Engineering Dictionary

A

15. ABSORBER

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

ABDC: Abbreviation for after bottom dead center. ABMA - American Boiler Manufacturers Association. ABRASION - The wearing away of a surface by rubbing, as with sandpaper on wood. ABRASION RESISTANCE - The ability of a material to resist surface wear. ABRASIVE EROSION - Erosive wear caused by the relative motion of solid particles which are entrained in a fluid, moving nearly parallel to a solid surface. ABSOLUTE HUMIDITY - Amount of moisture in the air, indicated in kg/kg of dry air. ABSOLUTE PRESSURE - Total pressure measured from an absolute vacuum. It equals the sum of the gauge pressure and the atmospheric pressure corresponding to the barometer. ABSOLUTE PRESSURE - Air at standard conditions (70°F air at sea level with a barometric pressure of 29.92 in Hg) exerts a pressure of 14.696 psi. This is the pressure in a system when the pressure gauge reads zero. So the absolute pressure of a system is the gauge pressure in pounds per square inch added to the atmospheric pressure of 14.696 psi (use 14.7 psi in environmental system work) and the symbol is "psia". ABSOLUTE TEMPERATURE SCALE - A scale of temperature measurement in which zero degrees is absolute zero. TEMPERATURE: The temperature measured when absolute zero is used as a reference. Absolute zero is -273.16°C or 469.69°F, and is the lowest measured temperature known.

- That part of the low side of an absorption system, used for absorbing vapor refrigerant. - A process whereby a material extracts one or more substances present in an atmosphere or mixture of gases or liquids accompanied by the material's physical and/or chemical changes. REFRIGERATION SYSTEM - One in which the refrigerant, as it is absorbed in another liquid, maintains the pressure difference needed for successful operation of the system. REFRIGERATOR - Refrigerator that creates low temperatures by using the cooling effect formed when a refrigerant is absorbed by chemical substance. system in which the refrigerant gas evolved in the evaporator is taken up in an absorber and released in a generator upon the application of heat. contact between a rising gas and a falling liquid, so that part of the gas may be taken up by the liquid.

16. ABSORPTION

17. ABSORPTION

18. ABSORPTION

19. ABSORPTION SYSTEM - A refrigeration

8.

20. ABSORPTION TOWER - A tower or column, which effects 21. ABT: Abbreviation for automatic bus transfer; an automatic
electric device that supplies power to vital equipment. This device will shift from the normal power supply to an alternate power supply any time the normal supply is interrupted.

9.

22. ACCELERATION 23. ACCELERATION

- The rate of change of velocity, as a function of time. Expressed in m/s. DUE TO GRAVITY - The rate of increase in velocity of a body falling freely in a vacuum. Its value varies with latitude and elevation. The International Standard is 32.174 ft. per second per second. PERIOD - In cavitation and liquid impingement erosion, the stage following the incubation period, during which the erosion rate increases from near zero to a maximum value. the derivative of velocity; with respect to time.

10. ABSOLUTE

24. ACCELERATION

11. ABSOLUTE VELOCITY 12. ABSOLUTE
ZERO - A hypothetical temperature at which there is total absence of heat. Since heat is a result of energy caused by molecular motion, there is no motion of molecules with respect to each other at absolute zero. It is theoretically the coldest possible temperature. ZERO TEMPERATURE - Temperature measured from absolute zero (-459.67°F, or -273.16° C). - A material which, due to an affinity for certain substances, extracts one or more such substances from a liquid or gaseous medium with which it contacts and which changes physically or chemically, or both, during the process. Calcium chloride is an example of a solid absorbent, while solutions of lithium chloride, lithium bromide, and ethylene glycols are liquid absorbents.

25. ACCELRATION - The time rate of change of velocity; i.e., 26. ACCEPTABLE 27. ACCESSIBLE
WELD - A weld that meets all of the requirements and the acceptance criteria prescribed by the welding specifications. HERMETIC - An assembly of motor and compressor, inside a single bolted housing unit. - Storage tank which receives liquid refrigerant from evaporator and prevents it from flowing into suction line before vaporizing. of absorbing 25 times its own volume of acetylene.

13. ABSOLUTE

14. ABSORBENT

28. ACCUMULATOR

29. ACETONE - A filler added to acetylene cylinders, capable 30. ACID
- Literally hitter, but chemically the state of a water solution containing a high concentration of hydrogen ions.

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Engineering Dictionary

31. ACID 32. ACID

ATTACK - Caused by an incomplete flushing after an acid cleaning process of boilers or similar equipment. CLEANING - The process of cleaning the interior surfaces of steam generating units by filling the unit with dilute acid accompanied by an inhibitor to prevent corrosion and by subsequently draining, washing, and neutralizing the acid by a further wash of alkaline water. refrigerant or oil in a system, is mixed with vapor and fluids that are acidic in nature.

46. ACTIVATED 47. ACTIVE

SLUDGE - An aerobic biological process for conversion of soluble organic matter to solid biomass, removable by gravity or filtration. STORAGE PILE - A method of stockpiling coal, sometimes called live storage. The pile is located outside the plant but adjacent to it, and usually contains four or five days of operating supply. The pile is not compacted, as it is not stored long enough to be exposed to the hazard of spontaneous combustion. - The portion of a regulating valve, which converts mechanical, fluid, thermal, or electrical energy; into mechanical motion to open or close the valve seats or other such devices.

33. ACID CONDITION IN SYSTEM - Condition in which 34. ACID 35. ACID
EMBRITTLEMENT - A form of hydrogen embrittlement that may be induced in some metals by an acid. GAS - A gas that that forms an acid when mixed with water. In petroleum processing, the most common acid gases are hydrogen sulfide and carbon dioxide. RAIN - Atmospheric precipitation with an pH below 5.6 to 5.7. SOAK - A method of acid cleaning, in which the acid is pumped into the boiler and rests there for a period of time. - The reaction of a substance with water resulting in an increase in concentration of hydrogen ions in solution (see acid). sulfuric) to a sample to lower the pH below 2.0. The purpose of the acidification is to "fix" a sample so it will not change until it is analyzed.

48. ACTUATOR

49. ADDITIVE: A material that is added to improve fuel or oil. 50. ADIABATIC
- Occurring with no addition or loss of heat from the system under consideration. or temperature of a gas, occurring without a gain of heat or loss of heat.

51. ADIABATIC CHANGE - A change in the volume, pressure, 52. ADIABATIC COMPRESSION - Compressing a gas without
removing or adding heat.

36. ACID 37. ACID

53. ADIABATIC COOLING - A method in which paramagnetic
salts are pre-cooled, and then demagnetized, thereby producing further cooling.

38. ACIDIC

54. ADIABATIC EFFICIENCY -The ratio of actual work output
of a heat engine to the ideal output.

39. ACIDIFIED - The addition of an acid (usually nitric or

55. ADIABATIC EXPANSION - The expansion of a gas, vapor,
or liquid stream from a higher pressure to a lower pressure, with no change in enthalpy.

40. ACIDITY

56. ADIABATIC

- Represents the amount of free carbon dioxide, mineral acids, and salts (especially sulfates of iron and aluminum) which hydrolyze to give hydrogen ions in the water. The acidity is reported as millie equivalents per liter of acid, or ppm acidity as calcium carbonate, or pH, the measure of hydrogen ion concentration. - A term pertaining to sound, or the science of sound. THE LINE - A method of motor starting, which connects the motor directly to the supply line on starting or running. - Refers to the action of a controller. It defines what is done to regulate the final control element to effect control. aluminum oxide. It is used as a drier or desiccant.

FLAME TEMPERATURE - The theoretical temperature that would be attained by the products of combustion provided the entire chemical energy of the fuel, the sensible heat content of the fuel and combustion above the datum temperature were transferred to the products of combustion. This assumes: No heat loss to surroundings and no dissociation. PROCESS - A thermo-dynamic process in which no heat is extracted from or added to the system of the process. SATURATION PROCESS - A process to determine absolute or relative humidity. difference between the control cut-in and cutout points.

41. ACOUSTIC 42. ACROSS 43. ACTION

57. ADIABATIC 58. ADIABATIC

59. ADJUSTABLE DIFFERENTIAL - A means of changing the 60. ADJUSTABLE RESISTOR - A resistor whose value can be
mechanically changed, usually by the use of a sliding contact.

44. ACTIVATED ALUMINA - Chemical which is a form of 45. ACTIVATED
CARBON - Is a specially processed carbon, used as a filter drier. Commonly used to clean air.

61. ADSORBENT

- A material which has the ability to cause molecules of gases, liquids or solids to adhere to its internal surfaces without changing the adsorbent physically or chemically. In water treatment, a synthetic resin

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Engineering Dictionary

possessing the ability to attract and to hold charged particles.

78. AIR

CAPACITOR - Is a capacitor, which uses air as the dielectric between the plates. leakage into or out of a building or room in terms of the number of building volumes or room volumes exchanged.

62. ADSORPTION

- The adhesion of the molecules of gases, dissolved substances, or liquids in more or less concentrated form, to the surface of solids or liquids with which they are in contact. Commercial adsorbent materials have enormous internal surfaces. INHIBITORS - They are materials which caused them to be adsorbed on to the metal surface due to their polar properties. - The transfer of heat by horizontal movement of air. - Exposing to the action of air, like blowing air through water before discharging to a river.

79. AIR CHANGES - A method of expressing the amount of air 80. AIR
CLEANER - A devise used to remove air borne impurities [A device (filter) for removing unwanted solid impurities from the air before the air enters the intake manifold] as an evaporator or a condenser.

63. ADSORPTION 64. ADVECTION 65. AERATION

81. AIR COIL - Coil on some types of heat pumps used either 82. AIR 83. AIR 84. AIR
COMPRESSOR: A device used to increase air pressure. CONDITIONER - They are basically refrigeration devices cooling air and rooms rather then food compartments. CONDITIONER, UNITARY - An evaporator, compressor, and condenser combination; designed in one or more assemblies, the separate parts designed to be assembled together. CONDITIONING -The process of treating air to simultaneously control its temperature, humidity, cleanliness, and distribution to meet the requirements of the conditioned space. the treatment of air so as to control, simultaneously, its temperature, humidity, cleanliness and distribution to meet the requirements of a conditioned space.

66. AERATION CELL - (see oxygen cell) 67. AEROBIC
- A condition in which "free" or dissolved oxygen is present in water. NOISE - Also called generated noise, self-generated noise; is noise of aerodynamic origin in a moving fluid arising from flow instabilities. In duct systems, aerodynamic noise is caused by airflow through elbows, dampers, branch wyes, pressure reduction devices, silencers and other duct components. A device used on turbo-charged engines to cool air that has undergone compression. - The clustering together of a few or many particles into a larger solid mass. - A device used to cause motion in confined fluids. - A substance containing by volume approximately 78 - 79% nitrogen; 20.95% oxygen, .94% argon, traces of carbon dioxide, helium, etc. OIL BURNER - A burner for firing oil in which the oil is atomized by compressed air, which is forced into and through one or more streams of oil which results in the breaking of the oil into a fine spray. BIND: The presence of air in a pump or pipes, which prevents the delivery of liquid. by forcing a circulation of air around its windings.

68. AERODYNAMIC

85. AIR

86. AIR CONDITIONING UNIT - An assembly of equipment for

69. AFTERCOOLER: 70. AGGLOMERATE 71. AGITATOR 72. AIR

87. AIR CONDITIONING, COMFORT - The process of treating
air so as to control simultaneously its temperature, humidity, cleanliness and distribution to meet the comfort requirements of the occupants of the conditioned space.

88. AIR

COOLER - A factory-encased assembly of elements whereby the temperature of air passing through the device is reduced. supply the oxygen required for complete oxidation of the fuel.

73. AIR ATOMIZING

89. AIR DEFICIENCY - Insufficient air, in an air-fuel mixture, to 90. AIR
DIFFUSER - A circular, square, or rectangular air distribution outlet, generally located in the ceiling and comprised of deflecting members discharging supply air in various directions and planes, and arranged to promote mixing of primary air with secondary room air. DIFFUSION AERATORS - They are aerators into which air is pumped into the water through perforated pipes, plates, or any other method. one place to another.

74. AIR

75. AIR BLAST TRANSFORMER - A transformer cooled 76. AIR BLANKETING - An accumulation of air in a heat
exchanger or other vessel which impedes heat transfer.

91. AIR

92. AIR DUCT - A tube or conduit for conveying air from 93. AIR

77. AIR

BLEEDER: A device that removes air from a hydraulic system. Types include a needle valve, capillary tubing to the reservoir, and a bleed plug

EJECTOR: A jet pump that removes air and noncondensable gases.

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windows.ALLOWANCE: The difference between the minimum and 128.AIR.ALIGN: To bring two or more components of a unit into the correct positions with respect to one another. so that the air for combustion absorbs heat from the gases before they enter the stack. the final 113. TYPE SCREW . This may be done either by convection or by a fan or blower. carbonate.The air-heater is in the path of the boiler gases after the economiser. the plate bundles forming the heat exchange surfaces.Employed to remove oil and grease deposits from heating surfaces.AIR.AIR SENSING THERMOSTAT .A substance having marked basic properties.Air having a temperature of (20°C). This occurs when dry air and saturated water vapor coexist at the same dry-bulb temperature. 100. AIR 114. AMBIENT object.A term referring to a circuit in which a current is 122. lithium. therefore. REHEATING . of a system. AIR 98. sodium. in the event the temperature is too low.Having a pH greater than 7.AIR. 95. (DAF).Valve.70 PSIA.A minute fresh water plant growth which forms a 120. They are responsible for copious amounts of stringy green slime masses. not previously circulated through the system.ALKALINE . interfering with fluid flow and heat transfer. and increases the differences in the densities of the water and the suspended particles. Applying to hydroxides of potassium. 124. 103.Air without contained water vapor. VENT .A water spray system or device for 108.ALKALI . AIR 97. AIR 117. which the sensing element is located in the refrigerated space.In an air conditioning system.ALKALINE BOIL-OUT . filter. SATURATED . and calcium. 121.AIR-STARTING 106. GAP -The space between magnetic poles.A substance having metal properties and being composed of two or more chemical elements of which at Page 4 of 79 . flowing.Generally the air surrounding the 126. and phosphate salts which will react with water to produce the hydroxyl groups. and occasionally.AIR STANDARD . or dehumidifying the air. silicate.AIR. SOUND .A screw with a recessed hex shaped head. OUTDOOR . 110. scum on the surfaces of recirculated water apparatus. VALVE: A valve that admits compressed air to the air starter for starting purposes. the bi-carbonate.A water and alcohol solution. 112.A thermostat unit. through cracks in doors. 125. heat transfer coil.A process of accelerating sedimentation. and housing parts. The gas industry usually considers (16°C) as the temperature of standard air.ALGAE .AIRBORNE 115.ALKALINITY 107. .Return air passed through the conditioner before being again supplied to the conditioned space.Heat of compression is transferred from condensing coils to surrounding air. particularly in water analysis. by introducing air into the water.AIR 99. 111. the maximum dimensions of proper functioning.AIR PURGE .AIR-SENSING 118. usually green and blue green algae appear in cooling water systems. in which the sensing element is located in the refrigerated space.AIR 102.ALLOY . a relative humidity of 36 percent. the borate. It also represents. 119.ALLEN 109.The fan blower. 105. RETURN .An expression of the total basic anions (hydroxyl groups) present in a solution. 127. HEATER / PREHEATER . either manual or automatic. RECIRCULATED .ALCOHOL THERMOSTAT – A thermostat unit. in 104. and other openings.Moist air in which the partial pressure of the water vapor is equal to the vapor pressure of water at the existing temperature. Includes hydroxides of the alkaline earth metals of barium.Engineering Dictionary 94. Also referred to as live. DRY . BRINE .AIR-COOLED 116. and ammonium.AIR INFILTRATION – The leakage of air into a room 101.The leakage of air into a setting or duct. HANDLER . strontium. . to remove air from the highest point of a coil or piping assembly.AIR 123. Dissolved Air Flotation. or between the rotating and stationary assemblies in a motor or generator.ALIVE . CONDENSER .When applied to Rotary airheaters. AIR FLOTATION .The removal of undesired matter by replacement with air.Sound which reaches the point of interest by radiation through the air. this lowers the density of the water. cleaning.Air returned from conditioned or refrigerated space. RATIO: The ratio (by weight or by volume) between air and fuel. They turn red litmus to blue. and under a pressure of 14. step in treatment. humidifying.AIR. INFILTRATION .Air taken from outdoors and. HEATER ELEMENT .AIR. AIR-FUEL 96.AIR WASHER . which remains as a liquid below 0°C. Lower form of plant life.

ANHYDROUS 161. TEMPERATURE .AMMETER VALVE .An instrument used to measure the height above a reference point.ALLOY STEEL .An instrument for measuring the magnitude of electric current flow. undue heating.The maximum instantaneous value of alternating current or voltage.A low-resistance conductor. 148.A device which converts mechanical energy. without 147.The phase angle difference. Chemical combination of nitrogen and hydrogen (NH3).A solid not having a repetitive threedimensional pattern of atoms.Electric current in which the direction of the current alternates or reverses.A negatively charged ion such as the chloride ion.The process of obtaining an output signal greater than the input signal.ANION 162. determination of carbon.ANION 144. and phosphorus). 150.A unit of wave length. . 139. through auxiliary power controlled by the input signal. Acts in 134. 158.Is an aluminum sulfate or filter alum.AMPACITY . ex: 5 amperes for 20 hours = 100 amp hour on a 20 hr rating. .A type of globe valve design. existing around an instrument.AMMONIA - INTERCHANGE . power.A condition in which "free" or dissolved oxygen is not present in the water. or voltage. screw or thread. ULTIMATE . most commonly used current. and only a small portion flows through the ammeter. sulfur. so that most of the current flows through the shunt. and ash.AMMETER 143. 130. 131. Usually one opening on the horizontal plane and one on the vertical plane. 156.ANGLE OF LAG OR LEAD . This extends the useful range of the meter.AMPERE TURNS . 149.AMPLITUDE 153.Quantitative determination of the constituent 155. liquid or gaseous fuels. NOISE -The normal sound in a room or other location. times the number of turns of the coil.AMPLIFICATION 152.ALTIMETER . the direction of current flow reverses in 1/120th of a second. pressure. of the signal.A chemical use in water treatment as a filming or neutralizing agent to protect the metal parts. oxygen. past a given point in a circuit.An instrument for measuring the 157. CONDITIONS . usually to produce improved characteristics) 145. . Ammonia is a very efficient refrigerant and identified as R-117. 151. .The temperature of the air surrounding the equipment. by chemical or physical methods). Cl-. and oxygen.ALUM .Temperature of fluid (usually air) which surrounds object on all sides. placed in parallel (shunt) with an ammeter movement. an ampere for an hour. made of calcium. . sulfur. nitrogen. having pipe openings at right angles to each other.A term used to measure magnetic force. 133. 141.ALTERNATOR 132.AMPERE HOUR .A wire's ability to carry current safely. 146.AMPERAGE .An electron or current flow of one coulomb per second. silicon. It can be in either a positive or negative direction. .A term used for rating battery capacity.AMBIENT . . and humidity.AMINE . AIR TEMPERATURE .The displacement of one negatively charged particle by another on an anion- Page 5 of 79 . In a 60 Hertz (cycle) current.A system used in the United States for measuring the size of solid wires. 159.ANALYSIS .ANEMOMETER velocity of a fluid.ANALYSIS.ALTERNATING CURRENT (AC) .The conditions of temperature.0 pH. current. such as ground or sea level. The term formerly used to describe this characteristic was current capacity of the wire.ANAEROBIC 154.Engineering Dictionary least one is a metal (A mixture of two or more different metals.A type of 140.AMORPHOUS . commonly used on pipe fittings to assure a tight seal.A dry chemical. hydrogen. One ampere represent a flow of one coulomb per second. In the case of coal or coke.ALUMINA 135.Chemical analysis of solid. the range of 5.The unit used for measuring the quantity of an electrical current flow.AMBIENT 138. 129.Aluminum oxide occasionally found as an impurity in water in very small amounts. equal in length to one ten billionth. parts (The process of determining the composition of a substance. SHUNT . The process of increasing the strength.AMERICAN WIRE GAUGE (AWG) .AMBIENT 137. It represents the product of amperes.AMERICAN STANDARD PIPE THREAD . As stated. copper.0 to 8. UNITS . in an electromagnet.AMPERE .ANGSTROM 160. between two sinusoidal wave forms having the same frequency. The greatest distance through which an oscillating body moves from the mid point.ANGLE 142. sulfur. into alternating current. CALCIUM SULFATE .AMBIENT 136.Steel containing specific quantities of alloying elements (other than carbon)and commonly accepted amounts of manganese.

and acidity.ANTI-FOAM ADDITIVE (FOAM INHIBITOR) An additive used to reduce or prevent foaming. 179. which readily coalesce. will delay or inhibit undesirable changes. sludge. metal coordinators. They light up less readily but burn with an intense heat.One which.ANNUNCIATOR: 166. LUBRICANT .A premature explosive combustion. and indicates how well the economizer is operating).ANODIZING 168.The difference in the temperature of the boiler feedwater leaving the economizer section compared to the water in the steam drum.31.APPARENT 190.A porous.Coals containing 90 per cent or more carbon and 10 percent or less volatile matter.The treatment of a metal surface whereby the metal is made anodic.ANTHRACITES . 163.API GRAVITY (API DEGREE) .A measure of density used in the US petroleum industry.Watery. thus minimizing friction. 182. include anti. These agents also weaken the wall of the bubble formed.A substance which when added in small amounts to petroleum products.ANTIFRICTION BEARING: A bearing containing rollers or 181.ANTI-SEIZURE 185. 175. used to indicate or transmit information.ANTI-CORROSIVE ADDITIVE . that lower the freezing point of cooling water systems. subsurface geological structure carrying or holding water. 170. 191. TEMPERATURE . Brass or copper is annealed by heating it to a cherry red color and dipping it suddenly into water while hot.ANTI-OXIDANT . to reduce corrosion. causing fewer but larger steam bubbles. and comparing it to the "asdesigned" approach temperature is an effective tool in assessing performance in the "back end" of the HRSG.A lubricant that is formulated to avoid scuffing. . 165. produces a characteristic knock.API . Page 6 of 79 . The antifoam agent is absorbed on the steam generating surface resulting in a hydrophobic condition.ANODE . They act as detergents or dispersants.The reduction of carry over by the addition of polymerized esters. KNOCK VALUE .A small heater element in twoposition temperature controllers which deliberately cause false indications of temperature in the controller in an at tempt to minimize the override of the differential and smooth out the temperature variation in the controlled space. . Iron or steel is slowly cooled from the heated condition to anneal).The apparent voltage. which are brought about by oxidation.ANSI-B. to produce a smaller differential of the controlled property. without smoke and with little flame.Power Piping.A lubricant additive to reduce 172.The product of volts times amperes.ANTICIPATORS . See ENGINE ORDER TELEGRAPH. .ANTI-WEAR wear.AQUIFER . as measured 189.ANTI 186.oxidants.ANNEAL . and amides. is an organization defining standards for computer language.In electrolysis or electrochemical corrosion. means. 174. a site where metal goes into solution as a cation leaving behind an equivalent of electrons to be transferred to the opposite electron. 183. 187. is activated sooner than it would be without such means. A device.Are materials which prevent fouling from depositing on heat transfer equipment.ANSI-B. such as the formation of gum. 173. usually electromechanical.1 .APPROCH WATTS .ANTIOXIDANT . Compounds that prevent deposition are surfactants.ANNEALING . ADDITIVE . which 169.American Petroleum Institute.AQUEOUS . 192.A process of heat treating metal. called the cathode. (easy to form). to get the desired properties of softness and ductility. Heat and cool anticipators are commonly used in thermostats. alcohol’s.Engineering Dictionary exchange material. and corrosion inhibitors.APPARENT (EMF) .ANTIFREEZE 180. The bearing is designed to roll. PROPERTY .ANTI-SCUFFING 184. 178.ANTIFOULANTS 164. This principle is used with water treatment.To soften by heating and allowing to cool slowly (To heat a metal and to cool it in such a manner as to toughen and soften it.A lubricant additive 176.Compounds of glycol’s or alcohol’s. typically it is in between 10–40 OF (Calculating the "actual" approach temperature.ANTIFOAM AGENTS . causing them to quickly burst on the water surface. A substance containing water. 171.ANTICIPATING CONTROL .American National Standard Institute. 167. The Anti Knock Value is the measure of its resistance to the condition which tends to produce this knock.Refrigeration Piping.ANSI .5 . Materials that prevent deposits forming. in an alternating current circuit. by the drop in pressure due to a current flowing through a resistance. by artificial 188.31. balls plus an inner and outer race.The ability of the bearing material to resist seizure during momentary lubrication failure.An additive for the purpose of reducing the rate of oxidation and subsequent deterioration of the material. as the detonation of the fuel air mixture in an internal combustion engine. 177.

218. through which magnetic lines of force pass.Requirements for organic Page 7 of 79 .The American Society of Refrigeration.Requirements for miniature boilers.ARTIFICIAL MAGNET . designed to regulate the speed or torque of a loaded motor.A group of hydrocarbons of which benzene is the parent. 225.ARMATURE BACK AMPERE TURNS . unless specifically referred to in the rules of the code.Requirements for electric 224. CIRCUIT . 204.ARMATURE 213. WELDING .ARC . PRINCIPAL . for the construction of boilers.Are resistors. The moving part of a relay or vibrator. generators.ARMATURE CURRENT . and with or without the use of a filler metal. VARNISH .ARMATURE AIR GAP .ARMATURE 198.The magnetic effect of current flowing in the armature windings (The effect. is produced by an arc between two electrodes. measured between the rings or brushes. SLOT -The groove or slot in the armature core. 202. 208.The resistance of the wire used in the windings of the armature.The boiler code listing standards.Is a liquid put on the field and armature windings.ARC FURNACE . Heating.Engineering Dictionary 193.ARMATURE 215. 211. into which the coils or windings are placed.American Society of Mechanical Engineers. 221.A group of welding processes which produce coalescence of metals by heating them with an arc.The reduction in the effective magnetic lines of force. in large armatures. TESTER . that the magnetic field produced by the current flowing in the armature.ARMATURE 228.ARMATURE REACTION .Requirements for firetube 226. and Air Conditioning Engineers. including formulas. on which the windings are placed.ASME 227.The air space between the 203.ARC 199. 194. fluid vaporizer generators.Explains matter which is mandatory. RESISTANCE .The magnetic field produced by current flowing in the armature winding. 220.Any device used for locating faults or defects in the armature winding. specified by the American Society Engineers. 210.ARMATURE WINDING .ASME PART PEB SECTION I .ASME . 209. BAR . 195. formed from thin sheets or disks of steel. which is distinguished from a natural occurring magnet.AROMATICS . Not including the current taken by the shunt field.ASME APPENDIX SECTION I . or motors. in which heat 196.ASME PART PVG SECTION I .the rotating part of an electric motor or generator. the armature.Requirements for feedwater heaters.States that an upward force acting on a body wholly or partly submerged in a fluid. produced by the armature current. boilers.The loop or coil of copper wire. boilers. They are called "aromatics" because many of their derivatives have sweet or aromatic odorous. caused by an electric current ionizing a gas or vapor.A flash.ASME BOILER CODE .The path that the current takes.ARC BRAZING . or from positive to negative terminals.Copper bars used in place of wire windings. of Mechanical 206.ASME PART PG SECTION I . and acts through the center of gravity of the fluid displaced. stationary and rotating parts of a motor or generator.General requirements for all methods of construction. DEMAGNETIZATION .A process where coalescence is obtained by heating with an electric arc.ARMATURE COIL . or the center of buoyancy.ARMATURE .ARGON ARC PROCESS 201. 207. and through which the current flows. to improve the insulation of the cotton covering on the wires.ARCHIMIDES 200. 223. placed on the armature core.ASME PART PFH SECTION I . is equal to the weight of the fluid displaced.ARMATURE 205. that opposes and reduces the number of magnetic lines of force. in flowing through the windings from one brush to another. by placing a resistance in the armature or power circuit.ARMATURE 214.ARCING: 197.A brazing process in which the heat required is obtained from an electric arc.An electric furnace. 212.The current flowing from the armature of a generator. and forming part of the winding.ARMATURE REGULATING RESISTORS .ARC Electrons leaping the gap between the negative and the positive poles WELDING . has on the magnetic field produced by the field coils).ASME PART PFT SECTION I . 219. 216.ARMATURE CORE -The laminated iron part of the armature. PART PMB SECTION I . with or without the application of pressure.Is a manufactured magnet.ASHRAE .All of the copper wire placed on 217. produced by the field magnets of a motor or generator. to the armature of a motor.ARMATURE 222.

Heating boilers. .ATTRITION .ASME 230.Self-acting. 266. between the actual value. in relation to the weight of an atom of hydrogen.ASME SECTION IV . Page 8 of 79 .Production of movement in a fluid by 252. 250.ASME 239. of any variable. of an element.The sound reduction process in which sound energy is absorbed or diminished in intensity as the result of energy conversion from sound to motion or heat. when activated by some triggering signal.ASME 238. 248.ASME SECTION Components.Refers to turbine 246.ASME SECTION VIII . 256. SECTION V - 258.Rules for routine operation of power boilers. PART PWT SECTION I . SECTION VII APPENDIX . (Chemicals used with attemperating water should be of the volatile type).Rules for inspection.Not having the same frequency.ATTEMPERATOR 267. 233.ASME SECTION IX ASME Nondestructive examination.Engineering Dictionary 229.ASPIRATING 251.ASPIRATION . 244.A device which draws sample of air through it to measure humidity.Recommended rules for the care and operation of power boilers.The rubbing of one particle against another 269. frictional wear that will affect the site of resin particles. 234.ATDC: Abbreviation for after top dead center 257.ATTENUATION . A hydrogen atom being taken as 1.921 inches of mercury at sea level.696 psia or 29. 235. CONTROL . standard atmospheric pressure is 101. deposits caused by impurities in the water used for attemperators.The weight of an elementary atom.ASME SECTION VII SUBSECTION C4 . 254. Out of step. of direct causes of boiler failure.325 kPa or 1.American Society for Testing and Materials.ASME SECTION VII SUBSECTION C3 .ATMOSPHERIC 259. 247.Pressure exerted by the weight of the atmosphere. 262.Is partial rules for the design of installations.ATOMIC WEIGHT . which can be obtained.ASME SECTION I .ASME SECTION VII SUBSECTION C2 .Prevention 243.AUTOMATIC .Control of internal chemical conditions. or phase. nucleus of an atom.Is the mixture of gases and water vapor surrounding the earth.Requirements for watertube boilers. 264.Operation 245.ATMOSPHERIC ELECTRICITY . 265.Pressure vessels. of Nuclear Power Plant components. SECTION VII .The process of using the differences.Power Boilers. produced between cloud fronts in the atmosphere. yet which retains all physical and chemical properties of the element.ASPECT RATIO .ASYNCHRONOUS .ASYNCHRONOUS generator.Automatic valve for relieving pressure in a condenser should it rise slightly above atmospheric.ASME SECTION VII SUBSECTION C5 .ASME 237.ATMOSPHERE .ASME SECTION XI . Operating by its own mechanism.AUTOMATIC 270.Rules for inservice inspection 249. and maintaining boiler appliances.ATTEMPERATING WATER IMPURITY .ASME SECTION II .ASME PART PW SECTION I . without human intervention.ASME 236. RELIEF VALVE .Operating 241. suction created by fluid velocity. SECTION VII SUBSECTION C1 .ASME SECTION VII SUBSECTION C7 . of boiler auxiliaries.Material specifications.ASYNCHRONOUS MOTOR . to take corrective action. GENERATOR - An induction 231.Is static electricity.01325 bars or 14.ATOMIZE .ASTM .Process of changing a liquid to minute particles or a fine spray. 232.An induction motor.Consists of conversion factors for converting Imperial units to SI Units. III Nuclear Power Plant 255.ASME SECTION X . SECTION VI .ASME SECTION VII SUBSECTION C6 .Recommended rules for the care and operation of heating boilers. PRESSURE (BAROMETRIC PRESSURE) .The ratio of the length to the width.00g. 260. 268. .Requirements for boilers fabricated by welding. PSYCHROMETER .The number of protons found in the 263.Fiberglass reinforced plastic pressure vessels.An apparatus for reducing and controlling the temperature of a superheater vapor or a fluid. 253. whose speed is not synchronous with the frequency of the supply line. 242. and desired value. in a resin bed.The smallest complete particle of an element. of a rectangular air grille or duct.ATOM 240.ATMOSPHERIC 261.ATOMIC NUMBER .

Having constant maximum and minimum 292.AUTOMATIC EXTRACTION UNIT TURBINE Bleeds off part of the main steam flow at one.AUTOTRANSFORMER .ABBIT METAL : (see bearing.BACK WORK RATIO . The distance (play) between two movable components. in which the controller output.Is the fraction of the gas turbine work used to drive the compressor. 280. and so forth. yet azeotropic mixture provides refrigerant characteristics desired. and shaft output. control.AUTOMATIC 289. molecules.2% R-115. air-conditioning and refrigeration equipment. that constitute one mole of the said particle. more steam flows through the turbine to exhaust. 274. which automatically control one or more functions.AXIAL: In a direction parallel to the axis. 284. and operates to correct or limit the deviation from a selected reference. for any one turbine unit.AXIS: The centerline running lengthwise. babbit).AUXILIARY 282.A device that measures the value of a measured variable. evaporators.Uses rotor blades shaped like airfoils.System of removing ice and frost from evaporators automatically. is movement parallel to the axis. 294. pressure.Control which automatically cycles refrigerating system to remove frost formation on evaporator.AUTOMATIC 277. 278. laundry and galley equipment. The output will continue to change as long as any deviation or error exists.A system which correlates steam flow.Is a type of 293.AVERAGING ELEMENT . PRESSURE TURBINE – A turbine from which all the steam is exhausted at some pressure above atmospheric for use in afactory process or for central heating (The Exhaust of the turbine is used for another process instead of condrnsing the same in a condenser). or three points. and make it pressurize itself by catching up with the air ahead of it. opening or to seal the joint where the valve stem goes through the valve body. These passages are shaped to form diffusers. 295.AXIAL 290. GOVERNING SYSTEM . 272.A set of contacts that perform a secondary function.A type of 285.Engineering Dictionary 271.Refrigerating mechanism designed to automatically produce ice cubes in quantity. usually in relation to the operation of a set of primary contacts.AZEOTROPE boiling points.States that equal volumes of different gases. will contain equal numbers of molecules. deck winches. two.BACK SEATING .BACKLASH: 296. Valved partitions between selected stages control the extracted steam pressure at the desired level. Axial movement 287.AXIAL FLOW COMPRESSOR . formula units.AUTOMATIC 276. Examples of auxiliary machinery are pumps. The step up or step down of voltage. to bite into the air.AUTOMATIC RESET (INTEGRATION) .refrigerant R-502 is mixture consisting of 48.BACK 281.The employment of devices.8 percent refrigerant R-22 and 51.AZEOTROPIC MIXTURE . The refrigerants do not combine chemically.A transformer in which both primary and secondary coils. B 279. THRUST – The tendency for a turbine shaft to move axially in line with the bearings as a result of the force produced by the steam flow. Located between steam supply and process steam headers.Example of azeotropic mixture . shaft speed.AUTOMATIC EXPANSION VALVE (AEV) .AVAGADRO'S NUMBER (N) . 283. speed it up. ICE CUBE MAKER .AUXILIARY PRESSURE – A pressure exerted contrary to the pressure producing the main flow (Pressure in low side of refrigerating system.BACK 298.AUTOMATIC CONTROLLER .AUTOMATION . also called suction pressure or lowside pressure).AXIAL EXPANSION – Expansion parallel to the line of the rotor. changes at a rate proportional to the deviation or error. is accomplished by taps in common windings. 286. Page 9 of 79 . that slow up the incoming air. When extracted steam flowing through the unit does not produce enough shaft power to meet the demand.AUTOMATIC 273. 297. at the same temperature and pressure. CONTACTS .The number of elementary units such as atoms. and push it into the subsequent stationary blade passages. FROST CONTROL .A thermostat sensing element which will respond to the average duct temperature. 275. or ions. steering engines. DEFROST .Fluid opening/closing such as a gauge 299. 288. MACHINERY: Any system or unit of machinery that supports the main propulsion units or helps support the ship and the crew. have turns in common. 291.BABBIT: An antifriction metal lining for bearings that reduces the friction between moving components.AVAGADRO'S HYPOTHESIS . Both measuring and control applications. metering device that senses low-side pressure and modulates in order to maintain low-side pressure constant.

BACKING 302. 322.BALL CHECK VALVE: A valve consisting of a ball held against a ground seat by a spring.A chamber containing bags for filtering solids out of gases. EXHAUST .Heat exchanger in which water flows by gravity over the outside of the tubes or plates. VALVE: A valve in which the fluid pressure is equal on both sides (the opening and closing directions). 309.Instrument for measuring atmospheric pressure. the process whereby a filtering mechanism is cleaned by reversing the flow through the filter.BEARING.Are the nonflammable portion of the gas. curved fan blading has the most suitable characteristics for boiler forced-d raught fans and is widely used for this purpose. It serves to check the flow or to limit the pressure of a liquid or substance.BACTERIA organisms. generally used in welding of piping. which supports and guides the location of another rotating or sliding member.BEARING. 315. in inches of mercury in a column in millimeters or kPa.BEARING. Thus a state of balance is maintained in the combustion chamber. . BUSH . GEAR – Equipment for slowly rotating the turbine shaft when it is off load.BACKWASH 318.Sound other than the wanted signal. 326. mainly copper.BALANCED 324.Vibration of a shaft journal because of excessive clearance at the bearing surfaces.A bearing metal of non-ferrous material.BASE 316.BEARING.The substrate metal that is coated or protected by a surface coating. It may be calibrated in pounds per square inch. 306. CHATTER .BARRING 314.BDC: Abbreviation for bottom dead center.BAUDELOT 321. BALL .BEARING.The utilization of ion-exchange resins to treat a solution in a container wherein the removal of ions is accomplished by agitation of the solution and subsequent decanting of the treated liquid. its rolling element between the inner and outer ring (race).The metal present in the largest proportion in an alloy.A bearing with an external spherical seat surface that provides a compensation for shaft or housing deflection or misalignment.The ability of a substance to boost the pH after neutralizing all the acid species. tin and lead.BAROMETER 333. out at the top) to clean and regenerate the bed after exhaustion (water treatment).BALL BEARING: A bearing that uses steel balls as 310.A bearing using air as a lubricant. 334.BASE LOAD . . OPERATION . containing several tin-based alloys.Base load is the term applied to that portion of a station or boiler load that is practically constant for long periods. such as carbon dioxide. ANTI-FRICTION . cylindrical form supporting a shaft carrying a radial load. 301.A rolling element bearing in which the 332. Page 10 of 79 . DRAUGHT .BATCH 303.A bearing containing a solid lubricant. - Microscopic unicellular living 305. coupled with the use of an induced-draught fan to draw the gases through the boiler.(see bearing.Backward- 320. in at the bottom of the exchange unit. BIMETAL . (Copper is the base metal in brass) METAL . . AXIAL LOAD : (see bearing. The position of a reciprocating piston at its lowest point of travel. ANNULAR .BEARING. RING .BALLAST 331. ALIGNING . BIG END . Also. GAS .BAUMANN 304. usually surfaced with a bearing alloy. Sometimes called 'turning’ or 'trolling’ gear. 325.Backing in a form of a ring. METAL .A plain bearing in which the lining is closely fitted into the housing in the form of a bush.BASICITY 319. 308. . antimony. the irreducible noise level measured in the absence of any building occupants.BEARING.Engineering Dictionary 300. 313.The use of a forced-d raught fan to force combustion air into the furnace either through the fuel bed or through the burner.BEARING: A mechanical component.BEARING. rolling elements are spherical.BEARING.BBDC: Abbreviation for before bottom dead center.BACKWARD-CURVED FAN BLADING . thrust) 330.BACKGROUND NOISE . BASE . 336. 323.The counter-current flow of water through a resin bed (that is. 329. BABBIT .A special design of the exhaust end of a turbine to give extra effective area for the exhaust steam to pass to the condenser.BAGHOUSE 307. BOTTOM END . big end) 335.BALANCED 327.An alkaline substance.BASE 317. AIR .BAFFLE .Plate or vane used to direct or control movement of fluid or air within confined area.BEARING. 312.A bearing at the larger (crankshaft) end of a connecting rod in an engine. 311.BEARING.BEARING.A bearing consisting of two layers. In room acoustics.Usually a rolling bearing of short 328. COOLER .

