P. 1
jurnal

jurnal

|Views: 183|Likes:
Published by Tati Doang

More info:

Published by: Tati Doang on Dec 13, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

12/16/2015

pdf

text

original

Additional file 1 Table1- animals and their products used in respiratory problems in India.

S. No. English Name 1. Invertebrate Honey bee Apis cerana indica (Fabricius 1798) Scientific Name Tribe/ Inhabitant/ Region Kanikaran tribes Parts uses Honey Disease Method of preparation and Related reported author in India Solavan A et al (2004) medicinal use Asthma, Cough and Cold One gram of the shade-dried seeds powder mixture of Piper nigrum and Piper longum, leaves of Adhatoda vasica and Ocium sanctum and the roots of Glycyrrhiza glabra, Alpinia galanga, Costus speceosus used with 109 of natural honey. It is given to old people and children every day by mixing it with water or milk. . It is also used as a vehicle for plant medicine. It is given to old people and children every day by mixing it with water or milk. . It is also used as a vehicle for plant medicine. It is given to old people and children every day by mixing it with water or milk. . It is also used as a vehicle for plant medicine. Cockroaches are eaten raw as a remedy measure for relieving asthma and tuberculosis.

2.

Invertebrate

Honey bee

Apis cerana indica (Fabricius 1798) Apis florea (Fabricius, 1787) Apis dorsata (Fabricius, 1793)

Tirunelveli district, Tamil Nadu Tirunelveli district, Tamil Nadu Tirunelveli district, Tamil Nadu

Honey

3.

Invertebrate

Honey bee

Honey

4.

Invertebrate

Honey bee

Honey

5.

Invertebrate

Cockroach

Blatta orientalis Linnaeus, 1758

6.

Invertebrate

Crab

Cancer pagurus (Linnaeus, 1758) Dactylopius coccus (Costa, 1835) Pheretima posthuma (L. Vaillant, 1868)

Ao, Angami, Sema, Khiamniungan, Chakhesang, Lotha, Zeliang, Pochury, and Rengma Nagaland. Saharia tribe

Whole body

Cough, even Whooping cough, Asthma Cough, even Whooping cough, Asthma Cough, even Whooping cough, Asthma, Fever and Dyspepsia Asthma and tuberculosis

Ranjit Singh et al (2004) Ranjit Singh et al (2004) Ranjit Singh et al (2004)

Jamir and Lal (2005)

Whole body Whole body Mucous

7.

Invertebrate

Cochineal insect Earthworm

Tirunelveli district, Tamil Nadu Kanikaran tribes

Cough, asthma, tuberculosis Whooping cough Asthma

Ash of crab is used in lung diseases as cough, asthma, tuberculosis, etc. The insects are crushed, put into boiling water and then dried to prepare powder. The powder is used to treat whooping cough. Five to six adult earthworms are subjected to ex-osmotic pressure for 2 hrs in 5 g of sugar to extract their

Mahawar and Jaroli (2007) Ranjit Singh et al (2004) Solavan et al (2004)

8.

Invertebrate

9.

Invertebrate

Pod Borer

10.

Invertebrate

Prawn

11.

Invertebrate

Sandy shore Crab

Helicoverpa armigera (Hubner, 1805) Macrobrachium malcolmsonii (H. Milne-Edwards, 1844) Matuta planipes (Fabricius, 1798) Synonym- Matuta victor Nephotettix nigropictus (Stal, 1870) Pila globosa (Swainson, 1822)

Chhattishgadh

Caterpillar

Asthma

Saharia tribe

Dried powder

Tuberculosis

body fluid in the form of mucous. Helicoverpa caterpillar feeding on Sphaeranthus leaves is used for the treatment of asthma. Taken for cure of Tuberculosis.

Podia (1995)

Mahawar and Jaroli (2007)

Kachchh

Whole body

Asthma

12.

Invertebrate

13.

Invertebrate

Green Leafhopper (GLH) Apple Snail

Chhattishgadh

Whole body Flesh

Asthma

14. 15. 16.

Invertebrate Pisces Pisces

Hermit Crab Eel Eel Fish

Uca pugnax Amphipnous cuchia (Hamilton, 1822). Monopterus albus (Zuiew, 1793) Monopterus cuchia (Hamilton, 1822) Kachuga tentoria (Gray, 1834) Lissemys punctata (Lacépède, 1788) Acridotheres ginginianus (Latham, 1790) Columba livia

Ao, Angami, Sema, Khiamniungan, Lotha, Chakhesang, Sangtam, Pochury, Konyak and Rengma tribes of Nagaland. Kachchh Ao Tribe of Nagaland Ao, Angami, Sema, Khiamniungan, Lotha, Zeliang, Sangtam, Pochury, Konyak and Rengma tribes of Nagaland. Mogya, Bawaria, Meena and Saharia tribe of Rajasthan Kachchh Kachchh Ao Tribe of Nagaland

Asthma, Tuberculosis

Crab is boiled in water and then the inner watery part taken for asthma; boiled in oil and used externally for curing ear pains. Crab is eaten for the treatment of tuberculosis. GLH with Kukronda (Blumea lacera) are used to reduce the intensity of asthma attack. Flesh is eaten after cooking as a relief measure in asthma, tuberculosis.

Gupta Leena et al (2003)

Oodhia (2003 c)

Jamir and Lal (2005)

Whole body Blood Blood

Asthma Asthma Asthma

Crab is boiled in water and then taken for asthma. Fresh blood is drunk. Fresh blood is drunk to cure asthma.

Gupta Leena et al (2003) Kakati et al (2006) Jamir and Lal (2005)

17.

Reptile

Hardshelled Turtle. Indian Flap shell turtle Bank myna Pigeon

Carapace

18. 19. 20.

Reptile Aves Aves

Carapace Flesh Flesh

Cough, asthma, Tuberculosis Cough Whooping cough Asthma

Ash of carapace is used in lung diseases as cough, asthma, tuberculosis, etc. Carapace is burnt and ash is used for healing of cough. Roasted flesh is whooping cough. eaten to treat

Mahawar and Jaroli (2006, 2007) Gupta Leena et al (2003) Gupta Leena et al (2003) Kakati et al

Soup is warmed and applied locally.

21. 22.

Aves Aves

Crow Crow

(Gmelin, 1789). Corvus splendens (Vieillot, 1817) Corvus splendens (Vieillot, 1817) Gallus sonneratii (Temminck, 1813) Halcyon smyrnensis (Linnaeus, 1758) Halcyon smyrnensis (Linnaeus, 1758) Passer domesticus (Linnaeus, 1758) Pavo cristatus (Linnaeus, 1758) Vanellus indicus (Boddaert, 1783)

Kachchh Chhattishgadh

Flesh Excreta

Whooping cough Cough

23. 24.

Aves Aves

Jungle fowl Whitebreasted Kingfisher Whitebreasted Kingfisher House sparrow Peacock Red-wattled bird

Ao Tribe of Nagaland Bhil, Garasia, Kathodia of Rajasthan Bhil, Garasia, Kathodia of Rajasthan Kachchh

Flesh Feather

Asthma, Breathing problem Typhoid

Roasted or boiled flesh is eaten to treat whooping cough. Few drops of juice of freshly collected excreta are sufficient to care chronic cough. Properly cooked and eaten. Ash of feather and flesh is used in cure of typhoid. Ash of feather and flesh is used in cure of typhoid. Ash of excreta is used for treatment of asthma in children (three times a day with water for couple of days) The ash of feather is used for cough. The yolk when applied on head is said to Lapwing cure typhoid. Often the local practitioners preserve the eggs within the cow dung for future use. The daily intake of excreta with honey in small dose is considered as beneficial to give strength to lungs and it is very useful in Chronic asthma. Roasted flesh is eaten to cure asthma. Blood is given to the patients suffering from asthma. The meat is believed to stimulate digestion and cures rhinitis. Drunk directly.

(2006) Gupta Leena et al (2003) Oodhia (2003 b)

Kakati et al (2006) Sharma (2002)

25. 26.

Aves Aves

Flesh Droppings

Typhoid Asthma

Sharma (2002) Gupta Leena et al (2003) Patil (2003) Negi and palyal (2007)

27. 28.

Aves Aves

Nandurbar district of Maharashtra Shoka tribe of Uttaranchal

Feather Yolk egg

Cough Typhoid

29.

Mammal

Bison

Bison bison (Linnaeus, 1758)

Chhattishgadh

Excreta

Asthma

Oodhia (2003 b)

30. 31.

Mammal Mammal

Jackal Jackal

32. 33.

