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a

water =(aab) bAx

splendor/elegance/polish/brightness/=(aab) bAx

populated/inhabited/peopled/prosperous/happy=(aabaad) dAbAx

respect/honour=(aabaruu) UrabAx

polish of a mirror=(aab-e-aaina:) :anixAx-ex-bAx

tears=(aab-e-cashm) mSac-ebAx

bitter water/tears/wine=(aab-e-talkh’a) aYlat-ex-bAx

honor/fame/good name/dignity=(aabruu) UrbAx

manners=(aadaab) bAdAx

man (lit. offspring of Adam)=(aadmii) ImdAx

humanity/human nature/civility=(aadmiiyat) tayImdAx

evils/disasters/misfortunes (plu. of aafat)=(aafaat) tAfAx

sun/face=(aaftaab) bAtfAx

flame/fire (fig. anger/passion/love/lust)=(aag) gAx

embrace/lap/bosom=(aag’osha) aSoZAx

knowledge/intution/ information/ wisdom=(aagahii) IhagAx

sigh=(aaha) ahAx

softly/leisurely/slowly=(aahista:) :atsihAx

like the face of a mirror=(aaiinaa-siimaa) AmIs-AnIxAx

mirror=(aaina:) :anixAx

last/final=(aakhir) riYAx

conversation/preparatory tuning=(aalaap) pAlAx


instruments/apparatus=(aalaat) tAlAx

world/universe=(aalam) malAx

belonging to a=(aalii-guhar) rahug-IlAx

flame/warmth/fervor/loss/grief=(aam’c) cMAx

corner of the 'dopaTTa' worn by women=(aam’cal) lacMAx

dust-storm/hurricane=(aam’dhii) IDMAx

tears=(aam’suu) UsMAx

arrival=(aamad) damAx

education/teaching=(aamozii) IzomAx

self/selves/respectful term of address=(aap) pAx

embellishing/adorning=(aaraa) ArAx

decoration/adornment/beauty=(aaraaisha) aSixArAx

rest/repose/respite/relief/ease/comfort=(aaraam) mArAx

yearning/desire/wish/longing=(aarzuu) UzrAx

longing/desire/hope/faith/shelter/refuge=(aas) sAx

light/facile/easy=(aasaan) nAsAx

desire/hope/longing=(aashaa) ASAx

nest/houseaakhaaz:P=(aashiyaanaa) AnAyiSAx

aquaintance/friend/lover=(aashnaa) AnSAx

perplexed/careworn/distracted/confused=(aashufta:) :atfuSAx

sinner/culprit=(aasim) misAx

heaven/sky=(aasmaan) nAmsAx

heavenly/celestial/azure=(aasmaanii) InAmsAx
means of subsistence/protection/shelter=(aasraa) ArsAx

abode=(aastaam’) MAtsAx

opulent/rich/satisfied=(aasuuda:) :adUsAx

fire=(aatish) SitAx

roasted on fire=(aatish-diida) adId-SitAx

soul/spirit/mind=(aatmaa) AmtAx

wanderer/vagrant/destitute=(aavaara:) :arAvAx

noise/sound/cry/shout=(aavaaz) zAvAx

rumor/fame/report/reputation=(aavaaza:) :azAvAx

hereafter/in the future=(aayanda:) :adnayAx

ardent desire/lust/covetousness=(aaz) zAx

free/unrestrained=(aazaad) dAzAx

annoyed/dejected/uneasy/gloomy/sad=(aazarda:) :adrazAx

trial/experiment/testing/proving=(aazmaaisha) aSixAmzAx

now/presently=(ab) bax

eternity=(abad) dabax

useless/profitless/trifling/idle=(abas) sabax

slave/servant of God=(abd) dbax

sons (plu. of ibn)=(abnaa’) 'Anbax

clouds=(abra) arbax

eyebrow=(abruu) Urbax

eyes (plu. of basr)=(absaar) rAsbax

ruined/scattered/worthless=(abtar) ratbax
payment of debt/settlement=(adaa) Adax

charm/grace/beauty=(adaa) Adax

hatred/animosity=(adaavat) tavAdax

court of justice/tribunal/justice/law=(adalat) taladax

non existence=(adam) madax

non-existence/nothing/annihilation=(adam) madax

custom/habit/usage/practice/manner=(adat) tadax

learned, man of letters=(adiib) bIdax

just/sincere/righteous=(adil) lidax

enemy=(aduu) Udax

tale/legend/fiction=(afsaana:) :anAsfax

rattle=(afshaaM) MASfax

regret/remorse/dejection=(afsos) sosfax

melancholy/depressed=(afsurda:) :adrusfax

mistakes (plu. of ghalat)=(ag’laat) tAlZax

strangers/rivals (plu. of ghair)=(ag’yaar) rAyZax

conj.if/in case=(agar) ragax

promise=(ahad) dahax

people=(ahal) lahax

sorrows (plu. of huzn)=(ahazaan) nAzahax

fool/idiot=(ahmak’) Vamhax

wonder/astonishment=(ajab) bajax

wonderful/amazing/strange/rare=(ajab) bajax
wonderful/surprising/rare/admirable/unique=(ajiib) bIjax

powerless/weak/helpless/dejected=(ajiz) zijax

stranger/foreigner/alien=(ajnabii) Ibanjax

intellect/reason/knowledge=(ak’l) lVax

greatest (sup. of kabir)=(akbar) rabkax

news/newspaper=(akh’baar) rAbYax

grasping/seizing/taking=(akh’z) zYax

end/conclusion/future life=(akibat) tabiVax

finally/at last=(akibat) tabiVax

wise/sensible=(akil) liVax

image=(aks) skax

most/much/many/frequent=(aksar) raskax

frequently/usually/generally/often=(aksar) raskax

art.the=(al) lax

world/universe/regions/public/beauty/period=(alam) malax

words (plu. of lafz)=(alfaaz) zAflax

high/sublime/exalted/grand=(ali) ilax

wise/learned=(aliim) mIlax

learned/wise/intelligent=(alim) milax

common/public/general/ordinary (plu. awamm)=(am) max

prep.within/inside/inward=(am’dar) radMax

something given in trust/deposit/security=(amaanat) tanAmax

rider's seat with a canopy on an=(amaarii) IrAmax


practically/truly=(amalan) nalamax

fragrance=(ambarii) Irabmax

elements=(anaasir) risAnax

measurement/guess/rough estimate=(andaaza:) :azAdnax

end/conclusion/result/issue=(anjaam) mAjnax

assembly/meeting/society/council=(anjuman) namujnax

rare=(ank’aa) AVnax

exalted=(arjmand) dnamjrax

desire/yearning/wish=(armaan) nAmrax

roof/canopy/highest heaven=(arsha) aSrax

land/region/earth=(arz) zrax

petition/request/exposition/review=(arz) zrax

foundation=(asaas) sAsax

lion=(asad) dasax

mark/sign/trace/effect=(asar) rasax

causes/motives/means=(asbaab) bAbsax

voyages/travels (plu. of safar)=(asfaar) rAfsax

lords/masters (plu. of saahib)=(as-haab) bAh-sax

favors (plu. of shafaq)=(ashfaak’) VAfSax

lover/suitor=(ashik’) ViSax

things/items=(ashiyaa) AyiSax

tearS=(ashk) kSax

lamentation=(ashk’-baarii) IrAb-VSax
cruel/heartless (plu. of shaqi)=(ashkiyaa’) AyiVSax

imprisonment/captivity=(asiirii) IrIsax

prisoner/captive=(asir) rIsax

evils/weaknesses/defects (plu. of suqm)=(ask’aam) mAVsax

root/foundation/essence (plu. usool)=(asl) lsax

original/genuine/real/true=(asli) ilsax

secrets (plu. of sirr)=(asraar) rArsax

obstacle/obstruction=(at’ak) kaqax

kindness/favor/affection/present=(atf) ftax

children/offspring (plu. of tifl)=(atfaal) lAftax

perfume=(atr) rtax

highest point/summit=(auj) juxax

throne=(auram’g) gMaruxax

populace/common people (plu. of am)=(avam) mavax

first/excellent/best=(avvaal) lavvax

from/then/by=(az) zax

sorrow=(azaab) bAzax

torment/pain/punishment=(azab) bazax

eternity/without beginning=(azal) lazax

great/high in dignity/large=(aziim) mIzax

dear/beloved/honored/respected/worthy=(aziiz) zIzax

determined/resolute=(azim) mizax
(uupar)rapUx

b
prep.by/with/from/in/into/to/on/upon/for/upto=(ba) ab

prep.with/by/possessed of=(baa) Ab

company=(baab) bAb

door/gate/chapter/topic/subject=(baab) bAb

father=(baabul) lubAb

wind/air/breeze=(baad) dAb

wine/spirits=(baada:) :adAb

association with=(baadaa-aashaamii) ImASAx-AdAb

boozer=(baadaa-k’hvaar) rAvY-AdAb

cloud(s)=(baadal) ladAb

wilderness/desert=(baadiya:) :ayidAb

goblet/cup=(baadiya:) :ayidAb

emperor/king=(baadshaaha) ahASdAb

garden/orchard/grove=(baag’a) aZAb

gradener=(baag’baan) nAbZAb

residue/remainder/arrears=(baakii) IVAb

a lover/sweet-heart/husband=(baalam) malAb

upper storey/terrace/balcony=(baam) mAb

curved/crooked/sly/cunning=(baam’kaa) AkMAb

signifying keeper or guardian=(baan) nAb


lady/gentlewoman=(baano) onAb

burden/load=(baar) rAb

burden/load/permission/grief/court=(baar) rAb

time/turn/about/in regard of=(baara:) :arAb

at last=(baare) erAb

fine/slender/delicate/difficult/subtle=(baariik) kIrAb

rain=(baarisha) aSirAb

word/saying/speech/tale/news/question/business=(baat) tAb

denotes doer/agent=(baaz) zAb

falcon=(baaz) zAb

again/back/refusing=(baaz) zAb

market=(baazaar) rAzAb

common/low/vulgar/relating to the market=(baazaarii) IrAzAb

sport/game/wager=(baazi) izAb

toy/fun/sport=(baazica:) :acIzAb

arm/fold of a door/flank of an army=(baazuu) UzAb

child=(bacca:) :accab

unfortunate=(bad akh’tar) ratYax dab

having a bad end=(bad anjaam) mAjnax dab

of bad conduct/ill-mannered/immoral=(bad calan) nalac dab

curse/malediction=(bad du’aa) Axud dab

nightmare=(bad kh’vaab) bAvY dab

roguish=(bad m’aasha) aSAmdab


disreputable/notorious/ignominous=(bad naam) mAn dab

unfortunate/unlucky=(bad nasiib) bIsan dab

ill-tempered=(bad sirat) taris dab

ugly=(bad suurat) tarUs dab

worse/inferior=(bad tar) rat dab

bad/wicked/evil=(bad) dab

exchange/change/substitution=(badal) ladab

body=(badan) nadab

suspicious=(badg’umaam’) MAmuZdab

suspicion=(badg’umaanii) InAmuZdab

bad habits=(bad-k’huu) UY-dab

exchange/retaliation/revenge=(badlaa) Aldab

full moon=(badr) rdab

revolt/rebellion/disloyalty=(bag’aavat) tavAZab

armpit/side=(bag’al) laZab

value/price=(baha) ahab

brave/valiant/high-spirited=(bahaadur) rudAhab

status quo/refreshed/happy=(bahaal) lAhab

excuse/pretext/evasion/reason=(bahaana:) :anAhab

spring/prime/bloom/beauty/glory/delight=(bahaar) rAhab

dispute/argument/debate/controversy=(bahas) sahab

heaven=(bahisht (or bihisht) tSihib Ay( tSihab

house/abode=(bait) tEb
couple/verse=(bait) tixab

right/correct=(baja) Ajab

gift/donation/reward/alms/tip=(bakh’shiisha) aSISYab

good fortune/luck/prosperity=(bakh’t) tYab

calamity/distress/trial/misfortune=(balaa) Alab

natural calamity=(balaa-e-aasmaanii) InAmsAx-ex-Alab

calamities=(balaayem’) MeyAlab

devotion/worship/service=(bam’dagi) igadMab

composition/elegance of style/plan/obstruction=(bam’disha) aSidMab

slave/servant/individual/man=(banda:) :adnab

conceled sorrows=(band-e-g’am) maZ-ex-dnab

superior/of good quality/expensive=(bar’hiyaa) AyiRab

equal/even/level/alike/opposite/accurate=(baraabar) rabArab

endurance/tolerance/patience=(bardaasht) tSAdrab

lightning=(bark’) Vrab

abundance/prosperity/blessing/auspiciousness=(barkat) takrab

in front=(bar-ruu) Ur-rab

rain/rainy season=(barsaat) tAsrab

suspend=(bartaraf) faratrab

sufficient/enough/plenty=(bas) sab

sight/vision/the eye=(basar) rasab

roosting/a night's lodging/shelter=(baseraa) Aresab

man/mortal=(bashar) raSab
a messenger of good news=(bashiir) rISab

obstacle/knot/asylum/sanctuary=(bast) tsab

wilderness=(bayaabaam’) MAbAyab

desert/wilderness=(bayaabaan) nAbAyab

description/statement/account=(bayaan) nAyab

meeting/party/assembly/company (at a feast or entertainment)=(bazm)


