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The King James Bible Companion If you have a King James Bible, this book needs to be inside it. Davip W. DANIELS aU Paden Arc PY tess Uta Pe Uriel PX etsy Acquit yCe intr s vain Admonish Ado eM ae Advisement Pasta Afford BN tee Favre ysNecu vat PAN eso Alamoth Albeit AllTo ANSE PU oan PANG) ENC Amb Ambushment vette} an tones miable rainy The King James Bible Companion Over 500 archaic words defined ©2006 by David W. Daniels Where there is more than one meaning for a word, the one that applies will be apparent by the context of the verse. It is common that words have more than one meaning, depending on the way they are used. No attempt is made here to provide every possible meaning, but rather to give the meaning that applies to its usage in the Scriptures. It takes only a single generation to make a word archaic ... and a single generation of Bible readers can bring it back into use. David W. Daniels WORD DEFINITION REFERENCE Abase Make or bring low; to humble. Job 40:11 Abated Reduced in intensity or amount Gen 8:3 Abhor Despise; spurn; regard with horror, — Ex 5:21 Abjects People thrown out; outcasts. Psa 35:15 Abode To have stayed; remained; a dwelling. Gen 29:14 Acceptation Acceptance; approval. 1 Tim 1:15; 4:9 Acquit Judged not guilty. Job 10:14 Adamant Rock or very hard mineral, Ezek 3:9 Adjure To command, under oath or threat Josh 6:26 Admonish To instruct; advise; warn. Eccl 4:13 Ado Fuss; bother; tumult. Mark 5:39 Advertise To advise; warn; inform; reveal. Num 24:14 Advisement Counsel; consideration 1 Chr 12:19 Affinity Become a son-in-law; an in-law 1 Ki 3:1 Affording —_ Providing: yielding (as of crops). Psa 144:13 WORD Affright Afoot Afore Afresh Agone Ague Alamoth Albeit All to Alleluia Allow Alms Aloof Ambassage DEFINITION To frighten. On foot. Before. Again; anew. Ago. A fever. Treble instruments; woman singers; music played in treble (high notes). “Although it be that,” shortened. To do entirely; do wholly. “Praise ye the LORD!” To approve; commend; accept, Giving to the poor to help them. Ata distance, but within view. Ambassador(s); a message. Ambushment Attack by surprise; ambush. Amen Amerce Amiable Amiss Anathema Angle Anise Anon Apace Apothecary Apparel Appertain Archangel Ariel Aright True; “so be it;” faithful; certain. To punish by imposing a fine. Dear; lovely; beloved. Wrong; incorrect. To be damned by God. Fishhook. Plant of the parsley family. Immediately; right away. At a quick pace; quickly. One who makes perfumes. Clothing. To belong to; to pertain to. Head or chief angel. “Lion of God,” name for Jerusalem. In the right way. REFERENCE Deut 7:21 Mark 6:33 2 Ki 20:4 Heb 6:6 1 Sam 30:13 Lev 26:16 1 Chr 15:20 Ezek 13:7 IJdg 9:53 Rev 19:1 Luke 11:48 Matt 6:1 ff. Psa 38:11 Luke 14:32 2 Chr 13:13 Num 5:22 Deut 22:19 Psa 84:1 2 Chr 6:37 1 Cor 16:22 Isa 19:8 Matt 23:23 Matt 13:20 2 Sam 18:25 Ex 30:25 Jdg 17:10 Ley 6:5 1 Thes 4:16 Isa 29:1-2,7 Psa 50:23 WORD Ark Armholes Array Art Artificer Artillery Asp Assayed. Assent Asswage Astonied Atonement Attent Augment Austere Averse Avouched Away with Axletree Backbiting Balm Banquetings Baptize Barbarous Barked Base (to be) Battlement Became him DEFINITION The ship Noah built; box; chest; the basket boat of baby Moses. Holes for your arms; sleeves, To put on; to clothe. You (one person) are. Artisan; craftsman. War equipment; weapons. Snake; serpent. Attempted; tested; analyzed. Accord; agreement. Lessen; relieve; satisfy; sweeten. Be taken by surprise. A person or animal taking another's place, to cover sins. Attentive; observant. Increase; make bigger. Severe, strict, harsh, solemn. Disliking; tuned from. Affirmed; admitted; vouched for. OT: To tolerate; bear; endure. NT: “Take away!” Spindle/shaft on which a wheel rotates. Evil speaking; slandering. A medicine; rosin from a