Mammal Mammal

Goat Goat

Canis aureus (Linnaeus, 1758) Canis aureus (Linnaeus, 1758) indicus Capra falconeri (Wagner, 1839) Capra sibirica (Pallas, 1776)

Kachchh Shoka tribe of Uttaranchal Shoka tribe of Uttaranchal Ao, Angami, Sema, Khiamniungan, Chakhesang, Lotha, Zeliang, Sangtam, Pochury, Konyak and Rengma tribes of

Flesh Blood

Asthma Asthma

Gupta Leena et al (2003) Negi and palyal (2007) Negi and palyal (2007) Kakati et al (2006), Jamir and Lal (2005)

Flesh Urine

Rhinitis Asthma, Tuberculosis

Cuvier. Zeliang. Garasia. Blood of rabbit is used in asthma. Sema. Ash Raw flesh having blood is rubbed on the external injuries for healing and also eaten to treat whooping cough. Stomach and intestinal parts are dried (along with the fecal matter). 1823) Lepus nigricollis (F. Khiamniungan. Khiamniungan. Solavan et al (2004) 44. 1758) Hystrix indica (Kerr. Mammal Bat Cynopterus sphinx (Vahl.34. Oodhia (2003 a) . Gupta Leena et al (2003) Gupta Leena et al (2003) Gupta Leena et al (2003) Negi and palyal (2007) 38. Sema. Mammal Mammal Mammal Indian Hare Indian Hare Monkey Bhil. Mammal Sherni (Tigress) Panthera tigris (Linnaeus. 41. Kanikaran tribes Chhattishgadh Cough Ash of hare is given to cure cough. Garasia. Lotha. Sharma (2002) Flesh Typhoid Flesh is eaten to treatment. Jamir and Lal (2005). Lotha. 36. Cuvier. 1831) 39. Pochury. is given in the treatment of asthma. Kachchh Flesh whooping cough Asthma Respiratory problems Asthma 35.. 1823) Macaca mulatta (Zimmermann. 43. Blood is applied on cloth and the dried cloth is fumigated to cure asthma. 40. Meat of all monkey species is eaten by Naga tribes. Mammal Indian Hare Lepus nigricollis (F. Mammal Bat Flesh Asthma. Kathodia of Rajasthan Shoka tribe of Uttaranchal Shoka tribe of Uttaranchal Ao. 1797) Hyaena hyaena (Linnaeus. Chakhesang. Angami. 1792) Hystrix indica (Kerr. 42. Cuvier. 1758) Milk Asthma This milk is also used in treatment of asthma. Mammal Monkey Meat Tuberculosis . Mammal Mammal Mammal Hyena Porcupine Porcupine Kachchh Kachchh Shoka tribe of Uttaranchal Flesh Squills Stomach and intestinal parts are dried (with fecal matter). Sharma (2002) Negi and palyal (2007) Negi and palyal (2007) Jamir and Lal (2005) Blood Flesh Asthma Asthma. Sangtam. Konyak and Rengma tribes of Nagaland. 37. Zeliang. Ao. 1792) Nagaland. Konyak and Rengma tribes of Nagaland. 1780) Myotis lucifugus (LeConte. The meat is believed to cure asthma. Angami. Pochury. Kathodia of Rajasthan Bhil. 1823) Lepus nigricollis (F. 1780) Macaca (All species) Macaca mulatta (Zimmermann. Squills are fumigated for respiratory problems in children. It is general belief that monkey meat cures tuberculosis. Flesh is cooked and eaten for curing asthma.

Mammal Black monkey Paraechinus micropus (Blyth. Blood Asthma 49. Mammal 48. Sema.Animals and their products used in human gastric problems in India. root of the Allium sativum. 1758) Cancer pagurus (Linnaeus. Kathodia of Rajasthan Flesh Asthma The fresh blood is consumed as such by the tribal population. 1846) Petaurista petaurista (Pallas. Mammal Mammal Pale hedgehog Flying squirrel Hanuman Monkey 47. The fresh blood is consumed as such by the tribal population. Kathodia of Rajasthan Kanikaran tribes Urine Severe Cough A drop of urine mixed with 100 ml water is given in severe cough. Solavan et al (2004) Solavan et al (2004) Sharma (2002) Table 2. Angami. In some cases the meat of the monkey is cooked with the seeds of Piper nigrum. S. The whole body is crushed into a paste and boiled in water to prepare a drink which helps in curing Jaundice and other liver disorders. Chakhesang. Sangtam. English Name 1. Boiled in water and drunk. Yimchunger. 46. 1782) Kachchh Ao Tribe of Nagaland Skin Bile Respiratory problems and cold Asthma Ash of skin is used for respiratory problems and cold.45. Flesh is given to cure asthma. Pochury. 1758) Chhattishgadh Whole body Piles External application on piles. the stem of Zingiber officinale. In some cases the meat of the monkey is cooked with the seeds of Piper nigrum. Invertebrate Crab Cimex lectularius (Linnaeus. and Whole body Jaundice and other liver disorders Jamir and Lal (2005) . inside the urethra (in case of urine retention). Ao.N. Garasia. 1766) Semnopithecus entellus (Defense. the stem of Zingiber officinale. Khiamniungan. root of the Allium sativum. Mammal Indian Flying Fox Bhil. 1797) SynomymePresbytis entellus Semnopithecus johnii SynonymPresbytis johni Semnopithecus johnii SynonymPresbytis johni Pteropus giganteus (Brünnich. Invertebrate Bed Bug Scientific Name Tribe/ Inhabitant/ Region Parts uses Disease Method of preparation medicinal use and Related reported author in India Oodhia (1995) 2. Garasia. Mammal Black monkey Kanikaran tribes flesh Asthma 50. Lotha. Zeliang. Gupta Leena et al (2003) Kakati et al (2006) Sharma (2002) Bhil.

1758) Tyto alba (Scopoli. Applied externally. Use the excreta with the freshly collected flowers of Babool (Acacia nilotica). Ranjit Singh et al (2004) Ranjit Singh et al (2004) Jamir and Lal (2005) Fistula and piles Stomach disorders. 12. are Patil (2003) 11. Khiamniungan. Bawaria. Ranjit Singh et al (2004) Tirunelveli Tamil Nadu Tirunelveli Tamil Nadu district. Ao Tribe of Nagaland Flesh Flesh is eaten after cooking as a relief measure in stomach disorders. Invertebrate Apple Snail Apis cerana indica (Fabricius 1798) Apis dorsata (Fabricius. Pochury. Aves House sparrow Mogya. Mammal Cattle Shoka tribe of Uttaranchal Bile Carminative Half teaspoonful of excreta is recommended with a glass of hot milk before sleep till relief. 1758) SynonymBos indicus Camelus Ao. Sangtam. Mammal Excreta Gastric troubles. Tirunelveli district. 7. use as carminative. Oodhia (2003 b) 9. district. Invertebrate Invertebrate Honey bee Honey bee 5. Reptile Monitor 8. Fecal matter is applied in the anus of baby to treat constipation. 1769) Bison bison (Linnaeus. 1822) Rengma tribes of Nagaland. Sema. Oodhia (2003 b) Negi and palyal (2007) 13.3. 1787) Pila globosa (Swainson. 1789) Passer domesticus (Linnaeus. Skin Piles Cooked and eaten. Meena tribe of Rajasthan Fecal Constipation Mahawar and Jaroli (2006) 10. Konyak and Rengma tribes of Nagaland. 1793) Apis florea (Fabricius. 6. 1758) Bos taurus (Linnaeus. Gorocana or solidified cattle bile is cold in potency. Tamil Nadu Wax Fistula and piles Applied externally. Lotha. Chakhesang. Aves Pigeon Varanus bengalensis (Daudin. Invertebrate Honey bee 4. 1758) Columba livia (Gmelin. Aves Barn or Screech Owl Bison Nandurbar district of Maharashtra Chhattishgadh Wings Stomach trouble Babies with stomach trouble exposed to smoke of wings. Mammal Camel Kachchh Dung Constipation The dried dung is burnt and ash is Gupta Leena et . Kakati et al (2006) Chhattishgadh Excreta Bleeding piles. Angami. Wax Wax Fistula and piles Applied externally.

Angami. Khiamniungan. Garasia. It is general belief Sharma (2002) Kakati et al (2006) Jamir and Lal (2005) 22. Kakati et al (2006) Jamir and Lal (2005) 18. al (2003) Patil (2003) 16. Nandurbar district of Maharashtra Faeces Bile Intestin e Gastric trouble Dysentery Cholera. This water is drunk to cure cholera. Mammal Mammal Goat Goat Capra sibirica (Pallas. Sangtam. 1776) Capra sibirica (Pallas. 1792) Hystrix indica (Kerr. Pochury. Lotha. Ao Tribe of Nagaland Ao. 21.14. Cuvier. Drunk directly. Mammal Indian ass 19. dried and taken. Bawaria. Mammal Indian Hare Lepus nigricollis (F. 1792) Hystrix indica (Kerr. dysentery and stomach disorders. Angami. Khiamniungan. Mogya. Meat of all monkey species is eaten by Naga tribes. Kathodia of Rajasthan Ao Tribe of Nagaland Ao. Sangtam. Zeliang. Konyak and Rengma tribes of Nagaland. Pochury. Angami. Urine is taken to cure stomachache. Chakhesang. Mammal Mammal Mammal porcupine Porcupine Porcupine Equus hemionus (Pallas. 17. Sema. Khiamniungan. 1823) Macaca (All species) Droppin g Patil (2003) 23. Sema. The smoke of dropping is used for piles. Maharashtra Legs Vomiting and dysentery Stomach disorder Smoke of legs is used for the cure of vomiting and dysentery. Khiamniungan. Sangtam and Rengma tribes of Nagaland. Chakhesang. Mammal Monkey Ao. Mahawar and Jaroli (2006) Bhil. Meena tribe of Rajasthan Urine Kakati et al (2006). 20. 1792) Dung Jaundice Dung kept in water and after one day filtered water is given to cure jaundice. Angami. Mammal Goat dromedarius (Linnaeus. 1775) Equus asinus (Linnaeus. Sema. Cattle suffering from foot and mouth disease are exposed to the smoke of legs. 1758) Hystrix indica (Kerr. 1758) Canis aureus (Linnaeus. Lotha. 1776) applied externally on stomach for treating constipation. Meat Stomach disorder Jamir and Lal (2005) . Soaked in rice. 1776) Ao. dysentery and stomach disorders Piles Faeces are given with water as pellet to infants. Lotha. 1758) Capra sibirica (Pallas. Zeliang. Sema. Mammal Jackal 15. Jamir and Lal (2005) Liver Urine Jaundice Jaundice and other liver related problems Cooked and eaten. Konyak and Rengma tribes of Nagaland. Also cures jaundice and other liver related problems. Lotha. A small portion of intestine is dried and then dipped overnight in cold water.

