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Abbreviations mg masc. gender sg singular sb somebody
VT Verb type (from 1 till 10)

fg fem. gender dl dual st something

br.pl broken plural pl plural ss somebody or something
); from VT-2 till VT-10

VEL: triliteral Verbs with Extra Letters (

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v

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S. No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 Ä Ä
Conjugation for the verb 

4 Ä 
Verb type (VT) Verb type (VT) Page No.

0HDQLQJ Ä  Ä    ÄÄ 

No. of times in the Qur’an

Root letters

108 29 346 92 163 143 461 58 266 100 518 318 113 68 107 

VT-1 VT-1 VT-1 VT-1 VT-1 VT-1 VT-1 VT-1 VT-1 VT-1 VT-1 VT-1 VT-1 VT-1 VT-1 VT-1 VT-1 VT-1 VT-1 VT-1 VT-1 VT-1 VT-1 VT-1 VT-1 VT-1 VT-1 VT-2 VT-2

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 

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vi

30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58

ÄÄ Ä Ä  



42 198 79 31 44   

VT-2 VT-2 VT-2 VT-3 VT-3 VT-3 VT-3 VT-4 VT-4 VT-4 VT-4 VT-4 VT-4 VT-4 VT-4 VT-4 VT-4 VT-4 VT-5 VT-5 VT-5 VT-5 VT-8 VT-8 VT-8 VT-8 VT-10 VT-10 VT-10

30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58

Ä Ä Å  Ä  Ä Æ«Ä ÄÄ  Ä Æ Ä Ä Ä ÄÄ  

108 72 120 190 68 139 44 782 274 51 79 140 61 42 10158

ƪ  

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vii

To do, act (of doing) 
ÆÄ

(Verbal noun)

He did.
Ä 

(108)
Detached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. or PLU.

Attached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. or PLU.

Imperfect Tense
He does. He will do.
« Æ5 ªÄ « Æ Ä «

Past Tense
He did. 
Ä

You two do/ will do. They do. They will do. 
Æ «

They two did. They all did.

near future:

+

You do. You will do. 
Æ «

You did.

You two do / will do. distant future:

You two did. You all did. Past continuous:

+

You all do. You all will do. 
Æ «

(with noun)

I do. I will do. 
Æ Ä «

I did.

(with verb)

We do. We will do.
« Æ «

We did.

_

_

_

.
Negative Imperative

Don’t do! 

Do! Singular 
Æ

Don’t (you two) do! Don’t (you all) do! 

Do (you two)! Do (you all)! 
Æ

Passive participle

The one who is affected. 
Å Æ ÅÆ 

Doer. Singular Dual 
Æ

The two who are affected. All those who are affected.
Å Æ ÅÆ 

Doers (two). Doers.

It is being done. 
Ä ÅÄ Ä «

(It) is done. 
Ä ªÄ

Passive Voice

1 

Æ  

«       

Ä 

Ä 

Ä 

Ä Ä 

« Æ 

Æ Æ Æ Æ

ª

ª ª ªÄ ª

near past:

+

+

Dual

Plural

Active participle

Plural

Passive Voice

Feminine Gender
Attached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. FEM. or BROKEN PLU.

‫عل‬
Imperfect Tense
She does. She will do.
« Æ5 ª « Æ  «

She did.
Past Tense
She did. 
Ä

(108)
Detached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. FEM. or BROKEN PLU.

You two do/ will do. They do. They will do. 
Æ ª Æ «

They two did. They all did. 
 Ä

near future:

+

You do. You will do. 
Æ ª Æ  «

near past:: You did. 
Ä

+

You two do / will do. distant future:

You two did. You all did. 
Ä

+

You all do. You all will do. 
Æ ª Æ  «
(with noun)

Past continuous:

+

I do. I will do. 
Æ ª  Æ  «

I did. 

Imperative

We do. We will do.
« Æ ª « Æ «

_

_

_

.
Negative

Don’t do! 

Don’t (you two) do! Don’t (you all) do! 

Do (you two)! Do (you all)! 
Æ

Passive participle

The one who is affected.
Å Æ ÅÆ 

The two who are affected. All those who are affected.
Å Æ ÅÆ 

Doers (two). Doers. 
Æ Ä

(it) is being done. 
ÅÄ  «

(it) is done. 
ªÄ

Passive Voice

2 

Æ

«  Ä  

Ä

(with verb)

We did.

Do! Singular 
Æ

Dual

Plural

Active participle

Doer. Singular Dual

Plural

Passive Voice

(Verbal noun) to open; to give victory Attached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. or PLU.

He opened.
Imperfect Tense
He opens. He will open. 
 Ä «

(29)
Detached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. or PLU.

Past Tense
He opened. 
 

You two open/ will open. They open. They will open. 
 «

near future:

+

You open. You will open. 
 «

You opened. 
 

You two open/ will open. distant future:

You two opened. You all opened. 
 

+

You all open. You all will open. 
 «

(with noun)

I open. I will open. 
  Ä «

I opened. 
  

(with verb)

We open. We will open.
«   «

We opened.
«   

_

_

_

.
Negative Imperative

Don’t open! 
 

Open! 


Don’t (you two) open! Don’t (you all) open! 
 

Open (you two)! Open (you all)! 


Passive participle

that which is opened 
Å   ªÄ

Opener Singular Dual 


those which are opened
Å    ªÄ

Openers. Plural 
 

Passive Voice

3 

 

  

«   

 

 

 

 ªÄ   ª ª ª ªÄ ª

They two opened. They all opened.

near past::

+

Past continuous:

+

Singular

Dual

Plural

Active participle

Passive Voice

to make; to place; to setup 
ÄÄ

(Verbal noun)

He made.
Imperfect Tense
He makes. He will make. 
Ä Ä «

(346)
Detached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. or PLU.

Attached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. or PLU.

Past Tense
He made. 
ÄÄ

You two do/ will make. They make. They will make. 
Ä «

near future:

+

You make. You will make. 
Ä «

You made. 
ÄÄ

You two do / will make. distant future:

You two made. Past continuous:

+

You all make. You all will make. 
Ä «

You all made. 
ÄÄ

(with noun)

I make. I will make. 
Ä Ä «

I made. 
 ÄÄ

(with verb)

We make. We will make.
« Ä «

We made.
«  ÄÄ

_

_

_

.
Negative Imperative

Don’t make! 

Make! 
Ä

Don’t (you two) make! Don’t (you all) make!

Make (you two)! Make (you all)!

!

!

Passive participle

That which is made
Å ÄÄ ªÄ

Maker. Singular Dual 
Ä 

Makers (two). Those which are made
Å  ÄÄ ªÄ

Makers. Plural 
Ä 

(it, he) is being made Passive Voice 
ÄÄ ÅÄ Ä «

(it, he) is made 
ÄÄ ªÄ

4    

ÄÄ 

« ÄÄ 

ÄÄ 

ÄÄ 

Ä 

Ä5 ªÄ ÄÄ ª ª ª ªÄ ª

They two made. They all made.

near past:

+

+

Singular

Dual

Plural

Active participle

Passive Voice

to help; to deliver

(Verbal noun)

He helped. 
Æ 

ÄÆ Æ
Attached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. or PLU.

(92)
Detached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. or PLU.

Imperfect Tense
He helps. He will help. 
Æ Æ Ä «

Past Tense
He helped.

You two do/ will help. They help. They will help. 
Æ Æ «

They two helped. They all helped. 
  Æ 

near future:

+

You help. You will help. 
Æ Æ «

You helped. 
Æ 

You two do / will help. distant future:

You two helped. You all helped. 
Æ 

+

You all help. You all will help. 
Æ Æ

(with noun)

I help. I will help. 
 Æ Æ Ä «

I helped. 
 Æ

(with verb)

We help. We will help.
« Æ Æ «

We helped.
«  Æ 

_

_

_

.
Negative Imperative

Don’t help! 
Æ Æ

Help! 
Æ Æ

Don’t (you two) help! Don’t (you all) help! 
Æ Æ

Help (you two)! Help (you all)! 
Æ Æ

Passive participle

One who is helped.
Å  Æ  ªÄ

One who helps. Singular Dual 
Æ Æ 

Those who are helped
Å  Æ  ªÄ

Those who help 
Æ Æ 

(it, he) is being helped Passive Voice 
Æ  ÅÄ  «

(it, he) is helped 
Æ  ªÄ

5  

Æ 

 «

« Æ 

Æ 

Æ 

Æ 

Æ 

Ä Æ 

Æ 

Æ 

Æ 

Æ 

Æ5 ªÄ ª ª ª ª ªÄ

near past:

+

Past continuous:

+

Singular

Dual

Plural

Active participle

Plural

Passive Voice

to remember

(Verbal noun)

ÄÆ Ä
Attached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. or PLU.

