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0ojecl|ve 0uesl|ors or V|c(oWave 0ev|ces lo( 83NL ard l3R0 Exars

1. An ampliIier uses step recovery diode Ior low level noise perIormance in the :
a) S- band b) C band c) X band d) L band
1. Negative resistance region is not Iound in :
a) Tunnel diode b) Gunn diode
c) Impatt diode d) Backward diode
1. Diode which is used Ior microwave power switching, limiting and modulation is :
a) crystal diode b) schottky barrier diode
c) backward diode d) PIN diode
1. For very low power oscillators, the diode suited is :
a) Gunn b) Avalanche c) Tunnel d) IMPATT
1. Material in which transIerred electron bulk eIIect is observed is:
a) Germanium b) Silicon
c) Gallium Arsenide d) Metal semiconductor iunctions
1. A step recovery diode is best suited Ior :
a) low order Irequency multiplication
b) high order Irequency multiplication
c) Irequency addition
d) None
1. Diode which uses a high doping level to provide a narrow iunction :
a) Gunn diode b) Tunnel diode
c) IMPATT diode d) None
1. Diode in which negative resistance occurs due to the transIer oI electrons to a less mobile energy level is :
a) Gunn diode b) Tunnel diode
c) IMPATT d) None
1. Gunn diodes are made oI gallium arsenide because it :
a) has a suitable empty energy band
b) has a lower noise
c) has a higher ion mobility
d) is capable oI handling power densities
1. Snap oII varactor is another name oI :
a) PIN diode b) Step recovery diode
c) Avalanche diode d) Schottky barrier diode
1. One oI the Iollowing is called hot electron diode :
a) Schottky barrier diode b) Varactor diode
c) PIN diode d) None
1. The noise perIormance oI parametric ampliIier is improved by:
a) cooling b) using low value oI resistance
c) heating d) None
1. Cooling is done in a ruby maser ampliIier :
a) as it generates a lot oI heat
b) to increase bandwidth
c) it cannot work at room temperature
d) to improve noise perIormance
1. Advantage oI BJT over FET at high Irequencies is that :
a) BJT are less noisy
b) BJT lend themselves more readily to integration
c) BJT are capable oI high gains
d) None
1. The diode which has high eIIiciency than IMPATT is :
a) TRAPATT diode b) Tunnel diode
c) Gunn diode d) None
1. Highest pulsed power output is obtained by :
a) Varactor b) Gunn c) RIMPATT d) Schottky barrier
1. For operating at the highest Irequencies a microwave transistor does not require :
a) high collector voltage b) high collector current
c) thin base d) large emitter area
1. The idler Irequency oI a non degenerate parametric ampliIier having an input Irequency oI I
t
and pump Irequency oI I
p
is
a) I
p
I
t
b) I
t
c) 2I
t
d) I
t
I
p

