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Electricity Metering

and Management
Confidential
Our presence
• 6 Global locations with customers in 45
countries
– Over 5 million meters and growing at over 1.5
million a year

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We are
• First company to introduce electronic
meters in India
• India’s largest and No. 1 energy metering
company
• Largest exporter of metering products from
India
• Having 4 manufacturing plants in India and
4 R&D centers of excellence across the
globe

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Prestigious Queen’s award for Export from UK

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Infrastructure
– Five modern manufacturing facilities in
India
– ISO 9001 Certified
– Complete type test facilities
– Design quality assurance
– In-house reliability group
– Total IT support for operations
– OFGEM, UK approved manufacturing

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Infrastructure
Cont…..
• Strong focus on Research and
Development
• National award for R&D in electrical sector
• Over 350 strong R&D team
• Work force of more than 600 persons in
field

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Systems Approach
Whole current meter APEX
Demand Controller ABT monitoring & billing
Dual register meter Error compensation services
Housing society payment solutions
Building automation Grid Metering
SITU calibration equipment
Industrial Metering
HT/LT PREMIER
Remote reading
Commercial Metering
MFM Meters

Domestic Metering

Single phase meter/single


phase prepayment metering system

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Yadav Measurements Pvt. Ltd.
• Accredited by National Accreditation Board for
Testing and Calibration Laboratories (NABL) since
1996
• Accredited by United Kingdom Accreditation
Service (UKAS) since 1999
• Only UKAS accredited lab in India
• Accredited as per IEC 17025: 1999
• BIS certified laboratory for static energy meters type
approval testing.
• Participation in various inter laboratory comparison and
proficiency testing ….maintain and improve technical
capability
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Metering School –
Objectives
ƒ Enhance understanding of metering, its application and
limitations.
ƒ Exposure to recent trends in electricity metering.
ƒ Provide a forum for sharing experiences.

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Next Generation Metering

Next
Generation
Metering

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“I-Credit 300” (Single Phase Meter

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“I-Credit 300” (Features…)
• V range - 240V, -40% to +30% i.e. 144V-312VAC.
• Current Range - 5-30A, 10-60A, 20-100A
• Class 1.0, 50 Hz. AC.
• Shorted link design.
• Two current sensors: Shunt in Phase, CT in
Neutral.
• Self billing feature (ABC i.e. Authenticated Billing
Code support for billing parameter)

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“I-Credit 300” (Features…)
• 6 digit LCD display
• Cage clamp terminal design
• Phase to neutral protection
• Ultrasonic Welding between meter base &
cover
• Energy recording in single wire operation
• Capability to Display and Communicate in
absence of power (through internal
battery)
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“I-Credit 300” (Software)
• Single / Bi-vector measurement possible.
• Forwarded Energy registration during current
reversal
• Seasonal TOD registers, 4 No’s Max. supported.
• High Resolution energy register.
• Load Survey : 50+ parameter days for 30 minute IP
• Upto 3 histories on display + 12 histories in reading

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“I-Credit 300” (Tampers/Events)
• Load Unbalance (ALARM1)
• Magnet interference.
• Neutral Disturbance.
• CT reversal.
• Power “ON” / “OFF” events
• Over Current.
• Cover opening detection.
• Spark Discharge.

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Prepayment metering
or energy bank account:
for today and tomorrow
Very few commodities we use first and then
pay…. Why then Electricity?

• UK has been using prepay metering for


more than 100 years!

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From old coin operated
meters…..

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To State of art intelligent keypad
meters....

UK alone has 3.7 Million prepay meters!

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Why Prepayment – Energy
Supplier?
‰Improved Revenue Cycle
‰Pay before use
‰Keep customers on supply
‰Recover money owed (debt)
‰Lower Overheads
‰Reduce or do away with Meter Readings
‰No bill production
‰No bill distribution
‰No need to chase payments
‰No further actions such as disconnections

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Why Prepayment – Energy
Supplier?
‰Social Acceptability
‰Keep customers on supply
‰Customer responsible for
disconnection
‰Load and Demand Side Management
‰Limit load
‰Load based
‰Time based
‰Discourage Tamper
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Why Prepayment – The Customer?
‰>80% Mobile phones used in India are
prepaid
‰Flexible Payment Solution
‰Pay to suit your income status
‰Daily, Weekly , Monthly
‰Budgeting
‰Show true cost of consumption and money
left
‰Reduce consumption when income is tight
– make money last
‰Reduce waste – conserve energy
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Why Prepayment – The Customer?
‰No Bills
‰No hidden surprises
‰No having to find the money
‰No billing errors
‰No socially unacceptable
disconnections