He remembered.
Ä Ä 

(163)
Detached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. or PLU.

Imperfect Tense
He remembers. He will remember. 
Ä Æ5 ªÄ Ä Æ Ä «

Past Tense
He remembered. 
Ä Ä

You two do/ will remember. They remember. They will remember. 
Ä Æ ª Ä Æ «

They two remembered. They all remembered. 
  Ä Ä

near future:

+

You remember. You will remember. 
Ä Æ ª Ä Æ «

near past: You remembered. 
Ä Ä

+

You two do / will remember. distant future:

You two remembered. You all remembered. 
Ä Ä

+

You all remember / will remember .
(with noun)

Past continuous:

+

I remember. I will remember. 
Ä Æ ªÄ  Ä Æ Ä «

We remember. We will remember.
« Ä Æ ª « Ä Æ «

We remembered.
«  Ä Ä

_

_

_
Negative

.
Imperative

Don’t remember! Don’t (you two) remember! Don’t (you all) remember! 
Ä Æ  Ä Æ

Remember! Remember (you two)! Remember (you all)! 
Ä Æ Ä Æ

Passive participle

One who is remembered
Å  Ä Ä ªÄ

One who remembers Singular Dual 
Ä Æ 

Those who are remembered
Å  Ä Ä ªÄ

Those who remember Plural 
Ä Æ 

Passive Voice

(it, he) is being remembered 
Ä Ä ÅÄ Ä «

(it, he) is remembered 
Ä Ä ªÄ

6  

Ä Ä

(with verb)

« 

Ä Æ ª Ä Æ

I remembered.

Singular

Dual

Plural

Active participle

Passive Voice

to worship; to serve

(Verbal noun)

ÄÆ

Ä Imperfect Tense
He worships. He will worship. 
Ä Æ Ä «

He worshipped.
Past Tense
He worshipped.

(143)
Detached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. or PLU.

Attached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. or PLU.

You two do/ will worship. They worship. They will worship. 
Ä Æ «

They two worshipped. They all worshipped. 
    Ä

near future:

+

You worship. You will worship. 
Ä Æ «

You worshipped. 
 Ä 

distant future:

You two do / will worship. You all worship. You all will worship. 
Ä

You two worshipped. You all worshipped. 
 Ä

+

(with noun)

I worship. I will worship. 
 Ä Æ Ä

I worshipped. 
  Ä 

(with verb)

We worship. We will worship.
«  Ä Æ «

We worshipped.
«   Ä 

_

_

_
Negative

.
Imperative

Don’t worship! 
 Ä Æ

Worship! 
Ä Æ

Don’t (you two) worship! Don’t (you all) worship!

Worship (you two)! Worship (you all)!

!
Passive participle

!

One who is worshipped
Å   Ä   Å Ä5

One who worships Singular Dual 
Ä  Æ 

Those who are worshipped
Å   Ä  ÅÄ5

Those who worship Plural 
Ä  Æ 

(it, he) is being worshipped 
Ä  ÅÄ  «

(it, he) is worshipped Passive Voice 
Ä  ªÄ

Passive Voice

7   

Ä 

Æ «

«  Ä 

Ä 

Ä 

Ä « Ä  Æ 

Ä Æ 

Æ 

Æ 

Æ 

Æ5 ªÄ ªÄ ª ª ª ª

near past:

+

Past continuous:

+

Singular

Dual

Plural

Active participle

to disbelieve; to be ungrateful 
Æ ÆÄ Ä Æ ÆÄ

(Verbal noun)

He disbelieved.
Ä Æ 

(461)
Detached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. or PLU.

Attached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. or PLU.

Imperfect Tense
He disbelieves. He will disbelieve. 
Æ Æ Ä «

Past Tense
He disbelieved / he was ungrateful. 
Æ Ä

You two do/ will disbelieve. They disbelieve. They will disbelieve. 
Æ Æ «

near future:

+

You disbelieve. You will disbelieve. 
Æ Æ «

You disbelieved. 
Æ Ä

You two do / will disbelieve. distant future:

You two disbelieved. You all disbelieved. 
Æ Ä

+

You all disbelieve. / will disbelieve. 
Æ Æ

(with noun)

I disbelieve. I will disbelieve. 
Æ Æ Ä «

I disbelieved. 
 Æ Ä

(with verb)

We disbelieve. We will disbelieve.
« Æ Æ «

We disbelieved.
«  Æ Ä

_

_

_

.
Negative Imperative

Don’t disbelieve!

Disbelieve!

!
Don’t (you two) disbelieve! Don’t (you all) disbelieve! !

!
Disbelieve (you two)! Disbelieve (you all)! Dual

Passive participle

Disbeliever Singular Dual Disbelievers. Plural 
Æ Æ  Æ Æ 

(it, he) is being disbelieved 
Æ Ä ÅÄ Ä «

(it, he) is disbelieved 
 Æ   Ä ªÄ

Passive Voice

8    

Æ Ä 

« Æ Æ

« 

Æ Æ 

Æ Æ 

Æ Æ 

Æ Æ5 ªÄ Ä  Æ  ª ª ª ª ªÄ

They two disbelieved. They all disbelieved.

near past:

+

Past continuous:

+

Singular

Plural

Active participle

Passive Voice

to strike 
Ä Ä ÅÄ Ä

(Verbal noun)

He hit.
Ä 

(58)
Detached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. or PLU.

Attached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. or PLU.

Imperfect Tense
He hits. He will hit. 
Ä 5 ªÄ Ä Ä «

Past Tense
He hit. 

You two do/ will hit. They hit. They will hit.

They two hit. They all hit.

near future:

+

You hit. You will hit.

You two do /will hit. distant future:

You two hit. You all hit. Past continuous:

+

You all hit. You all will hit.

(with noun)

I hit. I will hit.

We hit. We will hit.

_

_

_

.
Negative Imperative

Don’t hit!

Hit!

Don’t (you two) hit! Don’t (you all) hit! !

Hit (you two)! Hit (you all)! !

Passive participle

one who is hit

One who hits. Singular Dual

those who are hit.

Those who hit. Plural

(it, he) is being hit Passive Voice

(it, he) is hit 
Ä ªÄ

9 

Ä   

Ä   

Ä 

Ä 

Ä 

!

! 

 Ä

(with verb) 

  Ä
You hit. We hit.

«  Ä 

Ä 

Ä 

Ä ªÄ  Ä Ä «

« Ä  ª « Ä « 

Ä  ª Ä «

near past:

+ 

Ä  ª Ä «

+ 

Ä  ª Ä «

I hit.

Singular

Dual

Plural

Active participle 

Ä ÅÄ Ä «

Å  Ä ªÄ Å  Ä ªÄ

Passive Voice

to wrong

(Verbal noun)

ÄÆ 
Attached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. or PLU.

He wronged, treated unjustly.
Ä  

(266)
Detached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. or PLU.

Imperfect Tense
He wrongs. He will wrong. 
Æ5 ªÄ  Æ Ä «

Past Tense
He wronged. 
 Ä

You two do/ will wrong. They wrong. They will wrong. 
Æ ª  Æ «

They two wronged. They all wronged. 
   Ä

near future:

+

You wrong. You will wrong. 
Æ ª  Æ «

near past: You wronged. 
 Ä

+

You two do / will wrong. distant future:

You two wronged. You all wronged. 
 Ä

+

You all wrong. You all will wrong. 
Ä Æ ª  Æ
(with noun)

Past continuous:

+

I wrong. I will wrong. 
 Æ ªÄ   Æ Ä «

We wrong. We will wrong.
«  Æ ª «  Æ «

We wronged.
«   Ä

_

_

_

.
Negative Imperative

Don’t wrong! 
 Æ

Wrong! Wrong (you two)! Wrong (you all)! 
Æ  Æ

Don’t (you two) wrong! Don’t (you all) wrong! 
 Æ

Passive participle

one who is wronged
Å Æ  Ä ªÄ

one who wrongs Singular Dual 
Æ 

those who are wronged
Å Æ  Ä ªÄ

those who wrong Plural 
Æ 

(it, he) is being wronged 
Ä ÅÄ Ä «

(it, he) is wronged Passive Voice 
Ä ªÄ

Passive Voice

10  

 Ä

(with verb)

«

I wronged.

