Teacher’s Class Notes

Reach the Goal Via
Tajweed Rules


Compiled by
`t{t etá{xw
Table of Contents

Introduction........................................................................................................................... 1

Tajweed................................................................................................................................. 5

Benefits of learning Tajweed .............................................................................................. 5

Rules of Noon and Meem Mushaddad .................................................................................. 6

Alqalqala ............................................................................................................................. 7

The heavy and light letters.................................................................................................... 8

Laam in the exalted name of Allah ..................................................................................... 10

Ruling of RAA letter being heavy or light ........................................................................... 12

Rules of Noon Saakinah and Tanween .............................................................................. 13

Izhaar Halqy ....................................................................................................................... 14

Iqlaab................................................................................................................................. 15

Idghaam .............................................................................................................................. 16

Ikhfaa Haqiqi .................................................................................................................... 18

Chart for Rules of Noon saakin and Tanween.................................................................... 20

How to pronounce each rules ............................................................................................. 21

Rules of Meem Saakin ....................................................................................................... 24

Ikhfaa Shafawi .................................................................................................................... 24

Idghaam Mutamathelayn Sagheer .................................................................................... 25

Izhaar Shafawi .................................................................................................................... 25

Chart for Rules of Meem Saakin......................................................................................... 26

Al-Madd .............................................................................................................................. 27

Maddd Tabee'...................................................................................................................... 28

Madd Badal ....................................................................................................................... 29

Madd Ewad......................................................................................................................... 29

Maddd Aridh Lissukoon...................................................................................................... 30

Maddd Leen ........................................................................................................................ 30

Madd Wajib Mutassil ........................................................................................................ 31

Madd Jae'z Munfasil ........................................................................................................... 31

Madd Laazim .................................................................................................................... 32

Madd Laazim Kalemee Muthaqqal..................................................................................... 32

Madd Laazim Kalemee Mukhaffaf ..................................................................................... 33

Madd Laazim Harfee Muthaqqal........................................................................................ 33

Madd Laazim Harfee Mukhaffaf......................................................................................... 34

Chart for Madd ................................................................................................................... 35

Stopping at the end of words ............................................................................................. 36

The Qualities of the letters.................................................................................................. 37

Permenant Qulities with opposites ..................................................................................... 38

Al-Jahr and Al-Hams ....................................................................................................... 38

Asheddah, Attawasut and Arrakhawa ................................................................................ 39

Istifaal and Iste'elaa........................................................................................................... 40

Al-infetaah and Al-Itbaaq ................................................................................................... 40

Al-Izlaaq and Al-Ismaat ...................................................................................................... 40

Permenant Qulities without opposites ................................................................................ 41

Alqaqala ............................................................................................................................ 41

As-Safeer............................................................................................................................. 42

Al-Leen ............................................................................................................................... 42

Al-Inhiraf............................................................................................................................. 42

At-Takreer .......................................................................................................................... 43

At-Tafasshy ......................................................................................................................... 43

Istitaalah ............................................................................................................................ 43

Referances........................................................................................................................... 44












Reach the goal via Tajweed rule 1
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Introduction

What is Tajweed?
The word Tajweed linguistically means ‘proficiency’ or ‘doing something well’.
When applied to the Qur’an, it means giving every letter of the Qur’an its rights and dues of
characteristics when we recite the Qur’an and observing the rules that apply to those letters in
different situations. We give the letters their rights by observing the essential characteristics
of each letter that never leave it. And we give them their dues by observing the
characteristics of each letter that are present in them some of the time and not present at other
times.

The Qur’an was revealed with Tajweed rules applied to it. In other words, when the
angel Jibreel ((AS)) recited the words of Allah to the Prophet Muhammad (SAW) he recited
them in a certain way and he showed the Prophet (SAW) the ways in which it was
permissible to recite the Qur’an. So it is upon us to observe those rules so that we recite it in
the way it was revealed.

History of Tajweed
At the time of the Prophet (SAW) there was no need for people to study Tajweed
because they talked with what is now known as Tajweed so it was natural for them. When the
Arabs started mixing with the non-Arabs as Islam spread, mistakes in Qur’an recitation
started appearing, so the scholars had to record the rules. Now, because the everyday Arabic
that Arabs speak has changed so much from the Classical Arabic with which the Qur’an was
revealed, even Arabs have to study Tajweed.

The purpose of Tajweed
The Qur’an is the word of Allah, and its every syllable is from Allah. Its recitation
must be taken very seriously. The purpose of the Science of Tajweed in essence is to make
the reciter proficient in reciting the Qur’an, observing the correct pronunciation of every
letter with the rulings and characteristics which apply to each letter, without any exaggeration
or deficiency. And so through this the reciter can recite the Qur’an upon the way of the
Prophet pbuh. as he received it from Jibreel who received it from Allah (SWT) in the
Classical Arabic dialect that it came down in.

Arabic letters each have a Makhraj – an exit or articulation point - in the mouth or
throat from which they originate and they also each have Sifaat – attributes, or characteristics
- particular to them. Knowing the Makhraj and Sifaat of each letter is an important part of
Tajweed. Sometimes two letters have very similar exits which makes mixing them up easy.
So if a person does not know the attributes of each letter there is a danger that he will change
the meaning of the words in Qur’an recitation. Observing the rules of Tajweed in reciting
protects the reciter from making mistakes in reciting the Qur’an.

The ruling of reading with Tajweed
Muhammad bin Al-Jazaree the great Qur’an and Hadeeth scholar of the 9th Century
(Hijri) says in his famous poem, detailing the rules of Tajweed: “And applying Tajweed is an
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issue of absolute necessity, whoever doesn’t apply Tajweed to the Qur’an, then a sinner is
he.”

So he regarded it as an obligation and he regarded leaving it as a sin. And the
majority of scholars agree that applying the Tajweed rules of Qur’an are an individual
obligation ( ) upon every Muslim who has memorized or read part of or all of the
Qur’an. That is because the Qur’an was revealed with the Tajweed rules applied to it and the
Prophet (SAW) recited it back to Jibreel in that way and the Companions of the Prophet
(SAW) read it in that way, so it is an established Sunnah.

The obligation of Tajweed

The proofs that the scholars bring to show the obligation of Tajweed is that Allah
says in the Qur’an,

÷ρr& ÷ŠÎ— ϵø‹n=tã È≅Ïo?u‘uρ tβ#u™öà)ø9$# ¸ξ‹Ï?ös? ∩⊆∪

The meaning of which is: ‘And recite the Qur’an (aloud) in a (slow and melodious) style
(tarteela)’ (Surah Muzzammil, Ayah 4)

Ali ibn Abi Talib (RA) said in the explanation of this aayah: “at-Tarteel is Tajweed of
the letters and knowing where to stop (correctly)”.[An-Nashr of Ibn Al-Jazaree 209:1]


And of the rights of reciting correctly is reciting it the way it was revealed. There are
various Ahadeeth also showing us the importance of Tajweed. Umm Salamah was asked
about the recitation of the Prophet (SAW) and she described it as a recitation ‘clearly-
distinguished letter by letter’.[Tirmidhi]
Sa’eed bin Mansoor relates in his Sunan that a man was reciting the Qur’an to
Abdullah bin Mas’ood and he recited “Innamas sadaqaatu lil fuqara-i wal masaakeen”, so Ibn
mas’ood said: “This was not how the Messenger of Allah (SAW) recited it to me!” So the
man asked, “How did he read it to you oh Aba Abdir-Rahman?” So he said “Lil Fuqaraaaa-i
wal masaakeen”, he elongated the word Fuqaraa and the knowledge of the different lengths
of elongation (mudood) is also from the rules of Tajweed.
Ibn al-Jazari (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: Whoever is able to read the
words of Allah with correct Arabic pronunciation but he deliberately pronounces it
incorrectly like a non-Arab, out of arrogance, stubbornness and complacency, or because he
is too proud to go to a scholar who could help him to correct his pronunciation, is
undoubtedly falling short and sinning and being dishonest. The Messenger of Allaah (pbuh)
said: “Religion is sincerity: to Allah, to His Book, to His Messenger, and to the leaders of the
Muslims and their common folk.”
It is not permissible for anyone to deliberately change any letter of it when he is able
to pronounce it correctly. This is a kind of mistake which is a sin. If a person finds it difficult
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to pronounce the letters correctly – such as people in whose language some of the Arabic
letters, such as ظ , ذ and خ do not exist – they have to try to learn the correct pronunciation,
but if they are unable to master it then they are excused, but their example should not be
followed, and they should be called upon to strive their hardest to learn and correct their
pronunciation. And none of them should lead the prayer, unless he is leading others like him
who cannot pronounce well either.
(1)

Mistakes in Tajweed:-
The scholars have divided the types of mistakes one might fall into when reciting the Qur’an
into two types:
1.Clear mistakes and
2.Unobvious (hidden) mistakes.

The Clear mistakes must be avoided by all and to avoid them one must know the rules
of Tajweed. If a person falls into the Clear Mistakes, this is considered a sin and Ibn
Taymiyyah even regarded it undesirable for a Student of Knowledge (i.e. someone who
knows Tajweed) to pray behind a person who makes Clear Mistakes in their Salaah. As for
the Unobvious mistakes, then the ruling on them is lighter and the recitation of a person
falling into this type of mistake is regarded as lacking in completeness and prayer behind
such a person is sound.
Reciting the Qur’an melodiously
The Prophet (SAW) used to recite the Qur’an in slow, measured, rhythmic tones as
Allah had instructed him, not hurriedly, but rather “he would recite a surah in such slow
rhythmic tones that it would be longer than it would seem possible.”[Muslim, Muwatta] He
would stop at the end of each aayah [Abu Dawud]. He commanded people to recite in a
beautiful voice in a pleasant melodious tone. He said “Beautify the Qur’an with your voices
[for a fine voice increases the Qur’an in beauty]”[Bukhari] and he said “He who does not
recite the Qur’an in a pleasant tone is not of us.”[Abu Dawud]

Unfortunately all too often we find people reciting the Qur’an quickly and without
changing their tone and without any feeling. We should put all our efforts into reciting the
Qur’an with as much feeling as we can! Have you ever prayed behind an Imam who read
with feeling? Well the Prophet (SAW) said “Truly the one who has one of the finest voices
among the people for reciting the Qur’an is the one whom you think fears Allah when you
hear him recite.”[Daarimi, Tabaraani]
And once when the Prophet (SAW) complimented Abu Moosaa al-Ash’ari on the
beauty of his recitation, Abu Moosaa said “Had I known you were there, I would have made
my voice more pleasant and emotional for you.”[Bukhari, Muslim]

Let us remember, that the Qur’an is the word of Allah. In it we find exhortations,
warnings, glad-tidings, parables, stories of the past, commands and prohibitions. Aayaat to
make us think, reflect, cry, fear, hope, love, fall down in prostration! How can we recite all of

1
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this without feeling!? When we recite an aayah of Qur’an we should imagine that we are
trying to feel and convey the full message behind that aayah. Perhaps some of us don’t feel
confident.
I believe that this lack of confidence comes partly from not knowing the rules of
Tajweed correctly and so fearing that we will make mistakes and partly from not
understanding the meaning of what we are reciting. So let us work hard to remove these two
obstacles by learning Tajweed and working towards learning Arabic.

Helpful Tips towards learning Tajweed
* You must find a Qur’an teacher who has studied Tajweed to listen to your recitation and
correct you. Tajweed cannot merely be learnt from books, because the movements of your
mouth as well as the sounds are important and only a teacher can correct you and make sure
you are applying the rules correctly. Qur’an recitation is a science which was passed down
generation by generation through teachers not just books, with a direct line to the Prophet
pbuh.

* Follow this book containing the rules of Tajweed and learn each rule little by little,
applying it as you go along with the help of your teacher. Following the charts will make it
even better to understand and remember the rules InshaaAllah.

* Listen to Qur’an tapes of reciters who recite very clearly (you can find that also at
www.reciter.org), at a medium or slow speed and notice them applying the different rules of
Tajweed. Repeat after them while trying to apply the rules you’ve learnt. Try to copy their
tone and melody as well and see how it changes as the meaning of what they’re reciting
changes.

