M2N78-LA

Motherboard Reference

Contents
Contents ............................................................................ 2 Notices............................................................................... 3 Safety information ............................................................ 4 Specifications summary .................................................. 5 1. Product Introduction
1.1 Before you proceed ......................................................................... 8 1.2 Motherboard layout ......................................................................... 9 1.3 Central Processing Unit (CPU) ..................................................... 10 Installling the CPU heatsink and fan.................................................11 1.4 System memory ............................................................................ 12 . Installing a DIMM ............................................................................. 13 Removing a DIMM ........................................................................... 13 1.5 Expansion slots ............................................................................. 14 Installing an expansion card ............................................................ 14 1.6 Jumpers.......................................................................................... 15 1.7 Connectors .................................................................................... 16 . 

Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.Notices Federal Communications Commission Statement This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. and This device must accept any interference received including interference that may cause undesired operation. the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following measures: • • • • Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna. which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on. Connect the equipment to an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the receiver is connected. This class B digital apparatus complies with Canadian ICES-003. Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help. This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device. if not installed and used in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions. Canadian Department of Communications Statement This digital apparatus does not exceed the Class B limits for radio noise emissions from digital apparatus set out in the Radio Interference Regulations of the Canadian Department of Communications. Changes or modifications to this unit not expressly approved by the party responsible for compliance could void the user’s authority to operate this equipment. MN78-LA Motherboard Reference 3 . pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. The use of shielded cables for connection of the monitor to the graphics card is required to assure compliance with FCC regulations. uses and can radiate radio frequency energy and. there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. Operation is subject to the following two conditions: • • This device may not cause harmful interference. may cause harmful interference to radio communications. This equipment generates. If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television reception. However. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation.

Avoid dust.Safety information Electrical safety • • To prevent electrical shock hazard. Before installing the motherboard and adding devices on it. contact a qualified service technician or your retailer. These devices could interrupt the grounding circuit. If possible. If you detect any damage. Do not place the product in any area where it may become wet. and staples away from connectors. keep paper clips. do not try to fix it by yourself. make sure all cables are correctly connected and the power cables are not damaged. Make sure that your power supply is set to the correct voltage in your area. carefully read all the manuals that came with the package. disconnect all power cables from the existing system before you add a device. sockets and circuitry. contact your dealer immediately. To avoid short circuits. Contact a qualified service technician or your retailer. If you are not sure about the voltage of the electrical outlet you are using. slots. IMPORTANT: This symbol of the crossed out wheeled bin indicates that the product (electrical and electronic equipment) should not be placed in municipal waste. Check local regulations for disposal of electronic products. and temperature extremes. contact your local power company. Place the product on a stable surface. If the power supply is broken. Seek professional assistance before using an adapter or extension cord. disconnect the power cable from the electrical outlet before relocating the system. ensure that all power cables are unplugged. Before connecting or removing signal cables from the motherboard. • • • • Operation safety • • • • • • 4 . If you encounter technical problems with the product. screws. When adding or removing devices to or from the system. humidity. ensure that the power cables for the devices are unplugged before the signal cables are connected. Before using the product.

up to 16GB 1x PCI Express Graphic slot (x16) 3x PCIEX1 slots Realtek ALC888S (8-channel) 10/100M: Realtek RTL8201 N (PHY) Integrated Graphic in chipest (MCP78OV) 4x SATA 300/150 ports 1x USB .6 in. AM2+.0 single connectors (4 ports) 1x microfit ATX Power connector 1x ATX 1V connector 4x SATA connectors 1x SPDIF Audio out connector 1x Audio Input connector 1x Floppy connector 1x SPI (ROM programming) connector SPI 8Mb (AMI) Internal connectors BIOS Form factor uATX form factor 9. x 9.0 ports (8 onboard. *Specifications are subject to change without notice. 4 rear panel) 1x PS/2 Mouse port + 1x PS/2 Keyboard port 1x SPDIF audio output 1x VGA port + 1x DVI port 1x1394 port + 2x USB ports 1x LAN port + 2x USB ports 6x Audio ports (8-channel) 1x CPU FAN connector 1x System FAN connector 1x Front Panel connector 1x Front Panel Audio connector 1x Front Panel 1394a connector x USB .6 in. AM3 FSB: 2000 MHz North Bridge : nVidia MCP78OV South Bridge: n/a Chipset Memory Expansion slots Audio LAN Graphic Storage/RAID USB Rear panel I/O ports DDR2-667(PC2-5300/6400) unbuffered 4 DIMM slots. Sempron.0 dual connectors (4 ports) 4x USB . max. MN78-LA Motherboard Reference  .Specifications summary CPU Socket: Socket AM2 Supports: Athlon64/64X2.