1. For providing a greater bandwidth in parametric ampliIiers one can use :
travelling wave parametric ampliIier
degenerate ampliIiers
Non-degenerate ampliIiers
None
1. A circulator is sometimes used with a parametric ampliIier to :
a) prevent noise Ieedback
b) separate the signal and idler Irequencies
c) permit more eIIicient pumping
d) None
1. A high ratio oI pump to signal Irequency is a must in non degenerate one port parametric ampliIier because this :
a) yields a low noise Iigure
b) reduced the pump power
c) permits high Irequency operation
d) permits low Irequency operation
1. An axial magnetic Iield and a radial electric Iield is used in :
a) coaxial magnetron
b) ReIlex klystron
c) CFA cross Iield ampliIier
d) Travelling wave magnetron
1. Which one oI the Iollowing cannot be used as a pulsed device:
a) CFA b) BWO c) TWT d) None
1. Vaccum tubes Iail at microwave Irequencies because :
a) noise Iigure increases
b) transit time becomes too short
c) shunt capacitive reactances become too large
d) series inductive reactances become too small
1. In microwave tubes the transit time will increase iI :
a) the electrodes are brought closer together
b) a higher anode current is used
c) multiple or coaxial leads are used
d) None
1. The TWT ... than multicavity klystron :
a) has a greater bandwidth
b) is more eIIicient
c) has a higher number oI modes
d) produces a higher output power
1. Strapping is used in magnetron to :
a) prevent mode iumping
b) ensure bunching
c) improve the phase Iocussing eIIect
d) prevent cathode back heating
1. Helix is used in a travelling wave tube to :
a) ensure broadband operation
b) reduce the noise Iigure
c) reduce the axial velocity oI the RF Iield
d) None
1. In the TWT the attenuator is used to :
a) prevent saturation b) increase gain
c) prevent oscillation d) help bunching
1. Electronically adiustable oscillating Irequency over wide range is possible in :
a) coaxial magnetron b) dither tuned magnetron
c) VTM d) None
1. In a TWT glass tube aquadag is used to :
a) help Iocussing b) provide attenuation
c) improve bunching d) increase gain
1. Which is not a TWT slow wave structure :
a) coupled cavity b) helix
c) ring bars d) periodic permanent magnet
1. Match lise I (Microwave devices) with List 2 (application) and select the correct answer using the codes given below the
lists :
List 1 List 2
A. ReIlex klystron 1. Wide band ampliIication
B. TWT 2. Very low level ampliIication
C. 2-cavity klystron 3. Low Powe FM wave generation
D. MASER 4. Frequency multiplication
Codes :
a) A B C D
1 2 3 4
b) A B C D
4 3 2 1
c) A B C D
3 4 1 2
d) A B C D
3 1 4 2
1. The semiconductor diode which can be used in switching circuits at microwave range is :
a) PIN diode b) Varactor diode
c) Tunnel diode d) Gunn diode
1. In a TWT, the phase velocity oI the axial component oI the RF Iield on the slow wave structure is kept :
a) equal to the velocity oI the electrons
b) slightly less than the velocity oI electrons
c) slightly more than the velocity oI electrons
d) equal to the velocity oI light in Iree space
1. The ampliIication in parametric ampliIier used in microwave communication system is limited by :
a) type oI biasing b) a maximum limit oI 10
c) pump energy d) Irequency oI operation
1. Schottky diodes are used in wave sharing circuits because :
a) they have a small recovery time
b) they have a large reverse resistance
c) they have a large Iorward current
d) their peak inverse voltage is small
1. The modes in a reIlex klystron :
a) give the same Irequency but diIIerent transit time
b) result Irom excessive transit time across the resonator gap
c) are caused by spurious Irequency modulation
d) are iust Ior theoretical considerations
1. To overcome diIIiculties with strapping high Irequencies the type oI cavity structure desired Ior magnetron is :
a) hole and slot b) slot
c) rising sun d) vane
1. TWT is at times preIerred to magnetron Ior used in RADAR transmitter because it :
a) is more eIIicient ampliIier b) has broader band
c) is less noisy d) is capable oI larger duty cycle
1. Backward wave oscillator is based on :
a) cross Iield ampliIier b) coaxial magnetron
c) travelling wave tube d) rising sun magnetron
1. The most serious drawback oI IMPATT diode is its :
a) low eIIiciency
b) higher noise
c) low power handling capacity
d) inability to provide pulsed operation
1. A TRAPATT diode is preIerred to an IMPATT diode because oI :
a) its higher eIIiciency
b) its lower noise
c) laser sensitivity oI harmonics
d) its larger bandwidth
1. Gallium arsenide is preIerred to silicon Ior use in Gunn diode because it has :
a) lower noise at high Irequencies
b) high ion mobility
c) suitable empty energy band which silicon does not have
d) better Irequency stability
1. Gallium antimonide is preIered to germanium Ior use in tunnel diode since it permits :
a) lower noise
b) larger voltage swing
c) better Irequency stability
d) simpler Iabrication process
1. Which one oI the Iollowing can be used Ior ampliIication oI microwave energy :
a) Travelling wave tube b) Manetron
c) ReIlex klystron d) Gunn diode
1. A microstrip line oI alumina substrate with er ÷ 9 has a zero thickness strip oI width. w ÷ 3mm. Substrate thickness h ÷
0.5mm. Assuming TEM wave propagation and negligible Iringing Iield, the characteristic impedance oI the line will be
approximately :
a) 10 ohm b) 21 ohm c) 26 ohm d) 50 ohm
1. In a Gunn oscillator where the diode is operated in a tunable resonant circuit most oI the sample length oI the Gunn device is
maintained in the negative conductance stae during most oI the RF cycle Ior :
a) delayed domain mode b) quenched domain mode
c) LSA mode d) hybrid mode
1. For using as a local oscillator Ior Irequency measurements, the most suitable microwave source would be :
a) TWT b) Double cavity klystron
c) reIlex klystron d) magnetron
1. An IMPATT diode has a driIt length oI 4 mm. The driIt velocity oI Si is 10
5m/s
. The operating Irequency oI the IMPATT
diode is:
a) 25GHz b) 20GHz c) 12.5 GHz d) 125 MHz
Antenna
1. Which oI the Iollowing will have least wavelength
a) VHF b) EHF c) HF d) UHF
1. 30 to 300 MHz Irequency is catagorized as :
a) MF b) VHF c) UHF d) SHF
1. For a Irequency oI 30 MHz the wavelength will be :
a) 10m b) 1m c) 0.1m d) 0.01m
1. The range oI audio Irequency is :
a) 20kHz to 15 MHz b) 20 kHz to 150 MHz
c) 20 Hz to 15MHz d) 20 Hz to 15 kHz
1. The unit oI electric Iield intensity E is :
a) Volts/metre b) Ampere/metre
c) Coulombs/metre d) Henry/metre
1. The current distribution on a halI wave dipole is :
a) uniIorm b) sinusoidal c) triangular d) complex
1. For a very high Irequencies earth acts as a :
a) conductor b) dielectric c) resistor d) None oI these
1. A wavelength oI 15mm could be expected in :
a) VHF b) HF c) EHF d) SHF
1. An antenna is synonymous to a :
a) generator b) transIormer C) regulator d) reIlector
1. Free space is the :
a) region outside the antenna region
b) region within the antenna region
c) region around the antenna tower
d) None oI these
1. Magnesium is alloyed with conducting materials Ior antenna primarily with the purpose oI
a) increasing eIIiciency
b) improving radiative power
c) reducing weight
d) increasing density
1. The material having directional properties are known as :
a) homogenous b) isotropic
c) anisotropic d) oriental
1. A short vertical grounded antenna is required to radiate at 1 MHz. The eIIective height oI the antenna is 30m. The calculated
value oI radiation resistance is :
a) 1.58W b) 158W c) 15.8W d) None oI these
1. II a vertical dipole antenna is used in coniunction with a loop antenna Ior direction Iinding, then the Iield pattern obtained
will be :
a)
b)
c)
d)
1. The gain oI an antenna :
a) varies inversely as wavelength
b) varies inversely as square oI wavelength
c) is independent oI wavelength
d) varies directly as wavelength
1. The near Iield oI an antenna varies as :
a) 1/r
2
b) 1/r c) r d) 1/r
4