* Apply the rules you learn to the Surahs you have already memorized and don’t save any
effort about reciting correctly. You might have to revise the surahs by looking back at them.

* Practice and repetition will make perfect InshaaAllah: As Ibn al-Jazaree says in his poem
about acquiring Tajweed: ‘And there is no obstacle between it (learning Tajweed) and
leaving it, Except that a person must exercise his mouth with it!’

May Allah help us all to give His Book its right when we recite it and make reciting it more
beloved to our tongues than anything else. Aameen.
`t{t `A etá{xw



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Tajweed


The linguistic meaning .,-·'· _-'· of Tajweed is ;.¬·'· (to beautify
something).
The technical meaning ¸-:==!· _-'· of Tajweed is · ·«- =,- ¸· ··=-
¬·.-, ·« (to give every letter its right with its description and its origination)

Benefits of learning Tajweed

The benefits of learning Tajweed are many as reflected in some of the
following Ahadeeth:
• The reciters of the Qur’an will be in the company of the noble and
obedient angels
‘Aa’ishah, may Allah be pleased with her, relates that the Prophet
(SAW) said: “Verily the one who recites the Qur’an beautifully,
smoothly, and precisely, he will be in the company of the noble and
obedient angels. And as for the one who recites with difficulty,
stammering or stumbling through its verses, then he will have TWICE
that reward.” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]
• You will be from the best of people
‘Uthmaan, may Allah be pleased with him, said that the Prophet
(SAW) said: “The best of you are the ones who learn the Qur’an and
teach it to others” [Al-Bukhari]
• There are ten rewards for each letter you recite from the Quran
“Whoever reads a letter from the Book of Allah, he will have a
reward. And that reward will be multiplied by ten. I am not saying
that “Alif, Laam, Meem” is a letter, rather I am saying that “Alif” is a
letter, “laam” is a letter and “meem” is a letter.” [Tirmidhi states this
is saheeh]
• The Qur’an will lead you to Paradise!
The Qur’an is an intercessor, something given permission to
intercede, and it is rightfully believed in. Whoever puts it in front of
him, it will lead him to Paradise; whoever puts it behind him, it will
steer him to the Hellfire.” [An authentic hadith found in At-
Tabaraanee, on the authority of ‘Abdullaah ibn Mas’ood]


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Rules of Noon and Meem Mushaddad
;·.=='· .,'·, .,·'· »·´-|

• The way of pronouncing:

If a Meem or Noon is Mushaddad (that is, it has a shaddah sign on it), the
reader must do Ghunnah (or Nasal sound) of 2 (beats) on it.




• Examples:-





¨βr& žχãρuŽtIs9 Ĩ$¨Ψ9$# ÏπuŠÏ¹$¨Ζ9$$Î/ zΟ¨Ψyγpg¿2
§Νtã !$¨Βr&uρ $¨Βr'sù …絕Βé'sù !$¯ΡÎ)

Note: if the reader stops on a word ending with Noon or Meem
Mushaddad, the Gunnah for the Meem or Noon Mushadad still have to
be applied.
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Al –Qalqalah
-·«·«'·

• The meaning of Qalqalah:

Means vibration, it is the vibration of sound at the end of the
pronunciation of a letter.

It can be stated as a state between a Saakin (letter with Sukoon sign on it)
and Mutaharrik (letter with Movement)


• Letters of Qalqalah:

They are collected in the words [=- .=·] OR [. - . = :]

• Examples:

x8u‘ô‰|¹ î‰ymr& Ædkysø9$#uρ
ΟßγyϑyèôÛr& ߉yϑ¢Á9$# ‘,ptø:$#
çŽtIö/F{$# y‰|¡ym ¡=s?uρ
Note: Qalqalah is only pronounced when the letter is Saakin (either the
letter has the Sukoon sign or is assigned a sukoon because of stopping).
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Reach the goal via Tajweed rule 1
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1. Heavy letters ª-=--Iا فو:=Iا:-

They are collected in the phrase

[ ] OR [خ ص ض غ ط ق ظ]

• The way of pronouncing a Heavy Letter:-

The heavy letters have the quality of Isti’laa
2
“rising high”.
Because while pronouncing them, a part of the tongue (mostly the back
part) rises up to the roof makes the letter sound heavy.

2. Light letters ª--:-Iا فو:=Iا :-

All the letters other than the heavy letters and the temporary heavy
and light letters.

• The way of pronouncing Light Letters:

The Light Letters have the quality of Istifaal
3
“falling down”, by
lowering the tongue when pronouncing the light letter.

3. Alif Madd --Iا =Iأ

The quality of Alif Madd being heavy or light depends on the letter
preceding Alif Madd. If the letter before Alif Madd was light, so Alif Madd
should accordingly take a light sound. And if the letter before Alif Madd
was heavy, so Alif Madd should accordingly take a heavy sound.

4. The Ghunnah for Ikhfaa Haqiqi

See page 23 from Rules of Noon Saakinah and Tanween.



2
See page 40 for more details about Isti’laa
3
See page 40 for more details about Istifaal
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10
5. Rules for The Laam of The Exalted Name of Allah =-I _- م>Iا
ªI>+Iا

This is one of the temporary Qualities

a) If there is a Fatha or a Dhamma before the word of Allah or
Allahum, then laam in Allah will be heavy.

Example:

ª!$#uρ u™!$t±o„ ª!$# šoΨ≈ysö6ß™ §Νßγ¯=9$# (#θä9$s% ¢Οßγ¯=9$#

b) If there is a kasrah before the word Allah, then the Laam in
Allah or Allahum will be light

Example:

«!$$Î/ ¬! Ç⎯ƒÏŠ «!$# È≅è% ¢Οßγ¯=9$#

c) If the reader starts reading with the name of Allah, then Laam
in Allah or Allahom will be heavy.

============================================







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Lamm in Allah
should be
heavy
If the letter
before the name
of Allah has
Kasrah
Laam (J) in the
Exalted name of Allah
·':-· =«' ; -:'· =,-
=· - ..·'·
If the letter
before the name
of Allah has fat-
hah or
Dhammah
Lamm in
Allah
should be
light
If reader starts
reading with the
name of Allah
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12

َ
ُ
َ
ô
Look at the
previous letter
َ
ُ
َ
Hamzatul
Wassl
letter Yaa’
(ى)
Because the following letter
(in the same word) is heavy
5−öÏù
ô
Look at the Harakah on
the previous letter
َ
ُ
َ
4. Ruling of Raa’(ر) being HEAVY(ª-=--) or LIGHT(ª--;-)
Depends on the
Harakah on Raa’ (ر)
Light
Heavy
Heavy
Heavy
Light
Heavy
Light
Light
Heavy
Except for
ÏŠ$|¹öÏϑø9$$Î7s9 #YŠ$|¹óÉ∆
7πs%öÏù <¨$sÛöÏ% #YŠ$|¹ö‘Î)uρ
Light
Heavy
OR
ÇΠr& (#þθç/$s?ö‘$#
”Ï%©!$# 4©|Ós?ö‘$#
Éb>§‘ $yϑßγ÷Ηxqö‘$#
û©ÉëÅ_ö‘$#
uŽóÇÏΒ Ì̍ôÜÉ)ø9$#
Except for
Exceptional cases like:-
îŽöyz
֍ƒÏ‰s%
Ύô£o„ / Ύór'sù / Í‘ä‹çΡu ρ
Or ا or و
Light
OR
Heavy
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13
The Rules of Noon Sakin and Tanween
¸·,··'·, -···.'· .,·'· »·´-|

• Noon Saakinah: is a Noon with no Harakah or with a Sukoon sign on
it.

Noon Saakinah





• Tanween:- Is actually a noon Saakinah which comes at the end of the
nouns. It is pronounced but not written as Noon Saakinah.

Tanween












Rules of Noon Saakinah and Tanween
4


• Izhar Halqi ¸«·- ·.|·
• Idgham -·-.·
• Iqlaab =:··
• Ikhfaa’ Haqiqi ¸«.«- ··«-·

4
Please refer to the chart page 20 to be able to find the rule and apply it while reciting Quran
نô ن .
ن
· > í
Y 7 ×
R ¥ 7
Note: - Tanween only occurs at the end of nouns (except for two verbs)
whereas Noon Saakinah may occur anywhere in a word (in the middle or at
the End).
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First: Izhaar Halqi ¸«·- ,·.|·

• Izhaar means “clear”

• Izhaar Letters: the throat letters · .· - - - -

• The way of pronunciation :-

If a Noon Saakin or a Tanween is followed by any of the six throat
letters, The Noon Saakin or the Tanween is pronounced clearly from its
respective origination without Ghunnah.

• Examples on Noon Saakin

ô⎯ÏΒ È≅÷δr& öΝåκ÷]tã ô⎯yϑÏ9 z©Å´yz
4‘sS÷Ζtƒ |Môϑyè÷Ρr& ô⎯ÏΒ Äd“r&


• Examples on Tanween

>‹Í×tΒöθtƒ $pκöŽn=tæ #´‰ö7tã #sŒÎ) íΟ≈n=y™ }‘Ïδ
>‹Í×tΒöθtƒ îπyèϱ≈yz îΠ$yèsÛ žωÎ) >πt/É‹≈x. 7πy∞ÏÛ%s{






نô
· > í
Note:- If the Tanween is followed by Hamzatul wassl ) ¸=,'· ·,< ( , the reader is
supposed to pronounce the noon in the Tanween like Noon with Kasrah.
Example:
>‹×tΒöθtƒ ” s)tGó¡çRùQ$#
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Second: Iqlaab .:··

• Iqlaab means: - “to turn over”

• Iqlaab letters:- “.”


• The way of pronunciation:-

If a Noon Saakin or Tanween is followed by “ب”, it is converted into a
hidden Meen with separating between lips. And the reader should make
Ghunnah for 2 beats

• Examples on Noon Saakin

.⎯ÏΒ Ï‰÷èt/ $uΖ÷Kt7/Ρr'sù

• Examples on Tanween

$Jèxó¡oΨs9 ÏπuŠÏ¹$¨Ζ9$$Î/ ¥‹Í×tΒöθtƒ zΟ¨Ψyγpg¿2













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Third: Idghaam -·-.·

• Idghaam means: -
“To mix” or to “put one thing into another”. It is the mixing or entering
of a Saakin letter into a Mutaharrik letter following it, so that they became a
single Mushaddad letter.

• Idghaam Letters:-
There are six letters of Idghaam which are collected in the word “ن·'-·-”









• Types of Idghaam

1- Idghaam with Ghunnah

- The Letters for the Idghaam with Ghunnah: - ' . ' “ . ' ' - ' ' , " OR " ·--- "

If the Noon Saakin or the Tanween is followed by any of these four
letters, the reader should make Idghaam with Ghunnah for 2 beats.

- The way of pronunciation:-

Skip the Noon or Tanween and Pronounce Ghunna with the following
letter for 2 beats

- Examples on Noon Saakin


⎯n=sù öΝä.y‰ƒÌ“¯Ρ ⎯yϑsù ö≅yϑ÷ètƒ ⎯ÏiΒ ¤‰|¡¨Β ⎯ÏΒ ΝÍκÉ″!#u‘uρ

Note: the Noon Saakin or the Tanween and the Idgham letter have to be in
two different words, otherwise the reader is not Supposed to do Idghaam. In
this case it will be Izhaar Motlaq (·'=- ر'+=إ) and this case can be found only
in 4 words in Quran


×β#uθ÷ΖϹ ×β#uθ÷ΖÏ% Ö⎯≈uŠ÷Ψç/ $u‹÷Ρ‘‰9$#
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- Examples on Tanween


7‹Í×tΒöθtƒ ×πuΗ¿å$¯Ρ Ò>θè=è% 7‹Í×tΒöθtƒ [™!#t“y_ ⎯ÏiΒ #YŠöt/ Ÿωuρ


2- Idghaam without Ghunnah

- The Letters for the Idghaam without Ghunnah: - ' J ' ' , '

If the Noon Saakin or the Tanween is followed by any of these two
letters, there is no Ghunnah while making the Idghaam.