A bearing used as a pivot to swivel or turn an assembly. 365. 364. the pores 355. GAS . 341.Made from porous material. the surface of which a are contoured to promote hydrodynamic lubrication. NEEDLE .BEDPLATE – 370.A pad bearing in which the pads are free to take up a position at an angle to the opposing surface according to the hydrodynamic pressure distribution over its surface.BEARING. MAGNETIC . 359.BED DEPTH . TRUNNION . MITCHELL -(see tilting pad bearing).A journal bearing that surrounds the journal by a full 360°. FIXED PAD .BEARING. EXPANSION . 361. SLIDE .BEARING.BEARING. JOURNAL .BEARING.A mass of ion-exchange resin particles contained in 367. 180° around a journal.BED . 351. or for axial alignment of a long rotating shaft.BEARING.A type of journal bearing that includes a thin ring between the journal and the bearing.A bearing designed or mounted to permit axial displacement between shaft and housing. RUBBING .An axial load bearing. 356.A type of mechanical seal that utilizes Page 11 of 79 .BELLOWS SEAL .BEARING.A bearing in which no 353.A machine part in which a rotating shaft revolves or slides. KINGSBURRY TRUST – 348. Sleeve bearings consist of one or more layers of bearing alloys.BEARING. 340.A plane surface bearing that supports the lower end of a vertical shaft.BEARING. or provides a seal during movement of parts. a bellows for providing secondary sealing. bonded to a steel backing.A bearing supporting the main power-transmitting shaft. 357. The ring floats and rotates at a fraction of the journal rotational speed.BEARING.(see hydrostatic bearing) 343. ROLLER . These bearings may be sealed for life after packing with grease or may contain selflubricating material. FLUID . 358.A cylindrical plain bearing used to provide radial location for a shat. 345.A bearing that is supported on a column or pedestal rather than on the main body of the machine. SELF-LUBRICATING . SLEEVE . 350.A flat circular hydrostatic bearing with a central circular recess. 342.A bearing extending 346.A bearing used or positioning a slide 362.BEARING.BEARING. acting either as reservoirs for holding or passages for supplied lubricant. 368.0.A bearing independent 360. 366. SELF-ALIGNING . NONCONTACT .A bearing in which the load acts in the direction of the axis of rotation.Corrugated cylindrical container which moves as pressures change.BEARING. 371. THRUST . such as compressed metal powders. CIRCULAR STEP . FLOATING . 363.The effect produced during backwashing when the resin particles become separated and rise in the column.BEARING. 354.BEARING. 339.BELLOWS .A type of bearing in which the force that separates the relatively moving surfaces is produced be a magnetic field. FLOATING RING .BEARING. PIVOT .BEARING.Engineering Dictionary 337.An axial or radial load bearing equipped with fixed pads.BEARING. STEP . The expansion of the bed due to the increase in the space between resin particles may be controlled by regulating backwash flow (typical with water treatment).BEARING. 369. of external lubrication.A journal or thrust bearing lubricated with gas.BEARING. which moves axially.BEARING.BEARING. radialload-type bearing which supports the end of a shaft or pivot. PEDESTAL .A bearing in which the relatively moving parts slide without deliberate lubrication.BEARING.A bearing in which the relatively moving parts are separated by long thin rollers that have a length-to-diameter ratio exceeding 5. TILTING PAD . a column.BEARING. POROUS .A bearing in which the relatively moving parts are separated by rollers. solid contact occurs between relatively moving surfaces. 349.A roller-element bearing with one spherical raceway that automatically provides compensation for shaft or housing deflection or misalignment. 347.BEARING.BEARING. MAIN .BED 352.BEARING. 344.The height of the resinous material in the column after the ion exchanger has been properly conditioned for effective operation. 338.BEARING. FULL JOURNAL . CLEARANCE: The distance between the shaft and the bearing surface. HALF JOURNAL .BEARING.

VALVE . 374. or both. This water is the mixture of return steam condensate and makeup water).BOILER 404.The liquid material remaining from pulpwood cooking in the soda or sulfate papermaking process.BLEEDER (BLEEDER VALVE) .The work required to evaporate 34. 396.Slowly reducing the pressure of liquid or gas 391. valve that connects to the boiler for the purpose of reducing the concentration of solids in the boiler or for draining purposes.Deaerated water in the piping system between the deaerating feed tank and the boiler (The total water fed to a boiler producing steam.BLADE CLEARANCE (STEAM TURBINE) – 382.BOILER BLOW PIPING: Piping from the individual boiler 402. DIAGRAM: A diagram in which the major components of a piece of equipment or a system are represented by squares. usually a rotary or centrifugal type of pump.BIMETALLIC 378.BLOWER: A low-pressure air pump. such as sodium bicarbonate. True boiler efficiency is the measure of fuel-to-steam efficiency.5 lb of water per hour into steam from and at 100°C.Loss caused by the inefficiency of blading. Page 12 of 79 388.BOILER DESIGN PRESSURE: Pressure specified by the manufacturer. or both.Closed container in which a liquid may be heated and vaporized. deposits and other impurities.BLEEDING .The algebraic sum of the couples or the moments of the external forces.A valve designed to slowly relief a liquid or gas form system. 403.BOILER EFFICIENCY . will bend as temperatures change.The difference between the pressure at which a safety valve opens and at which it closes.The rate at which water is continuously removed from a system. NaHC03.BLUEPRINTS: 400. 399. 373. 397.The continuous removal of water from a recirculating water system. welded together.BLADE VELOCITY – 387.BALDE 401.BICARBONATE 376. COUPLE .BLADE SEALS – 386. FEED WATER .In stream of liquid. and decreases in proportion to energy lost in flow.BLEEDOFF 393.) 398.BLEEDOFF .BLADE DEPOSITES .BIMETAL . FOULING . 375.In connection with boilers or cooling towers.BICACARBONATE ALKALINITY .BLAST FREEZER . HORSEPOWER . 394.A specially designed. the 392.BLOWBY: 395.Temperature regulating or indicating device which works on principle that two dissimilar metals with unequal expansion rates.An ion or salt of carbonic acid.The presence in a solution of hydroxyl (OH-) ions resulting from the hydrolysis of carbonates or bicarbonates. from a system or cylinder by slightly opening a valve.BLADE 385. a strong base and a weak acid are produced.BIOCIDE 380.BIMETALLIC ELEMENT 379. and the solution is alkaline. containing hydrogen. 381. furnaces used to smelt iron ores.Engineering Dictionary 372. rectangles. the process of discharging a significant portion of the aqueous solution in order to remove accumulated salts. Exhaust gases that escape past the piston rings.BLOWDOWN . and the normal order of progression of a signal or current flow is represented by lines.A chemical used to control the population of troublesome microbes.BOILER 383.A joint or union of two dissimilar metals.BLOWDOWNÐ-SAFETY 377.BLOW-OFF VALVE . pressure head and velocity remains constant along any line of flow provided no work is done by or upon liquid in course of its flow.BLOCK RATE .Low-temperature evaporator which uses a fan to force air rapidly over the evaporator surface. usually about 103% of normal steam drum operating pressure.The term “Boiler efficiency" is often substituted for combustion or thermal efficiency.Impurities carried over in the Steam and deposited on the turbine blades as afine coating.The accumulation on turbine blades of impurities carried over from the boiler with the steam. 389. or other geometric figures. . that supplies air above atmospheric pressure to the combustion chambers of an internal-combustion engine. sum of elevation head. When these salts react with water. LOSS . blow valves to the overboard connection at the skin of the ship.BLACK .BOILER . 384.Is the waste product from 405.BLAST FURNACE GAS . Copies of mechanical or other types of technical drawings. STRIP .BENDING MOMENT . manually operated. and oxygen (HC03). to the left or right of any section on a member subjected to bending by couples or transverse forces. (Often called bottom blowdown. LIQUOR .BERNOULLI'S THEOREM . 390. carbon.

438.(See vaporization) 411.BOILING TEMPERATURE .The first appearance in the solution flowing from an ion-exchange unit of unabsorbed ions similar to those which are depleting the activity of the resin bed. required is obtained from heated blocks applied to the parts to be joined.Water saturated with a chemical such as salt. 410.BOYLES' 422. 433. bearing against the commutator or slip rings through which the current flows in or out. BLOCK . 434.A brazing process in which the heat 430.BOTTOM 418. 420. prior to normal operation or after major repairs. 416. LOAD FACTOR .BRANCH CIRCUIT .BULB .BRAKE 437. which covers or uncovers ports in the pump barrel.VP = V1P1 HORSEPOWER (bhp): The usable power delivered by an engine.BOILER 407. The bulb may be liquid-filled.The Btu is defined as the heat required to raise the temperature of a pound of water thru 1°F.BOSCH METERING SYSTEM: A metering system with a helical groove in the plunger. Bmep is equal to mean indicated pressure times mechanical efficiency. MEAN EFFECTIVE PRESSURE (bmep): Mean effective pressure acting on the piston.A substance used in solution. usually a block of carbon. . (2) Any water in which the concentration of chemical salts is higher than seawater].A copper-rich copper tin alloy with or without small proportions of other elements.BUFFER 440.A weld produced by heating an assembly to suitable temperatures and by using a filler metal having a liquidus above 450°C.BRITISH THERMAL UNIT.BRAZE .BOILER LOAD: The steam output demanded from a boiler.BOTTOM DEAD CENTER: See BDC.BRITTLENESS 435. 425.If the temperature on a gas is constant.Wiring between the last overcurrent 426. Gas turbine are such an example. device and the branch circuit outlets.BRASS .BOILING . greases. which accepts hydrogen ions or hydroxyl ions.BRAKE 423.BREAKTHROUGH .BONNET: A cover used to guide and enclose the tail end of a valve spindle.The tendency of a material to fracture without first undergoing significant plastic deformation.BOILER REFRACTORIES: Materials used in the boiler furnace to protect the boiler from the heat of combustion. 439. fluid changes from a liquid to a gas. 429. 431. By formula .BORE . Breakthrough is an indication that regeneration of the resin is necessary.Lubrication between bearing surfaces where the lubricant layer is of variable thickness because of the impossibility of obtaining perfectly smooth bearing surfaces.BREAKER POINTS: Metal contacts that open and close a circuit at timed intervals. TUBE . 413.The ratio of the actual output of a boiler to the possible maximum output for the same number of steaming hours.BOUNDARY LUBRICATION . added to the solution as acids or alkali’s.Thin-walled tube of elastic metal flattened and bent into circular shape. .The boiling of high alkaline water in boiler pressure parts for the removal of oil.[ (1) A highly concentrated solution of salt in water. the volume is inversely proportional to the pressure.Storing and protecting the boiler 409. generally expressed in pounds per hour (lb/hr). 417. 419.A rotating machine in which compression and expansion take place.BRUSH: .A copper-zinc alloy containing up to 40% zinc and some smaller amounts of other metals. gas filled.BOURDON 421. or gasand-liquid filled. LAW .The name given to the temperature-sensing device located in the fluid for which control or indication is provided.BRAYTON CYCLE (also referred to as the Joule Cycle) 428.BOILING OUT .BRINE .Inside diameter of a cylinder.BRAKE THERMAL EFFICIENCY: Ratio of power output (in the form of brake horsepower) to equivalent power input (in the form of heat from fuel.Engineering Dictionary 406. 412. which would result in a given brake horsepower output if there were no losses from friction.The temperature at which the vapor pressure of a liquid equals the absolute external pressure at the liquid-vapor interface.BOILING POINT . Used in pressure gauges. minimizing a change in pH. 424. which tends to straighten as pressure inside is increased. Changes in temperature produce pressure Page 13 of 79 . The conducting material. BLOW: A procedure that removes suspended solids and sludge from a boiler.BRAZING. . 427. 432. 415.BTDC: Abbreviation for before top dead center.British Thermal Unit.Temperature at which a 414. (BTU) .BTU .BOILER LAY-UP . 408. or exhaust.BRONZE 436. The filler metal is distributed between the closely fitted facing surface of the joint by capillary action. normally associated with the over-board discharge of distilling plants. when not in use. cooling.

456.A substance used to obtain calcium chloride brine. 460.BYPASS .CALCIUM CHLORIDE . because of increased pH adjustment to the protected surface. for conveying a fluid around an element of a system.Passage at one side of. 445.A process of dividing and numbering the 459.The air pressure maintained in the windbox or plenum chamber measured above atmospheric pressure. gram-milliequivalents per milliliter. or damper. rod. VALVE: A lightweight.BURNER WINDBOX . Bus bars are usually uninsulated and located where the electrical service enters a building. 458. turbulence and concentration.The property of 453. VALUE . 463. 468. . 443. On a furnace grate. (CONDENSER) . SULFATE .CAPACITANCE .CAM: A rotating 448.CAM FOLLOWER (VALVE LIFTER): A part that is held in 464.BUS BAR .CALORIMETER 461.CALIBRATION .Device used to measure quantities of heat or determine specific heats. 455. It is the high point of the cam.CALCAREOUS 471.CAPACITY . C 465. 454. 449. (For example.BULGE 442. A measure of the total heating-power of a fuel.A local distortion or swelling outward caused by internal pressure on a tube wall or boiler shell due to overheating. It may be accomplished either manually or automatically.Coals may be broadly classed as noncaking.A plenum chamber around a burner that maintains an air pressure sufficient for proper distribution and discharge of secondary air. 466.CALCIUM feedwater. in a side stream taken off the system and leading back to the system rather than directly in-line.A scale forming element found in boiler 441.Change from one phase. or around.CAM NOSE: That portion of the cam that holds the valve wide open.BURNER . scale of an instrument.Chemical compound (CaSO4) which is used at a drying agent or desiccant in liquid line dryers.CALORIE .The heat-producing value of a substance. a system in "bypass. or similar part moves.CAMSHAFT: A shaft with cam lobes. liquid or gas.BYPASS FEEDER . relatively quick acting.A heavy.BURNER WINDBOX PRESSURE .) contact with the cam and to which the cam motion is imparted and transmitted to the push rod. rigid metallic conductor which carries a large current and makes a common connection between several circuits.CANGE OF STATE .BUTTERFLY 450. in the main distribution cabinet.A pipe or duct. 444.A device for the introduction of fuel and air into a furnace at the desired velocities.The name given to the thin tube attached to the bulb which transmits the bulb pressure changes to the Page 14 of 79 .Engineering Dictionary changes within the bulb which are transmitted to the controller.A device that can store an 470. GEAR: The largest gear in a reduction gear train-the main gear. to another. also of correcting or determining the error of an existing scale.BUSHING: A renewable lining for a hole in which a shaft. 462.CAMSHAFT camshaft. electric charge when voltage is applied. It is used to change direction of the motion of another part moving against it.CAPACITOR. component of irregular shape.BUS TRANSFER: A device for selecting either of two available sources of electrical power. slightly-caking.CAPILLARY . rotary motion is changed into reciprocating or variable motion. or of evaluating one quantity in terms of readings of another. grammilliequivalents per gram. that is. positive shutoff valve. such as solid.CALORIFIC 446. as in a geared turbine drive.The adsorption activity possessed in varying degrees by ion-exchange materials. and gas pressure in the caking mass causes the fluid material to cover the surface of the pieces of coal and to act as a cement. 469. where the numerators of these ratios represent the weight of the ions adsorbed and the denominators represent the weight or volume of the adsorbent. This quality may be expressed as kilograins per cubic foot. . a regular passage.BYPASS .A closed tank that is installed in 467. pound-equivalents per pound. caking coals soften and become plastic within a certain temperature range.CALCIUM 457. COATING OR DEPOSIT .It is equal to the amount of heat required to raise the temperature of one gram of water one degree Celsius." that is.CAKING .BULL .A layer consisting of a mixture of calcium carbonate and magnesium hydroxide deposited on surfaces being cathodically protected against corrosion. 447. GEAR: The gear that is fastened to the 452. for example coal or oil. an electric current that permits the storage of electrical energy in an electrostatic field and the release of that energy at a later time. and so on. usually controlled by valve 451. medium-caking and strongcaking. Usually expressed as the number of kilo Joules’s evolved when one kilogramme of the fuel is completely burned. fluid material exudes on to the surface of the coal particles.

Ion-exchange materials of limited capacity prepared by the sulfonation of coal. EXCHANGER . a 479. positive charge on the substrata. CRACKING . and magnesium.CASCADE . .CATALYTIC ACTION . 484. (CaC03) in water by bicarbonates and carbonates of calcium.CATALYST: A substance used to speed up or slow down 491.CASCADE 472.CASING 473.An ion or salt of carbonic acid.Compound of carbon and oxygen (CO2) which is sometimes used as a refrigerant.CARRYOVER An apparatus for supplying atomized and vaporized fuel mixed with air to an internal-combustion engine.CASUALTY 490.Engineering Dictionary controller or indicator. . 477.Arrangement in which two or more refrigerating systems are used in series. The nature and speed of these events are such that proper and correct procedural steps are taken to limit damage and/or personnel injury only. POWER SYSTEM: Portable cables that are rigged to transmit power to vital equipment in an emergency.CARBOXYLIC . 486.CATHODIC PROTECTION . a chemical reaction. Produces ultra-low temperatures.CARBON TETRACHLORIDE Colorless nonflammable and very toxic liquid used as a solvent.A term describing a specific acidic 482. It should never be allowed to touch skin and fumes must not be inhaled.That hardness caused 480. as a result of foaming in a boiler.CAUSTIC . 495. 499. Usually limited to systems of 1 ton or less. SYSTEMS . group (COOH) that contributes cation-exchange ability to some resins. The cross sectional area of the capillary is extremely small compared to the cross section of the bulb so that the capillary.Reduction of corrosion rate by shifting the corrosion potential of the electrode towards less oxidizing potential by applying an external electromotive force. containing carbon and oxygen such as calcium carbonate.CARBONATE HARDNESS .CASING: 487.5 to 6 metre long and from 0. This condition is caused by a faulty boiler water condition. (2) Particles of seawater trapped in vapor in a distilling plant and carried into the condensate.The action whereby certain substances promote or assist a chemical change without themselves being permanently changed.CATION 496. and so on.(1) Boiler water entrained with the steam (by foaming or priming).An obsolete term replaced Page 15 of 79 . it performs all of the functions of the thermal expansion valve when properly sized. which is usually outside of the controlled fluid.CATHODE .CARBURETOR: 483.025 to 0. will introduce the smallest possible error in the signal being transmitted from the bulb.CARBON FILTER . (The moisture and entrained solids forming the film of steam bubbles.CARBONACEOUS 478.CAPILLARY TUBE .CARBON RINGS – 476. Refrigerant number is R-744. An event or series of events in progress during which equipment damage and/or personnel injury has already occurred. PROTECTION .CARBONATE 492. colloid.CAUSTIC EMBRITTLEMENT . but is itself unchanged at the end of the reaction. peat.090 inches in diameter which feeds liquid directly to the evaporator.Air filter using activated carbon 475.CASUALTY: 474. lignite. generally used with high hardness (60-70) ppm and high alkalinity. 494. site on a surface where actions in solution are neutralized by electrons to become elements that either plate out on the surface or react with water to produce a secondary reaction. A housing that encloses the rotating element (rotor) of a pump or turbine. or large particle having exchangeable anions on its surface and an opposite. DIOXIDE .CARBON 488. as air cleansing agent. . THROAT: An opening in a turbine or pump casing through which the shaft protrudes.In electrolysis or electrochemical corrosion.A form of stress-corrosion cracking most frequently encountered in carbon steels or iron-chromium-nickel alloys that are exposed to concentrated hydroxide solutions at temperature of 200 to 250°C.A series of stages in which the output of one stage is the input of the next stage.CARBONATE-POLYMER TREATMENT A treatment method using synthetic polymers.A positively charged ion that migrates through the electrolyte toward the cathode under the influence of a potential gradient. See also foaming).The capillary tube is a metering device made from a thin tube approximately 0.The condition of a polymer. 493. uses evaporator of one machine to cool condenser of other machine. by caustic cracking. 489.CATHODIC 481.CATIONIC 498.A method of preventing corrosion by making the metal a cathode in a conducting medium by means of a direct electrical current that is galvanic. 485.CATION-EXCHANGE SOFTENERS - 497.

524. TEMPERATURE SCALE A thermometric scale in which the freezing point of water is called 0°C and its boiling point 100°C at normal atmospheric pressure. 527. 518. it is that force which throws water from a spinning impeller.Cleavage and furrowing of the bed 531. within a 515. 522. (water treatment). 526.CELSIUS EROSION .Amount of refrigerant placed in a refrigerating unit. The rotating impeller creates pressure in the liquid by the velocity derived from centrifugal force. cavitation originates from decreases in static pressure in the liquid. 514. In order to erode a solid surface by cavitation.CHEMICAL FEEDLINE 505. PUMP .CHEMICAL REFRIGERATION .CHANNELING .CHEMICAL 520. with the dissolved minerals in the water to produce a relative insoluble reaction product. 501. CLEANING .An ion.CHEMICAL 504. . due to faulty operational procedure. Or the reverse.A process in which chlorine gas or other chlorine compounds are added to the water for the purpose of disinfecting.CHARLS’ 517.CENTRIFUGAL 508. or a liquid to a solid. capable to withdraw ions from their water solutions into soluble complexes.CENTRIFUGAL COMPRESSOR . in which the solution being treated follows the path of least resistance.A pump consisting of an impeller fixed on a rotating shaft and enclosed in a casing.Using a solvent solution to remove mill scale and corrosion products. Also called an expendable refrigerant system.A measure of ignition quality 521. velocity and converts it to pressure head.System of cooling using a disposable refrigerant.CHILLER/HEATERS 511.Specially designed panel or cabinet fitted with gauges.CAUSTIC SODA . 530. VALVE . of cavities or bubbles that contain vapor or gas or both. LAW .CHELATE .Engineering Dictionary 500.CHECK 502. 516.A force exerted on a rotating object in a direction outward from the center of rotation.CHORDAL THERMOCOUPLE . caused by the removal of heat.CETANE VALUE: A measure of the ease with which diesel fuel will ignite. In general. pressure difference between high-side and low-side in refrigerating mechanism.A common water treatment chemical. it is necessary for the cavitation bubbles to collapse on or close to that surface.Resistance to chemical change which ion-exchange resins must possess despite contact with aggressive solutions. FORCE . in which a substance changes from a gas to a liquid.CENTRIFUGAL PUMP . having an inlet and a discharge connection. number based on 509. 519. .When the chemicals react 523. as sodium chloride (NaCl) or calcium chloride (CaCl2).CHLORIDE . valves and refrigerant cylinders used for charging refrigerant and oil into refrigerating mechanisms. 528.CHOKE TUBE .CENTRIFUGAL 506.CHILL FACTOR .CHANGE STROKER .CENTRIFUGAL 507. such 529.Device which permits fluid flow in one direction.Throttling device used to maintain correct 513. ENERGY: Energy stored in chemicals (fuel) and released during combustion of the chemicals. similar to an ion exchanger. 525. compound.CHEMICAL STABILITY . FORCE -On a centrifugal pump.CAVITATION 503. runs through these furrows.Is a molecule.Gas volume is directly proportional to absolute temperature.CENTANE NUMBER .A re-circulating water system using water chilled in a refrigeration machine as a source for cooling.Calculated temperature and wind velocity. Capillary tubes are sometimes called choke tubes.CHLORINATION .CHEMICAL PRECIPITATION .The line which feeds the boiler treatment chemicals into the boiler. Page 16 of 79 . liquid.CHARGE .CHILLED-WATER SYSTEM .CHAIN GRATER 512.CHARGING BOARD . and fails to contact active groups in other parts of the bed. built in various widths to suit the boiler.CAVITATION . A typical example of this takes place with the lime-soda softening process. of a fuel or petroleum with reference to normal centane high-ignition quality fuel with an arbitrary number of 100.A grate formed by a moving continuous chain of cast-iron links. or salt of chlorine.Condition in which a substance changes from a solid to a liquid or a liquid to a gas caused by the addition of heat.A thermocouple installed in furnace tubes. OF STATE .Pump which produces fluid 510.A unit that supplies either chilled water for cooling or hot water for heating. sodium hydroxide. designed to measure the effectiveness of water treatment within the boiler.Progressive loss of original material from a solid surface due to continuing exposure to cavitation.The formation and collapse. (HVAC).Pump which compresses gaseous fluids by centrifugal force.

COALESCENCE 549.The ratio of water entering a circuit to the steam generated by that passes that circuit in a unit of time.CIRCUIT .Finely suspended earth mineral sometimes 538. 548.Is the process whereby finely divided particles of turbidity and color.Ratio of work performed or accomplished as compared to the energy used under designated operating conditions. 556.CIRCUIT 533.COAL 534. GENERATION . found as an impurity in water.Engineering Dictionary 532.CLEARANCE VAPOR .CLOSED CYCLE .CODE INSTALLATION . a change measured by the increase in length or volume of an object per unit length or volume.A valve for automatically controlling the condensate level in a condenser when feed-water is introduced directly into the condenser. 537.A measure of the change in length or volume of an oject. This figure is useful as a check on unit efficiency.CLUTCH: 561. for example oil.The amount of electricity which can be 536.COLD system. BREAKER – An electromagnetic or thermal device that opens a circuit when the current in the circuit exceeds a predetermined amount. generated from one tonne of coal used. A form of coupling that connects or disconnects a driving or driven member.The tendency for the small lumps of coal to separate out from the fine coal between the bunkers and the stoker hoppers. clearance space at the end of each discharge stroke.The amount of coal which would have to be burned to supply an amount of electricity equal to that supplied by the other fuel being compared.A term used to describe the combination of different thermodynamic cycles for the purpose of increasing all-over cycle efficiency.CIRCULATING WATER: Water circulating through a 535. 553.is the gas turbine arrangement. it is slotted to correspond with the ports in the valve. .CLOSED FEEDWATER HEATER . in which the exhaust is directed back again to compressor without coming in contact with the atmospheric air.COEFFICIENT 541.COEFFICIENT 542.CLOSED 544. a temperature considerably 562.CO-GENERATION 545.An indirectcontact feedwater heater. 547.CLARIFIER: A water tank containing baffles that slow the rate of water flow sufficiently to allow heavy particles to settle to the bottom and light particles to rise to the surface.Space between top of piston and the valve plate. .COAL 551. a closed loop of wiring. capable of remaining in suspension indefinitely.A substance that promotes the clumping of particulate matter in water. thus leaving the “clarified” water. Circuit breakers can be reset [A switch-type mechanism that opens automatically when it senses an overload (excess current)] heat exchanger (condenser or cooler) to transfer heat away from an operating component. 554. When a plug is used.m (f) = (F/N) OF PERFORMANCE (COP) . 560.COCK: A valve that is opened or closed by a quarter turn of a disk or a tapered plug. therefore.CLOSED 543.COEFFICIENT OF THERMAL EXPANSION – 559. EQUIVALENT OF A FUEL . OF EXPANSION .CO-EFFICIENT 539. FEED VALVE . The clarifier is sometimes referred to as a settling tank or sedimentation basin.COGENERATION .COLD . specifically. OF FRICTION . 558. 555. Steam and water are separated by tubes.a term applied to identify the generation of people interested in cogeneration.The dimensionless ratio of the friction force (F) between two bodies to the normal force (N) pressing these bodies together .An electrical arrangement requiring a source of voltage.The absence of heat. an electric load and some means for opening and closing it. Copper is a good conductor of heat and. are combined by chemical means into masses sufficiently large to effect rapid settling.Measure of the relative rate at which different materials conduct heat. has a high coefficient of conductivity.COCOAGULANT Page 17 of 79 .The gathering together of coagulated colloidal liquids into a single continuous phase. 550. SEGREGATION . forming a larger mass and thus promoting settling of particulates and clarification of the water.A system using as a heat-transfer medium water that continuously circulates through closed piping and heat exchanger without evaporation.COALING RATE . OF CONDUCTIVITY .CIRCULATION RATIO .CLEARANCE SPACE . RE-CIRCULATING WATER SYSTEM . below normal. but can also be misleading when coal quality varies. DECK -The cooling section of a mixed air zoning 546. 552.Refrigeration or air conditioning installation which conforms to the local code and/or the national code for safe and efficient installations.COAGULATION .COEFFICIENT 557. This separation permits easy removal.CLOSED COOLING SYSTEM: Consisting of two entirely separate circuits-a freshwater circuit and a seawater circuit.The vapor remaining in the 540.CLAY .

humidity and sometimes air movement in which most people are comfortable. engine.COMFORT 584. or gas turbine combustor to support burning of atomized fuel.COMFORT 570. The system is used to pump low pressure vapors to condensing pressures. PROCESS . 578. GAUGE .COMPENSATING DEVICE: Mechanical or hydraulic action which prevents over correction of change.COLLOIDAL 569.A method of physical treatment .where a gas turbine is combined with steam plant in order to utilize the waste heat.(Average) the range of effective temperatures over which the majority (50 percent or more) of adults feels comfortable.Engineering Dictionary 563. CHAMBER: The chamber in which combustion mainly occurs.COLLOIDS 583. humidifying. or serves.COMBUSTION 581.COMPOUND 593.The loss representing the unliberated thermal energy occasioned by failure to oxidize completely some of the combustible matter in the fuel.Refrigerator construction which has the inner lining of refrigerator serving as the cooling surface.COMBUSTIBLE 589. An area on the psychrometric chart which shows conditions of temperature. followed by the addition of chemicals to remove oxygen. TREATMENT . COOLING .Instrument for measuring pressures both above and below atmospheric pressure.Refrigeration for comfort as opposed to refrigeration for storage or manufacture. power. REFRIGERATING SYSTEMS . CHART . JUNCTION . dehumidification.COLD IRON CONDITION: An idle plant.COMFORT 582. ZONE . EFFICIENCY . . STEAM-GAS PLANT .COMBUSTION AIR: The air delivered to a boiler furnace.The effectiveness of the burner to completely burn the fuel.COMBINED FEEDER CUTOFF . the major units which. . .One in which the steam is expanded in a number of separate cylinders. These systems are not complete air conditioners as they do not provide complete control of heating.COLD 567. to absorb more efficiently the kinetic energy of the steam. comprise a system. VOLUME: The volume of the combustion chamber (when the piston is at TDC) measured in cubic centimeters.COLD 566.COMPOUND 575.The elements or chemical 590.COMPOSITION . the solution to be treated.Organic matter of very fine particle size.A water treatment process carried out at room temperature. compression. while converting all combustibles in the fuel to useful energy. ion-exchange resins in columns through which pass.COMPOUND 576. when suitably connected.COMPOUND Page 18 of 79 .Conventional utilization of 571. COOLER .The starting up of a turbine when cold. and air circulation. either upflow or downflow.System used to reduce the temperature in the living space in homes.A state of suspension in a liquid medium in which extremely small particles are suspended and dispersed but not dissolved. 591.COMMON 586.System which has several compressors or compressor cylinders in series. usually in the range of 10 -5 to 10-7 cm in diameter. 587.They are chemically combined elements with definite proportions of the component elements. A well designed burner will operate with as little as 10 to 20% excess air. .COMBUSTION CYCLE: A series of thermo-dynamic processes through which the working gas passes to produce one power stroke. WALL .That part of a thermoelectric system which absorbs heat as the system operates. It is cylindrical in shape and is used to pass power into or from the brushes.COMPOUNDING 592.COMBINED 573.COMBUSTION-CHAMBER 594. TURBINE . It tends to inhibit the formation of dense scale and results in the deposition of sludge.A device that regulates makeup water to a boiler in combination with a low-water fuel cutoff. In a tandem 588. 580.The use of many rows of blades in separate cylinders in a turbine. START .COMBINED 572. 585. components that make up a material and their relative proportions. of 574. or causes it to remain in suspension. The full cycle is-intake. 579.COLUMN OPERATION .COMBUSTION – The burning of fuel in a chemical process accompanied by the evolution of light and heat (The act or process of burning).A chart showing effective temperatures with dry-bulb temperatures and humidities (and sometimes air motion) by which the effects of various air conditions on human comfort may be compared.A neutral conductor that is common to. more than one circuit. when all services are received from an external source such as shore or tender.COMPONENT: Individual unit. LOSS .COLD 564. also.COMBUSTION 577. NEUTRAL .COMFORT 568.COMMUTATOR: The copper segments on the armature of a motor or generator. and exhaust. (extreme) the range of effective temperatures over which one or more adults feel comfortable. a system. Such starts require a carefully worked out programme if damage is to be avoided. so that it may be blown from the boiler.COLD 565. or part.

CONDENSE 617. For effective operation. 599.The heat transfer surface in a 607. pumping fluid by revolving blades inside cylindrical housing.The ease which a fluid may be reduced in volume by the application of pressure. .The outer casing and supporting 623.Leak proof seal between crankshaft and compressor body in open type compressors.COMPRESSION . it is the turbine which drives the compressor only. . 602. with axial compressor on the first stages of these compressors.CONCENTRATION . PRESSURE DROP .COMRESSIBILITY 596.CONDENSER BACK PRESSURE . water extracted from air.Term used to denote increase of pressure on a fluid by using mechanical energy.Action of changing a gas or vapor to a liquid.COMPRESSOR 615. . compressors are designed to have as small a clearance space as possible.in terms of a gas turbine arrangement. In a cross-compound turbine the cylinders are in two lines driving two generators.CONDENSATION . usually expressed in inches of mercury. in cubic inches.CONDENSER CLINING . LEAKAGE . 608. SINGLE-STAGE .CONDENSATE 614.CONDENSER SHELL .COMPRESSOR ADIABATIC . POLISHER . 603.CONDENSER 621.Mechanism for Page 19 of 79 . depends upon the state of the fluid as well as the type of fluid itself.COMPRESSOR.Leakage within the condenser.The pump which provides the pressure differential to cause fluid to flow and in the pumping process increases pressure of the refrigerant to the high side condition. 622. STROKE: That stroke of the operating cycle during which air is compressed into a smaller space creating heat by molecular action.Device to remove condensate that collects beneath an evaporator.A device used to clean the returning condensate to the boiler feedwater system.Engineering Dictionary compound turbine they are In line and the rotors are coupled. in air conditioning.Volume.The difference in pressure between the exhaust-steam inlet at the top of the condenser and the condensate take-off at the bottom.Compressor having only one compressive step between low-side pressure and high-side pressure. . a unit weight of boiler or feed water. 612. ROTARY BLADE .COMPRESSOR 618.An apparatus used to transfer heat from a hot gas.CONDENSER condenser.Ratio of the volume of the 611. water 613. SEAL .COMPRESSOR. 604. represented by the area of the compressor piston head or heads multiplied by the length of the stroke.COMPRESSOR TURBINE . In steam heating. Air flow might even be reversed that point.(1) The weight of solids contained in 597. DISPLACEMENT .CONDENSATE DEPRESSION: The difference between the temperature of condensate in the condenser hotwell and the saturation temperature corresponding to the vacuum maintained in the condenser.COMPRESSOR 616.An instability of air flow 619.The removal of deposits on the circulating-water side of condenser tubes. TUBE . as by condensation on the cooling coil of a refrigeration machine. CLEARANCE POCKET . 605. 595. 610. PUMP .CONDENSER 620. simultaneously reducing that gas to a liquid.Pump of a refrigerating mechanism which draws a low pressure on cooling side of refrigerant cycle and squeezes or compresses the gas into the high-pressure or condensing side of the cycle.COMPRESSOR. to restore efficient heat-transfer. structure of the condenser.The absolute pressure at the top of a condenser.COMPRESSION. This space is called the compressor clearance space or pocket.Small space in a cylinder from which compressed gas is not completely expelled. The compressor is the separation between low side and high side. water condensed from steam.CONDENSATE 601. In refrigeration it is also used as the ratio of the absolute low-side pressure to the absolute high-side pressure. 606.The liquid formed by condensation of a vapor.Is compressing a gas without removing or adding heat.CONDENSATE .COMPRESSION RING: The piston rings used to reduce combustion leakage to a minimum. (2) The number of times that the dissolved solids have increased from the original amount in the feedwater to that in the boiler water due to evaporation in generating steam. and the resulting water is called condensate.CONDENSER .COMPRESSION RATIO . 598. clearance space to the total volume of the cylinder. whereby condensate becomes contaminated by impurities contained in the circulating water.COMPRESSION 600.COMPRESSOR SURGING . Condensation of steam or water vapor is effected in either steam condensers or dehumidifying coils.Process of changing a vapor into liquid by extracting heat. 609.

the implication is that it is responsive to changes of pressure.CONTROL POINT 652. A panel equipped with remote manual controls and visual indicators of system performance.6 Na/1.Also known as freezer. 626.Similar as a coordinated phosphate control but more restrictive where the equilibrium is based on maintaining a ratio of 2.Valve which regulates the flow or pressure of a medium which affects a controlled process. Page 20 of 79 634.The formation of foreign matter on the circulating-water side of the condenser-tube surface. chemicals. 638.CONDUCTIVITY.Shutoff valves mounted on condensing unit to enable service technicians to install and/or service unit. instead of 3.The ability of a liquid to conduct an electrical current and indicating the presence of cations and anions. Control valves are operated by remote signals from independent devices using any of a number of control media such as pneumatic. liquid receivers (when required) and regularly furnished accessories. (W/m · K) 625.The value of the controlled variable which the controller operates to maintain. . induced by unit temperature difference.The reciprocal (opposite) of resistance and is the current carrying ability of any wire or electrical component.CONGRUENT PHOSPHATE CONTROL .Tube or orifice used to restrict flow of a 648.CONDUCTION 650.A re-circulating cooling water used as a heat transfer fluid for the condensation of a gas. VALVE . 649. Conductivity is usually expressed in Micromohs per cm. 644.CONDUCTANCE.An electric instrument used to measure the conductivity of water to determine its content of dissolved solids. ELECTRICAL .A device for regulation of a system or component in normal operation.0/1.CONTROL 651.The flow of heat along a substance. consisting of one or more refrigerant compressors.An assembly of refrigerating components designed to compress and liquefy a specific refrigerant.Part of a refrigerating mechanism which pumps vaporized refrigerant from the evaporator.The time rate of heat flow through unit thickness of an infinite slab of homogeneous material in a direction perpendicular to the surface. Electrical conductance is the reciprocal of the resistance of the material and is expressed in mhos. UNIT .CONDUIT . UNIT SERVICE VALVES . The sum of all loads on a circuit. Materials are considered homogeneous when the value of the thermal conductivity is not affected by variation in thickness or in size . electric or electrohydraulic. UNIT.CONGEALER .CONSOLE: 633. (1) Connection in Parallel: System whereby flow is divided among two or more channels from a common starting point or header. liquefies it in the condenser and returns it to the refrigerant control.CONDENSING TEMPERATURE .CONTAMINATION . compresses it. dry air at proper pressure for operation of pneumatic control equipment. AIR SUPPLY: Clean. REFRIGERANT .CONDUCTION 646.CONSTRICTOR .Substance transmitting electricity or heat. If automatic. SURFACE FILM . 630. temperature or other property whose magnitude is to be regulated.CONDENSING 629.CONDUCTANCE: 647.CONDUCTIVITY (THERMAL) . (ELECTRICAL) . .Time rate of heat flow per unit area under steady conditions between a surface and a fluid for unit temperature difference between the surface and fluid. gas or a liquid. or from one substance to another by actual contact. Resistance is the ability to oppose the flow of current.CONDENSING 631.CONNECTED LOAD - 632. . 636. (2) Connection in Series: System whereby flow through two or more channels is in a single path entering each succeeding channel only after leaving the first or previous channel.CONDUCTIVITY .A round cross-section electrical raceway.CONDUCTANCE. or body capable of 641. refrigerant condensers.CONDENSER-WATER 639.Engineering Dictionary 624. toxic materials. 643. SYSTEM . of metal or plastic.CONTROL 635.CONDUCTIVITY METER .The introduction into water of microorganisms.CONTROL 637. 640.CONDUCTOR 642.CONDENSING 645. (THERMAL) . The time rate of heat flow through unit area and unit thickness of a homogeneous material under steady conditions when a unit temperature gradient is maintained in the direction perpendicular to area.CONDENSING TURBINE – The exhaust steam of the turbine send to condenser for condensing is called as Condensing Turbine.The temperature at which the condensing gas is returned to a liquid at the same pressure.CONDENSER TUBE FOULING . The ability of a material to conduct or carry electrical or thermal energy.0 PO4. THERMAL - 628.CONDENSING BLEEDER TURBINE – 627. waste water in a concentration that makes the water unfit for its next intended use.0 PO4. manual or automatic.Heat transfer by actual contact between substances or from molecule to molecule within a substance (Transfer of heat by direct contact).

