IS 432 (Part 1) 1982 R 1995 | Structural Steel | Stress (Mechanics)

IS : 432(Partl)-1982 ( Reaffirmed 1995


Indian Standard

( Third Revision )
Fifth Reprint DECEMBER 1992



: 666 982~24






Gr 3

June 1982

R. Jamshedpur DxJ. Calcutta SHHI S. New Delhi SHRI P. P. MITRA ( Alternate ) Steel Re-rolling Mills Association of India.I R. Rao ) The Tata Iron & Steel Co Ltd. DEPUTY D~REOTOR. Jamshedpur SHRI N. D. S. Joint Sectional Committee for Concrete Reinforcement. C. Ranchi SHR. CHANIU Ltd. GULATI Heatly & Gtesham ( India ) Ltd. CHOUDI~ARY ( Altcrnafe ) Irrigation Department. K. STANDARDS ( B & S )-II ( ANcrnate ) SHRI M.1982 Indian Standard SPECIFICATION FOR MILD STEEL AND MEDIUM TENSILE STEEL BARS AND HARD-DRAWN STEEL WIRE FOR CONCRETE REINFORCEMENT PART 1 MILD STEEL AND ( MEDIUM TENSILE STEEL BARS Third Revision ) BSMDC 8 New Delhi Representing Central Public Works Department. Jnw Stup Consultants Ltd. C.IS : 43!2( Part I ) . Bombay SHRI S. RAO Members S~~PERINTENDIN~ ENGINEER ( CD0 ) ( AIttr~tc to Shri G. CHIEF ENGINEER ( D & R ) Chandigarh DIRECTOR ( CD ) ( Alternafe ) Designs & Standards Organization. STAND~RDJ Research. Army Headquarters. JAYAQOPAL Engineer-in-Chief’s Branch. DOCTOR Special Steels Ltd. G~PTE National Metallurgical Laboratory ( CSJR ). TANDON ( AIternate ) SHRI M. Government of Punjab. N. Bombay SHRI M. S. Asmax SHRI A. New Delhi MutaJ CHANDRASEKHAXAN ( Alternatc ) R. Ranchi SHRI A. N. Chuirman SBRI G. ( Continued on page 2 1 BUREAU @ Cbpyr:ghr 1992 OF INDIAN STANDARDS 4 Tbu publication is protected under the Indiun Gpyrtght Act ( XIV of 1957 ) iM1 reproduction in whole or in part by any means except with written permission of the publiler &tall be deemed to be an infringement of copyright under the said Act . G. L. BANERJEE Metallurgical and Engineering Consultants ( India ) SEIKIS. JASGJA Research & Development Centre for Iron & Steel ( Steel Authority of India Ltd ). JOSHI ( Alternate ) SHRI V. ( B & S )-I Lucknow ASSISTANT D I R E c T o R.

ROY ( Ahrnalc ) IRC Steels Ltd.4 SHRI A. SUBRAMANIAN SHRI AWL KUMAR ( Ahmalt ) Director Gwteral. PATHAX ( Altcrrurlt ) C. NEELAKAXDHA~ As&ant Director ( Civ Engg ) BIS 2 . Bombay DR G. R. P. SAX.BIS ( &-o@ Mti ) SERX G. Director ( Civ Engg ) ). KHANNA SERI K. SRINIVASAN SARI C. GEOROE Altmu:t ) ( M. Lucknow SHRI R. K. Y. Narayana Rao.IS : 432 ( Part I ) . VENKAT ( Afttrnute ) National Buildings Organization. ANTIA ( Altcrmtc ) Tor Steel Research Foundation in Indii. S. ?&AN Killick Nixon Ltd. K. MORANTY DR INO. N. Bombay SHRI P.oy:kFengineering Research Centre ( CSIR SERI Z. V. C. Dastur & Co (P) Ltd. P. D. Calcutta DR P. T.%tIN-rvASAN ( AhlMlt ) SBEI M. K. N. &Mary SHRI M. K. New Delhi SERX S.& ) Public Works Department. Bombay SBRJ Y. PANTHAKY SHRI P. PAL SHRI SALIL ROY ( Aknnuft ) Hindustan Construction Co Ltd. S. S. Bombay SHRI B. New Delhi SERI K. MATHUR The Concrete Association of India. SBN Tensile Steel Ltd. K. MANOHAR SHRI N. K. Ministry of Shipping and Transport SERI -4. Bombay SERI SEIRE!IH H. NAOARAJ ( Al. MEHTA SHRI E. SHAH SRRI M. RAMAN. N.1982 ( Conhud from page 1 ) Members Raprtscnling SHR1 S. RA~HA~ENDRAN ( Ahnab ) Cement Research Institute of India. Madras SHRI C. . NARAYANABWAYY Struc. N. N. Daaom=~~ ( AltcrMrr ) Tata Consulting Engineers. NARA~ DuV. N. KAIK ( Alternate ) Gammon India Ltd. Bbilai SERI C. N.P. CalcuttP SFIRI T. KHANNA Bhilai Steel Plant. BANERJEE ( Al-t ) Roads Wing. Bombay SERI S. Calcutta SERI S.

