CONTENTS

INTRODUCTION..........................................................................4
SUPPLICATION.............................................................................5
THE MEANING OF THE WORD DU`A.......................................13
SUPPLICATION AND FATE..........................................................15
HOW TO SUPPLICATE................................................................17
CONDITIONS OF SUPPLICATION.............................................18
SINCERITY...................................................................................18
EATING LAWFUL FOOD.............................................................18
THE CONSCIOUSNESS OF ONE’S HEART..................................20
SUPPLICATE FOR GOOD ONLY..................................................20
MANNERS OF DU`A...................................................................21
PRAISING THE NAME OF ALLAH I AND PRAYING FOR THE
PROPHET r.................................................................................21
THING OF ALLAH’S I MERCY BEING ALL-ENCOPASSING...........22
ADMITTING ONE’S SINS.............................................................22
ASKING ALLAH I WITH FIRM WILL AND SERIOUSNESS.............23
REPEATING ONE’S SUPPLICATION THREE TIMES.......................24
SUPPLICATING WITH JAWAMI’UL-KALIM (SHORT, CONCISE
DU`A)..........................................................................................24
DURING DU`A, ONE SHOULD START WITH HIMSELF..............24
OBSERVING HUMBLENESS AND HUMILITY DURING DU`A.....25
THE TONE OF THE SUPPLICANT SHOULD NEITHER BE
EXCESSIVELY LOUD NOR DICTATORIAL, FOR ONES MUST BE
HUMBLE, AND MUST BEG BEFORE ALLAH I............................25
THE SUPPLICANT SHOULD END HIS DU`A WITH SAYING
AMEEN........................................................................................26
OPTIMUM TIMES FOR DU`A.....................................................26
LAYLATUL-QADR (THE NIGHT OF DIVINE DECREE)...................27
ON THE DAY OF ARAFAH...........................................................28
AT MIDNIGHT.............................................................................29
BETWEEN THE ADHAN AND THE IQAMAH...............................29
DURING THE ADHAN, IN WAR AND WHEN IT RAINS...............29
ON FRIDAY..................................................................................29
WHEN HEARING THE CROWING OF THE COCKEREL..............30
WHEN BY THE RECENTLY DECEASED.........................................30
WHEN ONE DRINKS FROM ZAM ZAM WATER..........................31
AFTER OPENING TAKBIR OF PRAYER..........................................31
THE DU`A QUNOT (DU`A OF OBEDIENCE)..............................34
WHEN ONE RAISES HIMSELF FROM THE BOWING POSITION.35
DURING BOWING (RUKU)........................................................36
DURING PROSTRATION (SAJDAH).............................................37
BETWEEN THE TWO PROSTRATIONS........................................38
AFTER MAKING TASHAHHUD AND BEFORE ENDING THE PRAYER
(SAYING PEACE BE UNTO YOU)....................................38
WHEN RECITING THE GLORIOUS QUR’AN DURING THE
PRAYER........................................................................................39
THE OPPRESSES..........................................................................39
THE PILGRIM, THE WARRIOR (IN THE WAY OF ALLAH I ) AND THE
ONE WHO PERFORMS UMRAH..........................................40
THE DU`A OF THE MUSLIM FOR HIS FELLOW MUSLIM IN HIS
ABSENSE......................................................................................40
THE DU`A OF THE TRAVELER AND THE PARENTS.....................40
RECOMMENDED SUPPLICATIONS IN VARIOUS SITUATIONS...40
WHEN GETTING UP....................................................................41
WHEN HEARING THE ADHAN (THE CALL TO PRAYER).............42
BISMILLHIR-RAMNIR-RA•M
In The Name Of Allah Most Gracious Most Merciful
INTRODUCTION
WA IDH SA’ALAKA `IBD• `ANN• FA’INN• QAR•B
UJ•BU DA`WATAD-D`I IDH DA`N
FAL YASTAJ•B¤ L• WALYU’MIN¤ B• LA`ALLAHUM YARSHUD¤N
When My servants ask You concerning Me, I am indeed close
(to them): I listen to the prayer of every supplicant when he calls Me.
Let them also, with a will, listen to My call, and believe in Me,
so that they may walk on the right way.
Al Baqarah 186
QUL M YA`-BA’U BIKUM RABB• LAWL DU-` ’UKUM
Say “(O rejecters) My Lord is not concerned
if you do not worship Him”.
Al Furqan 77
On the authority of Anas t who said I heard the Messenger of Allah r
saying, Allah I the Almighty has said:
“O son of Adam, as long as you call upon Me, I shall forgive you for
what you have done, and I shall not mind. O son of Adam, were
your sins to reach the clouds of the sky and were you then to ask
forgiveness of Me, I would forgive you. O son of Adam, were you to
come to Me with sins as great as the earth and were you then to face
Me, ascribing no partner to Me, I would grant you forgiveness as
great as it”.
Imam Shafi’ said:
You belittle to supplicate
And ignore its fruit
It is like an arrow, great
But! Night’s arrows do not fail
It has a definite span
That is duly faint
SUPPLICATION
Praise be to Allah I, we thank Him, seek His Help and His
Forgiveness. We seek refuge in Allah I from the evils of ourselves and
that of our bad deeds. He whom Allah I guides, is truly guided, and
he whom Allah I leaves to stray, none can guide him. I bear witness
that there is no god but Allah I , besides Him no other partner is and I
bear witness that Muhammad r is His Messenger.
When one is in suffering, or is befallen by catastrophe; when one is
estranged and despondent and ultimately frustrated: then one
unconsciously seeks the One Whose mercy is all-embracing. He is
more Merciful than a mother to her child. His is the refuge we seek. It
is He Who hears the weeping of the oppressed and accepts those who
repent to Him. He showers His bounties and His blessings upon them.
Thus, a believer should earnestly invoke Allah I and concentrate
solely on Him as stated in the following ayah:
AMMAY YUJ•BUL MUˆ£ARRA IDH DA`HU WA YAKSHIFUS
S¤’A WA YAJ`ALUKUM KHULAF’AL-ARˆ.
A’ILHUM MA`AL-LH. QAL•LAM M TADHAKKAR¤N.
...(He) Who listens to the distressed when they call on Him,
and Who relieves their suffering, and makes you inheritors of
the earth? Is there another god besides Allah?
Little indeed is what you heed!
An Naml 62
He should also humbly supplicate to Allah I with devout words and
sincere determination. The soul then enjoys the light of its Lord and a
believer feels ease and safety that permeates in his veins and
throughout his body. He feels in companionship with the Ever-lasting
Power, that he is newly born and that Allah I is close to him.
When My servants ask You concerning Me, I am indeed close (to them):
I listen to the prayer of every supplicant when he calls Me. Let them also,
with a will, listen to My call, and believe in Me, so that they may walk on
the right way. Al Baqarah186
Thus, Du'a constitutes worship as the prophet r has expressed. That is
because Du'a means servility, humbleness, and is an expression of a
need for the One in Whose Hand is the authority over everything. It is
also a response to the Order of Allah I as He says,
And your Lord says:
WA QLA RABBUKU-MUD`¤N• ASTAJIB LAKUM
INNAL-LADH•NA YASTAKBIR¤NA `AN `•BDAT•
SAYAD-KHUL¤NA JAHANNAMA DKHIR•N
‘Call on Me; I will answer your (prayer):
but those who are too arrogant to serve Me will
surely find themselves in Hell - in humiliation!
Ghafir 60
By making du'a, success becomes a reality; wishes and aims are
achieved. That is because, when the servant truly believes that
Allah I is the only One Who is the Most Deserving to be asked
and sought, he will shun all sources of help other than Allah I.
He will approach the Door of his Lord, seek His protection,
entreat Him for His Mercy of treasures and His generosity. This is
the essence of worship and the secret of obedience. On the
authority of Nu’man Ibn Bashir t who said that the prophet r
said, “Du'a is worship.”
Then he recited the saying of Allah I the Almighty.
“And your lord says: ‘Call on Me, I will answer your (prayer)...”
Therefore, du'a is a form of worship, in fact it is one of the most
honorable and glorious forms of worship. Allah I ordered us to make
du'a:
UD`¤ RABBAKUM TAˆARRU`AN WA KHUFYAH
Call on your Lord with humility and in privacy.
Al A’raf 55
He also reproached the people who do not make du'a, saying:
WA LAQAD AKHADHNHUM BIL `ADHBI FAMAS-TAKN¤
LIRABBIHIM WA M YATAˆARRA`¤N
We inflicted punishment on them,
but they humbled not themselves to their Lord,
nor do they submissively entreat (Him).
Al Mu’minun 76
Sahl Ibn ‘Abdullah t said, “Allah I created mankind, then He said,
“Entreat Me. If not, look towards Me. If not, listen to me. If not, set
yourselves before My Door. If not, ask Me of your needs.”
Allah I said :
AMMAY-YUJ•BUL MUˆ£ARRA IDH DA`HU WA YAKSHIFUS-S¤’
...(He) Who listens to the distressed when they call on Him,
and Who relieves their suffering...
An Naml 62
The Prophet r gave glad tidings to a man who was inspired with du'a
so that he would be among those who would receive the Mercy of
Allah I: he said :
“If the gates of du'a are opened by man, the gates of mercy will
be opened before him. And the most beloved thing for which
Allah I loves to be asked is safety.”
Tirmidhi and Hakim
The supplicant also received glad tidings from the Prophet r that
Allah I would keep him safe and he would have the privilege of du’a
being a weapon to fight the enemies and defend himself with:
“Du'a is a weapon of a believer, a pillar of religion, and a light of the
heavens and the Earth.”
Hakim
The Prophet r also said :
“Do not feel hopeless with du'a as nobody can perish with du'a.”
Ibn Hibban and Hakim
He also said :
“Would I guide you to what would protect you against your
enemies and bring you provision?’ ‘Supplicate to Allah I by day
and night for supplication is the weapon of a believer.”
Abu Ya’la
The Prophet r also gave glad tidings to the person who supplicates to
Allah I so that his supplication would be answered and that his
approach towards Allah I would be accepted.
Allah I is Ever-Merciful and Ever-Generous to the extent that when
man lifts his hands skyward (invoking Allah I), He dislikes replying
without rewarding him.
The Prophet r explained also how the answer for du’a can be
achieved. The answer, whether spontaneous or delayed, is good for
the supplicant. Thus his du’a is ultimately beneficial for him. The
Prophet r said:
“If a Muslim invokes Allah I for other than sin or the severing of
relations, Allah I in turn responds to his Du'a in one of three ways;
either He accepts it (and grants what was asked for),or He delays its
reward to the Hereafter, or He removes a calamity from him that
equals his Du'a (in magnitude). The Companions said, “ We will
then supplicate often.” The Prophet r replied, “Allah I will reward
you greatly.” Ahmad, Bazzar, Abu Ya’la and Hakim
The Prophet r explained how the answer of a Du'a is good in all its
forms even if it appears as though they were not answered. The
Prophet r said:
“On the day of judgement, Allah I will call a believer until he stands
before Him. ‘O My servant, I have commanded you to call upon Me
and have promised to answer you. Did you truly call upon Me?’ He
(the servant) will say, ‘Yes, my Lord.’ Allah I will say, ‘Whenever you
called upon Me I answered you. Did you not call upon Me on the
day of such and such to relieve your calamity and I did?’The servant
will say, ‘Yes my Lord.’ Allah I will say, ‘I gave it you in the worldly
life, Allah I will add, ‘Did you not call upon Me on the day of such
and such to relieve your calamity but it seemed that I did not reply
to you.’ The servant will say, ‘Yes my Lord.’ Allah I will say, ‘I
compensated such and such for you in Paradise.’ Allah I will say,
‘Did you not call on Me to meet your need and I did.’ The servant
will say, ‘Yes my Lord.’ Allah I will add, “I gave it to you in worldly
life.’ ‘Did you not call on Me on the day of such and such to meet
your need but it seemed that I did not reply to you.’ The servant will
say, ‘Yes my Lord.’ Allah I will say, ‘I compensated such and such
for you in Paradise.” The Messenger of Allah r said, “ Allah I will
never leave out any supplication of a believer unless He wil
expound this for him through the following; either He will give it to
him in worldly life or delay it in the Hereafter. Thereupon, the
believer will say, ‘I wish I was given nothing of my du'a in this world.”
Hakim
Du'a prevents calamities and lightens Allah’s I will through Allah’s I
will. The Prophet r said :
“Precaution can never prevent predestination. Du'a surely avails in
regards to what has already taken place (in terms of seeking
forgiveness) and what has not yet come to pass (in terms of asking
for favours). A calamity may have descended from heaven when
du'a meets it. Consequently, a confrontation between them will
take place until the Day of Judgement.”
Bazzar, Tibarani and Hakim
He also said,
“Nothing prevents predestination except du'a, and nothing
lengthens age except righteousness.” Tirmidhi
The Prophet r guided us to the way of answering du'a, i.e., continuous
request to Allah I in every time. He r said,
“Whoever desires to have his du'a accepted by Allah I in adversity,
should make frequent du'a in prosperity.”
Tirmidhi and Hakim
“Nothing is more beloved to Allah I than du'a in prosperity.”
Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah, Ibn Hibban and Hakim
These ahadith and others indicate that du’a is one of the most powerful
means in preventing a calamity, du’a is an enemy to calamity. It
confronts, prevents, or weakens the calamity as mentioned in the
previous hadith which indicated that du’a has three stages with
calamity:
1. Du'a may be stronger than calamity so it prevents its occurrence.
2. Du'a may be weaker than a calamity, then the latter would occur,
but Du'a may weaken its effects.
3. A confrontation between both may take place until each one
prevents the other.
However, Du'a may miss the answer for the following reasons:
i. It may be weak, e.g. it includes something that is abhorred by
Allah I such as aggression.
Ii. The unconsciousness and inattentiveness of the heart at the time of
du'a. In this case it would be like an arrow which is shot from a soft
bow. It would never reach the target. Hakim reported, in his
Mustadrak, Abu Hurairah who said the Prophet r said,
“Invoke Allah I with full conviction that He will accept your
invocation and know that Allah I never accepts the invocation of a
heedless heart.”
iii. Consuming of Haram (Unlawful), committing sins, the indulgence in
prohibited amusement and the hardened heart that shies from
remembering Allah I.
Therefore, du'a is a useful remedy for illness but the heedlessness of
one’s heart turns it null and void. Consuming unlawful food, in the
same manner, weakens the strength of du'a. It is reported in Sahih
Muslim on the authority of Abu Hurairah t that , the Messenger of
Allah r said,”
“O people, surely Allah I the Almighty is good and accepts only
that which is good. Allah I has commanded the faithful to do that
which He commanded the Messengers. Allah I Almighty has said,
‘O You Messengers! Eat of the good things and do right.’ And
Allah I the Almighty has said, ‘O you who believe! eat of the good
things wherewith we have provided you. Then he mentioned (the
case of) a man who, having journeyed far, is disheveled and dusty
and who spreads out his hands to the sky (saying), ‘O Lord! O Lord!
While his food and drink were unlawful, his clothing unlawful, and
his livelihood was acquired unlawfully. So how could his du'a be
answered!”
THE MEANINGS OF THE WORD DU'A
In the Glorious Qur’an, the word du'a has many meanings:
1. Worship: Allah I says :