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1. Product Introduction This chapter describes the motherboard features and the new technologies it supports. MN78-LA Motherboard Reference 7 .

before handling components to avoid damaging them due to static electricity • Hold components by the edges to avoid touching the ICs on them. • Whenever you uninstall any component.1. and/or components. such as the power supply case. 8 MN78-LA Motherboard Reference . • Unplug the power cord from the wall socket before touching any component. • Use a grounded wrist strap or touch a safely grounded object or to a metal object. • Before you install the motherboard. Failure to do so may cause severe damage to the motherboard. peripherals.1 Before you proceed Take note of the following precautions before you install motherboard components or change any motherboard settings. • Make sure to unplug the power cord before installing or removing the motherboard. Failure to do so can cause you physical injury and damage motherboard components. place it on a grounded antistatic pad or in the bag that came with the component. ensure that the ATX power supply is switched off or the power cord is detached from the power supply. study the configuration of your chassis to ensure that the motherboard fits into it. • Before you install or remove any component.

1.2 Motherboard layout CPU_FAN KB • MS SPDIF_OUT SPDIF_I/O XMM1 XMM2 XMM3 1394 • USB ATX_CPU ATX POWER SATA LAN • USB SYS_FAN AUDIO PCIE X16 PCIE X1_1 BATTERY XMM4 FLOPPY DVI + VGA Socket AM2 PCIE X1_2 F_1394 BUZZER PCIE X1_3 F_USB1 F_USB2 34 12 F_USB F_LINE_IN F_AUDIO F_PANEL Rear panel connectors M2N78-LA Motherboard Reference CMOS • PW 3456 ROM RECOVERY  .

Installling the CPU 1.1. • Keep the cap after installing the motherboard. follow the latter. 10 MN78-LA Motherboard Reference . . Contact your retailer immediately if the PnP cap is missing.3 Central Processing Unit (CPU) The motherboard comes with a surface mount socket designed for various processors. Retention tab Load lever 3. • Upon purchase of the motherboard. Locate the CPU socket as shown. Press the load lever down and move it away from the socket until it is released from the retention tab. or misplacement/loss/incorrect removal of the PnP cap. make sure that the PnP cap is on the socket and the socket pins are not bent. fan and heatsink assembly. or if you see any damage to the PnP cap/socket pins/motherboard components. • Your boxed processor package should come with installation instructions for the CPU. Lift the load lever in the direction of the arrow. • The product warranty does not cover damage to the socket pins resulting from incorrect CPU installation/removal. If the instructions in this section do not match the CPU documentation. It is required for product returns or repairs.

connect the CPU fan cable to the connector on the motherboard.3 Central Processing Unit (CPU) B Pull the load lever down until it snaps into the retention tab. CPU FAN SYS_FAN_TACH +12V Ground MN78-LA Motherboard Reference 11 . DO NOT force the CPU into the socket to prevent damaging the delicate CPU! Installling the CPU heatsink and fan The processor require a specially designed heatsink and fan assembly to ensure optimum thermal condition and performance.) When the fan and heatsink assembly is in place.1. the package includes the CPU fan and heatsink assembly. • Install the motherboard to the chassis before you install the CPU fan and heatsink assembly • If you buy a CPU separately. make sure that you use only certified multi‑directional heatsink and fan and make sure that a Thermal Interface Material is properly applied to the CPU heatsink or CPU before you install the heatsink and fan assembly. When you buy a boxed processor. Place the heatsink on top of the installed CPU and secure the latch. Retention tab AM D A AM D Load lever A A Position the CPU over the socket as shown. The CPU fits in only one correct orientation. (Your CPU fan may use a different latching design.

A DDR2 module has the same physical dimensions as a DDR DIMM but has a 240-pin footprint compared to the 184-pin DDR DIMM.4 System memory The motherboard comes with two Double Data Rate 2 (DDR2) Dual Inline Memory Modules (DIMM) sockets. . the total size of memory module(s) installed per channel must be the same (DIMM_A1 = DIMM_B1). • This motherboard does not support memory modules made up of 128 Mb chips or double‑sided x16 memory modules. The figure illustrates the location of the DDR2 DIMM sockets: A1/A B1/B Channel Channel A Channel B Sockets DIMM_A1 and DIMM_A DIMM_B1 and DIMM_B • For dual‑channel configuration. 1 MN78-LA Motherboard Reference . it is recommended that you obtain memory modules from the same vendor. • Always install DIMMs with the same CAS latency. Refer to the DDR2 Qualified Vendors List on next page for details. DDR2 DIMMs are notched differently to prevent installation on a DDR DIMM socket. For optimum compatibility.1.