mzab

dishonorable=(be aabruu) UrbAx eb

rude/unmannerly=(be adab) badax eb

unlimited/endless=(be am’daaza:) :azAdMax eb

helpless/weak=(be bas) sab eb

restless/uneasy=(be cain) nEac eb

iniquity/injustice/oppression=(be daad) dAd eb

spotless/without blemish/innocent=(be daag’a) aZAd eb

without feeling/pitiless/merciless=(be dard) drad eb

free from care or worry=(be fikr) rkif eb

happy/without sorrow=(be g’am) maZ eb

innocent/guiltless=(be gunaaha) ahAnug eb

endless/boundless=(be haadd) dah eb

shameless/impudent/bare-faced=(be haayaa) Ayah eb

unconscious=(be hosha) aSoh eb

unskilled=(be hunar) ranuh eb

incautiousness=(be ihatiyaati) itAyitahix eb


helplessness/without choice=(be ikhtiyaari) irAyitYix eb

faithless/liar/cheat=(be imaan) nAmix eb

indiscriminating=(be imtiyaaz) zAyitmix eb

unfair/unjust=(be insaaf) fAsnix eb

untrustworthy/discredit=(be itibaar) rAbitxix eb

discord/disunity=(be ittifaaki) VAfittix eb

without honor or respect=(be izzat) tazzix eb

lifeless=(be jaan) nAj eb

faultless=(be jurm) mruj eb

idle/unemployed/useless=(be kaar) rAk eb

worthless=(be kadr) rdaV eb

uneasy/restless/unsettled=(be karaar) rAraV eb

friendless/lonely=(be kas) sak eb

uninformed/ignorant/stupid=(be khabar) rabaY eb

faultless/innocent=(be khataa) AtaY eb

enraptured/in ecstasy/delirious/senseless=(be khud) duY eb

innocent/not guilty=(be kusuur) rUsuV eb

meaningless/absurd=(be ma’ni) InAam eb

without name, character or reputation=(be naam) mAn eb

unfortunate=(be nasiib) bIsan eb

unequalled/matchless/unique=(be nazir) rIzan eb

unveiled/immodest/exposed=(be parda:) :adrap eb

heedless/indifferent/above want=(be parvaa) Avrap eb


merciless/cruel=(be rahm) mhar eb

without guile/candid/sincere=(be riyaa) Ayir eb

without tools or apparatus=(be saaz) zAs eb

without cause or reason=(be sabab) babas eb

impatient=(be sabr) rbas eb

artless/unaffected/natural/plain=(be sakh’ta:) :atYas eb

shameless/immodest=(be sharm) mraS eb

restless/powerless/impatient=(be taab) bAt eb

powerless=(be taak’at) taVAt eb

ineffectual/useless=(be taasir) risAt eb

indiscreet/rude/uncultured=(be tamiiz) zImat eb

faithless/ungrateful/treacherous=(be vafaa) Afav eb

without cause=(be vajha) hajav eb

foolish/stupid/dolt=(be vak’uuf) fUVav eb

disgusted/displeased=(be zaar) rAz eb

dumb/speechless/modest=(be zabaan) nAbaz eb

destitute/poor=(be zar) raz eb

pref.without/void of=(be) eb

disgrace=(be-aabaru) UrabAx-eb

outspoken/bold=(be-baak) kAb-eb

injustice=(bedaad) dAdeb

cruel=(bedaadgar) ragdAdeb

awake/alert/vigilant=(bedaar) rAdeb
strange/alien/foreign=(begaana:) :anAgeb

shocked/stunned=(behis) siheb

quite/dead=(be-k’harosh) SoraY-eb

rapture=(be-k’hudii) IduY-eb

unkind/repulsive=(be-mehar) rahem-eb

independence=(be-niyaazii) IzAyin-eb

without any reason=(be-sabab) babas-eb

too much/lots=(besh) Seb

without any enquiry=(be-talab) balat-eb

displeased/angry/out of humor=(bezaar) rAzeb

labyrinth=(bhuul bhulayyaam’)MAyyaluB lUB

forgetfulness/omission/mistake/lapse/fault=(bhuul) lUB

prep.by/with/from/in/into/near/on/for/towards=(bi) ib

crystal/crystal glass/transparent=(billoor) rOllib

sick/ill=(bimaar) rAmIb

bedding/carpet/chess board/extent/capacity=(bisaat) tAsib

sacrificial animal/a lover=(bismil) limsib

bed=(bistar) ratsib

mat=(boriyaa) Ayirob

kiss=(bosaa) Asob

steam/temperature/fever/rage=(bukh’aar) rAYub

high/lofty/sublime/exalted/tall/loud=(buland) dnalub

slave of passions/very greedy=(bulhavas) savahlub


foundation=(bunyaad) dAynub

idol/beloved=(but) tub

iconoclast=(but-shikanii) InakiS-tub

fragrance=(buu) Ub

being/existence=(buud) dUb

great/venerable/aged/noble=(buzurg) gruzub

(uupar)rapUx

c
a sheet/veil/waterfall=(caadar) radAc

desire/love/affection/need/choice=(caaha) ahAc

slit/torn=(caak) kAc

active/alert/healthy/fat/hale and hearty=(caak’) VAc

a small knife=(caak’uu) UVAc

gait/walk/custom/trick/strategem=(caal) lAc

clever/expert/cunning/nimble=(caalaak) kAlAc

the moon=(caam’d) dMAc

moonlight=(caam’dani) InadMAc

silver/wealth=(caam’di) IdMAc

remedy/cure/help/aid/resource=(caara:) :arAc

healer/doctor=(caaraagar) ragArAc

healer=(caarasaaz) zAsarAc
used to form dimunitives=(caha) ahAc

ease/comfort/rest/peace=(cain) nEc

dropping/distilling=(cakaam’)MAkac

glitter/splendour/flash/gleam=(camak) kamac

flower garden=(caman) namac

how many/how much/few/how often/how long=(cand) dnac

lute=(cang) gnac

lamp=(caraag’a) aZArac

meadow/pasture=(caraagaaha) ahAgArac

sky=(cark’h) Yrac

eye/hope=(cashm) mSac

eye=(cashma) amSac

Candle eye=(cashm-o-ciraagm’m.) .MAgAric-ox-mSac

wink/winking/misunderstanding/spectacles=(casmak) kamsac

Keep away the evil eye =(casm-e-badduurintj.) rUddab-ex-msac

face/visage/a mask=(cehraa) Arhec

thing/commodity=(ciiz) zIc

a venetian blind=(cilman) namlic

look/glance/appearance=(citvan) navtic

alert/active/clever/quick/tight=(cust) tsuc

(uupar)rapUx
d
lake/pond/water pot=(d’abar) rabAw

path/road=(d’agar) ragaw

robbery=(d’aka) AkAw

fear=(d’ar) raw

claim/law suit/charge/demand/accusation=(da’va) AvAd

invitation/banquet=(da’vat) tavAd

justice=(daad) dAd

net/trap=(daam) mAd

always=(daayam) mayAd

justice/appeal/revenge/praise=(dad) dAd

time/turn/section/class=(daf’a) Afad

burial/concealment=(dafn) nfad

scar/blemish/stain/calamity/grief/loss=(dag’a) aZAd

deceit/treachery/delusion=(dag’a) AZad

world=(dahar) rahad

period/era=(dahar) rahad

perpetual/permanent=(daim) mixAd

entrance/access/reach/skill=(dakh’l) lYad

entering=(dakhil) liYAd

proof=(daliil) lIlad

net/snare=(dam) maAd

price/value=(dam) mAd
breath/vitality/moment/edge of a sword=(dam) mad

skirt/foot of a mountain/a lap=(daman) namAd

continously=(dam-ba-dam) mad-ab-mad

wise/learned=(dana) AnAd

knowledge/science/learning=(danisha) aSinAd

knowingly=(danista:) :atsinad

gallows/a piece of wood=(dar) raD

having/holding=(dar) rad

house/country=(dar) rad

door/gate/entrance=(dar) rad

prep.in/into/within/to/about/by=(dar) rad

holder/sovereign/king=(dara) ArAd

length/delay=(daraazii) IzArad

long/tall/extended=(daraz) zArad

court (royal)=(darbar) rAbrad

pain/affliction/sympathy/compassion=(dard) adrad

regret/grief=(dareg’) Zerad

worthy=(dark’hur) ruYrad

request/petition/appeal=(darkh’vasht) tSavYrad

betwwen=(darmiyaam’) MAyimrad

middle/midst/interval=(darmiyan) nayimrad

sight/view/look=(dars) srad

alcohol=(daru) urad
medicine/remedy=(daru) urad

door/gate=(darvaza:) :azavrad

beggar=(darvesh) Sevrad

a large river/sea=(darya) ayrad

dagger=(dashna) anSad

desert=(dashta) atSad

to roam around in wilderness=(dasht-e-navrdii) Idrvan-ex-tSad

hand=(dast) tsad

story/fable/tale=(dastan) natsad

hands & shoulders=(dast-o-baazuu) UzAb-ox-tsad

custom/usage/manner/rule=(dastuur) rUtsad

medicine=(dava) avad

temple=(deer) rEd

tomorrow=(dii) Id

the eye=(diida:) :adId

sight=(diidaa) AdId

appearance=(diidaar) rAdId

wet eyes=(diida-e-tar) rat-ex-adId

sight/interview=(diidar) radId

faith/religion=(diin) nId

madman=(diivana:) :anAvId

a wall=(diivar) rAvId

difficulty/intricacy/minute point=(dik’k’at) taVVid


brave/valiant=(dil avar) ravaAlid

charming/attractive=(dil band) dnab lid

interesting/pleasing/delightful=(dil casp) psac lid

charming/beloved/sweetheart=(dil dar) rAd lid

consolation=(dil dari) IrAd lid

heart-piercing=(dil doz) zod lid

charming/alluring/enticing/beautiful=(dil fareb) beraf lid

melancholy=(dil figar) ragif lid

melancholy=(dil giir) rIg lid

attractive/winning=(dil kasha) aSak lid

heart rending=(dil kh’arasha) aSaraY lid

amusement/diversion=(dil lagi) Igal lid

soothing (the mind)=(dil navaz) zavan lid

fascinating/alluring=(dil ruba) Abur lid

sweetheart=(dil ruba) Abur lid

cheerful=(dil shad) dAS lid

grieved/suffering=(dil sokh’ta:) :atYos lid

touching/pathetic/passionate/ardent=(dil soz) zos lid

heart/soul/courage/generosity/wish=(dil) lid

consolation/encouragement=(dilasa) asalid

lovely/sweetheart=(dilbar) rablid

heart alluring=(dil-fareb) beraf-lid

lover=(dil-sitaam’) MAtis-lid
brain/intellect/airs/conceit=(dimag’a) aZAmid

country/region=(diyar) rayid

riches/fortune/happiness/cause/means=(doolat) talOd

revolving/period/cycle/orbit=(door) rOd

friend/lover=(dost) tsod

hell=(dozak’h) Yazod

blessing/prayer/wish=(du’a) Axud

world/worldly goods=(dunya) aynud

pearl=(durr) rrud

rough/hard/rigid/oppressive/fierce=(durusht) tSurud

right/proper/well/safe/precise=(durust) tsurud

enemy=(dushman) namSud

abuse/invective=(dushnam) mAnSud

difficult=(dushvaar) rAvSud

smoke=(duud) dUd

duality=(duuii) IxUd

distant/remote/far=(duur) rUd

thief=(duzd) dzud

(uupar)rapUx

e
miracle=(eejaz) zajEx
pleasure/delight/luxury=(eesha) aSEx

trust/confidence=(eetabaar) rAbatEx

moderation=(eetdaal) lAdtEx

reliance/dependance=(eetmaad) dAmtEx

luxurious/rakish/addicted to pleasure=(eeyasha) aSayEx

(uupar)rapUx

f
dress for 'haj'=(eharaam) mArahex

oath=(ehed) dehex

care=(ehtiyaat) tAyithex

understanding/intellect=(fahm) mhaf

benefit/profit/utility=(faida:) :adixAf

superior/great=(faik’) VixAf

settlement/decree/decision=(faisala:) :alasEf

liberality/grace/bounty=(faiz) zEf

starvation/fasting/poverty=(fak’a:) :aVAf

poverty=(fak’r) rVaf

glory/honor/pride/egotism=(fakh’r) rYaf

a boaster=(fakhir) riYaf

sky=(falak) kalaf

sky/heaven/fortune/fate=(falak) kalaf
mortality=(fana'a) a'anaf

yesterday=(farda) adraf

illusion/fraud=(fareb) beraf

deceit/trick/fraud=(fareb) beraf

a fraud/cheat=(farebii) Iberaf

angel/apostle/prophet/messenger=(farishta:) :atSiraf

complaint=(fariyaad) dAyiraf

difference/distance/separation/defect=(fark’) Vraf

order for goods/requisition/pleasure/will=(farmaisha) aSixAmraf

mandate/order/royal decree=(farman) nAmraf

down/below/under=(faro) oraf

merchant=(farosh) Soraf

shining/luminous=(faroz) zoraf

complaint/cry=(faryad) dAyraf

duty/moral obligation/statute=(farz) zraf

romance/tale/fable=(fasana:) :anAsaf

apparent/known/notorious=(fasha) aSaf

distance/space/separation=(fasila:) :alisaf

season/harvest=(fasla) alsaf

judicial decree=(fatva) avtaf

military court=(fauj-daarii) IrAd-jOf

lamentation/wailing=(faza’) Azaf

superfluous/accomplished person/virtuous=(fazil) lizAf


excellence/virtue/reward/wisdom=(fazl) lzaf

profit=(feez) zEf

sacrifice/devotion/ransom/exchange=(fida) Adif

lover=(fidaii) IxAdif

wounded=(figaar) rAgif

wounded/sore/afflicted/confused=(figar) ragif

/f.opinion/notion/care/concern/anxiety/counsel=(fikr) rkif

separation/anxiety/absence/distance=(firaak’) VArif

garden/paradise=(firdoos) sOdrif

shed=(fishaam’) MASif

quarrel=(fitna) antif

sedition/revolt/mischief/temptation=(fitna:) :antif

nature/creation/deceit/intrigue/wisdom=(fitrat) tartif

army/crowd/multitude=(fooj) jOf

immediately/quickly/directly=(fooran) narOf

clamour=(fug’aam’) MAZuf

clamor/lamentation/cry of distress=(fug’am’)MaZuf

separation/disunion/absence (of lovers)=(furk’at) taVruf

light/bright=(furog’) Zoruf

opportunity/leisure/rest/recovery=(fursat) tasruf

duration of life=(fursat-e-hastii) Itsah-ex-tasruf

the heart=(fuvad) davuf


(uupar)rapUx

g
unaware/careless=(g’aafil) lifAZ

disloyal/treacherous=(g’addar) rAddaZ

negligence/drowsiness/stupor=(g’aflat) talfaZ

hidden/absent=(g’aib) bEZ

stranger/foreigner=(g’air) rEZ

other/different/alien/bad=(g’air) rEZ

prep.without/except/but/save=(g’air) rEZ