such as IS : 22G-ltr75*. IS : 1732-197111. IS : 1762 ( Part I )19741 and IS : 1977-1975**. IS : 961-1975t.1982 Indian Standard SPECIFICATION FOR MILD STEEL AND MEDIUM TENSILE STEEL BARS AND HARD-DRAWN STEEL WIRE FOR CONCRETE REINFORCEMENT PART I MILD STEEL AND ( MEDIUM TENSILE STEEL BARS Third Revision ) 0.2 This standard was first published in 1953 and subsequently revised in 1960 and 1966. The present revision hay been taken up with a view the earlier provisions in the light of the experience gained to modifying during the use of this standard by both manufacturers and users. after the draft finalized by the Joint Sectional Committee for Concrete Reinforreu\ent had been approved by the Civil Engineering Division Council and the Structural and Metals Division Council.__ *Specification for structural steel ( standard quality ) (fiflh rwision ). Further. strip. the term ‘ high tensile steel ’ is. +Specilication for structural steel ( high tensile ) ( second reckion). IS : 1599-1974:. *Method for bend test for steel products other than sheet. IS : 1608-1972$.3 This standard adopts SI units in specifying the various physical requirements.IS : 432 ( Part I ) . IlDimensions for round and square steel bars for structural and gcncral cnginecrirg purposes (J&t revision ). In concrete reinforcement. ICode for designation of steel : Part I Based on letter symbols (jirrf r&ion ). **Specification for structural steel ( ordinary quality ) ( second rcoism 11. 0. wire and tube ( jirst rcviGn ) . as a general _.1 This Indian Standard ( Part I ) ( Third Revision ) was adopted by the Indian Standards Institution on 31 March 15’82. §Method foi tensile testing of steel products ( jirirst w&ion ). 0. 0. some of the provisions have been revised ba?ed on the latest Indian Standards.4 The concrete reinforcement having an ultimate tensile strength of not less than 540 N/mm2 has been categorized as ‘ medium tensile steel ’ instead of ‘ high tensile steel ’ ( see IS : 961-1975t ) in this standard._-. 3 . FOREWORD 0.

shall be rounded off in accordance with IS : 2-19604.5 Grade II mild steel bars are not recommended for use in structures located in earthquake zones subjected to severe damage and for structures subjected to dynamic loading ( other than wind loading ). 2.3 or more ‘ coils ’ or a number Coil - One continuous bar as rolled in the form of a coil.7 In the formulation of this standard. observed or calculated. 0.0 2. ‘Criteria for earthquake resistant design of structures (r&d rtiiun ).8 For the purpose of deciding whether a particular requirement of this standard. $Code of practice for welding of mild steel bars used for reinforced concrete construction. 2. 1.6 \Velding of reinforcement bars covered in this specification done in accordance with t!le requirements of IS : 2751-1966:. shall be 0. TEBMINOLOGY 2. used IO mean steel having tensile strengths in a &ill higher range. expressing the result of a test or analysis.1982 practice. due weightage has been given to international coordination among the standards and practices preva%ng in different countries in addition to re!ating it to the Practices in the field in this country. 4 .IS : 432 ( Part I ) .2 Bundle .Two bound together.1 This standard ( Part I ) covers the requirements of mild medium tensile steel plain bars in round and square sections reinforcement in concrete. the final value. tSpecifi:ation for structural steel ( ordinary quality ) ( sccmdretiion ). the following or square of definitions cross-section. The number of significant places retained in the rounded off value should be the same as that of the specified value in this standard. SCOPE 1. 0. say 1 000-2 200 N/mm’ which is generally used in prestrqsed concrete. such as railway and highway bridges ( see IS : 1893-1975* and IS : 1977-1973t ). is complied with.1 For the purpose of this standard. steel and for use as Bar - A hot-rolled bar of steel of circular 2. lengths properly shall apply. 0. &Rules for rounding off numerical valua ( m&d).