bush. Drinking, gluttony; rich partying. Immerse; dip a thing Foreign. Scraped the bark off. Low; lowly; humble. Low wall around a roof. Wall for defense. REFERENCE Gen 6:14; Ex 2:3 Jer 38:12 Gen 41:42 Gen 3:9 Gen 4:22, 1 Sam 20:40 Deut 32:33 Deut 4:34 2 Chr 18:12 Gen 8:1 Ezra 9:3-4 Ex 29:33 2 Chr 6:40 Num 32:14 Luke 19:21-22 Mic 2:8 Deut 26:17-18 Isa 1:13; Luke 23:18 1 Ki 7:32-33. Psa 15:3 Gen 37:25 1 Pet 4:3 Matt 3:6 Acts 28:2 Joel 1:7 2 Sam 6:22 Deut 22:8 Jer 5:10 Was fitting for; was exactly suited for. Heb 2:10; 7:26 WORD Beeves Begat, beget Beggarly Behemoth Belied Beseech Besom Besought Bestead Bestow Bethink Betimes Betwixt Bewray Billow Bishoprick Blains Blaze Blessed Bolled Bolster Bondman Bosses Botch Bowels Brawler Bray a fool Bray Breach DEFINITION Cattle, To be father of; be ancestor of. Poor; like a beggar; in poverty. A large. plant-eating dragon or dinosaur. Lied against; spoken falsely. To call upon; appeal; beg. Broom. Asked the favor of; searched for, See “hardly bestead.” Give; grant; put; place. Store; gather together in one place. Come to one’s senses, consider. Early; in good time; before it’s too late. Between; passing from one to another Reveal; give away a secret, betray. A great wave or swelling of water. Guardianship; office of overseeing. Blisters; sores; boils. To make known; proclaim. Favored by God; happy; prosperous. Blossomed; in the seed or pod Pillow; head (or other) support. A slave; an unpaid worker. Bump-like shapes on a shield, An ulcer, swelling, tumor. Inward parts; affections. One who gets into fights. Beat, bruise, pound on a fool Groan, wail; make a foul noise. Breaking forth; a break; opening, inlet. REFERENCE Lev 22:19 Gen 4:18; 17:20 Gal 4:9 Job 40:15 ff. Jer 5:12 Ex 3:18 Isa 14:23 Gen 42:21 Isa 8:21 Ex 32:29 Luke 12:17-18 1 Ki 8:47 Gen 26:31 Gen 17:11 Prov 27:16 Psa 42:7 Acts 1:20 Ex 9:9-10 Mark 1:45 Psa 1:1 Ex 9:31 1 Sam 19:13 Gen 44:33 Job 15:26 Deut 28:27, 35 Gen 15:4 1 Tim 3:3; Tit 3:2 Prov 27:22 Job 6:5; 30:7 Gen 38:29, Lev 24:20, Jdg 5:17 WORD Breeches Brigandine Brimstone Broided Broidered Brood Bruit Brutish Buckler Buffet Bulrush Bulwark Bunches of camels By and by Caldron Canker Carbuncle Careful Carnal Carriage Casement Cast angle Cast in the teeth Caul Cauls Celestial Centurion DEFINITION Trousers. Armor for a soldier or robber. Sulfur. Braided; plaited; interweaved Embroidered; adorned with needlework Animal offspring, especially of birds. Report; rumor; sound; noise. Stupid as a beast; slow to understand. Round shield held with a grip. To strike with a clenched fist. Tall plant near water, such as papyrus. A defensive structure. Camels’ humps. At once; immediately; soon. A pot; kettle; cauldron. Something that eats away, corrodes; cancer; gangrene; an ulcer-like sore. A red precious stone. Full of care; full of worry, anxiety. Of the flesh, fleshly; sensual. That which is carried; baggage. A window. To fish with a hook. Revile or reproach, face to face. Membrane; fatty tissue around a bodily organ Close-fitting caps/nets worn by women. Relating to the sky or heavens. Roman commander of a hundred men. Chambering Sexual indulgence; lewdness. REFERENCE Ex 28:42 Jer 46:4; 51:3 Gen 19:24 1 Tim 2:9 Ex 28:4 Luke 13:34 Jer 10:22 Psa 49:10 Psa 18:30 Matt 26:67 Ex 2:3 Deut 20:20 Isa 30:6 Matt 13:21 1 Sam 2:14 2 Tim 2:17 Ex 28:17 Jer 17:8 1 Cor 3:3 Jdg 18:21 Prov 7:6 Isa 19:8 Matt 27:44 Ex 29:13 Isa 3:18 1 Cor 15:40 Matt 8:5 Rom 13:13 WORD Chamberlain Eunuch or chief servant; one in charge Chamois Champaign Chapiter Chapmen Chargeable Charger Charity Chaste Check Chide Choler Churl Cieled Circumspect (be) Clamour Cleanness of teeth Cleave Cleave unto Cleft Clouts Cloven Coast Cockatrice Cockle Cogitations Collop Comely DEFINITION of the king’s quarters. A small sheep-like antelope A plain, field; flat, open land. Upper part of a column or pillar. Tradesmen; merchants. A