honor/modesty/bashfulness/envy/enmity=(g’airat) tarEZ

wrong/incorrect/inaccurate=(g’alat) talaZ

victorious/predominant=(g’alib) bilAZ

often/likely/most probably=(g’alib) bilAZ

dirty/filthy/gross/coarse/obscene=(g’aliiz) zIlaZ

afflicted/grieved=(g’am diida:) :adId maZ

comforter=(g’am gusar) rAsug maZ

consoling=(g’am kh’var) rAvY maZ

grief/sorrow/concern/care=(g’am) maZ

sympathizer=(g’amgusaar) rAsugmaZ

comforter=(g’am-Khavaar) rAvaY-maZ

informer/tattletale/back-biting=(g’ammaz) zAmmaZ

grief stricken=(g’amnaak) kAnmaZ


amorous glance=(g’amza) azmaZ

intention/meaning/design/view/want=(g’araz) zaraZ

poor/destitute/strange/innocent/wonderful=(g’arib) bIraZ

drown/sink=(g’ark’) VraZ

stupor/fainting=(g’asha) aSaZ

ode/poem=(g’azal) lazaZ

hidden/mysterious=(g’eeb) bEZ

other than=(g’eer-az) zax-rEZ

deep thought/meditation/close attention=(g’oor) rOZ

vapor/fog/mist/dust/vexation=(g’ubar) rAbuZ

slave/boy/youth=(g’ulam) mAluZ

pride/vanity=(g’uruur) rUruZ

bath=(g’usl) lsuZ

anger/passion/rage/anxiety/grief=(g’ussa:) :assuZ

beggar=(gada) adag

the world/the universe=(gaiham’)MAhEg

dust=(gard) drag

trifle/dust=(gard) drag

the neck=(gardan) nadrag

bad time/luck=(gardish) Sidrag

revolution/circulation/misfortune/vagrancy=(gardisha) aSidrag

hot/burning/ardent/choleric/lively=(garm) mrag

pearl/gem=(gauhar) rahOg
a witness=(gava:) :Avag

testimony/evidence=(gavahii) IhAvag

palatable/agreeable/pleasant/nice=(gavara) arAvag

a yard measure=(gaz) zAg

stung/bitten=(gaziida:) :adIzag

tresses/locks=(gesuu) Useg

taking/holding/seizing/conquering=(giir) rIg

complaint/blame/reproach/lamentation=(gila:) :alig

heavy=(giraam’) MArig

knot/joint=(girah) harig

one sixteenth of a yard=(girah) harig

knot/joint/knuckle=(giraha) aharig

precious/costly/dear/important/heavy=(giram’)MArig

round/circumference/environs=(gird) drig

whirlpool/abyss/vortex=(girdab) badrig

collar=(girebaam’) MAberig

captured/seized/smitten/prisoner/captivated=(giriftar) ratfirig

weeping=(giriyaam’) MAyirig

weeping/crying=(giriyam’)MAyirig

pledge/pawn=(giroo) Orig

weeping/lamentation/crying/plaint=(girya:) :ayrig

ear=(gosh) Sog

corner=(gosha) aSog
the ear=(gosha) aSog

corner/angle/cell/privacy=(gosha:) :aSog

speaking/eloquent=(goya) ayog

speech/discourse=(guftaar) rAtfug

conversation/discourse=(guftguu) Ugtfug

pearl=(guhar) rahug

delicate/graceful=(gul badan) nadab lug

a bouquet=(gul dasta:) :atsad lug

rose-garden=(gul sitam’)Matis lug

flower-bed/garden=(gul zar) rAz lug

flower=(gul) lug

rose/flower/ornament/brand=(gul) lug

the rose=(gulab) bAlug

to scatter flowers=(gul-afshaanii) InASfax-lug

delicate and fragrant like flowers=(gul-faam) mAf-lug

florist=(gul-farosh) Soraf-lug

a flower or rose garden=(gulshan) naSlug

lost/wandering=(gum gashta:) :atSag mug

nameless/anonymous/unknown/inglorious=(gum nam) mAn mug

astray/lost/wicked/depraved=(gum raha) ahAr mug

still/silent=(gum sum) mus mug

lost/missing/distracted=(gum) mug

doubt/suspicion=(gumaam’) MAmug
doubt/surmise/fancy/pride/opinion/distrust=(guman) nAmug

missing=(gumgashta) atSagmug

fault/sin/crime/guilt=(gunaha) ahAnug

taking away/dissipating/removing=(gusar) rAsug

rudeness/arrogance/audacity=(gustakhii) IYAtsug

a pass/a living/a road=(guzar) razug

living/subsistence/passage/abode=(guzara:) :arAzug

petition/request/explanation=(guzarisha) aSirAzug

selected/chosen=(guziida:) :adIzug

(uupar)rapUx

h
beloved/sweetheart/comrade/friend=(haabiib) bIbAh

boundary/limit=(haadd) ddAh

very/at most/utmost point=(haadd) ddAh

accident/occurence/calamity/misfortune=(haadisa:) :asidAh

need/necessity=(haajat) tajAh

ruler/governor/judge/an official=(haakim) mikAh

spiritual ecstasy=(haal) lAh

state/condition/narrative/circumstance=(haal) lAh

condition/state/circumstance (plu. Vaalaat)=(haalat) talAh

generous (derived from Vaatim Tai)=(haatim) mitAh


obstacle=(haayal) layAh

present/ready/in attendance=(haazir) rizAh

target/goal/object=(hadaf) fadah

guide/leader/director=(hadi) idah

novelty/innovation=(hads) sdah

a week=(hafta:) :atfah

astronomy/face/figure;commission/delegation=(hai’at) ta'ixah

sharpness/fury/acrimony/poignancy=(haiddat) taddixah

guarding/security/safety=(haifazat) tazafixah

veil/modesty/bashfulness/night=(haijaab) bAjixah

wisdom/knowledge/cleverness/device=(haikmat) tamkixah

terrible/horrible=(haila:) :alixah

protection/patronage/support/defence=(haimayat) tayamixah

eager/greediness/desire/ambition=(hairs) srixah

reckoning/account/computation/rate/sense=(haisab) basixah

fort/enclosure/fence=(haisar) rasixah

share/portion/lot=(haissa:) :assixah

Intelligence/wisdom=(haizak’at) taVazixah

just/truth/right=(hak’k’) aVVah

similarly=(hakaza:) :azakah

truth/reality/narration/condition=(hakiik’at) taVIVah

wise man/doctor/philosopher=(hakiim) mIkah

halo/nimbus/circle round the moon=(hala:) :alah


ruin/destruction/slaughter/death=(halak) kAlah

legal/permitted=(halal) lalah

ring/circle=(halk’a) aVlah

related by blood=(ham batn) ntab mah

blood-relation/close ally=(ham batn) ntab mah

of the same society=(ham bazm) mzab mah

sympathizer/partner in adversity=(ham dard) drad mah

close friend=(ham jaliis) sIlaj mah

playmate/equal/peer/friend=(ham jolii) Iloj mah

coreligionist=(ham mazhab) bahzam mah

playmate/associate=(ham nashiin) nISan mah

fellow-traveller=(ham raha) ahAr mah

confidant=(ham raz) zAr mah

fellow-traveller=(ham safar) rafas mah

neighbor=(ham saya:) :ayAs mah

friendly/unanimous=(ham saz) zAs mah

equal/alike=(ham ta) At mah

unanimous/of the same language=(ham zabam’)MAbaz mah

conj.also/likewise/together/with/similar=(ham) mah

season/time/period=(ham’gam) mAgMah

tumult/riot/uproar/confusion/disorder=(ham’gama:) :amAgMah

mutual/in between=(ham-digar) ragid-mah

always=(hamesha) ASemah
attack/assault/invasion=(hamla:) :almah

a hot bath where a masseur=(hammaam) mAmmah

in the same bar/drinking together=(ham-masharb) braSam-mah

of the same profession=(ham-pesha) ASep-mah

to speak together/to agree=(ham-suk’han) naYus-mah

together=(ham-suk’han) naYus-mah

desert/plain/level ground=(hamuun) nUmah

yet/still=(hanoz) zonah

every time=(har bar) rAb rah

every moment=(har dam) mad rah

every one=(har ek) kex rah

vagabond/faithless=(har jaii) IxAj rah

necklace/garland=(har) rAh

loss/defeat/fatigue=(har) rAh

all/every/each=(har) rah

mosque=(haram) marah

unlawful/forbidden=(haram) mArah

heat/fever/ardor/fervor/zeal=(hararat) tarArah

alphabet=(harf) frah

ever/never=(hargiz) zigrah

tumult/sedition/trouble/loss/harm/injury=(harj) jrah

greeness/freshness/grass=(haryalii) IlAyrah

nonsense/absurd/frivolous/vain=(harza:) :azrah
state/dignity/pomp/retinue=(hashmat) tamSah

beautiful/elegant/charming/handsome=(hasiin) nIsah

regret/intense sorrow/desire/longing=(hasrat) tarsah

life/existence=(hastii) Itsah

hand/arm/clutches/power/slap/reach=(hatha) aTAh

palm of the hand=(hathelii) IleTah

tactics=(hathkanDe) eDnakTah

tool/weapon=(hathyar) rAyTah

angel/voice from heaven=(hatif) fitah

sledgehammer=(hatoor’a) ALOtah

small hammer=(hatoorii) ILOtah

desire/greed=(hava) Avah

wind/breeze/air/atmosphere=(hava) Avah

charge/custody/care=(havala:) :alAvah

the senses=(havas) savah

ambition/desire/lust=(havas) savah

the lowest region of hell=(haviya:) :ayivah

modesty/shame=(haya) Ayah

life/existence=(hayaat) tAyah

this=(haza) azah

joke/jest/pleasantries=(hazl) lzah

firmness of mind/resolve=(hazm) mzah

grief/sadness/sorrow=(hazn) anzah
dignity/a title of respect=(hazrat) tarzah

presence of superior authority=(hazuur) rUzah

intj.Your Vighness!=(hazuur) rUzah

joy of meeting=(haz'z-e-vasl) lsav-ex-azzah

alas!=(heef) fEh

alas !=(heehaat) tAhEh

amazed/confounded/perplexed/worried=(heeran) nArEh

rank/capacity/merit/status/prestige=(heesiyat) tayisEh

gift/bequest/grant=(hiba:) :abih

instruction/guidance/righteousness=(hidayat) tayAdih

diamond=(hiira) ArIh

veil/modesty=(hijaab) bAjih

separation/absence from one's country=(hijr) rjih

separation/flight (flight of the Prophet=(hijrat) tarjih

new moon/the crescent=(hilal) lAlih

spirit/mind/courage/desire/design=(himmat) tammih

fear/terror/confusion/sorrow/disappointment=(hiras) sArih

terror/horror/fright=(hool) lOh

capacity/courage/spirit/resolution/desire=(hoosala:) :alasOh

sense/mind/understanding=(hosha) aSoh

love/friendship/desire/affection/wish=(hubb) abbuh

decline/downfall/descent=(hubuut) tUbuh

n.m/f.boundaries/penal laws=(huduud) dUduh


crowd/mob/tumult/assault/attack=(hujuum) mUjuh

order/decree/statute/law=(hukm) mkuh

eagle/phoenix/bird of Paradise=(huma) Amuh

august/royal/fortunate=(humayun) nuyAmuh

skill/art=(hunar) ranuh

emancipation/freedom=(hurriyat) tayirruh

intelligent/alert/awake=(hushyar) rAySuh

beauty/elegance=(husn) nsuh

to appreciate beauty=(husn-parastii) Itsarap-ansuh

favourable view=(husn-zan) naz-ansuh

acquisition/profit/advantage/achievement=(husuul) lUsuh

virgin of Paradise/nymph=(huur) rUh

(uupar)rapUx

i
miracle/marvel/wonder=(i’jaaz) zAj'ix

n.mannouncing/notifying=(i’laam) mAl'ix

trust/confidence/faith/reliance=(i’tibaar) rAbit'ix

objection/criticism/protest=(i’tiraaz) zArit'ix

diction/=(ibaarat) tarAbix

prayers/devotion=(ibadat) tadabix

composition/style/diction=(ibarat) tarabix
son=(ibna) anbix

admonition=(ibrat) tarbix

warning/admonition=(ibrat) tarbix

commencement/beginning=(ibtidaa’) 'Aditbix

trial/misfortune/suffering=(ibtilaa) Alitbix

smile/cheerfulness=(ibtisaam) mAsitbix

perception/comprehension=(idraak) kArdix

purity/chastity=(iffat) taffix

excess/exuberance/plenty=(ifraat) tArfix

honor/glory/repute/distinction=(iftikh’aar) rAYitfix

beneficence/favor/good deed=(ihasaan) nAsahix

feeling/emotion=(ihasaas) sAsahix

need=(ihatiyaaj) jAyitahix

caution/heed=(ihatiyaat) tAyitahix

permission/leave/sanction=(ijaazat) tazAjix

prosperity/good fortune/success/confession=(ik’baal) lAbVix

authority/power=(ik’htiyaar) rAyitYix

promise/pledge/confession/declaration/covenant=(ik’raar) rArVix

requirement/need/demand=(ik’tizaa’) 'AzitVix

necklace=(ikd-e-gardan) nadrag-ex-dkix

sincerity/purity/love/selfless worship=(ikh’laas) sAlYix

choice/option/power/influence/control/authority=(ikh’tiyaar) rAyitYix

cure/treatment/antidote=(ilaj) jalix
jurisdiction/area/tenure=(ilak’a:) :aValix

fault/defect/bad habit/illness/pretext/basis=(illat) tallix

knowledge/science/doctrine=(ilm) mlix

regard/kindness/favor/friendship=(iltifaat) tAfitlix

flame=(iltihaab) bAhitlix

belief/faith/creed/conscience=(imaan) nAmix

building/edifice=(imarat) taramix

distinction=(imtiaz) zaxitmix

examination/test/trial/proof/experiment=(imtihaan) nAhitmix

discrimination/discernment/distinction=(imtiyaaz) zAyitmix

gift/reward/largesse=(in’aam) mANix

favour=(inaayat) tayAnix

enmity/obstinacy=(inad) danix

denial/contradiction=(inkaar) rAknix

revolution=(inkilaab) bAliVnix

man/human being/mankind=(insaan) nAsnix

humanity/civility=(insaaniyyat) tayyinAsnix

revenge/reprisal=(intik’aam) mAVitnix

selection/choice/election=(intikh’aab) bAYitnix

management/order/method/arrangement=(intizaam) mAzitnix

waiting (anxiously)/expectation=(intizaar) rAzitnix

aim/object/will/desire=(iraada:) :adArix

knowledge/science/wisdom=(irfan) nafrix
instruction/order/command/guidance=(irshaad) dASrix