1. Yagi antenna is used Ior :
a) television b) radar
c) medium wave broadcasting d) None oI these
1. A broad side array is shown in the Iigure below, in which the elements are placed at equal distances. The direction oI
maximum radiation is represented by :
a) AA` b) BB` c) CC` d) DD`
1. Which oI the Iollowing will increase the antenna radiation eIIiciency?
a) Use oI larger section oI conductor
b) providing insulation on conductor
c) top loading oI antenna
d) any oI the above
1. The eIIective height oI an antenna is slightly greater than physical height be cause :
a) wave velocity in antenna is less than its velocity in Iree space.
b) wave velocity in antenna is more than that oI Iree space.
c) resistance oI antenna is less than that oI Iree space.
d) None oI the above.
1. An antenna is considered to be in Iree space when the height above the ground is :
a) ~l b) ~2l c) ~l /2 d) ~ 5l
1. II short circuited and open circuited impedances are 5 ohms and 20 ohms, then characteristic impedance is :
a) 1 ohm b) 10 ohms c) 25 ohms d) 100 ohms
1. The director in a Yagi antenna :
a) is longer than the radiating element
b) is shorter than the radiating antenna
c) can be longer or shorter than the radiating element
d) does not exist.
1. An antenna receives twice as much signal power Irom the Iront as Irom the back. What is the Iront to back ratio in dB :
a) 2 dB b) 4 dB c) 6 dB d) 3 dB
1. For two identical antennas A and B spaced l/4 apart as shown in the Iigure, it is possible to have null radiation along the
array axis on the right side oI B by having an excitation arrangement such that :
a) the phase oI current in antenna B lags behind that oI antenna A by p/2 radians.
b) currents in the antenna are in phase
c) the phase oI current in antenna A lags behind that oI antenna B by p/2 radians
d) current in the antennas are out oI phase by p radians
1. II a current element oI a very small length and carrying a current I
o
e
iust
radiates a total average power P
r
into Iree space, then
P
r
will be proportional to :
a) I
o
b) I
2
o
c) I
3
o
d) I
1-2