burden; an undue weight. A large platter or dish. Godly love in action. Pure; clean; not corrupt. Rebuke; reproof; stop an action. Quarrel; scold; complain; find fault. Anger, wrath. A rude, harsh person. Covered on the inside of a roof/room. Be watchful every way; take heed. Yelling; loud complaining. Famine. Split open; cut open; divide. Cling to; hold to; stick to. Split hoof; an opening, break or split. Pieces of cloth used to patch. Separated; split; divided up. Border; region/country; land by water. Venomous snake. A weed resembling wheat. Thinking something over. A piece of flesh or fold of fat. Attractive; proper; becoming. REFERENCE 2 Ki 23:11 Deut 14:5 Deut 11:30 Ex 36:38 2 Chr 9:14 2 Sam 13:25 Num 7:13 1 Cor 8:1; 13-14 2 Cor 11:2 Job 20:3 Ex 17:2 Dan 8:7; 11:11 Isa 32:5,7 2 Chr 3:5 Ex 23:13 Eph 4:31 Amos 4:6 Lev 1:17 Gen 2:24 Deut 14:6 Jer 38:11 f. Deut 14:7 Ex 10:14 Isa 11:8 Job 31:40 Dan 7:28 Job 15:27 1 Sam 16:18 WORD DEFINITION Communicate (When not referring to speech) Compass Concision Concord share; give; associate with. Go around, encircle; encompass. Those who believe circumcision makes one righteous or saves. Agreement; unison. Concupiscence Strong lust; passion Confectionaries Consecrate Constrain Perfume/ointment makers; perfumers. Treat as set apart or separate unto God. Compel with irresistible force. Consumption Disease that eats the body; destruction. Contemn Despise with mockery; show contempt. Contentious Loving to quarrel and angrily debate. Convenient Fit; appropriate; proper. Conversation Behavior; way of life; community. Convince Coping Corn Cornet Cotes Coulter Convict; prove wrong. Top of a wall, sloped to drain off water. Any kind of edible grain. A wind instrument; horn; trumpet. Animal enclosures; stables. Sharp iron blade on the front of a plow, that cuts into the soil. Countenance Face, appearance; show favor. Countervail Be or make equal; compensate. Covert Cracknels A shelter; a hiding place. Dry, brittle cakes or biscuits. Crisping pins Pins heated up to curl hair; curling irons Cruse Cumbered Cummin Curious A pot. To be overwhelmed with cares. A plant bearing aromatic seeds. Skillfully made; detailed. REFERENCE Gal 6:6 Gen 2:11 Phil 3:2 2 Cor 6:15 Rom 7:8 1 Sam 8:13 Ex 28:3 2Ki 4:8 Lev 26:16; Is 10:22 Psa 10:13 Prov 21:19 Prov 30:8 Psa 37:14 Job 32:12 1Ki7:9 Gen 27:28 2 Sam 6:5 2 Chr 32:28 1 Sam 13:20 Gen 4:5; Ex 23:3 Est 7:4 1 Sam 25:20 1 Ki 14:3 Isa 3:22 1 Sam 26:11 Luke 10:40 Isa 28:25 Ex 28:8 WORD Curious arts Dam Daub Daysman Dayspring Dearth Defer Derision Desery Despite Diadem Discomfited Discover Disdain Dissembled DEFINITION Divination; sorcery; astrology. A mother. To cover or plaster. A judge; mediator; “umpire.” Sunrise. A drought; famine; no harvest. Delay; postpone. Ridicule; laughing at enemies’ threats. Search out; map out; to describe. Contempt; angry hatred. Royal headband worn by Eastern kings. Defeated in battle; scattered. Uncover; reveal; have first sight of. To despise; to reject. Used deceit; pretended; feigned. Dissimulation Hypocrisy; create false appearances. Divers Doctor Doleful Dragon Draught house Draught of fish Dregs Dropsy Drove (n.) Duke Durst Earing Old spelling of “diverse;” unequal. Teacher; instructor; learned person. Mournful cry; sorrowful howl. Huge lizard; dinosaur. The Devil; Satan Public toilet. Fish caught by sweeping a net. Grounds at the bottom of a cup. An illness where a part or all of the body swells with too much water. Flock; a company. Head of a family or tribe. He/she dared; was bold enough. Plowing; tilling the ground. REFERENCE Acts 19:19 Ex 22:30 Ex 2:3; Ezek 13:10 Job 9:33 Job 38:12 Gen 41:54 Gen 34:19 Job 30:1 Jdg 1:23 Ezek 25:6 Job 29:14 Ex 17:13 Ex 20:26 1 Sam 17:42 Josh 7:11 Rom 12:9 Prov 20:10 Luke 2:46 Isa 13:21 Deut 32:33; Rev 12:9 2 Ki 10:27 Luke 5:9 Psa 75:8 Luke 14:2 Gen 32:16 Gen 36:15 ff. Est 7:5 Gen 45:6 WORD DEFINITION REFERENCE Earnest (n.) Down payment. 