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Human Respiratory System Diagram
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Nasal Passage Bronchiole Alveoli

Pharynx Trachea Bronchi

Respiratory System created

Hi I am O2 ,you can call me oxygen, and I will be your guide today. I advise you keep all feet and hands inside the ride at all times.

Oxygen Cell


You may be asking, what is the Respiratory system? Well, the Respiratory system is the system that helps you breath in and out, so oxygen (02) can be pumped through your body and carbon dioxide (CO2) can be removed from the blood stream. You must remember that the Respiratory system is made up of many different organs.
Respiratory Intro


Nasal Passage

Here We Go!!!

Where are we?

Tongue Pharynx

Bronchi Tubes Alveoli (air-sacs) Thin-walled blood vessels called capillaries

The Trachea is held open by partial rings of cartilage.
Bronchioles pass air to and from your alveoli. Very thin cells line the alveoli so that O2 and CO2 can pass in and out of the blood.JH

Picture Intro Here is a overview picture of the Respiratory System. Just go to the next slide to see it. MB .

Nasal Cavity Nose Mouth Respiratory Overview Picture Throat (pharynx) Windpipe (Trachea) Bronchus Bronchiole Left lungs Ribs Alveolus Diaphragm MB .

Welcome to« Welcome MB .Now we will begin our tour.

This is where the oxygen first enters your body and also where Carbon Dioxide leaves. MB .The Nose and Mouth This is where it all begins.

Your sinuses also help out with your Respiratory System. Air can also get into your body through your mouth/oral cavity but air is not filtered as much when it enters in through your mouth. They help to moisten and heat the air that you breath.The Nose and Mouth When the air comes into your nose it gets filtered by tiny hairs and it is moistened by the mucus that is in your nose. MB .

MB .Nose and Mouth Picture Nasal Cavity Nostril Oral Cavity Pharynx Here is a picture of your nasal and oral cavity.

Tongue Pharynx Bronchi Tubes Alveoli (air-sacs) Thin-walled blood vessels called capillaries The Trachea is held open by partial rings of cartilage. Very thin cells line the alveoli so that O2 and CO2 can pass in and out of the blood. Bronchioles pass air to and from your alveoli.Where are We? Nasal Passage We are here. MB .

MB . This is where the air passes from your nose to your bronchi tubes and lungs.The Pharynx and Trachea Next we will head down to your pharynx (throat) and your trachea (windpipe).

Your trachea is held open by ³incomplete rings of cartilage.´ Without these rings your trachea might close off and air would not be able to get to and from your lungs. MB .The Pharynx and Trachea Mouth Pharynx (Throat) Trachea Your pharynx (throat) gathers air after it passes through your nose and then the air is passed down to your trachea (windpipe).

MB . Bronchi Tubes Alveoli (air-sacs) Thin-walled blood vessels called capillaries Tongue Pharynx The Trachea is held open by partial rings of cartilage. Bronchioles pass air to and from your alveoli.Nasal Passage Where are We? We are here. Very thin cells line the alveoli so that O2 and CO2 can pass in and out of the blood.

These two tubes keep splitting up and form your bronchiole.The Bronchi Tubes and Bronchiole Intro Your trachea (windpipe) splits up into two bronchi tubes. MB .

These tubes keep getting smaller and smaller until they finally end with small air sacs (called alveoli). and get smaller and smaller inside your lungs.The Bronchi Tubes and Bronchiole These bronchi tubes split up. The air flows past your bronchi tubes and into your bronchiole. like tree branches. But we will go there later« MB .

Alveoli and Bronchi Picture Trachea Bronchi Tubes Bronchiole Alveoli MB .

Very thin cells line the alveoli so that O2 and CO2 can pass in and out of the blood. capillaries The Trachea is held open by partial rings of cartilage. Bronchioles pass air to and from your alveoli.Nasal Passage Where are We? Tongue Pharynx Bronchi Tubes Alveoli (air-sacs) Thin-walled blood vessels called We are here. MB .

MB .The Alveoli and Capillary Network Now we will head over to the alveoli and what happens when the air finally makes it down there.

The walls of your alveoli (and capillaries) are so thin that the oxygen or carbon dioxide can pass through them. or out of your blood stream. Your alveoli are surrounded by many tiny blood vessels called capillaries.The Alveoli and Capillary Network Your alveoli are tiny air sacs that fill up with air/oxygen when you breath in. MB . traveling right into.

Wall of the air sac Capillary Carbon Dioxide is dropped off Oxygen is picked up Red Blood Cell MB .Alveoli Picture Here is a close up picture of your Alveoli and a Capillary surrounding it.

Very thin cells line the alveoli so that O2 and CO2 can pass in and out of the blood. Bronchioles pass air to and from your alveoli.Nasal Passage Where are We? Tongue Pharynx Bronchi Tubes Alveoli (air-sacs) Thin-walled blood vessels called capillaries The Trachea is held open by partial rings of cartilage. MB . We are here.

Bronchiole Alveolus Respiratory Bronchiole Alveolar Duct Alveolar Sac Capillaries JH .

