CULTIVATION GUIDE. Crop: Watermelon Soil required: Kiran can be grown on wide range of soil.

Ideal soil is red soil, Sandy loam, and clay loam soil. Soil should be well drained (Optimum PH ratio 5.5 to 7.0) Seed rate/acre: 200 Gms. (20 packets of 10 gms each.) Spacing: 1. 2 ft. (Plant to Plant) and 12 ft. (Row to Row) for both side planting. 2. 2 ft. (Plant to Plant) and 6 ft. (Row to Row) for one side planting. . Plant population per acre: 3600 plants. Average yield: 10 – 15 tonns / acre.

Some important tips for growing watermelon crop. Seed treatment: before sowing seed should be soak in Luke water for 6 hrs.then dry it by spreading on simple new paper for 1 hrs in shed.

A.

Pruning Technique. Pruning means removing of unwanted branche, fruits etc. to Maintain quality in all séance.

1. It is advise to keep one main branch and two any healthy side branch and remaining branches should be pruned.(prune branches when they are
tender and small other wise it may heart plant and disturb growth.) B. Fruit setting technique As kiran is early, vigorous variety and its fruit setting ability is very high. it is advice to prune first fruits and allow setting second or third fruits depend on plant condition. (Generally from 7th to 9th leaf and after every 4 to 5 leaf one Flower will appear.) Selection / pruning of fruits should be done when 70% fruits in your plot attained egg / tomato size. By adopting pruning practice as mention above you can get following advantages

1. Plants will grow strong and due to which resistance power against different Paste and disease will increase.
2. Inside flesh quality will increase, sager content will increase and will, flesh colour will be more dark red, and flesh will be crispy, juicy, tasty and not spongy.

and phosphorous. Once 70% fruits in your plot attained egg size then its requirement for nutrient. Tow bags of DAP and 2 Bags of MOP / acre. during flowering and fruit setting Stage slightly water stress is needed and after fruit setting and especially from fruit development stage it will increase till maturity and after maturity again it is necessary to reduce water to increase sugar. 15 -18 days continue increase water and nutrient major potash. Zinc phosphate 10 kg /acre. Nutrient / Fertilizers management. It is necessary to check every time before giving irrigation considering stage of Crop. soil type. 3. will increase and so from the day when fruits are egg size continue till maturity i. Irrigation requirement. and very less Nitrogen. Fruit size will increase. Apply 200 kg neemcake /acre. and at last slowly reduce irrigation 5-6 day before harvesting. As irrigation quantity and frequency between two irrigation varies according to climate / season. 1. B. 4.avoide too much and too stress of water. use of advance technology like mulching. one can harvest uniform size fruits which will increase Yield and naturally income /acre. OR 10:26:26 4 bags /acre. maintain flesh quality and internal changes XXXX Care to be taken during flowering. 5.e. . Dust methyl parathion powder 4-5 kg /acre in trenches before making beds. Basal dose: Basal dose is very important and is basically compulsory to apply before Sowing / transplanting (soil application). xxxx. 2. But the basic water requirement As shown in graph below Initial water requirement till flowering is less but steady.3. fruit setting and fruit development stage. Five to six tonns of well decomposed FYM or compost.

Spray zinc sulphate @ 2gm /lit 15-20 days after transplanting and boron1 gm + calcium 1gm during fruit development stage. use doses as follow Stages Days Vegetative growth from 5-6 leaves From flowering to At Fruit setting Up to 25-30 days Unto 35to 45 Days SL No. Use basal dose as mention above. / Acre.. 2.After transplanting: Fertilizer dose /acre are as. . During flowering stage spry calcium nitrate 2 gm/lit to increase Diameter of petals 5. 4.4-5 day days after Transplanting. Fertigation schedule for watermelon (For drip irrigation) 1. When plant is 1 feet in length apply 19:19:19 (100 kg) + 10 kg urea 3. 1.75 days. Apply urea five gm / plants. 3 Fertilizer grade 19:19:19 + urea 14:8:24 OR 12 : 61:00 + 00:00:50 13:00:45 Quantity/ alternate days /acre 2 kg ½ kg 2 kg 1½ kg + 1/2 2 kg Total quantity 25 kg 10 kg 10 kg 15 kg 5 kg 30 kg 4 Fruit development Unto from 45 to 70 . When fruits (60 %) are egg size apply SOP 1 or 2 bags depend of Soil type. 2. 1.

Plant protection schedule./ 1 lit water Regent + kavach 11/2 ml / 1lit water exodus 11/2 ml. 8-10 days After germination spray 10 ml Hostathion + 10 gram bavistin. PLANT PROTECTION SCHEDULE OF MELONS AMD WATER MELONS. / 1 lit water 3. Neural D OR Hamlla + 11/2 ml./ 1 lit water 5. Neurel D OR Hamlla 11/2 ml. / 1 lit water kocide 2 gm / 1 lit. + 7. / 1 lit water . AT NUSRERY STAGE 1. Confidor 1/2 ml + + + + Regent + kavach 11/2 ml / 1lit water exodus 11/2 ml. + 6. Confidor 1/2 ml + + + + Blitox 2 Gm. Spray continuously at the interval of 4-5 days 2. + Ridomil 2 Gm. Acephate 11/2 gm 8. Sevin + 2 gm / 1 lit water. + 3. Confidor + exodus 1/2 ml + 11/2 ml. Acephate 11/2 gm 4.

