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Surface Plasmon Hybridization of Whispering Gallery Mode Microdisk Laser-Slides

Surface Plasmon Hybridization of Whispering Gallery Mode Microdisk Laser-Slides

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Published by Oka Kurniawan

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Published by: Oka Kurniawan on Dec 14, 2010
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11/28/2012

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Surface Plasmon Hybridization of Whispering Gallery Mode Microdisk Laser

Oka Kurniawan Iftikhar Ahmed Er Ping Li

Photonics Global 14th to 16th December 2010 Singapore

Plasmonics promises both high speed and miniaturization

NanoPlasmonics (A*STAR-SERC)

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Research on Plasmonics source is essential

kx
ne co ω ht kk x = c lig c = 
ε r1ε r 2 ε r1 + ε r 2

ω

k

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Previous works have shown progress though having low intensity

Akimov, A. V., A. Mukherjee, C. L. Yu, D. E. Chang, A. S. Zibrov, P. R. Hemmer, H. Park, and M. D. Lukin. “Generation of single optical plasmons in metallic nanowires coupled to quantum dots.” Nature 450, no. 7168 (November 2007): 402-406.

KollerD.M. “Organic plasmon-emitting diode.” Nat Photon 2, no. 11 (November 2008): 684-687.

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Metal-insulator-metal structure can excite surface plasmon and coupled directly to waveguide

Walters, R. J., R. V. A. van Loon, I. Brunets, J. Schmitz, and A. Polman. “A silicon-based electrical source of surface plasmon polaritons.” Nat Mater 9, no. 1 (January 2010): 21-25.

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We use microdisk laser cavity structure to obtain high intensity output metal semiconductor metal
Radius = 1 µm Layer thicknesses = 120 nm

MSM source

MIM waveguide

MIM circuits

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Finite-difference time domain method with realistic solid-state model and Lorentz-Drude model is used for simulation

Multi-electron multi-level model for modeling electron dynamic in semiconductor. The model can model stimulated emission in laser.

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Conventional microdisk shows whispering gallery mode

Total electric field at the centre plane of the microdisk

Electric field peak intensity at 1.47 µm.

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Attaching metal layers hybridize the whispering gallery mode with surface plasmon polariton mode

Total electric field at middle plane of the plasmonic microdisk.

Comparison of whispering gallery mode and surface plasmon polariton mode.

Electric field enhancement is about 20,000 times at 1.47 µm.

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We can couple the plasmonic source to an MIM waveguide with high efficiency Metal Semiconductor Metal Metal Insulator Metal

Gap = 20 nm

Side view

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We observed the surface plasmon polariton wave traveling along the waveguide and the coupling efficiency is about 60%

Normalized electric field at the middle of the plane.

The intensity at the waveguide is 60% of the microdisk.

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Summary

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