Mammal Flying Fox Nandurbar district of Maharashtra Bone Stomach problems Patil (2003) 26. Negi and palyal (2007) 25. Tamil Nadu Tirunelveli district. The bone of bat is heated and applied to belly for stomach problems in infants. which is either drunk or applied on the stomach to get relieved of stomach pain or fever. Tamil Nadu Tirunelveli district. Invertebrate Invertebrate Honey bee Honey bee Scientific Name Tribe/ Inhabitant/ Region Parts uses Disease Method of preparation and Related reported author in India Apis cerana indica (Fabricius 1798) Apis dorsata (Fabricius. “Lakshadi Thaila”. Oodhia (2003 b) Table 3. Applied externally. Ranjit Singh et al (2004) Ranjit Singh et al (2004) Ranjit Singh et al (2004) Ranjit Singh et al (2004) medicinal use 3. Droppings are fed to persons addicted to liquor. 1787) Kerria lacca (Kerr.24. Mammal Bharal Macaca mulatta (Zimmermann . No. used to bring down chronic fevers and to . Applied externally. Sangtam. Shoka tribe of Uttaranchal Antlers Stomach pain that monkey meat cures stomach disorder. Powdered shellac is mixed with honey and is used as remedy for caries. Rheumatic pain. English Name 1. 1833) Pteropus giganteus (Brünnich. Pochury. Antlers are rubbed to produce a paste. 1780) Pseudois nayaur (Hodgson. The rat excreta (dried) is recommended with the fresh juice of Kukronda (Blumea lacera) leaves externally. Invertebrate Invertebrate Honey bee Lac insect Wax shellac Rheumatic pain. Tamil Nadu Tirunelveli district. 2. Mammal Rat Chhattishgadh Excreta (dried) Bleeding pile. 4. 1793) Apis florea (Fabricius. 1782) SynonymLaccifer lacca Tirunelveli district. 1782) Rattus rattus (Linnaeus. Patients are advised to put this mixture inside the anus for quick and permanent relief. Tamil Nadu Wax Wax Rheumatic pain.Animals and their products used in human diverse kind of pains in India. Rheumatism Applied externally. 1758) Zeliang. S. Konyak and Rengma tribes of Nagaland.

Gupta Leena et al (2003) Kakati et al (2006). Sangtam. Reptile 12. rheumatic. Pisces Hammer head shark Frog Kachchh Fat Joints pain Fat is applied externally for treating joints pain. Lotha. Invertebrate Scorpion 6. Pochury. Zeliang. Khiamniungan. Kachchh Fat Rheumatic-joints pain Fat is used for massaging rheumaticjoints to relieve pain. Chakhesang. Khiamniungan. 1827) Varanus bengalensis (Daudin. Sema. Jamir and Lal (2005) Fat Jamir and Lal (2005) Whole body Fat The whole animal is boiled in oil and the oil applied externally. Khiamniungan. The whole body is boiled in mustard oil and the extract so prepared is used for massaging to relieve rheumatic joints pain. 1801) Uromastyx hardwickii (Gray. Eusphyra blochii (Cuvier.5. Ao. rheumatic and burn wounds pain and also for rapid healing of fractured bones Fat is applied to relieve body ache. 1816) SynonymZygaena blochii Fejervarya limnocharis synonymLymnonecties limnorcharis Naja naja (Linnaeus. rheumatic. Pochury. Dibrugarh District. Konyak tribes of Nagaland. Amphibia 9. Chakhesang. and burn wounds pain. Reptile Python Python reticulatus (Schneider. Chakhesang. 1872) Synonym Palamnaeus swammerdami Channa punctata (Bloch. Fat is applied to relieve body ache. Kalita (2005) 7. rheumatic and burn wounds pain Body ache. Sema. Konyak and Rengma tribes of Nagaland. Sangtam. Pochury. Reptile Spiny tailed lizard Monitor Ao. Rheumatism Rheumatism. Patil (2003) Ao Tribe of Nagaland Nandurbar district of Maharashtra . 1758) Ao. Sema. Konyak tribes of Nagaland. 1793) SynonymChanna punctatus Linn. Angami. and burn wounds pain Joint pain. Angami. Angami. Ao. Chakhesang. 1758) 11. Lotha. Konyak and Rengma tribes of Nagaland. Body pain. Sema. The fat (oil) of this lizard is used for pain. Sangtam. Jamir and Lal (2005) Edible portion of the fish Body pain Curry prepared from fishes. Piles. Sangtam. Reptile Cobra 10. Zeliang. Zeliang. Lotha. Jamir and Lal (2005) Fat Body ache. Khiamniungan. Pisces Channa Heterometrus swammerdami (Simon. Gupta Leena et al (2003) 8. Zeliang. Assam whole body Rheumatic joints pain cure rheumatism has shellac as its main ingredient.

Sangtam. 20. Mammal Mammal Buffalo Camel Bos taurus (Linnaeus. Chakhesang. Pochury. 1758) Synonym. Aves Hen Gallus gallus domesticus Ao. Blood is applied externally for healing arthritis Excreta are given to patient with water. 14. Lotha. Sprain. Kachchh Flesh Bodyache and Rheumatic pain One kg of the meat along with the skeleton of the monitor is mixed together with 3 liter of coconut milk and boiled for 48 hrs until the meat is completely dissolved. Kakati et al (2006) 18. 1758) Camelus dromedarius (Linnaeus. Rheumatism Muscular pain Applied externally as embrocation/ massager. Sema. arnee) (Linnaeus. 1827) Synonym. Angami. Solavan et al (2004) Jamir and Lal (2005) Blood Body pain Arthritis Blood is externally massaged on the aching parts of body. Zeliang. Lotha. Mammal Cow 19. Pochury. Reptile Monitor Varanus salvator (Laurenti. 1758) Bos gaurus (H. Mogya.Bos frontalis Chhattishgadh Ao. Yimchunger. 1758) Dung + Milk Muscle pain Muscle pain can relieve by smear of dung and milk mixture. Used as massage muscular pain. Male organ is cooked and eaten to relieve severe pain in breast of lactating mother. Flesh is eaten as food to cure bodyache and rheumatic pain. Khiamniungan.13. Smith. Konyak and Rengma tribes of Nagaland. Angami.Bos indicus Bubalus bubalis (B. Sema. Zeliang. Aves Crowphesant Centropus sinensis (Stephens. Khiamniungan. 17. and Rengma tribes of Nagaland. 1815) 15. Bawaria. Mammal Mammal Bison Mithun Bison bison (Linnaeus. Mahawar and Jaroli (2006) Fat Saharia tribe Milk Body pain. Chakhesang. Gupta Leena et al (2003) 16. cream in Kakati et al (2006) Mahawar and Jaroli (2007) . Meena tribe of Rajasthan Ao Tribe of Nagaland Excreta Male organ (Penis) Internal injury with severe pain Breast pain of lactating mother Oodhia (2003 b) Jamir and Lal (2005). 1768) all the Tamilnadu tribes except Toda flesh Arthritis. After removing the bones from the medium 50g of ganja leaf (Cannabis sativa) is added to the preparation and boiled until it solidifies. Sangtam.

