This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?

Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (Assistant) Project : Design & procurement of Flare Stack Job Name : Propylene Recovery Unit Dwg. No. : Stack Type : Self supported & Multiple Diameter

Page : 1 of 24 REV. : 0

Date

: 4.4.2000

Location : Gulf of Seuz

Client : ABB/OPC Item : X-06-02

**ELEVATED FLARE STACK
**

SELF SUPPORTED & MULTIPLE DIAMETER

Design General Mgr.

BY

**Eng. Abd El Halim Galala
**

Design General Manager Assistance

1st issue Dated : 6.6.1985

**DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF ELEVATED CYLINDRICAL FLARE STACK
**

According to ASME Code, Sec. VIII, Div. 1, Edition 95, Addenda 96. Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager (Assistant)

Page : 2 of 24 REV. : 0

Project : Design & procurement of Flare Stack Job Name : Propylene Recovery Unit Dwg. No. : Stack Type : Self supported & Multiple Diameter

Date

: 4.4.2000

Location : Gulf of Seuz

Client : ABB/OPC Item : X-06-02

Contents

Page

A. Wind Loads as Computed in Accordance with ANSI A58.1. B. Allowable Shell Buckling (Compression) Stress. C. Shell Plate Thickness, Design Procedure. 1. Total Uncrodded Stack Weight. 2. Computation of the Projected Area. 3. Computation of the Wind Loads. 4. Computation of the Wind Moments. 5. Required Shell Plate Thickness. 6. Anchor Bolt Chair. 7. Width of Base Ring. 8. Base Plate Thickness. 9. Top Plate Thickness.

3 5 7 7 8 9 11 12 13 14 15 15

D. Vibration Analysis. 1. Cantilever Vibration. - Analyzing Technique. - Static Deflection. - Dynamic Deflection. 2. Ovaling Vibration. - Design of Ovaling Ring : - Critical Wind Velocity. - Required Ring Section Modulus. E. References.

16 16 17 18 19 20 22 22 22 24

A.3612 75 100 32 to 46 10 to 14 20. Date : 4. Designed by : Eng.The shape factor for round objects is equal to 0. 3. . An approach to computing A which is often used and is recommended here is to increase the vessel diameter D to the so called effective vessel diameter to approximate the combined design wind load : De = (Vessel OD + Twice insulation Thickness) x Kd The coefficient Kd is given in Table 2. Height zone Basic wind above grade pressure. p Kg/m2 Ft M PSF 30 9 15.4816 49 to 62 15 to 19 25. WIND LOADS AS COMPUTED IN ACCORDANCE WITH ANSI A58.4. : Stack Type : Self supported & Multiple Diameter A. and D is the vessel nominal diameter. 1. The minimum net pressure B*pz in the above formula for cylindrical vertical vessels is not less than : for L/D <= 10 13 PSF and for L/D >= 10 18 PSF Where L is the overall tangent-to-tangent length of the vessel. The basic wind pressure p is selected. Edition 95. To calculate design wind forces from wind pressures. Addenda 96.1-1955. The required projected area A will then be equal to : A = De Ls where Ls = length of the shell section in the zone of the uniform wind velocity. Sec. Design General Manager (Assistant) Page : 3 of 24 REV. Abdel Halim Galala.7224 150 1 Kg/M2 = 0.2048159 lb/Ft2 Computation of the Projected Area.DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF ELEVATED CYLINDRICAL FLARE STACK According to ASME Code. see Table-1. shape factor B shall be used. for various height zones above the ground are given in Table 1. normal to all exposed windward surfaces of the structure. corresponding to tha basic wind pressure p. Div. Design Wind Pressure of the Job Site. The wind design pressure pz.602 125 over 65 over 20 30. then the resultant of the wind pressure load over the area pw is assumed to act at the area centroid and is given by : pw = A B pz. If the windward surface area projected on the vertical plane normal to the direction of the wind is A ft2. p. No. Table 1. VIII.2000 Location : Gulf of Seuz Client : ABB/OPC Item : X-06-02 The procrdure for calculation of the minimum design wind load normal to the surface is as follows : 1. The geographical area of the job site (Gulf of Suez & Mostorod) is located on the wind pressure map. 2. : 0 Project : Design & procurement of Flare Stack Job Name : Propylene Recovery Unit Dwg. lb The wind pressure forces are applied simultaneously. 4.6 and is applied to the design pressure pz.

r = Steel Density V30 = 'Wind velocity at 30 ft height.175 Kg/M3 MM Ls1-2 50 Ft 15240 MM Ls2-3 16. Ls 7850 3. cylindrical sections can be assumed to extend to the midhight of the conical section.5 1. Y = Yield point stress of plate material @ operating temp.DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF ELEVATED CYLINDRICAL FLARE STACK According to ASME Code. Designed by : Eng.125 PSI PSI PSI lb/ft3 MPH INCH Coefficient Kd 1.8 MM *Ls5-6 10 Ft 3048 MM Ls6-7 10 Ft 3048 MM Total vessel height Figure (1) 114. the transition section should be considered as separate section.4. C = Corrosion allowance Flare stack segment lengths. Vessel OD including insulation INCH MM Less than 36 36 to 60 60 to 84 84 to 108 over 108 ASTM A285 Grade C 27600000 30000 15000 490 100 0. : 0 Project : Design & procurement of Flare Stack Job Name : Propylene Recovery Unit Dwg. Otherwise. E = Modulus of elasticity of plate material @ operating temp. When the conical transition section is no more than 10% of the total height. Abdel Halim Galala. Sec. St = Allowable Tensile Strength of Plate Material @ operating temp.64 MM *Ls3-4 17 Ft 5181. Div. Table 2.8 Ft 5120.4 1.18 For Stack material Where. Design General Manager (Assistant) Page : 4 of 24 REV.3 1. Addenda 96. 1.6 MM *Ls4-5 11 Ft 3352.2 1. VIII.2000 Location : Gulf of Seuz Client : ABB/OPC Item : X-06-02 * The method of determining wind loads on vessels of two or more diameters is the same as for a vessel of a uniform diameter.8 Ft 34991 MM . No. Edition 95. : Stack Type : Self supported & Multiple Diameter Date : 4.