- The way of pronunciation:-

Skip the Noon or Tanween and Pronounce ل or ر without Ghunna

- Examples on Noon Saakin

⎯tã öΝÍκÍh5§‘ ⎦Í.s! óΟ©9


- Examples on Tanween

֍ø.ÏŒ t⎦⎫ÏΗs>≈yèù=Ïj9 Ô∃ρâ™ts9 ÒΟŠÏm§‘






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18
Fourth: Ikhfaa Haqiqi ¸«,«- ··«-·

• Ikhfaa maens:

“To hide”, It is the pronunciation Of Noon Saakina or Tanween In a way so that
the sound is between Idghaam and Izhaar.

• Letters of Ikhfaa:-

Any letter other than the lettes of Izhaar, Iqlaab or Idghaam letters.

• The way of pronunciation:-

If any letter other than the letters of Izhaar, Iqlaab or Idghaam letters
follows the Noon Saakin or Tanween, the Reader should hide the Noon Saakin
or Tanween. The reader is also required to make Ghunnah for two beats.

• The Ghunnah for the Ikhfaa:-

1- Heavy Ghunnah
2- Light Ghunnah

First: The Heavy Ghunnah ª-=-- ª--

If the Noon Saakina or the Tanween is followed by one of the heavy
letters ( ظ ق ط غ ض ص خ), the Sound of Ghunnah should also be heavy: -

• Examples on Noon Saakin

ãÝàΖtƒ ⎯tΒ 4©xösÛ

• Examples on Tanween

$\/#x‹tã $Y6ƒÌs% Ò=çGä. ×πyϑÍh‹s%
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Second: The Light Ghunnah ª--:- ª--

If the Noon Saakin or the Tanween is followed by a light letter, the sound
of Ghunnah should be light.


• Examples on Noon Saakin


⎯yϑsù u™!$x© öΝä3≈tΡö‘x‹Ρr&


• Examples on Tanween


$U™ù(x.uρ $]%$yδÏŠ 7‹Í×tΒöθtƒ ×βù'x©



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21

How to pronounce each rule












































Izhaar Halqi
ôن ôن
·
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+ ôن
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+
Idgham with Ghunna
1. Skip the ن
2. Put imaginary ( ) on the next letter +
nasal sound with the next letter (2
beats).
ّ
2. Put ( ) on the next letter + nasal
sound with the next letter (2 beats).
1. Change
7
Y
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ِ
×
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ô⎯ÏΒ È≅÷δr&
î‘$tΡ 8πuŠÏΒ%tn
#´‰ö7tã #sŒÎ)
7>πt/É‹≈x. 7πy∞ÏÛ%s{
' ¸- ¸·|
` ·· . -.-·-
=.- . ·.·
=· · .·. '¸ -.»·-
⎯yϑsù ö≅yϑ÷ètƒ
⎯ÏΒ 7πyϑ÷èÏoΡ
⎯ÏiΒ ¤‰|¡¨Β
⎯ÏΒ ΝÍκÉ″!#u‘uρ
.=· ¸=-
.- -=-
==- ==
,- ..··
×νθã_ãρ 7‹Í×tΒöθtƒ
Ö‘$tΡ 8οy‰|¹÷σ•Β
׎öyz #’s+ö/r&uρ
#\ø‹yz …çνttƒ
7$Î!#uρuρ $tΒuρ
· ` ·,-, =.-,
` ·· '- ·==,
¸«·|, ` ~-
,· ~- ·
·- , =|·,,
Written
As
Pronounced
As
Pronounced
As
Written
As • For Noon Saakin
• For Tanween
• For Noon Saakin
• For Tanween
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⎯ÏΒ ÎhŽŸ°
ã‡xΖãƒ
̍ÝàΖu‹ù=sù
⎯tã 9,t7sÛ
=- . ,==
` · .= ¬«=
.·· =.= ,=
- =.= _.=
Light Ghunnah
Heavy Ghunnah














































Idgham without Ghunna
Skip the ن
Change
7
Y
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×
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Change ن hidden ن with nasal sound (2 beats)
Ikhfaa Haqiqi
βr& ⎯©9
βr& çν#u™§‘
׎öy{ y7©9
7πt±ŠÏã 7πuŠÅÊ#§‘
7‹Í×tΒöθu‹sù žω
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··· |
c| ` ~-
-.=· -=.-
·| =.-,.·
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As
Pronounced As
Written As
Change
7
Y
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Change
+
+
+
hidden ن with nasal sound (2 beats)
hidden ن with nasal sound (2 beats)
hidden ن with nasal sound (2 beats)
• For Noon Saakin
• For Tanween
• For Noon Saakin
• For Tanween
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ÒΟ≈yèôÛÎ) ’Îû
$VϑŠÏKtƒ #sŒ
$y|¹ $y|¹
-·-»· .= ¸«=
=..· =.= ·=
.=«= ·«==
Light Ghunnah
Heavy Ghunnah







Iqlaab
Change ن hidden م with nasal sound (2 beats)
ِ
¤Θ#tÏ. ;οu‘tt/
8ÝŠÏt’Χ ö≅t/
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== =.= ¸.=
$uΖ÷Kt7/Ρr'sù
.⎯ÏΒ È⎦÷⎫t/
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As
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َ
7
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Change
+
+
+
hidden م with nasal sound (2 beats)
hidden م with nasal sound (2 beats)
hidden م with nasal sound (2 beats)
R
¥
• For Noon Saakin
• For Tanween
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The Rules of Meem Saakinah
-···.'· .,'· »·´-|

• Meem Saakin: -
Is a Meem with no Harakah (م) or a Meem with a Sukoon sign ( )

• Rules of Meem Saakin
5
: -

1- Ikhfaa Shafawi .,«= ··«-·
2- Idghaam Mutamathelyne Sagheer ~-= ;···«·- -·-.·
3- Izhaar Shafawi .,«= ,·.|·

First: Ikhfaa Shafawi .,«= ··«-·

• Ikhfaa means:- “hide”, So it is the hiding of the origination of Meem
by not letting the two lips come in complete contact.

• Letters of Ikhfaa Shafawi .,«= ··«-·

“ب”

• The way of pronounciation:-

If the Meem Sakin is followed by a “ب”, the Meem is pronounced in a way
that the two lips do not come in complete contact. A ghunnah with two beats is
also done in this case

• Examples:-

Νèδ÷ŽÅe³t7sù A>#x‹yèÎ/ Λs>÷ètƒ ¨βr'Î/ Οßγš/u‘ öΝÎγÎ6/Ρx‹Î/

5
Please refer to the chart page 31 to be able to find the rule and apply it while reciting Quran
م ô
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25
Second :Idghaam Mutamathelyne Sagheer ~-= ;···«·- -·-.·

Idgham means: -
“to mix” or to put on thing into another. It is the mixing or entering of a
saakin letter “م” into a Mutaharrik letter “م” following it.
• Letters of Idghaam Mutamathelyne Sagheer~-= ;···«·- -·-.·
“م”
• The way of pronounciation:-

If a Meem Saakin is followed by a “م”, the second Meem is pronounced with
Ghunnah with two beats.

• Examples:-

ΝßγoΨtΒ#u™uρ ô⎯ÏiΒ ΝÍκÉ″!#u‘uρ 8ÝŠÏt’Χ Νåκ¨Ξr& tβθèOθãèö6¨Β

Third: Izhaar Shafawi .,«= ,·.|·
(6)


• Izhaar Shafawi means: - “clear” or clear Meem

• Letters of Izhaar Shafawi:- All the Letters other than “ب”, “م”

• The way of pronunciation:-

If the Meem Saakinah is followed by any letter other than “ب” , “م” , it has
to be pronounced clearly by making a complete contact of the two lips.

• Examples:-

óΟs9r& ö≅yèøgs† öΝèδ šχρâ™!#tãƒ öΝèδ ⎯tã öΝÍκÍEŸξ|¹ tβθèδ$y™

6
When the Meem is followed by (و) or (ف), the Izhaar should be stronger and it is called “Izhaar Shafawi
Ashadd”
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Reach the goal via Tajweed rule 1
st
edition

27
Al-Madd
=...'·
• Al-Madd means: Long.
Conventionally, it may be defined as to make the Madd letters long under
some conditions.

The way of pronunciation

Al-Madd can be prolonged from two to six beats depending upon its
kind.


Letters to have Madd


Leen letters

1. Yaa “ى” Saakin preceded by a
letter with a Fathah
Example: ·÷ƒtè%
2. Waaoo “و” Saakin preceded by
a letter with a Fathah
Example: ∃öθyz





Huroof Maddiyyah

1. Alif saakinah “ ا ”preceded by a
Fathah
Example: οu‘$y∨Ït¿2
2. Waaoo Saakinah “ و ” preceded by
a Dhammah
Example: íθã_
3. Yaa Saakin “ى” preceded by a
Kasrah
Example: ö/ä3ãΨƒÏŠ






Reach the goal via Tajweed rule 1
st
edition

28
Types of Madd: -

• Madd Tabee’ee ¸-,,| =-
• Madd Al-Badal J=,'· =-
• Madd Ewadh ¸,-'· =-
• Madd Aaridh Li-Ssukoon .,´.·' ¸,·- =-
• Madd Al-Leen ;·'· =-
• Madd Waajib Muttasil ¸=·- .-·, =-
• Madd Jaa’ez Munfasil ¸=«·- ,··- =-
• Madd Laazim -,! =-



Madd Tabee’ee
¸-,,='· ='·

Madd Tabee’ee means the natural Madd. The natural Madd is simply
one of the Madd letters ا or و or ى (Huroof maddeya -·=- =,,-) not followed
by a Hamzah (ء) or a Saakin letter.

The natural Madd is prolonged two beats.

Example:-


¥Αθà2ù'¨Β ΝÎγ‹ÏΒös? ;οu‘$y∨Ït¿2





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st
edition

29
Madd Al-Badal
.=,'· =-
Madd Al-Badal can simply be defined as (every Hamza preceding a
Madd letter).
Madd Al-Badal, if not followed by a Saakin letter or Hamzah, is prolonged only
2 beats.

Example:-


$uΖÏG≈tƒ$t↔Î/ çν#u™u‘ sπtƒFψ$#



Madd ‘Ewadh
¸,-'· =-
‘Ewadh means: compensation. Madd ‘Ewadh is the replacement of a
Tanween Fathah present at the end of a word while sopping at it, with an Alif
Madd
(7)
.

Madd ‘Ewadh is prolonged two beats.

Example:-

$R/≡tè? [™!$tΒ $[sö7y™ #Xö∆r& $y|¹




7
Except for Taa Marbuta “ ة ”. The Reader should stop on Taa Marbuta and pronounce it like Haa” ـه ” with
Sukoon
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st
edition

30
Madd ‘Aridh Li-Ssukoon
.,´.·' ¸,·- =-

Madd Aridh Li-Ssukoon means “temporary Madd for stopping ”.
If a Madd Tabee’ee is followed by a letter at the end of a word, which has been
made Saakin temporarily because the reader has to stop at the word, the reader
should prolong the Madd Tabee’ee to be Madd Aridh Li-Ssukoon.
Madd Aridh Li-Ssukoon can be prolonged 2,4 or 6 beats.

For the sake of simplicity, we will prolong it 4 beats..





Examples:-

9≅ŠÅd∨Å™ ϵ‹Åzr& ÉΟ‹Ïàyèø9$# ß⎯≈oΗ÷q§9$# tβθä9u™!$|¡tFtƒ

Madd Al-leen
;·'· =-
Leen means “easy”.
The Leen letters:- A Waaoo (و) or Yaa’ (ى) Saakin preceded by a letter with a
Fathah.

When should we do this Madd?
If one of the Leen letters is followed by a letter at the end of a word, which has
been Saakin due to stop
(8)
, the reader should prolong the Leen letter. The reader
can choose to prolong it 2,4 or 6 beats.