2.4 System memory Installing a DIMM Unplug the power supply before adding or removing DIMMs or other system components. The DIMM might get damaged when it flips out with extra force. Firmly insert the DIMM into the socket until the retaining clips snap back in place and the DIMM is properly seated. 3. Simultaneously press the retaining clips outward to unlock the DIMM. Align a DIMM on the socket such that the notch on the DIMM matches the break on the socket. 1 2 1 DDR DIMM notch Support the DIMM lightly with your fingers when pressing the retaining clips. To install a DIMM: 1. MN78-LA Motherboard Reference 13 . Remove the DIMM from the socket. 1. Failure to do so can cause severe damage to both the motherboard and the components. • The DDR2 DIMM sockets do not support DDR DIMMs. Unlock a DIMM socket by pressing the retaining clips outward. 2. Do not force a DIMM into a socket to avoid damaging the DIMM. 3 2 1 1 DDR DIMM notch Unlocked retaining clip • A DDR2 DIMM is keyed with a notch so that it fits in only one direction. Removing a DIMM Follow these steps to remove a DIMM.1. DO not install DDR DIMMs to the DDR2 DIMM sockets.

3. Failure to do so may cause you physical injury and damage motherboard components. read the documentation that came with it and make the necessary hardware settings for the card. The following sub-sections describe the slots and the expansion cards that they support. 2.5 Expansion slots In the future. Make sure to unplug the power cord before adding or removing expansion cards. Align the card connector with the slot and press firmly until the card is completely seated on the slot. Remove the bracket opposite the slot that you intend to use. Installing an expansion card To install an expansion card: 1. 6. Replace the system cover.1. 5. you may need to install expansion cards. Before installing the expansion card. Secure the card to the chassis with the screw you removed earlier. Keep the screw for later use. PCI Express x16 PCI Express x1 14 MN78-LA Motherboard Reference . 4. Remove the system unit cover (if your motherboard is already installed in a chassis).

3. 3. system setup parameters. do not remove the jumper cap from the default position or else there may be a system boot failure! To erase the CMOS RTC RAM password: 1. You can clear the CMOS memory of date.1. Turn OFF the computer and unplug the power cord. Move the cap to Clear. Except when using this function. then move the cap back to default. Except when using this function. Turn ON computer and enter BIOS setup to verify or reconfig. During the boot process. Move the cap to clear for  to 10 secs. Turn OFF the computer and unplug the power cord. time. . . (Default) Clear Password 3 2 1 3 2 1 Clear RTC RAM (CMOS) This jumper allows you to clear the Real Time Clock (RTC) RAM in CMOS. do not remove the jumper cap from the default position or else there may be a system boot failure! To erase the CMOS RTC RAM user settings: 1. and passwords by erasing the CMOS RTC RAM data.6 Jumpers Clear RTC password (CLRTC) This jumper allows you to clear the Real Time Clock (RTC) password in CMOS. then move the cap back to Default. enter BIOS setup to re-enter user settings. Plug the power cord and turn ON the computer. 4. (Default) 3 2 1 3 2 1 Clear CMOS MN78-LA Motherboard Reference 1 .

then install the module to the system chassis. F_1394 (+)12V TPB2(+) Ground TPA2(+) 1 Ground (+)12V TPB2(-) Ground TPA2(-) MN78-LA Motherboard Reference .7 Connectors Serial ATA connectors These connectors are for the Serial ATA signal cables for Serial ATA hard disk drives. Connect the 1394 module cable to this connector. SATA3 SATA4 Ground RSATA_TXP* RSATA_TXN* Ground RSATA_RXN* RSATA_RXP* Ground SATA2 SATA1 Front panel IEEE1394 connector This connector is for a system chassis mounted IEEE1394 port.1.

) at +12 V. CPU FAN SYS_FAN_TACH +12V Ground System fan connectors These fan connectors support cooling fans of 350 mA~740 mA (8. Connect the fan cables to the fan connectors on the motherboard.7 Connectors CPU fan connector The fan connectors support cooling fans of a total of 1A~2.4W max.88 W max.64 W max. making sure that the black wire of each cable matches the ground pin of the connector. SYS_FAN GND +12V Rotation MN78-LA Motherboard Reference 17 . Connect the fan cables to the fan connectors on the motherboard.) or a total of 1 A~2. making sure that the black wire of each cable matches the ground pin of the connector.1.2A (26.22 A (26.) at +12V.