1 Reinforcement supplied in accordance classified into the following types: a) Mild 3. . 2.IS : 432 ( Part I ) .The nominal size of a bar shall be the of the diameter of round bars and side of square bars.1 stee! bars. 4.6 Parcel . point. Grade I.5 Nominal Size . Grade 4. MANUFACTURE AND COMPOSITION I shall be manufactured with the requirements 4.1982 2.1 Steel for mild steel reinforcement bars.The maximum load reached in a tensile test clivi:!ed by the original cro. dimension presented 2.ile test. 2. CHEMICAL in the following two grades: a) Mild b) Milcl steel bars.4 Elongation .2 Steel for mild steel reinforcement bars. in coils or bundles. TYPES AND GRADES with this standard shall be 3. The elongation at fracture is conventionally expressed as a percentage of the original gauge len-. load per unit cross-sectional area ) at which elongation first occurs in the test piece without increasing the In the case of steels with no such definite yield load during tcn. and tcnrile steel bars. b) Medium Mild steel bars shall be supplied steel bars. 2.Increase in length of a tensile test piece under .th of a standard test piece.Stress ( that is. the yield stress is the stress under the prescribed testing conditions at \v!lich the ohserv-ed increase in the gauge length is l/200 of the gauge length when the rate at which the load applied is not more than 5 N/mm’js when approaching the yield stress. and II. 3.Any quantity of bars whether for examination and test at any one time.7 Ultimate Tensile Stress .8 Yield Stress . Grade II shall be manufactured and have the chemical composition in accordance with the requirements of Steel Designation Fe 410-O of IS : 1977-1975t.stress.1. tSpecification for ztructural steel ( ordinary quality ) ( secon’d recision 5 ).s-sectional area of the gauge length portion of ihe test piece. Grade and have the chemical compositicn in accordance of Steel Designation Fe 410-S of JS : 226-1975*. *Specification for structural stc:rl ( standard quality ) ( jjlh recision ).

1 The ultimate tensile stress. 16.22. laminations and rough. 12. *Specification for structural steel ( high tewile ) ( zecondwrkion ). FREEDOM FROM 4.45 and 50 mm be in accordance with IS : 1732- 7. the requirements of Test Samples . 20. TOLERANCES 7.1.2 shall be as given in Table 1.3 Medium have the of Steel DEFECTS 5. 28. surface fla\\s.rion ). 9. 10.1 All test pieces of bars shail be selected authorized representative. NOMINAL SIZES AND MASS 6. jagged and imperfect edges and all other harmful defects.1 Selection and Preparation in this standard.1 All finished bars shall be well and cleanly rolled to the dimensicns and weights specified. #pecification for structural steel ( standard quality ) (jj?h rmi.36. $Specii%atio~n for rolling and cutting tolerances for hot-rolled steel products ( secomi fmiJim ). 8.8.1 The rolling 1852-1973$. The mass of bars shall 5.2 Mass 1971?.40. 6 .Mild steel and medium tensile steel bars shall be supplied in the following nominal sizes: Diameter of round bars or side of square bars 6. and cutting tolerances shall be in accordance with IS : 8. yield stress and percentage when determined 8.rr fcciJion ) .1 Sizes . PHYSICAL REQmMENTS in accordance elongation with 9..Unless otherof IS : 226-15753 shall or his 9. 6.2 The bars shall also withstand the bend test specified in 9. 9. 32. or by the purchaser tDimensions for round and square steel bars for structural and general engineering purpose3 ( i. either: a) from the cutting of bars.3. They shall be free from cracks. 6.25. TESTS wise specified apply.IS:432(PartI)-1982 tensile steel bars shall be manufactured and chemical composition in accordance with the requirements Designation Fe 540 \\--HT of IS : C61-1975* 5.