2 Cor 1:22 Effeminate Acting like a woman; unmanly. 1 Cor, 6:9 Emerods Hemorrhoids; tumors. 1 Sam 5:6 Emulation — Trying to equal or be better than others Rom 11:14; (in either a good or bad way). Gal 5:20 Enjoin Command; charge. Est 9:31 Enmity Hatred, being an enemy. Gen 3:15, Lk 23:12 Ensample Example; pattern or model to imitate. 1 Cor 10:11 Ensign Flag or banner, as of an army. Num 2:2 Ensue Pursue; to follow after. 1 Pet 3:11 Environ Surround; compass. Josh 7:9 Ephah About 6/10 bushel; EX 16:36; a basket holding that amount. Zech 5:6-10 Ephod Linen garment worn by the high priest. Ex 25:7, 28:6 ff. Epistle Important or forma! letter. 1 Thes 5:27 Ere Before; until Bx. 19 Eschew Avoid; shun; turn aside from. I Pet 3:11 Espied Discovered; spied out; examined, Gen 42:27 Euroclydon Furious, north-easterly wind. Acts 27:14 Even, eveningtide Evening time. Gen 19:1 Every several Every single; each one separately. 2 Chr 11:12 Exactors Overseers; tribute or tax collectors. Isa 60:17 Exhortation Encouragement; counsel. 1 Cor 14:3 Extol To lift up; to praise; to esteem. Psa 30:1 Eyesalve Medicine for the eyes. Rev. 3:18 Fain Earnestly want to or long to; gladly. Job 27:22 Fairs Something gotten at a fair; wares. Ezek 27:12 ff. Fan Winnowing fan; a fork-shaped tool _Isa 30:24 to throw grain in the air, to let the wind separate the wheat from the chaff. Fast Abstaining from food. Matt 6:16-18 WORD DEFINITION Fatling Fat cattle. Fats Vats (always plural: “fats”’). Feign To pretend to be; To disguise Felloe The rim of a wheel, held by spokes. Fens Marshes; swamps. Fetched a compass Went on a circular course. Fillet An omamental band around the top of a pillar; a thin band or strip. Firebrand Burning wood; a torch. Firkin About 9 gallons (40 liters) of liquid. Firmament Expanse or vault over the earth; sky; the stretched-out heavens. Fitches A kind of grain used for seasoning. Flagon Bottle holding liquid; flask; an amount equal to what a flagon holds. Flay Strip the skin off an animal or person. Flowers (her) Menstrual flow; a woman’s period Flux Bloody flow from the body; dysentery. Fold Times (multiply, e.g., “twofold” = x2), Forbear Refrain; restrain; refrain from acting. Foresaw Saw or knew beforehand. Forswear Swear falsely; Commit perjury. Forwardness, be forward Being eager; zealous; ready; being inclined to do something, Foursquare Squared; four cornered. Fray Frighten; make afraid. Fret Be grieved; be troubled; be displeased. Fretting Eating away; wearing away. Froward Fuller Perverse; twisted. Washer and/or bleacher of clothes. REFERENCE 1 Sam 15:9 Joel 2:24; 3:13 1 Sam 21:13 1 Ki 7:33 Job 40:21 Josh 15:3 Ex 27:10 Idg 15:4 John 2:6 Gen 1:6-8 Isa 28:25, 27 2 Sam 6:19 Mic 3:3 Lev 15:24 Acts 28:8 Gen 4:15 Ex 23:5 Acts 2:25 Matt 5:33 2 Cor 8:8 Ex 27:1 Deut 28:26 1 Sa 1:6 Lev 13:51 ff, Deut 32:20 Mark 9:3 WORD Furbish Furlong DEFINITION Rub, scour or polish until bright. Approximately 1/8 mile (660 feet). Gaddest about Go back and forth, to and fro. Gainsay Gall Garrison Gin Girdle, Girt Goad Gospel Go to Grave Graven Grisled Grove Guile Habergeon Haft Hale Halt Haply Hard by Hardly bestead Harrow Hart Haughty Haunt Heady Contradict; oppose. Something bitter or poisonous. Fortification; military post. Noose; snare. Belt, wrapped around. A pointed stick to get animals moving The Word of God; “joyful message.” Come; let us begin (exhortation). Tomb (noun); engraved (verb); serious, not showy (adj) Carved or engraved idol or image. Spotted; speckled. Small group of trees; in pagan use, REFERENCE Jer 46:4 Luke 24:13 Jer 2:36 Luke 21:15 Deut 32:32 1 Sam 10:5 Job 18:9 Mark 1:6; 2 Ki 1:8 Jdg 3:31 Matt 4:23 Gen 11:3 Gen 35:20; Ex 28:9 1 Tim 3:8 Ex 20:4 Gen 31:10 a place where Ashtaroth was worshiped Gen 21:33; (compare Jdg 2:13 with 3:7). Deceit; craftiness. Coat