Example:-
¤∃öθyz ÏMøt7ø9$# É#ø‹¢Á9$#uρ

8
If the reader will not stop, no Madd is applied.
Note: This Madd only exists if the reader stops on that word. If the
reader does not stop on it, it should be considered as a Madd Tabee’ee
(2 beats).
Reach the goal via Tajweed rule 1
st
edition

31
Madd Waajib Muttasil
¸=·- .-·, =-
Waajib means “Mandatory” and the Muttasil means “Joined”.

If a Madd letter [ ا or و or ى ] is followed by a Hamzah (ء), which is
present in the same word, the reader should prolong it 4-5 beats.

Example:-

u™ü“(%É`uρ y7Íׯ≈s9'ρé& u™!$x© â™!$yϑ¡¡9$# ™!$yϑ¡¡9$#



Madd Jaa’ez Munfasil
¸=«·- ,··- =-

Jaa’ez Means “permitted”. Munfasil means “Seperated”.

If a Madd Letter [ ا or و or ى ] present at the end of a word is followed
by a Hamzah (ء) which is present in the beginning of the next word, the reader
is supposed to prolong the Madd letter 4-5 beats which is Madd Jaa’ez
Munfasil
9
.

Examples:-

!$¯ΡÎ) çµ≈oΨø9t“Ρr& ü“Ï%©!$# uÙs)Ρr& ü”Ï%©!$# ΟßγyϑyèôÛr& (#þθèWt7ù=tƒ žωÎ)



9
If the reader stops on a word that ends with Madd sign likeü“Ï%©!$#, the Madd will be considered as Madd
Tabee’ee (2 beats)
Reach the goal via Tajweed rule 1
st
edition

32
Madd Laazim
»,v =-





















1- Madd Lazim Kalimee Muthaqqal ¸«·- ¸«·· -,! =- :-

If a Madd Letter is followed by a Mushaddad letter, the reader is
required to prolong the Madd letter.

It must be prolonged for 6 beats.

Example:-


èπ¨z!$¢Á9$# èπ¨Β!$©Ü9$# ~ω!$|Ê 3

Madd Lazim Harfee
_-:= مز> --
Madd Lazim Kalimee
_-Iآ مز> --
Muthaqqal
J---
6 beats
Mukhaffaf
=-=-
6 beats
Muthaqqal
J---
6 beats
Mukhaffaf
=-=-
6 beats
Types of Madd Laazim.
-,:'· ='· -·,·|
Reach the goal via Tajweed rule 1
st
edition

33
2- Madd Laazim Kalimee Mukhaffaf .«= ¸«·· -,! =- :-

If a Madd letter is followed by a Saakin letter, which is present in the
same word, the reader is required to prolong the Madd letter.

It Must also be prolonged no less than 6 beats.

Examples:- this is the only case in the Quran

z⎯≈t↔ø9!#u™




3- Madd Laazim Harfee Muthaqqal - -,! =- ¸«·- ;, :-

If a Madd letter is followed by a Mushaddad letter, the reader is
required to prolong the Madd letter.

This Madd must be prolonged for 6 beats.

Examples:-

Written as Pronounced as
üÈýϑ!9#
·.' '.'| '. ·.= '..,.- »
ýϑ!9#
·.' '.'| · , '..,.- »
$Ο!9#
·.' '.'| '..,.- »

6 beats
6 beats
6 beats
Reach the goal via Tajweed rule 1
st
edition

34
4- Madd Laazim Harfee Mukhaffaf .«= ;,- -,! =- :-

If a Madd letter is followed by a Saakin letter, both of them being present in the
same letter, the reader is required to prolong the Madd letter.

This Madd must be prolonged 6 beats.

Examples:-


Written as Pronounced as
üÈÿè‹γ!2
(10)
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üÈýϑ!9#
·.' '.'| '. ·.= '..,.- »
!9#
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·.' '.'| '..,.- »





10
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Reach the goal via Tajweed rule 1
st
edition

38
First: The Permanent Qualities With Opposites
·.·=·'· --,:'· .·«='·

Types & Definitions
































Hams

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.´= ¸¬= -·¬·
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• The rest of the letters have this
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Reach the goal via Tajweed rule 1
st
edition

40







































Isti’laa – ·:-·=!·

• Literally means elevation.
• Technically means the elevation of
the back tongue towards the roof of the
mouth when pronouncing a letter.

• The letters that have this quality are:

Istifaal – J·«·=!·

• Literally means lowering or
dropping
• Technically means keeping the
tongue lowered from the roof of the
mouth while pronouncing a letter.
• All letters besides the letters of
Isti’laa have the quality of Istifaal.
Itbaaq – :·,|!·

• Literally means adhesion
• Technically means adhesion of the
tongue to the roof of the mouth while
pronouncing a letter.

• The following letters contain this
quality:
» = ¸ ¸
• Note: these letters also have Isti’laa.
Infitaah – -··«·!·

• Literally means separation
• Technically means keeping the
tongue separated from the roof of the
mouth while pronouncing a letter.

• All letters besides the letters of
Itbaaq contain the quality of Infitaah.
Idhlaq – :!.!·

• Literally means fluency, purity in
speech
• Technically means the articulation of
the letters with utmost ease from the
sides of the tongue or lips as if they are
slipping away.

• The following letters contain this
quality:
.' ¸- ,·
Ismaat – .·«=!·

• Literally means desistance
• Technically means the articulation
of the letters with utmost strength and
stability from their makhraj,
without which the letter will not be
articulated.

• All other letters contain this quality.
Reach the goal via Tajweed rule 1
st
edition

41
Second: The Permanent Qualities
Without Opposites
·.·=.'· ~- --:|· .·«=|·


Types & definitions

1. Qalqalah ··«·«'·

• Literally it means to echo

• Technically, it is a permanent quality that creates an echoing sound or a
slight vibration in the Makhraj.

This quality is found in the following 5 letters:
. - . = 3 (=- .=·)
There are 3 levels of Qalqala as regards to the strength of its pronunciation.

• Strongest: when making waqf (stopping) on a mushaddad letter of
Qalqala
• Strong: when making waqf on a sakin letter of qalqala
• Weak: when the sakin letter of qalqala is in the middle of a word

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Reach the goal via Tajweed rule 1
st
edition

42




2. As-Safeer – ~«='·

• Literally means the whistle

• Technically it is the natural occurrence of a whistle like sound emitted
while pronouncing the letters.

• The following letters contain this quality:
, ¸ ¸
3. Al-Leen – ;·'·

• Literally, it means softness

• Technically, it means the articulation of the letter from its makhraj with a
natural ease and softness present in the letter.

• The following letters have this quality:
• Waw sakinah (' ,) with a fatha on the letter before it
• Yaa sakinah (' .) with a fathah on the letter before it.
4. Al-Inhiraf – =·,-!·

• Literally it means to deviate.

• Technically it is the slight deviation of the tongue towards the makhraj of
raa while pronouncing laam and towards laam while pronouncing raa.

• This quality is found in only the following two letters:
, J
Reach the goal via Tajweed rule 1
st
edition

43



5. At-Takreer – ,·,´·'·

• Literally means repetition

• Technically means the trilling of the tongue while pronouncing a letter
that causes the letter to be pronounced more than once.

• This is found only in
,
Note: - Unlike other qualities, we must abstain from this quality while
pronouncing this letter.
6. At-Tafasshy – ¸=«·'·

• Literally means to spread around

• Technically, it is the spreading around of the sound of the letter in the
mouth while pronouncing it.

• This quality is found only in:
¸
7. Istitaalah – ·'·=·=!·

• Literally means prolongation

• Technically, it is the prolongation of the sound throughout its makhraj;
from its beginning till the end (1.5 to 1.75 beat).

• This is found only in the status of Sukoon or Shaddah for the letter:
¸
Reach the goal via Tajweed rule 1
st
edition

44
References


1. “<,×´· .`,»´·”, The Holy Quran .
2. Abdulwahid Hamid “Graded Steps in Quran Reading”MELS-Muslim Education &
literary services, Miami, FL. 2001.
3. Hassan Bin Salim, “+.×.· «=~»´·”, http://saaid.net/book/open.php?cat=2&book=98,
1994
4. Haroon R. Baqai, “let’s beautify our recitation”- 3
rd
Edition, Faith Publication.











Reviewed by
WtÄ|t `twç



This Book,

This book teaches how to recite Quran the way it was
revealed for those who do know how to read Arabic text. It goes
gradually from the simplest rules of Tajweed that can be
applied on the short Surahs that most people know and recite
during Salah. The teacher can teach the rules step by step and
apply them on the way on each Surah starting from Surah
Annas “سا ةر” until the learners can get all the rules on the
way while they are reading from Quran.

May Allah teach us that which benefits us and may He benefit
us with what He taught us.
`t{t `A etá{xw

Table of Contents
Introduction........................................................................................................................... 1 Tajweed ................................................................................................................................. 5 Benefits of learning Tajweed .............................................................................................. 5 Rules of Noon and Meem Mushaddad .................................................................................. 6 Alqalqala ............................................................................................................................. 7 The heavy and light letters.................................................................................................... 8 Laam in the exalted name of Allah ..................................................................................... 10 Ruling of RAA letter being heavy or light........................................................................... 12 Rules of Noon Saakinah and Tanween .............................................................................. 13 Izhaar Halqy ....................................................................................................................... 14 Iqlaab ................................................................................................................................. 15 Idghaam .............................................................................................................................. 16 Ikhfaa Haqiqi .................................................................................................................... 18 Chart for Rules of Noon saakin and Tanween .................................................................... 20 How to pronounce each rules ............................................................................................. 21 Rules of Meem Saakin ....................................................................................................... 24 Ikhfaa Shafawi .................................................................................................................... 24 Idghaam Mutamathelayn Sagheer .................................................................................... 25 Izhaar Shafawi .................................................................................................................... 25 Chart for Rules of Meem Saakin......................................................................................... 26 Al-Madd .............................................................................................................................. 27

Maddd Tabee'...................................................................................................................... 28 Madd Badal ....................................................................................................................... 29 Madd Ewad ......................................................................................................................... 29 Maddd Aridh Lissukoon...................................................................................................... 30 Maddd Leen ........................................................................................................................ 30 Madd Wajib Mutassil ........................................................................................................ 31 Madd Jae'z Munfasil ........................................................................................................... 31 Madd Laazim .................................................................................................................... 32 Madd Laazim Kalemee Muthaqqal..................................................................................... 32 Madd Laazim Kalemee Mukhaffaf ..................................................................................... 33 Madd Laazim Harfee Muthaqqal........................................................................................ 33 Madd Laazim Harfee Mukhaffaf......................................................................................... 34 Chart for Madd ................................................................................................................... 35 Stopping at the end of words ............................................................................................. 36 The Qualities of the letters.................................................................................................. 37 Permenant Qulities with opposites ..................................................................................... 38 Al-Jahr and Al-Hams ....................................................................................................... 38 Asheddah, Attawasut and Arrakhawa ................................................................................ 39 Istifaal and Iste'elaa........................................................................................................... 40 Al-infetaah and Al-Itbaaq ................................................................................................... 40 Al-Izlaaq and Al-Ismaat...................................................................................................... 40 Permenant Qulities without opposites ................................................................................ 41 Alqaqala ............................................................................................................................ 41

As-Safeer ............................................................................................................................. 42 Al-Leen ............................................................................................................................... 42 Al-Inhiraf............................................................................................................................. 42 At-Takreer .......................................................................................................................... 43 At-Tafasshy ......................................................................................................................... 43 Istitaalah ............................................................................................................................ 43 Referances........................................................................................................................... 44