The system may become unstable or may not boot up if the power is inadequate. otherwise.7 Connectors ATX power connectors (24‑pin EATXPWR and 4‑pin ATX12V) These connectors are for ATX power supply plugs. • Do not forget to connect the 4‑pin ATX +12 V power plug. • Make sure that your power supply unit (PSU) can provide at least the minimum power required by your system. ATX PWR +3 Volts +12 Volts +12 Volts +5V Standby Power OK Ground +5 Volts Ground +5 Volts Ground +3 Volts +3 Volts Ground +5 Volts +5 Volts +5 Volts 5 Volts Ground Ground Ground PSON# Ground 12 Volts +3 Volts ATX12V Ground +12V DC Ground +12V DC 18 MN78-LA Motherboard Reference . make sure that the 20‑pin power plug can provide at least 15A on +12V and that the PSU has a minimum power rating of 350 W. the system will not boot. The system may become unstable or may not boot up if the power is inadequate. • You must install a PSU with a higher power rating if you intend to install additional devices.1. Find the proper orientation and push down firmly until the connectors completely fit. • If you intent to use a PSU with 20‑pin and 4‑pin power plugs. • Use of a PSU with a higher power output is recommended when configuring a system with more power‑consuming devices. The power supply plugs are designed to fit these connectors in only one orientation.

F_USB1 GND USB4+ USB4SBV F_USB2 Never connect a 1394 cable to the USB connectors.0 specification that supports up to 480 Mbps connection speed.1.7 Connectors USB connectors (dual ports) These connectors are for USB . These USB connectors comply with USB .0 ports. Connect a USB module cable to any of these connectors. Doing so will damage the motherboard! USB connectors (single ports) NC GND USB5+ USB5SBV SATA4 SATA5 Ground USB P5+ USB P5USB+5V MN78-LA Motherboard Reference SATA3 SATA6 19 . then install the module to a slot opening at the back of the system chassis.

1. Insert one end of the cable to this connector. FLOPPY 0 MN78-LA Motherboard Reference .7 Connectors Floppy disk drive connector (34‑2 pin FLOPPY) This connector is for the provided floppy disk drive (FDD) signal cable. Pin 3 and 5 on the connector are removed to prevent incorrect cable connection when using an FDD cable with a covered Pin 3 and 5. then connect the other end to the signal connector at the back of the floppy disk drive.

The IDE LED lights up or flashes when data is read from or written to the HDD.7 Connectors System panel connectord These connectors support several chassis-mounted functions. ATX power button/soft‑off button (2‑pin PWRBTN) This connector is for the system power button. Hard disk drive activity LED (2‑pin HDLED) This 2-pin connector is for the HDD Activity LED. Connect the chassis speaker cable to this connector. Connect the HDD Activity LED cable to this connector. Connect the chassis power LED cable to this connector.1. Pressing the power switch for more than four seconds while the system is ON turns the system OFF. and blinks when the system is in sleep mode. MN78-LA Motherboard Reference +HDLED RESET 1 . The system power LED lights up when you turn on the system power. The chassis speaker allows the system to produce warnings sounds and basic audio by applications. Reset button (2‑pin RESET) This 2-pin connector is for the chassis-mounted reset button for system reboot without turning off the system power. System power LED (2‑pin PWRLED) This 2-pin connector is for the system power LED. Pressing the power button turns the system on or puts the system in sleep or soft-off mode depending on the BIOS settings. F_PANEL PLED PWRBTN Ground PWR PLED(-) PLED(+) Reset Ground HDLED(-) HDLED(+) Internal chassis speaker (4‑1 pin SPKR) This connector is for the internal chassis-mounted speaker.

7 Connectors Front panel audio connector This connector is for a chassis-mounted front panel audio I/O module that supports either HD Audio or legacy AC’97 audio standard. this connector is set to AC97 Audio.1. Connect one end of the S/PDIF audio cable to this connector and the other end to the S/PDIF module (may require separate purchase). Digital Audio connector This connector is for the S/PDIF audio module to allow digital sound output. F_AUDIO Ground AUDIO_PRES# MIC*_RTU LINE*_RTU • It is recommended that you connect a high‑definition front panel audio module to this connector to utilize this motherboard’s high‑definition audio capability. SPDIF_OUT +5V SPDIF Out Ground  MIC*_L MIC*_R LINE*_R Ground LINE*_L MN78-LA Motherboard Reference . If you want to connect a High Definition front panel audio module to this connector. set the Front Panel Support Type item in the BIOS to [HD Audio]. • By default.

or MPEG card.1. TV tuner. ROM Recovery GND 3VSB SPI_CLK SPI_MISO SPI_MCSI SPI_CS# SPI_CS# MN78-LA Motherboard Reference 3 . F_LINE_IN AUX_LCR SENSE GND AUX_RCR ROM recovery connector This connector allows qualified technicians to reload firmware into the SPI boot flash in case there is problem with the data.7 Connectors Internal audio connector This connector allows you to receive stereo audio input from sound sources such as an optical drive.

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