of mail for the neck (and down). A handle. Drag; force. Lame; crippled in the feet. Perhaps; maybe. Beside; next to. Badly treated; greatly troubled. Plow; break up clods; cover seed. A stag; male deer. Proud; arrogant, lifted up. Where one goes frequently. Headstrong; reckless; hasty Ex 34:13 Ex 21:14 Ex 28:32 Idg 3:22 Luke 12:58 Matt 18:8 1 Sam 14:30 1Ki 21:1 Isa 8:21 2 Sam 12:31 Deut 12:15 2 Sam 22:28 1 Sam 23:22 2 Tim 3:4 WORD Heath Heed Helm Henceforth Her hap was to Herewith Hewn Hinder end Hireling Hither, hitherto Hoar, hoary Holden Holpen Hosen Host Hough DEFINITION Small shrub found in open wastelands. Pay attention; watch out. Rudder and tiller to steer a ship. From this time forth; from now on. She happened to. With this. Cut. The back side; behind; the rear. A hired laborer; employee. To this place; till this point in time. White colored; white or gray with age. Held Helped. Garments covering legs; trousers. Army/multitude; entertainer of guests. Hamstring; cut the tendons of the ham. Husbandman Farmer; one who tills the ground. Ignominy Immutable Implacable Implead Importunity impotent Impudent Impute In no wise Incontinent Inditing Infidel Contempt; shame; dishonor. Unchangeable (an attribute of God). Cannot be calmed or appeased. Sue someone at law. Urgent, continual, persistent asking. Weak; without strength or power. Shameless; without modesty. Charge to one’s account; reckon. By no means; assuredly not. Without self-control; unbridled. Dictating what to write. Unbeliever. REFERENCE Jer 17:6 Gen 31:24 James 3:4 Gen 4:12 Ruth 2:3 Ezek 16:29 Ex 20:25 2 Sam 2:23 Job 7:1 Gen 15:16 Ex 16:14; Lev 19:32 2 Ki 23:22 Psa 83:8 Dan 3:21 Gen 2:1; Luke 10:35 Josh 11:6,9 Gen 9:20 Prov 18:3 Heb 6:18 Rom 1:31 Acts 19:38 Luke 11:8 John 5:3 Prov 7:13 Lev 7:18 Lev 7:24 2 Tim 3:3 Psa 45:1 2 Cor 6:15 WORD DEFINITION Inordinate — Unrestrained; immoderate. Instant (adj.) Insistent; persistent; importunate. Issue What comes forth: children; discharge of liquid. Jangling Noisy argument; quarreling. Joined hard Bordered; was adjacent to. Jot The smallest Hebrew letter, yodh. Kin, kindred Family. Kine Cows; cattle. Knop Knob; bud (as of a flower). Lade To load; burden. Lasciviousness Being lustful, loose or lewd; promoting lustful desires in others. Latchet Sandal lace Laver Wash basin. Leasing Falsehood; deceit; lying. Lees Sediment settled in liquid; the dregs; (See “wines on the lees”). Let (was let) Hinder or obstruct. Leviathan —_ Big dragon/dinosaur that lives near or in the water/sea. Lintel Top of a door frame. Listed, listeth Choose; be inclined to do. Lively OT: Strong; energetic. NT: Living. Loins Thigh and groin area; often used for the reproductive organs. Lot (of a person) Portion; what is received by casting lots. Lot (to cast) Pebbles thrown to make decisions. Lowring Threatening a storm; gloomy; clouded. Lucre Gain in money or goods; profit. REFERENCE Ezek 23:11 Luke 23:23 Gen 48:6; Lev 12:7 1 Tim 1:6 Acts 18:7 Matt 5:18 Lev 18:6 Gen 32:15 Ex 25:33 Gen 45:17 Mark 7:22 Isa 5:27 Ex 30:18 Psa 4:2 Jer 48:11; Isa 25:6 Rom 1:13 Job 41:1 ff; Psa 74:14. Ex 12:22-23 Matt 17:12 Ex 1:19; Acts 7:38 Gen 35:11 Deut 32:9 Lev 16:8 Matt 16:3 1 Sam 8:3 WORD Lusty Mammon Mantle Maranatha Marishes Matrix Mattock Maul Maw Mean man Meat Meet Mess Mete Meteyard Milch Mincing Minish Ministration Mirth Mite Mitre Mollified Mortify Mote Muffler Munition Murrain Naught Nave DEFINITION Healthy and strong; able of body. Earthly goods; property; riches. Cloak; covering garment. “Our Lord cometh.” Marshes; ponds. A mother’s womb. Hoe or other tool to break up dirt. Mallet, heavy hammer or club. Animal’s stomach. Common; low in rank. Grain or food in general (except where the verse refers to flesh). Suitable; agreeable; fit; proper. Portion of food. Measure; deal out. A rod to measure length; yardstick. Milk-giving; milking. Taking