22 7.2000 Location : Gulf of Seuz Client : ABB/OPC Item : X-06-02 508 508 508 711. : Stack Type : Self supported & Multiple Diameter B.4 > > > > > > 0.307087 INCH 0.011213 0.00425 Sc = (0.00425 0. some thicknesses at each section are assumed.56 ta E)/d(1+0.00425 where ta = assumed corroded plate thickness at each level under consideration. in. Allowable compression stresses at each level are determined from the following formula : .2 ta1-2 d2-3 d 3-4 d 4-5 d 5-6 d 6-7 Since the calculated ratio.02588 0.166142 INCH 0.00425 0. d 1-2 = OD1-2 .For higher ta/d ratios.For ta/d < 0. ta1-2 / d1-2 ta2-3 / d2-3 ta3-4 / d3-4 ta4-5 / d4-5 ta5-6 / d5-6 ta6-7 / d6-7 20 20 20 28 36 36 INCH INCH INCH INCH INCH INCH Page : 5 of 24 REV.224409 INCH 0.2 914. : 0 Date : 4. in.56 492.38583 INCH 35.DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF ELEVATED CYLINDRICAL FLARE STACK Designed by : Eng.8 5. Abdel Halim Galala.00425 MM MM MM MM MM MM MM MM MM MM MM MM 0.00425 0. No.55118 INCH 35.4 MM MM MM MM MM MM 0. d = internal stack diameter at level under consideration.00425 0.30315 INCH 4.4. Intially.66772 INCH 19. ALLOWABLE SHELL BUCKLING (COMPRESSION) STRESS.4 914.006312 0.7 12. Design General Manager (Assistant) Project : Design & procurement of Flare Stack Job Name : Propylene Recovery Unit Dwg.007774 . the allowable compression stress used is that calculated for t/d = 0.3937 INCH 19.008447 0.01575 INCH 27.6 483 695.5 7.004 E/Y) .6 903 900. Stack OD1-2 Stack OD2-3 Stack OD3-4 Stack OD4-5 Stack OD5-6 Stack OD6-7 By assuming corroded thicknesses as follows: ta 1-2 ta2-3 ta 3-4 ta 4-5 ta 5-6 ta 6-7 Internal vessel dia.492126 INCH 0.44882 INCH 0.015631 0.275591 INCH 19.00425 0.7 7 499. at each level.

004 E/Y) = (ta/d) (0.00425 0. Sc1-2 Sc2-3 Sc3-4 Sc4-5 Sc5-6 Sc6-7 0.56 ta E) / d(1+ 0.00425 0.00425 0.00425 0.9 14035.9 14035.4. Design General Manager (Assistant) Project : Design & procurement of Flare Stack Job Name : Propylene Recovery Unit Dwg. (Calculated value.00425) ta2-3 / d2-3 ta3-4 / d3-4 ta4-5 / d4-5 ta5-6 / d5-6 ta6-7 / d6-7 Therefore.00425 14035.56 E) / (1+ 0.9 14035.9 14035. 0. Abdel Halim Galala.DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF ELEVATED CYLINDRICAL FLARE STACK Designed by : Eng.9 14035. : 0 Date : 4.00425 0.9 PSI PSI PSI PSI PSI PSI . : Stack Type : Self supported & Multiple Diameter Page : 6 of 24 REV.2000 Location : Gulf of Seuz Client : ABB/OPC Item : X-06-02 The ratio ta/d to be used in calculations shall be computed as follows : Use ta1-2 / d1-2 = Min.004 E/Y) Final allowable buckling (compression) stress. the allowable buckling (compression) stress Sc shall be : Sc = (0. No.

379 lb 1753.66 lb Kg By adding 15% of the calculated weight to compensate weight of piping.498 lb 11002.14) [OD5-62-(d5-6 . platforms. Wt 3527.04 lb 1504. : Stack Type : Self supported & Multiple Diameter Page : 7 of 24 REV. SHELL PLATE THICKNESS.14) [OD6-72-(d6-7 .634 lb 1524.685 lb 2499.898 lb 1610.DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF ELEVATED CYLINDRICAL FLARE STACK Designed by : Eng. we get : Wt1-2 Wt2-3 Wt3-4 Wt4-5 Wt5-6 Wt6-7 (Total Weight + 15%). No.2C)2] Ls3-4 Wt4-5 = r (3. etc.06 lb Kg .096 lb 1730.824 lb 1400. [Uncorroded mean adding corrosion allowance ] Wt1-2 = r (3. Weights at each level are calculated by adding corrosion allowance to the thicknesses assumed above.718 lb 1331.4.826 lb 1531. Abdel Halim Galala.14) [OD3-42-(d3-4 .2C)2] Ls5-6 Wt6-7 = r (3. : 0 Date : 4.2000 Location : Gulf of Seuz Client : ABB/OPC Item : X-06-02 C.2C) ] Ls1-2 Wt2-3 = r (3.2C)2] Ls2-3 Wt3-4 = r (3. Design General Manager (Assistant) Project : Design & procurement of Flare Stack Job Name : Propylene Recovery Unit Dwg.173 lb 12653. DESIGN PROCEDURE.14) [OD1-2 -(d1-2 . Total Uncrodded Stack Weights.2C) ] Ls4-5 Wt5-6 = r (3. internals. 1.14) [OD2-3 -(d2-3 .943 lb 2173.14) [OD4-5 -(d4-5 .2C)2] Ls6-7 Total Weight 2 2 2 2 2 3067.. ladders.

