TECHNICAL APTITUDE TEST QUESTIONS ON FLUID MECHANICS

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Q1)Newtons law of viscosity states that a) b) c) d) Shear stress is directly proportional to the velocity. Shear stress is directly proportional to the velocity gradient Shear stress is directly proportional to the shear strain Shear stress is directly proportional to the viscosity

Ans: (b)

Shear stress is directly proportional to the velocity gradient

Explanation:
Viscisity is defined as the property of the fluid which offers resistance to the movement of one layer of fluid over another adjacent layer of the fluid .when two layers of a flid , a distance dy apart move one over the other at different velocities , say u & u+du as shown in fig 1 the viscosity together with relative velocity causes shear stress acting between fluid layers `

dy y du

u

Mathematically . This shear stress is proportional to the rate of change of velocity with respect to y. du/dy = du dy = co efficient of dynamic viscosity or only viscosity du/dy= velocity gradient Q2) Poise is the unit of a) b) c) d) Mass density Kinematic viscosity Viscosity Velocity gradient Ans: (c) Viscosity In SI units : Newton sec m2 In CGS Units : 1 poise = 1 dyne sec Cm2 .The top layer causes a shear stress on the adjacent layer while the lower layer causes a shear stress on the adjacent top layer.

Q3)Surface tension has the units of a) b) c) d) Force per unit area Force per unit length Force per unit volume None of the above Ans: b) Force per unit length Reason : surface tension is measured as the suface energy per unit area i. . a) b) c) d) In a liquid at rest In a fluid at rest In a laminar flow In a turbulent flow Ans: b) In a fluid at rest Reason .e N-m/m2 N/m Force per unit Q4) Pascal s Law states that pressure at a point is equal in all directions .e Enegy/Area length i.

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