short, quick steps. Diminish; lessen. Service; ministry. Gladness; rejoicing. Coin of very small value; 1/4 Denarius. Turban; ceremonial headdress. Be softened; be appeased. Put to death; remove the life of. Speck or splinter; small particle. Scarf or veil to cover the face. Stronghold; fort. Cattle disease; pestilence; plague. Bad; nothing; vain. Hub; where spokes are inserted. Necromancer One who inquires of the dead. REFERENCE Jdg 3:29 Matt 6:24 Idg 4:18 1 Cor 16:22 Ezek 47:11 Ex 13:12 1 Sam 13:20 Prov 25:18 Deut 18:3 Prov 22:29 Gen 1:29 Gen 2:18 Gen 43:34 Ex 16:18 Lev 19:35 Gen 32:15 Isa 3:16 Ex 5:19 Lukel:23 Gen 31:27 Mark 12:42 Ex 28:4 Tsa 1:6 Rom 8:13 Matt 7:3-5 Isa 3:19 Isa 29:7 Ex 9:3 2 Ki 2:19; Prov 20:14 1 Ki 7:33 Deut 18:11 WORD DEFINITION Neesings Sneezing. Nephew Descendant; grandson; grandchild. Nether Lower, Nigh Near, in place or in time Nitre Sodium nitrate, as in gunpowder. No little kindness —_ Exceptional kindness, Noisome Destructive; hurtful; noxious. Not a whit Not the least bit. Nought Nothing. Obeisance — Bowing or kneeling in respect. Odd number What is left over; over and above. Offend Make angry; make one stumble; violate. Offscouring What is scoured off, rejected. Omnipotent All powerful (an attribute of God). Oracle (When referring to a place) the inner sanctuary; “Holy of Holies.” Ouches Settings for gems, sockets. Outgoings Extreme limits; furthest borders. Outwent Went before; went faster. Overcharged Weighed down; burdened Pangs Extreme, sharp pains, as in childbirth. Paps Breasts Paramour Male or female lover. Structure on the west side of Solomon’s temple. Pate Forehead; crown of the head Patrimony Something inherited; an estate. Parbar Peculiar Particular; special; one’s own. Peeled Smooth; bare; bald. Penury Poverty. Peradventure Perhaps. REFERENCE Job 41:18 Jdg 12:14 Ex 19:17 Gen 47:29 Prov 25:20 Acts 28:2 Psa 91:3 2 Cor 11:5 Gen 29:15 Gen 37:7 Num 3:48 Gen 20:9 Lam 3:45 Rev 19:6 1Ki6:5 Ex 28:11 Josh 17:9 Mark 6:33 Luke 21:34 Isa 13:8 Ezek 23:21 Ezek 23:20 1 Chr 26:18 Psa 7:16 Deut 18:8 Ex 19:5 Isa 18:2 Prov 14:23 Gen 18:24 WORD DEFINITION REFERENCE Perdition Complete loss; eternal damnation. John 17:12 Pernicious _ Destructive, something that can injure. 2 Pet 2:2 Phylacteries Scripture box attached to left arm or forehead by a leather strap. Matt 23:5 Pilled Pealed; stripped off skin or bark. Gen 30:37-38 Pitch A thick, dark, sticky substance. Gen 6:14 Plaiting Braiding; gathering hair into knots. 1 Pet 3:3 Platted Braided; intertwined. Matt 27:29 Polled his head Cut hair from his head. 2 Sam 14:26 Pommels Bowl-shaped top of a pillar. 2 Chr 4:12-13 Post (person) Runner; courier. 2 Chr 30:6 Potsherd Piece of broken pottery. Job 2:8 Prating Babbling; chattering. Prov 10:8, 10 Presbytery Assembly of elders. 1 Tim 4:14 Prevent Come before, go before; anticipate. 2 Sam 22:6 Pricks OT: Thoms. Num 33:55 NT: Cattle prods or goads. Acts 9:5 Principalities Rulers or their territory. Jer 13:18 Privily In private; secretly. IJdg 9:31 Privy (be) Privately knowing; knowing a secret. 1 Ki 2:44 Profane Treat as common; defile. Ley 18:21 Profound (be) Go deep into something Hos 5:2 Prognosticators Foretellers of the future. Isa 47:13 Proper One’s own; peculiar; particular. 1 Chr 29:3 Propitiation Sacrifice to pay for sins against God, to satisfy His righteous anger. Rom 3:25 Proselyte Convert. Matt 23:15 Provender Food for livestock or cattle. Gen 24:25 Psalm Sacred song about or to God. 1 Chr 16:7 Psaltery Stringed instrument, as a harp or guitar. | Sam 10:5 WORD Publican Pulse Purloining Purtenance Putrifying Quaternion Quick Quit Quit you like men Raiment Rampart Rank (adj.) Ravening DEFINITION Tax collector. Peas, beans; legumes. Stealing; pilfering Tnward parts; entrails. Pertaining to gangrene; decaying. Guard of four soldiers. Alive; living. Acquitted; found not