Singular

Dual

Plural

Active participle

to hear

(Verbal noun)

Ä
Attached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. or PLU.

He heard.
Ä 

(100)
Detached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. or PLU.

Imperfect Tense
He hear. He will hear. 
ªÄ Ä«

Past Tense
He heard. 

You two hear/ will hear. They hear. They will hear. 
ª  «

They two heard. They all heard. 
    Ä ªÄ      Ä Ä Ä

near future:

+

You hear. You will hear. 
ª  «

near past:: You heard.

+

You two hear / will hear. distant future:

You two heard. You all heard. 
Ä

+

You all hear. You all will hear. 
ª  «
(with noun)

Past continuous:

+

I hear. I will hear. 
Ä    ªÄ  Ä «

I heard. 

Imperative

(with verb)

We hear. We will hear.
«  ª «  «

We heard.
« 

_

_

_

.
Negative

Don’t hear! 

Passive participle

Hear!

Singular

Don’t (you two) hear! Don’t (you all) hear! 

one who is heard
Å  Ä ªÄ

those who are heard
Å  Ä ªÄ

those who hear Plural 

is being heard. 
Ä ÅÄ Ä «

is heard. Passive Voice

Passive Voice

11  

Hear (you two)! Hear (you all)!

Dual

Plural

Active participle

one who hears Singular Dual

to know

(Verbal noun)

ÄÄÅ
Attached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. or PLU.

He knew.
ÄÄÅ 

(518)
Detached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. or PLU.

Imperfect Tense
He know. He will know.
ÅÄ ªÄ ÅÄ Ä «

Past Tense
He knew. 
ÅÄÄ

You two know/ will know. They know. They will know.
ÅÄ ª ÅÄ «

They two knew. They all knew. 
  ÅÄÄ

near future:

+

You know. You will know.
ÅÄ ª ÅÄ «

near past:: You knew. 
ÅÄÄ

+

You two know / will know. distant future:

You two knew. You all knew. 
ÅÄÄ

+

You all know. You all will know.
ÅÄ «

Past continuous:

+

(with noun)

I know. I will know. 
ÅÄ Ä «

(with verb)

We know. We will know.
« ÅÄ «

We knew.
«  ÅÄÄ

_

_

_

.
Negative Imperative

Don’t know! 
ÅÄ

Know!
ÅÄ 

Don’t (you two) know! Don’t (you all) know! 
ÅÄ

Know (you two)! Know (you all)!
ÅÄ 

Passive participle

That which is known
Å ÅÄÄ ªÄ

Person of knowledge Singular Dual
ÅÄ 

those which are known
Å  ÅÄÄ ªÄ

People of knowledge Plural
ÅÄ 

(it) is being known. Passive Voice
ÅÄÄ ÅÄ Ä «

(it) is known.
ÅÄÄ ªÄ

12  

ÅÄÄ 

« ÅÄ

ÅÄ

ÅÄ ª

ªÄ

ª

I knew.

Singular

Dual

Plural

Active participle

Passive Voice

to work; to do

(Verbal noun)

ÄÆ 
Attached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. or PLU.

He did.
Ä  

(318)
Detached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. or PLU.

Imperfect Tense
He does. He will do. 
Æ5 ªÄ  Æ Ä «

Past Tense
He did. 
 Ä

You two do/ will do. They do. They will do. 
Æ ª  Æ «

They two did. They all did. 
   Ä

near future:

+

You do. You will do. 
Æ ª  Æ «

near past:: You did. 
 Ä

+

You two do / will do.

You two did. You all did. 
 Ä

distant future:

+

You all do. You all will do. 
Ä Æ ª  Æ
(with noun)

Past continuous:

+

I do. I will do. 
 Æ ªÄ   Æ Ä «

We do. We will do.
«  Æ ª «  Æ «

We did.
«   Ä

_

_

_

.
Negative Imperative

Don’t do! 
 Æ

Do! 

Don’t (you two) do! Don’t (you all) do! 
 Æ

Do (you two)! Do (you all)! 

Passive participle

worker; doer Singular Dual workers; doers Plural 
Æ   Æ 

Passive Voice

13  

 Ä

(with verb)

«

I did.

Singular

Dual

Plural

Active participle

Passive Voice

to go astray; to err; to waste

(Verbal noun)

He went astray. 
« ƪ

(113)
Detached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. or PLU.

Ä«

ƪ

Attached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. or PLU.

Imperfect Tense
He goes astray. He will go astray.
ªÆ «ªÄ ªÆ « Ä «

Past Tense

near future:

distant future:

_

_

_

.
Negative Imperative

Don’t go astray! 
ªÆ «

Don’t (you two) go astray! Don’t (you all) go astray! 
ªÆ «

Go astray (you two)! go astray (you all)!
ªÆ «

Passive participle

Passive Voice

14 

\DUWVD WQHZ H:

We go astray. We will go astray.
« ªÆ « ª « ªÆ « «

Go astray!
ªÆ «

one who goes astray Singular Dual Those who go astray. Plural
ªÆ «  ªÆ «  

« ªÆ

ªÆ

«5

«

(with verb) 

\DUWVD WQHZ ,

(with noun)

I go astray. I will go astray. 
ªÆ « ªÄ  ªÆ « Ä «

\DUWVD

+

You all go astray/ will go astray. 
Ä « ª ªÆ «

WQHZ OOD XR< \DUWVD WQHZ RZW XR<

You two do / will go astray.

\DUWVD WQHZ XR<

+

You go astray. You will go astray.
ªÆ « ª ªÆ « «

WQHZ OOD \HK7 

\DUWVD

They go astray. They will go astray.
ªÆ « ª ªÆ « « 

\DUWVD WQHZ \HK7
ªÆ ªÆ ªÆ

You two do/ will go astray. 

\DUWVD WQHZ H+
ªÆ «5 «5 « «5

near past::

+

Past continuous:

+

«

Singular

Dual

Plural

Active participle

Passive Voice

to think; to believe

(Verbal noun)

ÄÆ Äª
Attached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. or PLU.

He thought/ he believed.
Ä Äª 

(68)
Detached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. or PLU.

Imperfect Tense
He thinks. He will think.
ªÄ ªÄ Æ5 ªÄ Æ Ä «

Past Tense
He thought. He believed 
ªÄ Ä

You two do/ will think. They think. They will think.
ªÄ Æ ª ªÄ Æ «

They thought. They all thought. 
  ªÄ Ä

near future:

+

You think. You will think.
ªÄ Æ ª ªÄ Æ «

near past:: You thought 
ªÄ Ä

+

You two do / will think. distant future:

You two thought. You all thought 
ªÄ Ä

+

You all think. You all will think. 
Ä Æ ª ªÄ Æ
(with noun)

Past continuous:

+

I think. I will think. 
Ä  ªÄ Æ ªÄ  ªÄ Æ Ä «

We think. We will think.
« ªÄ Æ ª « ªÄ Æ «

We thought.
«  ªÄ Ä

_

_

_

.
Negative Imperative

Don’t think! 
ªÄ Æ

Think!
ªÄ Æ

Don’t (you two) think! Don’t (you all) think! 
ªÄ Æ

Think (you two)! think (you all)!
ªÄ Æ

Passive participle

one who thinks / believes Singular Dual Those who think / believe.
ªÄ Æ  ªÄ Æ 

Passive Voice

15  

ªÄ

(with verb)

«

I thought.

Singular

Dual

Plural

Active participle

Plural

Passive Voice

(Verbal noun)

to find 
ÄÄ

He found.
ÄÄ 

(107)
Detached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. or PLU.

Attached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. or PLU.