2 [dia. + (platform + ladder)] The coefficient Kd is given in Table 2. = 36"] Effective Diameter. the size of fuel gas and steam pipes can be neglected. < [dia. : Stack Type : Self supported & Multiple Diameter Page : 8 of 24 REV. Design General Manager (Assistant) Project : Design & procurement of Flare Stack According to ASME Code. : 0 Date : 4.4 914. < 36"] 36"] 36"] 36"] 1.2000 Location : Gulf of Seuz Client : ABB/OPC Item : X-06-02 2. Abdel Halim Galala.5 1.5 4.4 1.5 1.DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF ELEVATED CYLINDRICAL FLARE STACK Designed by : Eng. A = De * Height Ls A1-2 = De1-2 . < [dia. Stack OD INCH MM 20 508 20 20 28 36 36 Ft Ft Ft Ft Ft Ft 508 508 711.5 38. < [dia. In our case.4.4 2.5 1. No.) + (pipe OD + 2 insulation thk. De1-2 = Kd1-2 * OD1-2 De2-3 De3-4 De4-5 De5-6 De6-7 Projected Area.2 4. = 36"] [dia.5 2. Sec. Div.4 MM MM MM MM MM Coefficient Kd [fromTable 2] Kd1-2 Kd2-3 Kd3-4 Kd4-5 Kd5-6 Kd6-7 [dia. Computation of the Projected Area.5 2. A An approach to computing A which is often used and is recommended here is to increase the vessel diameter D to the so-called effective stack diameter De to approximate the combined design wind load : De = Kd [(Vessel OD + 2 insulation thk. Edition 95. VIII. 1. Addenda 96.5 3. Dwg.5 42 42 Ft2 Ft Ft Ft Ft 2 2 M2 M2 M2 M2 M2 M2 Ft2 2 2 .2 914.5 1. De = Kd [Stack OD + Fuel Gas Pipe OD + Steam Pipe OD] N. De = Kd * Stack OD.B.Ls1-2 A2-3 A3-4 A4-5 A5-6 A6-7 125 42 42. The required projected area A will then equal to : A = De * Ls where Ls = Length of the shell section in the zone of the uniform wind velocity.

6 0.48686 > 18 PSF 10 L/Davg. is the vessel average diameter. =B451= (L1-2 D1-2 + L2-3 D2-3 + L3-4 D3-4 + L4-5 D4-5 + L5-6 D5-6 + L6-7 D6-7) / L 114.DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF ELEVATED CYLINDRICAL FLARE STACK Designed by : Eng. Computation of Wind Loads.2000 Location : Gulf of Seuz Client : ABB/OPC Item : X-06-02 3.For L/D <= 10. : Stack Type : Self supported & Multiple Diameter Page : 9 of 24 REV. for round objects B = 0. : 0 Date : 4. L is the overall tangent-to-tangent length of the vessel. net wind pressure. psf. Davg. A = Windward surface area projected on the vertical plane normal to the direction of the wind. Design General Manager (Assistant) Project : Design & procurement of Flare Stack Job Name : Propylene Recovery Unit Dwg.4. lb. B Pz = Min. No. depends upon the geographical area of the job site (see Table 1). psf.6 Pz = Design wind pressure. ft2. B = Shape Factor. Abdel Halim Galala.8 Ft 34991 MM MM 1. Therefore. For cylindrical vertical vessels : . The resultant of the wind pressure load Pw over the area A is given by : Pw = A * B * Pz where Pw = Wind pressure load over the projected area A. the net wind pressure BPz shall not be less than .For L/D >= 10. BPz not less than 13 PSF . BPz not less than 18 PSF where.962834 Ft 58.

No. Design General Manager (Assistant) Project : Design & procurement of Flare Stack Job Name : Propylene Recovery Unit Dwg.48159 14.751 25. Height zone above grade M Segment Basic height.179 lb 756 765 693 756 756 lb lb lb lb lb Kg Kg Kg Kg Kg Kg .43343 PSF 15. Abdel Halim Galala.DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF ELEVATED CYLINDRICAL FLARE STACK Designed by : Eng.28895 PSF 9.722385 25.4.2000 Location : Gulf of Seuz Client : ABB/OPC Item : X-06-02 Determining Design Wind Pressure B Pz for each Segment [based upon Table 1].6019875 20. : 0 Date : 4.991 30. Pz1-2 20 19 Pz2-3 15 14 Pz3-4 Pz4-5 Pz5-6 Pz6-7 10 9 30.6304 9.216716 PSF 18.216716 PSF 9.43343 PSF 18 18 18 18 18 PSF PSF PSF PSF PSF 6.36119 PSF 12.4488 20.3611925 15.18) B Pz2-3 B Pz3-4 B Pz4-5 B Pz5-6 B Pz6-7 Wind Load shall be as follows : Pw = A * B Pz Pw1-2 = A1-2 B Pz1-2 Pw2-3 Pw3-4 Pw4-5 Pw5-6 Pw6-7 2304. following wind pressure : B Pz1-2 = Max (NWP. H wind above pressure. : Stack Type : Self supported & Multiple Diameter Page : 10 of 24 REV.601988 19. Table 3 From Table 1.48159 15. Pz PSF Design Wind Pressure.048 Net wind pressure. P grade PSF M Design wind pessure.3611925 15.216716 PSF 9.361193 0 18.096 3.3611925 15.722385 34. NWP shall be as follows :B Pz1-2 B Pz2-3 B Pz3-4 B Pz4-5 B Pz5-6 B Pz6-7 Use the max.