0 PO4. CONCENTRATION ATTACK .CORROSION 658. In a boiler. Also often named fouling. which is then transferred from one part of the fluid to another and from the fluid to the surroundings.Pitting type of 665.COORDINATED PHOSPHATE CONTROL A treatment to 655. comparing this data with a desired value and issuing signals for corrective action. .COOLING. prevent caustic gauging. Generally visible in the dark as a luminous glow surrounding the high-voltage conductors.CONVECTION. TOWER . 663. generally iron oxide. NOZZLE – A nozzle whose bore narrows down to a smaller diameter.COOLING 676.A device capable of measuring and regulating by receiving a signal from a sensing device.CONVERGENT-DIVERGENT 660.The movement of a mass of fluid (liquid or gas) caused by differences in density in different parts of the fluid. and sulfur and chlorine compounds. 673. such as oxygen. For example: a valve opens or closes to regulate fluid flow in the system.The passage of a small electric current through the air and insulation surrounding high-voltage equipment.CORROSION.Heat exchanger which removes heat from a substance. As the fluid moves. the differences in density are caused by differences in temperature. The water assumes the wet-bulb temperature of the air. usually caused by the presence of O2.CORROSION. Sometimes found at welded tubes and due to steam blanketing.The drizzle which used to be prevalent around cooling-towers: now overcome by the general use of spray eliminators. it carries with it its contained heat energy.CORROSION.A device or probe employed to measure current flow in a process flow. and its environment that produces a deterioration of the material and its properties).The wasting away of metal due to chemical action. jet or pump. ATMOSPHERIC . which remains constant during its traverse of the exchanger. 657. Page 21 of 79 .COOLER 672.CONTROLLER 667.0 Na to/1. CAVITATION . 656.CORONA .COOLING 674.CORROSION.COOLING 678. or alteration of a material by contact with substances present in the atmosphere.COOLING. BIOLOGICAL . corrosion caused by an electrical potential differential between surfaces of a metal as a result of deposits or differences in the solution concentration in contact with the metal. EVAPORATIVE . in which water is showered through a space through which outside air circulates. usually in watts.CORROSION.A form of corrosion caused by the concentration of caustic or phosphate salts under porous deposits.CORROSION.Corrosion resulting resulting from a cathodic condition of a structure usually caused by the reaction of an amphoteric metal with the alkaline products of electrolysis.Involves the adiabatic 679. NOZZLE – A nozzle whose bore narrows down to a smaller diameter and then gradually increases to the full bore. exchange of heat between air and water spray or wetted surface. expressed in watts. CONCENTRATION-CELL . SENSIBLE . corrosion and cavitation. usually a metal. NATURAL .CONVERGENT 659. EFFECT. as by a fan. to which a small current is applied and measured. Free caustic is eliminated by maintaining an equilibrium between the sodium and phosphate.A process involving conjoint 677.CORROSION.Pre-weighed metal strips installed into fluid systems for the purpose of monitoring metal losses. 675.Circulation of gas or liquid (usually air or water) due to differences in density resulting from temperature changes.The dissolution of an metal acting as an anode.One which receives the converted signal from the transmission system and translates it into the appropriate action in the environmental system. 670. its latent heat of vaporization cooling that portion of the water which does not evaporate. 666.The difference between the total cooling effect and the dehumidifying effect. 664. TOWER PRECIPITATION . A portion of the water evaporates.CORROSION. from which corrosion rates can be calculated. FORCED .CONVECTION. CATHODIC . It consists of two identical electrodes. or an acid (The chemical or electrochemical reaction between a material. ANODE . 669. .Difference between the total enthalpy of the dry air and water vapor mixture entering the cooler per hour and the total enthalpy of the dry air and water vapor mixture leavir~ the cooler per hour.Convection resulting from forced circulation of a fluid. CO2.The gradual degradation 661. water vapor. 654.COOLING 662. Control is based on maintaining a ratio of 3.CONVECTION 668. COUPONS .CONTROLLED DEVICE .COPPER LOSS .Deterioration of metals as a result of the metabolic action of microorganisms. REGENERATIVE . . .CORRATOR 671. carbon dioxide. EFFECT. .Engineering Dictionary 653.Process of utilizing heat which must be rejected or absorbed in one part of the cycle to function usefully in another part of the cycle by heat transfer. TOTAL .Device for lowering the temperature of water by evaporative cooling.Electrical loss accompanying the flow of current In the rotor and stator windings.

CORROSION. crevice corrosion.CORROSION.Corrosion of a metal caused by its contact with a metal of lower activity. INTERCRYSTALINE -(see intergranular cracking) 695. 699.CORROSION.CORROSION. from a corrosive liquid by controlled corrosion of expendable metal or by other chemical means. ELECTROCHEMICAL . Corrosion at discrete sites.CORROSION.CORROSION. (commonly found in pulp mills) IMPINGEMENT . Long tubes in heat exchangers often vibrate.Corrosion with gas as the only corrosive agent and without any aqueous phase on the surface of the metal.CORROSION. causing metal to metal contact.The process of prior removal of the active corrosive constituents.An accelerated corrosion of metal surfaces that results from the combined effect of oxidation and ractions with sulfur compounds or other contminants such as chlorides. for example. POULTICE .The ability of a material to resist deterioration by chemical or electrochemical reaction with its environment.A form of deterioration that is distributed more or less uniformly over a surface.CORROSION. 682. This type INTERGRANULAR . pitting. 691. CREVICE .The severe loss 686. 708. in which the iron matrix is selectively leached away. 706. 683. 685. 704.CORROSION.Corrosion that occurs under organic coatings on metals as fine wavy hairlines.Modification of a corrosion system so that corrosion damage is mitigated.Corrosion that is accompanied by a low of electrons between cathodic and anodic areas on metallic surfaces.CORROSION.CORROSION.CORROSION. FRETTING ..CORROSION.The voltage between a corroding metal and a reference electrode. 705. leaving a porous mass of graphite behind.Localized corrosion of a metal surface at. 689. The metal to metal rubbing causes mechanical damage to the protective oxide coating.CORROSION. to the internal corrosion and is considered an electrochemical deterioration of the boiler surface at or below the water surface.CORROSION. 693. POTENTIAL . LOCALIZED - 688.CORROSION.CORROSION.(see biological corrosion). RESISTANCE .(see corrosion. INHIBITORS . therby making the liquids less corrosive. 698.CORROSION. 690. 684. 681. LOCALIZED 702. PROTECTION .A form of crevice corrosion in which galvanic corrosion proceeds because oxygen is prevented from diffusing into the crevice. 694.Corrosion occuring under or around a discontinous deposit on a metallic surface. DEACTIVASION . 709. usually intergranular and often not visible. GASEOUS .The process in which a metal fractures prematurely under conditions of simultaneous corrosion and repeated cyclic loading at lower stress levels or fewer cycles than would be required in the absence of the corrosive environment. 687.CORROSION. metal surface corrosion.CORROSION. tube supports etc. of ductility of a metal resulting from corrosive attack. DEPOSIT (also called poultice corrosion) .Engineering Dictionary 680.Substances that slow the rate of corrosion. EMBRITTLEMENT . and stress-corrosion cracking. or immediately adjacent to an area that is shielded from full exposure to the environment because of close proximity between metal and the surface of another metal. highlighted Non-uniform corrosion of a by spotty or pitting-type 700. flowing fluid against a solid surface. GALVANIC .Localized attack occurring on the metal grain boundaries. This is commonly found with stainless steels which have been improperly heat treated. OXYGEN DEFICIENCY . usually oxygen.CORROSION.CORROSION. HOT . POULTICE . FILIFORM . 703. this contact results in an electron flow or current and dissolution of one of the metals. GRAPHITIC .Usually refers 701.CORROSION. 696. destroys or disrupts the normal protective oxide.The corrosion cause by organisms due to their discharge containing sulfur compounds and the depolarization with other types of discharge due to the presence of the microorganisms.CORROSION. Also called dry corrosion.CORROSION.A term used in the automotive industry to describe the corrosion of vehicle body parts due to the collection of road salts and debries on ledges and in pockets that are kept moist by weather and washing.A type of corrosion which occurs where metals slide over each other. 692. 697.A form of erosioncorrosion generally associated with local impingement of a high velocity.CORROSION. GENERAL . EXTERNAL A chemical deterioration of the metal on the fireside of boiler heating surfaces. FATIGUE . to form a molten salt on a metal surface that fluxes. MICROBIAL .CORROSION.Corrosion of grey iron Page 22 of 79 .A change in any part of the corrosion system caused by corrosion.CORROSION. INFLUENCED . of corrosion occurs in relativel mild aquous solutions and on buried piping. INTERNAL .CORROSION.CORROSION. deposit) 707. EFFECT .

temperature.CRANKSHAFT: 730. UNIFORM . especially leafy vegetables . A rotating shaft for converting rotary motion into reciprocating motion. The corrosivity of a water as described by the water’s pH. 717. 718.CORROSION. which resists the slow plastic deformation that occurs at high temperatures when the material is under constant stress.CRITICAL HUMIDITY . DYNAMIC .CORROSION.Engineering Dictionary 710. fluid to be cooled flows against the direction of the coolant.The constant nominal stress that will cause a specified quantity of creep in a given time at constant temperature.The gradual stretching of metal under stress.COUNTERBALANCE: A weight. 714.A form of attack caused by electrical unintentional path.CORROSIVITY .COUNTERWEIGHT: Weights that are mounted on the crankshaft opposite each crank throw. This is used to rate the resistance of a material to plastic deformation under sustained load).Preferential attack of areas under stress in a corrosive environment. 715. where such a environment alone would not have caused corrosion. by being under static stress either applied or residual.Corrosion resulting from an electrochemical cell caused by a thermal gradient. 726.COUPLING: 741. .CRANKCASE 728.A material deterioration due to the co-joint action of corrosion and mechanical action. STRESS CORROSION CRACKING .Material deterioration due to cracking. For a given stress. 727. currents going through 724. It attacks all surfaces exposed to a corrodent. The portion of the crank throw attached to the connecting rod.CRANK THROW: One crankpin with its two webs (the amount of offset of the rod journal).Creep that occurs under conditions of fluctuating load or fluctuating temperatures. opposite direction of flow. 711.cold and crisp.CRANKPIN: SCAVENGING: Scavenging method that uses the pumping action of the power piston in the crankcase to pump scavenging air. dissolved oxygen concentration and the Langerier Index. in such a manner to permit disassembly whenever necessary.CREEP 720. of the water of material. crankpin and main journal. STRESS . shafting.CRISPER 723.Drawer or compartment in refrigerator designed to provide high humidity along with low temperature to keep vegetables. .The relative humidity above which Page 23 of 79 .CRAZE CRACKING (OR CHECKING) . SWEET . coldest portion of one meeting coldest portion of the other. These weights reduce the vibration caused by putting the crank in practical balance and also reduce bearing loads due to inertia of moving parts.CREEP. the atmospheric corrosion rate of some metals increase sharply. hardness. STRAY CURRENT . Creep strength is expressed as the stress necessary to produce 0. 739. of material or portions of structures or machines that are either too heavy to be handled by hand or cannot be handled economically by hand.COVALENT BOND .CRANK WEB: The portion of the crank throw between the 734. 725.CRANE: A machine used for hoisting and moving pieces 712. This makes up the offset.CREEP-RESISTANT 737. total dissolved solids.CREEP 719. 713.CORROSION. (2) A tapered enlargement at the end of an engine cylinder to reduce ridging by the piston’s top compression ring. THERMO-GALVANIC . alkalinity. 735.Irregular surface cracking of metal associated with thermal cycling.CRANKSHAFT 731. 716.CRANKCASE: The part of an engine frame which serves as a housing for the crank-shaft. GEAR: The gear that is mounted to the crankshaft.An indication of the corrosiveness 732.1% strain in 1000 hours. SEAL . the rate of creep increases with the temperature (Time dependent permanent strain under stress. The surface of the thread corresponding to the major diameter of an external thread and the minor diameter of an internal thread.A bond in which two atoms share pair of electrons. 736.When the 721.CREST: 722.CRANKSHAFT 733. 740. and so forth.CORROSIVE 729. 738.Leak proof joint between crankshaft and compressor body. In heat exchange between two fluids.CORROSION.The simplest form of corrosion.The deterioration of metal caused by contact with carbon dioxide in water.COUNTERBORE: (1) The enlargement of the end of a hole for receiving and recessing the head of a screw or bolt below or flush with the surface. ALLOY: A metal. STRENGTH . A device for securing together adjoining ends of piping.COUNTER-FLOW HEAT EXCHANGER .CORROSION.COUNTERSUNK HOLE: A hole tapered or beveled around its edge to allow a rivet or bolt head or a rivet point to seat flush with or below the surface of the riveted or bolted object. usually attached to a moving component that balances another weight. WEAR .CORROSION.

and the hot gases pass intoasecondary furnace. where the grits and semi-molten ash are trapped before the hot gases continue to the boiler.CYLINDER LINER: A sleeve which is inserted in the bores 771.CRYOGENIC SUPERCONDUCTOR SYSTEM Uses helium to cool conductors to within few degrees of absolute zero where they offer no electric resistance.CURTIS METHOD – Page 24 of 79 .DAMPER 773.The electric flow in an electric circuit. 745.157°C.The current flowing to or from a unit area of an electrode surface.CYCLE 743. 772.A damping device. causing vibration and potentially destructive stresses. and always returns to its initial state.CYLINDER EXPANSION . 744. about 25°F to 30°F for water.CRITICAL PRESSURE . usually from a liquid phase on cooling. which can be completely reversed.CRITICAL 747.Crushed coal is burnt in a watercooled cyclone.CYLINDER 769. PLANT: A method of operating two or more plants as one unit from a common supply. a system.CROSS-CONNECT: To align systems to provide flow or to exchange energy between machinery groups. resulting in friction. of a solid crystalline phase.The number of times the soluble mineral salts in a water supply have been concentrated in.DALTON'S 755.CRYSTAL 770.CYCLES OF CONCENTRATION . .A series of thermodynamic processes during which the working fluid can be made to undergo changes involving energy transition and is subsequently returned to its original state. 748. i.A system that undergoes a series of processes 764. 749.CYCLE.CRITICAL SPEED . temperature above which the fluid no longer has the properties of a liquid. The sum of the individual pressures of the constituents equals the total pressure of the mixture.CYLINDER: 750. a complete cycle of cation exchange would involve regeneration of the resin with acid.Theoretical thermodynamic cycle. A solid figure with two circular bases.Refrigeration which deals with producing temperatures of -157°C below zero and lower. 759.CYCLES .DASHPOT .CRITICAL POINT .The pressure at the critical . air inlet or duct. FORMATION. the latent heat of evaporization is zero at this point. and finally regeneration.CROSS 763. exhaustion. HEAD .Substance which exists as a liquid or gas at ultra-low temperatures .A device used to vary the volume of air passing through an air outlet.CURRENT 758. D 753. Also. TEMPERATURE . 767.The velocity above which fluid flow is turbulent.CRYSTALLIZATION 757. A hollow tube which contains the actions of combustion gases and the piston in an internal-combustion reciprocating engine.CYLINDER BLOCK: A rigid unit of the engine frame which 752. For instance.CRYOGENICS 754.Cathode ray tube terminal. usually consisting of a cylinder and a piston in which relative motion of either displaces a fluid such as air or oil.Atoms arranged in a repeating and definite structure.DAMPING: (1) A characteristic of a system that results in 774.CROSS-CONNECTED 766.CRYSTALLITES 756.CURRENT LAW OF PARTIAL PRESSURE .Plate or cap which encloses compression end of compressor cylinder.CRT .Expansion of the turbine cylinders relative to the fixed bedplate.Each constituent of a mixture of gases behaves thermodynamically as if it alone occupied the space. ZONE OF MAXIMUM: Temperature range in freezing in which most freezing takes place. 751. regardless of further increase of pressure.That temperature above which the vapor phase cannot be condensed to liquid by an increase in pressure..A point at which the saturated liquid and saturated vapor states are identical. 768. 765.A complete course of ion-exchange operation.Engineering Dictionary 742. of the engine block which make up the cylinder wall.e. backwash. DENSITY . supports the engine’s cylinder liners and heads. dissipation of energy and causes decay in oscillations. WATER TREATMENT . A cylinder block may contain passages to allow circulation of cooling water and drilled lube oil passages. (I) . which is expressed in amperes (amps). (2) The negative feedback of an output rate of change. .The speed at which natural torsional vibrations of a crankshaft tend to reinforce themselves. rinse to remove excess acid. 762. REVERSIBLE . composed of a series of reversible processes. .CRYOGENIC FLUID . .CRITICAL 746. VELOCITY . 761. 760.CYCLONE FURNACE . COMPOUND TURBINE – See Compound Turbine.The separation.CYCLE.

a water supply by neutralization or ion exchange. TIMER .DE-AERATING 782.DEFROST 794.DEHUMIDIFICATION 788. HEATERS .This is a cylindrical tank connected before the boiler to receive the boiler feedwater before entering the boiler.The removal of water vapor from air. embraces the removal of all charged constituents or ionizable salts (both inorganic and organic) from solution.DEHUMIDIFIER 789.DE-GASIFICATION . DAY . (2) heat the feed water. 792. door cycling mechanism or during "off" portion of refrigerating cycle. deashing. leaving an altered residual microstructure. It is designed to promote settling of suspended solids. 800.Device connected into electrical circuit which shuts unit off long enough to permit ice and frost accumulation on evaporator to melt.DEFROST CYCLE .DE-CARBONATION 790.Removal of gases from samples of steam taken for purity test.DEASHING .DAVIT .DEAERATE: 780.The structure on large firetube boilers from which the front and rear doors are suspended when opened.The removal of alkalinity from 785. (dB) .DECONCENTRATOR 776. The amount by which the temperature exceeds the saturation temperature (The amount by which the temperature of a superheated vapor exceeds the temperature of the saturated vapor at the same pressure).In HVAC. See deionization. CENTER: Either of the two positions when the crank and connecting rod are in a straight line at the end of the stroke. a more general term than Page 25 of 79 . a kilowatt range in which loads are neither shed nor restored.DEADBAND . . 787. The number of decibels denoting such a ratio is ten times the logarithm of the 801. . a temperature range in which neither heating nor cooling is turned on. thus reducing the viscocity of the suspension.DEFROSTING 781.DEGREE 784.This is a corrosion process whereby one constituent of a metal alloy is preferentially removed from the alloy.DE-ALKALIZATION . -(1) An air cooler or washer used for lowering the moisture content of the air passing through it.The mechanical process of removing water vapor from the air( The condensation of water vapor from air by cooling below the dewpoint or removal of water vapor from air by chemical or physical methods).DEAERATING FEED TANK (DFT): A unit in the steam-water cycle used to (1) free the condensate of dissolved oxygen. Removal of CO2 from water as in the ion exchange method of softening.Mechanical device using steam to strip dissolve gases from the boiler feedwater and heating the feedwater. .Refers to the removal of carbon dioxide from the boiler feedwater.DECIBEL 802. and (3) act as a reservoir for feed water.DEHYDRATION .Act of separating air from substances (Removal of air and gases from boiler feed water prior to its introduction to a boiler).DE-ALLOYING . 791.DE-FLOCCULANT .Process of removing frost accumulation from evaporators.A unit. CONTROL . 804. based upon temperature difference and time.DEIONIZATION . TYPE EVAPORATOR . stored goods or refrigerants. used in estimating fuel consumption and specifying nominal heating load of a building in winter. .Engineering Dictionary 775. 803.DE-ALKALIZER 786.DE-AERATION 783. in load management. Process of removing dissolved oxygen.Deionization.DEAD 793. Was used for operation with very high suspended solids.DEFROSTING 796. 777. 799.The removal from a solution of inorganic salts by means of adsorption by ionexchange resins of both the cations and the anions that comprise the salts. (2) An absorption or adsorption device for removing moisture from air.DEFROSTING 798.Refrigerating cycle in which evaporator frost and ice accumulation is melted.DAY TANK: A fuel tank with the capacity to operate an engine for 24 hours.An electrolyte adsorbed on colloidal 778. .A decibel is a division of a logarithmic scale for expressing the ratio of two quantities proportional to power or energy. . which then could be removed via its own blowdown device.An apparatus or device used to remove the alkaline carbonate and bicarbonate ions from a water supply. particles in suspension that charges the particles to create repulsion forces which maintain the particles in a dispersed state.DEHUMIDIFYING . 795. For any one day. when the mean temperature is less than 65°F there exist as many degree days as there are Fahrenheit degrees difference in temperature between the mean temperature for the day and 65°F. 779. Also called SERVICE TANK. It may operate by means of a clock.Device to automatically defrost evaporator.DEGREES OF SUPERHEAT - .Evaporator operating at such temperatures that ice and frost on surface melts during off part of operating cycle.Removal of moisture from the air.An apparatus or device which is used to remove dissolved air or oxygen from water.DE-AERATOR 797.

) .The maximum allowable working pressure for which a specific part of a system is designed. for electricity an individual customer registers in a given interval.A device which controls the 810. The metered demand reading sets the demand charge for the month. 822.A heavy duty oil containing a detergent additive.DESICCANT .A hygroscopic liquid. DETONATION: Burning of a portion of the fuel in the combustion chamber at a rate faster than desired (knocking). 816. expressed usually in kg/m3.The ability of an oil to separate 829. ABSOLUTE .DELAYED 807. 825.DESSERT BAG . LIQUID .) [Highest or most severe pressure expected during operation. 809.DE-IONIZER 806. The mass of a unit volume of a substance. a surface active additive that helps to keep solid particles suspended in an oil CLEANING . 831. 830. usually 15 or 30 minutes long. Demand charges offset construction and maintenance of a utility's need for a large generating capacity.DEPOSITES 819. 820. The actual amount of load on a circuit at any time.A continuation of combustion beyond the furnace.DEMULSIBILITY rapidly from water.DESSERT BAG . .DENTAL COUPLING: A flexible coupling assembly.DESILICIZER 828.DESUPERHEATED STEAM: Steam from which some of the superheat has been removed.DEMAND CONTROL .DETERGENT 833. ADDITIVE .DENSITY. which prevents heattransfer and restricts the passage of the gases. (See also Secondary Combustion. it is approximately 103% of operating pressure. example.DESIGN generating unit is designed. that will remove water or water vapor from a material. considered the maximum load to be carried.DENSITY .In lubrication technology. The liquid will evaporate and obtains the to evaporate partly from the content of the bag and thus cooling its content. 15 minute interval. WORKING PRESSURE .DESIGN 812.A canvas bag which permits seepage of its liquid.The collection of fine ash in boiler and super heater gas-passes.The period of time during which kW demand is monitored by a utility service. COMBUSTION . used to remove water from other fluids. kW demand level by shedding loads when the kW demand exceeds a predetermined set point. The liquid will evaporate and obtains the to evaporate partly from the content of the bag and thus cooling its content. When weight can be used without confusion.DESIGN LOAD .The pressure specified by a manufacturer as a criterion in design.DETERGENT 818. at some specified rate of operation. measured perpendicularly to the axis. PRESSURE . consisting of a set of external/internal gear teeth.The removal of inorganic dissolved 821. CHARGE . that compensates for shaft misalignment between a driver and a driven machinery component. The distance from the root of a thread to the crest.The probable maximum rate of water flow as determined by the number of water supply fixture units. 834.The load for which a steam 824. OIL .DEMAND LOAD - 826.DETERGENT-DISPERSANT Page 26 of 79 . density is the weight per unit volume).DEPTH: .DESIGN 811.DESALINATION solids from water. liquid or solid.A boiler cleaning process using an alkaline solution.Mass per unit volume of a 817.A canvas bag which permits seepage of 813. The specified rate of operation is normal load. In a refrigeration circuit. 823. such as glycol.The weight per unit volume of a substance (The ratio of the mass of a specimen of a substance to the volume of the specimen. These oils are mainly used in combustion engines.DEMAND . . expressed in dollars per kilowatt. primarily to remove oil and grease. . its liquid. Equal to the connected load minus the loads that are OFF.Highest or maximum demand 827.An apparatus or device used to remove the ions of dissolved salts from water. solid material. Sometimes used as the calculated operating pressure plus an allowance for safety]. 814.A process to remove dissolved matter from boiler pretreated water by contacting the water with ion-exchange resins.A compound mixture of cleaning agents that have both surface-active properties and suspending properties. the desiccant should be insoluble in the refrigerant. 815.DETERGENT 832.DESICANT. as synonymous with mass.DEMAND 808. .Engineering Dictionary 805.Any absorbent or adsorbent.DEMAND INTERVAL . The sum of all the loads which are ON.An apparatus or device used to remove silica from a water supply.DEMAND READING . (In a boiler.That part of an electric bill based on kW demand and the demand interval.DEMINERALIZER . TEMPERATURE: The intended operating temperature of the fresh water and lube oil at the engine outlet.

DEW POINT TEMPERATURE . Also referred to as selector valve. control valve. when large masses of metal are heated unevenly or too rapidly to allow an even distribution of heat.DISPERSANT OIL .Engineering Dictionary 835.DIFFUSER .for instance. 844. begins on a constantvolume basis and ends on a constant-pressure basis.DISPLACEMENT: 865. 852.The surface of the boiler water from which steam is released.DIATOMACEOUS EARTH FILTRATION . generally located in the ceiling and com prised of deflecting members discharging supply air in various directions and planes.DIFFERENTIAL 837.DIFFERENTIAL 851. 862.The expansion of the turbine shaft relative to the cylinders. of a dielectric (insulator) to withstand a potential difference across it without electric discharge.An electrolytic cell.DIELECTRIC STRENGTH . 841.A non conductive substance such as plastic that is placed between two dissimilar metals to prevent galvanic current flow.DIRECTIONAL 846.Instruments that increase control pressure as the controlled variable (such as temperature or pressure) increases. or cylinder in a single revolution or stroke.DIFFERENTIAL 849.DIELECTRIC .The temperature at 838. if air is cooled at constant pressure.DIESEL – 856.DISPLACEMENT 850.DIONIC RECORDER . The volume of air or fluid which can pass through a pump.Is a process in which a filter cake or precoat of diatomaceous earth is used as a filter medium.The difference between dry bulb and dew point temperatures.A potential difference between an anode and cathode 859. (Flexible material usually made of thin metal. and arranged to promote mixing of primary air with secondary room air].(1) A duct of varying cross sections designed 839. VOLUME .DIAPHRAGM: A dividing membrane or thin partition 840. or transfer valve.DIFFERENTIAL Page 27 of 79 .The temperature or pressure difference between cut-in and cut-out temperature or pressure of a control. 845. TEMPERATURE . (2) A device that spreads a fluid out in all directions and increases fluid pressure while decreasing fluid velocity [A circular. to convert a high-speed gas flow into low-speed flow at an increased pressure.DIRECT CURRENT .One that contains 861.The volume displaced by the piston between top dead center and bottom dead center. theoretically occurs at a constant pressure. 854. in a boiler drum.DIESEL 860. 853. or rectangular air distribution outlet.DIFFERENTIAL AERATION 864.A nonconductor of electricity.DIESEL 847. ACTING .DIRECT DRIVE: One in which the drive mechanism is coupled directly to the driven member. motor.An instrument for measuring the degree of purity of a sample of water. direction only. only enough liquid to continue boiling as heat is absorbed by it.An instrument for recording the electrical conductivity of water. the electomagnetic force of which is due to a difference in air (oxygen) concentration at one electrode as compared with that at another electrode of the same material. POINT DEPRESSION .Differences in temperature which are present in the same pieceof metal.DEW POINT .DISPLACEMENT 866.DIRECT 843. PUMP . while reverse acting instruments increase control pressure as the controlled variable decreases.DIELECTRIC FITTING . CONTROL VALVE: A valve which selectively directs or prevents flow to or from desired channels. ENGINE: An engine using the diesel or semi diesel cycle of operation.A heavy duty oil containing a dispersant additive.A chemical which causes particulates in a 863.DIRECT-EXPANSION EVAPORATOR . 848. CYCLE (TRUE): Combustion induced by compression ignition. (see concentration cell). which condensation begins.Pumps in which energy is added to the water periodically and the water is contained in a set volume. TESTER . EXPANSION . Heat of compression produces ignition.Temperature at which vapor (at 100 percent humidity) begins to condense and deposit as liquid.DIESEL CYCLE (ACTUAL): Combustion induced by compression ignition. .An electric current that flows in one 858.DISENGAGING SURFACE .A measure of the ability 857.DIONIC 855.DISPERSANT . SOLUTE CONCENTRATION . because of a concentration cell due to dissolved metals. on metal.DEW 836. 842. air alone is compressed and diesel fuel is injected before the end of the compression stroke. water system to remain in suspension. CELL .DIAL GAUGE OR INDICATOR: A precision micrometer-type instrument that indicates the reading by a needle moving across a dial face. rubber or plastic). square.

then cooling and condensing the resulting vapors.DRY ICE .DROOP .The measure of the total amount of dissolved matter. a pump.DISTORTION 875.Instrument used to measure air movement by measuring air pressure differences.DMA 894.DRY 896. in a vapor-liquid vapor-compression refrigeration cycle.Refrigeration system which has the evaporator liquid refrigerant mainly in the atomized or droplet condition.Gases soluble in water.DOUBLE REDUCTION: A reduction gear assembly that reduces the high input rpm to a lower output rpm in two stages.DRY SYSTEM .DOWEL – 881.Entrained water in the stack discharge of a cooling tower. 869..A tube or pipe in a boiler or waterwall circulating system through which fluid flows downward.The difference between atmospheric pressure and some lower pressure existing in the furnace stack or gas passages of a steam generating unit.The process by which a chemical compound breaks down into simpler constituents. substance made of solid carbon dioxide which changes directly from a solid to a gas (sublimates).Terms used to describe the difference between the set point and the actual operating or control point.Engineering Dictionary 867. 887. . valve.Conventional direction of solutions to be processed in ion-exchange column operation.DRY 898. Produces fresh water from seawater by separating the salt from the water (Involves boiling water and condensing the vapor). etc. . Its subliming temperature is -78°C. set point and the actual operating or control point.DRAFT DIFFERENTIAL . 876.DOWNCOMER 883.DRY BOILER . 873. 871. BULB . that is. PLANTS: Units commonly called evaporators used to convert seawater into fresh water.DRY PIPE .An instrument with a sensitive element to measure ambient air temperature. COMPRESSION .DUAL SHAFT GAS TURBINE . as do CO2 and H2O at high temperature. A process where block of data can be transferred between main memory and secondary memory without processor intervention.DOMESTIC 877.DRIFT .A closed re-circulating water system that uses Page 28 of 79 .DRAFT 888.Desiccant which operates by chemical action.DISTILLATION: 891.DOUBLE SUCTION IMPELLER: An impeller with suction inlet on each side. 874.DOWNFLOW . 899. 884.Firetube boiler with a refractory lined back door. 868. The process of evaporating seawater.Direct memory access. HOT WATER . or the intensity of heat. 890. 902. out at the bottom of the column.Substance or device used to remove moisture from a refrigeration system.DRUM WATER LEVEL LINE .Weight fraction of 903.DOWEL PINS – 882.A perforated or slotted pipe or box inside the 900.DRIFT .Ionization.Term used to describe the difference between the 892.DRIER GAUGE . 872. 870. 897.DISSOCIATION .DRIERITE .The difference in static pressure between two points in a system.The water level in the drum during the normal operating mode.Refrigerating 879.DISSOLVED SOLIDS (TDS) .DOWNSTREAM .DRYNESS FRACTION OR QUALITY .DUAL-TEMPERATURE RE-CIRCULATING WATER SYSTEM .DOUBLE CASING (STEAM TURBINE) – 878. . 885.DISTILLING 893. The product (fresh water) resulting from the condensation of vapors produced by the evaporation of seawater. drum and connected to the steam outlet.Potable hot water as distinguished from hot water used for house heating.The outlet side of an instrument. the vapor in a vapor-liquid mixture. . 904. 886.The compression of vapor. 880.DRY STANDBY .DRYBACK 895.DRAFT . The dry bulb temperature represents the measure of sensible heat.DISTILLATE: 889.The temperature registered by an ordinary thermometer. BULB TEMPERATURE .A method of sealing al water and steam connections and placing a desiccant in the unit and applying an airtight seal.DISSOCIATION .DISSOLVED GASES . Door opens to allow maintenance and/or inspection.The changing of the shape and dimensions of the parts of a turbine or other plant because of uneven temperatures.a gas turbine which has one turbine on one shaft driving the compressor and when the gas discharged from this turbine is directed to another turbine on a separate shaft to drive a load. 901. in at the top.

and a path for current flow are the minimum requirements for an electrical circuit.A chelating agent used with boiler water treatment. equal to one-half the fluid density times the fluid velocity squared.A device used in a reaction-type 908.ELASTICITY: 931.If a coil of wire wound on a piece of soft iron carries current.DUPLEX 909. adjacent pipes. PUMPS . PRESSURE: (1) The pressure of a fluid resulting from its motion. humidity and air movement. 925.EDTA . that is.EBULLITION CHAMBER .ELECTRIC 917.An air suspension (aerosol) or particles of any solid material.Pumps in which energy is added to the water continuously and the water is not contained in a set volume. sense.ECONOMIC BOILER LOADING .Use of electric resistance heating coils to melt ice and frost off evaporators during defrosting. 923.EFFICIENCY: 927. of air temperature. The ability of a material to return to its original size and shape.ELBOW-ELL: A pipe fitting that makes an angle between 932.DYNAMIC 911.Referring to irregular wasting of the tube metal beneath a porous deposit The micro structure of the metal does not change with this process and the ductility remains.ECONOMIZER .Overall effect on a human 926.ECCENTRICITY .EDDY 907. 906.The ability of a material to deform plastically without fracturing.ELECTRICAL NET WORK – Page 29 of 79 . DEFROSTING . This is usually expressed as a percentage. by circulating it through a boiler or heat-exchanger depending upon need. head minus friction head and minus velocity head.DUST STRAINER: A strainer containing two separate elements independent of each other.DYNAMIC SUCTION LIFT .EJECTOR 913. .EDDY CURRENT TESTING .A power supply. turbine.EDDY CURRENTS (STAM TURBINES) – 924.The solution which emerges from an ionexchange column.EFFLUENT 929. these tubes on its way to the boiler in order to absorb waste heat from the flue gas.Apparatus for extracting air and other incondensable gases from the system (A device which utilizes the kinetic energy in a jet of water or other fluid to remove a fluid or fluent material from tanks or hoppers).EFIICIENCY The ratio of output power to input power.An imposed force that is in motion. usually with particle size less than 100 microns. and direction.Positive static suction 915. 910. one that may vary in magnitude.DUCTILITY .DYNAMIC 914.DYNAMIC 928.Static discharge head plus friction head plus velocity head. . 930. always 90° unless another angle is stated. LOAD . (2) In incompressible flow. or for heating. E 933.The distribution of load between a number of boilers to ensure that each runs at the highest level of efficiency.An electromagnetic nondestructive testing method in which eddy-current flow is induced in the test object. but the thinning leads to rapture. . dynamic pressure is the difference between total pressure and static pressure. to balance out the thrust caused by the steam flow through the blading. 919. 921.DYNAMIC 912. generally expressed as a percentage.Engineering Dictionary water either for cooling.The efficiency of the combined cycle of energyconversion is the ratio between the input of energy from the fuel burnt and the output of energy in the Units generated. 922.ELECTRICAL 920.EFFECTIVE TEMPERATURE . The magnetic effect is only temporary and ceases when the current is switched off.DUCTILE GOUGING . 916. a load. by circulating it through a chiller.The chamber where the boiling of water in the evaporator takes place.ELECTRA-MAGNET .The running of a turbine shaft out of centre with the normal alignment.The sum of suction lift and velocity head at the pump suction when the source is below pump centerline. DISCAHRGE HEAD .DYNAMIC SUCTION HEAD . wherein a flow of the solution to be treated is involved. the iron will become magnetised. Changes in flow caused by variations in the object are deflected into a nearby coil or coils where they are measured. Often referred as the replacement for the phosphate-hydroxyde treatment method. 918. 905. Feedwater is pumped through 936. Energy derived from the forced induction of electrons from one atom to another. CURRENTS (ELECTRICITY) – The currents induced in the interior of copper strips carrying alternating current owing to variations in the magnetic flux surrounding the strip.A series of tubes located in the path of flue gases.An ion-exchange operation.DYNAMIC SYSTEM .ELECTRICAL ENERGY: 934. OF CONVERSION OF THE ENERGY CYCLE .DUMMY PISTON . 935. CIRCUIT .

This is a membrane process 954.Chemical decomposition caused 943. chemical energy.The energy possessed per unit weight of a fluid because of its elevation. but can be transferred from one form to another. due to the fluid (boiler water) being subjected to an electrical current. . this is carryover. Fluidic elements are interconnected to form working circuits. also called total heat. (3) Parts of systems.A type of sealing used on the blading 956. Energy can exist in one 944.ENTROPY .A device for collecting dust. OVERSPEED GOVERNOR . Energy charge covers cost of utility fuel.A colloidal dispersion of one liquid in 940. and may be changed from one form to another.ELECTROLYTE .ELECTROCHEMICAL REACTIONS .An oil used to lubricate an internal combustion engine. drift. such as heat. ion-exchange material by the use of solutions containing other ions in concentrations higher than those of the ions to be stripped. and part of the amortization of the utility's equipment. either potential or kinetic. . an acid.ENERGY . 955. such as heat energy. continuously cleansing the resin beads and carrying away the unwanted salts PRECIPITATOR . by placing an electrical charge on the particle and removing that particle onto a collecting electrode.ELEMENT 962. filter element.ELECTROSTATIC 960.The capture of part of the surrounding air by the air stream discharged from an outlet (some times called secondary air motion). of several forms. .A device consisting of a spring-loaded pin set in the shaft.The stripping of adsorbed ions from an 965. low-voltage direct current. 951. light.The total quantity of heat energy contained 963. the thermodynamic property of a substance defined as the sum of its internal energy plus the quantity Pv/J.ENERGY - 958.ELECTRODIALYSIS .ELUTION .ENTRAINMENT 948. 942.The ratio of the heat added to a substance to Page 30 of 79 .A metal wasting process. Energy can neither be created nor destroyed. in turn. electrical or chemical. A relay is an 957. mist or fume from a gas stream. In the simplest terms. base. [energy = power x time ] . mechanical.EMMISIVITY - 952. 950. and so forth (A pure substance that cannot be broken down by chemical means to a simpler substance). (HVAC) .ENTHALPY . in a cooling tower. In a boiler.The transport of water into a gas stream.ELECTROREGENERATION . and is equal to the product of power and time. 941. for example. generates heat by its resistance to electric current.ENTRAINMENT 964. input into mechanical electromechanical switch. the absolute temperature at which it is added (The term 949.ENERGY (CONSUMPTION) CHARGE . It may exist in several forms.EMERGENCY 938.ELEVATION .That part of an electric bill based on kWh consumption (expressed in cents per kWh). OIL .A boiler which generates steam or hot water by the action of immersed electrodes which conduct electricity through the boiler water. general operating costs.ELECTRODE: A metallic rod (welding rod). which. by action of an electric current in a solution.Pertaining to a chemical reaction which is accompanied by an absorption of heat.Prime mover.EMULSION another. in a substance. or salt. valving element. v = its volume. to trip a turbine should the main governor fail to prevent overspeeding The effectiveness of a surface in emitting or absorbing radiant heat as compared with a perfect black body.ELECTROMECHANICAL 945. where an applied electric charge draws impurity ions through permeable membranes to create high purity feedwater streams or low purity waste streams. device for transforming fuel or heat energy into mechanical energy. electric welding. and J = the mechanical equivalent of heat. or electrical energy.Converting electrical action. where P = pressure of the substance.END TIGHTENING . molecules of the oil have been broken up and suspended in a foreign substance (usually water).ELECTROLYSIS . that melts when current is passed through it. 946. (2) An indivisible part of a logic function or circuit.ENGINE 947.ENDOTHERMIC REACTION .(1) A substance which consists of chemically united atoms of one kind. in high-pressure cylinders of reaction-type turbines.Engineering Dictionary 937. HEAD . used in 939.Expressed in kilowatt-hours (kWh) or watt hours (Wh).ENERGY . 959.The ability to do work. energy is the ability to perform work.Hydrogen and hydroxyl ions are formed be electrical splitting of water molecules and are swept through the unit by steady. Energy can also exist in one of two states.ELECTRODE BOILER .EMULSIFIED OIL: A chemical condition of oil in which the 953. mechanical energy.ENGINE 961.ELECTROHYDRAULIC STEERING: A system having a motor-driven hydraulic pump that creates the force needed to actuate the rams to position the ship’s rudder.A chemical compound which dissociates or ionizes in water to produce a solution which will conduct an electric current.