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“Liberty” is Simple and Easy to use

Credit is added to
the meters
Account Go to Vending
Outlet
Repeat
When Buy as much
Number is
entered into the
Required electricity as
you want to
meter

A receipt is produced Vending Outlet


with the unique generates a unique
number printed on it numeric code

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The Liberty Meter
‰ Tokenless - therefore no token
provision or replacement costs
‰ Uses secure (Triple DES) encoded
Vend Codes
‰ Codes are meter specific and can
be used only once
‰ Codes can be vended from a
variety of sources (Retail, Call
Centre, Telephone, Internet….)
‰ Codes easily repeated at little cost
if lost, from any source
irrespective of the original vend
source
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The Liberty Meter
‰Functionality software based.
Can easily be configured to
meet the needs of the Utility
‰Customer Friendly
Functionality
‰Plain Text messages and
warnings
‰Overload protection
‰Load Limiting instead of / as
well as disconnection

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The Liberty Meter
Functions
‰ Account (default display)
‰ Calculates number of days before
disconnection based on average daily
usage over previous week
‰ Displays rate (up to 4) data and unit cost
‰ Displays on demand previous days, weeks
and months costs (stores previous 12
months data)
‰ Current load (cost/hour)
‰ Previous codes entered
‰ Total cash entered
‰ Standing Charge/Debt
‰ kW MD
‰ Time, Date, Display Check
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The Liberty Meter
‰ Functions
‰ Friendly Credit
‰ No disconnection at night
‰ No disconnection at weekends
‰ No disconnection on Public Holidays
‰ Meter functionality can be changed by
Engineering Codes appended to a
cash vend
‰ Change tariff prices
‰ Change tariff
‰ Change limits (Current Rating, Account
Ceiling, Load Limit Level and
Emergency Credit
‰ Change of Tenancy
‰ Retained Credit

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Cost Information
‰ Cost of current load being used based on tariff price

‰Cost of previous day, week and month consumption


‰ Cost of previous 12 months consumption (month-by-month)

KW LOAD PREV DAY Rs. 307.50


KW 5-25 PREV WEEK Rs. 2750.00
LOAD COST PREV MNTH Rs. 8690.00
Rs. 23.75/HR JAN Rs. 7389 DEC Rs. 6580

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Load Management
‰Overload Protection and Demand Side
Management
‰Prevent meter from being overloaded or customers
exceeding their load factor.
‰Warning given when load is within a set percentage
of disconnection limit
‰Similar regime can be employed for Load Limiting.
‰Values set/changed by 20-digit ‘Change Limit’
transaction.

LOAD HIGH OVERLOAD

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Flexible Tariff Capability
‰Meter can store 8 predefined ‘Step’ tariffs

First 500kWh Second 500kWh All remaining kWh’s


at 3.0 Rs/kWh at 4.0 Rs/kWh at 5.0 Rs/kWh

‰Up to 4 rates can be defined


‰Tariffs can have a monthly, quarterly or yearly
reset
‰ In addition to the 8 ‘Step’ tariffs the meter can also store 8
predefined ‘Seasonal Time of Day’ (STOD) tariffs.

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Plain Text Alphanumeric Displays
‰Can deal with most currency symbols (£, $ Ұ etc.)
‰Allows easy to understand warnings to be given
‰Allows text headers for displayed data

Rs 250.00 MONEY LOW ACCOUNT


Rs. 0.00 NO MONEY DAYS LEFT

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Fraud and Tamper
Tokenless
Therefore no apertures
Hence nowhere to insert Authenticated
foreign bodies. communications
No token acceptance issues.