24. Khiamniungan. Lotha. believed to cure Negi and palyal (2007) Sharma (2002). 1758) Panthera tigris (Linnaeus. Fat is used in massage in arthritis. Mammal Shoka tribe of Uttaranchal Whole body Arthritis 26. 1780) Panthera pardus (Linnaeus.Felis domesticus Hyaena hyaena (Linnaeus. 1758) Hystrix indica (Kerr. Mammal Mammal Striped Hyena Porcupine 28. 1776) Equus hemionus khur (Lesson. Kathodia of Rajasthan and Shoka tribe of Uttaranchal Ao. Pochury. Garasia. Jamir and Lal (2005) Legs Blood Sprain. Zeliang. Chakhesang. Lotha. S. Kakati et al (2006) Gupta Leena et al (2003) Negi and palyal (2007) 25.. Mammal Jackal Canis aureus (Linnaeus. Sema. 1827) Felis catus (Linnaeus. Konyak and Rengma tribes of Nagaland. rheumatic pain. 30. Angami. 27. is believed to cure Negi and palyal (2007) 22. 1758) Canis lupus familiaris (Linnaeus. Sharma Fat Arthritis body pain Arthritis bodyache and rheumatic pain. Kathodia of Fat Fat Arthritis Bodyache. 1758) Synonym. Sangtam. Mammal Mammal Goat Indian wild ass Cat Ao. Zeliang. Khiamniungan. Sema. Ao Tribe of Nagaland Kachchh Urine Headache Urine cures is applied on fore head to relieve headache. rheumatic pain. Chakhesang. Sharma (2002). Lotha. Pochury.21. 1792) Shoka tribe of Uttaranchal Flesh Arthritis The meat arthritis. Garasia. Mammal Dog 23. The fat is used as massaging oil in the treatment of body pain. Blood is massaged externally for healing arthritis The whole animal is stripped off and boiled and the resultant juice is said to cure arthritis. K.Canis familiaris Capra sibirica (Pallas. Sangtam. Bhil. Konyak and Rengma tribes of Nagaland. Negi and palyal (2007) Jamir and Lal (2005). 1758) Synonym. Gupta Leena et al (2003) Flesh Rheumatism. Angami. Bone fracture Arthritis Lower portion of legs cooked. 1758) Bhil. Fat is applied to relieve bodyache. The meat is rheumatism. Mammal Tiger Fat . Mammal Monkey 29. Fat is applied externally in massage in arthritis. Shoka tribe of Uttaranchal Bhil. Fat is applied for relieving bodyache and rheumatic pain. Mammal Panther Macaca mulatta (Zimmermann. Garasia. Sema. Sangtam and Rengma tribes of Nagaland. Kathodia of Rajasthan Kachchh Ao. Angami. Khiamniungan.

Villagers use powder (after drying and crushing) of caterpillars as a tonic. The blood should remain on the skin for 6 hrs. Mammal Indian Wild boar Indian Wild Boar Blood Internal pain 34. Invertebrate Invertebrate Bed Bug Velvet ant Scientific Name Tribe/ Inhabitant/ Region Parts uses Disease Method of preparation and Related reported author in India Cimex lectularius (Linnaeus. Fat of pig is use as massage cream in muscular pain. S. Kathodia of Rajasthan Nandurbar district of Maharashtra milk Fat Pain breasts Body pain For external application. Tamil Nadu Chhattishgadh Chhattishgadh Whole body Whole body Caterpill ar Whole body Blood Epilepsy Paralysis The powder of this ant is mixed with honey and given to patients suffering from paralysis. Saharia of Rajasthan and Shoka tribe of Uttaranchal Flesh Paralysis Fresh blood of the pigeon is applied on the skin from head to foot thrice a week. Garasia. Mammal oil Rheumatic pains Patil (2003) Table 4. Kakati et al (2006) Sharma (2002) 33. 2. Kathodia. 1805) Trombidium grandissimum (Koch. 1789) Chhattishgadh Tirunelveli district. Meena tribe of Rajasthan Ao Tribe of Nagaland Bhil. The oil is used for joint (rheumatic) pains. Bawaria. 1789) Bhil. Aves most of the Tamilnadu tribes Epilepsy 6. English Name 1. 32. 1867) Columba livia (Gmelin. Mahawar and Jaroli (2007) . Aves Pigeon Columba livia (Gmelin. 1758) Dasymutilla occidentalis (Linnaeus) Helicoverpa armigera (Hubner.Animals and their products used in nervous system related problems of India. 1758) Sus scrofa domestica Sus scrofa cristatus Sus scrofa cristatus Rajasthan Chhattishgadh Mogya. Garasia. Mammal Mammal Sherni (Tigress) Pig Panthera tigris (Linnaeus. No. Invertebrate Invertebrate Pod Borer Red Velvet Mite pigeon Nervous breakdown Paralysis 5. Blood or dry blood powder is mixed with ‘mahuri’ (local liqure prepare by flower of Madhuca indica) is given to cure internal pain. Negi and palyal (2007). Flesh is eaten to cure Paralysis. 4. Oodhia (1995) Ranjit Singh et al (2004) Oodhia (1995) Oodhia (1995) medicinal use 3. Solavan et al (2004) Sharma (2002). they massage it on breasts. Oodhia (2003 a) Mahawar and Jaroli (2006).31.

Kathodia of Rajasthan Kachchh Urine Paralysis disorder Drunk directly. Cooked and eaten. Solavan et al (2004). paralysis and inherent body heat. The blood should remain on the skin for 6 hrs. Angami. Pochury. Excreta of pigeon in combination with mustard seed for external application. 1758) Excreta Flesh Migraine Paralysis 10. 1776) 12. 1824) Ao. Bhil. Blood is given to cure paralysis. is believed to cure 11. 1789) Mogya. 1758) Macaca mulatta (Zimmermann.Animals and their products used in General weakness in India . Garasia. Fresh blood of the pigeon is applied on the skin from head to foot thrice a week. Sharma (2002) Brain Blood Epilepsy Paralysis Brain mixed with wheat flour is used to cure epilepsy. Mammal Jackal Shoka tribe of Uttaranchal Flesh Paralysis The meat paralysis. Saharia tribe of Rajasthan most of the Tamilnadu tribes Kachchh Chhattishgadh Ao Tribe of Nagaland blood fresh Paralysis The fresh blood is massaged externally to treat paralysis. Kakati et al (2006). Mammal Funambulus pennantii (Wroughton. 1789) Corvus splendens (Vieillot. Gupta Leena et al (2003) Table 5. paralysis Blood is massaged for curing nervous disorder.7. Lotha. 9. Patil (2003) Sharma (2002) Blood Nervous disorder. Zeliang. Khiamniungan. Mammal Goat Capra sibirica (Pallas. Mahawar and Jaroli (2006) (2007). Aves Aves Pigeon Crow Columba livia (Gmelin. Jamir and Lal (2005) Flesh Epilepsy Flesh is eaten to cure epilepsy. Sangtam. 1817) Canis aureus (Linnaeus. 1905) Hyaena hyaena (Linnaeus. Gupta Leena et al (2003) Oodhia (2003 b) Kakati et al (2006) Negi and palyal (2007) 8. Garasia. Aves Pigeon Columba livia (Gmelin. Sema. Chakhesang. Mammal 13. Konyak and Rengma tribes of Nagaland. Mammal Mammal FiveStriped Palm Squirrel Striped Hyena Rhesus Macaque Black ibis 15. Kathodia of Rajasthan Nandurbar district of Maharashtra Bhil. Bawaria. 1780) Pseudibis papillosa (Temminck. 14. Meena.

Lotha.' Kakati et al (2006). 1840) Helicoverpa armigera (Hubner. Lotha. Irular and Sholaga tribes Blood General weakness. Invertebrate Ant district. Jamir and Lal (2005) Solavan et al (2004) 7. Zeliang.N. They generally apply the fresh extracts of caterpillars on injured parts of the body to stop bleeding as a first aid measure. Sangtam. ghee of cow and the natural honey to make a 'legheum. 1822) Columba livia (Gmelin. 1805) Tirunelveli Tamil Nadu Tirunelveli Tamil Nadu district. Aves Pigeon Flesh General weakness Flesh of Young birds is cooked and eaten for early recovery. English Name Scientific Name Tribe/ Inhabitant/ Region Parts uses Disease Method of preparation and Related reported author in India medicinal use 1. anemia Fresh blood is drunk to cure general weakness and to relieve anemia. Sema. Monopterus albus (Zuiew. 1817) Ao Tribe of Nagaland Blood General weakness After boiling. Angami. Ranjit Singh et al (2004) Ranjit Singh et al (2004) Oodhia (1995) Kakati et al (2006) Ao. Palliyan. 1793) Monopterus cuchia (Hamilton. 1789). Fresh blood is drunk. Pochury. Aves Crow Flesh Anemia . general weakness. Corvus splendens (Vieillot. The flesh is cooked along with the seeds of the Piper nigrum and Piper longum. Ao. Invertebrate Pod Borer Chhattishgadh Caterpillar Fever. Konyak and Rengma tribes of Nagaland. Angami. root of Allium sativum. Sema. Jamir and Lal (2005) 6. Pisces Eel 5. 4. Zeliang. Villagers use powder (after drying and crushing) of caterpillars as a tonic. Whole body 3. Invertebrate Silkworm Bombyx mori (Linnaeus) Dorylus labiatus (Shuckard. stem of ginger Zingiber officinale. Khiamniungan. Larvae Nutrient food Good health 2. Pochury tribes of Nagaland. Khiamniungan.S. Pisces Eel Fish Amphipnous cuchia (Hamilton. 1822). put into honey and after a fortnight the honey is taken to strengthen nervous system and to restore good health. These ants are collected. the killed larvae are taken as nutrient food by some local people.

stem of ginger Zingiber officinale. Zeliang. Weakness due to fever is cure by drinking urine. 1776) Mogya. Nandurbar district of Maharashtra Milk Milk General Weakness Weakness Drunk directly. Bawaria. Khiamniungan. Sema. ghee of cow and the natural honey to make a 'legheum'. Lotha. N. Lotha. 11 . Mammal Cow 10 . Mammal Mammal Goat Goat Bos taurus (Linnaeus.Bos indicus Capra sibirica (Pallas. Kakati et al (2006) Jamir and Lal (2005) 12 . . Ao. Pochury. Konyak and Rengma tribes of Nagaland. It is general belief that monkey meat cures general weakness. Milk is drunk to avoid weakness. Sangtam. 1758) Synonym. Cimex lectularius (Linnaeus. Khiamniungan. Angami. Meena tribe of Rajasthan Urine Weakness Mahawar and Jaroli (2006) Ao Tribe of Nagaland Ao. 1780) Paradoxurus hermaphroditus (Pallas. Irular and Kurimba tribes Flesh Anemia The flesh is cooked along with the seeds of the Piper nigrum and Piper longum. 1758) Kanikaran. Toddy Cat Meat Weakness Patil (2003) Table 6. Sangtam. Aves house sparrow Passer domesticus (Linnaeus. root of Allium sativum. Pochury. Zeliang. 1776) Capra sibirica (Pallas. Meat is used for feeding weak cattle. Name English Invertebrate Invertebrate Bed Bug Red Scientific Name Tribe/ Inhabitant/ Region Chhattishgadh Chhattishgadh Parts uses Whole body Whole Disease Method of preparation medicinal use and Related reported author in India Oodhia (1995) Oodhia (1995) 1. Sema. 1777) Meat General weakness Meat of all monkey species is eaten by Naga tribes. Konyak and Rengma tribes of Nagaland. Chakhesang. Solavan (2004) et al 9.Animals and their products used in urinary problems in India. 2. Angami. Jamir and Lal (2005) 13 . 1758) Trombidium Urinary disorders Urinogenital Application inside the urethra (in case of urine retention). S. Mammal Common Palm Civet.8. Mammal Monkey Macaca (All species) Macaca mulatta (Zimmermann.