WA LTAD`U MIN-DUNIL-LHI ML
YANFA`UKA WA LYAˆURRUKA

And do not worship any other than God;
such will neither profit thee nor hurt thee...
Yunus 106

2. Seeking help: Allah I says :

WAD`¤ SHUHAD’AKUM MIN D¤NIL-LH

And call help from your witnesses or helpers
(If there are any) besides God...
Al Baqarah 23
3. Asking for something to be done: Allah I says :
WA QLA RABBUKU-MUD`¤N• ASTAJIB-LAKUM
And your Lord commands; Ask from Me; I will answer your prayer...
Ghafir 60
4. Calling: Allah I says :

YAWMA YAD`¤KUM FASTAJ•B¤NA BIAMDIHI
It will be on a Day when He will Call you,
and you will answer (His call) with His praise...
Al Isra’ 52
5. Praising: Allah I says :

QULID`UL-LHA AWID`UR-RAMN
“Say; Praise Allah, or Praise Rahman...”
Al Isra’ 110
6. Saying: Allah I says :

DA`WHUM F•H SUBNAKAL-LHUMMA
their Cry therein will be saying
“Glory be to Thee, O God...”
Yunus 10
However, the meaning of Du'a according to the Shari’ah is;
“To entreat Allah I, asking Him with sincerity, to grant the good things
which He has created, and to acquire what you need and wish.”
SUPPLICATION AND FATE
Supplication is the closest form of worship to Allah I. Abu Hurairah t
narrated that the Prophet r said :
“ The most beloved worship to Allah I is supplication.”
Thawban t narrated that the Prophet r said :
“Righteous deeds increase one’s lifespan. Supplication affect what is
predestined. A man loses what he has (or can gain), due to sins.”
Ibn Majah and Ahmad
Mu'adh Ibn Jabal t relates that the Prophet r said,
“Cautiousness can never affect fate, but supplication can do so
providing that you continue supplicating to Allah I.”
Ahmad
Salman t related that the Prophet r said,
“Destiny can only be deterred by supplication.”
Concerning this the Prophet r said,
“Whoever invokes Allah I to have something, Allah I will surely
give him what he asks for, or will remove some evil which is
impending unless he asks for the committing of a sin or to severe the
ties of kinship”.
Muslim
Thus, we can notice the benefits and values of supplication. Not only is
it an act of worship that entails reward, but it is also a useful means in
deterring misfortunes and attaining future favours.
Some people may ask, what is the benefit of supplication if what I ask
for is already predetermined? I will surely get it and if it is not
predestined, I will never get it.
Ibn Al-Qayyim (R.A) answered,
“If we follow the aforementioned approach we will neglect all kinds
of means. What is the benefit of food if satiety is predestined? What
is the benefit of having sexual intercourse with one’s wife if a child is
predestined?”
Al-Ghazali (R.A) said,
“Of the requirements of destiny is to invoke Allah I for deterring
some affliction. Just as a shield is a means to protect one’s body from
a sword and water is a vital means for cultivation, so too is
supplication a means to deter affliction. Thus, to believe in destiny
does not mean to put your weapon aside.“
Allah I said (regarding taking precautions):
“Taking all precautions, and bearing arms”
An Nisa 102
In this respect Ibn Hajr (R.A) said,
“The benefit of supplication is to attain reward because of
obedience or because our request may be conditional upon our
supplication since Allah I is the Creator of means.”
Thus, doing righteous deeds, as mentioned in the above hadith, is a
means for long life. Once the means has been achieved the goal will
follow and all are destined to Allah I .
It is related that when Umar Ibn Al-Khattab t had refused to enter a
town afflicted by the plague, someone asked him, if he were intending
to try to escape Allah’s I Will. Umar t replied,
“I am escaping Allah’s I Will to enter Allah’s I Will.”
Ja’far t also said,
“Allah I has intended something for us and desired us to do
something, the former has been hidden but the latter clarified. O
why are we preoccupied with what he has intended and leave the
other aside.”
Allah I, orders us to supplicate to Him otherwise we will entail His
wrath. Abu Hurayrah t narrated that the messenger of Allah r said,
“Whoever does not supplicate to Allah I , entails his wrath.”
It is considered as akin to arrogance and independence from Allah I,
as if the person neglecting du’a tries to exalt himself above Allah I.
Anas t narrated that the Prophet r said,
“ Ask Allah I to give you what you need even if you want to have
your shoes repaired.”
Thabit Al-Bunani (R.A.) added to these above hadith the following ,
“ Even if you need salt and want to have your shoes repaired.”
HOW TO SUPPLICATE
Anas t narrated that the Prophet r, once, raised his hands so high
that he saw the white (flesh) of his armpits.”
Salman t narrated that the Messenger of Allah r said,
“ Your Lord is Most Honorable, and Generous. He never returns the
hands of a slave without gain.”
One’s hands should be open and raised to shoulder/chest level. This is
because Malik Ibn Yasir t narrated that the Messenger of Allah r said,
“When supplicating to Allah, face your palms upwards not down.”
It is also recommended to face the direction of prayer (Qiblah) when
supplicating.
CONDITIONS OF SUPPLICATION
The following are necessary conditions for one to adopt to have one’s
supplication accepted.
1. SINCERITY
Allah I said,
“And they have been commanded no more than this: to worship
Allah, offering him sincere devotion, being true (in faith).”
Al Bayyinah 5
Say: “Call upon besides Him, whoever you want: they will have
neither the power to remove your troubles from you nor to change
them.”
Al Isra’ 56
“Verily those whom you call upon, (call upon them), and let them
answer your prayer, if you are truthful”
Al A’raf 194
The Prophet r also recommended his young cousin, Abdullah Ibn
Abbas t to adopt the following manner. Ibn Abbas t said,
“One day I was riding behind the Prophet r when he said to me;
“O little one! If Allah I is always in your thoughts He will protect
you and you will always find Him with you. When you ask, ask
Allah I and when you seek help, seek help from Allah I.”
2. EATING LAWFUL FOOD
Abu Hurayrah t narrated that the Messenger of Allah r said,
“O people, Allah I the Almighty is good and accepts only that
which is good. Allah I has commanded the Faithful to do what He
had commanded the Messengers. He had instructed them:
‘O Messengers! Eat of the good things, and do what is right. And
Allah I has ordered you, ‘O You who believe! Eat of the good
that We have provided you’.
Then he (the messenger) mentioned the incident of a man who,
having journeyed far, is disheveled and dusty, and who spreads out
his hands to the sky, saying, “O Lord! O Lord!”
But while his food is unlawful, his drink is unlawful, his clothing is
unlawful, and he is nourished on what is unlawfully acquired, how
can his prayer be answered?”
The Messenger of Allah r said,
“O Sa’id eat lawful food so that your supplication will be accepted.”
Thus, of the conditions of supplication to be acceptable, is lawful
consumption, bought with lawful income. If one were to be careless in
this, or if one were to dwell on the hope of Allah’s I forgiveness, and
continue with one’s illegitimate occupation, then one is making a
grave mistake, as Allah I has openly declared His contempt and
disownment of this.
Wahb Ibn Munabbih t said,
“I was informed that Musa u passed by a man weeping and
earnestly entreating Allah I.”
Musa u said, “O Lord! May You answer Your slave”.
Allah I inspired Musa u by saying, “O Musa, if he kept weeping
until death and raised his hand to sky level, I will never answer him”
“Why?” Musa u asked,
“Because his food is unlawful,” Allah replied.
3. THE CONSCIOUSNESS OF ONE’S HEART
Abu Hurayrah t narrated that the Messenger of Allah r said,
“Supplicate to Allah I and bear in mind that He will surely answer
you. Beware Allah I never answers the supplications of someone
who is heedless (those who do not concentrate in their du’as to such
an extent that their hands are raised and their hearts are elsewhere).”
Imam Ahmad (R.A.) narrated on the authority of Abdullah Ibn Umar t
that the Prophet r said,
“Hearts are like vessels and some of them may be more thoughtful
than others. Thus, if you invoke Allah I, you must bear in mind that
He will surely answer you. Because Allah I never answers the
supplication of a heedless one.”
4. SUPPLICATE FOR GOOD ONLY
The Messenger of Allah r is reported to have said,
“Allah I answers one’s supplication unless he asks to committing
sin, severe the ties of kinship or is too impatient for the answer.
What is too impatient?” The Messenger of Allah r was asked,
He said
“When someone says I made supplication but there was no answer.
Then, he gets weary and leaves supplication aside.”
Allah I says,
“ Even those who are with Him are neither proud nor are they
weary (of His service) Al Ambiya 19
Abu Hurayrah narrated that the Messenger of Allah r said,
“Allah I answers one’s supplication as long as he does not show
impatience for the answer, by saying: I supplicated but there was no
answer.”
Among the conditions of supplication, as stated by Sahl Ibn Abdullah At-
Tastary (R.A.), are the following: entreaty, fear , hope, persistence,
submission, generality, and eating lawful food (as previously
mentioned).
Ibn Ata’ullah (R.A.) said,
“Supplication has pillars, wings, means and time. When the pillars
are kept erect, it will remain strong. When the wings are fixed it will
fly skyward. When it is performed on time it will pass with speed.
And when it has its means it will be complete. As for its pillars, they
are the consciousness of the heart, humility, humbleness and
submission. As for the wings they are truthfulness. The time is the
last hours of the night. And its means are to ask Allah I to bless the
Prophet Muhammad r and his household”.
It is said that there are four conditions for supplication:
1. To keep the thought of Allah I when alone.
2. To keep your tongue chaste when speaking to people.
3. To lower your gaze when confirmed by something unlawful.
4. To forbid your stomach from unlawful food.
MANNERS OF DU'A
1. Praising the name of Allah I and praying for the Prophet r:
On the authority of Fudalah t,
“The Prophet r heard a man supplicating Allah I in his prayer, but
did not pray for salutation on the Prophet r.”
The Prophet r said:
“This man hastened his prayer.” Then he called him and said to
him and to another, should anyone of you pray, let him start his
prayer with praising the name of Allah I, then supplicating for
the Prophet r then asking Allah for whatever he wants.”
Bukhari and Muslim
2. Thinking of Allah’s I mercy being all-encompassing:
Allah I said,
WA IDH SA’ALAKA `IBD• `ANN• FA’INN• QAR•B
UJ•BU DA`WATAD D`I IDH DA`N
“When My servants ask you concerning Me,
I am indeed close (to them): I listen to the prayer of
every supplicant when he calls on Me.”
Al Baqarah 186