5L3-4) Load W.0565 Figure (3) 6030.1789 102665 765 7757.1 M6 =Pw1-2 (0. Computation of Wind Moments.7 M2 = Pw1-2 (0.DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF ELEVATED CYLINDRICAL FLARE STACK Designed by : Eng.1789 161191 693 9368. In the following calculations we assumed that geographical location of the job site does not required a moment calculation for the earthquake.1789 312563 .5L2-3+L3-4+L4-5)+ Pw3-4(0.5 L1-2+L2-3+L3-4+L4-5+L5-6+L6-7)+Pw2-3(0. lb-ft WT.4. Weight Moment @ section M.179 lb-ft lb-ft lb-ft lb-ft lb-ft lb-ft Wind Shear Q. No. : Stack Type : Self supported & Multiple Diameter 4. lb 3527.5L2-3+L3-4)+ Pw3-4(0.5L2-3+L3-4+L4-5+L5-6)+ Pw3-4(0.78058 3060.6 M5 =Pw1-2 (0.1789 57604. : 0 Date : 4. lb Table 4.5 L4-5) 207079.5 L1-2+L2-3)+Pw2-3(0.5L3-4+L4-5)+Pw4-5(0.5 L1-2+L2-3+L3-4)+Pw2-3(0.1789 256041 756 12653. Abdel Halim Galala.1 161190.8834 5274.1789 207079 756 10899.5L3-4+L 312562. the total wind moment shall be calculated as follows : Page : 11 of 24 REV.5 L1-2+L2-3+L3-4+L4-5+L5-6)+Pw2-3(0. Therefore. Design General Manager (Assistant) Project : Design & procurement of Flare Stack Job Name : Propylene Recovery Unit Dwg.50446 4518.09562 2304.67823 3825.5 756 5257.2000 Location : Gulf of Seuz Client : ABB/OPC Item : X-06-02 Figure (2) Moment = Wind Load x Arm 57604.5L2-3) M4 =Pw1-2 (0. lb 2304.9 M7 =Pw1-2 (0.5L2-3+L3-4+L4-5+L5-6+L6-7)+ Pw3-4(0.5 L1-2) M3 =Pw1-2 (0.5L3-4+L4-5+L5-6)+Pw 256040.5 L1-2+L2-3+L3-4+L4-5)+Pw2-3(0.47 102665.

A) tr2-3 = (WT2-3 dr2-3 + 48 M3) / PI( ) dr2-32 Sc2-3 tr2-3 + C. N. 12.166142 INCH 0.314961 INCH 0.B.227475 INCH 0.2208 7.A For construction.472441 INCH 0. Design General Manager (Assistant) Project : Design & procurement of Flare Stack Job Name : Propylene Recovery Unit Dwg.433071 INCH N. The required shell plate thickness shall be computed as follows : 2 tr = (WT dr + 48 M) / 3.08291 MM 10. the weights based on the required thicknesses are almost the same as previouslyestimated.0064 MM 12 MM 5.22 7.77787 MM 8.303282 INCH 0.403855 INCH For construction. : Stack Type : Self supported & Multiple Diameter 5. The assumed thickness must be changed untill the calculated > the assumed thickness.224409 INCH 0.DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF ELEVATED CYLINDRICAL FLARE STACK Designed by : Eng. use (tr3-4 + C.8784 MM 11 MM N.5603 MM 15.B.30315 INCH 4. Required Shell Plate Thickness.2579 MM 11 MM N.95287 MM 9 MM 7.A 2 0.308321 INCH 0.8 5.14 dr Sc where W T = Total weight @ Section under consideration By assuming corroded thicknesses as follows: ta 1-2 Page : 12 of 24 REV.433071 INCH 0. The assumed thickness must be changed untill the calculated > the assumed thickness. Abdel Halim Galala.A) tr5-6 = (WT5-6 dr5-6 + 48 M6) / PI( ) dr5-62 Sc5-6 tr5-6 + C.433321 INCH 0.7 7 4. The assumed thickness must be changed untill the calculated > the assumed thickness.A For construction.5 7.B.4. N.A) tr6-7 = (WT6-7 dr6-7 + 48 M7) / PI( ) dr6-7 Sc6-7 tr6-7 + C.354331 INCH 0. 0. use (tr6-7 + C.B.166173 INCH 0.A For construction.B.83136 MM 11.7 12.A For construction. : 0 Date : 4.6195 INCH INCH N. Since there is no appreciable change in calculated thicknesses. .3958 8 MM MM MM MM MM MM MM MM ta2-3 ta 3-4 ta 4-5 ta 5-6 ta 6-7 tr1-2 = (WT1-2 dr1-2 + 48 M2) / PI( ) dr1-22 Sc1-2 tr1-2 + C. use (tr5-6 + C.275591 INCH 0.307087 INCH 0.B. The assumed thickness must be changed untill the calculated > the assumed thickness.A) tr3-4 = (WT3-4 dr3-4 + 48 M4) / PI( ) dr3-42 Sc3-4 tr3-4 + C.A) 0. use (tr1-2 + C.70337 MM 10. The assumed thickness must be changed untill the calculated > the assumed thickness.A) tr4-5 = (WT4-5 dr4-5 + 48 M5) / PI( ) dr4-52 Sc4-5 tr4-5 + C.4945 0.B.A For construction. 7.492126 INCH 0.428282 INCH 0. use (tr2-3 + C.7353 MM 16 MM N.278855 INCH 7.629921 INCH 0. 0. No. use (tr4-5 + C.291173 INCH 0.2000 Location : Gulf of Seuz Client : ABB/OPC Item : X-06-02 0.352475 INCH 0. The assumed thickness must be changed untill the calculated > the assumed thickness.