The smooth appearance and total absence of hair on the stem which attached fruit Vine. near market 95-100% mature fruits can be harvested. + + curtez 2 Gm. If it is for Local. Neurel D OR Hamlla 11/2 ml. Change of colour of portion of fruit which rests on ground./ 1 lit water Harvesting: Symptoms of maturity 1. it will change from white to Yellow . If you tapped your finger on rind of fruit at center you will find different sound as If sound is metallic or equal to what sound you here when you beat your forehead It is unripe. 5. . 3. Tendril of fruit will dry. 2.) 2. if it is like chest 80% maturity and if it is like stomach or heavy dull then it 100% matured.4.9. For export or long dist market then fruits should be harvested at 80% maturity. Count down days from fruit setting Generally from fruit setting ( fruits are egg size) it can be harvested after 28 to 32 day (in summer can harvest early and in rainy/autumn it will Late. Harvesting of fruits at proper stage is very imp. if you want to send near market then should be harvested at 90% maturity 3. 1.

and fruit quality when grown on plastic mulch. one side is with black coating and other coating.15 mts. yield. cucumbers.two size 1. There are basically three operations involved in applying the mulch: 1) Bedding the soil.  How to cover the Mulch Film on soil (mulching)  Please tighten the mulch film by footing the both side of the edge. drip tube and . Pictures of mulching. squash. . X 1. X 30 micron SILVER MULCH APPLICATION ` side with silver     Mulch is typically laid down manually. These can be accomplished as separate operations or in combination How to cover the Mulch Film on soil (making beds)  Please make higher beds after application of fertilizer.30 micron 2. Some less valuable crops such as sweet corn. eggplant. x .crops. and put soil at the edge.Use and benefits of using kyi silver mulching in watermelon muskmelon and other fruits and veg.  Please make the beds flat. 3) Laying the plastic mulch. It is available rolls/rims . snap beans. watermelons and okra are vegetable crops that have shown significant increases in earliness. Muskmelons. 2) Pressing the bed. southern peas and pumpkins have shown similar responses Characteristics: it is plastic and super fine imported material/ film use for agriculture purpose.) 400 mts. : MULCHES FOR VEGETABLE PRODUCTION Plastic mulches have been used commercially on vegetables since the early 1960s in the other countries.) 100 mts x 1.15 mts. tomatoes. peppers.

Because larger plants will require more water. mulching is not a substitute for irrigation. As a result. Weed growth in these areas can be controlled by cultivation or by the use of a chemical herbicide. and microbial activity is enhanced. friable and well-aerated. Weeds cannot generally survive under such a mulch. The growth of plants on mulch can be twice that of plants in unmulched soil. Cleaner Vegetable Produce . except in the area between the mulched strips. Roots have access to adequate oxygen.        Advantages Earlier Harvest The greatest benefit from plastic mulch is that the soil temperature in the planting bed is raised. Fertilizer beneath the mulch is not lost by leaching. so that fertilizers are optimally used and not wasted. promoting faster crop development and earlier harvest. Fewer Weed Problems Black and white-on-black mulches will reduce light penetration to the soil. Reduces Evaporation Soil water loss is reduced under plastic mulch. Reduces Fertilizer Leaching Excess water runs off the impervious mulch. Root Pruning Eliminated Cultivation is eliminated. Reduces Soil Compaction The soil under plastic mulch remains loose. Silver plastic may advance the harvest date by 5-8 days.Advantages of Mulching  Some of the advantages and disadvantages of using plastic mulches are outlined below. a more uniform soil moisture is maintained and irrigation frequency can be reduced.

Sr. 5 rims Can get some discount from our local dealers -ve mulching cost. Because of the impervious nature of the plastic mulch. Total amt. There should be no puddles on the mulched beds. Because the film does not allow the gas to penetrate. with the highest point down the center of the row. 1 Crop kiran (without mulching) Ave. To keep plants clean. Reduces Drowning of Crops Water is shed from the row area by the raised tapered bed so that excess water runs off the field. of fruit 3200/Ave. Cost of cultivation/acre for growing kiran WATER MELON AND MUSKMELON CULTIVATION ESTEMATION FOR 1 ACRES . no. it has to escape through the holes punched for the plants and a "chimney effect" is created. Increases Growth  Mulch film is nearly impervious to carbon dioxide. which is necessary for photosynthesis.yield/plant 5 kg Total weight 16000kg Remark 350/-/ 10 gms. they should be grown in a raised bed that is firm and slightly convex. while the plastic should be stretched tight to encourage the run-off of water. resulting in abundant CO2 for the actively growing leaves Aids Fumigation   Mulches increase the effectiveness of chemicals applied as soil fumigants. since no soil is splashed onto the plants or fruit.10000/30000/No. thus reducing drowning and other excess soil water stress. Particulars Land Preparation compost Pesticides & fungicides Labor charges Seed cost Fertilizer cost Mulching sheet By using mulching Total Without mulching Unit Price in Rs. 2000/rim 200 gms.No. 96000/- Sr. The edible product from a mulched crop is cleaner and less subject to rot. rate Per Kg Rs-6 / kg . it acts as a barrier to gas escape and keeps gaseous fumigants in the soil. Research has shown that high levels of carbon dioxide may build up under the plastic. 1000/1000kg 5000kg Quantity Total amt 1500/5000/5000 6000/7000/6000/10000/40000/.

000/7000/10000/84.) Net Income Regular leading varities.000/7000/10000/45.000/7000/5000/6.000/15. Note: It is for reference only it may vary from time to time as per climatic tic condition and demand and supply) Watermelon Cost Seed cost Labour cost Fertilizer Chemical Mulch Film Income Yielding (kg) Rate (Rs.500/- KYI-kiran 35.2 Kiran (With mulching) 3200/- 4 kg 12000 kg Rs-6 / kg 72000/- .000 3/15.500/2500/5000/6.000 7/49000/- . 30.000/12.

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