guilty. Behave/act as a man should Clothing; garments. Fortification; defensive structure. Full-grown; strong and robust Preying upon to devour. Ravin (noun) Torn flesh; food gotten by violence. Ravin (verb) Ravished Rebuke Recompence Redound Reel Reins Remission Rend Renown Reproach Reprobate Reproof Requite Rereward Violently catch food or devour it. Raped (negative use); delighted (positive use) Reprimand; strongly warn; restrain. Punishment for evil, reward. Produce a result; to return. Stagger, walk to and fro like a drunkard. Literally, kidneys. Figuratively, seat of emotion Forgiveness; pardon. Tear apart; forcefully rip apart. Great reputation; being well-known. Disgrace; shame. Rejected; failing the test; lost in sin. Rebuke; scolding. Repay. Towards the rear; rear guard. REFERENCE Luke 5:27 2 Sam 17:28 ‘Titus 2:10 Ex 12:9 Isa 1:6 Acts 12:4 Lev 13:10 Ex 21:19 1 Sam 4:9; | Cor 16:13 Gen 24:53 Lam 2:8 Gen 41:5, 7 Psa 22:13 Nah 2:12 Gen 49:27 Isa 13:16; Pro 5:19 Dt 32:35, Pro 12:14 2 Cor 4:15 Ps 107:27, Is 24:20 Job 16:13; Psa 7:9 Matt 26:28 Ex 39:23 Gen 6:4 Gen 30:23 Jer 6:30 Job 26:11 Gen 50:15 Tsa 52:12 WORD Residue Rie Ringstraked Road Ruddy Rude Rue Sabbath Sackbut Sacrilege Salutation Sanctify Satan Satyr Savour Savourest Scall Score Scourge Seemly Seethe Selvedge Sepulchre Servitor DEFINITION Part that remains, the rest. Old spelling of “rye”; a grain. Striped, streaked. Old spelling of “raid”. Reddish (hair or complexion). Unskilled, unrefined or unlearned. An evergreen plant used for medicine Rest; cessation from work. Triangular, 4-stringed instrument, like a lyre. Violate or steal sacred things. Greeting. Make holy; set apart for God's use. The Adversary of humans; the devil; the leader of the fallen angels. He-goat. Smell; taste; odor. You (singular) like; delight in; favor. Scaly skin eruption. Multiply the number times 20 (e.g., “fourscore” =80). Whip; flog. Fitting; proper; becoming. Boil; be very hot. Fabric edge to prevent unraveling Place of burial; grave; tomb. Attendant; one performing as a servant. Set at nought Despise; disregard. Shambles Sheaf Sheepcote Sherd Meat market; marketplace. Bundle of grain. Sheep dwelling; See “potsherd.” table. (See “cote”) REFERENCE Ex 10:5 Isa 28:25 Gen 31 ff 1 Sam 27:10 1 Sam 16:12 2 Cor 11:6 Luke 11:42 Ex 16:23 Dan 3:5,7, 10, 15 Rom 2:22 Mark 12:38 Gen 2:3 Matt 16:23 Isa 13:21; 34:14 Gen 8:21 Matt 16:23 Ley 13:30-37 Gen 16:16 Ley 19:20 Prov 19:10; 26:1 Ex 16:23 Ex 26:4 Gen 23:6 2 Ki 4:43 Prov 1:25 1 Cor, 10:25 Gen 37:7 1 Sam 24:3 Isa 30:14 WORD Sheriff Shew Signet Single Sith Slack Sleight Slow bellies Sod, sodden Soothsayer Sop Sottish Spite Spoil Stanched Standard Staves Stay him, My stay Stayed Stomacher Straightway Strait (adj.) Strait (in a) Straitened Strake Strowed, strawed Succour DEFINITION REFERENCE Knowledgeable, legal official. Dan 3:2-3 Old spelling of “show.” Gen 12:1 Seal or stamp, indicating the owner. Gen 38:18 Clear; pure; uncorrupted; healthy. Matt 6:22 Old spelling of “since.” Ezek 35:6 Slow or negligent. Deut 7:10 Trickery; entrapment by deceit. Eph 4:14 Idle gluttons. Titus 1:12 Cooked; boiled. Gen 25:29 One who fortells the future by ungodly means. Josh 13:22 A morsel of bread to be dipped. John 13:26 f. Foolish; dull with drink; sluggish. Jer 4:22 Anger toward someone; grief. Psa 10:14 Booty; plunder; prey. Gen 49:27 Stopped flowing Luke 8:44 Flag; banner. Num 1:52 Rods; clubs. Ex 25:13 Support; uphold. Proy 28:17 What one relies on. 2 Sam 22:19 Detained; held. Luke 4:42 Ornamental covering, over the chest and/or stomach, for females. Isa 3:24 Right away; immediately 1 Sam 9:13 Narrow; close together. 2 Ki 6:1; Matt 7:13 Be in distress; be in a narrow place. 