Aves Aves Aves Chir pheasant Indian Peafowl Peacock Catreus wallichii (Hardwicke. Flesh is cooked and eaten as an . Oodhia (2003 b) Gupta Leena et al (2003) Table 7. Pisces Reptile Velvet Mite Labeo Snakes grandissimum (Koch. 4. 2.N. 1867) Labeo rohita (Hamilton. stool and flatus.Bos indicus body Saharia tribe Shoka tribe of Uttaranchal Cervical vertebrae Flesh disorders Urine Problem Elimination of urine A fish cervical vertebra is rubbed with water and this essence water is taken in urine blockage problem. Negi and palyal (2007) Negi and palyal (2007) 7. Aves mammal Pigeon Cow Chhattishgadh Kachchh Excreta Dung Kidney stones Urticaria The use of excreta with sugar is very effective in order to drain away the kidney stones. Name English Scientific Name Tribe/ Inhabitant/ Region Parts uses Disease Method of preparation and Related reported author in India 1. Sema. 1758) Daboia russelii (Shaw & Nodder. Flesh Feather Flesh Strength and semen. 1827) Pavo cristatus (Linnaeus. 1797) Synonym. aphrodisiac and birth control in India. 1822) Gloydius himalayanus (Günther. 1758) Synonym. The meat is believed to facilitate the elimination of urine. The meat is believed to facilitate the elimination of urine. a Negi and palyal (2007) Mahawar and Jaroli (2007) Jamir and Lal medicinal use Rounded spots of feather mix with Jaggery. Mahawar and Jaroli (2007) Negi and palyal (2007) 5. S. Reptile Reptile Snakes Snakes Shoka tribe of Uttaranchal Shoka tribe of Uttaranchal Flesh Flesh Elimination of urine Elimination of urine The meat is believed to facilitate the elimination of urine. 1864) SynonymAncistrodon himalayans Ptyas mucosus (Linnaeus. Infertility Aphrodisiac The meat is believed to be promoter of strength and semen. Angami.Animals and their products used in impotency. stool and flatus. 6. 8. The dried dung is burnt and ash is applied externally to treat urticaria. 1758) Pavo cristatus Shoka tribe of Uttaranchal Saharia tribe Ao.3. 1789) Bos taurus (Linnaeus. stool and flatus. 3.Vipera russelli Columba livia (Gmelin.

Pochury. Mammal Sloth Bear Nandurbar district of Maharashtra Sex organs Aphrodisiac Patil (2003) 13. The use of the excreta to increase the sexual desire and efficacy. The meat is believed to be a promoter of strength and virility (usually that of the tail). Mammal Barking deer Bat 14. The hair is used for prevention of fear in infants. 1758) Hemitragus jemlahicus (H. Konyak tribes of Nagaland Mogya. strength Strength and virility 9. The meat is believed to be promoter of strength and virility. 1826) Melursus ursinus (Shaw.Bos indicus Canis lupus familiaris (Linnaeus. Sema. Angami. Mammal Elephant Ao. Mammal Muntiacus muntjak (Zimmermann. Aves Collared dove Owl Streptopelia decaocto (Frivaldszky. Flesh To attain early puberty Strength and virility Good sexual health To attain early puberty girls eat flesh of collared dove. 1758) Synonym. Sangtam. Khiamniungan. Tail is hanged on front door to protect the house from evil. 1775) Equus caballus (Linnaeus. Oodhia (2003 b) Oodhia (2003 b) Negi and palyal (2007) Negi and palyal (2007) 12. Lotha. Smith. The sex organs are used as aphrodisiac.(Linnaeus. Flesh is cooked and eaten for curing male impotency. The meat is believed to be a promoter of strength and virility and is a good cardiac tonic. 10. Flesh Strength and virility Male impotency Negi and palyal (2007) Jamir and Lal (2005) Flesh . pre and postpartum health Jamir and Lal (2005) Excreta Birth control measure Sexual desire and efficacy Corpulence. Konyak and Rengma tribes of Nagaland. Lotha. 1838) Strix aluco nivicolum (Blyth. Mammal Mammal Mammal Donkey Horse Himalayan Thar Chhattishgadh Shoka tribe of Uttaranchal Shoka tribe of Uttaranchal Excreta Flesh Flesh Female patient to put a piece of elephant excreta inside the vagina in order to prevent pregnancy. strength. 1798) Equus hemionus (Pallas. Flesh soup cures male Impotency. Mammal Dog 8. Meat is believed to be a promoter of corpulence. Flesh soup improves pre and postpartum health.Canis familiaris Elephas maximus indicus (Cuvier. 1758) 4. 1845) Bos taurus (Linnaeus. Khiamniungan. Sema. 1780) Myotis lucifugus (LeConte. Angami. Aves Flesh 6. 1758) Synonym. 11. 7. Meena tribe of Rajasthan Shoka tribe of Uttaranchal Chhattishgadh aphrodisiac. Chhattishgadh Flesh Male Impotency. 1791) Khiamniungan. Bawaria. Mammal Cow milk Teaspoonful of Musli root powder with a glass of cow milk daily in order to maintain the sexual health. a (2005) Mahawar and Jaroli (2006) Negi and palyal (2007) Oodhia (2003 a) 5. 1831) Shoka tribe of Uttaranchal Ao. Zeliang. Chakhesang. Zeliang.

Lotha. honey . corpulence and virility good appetizer and alleviator of fatigue The meat is believed to be a promoter of semen. Tamil Nadu Tirunelveli district. Mammal Wild Boar Sus scrofa cristatus Shoka tribe of Uttaranchal Flesh Strength. 1758) Chhattishgadh Excreta Increase your sexual desire and efficacy 20. Applied externally. Mammal Mammal Leopard Leopard Panthera pardus (Linnaeus. Shoka tribe of Uttaranchal Shoka tribe of Uttaranchal Bones Flesh Aphrodisiac Strength and virility The bones are Supposed to be an aphrodisiac. S.15.) and applied on male genital just before intercourse. Konyak and Rengma tribes of Nagaland. Mammal Mammal Rat Rat Rattus rattus (Linnaeus. 1758) Rattus rattus (Linnaeus. No. Skin abrasions. corpulence and virility. is a good appetizer and alleviator of fatigue. The liquids are The meat is believed to be a promoter of strength. Negi and palyal (2007) Oodhia (2003 b) Oodhia (2003 b) Negi and palyal (2007) Table 8. The meat is believed to be a promoter of strength and virility.Animals and their products used in skin problems in India. English Name 1. Invertebrate Honey bee Apis cerana indica (Fabricius 1798) Apis cerana Apis dorsata Scientific Name Tribe/ Inhabitant/ Region Parts uses Disease Method of preparation and Related reported author in Tirunelveli district. dried in shady places) is mixed with any one of these liquids (water. 1758) Chakhesang. Mammal Rat Rattus rattus (Linnaeus. The traditional healers advise the women to put the rat excreta mixed with honey and the fresh leaf juice of Mucuna leaves inside the vagina. Zeliang. milk Mahua liquor. Invertebrate Honey bee Honey Applied externally. etc. 18. 19. 1758) Panthera pardus (Linnaeus. Negi and palyal (2007) Negi and palyal (2007) 17. 1758) Shoka tribe of Uttaranchal Chhattishgadh Flesh Excreta Promoter of semen Birth control measure. Dried excreta (not sun dried. . Pochury. Tamil Nadu Honey Skin abrasions. India Ranjit Singh et al (2004) Ranjit Singh et al (2004) medicinal use 2. 16.