o

1. A dipole antenna oI l/8 length has an equivalent total loss resistance oI 1.5W. The eIIiciency oI the antenna is :
a) 0.89159° b) 8.9159° c) 89.159° d) 891.59°
1. Which oI the Iollowing is the radiation pattern oI Rhombic antenna ;
a) A b) B c) C d) D
1. Which oI the Iollowing is the radiation pattern oI Yagi uda antenna :
a) A b) B c) C d) D
1. A short dipole and a halI-wave dipole have radiation resistance oI 0.4W and 72W respectively. II the Iormer requires 10A
rms current Ior certain total output power radiated, what would be the current required (approx) by the latter Ior the same
output?
a) 0.25 A b) 0.50 A c) 0.75 A d) 1.0 A
1. Antenna used in radar is :
a) dipoles b) yagi antenna
c) parabolic dishes d) None oI these
1. Television receiver antenna is usually :
a) rhombic antenna b) yagi antenna
c) parabolic dishes d) turnstile antenna
1. Induction and radiation Iields are equal at a distance equal to :
a) 6/l b) 6l c) l/6 d) 6/l
2

1. Which oI the Iollowing antennas gives circular polarization :
a) yagi uda b) parabolic
c) dipole d) helical
1. The gain oI a parabolic reIlector antenna is given by :
a) 6(D/l)
2
b) 6(l/D)
2
c) 70 l /D d) 140 l /D
1. II l
1
, l
2
, l
3
, l
4
.... are length oI diIIerent elements oI a log periodic antenna, then which oI the Iollowing is true.
a)
b)
c)
d)
1. Which oI the Iollowing statement is Ialse?
a) A grounded l/4 antenna is one halI the length oI a l/2 dipole.
b) A vertical antenna transmits in all directions, in a circle in a horizontal plane.
c) A grounded vertical antenna transmits ground waves and sky waves.
d) A counter poise must be a good insulator.
1. Which oI the Iollowing can make the antenna electrically longer?
a) Series capacitor
b) capacitive top loading
c) vertical polarisation
d) Circular polarsation
1. A plane electromagnetic wave travels in dielectric medium oI relative permittivity 9 relatie to Iree space, the velocity oI
propagation in the dielectric is :
a) increased by a Iactor oI 9
b) increased by a Iactor oI 3
c) unchanged
d) reduced by a Iactor oI 1/3
1. A unipole is also known as :
a) omnidirectional radiator
b) unidirectional radiator
c) line radiator
d) None oI the above
1. Radiation intensity does not depend upon :
a) the antenna direction
b) distance Irom the radiator
c) both (a) and (b) above
d) None oI the above
1. The numerical value oI directivity oI current element and halI wave dipole is respectively 1.75 dB and 2.15 dB. The
directive gain oI halI wave dipole over current element will be :
a) 3.96 dB b) 1.22 dB c) 0.4 dB d) 0.81 dB
1. In case oI antenna, the ratio oI the power radiated in the desired direction to the power radiated in the opposite direction is
known as :
a) transmission eIIiciency
b) Iront to back ratio
c) loss coeIIicient
d) None oI the above
1. In case oI antenna decreasing Q :
a) increases bandwidth
b) decreases bandwidth
c) independent oI bandwidth
d) None oI the above
1. The directional pattern oI loop antennas :
a) depends on shape oI antenna loc
b) is independent oI shape oI the loop
c) depends on number oI turns oI loop
d) None oI the above
1. The ratio oI radiation intensity in a particular direction to average radiated power is called :
a) directive gain
b) power gain
c) directivity
d) DIRP
1. EIRP is deIined as :
a) Input power X Max gain
b) Input power/Max. gain
c) Input power ¹ Max gain
d) Max gain/input power
1. For large cross sectional antennas like horn, parabolic reIlector etc., iI A
p
is the physical aperture and A
e
the eIIective
aperture than :
a) A
e
· A
p
b) A
e
~ A
p

c) A
e
÷ A
p
d) Any oI the above
1. The total Iield produced by an antenna array ststem at a great distance Irom it is :
a) sum oI the Iield produced by the individual antennas oI the array system
b) directional gain oI antenna
c) linear antenna gain
d) vector sum oI the Iield produced by the individual antennas oI the array system.
1. The statements at the leIt are to be matched with the statements at the right :
1. Rhombic antenna a) Ilat line
2. Iolded dipole b) 292W radiation resistance
3. SWR oI 1 c) non resonant
4. HF band d) 3 to 30 MHz
which oI the Iollowing represents the matching pairs :
a) 1 (a) 2 (d) 3 (c) 4 (d)
b) 1 (d) 2 (c) 3 (b) 4 9a)
c) 1 (c) 2 (b) 3 (a) 4 (d)
d) 1 (b) 2 (c) 3 (a) 4 (d)
1. The radiation pattern oI Hertzian dipole in the plane perpendicular to dipole is a :
a) null b) circular
c) Iigure oI eight d) none oI the above
1. An isotropic antenna is radiating a power oI 1 watt. At a distance oI 1 metre, the power per unit area will be :
a) 1 watt/m
2
b) 4p watt /m
2