Imperfect Tense
He finds. He will find. 
Ä5 ªÄ Ä Ä «

Past Tense
He found.

You two find/ will find. They find. They will find. 
ÄÄ ª Ä «

They two found. They all found. 
  ÄÄ

near future:

+

You find. You will find. 
ÄÄ ª Ä «

You found. 
ÄÄ

You two find/ will find. distant future:

You two found. You all found. 
ÄÄ

+

You all find. You all will find. 
ÄÄ ª Ä «

(with noun)

I find. I will find. 
Ä ªÄ  Ä Ä «

We find. We will find.
« ÄÄ ª « Ä «

We found.
«  ÄÄ

_

_

_

.
Negative Imperative

Don’t find! 

Find! 
Ä 

Don’t (you two) find! Don’t (you all) find! 

Find (you two)! Find (you all)! 
Ä 

Passive participle

that which is found
Å  ÄÄ ªÄ

Finder Singular Dual 
Ä 

those which are found
Å  ÄÄ ªÄ

Finders. Plural 
Ä 

(it, he) is being found. 
ÄÄ ÅÄ Ä «

(it, he) is found 
ÄÄ ªÄ

Passive Voice

16  

ÄÄ

(with verb) 

ÄÄ

near past::

+

Past continuous:

+

I found.

Singular

Dual

Plural

Active participle

Passive Voice

(Verbal noun)

to promise

He promised.
Imperfect Tense
He promises. He will promise. 
Æ Æ Æ Ä « Æ5 ªÄ

(124)
Detached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. or PLU.

Attached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. or PLU.

Past Tense
He promised. 
  Æ Æ «   Æ  Æ   Æ Æ Æ Æ Æ Æ Æ Æ Æ   Ä

You two promise/ will promise. They promise. They will promise. 
Æ Æ «

They two promised. They all promised.

near future:

+

You promise. You will promise. 
Æ Æ «

You two promise/ will promise. distant future:

You two promised. You all promised. Past continuous:

+

You all promise. You all will promise. 
Æ Æ

(with noun)

I promise. I will promise. 
Ä  Æ Æ Ä «

(with verb)

We promise. We will promise.
« Æ Æ «

_

_

_

.
Negative Imperative

Don’t promise! 
Æ Æ

Don’t (you two) promise! Don’t (you all) promise! 
Æ Æ

Promise (you two)! Promise (you all)! 
Æ

Passive participle

the one who is promised
Å Æ Ä ªÄ

one who gives promise Singular Dual 

those who are promised
Å Æ Ä ªÄ

those who promise Plural

(it, he) is being promised Passive Voice 
Æ Ä ÅÄ Ä «

(it, he) is promised 
Ä ªÄ

17 

Æ 

Ä 

Ä 

Ä Ä  « « 

Æ 

Æ Æ Æ 

Ä Æ 

Æ 

Æ Æ Æ ª

ª

ª ª ªÄ

You promised.

near past::

+

+

I promised.

We promised.

Promise!

Singular

Dual

Plural

Active participle

Passive Voice

(Verbal noun)

to say 

He said.
Ä  

(1719)
Detached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. or PLU.

Attached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. or PLU.

Imperfect Tense
He says. He will say. 
Ä «

Past Tense
He said.

You two do/ will say. They say. They will say. 
«

They two said. They all said. 
   Ä

near future:

+

You say. You will say. 
«

You said. 
 Ä

You two do / will say. distant future:

You two said. You all said. 
 Ä

+

You all say. You all will say. 
«

(with noun)

I say. I will say. 
 Ä «

I said. 
  Ä

(with verb)

We say. We will say.
«  «

We said.
«   Ä

_

_

_

.
Negative Imperative

Don’t say! 
 4

Say! 
4

Don’t (you two) say! Don’t (you all) say! 
 

Say (you two)! Say (you all)! 


Passive participle

the one who says; speaker 
 

those who say Plural 
 

(it) is being said 
Ä ÅÄ Ä «

(it) is said Passive Voice 
Ä ª Ä

Passive Voice

18  

Ä 

«   

 

 

  



ªÄ ª ª ª ªÄ ª

near past::

+

Past continuous:

+

Singular

Dual

Plural

Active participle

Singular Dual

to be

(Verbal noun)

Ä«
Attached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. or PLU.

He was/is.
« Ä

(1361)
Detached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. or PLU.

Imperfect Tense
He is He will be
«

Past Tense
He was / is
Ä «

You two are/ will be They are They will be
«

near future:

+

You are You will be
«

You two are / will be distant future:

+

You all are You all will be
«

(with noun

I am I will be.
Ä  «

(with verb
ªÄ

We are. We will be.
« «

We were
«

_

_

_
Negative

.
Imperative

Don’t be! 
«

Be!
« ÅÄ

Don’t (you two) be! Don’t (you all) be! 
« ÅÄ

Be (you two)! Be (you all)!
« ÅÄ

Passive participle

the one which becomes.. Singular Dual those who become.. Plural
«   «  

she will be

:

they (fg.) were

: be! (fg, pl) :

19  

« «

«

«

«

« ªÄ « ª ª ª ª

They two were They were

You were

near past::

+

You two were. You all were Past continuous:

+
I was

Singular

Dual

Plural

Active participle

she was : be! (fg)

: place :

(Verbal noun)

to increase 
Ä ÆÄ

He increased. 
« Ä

(51)
Detached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. or PLU.

Attached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. or PLU.

Imperfect Tense
he increases He will increase 
Ä Æ Ä «

Past Tense
He increased

You two increase / will increase They increase They will increase 
Ä Æ «

They two increased They increased

near future:

+

You increase You will increase 
Ä Æ «

You increased

You two increase / will increase distant future:

You two increased. You all increased. Past continuous:

+

You all increase You increase 
Ä Æ

(with noun

I increase I will increase. 
Ä Æ Ä «

I increased.

(with verb

We increase. We will increase.
« Ä Æ «

We increased.

_

_

_

.
Negative Imperative

Don’t increase! 
Ä Æ

Increase! 
Ä Æ

Don’t (you two) increase! Don’t (you all) increase! 
Ä Æ

Increase (you two)! Increase (you all)! 
Ä Æ

Passive participle

increment, more 

extra Singular Dual extras Plural 
Ä Ä

Passive Voice

20 

« 

Ä 

Ä 

Ä 

Ä Ä Ä

«5

«5

«5

« « «5  « « 

Ä 

Ä 

Ä 

Ä 

Ä 

Ä Æ 

Æ 

Æ 

Æ 

Æ 

Æ5 ªÄ ª ª ª ª ªÄ

near past::

+

+

Singular

Dual

Plural

Active participle

Passive Voice

to call; to pray 
Ä Ä Ä

(Verbal noun)

He called / prayed.
Ä Ä 

(197)
Detached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. or PLU.

Attached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. or PLU.

Imperfect Tense
He calls. He will call. 
Ä 5 ªÄ Ä Ä «

Past Tense
He called /invocated/ prayed. 
Ä

You two call/ will call. They call. They will call. 
Ä  ª Ä «

They two called. They all called. 
  Ä

near future:

+

You call. You will call. 
Ä  ª Ä «

near past:: You called. 
Ä

+

You two call/ will call. distant future:

You two called. You all called. 
Ä

+

You all call. You all will call. 
Ä  ª Ä «
(with noun)

Past continuous:

+

I call. I will call. 
Ä ªÄ  Ä Ä «

I called. 

Imperative

We call. We will call.
« Ä  ª « Ä «

We called.
«  Ä

_

_

_

.
Negative

Don’t call! 
Ä

Call! 
Ä

Don’t (you two) call! Don’t (you all) call! 
Ä

Call (you two)! Call (you all)! 
Ä

Passive participle

One who is called 
Å  Ä ªÄ

those who are called
Å  Ä ªÄ

Callers. Plural 
Ä  

(it, he) is being called 
Ä ÅÄ Ä «

(it, he) is called Passive Voice P 
Ä ªÄ

Passive Voice

21 

Ä  

Ä

(with verb)

Singular

Dual

Plural

Active participle

Caller Singular Dual

to guide; to direct

(Verbal noun)

He guided. 
Æ« 

Ä 

Æ«
Attached Pronouns

(163)
Detached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. or PLU.