1. up to and including 50 mm 3.2 Before test pieces are selected. 9. TYPE AND NOYR(AL OF BAR SIZE ULT~ATE TENSILE STREBB.1 In neither case. the manufacturer or supplier shall furnish the purchaser or his authorized representative with copies of the mill records giving the number of bars in each cast with sizes as well as the identification marks whereby the bars from their cast or each coil can be identified.IS : 432 ( Part I ) . up to and including 50 mm 2. Min Min I. 7 .65 c/ Sowhere So is the cross-sectional area of the b) if he so desires. Min YIELD STRESS ELONaATION* PERCENT. up to and including 32 mm For bars over 32 mm. M&urn 7caril.p to and including 540 540 510 350 340 330 20 20 20 For bars over 16 mm.1 ) SL No. after it has been cut to the required or specified length and the test piece taken from any part of it.1. except in the presence of the purchaser or his authorized representative. from any bar or the coil. 9.1982 TABLE I MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF BARS ( ClaUJI 8. up to and Including 50 mm *Elongation tut piece. on a gauge length 5.s S~ccl For l~~~. Mild SteelGmdr I 410 410 250 240 23 23 For bars up to and including 20 mm For bars over 20 mm. Mild Steel Grade II For pmuz to and including 370 370 225 215 23 23 For bars over 20 mm. the test piece shall be detached from the bar or the coil.1.1.

*Method for tensile testing of steel products (fist rnisM ). treatment. wire and tube (first Wztiion ). INSPECTION AND TESTING shall FACILITIES relating to 10.Sampling ante with IS : 226-1975t.608-19i2* read in conjunction lvith I5 : 226-1975t. The ‘test pieces shall be cut from the finished material and straightened where They shall not be annealed or otherwise subjected 10 heat necessary. 1387or by the purchaser or hir authorized representative as having fulfil!ed the tests and requirements laid down in this standard except where the bundle or coil containing the bars is marked with the IS1 Certification Mark. The bend test . 8 be despatched from to its being certified manufacturer’s .shall be performed in accordance with of IS : 1599-1974: read in conjunction with 1s : 226- 9. 9. the test may be discarded at the manufacturer’s option.2 Should a tensile test piece break ontside the middle half of its gauge length and the percentage elongation obtained is less than that specified. fblethod for bend test for steel products other than sheet. Should the test pieces from both these additional samples pass. the material represented by the test samples shall be deemed to comply with the requireinents of that particular test. DELIVERY. 9. for tensile and bend tests shall be in accdrd- 10. inspection and testing 19675. 10.The ultimate rensiie stres+.5 Sampling .1 ‘Unless otherwise specified. 9. limits shall be applied according to the actual maximum thickness of the piece selected for testing.2 Ko suppliers’ material premises shall prior requirements conform the to the IS :. strip. Wpecification for structural steel ( standard quality ) ( jifh revision ). Any slight straightening lvhich may be required shal! be done cold. 9.IS : 432 ( Part I ) .Should any one of the test pieces first selected fail to pass any of the tests specified in this standard. weneral requhements for therupply of metallurgical materials (/irsl rclfnr ). and another test made from the same bar.1982 9. Should the test piece from either of these additional samples fail.1 In case of bars. yield stress and elongation of bars shall be determined in accordance with the requirements of IS : l.3 Bend Test the requirements 1975t.2.2 Tensile Test .4 Retest .2. the material represented by the test samples shall be considered as not having complied with this standard. general supply of material. the size of which is not uniform rhrou$out the length of test piece. t\vo further samples shall be selected for testing in respect of each failure.