c) / p watt/m
2
d) 2p watt/m
2

1. The parabola antenna is :
a) omnidirectional b) non resonant
c) a Iigure oI eight d) highly directional
1. The intrinsic impendance oI Iree space :
a) increases with increase oI Irequency
b) decreases with increase oI Irequency
c) does not depend on Irequency
d) behaves randomly
1. How many parasitic elements are used in a driven array?
a) 1 b) 2 c) 4 d) None
1. Microwave antenna aperture eIIiciency depends on :
a) Ieed pattern b) antenna aperture
c) surIace losses d) low side lobe level
1. A loop antenna is a commonly used Ior :
a) radar b) direction Iinding
c) satellite communication d) all oI the above
1. The beamwidth between nulls oI 140 cm parabolic reIlector used at 6 GHz is :
a) 2.5 degrees b) 5 degrees
c) 10 degrees d) 7.5 degrees
1. Five isotropic element placed along the x axis are Ied by in-phase currents oI equal amplitudes. The spacing between
successive elements is l/4. Consider the Iollowing statements about the directivity pattern oI the array :
2. The array will have a maximum in the direction oI Y axis
3. The Iield strength in the X axis direction will be zero
4. The directivity pattern will have minor lobes.
OI the statements given above :
a) 1, 2 & 3 are correct
b) 1 and 2 are correct
c) 2 and 3 are correct
d) 1 and 3 are correct
1. A parabolic dish has a diameter oI 10m. The maximum possible (ideal) gain oI the antenna at l ÷ 314 cm will be :
a) 18 dB b) 40 dB c) 50 dB d) 60 dB
1. The electric Iield strength produced by an antenna varies :
a) directly as the square root oI the radiated power
b) directly as the radiated power
c) directly as the square oI the radiated power
d) inversely as the square root oI the radiated power
1. The horn antenna is typically used at :
a) 100 kHz b) 100 MHz
c) 1000 MHz d) 100 Hz
1. The service range oI a TV transmitter is largely determined by:
a) height oI the antenna
b) gain oI the antenna
c) Irequency oI the transmitter
d) Any oI the above
1. The gain oI a parabolic antenna increases with :
a) increase in antenna diameter
b) reduction in antenna diameter
c) decrease in Irequency
d) None oI the above
1. The polarization oI electromagnetic wave is in :
a) the direction oI electric Iield
b) the direction oI magnetic Iield
c) the direction oI electric and magnetic Iields
d) None oI the above
1. The Irequency range Ior satellite communication is :
a) 3 to 30 kHz
b) 300 to 3000 kHz
c) 3000 to 30.000 MHz
d) 30.000 to 300.000 MHz
1. The transmission antennas Ior lower Irequencies (below 500 kHz) are generally :
a) vertical grounded wire type
b) horizontal suspended wire type
c) parabolic reIlector type
d) any oI the above
1. A vertical earthed antenna is resonant when its physical height is equal to :
a) l b) l/2 c) l/4 d) l/8
1. In a vertical earthed antenna the base input impedance will be capacitive Ior a height :
a) less than l/4 b) between l/4 and l/2
c) between l/4 and 3l/2 d) more than 3l/2
1. Capacitance hats are installed on low Irequency antenna to :
a) increase the eIIective length
b) reduce the eIIective length
c) protect against lightening
d) protect against corona eIIects
1. An antenna is :
a) inductive
b) capacitive
c) resistive above its resonant Irequency
d) None oI the above
1. The parabolic and lens antennas are used extensively at :
a) SW b) Medium wave
c) microwaves d) None
1. The bandwidth oI an antenna is :
a) directly proportional to Q
b) inversely proportional to Q
c) directly proportional to Q
2

d) directly proportional to I/Q
2

1. The maximum eIIective aperture oI a microwave antenna which has a directivity oI 800 will be :
a) 63.69 l
2
b) 633.9 l
2
c) 6.369 l
2
d) 0.639 l
2