5 Use 16 holding down bolts with a dia.14)0.905 MM 1. Abdel Halim Galala.Wt / N 20550.Bolt projection . the anchor bolt area required at the root of the thread shall be: AB = W B / SB Diameter of the anchor bolt at the root of thread.2000 Location : Gulf of Seuz Client : ABB/OPC Item : X-06-02 6.4.370055 INCH 2 883.5473 MM 44. . No.75 INCH INCH INCH INCH INCH INCH 33.83 lb Thus.Length.Total length. M Kg 2 1.320761 INCH 1. Allowable stress of Anchor Bolt Material. SB ASTM A36 16 BOLTS 43. DBC Max. Anchor bolt material Assume No. R . Ancor Bolt Chair. Design General Manager (Assistant) Project : Design & procurement of Flare Stack Job Name : Propylene Recovery Unit Dwg.93701 INCH 15000 PSI 1116 MM The total tension in each anchor bolt is determined from the relationship: W B = (48 M / N DBC) . of anchor bolts. l . : Stack Type : Self supported & Multiple Diameter Page : 13 of 24 REV. L . d Each bolt shall be provided with two hex heavy nuts and washer.DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF ELEVATED CYLINDRICAL FLARE STACK Designed by : Eng.45 150 90 350 1085 MM MM MM MM MM MM Figure (4) Figure (5) . of .Radius. N Bolt Circle Dia. : 0 Date : 4.Length of threaded portion. D = (4 AB/3.

the value of C is modified so that Pb falls within the allowable limit. Width of Base Ring. Design General Manager (Assistant) Project : Design & procurement of Flare Stack Job Name : Propylene Recovery Unit Dwg. : Stack Type : Self supported & Multiple Diameter Page : 14 of 24 REV.14 Db C) 11.B. If the calculated Pb exceeds the above limit. Assume width of base ring. No.) (Max. .DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF ELEVATED CYLINDRICAL FLARE STACK Designed by : Eng.2000 Location : Gulf of Seuz Client : ABB/OPC Item : X-06-02 7. C.) N. and note that the value of Pb is limited to : .For 2000 lb concrete 750 500 PSI PSI (Max.10236 INCH 282 MM 341. C Bearing pressure on concrete foundation is calculated from the following formula : Pb = (48 M / PI Db2 C) + (Wt / 3.4 MM Assume C. Abdel Halim Galala.9775 PSI SAFE 36 INCH < 500 where Db = OD at bottom of stack 914. : 0 Date : 4.4.For 3000 lb concrete .

: 0 Date : 4. TT TT = SQRT[ 3 * W B * 6 / (4 * 20000 * e)] where W B = Total tension in each bolt Use TT 0.181102 INCH 30 MM 21.2000 Location : Gulf of Seuz Client : ABB/OPC Item : X-06-02 8.DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF ELEVATED CYLINDRICAL FLARE STACK Designed by : Eng.771654 INCH Figure (6) 9.365 MM . : Stack Type : Self supported & Multiple Diameter Page : 15 of 24 REV. Abdel Halim Galala.841141 INCH 20550.5969 MM 166 101 65 45 MM MM MM MM 1.480195 INCH 6.535433 INCH 37. Tb Base plate thickness Tb is calculated from the following equation: Tb = e SQRT(3 Pb / 20000) where e = A + B A B Use Tb 1.83 PSI 1. Base Plate Thickness.4. Top Plate Thickness. No. Design General Manager (Assistant) Project : Design & procurement of Flare Stack Job Name : Propylene Recovery Unit Dwg.

Stack OD1-2 Stack OD2-3 Stack OD3-4 Stack OD4-5 Stack OD5-6 Stack OD6-7 Corroded thickness tr1-2 Corroded thickness tr2-3 Corroded thickness tr3-4 Corroded thickness tr4-5 Corroded thickness tr5-6 Corroded thickness tr6-7 8071.504921 INCH 0. Conical section height 28"/20" Conical section height 36"/28" We note that Lc / L < 0. 1. Dr = Average internal dia. No.347441 INCH 0.308071 INCH 0.8 2.25 < W / L Dr2 vibration analysis need not be performed Where Wt = Total corroded stack weight (see next page). of top half of stack.189961 INCH 0.2 914.4 914.002625 lb ft ft ft 610 610 MM MM 2.825 7. The following criteria is used to establish need for vibration analysis of stacks with Lc/L ratio not exceeding 0.4.W / L Dr <= 20 vibration analysis must be performed 9.4 4. VIBRATION ANALYSIS.034866 OK 20 20 20 28 36 36 INCH INCH INCH INCH INCH INCH 508 508 508 711.825 5. Abdel Halim Galala.2000 Location : Gulf of Seuz Client : ABB/OPC Item : X-06-02 D.72862 4. : Stack Type : Self supported & Multiple Diameter Page : 16 of 24 REV. Design General Manager (Assistant) Project : Design & procurement of Flare Stack Job Name : Propylene Recovery Unit Dwg.20 < W / L Dr2 <= 25 vibration analysis should be performed .308071 INCH . Lc = Total length of conical section(s) of stack. Le = Total length of stack. : 0 Date : 4.825 8.D.5 O.DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF ELEVATED CYLINDRICAL FLARE STACK Designed by : Eng.443917 < 20 vibration analysisis required .001312 ft 0. Cantilever vibration.001312 ft 2.5 : 2 .825 MM MM MM MM MM MM MM MM MM MM MM MM 0.825 7.981 114.825 12.229331 INCH 0.