IS : 432 ( Part 10. 11. when the purchaser requires an actual analysis of finished material. Standard marked products are also continuously checked by BIS for conformity to that Details of conditions under which a license for standard as a further safeguard. 1956 and the Rules and Regulations made 9 . number or identification mark of the cast to which it applies. The Standard Mark oa products covered by an Indian Standard conveys the assurance that they have been produced to comply with the requirements of that standard under a well defined system of inspection.3 The I ) .4 Manufacturer’s Certificate -In the case of bars which have not been inspected at the manufacturer’s works. as the case may be. this shall be made at a place agreed to between the purchaser and the manufacturer or supplier. if required.2 The medium tensile steel bars shall be suitably marked to identify them from mild steel bars. Mild steel b ars Grade I and II shall have distinctive identification tags. Every facility shall be given to the purchaser or his authorized representative for tracing the bars to the cast from which they were made. IDENTIFICATION AND MARKING 11.1982 purchaser or his authorized representative shall be at liberty to inspect . billets and bars or bundles of bars marked in such a way that all finished bars can be traced to the cast from which they were made. in which case the concerned test artificate shall also bear the Standard Mark. NOTE -The use of the Standard Mark is governed by the provisions Bureau of Indian Standards Act.3 Each bundle or coil containing the bars may also be suitably marked with the Standard Mark. and the Each test sheet shall indicate the chemical composition. shall supply the purchaser or his authorized representative with the certificate stating the process of manufacture and also the test sheet signed by the manufacturer giving the result of each mechanical test applicable to the material purchased.and verify the steel maker’s certificate of cast analysis at the premises of the manufacturer or supplier. the use OF the Standard Mark may be granted to manufacturers or producers may be obtained from the Bureau of Indian Standards.1 The manufacturer or supplier shall have ingots. of the thereunder. 11. testing and quality control which is devised and supervised by BIS and operated by the producer. 10.. the manufacturer or supplier. 11. corresponding to the number or identification mark to be found on the material.

KANPUR 208005 Plot No. PATNA 800013 District Industries Centre Complex. Marol. AHMADABAD t Peenya Industrial Area. BANGALORE 560058 Gangotri Complex. Barua Road.T.. JAIPUR 302005 117/418 B Sarvodaya Nagar. Nagar. India . Nurmohamed Shaikh Marg.H. Maniktola.I. T. Road. 5th By-lane. Bangalorn-Tumkur Road. 1st Stage. MADRAS 600113 t Western : Manakalaya. House No. Grant Road. 9.I. Shankar Nagar Square. Scheme VII M. 9 Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg.. CALCUTTA 700054 Northern : SC0 445-446. T. Palayam. BHOPAL 462003 380001 2 63 48 39 49 55 55 40 21 5 36 2 67 8-71 19 3 31 27 05 96 77 Plot No. R. Andheri (East). NAGPUR 440010 Institution of Engineers (India) Building. N.BUREAU Headquarters Telephones Regional Central OF INDIAN S-f-ANDARDS : Telegrams Manak Bhavan. BOMBAY 400093 Branch Offices : ‘Pushpak’. LUCKNOW 226005 Patliputra lndustria Estate. 29. Lewis Road. IV Cross Road. Kanpur’ Road.T. 6/48-A Avanasi Road. BOMBAY # Sales Office is at Unitv Building. THIRUVANANTHAPURAM 695034 hpection Offices (With Sale Point) 6 21 04 : 52 61 71 5 24 35 Pushpanjali. A-9. 0. C. Gupta Marg. Sector 35-C. Princep Street. Road. NEW DELHI 110002 : 331 01 31 : Manaksansthe 331 13 75 Offices : (Common to all Offices) Telephone 331 01 31 331 13 75 37 86 62 21843 41 29 16 6 32 92 95 : Manak Bhavan. ( Nampally Station Road ) HYDERABAD 500001 RI4 Yudhister Marg. CALCUTTA t Safes Office iS at NoveltyChambers. Narasimharaja Square. E9 MIDC. IV. 205-A West High Court Road.P. 14/1421. 1332 Shivaji Nager PUNE 411005 *Sales Office Calcutta is at 5 Chowringhee Approach.T. Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg.I. Sindhu Nagar. C Scheme. 82/83. N. GUWAHATI 781003 5-8-56C L.T. BHUBANESHWAR 751002 Kalai Kathir Building. 5th Floor. P. BANGALORE 27 68 06 89 65 28 22 39 71 Printed at Dee Kay Prmters. 116 G. N. Khanpur. No. First Floor. Campus. GHAZIABAD 201001 5315 Ward No. V. Bhadbhada Road. FARIDABAD 121001 Savitri Complex. CHANDIGARH 160036 Southern : C. SRINAGAR 190011 Bagh-e-Ali Maidan 23 10 83 6 34 71 21 68 76 5 55 07 6 23 05 T. University P. COIMBATORE 641037 Quality Marking Centre.I. 561/63. NEW DELHI 110002 l Eastern : l/14 C. 0.G. New Delhi.

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