QUESTION BANK POWER PLANT ENGINEERING

UNIT – I PART – A 1. What is the function of economizer? 2. What is the purpose of air intake system in a diesel engine power plant? 3. What is the purpose of surge tank in a hydroelectric power plant? 4. What are the three main factors for power output of hydro electric power plant? 5. List out the major advantages of high pressure boilers in modern thermal power plant. 6. What are the modern trends in generating steam of high pressure boiler? 7. What are the main units in a gas turbine power plant? PART – B 1. Explain the working principle of steam power plant with layout and list the advantages and disadvantages. 2. Explain the working principle of MHD generator and list the advantages and disadvantages 3 .a. Explain the working principle of CFB Boiler with neat diagram b. With neat sketch explain the working principle of Lamont boiler. 4. Sketch the layout of hydroelectric power plant and explain the functions of each component in it. Discuss the advantages and limitations of this plant. 5. With neat sketch explain the working principle of gas turbine power plant and list the advantages and disadvantages. 6. a. Explain with neat sketch the construction and working of a fluidized bed boiler. b. With neat diagram explain the working principle of a modern high pressure boiler used in the thermal power station.

Define the term "Breeding". What is the difference between overfeed and underfeed strokers? 4. What are the types of mills used for pulverizing the coal? Briefly explain. What is cooling tower range? 3. What are the functions of cooling tower? Briefly explain its types 3. a.Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of stoker firing. What do u understand by moderation? 2. Explain the function of the moderator. Describe with the help of neat sketches the working of 'forced draft' and ‘induced draft' cooling towers. and explain the working of chain grate stoker with neat sketch. What are the micro hydel plants? Why are they important now days? . What is cyclone separator? PART – B 1. 5. 4. 3. What is pulverization? 2. 2. What is the function of the cooling tower? 6. 4.UNIT – II PART – A 1. Draw an explanatory line diagram of an ash handling system employed in steam power plants and also explain the difficulties encountered in the handling of ash in a thermal power station b. Define unit speed of turbine. a. 5. Explain the working principle of ESP with neat diagram b. State the advantages and disadvantages of pulverized coal firing. UNIT – III PART – A 1.

What is a draft tube? In which turbine it is mostly used? 7. Mention various process of Brayton cycle. 5. 7. 4. Define mean effective pressure as applied to gas power cycles. a. What is the function of draft tube in turbine outlet? 8.C engine? 5. . Write shorts on governing of impulse turbine. What is diesel knock? 3. PART – B 1. Draw the p-V and T-s diagram of Brayton cycle. 4.6. b. a. What is the principle of operation of simple jet propulsion system? 8. UNIT – IV PART – A 1. What is reaction turbine? Give an example. What are the applications of diesel electric power plants? 2. 2. Differentiate the impulse and reaction turbine. Discuss the methods of nuclear waste disposal and safety. b. Explain the construction and working of pressurized water reactor. 3. 9. Describe the boiling water reactor with the help of neat sketch and explain its chief characteristics. Explain the construction and working of gas cooled reactor. Discuss the effect of inter cooling in a gas turbine plant. Explain the working principle of nuclear power plant with layout and list the advantages and disadvantages. 6. How it is related to indicated power of an I. Define cetane number. 9. Sketch the schematic arrangement of open cycle gas turbine power plant and name the components. Discuss Micro-hydro power plant.

Briefly explain the pressure lubricating system.PART – B 1. a. disadvantages and applications of diesel engine power plant. also explain its working with a help of a p-v diagram. 4. 3. b. In an air standard Brayton cycle. the air enters the compressor at 1 bar and 15°C.Draw a neat diagram of a regenerative gas turbine power plant having intercooling and reheater. determine the percentage in efficiency. Explain the various types of cooling system used in diesel power plant. a. . the maximum temperature in the cycle is 900°C. Find the following a. The cycle efficiency If an ideal generator is incorporated into the cycle. List out the advantages. b. Compressor and expander work per kg of air b. Draw and explain the layout of a modern diesel power plant showing the following systems: Air Intake system Cooling system Fuel supply system Lubrication system and Exhaust system 2. The pressure leaving the compressor is 5 bar. Bring out the difference between the closed cycle and open cycle gas turbine power plants. 5.

What are the various operating costs of coal fired steam plant? 5. What is depreciation? Explain any two in detail. 6. What are the different types of tidal power plants? Explain the different types with neat sketches. Define diversity factor. b. Describe. a. What is geothermal energy? 3. 7. What is the significance of incremental rate for a power plant? 4. 2. with a help of neat sketch the working of a solar thermal receiver system plant and enumerate the advantages and disadvantages of concentrating collectors over flat plat collectors.UNIT – V PART – A 1. . Mention the advantages and disadvantages of the geo thermal power plant. 2. Write shorts on load duration curves. What are the fixed costs? PART – B 1. 4. What is geothermal energy? Explain the different types of geothermal energy systems? 3. Define capacity factor.

6 crore Capital cost per MW installed Rs.5 Paise 5% 5% 10 Paise 4 Paise . Sl. = Rs.106Interest and depreciation capital cost Annual load factor 6. a nuclear power plant and a hydraulic power plant. What are the elements which contribute to the cost of the electricity. a.5 crore Hydraulic Power plant Rs. Choice is to be made from a steam power plant. 160 X 10 7 Annual cost of fuel lO6 Annual wages and taxes = Rs.5 crore 2 3 4 5 Interest Depreciation Operating cosr per Kw-hr Transmission and Distribution cost per Kw-hr 5% 6% 45 Paise 2 Paise 6% 4% 25 Paise 2.N o 1 Cost Steam Power plant Nuclear Power plant Rs. 36 = 10% of = 45%. and how can the cost of power generation be reduced? b. Calculate the overall cost per Kw-hr in case of each scheme as given below. It is required to supply a load with a maximum demand of 500 MW and load factor of 0.74.32 X 80 MW power station x.5. Determine the generating cost per unit of with the following data: Capital cost = Rs.3.

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