JH .L ooking at the Alveoli Lets take a closer look shall we.

Red blood cell carrying Carbon dioxide Chemicals Chemical change is taking place in cell Red blood cell carrying oxygen Alveolus Contiguous Basal Laminae (Membrane) Capillary JH .

Carbon Dioxide diffuses through the membrane and enters the alveolus. JH .Oxygen Diffusion Carbon Dioxide Oxygen diffuses through the membrane into the blood stream. Alveolus Contiguous Basal Laminae (Membrane*) Capillary A specialized thin layer of skin that oxygen and carbon dioxide can pass through.

Cool pictures JH .

You might be wondering. what does the Diaphragm do? The Diaphragm is an important factor in breathing. JH .I n t r o t o D i a p h r a g m Now we will look at the Diaphragm.

Diagram of Diaphragm JH .

Here is an experiment that you can try. Diaphragm E xperiment JH .

Insert a thin tube into the cork and place a balloon on the bottom of the tube. 4th make sure the thing is airtight. Experiment Instructions 2nd you cut the bottom of the bottle and put a big balloon on the bottom. 3rd get a rubber cork ( make sure it blocks the hole)and put a hole through it ( top to bottom).1st you need a bottle that you can sacrifice to cut up. JH .

or wind pipe which leads to and from the lungs The trachea divides into two tubes called bronchi If one lobe is injured or diseased. warmed. air sacs. the other lobes may be able to function normally JH . arranged like grapes on a stem Air enters the trachea. or throat. Inside the lungs the Bronchi branch into small tubes called bronchioles Respiratory Overview Review At the end of the bronchioles are bunches of alveoli. and filtered The Pharynx.CO2 Air Passing over the mucus membrane of the nasal cavity is moistened. is located where passages from the nose and mouth came together.

* The highest recorded "sneeze speed" is 165 km per hour.Fun Facts rest. This is the water vapor we see when we breathe onto glass. * The breathing rate is faster in children and women than in men. * A person at rest usually breathes between 12 and 15 times a minute. the body takes in and breathes out about 10 liters of air each minute. * The capillaries in the lungs would extend 1. * The right lung is slightly larger than the left. * At .600 kilometers if placed end to end. * We lose half a liter of water a day through breathing. * The surface area of the lungs is roughly the same size as a tennis court.

Where Oxygen first enters your body.The group of organs in your body that are responsible for taking in Oxygen and breathing out the Carbon Dioxide which is the waste product of cellular respiration. Pharynx/Throat. Nose/Nasal Cavity. Carbon Dioxide.Oxygen/air can also enter through your Mouth but it is not filtered. Mouth/Oral Cavity. Oxygen-The gas that your body needs to work and function.Key Words ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Respiratory System. Your Nose leads into your Nasal Cavity.The waste product (gas) that is produced through respiration of people and animals. ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ . Tiny hairs help filter the air and air is moistened and heated by your nose. Sinus.Gathers air from your Nasal and Oral Cavities and passes it to your Trachea.A cavity in the bones of your skull that helps moisten and heat the air that you breath. Trachea/Windpipe. Your Mouth opens up into your Oral Cavity. Air passes through it when it travels from the Pharynx to the Bronchi Tubes.A tube like pathway that connects your throat to your Bronchi Tubes and lungs.

Alveolar Sac.The muscle membrane that helps you breath in and out by changing the pressure in your chest cavity. which you later breath out. They fill up with Oxygen and are surrounded by Capillaries. like branches on a tree.Tiny blood streams (around one cell wide) that surround your Alveoli.Each tube (one per lung) splits up into many smaller tubes called Bronchiole.Key Words Cont. ‡ . They take Oxygen out of our Lungs and replace it with Carbon Dioxide. Respiratory Bronchiole.The final tube.The air-tubes that are actually connected to the Alveoli.Where the chemical change takes place and where blood cells pick up oxygen and drop off carbon dioxide.Tiny air-sacs at the end of your Alveolar Duct.Keep splitting up until they reach your Alveoli. Bronchiole. Alveolar Duct. that leads to the airsacs. ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Bronchi Tubes. Capillaries. which is part of the Alveoli. Diaphragm. Alveoli. -An overview of the parts of Respiratory System http://www4.geocities.html -Fun Facts -Very detailed info and some animation-Has many other body systems too Cited For more information please visit: ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ http://yucky.html -Why do you need to breathe? And basic info on parts of the Respiratory system -A basic look at the Respiratory System -The Nose and Nasal Cavity Human anatomy coloring book .be/educypedia/education/respiratory.cfm?tk=5&pg=2S -Web slides with a little info and good pictures www.lung.

jpg http://www.gif http://www.tpgi.jpg http://www4. Where we got some of our pictures: http://www.jpg ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ sp/Images/ http://www.Works Cited

Prepare Your Cranium For The Further Insertion of Knowledge .

Indonesia .Title Page Circulatory System Created by Caltex American School Duri.

