Presentation On 4G Technology ( Beyond 3G

Vishveshwarya Institute Of Engineering & Technology Electronics & Telecommunication VIIth Semester

Abhishek Tiwari

Mobile System Generations 

First Generation (1G) mobile systems were designed to offer a single service, i.e., speech. 

Second Generation (2G) mobile systems were also designed primarily to offer speech with a limited capability to offer data at low rates. 

Third Generation (3G) mobile systems are expected to offer high-quality multi-media services and operate in different environments. 

3G systems are referred to as Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS) in Europe and International Mobile Telecommunications 2000 (IMT2000) worldwide.

3G Realities ‡ A recent study by Herschel Shosteck Associates noted that operators that pay large amounts for spectrum will have to charge end users so much that adoption of 3G will be slow. 3G networks will account for less than a quarter of that revenue by 2010. 3 . So-called 3G killer apps such as multimedia won't succeed. while wireless data revenues will soar. the second study said. predicting that. ‡ Another study by Strategy Analytics agreed.

What is fourth generation (4G) mobile systems? Fourth generation mobile communications systems that are characterized by high-speed data rates at 20 to 100 Mbps. suitable for highresolution movies and television.Initial deployments are anticipated in 2006-2010. virtual. 4 .

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downlink.4G Wireless: One View ‡ Complement to EDGE/UMTS. ‡ 3G EDGE/WCDMA network for uplink. 8 . ‡ Spectrum . ‡ High peak data rates (up to 10 Mb/s) in a 5 MHz channel.500 MHz to 3 GHz. control and signaling. ‡ 4G WOFDM high speed downlink ³a wireless cable modem´.

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‡ Nearly limitless possibilites ± Virtual workspaces ± Remote education ± Gaming ± Conferences ± Multimedia 10 .

Technologies ‡ Convergence/integration/inter-working of all existing and emerging fixed and mobile (wired and wireless) networks including broadcast IP Technology ‡ Simple to select and easy to use desired services Agent Technology ‡ Universal and low cost terminals Reconfigurable Technology 11 .

IP Layer Model Higher Layers Additional IP Functions  Mobility Management  Quality of Service  AAA  IP Sec  Ad-Hoc Routing  etc. Native IP Functions:  Routing  Addressing  Packet Formatting and Handling Data Interface  Error Control  Buffer Management  QoS Support  Segmentation/Reassembly  Header Compression  Multicast Support Control Interface  Configuration Management  Address Management  QoS Control  Handover Control  Idle Mode Support  Security Management IP Network Layer Lower Layers 12 .

´ AP AP 2G. 3G WLAN « Service Centre AP AP AP: Agent Platform 13 . computers) and acts autonomously on behalf of a user or process and has specific goal.Agent Definition ³ An agent is a software component (object) that is situated within an execution environment (e.g.

14 . ± Autonomous: has control over its own actions ± Goal-driven: is pro-active ‡ Optional features ± Collaborative: communicates/negotiates with other agents ±Mobile: travels from one host to another ± Learning: adapts in accordance with previous experience ± Believable: appears believable to the end-user.Agent Technology ‡Mandatory features ± Reactive: senses changes in the environment and reacts in accordance.

´ RF Front End A/D Converter D/A Converter Baseband Processing User Data 15 .Re-configurable Technology What does Reconfiguration mean? ³Reconfiguration refers to the software re-definition and/or adaptation of every element within each layer of the communication chain.

Rapid development of new personalised and customised services ‡ Manufacturers . . ‡ Operators . . . 16 .Respond to variations in traffic demand (load balancing).Select network depending on service requirements and cost. -Access to new services.Connect to any network ± Worldwide roaming.Incorporate service enhancements and improvements. .Re-configurable Technology Benefits ‡ Users .Increased flexible and efficient production. .Single platform for all markets.Correction of software bugs and upgrade of terminals.

Conclusion Reconfigurable Technology IP Technology 4G Vision Agent Technology 17 .

any place Convergence of technologies High speed A data rate of at least 100 Mbit/s between any two points in the world ‡ High security ‡ Packet system ‡ IPv6 18 .Advantages Of 4G Technology ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Any time.

‡ Smooth handoff across heterogeneous networks ‡ High quality of service for next generation multimedia support ‡ Being implemented all over the world ‡ Docomo plans to release a network capable of 5 Gbps in 2010 for commercial use 19 .

GPS ‡ Life.saving: Telemedicine ‡ Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) for IPv6 20 .³Killer´ Applications of 4G ‡ Visualized virtual navigation Telegeoprocessing: GIS.


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