PRESSURE REGULATOR .ENVIRONMENT .The change of state from a liquid to a vapor (The change of state from liquid to vapor. leaks.EQUILIBRIUM The state of balance between opposing forces or actions. radiation.Refers to the amount of an element combining with a unit weight of hydrogen. In terms of water treatment. REACTIONS . Page 31 of 79 . Evaporation of some of the water cools the condenser water and reduces water consumption. .Evaporator containing liquid 992.The removal of gases from a system.Removal of films or metal by mechanical action and corrosion of active metal.Fan which increases airflow over the heat exchange surface of evaporators. 968.The state in which the adsorbent is no longer capable of useful ion exchange.Automatic pressure regulating valve mounted in suction line between evaporator outlet and compressor inlet.The adiabatic exchange of heat between air and a water spray or wetted surface. 983. refrigerant at all times.An isothermal reversible reaction in which a liquid solution is converted into two or more intimately mixed solids on cooling. FAN . FLOODED . magnetic and electric fields.EXCESS AIR . 986.Device which uses open 987. vibration) that externally influence the performance of a material or component. The water approaches the wet-bulb temperature of the air. 991. 985.Refrigerant sometimes added to 980. etc.ETHANE (R-170) . a method used to calculate the concentration of a given ion in terms of its calcium carbonate. 976.Freezing temperature for eutectic 982.The interaction of ionizable compounds in which the products obtained tend to revert to the substance from which they were formed until a balance is reached in which both reactants and pacts are present in definite ratios. which remains constant during its traverse of the exchanger.EVAPORATOR 974. 979. The liquid refrigerant boils into a gas in the process of the heat absorption.The flow of air outward from a space through walls.EROSION. 981. IMPINGEMENT . 977. EVAPORATION .Engineering Dictionary used in steam calculations for a figure indicating the dilution or spread of heat-energy in steam indicating the dilution or spread of heat-energy in steam or water).Air supplied for combustion in excess of that theoretically required for complete oxidation. .Connections between parts of a boiler to equalize pressures. 995. CAVITATION .EUTECTIC . temperature.EQUIVALENT 989. leading to the accelerated loss of material.EXCITER . other refrigerants to improve oil circulation.EUTECTIC solutions.The heat exchanger in which the medium being cooled. 967.EVAPORATOR 990. Its purpose is to maintain a predetermined pressure and temperature in the evaporator.EVAPORATION RATE .Evaporation expressed in pounds of water evaporated from a temperature of 212 °F to dry saturated steam at 212 °F. shock. .EXFOLIATION .A small generator for supplying the direct current required for the rotor winding. 994.EXHAUSTION . ABRASIVE . humidity.EQUIVALENT 988.EVAPORATION .EVAPORATIVE 969.Magnesium sulfate. 993.Scaling off of a surface in flakes or layers 996. the turbine disc designed to equalize axial thrust with impulse bladed turbines.EVAPORATIVE COOLING . usually air or water.EVAPORATOR.EVAPORATOR 973. The exhaustion point is determined arbitrarily in terms of (1) a value in parts per million of ions in the effluent solution.EQUALIZING HOLE (STEAM TURBINE) . as the result of corrosion. WEIGHT . 984.EVACUATION .A hole in 970. 966. POINT .Erosive wear caused by relative motion of solid particles which are present in fluids and are moving parallel to a solid surface.A conjoint action involving corrosion and erosion in the presence of a moving corrosive fluid.EPSON SALT .EROSION 975.EROSION-CORROSION . CONDENSER .EVAPORATIVE CONDENSER .The aggregate of all conditions (such as contamination.Loss of material from a solid surface due to liquid impingement.EQUALIZER . for example as water evaporates to a vapor in a cooling tower).EQUILIBRIUM: 971. spray or spill water to cool a condenser.EROSION. 972.EROSION. the depletion of the exchanger's supply of available ions. gives up heat to the refrigerant through the exchanger transfer surface.Progressive loss of original material from a solid surface due to continuing exposure to cavitation.A condenser which has water flowing over coils containing the refrigerant gas which is thus cooled and condensed by evaporation of that water. LIQUID . and (2) the reduction inequality of the effluent water determined by conductivity bridge which measures the resistance of the water to the flow of an electric current.The number of pounds of water that is evaporated in a unit of time.EXFlLTRATION 978.

a set of air guide vanes located either before or after the wheel and including driving mechanism supports for either belt drive or direct connection. 1001. mechanical and static efficiency. 1014.(The phenomenon leading to fracture under repeated or fluctuating stresses having maximum value less than the ultimate strength of the material).A short circuit either line to line. 1009. Accomplished by a relay whose contacts are normally closed.EXPENDABLE 1018. returning all loads to 1015. The pressure curves are generally referred to as the pressure-volume curves. the 1022.EXOTHERMIC . Page 32 of 79 .A tube 1017.EXPANSION 999. The range of air volume flow rate which is covered generally ex tends from shutoff (zero air volume flow rate) to free delivery (zero fan static pressure). F TREATMENT .A rupture.FATIGUE .A propeller or disc type wheel within a mounting ring or plate and including driving mechanism supports for either belt drive or direct connection. 1004. 1020.EXPANSION VALVE.696 psi).EXTRACTION TURBINE – See Back Pressure 1023. power input.A measure of fan operation in terms of volume. VALVE .FAIL SAFE .FACE SEALING – 1012. at a stated air density.EXTERNAL THREAD: A thread on the out-side of 1008. or other items bounded by a line tangent 1011.Refers to treatment of water before it enters the boiler.EXTERNAL DRIVE .Damage to a solid bearing surface characterized by indentations not caused by plastic deformation resulting from overload. 1019. which discards the refrigerant after it has evaporated. REFRIGERANT SYSTEM System. speed. (2) Information about a process output which is communicated to the process input. (2) The breakage or breakdown of a component or component part.Control valve operated by temperature and pressure within evaporator. VANEAXIAL .A fan rotor or wheel within a scroll type housing and including driving mechanism sup ports for either belt drive or direct connection.EXPLOSION DOOR . THERMOSTATIC .In load management.EXPANSION VALVE. 1007.Tube connected to low-pressure side of a thermostatic expansion valve diaphragm and to exit end of evaporator. 1006.FAN TUBE AXIAL . or disintegration of a metal or part of an HVAC system. 1025. This is a graphical presentation of static or total pressure and power input over a range of air volume flow rate at a stated inlet density and fan speed. PROPELLER .Fan performance curve refers to the constant speed performance curve.FAN. It controls flow of refrigerant. Control bulb is attached to outlet of evaporator. or line to ground.FAN PERFORMANCE CURVE .FAILURE .FAN PERFORMANCE . 1013.Engineering Dictionary 997.Chemical reaction in which heat is released.FAN. EQUALIZER . setting that is designed to be opened by a predetermined gas pressure. a member (for example. but thought to be due to other causes such as fretting corrosion.A door in a furnace or boiler 1005. designated by F.A reservoir usually above a closed re-circulating water system that is blanketed with a gas to permit expansion and contraction of water in the system during temperature changes. conventional control during a power failure. 1002. 1000.A disc type wheel within a cylinder. break. TANK .FAULT 1026. 1024. It may include static and mechanical efficiency curves.EXPANSION JOINT . (1) The loss of control signal or power to a component.The tendency of a material to break under repeated strain.Device in piping designed to allow movement of the pipe caused by the pipe's expansion and contraction. 1003.Term used to indicate a compressor driven directly from the shaft or by a belt using an external motor. . of small internal diameter used as liquid refrigerant flow control and pressure reducer between high and low sides. total pressures.FAHRENHEIT: A thermometric scale in which 32 (OF) denotes freezing and 212 (OF) the boiling point of water under normal pressure at sea level (14. coil.A propeller or disc type wheel within a cylinder and including driving mechanism supports for either belt drive or direct connection. CAPILLARY TUBE .FARAD . static pressures. Also used to transmit pressure from the sensitive bulb of some temperature controls to the operating element.FACE AREA: The total plane area of the portion of a grille.A unit of electric capacity.FEEDBACK: (1) A transfer of energy from the output circuit of a device back to its input. CENTRIFUAL .FALSE BRINELING . Compressor and motor are serviceable separately.FAN.EXTERNAL 1021.Device in refrigerating system which reduces the pressure from the high side to the low side and is operated by pressure.EXTERNAL Turbine.FAIL: 998.EXPANSION 1016. a thread of a bolt). 1010.

FEED 1030. AMINES .A device to remove solid material from a 1041.The carbonaceous residue less the ash remaining in the test container after the volatile matter has been driven off in making the proximate analysis of a solid fuel. (Fe2+) . .Water which is fed to a system such as a boiler or cooling tower.FEEDER: An electrical conductor or group of conductors between different generating or distributing units of a power system.Susceptibility to combustion.FIRING ORDER: The order in which the cylinders deliver their power stroke.FLASH CHAMBER . as metal sheets attached to tubes.FIXED 1036. MAIN: The seawater line that provides firefighting and flushing water throughout the ship. WATER LINE . ignition.FIRE POINT 1048.FEED HEATER: A heat transfer device that heats 1029. HEATER .A separating tank placed between the expansion valve and the evaporator to separate and bypass any gas formed in the expansion valve.FLAME 1059.An extended surface to increase the heat transfer area.FEED WATER . CARBON .FIREBRICK 1054.FLAME . HYDROXIDE . RATE CONTROL .A luminous body of burning gas or vapor.The back end of a boiler.The complete reaction product of iron. The coil used to provide the magnetizing force in motors and generators. or pulverized) is burning. The system may be arranged to operate the burner on-off. which forms a red precipitate in water [Fe(OH)3] ION . 1043. that is able to withstand temperature in the range of 1500 to 1600°C. 1062.FLAME DETECTOR .FILTER-DRIER . 1031. and is used to line furnaces. it remains soluble in the water [Fe(OH)2].Amines that form a impervious non-wettable film. in a boiler. COAGULANT .A device which indicates if a fuel (liquid. iron and water in the absence of oxygen.FLAMMABILITY . the feed water before it goes to the boiler. and shutdown for safe operation.FIXED 1039. 1055. water.FIRE 1063. 1061. 1058. 1046.A control that sequences the burner through several stages of operation to provide proper air purge. 1040.FILTRATION .A device used to heat feedwater with steam.FLASH .A refractory brick.FLAME PROPAGATION . coagulate at 4.FILMING 1056. which acts as a barrier between the metal and the condensate and provide protection against carbon dioxide and oxygen.Metallic materials in which the principle component is iron.The piping leading to a system through which the feed water flows. at which the hot gases change direction of flow. gaseous.FERROUS 1053.Is the process of passing a liquid containing suspended matter through a suitable porous material in such a manner as to effectively remove the suspended matter from the liquid.FIRING 1049.FIRING The temperature at which a material will continue to burn for at least 5 seconds without the benefit of an outside flame. WALL .The reaction product of 1037.FERROUS ION . 1064.A pressure temperature or flow controller which controls the firing rate of a burner according to the deviation from pressure or temperature set point.FIRE TUBE 1051.FERROUS HYDROXIDE .FLAME SAFEGUARD . 1038.Engineering Dictionary 1027. 1044. through which the hot gases flow and transfer heat to the water on the outside of the tube. These amines do not neutralize carbon dioxide.Speed of travel of ignition through a combustible mixture.A combination device used as a strainer and moisture remover.An iron atom that has a positive electric charge of +3. normal operation.FERRIC 1033. 1057. PRESSURE: The highest pressure reached in the cylinder during combustion.FIRE 1052. 1042. often made from fire clay. Section of piping and hose on discharge side of a proportional leading to a fire location.FIRE 1035.FIELD WINDING. Page 33 of 79 .FERRIC 1050. or if ignition has been lost. 1060.FERRIC 1034.FILTER .0 11.FEEDWATER 1032. TUBE BOILER: Boilers in which the gases of combustion pass through the tubes and heat the water surrounding them. DISPLACEMENT PUMP .Ferric sulfate Fe2(SO4)3 act to precipitate ferric hydroxide.0 pH range. high-low or in proportion to load demand.FLAME PROPAGATION The term applied to the speed at which a flame travels.FIRELINE: 1045. .A flame is said to be stable when it main tains its correct position from the burner. 1047. 1028.FIN PROPAGATION RATE . The indication may be transmitted to a signal or to a control system. opposite the burner.An iron atom that has a positive electric charge of + 2(Fe2+).FLAMR STABILITY .The portion of a superheated fluid converted to vapor when its pressure is reduced.A pump in which the displacement per cycle cannot be varied. and oxygen. A tube. fluid.

The static pressure of fluid expressed in terms of the height of a column of the fluid. NOZZLE: A nozzle designed to entrain air and mix it with water and foam liquid to produce a foam blanket.A device used to inject a solution into a 1093. weights which move and assume positions in accordance with the speed of rotation. Flow rate is usually expressed in terms of feet per minute per cubic foot of resin or as milliliters per minute per milliliter of resin.FLEXIBLE GEAR COUPLING – A connection between two shafts which allows some relative movement.Engineering Dictionary 1065. . moves transversely as well as in the direction of the tube or pipe axis. usually of a gelatinous nature. to the compressor through the suction line. 1077. 1071.FORCED 1092.FORCED 1095. (2) The amount of torque produced by 1 pound of effort applied at a radius of 1 foot.The action on a body which tends to change its relative condition as to rest or motion.FORCE PUMP . Usually common in low pressure boilers due to high concentration of dissolved solids.Movement of fluid by mechanical force such as fans or pumps.FORWARD CURVED FAN BLADIRING . 1068.Formation of steam bubbles on the surface of the boiler water due to high surface tension of the water. usually from an overfed evaporator. LAMINAR OR STREAMLINE . The feedback applied force must “null” the forces acting on a balanced mechanism.A pump for supplying oil to turbine 1082.FORCED CONVECTION . 1069.A fan supplying air under pressure to the fuel burning equipment. water by developing a froth.FLUID HEAD .FLASH GAS . (1) The amount of work accomplished when a force of 1 pound produces a displacement of 1 foot.The general term that includes gas. 1076. TURBULENT .FLOW. 1085.Forwardcurved fan blading is widely used on induced-draught fans 1079. closed system through an opening such as a drain valve.FLUIDIZED BED .Evaporation of a liquid into a vapor. 1080. 1066. . An arrangement of control system components using a mechanical force as the feedback signal. two position type controllers which vary the position of the controlled devices but which are arranged to stop before reaching a maximum or minimum position.The condition of liquid refrigerant returning.Fluid flow in which the fluid 1096.FLOTATION .The gas resulting from the instantaneous evaporation of refrigerant in a pressure-reducing device to cool the refrigerant to the evaporating temperature obtaining at the reduced pressure.FLASH 1067. 1094.FLUID . or of some manometric fluid.FLY ASH . TANK . FEED LUBRICATION: A lubrication system that uses a pump to maintain a constant pressure.FLOODBACK 1089. bearings when on barring gear.FLYWEIGHT: A governor. 1088.Cools water by mechanically forcing air through the tower.FLYWHEEL: A heavy wheel attached to the crankshaft. Page 34 of 79 .FORCE-FEED OILING . 1084.The volume of solution which passes through a given quantity of resin within a given time.FORCED-DRAFT 1078.FLOATING ACTION CONTROLLERS: Essentially 1086.FLOCCULANT 1087. Sometimes called a ‘turning’ or ‘barring gear’ oil pump.A vessel used for separating the liquid phase from the gaseous phase formed from a rise in temperature and/or a reduction of pressure on the flowing stream. FAN . 1091. vapor or liquid 1097.FOAM .The circulation of water in a boiler by mechanical means external to the boiler.The temperature at which a material to give off sufficient vapor to form a flammable mixture.FOOT-POUND: 1072. or other solid fuels.Is the development of excessive 1070.FORCE 1090. as opposed to streamline or viscous flow.The process of agglomerating coagulated particles into settable flocs.FORCED CIRCULATION .A contained mass of finely divided solid that behaves like a fluid when brought into suspension in a moving gas.FLOCCULATION 1073.A finely divided siliceous material formed during the combustion of coal.FOAMING .A process of separating solids from 1075.FLASH 1083.FOAM CARRYOVER .Lubrication system which uses 1098. .FLOW. moisture in the steam from carryover of foam from the drum. 1081. a pump to force oil to surfaces of moving parts.FLUSHING PUMP . POINT . It stores up energy during the power event and releases it during the remaining events of the operating cycle.FLASHING . coke. which it would support.Fluid flow in which each fluid particle moves in a smooth path substantially parallel to the paths followed by all other particles.An electrolyte added to a colloidal suspension to cause the particles to aggregate and settle out as the result of reduction in repulsion between particles. DRAFT COOLING TOWER .FLOW RATE .FORCE-BALANCE: 1074.

OIL FILTER: A type of oil filter through which all engine oil passes before entering the lubrication channels.Water that has little or no salt dissolved in it. MIXTURE . KNOCK . of fuel to air. duct and piping walls. or chemical reaction wherever such processes create airborne particles predominantly below one micron in size.Control which starts defrost part of a cycle manually and then returns system to normal operation automatically.The cubic contents of the furnace or combustion chamber. FREE REFRIGERATOR . a mold.The degree of interference with heat transfer. which maintains the evaporator at frosting temperatures during all phases of cycle.Pressure occurring inside the combustion chamber. .Refrigerating system 1120.A lower form of plant life which does not contain chlorophyll. 1111.The ratio of the weight. The primary purpose of a fan or pump is to produce a design volume of fluid at a pressure equal to the frictional resistance of the system and the other dynamic pressure losses of the components.FREON POINT . dry and discolored.See Running Current.FURNACE VOLUME . .FROSTING TYPE EVAPORATOR . usually indicated by sweating or frosting of the suction line.FROST 1118.The temperature at which a liquid becomes solid. 1107. 1101.FRESH WATER . CONTROL .FULL-FLOATING PISTON PIN: A piston pin free to turn in the piston boss of the connecting rod eye.FURNACE 1114.FOULING 1100.The ratio of heat added to boiler feedwater to produce the output steam to the amount of energy inputted with fuel. negative if less than atmospheric.FUEL-AIR RATIO .FROST 1099.FREEZE-UP . waves. A common example is a mixture of snow and salt.FROST . In architectural acoustics. calcination. 1126.FRICTION 1113.A refrigerating device designed to lower the temperature below 0°C.FREQUENCY: The number of complete cycles per 1110. 1103. dirt or foreign matter that clog systems or restrict flow and interfere with heat transfer. .FUMES EFFICIENCY . . distillation.Frozen condensation.FRQUENCY .The number of vibrations.The space provided above the resin bed in an ion-exchange column to allow for expansion of the bed during backwashing. Resistance creates a static pressure loss in systems. 1123.FREEZER 1104.Solid particles commonly formed by the condensation of vapors from normally solid materials such as molten metals. second (hertz) existing in any form of wave motion.Condition in which liquid refrigerant flows from evaporator into suction line. 1130.An enclosed space provided for the combustion of fuel.Engineering Dictionary as there is less tendency for deposits to build up on these blades than on other types. FLOW: Flow which encounters negligible resistance. 1128. BACK . has not been properly wrapped and that has become hard.A hammer like noise produced when fuel is not burned properly in a cylinder. and neutral if equal to atmospheric.The pressure in psi or feet of the liquid pumped which represents system resistance that must be overcome.FREEZING .FUEL-AIR MIXTURE . or volume.FULCRUM: The pivot point of a lever. 1106. 1133. Such solid particles sometimes serve as condensation nuclei for water vapor to form smog. Page 35 of 79 . . . (2) Frost formation on an evaporator which may stop the airflow through the evaporator.Are substances used in laboratory methods of producing a drop in temperature.FREEBOARD 1102.Refrigerated cabinet which operates with an automatic defrost during each cycle.FRICTION HEAD .FULL-FLOW 1109. FACTOR . 1124.FREE 1119.FUEL 1122. 1121. for example.FROST 1117. 1125.FRIGORIFIC 1115. PRESSURE DROP: The decrease in the pressure of a fluid flowing through a passage attributable to the friction between the fluid and the passage walls.Trade name for a family of synthetic chemical refrigerants.FULL LOAD CURRENT .Semiautomatic .Condition applied to food which 1105. the interest lies in the audible frequency range of 20 to 20000 cps Hertz (cycles per second).FREEZING 1108. 1127.FREEZER BURN .Deposits of impurities. positive if greater than atmospheric.FRICTION .(1) Formation of ice in the refrigerant control device which may stop the flow of refrigerant into the evaporator.Friction is the resistance found at the 1112.FUEL-TO-STEAM 1129.Change of state from liquid to solid. 1132.FOULING . or cycles of any periodic phenomenon per second. Fumes may also be formed by sublimation. 1116.Mixture of fuel and air.FURNACE PRESSURE .FUNGUS 1131.

GFI. MANIFOLD .Where the refrigerant remains in the gaseous phase throughout. hatches.GLAND SEALING . cylinders. under pressure is formed by combustion. and commercial products are extensively used. 1158.FUSIBLE PLUG . 1149.FUSE: A protective device inserted in series with a circuit. .Vapor phase or strata of a substance.GAS.The term used to describe the limits within which the excitation of a generator can be controlled in order to keep it in synchronism with other generators on the interconnected system. .The connection of two dissimilar metals in an electrolyte that results in current flow through the circuit. TURBINE . A machine that converts mechanical energy into electrical energy.GAUGE VACUUM . REFRIGERATION CYCLE . against a series of turbine blades.GALVANIZING: The process of coating one metal with another.GAS 1135. electrolytically zinc-coat steel is called galvanized steel). ordinarily applied to the coating of iron or steel with zinc.g. metals due to electrical current passing between them. 1145.GAS Page 36 of 79 .GEARING: A 1156.GALVANIZING 1155. satisfies the perfect gas laws. sheet lead and copper. for example.The coefficient "R" in the perfect gas equation: PV = MRT.GALVANIC CELL . within acceptable limits of accuracy.Instrument used to measure pressures below atmospheric pressure.GLAND 1141. oil. TUBE - 1144. e.GLAND . nitrogen or helium mixed with a volatile refrigerant. GFCI . The action is increased in the presence of moisture. or gear with similar teeth or other wheels in such manner that motion given one wheel will be imparted to the other. 1162. 1140. COUPLE . Used as safety device to release pressures in case of fire.. This could be centrifugal or an axial compressor. It contains a metal that will melt or break when current is increased beyond a specific value for a definite period of time. 1137.a device that senses ground faults and reacts by opening the circuit. is directed 1163. G TURBINE COMPRESSOR .Electrolytic brought about by the difference in electric potential between two dissimilar metals.Uniform overall corrosion of A boiler tube used for metal surfaces.Devices fitted to turbines (or other machinery) 1164.GAS . and so forth. STABILITY .GENERATOR: 1157.A system of lubrication in which the shape and relative motion of the sliding surfaces cause the formation of a gas film having sufficient pressure to separate the surfaces.: Pressure above atmospheric pressure (Absolute pressure minus atmospheric pressure). paper.Plug or fitting made with a metal of a known low melting temperature. The energy in the expanding gas is converted into rotary motion.GAUGE 1138. .GASKET(S): (1) A class of material that provides a 1160.GALVANIC ACTION .Device in a pipeline for starting.A gas that neither experiences nor causes chemical reaction nor undergoes a change of state in a system or process. (2) Packing materials by which air.Wasting away of two unlike 1151. INERT . between the flanges of pipes. water.GAS - 1142. SEALING: Water piped to a pump casing stuffing box to maintain a seal against air entering the pump casing.GAUGE PRESSURE .Engineering Dictionary 1134. 1148.GENERAL CORROSION 1159. stopping 1150.When a substance is converted to 1152. asbestos. 1136. Valves control flow of fluids through.GAS VALVE .GENERATING evaporation. The chief purpose of galvanizing is to prevent corrosion (The coating of metal with another by an electrolytic process.GENERATOR . seal between two stationary parts. canvas. Usually a highly superheated vapor which.An engine in which gas .The use of steam to seal the turbine glands at the point where the shaft passes through the casing.GAS 1147.Ground fault (circuit) interrupter . to minimise steam or air leakage where the shaft passes through the casing. manhole covers. term applied to wheels which have teeth that mesh.Chamber device constructed to hold both compound and high-pressure gauges. or regulating flow of gas. pressure.The pressure above atmospheric 1154. 1153. 1143.A machine that changes that changes mechanical energy into electrical energy.GAGE PRESSURE . soft iron.GASIFICATION become a gas.GAS CONSTANT . 1146. Such materials as rubber. or in valves.a compressor designed foe the use with gas turbine installations. engage.GENERATOR 1161.GAS LUBRICATION . or steam tightness is secured in such places as on doors.GALVANIC 1139.

A unit of weight.Hydrogen.Steam used to prevent air from entering the turbine cylinder between the turbine shaft and the casing. 1181. 0.Substance containing fluorine.GRINDABILITY .GRAM-MILLIQUIVALENTS weight in grams.Density compared to density of standard material. LIQUOR .The guillotine door or 1196. an interconnected group of impressed-current anodes that absorbs the damage caused by generated electric current 1167. Purpose is to provide a ground point throughout the system.GREASE.The liquor resulting from dissolved molten smelt from Kraft recovery furnace in water. . HEAD: A supply of fluid above the suction level of a pump.Family of refrigerants containing halogen chemicals.Naturally occurring materials.Referring to the junction of crystallites. bromine and iodine. It can be indicated by the Hardgrove Index. 1178. which is deliberately connected to the ground electrode. Page 37 of 79 .To force sealing material into a soil.GRAINS 1190.GREASE. 1193. chlorine.A device used to detect vapor leaks of halogen refrigerants.HALIDE 1198.GRAIN BOUNDARIES .GUILLOTINE DAMPER / DOOR .A lubricant composed of an oil thickened with a soap or other thickener to a solid or semisolid consistency.GROUND . 1180.assist cracking. divided by 1000. SODA BASED . 1169.The unit of measurement of actual moisture contained in a sample of air. which possess ion-exchange properties. sand or confined small space.GRAPHITE: A crystalline form 1175.HALIDE 1199.HARDENING: The treatment or heating and cooling (quenching) of metal to harden the surface. BLOCK .GLAND STEAM . 1184.Water that contains compounds of calcium.GREENSAND 1200. 1 1172.000143 pounds. 1194. 1186.GOVERNOR SPEED DROOP – 1168. 1191. Also called "green ground". 1170.GROUND CONDUCTOR .GROUND BED . May be used either as an evaporator or as a condenser. H 1177. combination of concentration. 0. gr/gal = 17. dissolved 1179.Type of torch used to safely detect halogen refrigerant leaks in system. 15. or any point connected to the 1188. Used for a lubricant.GRIT ARRESTOR .GREASE 1195. localized corrosion and stress 1166. 1171. OF MOISTURE .Heat exchanger buried in the ground.GRAVITY 1176. Insulation color green.GROOVING . 1202.GOVERNOR: A speed-sensitive device designed to control or limit the speed of the engine. also called “static head.GRID . earth or "ground". It uses acetylene as its base.Engineering Dictionary 1165. composed primarily of complex silicates. FAULT .GROUND COIL .GROUND PLUG: A three-pronged electrical plug used to ground portable tools to the ship’s structure. magnesium or both.GRAVITY. 1192.The measure of a coal’s hardness.HAC .An unintentional connection to 1174.A grease that is sufficiently hard to retain its shape in block or stick form. reference usually to water or to air.HARD 1183.GROUT . REFRIGERANTS .A grease prepared from lubricating oil and sodium soap.A means of extracting grit from boiler gases before they are discharged to the chimney.The Transmission System.A unit of concentration.GRAVITY of carbon having a slippery feel and black color with metallic luster.A form of deterioration of boiler plate by a 1187. 1185. It controls the thickness of the fuel-bed fed on to the grate.GROUND BUS . regulating shutter above a chain grate is an adjustable plate extending across the grate.HALOGENS 1201. It is a safety device which always must be checked prior to your using portable tools.A unit of weight.Conductor run in an electrical system. WATER . 1189. TORCH . 0.HALIDE LEAK DETECTOR .GROUND ground.The attraction exerted by the earth’s mass on objects at its surface.A busbar in a panel or elsewhere. 1197.GRAINS PER GALLON .” SPECIFIC .GREEN 1182. .GRAM pounds.one pound of water).0022 The equivalent 1173. or the sealing material used in grouting. .0648 grams. .1 mg/L. deliberately connected to ground.Cathodic protection.432 grains.GRAIN .Zero voltage. . (7000 grains .

1226. PRESSURE CONTROL . By shifting the flow of air or other fluid.Mechanical devices which convert heat to work. steam turbines.In flowing fluid. OF VAPORIZATION .Flow of heat through a substance.HEAT 1212. 1237.Pressure which exists in condensing side of refrigerating system.HEAT EXCHANGER .A device used to transfer heat from a low temperature to a high temperature medium also a reversed cycle in which work is the input and heat is rejected to a sink at a higher temperature than the source.HEAT PUMP . usually expressed in feet of water. .The loss of energy as a result of friction.Height of fluid equivalent to its 1215.The latent heat given up by a substance as it changes from a gas to a liquid. The condenser provides the heat while the evaporator is arranged to pick up heat from air. velocity pressure in flowing fluid. sum of the static and velocity heads at the point of measurement.HEAT CAPACITY . energy associated with random motion of molecules). . STATIC .Flow of heat by conduction.HEAT 1216. (Evaporators and condensers are heat exchangers.HEAD PRESSURE . RELEASE RATE .HARDGROVE 1204.Relatively cold surface capable of absorbing heat. TRANSFER .A refrigerating system employed to transfer heat into a space or substance.The amount of heat necessary to raise the temperature of a given mass one degree.HEAT 1229.The latent heat absorbed by a substance as it changes from a liquid to a vapor. etc.HARDNESS 1207.HEAT TRANSFER .HEAT .The scale-forming and latherinhibiting qualities which water. but containing a refrigerants.HEAT OF COMPRESSION .Rate that describes the heat available per square foot of heat-absorbing surface in the furnace or per cubic foot of volume. gas turbine. steam engines. such as the steam boiler.The static pressure of fluid expressed in terms of the height of a column of the fluid. the mass multiplied by the specific heat. OF CALCIUM CARBONATE .HEAD DYNAMIC OR TOTAL .HEAT ENGINE . 1219. also when carbon dioxide and water are given off by a substance. commonly expressed in feet.Engineering Dictionary 1203. 1225.HEAD 1231. Numerically. which acts on substances to raise their temperature. The opposite of an insulator or insulation.A material capable of readily conducting heat. 1220. . possesses. convection and radiation. water.HEAT 1236.Are generally referred to the presence of calcium and magnesium content of the water.The cycle of events in the conversion of 1221. a convenient method of reducing all salts to a common basic for comparison. heat into mechanical energy. solar energy.The latent heat absorbed when a substance changes from a solid state to a liquid state.HEAT 1228. 1230.) 1224.HEAT CONDUCTOR .Process by which oxygen and carbohydrates are assimilated by a substance. the 1211.HEAT CYCLE .HEADER .An action designed to remove hardness and at the same time to produce an equivalent amount of suspended solids. 1223. OF CONDENSATION .: A thermal form of energy (Form of energy 1218.The difference between the heat contents of the steam at the turbine inlet and at the exhaust. inches of mercury or millimeters of mercury. or of some manometric fluid. substance to another.HEAT 1227.HEAT LAG . refrigerators. high in calcium and magnesium ions. Heat may be transferred by 1234.HARDNESS 1206.HEAT PIPE .HEADLOSS PUMP .HEAD VELOCITY .Pressure.The measure of grindability compared to a standard coal having a Hardgrove Index of 100. 1208.The measure of the pressure of water expressed in feet of height of water: 1 psi = 2.HARDNESS 1205. a heat pump system may also be used to cool the space.HEAT 1217.The expression ascribed to the value obtained when the hardness-forming salts are calculated in terms of equivalent quantities of calcium carbonate.HEAD 1213.HARDNESS INDEX .Movement of heat from one body or Page 38 of 79 . 1222. .Pressureoperated control which opens electrical circuit if highside pressure becomes too high. 1214.Length of pipe or vessel to which two or more pipe lines are joined carries fluid from a common source to various points of use. OF FUSION . which it would support.A refrigeration device with no moving parts. SINK .HEAD 1210.The time it takes for heat to travel through a substance heated on one side. OF RESPIRATION .Device used to transfer heat from a warm or hot surface to a cold or cooler surface. 1232.HEAD 1209. .HEAT LEAKAGE . CONTROL .HEAT 1235.Mechanical energy of pressure changed into energy of heat.HEAT DROP .31 feet of water. 1233.

or 1266.Hydrogen-induced cracking. MOTOR .A unit in the metric system used to measure frequency in cycles per second.HIGH-VACUUM PUMP .The heating section of a multizone system.Refrigerant control mechanism which controls the level of the liquid refrigerant in the highpressure side of mechanism. 1258. 1267.HELM: (1) The term applied to the tiller.The ratio of the quantity of heat required to raise the temperature of a given mass of any substance one degree to the quantity required to raise the temperature of an equal mass of a standard substance (usually water at 59 F) one degree.HEAT. FLOAT . often water. . COIL . in crevices or in deposits within the system during normal operation.HEAT. The motor operates in an atmosphere of the refrigerant. a coil spring.HELICAL: A spiraling shape such as that made by 1248.HORSEPOWER (hp): A unit for measuring the power of motors or engines. 1259. CONTROL . SENSIBLE .HENRY . LIMIT CONTROL . in contrast to a heat interchange in which a change of state (latent heat) occurs.000 pounds at the rate of 1 foot per minute. conduction.Compressor drive motor sealed within same casing which contains compressor.HIGH-PRESSURE 1263.HEAT TRANSFER COEFICIENT . GAS DEFROST .HOGGING . specific heat exchange of temperature.Bending of a turbine or other shaft upwards above its centre line.Electrical control switch operated by the high-side pressure which automatically opens electrical circuit if too high pressure is reached. 1250.A device which normally monitors the condition of the controlled medium and interrupts system operation if the monitored condition be comes excessive.The unit of self-inductance or mutual inductance in the metric system.HERTZ 1257.Compressor which has the driving motor sealed inside the compressor housing. Page 39 of 79 .Engineering Dictionary radiation. 1247. SURFACE . which releases heat.Electric bill charges that 1241.An expression for calculating the solubility of a gas in a fluid based on temperature and partial pressure. The force required to raise 33.HOT DECK .000 foot-pounds per minute.The fluid. Its symbol is H. 1253.Heat transfer device consisting of a coil of piping.HOT 1252. 1242. 1249. COMPRESSOR .HERMETIC . (Same as hydrogen embrittlement) are based on cents per kWh per kW demand contain a hidden demand charge.HEAT.HENRY’S LAW . which acts as the agent or medium in a heat exchanger through which heat is exchanged from one side to the other.HELIX: The curve formed on any cylinder by a straight line in a plane that is wrapped around the cylinder with a forward progression.The exposed surface of a heating unit in a heat exchanger which is directly exposed to the heat of the flue gases (That surface which is exposed to the heating medium for absorption and transfer of heat to the medium).HERMETIC 1254.HEATING 1245. SYSTEM .Mechanism which can create a 1265. and also the rudder.HEATING 1246. equal to a rate of 33.Is the accumulation of chemicals on surfaces. 1268. or a lever (tiller) in boats. convection or a combination of these three methods. 1264. wheel.HEAT-TRANSFER 1244.The metals or materials of construction of a heat exchanger.HEATING 1261. 1239. MEDIUM . vacuum in the 1000 to 1 micron range.HERMETIC 1255. Its symbol is Hz.HIDDEN DEMAND CHARGE . A low load factor for a building then penalizes the energy user through this "hidden" charge.Sealed so that the object is gas tight.Piping system in refrigerating unit which moves hot refrigerant gas from condenser into lowpressure side. TOTAL (ENTHALPY) .Refrigeration system which has a compressor driven by a motor contained in compressor dome or housing.HEAT-EXCHANGER MATERIALS .Device which controls temperature of a heat transfer unit which releases heat.HIDE-OUT 1260. steering gear.HIGH SIDE . .HOT GAS BYPASS .HIGH .HIGH-SIDE CUT-OUT . 1251. to condenser pressure or higher.The sum of sensible heat and latent heat between an arbitrary datum point and the temperature and state under consideration. SPECIFIC.Heat which is associated with a change in temperature. for example a high level of fluid in a storage tank.Parts of the refrigerating system subjected 1262. 1243.HERMETIC 1256.The property indicating the temperature difference for a given amount of heat to flow between a hot surface and a gas cooring the surface.HIC 1238. (2) A mechanical device used to turn the rudder. 1240.Defrosting system in which hot refrigerant gas from the high side is directed through evaporator for short period of time and at predetermined intervals in order to remove frost from evaporator. the system from the compression side of the compressor through the condenser to the expansion point of the evaporator. usually a wheel aboard ship.