proof=(isbaat) tAbsix

gesture/symbol/wink/sign=(ishaara:) :arASix

compassion/kindness=(ishfaak’) VAfSix

love/excessive passion=(ishk’) VSix

dawn/day break/lustre=(ishraak’) VArSix

joy/delight=(ishrat) tarSix

pleasure/enjoyment/mirth/society=(ishrat) tarSix

notification/poster/reputation/renown=(ishtihaar) rAhitSix

longing/craving/desire=(ishtiyaak’) VAyitSix

coquetry=(ishva) avSix

waste/extravagance=(israaf) fArsix

obduracy/persistence/obstinacy=(israar) rArsix

resignation=(isti’faa) Af'itsix

application/usage/use=(isti’maal) lAm'itsix

anger=(itaab) bAtix

rebuke/reproach/anger/displeasure=(itab) batix

loss/ruin/decay=(itlaaf) fAltix

completion/perfection=(itmaam) mAmtix

agreement/concord/chance/event/opportunity=(ittifaak’) VAfittix

accidentally=(ittifaak’aan) nAVAfittix

union/alliance=(ittihaad) dAhittix

charge/imputation/blame=(ittihaam) mAhittix
dependence/reliance=(ittikaa’) 'Akittix

disclosure/proclamation/statement/testimony=(iz-haar) rAh-zix

anxiety=(iztiraab) bAritzix

anxiety=(iztiraab) bAritzix

restlessness/perturbation/anxiety=(iztiraab) bAritzix

helplessness/agitation/constraint=(iztiraar) rAritzix

honor/esteem/glory/reputation=(izzat) tazzix

respect and beauty=(iz'z-o-naaz) zAn-ox-z'zix

(uupar)rapUx

j
counterfeit=(ja’l) l'aj

property/estate/assets=(jaa’edaad) dAde'Aj

magic/conjuring/charm/effect of evil spirits=(jaaduu) UdAj

a fief=(jaagiir) rIgAj

ignorant/illiterate/barbarous=(jaahil) lihAj

legal/permitted=(jaaiz) zixAj

goblet=(jaam) mAj

life threatning=(jaam’-gulis) silug-MAj

resigning one's life into=(jaam’-sipaarii) IrApis-MAj

distroying=(jaam’-sitaam’) MAtis-MAj

clay cup=(jaam-e-sifaal) lAfis-ex-mAj


soul/life/mind/vigor/sweetheart/beloved=(jaan) nAj

a beloved/a lover=(jaanii) InAj

running/flowing/current/continuing=(jaarii) IrAj

alluring/attractive=(jaazib) bizAj

forehead=(jabiim’) MIbaj

the forehead=(jabiim’)MIbaj

oppression/injustice/injury=(jafaa) Afaj

opression/tyranny of a beloved=(jafaayem’) MeyAfaj

the world=(jahaan) nAhaj

world of problems=(jahaan-e-k’haraab) bAraY-ex-nAhaj

hell=(jahaannum) munnAhaj

ship/vessel=(jahaaz) zAhaj

n.m/f.splendor/majesty=(jalaal) lAlaj

executioner=(jallaad) dAllaj

lustre/splendour/display/show=(jalva:) :avlaj

manifestation=(jalvaa-garii) Irag-Avlaj

beauty/elegance=(jamaal) lAmaj

intj.sir!/your honor!=(janaab) bAnaj

corpse/funeral=(janaaza:) :azAnaj

battle/war=(jang) gnaj

paradise/garden=(jannat) tannaj

surgery=(jaraahat (or jiraahat) tahArij rox( tahAraj

a feast/celebration=(jashn) nSaj
skill/knowledge=(jauhar) rahuxaj

answer/equal/parallel/match=(javaab) bAvaj

jewels=(javaahir) rihAvaj

jewls/gems (plu. of jauhar)=(javaahir) rihAvaj

young/youth=(javaan) nAvaj

=(javs) svaj

allurement/attraction=(jazb) bzaj

desire/feeling=(jazba) abzaj

passion/rage/desire/feeling=(jazba:) :abzaj

emotions=(jazbaa-e-dil) lid-ex-Abzaj

liver/heart/soul/mind=(jigar) ragij

direction=(jihat) tahij

life/existence=(jiivan) navIj

things/items=(jins) snij

body=(jism) msij

heat/zeal/enthusiasm/passion/lust=(josha) aSoj

separate/apart/asunder/peculiar=(judaa) Aduj

separation/absence=(judaaii) IxAduj

motion/vibration=(jumbish) Sibmuj

movement=(jumbisha) aSibmuj

madness/insanity=(junuun) nUnuj

courage/valour=(jurat) taruj

crime/guilt=(jurm) mruj
fine/penalty=(jurmaana:) :anAmruj

desire=(justjuu) Ujtsuj

search/inquiry=(justjuu) Ujtsuj

canal/stream=(juu) Uj

to create a=(juu-e-shiir) rIS-ex-Uj

other than=(juz) zuj

(uupar)rapUx

k
stature=(k’aamat) tamAV

intelligent=(k’aamil) limAV

messenger=(k’aasid) disAV

killers=(k’aata-e-'amaar) rAma'-ex-atAV

worthy/able/competent/deserving/clever=(k’abil) libaV

grave/tomb=(k’abr) rbaV

power/command/authority/possession/hold=(k’abuu) UbaV

gridp/clutch/possessing/power/hilt of a sword=(k’abza:) :azbaV

goblet=(k’adah) hadaV

goblet=(k’adah) hadaV

step/pace/footstep=(k’adam) madaV

stature/size/height=(k’add) ddaV

dignity/honor/worth/value=(k’adr) rdaV
cage/prison=(k’afas) safaV

cage/network/body=(k’afas) safaV

rhyme/metre/cadence=(k’afiya:) :ayifaV

imprisonment/confinement/obstacle/control=(k’aid) dixaV

custom/rule/manners/habit/established order=(k’aida:) :adixaV

confessing/agreeing/conceding/subdued=(k’ail) lixaV

erect/stagnant/firm/durable=(k’aim) mixaV

reed/pen/handwriting=(k’alam) malaV

heart/mind/soul/intellect/marrow/pith=(k’alb) blaV

casino=(k’amaar-khaana) anAK-rAmaV

the moon=(k’amar) ramaV

rule/law/system/state=(k’anuun) nUnaV

residence/stability/rest/patience/satisfaction=(k’arar) raraV

near/adjacent/akin/approaching=(k’ariib) bIraV

debt/loan=(k’arz) zraV

an oath=(k’asam) masaV

break/intercept=(k’ata'a) a'ataV

murderer/assassin/homicide=(k’atil) litaV

killing/murder/assassination=(k’atl) ltaV

drop=(k’atra) artaV

fate/destiny/jurisdiction/judgement=(k’aza) azaV

judge=(k’azii) IzaV

'majanooN'=(k’ees) sEV
dust/ashes=(k’haak) kAY

The Creator/=(k’haalik’) VilAY

pen=(k’haama) amAY

ruinning of home=(k’haanaa-viiraanii) InArIv-AnAY

pain=(k’halish) SilaY

world=(k’halk’) VlaY

isolation=(k’halvat) tavlaY

hay/grass=(k’has) saY

destroyed=(k’has-o-Khaashaak) kASAhK-ox-saY

broken/sick/injured=(k’hasta) atsaY

injury/sickness/ weakness=(k’hastagii) IgatsaY

fear=(k’hauf) fuxaY

one of Badshah Zafar's son=(k’hijr Sultaam’) MAtluS rjiY

speed=(k’hiraam) mAriY

manner of walking=(k’hiraam) mAriY

brick=(k’hisht) tSiY

a beautiful=(k’hubaam’) MAbuY

self adorer=(k’hud-aaraa) ArAx-duY

god's gift=(k’hudaa-saaz) zAs-AduY

proud/arrogant=(k’hudbiin) nIbduY

heaven/paradise=(k’huld) dluY

wine barrel=(k’hum) muY

sun=(k’hurshiid) dISruY
behavior/habit=(k’huu) UY

lover's nature/behavior/habit=(k’huu-e-yaar) rAy-ex-UY

blood=(k’huum’) MUY

mixture of blood and water=(k’huum’naaba) abAnMUY

to sheds tears of blood=(k’huum’naaba-fishaam’) MASif-abAnMUY

word/saying/promise/consent/vow=(k’ool) lOV

nation/people=(k’oom) mOV

consent/acceptance/assent/recognition=(k’ubuul) lUbuV

power/strength/universe/nature=(k’udrat) tarduV

sea=(k’ulzum) muzluV

sacrifice/victim/offering=(k’urban) nabruV

fault/defect/blame/sin/failure=(k’usuur) rUsuV

limbs=(k’uva'a) a'avuV

delicate=(kaag’azii) IzaZAk

palate/desire/object/purport/design/intention=(kaam) mAk

house=(kaashaana) anASAk

hard work=(kaave-kaave) evAk-evAk

great/large/immense=(kabiir) rIbak

pigeon/dove=(kabuutar) ratUbak

a place(kadaa)= Adak

sleeve=(kaf) fak

shroud=(kafan) nafak

sufficient/enough=(kafi) ifak
infidel/sweetheart/mistress=(kafir) rifak

camphor=(kafur) rufak

paper/letter/document=(kag’az) zaZak

lazy/slow/indolent/relaxed/tardy/ailing=(kahil) lihak

anxiety/pining/decline/decay=(kahisha) aSihak

intoxication=(kaif) fixak

narrative/circumstances/explanation/situation=(kaifiyyat) tayyifixak

writing/speech=(kalaam) mAlak

church/cathedral=(kaliisa) asIlak

unfortunate/wretched=(kam bakh’t) tYab mak

prosperous/successfulhappy/satisfied=(kam yab) bay mak

deficient/few/little/rare/scanty=(kam) mak

excellence/perfection/miracle/art=(kamal) lamak

bow/arch/spring=(kaman) namak

waist/girdle/zone/army flank/arch=(kamar) ramak

deficiency/loss/abatement/reduction/dearth=(kamii) Imak

mean/vulgar/base/defective=(kamiina:) :anImak

successful/fortunate/happy/blessed=(kamran) narmak

weak/feeble/powerless=(kamzor) rozmak

carved/engraved=(kanda:) :adnak

affair/work/labor/duty/profession=(kar) rak

kindness/favor/bounty/clemency=(karam) marak

bountiful/generous/merciful/epithet of God=(kariim) mIrak


caravan/large company of pilgrims=(karvan) navrak

man/person=(kas) sak

cup/goblet/bowl=(kasa:) :asak

profession/trade=(kasab) basak

laxity/cowardice/depression/sickness=(kasal) lasak

intj.would that !=(kasha) aSak

struggle/dilemma=(kashaakash) SakASak

struggle/dilemma/contention/grief and pain=(kashakasha) aSakaSak

discoverer/revealer=(kashif) fiSak

drawing/attraction/allurement=(kashisha) aSiSak

ship/boat/vessel/tray=(kashti) itSak

breach/loss/affliction=(kasr) rsak

n.fabundance/excess/bulk=(kasrat) tarsak

scribe/writer=(katib) bitak

false=(kazib) bizak

news/information/report/rumor/notice=(kh’abar) rabaY

concealment/secrecy=(kh’afa) afaY

angry/displeased=(kh’afa) afaY

good/best=(kh’air) rixaY

very well=(kh’air) rixaY

welfare/happiness=(kh’air) rixaY

shame/bashfulness=(kh’ajalat) talajaY

happy/auspicious/blessed=(kh’ajalat) talajaY
dust/earth/ashes=(kh’ak) kaY

deliverance/redemption/freedom=(kh’alas) salaY

pure/genuine/sincere(friend)=(kh’alis) silaY

prick/pain/anxiety/apprehension=(kh’alisha) aSilaY

raw/green/inexpert/immature/vain=(kh’am) maY

silent=(kh’amosha) aSomaY

house/room/compartment/partition=(kh’ana:) :anaY

family/lineage/dynasty=(kh’andan) nadnaY

dagger=(kh’anjar) rajnaY

lady/princess/wife=(kh’anum) munaY

bad/depraved/ruined/spoiled/wretched/obscene=(kh’arab) baraY

purchase=(kh’ariid) dIraY

special/particular/private/noble/unmixed=(kh’as) saY

wounded/broken/sorrowful=(kh’asta:) :atsaY

mistake/slio/oversight/error=(kh’ata) ataY

the heart/mind/memory/sake/behalf/choice/favor=(kh’atir) ritaY

conclusion/seal=(kh’atm) mtaY

finished/done=(kh’atm) mtaY

danger/fear/risk=(kh’atra:) :artaY

letter/note/mark=(kh’att) ttaY

thought/imagination/opinion/care/respect=(kh’ayal) layaY

autumn/decay/old age=(kh’azaam’)MAzaY

n./self/private/personal/own=(kh’ud) duY
God=(kh’uda) aduY

egotism/vanity/presence of mind=(kh’udi) iduY

intoxication=(kh’umar) ramuY

happy=(kh’urram) marruY

dry/withered/cynic=(kh’ushk) kSuY

sermon/oration/introduction=(kh’utba:) :abtuY

good/excellent/beautiful/amiable=(kh’uub) bUY

blood/murder=(kh’uun) nUY

sun=(kh’uurshiid) dISrUY

pleasing/happy=(kh’uusha) aSUY

sleep/dream=(kh’vab) bavY

desire/request/demand=(kh’vahisha) aSihavY

wretched/deserted/friendless/poor=(kh’var) ravY

service/office/duty=(khidmat) tamdiY

opposition/contraiety/falsehood=(khilaf) faliY

against=(khilaf) faliY

flower-bed/flower garden=(khiyaban) nabayiY

treasury/treasure=(khizana:) :anaziY

price/value/woth/cost=(kiimat) tamIV

malice/rancor/enmity=(kiina:) :anIk

=(kiip salt) tlas pIk

shore/river bank/edge/margin/limit=(kinara:) :aranik

sort/kind/species/portion/nature=(kism) msiV
fortune/fate/share/portion/head/category=(kismat) tamsiV