On the authority of Abu Hurayrah t, the Messenger of Allah r said:
“ Ask Allah with conviction that He will respond to your Du'a.”
Ibn Al-Qayyim t said:
“Whoever contemplates this matter will know that hoping for the
best from Allah I is nothing but performing one’s deeds in the best
way. That is because performing deeds in the best way encourages
the servant to hope for the best from Allah I, that Allah I will
reward him and accept his deeds. Thus, the more the servant thinks
the best of Allah I, the better his deeds will be”.
3. Admitting one’s sins:
The best one can say in this respect is to recite the worthiest manner of
asking forgiveness of Allah I,
ALLHUMMA ANTA RABB• L ILHA ILL ANTA
KHALAQTAN• WA ANA `ABD¤KA WA ANA `AL
`AHDIKA WA WA` DIKA MASTA£A`TU A`¤DHU BIKA
MIN SHARRI M SANA`TU AB¤’U LAKA BI NI`MATIKA
`ALAYYA WA AB¤’U BIDHAMB• FAGHFIRL•
FA’INNAH¤ L YAGHFIRUDH-DHUN¤BA
ILL ANTA.
“O Allah! You are my Lord.
There is no god but You.
You have created me and I am Your servant.
I will do my best to keep my covenant and promise with You.
I seek refuge in You from the evil of what I have made.
I acknowledge Your favors on me and I acknowledge my sin.
Therefore, Forgive me, for none but You can forgive sins.”
4. Asking Allah I with firm will and seriousness:
On the authority of Anas ibn Malik t, the Messenger of Allah r
said:
“When any of you supplicates to Allah, he should do it with firm will
and should not say, ‘O Allah! Grant me if you will.’ For Allah does
what He wills and no one can force Him.”
á
5. Repeating one’s supplication three times:
On the authority of Ibn Mas’ud t, the Messenger of Allah r used to
order him to repeat his supplication three times and to ask for
forgiveness three times.”
6. Supplicating with Jawami’ul-Kalim (short, concise du’a):
‘Aishah y reported that the Messenger of Allah r used to supplicate
with these short du'a and also with other du'a.
7. During du'a, one should start with himself:
Allah I said,
QLA RABBIGH-FIRL• WA LI AKH• WA ADKHILN
F• RAMATIKA WA ANTA ARAMUR-RIM•N
‘(Musa prayed): “O my Lord! Forgive me and my brother!
Admit us to Your mercy!
For You are the Most Merciful of those who show mercy”’!
Al A’raf 151

Abbas reported from Ubai Ibn Ka’b who said when the Messenger of
Allah r mentioned someone in his du'a, he would start by supplicating
for himself first.”
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8. Observing humbleness and humility during du'a:
Allah I said,
UD`¤ RABBAKUM TAˆARRU`AW WAKHUFYAH.
INNAH¤ L YUIBBUL MU`TAD•N.
WA L TUFSID¤ FIL ’ARˆI BA`DA ISLIH
WAD`¤HU KHAWFAW WA £AMA`.
INNA RAMATAL-LHI QAR•BUM MINAL MUSIN•N
“Call on Your Lord with humility and in private
for God loves not those who trespass beyond bounds.
Do not spread mischief on the earth,
after it has been set in order,
but call on Him with fear and longing.
For the mercy of God is (always) near to those who do good”.
Al A’raf 55,56
9. The tone of the supplicant should neither be excessively
loud nor dictatorial, for one must be humble, and must
beg before Allah I
Abu Musa Al-Ash’ari t reported:
“We were going along with Allah’s Prophet r on a journey when the
people began to pronounce ‘Allah is the Greatest’ in a loud voice”.
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Thereupon Allah’s Messenger r said,
“O people, have mercy upon yourselves for you are not calling
One Who is deaf or absent. Verily you are calling One Who is
All-Hearing, the Ever-Beholding, (and) nearer to you than the
neck of your camel to you.”
10. The supplicant should end his du'a with saying Ameen:
Abu Muslih Al-Qarani (R.A.reported from Zuhair Al-Numiri t
“Once we went out along with the messenger of Allah r during the
night. We passed by a man who was earnestly invoking Allah I”.
Thereupon, the Prophet r stopped to hear what he was saying and
said:
“His du'a will be answered when he completes it properly.”
The Companions asked,
“With which should it be ended O Messenger of Allah r?”
The Prophet r replied,
“With saying Ameen. The people said to that man, “Say Ameen and
receive glad tidings.” Abu Dawud
OPTIMUM TIMES FOR DU'A
There are optimum times for du'a in which the majority of them are
answered. These are classified in respect of time and place.
As for time, it includes, time of Suhur (which is a part of the last third of
the night), at the time of breaking one’s fast, between the Adhan and
the Iqamah, between Zuhr and Asr Prayer, on Wednesday, in times of
distress, in traveling and disease, when it rains, in time of fighting in the
way of Allah I, when the night is at its darkest point, on Friday, when it
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is windy, the du'a of the oppressed person, the du'a of parents, during
gale, thunder and during prostration. All these cases are reported in
authentic Ahadith.
As for place, it includes land which one has not been visited before. A
pious person summed them up in the following poetic lines:
In Ka'bah, Arafah and Hijr
Allah answers people’s prayer
In Tawaaf, Sa’i and Zamzam
Allah also promised to answer
In Maqam and the target of stones
Prayers also will be better
In perfecting the manners of du'a, the Muslim can observe the times in
which du'a may be answered. This includes the following:
1. Laylatul-Qadr, (The night of divine decree):
Allah I said,
LAYLATUL QADRI KHAYRUM MIN ALFI SHAHR.
TANAZZALUL MAL’IKATU WAR-R¤U F•H
BI’IDHNI RABBIHIM MIN KULLI AMR.
SALMUN HIYA ATT MA£LA`IL FAJR.
“The night of power is better than a thousand months.
Therein descend angels and the spirit (Jibril)
with Allah’s permission, on every errand:
Peace! This until the rise of the (next) Morning.”
Al Qadr 3,5
When Aishah y asked the Prophet r what can she do if she knows the
night of Qadr? He said to her, Say,

ALLHUMMA INNAKA `AFUWWUN
TUIBBUL `AFWA FA`FU `ANN•

O Allah, You are the Forgiver and You love forgiveness,
so forgive me.”
Ahmad and Ibn Majah.
2. On The Day Of Arafah:
The Messenger of Allah r said,
“ The best of du'a is that which is made on the Day of ‘Arafah. And
the best which I and the Prophets r who preceded me have said is:
L ILHA ILLAL-LHU WADAH¤ L SHAR•KA
LAH¤ LAHUL MULKU WA LAHUL AMDU
WA HUWA `AL KULLI SHAY’IN QAD•R.
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“There is no god but Allah, He is One and has no partner.
To Him Sovereignty and praise belong
and He has power over all things.”
3. At Midnight:
Once the Messenger of Allah r was asked:
“What du'a is heard (by Allah I) most?”
He answered:
“At midnight and at the end of every Fardh (obligatory) prayer.”
Tirmidhi
4. Between The Adhan And The Iqamah:
The Messenger of Allah r said:
“Du'a between the Adhan and the Iqamah will never be rejected.”
Ibn Hibban.
5. During The Adhan, In War, And When It Rains:
On the authority of Sahl Ibn Sa’d t, ‘The Messenger of Allah r said,
“Two kinds of du'a will never be (or rarely be) rejected; those that
are made during the Adhan and in war when soldiers are in
combat”
The Messenger of Allah r also said,
“Two du'a will never be rejected; during the Adhan and when it
rains.” Sahih Al Jami’ Al Saghir
6. On Friday:
The Messenger of Allah r said :
“Friday is twelve hours, of which there is an hour in which if a Muslim
asks for something, it will surely be given to him. So, seek it in the
final hour after Asr (i.e. Just before the sun sets).” Al Jami’ Al Saghir
7. When Hearing the Crowing of the Cockerel:
The Messenger of Allah r said:
“When you listen to the braying of donkeys, seek refuge in Allah I
from the Satan. And when you listen to the crowing of the cockerel,
ask Allah I for His Favour for it sees angels.”
8. When by the Recently Deceased:
Ummu Salamah t reported that: The Messenger of Allah r entered
the home of Abu Salamah t (who had just died). Abu Salamah’s t
eyes were wide open. The prophet r closed them, and said,
“When the soul is taken away the sight follows it.”
Some people of his family wept and wailed. So he said,
“Do not supplicate for yourselves anything but good, for the angels
say ‘Ameen; to what you say.”
The Messenger of Allah r then supplicated,
ALLHUM-MAGHFIR LI (FULN) (REPLACE WITH
DEAD PERSONS NAME)
WARFA` DARAJATAH¤ FIL MAHDIYY•N.
WAKHLUFH¤ F• `AQABIH• FIL GHBIR•N.
WAGHFIRLAN WA LAH¤ Y RABBAL `LAM•N.
WAFSA LAH¤ F• QABRIH• WA NAWWIR LAH¤ F•H.
‘O Allah, forgive this person (in this case Abu Salamah),
raise his status among those who are rightly guided,
grant him a successor amongst his descendants who remain.
Forgive us and him, O Lord of the universe and make
his grave spacious, and grant him light in it.”
9. When One Drinks From Zamzam Water:
Ibn Abbas t used to say, when he drank Zamzam water;

ALLHUMMA INN• AS’ALUKA `ILMAN NFI`AW
WA RIZQAW WSI`AW WA SHIF`AM MIN KULLI D`
O Allah! I ask you a knowledge which is of benefit to me,
affluent provision and a cure from every disease.

The Prophet r said,
“Surely, drinking Zamzam water avails man in whatever he intends
thereby.”
Bukhari and Muslim
10. Du'a Is Also Recommended In The Following:
A. After opening Takbir of Prayer
Upon commencing one’s prayer one can read the following du’a.
WAJJAHTU WAJHIYA LILLADH• FA£ARAS-SAMWTI
WAL `ARˆA AN•FAM MUSLIMAW WA M ANA
MINAL MUSHRIK•N. INNA SALT• WA NUSUK•
WA MAYYA WA MAMT• LILLHI RABBIL `LAM•N.
L SHAR•KA LAH¤ WA BI DHLIKA UMIRTU
WA ANA MINAL MUSLIM•N. ALLHUMMA ANTAL
MALIKU L ILHA ILL ANT. ANTA RABB•
WA ANA `ABDUKA ¨ALAMTU NAFS• WA`TARAFTU
BI DHAMB• FAGHFIR DHUN¤B• JAM•`.
INNAH¤ L YAGHFIRUDH-DHUN¤BA ILL ANTA.
LABBAYKA WA SA`DAYKA WAL KHAYRU KULLUH¤ F• YADAYKA
WASH-SHARRU LAYSA ILAYKA ANA BIKA WA ILAYKA.
TABRAKTA WA TA`LAYTA. ASTAGHFIRUKA
WA AT¤BU ILAYK.

“(As a true Muslim) I direct my attention toward
the One Who created the heavens and earth,
and I am not one of the idolaters.
Verily my prayer, my devotion, my life and
my death are for Allah, Lord of the worlds.
He has no partner.
That is what I have been charged with,
and I am the first among Muslims.
O Allah You are the Sovereign,
there is no god but You.
You are my Lord and I am Your slave
I have done injustice to myself,
and admit my wrong, so forgive me all my sins.
No one but You can forgive sins.
I am present and ready to obey.
All good is in Your hands, and evil is not of You.
I am of You and (will return) unto You.
You are Blessed and Exalted.
I seek Your forgiveness and unto You I repent.”
Muslim
ALLHUMMA B`ID BAYN• WA BAYNA KHA£YYA
KAM B`ATTA BAYNAL MASHRIQI WAL MAGHRIB.
ALLHUMMA NAQQIN• MIN KHA£YYA KAM
YUNAQQATH-THAWBUL ABYAˆU MINAD-DANAS.
ALLHUM-MAGHSILN• MIN KHA£YYA
BITH-THALJI WAL M’I WAL BARAD.
“O Allah! Distance me from my sins as You
have distanced the East from the West.
O Allah! Cleanse me of my sins as a
white cloth is cleansed of dirt.
O Allah! Wash me of my sins with water, ice and hail”
Muslim
B. The Du'a Of Qunut (Du'a Of Obedience):
ALLHUM-MAHDIN F• MAN HADAYT.
WA A`£IN F• MAN A`£AY£.
WA TAWALLAN F• MAN TAWALLAYT.
FA INNAKA SUBNAKA TAQˆ• WA L YUQˆ `ALAYK.
FA ’INNAH¤ L YA`IZZU MAN `DAYT.
WA L YADHILLU MAW-WLAYT.
TABRAKTA RABBAN WA TA`LAYT.
WA SALLAL-LHU `AL SAYYIDIN MUAMMAD.
“O Lord! Lead us to the true faith with those you have guided.
Shower Your Favors on us with those
You have showered (with favors).
Protect us with those You have protected.
You decree and none decree against You.
No one is rewarded to whom You show enmity, none
who is in Your care is brought down.
O Lord! You are Most Blessed, Most Exalted.
May Allah’s prayer be upon our Master Muhammad.”
C. When One Raises Himself From The Bowing Position:

SAMI`AL-LHU LIMAN AMIDAH.
RABBNA WALAKAL AMDU MIL’UL `ARˆI
WA MIL’U M SHI’TA MIN SHAY’IM BA`D.
“May Allah hear to those who praise Him.
O Lord, may Your praises fill the earth,
and fill whatever else remains to be filled after that.”
Muslim
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ALLHUMMA RABBNA WALAKAL AMDU
MAL’UL ’ARˆI WA MAL’U M SHI’TA MIN
SHAY’IN BA`DU.
AHLUTH-THAN’I WAL MAJD.
AAQQU M QLAL `ABDU WA KULLUN
LAKA `IBDUN. ALLHUMMA L MNI`A
LI M A`£AYT WA L MU`£IYA LIM MANA`TA.
WA L YANFA`U DHAL JADDI MINKAL JADD.
“O Lord, may Your praises fill the earth and fill
whatever else remains to be filled after that.
You alone are deserving of praise and majesty.
The most truthful thing any servant ever said
(and we are all Your servants) is: There is no one to withhold
what You give, and no one can give what You withhold.
And no wealthy person’s wealth will avail him with You.”
Muslim
D. During Bowing (ruku):
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ALLHUMMA LAKA RAKA`TU WA BIKA MANTU
WA LAKA ASLAMTU. KHASHA`A LAKA SAM `•
WA BASAR• WA MUKH-KH• WA `ASAB•.
O Lord, for You I have made Ruku’ and in You I have
placed my faith, and to You I have committed myself.
My ears, my eyes, my mind and my nerves
have humbled themselves before You.”
Muslim

E. During Prostration (Sajdah)
The Messenger of Allah r said:
“The nearest a servant comes to his Lord is when he is prostrating
himself, so supplicate Your Lord much (in this state).”
ALLHUMMA LAKA SAJADTU WA BIKA MANTU WALAKA
ASLAMTU. SAJADA WAJH• LILLADH• KHALAQAH¤ WA
SAWWARAH¤ WA SHAQQA SAM`AH¤ WA BASARAH.
TABRAKAL-LHU ASANUL KHLIQ•N.
“Our Lord, for You I have made prostration,
and in You I have placed my faith,
and to You I have committed myself.
My face lies prostrated before the One Who created it,
fashioned it and opened within it its
sense of hearing and its sight.
Exalted is Allah, the Best of creators.”
Muslim
F. Between The Two Prostrations:

RABBIGH-FIRL• WARAMN• WA AJIRN•
WA WAFFAQAN• WARZUKN• WAHDIN•.
“O Lord! Forgive me, have mercy upon me, protect me,
make me successful, provide for me and guide me.”
Baihaqi
G. After Making Tashahhud And Before Ending The Prayer
(saying Peace Be Unto You):

ALLHUMMA INN• A`¤DHU BIKA MIN `ADHBIL QABRI.
WA A`¤DHU BIKA MIN FITNATIL MAS•ID-DAJJL.
WA A`¤DHU BIKA MIN FITNATIL MAY WAL MAMT.
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ALLHUMMA INN• A`¤DHU BIKA MINAL
MA’THAMI WAL MAGHRAM.
“O Allah! I seek refuge in You from the chastisement of the grave.
I seek refuge in You from the trial of Al-Masih Al-Dajjal.
I seek refuge in You from the trial of life and death.
O Lord I seek refuge in You from sin and debt.”
H. When Reciting The Glorious Qur’an During The Prayer:
Allah I prohibited His servants to recite the Glorious Qur’an during
bowing (Ruku’) or prostration (Sajdah). Ibn ‘Abbas t reported that
when the Messenger of Allah r was in his death disease, he drew the
sheet while the people were arranged into rows behind Abu Bakr t
and said:
“O people, nothing is left from the glad tidings of the
Prophethood except a good vision which the Muslim sees. I am
forbidden to recite the Qur’an while I am bowing or prostrating.
As for Ruku’ glorify Allah during it, and during Sajdah earnestly
supplicate Allah I during it for it is optimum time to be answered
in.” Muslim.
Among situations in which Du'a is answered are the following:
11. The Oppressed:
In a Hadith Qudsi (Divine Hadith), the following is mentioned,
“O My servants, I have forbidden oppression for Myself and have
made it forbidden for you. So do not oppress one another.”
Anas Ibn Malik t reported that the Messenger of Allah r said:
“Beware of the du'a of the oppressed, even if he is an unbeliever,
since there is no screen between it and Allah I.”
12.The Pilgrim, The Warrior (in The Way Of Allah I) And
The One Who Performs Umrah:
Ibn ‘Umar t reported that the Messenger of Allah r said,
“The warrior strives in the way of Allah I, and those who perform
Hajj or Umrah are the deputies of Allah I. He called them and they
answered His call. They asked from Him and He gave them.”
13.The Du'a Of The Muslim For His Fellow Muslim In His
Absence:
Abu Al-Darda’ t reported that the Messenger of Allah r said that,
“For every believing servant who supplicates for his brother in his
absence the angels say, ‘May you receive the same’.”
14.The Du'a of the traveler and the parents:
Abu Hurayrah t reported that the Messenger of Allah r said,
“Three types of du'a will surely be answered; the du'a of the
oppressed, the traveler and that of the parents on (for or against) his
children.”
Tirmidhi
RECOMMENDED SUPPLICATIONS IN VARIOUS
SITUATIONS
Du'a connects man with his Lord and shelters him with Divine
protection, kindness and care. Du'a is the essence of worship. It is the
intimate companion in times of loneliness and the light in darkness. By
means of du'a, Allah I removes the calamity and improves the affairs
of the individual and the Ummah (nation). It is the spirit of all virtuous
deeds and the protective shields against the evils of men and jinn.
Therefore, the Messenger of Allah r had taught us various
supplications for all times and situations; when getting up, going to
bed, in seclusion, in open, in traveling, in dwelling, at night, at day,
upon seeing a new moon, at the last hours of the night, etc.
Thus it is imperative for one to become acquainted with the following
illustrative supplications of the Prophet Muhammad r to benefit from
them.
When getting up
ALAMDU LILLHIL LADH• AYN BA`DA M
AMTAN WA ILAYHIN NUSH¤R.
All praise be to Allah Who has given us life after death
and to Him is the physical resurrection.
Bukhari
ALAMDU LILLHIL LADH• RADDA `ALAYYA R¤•
WA `FN• F• JASAD• WA ’ADHINA L• BI DHIKRIH•

Praise be to Allah Who has returned my soul to me,
and revitalized my body, and allowed me to remember Him.
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L ILHA ILL ANTA SUBNAK.
ALLHUMMA ASTAGHFIRUKA LIDHAMB•
WA AS’ALUKA RAMATAK. ALLHUMMA ZIDN• `ILMAW
WA L TUZIGH QALB• BA`DA IDH HADAYTAN• WAHAB
L• MIL-LADUNKA RAMAH. INNAKA ANTAL WAHHB.
There is no god but You. Glory be to You.
O Lord! I ask You forgiveness for all my sins
and I ask You Your mercy.
O Lord! increase me in knowledge and let not
my heart deviate now after You have guided me,
but grant me mercy;
for You are of bounties without measure.
Abu Dawud
WHEN HEARING THE ADHAN (THE CALL TO PRAYER)
1 - On the authority of Abu Sa’id Al-Khudri t who said that the
Messenger of Allah r said,
“Whenever you hear the Adhan, repeat what the muadh-dhin is
saying.”
2 - On the authority of ‘Abdullah Ibn ‘Amr Ibn Al-’Aas t that he heard
the Messenger of Allah r say,
“When you hear the muadh-dhin, repeat what he says and then ask
Allah I to bless me. Whoever asks Allah I to bless me once will
receive ten blessings from Him. Then ask Allah I to grant me Al
Wasilah, which is a special position in Paradise, which only one
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servant of Allah I can attain. Would that I am one. He who asks
Allah I to grant me Al-Wasilah will be entitled to my intercession
(on the day of judgement).”
Bukhari and Muslim.
3. On the authority of Jabir Ibn ‘Abdullah t who said that the
Messenger of Allah r said,
“Whoever says when he hears the Adhan”,
ALLHUMMA RABBA HDHIHID-DA`WATIT
TMMATI WAS-SALTIL Q’IMAH.
TI MUAMMADA NIL WAS•LATA WAL FAˆ•LATA
WAB`ATH-H¤ MAQMAM MAM¤DA NIL-LADH• WA`ADTAH.
‘Allah! Lord of this perfect call,
and the prayer about to be performed;
grant to Muhammad Al-Wasilah and excellence,
and raise him up to a praised position
(interceding on behalf of his followers on the Day of Judgement),
one which You Promised to him,’
will be entitled to my intercession on the Day of Judgement.”
Muslim.

4. On the authority of Sa’d Ibn Abi Waqqas t who said that the
Messenger of Allah r said,
“ Whoever says when he hears the muadh-dhin,
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ASH-HADU ALL ILHA ILLAL-LHU WADAH¤ L SHAR•KA
LAH¤ WA ANNA MUAMMADAN `ABDUH¤ WA RAS¤LUH.
RAˆ•TU BILLHI RABBAW WA BI
MUAMMADIN RAS¤LAWWA BIL ISLMI D•N.

I testify that there is no god but Allah, the One,
Who has no partner and I testify that Muhammad is
His servant and Messenger.
I am satisfied with Allah as my Lord, Muhammad as
my Messenger and Islam as my religion
...Will have his sins forgiven”
Bukhari
It has been reported in Bukhari and Muslim on the authority of Abu
Ayyub Ansari, t that the Prophet r has mentioned of the person who
recites the following du`a:
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BISMILLHIR-RAMNIR-RA•M
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ALLHUMMA SALLI `AL SAYYIDIN MUAMMADIW-
WA `AL ’LI SAYYIDIN MUAMMADIW-WA BRIK WA
SALLIM L ILHA ILL ANTA SUBNAKA WA BIAMDIKA
RABBI `AMILTU S¤’AW-WA ¨ALAMTU NAFS• FA TUB
`ALAYYA INNAKA ANTAT-TAWWBUR-RA•M.
S
(DU`A) ALLHUM-MARZUQN• UBBAKA WA UBBA
MAY YUIBBUKA. WA UBBA KULLA `AMALIY
YUQARRIBUN• IL UBBIK. WAJ`AL UBBAKA
AABBA ILAYYA MINAL M’IL BRID.
In the name of Allah, Most Beneficient, Most Merciful.
SUBNAL WIDIL AAD.
SUBNAL FARDIS-SAMAD.
SUBNA MAR-RFA`AS SAM’I BI GHAYRI `AMAD.
SUBNA MAM BASATAL ARˆA`AL M’IN JAMAD.
SUBNA MAN KHALAQAL KHALQA FA’ASHUM `ADAD.
SUBNA MAN QASSAMAR RIZQA WA LAM YANSA ’AAD.
SUBNAL-LADH• LAM YATTAKHIDH IBATAW-WA
L WALAD.
SUBNAL-LADHI LAM YALID WA LAM Y¤LAD
WA LAM YAKUL-LAH¤ KUFUWAN ‘AAD.
O Allah send Your salutations upon our master Muhammad
and upon the family (and followers) of Muhammad,
and (send Your) blessings and peace.
There is no god but You, glorified are You, and all praise is Yours.
My Lord, i have performed wrong, and i have oppressed myself.
Forgive me. You alone are the Forgiving, the Merciful.
Glorified be He who is the one unequaled.
Glorified be He who is independent of all things
(yet all things depend upon Him)
Glorified be He who has lifted the sky without the use of pillars.
Glorified be He who has laid out the earth firm on water.
Glorified be He who has created the entire creation
and has counted all.
Glorified be He who distributes sustenance without
neglecting anyone (or anything).
Glorified be He who has no partner or son.
Glorified be He who neither begets nor is He begotten
nor does He have an equal.
O Allah grant me Your love and the love of those who love You,
And the love of those things which bring me closer to your
love And make Your love more cherished by me
than cold water (in immense heat)
In a Qudsi Hadith, Allah the Almighty has said:
“ O son of Adam,
so long as you call upon Me and ask of Me,
I shall forgive you for what you have done,
and I shall not mind.
O son of Adam, were your sins to reach the clouds
of the sky and were you then to ask forgiveness of Me,
I would forgive you.
O son of Adam, were you to come to Me with
sins nearly as great as the earth and were you then
to face Me, ascribing no partner to Me,
I would bring you forgiveness nearly as great as it. “