HYDRAULIC COUPLING . causing decarburization and intergranular fissuring of the structure. of water vapor at the same temperature.HOT 1289.Apparatus or equipment used in heating. when the water is heated above the room temperature.HOT-WATER 1290. Failure takes place at thick edges in the form of fracture. 1283. Damages usually result in larger pieces of metal being blown away.HYDROGEN 1285. This type of damage can only occur if hydrogen was present in the metal.HYDRATION 1273.A fluid connection between a 1292.Heating.Absorption of water by a mineral that results in a change in the nature of the mineral. are chemically precipitated and removed with phosphate in conjunction with caustic soda.HOT-WATER 1291.HOT 1271. Is often caused by a faulty or improperly adjusted governor).A heating system using water as a heat-transfer medium through a heat exchanger or boiler to terminal heating unit.A regulatory device.HVAC . - with load limit. ION . 1298.A type of corrosion occurring beneath a relative dense deposit. RELATIVE . DAMAGE .A portion of the molecule of water containing one atom of hydrogen which has a positive electric charge. followed by a drop to normal engines speed without manual movement of the trottle.Adding of moisture to the air.A tank used to receive condensate from various sources on its passage back to the boiler through a feedwater system.HUMIDIFYING . to the saturation pressure or density.HUMIDITY .HYDROGEN 1299.A complete course of cationexchange operation in which the adsorbent is employed in the hydrogen or free acid form. used for the automatic control of relative humidity.HUMIDITY.A boiler in which no steam is generated and from which hot water is circulated for heating purposes and then returned to the boiler.That part of thermoelectric circuit which releases heat. constituting the hardness of water. PROCESS . it is used to express pressure.HVAC 1288. 1279. ventilating. . .HUMIDITY RATIO . rather then thinning. be eliminated by blocking the fuel supply manually or 1282.HSC 1276.HYDROCARBONS 1294. As the backwash water flows up through the resin bed. WELL .The ratio of the mol fraction of water vapor present in the air.HUMIDITY. to the mol fraction of water vapor present in saturated air at the same temperature and barometric pressure.Engineering Dictionary 1269. moving into underlying metal.HUMIDISTAT 1280. 1281. 1278.A rhythmic variation of speed that can Page 40 of 79 . PROCESS PHOSPHATE SOFTENING .The ratio of the specific humidity.Dampness of air.The weight of water vapor per unit volume. prime mover and the machine it drives. 1277.Caused by the introduction of hydrogen during the welding process. the particles are placed in a mobile condition wherein the larger particles settle and the smaller particles rise to the top of the bed. it equals the ratio of the partial pressure or density of the water vapor in the air.A device to add moisture to air. since the force of the liquid column is directly proportional to its height.HUNTING . Although head refers to a distance or height. 1275.assisted stress-corrosion cracking.A process whereby the calcium and magnesium salts containing. 1286. PERCENTAGE .HUMIDIFYING EFFECT .HYDROGEN .HOT 1270.HSCC Hydrogen.A chemical now largely taking the place of sodium sulphite used for removal of oxygen from feed and boiler waters.HOT JUNCTION .Organic compounds containing only hydrogen and carbon atoms in various combinations. It uses the action of liquid moving against blades to drive the machine.The rearrangement of resin particles in an ion-exchange unit.The latent heat of vaporization of water at the average evaporating temperature times the weight of water evaporated per unit of time.The ratio of the mass of the water vapor to the mass of dry air contained in the sample. CYCLE . The speed variation will reappear when the engine is returned to governor control (A surge of engine speed to higher number of revolutions per minute. ABSOLUTE .HYDROGEN 1297. COOLED GENERATOR –The generator stator winding is cooled with Hydrogen.HYDRAULIC HEAD . and Air Conditioning. respectively. 1293.HYDROGEN 1296. rather then just bursting. Ventilating.A water treatment process.HYDRAULIC 1274. 1284. RE-CIRCULATING SYSTEM . and air conditioning. CLASIFICATION . 1272.Hydrogen stress cracking. approximately.The force exerted by a column of liquid expressed by the height of the liquid above the point at which the pressure is measured. . actuated by changes in humidity. 1287.HYDRAZINE 1295. HEATING BOILER . Also called head or hydrostatic head.HUMIDIFIER .HVAC BOILER . . INDUCED CRACKING .HUMIDITY.Boiler for heating or air conditioning (Absorption Refrigeration) EQUIPMENT . Hydrogen produces the corrosion reaction.

The draught it developed by a fan drawing the gases through the boiler and discharging to the chimney.Gases such as carbon dioxide which.HYGROSCOPIC .INDUCTANCE 1317.Instrument used to measure degree of moisture in the atmosphere.HYDROGEN-ION CONCENTRATION .IGNITION. SPARK: When the mixture of air and fuel in an internal-combustion engine is ignited by an electric spark (as in a gasoline engine). 1314. like air.A re-circulating water system used for heating and/or comfort cooling. 1320.ICE CREAM CABINET .Engineering Dictionary 1300. the shaft of a hydrogen-cooled alternator to prevent the escape of hydrogen.INDICATOR 1330. TEMPERATURE . used for storage of ice cream. 1315. 1307.Ability of a substance to absorb 1328. .Oil seals fitted at the ends of 1302.The pressure at any point in a liquid at rest. equal to the depth of the liquid multiplied by its density.A machine in which steam is expanded in fixed blades or nozzles and. the jet action of the primary air stream discharging from a controlled device.A chemical reaction between a mineral and water that results in dissolution of the mineral. It is measured by an index called the cetane number.INDIRECT CARD: A graphical record of the cylinder pressures made by an indicator.IMPULSE TYPE TURBINE .IMMISCIBLE .INDICATED 1327. etc.INDUCED DRAUGHT .HYDROLYSIS CYCLE .The capture of part of the ambient air by . It is composed of resistance plus a purely AC concept called reactance and is expressed. . 1304.IMPULSE PRINCIPLE – 1324. rotation to a mass of fluid. . DRIVE: A drive mechanism coupled to the driven member by gears or belts.IMPEDANCE (Z) .HYDRONIC 1322.The process when a second conductor 1332.HYDROSTATIC: Static (nonmoving) generated by pressurizing liquid. 1301.IMPELLER .HYDROMETER 1305. and release moisture and change physical dimensions as its moisture content changes. Page 41 of 79 1333.Lowest temperature of a fuel at which combustion becomes selfsustaining.The degree or quantity of hydrogen ions in a water solution. increases the voltage above that which is needed to pass a direct current of a similar value through the coil. by its change of direction. does work by giving an impulse to the moving blades.IMPINGEMENT . will not condense into a liquid at normal temperatures and pressures. . 1308.INDUCTANCE .The cycle of water from evaporation through condensation to precipitation. 1306. SYSTEM . HORSEPOWER (ihp): The power transmitted to the pistons by the gas in the cylinders. pres-sure 1323.A rotating set of vanes designed to impart 1321. 1316. .HYDROPHILIC .INDICATED GASES . temperature.HYDROLOGIC 1303. 1319.An effect occurring in a coil or winding which when alternating current flows in the coil. cylinder pressure during the cycle.IGNITION QUALITY .Floating instrument used to measure specific gravity of a liquid. the ever-changing magnetic field will induce a current in the second conductor.Commercial refrigerator which operates at approximately -18°C. I 1325. 1309. inductive reactance.Having an affinity for water.Not capable of mixing (as oil and water).HYDROSTATIC 1310.HYDROGEN SEAL .INDUCTION . flow.INCONDENSABLE 1326. and capacitive reactance (The quantity in an AC circuit that is equivalent to resistance in a DC circuit.The term used to describe the anionic radical (OH-) which is responsible for the alkalinity of a solution. like resistance. when it is injected into the compressed-air charge in a diesel cylinder. THERMAL EFFICIENCY: The ratio of indicated horsepower to equivalent power input in the form of heat from fuel.IGNITION. in ohms).HYGROMETER 1312.IGNITION 1331.HYDROSTATIC PRESURE .The total opposition offered to the flow of an alternating current. COMPRESSION: When the heat generated by compression in an internal-combustion engine ignites the fuel (as in a diesel engine).The ability of a fuel to ignite 1334. 1318.INDICATOR: An instrument for recording the variation of 1329. It may consist of any combination of resistance.IMPULSE LINES: Piping that connects a sensing element to the point at which it is desired to sense pressure. is placed next to a conductor carrying AC current (but not touching it). 1313.High-velocity flow of water or gas over a metal surface. 1311. causing premature failure by abrasion.HYDROXYL TEST: A test using pressurized water to detect leaks in a closed system. inasmuch as it relates current and voltage.

INTEGRAL BLOWER . The compressed air from the first compressor is cooled before being discharged to second compressor. 1350.INDUCTION HEATING .Engineering Dictionary 1335.ION . Also a metal which is widely used in Page 42 of 79 . . kilowatt level. based on both the concentrations and valences of the ions present. and the power factor of the load. such as that used to insulate structures.INTEGRAL: 1355.Material which is a poor conductor of heat. 1349. It is added in small quantities to gasoline’s to prevent oxidation and gum formation.A material of low thermal conductivity used to reduce heat losses. . . If the actual kilowatt level exceeds a designated set point. are arranged in one straight line.The blowdown is taken from the mud drum. 1340. a material of low thermal conductivity.INSULATOR 1337.An atom or radical in solution carrying an integral 1363. 1358. Contrast with transgranular cracking. Essential to completeness. Similarly.INHIBITOR .Heating by combined electrical resistance and hysteresis losses induced by subjecting a metal to varying magnetic field surrounding a coil carrying alternating current.ION EXCHANGE . as an integral part. or cause chemical reactions. electric charge.INJECTION 1359. when load shedding should occur. either positive (cation) or negative (anion).Air flowing inward as through a 1354. 1344. the change in temperature at the thermostat needed to turn additional heating or cooling equipment on. LOADS . crack.A blower built as an integral part of a device to supply air thereto.Any substance which retards or prevents such chemical reactions as corrosion or oxidation (An additive used to retard undesirable chemical action in a product. 1362.A material of such low electrical conductivity that a flow of current through it can usually be neglected. Also called intercrystalline cracking.INTERMITTENT BLOWDOWN .INFLUENT exchange unit.INDUCTIVE .Removal of heat from compressed gas between the compression stages.INSTANTANEOUS RATE .INDUCTION: The act or process of pro-ducing voltages by the relative motion of a magnetic field across a conductor (A fundamental element of electrical systems constructed of numerous turns of wire around a ferromagnetic or air core). 1361.INRUSH CURRENT .ION 1364.INSULATION. Actual energy usage is measured and compared to a present 1365.INTERCOOLED CYCLE .IRON .IN MATERIAL .INDUCTOR 1353. True power consumption for inductive loads is calculated by multiplying its voltage.Cracking or fracturing 1360.A reversible process by which ions are interchanged between solids and a liquid.In a multistage HVAC system. and to corrosive environments to decrease corrosive action) NOZZLE: A device which protrudes into the combustion chamber and delivers fuel to the cylinder. etc.INSULATION 1336.INTEGRAL-BLOWER BURNER .IONIZATION .The solution which enters an ion- 1341.INFILTRATION wall.) 1351. .INTERSTAGE DIFFERENTIAL .INTERCOOLING 1342.Loads whose voltage and current are out-of-phase.INORGANIC 1346. to lubricating oils to stop color change. Also called "locked rotor current". directed into an input port to control an element or logic function.INTERGRANULAR CRACKING .INPUT SIGNAL: A pressure or flow of fluid that is 1348. SYSTEM: Combination of components designed to supply air required for combustion. EXCHANGE RESIN .INTAKE 1338. 1352. 1357.Cross linked polymers that form salts within ions from aqueous solutions. . 1347. (The valve stem is an integral part of the valve.Refers to a gas turbine employing two compressors.A metallic element found as an impurity in water in very small amounts.Are substances not derived from living things. current.A measure of strength of a solution 1366. 1356. SYSTEM: A system designed to deliver fuel to the cylinder at the proper time and in the proper quantity under various engine loads and speeds.A burner of which the blower is an integral part. PHASE: Applied to the condition that exists when two waves of the same frequency pass through their maximum and minimum values of like polarity at the same instant.IONIC STRENGTH . THERMAL .The current that flows the instant after the switch controlling current flow to a load is closed. loads will be shed until the actual rate drops below the set point. used to retard or slow down flow of heat through wall or partition.The process of separation of a molecule into its electrically charged atoms or parts.INJECTION 1343. that occurs between the grains or crystal in a polycrystalline aggregate.INERT GAS .A gas that does not readily enter into 1339.Method for determining 1367.IN-LINE ENGINE: An engine in which the cylinders 1345. waterwall headers or the lowest point of circulation.

Changes of volume or pressure under conditions of constant temperature.English Scientist James Prescott Joule (1818 1889) 1387.JACKING: Mechanically rotating an engine or reduction gear at very low speed.’ The contacts may work in oil or in air. LOSS . Its symbol is J. achieved by mixing the steam with a spray of water. 1395. 1388. 1384.A measure of electrical energy consumption. EXPANSION AND CONTRACTION . constant volume.Product of the voltage times the current. The relationship . See BYPASS. 1378. work. .KILOWATT-HOUR Page 43 of 79 .TK = TC + 273. 1394.ISOCHORIC 1373. Also called a newton-metre. See LOCK NUT.KILOGRAIN .KENOTOMETER . an insulative covering. and energy in the metric system.KELVIN SCALE (K) .Thermometer scale on which unit 1377.JACKET: An outer case such as a water jacket or 1379. (That part of a shaft or axle that rotates relative to a radial bearing).The electrical loss in the iron core when subjected to an alternating magnetic field.ISOBARIC . OR ISOPIESTIC PROCESS .JACKING OIL PUMP – A pump used for supplying 1382.Are filementous organisms encountered in iron-bearing water.Engineering Dictionary the construction of HVAC and plumbing equipment.JUMPER: Any connecting pipe. Water freezes at 273. small quantities of high-pressure oil for lifting turbine shafts off their bearings and maintaining an oil film when low-speed barring is in progress.KILOVOLT AMPERE .A condenser where cooling is 1400. 1385. hose. 1399.A device for making or breaking a circuit only when it is dead. K 1374.ISENTROPIC 1371. the equivalent of -273.KILOWATT . (Kilo calorie = kcal) CALORIE .16 K.JACKET WATER: Water used as a coolant in the cooling system of an engine (usually chemically treated distilled water). usually secured to a bulkhead. 1368.An instrument in common use In power stations for measuring condenser back-pressure in inches of mercury. 1397. The gas is discharged from the nozzle with the expanded high-pressure medium.ISOTHERMAL .ISOLATOR 1389. Also a processes carried out with no entropy change. It is the amount of energy required to move an object of 1 kg mass to a height of 1 m.A device employing a ventury tube so that a high pressure stream flowing through the nozzle creates a lower pressure or a vacuum into which the gas to be compressed flows.16 K.34 horsepower. or wire normally used in emergencies aboard ship to bypass damaged sections of a pipe. except hydrogen and helium. 1000 grains. 1386. (Kilo calorie = kcal) 1380. Abbreviated: kWh.A process during which the specific volume remains constant. PROCESS .KATA THERMOMETER Large-bulb alcohol thermometer used to measure air speed or atmospheric conditions by means of cooling effect.JET CONDENSER .This is the amount of heat (energy) necessary to raise the temperature of 1 kg of water 1°C. 1398.IRON BACTERIA .ISOTHERMAL 1376.JET COMPRESSOR .16°C. and boils at 373. or wire.This is the amount of heat (energy) necessary to raise the temperature of 1 kg of water 1°C. hose. hydrocarbon fuel or solvent. Abbreviated: kVA kilo watts is equal to KVA times power factor.The unit used to measure heat. Kilowatt: 1000 watts.A process carried out reversibly without energy interchange as heat. is a cooling of the gas. the major component of steel.16 1392. Abbreviated: kW.a light.JOURNAL . EFFECT .A metric unit of power equal to approximately 1.The change in gas temperature which occurs when the gas is expanded adiabatically from a higher pressure to a lower pressure.JOULE .A unit of weight.JOULE-THOMSON 1372. 1383.IRON 1369.JOB ORDER: An order issued by a repair activity to its own subdivision to perform a repair job in response to a work request.KEROSINE . 1000 watts being consumed per hour.A process carried out at constant pressure.Action which takes place without a temperature change. . PROCESS OR ISOMETRIC.JACKBOX: A receptacle. 1381. J 1391. The effect for most gases. Different from kilowatts because of inductive loads in an electrical system. in which telephone jacks are mounted. of measurement equals the Celsius degree and according to which absolute zero is 0 degree.ISOMETRIC PROCESS .A process carried out at 1375. 1393.KILO 1396.KILO CALORIE .The portion of a shaft running in a bearing 1390.JOULE 1370.JAM NUT: A second nut used on a bolt or stud to lock the holding nut.

pHs.A valve having a guide-mounted.LIGHT CRUDE OIL . 1422. DALTON’S . Often called "demand". equal to one half of the body’s mass times the square of its speed. vaporization.LEAKAGE 1410. With pure substances. 1412. fusion) without change in temperature or pressure. the delay in action of the sensing element of a control.LABYRINTH PACKING / SEAL: A soft metal ring or rings arranged inside a casing throat in such a manner that the inside diametrical edges will form a series of seals along the surface of the rotating shaft.LATENT HEAT OF CONDENSATION .Engineering Dictionary 1401. a negative one means corrosion tendencies.e. where pH = actual pH of water and pHs = pH at which water having the same alkalinity and calcium content is just saturated with calcium carbonate. released (lost) by a pound of a substance to change its state from a vapor (gas) to a liquid.KINETIC FRICTION .Each constituent of a mixture of gases behaves thermodynamically as if it alone occupied the space.Heat energy absorbed in process of changing form of substance (melting. at each instant of time the increase of voltage around a close loop in a network is equal to the algebraic sum of the voltage drop.A wood-pulping process in which sodium sulfate is used in the caustic soda pulp-digestion liquor.LIFT CHECK VALVE . etc.Friction between two bodies when motion exists. 1405.LIFE STEAM – 1426. explosive combustion and an audible metallic hammering noise. or soap solution used to detect leaks. The sum of the individual pressures of the constituents equals the total pressure of the mixture.LEAK DETECTOR .LAMBERT SEAL: The hydraulic equivalent of labyrinth packing. (Water moving in a pipe has kinetic energy.An index (SI) based upon the pH of saturation of calcium carbonate.LAMINAR FLOW .KNOCK 1406. enters the blade of an impulse turbine. OF PARTIAL PRESSURE.kW 1420. 1416. i. (Langlier Index = pH .LEAVING 1425. the number of kWh used per month.KINETIC ENERGY . Page 44 of 79 . spring-loaded disk wherein liquid exerting pressure on the bottom of the disk will lift the disk and pass through.LATENT HEAT .LATENT 1418.LATENT 1419.The heat required to change 1. on some other condition to which it is related. .The maximum rate of electric power usage required to operate a facility during a period of time. A positive index indicates scaling tendencies. 1403. 1402. the phenomenon in which some of the influent ions are not adsorbed and appear in the effluent when a solution is passed through an under regenerated exchange resin bed. 1408. DEMAND .Change of enthalpy during a change of state.Refers to the point where the steam 1421.LATENT 1404. Also called Kraft pulping or sulfate pulping. PROCESS . SECOND LAW . Often called "consumption". an electronic sniffer. uneven burning of the fuel/air charge that causes violent. to the passing of impure steam or boiler water through the drum internals. Knock results from premature ignition of the last part of the charge to burn.The energy required to produce saturated vapor from saturated liquid at constant pressure per unit mass of fluid.Device or instrument such as a halide torch. L 1415. HEAT OF VAPORIZATION . The edges fit either close to the surface of the shaft or in grooves machined in the shaft. LOSS .Amount of heat 1417.A delay in the effect of a changed condition 1424.In a spark ignition engine.Liquid receiver (refrigeration only) service valve..LAW HEAT OF FUSION . latent heat is absorbed or rejected at constant pressure.KRAFT 1407.The ability of an object to do work by virtue of its motion. used to determine the tendencies of a 1427.LANGELIER SATURATION INDEX . 1414.KIRCHOFF’S HEAT . which the stream filaments glide along the pipe axially with essentially no transverse mixing. flow lag.LEAKAGE . temperature lag. Also.A crude oil of relatively high API gravity (usually 40°C degrees or higher). 1411. usually expressed in Btu per lb.The loss of energy in the velocity of the exhaust steam. it refers 1423. due to the time required for the sensing element to reach equilibrium with the property being controlled.LEADING EDGE . usually a month or billing period. at one point in the system.KING VALVE .A non-turbulent flow regime in 1413. water supply toward corrosion or scaling.The law stating that. In classical mechanics.0 kg of a substance from the solid to the liquid state.) The energy terms that are usually used to describe the operation of a pump are "pressure" and "head". . CONSUMPTION .LAG .In water treatment.The amount of electric energy used over a period of time.In water treatment.kWh 1409. Pressure against the top of the disk shuts the disk and ensures only one direction of flow.

(The term liquefaction is usually used instead of condensation when referring to substances which are in a gaseous state at ordinary pressures and temperatures.LOAD TURBINE (GAS) .LIQUID IMPINGEMENT .In the control industry.Nitrogen in liquid form which is used as a low temperature refrigerant in expendable or chemical refrigerating systems.The change of state from a gas 1451.LINE VOLTAGE .Is the turbine which is directly coupled to the load. refrigeration system or the required rate of heat removal. 1434.LOG MEAN TEMPERATURE DIFFERENCE (LMTD) The mathematically derived temperature-difference between the two fluids of a heat-exchanger.LIQUID LINE . It is sometimes called the king valve.Engineering Dictionary 1428. 1447.A riveted or welded seam along the longitudinal axis of a boiler shell or drum. which can only be the case with a multishaft gas turbine arrangement. the normal electric supply voltages.Device located in liquid line which provides a glass window through which liquid flow may be watched.LIME BASE GREASE . 1429. 1457.Solution used in absorption refrigeration.Two or threeway manual valve located at the outlet of the receiver and used for installation and service purposes. which is used to release either gas or liquid refrigerant from the cylinder. See interlock. such that if the whole of the surface had this temperature-difference between the two fluids. It is usually of high grade refractory tile or brick or plastic refractory material. to a liquid.LIME-SODA 1432. 1448. 1433. 1444.LIQUEFACTION .LIQUID INDICATOR .LIQUID LINE CHARGING VALVE . are chemically precipitated and removed. 1458.LIQUID ABSORBENT . SEAM .LIQUID NITROGEN . Glycol is such a liquid and widely use in the petroleum chemical industry action of an impingement stream of a fluid.LOW 1443. but do not tend to separate like those of gases.LOAD 1436. nut that is turned down over the regular nut on a bolt to lock the regular nut against turning off.The line used 1442. 1454. VALVE REFRIGERANT CYLINDER Dual hand valve on refrigerant cylinders. 1438.LOAD . 1430.A switching device that completes or breaks an electrical circuit at predetermined pressures or temperatures.Tube which carries liquid refrigerant from the condenser or liquid receiver to the refrigerant control mechanism.The amount of heat per unit time imposed on a refrigeration system or the required rate of heat removal.LIQUID RECEIVER . removing the excess penetrant.The amount of heat per unit time imposed on a 1450. 1431.LOAD SUPPRESSION .LIME .The ratio of the average load in a given period to the maximum load carried during that period.See "Inrush Current". Also known as an interlock.LOAD SHEDDING .A process by which the calcium and magnesium salts.LIQUID 1445.LIQUOR .Chemical in liquid form which has the property to "take on" or absorb other fluids. 1437.Automatic equipment for reducing the load on a turbine should the condenser vacuum fall to a predetermined level.Load on the system is shed if insufficient generating plant is available to meet the demand for current. infiltrate the discontinuity. 1435. RECEIVER SERVICE VALVE .LOCK NUT: (1) A thin 1440. constituting the harness content of a water.A common water treatment chemical. 1453.LONGITUDINAL 1459. for charging from the high side of the refrigeration system. FACTOR .Material removal due to 1439.) 1449. the rate of heat-transfer would remain unaltered. 1455.LIQUID-VAPOR CONTROL .The refrigerating system from the expansion point to the point where the refrigerant vapor is 1441.A chemical used in combination with water in absorption cooling systems.Substance whose molecules move freely among themselves. Abbreviated: LED.LOCKED ROTOR CURRENT . SOFTENING . which are usually 120 or 240 volts.LINING .LIQUID PENETRANT INSPECTION .A type of nondestructive inspection that locates discontinuities that are open to the surface of a metal by first allowing a penetrating dye or fluorescent liquid to Page 45 of 79 . and then applying a developing agent that causes the penetrant to seep back out of the discontinuity and register as an indication.LIGHT EMITTING DIODE .Cylinder (container) connected to condenser outlet for storage of liquid refrigerant in a system.LIQUID . 1452.A low current and voltage light used as an indicator on load management equipment.LOAD (AIR CONDITIONING) .The material used on the furnace side of a furnace wall. SIDE .LITHIUM BROMIDE .A grease with waterresistant properties: used for lubrication under wet or moist operating conditions. (2) A thin nut placed on a pipe to hold packing at a joint or used on both sides of a bulkhead through which a pipe passes to secure tightness.LIMIT 1446. 1456.

(see extreme pressure lubricant).(see mist lubrication).Refrigerant control valve operated by level of liquid refrigerant in lowpressure side of system. 1463. OIL FOG . 1477. WASTE .A type of lubrication wherein the solid surfaces are separated completely by an elstohydrodynamic fluid film.Safety device that shuts off the boiler/burner in the event of low water.LOW WATER CUTOFF .Lubrication by an oil mist produced by injecting oil into a gas stream.LUBRICATION. 1483. AERODYNAMIC (see gas (see lubrication).Device used to keep low side evaporating pressure from dropping below certain pressure.Lubrication that involves the application of a thin film of solid lubricant to the surface or surfaces to be lubricated. BONDED FILM .In the control industry. a power 1462. Direct expansion equipment may not use this device.Pressure in cooling side 1465.A pressure or temperature actuated device with sensing element in the evaporator.LUBRICATION.A system of lubrication for horizontal shafts.LUBRICATION. BATH . 1466. PAD . 1464.LUBRICATION.LUBRICATION.A system of lubrication in which the lubricant is splashed onto the moving parts.LUBRICATION. 1479. 1471.LUBRICANT 1469.(also known as flood THIN FILM .LOW-SIDE PRESSURE CONTROL .A substance .A system of lubrication in which the lubricant is supplied to the bearing surface in the form of drops at regular intervals. Page 46 of 79 . OIL PURIFIER: A unit that removes water and sediment from lubricating oil by centrifugal force.(see lubrication.LUBRICATION. Also phase-change 1461.LOW-SIDE FLOAT VALVE .LUBRICATION.A solid lubricant dispersed in a continuous matrix of a binder or attached to a surface by an adhesive material. 1484.LUBRICATION. supply of 25 volts or less. 1492.LUBRICATION.LUBE SEAL: A vertical U-bend in drain piping in which a water level is maintained to create an airtight seal. FULL FILM .LUBRICATION.LOW-SIDE PRESSURE . MAGNETOHYDRODYNAMIC Hydrodynamic lubrication in which a significant force contribution arises from electromagnetic interaction. melting of lubrication. THICK FILM .LUBRICATION. flood).LUBRICATION. SOLID-FILM application of a solid lubricant. OIL RING .A system of lubrication in which the lubricant is supplied in a continuos stream at low pressure and subsequently drains away. properties of the surfaces and by the properties of the lubricant other than bulk viscosity. that is used to reduce friction between two moving parts.LUBRICATION.LUBRICANT. MELT .LUBRICATION. BOUNDARY . 1490. 1480. 1481. SYNTHETIC . AEROSTATICS pressurized gas lubrication). 1475. BONDED SOLID .Lubrication provided by steady lubricating species. 1487. PRESSURIZED GAS . where the system is at or below evaporated pressure.LUBRICANT.A lubricant produced by synthesis rather than by extraction or refinement.LUBRICATION.A system of lubrication in which the lubricant is delivered to a bearing surface by a pad of felt or similar material. CHLORINATED .LOW TEMPERATURE CUTOUT. 1482. MIST . 1478. REFRIGERATON .LUBRICATION.(see lubricant.A system of lubrication in which the lubricant is delivered to a bearing surface by cloth waste or yarn. 1460.LUBRICATION.A type of lubrication in which one or more gaseous reactants are supplied to the vicinity of the surface to be lubricated and which subsequently react to form a lubricious deposit on that surface. . 1485.LOW VOLTAGE . FLOOD . 1486.LUBRICATION. of refrigerating cycle.usually petroleum based. lubrication).Engineering Dictionary compressed.A system of lubrication in which a gaseous lubricant is supplied under sufficient external pressure to separate the opposing surfaces by a gas film.(also known as boundary 1472.LUBRICATION.LOOP 1467. DRIP FEED .LUBRICANT. SPLASH .LUBRICANT. 1489. lubrication). Lubrication by 1468. 1488.A condition of lubrication in which the friction and wear between two surfaces in relative motion are determined by the VAPOR-PHASE . 1491. 1476. A ring of larger diameter rotates with the shaft and collects oils from a container beneath. 1474. preventing pressure vessel failure. bonded solid). 1470. DRY FILM .A lubricant containing a chlorine compound that reacts with a rubbing surface at elevated temperatures to protect it from sliding damage.LUBRICATION. which will shut the system down at its control setting to prevent freezing chilled water or to prevent coil frosting. 1473. 1493.

water fed to a cooling tower to replace that lost by evaporation.MASS . or other-wise shaped.A nondestructive method of inspection for determining the extent of surface cracks and similar imperfection in ferromagnetic materials.. 1522.MAGNETIC 1502. mercury.A scale forming element found in some boiler feed water.LUG: An .That property of a material. that can exist in a system or sub-system during any condition.The ability of a lubricant to reduce wear and friction. so constructed that the amount of displacement of the liquid indicates the pressure being exerted on the instrument.Engineering Dictionary 1494.MAGNETIC 1507. It is the point of maximum attraction in a magnet. oil.MANGANESE . to the acceleration.A system of lubrication in which the lubricant is delivered to a bearing surface by means of a wick.MANIFOLDING . which enables it to be stamped. current and has a permanent magnet as its field.A magnetic device incorporated In a conveyor system to attract and remove any tramp iron in the coal.LUBRICATION. oil.MAXIMUM ALLOWABLE WORKING PRESSURE . .MANIFOLD.MAKEUP WATER . 1503. or a light oil. 1510. FLUX .Control of all outlets 1520. 1504. used by service technicians to service refrigerating systems.MAGNETIC 1506. IRON OXIDE (Fe3O2) . 1498.MAGNETIC 1519. SEPERATOR .The quantity of matter in a body as measured by the ratio of the force required to produce a given acceleration. 1509.Fuel gas manufactured from coal. such as the clamping lug on the tailstock of a lathe.MAGNETIC PARTICLE INSPECTION .Partially 1514. REFRIGERATION . drift.A metallic element occasionally found in very small amounts as an impurity in well-water supplies.MAGNETIC oxidized iron.MACHINE FINISH: Operation of turning or cutting 1499. FIELD .Water fed to a system to replace that which is lost . SERVICE .MALLEABILITY 1523.An instrument for measuring pressures: especially a U-tube partially filled with a liquid.MAGNESIUM 1500. 1518.The region within which a body or current experiences magnetic force.Manual control used to change operation of refrigerating system to produce defrosting conditions. an amount of stock from the surface of metal to produce a finished surface. 1495.MACHINABILITY: The ease with which a metal may be turned. 1517. 1521. 1516.MASTER (CENTRAL) CONTROL . M 1511.Chamber equipped with gauges and manual valves. Device is general constructed from glass or plastic tubes filled with water. This pressure is based upon either proof tests or calculations for every pressure part of the boiler using nominal thickness exclusive of allowances for corrosion and thickness required for loadings other than pressure. 1512.A manually operated valve in a gas line for the purpose of completely turning on or shutting off the gas supply. POLE -The area on a magnetized part at which the magnetic field leaves or enters the part. 1513. alcohol or other suitable fluids. other than by its pure viscous properties.for example.A device to measure small to moderate pressure differentials. . 1505.MAXIMUM INSTANTANEOUS DEMAND . or other causes.MANUAL FROST CONTROL .LUBRICITY 1496.MAXIMUM SYSTEM PRESSURE: The highest pressure Page 47 of 79 .The maximum load which can be maintained for a specified period.The maximum gauge pressure permissible in a completed boiler. 1524.MANOMETER .A method of circulating the refrigerant through separate rows of tubes and mostly used with direct-expansion or dry evaporators. etc.MAGNETO: A generator that produces alternating 1508. The MAWP of the completed boiler shall be less than or equal to the lowest design pressure determined for any of its parts. usually water.MAGNETIC 1501. 1515. or rolled into thin sheets (The characteristic of metals that permits plastic deformation in compression without fracture).MANUFACTURED GAS . It is the basis for the pressure setting of the pressure relieving devices protecting the boiler.MAXIMUM CONTINUOUS LOAD . earlike projection that is frequently split. from one point.Where very low temperatures are obtained by using paramagnetic salts with magnets.The rate of flow of magnetic energy across or through a surface.MANOMETER . as differentiated from natural gas. milled.MANUAL GAS SHUTOFF VALVE . water fed to a boiler to replace that lost as steam or condensate. planed.The sudden load demand on a boiler beyond which an unbalanced condition may be established in the boiler's internal flow pattern and/or surface release conditions. hammered. 1497. WICK .MAXIMUM OPERATING PRESSURE: The highest pressure that can exist in a system or subsystem under normal operating conditions.

Pores are usually between 0. (2) An engine’s rating. 1527.MHO: The unit of conductance. 1541. the reciprocal of an ohm. which have an impact upon the rate of electrochemical corrosion rates.A unit of length.MICROPROCESSOr 1536. with sulfur replacing the oxygen in the chemical structure. 2-stroke or 4-stroke cycle).MILL SCALE .MICRO: A prefix meaning one millionth. For filtering purposes.A device for removing grits from flue gases by subjecting the gases to a high degree of swirl in a number of cyclones.A low-carbon steel of ordinary production. 1546.For a given pressure.MELTING POINT .MECHANICAL CLEANING: A method of cleaning 1531. BOILER . 1555.MECHANICAL 1543. rolling.045 m m. which indicates how much of the potential horsepower is wasted through friction within the moving parts of the engine. to open large valves and chain falls. fatigue wear and adhesive wear. 1539.MICROMHO: Electrical unit used with salinity indicators for measuring the conductivity of water.A silicate material used with high pressure gauge glasses on boilers. Many mercaptans have an offensive odor and are used as deodorants in natural gas. usually thin.MEMBRANE .MECHANICAL .A compound chemically similar to alcohol. ATOMIZING OIL BURNER . 1530. or repeated impact. The two flat surfaces are of such tolerances as to prevent the passage of water between them.Thousand circular mill used to describe large wire sizes.MICROBAR .The condition of the metal.MILLI: A prefix meaning one-thousandth.1 to 20 m m.MICHELL THRUST BEARING – A bearing for locating the axial position of a turbine rotor.A thin sheet or layer.Removal of material due to mechanical process under conditions of sliding. or 100 psi maximum allowable working pressure.A unit of pressure equal to 1 dyne/cm 2 (one millionth of the pressure of the atmosphere).MINERAL .A naturally occurring inorganic substance having specified chemical composition and crystalline structure.MECHANICAL 1532. 1547. pore sizes are .MELTING 1557.MERCAPTAN .MECHANICAL 1552.A burner which uses the pressure of the oil for atomization. INDICATED PRESSURE (MIP): The net mean gas pressure acting on the piston to produce work.A membrane filtration process.The negative pressure created by mechanical means.Temperature pressure at which a substance will melt.A barrier. blocks and tackles to lift heavy weights.MILD STEEL . FACTOR . 1554.A natural black iron oxide coating loosely adhering to the interior of new piping or tubes.MEAN 1540.) EFFICIENCY: (1) The ratio of brake horsepower to indicted horsepower. GRIT ARRESTOR .MECHANICAL 1544. inside diameter of shell. or ratio of brake mean effective pressure to mean indicated pressure. such as wheels. . 1535.METALLURGICAL 1529. overall length to outside of heads at center.MECHANICAL 1534. DRAFT . SEALS .Fire pressure vessels which do not exceed the following limits: 16 in. such as inclusions.MEAN 1528. minus the pounds per square inch (average) of the remaining three strokes.A mechanical device used to control leakage from the stuffing box of a pump. EFFECTIVE PRESSURE (MEP): The calculated combustion in pounds per square inch (average) during the power stroke. the temperature at which the solid and liquid phases of the substance are in equilibrium. WEAR . 1548.MINIATURE Page 48 of 79 . the firesides of boilers by scraping and wire brushing. chemical segregation’s. A collar on the shaft runs between pads faced with white-metal.MEMBRANE . 20 sq ft water heating surface. 1545.MICA .MICRON .A small computer used in load management to analyze energy demand and consumption such that loads are turned on and off according to a predetermined program. one of which rotates on a shaft. cold work and others. which forces water through a porous barrier.MCM . that permits the passage only of particles up to a certain size or of special nature. and wrenches to tighten nuts on bolts. DRAWING: Scale drawings of mechanical objects.MECHANICAL CYCLE: The number of piston strokes occurring during any one series of events (for example.MICROFILTRATION 1550. Included are abrasive wear. POINT . the thousandth part of 1 mm 1551. but not the corrosive and thermal wear. 1537.MECHANICAL 1556. Mechanical seals are usually made of two flat surfaces. 42 in. at atmospheric 1526. 1553.. 1538.Engineering Dictionary 1525. when used for water purification. 1542. (See DRAWING. ADVANTAGE (MA): The advantage (leverage) gained by the use of devices. of the millionth of a meter. 1549.MECHANICAL 1533.

from set point. but other fuels such as JP-5 (NATO symbol F-44) and naval distillate lower pour point (NATO symbol F-75) are also used.MISCIBILITY . N 1561. usually an organic compound.A physical blend of two or more 1562.MIXED PRESSURE TURBINE - GENERATOR SET: A machine consisting of a motor mechanically coupled to a generator and usually mounted on the same base.A thermostat which controls auxiliary equipment for heating or cooling in response to a greater demand for heating or cooling.Having a mixture of 1560.MODULATING . The most commonly used for boilers and diesel engines is naval distillate (NATO symbol F-76).MOTOR 1559. 1575.MULTI-SHAT 1565.Movement of a fluid caused 1586.A term used to describe a diesel engine in which air flows into the engine by means of atmospheric pressure only.MODULATING 1580.Normally closed contacts of a relay.A single metal enclosed assembly containing a number of motor controllers and possibly other devices such as switches and control devices.Type of device or control which tends to adjust by increments (minute changes) rather than by either "full on" or "full off" operation.Refrigerating mechanism in which several evaporators are connected to one condensing unit. . Also referred as thermal or thermally induced circulation. . POINT: The physical location at which any indicating device displays the value of a parameter at some control station. GAS TURBINE . (2) An actuator.Engineering Dictionary 1558.NC . 1590.The measure of 1566.NAPHTA . SYSTEM .Compressor having two or more compressive steps.MODULATING CONTROL .MONOMER 1585. 1581.A mode of 1564. 1576.An enthalpy-entropy or enthalpy-pressure chart showing the thermodynamic properties of a fluid. flammable liquid hydrocarbon distilled from petroleum and used as a solvent or fuel.NATURAL 1569. Discharge from each step is the intake pressure of the next in series.MULTIPLE 1579.NATURAL CONVECTION . having the ability to join with a number of identical molecules to form a polymer. - 1578.NATURAL DRAFT COOLING TOWER . carbon dioxide. only by temperature differences (density changes). helium. Page 49 of 79 . like the dual shaft arrangement. highly expandable mixture of hydrocarbons having a low specific gravity and occurring naturally in gaseous form.MOISTURE 1567.MUD DRUM . force and motion. Used to keep mullion from sweating or frosting.MOTOR: 1587. 1588.MIXTURE substances.Electrical heating element mounted in the mullion.The circulation of a boiler caused by differences in density. cation and anion exchange resin in the same housing.Where the refrigerant is vaporized and condensed alternately and is compressed in the vapor phase. natural gas may contain quantities of nitrogen.MIX BED DEMINERALIZER .A gas turbine having more than one shaft. type located at the lower extremity of a water tube boiler and fitted with blowoff valve.A molecule. the operation of the motor to which it is connected. . See PARAMETER. 1574. 1570. in some predetermined manner. COMPRESSION REFRIGERATION SYSTEM . THERMOSTAT . (1) A rotating machine that transforms electrical energy into mechanical energy.The boiler flue gas loss representing the difference in the heat content of the moisture in the exit gases and that at the temperature of the ambient air.A volatile.Instrument used to measure moisture content of a refrigerant.MONITORING 1571. DISTILLATE DIESEL FUEL: The fuel normally used in diesel engines. CIRCULATION . REFRIGERATION CYCLE Refrigerating system of variable capacity.A pressure chamber of a drum or header 1577.MULTISTAGE 1582. DIAGRAM .Cools water by moving air at low velocities.MOTOR CONTROLLER: A device (or group of devices) that governs. of the controlled medium.MOTOER GAS .MOLLIER 1583.MODULUS OF ELASTICITY (E) .The ability of two liquids.A highly compressible.NATURALLY ASPIRATED 1589.MOISTURE INDICATOR . automatic control in which the action of the final control element is proportional to the deviation. not mutually soluble. STAGE COMPRESSOR .MULTIPLE 1563. hydrogen sulfide and water vapor.NATURAL 1572.MULLION HEATER . 1584. LOSS .MULTISTAGE 1568. Besides hydrocarbon gases. which CONTROL CENTER . to mix.NAVAL 1573.converts fluid power to rotary mechanical. rigidity or stiffness of a material.