and tusks are mixed milk and applied affected part before applied to cure skin Oodhia (1995) Patil (2003) Solavan et al (2004) Oodhia (2003 b) Solavan et al (2004) Jamir and Lal (2005) 9. 1798) Bos gaurus (H. Lotha. Kattunaikkan and Toda Chhattishgadh Whole body Whole body Fat Skin problems Leucoderma Leprosy The oil of earth boa is applied to treat leucoderma. 7. Chakhesang. Invertebrate Honey bee Apis florea (Fabricius. Lotha. Angami.(Fabricius. Them this oil is used to dye the hair black. Invertebrate Reptile Reptile Green Leafhoppe r (GLH) Earth Boa python Nephotettix nigropictus (Stal. The fat deposits are carefully collected from the gonads and melted in an earthen pot and applied on the affected. Sangtam. Invertebrate Invertebrate Pod Borer Housefly Helicoverpa armigera (Hubner. Zeliang. 1787) Tirunelveli district. After mixing. 1827) Synonym. Kakati et al (2006). Zeliang. Smith. Skin diseases Urine Skin disease Drunk directly. Mammal Goat Capra sibirica (Pallas. Khiamniungan. 1801) Columba livia (Gmelin. 1784) Chhattishgadh Chhattishgadh Caterpillar Whole body Hair growth Dyeing the hair black Aqueous extracts of caterpillar to promote hair growth. and Rengma tribes of Nagaland. 1776) Ao. Mammal Mithun 12. Oodhia (1995) Oodhia (1995) 6. the oil is kept under open sky in direct sunlight for forty days. Ranjit Singh et al (2004) 4. 1789) Elephas maximus indicus (Cuvier. Angami. Sema. Pochury. 1805) Musca domestica nebulo (Fabricius. Sangtam.Bos frontalis Chhattishgadh Nandurbar district of Maharashtra Kanikaran. Tamil Nadu Honey Skin abrasions. 1870) Eryx johnii (Russell. Yimchunger. Mammal Elephant Tamilnadu tribes tooth and tusk Flesh Skin free from spots and to improve the fairness Pimples 11. Jamir and Lal (2005) . 1793) 3. Scratched tooth with mother's topically on the going to bed. 100 houseflies and mix them in sesamum oil. 1801) Python reticulatus (Schneider. 8. Khiamniungan. Cooked flesh is diseases. Aqueous paste of excreta is best to make the skin free from spots and to improve the fairness. Sema. Chakhesang. 5. Ao. Aves Pigeon Excreta 10. Applied externally.

Tamil Nadu Tirunelveli district. eczema and ringworm infections Antler is rubbed with water this paste is applied in Herpes. cuts. 1758) Bones Quill Bone Herpes Leucoderma Scabies Leucoderma Scabies Leprosy Leprosy 18. Kakati et al (2006) 15. Sangtam. 16. Saharia tribe Ao. No.Animals and their products used in wound healing in India S. Lotha. eczema and ringworm infections. Invertebrate honey Small ulcers. Tamil Nadu honey 2. Itching. Khiamniungan. Small ulcers. Invertebrate Honey bee Honey bee Apis cerana indica (Fabricius 1798) Apis dorsata (Fabricius. Garasia. Pochury. Chakhesang. 14. Konyak and Rengma tribes of Nagaland. mouth and For throat infection or any inflammation. Mammal Mammal Sambhar Elephant Cervus unicolor (Kerr. Kathodia of Rajasthan Kurimbas Kurimbas Antler Teeth and tusks Herpes Leucoderma. Konyak and Rengma tribes of Nagaland. Garasia. 1798) Pochury. Zeliang. Angami. A paste of quill and bone is prepare in water and applied on the white scars. 1758) Panthera tigris (Linnaeus. 1758) Hystrix indica (Kerr. The fat melted in an earthen pot and applied on the affected parts. . Mahawar and Jaroli (2007) Sharma (2002) Sharma (2002) Solavan et al (2004) Solavan et al (2004) Table 9.13. For throat infection or any inflammation. Mammal Mammal Flesh Fat Bone is grounded with water and this paste is applied in Herpes. The fat melted in an earthen pot and applied on the affected parts. 17. Saharia tribe Bhil. Teeth and tusks are powdered and applied on skin to treat leucoderma. Kathodia of Rajasthan Bhil. mouth and cuts. Sema. 1792) Hystrix indica (Kerr. English Name Scientific Name Tribe/ Inhabitant/ Region Parts uses Disease Method of preparation and Related reported author in India Ranjit Singh et al (2004) Ranjit Singh et al (2004) medicinal use 1. 19. Mammal Mammal Mammal Human Indian porcupine Indian porcupine Tiger Tiger Homo sapiens (Linnaeus. ulcers wounds. 1793) Tirunelveli district. A paste of quill and bone is prepare in water and applied on the white scars. 1792) Elephas maximus indicus (Cuvier. honey mixed with lime (calcium carbonate) is applied on the affected area. ulcers wounds. honey mixed with lime (calcium carbonate) is applied on the affected area. 1792) Panthera tigris (Linnaeus. Mahawar and Jaroli (2007) Jamir and Lal (2005).

1785) Canis lupus familiaris (Linnaeus. The whole animal is boiled in oil and the oil is then used to heal wounds on cattle’s body. Mammal Ao. 1758) Shoka tribe of Uttaranchal Shoka tribe of Uttaranchal Shoka tribe of Uttaranchal Shoka tribe of Uttaranchal Kachchh Blood Blood Small ulcers. Mahawar and Jaroli (2006) (2007) Fat Blood Burn-wounds pain and rapid healing of fractured bones Swelling Fat is applied to relieve burn-wounds pain and rapid healing of fractured bones. Jamir and Lal (2005). mouth and 6.Animals and their products used in eye and ears problems in India. Pisces Pisces Fish Fish Schizothorax richardsonii (Gray. 1822) Calotes versicolor (Fitzinger. Sema. Lotha. Chakhesang. 1826) Martes flavigula (Boddaert.3. 1832) Tor putitora (Hamilton. Bawaria. Fish Blood of cut fish is used in foot and mouth disease. Ranjit Singh et al (2004) Negi and palyal (2007) Negi and palyal (2007) Negi and palyal (2007) Negi and palyal (2007) Gupta Leena et al (2003) 9. Blood is applied healing swelling externally for Jamir and Lal (2005) Gupta Leena et al (2003) Table 10. Mammal Human 10. Khiamniungan. 1758) Synonym.Canis familiaris Homo sapiens (Linnaeus. Reptile Aves Mammal Garden lizard Martens bird Dog Whole body Bones Flesh Wounds Wounds Wounds For throat infection or any inflammation. Fish Blood of cut fish is used in foot and mouth disease. Cuvier. Kachchh Urine Wound healing Urine is applied on eye injuries. Sangtam and Rengma tribes of Nagaland. honey mixed with lime (calcium carbonate) is applied on the affected area. . 8. Lotha. Meena and Saharia tribe of Rajasthan Ao. Excreta are applied and flesh is eaten to treat wounds. Sema. Invertebrate Honey bee Apis florea (Fabricius. Angami. 5. it is also applied on sore wounds in legs too. 1823) 11. 7. Mammal Porcupi ne Rufoustailed hare Hystrix indica (Kerr. Angami. Sangtam. 1787) Tirunelveli district. Also applied as antiseptic on fresh wounds. Tamil Nadu honey 4. ulcers wounds. it is also applied on sore wounds in legs too.. Mogya. Khiamniungan. A paste prepared from the bones of this bird is said to cure wounds. Wounds Wounds cuts. 1792) Lepus nigricollis (F. Konyak and Rengma tribes of Nagaland. Zeliang. Pochury.

5. Khiamniungan. Jamir and Lal (2005) .S. to Negi and palyal (2007) 8. Mahawar and Jaroli (2006) (2007) Jamir and Lal (2005) Whole body Flesh Ear pains Eyesight. 1864) SynonymAncistrodon himalayans Ptyas mucosus (Linnaeus. Invertebrate Invertebrate Lightening Beetles or Fireflies or Lighting bugs Honey bee Apple Snail Photuris lucicrescens (Barber. English Name Scientific Name Tribe/ Inhabitant/ Region Parts uses Disease Method of preparation and medicinal use Related reported author in India 1. Angami. Flesh is eaten after cooking as eye related problems. Reptile Snakes Shoka tribe of Uttaranchal Flesh Eyesight. 1815) Mogya. Khiamniungan. 1951) Chhattishgadh Whole body Cold borne earache Oodhia (1995) Apis cerana indica (Fabricius 1798) Pila globosa (Swainson. Invertebrate 2. Gupta Leena et al (2003) Negi and palyal (2007) 6. The meat is believed promote eyesight. Aves Crowpheasant Ao. Bawaria. to Negi and palyal (2007) 7. Konyak and Rengma tribes of Bone Earache Bone is crushed to powder and suspended in water to prepare ear drop to relieve earache. The meat is believed promote eyesight. Used as eye drops to cure eye disease. Reptile Snakes Shoka tribe of Uttaranchal Flesh Eyesight. 1758) Daboia russelii (Shaw & Nodder. Sema. Lotha. Sema. Sangtam. Meena and Saharia tribe of Rajasthan Ao. Angami. Lotha. Chakhesang. 1822) 4. Invertebrate Reptile Hermit Crab Snakes Uca pugnax Gloydius himalayanus (Günther. Kachchh Shoka tribe of Uttaranchal Honey Flesh Eye disease Eye related problems. Konyak and Rengma tribes of Nagaland. Pochury. Crab is boiled in oil and used externally for curing ear pains. 1797) SynonymVipera russelli Centropus sinensis (Stephens. Sangtam. Pochury. 3. No. Zeliang. The meat is believed to promote eyesight. Chakhesang.