Imperfect Tense
He guides. He will guide.
«Æ  «Æ  5 ªÄ Ä«

Past Tense
He guided. 
«Æ 

Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. or PLU.

You two guide/ will guide. They guide. They will guide.
«Æ  «Æ   ª  «

They two guided. They all guided. 
  «Æ 

near future:

+

You guide. You will guide.
«Æ  «Æ   ª  «

near past:: You guided. 
«Æ 

+

You two guide/ will guide. distant future:

You two guided. You all guided. 
«Æ 

+

You all guide. You all will guide. 
Ä  ª «Æ  
(with noun) (with verb)

Past continuous:

+

I guide. I will guide. 
«Æ   «Æ  ªÄ  Ä «

We guide. We will guide.
« «Æ  « «Æ   ª  «

We guided.
«  «Æ 

_

_

_

.
Negative Imperative

Don’t guide! 
«Æ  5

Guide!
«Æ  5

Don’t (you two) guide! Don’t (you all) guide! 
«Æ 

Guide (you two)! Guide (you all)!
«Æ 

Passive participle

One who is guided
Å  «Æ  ªÄ

One who guides Singular Dual
«Æ   

those who are guided
Å  «Æ  ªÄ

Those who guide Plural
«Æ   

(it, he) is being guided
«Æ  Ä ÅÄ Ä «

(it, he) is guided Passive Voice
«Æ  ªÄ

Passive Voice

22  

«Æ 

«

I guided.

Singular

Dual

Plural

Active participle

to fear

(Verbal noun)

Ä 

ÄÄ 
Attached Pronouns

He was afraid.
ÄÄ   

(48)
Detached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. or PLU.

Imperfect Tense
He fears. He will fear. 
  Ä5 ª Ä  ÄÄ«

Past Tense
He was afraid. 
 «     
Imperative

Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. or PLU.

You two fear/ will fear. They fear. They will fear. 
  ÄÄ ª  Ä «

They two were afraid. They all were afraid. 
ÄÄ  

near future:

+

You fear. You will fear. 
  ÄÄ ª  Ä «

You were afraid. 
 ÄÄ

You two fear/ will fear. You all fear. You all will fear.
ª «

You two were afraid. You all were afraid. 
ÄÄ  

distant future:

+

(with noun)

I fear. I will fear.
« Ä  Ä ªÄ    ÄÄ

I was afraid. 
 ÄÄ

(with verb)

We fear. We will fear.
«  «   ÄÄ ª  Ä «

We were afraid. 
 ÄÄ

_

_

_

.
Negative

Don’t fear! 

Fear!

Don’t (you two) fear! Don’t (you all) fear! 

Fear (you two)! Fear (you all)!

Passive participle

One who fears Singular Dual Those who fear Plural 
  

Passive Voice

23  

ÄÄ

near past::

+

Past continuous:

+ 

Singular

Dual

Plural

Active participle

Passive Voice

to command

(Verbal noun)

Ä 
Attached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. or PLU.

He ordered.
Ä  

(232)
Detached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. or PLU.

Imperfect Tense
He orders. He will order. 
5 ªÄ   Ä «

Past Tense
He ordered. 
   

You two order/ will order. They order. They will order. 
 ª   «

They two ordered. They all ordered. 
 Ä

near future:

+

You order. You will order. 
 ª   «

You two order/ will order. distant future:

You two ordered. You all ordered. 
 Ä

+

You all order. You all will order. 
Ä  ª  

(with noun)

I order. I will order. 
  ªÄ   Ä «

I ordered. 
 Ä

(with verb)

We order. We will order.
«   ª «   «

We ordered.
«   Ä

_

_

_

.
Negative Imperative

Don’t order! 
 5

Order! 
5

Don’t (you two) order! Don’t (you all) order! 


Order (you two)! Order (you all)! 

Passive participle

One who is ordered
Å   Ä ªÄ

One who orders Singular Dual 
 

Those who are ordered
Å   Ä ªÄ

Those who order Plural 


(it, he) is being ordered 
Ä ÅÄ Ä «

(it, he) is ordered Passive Voice 
Ä ªÄ

Passive Voice

24  

Ä 

Ä «

near past:: You ordered.

+

Past continuous:

+

Singular

Dual

Plural

Active participle

(Verbal noun)

to see 

Attached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. or PLU.

He saw.
Ä 

(269)
Detached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. or PLU.

Imperfect Tense
He sees. He will see. 
Ä «

Past Tense
He saw.

You two see/ will see. They see. They will see. 
«

They two saw. They all saw. 
  Ä

near future:

+

You see. You will see. 
«

You saw. 
Ä

You two see/ will see. distant future:

You two saw. You all saw. 
Ä

+

You all see. You all will see. 
«

(with noun)

I see. I will see. 
 Ä «

I saw. 
 Ä

(with verb)

We see. We will see.
«  «

We saw.
«  Ä

_

_

_

.
Negative Imperative

Don’t see! 


See! 

Don’t (you two) see! Don’t (you all) see! 
 

See (you two)! See (you all)! 


Passive participle

One who is seen
Å   Ä ªÄ

One who sees Singular Dual 
 

those who are seen
Å   Ä ªÄ

Those who see Plural 
 

Passive Voice

25  

Ä  «      

ªÄ ª ª ª ªÄ ª

near past::

+

Past continuous:

+

Singular

Dual

Plural

Active participle

Passive Voice

(Verbal noun)

He came. He brought 
Ä

to come 
Ä

(263)
Detached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. or PLU.

Attached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. or PLU.

Imperfect Tense
He comes. He will come.
Ä «

Past Tense
He came.

You two come/ will come. They come. They will come.
«

They two came. They all came.
5

near future:

+

You come. You will come.
«

You came.
5

You two come/ will come. distant future:
s

You two came. You all came.
5

(with noun)

I come. I will come. 
Ä «

(with verb)

We come. We will come.
« «

We came.
« 5

_

_

_

.
Negative Imperative

Don’t come! 

Come!

Don’t (you two) come! Don’t (you all) come! 

Come (you two)! Come (you all)!

Passive participle

one who comes Singular Dual those who come Plural 
  

Passive Voice

26  

Ä 

« Ä

Ä

ª

ªÄ

«

+

You all come. You all will come.

I came.

Active participle 

Ä 
Ä Ä Ä 5 ªÄ ª ª ª

near past::

+

Past continuous:

+

Singular

Dual

Plural

Passive Voice

(Verbal noun)

to will, to wish

He wished.
Ä Ä«Ä 

(277)
Detached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. or PLU.

Attached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. or PLU.

You two wish/ will wish. They wish. They will wish. 
Ä« ª Ä« «

They two wished. They all wished. 
  Ä«Ä

near future:

+

You wish. You will wish. 
Ä« ª Ä« «

You wished. 
Ä«Ä

You two wish/ will wish. distant future:

You two wished. You all wished. 
Ä«Ä

+

You all wish. You all will wish. 
Ä« ª Ä« «

(with noun)

I wish. I will wish. 
 Ä« ªÄ Ä« Ä «

I wished. 
 Ä«Ä

(with verb)

We wish. We will wish.
« Ä« ª « Ä« «

We wished.
«  Ä«Ä

_

_

_

.
Negative Imperative

Don’t wish! 
Ä«

wish! 
Ä«

Don’t (you two) wish! Don’t (you all) wish! 
Ä«

wish (you two)! wish (you all)! 
Ä«

Passive participle

One who wishes. Singular Dual Those who wish. Plural 
Ä«  Ä« 

Passive Voice

27 

Ä  Ä«Ä 

Ä« ªÄ Ä« Ä « 

Ä«Ä 

ÆÄ

Imperfect Tense
He wishes. He will wish.

Past Tense
He wished / wanted / willed.

near past::

+

Past continuous:

+

Singular

Dual

Plural

Active participle

Passive Voice

(Verbal noun) .

VT-2
Detached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. or PLU.

Attached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. or PLU.

Imperfect Tense

Past Tense

near future:

near past::

+

+

distant future:

+

Past continuous:

+
(with noun)

(with verb)

_

_

_

.
Negative Imperative

Singular

Dual

Plural

Passive participle

Active participle

Singular

Dual

Plural

Passive Voice

Passive Voice

28

Feminine Gender
Attached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. FEM. or BROKEN PLU.