Difficult to detect.Refers to the carryover which occurs in any boiler operating under the best conditions. 1615. OPERATING PRESSURE: The approximate pressure at which an essentially constant-pressure system operates.NON-FERROUS ALLOY . such as drums. To heat steel to a temperature slightly above its critical point and then allow it to cool slowly in air. for soundness by means of electronic apparatus and other methods.NON-CONDENSABLES 1612. FREEZER Low-temperature refrigerator cabinet in which no frost or ice collects on freezer surfaces or materials stored in cabinet. for determining the quality of a material without permanently altering anything (Testing plant parts.Alloy containing less then 50 % iron.NON-MECHANICAL 1599. but boiler water reads silica. used for making connections between pipe joints.NEEDLE VALVE: Type of valve with a rod-shaped. 1601.Functional refrigerating system installed where there are no local.NOMINAL 1605.NON-CODE 1592. headers and welds.A short.NON-DESTRUCTIVE INSPECTION (NDI) . 1604.Abbreviation for all of the family of oxides of nitrogen.Gaseous material not liquefied when associated water vapor is condensed in the same environment.NET POSITIVE SUCTION HEAD (NPSH). thus removing the acidity or alkalinity.A designated size that may be different from the actual size. resulting in an objectionable or irritating sensation.Thermal element charge which is part liquid and part gas under all operating conditions. HARDNESS . METAL: Metal that is composed primarily of a metallic element. . relay contacts.A substance that will combine with an acid or alkali chemically.Those that obtain the required high and low pressure by some method other than a mechanical compressor. or elements other than iron. A newton is the force required to accelerate an object of 1 kilogram mass to a velocity of 1 meter per second in 1 second.NITROGEN 1619. 1613. or national refrigeration codes in force. 1609. but may be present when boiler feedwater shows none.NORMAL CHARGE .NOBEL METAL .NEWTON .The electrical potential which an atom acquires when it gains one or more electrons.Engineering Dictionary 1591. frequencies. state. with out necessarily dismantling the parts concerned).NO-FROST 1606. 1593. 1602.Tubing measurement which has an inside diameter the same as iron pipe of the same stated size.NEOPRENE: A synthetic rubber highly resistant to 1594.The circuit conductor that is normally 1596.Are amines used to neutralize the acid generated by the dissolution of carbon dioxide. 1618.NEUTRALIZATION NUMBER .A procedure 1595.A chemically inactive metal. where the space above the water level is filled with nitrogen at about 5 to 10 psig in order to keep the oxygen out. INSTALLATION .NON-CARBONATED 1610. a characteristic of an anion. Suitable for precise control of flow. such as gold. heat. sulfates.NONFERROUS 1622. 1620. OPEN . 1600. Uses only thermostatic expansion valves.NIPPLE . or switch when external power or pressure is not being applied to the device.Hardness in water caused by chlorides.NITROGEN BLANKETING . 1611. 1614.NON-FROSTING 1598.NEUTRAL . AMINES .NON-REACTIVE SILICA . and oxidation. Valves and dampers usually are returned to a "normal" position by a spring.An ASTM number given to quenching oils that reflect the oil’s tendency toward oxidation and sludging.NEGATIVE CHARGE . needle-pointed valve body which works into a valve seat so shaped that the needle point fits into it and closes the passage.Is a polymeric form of silica. usually of different 1607.NOx Page 50 of 79 . REFRIGERATION .NEUTRALIZER .NEUTRALIZING EVAPORATOR . thermally unstable which reverts to normal silica when heated. DIOXIDE . . damper.Any undesired sounds.Evaporator which never collects frost or ice on its surface.NOMINAL SIZE .Mildly poisonous gas (NO2) often found in smog or automobile exhaust 1617.(OR NORMALYCLOSED) The position of a valve.Normally open contacts of a relay. This pressure is used for the system’s basic pressure identification.The difference between total pressure and vapor pressure in a fluid flow. 1616.NORMALLY 1603. 1608. 1597. grounded or at zero voltage difference to the ground.Used with wet standby. tubes.NORMALIZE: 1623. expressed in terms of equivalent height or "head".NO . light. 1621.NOISE .NORMAL CARRYOVER .The unit of force in the metric system. threaded tubular coupling.NOMINAL SIZE TUBING . oil. and nitrates of calcium and magnesium. such as ultrasonic or radiographic inspection.

OPERATING 1637.OIL 1625.OPERATING 1657.OIL 1641. the greater are the antiknock qualities of the gasoline. a TEMPERATURE: The actual temperature of a component during operation. 1655.OPERATING PRESSURE .OPEN CYCLE . 1636. 1632. in absorption machines to reduce surface tension in the absorber.OIL STRAINER: A strainer placed at the inlet end of the 1643.NOZZLE: A taper or constriction used to speed up or direct the flow of gas or liquid. 1634.The value of the controlled condition at which the controller actually operates. transfers.NUCLEATE BOILING .A liquid of vegetable. RING LUBRICATION . 1635.A channel or channels in a bearing to improve oil flow through the bearing.OPEN RE-CIRCULATING WATER SYSTEM .Nephelometric turbidity unit.An absorption process by which one solid material adheres strongly to another. This pressure may be positive or negative (vacuum). animal. in which the water is exposed at one point to the atmosphere for either discharge or absorption of heat.OHM’S LAW .Additive 1633.OPEN 1652.An oil used to lubricate bearings in a steam or gas turbine. mineral. 1649.OIL KING: A petty officer who receives. NEUTRAL .NOZZLE AREA: Smallest opening (area) of a nozzle that is at a right angle to the direction of flow. 1628. 1626.OFFSET . 1629.An oil having relative little change 1645.Device used to remove oil from gaseous refrigerant or steam.A refined hydrocarbon oil without animal or vegetable additives. . in which steam bubbles are formed within the boiler water gradually and are evenly distributed rather than being suddenly formed and erratically distributed.OIL. in DC circuits I=E/R.NUCLEATING SITES – O 1646. using continuously circulated water as a heat-transfer medium. oil pump to prevent dirt and other particles from getting into moving parts.OCCLUSION 1631. MINERAL .OHM .A classification of gasoline according to its antiknock qualities. and tests fuel oil and maintains fuel oil records.OIL. in were the 1653.OIL 1654. in AC circuits I=E/Z. not treated with acid or with alkali.A method of cleaning surfaces by applying a carefully controlled amount of water from spray nozzles on to the fouled surface with the boiler on load. MULTIGRADE .ON LOAD WASHING .OCTANE . top of refrigerant liquid may prevent if from evaporating at its normal pressure temperature. system works under normal conditions.The even boiling of water 1644. CIRCUIT . depending on the position of the controller. or on or off.OIL. (AUTOMATIC): The regulation of a controlling system without manual 1639. A ring of larger diameter rotates with the shaft and collects oils from a container below.OPERATION process by intervention. in viscosity over a specified temperature range.Condition in which an oil layer on 1638. resistance through which a current of 1 ampere will flow when there is potential difference of one volt across it.NOZZLE GOVERNING – 1627.The unit of electrical resistance equal to the 1651.OIL.A lubricating oil obtained by distillation. The higher the octane number or rating. RATING .A system of lubrication for horizontal shafts. 1640. or synthetic origin that feels slippery to the touch. 1642.Term used to describe the difference between the set point and the actual operating or control point.A system. TURBINE . A light -interference analytical method to measure the turbidity of water. 1630.ONCE-THROUGH BOILER .OCTYL ALCOHOL . It states that current is proportional to voltage and inversely proportional to resistance. of oil. operation at either maximum or minimum condition. Page 51 of 79 .Engineering Dictionary 1624. 1647. Expressed algebraically.Actual pressure at which the 1656.OILTIGHT: Having the property of resisting the passage 1648.OIL BINDING . exhaust gases from the turbine are exhausted to the atmosphere without any further treatment.The absence of a direct connection between two points in an electrical network. sometimes occurring by coprecipitation.OIL GROOVE .A gas turbine arrangement. Also called control point.The relationship between current and voltage in a circuit.A two position action which allows 1650.NTU . POINT .ETHYL HEXANOL .ON-OFF CONTROL .A steam generating unit usually operated above the critical pressure in which there is no re-circulation of the working fluid in any part of the unit. discharges. SEPARATOR .

in contact with the media of higher oxygen concentration becomes the cathodic area. STABILITY .OXIDATION 1680. DEVICE . more 1674. designed as a single engineered package. COMBUSTION CYCLE: Combustion induced by spark ignition occurring at constant volume. OXYGEN SCAVENGERS .Damage caused due to the presence of oxygen in the feedwater.ORSAT 1681.Any substance such as oxygen.OVERHAUL: To inspect. 1668. or 1682. Can be toxic in certain concentrations.A condition of excess current.An agent. 1659.Engineering Dictionary 1658. .OXYGEN 1670. controls and auxiliary equipment.PACKAGED BOILER .The ability of an oil to resist oxidation. which will kill bacteria by the chemical process of oxidation.OSMOSIS .ORGANIC 1662.OXYGEN 1686. iron is oxidized by reaction with oxygen to form rust (iron oxide).Accurate size opening for controlling fluid flow. Improved by the addition of oxidation inhibitors.A device such as a fuse or a circuit breaker designed to protect a circuit against excessive current by opening the circuit. Safety and Health 1683.The surface area 1669. 1678.A substance resulting from 1661.OVERLOAD . and slime bacteria.OVERCURRENT PITTING . 1675.OXYGEN CONCENTRATION CELL . such as chlorine. e.OXYGEN-FREE 1689. SIGNAL: The pressure or flow of fluid leaving the output port of a fluidic device. A load greater than the rated load of an engine or electrical device. WELDING . The basic combustion cycle of a gasoline engine.OXIDIZING AGENT . Damage results are small pit-like holes in the metal. sensing devices come Into action to close the steam throttle valves in about half the time the speed governor would take.Contain carbon and usually hydrogen and are derived from living things. storage or air conditioning installations as an odor eliminator.An instrument to measure visually the temperature of a glowing body or of a flame. cur rent flowing than the circuit was designed to carry. 1684.OXIDIZING ATMOSPHERE . and put in proper condition for operation.A furnace atmosphere with an oversupply of oxygen that tends to oxidize materials placed in it.The reaction of an element or substance with oxygen.OXYGEN 1690. and ready for on-site installation. Often used also to measure furnace temperatures.OVERSPEED 1660.A boiler supplied with all of its components . and the area with the lower oxygen concentration becomes the anode.OVERFLOW PIPE - 1691. 1676.burner.OPERATION (LOCAL-MANUAL): Positioning of a final control element by attending personnel from the element’s manual control station.OVERSPEED 1679. algae. A pipe installed at a top of a tank to enable the liquid within to be discharged to another vessel when the tank is filled to capacity. a 1666.These are organic compounds such as hydroquinone and ascorbate to remove dissolved oxygen from the boiler feedwater and condensate.OXIDIZING BIOCIDE .OXYGEN 1667.OSHA . SCAVENGER . that will readily add (take on) electrons. the growth of biological organisms such as fungi. ANTICIPATORY DEVICE . TRIP – Stopping the Turbine at a specified Speed Value( generally 110% of rated speed).OXYACETYLENE 1685.OPTICAL PYROMETER .OUTSIDE FEEDWATER: Water dissolved oxygen has been removed from which 1671.A manual or automatic action taken to by pass the normal operation of a device or system 1692.OSCILLATION: A backward and forward motion. . 1665. P 1672. chlorine.A substance that will absorb oxygen by chemical reaction. the water passes into the more concentrated solution.g.. ANALYZER .If the generator rejects load and is disconnected from the busbars. ATTACK . AIR OPENING (HVAC) .ORIFICE 1664. repair.ORGANIC MATERIAL .Any opening used as an entry for air from outdoors.OVERLOAD: 1677. Page 52 of 79 .Corrosion or pitting in a boiler caused by oxygen.OTTO 1687.Triatomic oxygen (03).The passage of water through permeable membrane separating two solutions of different concentration.ORGANIC GROWTH .OUTPUT 1688.An oxyfuel gas welding process in which the fuel gas is acetylene. CONCENTRATION CELL .OXIDATION 1663.Occupational Administration.OZONE . Sometimes used in cold 1673. vibration.A furnace atmosphere analysis device in which gases are absorbed selectively (volumetric basis) by passing them through a series of pre-selected solvents.OVERRIDE .(see differential aeration cell).

monitored. . In the electric power industry.PARTIAL SECTION: A sectional view consisting of 1718.PACKING 1697. 1704. current. less than a half-section. COMBUSTION .The complete oxidation of all the combustible constituents of a fuel. 1700.A pricing principle that charges 1702. as opposed to series or independent operation. (REFRIGERATION) Complete refrigerating system including compressor. this means charging more hr electricity bought on or near the seasonal peak of the utility or on or near the daily peak of the utility. more for purchases that contribute to the peak demand and. cause the expansion of productive capacity when the peak demand exceeds the peak capacity (less minimum excess capacity). flow rate.PEAK LOAD PRICING .PERFECT 1706. . mineral or metal fiber and some type of lubricant.PASSIVATOR 1695. the voltage on each element is the same but the current through each may be different.PATHOGENIC BACTERIA . placed in rings around the shaft of a pump and used to control leakage from the stuffing box.Disease-causing bacteria.PASSIVATING 1709. . condenser and evaporator located in the refrigerated space.PARAMETER: A variable such as temperature. EFFECT . 1707.PEAK DEMAND .One where all the elements are connected across the voltage source. SUPERHEATER . . when discharged into a flue or into the atmosphere. GLAND . The symbol is Pa. metal and its 1698. of discs carried on the valve stem and thereby movable into the space between the valve seats.Is the electrical load drawn on the system during high power usage.PELTIER LOAD .PARTIAL PRESSURES . ash.Pressure imposed upon a fluid is transmitted equally in all directions.A type of corrosion inhibitor that appreciably changes the potential of a metal to a more noble (positive) value. designed to obtain large surfaces per volume between rising vapors and a descending liquid. checked or sensed in any way during operation or testing. Also known as broken section. frequency.When direct current is passed through two adjacent metals one junction will become cooler and the other will become warmer.A tower filled with small objects. force of 1 Newton acting an area of 1 square meter. (ANODIC) INHIBITORS . ranging from simple shaped units such as rocks or slats to complex shapes that provide large surface area per unit volume.PASSIVATION 1710.PARSON TURBINE – 1703. the former does not. COLUMN . and various other compounds are all referred to as particulate.PASSIVE-ACTIVE CELL . A Pascal is equal to a - 1720.PACKAGE UNITS. OPERATION: Two or more units operating simultaneously and connected so their output forms a common supply. This principle is the basis of thermoelectric refrigeration. Carbon. 1717. 1694.A type of corrosion inhibitor that appreciably changes the potential of a metal to a more positive value.PEAKING 1719. which may be indicated. The latter requires special meters.. anode is a metal in that active state and the cathode is the same metal in the passive state. thereby.A turbine from which some of the steam is extracted for use in a factory process or for central heating. . Therefore. 1715.A corrosion cell in which the 1713.PASCAL'S LAW .PARALLEL SLIDE VALVE . Used to show the internal structure of a small portion of an object.PASSIVITY .Engineering Dictionary 1693.The process of rendering a metal surface chemically inactive.PENDANT 1721. sulphur.PARTICULATE: Minute particles or quantities of solid matter resulting from incomplete combustion.Material made usually of woven animal.PACKING 1696. voltage. either collectively or individually. Usually on very hot or cold days or during the supper hour.PARALLEL 1699.PACKING 1712. plant. 1705.PARALLEL 1714. The accepted metric unit of measurement or pressure and stress component in the measurement of viscosity.PACKED 1708. The remaining steam is passed to a condenser as in a condensing turbine.PASCAL Page 53 of 79 . such as with boiler water. etc.PASS-OUT TURBINE .A superheater in which the tubes are Installed vertically.PASSIVATOR 1711. CIRCUIT .Condition where two or more gases occupy a space and each one creates part of the total pressure.The fill in a confined space in a stripping vessel.The greatest amount of kilowatts needed during a demand interval.A condition on metal surfaces that inhibits electrochemical action between the environment. either by electrochemical polarization or by contact with a passivating agent.A valve having a pair 1701. pressure.A material capable of forming a protective oxide film on metal surfaces.The metal part that compresses and holds packing in place in a stuffing box. 1716. utilizing all the oxygen supplied.

(see mineral oils).PILOT 1725. simply a measure of the relative acidity or alkalinity of a water solution. or salt containing phosphorus and oxygen. compound.PILOT OIL PRESSURE 1742. 1745. pH 7.PINTLE-TYPE NOZZLE: A closed-type nozzle having a projection on the end of the fuel valve which extends into the orifice when the valve is closed.PIPE: A tube 1747. such as sodium phosphate (Na3P04). (Canada) 1752.PHIAL -Term sometimes used to denote the sensing element on a thermostatic expansion valve.The negative logarithm of the hydrogen-ion concentration of a solution. TREATMENT .An open ended tube arrangement to face against the current of a stream of fluid. (5 –10 0C)) 1726.Engineering Dictionary 1722. water pipe. 1728.PETROLEUM OIL . This method also allows the identification of boiler scales. function. Pilot duty relays are rated in volt-amperes (VA). 1724. 1739. the pH of saturation of calcium carbonate is the pH of a saturated solution of calcium carbonate. 1729. neutral).PISTON HEAD: The portion of the piston above the top ring.PISTON LANDS: The spaces in pistons between the ring grooves. An assembly of pipe or tubing. iron ore in the blast furnace.A relay used for switching loads such as another relay or solenoid valve coils.PIPE SCALE .PIT .PHYSICAL STABILITY .PIG IRON . TEMPERATURE (PINCH POINT) . TREATMENT .PISTON BOSS: The reinforced area around the pistonpin bore. 1741. which gives the real appearance of an object showing general location. since scale can consist of a large variety of minerals 1740.PISTON: A cylindrical plug which slides up and down in the cylinder and which is connected to the connecting rod. 1755. using steam.Petroleum Industry Training Service. for example.PERMANENT GASES .Rust or mill scale found on the interior of 1749. 1732.PHYSICAL WATER 1737.The pH at which a sample of water is saturated with a specific salt. DRAWING: A drawing. electrical service is 2-phase.PINCH (GOVERNOR): A hydraulic control valve that regulates hydraulic pressure to a piston and cylinder.PILOT VALVE 1743.PERMEABILITY . and appearance of parts and assemblies.Part of an AC voltage cycle. high temperatures. Residential 1731. such as from gas to liquid.PITS . 1723.The quality which an ion- 1753.Corrosion localized in a small spot. 1750.PINION: A gear that meshes with a larger gear.An ion. 1756.PIPING: or hollow body for conducting a liquid or gas. used in measuring the velocity head of a flowing medium. usually located within a larger disk.PHANTOM 1730. (pH 1 very acidic. 1734. 1736. 1746. and fittings that forms the transferring part of a system.An internal boiler water treatment method to reduce calcium in the boiler with low hardness feedwater. VIEW: A view showing the alternate position of a movable object.PISTON DISPLACEMENT: The volume of air moved or displaced by a piston as the piston moves from BDC to TDC.Cryogenic refrigerants.PHOSPHATE 1733.A hypothetical gas obeying the relation pv = RT. 1735.PILOT DUTY RELAY . 1738.PHYSICAL 1748. commercial facilities are usually 3-phase AC voltage. which controls the operation of another valve or system. PIN (WRIST PIN): A cylindrical alloy pin that passes through the piston bore and connects the connecting rod to the piston.Refers to the treatment of removing dissolved gases from the boiler feedwater. 1727. exchange resin must possess to resist changes that might be caused by attrition.PHOSPHATE 1751.pH 1744. using a broken line convention.The ability of a body to pass fluid under pressure. very basic. The pilot duty relay contacts are located in a second control circuit. Dimensions of a pipe are designated by nominal (approximate) outside diameter (OD) and wall thickness. and other physical conditions. Typical pinch temperatures range from -9 to – 1 0C.High-carbon iron made by reduction of Page 54 of 79 .PERFECT GAS .Difference between the exhaust-gas temperature leaving the evaporator and the saturation temperature within the evaporator tubes (The pinch temperature indicates whether the evaporator section is absorbing as much heat as predicted. CHANGE: A change that does not alter the composition of the molecules of a substance. .PISTON 1757.pH .PETROGRAPHIC VALVE: A small valve disk and seat. OF SATURATION (pHs) . STUDY OF BOILER SCALES The systematic and descriptive study of rocks.PICTORIAL 1754. pH 14.PHASE .PITOTE TUBE . valves.

Of a substance. A term applied to (1) the distance a propeller will advance during one revolution. PROCESS .POLYPHOSPHATE 1784. SPEED: The total distance traveled by each piston in one minute. and galleys. its condition.PLENUM 1770.The ability of a substance to be deformed without rupturing. or its chemical composition. TRANSFORMER .A chemical compound formed by the adjoining of many molecules of the same characteristics. critical pressure.Chamber or container for moving air or other gas under a slight positive pressure. 1785.PITTING 1783. sculleries. 1786.A water-soluble polymer that is highly charged with cationic or anionic sites.A valve that has a rotating plug. TUBE . it promotes suspension of particles in water so that they resist settling.POLARITY .PITOT 1782.POLE 1761.PLENUM 1771.)]. disrupting the corrosion process.PLUG . and so forth.Engineering Dictionary 1758. [The energy.A voltage transformer. a characteristic of a cation. critical temperature. to develop a barrier on the anodic or cathodic surface. CRITICAL . 1777. . On a device.pOH . enabling it to do work.POSITIVE 1772. between the sides of the ring and the ring lands. that is. showers. CHAMBER . 1780.Localized corrosion of a metal characterized by small blisters under which holes have perforated the metal.POLYMER 1765.PISTON 1764.The electrical potential acquired by an atom which has lost one or more electrons. the terminal that connects to the power.) . . 1773.The direction of current flow in a DC circuit. 1775. as well as provides makeup water for various freshwater cooling systems.POLYTHROPIC 1767. WATER: Water that is suitable for drinking. In a panel. VALVE . used to determine its velocity.PISTON RING: A split ring of the expansion type placed in a groove of the piston to seal the space between the piston and the wall. (3) the axial advance of one convolution of the thread on a screw. CHAMBER . the negative concentration. and critical volume are the terms given to the temperature. Electron flow is actually in the opposite direction.PLASTIC DEFORMATION – 1768.POLAR TIMING DIAGRAM: A graphic method of illustrating the events of an engine cycle with respect to crankshaft rotation. and volume at the critical point.PNEUMATIC . .A chemical compound formed by the adjoining of phosphate ions. sinks. Above the critical temperature or 1790.In corrosion. which is drilled for the passage of fluid.An expression of the alkalinity of a solution.PLASTICITY 1769. (2) The energy a substance has because of its position. the point of connection. DISPERSANT . (Water in a reservoir has potential energy by virtue of its elevation above some other point.A nonadiabatic reversible process characterized by the equation of path.POLARIZE 1779. The potable water system supplies scuttlebutts.PITCH: SKIRT: The portion of the piston that is below the piston bore. (2) the distance between the centers of the teeth of a gear wheel.Operated by air pressure.POINT. .An instrument which will register total pressure and static pressure in a gas stream.PISTON 1763. 1787. . (See figures 2-1 and 2-2.POLYELECTROLYTE 1781. 1759. the ends of a piston ring.PISTON-RING SIDE CLEARANCE: The clearance 1762.POROUS VASE .An air compartment connected to one or more distributing ducts. stored energy.PISTON-RING END GAP: The clearance between 1760.POLYMERIC 1766. state point at which liquid and vapor have identical properties.A water-soluble polymer that acts as a suspending agent. The voltage supplied to a primary coil induces a voltage in a secondary coil according.(1) Energy at rest.PNEUMATIC-ELECTRIC (PE) SWITCHES Device that operates an electric switch from a change of air pressure.An electrical connection point. pressure. that a body has by virtue of its position or state. for example. to the ratio of the wire windings in each of the coils. pv = constant. ENERGY . and (4) the spacing of rivets.PISTON-RING GROOVE: The grooves cut in the piston into which the piston rings are fitted. hence a polymer of phosphate. polyvinyl chloride is a polymer of the molecule vinyl chloride.A vase having a porous construction. current flows from plus to minus. By convention. CHARGE . 1778. which was used to cool its content.PORT SCAVENGING: Introducing scavenging air through ports in the cylinder wall when they are uncovered by the piston near the end of the power stroke. logarithm of the hydroxyl-ion 1788. Used as an aid with coagulants. 1776.POTENTIAL 1774.POTABLE 1789.POTENTIAL Page 55 of 79 .

An additive that lowers the pour point of a lubricant. CHAMBER: A portion of the combustion chamber connected to the cylinder through a narrow throat. 1805. 1814.PREDICTING 1794. 1808. 1792.The height to which liquid can be raised by a given pressure (sometimes referred to as pump head).POUR POINT .Pressure loss in fluid pressure. .POWER (P) . and is equal to: 1807. per unit of area. 1795. all consumed power produces useful work. Power factor also is the ratio of the circuit resistance (R) to the impedance (Z) expressed as a decimal between zero and one (pf = R/Z).equals 0.The rate of doing work or the rate of METHOD . a capillary or remote sensitive bulb. Then the actual amount of energy accumulated during the utility's demand intervals is measured. are able to coat and protect surfaces.PRESSURE 1815. FACTOR CORRECTION .PRESSURE 1817.00 ppm.Installing capacitors on the utility service’s supply line to improve the power factor of the building.PRESSURE DROP .PRESSURE 1818. dynamic losses. and a third terminal connected to the wiper contact. It can vary between unity and zero).PPB (PARTS PER BILLION) . the turbine oil system. 1811. HEAD .The lowest temperature at which a lubricant can be observed to flow under specified conditions. thus making it possible to mechanically change the resistance.POTENTIOMETER .A method for determining when load shedding should occur. Heat released by this partial burning causes the contents of the pre-combustion chamber to be ejected into the cylinder with considerable turbulence.PRECIPITATION .A utility charge for "poor" power factor.An insoluble reaction product.The Page 56 of 79 .PRECIPITATE 1803.Instrument for measuring the pressure exerted by the contents on its container. MOTOR CONTROL .000 pounds of water. It supplies oil for governor operation of the control and emergency trip valves. in an aqueous chemical reaction.The normal force exerted by a homogeneous liquid or gas.POWER ELEMENT .PRECOMBUSTION 1810. They are less durable then the passivating type inhibitors. the factor by which the product of current and voltage must be multiplied to give the true power. 1806. due to friction.PRESSURE DIFFERENTIAL: The difference in pressure between any two points of a system or a component.A phosphate treatment based upon maintaining 2 to 4 ppm of phosphate and 15 to 50 ppm of hydrate alkalinity in the boiler.PREIGNITION 1796.PPM (PARTS PER MILLION): Concentration of the number of parts of a substance dissolved in a million parts of another substance.A process whereby salts drop or come out of a water solution.PRECISION INSERT BEARING: A precision type of bearing consisting of an upper and lower shell.000. .POWER FACTOR (pf) . the unit of mechanical power is horsepower. When the power factor equals one. (In an alternating current circuit. are chemicals which form insoluble precipitates that 1813. loads will be shed. Expressed in watts (W) or kilowatts (kW).Engineering Dictionary 1791. Fuel is injected into and is partly burned in the pre-combustion chamber.POWER 1799. The electrical input is divided as the contact moves over the element. and changes in velocity pressure.PRESSURE COMPOUNDING – 1812.POUR-POINT DEPRESSANT . 1793.Device which opens and closes an electrical circuit as pressures change. volt amperes of an AC circuit to the wattage (power = volt-amperes x power factor). on the wall of its container. If 1 pound of sea salt were dissolved in l. usually a crystalline compound that grows in size to become settable. A formula is used to arrive at a preset kilowatt limit. as from one end of a duct or pipe to the other. Used to measure the salt content of water.PRESSURE GAUGE .PRESSURE 1797.An electromechanical device having a terminal connected to each and to the resistive element. . 1798. It is more expensive to provide power to a facility with a poor power factor (usually less than 0.8).PRECISION PHOSPHATE TREATMENT . 1804. the sea salt concentration would be 1.001 ppm 1801. expending energy. For oil.PRESSURE 1816. the pour point is a temperature -15°C above the temperature at which the oil is solid.POWER FACTOR CHARGE . 1802. MILL . A projection is made of the actual rate of energy usage during the rest of the interval.Sensitive element of a temperature-operated control.PRECIPITATING (CATHODIC) INHIBITORS . OPERATED THERMOMETER Temperature indicator which is controlled by bellows.POWER OIL SYSTEM .A quantity that relates the 1809. If the predicted value exceeds the preset limit.The high-pressure part of 1800. The unit of electrical power is the watt.Mills In which the air carrying the coal within the mill is under pressure and not under suction as in a suction type mill.A condition in an internal combustion engine characterized by a knocking sound and caused by the fuel-air mixture having been ignited to soon because of an abnormal condition.

open when pressure in the system exceeds a certain limit.PRESSURE-HEAT 1836. (BOILER) .PRESSURE.PRESSURE. the sum of the static pressure and the velocity pressure at the point of measurement. alkalinity. 1846.PROCESS HOT WATER .The normal force per unit area that would be exerted by a moving fluid on a small body immersed in it if the body were carried along with the fluid. etc.Vapor pressure corresponding to the substance's critical state at which the liquid and vapor have identical properties.PRIMING 1832. MOVER . 1828.PRESSURE REGULATOR.The saturation pressure for a pure substance for any given temperature is that pressure at which vapor and liquid. a thermostat bimetal.PRESSURE. 1842.Air introduced with the fuel at the burner 1840.PRIMARY AIR .Engineering Dictionary 1819.PRESSURE SWITCH: An electrical switch operated by the increase and decrease of pressure.A control which reacts to pressure changes in the evaporator.A device which directly or indirectly controls the control agent in response to needs indicated by the controller. 1848. 1843.PRESSURE. or vapor and solid.PRESSURE-VELOCITY COMPOUNDING – 1838.Pressure referred to that of a perfect vacuum. for example. suspended solids.A closed water system in which the water is circulated directly through a chiller for cooling or heat exchanger or boiler for heating. hardness. pump or pipe system by the fluid being pumped.PRIMARY CONSTITUENTS . Practically. DIAGRAM .The replacement of residual air in a 1847.PRIMARY 1829. (The initial air stream discharged by an air outlet (the air being supplied by a fan or supply duct) prior to any entrainment of the ambient air or for he purpose of combustion). SUCTION (REFRIGERATION COMPRESSORS) .Gauge: Pressure above atmospheric. 1830. carbon dioxide. SATURATION. ABSOLUTE . Typically a motor. TOTAL .The partial pressure exerted by the water vapor contained in air.PROPANE .PRIME 1845. Standard atmosphere is the pressure equivalent CRITICAL . PARTIAL . GAGE .Graph of refrigerant pressure. the pressure capable of causing an equivalent velocity.PRESSURE.PRESSURE 1837. etc. heat and temperature properties.The portion of the controller which first uses energy derived from the controlled medium to produce a condition representing the value of the controlled variable. ELEMENT . FUEL SYSTEM: A system in which fuel is injected into the cylinders at a specific pressure in separately timed events. VELOCITY . Also called dynamic pressure.The normal force per unit area that would be exerted by a moving fluid on an infinitesimally small body immersed in it if the body were carried along with the fluid. 1820.. valve.PRESSURESTAT 1822.PRESSURE. 1841. The result is. 1831. 1839.PRIMING (PUMP) .PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE: A valve designed to 1821.In moving fluid.Pressure at which a system is operating.PRIMARY HYDROSTATIC .A paraffin hydrocarbon (C3H8) that is a gas Page 57 of 79 .It is the pressure indicated by a barometer. 1826. 1827.PRESSURE. it is the normal force per unit are at a small hole in a wall of the duct through which the fluid flows (piezometer) or on the surface of a stationary tube at a point where the disturbances. if applied to move the same fluid through an orifice such that all pressure energy expended is converted into kinetic energy.PRESSURE. SYSTEM . and include removing dissolved oxygen. 1833.PRIMARY 1844.PRESSURE.PRESSURE. relay. ATMOSPHERIC .Portion of total gas pressure of a mixture attributable to one component. dissolved solids. It is supposed that the thermodynamic properties of a moving fluid depend on static pressure in exactly the same manner as those of the same fluid at rest depend upon its uniform hydrostatic pressure CONTROL .An automatic valve designed to limit the suction pressure to prevent motor overload. that boiler water will enter the steam flow. cancel.In the theory of the flow of fluids. at ordinary atmospheric conditions but easily liquefied under pressure.Hot water needed for manufacturing processes over and above the "domestic hot water" that is for the personal use of industrial workers. 1835. silica. STATIC .An engine or other device by which natural source of energy is converted into mechanical energy.Also referred to as external treatment. created by inserting the tube. (Mollier's diagram. 1834.) . It is the sum of gauge pressure and atmospheric pressure.PRESSURE-TIME 1823.The phenomenon in which the level of water in a boiler is changed by bouncing rapidly. VAPOR .Refers to the category of dissolved solids present in water at a level of more then 5 mg/L.PRETREATMENT . 1824. consisting of treating the raw make-up water. OPERATING . 1825.PRESSURE. can coexist in stable equilibrium.

1870. .PURGING . POSITIVE DISPLACEMENT . often as an impurity in coal deposits.An expression indicating action of removing refrigerant from all or part of a refrigeration system.Symbol or initials used to indicate pressure measured in pounds per square inch. or lobes. open or closed.PROPULSION PLANT: The entire propulsion plant or system. VALVES .PROPELLER ARCH: The arched section of the stern frame above the propeller. CHART – A chart that shows relationship between the temperature. CO2 is a better agent for such electrical fires because it leaves no residue.Any gas or liquid charged. 1854.A pump that moves a measured quantity of fluid with each stroke of a piston or each revolution of vanes or gears. 1852. OR WET BULB HYGROMETER – An instrument for measuring the relative humidity of atmospheric air.PROPELLER 1866. 1858.QUICKLIME .A device that increases the pressure on a fluid 1867. Can be used on class C fires. GUARD: A framework fitted somewhat below the deck line on narrow.The point of highest 1872. The fuse disconnects itself the occurrence of a fault. gears.A pump that moves fluid by positive displacement. pressure and moisture content of the air.PULSATION DAMPENER .PSI .PROPELLER 1850.Engineering Dictionary 1849. .Releasing compressed gas to atmosphere through some part or parts for the purpose of removing contaminants from that part or parts.PURPLE-K-POWDER 1857. TECHNIQUES . Commonly used equivalents are "throttling range" and "modulating range". using a system of rotating vanes.PUMP 1868. DOWN .PULSE-ECHO 1851.The study of air-vapor mixtures. THRUST: The effort delivered by a propeller in pushing a vessel ahead.PSIA . 1865. a proportional positioning controller through which the controlled variable must pass to move the final control element through its full operating range. The "G" indicates that is gauge pressure and not absolute pressure. is connected electrically to the circuit or apparatus to be protected.Unslaked lime (calcium oxide).PUMP . 1856.Symbol or initials used to indicate pressure 1874. MEASUREMENT Measurement of temperature pressure and humidity using a psychometric chart. by recording the action of ultrasonic waves artificially introduced into production structures.PULL DOWN 1877.PSIG .PSYCHROMETRY 1863. relay or coil which 1871.Weight fraction of the vapor in a vapor-liquid mixture. ROTARY . to enable the circuit to be isolated from the supply on the occurrence of a fault. for carrying electric wires.PUMP. or raises it to a higher level. The fuse disconnects itself when it blows.PUMP-DISCHARGE PRESSURE .Symbol or initials used to indicate pressure in pounds per square inch gauge. 1875.PROPORTIONAL BAND .PUMP CAPACITY: The amount of fluid a pump can move in a given period of time. can determine metal thickness and detect flaws.PURGING 1873. 1878. Page 58 of 79 . 1880.PSYCHROMETER An instrument for ascertaining the humidity or hygrometric state of the atmosphere. yellow sulphide of iron which Is found 1876. high-speed vessels with large screws.Corrosion detecting processes which.Devices used to remove noncondensable gases from the refrigeration system.PROTECTIVE DIVICE . including prime movers and those auxiliaries essential to their operation.QUALITY . R 1879.PYRITES .A device for measuring temperatures above the range of liquid thermometers.PUMP.RACEWAY . The coil or relay operates to 'trip’ a circuit breaker or contactor.PYROMETER .A hard. pressure in a re-circulating water system which is at the discharge side of the re-circulating pump.Any support system.The act of using a compressor or a pump to reduce the pressure in a container or a system. Q 1860. (PKP): A purple powder composed of potassium bicarbonate that is used on class B fires. 1864. measured in pounds per square inch absolute.PSYCHROMETRIC 1862.A fuse. The "A" indicates that the gauge pressure is reading in absolute. chambered device that minimizes periodic increases and decreases in pressure. Absolute pressure equals gauge pressure plus atmospheric pressure.PSYCHROMETER 1859.RACE (BEARING): The inner or outer ring that provides a contact surface for the balls or rollers in a bearing. designed to overhang and thus protect the tips of the propeller blades.The range of values of 1853. 1869.PSYCHROMETRIC 1861. however. 1855. usually stated in gallons per minute (gpm).

Name given the absolute (Fahrenheit) scale.RADIATION LOSSES (STEAM TURBINE) – 1891. 1895. THRUST – Thrust in the direction of radius called radial thrust.RADIANT 1907. The piston used is also referred to as a PLUNGER. ELEMENT .A device used to convert AC current into Page 59 of 79 . in which the cross-sectional area of the piston rod is more than one-half the cross-sectional area of the movable piston-like element.RADIAL 1887. It is used to maintain head pressures when ambient temperature is low.60. Used on most automobile air conditioning installations.: Heat transferred without physical contact between the emitting region and the receiving region.RANKINE plus 491. The loads are applied both radially and axially with a resultant angular component.RECEIVER DEHYDRATOR . prior to any treatment.RECEIVER . chemicals or solutions. SCALE .RADIUS: A straight line from the center of a circle or sphere to its circumference or surface. . Zero (0) R on this scale is -460°F. .Electrical resistance mounted in or around liquid receiver.RAM AIR .Untreated water fed to a system to replace that lost.RECTIFIER DC current. 1903. TIP FAN BLADE . chemical.Expansion outwards from the line of the rotor and at right-angles to it.Engineering Dictionary 1881. 1909. 1902. feedwater or water in its natural state. . and for the steam from any boiler to be taken to two or more generating sets. . 1899.Open radial-bladed fans are used for exhauster fans.Expansion outwards from the line of the rotor and at right-angles to it.Small tank which serves as liquid refrigerants reservoir and which also contains a desiccant so remove moisture.RAW MAKEUP WATER .REACTION 1889. 1916.RADIAL BEARINGS: Bearings designed to carry loads applied in a plant perpendicular to the axis of the shaft and used to prevent movement in a radial direction.RADIAL 1900. waves. FLOW .Degrees Fahrenheit 1915. 1910. 1897.RANKINE 1896.RATE ACTION: That action of a control system component whose output is proportional to the rate of change in its input for slowly changing signals and proportional to the input for rapidly changing signals.An auxiliary storage receptacle for fluids. 1905. Named after the engineer.RECEIVER HEATING 1913.With water treatment it means untreated 1906.RAM TYPE CYLINDER: A fluidic actuating cylinder 1912. MEMBRANE .RADIAL THRUST BEARINGS: Bearings designed 1885.See "Load.RATED CAPACITY .RADIAL .RECIPROCAL 1894.RADIATION .Cylinder (container) in a refrigerating system for storing liquid refrigerant and which also holds a quantity of desiccant.REACH ROD: A length of pipe or bar stock used as extension on valve stems. or react with other substances.RANGE PLANT (RANGE SYSTEM) . .RADIAL EXPANSION 1886.Compressor which uses a piston and cylinder mechanism to provide pumping action.Transfer of heat by electromagnetic 1890. or solution used in laboratory to detect.The manufacturer's stated capacity rating for mechanical equipment. HEATING .RANKING CYCLE . 1882.RE-CARBONATION 1892.RECORDING 1917.A format defined by 1 divided by the complex number.RAW WATER . 1908. 1904.RECIPROCATING COMPRESSOR . 1893.An ideal steam cycle giving the theoretical limit of efficiency for conventional steam power plant. TYPE TURBINE .Air forced through the condenser due to the rapid movement of steam from the turbine exit.RECEIVER-DRIER 1914.RATE OF BLOWDOWN . measure.Turbine and boiler plant connected by a common steam main which enables a turbine to draw steam from two or more boilers.RATEAU METHOD – 1901.REAGENT .RATING .RADIAL EXPANSION 1883. the maximum continuous capacity in pounds of steam per hour for which a boiler is designed.RAPTURE THERMOMETER Temperature measuring instrument which has a pen marking a moving chart.A machine in which the steam is expanded in both fixed and moving blades.A rate normally expressed as a percentage of the water fed. TEMPERATURE .Steam-flow outwards to the casing from the line of the rotor and at right-angles to it. to carry a combination of radial and thrust loads.A process using carbon dioxide gas to stabilize and thereby prevent precipitation of calcium carbonate from cold process lime or lime-soda softened water. 1888.A substance. 1898.A metal membrane (pressure relief device) designed to rapture at a predetermined pressure. for instance." 1884. 1911.