When applied to the Qur’an. History of Tajweed At the time of the Prophet (SAW) there was no need for people to study Tajweed because they talked with what is now known as Tajweed so it was natural for them.particular to them. The purpose of Tajweed The Qur’an is the word of Allah. Now. In other words. When the Arabs started mixing with the non-Arabs as Islam spread. Its recitation must be taken very seriously. And so through this the reciter can recite the Qur’an upon the way of the Prophet pbuh. and its every syllable is from Allah. when the angel Jibreel ((AS)) recited the words of Allah to the Prophet Muhammad (SAW) he recited them in a certain way and he showed the Prophet (SAW) the ways in which it was permissible to recite the Qur’an. without any exaggeration or deficiency. The Qur’an was revealed with Tajweed rules applied to it. even Arabs have to study Tajweed. so the scholars had to record the rules. detailing the rules of Tajweed: “And applying Tajweed is an 1 . The ruling of reading with Tajweed Muhammad bin Al-Jazaree the great Qur’an and Hadeeth scholar of the 9th Century (Hijri) says in his famous poem. observing the correct pronunciation of every letter with the rulings and characteristics which apply to each letter.Reach the goal via Tajweed rule 1st edition Introduction What is Tajweed? The word Tajweed linguistically means ‘proficiency’ or ‘doing something well’. So if a person does not know the attributes of each letter there is a danger that he will change the meaning of the words in Qur’an recitation. it means giving every letter of the Qur’an its rights and dues of characteristics when we recite the Qur’an and observing the rules that apply to those letters in different situations. mistakes in Qur’an recitation started appearing. So it is upon us to observe those rules so that we recite it in the way it was revealed. Arabic letters each have a Makhraj – an exit or articulation point . We give the letters their rights by observing the essential characteristics of each letter that never leave it. The purpose of the Science of Tajweed in essence is to make the reciter proficient in reciting the Qur’an. because the everyday Arabic that Arabs speak has changed so much from the Classical Arabic with which the Qur’an was revealed. or characteristics . Sometimes two letters have very similar exits which makes mixing them up easy. as he received it from Jibreel who received it from Allah (SWT) in the Classical Arabic dialect that it came down in. Knowing the Makhraj and Sifaat of each letter is an important part of Tajweed.in the mouth or throat from which they originate and they also each have Sifaat – attributes. Observing the rules of Tajweed in reciting protects the reciter from making mistakes in reciting the Qur’an. And we give them their dues by observing the characteristics of each letter that are present in them some of the time and not present at other times.

to His Messenger.” So he regarded it as an obligation and he regarded leaving it as a sin. If a person finds it difficult 2 . is undoubtedly falling short and sinning and being dishonest.[Tirmidhi] Sa’eed bin Mansoor relates in his Sunan that a man was reciting the Qur’an to Abdullah bin Mas’ood and he recited “Innamas sadaqaatu lil fuqara-i wal masaakeen”. whoever doesn’t apply Tajweed to the Qur’an. Ayah 4) Ali ibn Abi Talib (RA) said in the explanation of this aayah: “at-Tarteel is Tajweed of the letters and knowing where to stop (correctly)”. to His Book. The Messenger of Allaah (pbuh) said: “Religion is sincerity: to Allah. out of arrogance. so Ibn mas’ood said: “This was not how the Messenger of Allah (SAW) recited it to me!” So the man asked. “How did he read it to you oh Aba Abdir-Rahman?” So he said “Lil Fuqaraaaa-i wal masaakeen”. That is because the Qur’an was revealed with the Tajweed rules applied to it and the Prophet (SAW) recited it back to Jibreel in that way and the Companions of the Prophet (SAW) read it in that way.[An-Nashr of Ibn Al-Jazaree 209:1] And of the rights of reciting correctly is reciting it the way it was revealed. he elongated the word Fuqaraa and the knowledge of the different lengths of elongation (mudood) is also from the rules of Tajweed.” It is not permissible for anyone to deliberately change any letter of it when he is able to pronounce it correctly. This is a kind of mistake which is a sin. then a sinner is he. And the majority of scholars agree that applying the Tajweed rules of Qur’an are an individual obligation ( ) upon every Muslim who has memorized or read part of or all of the Qur’an. Umm Salamah was asked about the recitation of the Prophet (SAW) and she described it as a recitation ‘clearlydistinguished letter by letter’. ∩⊆∪ ξ‹Ï?s? tβ#u™à)ø9$# È≅Ïo?u‘uρ ϵø‹n=tã ÷ŠÎ— ÷ρr& ¸ ö ö The meaning of which is: ‘And recite the Qur’an (aloud) in a (slow and melodious) style (tarteela)’ (Surah Muzzammil. so it is an established Sunnah. and to the leaders of the Muslims and their common folk.Reach the goal via Tajweed rule 1st edition issue of absolute necessity. stubbornness and complacency. The obligation of Tajweed The proofs that the scholars bring to show the obligation of Tajweed is that Allah says in the Qur’an. Ibn al-Jazari (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: Whoever is able to read the words of Allah with correct Arabic pronunciation but he deliberately pronounces it incorrectly like a non-Arab. or because he is too proud to go to a scholar who could help him to correct his pronunciation. There are various Ahadeeth also showing us the importance of Tajweed.

fall down in prostration! How can we recite all of 1 67586 www.Unobvious (hidden) mistakes. As for the Unobvious mistakes.”[Bukhari.”[Daarimi. He commanded people to recite in a beautiful voice in a pleasant melodious tone. such as ‫ ذ . that the Qur’an is the word of Allah. rhythmic tones as Allah had instructed him. ظ‬and ‫ خ‬do not exist – they have to try to learn the correct pronunciation. not hurriedly. fear. but rather “he would recite a surah in such slow rhythmic tones that it would be longer than it would seem possible. In it we find exhortations.Clear mistakes and 2.”[Abu Dawud] Unfortunately all too often we find people reciting the Qur’an quickly and without changing their tone and without any feeling. commands and prohibitions. stories of the past. Reciting the Qur’an melodiously The Prophet (SAW) used to recite the Qur’an in slow. If a person falls into the Clear Mistakes.”[Muslim. cry. but their example should not be followed. Muwatta] He would stop at the end of each aayah [Abu Dawud]. then the ruling on them is lighter and the recitation of a person falling into this type of mistake is regarded as lacking in completeness and prayer behind such a person is sound. We should put all our efforts into reciting the Qur’an with as much feeling as we can! Have you ever prayed behind an Imam who read with feeling? Well the Prophet (SAW) said “Truly the one who has one of the finest voices among the people for reciting the Qur’an is the one whom you think fears Allah when you hear him recite. Muslim] Let us remember. I would have made my voice more pleasant and emotional for you. reflect. parables. glad-tidings. unless he is leading others like him who cannot pronounce well either. The Clear mistakes must be avoided by all and to avoid them one must know the rules of Tajweed. love. hope.Reach the goal via Tajweed rule 1st edition to pronounce the letters correctly – such as people in whose language some of the Arabic letters.islam-qa. warnings. Abu Moosaa said “Had I known you were there. but if they are unable to master it then they are excused. Tabaraani] And once when the Prophet (SAW) complimented Abu Moosaa al-Ash’ari on the beauty of his recitation. this is considered a sin and Ibn Taymiyyah even regarded it undesirable for a Student of Knowledge (i. someone who knows Tajweed) to pray behind a person who makes Clear Mistakes in their Salaah.e. (1) Mistakes in Tajweed:The scholars have divided the types of mistakes one might fall into when reciting the Qur’an into two types: 1. He said “Beautify the Qur’an with your voices [for a fine voice increases the Qur’an in beauty]”[Bukhari] and he said “He who does not recite the Qur’an in a pleasant tone is not of us. measured. And none of them should lead the prayer. and they should be called upon to strive their hardest to learn and correct their pronunciation.com 3 . Aayaat to make us think.

at a medium or slow speed and notice them applying the different rules of Tajweed. `t{t `A etá{xw 4 . applying it as you go along with the help of your teacher.Reach the goal via Tajweed rule 1st edition this without feeling!? When we recite an aayah of Qur’an we should imagine that we are trying to feel and convey the full message behind that aayah. Except that a person must exercise his mouth with it!’ May Allah help us all to give His Book its right when we recite it and make reciting it more beloved to our tongues than anything else. Aameen. * Practice and repetition will make perfect InshaaAllah: As Ibn al-Jazaree says in his poem about acquiring Tajweed: ‘And there is no obstacle between it (learning Tajweed) and leaving it. with a direct line to the Prophet pbuh. because the movements of your mouth as well as the sounds are important and only a teacher can correct you and make sure you are applying the rules correctly. I believe that this lack of confidence comes partly from not knowing the rules of Tajweed correctly and so fearing that we will make mistakes and partly from not understanding the meaning of what we are reciting. So let us work hard to remove these two obstacles by learning Tajweed and working towards learning Arabic. * Apply the rules you learn to the Surahs you have already memorized and don’t save any effort about reciting correctly. Try to copy their tone and melody as well and see how it changes as the meaning of what they’re reciting changes. Qur’an recitation is a science which was passed down generation by generation through teachers not just books.reciter. Perhaps some of us don’t feel confident. * Listen to Qur’an tapes of reciters who recite very clearly (you can find that also at www. Helpful Tips towards learning Tajweed * You must find a Qur’an teacher who has studied Tajweed to listen to your recitation and correct you. Repeat after them while trying to apply the rules you’ve learnt. Following the charts will make it even better to understand and remember the rules InshaaAllah.org). * Follow this book containing the rules of Tajweed and learn each rule little by little. You might have to revise the surahs by looking back at them. Tajweed cannot merely be learnt from books.

on the authority of ‘Abdullaah ibn Mas’ood] 5 . relates that the Prophet (SAW) said: “Verily the one who recites the Qur’an beautifully. then he will have TWICE that reward. may Allah be pleased with her. “laam” is a letter and “meem” is a letter. stammering or stumbling through its verses. The technical meaning of Tajweed is of Tajweed is (to beautify (to give every letter its right with its description and its origination) Benefits of learning Tajweed The benefits of learning Tajweed are many as reflected in some of the following Ahadeeth: • The reciters of the Qur’an will be in the company of the noble and obedient angels ‘Aa’ishah. Whoever puts it in front of him. said that the Prophet (SAW) said: “The best of you are the ones who learn the Qur’an and teach it to others” [Al-Bukhari] • There are ten rewards for each letter you recite from the Quran “Whoever reads a letter from the Book of Allah. And as for the one who recites with difficulty. he will be in the company of the noble and obedient angels. I am not saying that “Alif.” [An authentic hadith found in AtTabaraanee. something given permission to intercede. he will have a reward.” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim] • You will be from the best of people ‘Uthmaan. And that reward will be multiplied by ten. Meem” is a letter. Laam.” [Tirmidhi states this is saheeh] • The Qur’an will lead you to Paradise! The Qur’an is an intercessor. smoothly. rather I am saying that “Alif” is a letter. and it is rightfully believed in. may Allah be pleased with him.Reach the goal via Tajweed rule 1st edition Tajweed The linguistic meaning something). it will steer him to the Hellfire. it will lead him to Paradise. whoever puts it behind him. and precisely.

the Gunnah for the Meem or Noon Mushadad still have to be applied. it has a shaddah sign on it).Reach the goal via Tajweed rule 1st edition Rules of Noon and Meem Mushaddad • The way of pronouncing: If a Meem or Noon is Mushaddad (that is. Note: if the reader stops on a word ending with Noon or Meem Mushaddad. • Examples:- ΟΨyγpg¿2 z ¨ !$¯ΡÎ) πuŠ¹$¨Ζ9$$Î/ Ï Ï …絕Βé'sù Ĩ$¨Ψ9$# $¨Βr'sù žχãρuŽtIs9 !$¨Βr&uρ ¨βr& §Νtã 6 . the reader must do Ghunnah (or Nasal sound) of 2 (beats) on it.

it is the vibration of sound at the end of the pronunciation of a letter.ptø:$# ¡=?ρ su î‰ymr& ߉yϑ¢Á9$# ‰|¡ym y x8u‘ô‰|¹ ΟßγyϑyèôÛr& çŽtIö/F{$# Strongest Strong Weak 7 . It can be stated as a state between a Saakin (letter with Sukoon sign on it) and Mutaharrik (letter with Movement) Note: Qalqalah is only pronounced when the letter is Saakin (either the letter has the Sukoon sign or is assigned a sukoon because of stopping). • Letters of Qalqalah: They are collected in the words [ ] OR [ ] • Examples: Ædksø9$#uρ y ‘.Reach the goal via Tajweed rule 1st edition Al –Qalqalah • The meaning of Qalqalah: Means vibration.