tale/fable/romance/quarrel/dispute=(kissa:) :assiV

dress/appearance/habit/figure/form/manner=(kisvat) tavsik

book/writing/despatch=(kitab) batik

supposition=(kiyaas) sAyiV

resurrection/Judgement Day/tumult=(kiyamat) tamayiV

beating/pain/vexation/grief/gilding=(koft) tfok

mountain/hill=(koha) ahok

a mountain digger=(kohakan) nakahok

mouthful/morsel=(kool) lOk

attempt/endeavor/labor/exertion=(koshisha) aSiSok

paganism/infidelity/profanity=(kufr) rfuk

all/complete/entire/aggregate/universe=(kul) luk

crown=(kulah) haluk

lane/street=(kuu) Uk

a narrow street/lane=(kuuca) acUk

lover's street=(kuu-e-yaar) rAy-ex-Uk

wine pitcher=(kuuza/subuu) Ubus/azUk

(uupar)rapUx

l
helpless/destitute/forlorn/disabled=(la car) rac al
rendered speechless/silenced=(la javab) bavaj al

heirless=(la varis) sirav al

no/not/by no means/without=(la) al

a kind of gem=(laal) lAl

diamonds=(laal-o-guhar) rahug-ox-lAl

the lip/edge/margin/shore/bank=(lab) bal

the corner of a terrace=(lab-e-baam) mAb-ex-bal

word/saying=(lafz) zfal

affection=(lagaavat) tavAgal

bridle/rein=(lagam) magal

a basin=(lagan) nagal

the twinkling of an eye/moment/glance=(lahaza:) :azahal

worthy/suitable/able/qualified/decent=(laik’) Vixal

piece=(lak’ht) tYal

anchor/cable/rope/public kitchen/alms=(lam’gar) ragMal

minute/moment=(lamha) ahmal

lameness/limp=(lang) gnal

termbling/tremulous/fearing=(larzam’)Mazral

n.f/m.corpse=(lasha) aSal

pleasantness/elegance/subtility=(latafat) tafatal

pleasantry/witticism/joke=(latiifa:) :afItal

slap/blow=(latma:) :amtal

necessary/compulsory/important=(lazim) mizal
taste/flavor/enjoyment/pleasure=(lazzat) tazzal

cover/envelope/wrapper/secret=(lifafa:) :afafil

worth/ability/merit/skill=(liyak’at) taVayil

candle flame/ardent desire/attachment=(loo) Ol

plank/board/table/tablet/title page=(looha) ahOl

tongue/speech/dialect/word/dictionary=(lug’at) taZul

stammering/speech impediment=(luknat) tankul

kindness/favor/grace/pleasure=(lutf) ftul

(uupar)rapUx

m
following=(ma ba’d) d'ab am

what is past or dead=(ma fat) taf am

surroundings/environs=(ma hool) lOh am

what is beyond or behind=(ma vara) arav am

which/what/that which/whilst/during...=(ma) am

known/evident/clear=(ma’luum) mUl'am

governed/prepared/customary=(ma’muul) lUm'am

meaning/intent/signifcance/reality/essence=(ma’nii) In'am

beloved/sweetheart=(ma’shuuk’) VUS'am

result=(ma'aal) lAxam

moon=(maah) hAm
moon=(maahtaab) bAthAm

help/assistance/reinforcement/wages=(madad) dadam

circumference/orbit/station/dependence=(madar) radam

intoxicated/astonished=(madhosha) aSoDam

indigent/beggarly/destitute=(mafluuk) kUlfam

tempted/enamored/charmed/mad (with love)=(maftuun) nUtfam

conquered/subdued=(mag’luub) bUlZam

proud/arrogant=(mag’ruur) rUrZam

brain/pith/intellect=(mag’z) zZam

conj.unless/perhaps/except/but/however=(magar) ragam

a beautiful person=(mah jabiin) nIbaj ham

handsome/beloved=(mah para) arap ham

moonlight=(mah tab) bat ham

having a face as beautiful as the moon=(mah vasha) aSav ham

moon=(mah) ham

the moon/month=(maha) aham

love/friendship=(mahabbat) tabbaham

lover/friend/sweetheart=(mahabuub) bUbaham

mistress/sweetheart=(mahabuuba:) :abUbaham

confined/imprisoned=(mahabuus) sUbaham

limited/bounded/finite=(mahaduud) dUdaham

congregation/assembly=(mahafil) lifaham

kept safe/guarded/secure/memorized=(mahafuuz) zUfaham


modesty/shame/bashfulness=(mahajuub) bUjaham

deprived/unlucky/prohibited/disappointed=(maharuum) mUraham

envied/hated=(mahasuud) dUsaham

felt/perceived/sensible=(mahasuus) sUsaham

pleased/delighted/rich/contented=(mahazuuz) zUzaham

skilled/expert/master/excel=(mahir) riham

the last day/"qayaamat ka din"=(mahshar) raSham

place of the last day=(mahshristaan) nAtsirSham

moonlight=(mahtab) batham

bar/tavern=(mai kada:) :adak ixam

bar/tavern=(mai kh’ana:) :anaY ixam

wine/liquor=(mai) ixam

open field/battlefield/ground=(maidan) nadixam

power/strength/stability/opportunity=(majal) lajam

compelled/helpless/oppressed=(majbuur) rUbjam

assembly=(majlis) siljam

congregation/assemblage/crowd/collection=(majma’) 'amjam

insane/madly in love=(majnuum’)MUnjam

wounded/hurt/smitten=(majruuha) ahUrjam

word/speech/saying/proverb=(mak’al) laVam

dwelling/station/position/basis=(mak’am) maVam

tomb/grave=(mak’bara:) :arabVam

accepted/chosen/grateful=(mak’buul) lUbVam
capable=(mak’duur) rUdVam

intention/purpose/aim/goal/desire=(mak’sad) dasVam

intended/proposed=(mak’suud) dUsVam

house/place/habitation=(makan) nakam

mad/insane=(makh’buut) tUbYam

velvet=(makh’mal) lamYam

intoxicated/drunk=(makh’muur) rUmYam

cunning/artful/deceitful=(makkar) rakkam

hidden/concealed=(maknuun) nUnkam

riches/property/merchandise/revenue=(mal) lam

rebuke/blame=(malaamat) tamAlam

sadness/grief/langor/fatigue=(malal) lalam

censure/rebuke=(malamat) tamalam

master/lord/owner/God=(malik) kilam

sad/depressed/tired/bored=(maluul) lUlam

prohibition/refusal/hindrance/forbidding=(mana’) 'anam

impediment/hinderance/objection/stopper=(mani’) 'inam

heart/mind/soul/magnanimity/pride=(manisha) aSinam

association=(mansuub) bUsnam

countenance/visage/sight/aspect/scene=(manzar) raznam

day's journey/destination/storey/house=(manzil) liznam

admired/chosen/approved/accepted/granted=(manzuur) rUznam

man/male/hero/husband=(mard) dram
death=(marg) gram

desired/beautiful=(marg’uub) bUZram

stage/inn/day's journey/difficulty=(marhala:) :alahram

ointment/salve/cure=(marham) mahram

dead/deceased=(marhuum) mUhram

patient=(mariiz) zIram

written/inscribed=(mark’uum) mUVram

marble=(marmar) ramram

degree/office/class/order=(martaba:) :abatram

topics=(masaeel) lEasam

proverb/example=(masal) lasam

torch/lantern=(mash’al) la'Sam

noted/famous/reported/proclaimed=(mashhuur) rUFam

glad/cheerful/pleased=(masruur) rUrsam

drunk/intoxicated=(mast) tsam

wealth/valuables=(mata'a) a'atam

mourning/grief=(matam) matam

strong/solid/vigorous/obstinate=(matin) nitam

object/aim/meaning/motive/wish/desire=(matlab) baltam

abandoned/obsolete/rejected=(matruuk) kUrtam

intoxicated/inebriated=(matvala) alavtam

wave/enjoyment=(mauj) juxam

exciting=(mauj-zan) naz-juxam
without hope/disappointed=(mayuus) sUyam

taste/relish/enjoyment/pleasure=(maza:) :azam

strength=(mazaal) lAzam

topics=(mazaamiim’) MImAzam

joke/taste/relish/perception=(mazak’) Vazam

shrine/tomb/grave=(mazar) razam

strong/firm/resolute/valid=(mazbuut) tUbzam

religion/sect/doctrine=(mazhab) bahzam

injure/oppressed/wronged=(mazluum) mUlzam

wine/ bar=(mee) Em

boozing=(meekashii) ISakEm

sun=(mehar) rahem

labor/toil/difficulty/trial=(mihanat) tanahim

guest=(mihman) namhim

favor/kindness=(mihrbani) inabrhim

supplicate=(minnat) tannim

obliged to medicine=(minnat-kash-e-dava) avad-ex-Sak-tannim

simile/likeness/metaphor/example=(misal) lasim

mixture/temperament/humor/pride=(mizaj) jazim

eyelids=(mizhgaam’) MAghzim

grieved/vexed=(mohazuun) nUzahom

wax=(mom) mom

wave/surge/enjoyment/ecstasy/caprice/plenty=(mooj) jOm
present/existing/at hand/ready=(moojuud) dUjOm

occasion/opportunity/place/situation=(mook’a’) 'aVOm

season/time=(moosam) masOm

death/mortality=(moot) tOm

ally/confederate=(mu’ahid) diha'um

definite=(mu'ayyan) nayya'um

corroborative/confirmatory=(muayyid) diyyaxum

contending for glory/boasting/arrogance=(mubahat) tahabum

auspicious/blessed/felicitation=(mubarak) karabum

commencement/principle=(mubtada) adatbum

eternally/always/continually=(mudam) madum

fulfillment of a desire=(muddaa talbii) Iblat Addum

duration/period=(muddat) taddum

period(of time)=(muddat) taddum

profitable/beneficial/useful=(mufiid) dIfum

poor/indigent/bankrupt=(muflis) silfum

free/gratis=(muft) tfum

protector/guardian/guard=(muhafiz) zifahum

refugee/emigrant=(muhajir) rijahum

quarter(of a city)/street/ward=(muhalla:) :allahum

patron/benefactor=(muhasin) nisahum

needy/poor/defective=(muhataj) jatahum

retarding/delay/respite/leisure=(muhlat) talhum
miracle=(muijza:) :azjixum

criminal/culpable/faulty=(mujrim) mirjum

confronting=(muk’aabil) libAVum

opposite/converse/against/matching=(muk’abil) libaVum

antecedent/prior/superior/chief=(muk’addam) maddaVum

fate/destiny/predestination=(muk’addar) raddaVum

again/established/fixed/certain/customary/permanent=(muk’arrar)
rarraVum

concise=(muk’htasar) rasatYum

turbid/muddy/sullen/gloomy/vexed=(mukaddar) raddakum

repeatedly/again=(mukarrar) rarrakum

concise/abbreviated=(mukh’tasar) rasatYum

confessing/admitting/acknowledging=(mukir) riVum

soft/tender/gentle/placid=(mulaim) mixalum

meeting/encounter/interview/visit=(mulak’at) taValum

servant/aide=(mulazim) mizalum

nation/realm/territory=(mulk) klum

possible/feasible=(mumkin) nikmum

exalted/eminent/chosen=(mumtaz) zatmum

proper/suitable/fit/apt/congruous=(munasib) bisanum

surrounded/besieged/dependent/resting=(munhasir) risahnum

one who denies loyalty=(munkir-e-vafa) afav-ex-riknum

desire/will/intention/vow/tenor/meaning=(murad) darum
dead/weak/decrepit=(murda:) :adrum