776 lb 876.38386 INCH 18.30512 INCH 35. Abdel Halim Galala.981 lb 1.62008 INCH 19. Period of vibration is determined as follows : T = 1. Vc = 3 f Dr 2 2 2011. No.64 MM Wt1-2 = r (PI/4) [do2-di2]1-2 L1-2 Wt2-3 = r (PI/4) [do2-di2]2-3 L2-3 Wt3-4 = r (PI/4) [do2-di2]3-4 L3-4 Wt4-5 = r (PI/4) [do -di ]4-5 L4-5 Wt5-6 = r (PI/4) [do2-di2]5-6 L5-6 Wt6-7 = r (PI/4) [do2-di2]6-7 L6-7 Total corroded stack Weight.DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF ELEVATED CYLINDRICAL FLARE STACK Designed by : Eng.776 Kg 533.6 3352. f = 1 / T Critical wind velocity.5 'where Le = effective length of stack Natural frequency of stack vibration.2000 Location : Gulf of Seuz Client : ABB/OPC Item : X-06-02 Corroded internal diameter in inches : Corroded ID1-2 Corroded ID2-3 Corroded ID3-4 Corroded ID4-5 Corroded ID5-6 Corroded ID6-7 Flare stack segment heights.39 Kg 8071.660019 cps 5.879 lb 1129.511 lb 1788.648 (Le2) / Dr E0.402825 MPH .418 lb 1089.515107 second 114.8 3048 3048 MM MM MM MM MM 5120.365 Kg 494.176 Kg 3661.4.194 Kg 811. Corroded mean neglecting corrosion allowance. 19. without taking into account adding corrosion allowance to the thicknesses assumed above.38386 INCH 50 16. L1-2 L2-3 L3-4 L4-5 L5-6 L6-7 Total Corroded Stack Weights.45 lb 912.99016 INCH 27.459 Kg 397.423 Kg 512.8 ft 0. : Stack Type : Self supported & Multiple Diameter Page : 17 of 24 REV.8 17 11 10 10 Ft Ft Ft Ft Ft Ft 15240 5181. Weights at each level are calculated.9458 lb 1175. : 0 Date : 4. Design General Manager (Assistant) Project : Design & procurement of Flare Stack Job Name : Propylene Recovery Unit Dwg. Wt Analyzing technique.54134 INCH 35.

the stack must be checked further for K.320472 INCH .14 * r3 * t r = Average internal radius of top half of stack t = Average corroded plate thick.DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF ELEVATED CYLINDRICAL FLARE STACK Designed by : Eng. Ds = Pc Dr (Le)4 (12)3 / 8 E I 0. gust velocity = 1.679528 INCH 0. W can be used in place of Ws in order to reduce vibration. the stack is free from cantilever vibration. Design modifications are required.002632 < l / 15 0.0678 INCH 9.86 MM 8.06666667 where.14 MM 4 913. Abdel Halim Galala.2000 Location : Gulf of Seuz Client : ABB/OPC Item : X-06-02 Max.074756 psf 1 0.303669 INCH 7. if K in the above equation exceeds 1/15.00238 lb.0077 Dr E / Le Ws Therefore. : Stack Type : Self supported & Multiple Diameter Page : 18 of 24 REV. the ratio K should be less than 1/15.8 CM 245.1556 MPH 100 MPH 157. No. In that case. The computed dynamic loading is applied as a stagnant pressure to the stack.71321 MM 5 3 0.sec2/ft4 4 38004. For lined stacks. N.143 V30 = Wind velocity at 30 ft height (basic wind velocity) Max.4.3 Vw 121. Static deflection.467 Vc)2 / 2 C1 = Lift coefficient (usually taken as1) pair = mass density of air I = Moment of inertia of top half of stack = 3. : 0 Date : 4. wind velocity at the top of the stack is Vw = V30 (L / 30)0. of top half of stack 0.B. Pc = Total wind force at critical velocity = C1 pair (1. corroded stack weight must be > 15 times the wind force at critical velocity or expressed as a formula. K = Pc Dr Le / W s = 0. gust velocity. amplitude at the top is approximated by : Static Deflection. Design General Manager (Assistant) Project : Design & procurement of Flare Stack Job Name : Propylene Recovery Unit Dwg. Assuming it to be a cantilever beam.5022 MPH Since the critical wind velocity. Vc falls within max.