Reach the goal with Tajweed rule 1st edition The Heavy and light Letters ‫وا‬ ‫وف ا‬ Types of Arabic letters considering their heaviness and lightness Heavy letters Letter ( ) ‫فا ا‬ The Alif Madd ( ) Temporary heavy and light The Ghunnah for Ikhfaa Haqiqi Light letters See chart page (12) The following letters If the preceding letter is heavy Alif Madd should be pronounced heavy If the preceding letter is light Alif Madd should be pronounced light Laam ( ) in the Exalted name of Allah The Rest of the letters – If the following letter is heavy Ghunnah should be heavy If the following letter is light Ghunnah should be light See chart page (10) 8 .

The Ghunnah for Ikhfaa Haqiqi See page 23 from Rules of Noon Saakinah and Tanween. Alif Madd ‫ا‬ ‫أ‬ The quality of Alif Madd being heavy or light depends on the letter preceding Alif Madd. If the letter before Alif Madd was light. so Alif Madd should accordingly take a light sound. 4. so Alif Madd should accordingly take a heavy sound. Because while pronouncing them. 3. And if the letter before Alif Madd was heavy. Heavy letters ‫وف ا‬ ‫-:ا‬ They are collected in the phrase [ ] OR [‫خ‬ ‫ص‬ ‫ض‬ ‫غ‬ ‫ط‬ ‫ق‬ ‫]ظ‬ • The way of pronouncing a Heavy Letter:The heavy letters have the quality of Isti’laa 2 “rising high”. by lowering the tongue when pronouncing the light letter.Reach the goal via Tajweed rule 1st edition 1. a part of the tongue (mostly the back part) rises up to the roof makes the letter sound heavy. • The way of pronouncing Light Letters: The Light Letters have the quality of Istifaal 3 “falling down”. Light letters ‫وف ا‬ ‫-: ا‬ All the letters other than the heavy letters and the temporary heavy and light letters. 2. 2 3 See page 40 for more details about Isti’laa See page 40 for more details about Istifaal 9 .

then Laam in Allah or Allahom will be heavy. Rules for The Laam of The Exalted Name of Allah ‫ا‬ This is one of the temporary Qualities a) If there is a Fatha or a Dhamma before the word of Allah or Allahum. then laam in Allah will be heavy. ============================================ 10 . Example: ‫ا م‬ Οßγ¯=9$# #θä9$s% ¢ ( §Νßγ¯=9$# šoΨ≈ysö6ß™ ª!$# u™!$t±o„ ª!$#uρ b) If there is a kasrah before the word Allah. then the Laam in Allah or Allahum will be light Example: ¢Ογ¯=9$# È≅è% ß «!$# Ç⎯ƒÏŠ ¬! «!$$Î/ c) If the reader starts reading with the name of Allah.Reach the goal via Tajweed rule 1st edition 5.

Reach the goal via Tajweed rule 1st edition Laam ( ) in the Exalted name of Allah If the letter before the name of Allah has fathah or Dhammah If reader starts reading with the name of Allah If the letter before the name of Allah has Kasrah Lamm in Allah should be heavy Lamm in Allah should be light 11 .

Reach the goal via Tajweed rule 1st edition 4. Ruling of Raa’(‫ )ر‬being HEAVY( Depends on the Harakah on Raa’ (‫)ر‬ ) or LIGHT( ) َ َ Or ُ Heavy ô Look at the previous letter َ Hamzatul Wassl Heavy Light ‫ ا‬or ‫و‬ ُ Light Except for Heavy َ ô letter Yaa’ (‫)ى‬ Light (#þθç/$s?ö‘$# ÇΠr& 5−öÏù Heavy OR Light îŽöyz ֍ƒÏ‰s% #YŠ$|¹óÉ∆ ÏŠ$|¹öÏϑø9$$Î7s9 4©|Ós?ö‘$# ”Ï%©!$# $yϑßγ÷Ηxqö‘$# Éb>§‘ û©ÉëÅ_ö‘$# #YŠ$|¹ö‘Î)uρ <¨$sÛöÏ% 7πs%öÏù Because the following letter (in the same word) is heavy Heavy َ Look at the Harakah on the previous letter Heavy ُ Exceptional cases like:- Except for َ Light Ύô£o„ / Ύó r'sù / Í‘ä‹çΡρ u uŽóÇÏΒ Heavy ̍ôÜÉ)ø9$# OR Light 12 .

Noon Saakinah . Rules of Noon Saakinah and Tanween4 • • • • 4 Izhar Halqi Idgham Iqlaab Ikhfaa’ Haqiqi Please refer to the chart page 20 to be able to find the rule and apply it while reciting Quran 13 .Reach the goal via Tajweed rule 1st edition The Rules of Noon Sakin and Tanween • Noon Saakinah: is a Noon with no Harakah or with a Sukoon sign on it. It is pronounced but not written as Noon Saakinah.Is actually a noon Saakinah which comes at the end of the nouns.‫ن‬ ‫ن‬ ô ‫ن‬ • Tanween:.Tanween only occurs at the end of nouns (except for two verbs) whereas Noon Saakinah may occur anywhere in a word (in the middle or at the End). Tanween 7 ¥ R × 7 Y í > · Note: .

the reader is supposed to pronounce the noon in the Tanween like Noon with Kasrah.If the Tanween is followed by Hamzatul wassl( ) .Reach the goal via Tajweed rule 1st edition First: Izhaar Halqi • Izhaar means “clear” • Izhaar Letters: the throat letters • The way of pronunciation :If a Noon Saakin or a Tanween is followed by any of the six throat letters. The Noon Saakin or the Tanween is pronounced clearly from its respective origination without Ghunnah. Example: s)tGó¡çRùQ$# >‹×tΒöθtƒ ” 14 . • Examples on Noon Saakin ô ‫ن‬ öΝåκ÷]tã |Môϑyè÷Ρr& È≅÷δr& ô⎯ÏΒ 4‘sS÷Ζtƒ z©Å´yz ô⎯yϑÏ9 d“& ô⎯ÏΒ Ä r • Examples on Tanween í > · #sŒÎ) #´‰ö7tã ωÎ) îΠ$yèsÛ ž $pκöŽn=tæ >‹Í×tΒöθtƒ îπyèϱ≈yz >‹Í×tΒöθtƒ }‘Ïδ íΟ≈n=y™ 7πy∞ÏÛ%s{ >π/‹≈x. tÉ Note:.

⎯ÏΒ zΟ¨Ψyγpg¿2 ‹Í×tΒöθtƒ ¥ ÏπuŠÏ¹$¨Ζ9$$Î/ $Jèxó¡oΨs9 15 . And the reader should make Ghunnah for 2 beats • Examples on Noon Saakin $uΖ÷Kt7/Ρr'sù • Examples on Tanween ω÷èt/ .Reach the goal via Tajweed rule 1st edition Second: Iqlaab • Iqlaab means: .“ ” • The way of pronunciation:If a Noon Saakin or Tanween is followed by “‫ .”ب‬it is converted into a hidden Meen with separating between lips.“to turn over” • Iqlaab letters:.

" " " " " “ " " OR " If the Noon Saakin or the Tanween is followed by any of these four letters. otherwise the reader is not Supposed to do Idghaam. • Idghaam Letters:There are six letters of Idghaam which are collected in the word “‫ن‬ ” Note: the Noon Saakin or the Tanween and the Idgham letter have to be in two different words.The Letters for the Idghaam with Ghunnah: .The way of pronunciation:Skip the Noon or Tanween and Pronounce Ghunna with the following letter for 2 beats .Reach the goal via Tajweed rule 1st edition Third: Idghaam • Idghaam means: “To mix” or to “put one thing into another”. It is the mixing or entering of a Saakin letter into a Mutaharrik letter following it.Idghaam with Ghunnah . so that they became a single Mushaddad letter.Examples on Noon Saakin " ΝÍκ″#u‘ρ ⎯ÏΒ É! u ¤‰|¡¨Β ⎯ÏiΒ ≅yϑ÷ètƒ ⎯yϑsù ö öΝä. the reader should make Idghaam with Ghunnah for 2 beats.y‰ƒÌ“¯Ρ ⎯n=sù 16 . In this case it will be Izhaar Motlaq ( ‫ )إ ر‬and this case can be found only in 4 words in Quran $u‹÷Ρ‘‰9$# Ö⎯≈uŠ÷Ψç/ ×β#uθ÷ΖÏ% ×β#uθ÷ΖϹ • Types of Idghaam 1. .

ÏŒ 17 .Examples on Noon Saakin óΟ©9 ⎦Í. . there is no Ghunnah while making the Idghaam.Examples on Tanween ×πuΗ¿å$¯Ρ 7‹Í×tΒöθtƒ 7‹Í×tΒöθƒ Ò>θè=è% t ⎯ÏiΒ [™!#t“y_ Ÿωuρ #YŠöt/ 2.Reach the goal via Tajweed rule 1st edition ." " " " If the Noon Saakin or the Tanween is followed by any of these two letters.Examples on Tanween ÒΟŠÏm‘ Ô∃ρâ™t9 § s t⎦⎫ÏΗs>≈yèù=Ïj9 ֍ø.The way of pronunciation:Skip the Noon or Tanween and Pronounce ‫ ل‬or ‫ ر‬without Ghunna .s! öΝÍκÍh5§‘ ⎯tã .The Letters for the Idghaam without Ghunnah: .Idghaam without Ghunnah .

Heavy Ghunnah 2. Iqlaab or Idghaam letters. $Y6ƒÌs% $\/#x‹tã 18 . the Reader should hide the Noon Saakin or Tanween. • The way of pronunciation:If any letter other than the letters of Izhaar. • Letters of Ikhfaa:Any letter other than the lettes of Izhaar. It is the pronunciation Of Noon Saakina or Tanween In a way so that the sound is between Idghaam and Izhaar.Reach the goal via Tajweed rule 1st edition Fourth: Ikhfaa Haqiqi • Ikhfaa maens: “To hide”.)خ ص ض غ ط ق ظ‬the Sound of Ghunnah should also be heavy: • Examples on Noon Saakin 4©xösÛ ⎯tΒ • Examples on Tanween ãÝàΖtƒ ×πyϑÍh‹s% Ò=çGä.Light Ghunnah First: The Heavy Ghunnah If the Noon Saakina or the Tanween is followed by one of the heavy letters ( ‫ . The reader is also required to make Ghunnah for two beats. • The Ghunnah for the Ikhfaa:1. Iqlaab or Idghaam letters follows the Noon Saakin or Tanween.