OPTIMUM TIMES FOR DU`A.....................................................26 LAYLATUL-QADR (THE NIGHT OF DIVINE DECREE)...................27 ON THE DAY OF ARAFAH...........................................................28 AT MIDNIGHT.............................................................................29 BETWEEN THE ADHAN AND THE IQAMAH...............................29 DURING THE ADHAN, IN WAR AND WHEN IT RAINS...............29 ON FRIDAY..................................................................................29 WHEN HEARING THE CROWING OF THE COCKEREL..............30 WHEN BY THE RECENTLY DECEASED.........................................30 WHEN ONE DRINKS FROM ZAM ZAM WATER..........................31 AFTER OPENING TAKBIR OF PRAYER..........................................31 THE DU`A QUNOT (DU`A OF OBEDIENCE)..............................34 WHEN ONE RAISES HIMSELF FROM THE BOWING POSITION.35 DURING BOWING (RUKU)........................................................36 DURING PROSTRATION (SAJDAH).............................................37 BETWEEN THE TWO PROSTRATIONS........................................38 AFTER MAKING TASHAHHUD AND BEFORE ENDING THE PRAYER (SAYING PEACE BE UNTO YOU)....................................38 WHEN RECITING THE GLORIOUS QUR’AN DURING THE PRAYER........................................................................................39 THE OPPRESSES..........................................................................39 THE PILGRIM, THE WARRIOR (IN THE WAY OF ALLAH I ) AND THE ONE WHO PERFORMS UMRAH..........................................40 THE DU`A OF THE MUSLIM FOR HIS FELLOW MUSLIM IN HIS ABSENSE......................................................................................40 THE DU`A OF THE TRAVELER AND THE PARENTS.....................40 RECOMMENDED SUPPLICATIONS IN VARIOUS SITUATIONS...40 WHEN GETTING UP ....................................................................41 WHEN HEARING THE ADHAN (THE CALL TO PRAYER).............42

BISMILLHIR-RAMNIR-RA•M

In The Name Of Allah Most Gracious Most Merciful

INTRODUCTION

WA IDH SA’ALAKA `IBD• `ANN• FA’INN• QAR•B UJ•BU DA`WATAD-D`I IDH DA`N FAL YASTAJ•B¤ L• WALYU’MIN¤ B• LA`ALLAHUM YARSHUD¤N

When My servants ask You concerning Me, I am indeed close (to them): I listen to the prayer of every supplicant when he calls Me. Let them also, with a will, listen to My call, and believe in Me, so that they may walk on the right way.
Al Baqarah 186

QUL M YA`-BA’U BIKUM RABB• LAWL DU-` ’UKUM

Say “(O rejecters) My Lord is not concerned if you do not worship Him”.
Al Furqan 77

On the authority of Anas t who said I heard the Messenger of Allah r saying, Allah I the Almighty has said: “O son of Adam, as long as you call upon Me, I shall forgive you for what you have done, and I shall not mind. O son of Adam, were your sins to reach the clouds of the sky and were you then to ask forgiveness of Me, I would forgive you. O son of Adam, were you to come to Me with sins as great as the earth and were you then to face Me, ascribing no partner to Me, I would grant you forgiveness as great as it”. Imam Shafi’ said: You belittle to supplicate And ignore its fruit It is like an arrow, great But! Night’s arrows do not fail It has a definite span That is duly faint

SUPPLICATION
Praise be to Allah I, we thank Him, seek His Help and His Forgiveness. We seek refuge in Allah I from the evils of ourselves and that of our bad deeds. He whom Allah I guides, is truly guided, and he whom Allah I leaves to stray, none can guide him. I bear witness that there is no god but Allah I , besides Him no other partner is and I bear witness that Muhammad r is His Messenger. When one is in suffering, or is befallen by catastrophe; when one is estranged and despondent and ultimately frustrated: then one unconsciously seeks the One Whose mercy is all-embracing. He is more Merciful than a mother to her child. His is the refuge we seek. It is He Who hears the weeping of the oppressed and accepts those who repent to Him. He showers His bounties and His blessings upon them.

He feels in companionship with the Ever-lasting Power. It is also a response to the Order of Allah I as He says.. When My servants ask You concerning Me. Let them also. a believer should earnestly invoke Allah I and concentrate solely on Him as stated in the following ayah: AMMAY YUJ•BUL MUˆ£ARRA IDH DA`HU WA YAKSHIFUS S¤’A WA YAJ`ALUKUM KHULAF’AL-ARˆ. I am indeed close (to them): I listen to the prayer of every supplicant when he calls Me. . and makes you inheritors of the earth? Is there another god besides Allah? Little indeed is what you heed! An Naml 62 He should also humbly supplicate to Allah I with devout words and sincere determination.. The soul then enjoys the light of its Lord and a believer feels ease and safety that permeates in his veins and throughout his body. so that they may walk on the right way.Thus. Du'a constitutes worship as the prophet r has expressed. and believe in Me. with a will. listen to My call. humbleness. and is an expression of a need for the One in Whose Hand is the authority over everything. . A’ILHUM MA`AL-LH. that he is newly born and that Allah I is close to him.(He) Who listens to the distressed when they call on Him. and Who relieves their suffering. Al Baqarah186 Thus. QAL•LAM M TADHAKKAR¤N. That is because Du'a means servility.

he will shun all sources of help other than Allah I.” Then he recited the saying of Allah I the Almighty. Allah I ordered us to make du'a: .in humiliation! Ghafir 60 By making du'a. “Du'a is worship. That is because. in fact it is one of the most honorable and glorious forms of worship.. entreat Him for His Mercy of treasures and His generosity. success becomes a reality. “And your lord says: ‘Call on Me. I will answer your (prayer): but those who are too arrogant to serve Me will surely find themselves in Hell . wishes and aims are achieved. This is the essence of worship and the secret of obedience. du'a is a form of worship. On the authority of Nu’man Ibn Bashir t who said that the prophet r said.” Therefore. seek His protection. He will approach the Door of his Lord.And your Lord says: WA QLA RABBUKU-MUD`¤N• ASTAJIB LAKUM INNAL-LADH•NA YASTAKBIR¤NA `AN `•BDAT• SAYAD-KHUL¤NA JAHANNAMA DKHIR•N ‘Call on Me. when the servant truly believes that Allah I is the only One Who is the Most Deserving to be asked and sought.. I will answer your (prayer).

. If not. “Allah I created mankind. then He said. “Entreat Me. If not. Al Mu’minun 76 Sahl Ibn ‘Abdullah t said. and Who relieves their suffering. but they humbled not themselves to their Lord.. set yourselves before My Door. saying: WA LAQAD AKHADHNHUM BIL `ADHBI FAMAS-TAKN¤ LIRABBIHIM WA M YATAˆARRA`¤N We inflicted punishment on them.. look towards Me.” Allah I said : AMMAY-YUJ•BUL MUˆ£ARRA IDH DA`HU WA YAKSHIFUS-S¤’ . An Naml 62 . If not. listen to me..UD`¤ RABBAKUM TAˆARRU`AN WA KHUFYAH Call on your Lord with humility and in privacy. If not.(He) Who listens to the distressed when they call on Him. ask Me of your needs. Al A’raf 55 He also reproached the people who do not make du'a. nor do they submissively entreat (Him).

a pillar of religion.The Prophet r gave glad tidings to a man who was inspired with du'a so that he would be among those who would receive the Mercy of Allah I: he said : “If the gates of du'a are opened by man. Allah I is Ever-Merciful and Ever-Generous to the extent that when man lifts his hands skyward (invoking Allah I). And the most beloved thing for which Allah I loves to be asked is safety. He dislikes replying without rewarding him.” Hakim The Prophet r also said : “Do not feel hopeless with du'a as nobody can perish with du'a.” Abu Ya’la The Prophet r also gave glad tidings to the person who supplicates to Allah I so that his supplication would be answered and that his approach towards Allah I would be accepted. the gates of mercy will be opened before him.” Tirmidhi and Hakim The supplicant also received glad tidings from the Prophet r that Allah I would keep him safe and he would have the privilege of du’a being a weapon to fight the enemies and defend himself with: “Du'a is a weapon of a believer. The Prophet r explained also how the answer for du’a can be .” Ibn Hibban and Hakim He also said : “Would I guide you to what would protect you against your enemies and bring you provision?’ ‘Supplicate to Allah I by day and night for supplication is the weapon of a believer. and a light of the heavens and the Earth.

my Lord.’ ‘Did you not call on Me on the day of such and such to meet your need but it seemed that I did not reply to you. Abu Ya’la and Hakim The Prophet r explained how the answer of a Du'a is good in all its forms even if it appears as though they were not answered. ‘Did you not call on Me to meet your need and I did.or He delays its reward to the Hereafter.” The Prophet r replied. “I gave it to you in worldly life. The Prophet r said: “On the day of judgement. Allah I will add. Thus his du’a is ultimately beneficial for him.’ The servant will say. The answer. The Prophet r said: “If a Muslim invokes Allah I for other than sin or the severing of relations.achieved.’ The servant will say. The Companions said. ‘O My servant. ‘I compensated such and such for you in Paradise.’ The servant will say.” Ahmad.’ Allah I will say. Allah I will call a believer until he stands before Him.’ Allah I will say. “Allah I will reward you greatly. Allah I in turn responds to his Du'a in one of three ways. is good for the supplicant.” The Messenger of Allah r said.’ Allah I will say. ‘I gave it you in the worldly life. whether spontaneous or delayed. Did you not call upon Me on the day of such and such to relieve your calamity and I did?’The servant will say. I have commanded you to call upon Me and have promised to answer you. ‘Yes my Lord.’ Allah I will say. Bazzar. ‘Yes my Lord. ‘Yes my Lord. “ We will then supplicate often. or He removes a calamity from him that equals his Du'a (in magnitude).’ Allah I will add. ‘Yes. ‘Whenever you called upon Me I answered you. either He accepts it (and grants what was asked for).’ Allah I will say. ‘Yes my Lord. “ Allah I will never leave out any supplication of a believer unless He wil . ‘I compensated such and such for you in Paradise. Did you truly call upon Me?’ He (the servant) will say. ‘Did you not call upon Me on the day of such and such to relieve your calamity but it seemed that I did not reply to you.

“Nothing prevents predestination except du'a. should make frequent du'a in prosperity. either He will give it to him in worldly life or delay it in the Hereafter. du’a is an enemy to calamity. Ibn Hibban and Hakim These ahadith and others indicate that du’a is one of the most powerful means in preventing a calamity.e. It confronts. The Prophet r said : “Precaution can never prevent predestination.” Tirmidhi The Prophet r guided us to the way of answering du'a. or weakens the calamity as mentioned in the previous hadith which indicated that du’a has three stages with calamity: . a confrontation between them will take place until the Day of Judgement.expound this for him through the following. ‘I wish I was given nothing of my du'a in this world. the believer will say. A calamity may have descended from heaven when du'a meets it. prevents. He r said. and nothing lengthens age except righteousness. i.. “Whoever desires to have his du'a accepted by Allah I in adversity.” Hakim Du'a prevents calamities and lightens Allah’s I will through Allah’s I will.” Tirmidhi and Hakim “Nothing is more beloved to Allah I than du'a in prosperity. continuous request to Allah I in every time.” Tirmidhi. Ibn Majah. Consequently. Tibarani and Hakim He also said. Thereupon.” Bazzar. Du'a surely avails in regards to what has already taken place (in terms of seeking forgiveness) and what has not yet come to pass (in terms of asking for favours).

It may be weak.1. but Du'a may weaken its effects. Ii. Du'a may miss the answer for the following reasons: i. Allah I Almighty has said. Du'a may be stronger than calamity so it prevents its occurrence. Du'a may be weaker than a calamity. “Invoke Allah I with full conviction that He will accept your invocation and know that Allah I never accepts the invocation of a heedless heart. Consuming of Haram (Unlawful). A confrontation between both may take place until each one prevents the other. It would never reach the target. it includes something that is abhorred by Allah I such as aggression. in his Mustadrak. e.” iii. Abu Hurairah who said the Prophet r said.g. Therefore. Hakim reported. The unconsciousness and inattentiveness of the heart at the time of du'a. Consuming unlawful food. It is reported in Sahih Muslim on the authority of Abu Hurairah t that . surely Allah I the Almighty is good and accepts only that which is good. weakens the strength of du'a. in the same manner. 3. ‘O You Messengers! Eat of the good things and do right. 2. In this case it would be like an arrow which is shot from a soft bow.’ And Allah I the Almighty has said.” “O people. However. the Messenger of Allah r said. then the latter would occur. Then he mentioned (the . committing sins. du'a is a useful remedy for illness but the heedlessness of one’s heart turns it null and void. the indulgence in prohibited amusement and the hardened heart that shies from remembering Allah I. ‘O you who believe! eat of the good things wherewith we have provided you. Allah I has commanded the faithful to do that which He commanded the Messengers.

having journeyed far. and his livelihood was acquired unlawfully.. the word du'a has many meanings: 1... Al Baqarah 23 3. So how could his du'a be answered!” THE MEANINGS OF THE WORD DU'A In the Glorious Qur’an.case of) a man who. is disheveled and dusty and who spreads out his hands to the sky (saying). Seeking help: Allah I says : WAD`¤ SHUHAD’AKUM MIN D¤NIL-LH And call help from your witnesses or helpers (If there are any) besides God.. ‘O Lord! O Lord! While his food and drink were unlawful. Yunus 106 2. Asking for something to be done: Allah I says : WA QLA RABBUKU-MUD`¤N• ASTAJIB-LAKUM . his clothing unlawful. Worship: Allah I says : WA LTAD`U MIN-DUNIL-LHI ML YANFA`UKA WA LYAˆURRUKA And do not worship any other than God. such will neither profit thee nor hurt thee.