Immunity to High security data encryption


External Influences used for all data transfer
exceeds current standards (monetary and engineering)

Audit Log of events


Downloaded at
the same time as
meter readings

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Fraud and Tamper

‰ Meter can be configured to


perform a set action on
detection of a tamper event:
‰ Disconnection with alarm
‰ Rejection of subsequent vends
‰ Setting of reportable tamper flag
‰ All or some of the above

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The Liberty Meter

Optional remote display and keypad


Provides convenient two way communication with
Liberty providing consumers with access to all of
Liberty’s functions irrespective of the meters
location

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The Liberty Meter
New Functions
‰ Prepay to Credit mode and vice versa
‰ Authenticated Billing Codes (ABC)
‰ Scrolling Text Messages
‰ Paged Displays

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Vending to Liberty is Simple and Easy

‰If code is lost it can be reproduced at any


outlet – not necessarily the one that
originally vended the code.
‰With the right infrastructure the codes
could be vended or reproduced at:
‰Shops
‰Banks
‰Post Offices
‰Call Centre
‰Interactive Telephone System
‰Internet
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Liberty Vend code

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Vending options

Shop
Post Office
24 hr Call Centre Bank
A N Other

The Internet

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Vending Options
• Web based vending
• Utility office outlet – PC based vending
• GPRS/CDMA Point of Sale terminal
• Integration with retailers
• ATM Machines
• Web portal

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Vending Options Contd…
• IVR
• SMS based vending
• Prepaid cards
• Proprietary kiosk

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ATM Machines and Bank portals

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Feature Set
• We shall use already established relation
between consumer & ATM machines.
• There will be two options for consumers on ATM
machines: Money transaction or electricity
transaction.
• For electricity transaction bank will first verify
account of user for credit availability.
• After verification vend code will be generated ,
printed & at the same time money will be
deducted from consumer’s account.

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SMS based vending

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Self Billing System
Putting the customer in control of their energy payments

z ABC code Generated by meters


z Either when pre-programmed or when prompted Liberty
displays meter readings and authentication number.
z Authentication number can contain additional data (Fraud
etc..)
z Information passed on by customer (manually, via
IVP/IVR, touch-tone phone or Internet)
z Release number given in exchange

Data

Code

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Indian Regulators
• WBERC
– has provided a rebate of 4.75% on tariff as
incentive
– Reduced meter rents from 25/- to 15/- in 1P
and from 50/- to 30/- in 3P.
– Mandatory for temporary connection.
• HPERC
– Subsidized rate for prepaid consumers to
encourage consumers.
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Indian Regulators Support..
• Haryana regulator had ordered
implementation of prepayment scheme
• Karnataka regulators have taken similar
steps

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Government
• Delhi
– Govt Notice issued for Prepayment meters to
be installed at all government offices and
residential connections
• National electricity policy
– Emphasis on prepayment metering

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Regulatory support needed
– Consumer interests are properly being taken
care of in the new system.
– Consumers are being provided incentives
(discount/rebates) to opt for prepayment
voluntarily.
– Tariff rationalization for retrospective
computations

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NDPL has launched Value Power
• Customer interface is the
key to the project
• The meters are now in
operation and have
generated good response
• Tariff changes have been
carried out as per
Regulatory orders
• Good customer response

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Himachal Pradesh
• Tariff rebate
proclaimed by the
regulator
• Pilot project underway
• First indications of
good response from
the customer
• Festivals (Urja Mela)
are used for
consumer awareness
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West Bengal
• New town residential area
• Wide spread educational
campaign by the utility
• Active support from
Regulators
• Placed order on Secure,
after due tender process
• Active participation by
consumers and WBSEB

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Gujarat Utilities
• Madhya, uttar and Dakshin Gujarat have
placed orders
• Each order of 250 meters each
• Meters will be installed on middle class
consumer in Surat and Vadadora
• Consumer education campaign planned

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Builders in Delhi and NCR
• Around 10000 meters
installed
• 15 accounts developed
• New applications
• Multi Element product
Payment solution is a
defacto metering scheme
• Dual registers for mains
and DG supply supported

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New CT/PT Operated Meters

•Supports higher Baud Rate


communication
•Meter reading time less than
3 minutes for entire meter
data.
Enhanced memory capacity of
the meter
600 events , 1000 Parameter
days Load Survey, Last 12
billing histories
Enhanced Immunity
• Meter made to
withstand higher
external influences
• Higher Magnetic
Immunity (0.5T)
• Higher Electro static
discharge immunity
(Spark discharge -upto
35kV)
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‘Prodigy’-Composite Metering
Unit for LT CT Metering
Segment

Innovation in the Metering


Industry for LT CT
Applications
Why Do We Need
Innovative Product?
• Most electricity theft and
losses occur in the
low-tension network
• Distribution is the
weakest link in the
power supply chain
• Cost & Profit Center
Energy accounting for
import and export

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Metering in the LT CT Segment
• Consumer Metering

– Complex arrangement of static energy


meter, external CTs, meter box and
accessories such as fuses, cabling etc
• Distribution Transformer Metering

– Performed using the same meters as for


consumer metering
– Virtually no differentiation for this specialized
application
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LT CT Segment Metering
• Major problems with existing
implementation
– LT CT metering installations are quite complex as they

involve:
• external CTs, Static Energy Meter, Meter Box,
connecting cables etc.