• Examples on Noon Saakin öΝä3≈tΡö‘x‹Ρr& u™!$x© ⎯yϑsù • Examples on Tanween βù'x© 7‹×tΒöθtƒ × Í $]%$yδÏŠ $U™ù(x.Reach the goal via Tajweed rule 1st edition Second: The Light Ghunnah If the Noon Saakin or the Tanween is followed by a light letter.uρ 19 . the sound of Ghunnah should be light.

yŠ 4’ª1t“s? ⎯tΒ 20 .Reach the goal with Tajweed rule Chart for Rules of Noon saakinah and Tanween 1st edition 7 . pronounce clear Noon 5−#u‘ 2ô⎯tΒ Ÿ≅ŠÏ%uρ $u‹÷Ρ‘‰9$# Ö⎯≈uŠ÷Ψç/ ×β#uθ÷ΖÏ% ×β#uθ÷ΖϹ If the letter is one of the Light letters (Rest of the letters) Pronounce the noon on the Tanween like Noon with Kasrah Written as: ”s)tGó¡çRùQ$# >‹Í×tΒöθtƒ Heavy Ghunna $y|¹ $y|¹ 8ìƒÎŽŸÑ ⎯ÏΒ Light Ghunna Pronounced as: %y.s! “Ï%Îk! ×Λ|Žs% If the letter is one of the letters in Idgham with Ghunna ( ‫)إد م‬ Skip the Noon or Tanween and Pronounce Ghunna with the following letter for 2 beats ≅yϑ÷ètƒ ⎯yϑsù ö #ZŽÅ¡o„ $\/$|¡Ïm Ikhfaa Haqiqi( ‫)إ ء‬ Change the pronunciation of the Noon or the Tanween in to a hidden Noon with Ghunna for 2 beats If the letter is one of the Heavy letters Except if the Tanween is followed by Hamzatul wassl ( ‫)ه ة ا‬ Exceptional cases ‫ا‬ Sakt Sign ‫را‬ ‫ ا‬Ezhar Motlaq The presence of the Sakt Sign will If the Noon Sakinah is followed make the Noon pronounced clearly by one of the Idgham letters in the without Idgham same word.‫ن‬ × Look at the following letter ¥ 7 Y ‫ن‬ R í > · ‫ن‬ ô Iqlaab (‫)إ ب‬ Change Noon into hidden Meem + separation between the lips + Ghunna zΟ¨Ψyγpg¿2 ¥‹Í×tΒöθtƒ È⎦÷⎫t/ .yŠ %y.⎯ÏΒ Izhaar Halqi ( ‫)إ ر‬ ِ Pronounce clear Noon without Ghunna If the following letter is one of the letters in ‫ن‬ Idgham (‫)إد م‬ If the following letter is any other letter y‰ΖÏã >ο§θè% Äd“r& ô⎯ÏΒ If the letter is ‫ ل‬or ‫ر‬ Idgham without Ghunna ( ‫)إد م ون‬ Skip the Noon or Tanween and Pronounce ‫ ل‬or ‫ ر‬without Ghunna óΟ©9 ⎦Í.

Change × Y 7 ّ ُ 7‹Í×tΒöθtƒ ×νθã_ãρ 8οy‰|¹÷σ•Β Ö‘$tΡ #’s+ö/r&uρ ׎öyz …çνttƒ #\ø‹yz $tΒuρ 7$Î!#uρuρ 21 2. Put imaginary ( ) on the next letter + nasal sound with the next letter (2 beats). Put ( ) on the next letter + nasal sound with the next letter (2 beats). Skip the ‫ن‬ 2.Reach the goal via Tajweed rule 1st edition How to pronounce each rule Izhaar Halqi • For Noon Saakin Pronounced As Written As È≅÷δr& ô⎯ÏΒ ô‫ن‬ í ô‫ن‬ • For Tanween · · ُ Idgham with Ghunna • For Noon Saakin 1. َ َ ّ + ô‫ن‬ + ô‫ن‬ + ô‫ن‬ Pronounced As 8πuŠÏΒ%tn î‘$tΡ #sŒÎ) #´‰ö7tã 7πy∞ÏÛ%s{ 7>πt/É‹≈x. َ ِ . Written As ö≅yϑ÷ètƒ ⎯yϑsù 7πyϑ÷èÏoΡ ⎯ÏΒ ¤‰|¡¨Β ⎯ÏiΒ ΝÍκ″!#u‘uρ ⎯ÏΒ É • For Tanween 1.

t7sÛ ⎯tã • For Tanween Change Change Change × Y 7 ُ + hidden ‫ن‬ + + hidden hidden with nasal sound (2 beats) with nasal sound (2 beats) with nasal sound (2 beats) َ ِ ‫ن‬ ‫ن‬ 22 .Reach the goal via Tajweed rule 1st edition Idgham without Ghunna • For Noon Saakin Skip the ‫ن‬ Pronounced As Written As ⎯©9 βr& çν#u™§‘ βr& • For Tanween Change × Y 7 ُ y7©9 ׎öy{ 7πuŠÅÊ#§‘ 7πt±ŠÏ㠞ω 7‹Í×tΒöθu‹sù Ikhfaa Haqiqi • For Noon Saakin Change ‫ن‬ َ ِ ‫ن‬ with nasal sound (2 beats) hidden Pronounced As Light Ghunnah Written As ÎhŽŸ° ⎯ÏΒ ã‡xΖム̍ÝàΖu‹ù=sù Heavy Ghunnah 9.

⎯ÏΒ $uΖ÷Kt7/Ρr'sù • For Tanween Change Change Change 7 ¥ R ُ + hidden ‫م‬ + + hidden hidden with nasal sound (2 beats) with nasal sound (2 beats) with nasal sound (2 beats) َ ِ ‫م‬ ‫م‬ Pronounced As Written As .Reach the goal via Tajweed rule 1st edition ’Îû ÒΟ≈yèôÛÎ) Light Ghunnah #sŒ $VϑŠÏKtƒ $y|¹ $y|¹ Heavy Ghunnah Iqlaab • For Noon Saakin Change ‫ن‬ hidden ‫م‬ with nasal sound (2 beats) Pronounced As Written As È⎦÷⎫t/ . t ö≅t/ 8ÝŠÏt’Χ 23 .οu‘t/ ¤Θ#tÏ.

Reach the goal via Tajweed rule 1st edition The Rules of Meem Saakinah • Meem Saakin: - Is a Meem with no Harakah (‫ )م‬or a Meem with a Sukoon sign (ô ‫) م‬ • Rules of Meem Saakin5: 1.“hide”.Ikhfaa Shafawi 2. A ghunnah with two beats is also done in this case • Examples:- Νγ6/Ρx‹/ Οßγš/u‘ ö Î Î Î 5 ¨βr'Î/ Λs>÷ètƒ A>#x‹yèÎ/ Νèδ÷ŽÅe³t7sù Please refer to the chart page 31 to be able to find the rule and apply it while reciting Quran 24 .Izhaar Shafawi First: Ikhfaa Shafawi • Ikhfaa means:.”ب‬the Meem is pronounced in a way that the two lips do not come in complete contact. • Letters of Ikhfaa Shafawi “‫”ب‬ • The way of pronounciation:If the Meem Sakin is followed by a “‫ .Idghaam Mutamathelyne Sagheer 3. So it is the hiding of the origination of Meem by not letting the two lips come in complete contact.

”ب‬ • The way of pronunciation:If the Meem Saakinah is followed by any letter other than “‫ .)ف‬the Izhaar should be stronger and it is called “Izhaar Shafawi Ashadd” 25 . • Examples:- ö≅yèøgs† óΟs9r& 6 šχρâ™!#tãƒ öΝèδ ⎯tã öΝèδ tβθèδ$y™ öΝÍκÍEŸξ|¹ When the Meem is followed by (‫ )و‬or (‫ .“clear” or clear Meem • Letters of Izhaar Shafawi:.Reach the goal via Tajweed rule 1st edition Second :Idghaam Mutamathelyne Sagheer Idgham means: “to mix” or to put on thing into another. • Examples:- βθèOθãè6¨Β Νåκ¨Ξ& t ö r Third: Izhaar Shafawi 8ÝŠÏt’Χ ΝÍκÉ″!#u‘uρ (6) ô⎯ÏiΒ ΝßγoΨtΒ#u™uρ • Izhaar Shafawi means: . • Letters of Idghaam Mutamathelyne Sagheer “‫”م‬ • The way of pronounciation:If a Meem Saakin is followed by a “‫ . ”ب‬it has to be pronounced clearly by making a complete contact of the two lips. ”م“ . It is the mixing or entering of a saakin letter “‫ ”م‬into a Mutaharrik letter “‫ ”م‬following it.All the Letters other than “‫”م“ .”م‬the second Meem is pronounced with Ghunnah with two beats.

Reach the goal with Tajweed rule Rules of Meem Saakinah 1st edition ‫م‬ Look at the following letter ‫م‬ ô Izhaar Shafawi (‫ى‬ ‫ر‬ ‫)إ‬ Pronounce clear Meem without Ghunna If the following letter is ‫ب‬ If the following letter is ‫م‬ µ‹Ïù ö/ãφ Ï Ikhfaa Shafawi (‫ى‬ ‫)إ ء‬ Pronounce hidden Meem + separation between the lips + Ghunna Idghaam Mutamaathilayne Sagheer ( ‫)إد م‬ Pronounce the seconed Meem + Ghunna @ÏÜøŠ|ÁϑÎ/ ΟÎγø‹=tæ ß n tβθèOθãèö6¨Β Νåκ¨Ξr& 26 .

The way of pronunciation Al-Madd can be prolonged from two to six beats depending upon its kind. Waaoo Saakinah “‫ ” و‬preceded by a Dhammah Example: íθã_ 3. Letters to have Madd Leen letters 1. Yaa “‫ ”ى‬Saakin preceded by a letter with a Fathah Example: ·÷ƒtè% 2. it may be defined as to make the Madd letters long under some conditions. Conventionally. Yaa Saakin “‫ ”ى‬preceded by a Kasrah Example: ö/ä3ãΨƒÏŠ 27 . Alif saakinah “‫” ا‬preceded by a Fathah Example: οu‘$y∨Ït¿2 2. Waaoo “‫ ”و‬Saakin preceded by a letter with a Fathah Example: ∃öθyz Huroof Maddiyyah 1.Reach the goal via Tajweed rule 1st edition Al-Madd • Al-Madd means: Long.

οu‘$y∨Ït¿2 ΝÎγ‹ÏΒös? ¥Αθà2ù'¨Β 28 . The natural Madd is prolonged two beats. The natural Madd is simply one of the Madd letters ‫ ا‬or ‫ و‬or ‫( ى‬Huroof maddeya ) not followed by a Hamzah (‫ )ء‬or a Saakin letter.Reach the goal via Tajweed rule 1st edition Types of Madd: • Madd Tabee’ee • Madd Al-Badal • Madd Ewadh • Madd Aaridh Li-Ssukoon • Madd Al-Leen • Madd Waajib Muttasil • Madd Jaa’ez Munfasil • Madd Laazim Madd Tabee’ee Madd Tabee’ee means the natural Madd. Example:- .

Madd ‘Ewadh is the replacement of a Tanween Fathah present at the end of a word while sopping at it. with an Alif Madd (7).” ة‬The Reader should stop on Taa Marbuta and pronounce it like Haa” ‫ ” هـ‬with 29 . Madd Al-Badal. is prolonged only 2 beats. Example:- $y|¹ #Xö∆r& $[sö7y™ [™!$tΒ $R/≡tè? 7 Except for Taa Marbuta “ Sukoon ‫ . Example:- sπtƒFψ$# çν#u™u‘ $uΖÏG≈tƒ$t↔Î/ Madd ‘Ewadh ‘Ewadh means: compensation. Madd ‘Ewadh is prolonged two beats. if not followed by a Saakin letter or Hamzah.Reach the goal via Tajweed rule 1st edition Madd Al-Badal Madd Al-Badal can simply be defined as (every Hamza preceding a Madd letter).

the reader should prolong the Leen letter. Note: This Madd only exists if the reader stops on that word. The Leen letters:. If a Madd Tabee’ee is followed by a letter at the end of a word. Example:- É#ø‹¢Á9$#uρ 8 ÏMø79$# tø ¤∃öθyz If the reader will not stop. The reader can choose to prolong it 2.. we will prolong it 4 beats. which has been Saakin due to stop (8). When should we do this Madd? If one of the Leen letters is followed by a letter at the end of a word.A Waaoo (‫ )و‬or Yaa’ (‫ )ى‬Saakin preceded by a letter with a Fathah. no Madd is applied. Madd Aridh Li-Ssukoon can be prolonged 2. it should be considered as a Madd Tabee’ee (2 beats). Examples:- βθä9™!$|¡tFtƒ t u ß⎯≈oΗ÷q§9$# ÉΟ‹Ïàyèø9# $ Madd Al-leen ϵ‹Åzr& 9≅ŠÅd∨Å™ Leen means “easy”. If the reader does not stop on it. 30 .4 or 6 beats. For the sake of simplicity.Reach the goal via Tajweed rule 1st edition Madd ‘Aridh Li-Ssukoon Madd Aridh Li-Ssukoon means “temporary Madd for stopping ”. which has been made Saakin temporarily because the reader has to stop at the word. the reader should prolong the Madd Tabee’ee to be Madd Aridh Li-Ssukoon.4 or 6 beats.

the Madd will be considered as Madd Tabee’ee (2 beats) 31 . the reader should prolong it 4-5 beats. Examples:- žωÎ) #θèWt7ù=tƒ (þ ΟßγϑyèôÛr& ü”Ï%©!$# y uÙ)Ρr& ü “Ï%©!$# s çµ≈oΨø9t“Ρr& !$¯ΡÎ) 9 If the reader stops on a word that ends with Madd sign likeü “Ï%©!$#.Reach the goal via Tajweed rule 1st edition Madd Waajib Muttasil Waajib means “Mandatory” and the Muttasil means “Joined”. the reader is supposed to prolong the Madd letter 4-5 beats which is Madd Jaa’ez Munfasil9.)ء‬which is present in the same word. Munfasil means “Seperated”. Example:- ™!$yϑ¡¡9$# â™!$yϑ¡¡9$# u™!$x© y7Íׯ≈s9ρé& ' u™ü“(%É`uρ Madd Jaa’ez Munfasil Jaa’ez Means “permitted”. If a Madd letter [ ‫ ا‬or ‫ و‬or ‫ ] ى‬is followed by a Hamzah (‫ . If a Madd Letter [ ‫ ا‬or ‫ و‬or ‫ ] ى‬present at the end of a word is followed by a Hamzah (‫ )ء‬which is present in the beginning of the next word.