bird=(murg’) Zrum

teacher/spiritual guide=(murshid) diSrum

comrade/associate=(musaahib) bihAsum

traveller/stranger=(musafir) rifasum

God=(mushaahit) tihASum

like=(mushkabuu) UbakSum

difficult/intricate/hard/painful=(mushkil) likSum

interested=(mushtaak’) VAtSum

misfortune/calamity/adversity/evil=(musiibat) tabIsum

prejudiced/partial/superstitious=(muta’assib) bissa'atum

smiling/laughing=(mutabassim) missabatum

affable/tolerant/patient/passive=(mutahammil) limmahatum

conformable/suitable/like/in accordance with=(mutak’bik’) VibVatum

hesitant/perplexed/wavering/grieved=(mutaraddid) diddaratum

sorrowful/repentant/grieving=(mutassif) fissatum

expecting/hopeful=(mutavak’ki’) 'iVVavatum

singer=(mutrib) birtum

hair=(muu) Um

cause/reason=(muujib) bijUm

possible=(muyassar) rassayum

facilitated/easy/possible/feasible=(muyassar) rassayum

good news=(muzda) adzum


exhausted/idle=(muzmahil) lihamzum

anxious/disturbed=(muztarib) biratzum

(uupar)rapUx

n
pref.no/not/termination of the infinitive=(na) an

coffin/corpse/bier=(na’sha) aS'an

not acquainted/stranger=(naa ashna) anSax An

nonexistent/annihilated/extinct=(naa buud) dUb An

helpless/destitute/forlorn=(naa car) rac An

trifling/insignificant/worthless=(naa ciiz) zIc An

ignorance=(naa dani) inad An

unwittingly/unknowingly=(naa danista:) :atsinad An

poverty=(naa dari) irad An

greedy=(naa diida:) :adId An

stupid=(naa fahm) mhaf An

disobedient=(naa farman) namraf An

unpleasant/unpalatable=(naa gavar) ravag An

injustice=(naa insafi) ifasnix An

discord/disagreement=(naa ittifaki) iVafittix An

unlawful=(naa jaiz) zixaj An

unfit/unworthy/incapable=(naa k’abil) libaV An


unappreciative=(naa k’adr) rdaV An

unsuccessful=(naa kam) mak An

worthless/base=(naa kas) sak An

disagreeableness/displeasure=(naa kh’ushi) iSuY An

unworthy/unsuitable/improper=(naa laik’) Vixal An

unknown=(naa ma’luum) mUl'am An

disallowed=(naa manzuur) rUznam An

unmanly=(naa mard) dram An

impossible=(naa mumkin) nikmum An

disappointed=(naa murad) darum An

inconstancy/frailty=(naa paidari) iradixap An

disliked/unacceptable/offensive=(naa pasand) dnasap An

dishonesty=(naa rasti) itsar An

discontent=(naa razi) izar An

impatient/restless=(naa sabuur) rUbas An

unclean/impure/unchaste=(naa saf) fas An

ignorant/dull/foolish=(naa samajha) aJamas An

indisposed/dissonant/uncivil=(naa saz) zas An

cheerless/joyless/dull=(naa shad) daS An

ignorant=(naa shinas) saniS An

ungrateful=(naa shukr) rkuS An

weak/feeble=(naa tak’at) taVat An

incomplete=(naa tamam) mamat An


hard-hearted/severe/pitiless=(naa tars) srat An

weakness/inability=(naa tavani) inavat An

hopelessness/despair=(naa ummiidii) IdImmux An

scarce/rare=(naa yab) bay an

sudden/=(naagahaanii) InAhagAn

assistant/deputy=(naaib) bixAn

cunning=(naakis) sikAn

lamenter=(naala farsaayii) IyAsraf alAn

cry=(naalaa) AlAn

crying heart=(naala-dil) lid-alAn

lamentation=(naale) elAn

name/title/honor/fame/=(naam) mAn

messanger=(naamaabar) rabAmAn

love letter=(naama-e-dildaar) rAdlid-ex-amAn

fire=(naar) rAn

councellor=(naaseh) hesAn

weakness=(naatavaanii) InAvatAn

boat/ship/vessel=(naav) vAn

a kind of arrow=(naavak) kavAn

struggle in love=(nabard-e-ishak’) VaSix-ex-draban

a prophet=(nabi) iban

the pulse=(nabz) zban

dance=(nac) can
intimate friend=(nadiim) mIdan

penitent/ashamed/bashful=(nadim) midan

rare/singular/precious=(nadir) ridan

breath=(nafas) safan

having effect/piercing=(nafiz) zifan

aversion/disgust/fright/terror=(nafrat) tarfan

soul/spirit/essence=(nafs) sfan

melody/song/musical note=(nag’ma:) :amZan

crocadile=(naham’g) gMahan

pleasure/ease/tranquility=(naiim) mIxan

praiseworthy/noble/generous=(najiib) bIjan

star/planet/fortune/horoscope=(najm) mjan

affected with/full of=(nak) kan

narration/tale/mimicing/copying/aping=(nak’l) lVan

artificial/spurious/counterfiet=(nak’li) ilVan

copy/print=(nak’sh) SVan

painting/picture/map/mark=(nak’sha) aSVan

portrait/model/design/example=(nak’sha:) :aSVan

calamity/misfortune=(nakbat) tabkan

airr/coquetry/trick/pretence/swagger=(nakh’ra) arYan

nail/claw=(nakh’un) nuYan

lamenting/moaning=(nalan) nalan

complaint/accusation=(nalisha) aSilan
moisture/wetness/dampness=(nam) man

treatise/book/history=(nama:) :aman

container to=(namakdaam’) MAdkaman

prayer=(namaz) zaman

an old king who used to say that he was god=(namruud) dUrman

example/sample/specimen=(namuuna:) :anUman

feasting/=(na-o-nosh) Son-ox-an

carousing/feasting=(na-onosha) aSonox-an

fire/hell=(nar) ran

man/male=(nar) ran

Narcissus/the eye of a mistress=(nargis) sigran

smooth/tender/soft/slow=(narm) mran

intoxication/pride/arrogance=(nasha) aSan

sitting=(nashiin) nISan

fortune/fate/destiny=(nasiib) bIsan

advice=(nasiihat) tahIsan

advice/counsel/admonition=(nasiihat) tahIsan

Zephyr/gentle breeze=(nasiim) mIsan

humanity/human nature=(nasuut) tUsan

relationship/alliance/kin/affinity=(nata) atan

results/consequences (plu. of nateejah)=(nataij) jixatan

result=(natiija) ajItan

beginner=(nau-aamoz) zomAx-uxan
lover=(nau-bahaar-e-naaz) zAn-ex-rAhab-uxan

mourner/lamenter=(nauhaagar) ragAhuxan

singer=(navaa-sanj) jnas-Avan

kindness/favor/patronage=(navazisha) aSizavan

coquetry/airs/pride/elegance/softness/delicacy=(naz) zan

elegance=(nazaakat) takAzan

purity/neatness=(nazafat) tafazan

neatness/elegance/politeness=(nazakat) takazan

look/glance/favor/motive/view/countenance=(nazar) razan

sight/view/vista=(nazara:) :arazan

near=(nazdiik) kIdzan

pride/arrogance=(nazisha) aSizan

poetry/verse=(nazm) mzan

order/arangement=(nazm) mzan

thin/slender/fragile/delicate=(nazuk) kuzan

seeing=(nazzaara-e-jamaal) lAmaj-ex-arAzzan

beautiful/worth seeing=(nazzaara-soz) zos-arAzzan

fascinating=(nee-rang) gnar-En

good/lucky/virtuous/pious=(nek) ken

favors/benefits=(ni’am) ma'in

protector/guard=(nigah ban) nab hagin

look/glance/sight/custody/care=(nigaha) ahagin

painting/picture/sweetheart/beloved=(nigar) ragin
tree=(nihaal) lAhin

hidden=(nihaam’) MAhin

internal/hidden=(nihaanii) InAhin

n.msapling=(nihal) lahin

latent/hidden/secret/=(niham’)Mahin

auction=(niilam) malIn

blue colour/=(niilii-faam) mAf-IlIn

mid day=(niim-roz) zor-mIn

release/liberation=(nijaat) tAjin

matrimony=(nikaha) ahakin

middle/half=(nim) min

unequalled/rare/strange=(niralii) Ilarin

throwing/dispersion/scattering/sacrifice=(nisar) rasin

n.frelation/affinity/attribute/comparison=(nisbat) tabsin

enthusiasm/happiness=(nishaat (or nashaat) tASan rox( tASin

mark/sign/signal/emblem/target/scar/trace=(nishan) naSin

mark/sign/souvenir/keepsake=(nishanii) InaSin

desire/an offering=(niyaaz) zAyin

desire/plea/poverty/need=(niyaz) zayin

listener=(niyosh) Soyin

listening/hearing=(niyuusha) aSUyin

intention/purpose/will/aim=(niyyat) tayyin

order/arrangement/custom/system=(nizam) mazin
early spring=(noo bahar) rahab On

youth/prime of life=(noo javani) inavaj On

sapling/young man=(noo nihal) lahin On

new/fresh/raw=(noo) On

turn/time=(noobat) tabOn

stars=(nujuum) mUjun

loss=(nuk’san) nasVun

subtlety conceit/point of wit/epigram=(nukta:) :atkun

critic/sweetheart=(nuktaaciim’) MIcAtkun

hypercritical=(nuktah biin) nIb hatkun

captious=(nuktah ciin) nIc hatkun

sagacious=(nuktah dan) nad hatkun

show/display/sight/spectacle=(numaisha) aSixamun

victory=(nusrat) tarsun

n.mlight=(nuur) rUn

(uupar)rapUx

o
conj.and=(o) ox

palm of the hand contracted so as to hold water=(oak) kaxox

times (plu. of waqt)=(ook’aat) tAVOx

status/position=(ook’aat) tAVOx
children (plu. of walad)=(oolaad) dAlOx

woman/wife/nudity=(oorat) tarOx

(uupar)rapUx

p
leg=(pa) ap

fettered/bound/subjugated=(paa bam’d) dMab Ap

trodden under foot/ruined=(paa maal) lAm Ap

fordable/within man's depth=(paa yaab) bAy Ap

leg/foot/root of a tree=(paa) Ap

mad/insane/idiotic/distressed=(paagal) lagAp

pure/clean/holy=(paak) kAp

water/rain/lustre/character/honor=(paani) inAp

favor/partiality/favoritism=(paar daari) irAd rAp

opposite bank/the end/termination=(paar) rAp

fragment/piece=(paara) arAp

guard/sentinel=(paas baan) nAb sAp

regard=(paas) sAp

custody/regard/supervision=(paas) sAp

side/advantage/flank of an army=(pahalu) ulahap

message/news/advice=(paig’aam) mAZixap

promise/agreement/oath/confirmation=(paimaan) nAmixap
pure/holy/immaculate/chaste/undefiled=(pak) kap

pure/clean/neat=(pakiiza:) :azIkap

a moment=(pal) lap

eyelash/a moment/an instant=(palak) kalap

protection/asylum/refuge=(panaaha) ahAnap

wings=(par) rap

to examine/to test=(paraknaa) Ankarap

worshipper=(parast) tsarap

worship=(parastish) Sitsarap

worship=(parastisha) aSitsarap

curtain/screen/veil/secrecy/privacy=(parda:) :adrap

to hide=(pardaadaarii) IrAdAdrap

troubled/distracted/distressed=(pareshaan) nASerap

angel faced=(parii cehara) arahec Irap

fairy-like/beautiful=(parivasha) aSavirap

sun's reflection/light/image=(partav-e-khur) ruK-ex-vatrap

moth/lover/warrant/permission=(parvaana:) :anAvrap

fostering/rearing/sustenance/protecting=(parvarisha) aSiravrap

choice/approval/preference=(pasand) dnasap

ashamed/=(pashemaam’) MAmeSap

penitent/repentant/ashamed=(pashemaan) nAmeSap

perspiration/sweat=(pasinaa) Anisap

message=(payaam) mAyap
receiving=(paziir) rIzap

curls in the=(pec-o-k’ham) maY-ox-cep

predicament=(pec-o-taab) bAt-ox-cep

patch=(peeband) dnabEp

appearance=(peekar) rakEp

shirt/robe/cloth=(peeraahan) nahArEp

dress=(peerhan) nahrEp

=(person/sviitheart) traxeTIvs/nosrep

craft/trade/profession=(peshaa:) :ASep

old woman=(piirzan) nazrIp

pride/arrogance=(pindaar) rAdnip

enquiry=(pursish) Sisrup

(uupar)rapUx

r
guide=(raahabar) rabahAr

robber=(raahzan) nazhAr

tender thoughts=(raanaee-e-k’hayaal) lAyaY-ex-EanAr

friend=(raazdaam’) MAdzAr

creator/god=(rabb) bbar

rejection/repulsion/returning=(radd) ddar

high/sublime/exalted=(rafi’) 'ifar
friend/ally=(rafiik’) VIfar

speed/pace/walk/motion=(raftar) ratfar

mending/darning=(rafuu) Ufar

nerve=(rag) gar

strong desire/esteem/pleasure=(rag’bat) tabZar

a guide=(rah bar) rab har

conductor/leader/guide=(rah numa) amun har

road/pathcustom/journey/method=(raha) ahar

rest/repose/comfort/tranquility/ease=(rahat) tahar

robber=(rahazan) nazahar

road/path=(rahguzar) razughar

mercy/pity/compassion/kindness/tenderness=(rahm) mhar

dance/dancing=(rak’s) sVar

opponent=(rakiib) bIVar

rival/competitor=(rakiib) bIVar

color/dye/fashion/enjoyment=(ram’g) gMar

colored/lively/elegant/flowery/figurative=(ram’giin) nIgMar

grief/sorrow/trouble/inconvience=(ram’j) jMar

grief/indignation/misunderstanding/anguish=(ram’jisha) aSijMar

rope/string/cord=(rasan) nasar

jealousy/envy/malice/spite=(rashk) kSar

marking/writing/established usage/model/law=(rasm) msar

true/honest/straight/even/level=(rast) tsar
path/road/manner=(rasta:) :atsar

a prophet=(rasuul) lUsar

currents=(rau) uxar

right/lawful/ agree/admissible=(rava) avar

move=(ravaam’) MAvar

despatched/proceeding=(ravana:) :anavar

mystery/secret=(raz) zar

willing/satisfied/agreed/pleased=(razii) Izar

war/battle=(razm) mzar

path/way=(rehguzar) razugher

silk=(resham) maSer

wound=(riish) SIr

thread/line/relationship/kinship/alliance=(rishta:) :atSir

doorkeeper of paradise=(rizvaam’) MAvzir

lustre/beauty/elegance/freshness=(roonak’) VanOr

light/illuminated/bright/clear/splendid=(rooshan/roshan) naSor/naSOr

a day=(roz) zor

daily=(roz) zor

a fast=(roza:) :azor

cloudy day=(roz-e-abr) rbax-ex-zor

face/cheek/side/point=(rukh’a) aYur

face/cheek/complexion/aspect=(rukh’sar) rasYur

leave/permission/dismissal/indulgence=(rukh’sat) tasYur
infamous/dishonored/disgraced=(rusva) avsur