1. A thin dipole antenna is l/15 long. Its radiation resistance will be :
a) 3.5 W b) 0.35W c) 35W d) 7W
1. The directivity oI small current element oI length l/20 s :
a) 0.05 b) 20 c) 1.5 d) 1
1. An isotropic antenna is radiating 1 kW. The Iield at a distance oI 1 km Irom it will be :
a) 173m V/m b) 242m V/m c) 122m V/m d) 1m V/m
1. A transmitting antenna having an eIIective height oI 61m takes a current oI 50 Amp (rms) at a wavelength oI 625 metres.
The radiation resistance oI the antenna is :
a) 15W b) 7.5W c) 30W d) 3.75W
1. In the above question, the power radiated will be :
a) 37.5 kW b) 18.75 kW c) 75 kW d) 9.3 kW
1. An antenna oI input resistance 73 ohm is connected to a 50 ohm line. II losses are ignored, then its eIIiciency will be nearly :
a) 0.19 b) 0.81 c) 0.97 d) 1.19
1. Consider the Iollowing statements about log periodic antennas :
a) They operate over a wide Irequency range
b) Input impedance varies periodically with the logarithm oI Irequency.
c) Logarithm oI input impedance varies periodically with Irequency.
d) For single Irequency operation only a portion oI the antenna radiates.
OI these statements :
a) 1,2 and 4 are correct
b) 3 and 4 are correct
c) 1 and 4 are correct
d) 1 alone is correct.
1. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists :
List I List II
A. End Iire array 1. ineIIicient radiation
B. HalI wave dipole 2. in -phase excitation
C. Broadside array 3. quadrature excitation
D. Hertzian 4. broadcast antenna
Codes :
A B C D
a) 3 2 4 1
b) 3 4 2 1
c) 1 4 2 3
d) 1 2 4 3
1. Helical antenna are oIten used Ior satellite tracking at VHF because oI :
a) super reIraction
b) troposcatter
c) ionospheric reIraction
d) the Faraday eIIect
1. Side lobe oI an antenna causes :
a) Reduction in gain oI antenna
b) reduces beam width oI antenna
c) ambiguity in direction Iinding
d) All oI the above
1. Large antenna is used in radar because :
a) it gives higher gain
b) it gives less side lobes
c) increase the beamwidth
d) None oI the above
1. Antenna commonly used Ior microwave links are
a) Yagi uda antenna
b) log periodic antenna
c) paraboloidal dishes
d) rhombic antenna
1. A hertzian dipole has a radiation pattern with :
a) a null in the direction oI the dipole
b) a null in the plane perpendicular to the dipole
c) a peak in the direction oI the dipole
d) none oI the above
1. A rhombic antenna is a :
a) resonant antenna
b) omnidirectional antenna
c) non resonant antenna
d) None oI the above
1. Cassegrain Ieed is used with a parabolic reIlecter to :
a) increase the gain oI the system
b) increase the beamwidth oI the system
c) reduce the size oI the main reIlector
d) allow the Ieed to be placed at a convenient point
1. Multiple wire conductors are used Ior Rhombic antenna to ;
a) increase strength
b) reduce capacitance
c) reduce characteristic impedance
d) All oI the above
1. A helical antenna is used Ior satellite tracing because oI its :
a) Circular polarisation
b) manevarability
c) broad bandwidth
d) good Iront to back ratio
1. To produce given radiation attern, a Marconi antenna need be:
a) double the size oI the hertz antenna
b) halI the size oI the Hertz antenna
c) oI some size as he Hertz antenna
d) Iour times the size oI the Hertz antenna
1. Antenna arrays are used :
a) to obtain a desired radiation pattern
b) to obtain an increased radiation eIIiciency
c) to increase the eIIective length oI the antenna
d) to reduce the side lobes.
1. An antenna has an eIIective height oI 50m and the current at the base is 450 Amp (rms) at 40 kHz. The power radiated is :
a) 14 kW b) 28 kW c) 42 kW d) 56 kW
1. At what distance Irom a 100 Hz circuit is the radiation Iield approximately equal to the induction Iield :
a) 477 km b) 954 km c) 18000 km d) 238 km
1. A linear broadside array consists oI Iour equal isotropic in phase point source with l/3 spacing (overall length oI the array -÷
l). The halI power beamwidth is :
a) 51° b) 115° c) 25.6° d) 102°
1. A thin dipole antenna l/15 long has a beam solid angle given by :
a) 8 d
r
b) 16 d
r
c) 24 d
r
d) 32 d
r