VT-2

Imperfect Tense

Past Tense

Detached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. FEM. or BROKEN PLU.

near future:

near past::

+

+

distant future:

+

Past continuous:

+
(with noun)

(with verb)

_

_

_

.
Negative Imperative

Singular

Dual

Plural

Passive participle

Active participle

Singular Dual

Plural

Passive Voice

Passive Voice

29

to teach

(Verbal noun)

ÄÄ
Attached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. or PLU.

He taught.
ÄÄ 

(42)
VT-2
Detached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. or PLU.

Imperfect Tense
He teaches. He will teach. 
Ä Ä «

Past Tense
He taught. 
ÄÄ

You two teach/ will teach. They teach. They will teach. 
Ä «

You teach. You will teach. 
Ä «

You taught. 
ÄÄ

You two teach / will teach. You all teach. You all will teach. 
Ä «

You two taught. You all taught. 
ÄÄ

(with noun)

I teach. I will teach. 
Ä Ä «

I taught. 
 ÄÄ

(with verb)

We teach. We will teach.
« Ä «

We taught.
«  ÄÄ

_

_

_

.
‫أ‬
Negative Imperative

Don’t teach! 
Ä

Teach! 
Ä

Don’t (you two) teach! Don’t (you all) teach! 
Ä

Teach (you two)! Teach (you all)! 
Ä

Passive participle

The one who is taught.
Å  ÄÄ ªÄ

Teacher. Singular Dual 
 Ä 

The two who are taught. All those who are taught.
Å   ÄÄ ªÄ

Teachers (two). Teachers.

(He) is being taught. 
ÄÄ ÅÄ Ä «

(He) is taught. 
ÄÄ ªÄ

Passive Voice

30  

 Ä    

ÄÄ 

« 

Ä 

ÄÄ 

ÄÄ 

ÄÄ 

ÄÄ 

Ä 

Ä

ªÄ ª ª ª ª ªÄ

They two taught. They all taught.

Singular

Dual

Plural

Active participle

Plural

Passive Voice

act (of accusing sb of falsehood)

(Verbal noun)

He accused (him, it) of falsehood.

(198)
VT-2
Detached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. or PLU.

Attached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. or PLU.

Imperfect Tense
He accuses (or will) sb of falsehood.
Å    ªÄ Å Ä «

Past Tense
He accused (him, it) of falsehood. 
ÅÄ

They two accused sb of falsehood. They accuse (or will) sb of falsehood.
ÅÄ ª Å «

They all accused sb of falsehood. 
  ÅÄ

You accuse (or will) sb of falsehood.
ÅÄ ª Å «

You accused sb of falsehood. 
ÅÄ

You two accused sb of falsehood. You all accuse (or will) sb of falsehood.
ÅÄ ª Å «

You all accused sb of falsehood. 
ÅÄ

(with noun)

I accuse (or will) sb of falsehood. 
 Å ªÄ Å Ä «

I accused sb of falsehood. 
 ÅÄ

(with verb)

We accuse (or will) sb of falsehood.
« ÅÄ ª « Å «

We accused sb of falsehood.
«  ÅÄ

_

_

_

.
‫أ‬
Negative Imperative

Don’t accuse sb of falsehood! 
Å

Accuse sb of falsehood!
Å

Don’t (you all) accuse sb of falsehood! 
Å

Accuse sb of falsehood (you all)!
Å

Passive participle

Active participle

The one who is accused of falsehood.
Å  ÅÄ ªÄ

The one who accuses sb of falsehood.
Å    

Those who are accused of falsehood.
Å  ÅÄ ªÄ

Those who accuse sb of falsehood.
Å    

(He) is being accused of falsehood
ÅÄ ÅÄ Ä «

(He) is accused of falsehood Passive Voice
ÅÄ ªÄ

Passive Voice

31 

ÅÄ

ÅÄ

Singular

Dual

Plural

Singular Dual

Plural

to send down

(Verbal noun)

Ä Ä
Attached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. or PLU.

He sent down.
Ä 

(79)
VT-2
Detached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. or PLU.

Imperfect Tense
He sends down. He will send down.
Ä 5 ªÄ Ä Ä«

Past Tense
He sent down. 

Active participle

You two send down/ will send down. They send down / will send down.
Ä  ª Ä «

They two sent down. They all sent down. 
  Ä

You send down. You will send down.
Ä  ª Ä «

You sent down. 
Ä

You two send down / will send down. You all send down / will send down.
Ä  ª Ä «

You two sent down. You all sent down. 
Ä

(with noun)

I send down. I will send down. 
 Ä ªÄ Ä Ä «

I sent down. 
 Ä

(with verb)

We send down. We will send down.
« Ä  ª « Ä «

We sent down.
«  Ä

_

_

_

.
‫أ‬
Negative Imperative

Don’t send down! 
Ä

Send down!
Ä

Don’t (you two) send down! Don’t (you all) send down! 
Ä

Send down (you two)! Send down (you all)!
Ä

Passive participle

That which is sent down
Å  Ä ªÄ

The one who sends down
Ä  

Those which are sent down
Å  Ä ªÄ

Those who send down Plural
Ä  

‫َ ُْ ل‬
(sb, st) is being sent down
Ä ÅÄ Ä «

(sb, st) is sent down
Ä ªÄ

Passive Voice

32

Ä

Past continuous:

+

Singular

Dual

Plural

Singular Dual

‫َ ُْ ل‬
Passive Voice

(Verbal noun)

VT-3
Attached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. or PLU.

Imperfect Tense

Past Tense

Detached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. or PLU.

near future:

near past::

+

+

distant future:

+

Past continuous:
(with noun)

+

(with verb)

_

_

_

.
Negative Imperative

Singular

Dual

Plural

Passive participle

Active participle

Singular

Dual

Plural

Passive Voice

Passive Voice

33

Feminine Gender
Attached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. FEM. or BROKEN PLU.

‫عل‬
Imperfect Tense Past Tense

VT-3
Detached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. FEM. or BROKEN PLU.

near future:

near past::

+

+

distant future:

+

Past continuous:
(with noun)

+

(with verb)

_

_

_

.
Negative Imperative

Singular

Dual

Plural

Passive participle

Active participle

Singular

Dual

Plural

Passive Voice

Passive Voice

34

to strive

(Verbal noun)

ÄÆ Ä Å
Attached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. or PLU.

He strove.
Ä Ä Å 

(31)
VT-3
Detached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. or PLU.

Imperfect Tense
He strives. He will strive. 
Ä Å Ä Æ Ä «

Past Tense
He strove.

You two strive/ will strive. They strive. They will strive.
Å Ä Æ «

They two strove. They all strove. 
  Å Ä Ä

near future:

+

You strive. You will strive.
Å Ä Æ «

You strove. 
Å Ä Ä

You two strive/ will strive. distant future:

You two strove. You all strove. 
Å Ä Ä

+

You all strive. You all will strive.
Å Ä Æ

(with noun)

I strive. I will strive. 
Å Ä Æ Ä «

I strove.

(with verb)

We strove.
Å Ä

_

_

_

.
Negative Imperative

Don’t strive! 
Å Ä Æ

Strive! Strive (you two)! Strive (you all)!
Å Ä Æ Å Ä Æ

Don’t (you two) strive!

Don’t (you all) strive! 
Å Ä Æ

Passive participle

One who strives Singular Dual Those who strive Plural
Å Ä Æ  Å Ä Æ 

Passive Voice

35 

«  

Å Ä 

Ä 

Ä

We strive. We will strive.
« Å Ä Æ « 

Å Ä 

« Å Ä

«

Å Ä

Å Ä

Å Ä

Å Ä 

Ä Æ 

Æ 

Æ 

Æ 

Æ 

Æ5 ªÄ ª ª ª ª ªÄ

near past::

+

Past continuous:

+

Singular

Dual

Plural

Active participle

Passive Voice

to call out

(Verbal noun)

Ä Ä
Attached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. or PLU.

He called out.
Ä 

(44)
VT-3
Detached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. or PLU.

Imperfect Tense
He calls out. He will call out. 
Ä Ä «

Past Tense
He called out.