disgrace=(rusvaeei) iEavsur

to put the mind into work=(ruub-k’aarii) IrAV-bUr

report/statement=(ruudaad) dAdUr

soul/spirit/life/essence/divine revelation=(ruuha) ahUr

(uupar)rapUx

s
difficulty/hardship=(sa’uubat) tabU'as

confirmed/established/fixed/stable=(saabit) tibAs

a fixed star=(saabit) tibAs

Badshah Jamshed's cup=(saag’ar-e-jam) maj-ex-raZAs

goblet=(saag’ar-o-miina) anIm-ox-raZAs

shining brightly/splendid/sublime=(saakib) biVAs

bar tender=(saakii) IVAs

year=(saal) lAs

/f.breath/sigh=(saam’s) sMAs

confront=(saamaam’) MAmAs

wealth/power/influence=(saarvat) tavrAs

disposition=(saaz) zAs

wind=(saba) abas

stability/endurance/resolution/constancy=(sabaat) tAbas
cause/reason=(sabab) babas

lesson/lecture/advancing=(sabak’) Vabas

patience/endurance/submission/suffering=(sabr) rbas

permanence/a seal/writing=(sabt) tbas

truth/reality=(sac) cas

hundred=(sad) das

voice/ sound=(sada) adas

simple/plain/candid/sincere=(sada:) :adas

hundred=(sad-guuna) anUg-das

crocadile with a hundred=(sad-kaam-e-naham’g) gMahan-ex-mAk-das

shock/blow/calamity/collision/suffering=(sadma:) :amdas

chest/bosom/chief=(sadr) rdas

hundred=(sad-rang) gnar-das

clean/pure/innocent/clear/legible/plain=(saf) fas

journey=(safar) rafas

white=(safed) defas

boat=(safina) anifas

wine=(sahaba) abahas

right/correct/genuine/sound/pure/just=(sahaiiha) ahIahas

shore/beach=(sahail) lixahas

magician=(sahair) rixahas

dawn/morning=(sahar) rahas

plain/desert=(sahara) arahas
master/lord/ruler/companion/title=(sahib) bihas

flood/deluge/torrent=(sailab) balixas

thw whole/the rest/wandering/walking/tax/duty=(sair) rixas

walk/excursion/recreation/amusement=(sair) rixas

lover/sweetheart/beloved=(sajan) najas

prostration=(sajda:) :adjas

tough life=(sak’ht-jaanii) InAj-tYas

hard/firm/cruel/harsh/vehement=(sakh’t) tYas

cup-bearer/page/beloved=(sakii) IVas

trance/swoon/pause=(sakta:) :atkas

year=(sal) las

peace/treaty/integrity/advice/counsel=(salaha) ahalas

salutation/peace/safety/compliment=(salam) malas

good disposition/good taste/mode/skill=(saliik’a:) :aVIlas

safe/sound/perfect/whole=(salim) milas

apparatus/custom/understanding/power=(saman) namas

horse=(samand) dnamas

house of jasmine flowers=(saman-kada) adak-namas

idol/sweetheart/mistress=(sanam) manas

stone=(sang) gnas

stone/weight=(sang) gnas

hard hearted/merciless=(sang-dil) lid-gnas

threshold=(sang-e-aastaam’) MAtsAx-ex-gnas
year/era=(sanha) ahnas

exalted=(sar afraz) zarfax ras

wholly/entirely=(sar basar) rasab ras

hidden/secret=(sar basta:) :atsab ras

eminent/glorious=(sar buland) dnalub ras

rebellion=(sar tabii) Ibat ras

chief/leader=(sar taj) jat ras

country/limits/region=(sar zamiin) nImaz ras

head/top/pinnacle/origin/chief/desire=(sar) ras

the earth=(saraa) Aras

mirage=(saraab) bAras

cold/damp/dull/dead=(sard) dras

at present/immediately=(sar-e dast) tsad ex-ras

on the road=(sar-e raha) ahar ex-ras

about evening/evening=(sar-e sham) maS ex-ras

expenditure=(sarf) fras

arrogant/proud=(sar-giraam’) MArig-ras

pride=(sar-giraanii) InArig-ras

scratching=(sariir) rIras

a regulator's position=(sarishta-daarii) IrAd-atSiras

necessities/furniture/luggage=(sar-o saman) namas ox-ras

with belongings=(sar-o-saamaam’) MAmAs-ox-ras

fertile=(sar-sabz) zbas-ras
reward of good deeds in next life=(savaab) bAvas

reward/recompense=(savaab) bAvas

the fixed stars (plu. of saabit)=(savaabit) tibAvas

ride=(savaar) rAvas

question/petition/application/request/demand=(saval) lavas

shadow/shade/shelter/apparition=(saya:) :ayas

apparatus/equipment/concord=(saz) zas

correction/punishment/requital=(saza) azas

conspiracy/intrigue/collusion=(sazisha) aSizas

magic=(sehar) rahes

desert=(sehara) arahes

health=(sehat) tahes

happy/cheerful/delighted=(shaad) dAS

worthy=(shaayaan) nAyAS

goodnight!=(shab bakh’air) rixaYab baS

night=(shab) baS

night=(shab) baS

night=(shabaana) anAbaS

youth=(shabab) babaS

bravo! well done! (contr. of shadbash)=(shabasha) aSabaS

nocturnal=(shabiina:) :anIbaS

dew=(shabnam) manbaS

dew=(shabnam) manbaS
full of water/fresh/agreeable/verdant=(shadab) badaS

kindeness/compassion/mercy=(shafak’at) taVafaS

pupil/apprentice/servant=(shagird) drigaS

king/prince/monarch=(shaha) ahaS

honey=(shahd) dhaS

martyr=(shahiid) dIhaS

city=(shahr) rhaS

a beam/roof support=(shahtir) rithaS

prince=(shahzadah) hadazhaS

elder=(shaikh’a) aYixaS

poet=(shair) rixaS

satan/devil/demon=(shaitan) natixaS

crack/split=(shak’) VaS

branch/bough/dilemma/difficulty/objection=(shakh’a) aYaS

a person/individual/being/body=(shakh’s) sYaS

doubt/suspense/hesitation=(shakk) kkaS

form/appearance/model/image/diagram=(shakl) lkaS

evening=(sham) maS

lamp/candle=(shama’) 'amaS

including/comprising/connected/mingled/common=(shamil) limaS

extinguished lamp=(shamma'a-kushta) atSuk-a'ammaS

the sun=(shams) smaS

sword=(shamsher) reSmaS
sword=(shamshiir) rISmaS

dignity/glory/grandeur=(shan) naS

flash/gleam=(sharaar) rAraS

wine/liquor=(sharab) baraS

nobility/civility/good manners=(sharafat) tafaraS

flash/fire=(sharar) raraS

spark/gleam/flash=(sharara:) :araraS

raining sparks of fire=(sharar-baar) rAb-raraS

noble/eminent/honorable=(shariif) fIraS

shame/modesty=(sharm) mraS

condition/agreement/wager=(shart) traS

six=(shash) SaS

perhaps/probably=(shayad) dayaS

bragging=(shekhi) iYeS

lion/tiger/brave man=(sher) reS

manner/habit=(sheva) aveS

verse/couplet=(shi’r) r'iS

habit=(shiaar) rAiS

crack=(shigaaf) fAgiS

milk=(shiir) rIS

sweet=(shiiriim’) MIrIS

wrinkel/fold=(shikan) nakiS

hunting/prey=(shikar) rakiS
complaint=(shikava) avakiS

complaint/accusation/illness=(shikayat) tayakiS

complaint/chiding=(shikva:) :avkiS

knowing/acquainted with/intelligence=(shinas) saniS

sweet/pleasant/gentle=(shiriin) nIriS

glass/bottle/glass pane=(shisha:) :aSiS

fame=(shohrat) tarhoS

playful/mischievous/bold/insolent=(shokh’a) aYoS

taste/fondness/desire/interest=(shook’) VOS

noise/outcry/tumult/clamor/ardor=(shor) roS

flame/blaze/flash/light=(shu’la:) :al'uS

wisdom/intellect=(shu’uur) rU'uS

renown/fame/rumor=(shuhrat) tarhuS

brave=(shuja’) 'ajuS

gratitude=(shukr) rkuS

counting/numbering/estimation/account=(shumar) ramuS

conversation=(shuniid) dInuS

beginning=(shuruu’) 'UruS

recommendation=(sifarisha) aSirafis

silver bodied=(siim-tan) nat-mIs

chest/bosom=(siina:) :anIs

wounded heart=(siina-e-bismil) limsib-ex-anIs

quality/nature/disposition=(siirat) tarIs
culture=(sik’aafat) tafAVis

reliability/trustworthiness=(sik’aahat) tahAVis

burden/weight=(sik’aalat) talAVis

chain/series/pedigree/genealogy=(silsila:) :alislis

lamp/candle/sun=(siraj) jaris

only/mere/sheer=(sirf) fris

taking/seizing=(sitaam’)MAtis

star=(sitaara:) :arAtis

oppression /cruelity=(sitam) matis

oppression/tyranny/injustice/violence=(sitam) matis

oppressor=(sitamgar) ragmatis

except/save/but/besides=(sivaa) Avis

black/dark/unfortunate/bad=(siyaha) ahayis

company=(sohabat) tabahos

trade/marketing/goods=(sooda) adOs

oath=(soogand) dnagOs

burning/passion/vexation=(soz) zos

expert=(subak-dast (or sabuk-dast both are correct) tcerroc erax Tob


tsad-kubas rox( tsad-kabus

light headed/=(subak-sar) ras-kabus

morning/dawn=(subh’) 'Bus

at dawn=(subh-dam) mad-Bus

light/delicate/trivial/frivolous/futile=(subuk) kubus
evidence/proof/conviction/constancy/stability=(subuut) tUbus

companionship/society/conversation=(suhabat) tabahus

speech/words=(suk’han) naYus

poet=(suk’hanvar) ravnaYus

eloquence=(sukh’an var) rav naYus

speech/words/business/affair=(sukh’an) naYus

peace/rest/tranquility=(sukuun) nUkus

silence/peace/rest/tranquility=(sukuut) tUkus

red=(surkh’a) aYrus

pleasure=(suruur) rUrus

pleasure/joy/exhilaration=(suruur) rUrus

loose/frail/lazy/slow/dull=(sust) tsus

void/empty/desolate/lonely=(suuna) anUs

form/figure/countenance/aspect/manner/plight=(suurat) tarUs

(uupar)rapUx

t
the leg/a share=(t’aam’g) gMAq

collision/encounter/rivalry/competition=(t’akkar) rakkaq

to leak/to drip/to fall down (fruits)=(t’apaknaa) Ankapaq

crookedness=(t’er’ha) aReq

cold/chill=(t’hand’) wnaQ
fixed abode/proper place/goal/limit=(t’hikaanaa) AnAkiQ

obstacle/kick/stumble=(t’hokar) rakoQ

a piece/a morsel/a part/fraction=(t’ukr’aa) ALkuq

breaking/fracture/loss=(t’uut’) qUq

wondering/admiration/amazement/surprise=(ta’ajjub) bujja'at

connection/relation/consideration=(ta’alluk’) Vulla'at

explanation/description/praise/definition=(ta’ariif) fIra'at

obedience/devotion (plu. taat)=(ta’at) ta'at

blame/reproach/censure/chide=(ta’n) n'at

so that=(taa) At

taunter=(taa'an) na'At

devotion=(taa'at) ta'At

power/courage=(taab) bAt

heat/power/endurance/rage=(taab) bAt

sweet/agreeable/pure/excellent=(taab) bAt

heat/splendour/grief/sorrow=(taabisha) aSibAt

look/regard/aim/view=(taak) kAt

strength to speak=(taak’at-e-suk’han) naYus-ex-taVAt

luck=(taal'a) a'lAt

relation/connection=(ta'alluk’) Vulla'at

taunt=(taana) anAt

dark/obscure=(taarik) kirAt

date/annals=(taarikh’a) aYirAt
impression=(taasiir) rIsAt

effect/impression=(taasir) risAt

fresh/new/tender/happy=(taaza:) :azAt

temperament=(tab'a) a'bat

ruined/spoiled/depraved/wretched=(tabaaha) ahAbat

smile/smiling=(tabassum) mussabat

change=(tabdiil) lIdbat

nature/temperament/disposition=(tabi’at) ta'ibat

solution/remedy=(tadabiir) rIbadat

deliberation/opinion/advice/arrangement/order=(tadbiir) rIbdat

difference=(tafark’a) aVrafat

negligence=(tag’aaful) lufAZat

neglect/ignore=(tag’aful) lufaZat

determined=(tahayya) ayyahat

ready/prepared/finished/alert/ripe=(taiyaar) rAyixat

crown/tiara=(taj) jat

experience/experiment/test/proof=(tajriba:) :abirjat

arch/cupola/niche=(tak’) Vat

demanding settlement of a debt/importunity=(tak’aazaa) AzAVat

hesitation/formality=(tak’alluf) fullaVat

strength/power/might=(tak’at) taVat

fate/luck=(tak’diir) rIdVat

approximately=(tak’riban) nabirVat
speech/discourse=(tak’riir) rIrVat

piety/abstinence/fear of God=(tak’vaa) AvVat

throne/seat=(takh’t) tYat

imposition of a burden/difficulty/inconvenience=(takliif) fIlkat

search/inquiry/quest=(talaasha) aSAlat

search/inquiry//wish/demand/request=(talab) balat

divorce/repudiation=(talak’) Valat

seeker/enquirer/lover/candidate=(talib) bilat

bitter/acrimonious/pungent/unpalatable=(talkh’a) aYlat

sword=(talvaar) rAvlat

entire/complete/perfect/end=(tamaam) mAmat

entertainment/fun/amusement/sport/spectacle=(tamaashaa) ASAmat

discernment/judgement/observance of etiquette=(tamiiz) zImat

authority/power=(tamkiin) nIkmat

body=(tan) nat

narrowness/hardship/poverty=(tangi) ignat

alone/solitary=(tanhaa) Ahnat

cleaning/investigation/inquiry/issue=(tankiha) ahiVnat

palpitating/throbbing=(tapam’)Mapat

burn/passion=(tapish) Sipat

wet=(tar) rat

harmony/symphony/a kind of song=(taraana:) :anArat

consenting=(taraazii) IzArat
side/margin/direction=(taraf) farat

eyelid/ golden belt=(tarf) frat

=(tarf) frat

manner/mode/form/design/plan=(tarha) ahrat

method/custom/path/way=(tarik’a:) :aVirat

interpreter=(tarjumaan) nAmujrat

relinquishment=(tark’) Vrat

composition/mixture/plan/mode/method=(tarkiib) bIkrat

elevation/promotion/proficiency=(tarrak’kii) IVVarrat

compassion/pity/mercy=(tars) srat

manner/fashion/way=(tarz) zrat

consolation/comfort/satisfaction=(tasallii) Illasat

mysticism=(tasavvuf) fuvvasat

mysticism=(tasavvuf) fuvvasat

imagination=(tasavvur) ruvvasat

imagination/fancy/idea=(tasavvur) ruvvasat

thirsty=(tashna (or tishna) )