Calling: Allah I says : YAWMA YAD`¤KUM FASTAJ•B¤NA BIAMDIHI It will be on a Day when He will Call you. O God.. or Praise Rahman. the meaning of Du'a according to the Shari’ah is.. and to acquire what you need and wish. Ask from Me. Praise Allah. “To entreat Allah I.. I will answer your prayer... Saying: Allah I says : DA`WHUM F•H SUBNAKAL-LHUMMA their Cry therein will be saying “Glory be to Thee..” . and you will answer (His call) with His praise. asking Him with sincerity.” Al Isra’ 110 6.And your Lord commands. to grant the good things which He has created. Al Isra’ 52 5... Praising: Allah I says : QULID`UL-LHA AWID`UR-RAMN “Say.” Yunus 10 However. Ghafir 60 4.

” Ahmad Salman t related that the Prophet r said. “Whoever invokes Allah I to have something. .SUPPLICATION AND FATE Supplication is the closest form of worship to Allah I. due to sins.” Concerning this the Prophet r said. A man loses what he has (or can gain). or will remove some evil which is impending unless he asks for the committing of a sin or to severe the ties of kinship”. Supplication affect what is predestined. Allah I will surely give him what he asks for. “Destiny can only be deterred by supplication. I will never get it. we can notice the benefits and values of supplication. but it is also a useful means in deterring misfortunes and attaining future favours. but supplication can do so providing that you continue supplicating to Allah I. Some people may ask.” Ibn Majah and Ahmad Mu'adh Ibn Jabal t relates that the Prophet r said. what is the benefit of supplication if what I ask for is already predetermined? I will surely get it and if it is not predestined. Muslim Thus.” Thawban t narrated that the Prophet r said : “Righteous deeds increase one’s lifespan. “Cautiousness can never affect fate. Abu Hurairah t narrated that the Prophet r said : “ The most beloved worship to Allah I is supplication. Not only is it an act of worship that entails reward.

“I am escaping Allah’s I Will to enter Allah’s I Will.“ Allah I said (regarding taking precautions): “Taking all precautions.Ibn Al-Qayyim (R. “Allah I has intended something for us and desired us to do . someone asked him. doing righteous deeds. is a means for long life.” Ja’far t also said. as mentioned in the above hadith. Just as a shield is a means to protect one’s body from a sword and water is a vital means for cultivation. Thus. Once the means has been achieved the goal will follow and all are destined to Allah I . “The benefit of supplication is to attain reward because of obedience or because our request may be conditional upon our supplication since Allah I is the Creator of means. to believe in destiny does not mean to put your weapon aside.A) answered. It is related that when Umar Ibn Al-Khattab t had refused to enter a town afflicted by the plague. “Of the requirements of destiny is to invoke Allah I for deterring some affliction. and bearing arms” An Nisa 102 In this respect Ibn Hajr (R. Umar t replied. “If we follow the aforementioned approach we will neglect all kinds of means. if he were intending to try to escape Allah’s I Will. What is the benefit of food if satiety is predestined? What is the benefit of having sexual intercourse with one’s wife if a child is predestined?” Al-Ghazali (R. so too is supplication a means to deter affliction.” Thus.A) said.A) said.

” One’s hands should be open and raised to shoulder/chest level. “When supplicating to Allah. He never returns the hands of a slave without gain. This is because Malik Ibn Yasir t narrated that the Messenger of Allah r said. entails his wrath. “ Ask Allah I to give you what you need even if you want to have your shoes repaired. raised his hands so high that he saw the white (flesh) of his armpits. O why are we preoccupied with what he has intended and leave the other aside. once. and Generous.” Thabit Al-Bunani (R. the former has been hidden but the latter clarified.) added to these above hadith the following .” It is considered as akin to arrogance and independence from Allah I. face your palms upwards not down.” Allah I. orders us to supplicate to Him otherwise we will entail His wrath. Abu Hurayrah t narrated that the messenger of Allah r said.” Salman t narrated that the Messenger of Allah r said.” HOW TO SUPPLICATE Anas t narrated that the Prophet r. Anas t narrated that the Prophet r said. . “ Even if you need salt and want to have your shoes repaired. as if the person neglecting du’a tries to exalt himself above Allah I.A. “Whoever does not supplicate to Allah I .” It is also recommended to face the direction of prayer (Qiblah) when supplicating.something. “ Your Lord is Most Honorable.

if you are truthful” Al A’raf 194 The Prophet r also recommended his young cousin.CONDITIONS OF SUPPLICATION The following are necessary conditions for one to adopt to have one’s supplication accepted. “And they have been commanded no more than this: to worship Allah. ask Allah I and when you seek help. “O little one! If Allah I is always in your thoughts He will protect you and you will always find Him with you.” Al Bayyinah 5 Say: “Call upon besides Him.” 2. SINCERITY Allah I said.” Al Isra’ 56 “Verily those whom you call upon. being true (in faith). Ibn Abbas t said. Abdullah Ibn Abbas t to adopt the following manner. (call upon them). 1. whoever you want: they will have neither the power to remove your troubles from you nor to change them. Allah I the Almighty is good and accepts only that . When you ask. offering him sincere devotion. “One day I was riding behind the Prophet r when he said to me. and let them answer your prayer. “O people. EATING LAWFUL FOOD Abu Hurayrah t narrated that the Messenger of Allah r said. seek help from Allah I.

. of the conditions of supplication to be acceptable. Then he (the messenger) mentioned the incident of a man who. If one were to be careless in this. “Because his food is unlawful. his clothing is unlawful.” Thus. as Allah I has openly declared His contempt and disownment of this. and who spreads out his hands to the sky. ‘O You who believe! Eat of the good that We have provided you’.which is good. He had instructed them: ‘O Messengers! Eat of the good things. is disheveled and dusty. having journeyed far. “O Lord! May You answer Your slave”. “O Sa’id eat lawful food so that your supplication will be accepted. or if one were to dwell on the hope of Allah’s I forgiveness. then one is making a grave mistake. “I was informed that Musa u passed by a man weeping and earnestly entreating Allah I. his drink is unlawful. I will never answer him” “Why?” Musa u asked. And Allah I has ordered you. how can his prayer be answered?” The Messenger of Allah r said. “O Lord! O Lord!” But while his food is unlawful.” Allah replied. bought with lawful income. if he kept weeping until death and raised his hand to sky level. is lawful consumption. Allah I inspired Musa u by saying. and continue with one’s illegitimate occupation. saying. “O Musa.” Musa u said. Allah I has commanded the Faithful to do what He had commanded the Messengers. and do what is right. Wahb Ibn Munabbih t said. and he is nourished on what is unlawfully acquired.

” Allah I says. Thus.” .” Imam Ahmad (R. “Hearts are like vessels and some of them may be more thoughtful than others. “Allah I answers one’s supplication unless he asks to committing sin. Then. SUPPLICATE FOR GOOD ONLY The Messenger of Allah r is reported to have said.A.3. What is too impatient?” The Messenger of Allah r was asked. severe the ties of kinship or is too impatient for the answer. THE CONSCIOUSNESS OF ONE’S HEART Abu Hurayrah t narrated that the Messenger of Allah r said. Because Allah I never answers the supplication of a heedless one. “Allah I answers one’s supplication as long as he does not show impatience for the answer. you must bear in mind that He will surely answer you. Beware Allah I never answers the supplications of someone who is heedless (those who do not concentrate in their du’as to such an extent that their hands are raised and their hearts are elsewhere). “Supplicate to Allah I and bear in mind that He will surely answer you. if you invoke Allah I. “ Even those who are with Him are neither proud nor are they weary (of His service) Al Ambiya 19 Abu Hurayrah narrated that the Messenger of Allah r said. he gets weary and leaves supplication aside.) narrated on the authority of Abdullah Ibn Umar t that the Prophet r said.” 4. by saying: I supplicated but there was no answer. He said “When someone says I made supplication but there was no answer.

Ibn Ata’ullah (R. 2. Praising the name of Allah I and praying for the Prophet r: On the authority of Fudalah t. As for its pillars. but did not pray for salutation on the Prophet r. To keep your tongue chaste when speaking to people. means and time. To lower your gaze when confirmed by something unlawful. persistence. let him start his prayer with praising the name of Allah I.A. It is said that there are four conditions for supplication: 1. hope.A.Among the conditions of supplication. fear .” The Prophet r said: “This man hastened his prayer. When it is performed on time it will pass with speed. generality. “Supplication has pillars. are the following: entreaty. MANNERS OF DU'A 1. as stated by Sahl Ibn Abdullah AtTastary (R. and eating lawful food (as previously mentioned). When the pillars are kept erect. humility. To forbid your stomach from unlawful food. And its means are to ask Allah I to bless the Prophet Muhammad r and his household”. The time is the last hours of the night.” Then he called him and said to him and to another. wings.).) said. then supplicating for . “The Prophet r heard a man supplicating Allah I in his prayer. To keep the thought of Allah I when alone. submission. And when it has its means it will be complete. As for the wings they are truthfulness. they are the consciousness of the heart. 4. should anyone of you pray. When the wings are fixed it will fly skyward. 3. humbleness and submission. it will remain strong.

That is because performing deeds in the best way encourages the servant to hope for the best from Allah I. 3. the Messenger of Allah r said: “ Ask Allah with conviction that He will respond to your Du'a.” Al Baqarah 186 On the authority of Abu Hurayrah t. .” Bukhari and Muslim 2.the Prophet r then asking Allah for whatever he wants. Admitting one’s sins: The best one can say in this respect is to recite the worthiest manner of asking forgiveness of Allah I. that Allah I will reward him and accept his deeds. the more the servant thinks the best of Allah I. the better his deeds will be”. I am indeed close (to them): I listen to the prayer of every supplicant when he calls on Me. Thus.” Ibn Al-Qayyim t said: “Whoever contemplates this matter will know that hoping for the best from Allah I is nothing but performing one’s deeds in the best way. WA IDH SA’ALAKA `IBD• `ANN• FA’INN• QAR•B UJ•BU DA`WATAD D`I IDH DA`N “When My servants ask you concerning Me. Thinking of Allah’s I mercy being all-encompassing: Allah I said.

I will do my best to keep my covenant and promise with You. There is no god but You. I acknowledge Your favors on me and I acknowledge my sin.’ For Allah does what He wills and no one can force Him. You have created me and I am Your servant. for none but You can forgive sins. he should do it with firm will and should not say. “O Allah! You are my Lord. the Messenger of Allah r said: “When any of you supplicates to Allah. Asking Allah I with firm will and seriousness: On the authority of Anas ibn Malik t . Forgive me.á ALLHUMMA ANTA RABB• L ILHA ILL ANTA KHALAQTAN• WA ANA `ABD¤KA WA ANA `AL `AHDIKA WA WA` DIKA MASTA£A`TU A`¤DHU BIKA MIN SHARRI M SANA`TU AB¤’U LAKA BI NI`MATIKA `ALAYYA WA AB¤’U BIDHAMB• FAGHFIRL• FA’INNAH¤ L YAGHFIRUDH-DHUN¤BA ILL ANTA.” .” 4. I seek refuge in You from the evil of what I have made. Therefore. ‘O Allah! Grant me if you will.

one should start with himself: Allah I said. he would start by supplicating for himself first. ÷ ( y7ÏGu Hqu‘ †Îû $oYù=Åz÷Šr&ur ÓŁL{ur ’Í< öÏÿî# Éb>u‘ tA$s% º ÇÊÎÊÈ šúöüÏH¿q 9# ãNymö‘r& |MRr&ur QLA RABBIGH-FIRL• WA LI AKH• WA ADKHILN F• RAMATIKA WA ANTA ARAMUR-RIM•N ‘(Musa prayed): “O my Lord! Forgive me and my brother! Admit us to Your mercy! For You are the Most Merciful of those who show mercy”’! Al A’raf 151 Abbas reported from Ubai Ibn Ka’b who said when the Messenger of Allah r mentioned someone in his du'a. 7.5.” . During du'a. the Messenger of Allah r used to order him to repeat his supplication three times and to ask for forgiveness three times. concise du’a): ‘Aishah y reported that the Messenger of Allah r used to supplicate with these short du'a and also with other du'a. Repeating one’s supplication three times: On the authority of Ibn Mas’ud t.” 6. Supplicating with Jawami’ul-Kalim (short.

but call on Him with fear and longing. and must beg before Allah I Abu Musa Al-Ash’ari t reported: “We were going along with Allah’s Prophet r on a journey when the people began to pronounce ‘Allah is the Greatest’ in a loud voice”. Observing humbleness and humility during du'a: Allah I said. ÇÎÎÈ šú÷ ïωtF÷èßJø9# =Ïtä† Ÿw m¯RÎ) ºpuŠøÿäzr %敎|Øn@ öNä3­ u‘ #qãŠ# ¯ 4 $]ùöqyz çnqãã÷Š#ur $ygÅs=ô¹Î) y‰÷èt/ ÇÚö‘F{# †Îû #r߉šÿè? Ÿwur ÷ ø u ÷ ÇÎÏÈ tûüÏZÅ¡ó sßJø9# šÆÏiB =ƒÌs% !#| pu Hqu‘ ¨bÎ) $·èyJsÛr ÷ 4 UD`¤ RABBAKUM TAˆARRU`AW WAKHUFYAH. INNAH¤ L YUIBBUL MU`TAD•N. for one must be humble. Al A’raf 55. ¼ . Do not spread mischief on the earth. For the mercy of God is (always) near to those who do good”.56 9. INNA RAMATAL-LHI QAR•BUM MINAL MUSIN•N “Call on Your Lord with humility and in private for God loves not those who trespass beyond bounds. WA L TUFSID¤ FIL ’ARˆI BA`DA ISLIH WAD`¤HU KHAWFAW WA £AMA`. The tone of the supplicant should neither be excessively loud nor dictatorial.8. after it has been set in order.