B. p 230. : 0 Date : 4. * "Shortcut method for calculating tower deflection". and thus the amplitude of vibration is magnified greatly. The dynamic coefficient. Table 5.2000 Location : Gulf of Seuz Client : ABB/OPC Item : X-06-02 Dynamic deflection. Allowed deflection of stack under consideration = 7 x L / 100 8. It is assumed to be within the allowable limits when allowing about 7-inch deflection per 100 feet* of height of stack. the structure vibrates at resonant frequency. Hydrocarbon Processing 47. stiffness of the soil and several other factors. Approximate value of magnification factors for different types of stacks as suggested by DeGhetto and Long are listed in Table 3. Nov.036 N. 1968.DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF ELEVATED CYLINDRICAL FLARE STACK Designed by : Eng.036 INCH . is called the magnification factor. No.110085 INCH NotT Good > 8. Abdel Halim Galala. This is a function of the lining. For dynamic deflection. No. 11. The amount of static deflection must be multiplied by the magnification factor to determine dynamic deflection. Magnification factors Types of stacks Spread footings on soft soil (Bearing < 1500 psi) Spread footings Piled foundations on medium soil spread and (1500 psi < footings Bearing > on stiff soil 3000 psi) and rocks Lined stacks Unlined stacks Using a magnification factor of Dynamic deflection = Static Deflection * Magnification factor = Ds * Magnification factor 30 5 30 30 60 50 90 Allowed deflection 9. Design General Manager (Assistant) Project : Design & procurement of Flare Stack Job Name : Propylene Recovery Unit Dwg. which is a ratio of dynamic amplitude to static amplitude. : Stack Type : Self supported & Multiple Diameter Page : 19 of 24 REV.4. At a critical wind velocity.

58 tr1-2 E0.5) / 60 D24-5 44. At Section 4-5 : fr4-5 = (7.35 482. Corroded internal diameters in feet. .5 2 2-3 78.14672 cps Since fr > 2 fv .171748 cps 2 fv2-3 16.58 tr4-5 E0.80111 cps 2 fv4-5 11. D D1-2 D2-3 D3-4 D4-5 D5-6 D6-7 1.582513 2.961778 2.948655 Ft Ft Ft Ft Ft Ft 498.615322 1. At Section 3-4 : fr3-4 = (7.5 2 fr = (7.814 cps 8. and the stack is free from ovaling vibration. no ovaling rings are required. : Stack Type : Self supported & Multiple Diameter Page : 20 of 24 REV. and the stack is free from ovaling vibration.2 V / D3-4 133.58 tr3-4 E0.68233 cps Since fr > 2 fv . and the stack is free from ovaling vibration. At Section 2-3 : fr2-3 = (7.16253 cps 8. : 0 Date : 4.75 MM MM MM MM MM MM At Section 1-2 : fr1-2 = (7. N. no ovaling rings are required. Natural frequency of the free ring is given by : 0.DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF ELEVATED CYLINDRICAL FLARE STACK Designed by : Eng.341163 cps 2 fv3-4 16.58 tr E ) / 60 D Vortex shedding frequency is given by : fv = 0. Abdel Halim Galala.2 V / D1-2 47.2000 Location : Gulf of Seuz Client : ABB/OPC Item : X-06-02 2.3435 cps Since fr > 2 fv . and the stack is free from ovaling vibration. 45 66 MPH fps Both these frequencies should be calculated at each level using the corresponding thicknesses and diameters.635007 1. Ovaling vibration. no ovaling rings are required.073362 cps cps = cycle per second 2 fv1-2 16. t calculated upon corroded thk.53771 cps fv4-5 = 0.75 898.35 693. no ovaling rings are required. Design General Manager (Assistant) Project : Design & procurement of Flare Stack Job Name : Propylene Recovery Unit Dwg.2 V / D Where V = wind velocity for vortex shedding is 45 MPH or 66 fps as recommended by Dickey and Woodruff for most economical and safe stack design as far as vibration is concerned.4.35 492.55 902. & V = 66 fps.275427 2.B.5) / 60 D23-4 fv3-4 = 0.36194 cps 8.58 tr2-3 E ) / 60 D fv2-3 = 0.5) / 60 D21-2 fv1-2 = 0.2 V / D2-3 0. No.2 V / D4-5 5.60222 cps Since fr > 2 fv .

2000 Location : Gulf of Seuz Client : ABB/OPC Item : X-06-02 At Section 5-6 : fr5-6 = (7. no ovaling rings are required.4.58 tr5-6 E0.3512 cps 4. No.2 V / D6-7 0. and the stack is free from ovaling vibration.913564 cps Since fr > 2 fv .58 tr6-7 E ) / 60 D fv6-7 = 0. no ovaling rings are required. : 0 Date : 4. Abdel Halim Galala. .2 V / D5-6 17.5 2 6-7 23.476618 cps 2 fv6-7 8.DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF ELEVATED CYLINDRICAL FLARE STACK Designed by : Eng.953235 cps Since fr > 2 fv . and the stack is free from ovaling vibration.5) / 60 D25-6 fv5-6 = 0. Design General Manager (Assistant) Project : Design & procurement of Flare Stack Job Name : Propylene Recovery Unit Dwg. : Stack Type : Self supported & Multiple Diameter Page : 21 of 24 REV. At Section 6-7 : fr6-7 = (7.456782 cps 2 fv5-6 8.51664 cps 4.