A turbo-generator working on a reheat cycle. 1932. . tempered steel plate fastened at one end. or the addition of electrons to an element or compound. VALVE .REGENERATIVE 1927. The incoming material passes through pipes surrounded by a chamber through which the outgoing gases pass. .Quantity of refrigerant 1933.REGENERANT . It also maintains pressure difference between high-pressure and low-pressure side of the mechanical refrigerating system while unit is running.REFRIGERATION 1937.The amount of moisture the air Page 60 of 79 .REFRIGERANT CONTROL .REFRIGERATION CAPACITY .REHEAT 1949. removal of oxygen. which absorbs heat at a low temperature and a low pressure of the fluid and rejects heat at a higher temperature and a higher pressure of the fluid.(see regeneration) 1947. to recover some of the from. 1934.The ability of a system to remove heat as compared with the cooling effect produced by melting of ice.REDUCING FLANGE . with refrigerant. control valve.REDUCING 1923.An atmosphere which tends to 1) promote the removal of oxygen from a chemical compound. GAS TURBINE . before entering the intermediate-pressure cylinder of the turbine for further work. ATMOSPHERE .REGENERATION 1941.REHEAT (REHEAT CYCLE) . 1931. OIL .Equipment for transferring heat from gaseous products of combustion to incoming air or fuel. cloudy appearance caused by suspended red iron oxide. The anion exchanger may be rejuvenated by treatment with an alkaline solution. EFFECT . .Engineering Dictionary 1918. pipes of different diameters.REFRIGERANT 1945. temperature to a high temperature medium.REDUCING 1926.A flange fitting used to join 1925.Device which meters flow of refrigerant between two areas of a refrigerating system.REFRIGERATING 1936.REFRIGERANT in a system.Reduction is the addition of hydrogen.Controlled transfer of heat from a lower temperature to a higher temperature region.REFRACTORY 1930. 1919. . The relationship: . It is thereby reheated. . 1924.Is a gas turbine cycle employing a heat exchanger to recover some of the heat before discharging the gases from the gas turbine to the atmosphere.RECUPERATOR . 1948. holds relative to the maximum moisture the air can hold at the same temperature.REFRIGERATING 1935.The fluid used for heat transfer in a refrigerating system.A fitting that makes an angle between two joints of pipe and that decreases in diameter from one end to the other. Acids are employed to restore a cation exchanger to its hydrogen form.The solution used to restore the activity of an ion exchanger. FEED HEATING .REJUVENATION .Thin.RED WATER . 1920.RELATIVE HUMIDITY . brine solutions may be used to convert the cation exchange to the sodium form. CONDENSER .The use of steam bled from the turbine to heat the feed-water for the boiler. usually involving changes of state of the fluid.A "T"shaped pipe fitting with openings of two different sizes.REGENERATIVE 1929.REDWOOD SECONDS . to some extent. 2) promote the reduction of immersed materials. 1940.REDUCTION 1928.A condenser which not only condenses the steam but also heats the condensate. usually to its original temperature.Water that has a red. usually determined by measuring the time taken for a standard volume of oil to run through astandard orifice at a given temperature.The amount of heat transferred by one kg of refrigerant as it circulates in the refrigeration system.Restoration of the activity of an ion exchanger by replacing the ions adsorbed from the treated solution by ions that were adsorbed initially on the resin.REGENERATIVE 1942.REDUCING ELBOW .REDOX 1921.The working fluid used in refrigerators. MACHINE .REFRIGERANT CHARGE .The viscosity of an oil is 1938.REGISTER: A grille equipped with an integral damper or 1946. CYCLE .A device to transfer heat from a low 1939.A process designed to determine if a corrosion process will occur.REDUCING NIPPLE .REED 1943. TEE .Referring to a gas turbine employing heat exchanger between the compressor and the combustor for the purpose of recovering heat. 1922.A pipe fitting that is threaded on both ends and decreases in diameter from one end to the other.Specially prepared oil used in refrigerator mechanism which circulates. flat.The exhaust steam from the high-pressure cylinder of a turbine is passed through the reheater section of the boiler.REFRIGERATOR .REGENERATIVE 1944. POTENTIAL .Brickwork or castable used in boilers to protect metal surfaces and for boiler baffles.

Engineering Dictionary 1950.RELIEF 1969. For example. 1971. SYSTEM .RETURN AIR: Air refrigerated space. CYCLE REFRIGERATION .RETURN-STEAM 1972.RINGELMANN CHART .REVERSE 1974.The reciprocal of thermal conductance. 1967. retorts and banks of tuyere plates.RESONANCE . returned from conditioned or 1955. Page 61 of 79 1963.Refrigerating system in which condensing unit is away from space to be cooled.RELAY. a 2:1 reset ratio means that the control point will increase 1 degree for every 2 degrees change in outdoor temperature. It opens to release fluids before dangerous pressure is reached. THERMAL .RESISTANCE 1978. VALVE . Usually contain heating elements.A process that reverses (by the 1959. sulfite. HUMIDITY -The ratio. through which the air for combustion is forced.A chart used by an observer to estimate the density of smoke emitted by a chimney by comparison with four standard sections (A series of four rectangular grids of black lines of varying widths printed on a white background.REMOTE 1956.RESPONSE TIME: The time lag between a signal input and the resulting change of output. expressed as a percentage.REVERSING VALVE . according to the design of the particular shaft. 1962.REVERSE 1958.A process by which a fluid is made to undergo a change of state and by traversing the path in exactly the reverse of the original path is returned to its original state.RETURN 1970. 1953.A bead-like material used in chemical exchange for softeners and dealkalizers.REVERSE OSMOSIS . TEMPERATURE SET POINT: Ability to set a temperature control point for a space from outside the space. Relays may be electric.REMOTE FLOW OIL BURNER .RESISTIVE LOADS . . Valves move hot gas from compressor into evaporator.RESISTANCE.: A pressure control valve used to limit system pressure Safety device on a sealed system.RELATIVE 1951. measured in ohms.RESIN . etc.An electromechanical switch that opens or closes contacts in response to some controlled action.RESIDUAL .. The retorts are rectangular and gradually reduce in depth from front to rear of the grate.A process 1975. Often used in public areas.RELATIVE HUMIDITY (RH): The ratio of water vapor in the air as compared to the maximum amount of water vapor that may be contained. The cold deck control point is normally reset downward as the outdoor temperature increases. Also called pressure relief valve.Electrical loads whose power factor is one.The opposition which limits the amount of current that can be produced by an applied voltage in an electrical circuit. 1968. 1965.Device used to reverse direction of the refrigerant flow depending upon whether heating or cooling is desired. and all associated systems are similarly returned to their original state.REVERSE 1973. .A number of alternate troughs or 1954. CONDENSATE . pneumatic. of the amount of water vapor present in a given volume of air at a given temperature to the amount required to saturate the air at that temperature.A refrigeration system which uses reject heat to produce warmth.A mechanical atomizing oil burner in which part of the oil supplied to the atomizer is withdrawn and returned to storage or to the oil line supplying the atomizer. THERMAL .RESTRICTOR . like oxygen.That steam produced by a boiler which returns to the boiler after it has condensed.The use of an anionexchange unit and a cation-exchange unit-in that order-to remove all ions from solution.The ratio of change in outdoor temperature to the change in control point temperature. and used as a criterion of blackness for determining smoke density in stack gas streams). 1960. 1961. the thrust of off-centre weight is added to the effect of the natural frequency of vibration.Means small amount of. OPERATING GEAR: Flexible cables or shafts attached to valve wheels so the valves can be operated from another compartment. 1964. The hot deck control point is normally reset upward as the outdoor temperature drops.RELAY 1966. CYCLE DEFROST . DEIONIZATION .RETORT STROKER . The coal is raised up and over the tuyere plates. 1977.REVERSIBLE PROCESS .Method of heating evaporator for defrosting. or a combination of both.RESET 1976. . application of pressure) the flow of water in the natural process of osmosis so that it passes from the more concentrated to the more dilute solution. Relay contacts can be normally open (NO) and/ or normally closed (NC). acid.A switching relay in which a small heater warms a bimetal element which bends to provide the switching force. RATIO .A device for producing a deliberate pressure drop or resistance in a line by reducing the crosssectional flow area. of automatically adjusting the control point of a given controller to compensate for changes in outdoor temperature.RESET .A condition of vibration of a shaft when 1952. This normally occurs at some definite speed.REMOTE 1957.

SAFETY CAN .A vapor which is at saturation pressure and saturation temperature.RUNNING 1994.SAFETY SHUT-OFF VALVE . electrically latched.Engineering Dictionary 1979.RYZNAR STABILITY INDEX .Amount of time a condensing unit is run per hour or per 24 hours. where necessary.The initial turning under steam of the turbine rotor when starting up.SAFETY CONTROL . It is designed to relieve internal pressure safely when exposed to fire. 1986. of a container before rupture pressures are reached.Mechanism which pumps fluid by using rotating motion. 1980. S 2004.SATURATED 2014.RUST 2009. calcium carbonate pH of saturation vs. = 2 pHs). CURRENT .The selective corrosion of one or more components of a solid solution alloy.RUNNING 1993. turbine. 1990.A visible corrosion product consisting of hydrated oxides of iron. It has a spring closing lid and spout cover. moisture. quadrant.A machine which has a rotor whose poles project from the central shaft or hub. 1992. 2006.ROOT: The surface of the thread corresponding to 1983. 1988.RROSION.A bearing lubricated by a loose running ring which dips into and lifts oil from a well.SAFETY PLUG . . pump.SAGGING 1991.ROTARY 1987. TIME .ROOT VALVE: A valve located where a branch line comes off the main line. or tiller fitted to its upper portion by which it may be turned. STOPS: Fittings attached to the ship structure or to shoulders on the rudder post to limit the swing of the rudder.RING LUBRICATED SLEEVE BEARING .Valve body shaped so it may be silver brazed or clamped onto a refrigerant tubing surface. quick opening and closing valve that has a reset pressure lower than the lift pressure.SADDLE VALVE (TAP-A-LINE) . by the addition of counter-balance weights.SAFETY VALVE: An automatic. a metal in an electrolyte by galvanically coupling it to a more anodic metal.SATURATED LIQUID .RUDDER SELECTIVE . VAPOR . 2012. or member used for the purpose of support. the ability of a cation exchanger to convert a salt solution to acid. Applied only to ferrous alloys.A measure of the concentration of dissolved mineral substances in water. 1996.The current that flows through a load after inrush current.SALINITY .Coupling of a more active metal to a structure resulting in a galvanic current flow through the corroding electrolyte.SACRIFICIAL ANODES .A manually opened.Checking of a shaft or rotor for smooth running.SALT A hydrometer that measures the concentration of salt in a solution.ROTOR BALABCING .SATURATED AIR .SADDLE VALVE (TAP-A-LINE) . fabricated chair.Valve body shaped so 2000. COMPRESSOR . the minor diameter of an external thread and the major diameter of an internal thread. A saturated vapor 1995.The rotating part of a turbine or a 1985.ROTARY 2002.A casting. 2003." 2007. and correcting the balance. a flushing out of excess regenerant solution. SPITTING . or 1989.RINSE . 2010. 1982.A burner in which atomization is accomplished by feeding oil to the inside of a rapidly rotating cup.SALINOMETER: 2011. STOCK: A vertical shaft that has a rudder attached to its lower end and a yoke.A liquid which is at saturation pressure and saturation temperature. 2008.Device to stop refrigerating unit if unsafe pressure and/or temperatures and/or dangerous conditions are reached.ROTOR: The rotating element of a motor. 1999. OIL BURNER .ROTOR generator.SAFE WORKING PRESSURE .Device which will release the contents 2005.SALIENT POLE MACHINE . .When the air cannot hold any more 2013. it may be silver brazed or clamped onto a refrigerant tubing surface. 2001.I. 1984.The ability of an anion exchanger to convert a salt solution to caustic. Usually called "full load current". in other words.Bending of a turbine or other shaft downwards below its centre line.SACRIFICIAL PROTECTION . 1997.An index based on Page 62 of 79 . a liquid which is at its boiling point for any given pressure.Approved container of not more than 5 gallon capacity.See "Design Pressure.The operation which follows regeneration. electrically operated safety shut-off valve designed to automatically shut off fuel when deenergized.SADDLE .RUDDER . 1981.Reduction of corrosion of 1998. actual pH to determine scaling or corrosion tendencies of a water (R. A form of cathodic protection.ROLLIMG SPEED .

A commercial measure of viscosity expressed as a time in seconds required for 60 mL of a fluid to flow through the orifice of the standard Saybolt universal viscometer at a given temperature under specific conditions. during the process. 2021. In suspension also. consisting of partially adherent layers of corrosion products.SATURATION PRESSURE . 2030.SECONDARY SYSTEM .A seal that uses magnetic material. and hardness of a water to determine its scale forming tendency.An apparatus for the removal of solids from gases by entrainment in water. to aid in clearing the cylinder of the gases of combustion. which is circulated to distance units where air is to be cooled in individual rooms. alkalinity.SECONDARY 2039.SATURATION .Waterside.SEEBECK .SECOND LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS . Suction sea chests are fitted with strainers or gratings.SEA COCK. 2027. 2034. 2019. TREATMENT .SCALE 2022. 2026.SENSIBLE HEAT .Sensible heat is any heat transfer that causes a change in temperature. The water in the sea.SCREW PUMP .The point. but not dissolved in the water. and pumps and for discharging wastewater from the ship to the sea. INDEX .Surface oxidation. condensers.Gravitational particles in a liquid system. left on metals by heating or casting in air or in other oxidizing atmosphere.SCHEMATIC DIAGRAM: A diagram using graphic symbols to show how a circuit functions electrically. instead of springs or bellows.SATURATION TEMPERATURE .A re-circulating water system that is a takeoff from a primary system. . . where at a given pressure a pure substance starts to boil.SECONDARY REFRIGERANT . 2037. 2020. 2025.SEA Page 63 of 79 . 2036. forming a hard.Heat that is given off or absorbed by 2044.Treatment of boiler feedwater or internal treatment of boiler water after primary treatment.SCREENS .The point.Engineering Dictionary cannot be superheated as long as it is in contact with the liquid from which it is being generated. settling of solid 2024. including.Heat will flow only from material at higher temperature to material at lower temperature. Also a deposit on a heat-transfer surface resulting from precipitation of salts present in water in contact with that surface.SCRUBBER 2029. given temperature a pure substance starts to boil. 2033. an electric current is generated between the metals. may be various types of vegetable and animal growths. ROTARY .SCAVENGING 2040.A mechanical seal that rotates with a shaft and is used with a stationary mating ring. 2031.Air for combustion supplied to the furnace to supplement the primary air. in many cases.SCALE 2035. Heating or cooling coils that simply increase or decrease the air temperature without a change in moisture content are examples of sensible heat.SAYBOLT UNIVERSAL VISCOSITY .SEDIMENTATION 2042.SEDIMENT: An accumulation of matter that settles to the 2041. dense material.SCALE 2038. the water treatment or the acid cleaning process.SECONDARY AIR . EFFECT . Heating and cooling of air and water that may be measured with a thermometer is sensible heat. CAUSING ELEMENTS .SEAL. and so forth. used for the lighter petroleum products and lubrication oils. it does not circulate directly through the source of heat or cooling but only indirectly through a heat exchanger. It is a cast fitting or a built-up structure located below the waterline of the vessel and having means for 2043.Equipment designed to prevent larger objects to enter water treatment system. 2028.The relation of calcium carbonate to the pH.SECTION: 2023. MAGNETIC .SEAL. bacteria and organisms harmful or actually dangerous to health.SCC .When two different adjacent metals are heated. magazines. to supply water to pumps and for similar purposes.Chilled liquid-like water. where at a 2018. bottom of a liquid.Stress corrosion cracking. attachment of the piping.SENSIBLE HEAT . 2032. SEA CONNECTION: A sea valve secured to the plating of the vessel below the waterline for use in flooding tanks. CHEST: An arrangement for supplying seawater to engines. A view showing internal features as if the viewed object had been cut or sectioned.Compressor constructed of two mated revolving screws. Seawater is an aqueous solution of various minerals and salts (chlorides). a substance without changing its state (Heat which causes a change in temperature of a substance).SEAWATER: 2017. REMOVAL .Condition existing when substance contains all of another substance it can hold for that temperature and pressure.Calcium and magnesium elements forming scale.SATURATION 2016. to provide the closing force. AIR: Increased amount of air available as a result of blower action used to fill an engine cylinder with a fresh charge of air and. removal of scale using either the mechanical. 2015.

A method of cleaning fouled tube surfaces by raining a large quantity of steel shot over the surfaces periodically.SEQUENCER 2055. 2076.To de-energize a load in order to maintain a kW demand set point.A device that keeps track of the measured condition and its fluctuations so that when sufficient variation occurs it will originate the signal to revise the operation of the system and offset the change.SHELL-AND-TUBE Page 64 of 79 . FREEZING . – CYLINDER DIFFERENTIAL .SHEAR PIN COUPLING – 2075.SHED . group of elements.Disconnect switches or circuit breakers.A jacking device for supporting 2070.A tank type pressure vessel installed in a steam pipe to collect condensate to be trapped off and thus providing comparatively dry steam to the connected machinery. an audible sound. 2071. 2049. with moderate air circulation.To form a stable.The position of the shaft in 2066.Cylinder or receiver which contains condensing water coils or tubes. housing the propeller shafting from the engine room to the bulkhead at which the stern tube commences. 2062.A method of demand control that reduces kW demand through shedding and restoring loads. Usually checked at coupling faces.Engineering Dictionary 2045.SHAFT screw with a slotted.Relative difference in expansion and contraction of the turbine shaft and cylinder. water treatment to settle sediments and to clarify.Device used to prevent leakage between shaft and housing.SHED MODE . 2056.SHAFT 2068.SHELL TYPE CONDENSER . from the true central position of a shaft. The sensing element performs the initial measurement operation.SERVICE SWITCH . 2046.SENSING POINT: (1) The physical and/or functional point in a system at which a signal may be detected and monitored or may cause some automatic operation to result. does not have substantial pressure-relieving capacity. or square head used to hold a part in place. serve a building. The current is the same throughout but the voltage can be different across each element. 2077.One with all the elements connected end to end.SERIES . Example: a thermostat "bulb".A containment design with external 2064. CIRCUIT .SETSCREW: A machine 2072. SEAL . from another.SHAFT ALIGNMENT .SHAFT 2067. 2060. pressure and position sensors are examples.SENSING ELEMENT . Temperature. (2) Where parameters are determined. alien.The first system element or 2048. 2063.SHAFT a shaft.SERVICE VALVE .SETTLING BASIN .Manually operated valve mounted on refrigerating systems used for service operation. which flows water through tubes built into cylindrical evaporator or vice versa.The overhead service wires that 2059.The relative positions of two shafts with respect to their centre lines. 2069.Device 2078.SHELL AND TUBE FLOODED EVAPORATOR . . 2047. 2058. .SEPARATOR .SET POINT . water-soluble 2073. ECCENTRICITY . 2061. at the point of measurement.A mechanical or electrical device that may be set to initiate a series of events and to make the events follow in sequence. before the movement. 2053.SENTINEL VALVE: A relief valve designed to emit 2052.SHARP 2074.SEQUESTER complex. A sensing de vice may be an integral part of a controller.Designation of a heat exchanger having straight tubes encased inside a shell.SHORT RAIN CLEANING . 2051.SHAFT AXIAL POSITION .Refrigeration at temperatures slightly below freezing.SEPARATOR .SERVO: A device used to convert a small movement into a greater movement or force. ALLEY: A watertight passage.Device to separate one substance 2054.The value of the controlled condition at which the instrument is set to operate.SENSING DEVICE .The ratio of sensible heat to total heat.SENSITIVITY: 2050.Radial displacement. . relation to the thrust bearing.SENSIBLE HEAT FACTOR .A substance that holds a mineral or metal in solution beyond its saturation point. The change in speed required governor will make a corrective 2065.SERVICE DROP .SENSOR: A component that senses physical variables and produces a signal to be observed or to actuate other elements in a control system. 2079.SEQUESTRANT 2057. sound.SHAFT RISING GEAR . Purpose is to completely disconnect the building from the electric service.

Engineering Dictionary

2080.SHIELDED

CABLE - Special cable used with equipment that generates a low voltage output. Used to minimize the effects of frequency "noise" on the output signal. to true up a machine or inserted in bearings to permit adjustment after wear of the bearing.

2098.SIMPLEX
cylinder.

PUMP: A pump that has only one liquid

2099.SINGLE PHASING - The condition when one phase of a
multiphase (poly-phase) motor circuit is broken or opened. Motors running when this occurs may continue to run but with lower power output and over heating.

2081.SHIM: A thin layer of metal or other material used 2082.SHOCK DOSAGE - The feeding of treatment to a
system all in one slug or dose rather than gradually (also called a slug dosage).

2100.SINGLE 2101.SINGLE 2102.SKIN

SHAFT GAS TURBINE - A gas turbine arrangement in which the compressor and the gas turbine are all coupled to one shaft. STAGE COMPRESSOR - Compressor having only one compressive step between inlet and outlet. CONDENSER - Condenser using the outer surface of the cabinet as the heat radiating medium. - Arises from high furnace temperatures, which cause particles of ash to melt and stick to furnace walls and other parts. A casing fitted over a line or shaft for protection against wear or corrosion. from a bacterial growth.

2083.SHOCK FEEDER - A device which is used to add
treatment to a system in an instantaneous manner.

2084.SHORT 2085.SHORT

CIRCUIT - A direct connection of low resistive value that can significant alter the behavior of an element or system. CYCLING - Unit runs and then stops at short intervals; generally this excessive cycling rate is hard on the system equipment. TURBINES - Also referred to as the sealing strip on turbine blades. Its purpose is to supply rigidity to the blades, lessen vibration and provide sealing between stages. PUMPS - The front and/or back of an impeller.

2103.SLAG

2104.SLEEVE:

2086.SHROUD,

2105.SLIME - A soft, sticky, mucus-like substance, originating 2106.SLING
PSYCHROMETER - Measuring device with wet and dry bulb thermometers. Moved rapidly through air it measures humidity. between the motor and the fan. The speed of the fan is varied by altering the slip between the two coupling halves either magnetically or hydraulically.

2087.SHROUD, 2088.SHUNT
current.

- A device to divert part of an electric

2107.SLIP COUPLING - Control by means of a split coupling

2089.SHUTOFF 2090.SIGHT

VALVE: A valve which operates fully open or fully closed. GLASS - Glass tube or glass window in refrigerating mechanism. It shows amount of refrigerant or oil in system and indicates presence of gas bubbles in liquid line. - Silicon dioxide (Si02), a mineral found naturally as quartz or in complex combination with other elements such as silicates. GEL - Absorbent chemical compound used as a drier. When heated, moisture is released and compound may be reused.

2108.SLIP

RING - Rings mounted on but insulated from a shaft, as in the rotor of an alternating current machine. The coils of the rotor are connected to the rings and carbon brushes rubbing against the latter carry the current. - A deposit on a heat-transfer surface that does not have the hard, crystalline structure of a scale but is softer and less dense. - A unit of measure for mass in the English system, which equals 14.6 kg in the SI system. - Condition in which mass of liquid enters compressor causing hammering. - A water containing high concentration of suspended solids, usually over 5000 mg/L. EROSION - Material removal due to the combined action of corrosion and wear. to show the density of smoke in the base of a chimney or other convenient point.

2091.SILICA 2092.SILICA

2109.SLUDGE 2110.SLUG

2111.SLUGGING 2112.SLURRY 2113.SLURRY

2093.SILICA, COLLOIDAL - Silica in colloidal form. 2094.SILICA, REACTIVE – 2095.SILICA, VOLATILE - Silica carryover with steam. 2096.SILT
DENSITY INDEX - A measure of the tendency of a water to foul a reverse osmosis membrane, based on time flow through a membrane filter at constant pressure. CYCLE - Referring to the gas turbine cycle consisting only of compression, combustion and expansion.

2114.SMOKE DENSITY METER - A photo-electric instrument 2115.SODA
ASH - A common water treatment chemical, sodium carbonate.

2097.SIMPLE

Page 65 of 79

Engineering Dictionary

2116.SODA

BASE GREASE - A grease with a high melting temperature, used in high-speed bearings of the anti-friction type. Not suitable for wet or moist conditions. produce a refrigerant. brine solution, used a secondary

2134.SOUR 2135.SOUR

GAS - A gaseous environment containing hydrogen sulfide and carbon dioxide in hydrocarbon reservoirs. WATER - Waste water containing malodorous materials, usually sulfur compounds. material as a result of internal stresses.

2117.SODIUM CHLORIDE - Common table salt, used to 2118.SODIUM 2119.SODIUM
SULFITE (Na2S03) - A chemical used with water treatment to remove small amounts of oxygen. TRACER METHOD - A technique used to measure dissolved solids in steam to values as low as 0.001 ppm. removing scale forming ions of calcium and magnesium and replacing them with the equivalent amount of sodium ions.

2136.SPALLING - The breaking off of the surface of refractory 2137.SPARGER - An extension into the bottom of a tank of a
pipe which has a distribution nozzle on the end for mixing one fluid with another.

2138.SPECIFIC

2120.SODIUM ZEOLITE SOFTENING - The process of

CONDUCTANCE - Measures the ability of a water to conduct electricity. Conductivity increases with total dissolved solids and is therefore used to estimate dissolved solids present in the water. DENSITY - Weight per unit volume of a substance.

2139.SPECIFIC 2140.SPECIFIC 2141.SPECIFIC 2142.SPECIFIC

2121.SOFT

WATER - Water that is free of magnesium or calcium salts. - The removal of hardness (calcium and magnesium) from water. HEAT - Heat created by visible and invisible energy waves from the sun. - A powerful coil with steel plunger used for closing circuit-breakers. The coil usually operates by direct current, and is only energised during the closing period. core. It serves as a valve or operates a valve.

2122.SOFTENING 2123.SOLAR

GRAVITY - The density of a substance compared to the density of a standard material such as water. HEAT - Ratio of quantity of heat required to raise temperature of a body 1 degree to that required to raise temperature of equal mass of water 1 degree. HEAT (Cp) - The ratio of the mount of heat required to raise a mass of material 1 degree in temperature to the amount required to raise n eual mass of reference substance, usually water, 1 degree in temperature. HUMIDITY - Ratio of weight of vapor to the weight of gas in a unit volume of an air-water vapor mixture. VOLUME - Volume per unit mass of a substance.

2124.SOLENOID

2125.SOLENOID VALVE - Electromagnet with a moving 2126.SOLID
ABSORBENT REFRIGERATION Refrigeration system which uses solid substance as absorber of the refrigerant during the cooling part of the cycle and releases refrigerant when heated during generating part of cycle. rigidly.

2143.SPECIFIC 2144.SPECIFIC

2145.SPECIFIED

2127.SOLID COUPLING: A device that joins two shafts 2128.SOLID STATE HALOGEN LEAK DETECTOR - An
electronic leak detector for all halogen. related refrigerants.

PERFORMANCE - Power station plant is usually guaranteed by the contractor to produce a certain standard of performance. This is known as the specified performance. picked up by the prime mover from no load to full load without manually changing the speed setting.

2146.SPEED DROOP: A progressive drop in speed as load is 2147.SPEED-LIMITING GOVERNOR: A device for limiting the
speed of a prime mover.

2129.SOLUBLE IRON - Usually present in cooling water
systems and can arise from metallurgical corrosion.

2130.SOLU-BRIDGE - An electronic instrument used to
measure conductivity of a water sample to determine the dissolved solids content.

2148.SPEED-REGULATING 2149.SPLASH

GOVERNOR: A device that maintains a constant speed on an engine that is operating under varying load conditions. SYSTEM, OILING - Method of lubricating moving parts by agitating or splashing oil in the crankcase. so that they are divided into two or more separate and complete units.

2131.SORBENT - See absorbent. 2132.SOOT - Unburned particles of carbon derived from
hydrocarbons. 2133.SOOT BLOWER - A mechanical device for discharging steam or air to clean heat absorbing surfaces.

2150.SPLIT PLANT: A method of operating propulsion plants

Page 66 of 79

Engineering Dictionary

2151.SPLIT-STREAM DEALKALIZER - Where the flow
of water is divided through a parallel arrangement of hydrogen and sodium cation exchanger. The combined product being soft and low in alkalinity.

2166.STACK - A vertical conduit, which due to the difference
in density between internal and external gases, creates a draft at its base. 2167.STACK DRAFT - The magnitude of the draft measured at the inlet to the stack. 2168.STACK EFFECT - That portion of a pressure differential resulting from difference in elevation of the points of measurement. 2169.STACK EFFLUENT - Gas and solid products discharged from stacks. 2170.STAGE - The point in the turbine blade system where a Steam pressure-drop takes place. 2171.STAGNATION - The condition of being free from movement or lacking circulation.

2152.SPRAY ANGLE - The angle included between the
sides of the cone formed by liquid fuel discharged from mechanical, rotary atomizers and by some forms of steam or air atomizers.

2153.SPRAY

CARRYOVER - Are referred to a mist or fog and are a degree of atomization of the boiler water and carried with the steam. This type of carryover is to be prevented by the drum internals. COOLING - Method of refrigerating by spraying expendable refrigerant or by spraying refrigerated water. ELIMINATORS - Inclined battens or packing in a cooling tower to prevent spray being carried to atmosphere by the draught through the tower. MANIFOLD - A pipe, or extension of a water line, that has several openings fitted with nozzles which spray water. UNIT - A cooling circuit that sprays water over cooling coils through inflowing air to humidify or dehumidify that air, as required. CIRCUIT - An open coolingwater circuit which sprays water and cools by evaporation, for example, a cooling tower, all evaporative condenser, an air washer, or a spray-coil unit. NOZZLE - A nozzle from which a liquid fuel is discharged in the form of a spray. The divergence of the air stream in a horizontal or vertical plane after it leaves the outlet. crushed coal into the furnace by means of rotary blades while a chain grate runs from the rear wail towards the front.

2154.SPRAY 2155.SPRAY

2172.STANDARD

AIR CONDITIONS - Standard air density has been set at 0.075 Ib/cu ft. This corresponds approximately to dry air at 70°F and 29.92 in Hg. In metric units, the standard air density is 1.2041 kg/m3 at 20°C and at 101.325 kPa. CONDITIONS - The standard conditions referred to in environmental system work for air are: dry air at 70°F and at an atmospheric pressure of 29.92 inches mercury (in Hg). For water, standard conditions are 68°F at the same barometric pressure. At these standard conditions, the density of air is 0.075 pounds per cubic feet and the density of water is 62.4 pounds per cubic foot. ft at sea level (29.92" Barometric Pressure) and 70 °F. & DELTA - The names applied to the two more usual methods of interconnecting windings in a threephase generator, motor or transformer. solid. Liquids used in environmental systems are water, thermal fluids such as ethylene glycol solutions, and refrigerants in the liquid state. Gases are steam, evaporated refrigerants and the air-water vapor mixture found in the atmosphere. Some substances, including commonly used refrigerants, may exist in any of three states. A simple example is water, which may be solid (ice), liquid (water), or gas (steam or water vapor).

2156.SPRAY

2173.STANDARD

2157.SPRAY-COIL

2158.SPRAY-COOLING

2174.STANDARD FLUE GAS - Gas weighing 0.078 lb per cu 2175.STAR

2159.SPRAY

2176.STATE - Refers to the form of a fluid, either liquid, gas or

2160.SPREAD:

2161.SPREADER STROKER - A unit which discharges

2162.SPRING

BEARINGS: Bearings positioned at varying intervals along a propulsion shaft to help keep it in alignment and to support its weight. ability of a governor to correct a speed disturbance with a minimum of corrective motions. DIAGRAM - A chart to show the operator the limits of stability defined for the satisfactory operation of the generator. INDEX - An imperical modification of the saturation index used to predict scaling or corrosive tendencies in water systems.

2177.STATIC
of a fluid.

HEAD - The pressure due to the weight of a fluid above the point of measurement.

2178.STATIC PRESSURE - The measure of potential energy 2179.STATIC SUCTION HEAD - The positive vertical height in
feet from the pump centerline to the top of the level of the liquid source.

2163.STABILITY: The 2164.STABILITY 2165.STABILITY

2180.STATIC

SUCTION LIFT - The distance in feet between the pump centerline and the source of liquid below the pump centerline.

2181.STATOR - The stationary part of an alternator. 2182.STATOR
CORE - An assembly of magnetic iron laminations slotted to contain the stator windings.