You two call out/ will call out. They call out. They will call out. 
Ä «

They two called out. They all called out. 
  Ä

near future:

+

You call out. You will call out. 
Ä «

You called out. 
Ä

You two call out/ will call out. distant future:

You two called out. You all called out. Past continuous:

+

You all call out. You all will call out. 
Ä «

We called out.
«  Ä

_

_

_

.
Negative Imperative

Don’t call out! 
Ä

Call out! Call out (you two)! Call out (you all)! 
Ä Ä

Don’t (you two) call out!

Don’t (you all) call out! 
Ä

Passive participle

One who is called out
Å  Ä ªÄ

One who calls out Singular Dual Those who call out Plural 
Ä   Ä  

He is being called out. 
Ä ÅÄ Ä «

He is called out. 
Ä ªÄ

Passive Voice

36   

Ä

We call out. We will call out.
« Ä «  

« Ä  

Ä 

Ä

Ä «

(with verb)  

Ä

(with noun)

I call out. I will call out.  

Ä 

Ä  

Ä  

Ä 5 ªÄ Ä  ª ª ª ªÄ ª

near past::

+

+

Singular

Dual

Plural

Active participle

Passive Voice

(Verbal noun) .

VT-4
Attached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. or PLU.

Imperfect Tense

Past Tense

Detached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. or PLU.

near future:

near past::

+

+

distant future:

+
(with noun)

Past continuous:

+
(with verb)

_

_

_

.
Negative Imperative

Singular

Dual

Plural

Passive participle

Active participle

Singular Dual

Plural

Passive Voice

Passive Voice

37

Feminine Gender
Attached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. FEM. or BROKEN PLU.

VT-4

Imperfect Tense

Past Tense

Detached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. FEM. or BROKEN PLU.

near future:

near past::

+

+

distant future:

+

Past continuous:

+
(with noun)

(with verb)

_

_

_

.
Negative Imperative

Singular

Dual

Plural

Passive participle

Active participle

Singular Dual

Plural

Passive Voice

Passive Voice

38

to bring out

(Verbal noun)

ÄÄ Æ«Ä
Attached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. or PLU.

He brought out. 
Ä Æ«Ä 

(108)
VT-4
Detached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. or PLU.

Imperfect Tense
He brings out. He will bring out.
Ä«Æ Ä Ä «

Past Tense
He brought out/ took out. 
Ä«Æ Ä Ä«Æ Ä   «       Ä«Æ Ä

You two bring out/ will bring out. They bring out. They will bring out.
Ä«Æ Ä «

near future:

+

You bring out. You will bring out.
Ä«Æ Ä «

You two bring out/ will bring out. distant future:

You two brought. You all brought out. Past continuous:

+

You all bring out / will bring out.
Ä«Æ Ä

(with noun)

I bring out. I will bring out. 
Ä«Æ Ä Ä «

We bring out. We will bring out.
« Ä«Æ Ä «

_

_

_

.
Negative Imperative

Don’t bring out! 
Ä«Æ Ä

Don’t (you two) bring out! Don’t (you all) bring out! ! 
Ä«Æ Ä

Bring out (you two)! Bring out (you all)!
Ä«Æ Ä

Passive participle

One who is brought out
Å  Ä«Æ Ä ªÄ

One who brings out Singular Dual 

Those who are brought out
Å  Ä«Æ Ä  ªÄ

Those who bring out Plural 

(it, he) is being brought out
Ä«Æ Ä ÅÄ Ä «

(it) is brought out Passive Voice
Ä«Æ Ä ªÄ

Passive Voice

39

Ä«Æ Ä

!

Ä«Æ Ä

Ä«Æ Ä

(with verb)

We brought out.

Ä«Æ Ä

Ä«Æ Ä

Ä«Æ Ä 

« Ä«Æ Ä

«

Ä«Æ Ä

Ä«Æ Ä 

Ä Ä

Ä«Æ Ä

Ä«Æ Ä

ª

ªÄ ª ª ª ªÄ

They two brought. They all brought out.

You brought out.

near past::

+

+

I brought out.

Bring out! !

Singular

Dual

Plural

Active participle

to submit

(Verbal noun)

Attached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. or PLU.

Imperfect Tense
He submits. He will submit. 
Ä Ä «

Past Tense
He submitted.

You two submit/ will submit. They submit. They will submit. 
Ä «

They two submitted. They all submitted. 
   ÄÄ

near future:

+

You submit. You will submit. 
Ä «

You submitted. 
 ÄÄ

You two submit/ will submit. distant future:

You two submitted. You all submitted. 


+

You all submit. You all will submit. 
Ä

(with noun)

I submit. I will submit. 
 Ä Ä «

I submitted.

(with verb)

We submit. We will submit.
«  Ä «

We submitted.
«   ÄÄ

_

_

_

.
Negative Imperative

Don’t submit! 
 Ä

Submit! Submit (you two)! Submit (you all)! 
Ä  Ä

Don’t (you two) submit!

Don’t (you all) submit! 
 Ä

Passive participle

Active participle

One who submits Singular Dual Those who submit Plural 
Ä   Ä 

Passive Voice

40  

ÄÄ 
  ÄÄ  ÄÄ  ÄÄ  « «  Ä  Ä  Ä Ä Ä  Ä  Ä ª ªÄ ª ª ª ªÄ

ÄÄ 

He submitted.

(72)
VT-4
Detached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. or PLU.

near past::

+

Past continuous:

+

Singular

Dual

Plural

Passive Voice

to associate partners

(Verbal noun)

ÄÆ 

Æ

He associated partners.
Ä Æ 

(120)
VT-4
Detached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. or PLU.

Attached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. or PLU.

Imperfect Tense
He associates (or will..) partners with..
Æ Æ Ä «

Past Tense
He associated partners (with). 
  Æ «  Æ   Æ  Æ Æ Æ Æ   Æ Ä Æ Æ Æ Æ Æ Æ   Ä

You two associate partners (with) They associate (or will..) partners with..
Æ Æ «

near future:

+

You associate (or will..) partners with..
Æ Æ «

You two associate partners (with) distant future:

You two associated partners (with). You all associated partners (with).
Æ

+

You all associate (or will..) partners with..
Æ Æ

(with noun)

I associate (or will..) partners with.. 
Æ  Æ Ä «

We associate (or will..) partners with..
« Æ Æ «

_

_

_

.
Negative Imperative

Don’t associate partners (with)! Don’t (you two) associate partners (with)! Don’t (you all) associate partners (with)! 
Æ Æ  Æ Æ

Associate partners (with)! Associate partners (with) (you two)! Associate partners (with) (you all)!

Passive participle

One with whom st is associated with
Å  Æ Ä ªÄ

Those with whom st is associated with
Å  Æ Ä ªÄ

Those who associate partners (with)

(He) is being associated with partners
Æ Ä ÅÄ Ä «

(He) is associated with partners Passive Voice 
Ä ªÄ

Passive Voice

41 

Ä 

Ä

(with verb) 

Ä 

Ä 

«

«

Æ

Æ

Æ 

Ä Æ

Æ

Æ 

Æ 

Æ 

Æ 

Æ 

Æ5 ªÄ ª ª ª ª ªÄ

They two associated partners. They all associated partners (with).

near past:: You associated partners (with).

+

Past continuous:

+

i associated partners (with).

We associated partners (with).

Singular

Dual

Plural

Active participle

One who associates partners (with)s

Singular Dual

Plural

to send down

(Verbal noun)

ÄÆ

Ä

He sent down.
Ä Ä 

(190)
VT-4
Detached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. or PLU.

Attached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. or PLU.

Imperfect Tense
He sends downs. He will send down. 
Ä Æ Ä «

Past Tense
He sent down.

They 2 send down. They 2 ... They send down / will send down. 
Ä Æ «

They two sent down. They all sent down. 
  Ä Ä

near future:

+

You send down. You will send down. 
Ä Æ «

You sent down. 
Ä Ä

You two send down / will send down distant future:

You two sent down. You all sent down. Past continuous:

+

You all send down. You all will … 
Ä Æ

(with noun)

I send down. I will send down. 
Ä Æ Ä «

I sent down. 
 Ä Ä

(with verb)

We send down. We will send down.
« Ä Æ «

We sent down.