368735 INCH 3 1.Critical wind velocity at the section under consideration is : Vo = ( 60 fr D ) / 2 S where fr = Natural frequency S = Strouhal number. the section modulus of stiffeners at section under consideration can be found from the formula as used by Moody : Sm = [ (7)10-7 (Vo)2 D2 (Hr) ] / St INCH3 Where.4. : 0 Date : 4. : Stack Type : Self supported & Multiple Diameter Page : 22 of 24 REV. (corroded) at level under consideration. at any section.002306 INCH 3 0. can be determined as follows : . Section modulus of the rings. D = Intenal vessel dia. .36 FPM 15201.DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF ELEVATED CYLINDRICAL FLARE STACK Designed by : Eng. Vo = Critical wind velocity at section of consideration Hr = Spacing throughout the length of the section under consideration Ls 0.66 FPM 18986. FPM cps 0. Vo1-2 = ( 60 fr1-2 D1-2 ) / 2 S Vo2-3 = ( 60 fr2-3 D2-3 ) / 2 S Vo3-4 = ( 60 fr3-4 D3-4 ) / 2 S Vo4-5 = ( 60 fr4-5 D4-5 ) / 2 S Vo5-6 = ( 60 fr5-6 D5-6 ) / 2 S Vo6-7 = ( 60 fr6-7 D6-7 ) / 2 S 11566.121627 INCH 3 0. Now.219485 INCH Stiffeners having section modulus equal to or greater than Sm should be provided at spacing Hr throughout the length of the section under consideration. If. Design General Manager (Assistant) Project : Design & procurement of Flare Stack Job Name : Propylene Recovery Unit Dwg.37 FPM Required Section Modulus of the Ring.96 FPM 31764.2 over a wide range of Reynolds numbers. is 0.307085 INCH 3 0.5 St = Allowable tensile strength of stiffener material 15000 Sm1-2 = [ (7)10-7 (Vo1-2)2 D1-22 Hr1-2) ] / St Sm2-3 = [ (7)10 (Vo2-3) D2-3 Hr2-3) ] / St Sm3-4 = [ (7)10-7 (Vo3-4)2 D3-42 Hr3-4) ] / St Sm4-5 = [ (7)10-7 (Vo4-5)2 D4-52 Hr4-5) ] / St Sm5-6 = [ (7)10-7 (Vo5-6)2 D5-62 Hr5-6) ] / St Sm6-7 = [ (7)10-7 (Vo6-7)2 D6-72 Hr6-7) ] / St -7 2 2 FPM Ft PSI 3 0. If stiffeners are required for more than one section. different size and spacing should be used for economy.417255 INCH 3 0. if possible.563 FPM 10401. whenever required. ovaling rings are required to stiffen that section. No. fr < 2fv.2000 Location : Gulf of Seuz Client : ABB/OPC Item : X-06-02 Design of Ovaling Rings. Abdel Halim Galala.34 FPM 7708.2 Ft Critical wind velocity at Section.

Abdel Halim Galala. Design General Manager (Assistant) Project : Design & procurement of Flare Stack Job Name : Propylene Recovery Unit Dwg. No. : Stack Type : Self supported & Multiple Diameter Page : 23 of 24 REV.2000 Location : Gulf of Seuz Client : ABB/OPC Item : X-06-02 Notes .4.DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF ELEVATED CYLINDRICAL FLARE STACK Designed by : Eng. : 0 Date : 4.

: 0 Project : Design & procurement of Flare Stack Job Name : Propylene Recovery Unit Dwg. ANSI A58. Pressure Vessel Design Handbook-2nd Edition. Addenda 96. VIII. Edition 95. Flare stack paper research.4.DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF ELEVATED CYLINDRICAL FLARE STACK According to ASME Code. 1. Design General Manager (Assistant) Page : 24 of 24 REV. 3. by Henry H.2000 Location : Gulf of Seuz Client : ABB/OPC Item : X-06-02 E. 4. دא ª . 1. Designed by : Eng. Div. REFERENCES. No. Bednar. : Stack Type : Self supported & Multiple Diameter Date : 4. ASCI 7-1988. Sec.1-1955. Abdel Halim Galala. 2.

- Supplementary Paper SP 2 4 Hydrates
- Supplementary Paper SP 2 4 Hydrates
- 07 JPSE Mahajan Hydrates
- Sample Biography 1
- Storage Tank Design Calculations - Seismic Design & Overturning Moment - By Abdel Halim Galala
- Storage Tank Design Calculations - Seismic Design & Overturning Moment - By Abdel Halim Galala
- ETank2000

Sign up to vote on this title

UsefulNot useful- Basic Design Calculations for Flue Gas Stack Design for a Diesel Genset in Indiaby 82540
- Steel Stacks Asme Sts-1-2006 Asmeby noxleek
- Theory and Design of Pressure Vessels - JOHN F. HARVEY, P.Eby Rajwinder Singh
- Storage Tank Design Calculations - Seismic Design & Overturning Moment - By Abdel Halim Galalaby arunk1985

- Flare Calc Sheet API RP 521
- Flare Stack Design
- Flare Stack
- Design Calculations of Elevated Cylindrical Flare Stack
- 159091027-Flare-System
- Foundation Design Philosophy for Flare Stack
- ASME-Sts-1-2011
- NEO Steel Chimney Design
- New - 4_Flares Final
- Installation Manual Urea Flare Stack
- Flare Radiatio Prediction a CRITICAL REVIEW (Robert E. Schwartz and Jeff W. White)
- JZ Flare Catalog
- Chimney Design
- Flare Stack Mechanical Design Calculations
- Flare Design Criteria
- Predict Flare Radiation
- FLARES
- Flare Line Sizing
- Chimney Design Calc
- Design of Chimney by S.J.PRICE
- Basic Design Calculations for Flue Gas Stack Design for a Diesel Genset in India
- Steel Stacks Asme Sts-1-2006 Asme
- Theory and Design of Pressure Vessels - JOHN F. HARVEY, P.E
- Storage Tank Design Calculations - Seismic Design & Overturning Moment - By Abdel Halim Galala
- Flare KO Drum-3
- Flare System
- Fuel Tank Ring Beam Design Calculation
- Flare design
- Making the Flare Safe
- Flare Stack Mechanical Design Calculations by Abdel Halim Galala