Page 67 of 79

The heat is to make the oil flow easily. 2207.STRATIFIED 2211.STEAM PURUTY METER . 2193.SUBCOOLING 2199. 2194. 2186. to retain solid particles allowing a liquid to pass.A method of softening the hard deposits on the external surfaces of boiler tubes. . 2209. 2200.STRESS AIR: Unmixed air in a duct that is in thermal layers that have temperature variations of more than five degrees.STRAIGHT STEAM CYCLE .STEAM QUALITY . (2) A watertight enclosure for the propeller shaft. water evaporated by absorption in a brine 2214. .Non-homogeneity existing transversely in a gas stream.An instrument for detecting impurities carried over in the steam.A pressure chamber located at the upper extremity of a boiler circulatory system.STEAM-ABSORPTION MACHINE .The difference between the temperature of a pure condensable fluid below saturation and the temperature at the liquid saturated state.Refers to all matter but water in 2191.The main structure which supports the stator core and windings. .STOICHIOMETRIC 2206. 2212.That portion of the pump which houses the packing or mechanical seal. 2187. gas without appearance of liquid. 2195.Adjustments to give correct steam pressure at all times.STEAM TRAP .STEAM TRACING (ELECTRIC TRACING) . 2202.STEAM SOAKING .A heat engine used to convert the heat-energy in steam to mechanical energy 2196. RAPTURE . PRESSURE AUTOMISER . such as a filter. and is located in back of the impeller and around the shaft. regenerated by steam and condensed by cooling-tower water.The ratio of chemical substances reacting in the water that correspond to their combining weights in the theoretical chemical reaction.Condition where a substance changes from a solid to a gas without becoming a liquid. BOX . shaft where it emerges from the ship.STICTION (STATIC 2205.STERN TUBE FLUSHING WATER: Water circulated through the stern tube from in-board to prevent accumulation of debris in the stern tube while the ship is at rest or backing down. The stuffing box is usually referred to as the dry portion of the pump.STRAINER .That part of a steam-absorption machine in which the water refrigerant is condensed by cooling-tower water and returned to the evaporator or chiller. JET REFRIGERATION .Engineering Dictionary 2183.Resistance of start of motion. 2204.A change of state directly from solid to 2216.STEAM DRUM .SUBLIMATION . Oil is fed under pressure into tangential ports and after spinning in a vortex chamber is emitted as a cone.Refrigerating system which uses a steam venturi to create high vacuum (low pressure) on a water container causing water to evaporate at low temperature.A method of heating pipelines carrying fuel oil by means of steam pipes or electric heating placed in contact with the oil pipe along its length under the lagging.STUFFING 2213. 2197.The percentage by weight of vapor in a steam and water mixture.STEAM-ABSORPTION 2215. in which the steam is generated in the boiler and separated from the water. when heated above 450°C.STEAM .STEP-TOOTHED LABYRINTH: Labyrinth type packing having each alternate tooth ring installed on the shaft and running in close proximity to the fixed packing ring.The process of cooling a liquid to a temperature below its saturation temperature for any given saturation pressure.STEAM BINDING .STEAM 2190.One In which steam from 2208.A type of oil burner.STEAM SEPARATOR . at the same pressure.STEAM ATOMISER .Water in vapor state.STRATIFICATION . the steam.A device fitted at the lowest point of a heating pipework system.SUBCOOLING 2198.STEAM PRESSURE CONTROL . as a refrigerant. FRICTION) .SUBSONIC SPEEDS – Page 68 of 79 .A device for removing the entrained water from steam.A restriction in circulation due to a steam pocket or a rapid steam formation. either manually or by an automatic system.STEAM PURITY .The pressure and temperature of the steam.STATOR FRAME .STEAM TURBINE .STRAIGHT 2188. 2189. Specified either at the boiler main stop valve or the turbine stop valve. 2192. or air-conditioning machine which uses. the boiler passes straight through the turbine and thence to the condenser and reheat Is not used. Material will plastically deform (creep) and then rapture.A general type of damage referring to carbon steel tubing. 2210. 2184. to provide automatic drainage of water.A device.A type of oil burner with a double concentric tube which allows steam generally in excess of the oil pressure to impinge on the oil supply and break it into a number of jets of finely divided oil and steam.STEAM CONDITION . 2185.A refrigeration 2217.SUBLIMATION . CONDENSER .STERN TUBE: (1) The bearing supporting the propeller 2203. 2201.

may decomposes with higher temperatures and concentration.Two-way manually operated valve located at the inlet to compressor.Heat exchanger arranged to take heat from liquid going to evaporator and using it to superheat vapor leaving evaporator.SURFACE 2227.The combination of static suction 2235. The decomposition results in forming sulfur dioxide and thus leading to an acidic anhydride causing corrosion.SUCTION LINE . or salt of sulfur and oxygen. mainly in water cooling systems. .SURFACTANT . Prime surface: heating surface having the heating medium on one side and air (or extended surface) on the other. 2239. 2221.Removal of water.SURGE 2232.SURFACE HEATING .A condenser where cooling water flows through tubes but does not mix with the steam condensing on the outer surfaces of the tubes.Pressure in low-pressure 2222.An old refrigerant.SUPERHEATER .SUPERCRITICAL 2218. EFFECT . It usually reduces surface tension.A vapor which is not about to 2238. etc. 2219. mineral with a concentration beyond the normal saturation point.A spray-coil unit.SUPERSONIC AIR FLOW – 2242. 2220.SURFACE BLOWDOWN .SUPERCHARGE: 2233.SULFATE . 2243.The heat added to a fluid above its saturation point.SUPERHEATED VAPOR . It controls suction gas flow and is used to service unit. 2224.The sudden displacement or movement of water in a closed vessel or drum. unit. foam. extending from the refrigerant control through the evaporator to the inlet valve of the compressor.SULFONIC 2245. 2229.A compound. .A specific acidic group (SO3H) on which depends the exchange activity of certain cation adsorbents. from the surface at the water level in a boiler. 2246.SUCTION 2225.SUCTION SIDE .A wetting agent used to prevent fouling. absolute. 2244. .A device that reduces harmonic distortion in line voltage circuits by clipping off transient voltages which are fed through the power lines from operating equipment.The positive pressure on the pump inlet when the source of liquid supply is above the pump centerline.SUCTION PRESSURE .Sodium sulfite.SUPERHEATED condense. 2237.SURFACTANTS 2248.SUPERHEAT 2236.SUN A container.206 lb. It is impossible to superheat a saturated vapor as long as it is in contact with the liquid from which it is being generated.A solution of a salt or 2241. PRESSURE CONTROL VALVE Device located in the suction line which maintains constant pressure in evaporator during running portion of cycle. pins. This is the pressure at which the value of latent heat Is at zero./sq. Extended heating surface (or extended surface).SUCTION PRESSURE CONTROL VALVE Device located in the suction line which maintains constant pressure in evaporator during running portion of cycle. To supply a charge of air at a pressure higher than that of the surrounding atmosphere.SUCTION 2240. hence the vapor must be led away from the liquid before it can be superheated. ion.The process of adding heat to a vapor in order to raise its temperature above saturation temperature. lift and friction head in the suction piping when the source of liquid is below the pump centerline (A pumping condition where the eye of the impeller of the pump is above the surface of the water from which the pump is pumping). STEAM . SURPRESSOR .SUCTION HEAD .SUPERSATURATED SOLUTION .SURGE 2249.SURFACE-SPRAY UNIT . which is used as an oxygen scavenger.SULFITE DECOMPOSITION .The exterior surface of a heating 2228. .Pressures above the critical pressure of 3.SUCTION LIFT . 2247.SULFUR DIOXIDE (SO2) .Solar energy transmitted into space through windows and building materials. CONDENSER . compartment. side of a refrigerating system. SERVICE VALVE . A device for increasing the volume of the air charge of an internal-combustion engine. .Low-pressure side of the system 2226. such as sodium sulfate (Na2S04). or reservoir used as a drain or receptacle for engine oil.SUMP: 2231. or ribs which receive heat by conduction from the prime surface. in.A compound that affects interfacial tension between two liquids.SUPERCHARGER: Page 69 of 79 . 2230.SUPERHEATING 2223.Steam heated above its saturation temperature.Engineering Dictionary 2234. STEAM PRESSURE . consisting of fins.Tube or pipe used to carry refrigerant gas from evaporator to compressor.

mounted disk swung from the top by a horizontal pin.TANDEM COMPOUND TURBINE – 2273. CLOSED . 2253. 2269.Outlet pipe from the evaporator. 2266. factory-assembled and factory-tested refrigerating system comprising one or more assemblies which may be shipped as one unit or separately but which are designed to be used together.A chemical used as an inhibitor in relation with caustic embrittlement.SYSTEM . UNITARY .TANGEBTIAL PULVERISED FUEL BURNER . heating and cooling coils. branch piping.Evaporative type cooler in which air is drawn through porous mats soaked with water. Some components of a typical system are louvers.TAlL PIPE .SYSTEM. mixing boxes. the ductwork and related fittings. (TOP DEAD CENTER): The position of a reciprocating piston at its uppermost point of travel. 2263. branch piping. 2272. etc. A fan provides the necessary energy to overcome the resistance to flow of the system and causes air or gas flow through the system. diffusers. used to distribute the electrical power throughout the ship. usually at a central location. 2256. volume flow control dampers. CURVE .SYSTEM. automatic protective devices. . SOLIDS . conduits. volume flow rate characteristics of a particular system. mixing boxes.Un-dissolved solids in boiler water. FLOODED . aft section of the shaft that receives 2259.SYSTEM. properties. elbows.A system in which only part of the refrigerant passing over the heat transfer surface is evaporated. under pressure above atmospheric. ventilating.TEFLON: A plastic with excellent self-lubricating bearing 2277.SWAMP 2264. 2271. and conveyed to and from the rooms by means of a fan and a system of distributing ducts. T 2251. allowing a flow. diffusers.TDC 2262.TACHOMETER: An instrument for indicating revolutions per minute. indirect 2276.A mechanical. and shut off from the atmosphere except for an expansion tank.A valve that has a guide- 2265.An alternating current motor the speed of which is directly proportional to the frequency of the supply. etc.The expansion of an ion-exchange which occurs when the reactive groups on the resin are converted from one form to another.TAKE 2260. COOLER . or air conditioning.A graphic presentation of the pressure vs.SWITCHBOARD: A panel or group of panels with 2257. burner assemblies.SWINGING LOAD .SYSTEM.Engineering Dictionary 2250. 2270. filters. conduits. DUCT . elbows.TELEGRAPH: An apparatus. in which the air is treated or handled by equipment located outside the rooms served. for transmitting orders. 2255. designed to guide the flow of air. and the portion not evaporated is separated from the vapor and recirculated. system of heating. 2258. A fan provides the necessary energy to overcome the resistance to flow of the system and causes air or gas to flow through the system.TAIL SHAFT: The the propeller. gas or vapor to and from one or more locations.SYNCHRONOUS MOTOR .A heating or refrigerating piping system in which circulating water or brine is completely enclosed.A series of ducts.A load that changes at relatively short intervals. grilles.SWELLING 2254.SYSTEM.SYNTHRON SEAL: A rubber strip seal installed on 2261.A complete. air pollution control devices. gas or vapor to and from one or more locations.In this arrangement the burners. volume dampers.SYNERGISM . filters. the shaft to prevent seawater from leaking into the ship along the shaft. 2267.SURGE TANK .SYSTEMS 2268. burner assemblies.SYNCHRONIZE: (1) To make two or more events or operations occur at the proper time with respect to each other. heating and cooling coils energy recovery de vices. positioned in the four corners of the furnace. 2274. sound attenuators. grilles. CENTRAL FAN . Mostly replaced by other methods such as plastigage and bearing shell thickness measurements. are adjusted to fire tangentially to an imaginary circle at the centre of the combustion chamber. the ductwork and related fittings.Container connected to the lowpressure side of a refrigerating system which increases gas volume and reduces rate of pressure change. designed to guide the flow of air. sound attenuators. LEADS: A method of determining bearing and other clearances. Pressure exerted in the opposite direction will close the valve.SWING CHECK VALVE . as from a ship’s bridge Page 70 of 79 .TANNINS 2275.A series of ducts. Some components of a typical system are louvers. Combustion Engineering (now part of ABB) & their licencees use this method. . (2) To adjust two engines to run at the same speed. either electrical or mechanical.The combined action of several chemicals which produce an effect greater than the additive effects of each. A liquid exerting pressure against the disk will cause it to open.SUSPENDED 2252. ensuring only one direction of flow.

2297.16 degrees be low the zero of the Celsius scale. (2) It is impossible to derive mechanical work from heat taken from a body unless there is available a body of lower temperature into which the residue not so 2279. can bring the air to saturation adiabatically at the same temperature. steering gear room.TENSILE 2278. CRITICAL .Temperature.Quantity of heat equal to 100000 Btu. a gas or mixture of gases indicated by an accurate thermometer after correction for radiation. 2289.THERM . the work done is the same for all adiabatic paths connecting the two states (Zemansky).TEMPERATURE. on either side of a typical stress plane. saturated air which would induce an identical sensation.The temperature of 2287. 273. The temperature corresponding to saturation (100 percent relative humidity) for a given absolute humidity at constant pressure. the quantity of heat which disappears is proportional to the work done (Joule).The rate of heat flow.Thermodynamic wet bulb temperature is the temperature at which liquid or solid water. or other coolant.TERTIARY 2288.The quantity of air required for perfect combustion. 2292. WET BULB .(1 ) When work is expanded in generating heat. per unit temperature gradient in the direction perpendicular to the area.The temperature at which the condensation of water vapor in a space begins for a given state of humidity and pressure as the temperature of the vapor is reduced. Also called ultimate strength. 2302. when heat is employed in the performance of work. Absolute Zero: The zero point on the absolute temperature scale.THERMAL CONDUCTIVITY .THEORETICAL AIR .TEMPERATURE. the net heat absorbed by the working substance is exactly equal to the net work done. 2294.TEMPERATURE. VELOCITY . 2300. 2298. STRENGTH .THEORETICAL DRAFT . to convey heat from a body of lower temperature to one of higher temperature (Clausius).THERMAL EFFICIENCY 2290. and air movement on the sensation of warmth or cold felt by the human body.Ratio of shaft work out of a system to the heat energy into the system.The saturation temperature corresponding to the critical state of the substance at which the properties of the liquid and vapor are identical.TEMPERATURE-HUMIDITY Page 71 of 79 . Wet bulb temperature (without qualification) is the temperature indicated by a wet bulb psychrometer constructed and used according to specifications. to pull apart.TEMPERATURE. the ratio of maximum load to original cross-sectional area. 2303. It is given in the SI nits s watts per meter Kelvin (W/m • K). DEWPOINT .TENSION .TEMPER: To harden steel by heating and sudden cooling by immersion in oil. 2299.THEORETICAL FLAME TEMPERATURE .THE SECOND LAW: (1) It is impossible for a self acting 2286. The numerical value is that of the temperature of still.THE 2284. 2282.The rate at which heat is transferred through an object. the quantity of heat produced is proportional to the work expended." SATURATION The temperature at which no further moisture can be added to the air water vapor mixture.TEMPERATURE CONTROL . DRYBULB .THERMAL CONDUCTIVITY . 2305.Air for combustion supplied to the furnace to supplement the primary and secondary air. 2280.TENSILE STRESS . conversely. 2304. FIRST LAW . which would be available at the base of a stack if there were no friction or acceleration losses in the stack.Engineering Dictionary to the engine room.TELEMOTOR: A device for operating the steering engine from the pilothouse by means of either fluid pressure or electricity.Degree of hotness or coldness as measured by a thermometer. under steady conditions. 2285. elastic body. by evaporating into air. unaided by any external agency. 459. through unit area. humidity. water. EFFECTIVE .Actual temperature and humidity of air sample compared to air at standard conditions. (2) If a system is caused to change from an initial state to a final state by adiabatic means only.TEMPERATURE. Equals dew point temperature.The draft. (3) In any power cycle or refrigeration cycle. .See "Adiabatic Flame Temperature. or elsewhere about the ship.A stress that causes two parts of an 2293.TEMPERATURE .TERMINAL TEMPERATURE DIFFERENCE . and.The temperature-difference between the exhaust steam and the cooling-water at the top of the condenser or point where the cooling water leaves.69 degrees below the zero of the Fahrenheit scale. 2281.An arbitrary index which combines into a single value the effect of temperature. machine.The maximum air stream velocity at the end of the throw. INDEX . 2295. 2301.Temperatureoperated thermostatic device which automatically opens or closes a circuit.In tensile testing.TERMINAL 2296.TEMPERATURE . AIR .TEMPERATURE 2283.Degree of hotness or coldness as measured by a thermometer. 2291.The force or load that produces elongation.

2320.THERMOMODULE .An instrument 2339.THERMAL 2326. .THERMODISK DEFROST CONTROL .Chemical treatment.THERMOELECTRIC REFRIGERATION .Part of science which deals with 2327.THROAT: Opening in the cylinder block through which the crankshaft end is extended. in turn. VALVE .THERMOELECTRICITY 2312. 2314. (see also thermocouple). have attained the same temperature a material with change in temperature. which acts to hold hardness in solution at the threshold of precipitation. voltage will develop across the open ends. 2307. 2338.THERMOPILE 2332.THERMISTOR . .Number of thermocouples used in parallel to achieve low temperatures.THERMOCOUPLE PYROMETER . voltage will develop across the open ends. ENERGY: Energy contained in or derived from.Refers to the treatment of water with heat to drive off the dissolved gases and soften certain minerals for easy removal.THERMOSTATIC 2335.THERMOMETER .Number of thermocouples used in series to create a higher voltage. entropy.The development of a steep 2313.THERMOCOUPLE .A compressor using high-pressure high-temperature steam to compress low-pressure vapour.In physics. EQUILIBRIUM .THERMODYNAMIC PROPERTIES . which senses ambient temperature. often used in cooling bearings. 2331.Device for measuring temperatures.THERMODYNAMIC CYCLE – 2325.THREE-WAY VALVE . 2330. with bimetal disk controlled by temperature changes. the relationships between heat and mechanical action. pressure. Used in units such as water-cooled compressor and/or condenser.A two-terminal semiconductor device whose resistance is temperature sensitive.THERMAL ELECTROMOTIVE FORCE .The change in length of 2311. 2317.A bank for storing heat.THERMOBANK .THERMAL EXPANSION VALVE: The metering device or flow control which regulates the amount of liquid refrigerant which is allowed to enter the evaporator. controlled by 2316. to prevent scale formation. . temperature gradient and accompanying high stress within a material or structure.Valve used to control flow of water through system. 2328. –SIPHON .THERMAL EFFICIENCY OF A GAS TURBINE .Basic qualities used in defining the condition of a substance. enthalpy.THERMAL STRESS in heated metals.Is the energy output of the gas turbine divided by the energy input of the gas turbine.THERMOCOUPLE THERMOMETER Electrical instrument using thermocouple as source of electrical flow.Device which generates electricity. conditions and.THERMAL EXPANSION .THERMOSTATIC 2319. .THERMOCOMPRESSOR 2318.THERMOSTATIC 2336.THERMOSTAT 2334. 2308.Device.Valve temperature change response elements.THERMAL SHOCK .Electrical switch 2324.THERMOCOUPLE WATER VALVE . heat.Device for measuring temperature utilizing the fact that an electromotive force is generated whenever two junctions of two dissimilar metals in an electric circuit are at different temperature levels. If two wires of different materials are joined at their ends and one end is maintained at a higher temperature than the other.THREAD: The spiral part of a screw.A means of securing circulation. When the junction is heated a thermoelectric force is generated proportional to the temperature and indicates it on an electrical meter. 2333. 2322. . – Stresses which are set up 2329. volume. using the principle that if two unlike metals are welded together and junction is heated. 2323.Where refrigeration is produced by the passage of electric current through two dissimilar materials. connected to millimeter calibrated in temperature degrees.THERMODYNAMICS . such as temperature.When two bodies originally at different temperatures.THERMO 2315.THERMOCOUPLE 2337. 2321. acts to control a circuit.THERMAL TREATMENT . 2310.The electromotive force generated in a circuit containing two dissimilar metals when one junction is at temperature different from that of the other. in which two wires of dissimilar metals are toined at one end. actuated (made to work) by temperature difference. a voltage difference will arise. used 2340. Page 72 of 79 .THRESHOLD TREATMENT . .Engineering Dictionary 2306.Multi-orifice (opening) flow control valve with three fluid flow openings. electricity generated by the application of heat to the junction of two dissimilar materials.THERMAL 2309.Device which operates system or part of system based on temperature change. CONTROL .Device which generates electricity. using the principle that if two unlike metals are welded together and junction is heated. and an electric current will exist between the hot and the cold junctions.

A chemical analyzing feedwater.Dynamic discharge head (static discharge head. usually expressed in ppm. or injection pump to provide a means to drive the camshaft and injection pump and to regulate the speed and performance.TOTAL HARDNESS . In many cases. 2360.TRANSFORMER .Engineering Dictionary 2341.01 mg/L.Materials present at a concentration less than 0.TIMING GEARS: Gears attached to the crankshaft.Total heat is the sum of the sensible heat and latent heat in an exchange process. camshaft.The means by which the controller converts the signal from the sensing device into the means necessary to have the appropriate effect on the controlled device. plus friction head. 2354.THRUST COLLAR POSITION INDICATOR – 2349. 2363.THROTTLE GOVERNING – 2342. the axial position of a turbine rotor.TOTAL 2343.TOTAL heat. within strictly defined limits. both of which can be defined as the quantity of heat energy contained in that substance. 2344.Equipment for controlling. or otherwise shaping a material into a final part.TRANSDUCER 2356.TIP SEALED BLADS – 2353. THERMA (U FACTOR) . HEAT (ENTHALPY) .TOWER FILL . Unit automatically controls room temperature and changes temperature range depending on time of day. For example.TRACE HEAT . 2365.TILLER: An arm attached to the rudder head for operating the rudder. (longitudinal) movement of the shaft.Unit which removes same amount of heat in 24 hours as melting of 1 ton of ice. 2346.TRACE CONSTITUENTS .: Operating a valve partially open 2362.TRANCSMITTANCE.TOOL 2373.Sum of both the sensible and latent 2345. 2359.TOUGHNESS: The property of a material that enables it 2368. DYNAMIC HEAD .Are the sum of the dissolved and suspended solids. linked by magnetic lines of force.TOTAL 2347. or dynamic discharge head minus dynamic suction head. 2358. Total heat also is called enthalpy.The heating of oil in a pipe by means of 2371.TONNS OF REFRIGERATION .See Hardness.TIMER-THERMOSTAT .TRANSFER STEEL . 2351.THRUST ADJUSTING GEAR . to produce a pressure drop with flow (An irreversible adiabatic steady flow process in which the fluid is caused to flow through an obstruction in a pipe with a resulting drop in pressure). a change in air pressure in the pneumatic transmission piping. forming. AIR . the addition or subtraction of latent and sensible heat at terminal coils appears simultaneously.TOPPING TURBINE – 2374.THRUST BEARINGS: Bearings that limit the axial 2348.Any steel used o make tools for cutting.The amount of change in the variable being controlled to make the controlled device more through the full length of its stroke. refrigeration system that can freeze 1 tonne (1000 kg) of liquid water at 0°C into ice at 0°C in 24 hour is said to be 1 tone.THROTTLING RANGE .TOTAL 2350.THROTTLING . 2372.Thermostat control which 2367.The weight of dissolved and suspended impurities in a unit weight of boiler water.TOTAL 2366. HEAT . coils. to withstand shock as well as to be deformed without breaking. SOLIDS CONCENTRATION . 2352. VALVE: A manually operated direction valve used to switch automatic control systems from automatic to manual operation and vice versa. 2370. plus velocity head) plus dynamic suction lift. per unit temperature difference between the two fluids.The time rate of heat flow per unit area under steady conditions from the fluid on the warm side of a barrier to the fluid on the cold side.The interior structure of a cooling tower over which the water flows.: A device composed of two or more Page 73 of 79 . steam or electric heating elements. used to transfer 2357.TOTAL 2361.Total air for complete combustion is the theoretical quantity necessary.THROTTLEMAN: Person in the engine room who operates the throttles to control the main engines.TORQUE: A force or combination of forces that produces or tends to produce a twisting or rotary motion. 2364. SOLIDS . includes a clock mechanism. plus the correct amount of excess air.The capacity of a .TOLERANCE: 2355.TITRATION . idler shaft. process used in 2369. REFRIGERATION UNIT .TON The amount that a manufactured part may vary from its specified size.THROTTLE VALVE: A type of valve especially designed to control rate of flow.

TRANSISTOR 2377. solid-forged or welded type. VALVE .Pressure-opened valve used in suction line on multiple refrigerator installations. 2391.The portion of a heat exchanger or boiler in to which the tubes are rolled or secured. 2389.A corrosion process that produces hard knob-like mounds of corrosive products on metal surfaces. or both.TRAP 2393. .The amount of heat consumed 2396. hot gas.TURBULATOR .A device used to measure water consumption in industrial plants.TURBIDITY 2375. Also. UNIT . Small steel balls within the mill act as the coal-grinding medium.TURBINE 2395.The ratio between full output and minimum output of an oil burner (Ratio of maximum to minimum fuel or steam input or boiler output). friction.TUBE PLATE .TURBULENCE: Air in the combustion space in motion. and temperature controls.The science concerned with the design. disc. These rotors are of the drum. used for ‘tripping’ the mechanism which holds the circuit-breaker in the ‘closed’ position. an electrical device used to step up or step down an a. Refrigerant passes through outer tube.The casing assembly of a turbine which houses the fixed blades and the rotor.TUBE NEST . 2384.TURBINE HEAT RATE . driven by steam.A process whereby impurities are removed from water. A turbine usually consists of a series of curved vanes on a centrally rotating shaft. 2383.TWO-TEMPERATURE VALVE . by a turbo-generator usually in kilojoules per kilowatt hour. 2385. 2399. .TRIP COIL . Sometimes called Turbovisory equipment. APHA.TUBERCULATION 2406. (1) A rotary motor actuated by the reaction. impulse. like water level controls.The general assembly of condenser of feed heater tubes.Engineering Dictionary energy from one circuit to another. 2387.TUBE BALL MILL .Spiral wound or spiral shaped piece located in the liquid tube of a heat exchanger.The ratio between the heat-energy in the steam entering the turbine and the heat converted by the turbine into mechanical energy..TUBERCLE . 2380.TURNER GAUGE . .TURBINE ROTOR – The rotating part within the cylinder. 2382. etc. according to the design of the machine.TURBINE SUPERVISORY .A low-speed mill in the form of a drum rotating on a horizontal axis.The unit of measure of suspended matter in water.TRICK 2381. of a flow of pressurized fluid. CYLINDER . 2400.An active semiconductor device capable of providing power amplification and having three or more terminals.ULTIMATE STRENGTH . 2403.TURBIDITY 2392. 2376. 2402.TWO-WAY outlet port.TRANSIENT CONSTITUENTS . .TURBULENT BURNER .TREATMENT 2379. 2388.Are those constituents which change in concentration or activity by changes in the aquatic environment. The change my be due to oxidation potentials. a water sample which contributes to the reflection of light or cloudiness. 2404.TUBE SHEET .A smaller and less powerful coil with plunger. 2398. which maintains evaporators in a system at different temperatures. pressure controls. to which the moving blades are attached. It is the measure of light compared against light reflected by a reference standard as defined by the standard methods of water analysis in.TUBING: That type of fluid line the dimensions of which are designated by actual measured outside diameter (OD) and by actual measured wall thickness. also a substance added to water to improve its physical or chemical properties.A protective crust of corrosion products (rust) which builds up over a pit caused by the loss of metal due to corrosion. cams. 2401.TURBINE: 2378.Fixing and supporting plates for condenser tubes. used in case of emergency.TURBINE METER .Valve with one inlet port and one U 2390. WHEEL: A steering wheel in the steering engine room or emergency steering station of a ship. compressive or shear) a material can sustain without Page 74 of 79 . or water. voltage.A receptacle for the collection of undesirable material. 2386.The maximum stress (tensile. or gears). biological activities.A device used to measure the actual scale-thickness in boiler tubes.A burner in which fuel and air are mixed and discharged into the furnace in such a manner as to produce turbulent flow from the burner.TRIM 2397. increasing friction and reducing flow in a water distribution system. lubrication and wear of contacting surfaces that move relative to each other (as in bearings. 2405. (2) A multi bladed rotor.Electronic apparatus giving rapid indications and recordings of expansions and contractions of the rotor and casing and rotor shaft eccentricity.TUBE-WITHIN-A-TUBE 2407. . .TURBINE THERMODYNAMIC EFFICIENCY .The measure of suspended matter in.TURNDOWN RATIO .TRIBOLOGY 2394. water through the inner tube.Ancillary boiler components.c. Water-cooled condensing unit in which a small tube is placed inside large unit. .

VALVE 2416. 2423.UNLOADER . It is determined by dividing maximum load by the original cross-sectional area of the specimen.UNITARY SYSTEM 2412.Special high efficiency device used for creating high vacuums for testing or drying purposes.VALVE.VALVE LIFT: The distance a valve moves from the fully 2431. 2432.Also called pressure relief valve.A valve which automatically opens when the pressure in the air receiver rises to a pre-set value. that can be opened or closed to control or stop the flow of a liquid. It is used a safety device on pressurized vessels and other equipment to prevent damage from excessive pressure. 2426. .UNDERDEPOSIT ATTACK . NEEDLE . 2422. needle like plug that is driven into the and out of a cone shaped seat to accurately control a relatively small rate of flow of a fluid. 2408. They are used to measure the lower pressure ranges of gases.VALVE 2428. KEEPER (VALVE RETAINER): A device designed to lock the valve-spring retainer to the valve stem. GUIDE: A hollow-sized shaft pressed into the cylinder head to keep the valve in proper alignment. When open.A turbine is protected against falling vacuum by an oil-operated device to reduce the load on the machine.A device that controls the rate of flow 2419.The operation of an ion-exchange unit 2417. INJECTOR: A diesel engine injector that combines a pump and a fuel-spray nozzle in a single unit.VALVE: A mechanism 2427.VALVE.UNLOADING VALVE . It may or may not be used with a central fan system.The inlet side of an instrument. MANOMETER . etc.Engineering Dictionary fracture.A spring loaded safety valve that opens automatically when pressure exceeds the limits for which the valve is set. gas.UTILITY 2421.VALVE 2411. and thus allows the air to escape safely to atmosphere.VACUUM pressure. valve.Corrosion under or around a localized deposit on a metal surface (a form of crevice corrosion).UNIT 2413. .A device in or on the compressor for 2430.A valve which can be positioned anywhere between fully on and fully off to proportion the rate of flow in response to a modulating controller (see modulating control). of fluid in a line or opens or shuts of the flow of fluid completely. usually with graded sand. POPPET .VACUUM DELOADING . 2424.. a pump. also called relief valve or a safety valve. PUMP . the sealing surface of the valve is moved away from a seat.A process that forces water through a filtering membrane by means of pressure gradients in order to obtain ultra pure water.UNSTABLE: That action of an automatic control system and controller process that is characterized by a continuous cycling of one or more system variables for a degree greater than a specified maximum. It is measured in degrees. or vapor from one place to another place.UNBURNABLE OIL: That quantity of oil below the stripping suction in storage tanks and below the service suction in service tanks. 2414. When closed. in which solutions are passed in at the bottom and out at the top of the container. RELIEF . MODULATING .UPFLOW FILTER .VACUUM 2425.ULTRA FILTRATION . the sealing surface contacts the seat to shut of the flow. LASH: Clearance between the top of the valve stem and the valve-lifting mechanism. OVERLAP: The period of crankshaft rotation during which both the intake and exhaust valves are open.A room unit which performs part or all of the air conditioning functions. sharp pointed.A U-shaped section of plastic or glass tubing that is partially filled with water or mercury.U-TUBE 2436.A device to prevent a suction in a water pipe. PRESSURE RELIEF .A valve designed to minimize the possibility of explosion when air temperature surrounding a refrigeration system may rise to a point where the pressure of the refrigerant gas to increase to a danger point. 2434.A unit containing a single filter medium.VALVE.Pressure lower than atmospheric 2437.VALVE.VALVE. Poppet valves are used extensively as pneumatic controls and as intake and exhaust valves in most internal combustion engines. Page 75 of 79 . 2409.VALVE 2429.Primary and secondary coils of wire which reduce (step down) the utility supply volt age for use within a facility. TRANSFORMER . V 2435. closed to the fully open position. . 2410.UPSTREAM 2420. POP . 2418.UPFLOW FURNACE .VALVE. 2433.VACUUM BREAKER .UPFLOW . equalizing high-side and low-side pressures for a brief time during starting and for controlling compressor capacity by rendering one or more cylinders ineffective.A furnace in which the heated air flows upward as it leaves the furnace.A form of globe valve that contains a 2415.

against which the valve disk’s operating face comes to rest to provide a seal against leakage of liquid. This type of carryover is difficult to prevent.VAPOR PHASE INHIBITORS . organic nitrite compound.VELOCITY HEAD . i. or vapor.The gaseous state of a substance that is 2459.VELOCITY - 2456. 2461. 2458.VALVE 2454.Used for low-volatile coals which burn with a long flame where turbulence is not required. Also called an "on-off valve". when the numbers per unit time of molecules passing in two directions through the surface dividing the two phases are equal.VAPOR BARRIER .The highest sustained air stream velocity existing in the mixed air path at the end of the throw.VENTILATION 2463.VENA CONTRACTA . and communications. 2439.VERTICAL PULVERISED FUEL BURNER .A valve which is either 2443.VANE .e.VENTURI 2447.An opening in a vessel or other enclosed space for the removal of gas or vapor. 2452.e. made of a special metal that can withstand operating temperature satisfactorily. DISPLACEMENT: The type of pump or motor in which the volume of fluid delivered per cycle can be varied. 2445.VAPOROUS 2440. the velocity head will vary indirectly as the pipe diameter varies). 2453. Usually used instead of gas for a refrigerant.Vapor pressure denotes the lowest absolute pressure that a given liquid at a given temperature will remain liquid before evaporating into its gaseous form or state. TERMINAL .VISCOSITY INDEX . TWO-POSITION .Referring to impurities carried over with the steam and then forming a deposit on turbine bladings. when the jet stream contracts to its minimum..Water used commonly in air conditioning parlance to refer to steam in the atmosphere. and. 2465.VANE 2444. boiling point) at the existing pressure. 2462.VERNIER 2449. CARRYOVER .VENT . 2451.Vapor at a temperature which is higher than the saturation temperature (i. The higher the viscosity index.VAPOR PRESSURE . particularly one near to equilibrium with the liquid phase of the substance and which does not follow the gas laws. normally curved. to prevent it from flowing.VITAL CIRCUITS: Electrical circuits that provide power or lighting to equipment and spaces necessary for propulsion.VAPOR. 2448. TUBE METER .The fins in a vernier-type labyrinth steam gland.The measure of the kinetic energy of a fluid.VALVE SEAT: The surface.VAPOR . gas. CONTROL . in general.A condition where liquid flow is impeded by vapor trapped in a liquid line. LOCK . Page 76 of 79 .The internal resistance of a fluid that tends 2467.Engineering Dictionary 2438.VALVE ROTATOR: A mechanical device locked to the end of the valve stem that forces the valve to rotate about 5° with each rocker-arm action. for any gas below the critical temperature). 2446.The process of supplying or removing air by natural or mechanical means. usually a liquid or solid at atmospheric temperature and pressure (A gas.A moisture-impervious layer applied to the surfaces enclosing a humid space to prevent moisture travel to a point where it may condense due to lower temperature.VAPOR. the time rate and the direction of a linear motion. just below the orifice.Vapor in equilibrium with its liquid. SATURATED . A vector quantity which denotes.A flow meter used to determine the rate of flow and employing a venturi tube as the primary element for creating differential pressure in flowing gases or liquids.VALVE. 2466.VAPOR .The control of fan output by producing by means of inlet vanes a pre-rotation of the air or gas entering the fan. SEAT INSERT: Metal ring inserted into a valve seat. 2460. at once.The pressure needed to accelerate the fluid being pumped (The vertical distance a liquid must fall to acquire the velocity with which it flows through the piping system. such air may or may not have been conditioned.VARIABLE 2455. the smaller the relative change in viscosity with temperature.VISCOSITY .A commonly used measure of the change in viscosity of a fluid with temperature.The place along the axis of flow.VELOCITY. For a given quantity of flow.VAPOR.A system using an 2464. fully on or fully off with no positions between. SPRING: The compression-type spring that closes the valve when the valve-operating cam assumes a closed-valve position.VELOCITY COMPOUNDING – 2457. 2468.That portion of an impeller which throws the water toward the volute case. WATER . a powder which vaporizes slowly to protect ferrous metal from contact with oxygen. to or from a space.VELOCITY PRESSURE .. 2442. SUPERHEATED . ship control. FINES . 2450.VALVE 2441.

A device used on switchgear to reduce the high system voltages down to 110 volts for safe use for instruments. The difference in potential between two unlike charges in an electrical circuit is its voltage measured in "volts" (V). . .Volatility. DROP .WATER 2476. SPECIFIC .Banging of pipes caused by the shock of closing valves (faucets). taking the place of the flrebrick walls used in earlier types of water-tube boilers.WATER BOX .A method of off-load boiler cleaning.A storage device that converts chemical to electrical energy. HAMMER .The used water and solids from industrial processes that flow to a treatment plant.A cradle in which a wagon of coal is secured and then rotated sufficiently to empty the coal into a conveyor. for entry and exit of cooling water. caused by ripening. 2474.VOLATILE 2472. equal to the potential difference between two points for which 1 coulomb of electricity will do 1 joule of work in going from one point to another.The electromotive force in an electrical circuit.WATER TUBE BOILER: Boiler in which the water flows 2495. .VOLTAGE TRANSFORMER .Hydrocarbons in coal are given the collective name ef volatile matter.WAGON TIPPLER . 2475. in a mechanical seal on a centrifugal water pump. 2484. HARDNESS .WATER DRUM: A tank at the bottom of a boiler. WALK-IN-COOLER .VOLUTE: A gradually widening spiral.Fittings at the condenser ends. (E) . Generally used in the vacuum pulling device. A section or 2483. surface tension and capillary action of a fluid are incidental to environmental systems. LUBRICANT . Leaves no solids in the boiler. 2479.WASTE 2486. VAPOR . REGULATOR .Water used as a lubricant.A boiler tube through which the fluid under pressure flows. lamps and meters.VOLATILITY 2489.A tasteless. CELL .A large commercial refrigerated space often found in supermarkets or places for whole sale distribution. Volatility is the rapidity with which liquids evaporates extremely rapidly and therefore is highly volatile.A device or system used to remove calcium and magnesium hardness minerals from a water supply. JACKET: Internal passages and cavities cast into the cylinder block of engines and air compressors through which water is circulated around and adjacent to friction (heat) areas.WATER 2487. through the tubes where it is heated by the gases of combustion. the water in the atmosphere.Those solids in water or other liquids that are lost on ignition of dry solids at 550°F. odorless. that equalizes distribution of water to the generating tubes and collects loose scale and other solids in boiler water.The volume of a substance 2481. 2488.WATER 2491. component of a centrifugal pump where velocity head becomes pressure head (The spiral-shaped casing surrounding a pump impeller that collects the liquid discharged by the impeller).VOID: An empty tank.WATER 2497.The unit of potential difference or electromotive force in the meter-kilogram-second system. Page 77 of 79 .The walls of tubes surrounding the combustion chamber.WATER SEALED GLAND – The gland of valves sealed by the pressurized water.VITAL HEAT . per unit mass.VOLT 2490. carried out by using hoses and large quantities of water at fairly high pressure. 2485.WATER ABSORPTION . SOLIDS .VOLTAGE 2477.VOLATILE MATTER . the reciprocal of density. relays. WASHING .VOLTAGE 2480.VOLATILE 2473. WALL .WATER 2500. Water containing large amounts of these salts is termed 'hard'.VOLTAIC 2493.VOLTAGE 2478. 2470. TREATMENT . W 2496. in air valve.WATER 2499.A device which varies the rotor excitation as required in order to keep the terminal voltage of a generator constant. colorless liquid in its pure state.WATER 2492. TUBE . sometimes called MUD DRUM.WATER 2494.Among the substances found in raw water are salts of calcium and magnesium.In air conditioning.The voltage drop around a circuit including wiring and loads must equal the supply volt age.VOLUME. and for synchronising. WATER . 2482. 2471.WATER SOFTENER . for example.The heat generated by fruits and vegetables in storage. The products of combustion surround the tube.Engineering Dictionary 2469.WATER 2498.Based on the use of hydrazine and neutralizing amines or ammonia.The amount of weight gain (%) experienced in a polymer after immersion in water for a specific length of time under controlled environment.

A small drum is generally fitted on one or both ends of the shaft supporting the hoisting drum. This is not the same as loss by evaporation.WYE GATE: A fitting with two separately controlled hose 2514.WATER.WAVE TYRE VIBRATION . 2516.WINDBOX .That space that is full of boiler water between two parallel plates.WET 2513. through which air under pressure is supplied for combustion of the fuel. REQUEST: Request issued to naval shipyard. hawsers. which forms droplets (or tears) of water very slowly.WINDAGE 2518. They are in the form of a spool and carry the working wire rope.A term usually applied to a minute leak in a boiler joint.A type of vibration where the rotating turbine disc or wheel takes on a wave formation at its outer edge.WET-BULB 2529. 2507.The static pressure in the windbox of a burner or stoker. then the same amount of horse power produced by a machine having many times that mass. The hoisting drums either are fitted with a friction brake or are directly keyed to the shaft. designed to compress gas.WINDAGE 2506. designed to connect to an outlet.WEDGE SLUICE VALVE . Steering effort from the steering gear is applied to each end of the yoke for the purpose of turning the rudder.WIPED BEARINGS: A bearing in which the babbit has melted because of excess heat. BULB TEMPERATURE (WB) .A measure of electric power equal to a 2508.That water lost from an open recirculating-water system by means of wind blown through the spray area that carries water out of the system.WATER. or repair ship for repairs. 2528. The air is one of the working fluids used with gas turbines. or one joule per second in SI units.WORKING 2512. since such a loss can occur even without evaporation. 2509. and so forth. Y 2511. A hoisting or pulling machine fitted with a horizontal single or double drum. tender.WOBBLE PLATE-SWASH PLATE . 2521. current flow of one ampere under one volt of pressure.WATT (W) .WET 2526. It usually forms one or more sides of internally fired boilers.(1) Water having less salt than sea water. FLUID . For example . exposed to the radiant heat of the fire.The mechanical loss when circulating the cooling medium (air or hydrogen) through the generator. the tightness depends on the wedge action of a tapered gate between the valve faces.5 to 17 parts per thousand. and lowering cargo from a dock or lighter to the hold of a ship and vice versa. (2) Water having salinity values ranging from about 0. with piston motion parallel to crankshaft. A winch is used principally for handling.Waste waters containing fetid materials.WINDBOX PRESSURE . Freons are the working fluids used with some refrigeration systems.WATERWALL .Heat is 2505. but hand power is also used.WINDLASS: An apparatus in which horizontal or vertical drums or gypsies and wildcats are operated by means of a steam engine or motor for the purpose of handling heavy anchor chains.Water that is safe to drink. 2517. absorbed as ice melts and thus producing a cooling effect.Type of compressor 2524.WINCH: 2502.WEIGHT TO POWER RATIO . This type of gear is used for the transmission of heavy loads at low speeds.The temperature registered by a thermometer whose bulb is covered by a saturated wick and exposed to a current of rapidly moving air. WORM SHAFT: A threaded shaft designed to engage the teeth of a wheel lying in the plane of the shaft axis.is the substance which does the work in a heat engine.WORK: The transference of energy from one body or system to another.WATERLEG .WEEP .Boiler is filled completely with water or maintained at normal operating level with a positive nitrogen pressure of 35 to 70 kPa. 2525.WATER-ICE REFRIGERATION SYSTEM .It is the weight of the machine producing work.A row of water tubes lining a furnace or combustion chamber. The driving power is usually electricity. Evaporation of moisture lowers temperature of wet bulb compared to dry bulb temperature in same area.WATER.the gas turbine is capable of producing more horse power per given mass of its machinery.YOKE: A frame or bar having its center portion bored and keyed or otherwise constructed for attachment to the rudder stock. 2523.A type of valve in which 2510. usually sulfur compounds. These small drums are called gypsies. SOUR . POTABLE . STANDBY . 2504. fittings. DRIFT . BULB . 2520. BRAKISH .A chamber below the grate or surrounding a burner.The difference between the dry-bulb temperature and the wet bulb temperature.WORM. hoisting. Page 78 of 79 . 2519. Water is the working fluid used with steam boilers. 2503. .Device used in measurement of relative humidity.Engineering Dictionary 2501.WET 2515. but undrinkable. DEPRESSION .WORK 2527. or winch heads. 2522. where the moisture of the air condenses on a cold surface. The wet bulb temperature also represents the dew point temperature of the air.

The difference in voltage between the surface of the diffuse layer surrounding a colloidal particle and the bulk liquid beyond. FITTING: A small fitting to which a grease gun can be applied to force lubricating grease into bearings or moving parts of machinery. (2) A metal block or form placed in seawater systems to counteract the effects of electrolysis.A natural mineral (hydrous silicates) that has the capacity to absorb hardness. and magnesium ions from water. . where zeolite chemicals are capable to exchange ions with the hardness causing impurities of the water.ZERO SETTING: The output of a device when its 2535. 2536.ZONING Page 79 of 79 .ZERK 2533. POTENTIAL . 2532.ZETA 2534.ZEOLITE 2531.Refers to the process.ZEOLITE . calcium.ZINC: (1) A primary metal useful in a number of anticorrosion applications. Each section is selected so that one thermostat can be used to determine its requirements. SOFTENING .The practice of dividing a building into small sections for heating and cooling control. input is minimum.Engineering Dictionary Z 2530.

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