1. The beamwidth between Iirst nulls oI a 2m paraboloid reIlector operating at 6 GHz is :
a) 1.9° b) 3.8° c) 5.7° d) 7.6°
1. Cassegrain Ieed :
a) eliminates aperture blocking
b) increases the gain oI the paraboloid reIlector
c) reduces the long runs oI transmission line to primary Ieed
d) reduces the power in the side lobes.
1. The problem oI aperture blocking in a cassegrain Ieed can be eliminated by using :
a) oIIset reIlector
b) trans reIlector
c) rear Ieed
d) dipole Ieed
1. The required phase diIIerence between the Ieeds oI successive elements in an end Iire array :
a) is zero
b) is 180 degrees
c) depends upon the distance between the elements
d) depends upon the number oI elements
1. Increase in the number oI radiators in a large sized broadside array with Iixed inter-element spacing leads to :
a) increased side lobes
b) widening oI the main lobes
c) narrowing oI the main lobes
d) None oI the above
1. A linear end Iire array oI isotropic elements has :
a) maximum radiation along the oI the array
b) maximum radiation normal to line oI the array
c) maximum radiation in a direction which depends on the length oI the array
d) is isotropic
1. The actual gain iI a parabolic antenna diameter D ÷ 10 can be approximated by G ÷ 2p (D/l)
2
what is the eIIective aperture
area oI the antenna?
a) 100m
2
b) 75 m
2
c) 50m
2
d) 25m
2