Lotha. Mammal Cattle 14. Lotha. Zeliang. Negi and palyal (2007) 15. 1776) Ao. Chakhesang. Aves Indian Peafowl Or Peacock Coracias benghalensis (Linnaeus. 1817) Equus caballus (Linnaeus. 1758) Pavo cristatus (Linnaeus. Bawaria. Urine is taken to cure night blindness. Sharma (2002) Kakati et al (2006) Negi and palyal (2007) Mahawar and Jaroli (2006). which is used to treat the ear pain. (2007) Patil (2003). Jamir and Lal (2005) Urine Night blindness. Angami. Mammal Dog Bos taurus (Linnaeus. Konyak and Rengma tribes of Nagaland.9. Gupta Leena et al (2003). Feathers are rubbed in water and the ascence is used as an eardrop. Sema. Zeliang.. Peacock’s leg is rubbed with water and this essenced water is used in ear infections. Angami. Garasia. 1758) Synonym. Some tribes are boiled with oil. Khiamniungan. Bhil. Shoka tribe of Uttaranchal Flesh Eyesight. Khiamniungan. Pochury. Sangtam. 11. Meena tribe of Rajasthan Ao. Chakhesang. Yimchunger. Jamir and Lal (2005) . Garasia. Sharma (2002). Sema. 1758) Corvus splendens (Vieillot.Bos indicus Canis lupus familiaris (Linnaeus. Mogya. Kathodia of Rajasthan Ao Tribe of Nagaland Feather Earache and pus in ear Earache Bones Shoka tribe of Uttaranchal Mogya. 1758) Synonym.Canis familiaris Bile Eye diseases It cures eye diseases. Konyak tribes of Nagaland. Kakati et al (2006) Leg Ear infections 13.. Jamir and Lal (2005). Bawaria. Khiamniungan. 1758) Nagaland. eardrop for curing Mahawar and Jaroli (2006). Sema. Sangtam. Urine Ear Problem Used as earache. Kachchh Ao. Zeliang. Konyak and Rengma tribes of Nagaland. Kathodia of Rajasthan. Lotha. mixed with water and applied in ear drop by drop. Pochury. Aves Aves Crow Horse 12. Angami. Meat is believed to be a promoter of eyesight. Crushed into powder. Meena and Saharia tribe of Rajasthan Nandurbar district of Maharashtra Bhil. Aves Indian Roller 10. Mammal Goat Capra sibirica (Pallas.

Lotha. Lotha. Chakhesang. Konyak and Rengma tribes of Nagaland. Khiamniungan. Khiamniungan. Konyak and Rengma tribes of Nagaland. Mammal Bat Myotis lucifugus (LeConte. Ao. Jamir and Lal (2005) Milk Cataract and night blindness Its milk cures cataract and night blindness. Jamir and Lal (2005) Table 11 . Bawaria. 1758) Mogya. 1798) Homo sapiens (Linnaeus. Pochury. Khiamniungan. Zeliang.Animals and their products used in burn in India. Meena tribe of Rajasthan and Kachchh Tamilnadu tribes Antler Eye ailments Antler is rubbed with water this paste is applied in eye ailments. Ao. Mammal elephant Elephas maximus indicus (Cuvier. Mammal Tiger Panthera tigris (Linnaeus. Zeliang. 1792) 17. Sangtam. Angami. Sema.16. 1831) 20. Sema. Pochury. tooth and tusk Conjunctivitis Mahawar and Jaroli (2006). Mammal Human 19. Chakhesang. Sangtam. Ranjit Singh et al (2004) medicinal use . No. Konyak and Rengma tribes of Nagaland. Tamil Nadu Whole body Inflammation Along with bees wax. Zeliang. Invertebrate Velvet ant Dasymutilla occidentalis (Linnaeus) Tirunelveli district. Milk Eyeache Jamir and Lal (2005) Flesh Night blindness Flesh is cooked and eaten for curing night blindness. Chakhesang. Lotha. Gupta Leena et al (2003) Solavan et al (2004) 18. the powder of this ant is used to prepare ointment to treat inflammation. Sema. Milk is applied as eye drop to relieve eyeache. Pochury. English Name Scientific Name Tribe/ Inhabitant/ Region Parts uses Disease Method of preparation and Related reported author in India 1. S. Angami. 1758) Ao. Scratched tooth and tusks are mixed with mother's milk and applied topically on the affected part before going to bed. Angami. Mammal Sambhar Cervus unicolor (Kerr.

Cuvier. Shoka tribe of Uttaranchal Skin Burn wounds Skin is applied on burn wounds for rapid healing. The ash of tail is mixed with oil and the prepared paste is applied for curing burning sensation. Monitor Saharia tribe Ao Tribe of Nagaland Nandurbar district of Maharashtra Ao Tribe of Nagaland Ao Tribe of Nagaland Kachchh Carapace Fat Burn Burn Ash of carapace mix with coconut oil and use for skin burns. Sangtam. 9. Sema. 1824) Sus scrofa domestica 3. 1834) Varanus bengalensis (Daudin. Angami. Aves Aves Mammal Eagle Domestic fowl Rufous-tailed hare Black ibis Fat Fat Tail Burn Burn Burning sensation Burning sensation. Lotha. Konyak and Rengma tribes of Nagaland. 5. Patil (2003) Kakati et al (2006) Kakati et al (2006) Gupta Leena et al (2003) Gupta Leena et al (2003) 6. Khiamniungan. Chakhesang. Applied locally. Kakati et al (2006) Table 12. The fat (oil) of this lizard is used for Burn. Blood is massaged burning sensation. Pochury. Negi and palyal (2007) 4. 8.Animals and their products used in antidotes in India. 1828) Gallus gallus domesticus Lepus nigricollis (F. Jamir and Lal (2005) Whole body Burn Frog boiled in oil is used for healing wounds due to burn. for curing Mahawar and Jaroli (2007) Kakati et al (2006). 1823) Pseudibis papillosa (Temminck. Amphibia Frog Fejervarya limnocharis synonymLymnonecties limnorcharis Hoplobatrachus tigerinus (Daudin. 1758) Aquila rapax (Temminck. Mammal Domesticated pig Ao Tribe of Nagaland Fat Burn Applied locally as embrocation/ Massager and in snakebite Used as antidote. 7.2. Amphibia Frog Ao. Reptile Reptile Hardshelled Turtle. . Zeliang. Raw fat warmed and applied locally. Mammal Kachchh Blood 10 . 1803) synonym-Rana tigrina Kachuga tentoria (Gray.

Angami. Jamir and Lal (2005) 3. Pochury. 1766) Sus scrofa domestica Bile duct Spider and snake bite Its bile duct is used as an antidote against spider and snake bite.Animals and their products used in gynecological problems in India. Lotha. Konyak and Rengma tribes of Nagaland. Bawaria. 1758) Synonym. Ao. 5. English Name Scientific Name Tribe/ Inhabitant/ Region Parts uses Disease Method of preparation and Related reported author in India medicinal use . Mammal Cattle Bile Poisoning. Sangtam. Chakhesang. 1801) Varanus bengalensis (Daudin. Applied locally as embrocation/ massager and in snakebite used as antidote. Negi and palyal (2007) 6. Kakati et al (2006) Kakati et al (2006) Table 13. Khiamniungan. Angami. English Name Scientific Name Pheretima posthuma (L. Mammal Cow Mogya. Zeliang. 1758) Bos taurus (Linnaeus.Bos indicus Petaurista petaurista (Pallas. 1. 1868) Tribe/ Inhabitant/ Region Ao. Konyak and Rengma tribes of Nagaland. Invertebrate Earthworm 2.S. Mammal Mammal Flying squirrel Domesticate d pig Ao Tribe of Nagaland Ao Tribe of Nagaland Intestine Fat Anti poison Snake bite Cooked and eaten. Sangtam.N. Khiamniungan. 7. Pochury. Sema. 1758) Synonym. S.Bos indicus Bos taurus (Linnaeus. Zeliang. Ao Tribe of Nagaland Parts uses Disease Method of preparation and Related reported author in Jamir and Lal (2005) medicinal use Whole body Snake and spider bites Earthworm is eaten raw to serve as an antidote in snake and spider bites. Chakhesang. Sema. No. Vaillant. Aves Python Python reticulatus (Schneider. It cures poisoning. Aves Monitor Bile duct Spider and snake bite Snake poison Taken orally as antidote. Kakati et al (2006) Mahawar and Jaroli (2006) 4. Meena tribe of Rajasthan Shoka tribe of Uttaranchal Ghee 250gm Ghee + 100gm Black pepper mixture given orally to neutralize snake poison.

