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# 4-3 Congruent Triangles (pp.

231–237)
EXAMPLE EXERCISES
■ Given: △DEF ≅ △JKL. Identify all pairs of Given: △PQR ≅ △XYZ. Identify the congruent
congruent corresponding parts. corresponding parts.
Then find the value of x. ̶̶
8. PR ≅ ? 9. ∠Y ≅ ?
̶̶̶̶ ̶̶̶

Given: △ABC ≅ △CDA � �
� Find each value. ���
� �
���������� 10. x
������� ������
� � 11. CD
The congruent pairs follow: ∠D ≅ ∠J, ∠E ≅ ∠K, � �
̶̶ ̶̶ ̶̶ ̶̶ ̶̶ ̶̶ ���������
∠F ≅ ∠L, DE ≅ JK, EF ≅ KL, and DF ≅ JL.
Since m∠E = m∠K, 90 = 8x - 22. After 22 is
added to both sides, 112 = 8x. So x = 14.

## 4-4 Triangle Congruence: SSS and SAS (pp. 242–249)

EXAMPLES EXERCISES
̶̶ ̶̶ ̶̶ ̶̶
■ Given: RS ≅ UT, and � � 12. Given: AB ≅ DE, �
̶̶ ̶̶ ̶̶ ̶̶
VS ≅ VT. V is DB ≅ AE �
the midpoint Prove: △ADB ≅ △DAE
̶̶ �
of RU.
� �
� �
Prove: △RSV ≅ △UTV �
Proof: ̶̶ ̶̶ �
13. Given: GJ bisects FH, �
̶̶ ̶̶
and FH bisects GJ.
Statements Reasons �
Prove: △FGK ≅ △HJK
̶̶ ̶̶
1. RS ≅ UT 1. Given
̶̶ ̶̶
2. VS ≅ VT 2. Given � �
̶̶ 14. Show that △ABC ≅ △XYZ when x = -6.
3. V is the mdpt. of RU. 3. Given
̶̶ ̶̶ �
4. RV ≅ UV 4. Def. of mdpt.
5. △RSV ≅ △UTV 5. SSS Steps 1, 2, 4 � �� �
� ������
���
■ Show that △ADB ≅ △CDB when s = 5. � �
��� ��
� � �
��

## � ������ � 15. Show that △LMN ≅ △PQR when y = 25.

�����

� � ��
������� � � �

AB = s 2 - 4s AD = 14 - 2s � �
��
= 5 - 4 (5 )
2
= 14 - 2 (5 )

=5 =4 �
̶̶ ̶̶ ̶̶ ̶̶ ������������������
BD ≅ BD by the Reflexive Property. AD ≅ CD
̶̶ ̶̶ � �
and AB ≅ CB. So △ADB ≅ △CDB by SSS. �����