1. One oI the Iollowing is a oI non resonant antenna
a) the rhombic antenna
b) the Iolded dipole
c) the end Iire array
d) the broadside array
1. One oI the Iollowing is very useIul as multiband HF receiving antenna. This is the :
a) conical horn
b) Iolded dipole
c) log periodic
d) square loop
1. Which oI the Iollowing antennas is best excited Irom a waveguide ?
a) biconical b) horn c) helical d) discone
1. Which one oI the Iollowing term is in-correct Ior Yagi Uda array?
a) good bandwidth
b) parasitic elements
c) Iolded dipole
d) high gain
1. The standard reIerence antenna Ior the directive gain is the :
a) inIinitesimal dipole
b) isotropic antenna
c) elementary doublet
d) halI wave dipole
1. Top loading is sometimes used with an antenna in order to increase its :
a) eIIective height
b) bandwidth
c) beamwidth
d) input capacitance
1. In end Iire array the principle direction oI radiation :
a) is perpendicular to the array axis
b) is perpendicular to the array axis and also to the plane containing the array elements
c) same as the direction oI the array axis
d) is at 45° to the direction oI array axis
1. In binomial arrays the elimination oI secondary lobes takes place :
a) at the cost oI directivity
b) at the cost oI gain
c) at the cost oI beamwidth
d) All oI the above
1. In a broadside array oI 20 isotropic radiators, equally spaced at a distance oI l/2, the beamwidth between Iirst nulls is :
a) 51.3 degrees b) 11.46 degrees
c) 22.9 degrees d) 102.6 degrees
1. In a broadside array maximum radiation occurs :
a) at 90° to the line oI the array
b) at 45° to the line oI the array
c) along the line oI the array
d) at 60° to line oI the array
1. Radiation resistance oI a Hertzian dipole oI length dl is :
a) 80p (dl/l)
2
ohms
b) 80p (dl /l) ohms
c) 80 (ldl/p) ohms
d) 80 (pdl / l)
2
ohms
1. In a turnstile antenna, the crossed dipoles are excited with voltage such that the phase shiIt between the voltage is :
a) zero b) 45° c) 90° d) 180°
1. A helical antenna is used Ior satellite tracking because oI its :
a) circular polarisation
b) maneuverability
c) broad bandwidth
d) good Iront to back ratio
1. The discone antenna is :
a) a useIul direction Iinding antenna
b) used as a radar receiving antenna
c) circularly polarized like other circular antennas
d) useIul as a UHF receiving antenna
1. One oI the Iollowing is not an omnidirectional antenna :
a) halI wave dipole
b) log periodic
c) discone
d) marconi
1. Microwave antenna aperture eIIiciency depends on :
a) Ieed pattern
b) antenna aperture
c) surIace losses
d) low side lobe level
1. The direction oI radiation in the collinear array shown below will be :
a) AA` b) BB` c) CC` d) DD`
1. The diIIerential loop signal voltage in aloop antenna depends upon :
a) the wavelenth oI incoming signal
b) the angle oI loop orientation
c) the loop area
d) all oI these
1. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists :
A. Cassegrain antenna 1. Large bandwidth
B. Yagi antenna 2. Direction Iinding
C. Parabolic reIlector 3. Radar antenna
D. Loop antenna 4. Directional transmission
Codes :
A B C D
a) 1 4 2 3
b) 3 1 4 2
c) 2 4 3 1
d) 3 2 4 1
1. Polarisation oI radio waves is determined by :
a) the directivity oI the antenna
b) the direction oI the magnetic Ilux lines with respect to the surIace oI earth
c) the direction oI electric Ilux lines with respect to the surIace oI the earth
d) the eIIiciency oI the antenna.
1. An antenna is to cover the VHF Ireq., range Irom 54 to 216 MHz. II the radiated is required to be 25W Ior an input current
oI 0.5 A the eIIective length oI antenna will be
a) 0.988 m b) 0.629 m c) 0.4943m d)n 0.5 m
1. Which oI the Iollowing is the correct angular aperture Ior a paraboloidal reIlector antenna Ior which the aperture number is
0.25?
a) 45° b) 90° c) 120° d) 180°
1. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists :
List I (types oI antenna) List II (Features)
A. Helical antenna 1. circular polarization
B. Horn antenna 2. simplicity and
compactness
C. Hoghorn antenna 3. low noise
D. Parabolic dish with 4. high
horn Ieed. directivity
Codes :
A B C D
a) 1 2 3 4
b) 4 3 2 1
c) 2 1 4 3
d) 1 2 4 3
1. T.V. broadcasting in India is done in :
a) VHF bands b) UHF bands
c) microwave bands d) HF bands
1. A radio station works at 800 kHz and uses AM. II this is a public broadcast system, it should transmit using :
a) parabolic reIlector to transmit all round
b) turnstile antenna Ior the required band
c) halI wave long horizontal wire
d) a vertical antenna less than quarter Ior practical reasons.
1. In order to receive a vertically polarized wave, the conductor oI the dipole should be mounted :
a) horizontally b) vertically
c) at an angle oI 45° d) None oI these
1. The absorption oI electromagnetic waves by the atmosphere depends on :
a) the Irequency in use
b) the polarization oI waves
c) distance Irom the transmitter
d) all oI the above
1. Two dissimilar antennas having their maximum directivites equal :
a) must have their beamwidths also equal
b) cannot have their beamwidths equal because they are dissimilar antennas
c) may not necessarily have their maximum power gains equal
d) must have their eIIective aperture areas (capture areas) also equal.
1. While determining antenna height Ior terrestial microwaves links, the eIIect oI reIraction Irom the atmosphere is taken care
oI by considering the eIIective curvature oI the earth to be :
a) 2/3 times the radius oI earth
b) / times the radius oI earth
c) 4/3 times the radius oI earth
d) 3/2 times the radius oI earth
1. Match List I (Microwave band) with List II (Irequency used in satellite communication) and select the correct answer using
codes given below the correct answer using codes given below the list :
List I List II
A. C band 1. 12GHz to 14 GHz
B. Ku band 2. 24 GHz to 26 GHz
C. Ka band 3. 20 GHz to 30 GHz
4. 4GHz to 6 GHz
Codes :
A B C
a) 4 2 1
b) 2 1 3
c) 4 1 3
d) 3 4 2
1. A 1 km long microwave link uses two antennas each having 30dB gain. II the power transmitted by one antenna is 1W at
3HGz, the power received by the other antenna is approximately :
a) 98.6 m/W b) 76.8 mW c) 63.4 mW d) 55.2 mW
1. The advantage oI microwave over lower Irequency signals is :
a) increased bandwidth
b) ability to use high gain
c) increased secrecy
d) all oI the above
1. When the peak power is 100.000 watts and the average power is 800 watts then the duty cycle is
a) 0.008 percent b) 0.08 percent
c) 0.8 percent d) 8 percent
1. For Irequencies upto 1650 kHz, the transmitting antenna used is a :
a) parabolic dish
b) vertical antenna
c) yagi antenna
d) turnstile antenna
1. The wave radiated by a helical antenna is :
a) linearly polarized
b) right circularly polarized
c) leIt circularly polarized
d) elliptically polarized
1. The halI power beamwidths (HPBW) oI an antenna in the two orthogonal planes are 100 and 60 respectively. The directivity
oI the antenna is approximately equal to :
a) 2 dB b) 5 dB c) 8 dB d) 12 dB

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