The people said to that man. Verily you are calling One Who is All-Hearing. the Prophet r stopped to hear what he was saying and said: “His du'a will be answered when he completes it properly.” The Companions asked. when it rains.Thereupon Allah’s Messenger r said. on Wednesday. between the Adhan and the Iqamah. We passed by a man who was earnestly invoking Allah I”. reported from Zuhair Al-Numiri t “Once we went out along with the messenger of Allah r during the night. when the night is at its darkest point. As for time. in time of fighting in the way of Allah I. the Ever-Beholding. These are classified in respect of time and place. have mercy upon yourselves for you are not calling One Who is deaf or absent. (and) nearer to you than the neck of your camel to you. Thereupon.” 10. on Friday. time of Suhur (which is a part of the last third of the night). when it .” Abu Dawud OPTIMUM TIMES FOR DU'A There are optimum times for du'a in which the majority of them are answered. in traveling and disease. “With which should it be ended O Messenger of Allah r?” The Prophet r replied. at the time of breaking one’s fast. “O people. The supplicant should end his du'a with saying Ameen: Abu Muslih Al-Qarani (R.A. between Zuhr and Asr Prayer. in times of distress. “With saying Ameen. it includes. “Say Ameen and receive glad tidings.

the du'a of parents.is windy. Arafah and Hijr Allah answers people’s prayer In Tawaaf. All these cases are reported in authentic Ahadith. thunder and during prostration. it includes land which one has not been visited before. during gale. `ÏiB NÍkÍh5u‘ ÈbøŒÎ*Î/ $pkŽÏù ßyr”9#ur ß ps3Í´ =yJø9# ßA¨”t\s? ÇÎÈ Ìôfxÿø9# Æìn=ôÜtB ÓLym }‘d íO =y™ Ï LAYLATUL QADRI KHAYRUM MIN ALFI SHAHR. Sa’i and Zamzam Allah also promised to answer In Maqam and the target of stones Prayers also will be better In perfecting the manners of du'a. This includes the following: 1. SALMUN HIYA ATT MA£LA`IL FAJR. . As for place. ÇÌÈ 9öky­ É#ø9r& ô`ÏiB Žöy{ ͑ô‰s)ø9# ä's#ø‹s9 ¯ ÇÍÈ 9öDr& Èe@ä. A pious person summed them up in the following poetic lines: In Ka'bah. the du'a of the oppressed person. TANAZZALUL MAL’IKATU WAR-R¤U F•H BI’IDHNI RABBIHIM MIN KULLI AMR. (The night of divine decree): Allah I said. the Muslim can observe the times in which du'a may be answered. Laylatul-Qadr.

” Al Qadr 3. And the best which I and the Prophets r who preceded me have said is: v y %†x †xv Š ™ ‡ É %™%†x ™ [ «¶ ¼=ˆ % «Š •¶ zt y ‰„ˆ ¼}I %†x ¼p d ˆ L ILHA ILLAL-LHU WADAH¤ L SHAR•KA LAH¤ LAHUL MULKU WA LAHUL AMDU WA HUWA `AL KULLI SHAY’IN QAD•R. Say. On The Day Of Arafah: The Messenger of Allah r said. Therein descend angels and the spirit (Jibril) with Allah’s permission. on every errand: Peace! This until the rise of the (next) Morning.“The night of power is better than a thousand months. so forgive me. You are the Forgiver and You love forgiveness. .5 When Aishah y asked the Prophet r what can she do if she knows the night of Qadr? He said to her. 2. “ The best of du'a is that which is made on the Day of ‘Arafah. ád n d& ‰mex / F ‰md v € ~…y% l % % x ALLHUMMA INNAKA `AFUWWUN TUIBBUL `AFWA FA`FU `ANN• O Allah.” Ahmad and Ibn Majah.

during the Adhan and when it rains. 5. And When It Rains: On the authority of Sahl Ibn Sa’d t. “Two kinds of du'a will never be (or rarely be) rejected. Between The Adhan And The Iqamah: The Messenger of Allah r said: “Du'a between the Adhan and the Iqamah will never be rejected.” Tirmidhi 4. In War. those that are made during the Adhan and in war when soldiers are in combat” The Messenger of Allah r also said. To Him Sovereignty and praise belong and He has power over all things. On Friday: The Messenger of Allah r said : .” Sahih Al Jami’ Al Saghir 6. ‘The Messenger of Allah r said. He is One and has no partner. During The Adhan. “Two du'a will never be rejected.“There is no god but Allah. At Midnight: Once the Messenger of Allah r was asked: “What du'a is heard (by Allah I) most?” He answered: “At midnight and at the end of every Fardh (obligatory) prayer.” 3.” Ibn Hibban.

to what you say. ALLHUM-MAGHFIR LI (FULN) (REPLACE WITH DEAD PERSONS NAME) . seek it in the final hour after Asr (i. “When the soul is taken away the sight follows it. Just before the sun sets).” The Messenger of Allah r then supplicated. “Do not supplicate for yourselves anything but good.e. Abu Salamah’s t eyes were wide open.” Al Jami’ Al Saghir 7. and said. seek refuge in Allah I from the Satan. of which there is an hour in which if a Muslim asks for something. for the angels say ‘Ameen. When Hearing the Crowing of the Cockerel: The Messenger of Allah r said: “When you listen to the braying of donkeys. ask Allah I for His Favour for it sees angels. When by the Recently Deceased: Ummu Salamah t reported that: The Messenger of Allah r entered the home of Abu Salamah t (who had just died).“Friday is twelve hours. So.” 8. So he said. it will surely be given to him. The prophet r closed them.” Some people of his family wept and wailed. And when you listen to the crowing of the cockerel.

‘O Allah. Du'a Is Also Recommended In The Following: A. raise his status among those who are rightly guided. . When One Drinks From Zamzam Water: Ibn Abbas t used to say. WAFSA LAH¤ F• QABRIH• WA NAWWIR LAH¤ F•H. and grant him light in it. “Surely. After opening Takbir of Prayer Upon commencing one’s prayer one can read the following du’a. forgive this person (in this case Abu Salamah). The Prophet r said. WAKHLUFH¤ F• `AQABIH• FIL GHBIR•N. grant him a successor amongst his descendants who remain. drinking Zamzam water avails man in whatever he intends thereby. affluent provision and a cure from every disease. WAGHFIRLAN WA LAH¤ Y RABBAL `LAM•N. Forgive us and him. when he drank Zamzam water. ALLHUMMA INN• AS’ALUKA `ILMAN NFI`AW WA RIZQAW WSI`AW WA SHIF`AM MIN KULLI D` O Allah! I ask you a knowledge which is of benefit to me.” Bukhari and Muslim 10. O Lord of the universe and make his grave spacious.WARFA` DARAJATAH¤ FIL MAHDIYY•N.” 9.

. ANTA RABB• WA ANA `ABDUKA ¨ALAMTU NAFS• WA`TARAFTU BI DHAMB• FAGHFIR DHUN¤B• JAM•`. INNA SALT• WA NUSUK• WA MAYYA WA MAMT• LILLHI RABBIL `LAM•N. L SHAR•KA LAH¤ WA BI DHLIKA UMIRTU WA ANA MINAL MUSLIM•N.WAJJAHTU WAJHIYA LILLADH• FA£ARAS-SAMWTI WAL `ARˆA AN•FAM MUSLIMAW WA M ANA MINAL MUSHRIK•N. ALLHUMMA ANTAL MALIKU L ILHA ILL ANT.

my life and my death are for Allah. No one but You can forgive sins. You are Blessed and Exalted. so forgive me all my sins. That is what I have been charged with.” Muslim . and I am the first among Muslims. Verily my prayer. ASTAGHFIRUKA WA AT¤BU ILAYK. I seek Your forgiveness and unto You I repent. I am present and ready to obey. You are my Lord and I am Your slave I have done injustice to myself. Lord of the worlds. my devotion. and evil is not of You. I am of You and (will return) unto You.INNAH¤ L YAGHFIRUDH-DHUN¤BA ILL ANTA. there is no god but You. and admit my wrong. He has no partner. “(As a true Muslim) I direct my attention toward the One Who created the heavens and earth. LABBAYKA WA SA`DAYKA WAL KHAYRU KULLUH¤ F• YADAYKA WASH-SHARRU LAYSA ILAYKA ANA BIKA WA ILAYKA. All good is in Your hands. TABRAKTA WA TA`LAYTA. and I am not one of the idolaters. O Allah You are the Sovereign.

. O Allah! Wash me of my sins with water. ice and hail” Muslim B. “O Allah! Distance me from my sins as You have distanced the East from the West. ALLHUM-MAGHSILN• MIN KHA£YYA BITH-THALJI WAL M’I WAL BARAD.ALLHUMMA B`ID BAYN• WA BAYNA KHA£YYA KAM B`ATTA BAYNAL MASHRIQI WAL MAGHRIB. The Du'a Of Qunut (Du'a Of Obedience): ALLHUM-MAHDIN F• MAN HADAYT. ALLHUMMA NAQQIN• MIN KHA£YYA KAM YUNAQQATH-THAWBUL ABYAˆU MINAD-DANAS. O Allah! Cleanse me of my sins as a white cloth is cleansed of dirt.

O Lord. may Your praises fill the earth. WA L YADHILLU MAW-WLAYT.” C. “May Allah hear to those who praise Him. No one is rewarded to whom You show enmity. FA ’INNAH¤ L YA`IZZU MAN `DAYT. and fill whatever else remains to be filled after that. FA INNAKA SUBNAKA TAQˆ• WA L YUQˆ `ALAYK. You decree and none decree against You. Protect us with those You have protected. “O Lord! Lead us to the true faith with those you have guided. Most Exalted. RABBNA WALAKAL AMDU MIL’UL `ARˆI WA MIL’U M SHI’TA MIN SHAY’IM BA`D. When One Raises Himself From The Bowing Position: SAMI`AL-LHU LIMAN AMIDAH.WA A`£IN F• MAN A`£AY£. Shower Your Favors on us with those You have showered (with favors). none who is in Your care is brought down. May Allah’s prayer be upon our Master Muhammad. WA SALLAL-LHU `AL SAYYIDIN MUAMMAD. O Lord! You are Most Blessed.” Muslim . TABRAKTA RABBAN WA TA`LAYT. WA TAWALLAN F• MAN TAWALLAYT.

WA L YANFA`U DHAL JADDI MINKAL JADD.~…y% ˆ ¿ x ¼. The most truthful thing any servant ever said (and we are all Your servants) is: There is no one to withhold what You give. ALLHUMMA L MNI`A LI M A`£AYT WA L MU`£IYA LIM MANA`TA. You alone are deserving of praise and majesty. And no wealthy person’s wealth will avail him with You. and no one can give what You withhold. AAQQU M QLAL `ABDU WA KULLUN LAKA `IBDUN. %{& & ex p |r=%¼K% ’&6%z„% ¼e-•¶ ‚| ˆ x Œ¤ e|™ˆ 3 ‹ d%& f€|™ ~…y%å&d v x&y ¤ [ & x . During Bowing (ruku): 3 }y v x 3 |%v .” Muslim D.3” & ¶ |’z|ˆ ë ¿™%’z|¼}I %v x &. may Your praises fill the earth and fill whatever else remains to be filled after that. “O Lord.3 et¿ v x~…y% æ% ˆ ˆ x . tˆ ¼H %v |¼H %% ½fmŠ™ˆ 3 e |& [ ALLHUMMA RABBNA WALAKAL AMDU MAL’UL ’ARˆI WA MAL’U M SHI’TA MIN SHAY’IN BA`DU. AHLUTH-THAN’I WAL MAJD.

and to You I have committed myself. During Prostration (Sajdah) The Messenger of Allah r said: “The nearest a servant comes to his Lord is when he is prostrating himself. My ears. “Our Lord. SAJADA WAJH• LILLADH• KHALAQAH¤ WA SAWWARAH¤ WA SHAQQA SAM`AH¤ WA BASARAH. .ŒeÛ v xf·ä ˆ ALLHUMMA LAKA RAKA`TU WA BIKA MANTU WA LAKA ASLAMTU. my eyes. «´ ˆ ALLHUMMA LAKA SAJADTU WA BIKA MANTU WALAKA ASLAMTU. so supplicate Your Lord much (in this state). for You I have made prostration. O Lord.4 ¼: æ v x~…y% æ% ˆ ˆ x †eÛ r¶ˆ ‡ ˆ †qy °y Œ…9ˆ ¼: æ ¿‰¾ ä x T qxJ %‚ç=%É %w¿&1‡ & .ß´ dˆ ŒMˆ «´ . TABRAKAL-LHU ASANUL KHLIQ•N.” 3 }y v x 3 |%v . my mind and my nerves have humbled themselves before You. and to You I have committed myself. KHASHA`A LAKA SAM `• WA BASAR• WA MUKH-KH• WA `ASAB•. for You I have made Ruku’ and in You I have placed my faith.” Muslim E. and in You I have placed my faith.