– Terminal joints and other connections provide an easy

path for fraud and other losses

– Poor installation practices aggravate these problems


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LT CT Segment Metering
• Major problems with existing implementation…

– Metering units have to be segregated according to their CT

ratios, e.g.50/5,100/5,150/5,200/5

– Some consumers hinder or even prevent Utility meter

readers from entering premises to read meters

– Distribution Transformer Metering is often found to be

tampered or damaged by miscreants, yet no one is

accountable for such meters

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LT CT Metering: Problem versus
Solution
– Collection of external accessories for metering (external CTs,
Static Energy Meter, Meter Box, connecting cables etc)
• Integrated Metering Unit specially designed for LT metering –
no need for external accessories.
– Poor system accuracy – determined by the errors in the energy
meter and errors in the external CTs
• Integrated Metering Unit has better inherent accuracy
– Terminal joints and connections make theft easy, and can also
introduce other losses due to poor contact
• Innovative design eliminates the need for a terminal block,
thereby preventing fraud and reducing other losses

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LT CT Segment Metering
• Problem versus Solution…
– Metering units have to be segregated according to their CT ratios,
e.g.50/5,100/5,150/5,200/5
• Single wide-range meter suitable for most applications

– Distribution Transformer Metering is often found to be tampered or

damaged by miscreants, yet no one is accountable for such meters

– Some consumers hinder or even prevent Utility meter readers from

entering premises to read meters


• Integrated meter can be installed out of reach, and can
be read remotely by wireless link

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LT CT Segment Metering
Secure has pioneered the introduction of innovative
metering

– Secure has designed a special product for LT


CT segment applications

– Secure introduced a unique metering concept

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LT CT Segment Metering

Thread
Through
Concept

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LT CT Segment Metering

• Design based on the Thread Through Concept where secondary

cable of DT and/or the supply cable for LT CT consumer pass directly

through the meter for measurement

• Long-range meter: (Current Range 40-200 A)

• Outdoor meter: IP-54 compliance

• Overall Product Accuracy : Class 1.0

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Oblique View of Prodigy Meter

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Floating
clamp for
securing/
tightening
the cable.
Stainless steel
cable-piercing
screw (volt tap)

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Distribution Transformer
Metering - Scheme
Meter with Low
Power Radio

Radial distance of 100


Meter

Service line

HHU

5-6m above ground level

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Prodigy- Principal Features
• Thread-through meter (cable passes directly through meter)
• Single wide-range metering unit (40-200 A)
• Class 1.0 system accuracy
• Low Power Radio (LPR) communication capability
(range up to 100m)
• In built GSM Modem for remote communication. (Optional)
• Special anomaly recording features for DTM application viz.
high & low voltage, over-load and under-load condition etc.
• Environmental protection to IP 54

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Prodigy- Principal Features (cont.)

• Snap-fit arrangement for meter cover & base


• Special arrangement for multiple cable connections for Distribution
Transformer metering
• Meter stores cumulative energy values for Active (Forwarded),
Apparent and Reactive (Lag and Lead)
• Historical Data: meter maintains value of energy, MD, TOD MD and
‘hours on & off power’ for the 12 most recent billing points.
• Load survey storage of energy values & ’instantaneous parameters’ -
up to 400 parameter days @ 30 minute integration period
• Abnormal Events logging: 200 time-stamped events can be logged

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Application Segments
• Metering of LT Three-Phase Distribution
Transformer The meter is installed outdoors on
the secondary side of the distribution transformer.
Meter is mounted 5-6m above ground level, near the
transformer, and is read using LPR / GSM .
• LT CT Consumer Tariff Application
The meter is mounted outside the consumer’s
premises. There is no need for external CTs or a
Meter Box.
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STREET LIGHT ENERGY
MEASUREMENT & CONTROL
Modern Solutions
Weatherproof enclosure

Astronomical Timing as
per sunset & sunrise

Capacitor for reactive


compensation

MCB for protection

Energy metering & control for Streetlight


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7OH„RŒ

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