Introduction ‡ The Circulatory System is the main cooling and transportation system for the human body ‡ The body has about 5 liters of blood continuously traveling through it by way of the Circulatory System ‡ In the Circulatory System. (the rest of the system¶s processes). . the heart. and blood vessels have to work together ‡ The Circulatory System has three different parts: pulmonary circulation (lungs). and systemic circulation. coronary circulation (heart). lungs.

hormones. All of the blue sections show blood cells carrying waste. where the blood cells collect oxygen. It¶s then pumped out to the rest of the body through the Aorta (Top). and the semilunar (aortic) valve By The Way« (Inferior Vena Cava) From the Body Whenever the blood is pumped from one section of the heart another a valve closes behind it preventing the blood from moving backwards. blue) The Heart Pulmonary Artery (Aortic Artery) To the body Pulmonary Veins Valves: (tricuspid valve semilunar (pulmonary) valve. and the other things your body needs to maintain your health. . to your organs and (Superior Vena Cava) tissues. nutrients. (C02) moving back to the lungs (where the C02 will be replaced by oxygen) through the Pulmonary Artery (Top. From the Body The pulmonary veins you see on the right side of the diagram come from your lungs.This organ is what pumps oxygen rich blood. bicuspid (mitral) valve.

and is finally pushed into lungs in the pulmonary arteries The blood then picks up oxygen and travels back to the heart into the left atrium through the pulmonary veins The blood then travels through the to the Left Ventricle and exits to the body through the Aorta« Left Atrium Right Atrium ‡ ‡ .Blood Flow through Heart ‡ Blood from the body travels into the right atrium. moves into the right ventricle.

Blood Flow to Arms ‡ Oxygen rich blood leaves the heart and travels through arteries ‡ In the capillaries the oxygen and food is given to the body¶s cells ‡ The blood finally travels back through veins to the heart to pick up oxygen ARTERIES.TO HEART .FROM HEART CAPILLARIES VEINS.

they eventually lead to« .Path to the Exchange Pulmonary Vein Aorta Brachial Artery Renal Artery Redial Artery Ulnar Artery Iliac Artery A red blood cell then travels from the heart through arteries that eventually branch into the body¶s vast system of capillaries (microscopic blood vessels which connect arteries and veins).

And the CO2 (waste) from the tissue is given to the same blood cell to be exhaled. and vise versa in the lungs. Because this tissue has a high CO2 count the hemoglobin lets go of its oxygen and collects the carbon dioxide. The red blood cell then carries it to the desired tissue. Tissue TRANSACT The oxygen the blood cells are carrying is given to the body¶s tissue.The Exchange Oxy-Rich Blood Cell When the itty bitty teeny tiny red blood cells pass the desired tissue they««««««««««««. Tissue Oxy-Poor Blood Cell How It Works« Technically the Hemoglobin in the blood (a substance full of iron) attracts oxygen from the lungs. You see the hemoglobin has an affinity for whichever gas has a greater count. Now lets travel to the legs!!! . Because the tissue has a large amount of built up waste (CO2) the hemoglobin attracts it and then replaces it with oxygen.

Blood Flow to Legs !FUN FACT! ‡ Approximately 500 ml of blood moves from the heart and lungs down to the legs when a person stands up after lying down ‡ The oxygen rich blood cells then travel through the capillaries where yet another« .

Gas Exchange Occurs. The oxygen and CO2 are exchanged«in the cells Oxygen Rich Tissue Don¶t forget that the Hemoglobin in the blood cells let go of the cell¶s oxygen because of the large CO2 (waste) count in the tissue. Oxygen Poor Oxygen Rich Oxygen Poor Now lets go back to the heart!!! .

Circulation back to Heart To upper body From upper body To lung To lung From lung Right Atrium Right Ventricle From lower body From lung Left Atrium Left Ventricle To lower body ‡ Capillaries carry the blood to« ‡ Venules that connect to veins and the« ‡ Veins (wide blood vessels) carries the oxygen-poor blood back to the heart. .

. So the next time you bust open your leg skateboarding you can thank your Circulatory System for patching you up.Conclusion As you have learned (Hopefully) the Circulatory System is one of the most important systems in the human body« It is the only reason you¶re still alive today« and you can attribute the cooling down. feeding of and protection of your body to it. y_circulation.ultranet/BiologyPages/C/ -circulation picture http://eduserv.washington.rcn.html&h=369&w =300&sz=23&tbnid=rSdZ_CMJpBYJ:&tbnh=117&tbnw=95&start=123&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dcircul atory%2Bsystem%26start%3D120%26hl%3Den%26lr%3D%26ie%3DUTF-8%26sa%3D -picture of heart valves -heart picture http://www.jpg -Heart and Leg Pictures http://www.Works Cited For further information please visit: ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ works -how circulatory system ‡ http://www.html -basic picture of arteries .jpg -circulation picture http://users.html -arm picture http://adam.gif.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www4.diagram of the circulatory system -complex leg picture -detailed views of the Cardiovascular System http://www.washington.tmc.hscer.tmc.

T E he nd So Take a Deep Breath and Go Home .