WA A`¤DHU BIKA MIN FITNATIL MAY WAL MAMT. Between The Two Prostrations: áql Œ€ ˆ áY ¿% Œx 0 ¿ ˆˆ «9% ˆ «mh% Œ€ ˆ áp ˆ ¼„% À¿% RABBIGH-FIRL• WARAMN• WA AJIRN• WA WAFFAQAN• WARZUKN• WAHDIN•. provide for me and guide me. make me successful. . WA A`¤DHU BIKA MIN FITNATIL MAS•ID-DAJJL. the Best of creators. fashioned it and opened within it its sense of hearing and its sight. After Making Tashahhud And Before Ending The Prayer (saying Peace Be Unto You): v -½‰d% Øqx 0 % ‚|v -½‰d%Œ€ ~…y% ˆ % °d % x L% 2 ‚|v -½‰d% {& %@ ‹ % 2 ‚| l ˆ 9¼x ç[ l «i[ˆ ~5[ ‚|v -½‰d%Œ€ ~…y% 4 & % % (% % x }[ˆ ALLHUMMA INN• A`¤DHU BIKA MIN `ADHBIL QABRI. have mercy upon me. “O Lord! Forgive me. Exalted is Allah.” Baihaqi G.” Muslim F.My face lies prostrated before the One Who created it. protect me.

The Oppressed: In a Hadith Qudsi (Divine Hadith). I seek refuge in You from the trial of life and death. he drew the sheet while the people were arranged into rows behind Abu Bakr t and said: “O people. “O My servants. O Lord I seek refuge in You from sin and debt. Ibn ‘Abbas t reported that when the Messenger of Allah r was in his death disease. the following is mentioned. even if he is an unbeliever.” H. Among situations in which Du'a is answered are the following: 11. I have forbidden oppression for Myself and have made it forbidden for you. So do not oppress one another.” Muslim. I seek refuge in You from the trial of Al-Masih Al-Dajjal.ALLHUMMA INN• A`¤DHU BIKA MINAL MA’THAMI WAL MAGHRAM. When Reciting The Glorious Qur’an During The Prayer: Allah I prohibited His servants to recite the Glorious Qur’an during bowing (Ruku’) or prostration (Sajdah). and during Sajdah earnestly supplicate Allah I during it for it is optimum time to be answered in.” Anas Ibn Malik t reported that the Messenger of Allah r said: “Beware of the du'a of the oppressed. since there is no screen between it and Allah I. I am forbidden to recite the Qur’an while I am bowing or prostrating. As for Ruku’ glorify Allah during it. nothing is left from the glad tidings of the Prophethood except a good vision which the Muslim sees.” . “O Allah! I seek refuge in You from the chastisement of the grave.

and those who perform Hajj or Umrah are the deputies of Allah I. “For every believing servant who supplicates for his brother in his absence the angels say. He called them and they answered His call. By means of du'a. “Three types of du'a will surely be answered.The Pilgrim. ‘May you receive the same’. Allah I removes the calamity and improves the affairs of the individual and the Ummah (nation). Du'a is the essence of worship. kindness and care. Therefore. the du'a of the oppressed. It is the spirit of all virtuous deeds and the protective shields against the evils of men and jinn. the Messenger of Allah r had taught us various . The Warrior (in The Way Of Allah I) And The One Who Performs Umrah: Ibn ‘Umar t reported that the Messenger of Allah r said.” 14. They asked from Him and He gave them. It is the intimate companion in times of loneliness and the light in darkness. the traveler and that of the parents on (for or against) his children.” 13.The Du'a of the traveler and the parents: Abu Hurayrah t reported that the Messenger of Allah r said.” Tirmidhi RECOMMENDED SUPPLICATIONS IN VARIOUS SITUATIONS Du'a connects man with his Lord and shelters him with Divine protection. “The warrior strives in the way of Allah I.The Du'a Of The Muslim For His Fellow Muslim In His Absence: Abu Al-Darda’ t reported that the Messenger of Allah r said that.12.

in open. 3 € ™%†x ™ ( ˆ °x æ% x & æ % % . going to bed. etc. Thus it is imperative for one to become acquainted with the following illustrative supplications of the Prophet Muhammad r to benefit from them. and allowed me to remember Him. All praise be to Allah Who has given us life after death and to Him is the physical resurrection. in seclusion. upon seeing a new moon. when getting up.supplications for all times and situations. in traveling. Bukhari Œ€ldˆ Œ=ˆ¿ Œy å¿ °x É ¼}I % && d % ‡ Œxƒ½% ¼ç9 ] «t°ˆ ALAMDU LILLHIL LADH• RADDA `ALAYYA R¤• WA `FN• F• JASAD• WA ’ADHINA L• BI DHIKRIH• Praise be to Allah Who has returned my soul to me. at the last hours of the night. at night. in dwelling. and revitalized my body. When getting up ¿‰· x †‹% &1|%& % xˆ & |¼e-&&=% °x É ¼}I % €‹ % ALAMDU LILLHIL LADH• AYN BA`DA M AMTAN WA ILAYHIN NUSH¤R. at day. v xæ% ߀ w«mi2 ~…y% v €> .

O Lord! I ask You forgiveness for all my sins and I ask You Your mercy. Glory be to You. ALLHUMMA ZIDN• `ILMAW WA L TUZIGH QALB• BA`DA IDH HADAYTAN• WAHAB L• MIL-LADUNKA RAMAH. but grant me mercy. ALLHUMMA ASTAGHFIRUKA LIDHAMB• WA AS’ALUKA RAMATAK.On the authority of Abu Sa’id Al-Khudri t who said that the Messenger of Allah r said. Then ask Allah I to grant me Al Wasilah. which is a special position in Paradise.” 2 . repeat what he says and then ask Allah I to bless me. “When you hear the muadh-dhin. INNAKA ANTAL WAHHB.á2¼„ ½%¼e-ßy k§1™ˆ & d Œ€ ~…y%v 2 ¿ Š p }y åÀ x Y 0 & %3 € v € Y ¿ v € ‚|Œx/ „ˆ „‰x % % ¼x L ILHA ILL ANTA SUBNAK. There is no god but You. Whoever asks Allah I to bless me once will receive ten blessings from Him. “Whenever you hear the Adhan. which only one . for You are of bounties without measure. Abu Dawud WHEN HEARING THE ADHAN (THE CALL TO PRAYER) 1 .On the authority of ‘Abdullah Ibn ‘Amr Ibn Al-’Aas t that he heard the Messenger of Allah r say. repeat what the muadh-dhin is saying. O Lord! increase me in knowledge and let not my heart deviate now after You have guided me.

one which You Promised to him.” Bukhari and Muslim. On the authority of Jabir Ibn ‘Abdullah t who said that the Messenger of Allah r said. and raise him up to a praised position (interceding on behalf of his followers on the Day of Judgement). grant to Muhammad Al-Wasilah and excellence. TI MUAMMADA NIL WAS•LATA WAL FAˆ•LATA WAB`ATH-H¤ MAQMAM MAM¤DA NIL-LADH• WA`ADTAH. “Whoever says when he hears the Adhan”.servant of Allah I can attain. . and the prayer about to be performed. 4. He who asks Allah I to grant me Al-Wasilah will be entitled to my intercession (on the day of judgement).’ will be entitled to my intercession on the Day of Judgement. }“qx Ž ´ xˆ |&x Ž %‡ 0 ¿ ~…y% & % š % 2% ‰d¼x °„ x †6 % y¬ mxˆ yæ‰x % 4 % e-ˆ ‹ % ‹ %ƒ¼}L †1 ¼dˆ °x % % å‰}L & q| |& ƒ ALLHUMMA RABBA HDHIHID-DA`WATIT TMMATI WAS-SALTIL Q’IMAH. ‘Allah! Lord of this perfect call. 3. Would that I am one. On the authority of Sa’d Ibn Abi Waqqas t who said that the Messenger of Allah r said. “ Whoever says when he hears the muadh-dhin.” Muslim.

Who has no partner and I testify that Muhammad is His servant and Messenger. Muhammad as my Messenger and Islam as my religion . ¼}L ˆ &Š š æ™&ˆ ™‰æ¿ ¼}> Uˆ &¿ å ASH-HADU ALL ILHA ILLAL-LHU WADAH¤ L SHAR•KA LAH¤ WA ANNA MUAMMADAN `ABDUH¤ WA RAS¤LUH. I testify that there is no god but Allah.†xv Š ™ ‡ É %™%†x ™ ƒ%¼…¶% «¶ ¼=ˆ % É & 3 ‹ ¿ †x .Ä ‰æ¿ˆ ‡ d % ƒ% ¼. I am satisfied with Allah as my Lord... t that the Prophet r has mentioned of the person who recites the following du`a: ~‹ %‚Y «x É %~ç=«x % ¼}L &¼‹ {% y ¼}L &¼‹ y z¾ ~…y% €æ dˆ €æ d x w¼}Cˆ v €> . RAˆ•TU BILLHI RABBAW WA BI MUAMMADIN RAS¤LAWWA BIL ISLMI D•N. 3 € ™%†x™ & æ % % ~y w¿&ˆ æˆ - . the One.Will have his sins forgiven” Bukhari It has been reported in Bukhari and Muslim on the authority of Abu Ayyub Ansari.

áp ~…y%’& ) P = À¿% x( då å¿&x ’&%‚|³%/ =%v .% [ = ˆ = BISMILLHIR-RAMNIR-RA•M . ‚|/ =ˆ v . ³% -«qŠ .z}d / =ˆ v . ze9% v .

In the name of Allah. glorified are You. SUBNA MAR-RFA`AS SAM’I BI GHAYRI `AMAD. SUBNA MAN QASSAMAR RIZQA WA LAM YANSA ’AAD. O Allah send Your salutations upon our master Muhammad and upon the family (and followers) of Muhammad. There is no god but You. the Merciful. My Lord. and all praise is Yours. Most Merciful. Most Beneficient. . SUBNAL FARDIS-SAMAD. (DU`A) ALLHUM-MARZUQN• UBBAKA WA UBBA MAY YUIBBUKA. i have performed wrong. WA UBBA KULLA `AMALIY YUQARRIBUN• IL UBBIK. SUBNA MAM BASATAL ARˆA`AL M’IN JAMAD. You alone are the Forgiving. WAJ`AL UBBAKA AABBA ILAYYA MINAL M’IL BRID. SUBNAL-LADHI LAM YALID WA LAM Y¤LAD WA LAM YAKUL-LAH¤ KUFUWAN ‘AAD. and i have oppressed myself. SUBNA MAN KHALAQAL KHALQA FA’ASHUM `ADAD. SUBNAL WIDIL AAD.ALLHUMMA SALLI `AL SAYYIDIN MUAMMADIWWA `AL ’LI SAYYIDIN MUAMMADIW-WA BRIK WA SALLIM L ILHA ILL ANTA SUBNAKA WA BIAMDIKA RABBI `AMILTU S¤’AW-WA ¨ALAMTU NAFS• FA TUB `ALAYYA INNAKA ANTAT-TAWWBUR-RA•M. Forgive me. and (send Your) blessings and peace. SUBNAL-LADH• LAM YATTAKHIDH SIBATAW-WA L WALAD. Glorified be He who is the one unequaled.

Glorified be He who has no partner or son. and I shall not mind. O son of Adam. I shall forgive you for what you have done. Glorified be He who has laid out the earth firm on water. Glorified be He who neither begets nor is He begotten nor does He have an equal. ascribing no partner to Me. I would bring you forgiveness nearly as great as it. were you to come to Me with sins nearly as great as the earth and were you then to face Me. Glorified be He who has created the entire creation and has counted all.Glorified be He who is independent of all things (yet all things depend upon Him) Glorified be He who has lifted the sky without the use of pillars. Allah the Almighty has said: “ O son of Adam. were your sins to reach the clouds of the sky and were you then to ask forgiveness of Me. so long as you call upon Me and ask of Me. O Allah grant me Your love and the love of those who love You. Glorified be He who distributes sustenance without neglecting anyone (or anything). O son of Adam. I would forgive you. “ . And the love of those things which bring me closer to your love And make Your love more cherished by me than cold water (in immense heat) In a Qudsi Hadith.

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