1 Sam 13:6 Impeded or restricted; narrowed. Job 18:7; Ezek 42:6 Distressed. Luke 12:50 Old spelling of “struck.” Acts 27:17 Scattered; spread. Matt 21:8 Help; aid. Hebrew 2:18 WORD Suffered not Sup Sup up Superfluous Suppliants Surfeiting Swaddling clothes Tablets Taches Tale Talent Target Tell Tempered Temperance Tempest Terrestrial Testament Thence Thither Thitherward Thrice Tired Tithe Tittle Told out Tow Traffick Translate Trodden DEFINITION Did not allow. Dine; eat. Gather together; accumulate, assemble. More than necessary or wanted. Worshippers. Excess food or drink; overindulgence. Cloths for wrapping infants tightly. Small, flat ornaments or jewelry Hooks; fasteners A number; something counted. Information given; a story. Weight of money; weight; gift. Small shield; a buckler To count; number. Mixed; combined. Self-control; moderation. Storm; violent wind; whirlwind. Relating to the earth; earthly. A will, ratified after death; a covenant. From that place; from there. To that place; opposite of hither. Toward it; in that direction. Three times. Attired; put something around the head, The tenth part; 1/10. Small mark to tell between Heb. letters. Counted out; numbered; tallied. Weaver’s fiber or the yarn made from it. Trade; do business. Transfer; remove to another place. Walked on; trampled. REFERENCE Gen 20:6 Luke 17:8 Hab 1:9 Lev 21:18 Zeph 3:10 Luke 21:34 Luke 2:7, 12 Ex 35:22 Ex 26:6 Ex 5:8 Psa 90:9 Ex 25:39 1 Sam 17:6 Gen 15:5 Ex 29:2 Gal 5:23 Job 9:17 1 Cor 15:40 Heb 9:16-18 Gen 2:10 Gen 19:20 Jer 50:5 Ex 34:23 2 Ki 9:30 Ley 27:30 Matt 5:18; Luke 16:17 2 Chr 2:2 Jdg 16:9 Gen 42:34 2 Sam 3:10 Deut 1:36 WORD Trode Trow Twain Unction Unseemly Untoward Usury Utter court Utter gate Valour Variance DEFINITION Stepped on; walked on. To think; to believe; to trust. Two. An anointing. Inappropriate. Perverse; not easily taught or guided. Interest paid for using money. Outer court. Outer gate. Courage; personal bravery. Disagreement; discord; dissension. Vaunt oneself Boast; brag about oneself. Vehement Verily Verity Vestments Vesture Vial Victuals Villany Visage Vocation Want Wanton Ward Wast Wax Wen Wert Whelp Whence Whether is? Violent; forceful; furious. Truly. Truth. Official or ecclesiastical robes. Garment; clothing. Small bottle; something holding liquid. Food for humans. Extreme wickedness. Appearance; face; look of a person. What God calls, gifts a person to do. Lack; be deficient. Without restraint; reckless. Tn custody, with a guard; prison. ‘You (one person) were. Grow; become; advance. A wart; a tumor; a swelling. (if) you (one person) were. A cub; a young one. From what place; from where. Which of the two? REFERENCE Idg 9:27 Luke 17:9 1 Sam 18:21 1 John 2:20 Rom 1:27 Acts 2:40 Ex 22:25 Ezek 40:31 Ezek 47:2 Josh 1:14 Matt 10:35 Idg 7:2 Song of Sol 8:6 Gen 42:21 Psa 111:7 2 Ki 10:22 Deut 22:12 1 Sam 10:1 Gen 14:11 Isa 32:6 Tsa 52:14 Eph 4:1 Deut 28:48 Isa 3:16 Gen 40:3 Gen 3:11 Ex 22:24 Lev 22:22 Job 8:6 Gen 49:9 Gen 3:23 Jdg 9:2 Whither To what place; to where. Gen 16:8 Wimples Curled hair; veils crimped. Isa 3:22 Winefat Wine vat, Tsa 63:2 Wines on the lees Wines fermented on their dregs. Isa 25:6 Wist. wot | Knew; thought; supposed. Ex 16:15 Withs Twigs twisted to make a band, rope. Jdg 16:7-9 ‘Wont Used to; in the habit of. Bx 21:29 Why Do We Need “Thee” and “Thou”? In almost every language but Modern English, people knew whether the speaker was addressing one person or many. In Classical English, preserved, If the speaker is talking to one hou.” If he is talking to many people, he says “you” or “your.” The King James preserves this distinction. When Jesus spoke to Nicodemus, He said, “Marvel not that I said unto thee, ye must be born again” (John 3:7), What He said in effect was, “Marvel not that I said unto thee (Nicodemus), ye (all of you people) must be born again.” Jesus did not tell this only to Nicodemus. He spoke to all people of all times, from those who stood around that night, even to us today: Ye must be born again! eee ef (hee | ae i (yor)