It must be prolonged for 6 beats.Madd Lazim Kalimee Muthaqqal :- If a Madd Letter is followed by a Mushaddad letter.Reach the goal via Tajweed rule 1st edition Madd Laazim Types of Madd Laazim. the reader is required to prolong the Madd letter. Example:- 3 ω!$|Ê ~ èπ¨Β!$Ü9$# © èπ¨z!$¢Á9$# 32 . Madd Lazim Kalimee ‫زم آ‬ Madd Lazim Harfee ‫زم‬ Muthaqqal 6 beats Mukhaffaf 6 beats Muthaqqal 6 beats Mukhaffaf 6 beats 1.

This Madd must be prolonged for 6 beats.Madd Laazim Kalimee Mukhaffaf :- If a Madd letter is followed by a Saakin letter. It Must also be prolonged no less than 6 beats. the reader is required to prolong the Madd letter.Madd Laazim Harfee Muthaqqal :- If a Madd letter is followed by a Mushaddad letter. the reader is required to prolong the Madd letter.Reach the goal via Tajweed rule 1st edition 2.this is the only case in the Quran z⎯≈t↔ø9!#u™ 3. which is present in the same word. Examples:- Pronounced as 6 beats Written as üÈýϑ!9# ýϑ!9# 6 beats $Ο!9# 6 beats 33 . Examples:.

Madd Laazim Harfee Mukhaffaf :- If a Madd letter is followed by a Saakin letter. Examples:- Pronounced as (10) Written as üÈÿè‹γ!2 üÈýϑ!9# 6 beats 6 beats !9# 6 beats $Ο!9# 6 beats 10 The Madd in the letters ( ‫ )ح ى ط هـ ر‬is Madd tabee’ee that has only 2 beats 34 . both of them being present in the same letter.Reach the goal via Tajweed rule 1st edition 4. This Madd must be prolonged 6 beats. the reader is required to prolong the Madd letter.

Except for except for Hamza (‫)ء‬ the or a Tanween Saakin on Taa letter Marboota Followed by Mushaddad Letter Leen Letters ‫ و‬or ‫ى‬ (yaa or Waw sakinah preceded by Fathah) Followed by Hamza (‫)ء‬ Saakin Letter Madd Madd Madd Madd Lazim Lazim Lazim Lazim Kalemi Harfi Harfi Kalemi Muthaqqal Muthaqqal Mukhaffaf Mukhaffaf In the same word In the next word Followed by A Saakin Letter due Followed to stopping by A Saakin Letter due to stopping Madd ‘Ewadh Madd Madd Tabee’ee Al-Badal Madd Wajib Muttasil Madd Jaa’ez Munfasil Madd Madd Al‘Aaridh liLeen ssukoon 6 beats 2 beats 4-5 beats 2. 4 or 6 beats 35 .Reach the goal via Tajweed rule 1st edition The Madd is required by the presence of If it was Alif Madd Madd Letters ‫ ا‬or ‫ و‬or ‫ى‬ That is resulted from stopping Followed Preceded by on by any Hamza (‫)ء‬ Tanween letter Fath-ah.

the reader stops on it ignoring this extra Madd sign and make a normal Madd for 2 beats. 11 þ’ÎoΤÎ) This is the way the reader should atop on any word while reciting Quran 36 .Reach the goal via Tajweed rule 1st edition Stopping at the End of Words (11) Words Ending with Tanween Fat-hah Words Ending with Taa’ Marbootah Words Ending with any Harakah other than Tanween Fat-hah Words Ending with a Mushaddad Letter $\/$|¡Ïm ×πèϱ≈yz y ÍοtÏù$ptø:$# ZοtÏƒªΥ Changed into ‫ /ـ‬Saakinah. ⎦⎫Ång¾ž × â™!$uΚ¡¡9$# Changed into Sukoon on the last letter If the letter is any letter other than or or Qalqala letters If the If the letter letter is is a Qalqala Meem or letter Noon Mushadad Words Ending with Saakin letter or with Madd letter ( ‫ ا‬or ‫ و‬or ‫) ى‬ No change £⎯è=t↔ó¡çFs9 Ædkysø9$#ρ u ötùΥ$#uρ p Aρ߉tã Stop Stop with no Harakah and with make Strong Ghunnah for Qalqala Stop with a 2 beats Sukoon on Both Identical Stop with ( ) Haa with Sukoon Letters with a small Jerk Stop with Qalqala (Nabr) in the reader’s voice ÷ŽÉi9s3sù 4©|Âtãuρ Ÿω$s%uρ …çµ−/u‘ ô‰s9θムThe extra Madd sign at the end of the word. no matter which Harakah is on the Taa’ Marbootah $\/#tø?r& [™$tΒ ! Changed into Fat-hah on the last letter + Alif Madd tβθçΗs>÷èu‹y™ ϵÏΒ$yèsÛ 5ΟƒÌx.

Al-Inhiraf – 5. At-Tafasshy – 7. Istitaalah – Ashiddah Attawassut Arakhawa Isti’laa Infitaa Idhlaq Istifaal Itbaaq Ismat 37 . At-Takreer – 6. Al-Leen – 4. As-Safeer – The Permanent Qualities with Opposites Aljahr Alham 3. Qalqalah 2.Reach the goal via Tajweed rule 1st edition The Qualities of the letters Permanent Qualities Without Opposites 1.

causing it to rely greatly on its makhraj • The rest of the letters have this quality 38 . causing weakness in its reliance on its makhraj • The following letters have this quality: Jahr • Literally means to be apparent • Technically means the discontinuation of the breath when pronouncing the letter due to strength in its origin.Reach the goal via Tajweed rule 1st edition First: The Permanent Qualities With Opposites Types & Definitions Hams • Literally means concealment • Technically means the continuation of the breath when pronouncing the letter due to weakness in its origin.

• It is not a separate quality on its own but falls in between both shiddah and rakhawah. • This quality is found in the following letters: Shiddah • Literally means strength • Technically means the discontinuation of the sound while pronouncing the letter causing it to rely greatly on its makhraj • All letters other than the letters of shiddah and Tawassut have this quality. • The following letters have this quality: 39 .Reach the goal via Tajweed rule 1st edition Rakhwah • Literally means softness • Technically means the continuation of the sound while pronouncing the letter causing weakness in its reliance on its makhraj. At-Tawassut • Literally means moderation • Technically it means between strength and softness so that the sound is partially continued and partially discontinued when pronouncing the letter.

• The following letters contain this quality: Ismaat – • Literally means desistance • Technically means the articulation of the letters with utmost strength and stability from their makhraj. purity in speech • Technically means the articulation of the letters with utmost ease from the sides of the tongue or lips as if they are slipping away. • The following letters contain this quality: • Note: these letters also have Isti’laa. Itbaaq – • Literally means adhesion • Technically means adhesion of the tongue to the roof of the mouth while pronouncing a letter. • All other letters contain this quality. • The letters that have this quality are: Istifaal – • Literally means lowering or dropping • Technically means keeping the tongue lowered from the roof of the mouth while pronouncing a letter. without which the letter will not be articulated. • All letters besides the letters of Isti’laa have the quality of Istifaal. • Technically means the elevation of the back tongue towards the roof of the mouth when pronouncing a letter. 40 .Reach the goal via Tajweed rule 1st edition Isti’laa – • Literally means elevation. • All letters besides the letters of Itbaaq contain the quality of Infitaah. Infitaah – • Literally means separation • Technically means keeping the tongue separated from the roof of the mouth while pronouncing a letter. Idhlaq – • Literally means fluency.

• Strongest: when making waqf (stopping) on a mushaddad letter of Qalqala • Strong: when making waqf on a sakin letter of qalqala • Weak: when the sakin letter of qalqala is in the middle of a word Ædkys9#ρ ø$u ‘.ptø:$# ¡=?ρ su î‰ymr& ߉yϑ¢Á9$# ‰|¡ym y x8u‘ô‰|¹ ΟßγyϑyèôÛr& çŽtIö/F{$# 41 . it is a permanent quality that creates an echoing sound or a slight vibration in the Makhraj. Qalqalah • Literally it means to echo • Technically.Reach the goal via Tajweed rule 1st edition Second: The Permanent Qualities Without Opposites Types & definitions 1. This quality is found in the following 5 letters: ( ) There are 3 levels of Qalqala as regards to the strength of its pronunciation.

Reach the goal via Tajweed rule 1st edition 2. • The following letters have this quality: • Waw sakinah ( ) with a fatha on the letter before it • Yaa sakinah ( ) with a fathah on the letter before it. Al-Leen – • Literally. Al-Inhiraf – • Literally it means to deviate. • Technically it is the slight deviation of the tongue towards the makhraj of raa while pronouncing laam and towards laam while pronouncing raa. As-Safeer – • Literally means the whistle • Technically it is the natural occurrence of a whistle like sound emitted while pronouncing the letters. it means the articulation of the letter from its makhraj with a natural ease and softness present in the letter. it means softness • Technically. • This quality is found in only the following two letters: 42 . • The following letters contain this quality: 3. 4.

from its beginning till the end (1. At-Tafasshy – • Literally means to spread around • Technically. • This quality is found only in: 7. Istitaalah – • Literally means prolongation • Technically. 6.5 to 1. At-Takreer – • Literally means repetition • Technically means the trilling of the tongue while pronouncing a letter that causes the letter to be pronounced more than once.75 beat). • This is found only in Note: . it is the prolongation of the sound throughout its makhraj.Reach the goal via Tajweed rule 1st edition 5. • This is found only in the status of Sukoon or Shaddah for the letter: 43 . it is the spreading around of the sound of the letter in the mouth while pronouncing it. we must abstain from this quality while pronouncing this letter.Unlike other qualities.

3rd Edition. Abdulwahid Hamid “Graded Steps in Quran Reading”MELS-Muslim Education & literary services. 2. Hassan Bin Salim. http://saaid. Baqai. Reviewed by WtÄ|t `twç 44 . “ 1994 ”. 3. “let’s beautify our recitation”. FL. Miami.php?cat=2&book=98. Faith Publication. 4.Reach the goal via Tajweed rule 1st edition References 1. Haroon R. “ ”. The Holy Quran .net/book/open. 2001.

The teacher can teach the rules step by step and apply them on the way on each Surah starting from Surah Annas “‫ ” رة ا س‬until the learners can get all the rules on the way while they are reading from Quran. This book teaches how to recite Quran the way it was revealed for those who do know how to read Arabic text.This Book. It goes gradually from the simplest rules of Tajweed that can be applied on the short Surahs that most people know and recite during Salah. `t{t `A etá{xw . May Allah teach us that which benefits us and may He benefit us with what He taught us.

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