honoring=(tashriif) fIrSat

satisfaction=(taskiin) nIksat

greeting/saluting=(tasliim) mIlsat

salutation/greeting/resignation/submission=(tasliim) mIlsat

=(tassel vorn in the turban) nabrut eT nix nrov lessat

picture/portrait/painting=(tasviir) rIvsat
circuit=(tavaaf) fAvat

expectation=(tavak’k’o) oVVavat

sword/dagger=(teg’a) aZet

sword=(tegh) Get

hand=(tehriir) rIrhet

axe=(tesha) aSet

sharp/keen/caustic/pungent/swift/clever=(tez) zet

=(the hands of another) reTonax fox sdnah eT

arrow=(tiir) rIt

half drawn arrow=(tiir-e-niimkash) SakmIn-ex-rIt

thirsty=(tishna) anSit

thirst/desire/longing=(tishnagi) iganSit

a gift=(tohafaa) Afahot

Veaven forbid!=(tooba: tooba:) :abOt :abOt

repentance=(tooba:) :abOt

disgrace/contempt/defamation/dishonor/insult=(toohiin) nIhOt

manner/condition/mode/state=(toor) rOt

long=(tulaanii) InAlut

sharp/angry=(tund) dnut

an ornamental=(turra) arrut

storm/tempest/hurricane=(tuufan) nafUt

(uupar)rapUx
u
boiling/rage/anger=(ubaal) lAbux

horizon=(ufak’) Vafux

misery/distress/mishap/foundation=(uftaad) dAtfux

ruined/waste/abandoned=(ujaar’) LAjux

pain=(uk’uubat) tabUVux

punishment/torment/torture=(uk’uubat) tabUVux

hope/expectation/trust=(ummid) dimmux

age/life-time/span of life=(umr) rmux

title/preface=(unvaam’) MAvnux

army/camp=(urduu) Udrux

naked/bare=(uriyaam’) MAyirux

ascension/rising/exaltation=(uruuj) jUrux

naked/bare/devoid=(uryan) nayrux

lovers=(ushshaak’) VASSux

master/professor=(ustaad) dAtsux

firm/determined=(uustuvaar) rAvutsUx

excuse=(uzr) rzux

(uupar)rapUx

v
bound together/attached=(va basta:) :atsab av

behind/back/returning again=(va pas) sap av

free/delivered/escaped/carefree=(va rasta:) :atsar av

aversion/disgust=(va sokh’t) tYos av

open=(va) av

again/back=(va) av

prep.with=(va) av

promise/agreement=(va’da:) :ad'av

open=(vaa) Av

occuring/happening=(vaaki’) 'iVAv

tiredness=(vaamaam’dagii) IgadMAmAv

possessing/endowed with=(vaan) nAv

blow/attack/stroke=(vaar) rAv

day of the week/moment=(vaar) rAv

arrivals=(vaaridan) nadirAv

calamity=(vabaal) lAbav

loving/friendly=(vaduud) dUdav

preacher/advisor=(vaeez) zEav

faithless=(vafa begana:) :anageb afav

faithful/sincere=(vafa dar) rad afav

fulfilling a promise/fulfilment/fidelity=(vafa) afav

death=(vafat) tafav

et cetera/and so forth=(vag’airaha) aharixaZav


singular/unique/alone=(vahaiid) dIahav

solitude/grief/fear/sadness/loneliness=(vahashat) taSahav

unique/one/single/unit=(vahid) dihav

imagination/fancy/whim=(vahima:) :amihav

imagination/idea/fancy/opinion/fear/suspicion=(vahm) mhav

ascetic/recluse=(vairagisha) aSigarixav

dignity/respect/beauty=(vajahat) tahajav

ecstasy/rapture/excessive love=(vajd) djav

cause/reason/mode/manner/face/appearance=(vaj-ha) ah-jav

necessary/obligatory=(vajib) bijav

duties (plu. of wajib)=(vajibat) tabijav

possessor/creator=(vajid) dijav

handsome/respectable/good appearance=(vajiiha) ahIjav

religious bequest=(vak’f) fVav

time/term/season/hour/opportunity=(vak’t) tVav

advocacy/attorneyship=(vakalat) talakav

true/real/proper=(vakii) ixiVav

lawyer/attorney=(vakiil) lIkav

distracted/mad with love=(vala:) :alav

father=(valid) dilav

mother=(valida:) :adilav

lord/prince/master/friend/guardian=(valii) Ilav

enthusiasm=(valvale) elavlav
like/resembling/possessing=(var) rav

coming/arriving/happening=(varid) dirav

events/occurences (plu. of warid)=(varidat) tadirav

heir=(varis) sirav

and if not/otherwise=(varna:) :anrav

praise/merit/virtue=(vasf) fsav

like/resembling=(vasha) aSav

handsome/fine countenance=(vasiim) mIsav

strong/firm/confident/secure=(vasik’) Visav

testament/last will/legacy/bequest=(vasiyyat) tayyisav

meeting with the lover=(vasl) lsav

account/sake/reason/means/motive=(vasta:) :atsav

prep.for/for the sake of=(vaste) etsav

native country=(vatan) natav

conduct/behaviour=(vaz'a) a'zav

state/position/situation=(vaza’) 'azav

vivid description=(vazahat) tahazav

pensioner=(vazifaa-k’havaar) rAvaY-Afizav

clear/evident/apparent=(vaziha) ahizav

weight/measure/metre/rhyme/esteem/honor=(vazn) nzav

solitude=(vehshat) taShev

farewell=(vida’) 'adiv

friendship/love/affection=(vidad) dadiv
desolate/ruined=(viiran) narIv

a ruined place=(viirana:) :anarIv

desolation/destruction/ruin=(viirani) inarIv

ecstasy/rapture/intuition=(vijdan) nadjiv

a foreign country/abroad/realm/union with God=(vilayat) tayaliv

meeting=(visaal) lAsiv

meeting with lover=(visaal-e-yaar) rAy-ex-lAsiv

=(vriting) gnitirv

existence/essence/being=(vujuud) dUjuv

collection/acquisition=(vusuul) lUsuv

(uupar)rapUx

y
intj.O!=(ya) ay

conj.either/or=(ya) ay

namely/that is to say=(ya’ni) in'ay

a note/memorandum/memory=(yad dasht) tSad day

memorial/souvenir/keepsake=(yad gar) rag day

remembrance/memory/recollection=(yad) day

hand/power/authority/protection/succor=(yad) day

kinsman=(yagaana) anAgay

kinsman/kindred=(yagana:) :anagay
unique/single/sole/agreed/unequalled=(yagana:) :anagay

rebel/enemy=(yagi) iZay

unanimous=(yak dil) lid kay

one soul=(yak jan) naj kay

all at once/suddenly=(yak lakh’t) tYal kay

one-sided=(yak rukhii) IYur kay

all at once=(yak sar) ras kay

on one side/aside=(yak suu) Us kay

uniform opinion or speech=(yak zaban) nabaz kay

one/a/an=(yak) kay

ruby/garnet=(yak’uut) tUVay

certainity/assurance/truth/confidence/trust=(yakiin) nIVay

certainly/verily/assuredly/indeed=(yakiinan) nanIVay

single/unique/matchless/incomparable=(yakta) atkay

matchless/incomparable=(yaktaa) Atkay

right hand; oath=(yamin) nimay

friend/lover/companion=(yar) ray

strength/courage/power=(yara) aray

friendship=(yarana:) :anaray

friendly=(yarana:) :anaray

friendship/assistance/love/intrigue=(yari) iray

despair/fear/terror=(yas) say

left/left hand; affluence/opulence=(yasar) rasay


orphans (plu. of yateem)=(yatama) amatay

orphan=(yatiim) mItay

absurd/vain/futile/lost/ruined=(yavaha) ahavay

aiding/friendly=(yavar) ravay

assistant/companion/friend=(yavar) ravay

favor/assistance/friendship=(yavari) iravay

God=(yazdan) nadzay

a day=(yoom) mOy

felicity/prosperity/good luck=(yumn) nmuy

assault/storm/invasion=(yuurisha) aSirUy

(uupar)rapUx

z
knee=(zaanuum’) MUnAz

bitterly=(zaar-zaar) rAz-rAz

tongue/language/flame (of a candle)=(zaban) nabaz

above/superior/greater/top=(zabar) rabaz

vigorous/violent/tyrranical/superior=(zabardast) tsadrabaz

governor/master/possessor=(zabit) tibaz

strict/punctual/patient/disciplinarian=(zabit) tibaz

rule/custom/canon/law/code=(zabita:) :atibaz

struck/stricken/oppressed=(zada:) :adaz
victory/triumph/gain=(zafar) rafaz

religious deeds or duties=(zahad) dahaz

uneasiness of mind/trouble/pain=(zahamat) tamahaz

ally/associate=(zahiir) rIhaz

manifest/clear/evident=(zahir) rihaz

outwardly/manifestly=(zahira) arihaz

poison=(zahr) rhaz

lost/destroyed/wasted/fruitless=(zai) ixaz

weak/infirm/feeble/old/faint=(zaif) fixaz

deep wound=(zak’hm-e-kaarii) IrAk-ex-mYaz

wound/damage/loss=(zakh’m) mYaz

remembering/grateful=(zakir) rikaz

grateful person/obe who praises God=(zakir) rikaz

hail/dew/frost=(zala:) :alaz

error/fault/vice=(zalal) lalaz

abject/base/wretched/contemptible=(zaliil) lIlaz

tyrant/oppressor=(zalim) milaz

time/age/period=(zamana:) :anamaz

surety/bond=(zamanat) tanamaz

ground/earth=(zamiin) nImaz

mind/heart/thought/reflection/sense=(zamiir) rImaz

sponsor/surety/guarantor=(zamin) nimaz

a well in Kaba whose water is considered holy=(zamzam) mazmaz


chain=(zanjiir) rIjnaz

suspicion=(zann) nnaz

money/wealth/gold=(zar) raz

weeping/lamentation/garden/desire/wish=(zar) raz

gold=(zar) raz

injury/damage/harm/affliction/loss/ruin=(zarar) raraz

injury/beating/impression (plu. zarbat)=(zarb) braz

deep/penetrating/acute of mind=(zarf) fraz

witty/subtle/fine=(zarif) firaz

necessary/expedient/needful=(zaruur) rUraz

certainly/absolutely=(zaruur) rUraz

need/compulsion/want/exigency=(zaruurat) tarUraz

being endowed with/soul/self/caste/race=(zat) taz

innate/inherent/essential/natural=(zati) itaz

weakness=(zauf) fuxaz

delight/joy/taste=(zauk’) Vuxaz

adorned/beautiful/proper/graceful=(zeba) abez

acumen/wit/sagacity/understanding=(zehn) nhez

under the feet=(zer-e-pa) ap-ex-rez

the contrary/opposition/stubborness=(zidd) ddiz

anguish/melancholy/=(ziik’) VIz

decoration/beauty=(ziinat) tanIz

remembrance/memory/Quran recital=(zikr) rkiz


insult/dishonor/affront/abjectness=(zillat) talliz

alive/living=(zinda:) :adniz

life/living/existence=(zindagi) igadniz

prison/jail=(zindan) nadniz

be warned !=(zinhaar) rAhniz

never/by no means=(zinhar) rahniz

beware!=(zinhar) rahniz

light/splendour/brilliancy=(ziya) ayiz

too much/more/excessive=(ziyada:) :adayiz

terrible/furious/angry/rapacious=(ziyan) nayiz

pilgrimage/visit (a shrine)=(ziyarat) tarayiz

dishevelled/entangled/intricate=(zoliida:) :adIloz

light/sunlight=(zoo) Oz

taste=(zook’) VOz

force/strength/power/influence/stress=(zor) roz

searcher=(zoya) ayoz

weakness/feebleness=(zu’f) f'uz

cold=(zukam) makuz

curl/ringlet/tress=(zulf) fluz

oppression/tyranny=(zulm) mluz

darkness=(zulmat) tamluz

green colored gem=(zumurrud) durrumuz

quickly/soon/suddenly=(zuud) dUz