreboard 1% Lumber 6% Paper 25% Pulp 50% Source: TMS based on MDIE ©Trade and Media Services Ltd 19 . based on currently available figures. Figure 10 Brazil Forest Products Exports (2009 = US$6.Southem Country Report Forestry Brazil FOREST PRODUCTS TRADE Background Brazil’s exports in 2010 look to have increased over 2009. In the year ended December 2009.8 million in 2008.679.
India and China. are likely to start directly impacting forestry. BNDES. Brazil has had good growth in spite of the recession but is now facing a period of austerity. Brazil may have learned some lessons from South Africa’s handling of the Football World Cup and be more prepared for the event in 2014. and possibly China will show an interest in assets as they become available. such as the BRIC with Russia. and a possible construction boom associated with the 2016 Olympic Games. 20 ©Trade and Media Services Ltd . The new President Elect Dilma Vana Rousseff has emerged from under the wing of former President Lula. Solid wood remains somewhat sluggish. could impact forestry and forest industry projects.Southem Country Report Forestry Brazil OUTLOOK Political change is on the way in Brazil. The solid wood product has been particularly hard hit and growth is expected to be sluggish for a while. The recession has seen some changes in ownership and direction in the forest industry. in particular. Afforestation will continue but patterns will reflect the level of available investment and demand for wood products. Brazil’s involvement in the trade development sector has continued and changes in linkages through arrangements. She is forming a new Cabinet around her but is being closely watched for any changes to Lula’s populist line. The trend for changes in the industry is expected to moderate but companies from Chile. The government’s plan to cut spending via the national development bank. so the domestic market will remain more important than earlier.
Southem Country Report Forestry Brazil Sources Instituto Brasileiro de Geografica e Estatistica (IBGE) UN FAO and FAOSTATS Associação Brasileira da Indústria de Madeira Processada Mecanicamente (ABIMCI) Associacao Brasileira de Produtores de Florestas Plantadas (ABRAF) Banco Central do Brasil Ministry of Environment (MMA) Sociedade Brasileira de Silvicultura Southem Sources ©Trade and Media Services Ltd 21 .
List of TMS publications: Southern Hemisphere Forest Industry Journal Southern Hemisphere Forest Industry Yearbook A Guide to Forestry Investment in Australia and New Zealand SOUTHEM Online – free fortnightly headline news Forest Information Update – inventory and monitoring e-newsletter On the web at: www. Argentina. at the heart of the forestry industry of the Southern Hemisphere.Southem Country Report Forestry Brazil About Trade and Media Services Limited Trade and Media Services Limited is a private. Editor and Director Michael Smith has also been involved in producing Country Reviews of the forest industry in New Zealand. South Africa. family company based in Rotorua. Uruguay and Paraguay. Chile.com 22 ©Trade and Media Services Ltd . TMS also publishes a number of Reviews and Directories of the forest industry. a subscription only quarterly publication providing readers with a window on the world’s most dynamic forestry countries. TMS Ltd publishes the Southern Hemisphere Forest Industry Journal.southem. New Zealand.