1. Smith. Invertebrate 3. 1870) Columba livia (Gmelin. The soup of the bones (of the limbs) is principally given to the womenfolk immediately after giving birth to a child. 1758) Semnopithecus entellus (Dufresne. Ranjit Singh et al (2004) 2. S. 1789) Chhattishgadh Whole body Oodhia (1995) Chhattishgadh Excreta Pregnancy 4. leucorrhoea Gonorrhea The cocoon ash of the silkworm is used as a styptic.N. 1826) Shoka tribe of Uttaranchal Soup of the bones Parturition and lactating 5. Aves Green Leafhopper (GLH) Pigeon Nephotettix nigropictus (Stal. 3. 1951) Scientific Name Tribe/ Inhabitant/ Region Chattishgadh Parts uses Disease Method of preparation and Related reported author in India Whole body Styptic to stop the bleeding Oodhia (1995) medicinal use 2. 1852) Helicoverpa armigera Shoka tribe of Uttaranchal Chattishgadh Whole body Caterpillar Ringworm Eosinophilia Bedbugs crushed in holy basilOcimum sanctum is applied on ringworm. English Name 1. and usually during the parturition and lactating months. Invertebrate Silkworm Bombyx mori (Linnaeus) Tirunelveli district. tonic and astringent to check profuse menstruation. Flesh is eaten by women at the time of child birth. Mammal Mammal Hare Hanuman Monkey Oryctolagus cuniculus (Linnaeus. Invertebrate Lightening Beetles or Fireflies or Lighting bugs Bedbugs Pod Borer Photuris lucicrescens (Barber. Tamil Nadu Cocoon Menstruation problem. The meat is believed to cure menstrual disorders. Mammal Himalayan Thar Hemitragus jemlahicus (H. leucorrhoea and chronic diarrhea. Helicoverpa caterpillar feeding on Negi and palyal (2007) Oodhia (1995) . 1797) SynomymePresbytis entellus Shoka tribe of Uttaranchal Kathodia of Rajasthan Flesh Flesh Menstrual disorders Facilitates delivery Putting the dried excreta inside the vagina of childless woman is very effective to make her pregnant. Invertebrate Invertebrate Cimex rotundatus (Signoret. Oodhia (2003 b) Negi and palyal (2007) Negi and palyal (2007) Sharma (2002) Table 14.Animals and their products used in miscellaneous diseases in India. 6.

Assam Diabetes 9. 1784) Oecophylla smaragdina (Fabricius. high fever and even malarial fever Malaria 5. Garasia. 1813) Bhil. cuchia is taken orally empty stomach in the morning for four days. pruritis. 1805) 4. Carapace is burnt and ash is used for healing of internal injuries. Pisces Cuchia eel Monopterus cuchia (Hamilton. After 20 minutes about one-fourth glass of lukewarm water is given to drink and the process is continued for another two days. Reptile Reptile Common Garden Lizard Indian Flap shell turtle Jangli Murga (Wild Cock) Calotes versicolor (Fitzinger. One housefly. Oodhia (1995) Ranjit Singh et al (2004) 6. 1822) Chattishgadh Whole body Oodhia (1995) Dibrugarh District. Kathodia of Rajasthan Kachchh Flesh Carapace Injuries of toes Internal injuries. Invertebrate Housefly Musca domestica nebulo (Fabricius. Diabetes Curry prepared from the edible portion of fish is taken with rice on Saturday. Invertebrate Weaver ant Tirunelveli district. 10.(Hubner. The eggs of this insect are used to prepare medicine with several species of medicinal herbs and administered to patients suffering from tetanic fever. 1822) Dibrugarh District. Aves Chattishgadh Gall bladder . Fresh blood of a M. Invertebrate Red Velvet Mite Carp fish 7. After completion of the above dosage an overnight dry L. 1826) Lissemys punctata (Lacépède. ear pain. Assam Edible portion of the fish Blood Obesity 8. Tamil Nadu Eggs Sphaeranthus leaves is used for the treatment of eosinophilia and asthma. Pisces Trombidium grandissimum (Koch. 1867) Labeo gonius (Hamilton. pruritis. 1788) Gallus sonneratii (Temminck. high fever and even malarial fever. The patients to swallow the Pitta (Gall bladder) regularly up to seven days to get significant Kalita (2005) Kalita (2005) Sharma (2002) Gupta Leena et al (2003) Oodhia (2003 a) 11. 1775) Chattishgadh Whole body To cure the cold fever Tetanic fever. The same process is repeated for another eight consecutive Saturdays. aspera plant extract (two teaspoon) mixed with one spoonful of honey is allowed to lick mixed with one spoonful of honey. Warm flesh is kept on injuries of toes caused by stumbling. half black pepper (Piper longum) and one pinch of asafoetida are mixed and this mixture is applied on eyes.

1758) Fat Contracted limbs Solavan et al (2004) 18. The fat content of the visceral organs is melted over a short flame and applied externally on the contracted limbs. Given to cure cancer. 1789) Gallus gallus domesticus Passer domesticus (Linnaeus. 1792) Bhil. Oodhia (2003 b) Oodhia (2003 b) Solavan et al (2004) Kakati et al (2006) Solavan et al (2004) 15. 1792) Excreta Hydrocele Oodhia (2003 b) 20. Garasia. all the Tamilnadu tribes Chhattishgadh Excreta Egg albumin Enuresis (bed wetting) Haematoma results. adiposity. 1758) Pavo cristatus (Linnaeus. 1758) Synonym. Boiled in water and taken. The dried penis is scratched in water and it is applied on the scrotum of man till the symptoms of hydrocele disappear. Freshly killed porcupine is boiled with water to extract fat and it’s taken orally to cure internal tumours. Five gram of the solid leaf pulp of Aloe littoralis is soaked in egg albumin for 3 hrs.12. 1758) Bos taurus (Linnaeus. and parasitic infestation. Mammal Indian porcupine Hystrix indica (Kerr. The meat is believed to cure. 16.Bos indicus Cervus unicolor (Kerr. 1758) Feather Hiccups Solavan et al (2004) 19. 1780) Flesh Adiposity. Meena tribe of Rajasthan lrular and Sholaga tribes Urine Cancer Mahawar and Jaroli (2006) Solavan et al (2004) Penis Hydrocele 22. Mammal Sambhar Mogya. The patients to swallow the small dose of excreta with gud (jaggery). Bawaria. Kathodia of Rajasthan Shoka tribe of Uttaranchal Fat Internal tumours 23. 14. Swallow fresh excreta with gud (Jaggery) utpto one week. Sharma (2002) Negi and palyal (2007) . Aves Pigeon Columba livia (Gmelin. all the Tamilnadu tribes Except Kanikaran. Mammal Cow 21. 1758) Chattishgadh Excreta Carbuncle 13. Ten gram each of the seeds of Piper longum and Cuminum cyminum are powdered and mixed with 10 g ash of peacock's feather. anemia and parasitic infestation. Aves Aves Pigeon Hen Chattishgadh all the Thailand tribes Ao Tribe of Nagaland Except Kanikaran. 1789) Columba livia (Gmelin. Mammal Camel Camelus dromedarius (Linnaeus. The fat content of the visceral organs is melted over a short flame and applied externally on the contracted limbs. all the Tamilnadu tribes Except Kanikaran. Aves Peacock Pavo cristatus (Linnaeus. Mammal Monkey Macaca mulatta (Zimmermann. Aves Aves House sparrow Peacock Flesh Flesh Stammering Contracted limbs 17. Aves Peacock Pavo cristatus (Linnaeus. Excreta with haldi (Curcuma longa) and ginger (Zingiber officinalis) are a best remedy for hydrocele.

The animal is roasted and ash is mixed with mustard oil. Its gall bladder is used for curing myriad diseases. Sharma (2002) Negi and palyal (2007) 26. Mammal Indian Pangolin Manis crassicaudata (Gray.24. Musk is used in the treatment of malaria. i. 1758) Panthera tigris (Linnaeus. 1758) Chattishgadh Excreta Mad dog bite Oodhia (2003 b) 30. The lactating mother are given a pinch of ‘kasturi’-the musk with the belief that the children receiving the milk become immune to diseases. The fat content of the adipose tissue of the pig is melted in an earthen pot and applied topically until hemorrhoids disappear. which is used as medicine. a glass of drink (the last drink) and add few pinches of dried excreta in it. 1758) Shoka tribe of Uttaranchal Chattishgadh Musk 27. Mammal Musk deer Moschus moschiferus (Linnaeus.e. the musk is believed to bolster the immune system in children.Selenarctos thibetanus Shoka tribe of Uttaranchal Gall bladder Malaria Negi and palyal (2007) 31. Bald head Negi and palyal (2007) Oodhia (2003 a) 28. 1827) Bhil. 1758) Rattus rattus (Linnaeus. malaria being one of them. The traditional healers give patients the mixture containing Bhavri insect and rat excreta with Gud (Juggery). Kathodia of Rajasthan Shoka tribe of Uttaranchal Scale 25. 1758) Musk General and pregnant women feet Swelling Immune system in children A paste is prepared in water by rubbing the Scales on stone and applied. high fever and in heart ailments Alcoholic drinks. Mammal Himalayan black bear Ursus thibetanus (G. Garasia. After few days a yellowish powder is formed. 1823) Synonym. high fever and in heart ailments. This paste is mixed with the crushed leaves of Rivea hypocrateriformis (Fungvel) and Flowers of Azadirachta indica (Neem) and on the bald head. Mammal Rat Rattus rattus (Linnaeus. Cuvier. Mammal Pig Sus scrofa domestica all the tribes except Toda Fat Hemorrhoids Solavan et al (2004) . The healers give the addicted natives. The fresh gall bladder is filled with rice grains and then is left to dry out. Mammal Sherni (Tigress) Rat Excreta Malaria. Mammal Musk deer Moschus moschiferus (Linnaeus. Mammal Kachchh Whole body Gupta Leena et al (2003) 29.

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->