_

_

_

.
Negative Imperative

Don’t send down! 
Ä Æ

Send down! 
Ä Æ

Don’t (you two) send down! Don’t (you all) send down! 
Ä Æ

Send down (you two)! Send down (you all)! 
Ä Æ

Passive participle

That which is sent down
Å  Ä Ä ªÄ

One who sends downs Singular Dual 
Ä Æ 

Those which are sent down
Å  Ä Ä ªÄ

Those who send down Plural 
Ä Æ 

(He) is being sent down 
Ä Ä ÅÄ Ä «

(He) is sent down Passive Voice 
Ä Ä ªÄ

Passive Voice

42

«  

 

Ä 

Ä Ä 

Ä 

Ä Ä  «

« Ä 

Ä 

Ä 

Ä 

Ä 

Ä Æ 

Æ 

Æ 

Æ 

Æ 

Æ5 ªÄ ª ª ª ª ªÄ

near past::

+

+

Singular

Dual

Plural

Active participle

to send sb astray

(Verbal noun)

ÄÆ

ƪ

He sent sb astray.
Ä Æª 

(68)
VT-4
Detached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. or PLU.

Attached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. or PLU.

Imperfect Tense
He sends sb astray. He will...
ªÆ Æ Ä «

Past Tense
He sent sb astray.

You two send sb astray They send sb astray. / They will...
ªÆ Æ «

They two sent sb astray. They all sent sb astray. 
  ªÆ  Ä

near future:

+

You send sb astray. They wil..
ªÆ Æ «

You sent sb astray. 
ªÆ Ä

You two send sb astray distant future:

You two sent sb astray. You all sent sb astray. 
ªÆ

+

You all send sb astray / You all..
ªÆ Æ

(with noun)

I send sb astray. I will send sb astray. 
ªÆ Æ Ä «

I sent sb astray. 
 ªÆ Ä

(with verb)

We send sb astray. we will ...
« ªÆ Æ «

We sent sb astray.

_

_

_

.
Negative Imperative

Don’t send sb astray! 
ªÆ Æ

Send sb astray!
ªÆ Æ

Don’t (you two) send sb astray! Don’t (you all) send sb astray! 
ªÆ Æ

Send sb astray (you two)! Send sb astray (you all)!
ªÆ Æ

Passive participle

One who is sent astray
Å  ªÆ Ä ªÄ

One who send sb astray
ªÆ Æ 

Those who are sent astray
Å  ªÆ Ä ªÄ

Those who send sb astray
ªÆ Æ 

(He) is being sent astray
ªÆ Ä ÅÄ Ä «

(He) is sent astray Passive Voice
ªÆ Ä ªÄ

Passive Voice

43

«  

ªÆ 

Ä

ªÆ 

Ä 

Ä  «

« ªÆ

ªÆ

ªÆ

ªÆ

ªÆ 

Ä Æ 

Æ 

Æ 

Æ 

Æ 

Æ5 ªÄ ª ª ª ª ªÄ

near past::

+

Past continuous:

+

Active participle

Singular Dual

Plural

to want

(Verbal noun)

ÄÆ
Attached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. or PLU.

He wanted.
Ä 

(139)
VT-4
Detached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. or PLU.

Imperfect Tense
He wants. He will want. 
Æ Ä «

Past Tense
He wanted.

You two want/ will want. They want. They will want. 
Æ «

They two wanted. They all wanted. 
  Ä

near future:

+

You want. You will want. 
Æ «

You wanted. 
Ä

distant future:

You two want/ will want.

You two wanted. You all wanted. 
Ä

+

You all want. You all will want. 
Æ

(with noun)

I want. I will want. 
Ä  Æ Ä «

I wanted. 


(with verb)

We want. We will want.
« Æ «

We wanted.

_

_

_

.
Negative Imperative

Don’t want! 
Æ

Want! 
Æ

Don’t (you two) want! Don’t (you all) want! 

Want (you two)! Want (you all)! 
Æ

Passive participle

That which is wanted
Å Ä Ä ªÄ

One who wants Singular Dual 
Æ 

Those who are wanted
Å Ä Ä ªÄ

Those who want Plural 
Æ 

(it, he) is being wanted 
Ä ÅÄ Ä «

(it) is wanted Passive Voice 
Ä ªÄ

Passive Voice

44

«   

Ä 

Ä  « « 

Ä Æ 

Æ 

Æ 

Æ 

Æ 

Æ5 ªÄ ª ª ª ª ªÄ

near past::

+

Past continuous:

+

Singular

Dual

Plural

Active participle

to show

(Verbal noun)

ÄÄ
Attached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. or PLU.

He showed.
ÄÄ 

(44)
VT-4
Detached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. or PLU.

Imperfect Tense
He shows. He will show. 
Ä Ä «

Past Tense
He showed.

You two show/ will show. They show. They will show. 
Ä «

They two showed. They all showed.

near future:

distant future:

(with noun)

I show. I will show. 
Ä Ä «

I showed.

(with verb)

We show. We will show.
« Ä «

We showed.

_

_

_

.
Negative Imperative

Don’t show! 
Ä

Show! 
Ä

Don’t (you two) show! Don’t (you all) show! 
Ä

Show (you two)! Show (you all)! 
Ä

Passive participle

one who is shown
Å  ÄÄ ªÄ

One who shows Singular Dual Those who show Plural 
Ä  Ä 

(it) is being shown Passive Voice 
ÄÄ ÅÄ Ä «

(it) is shown 
ÄÄ ªÄ

45    

ÄÄ 

ÄÄ

« 5 

« 

ÄÄ 

Ä 

ÄÄ 

Ä

ª

ªÄ

«

+

You two show/ will show. You all show. You all will show.

You two showed. You all showed.  

ÄÄ 

ÄÄ 

Ä

«

+

You show. You will show.

You showed.   

 

ÄÄ ÄÄ 

ÄÄ 

Ä5 ªÄ ª ª ª

near past::

+

Past continuous:

+

Singular

Dual

Plural

Active participle

Passive Voice

to believe

(Verbal noun)

Ä Ä
Attached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. or PLU.

He believed.
Ä Ä

(782)
VT-4
Detached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. or PLU.

Imperfect Tense
He believes. He will believe. 
Ä  Ä «

Past Tense
He believed.

You two believe/ will believe. They believe. They will believe. 
Ä  «

They two believed. They all believed. 
Ä 5

near future:

+

You believe. You will believe. 
Ä  «

You believed. 
Ä 5

You two believe/ will believe. distant future:

You two believed. You all believed. 
Ä 5

+

You all believe. You all will believe. 
Ä 

(with noun)

I believe. I will believe. 
Ä  Ä «

I believed.

(with verb)

We believe. We will believe.
« Ä  «

We believed.
« Ä 5

_

_

_

.
Negative Imperative

Don’t believe! 
Ä 

Believe! 
Ä 

Don’t (you two) believe! Don’t (you all) believe! 
Ä 

Believe (you two)! Believe (you all)! 
Ä 

Passive participle

One who believes Singular Dual Those who believe Plural 
Ä   Ä  

Passive Voice

46  

Ä Ä 

Ä Ä  «

« Ä 

Ä 

Ä 

Ä 

Ä 

Ä Ä 

Ä 

Ä 

Ä  

5 ªÄ ª ª ª ª ªÄ

near past::

+

Past continuous:

+

Singular

Dual

Plural

Active participle

Passive Voice

to give

(Verbal noun)

Ä
Attached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. or PLU.

He gave.
Ä 

(274)
VT-4
Detached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. or PLU.

Imperfect Tense
He gives. He will give. 
Ä «

Past Tense
He gave.

You two give/ will give. They give. They will give. 
«

They two gave. They all gave.

near future:

+

You give. You will give. 
«

You gave.

distant future:

You two give/ will give.

You two gave. You all gave.

+

You all give. You all will give. 
«

(with noun)

I give. I will give. 
Ä   Ä «

I gave.

(with verb)

We give. We will give.
«  «

We gave.

_

_

_

.
Negative Imperative

Don’t give! 
5

Give!
5

Don’t (you two) give! Don’t (you all) give! 

Give (you two)! Give (you all)!

Passive participle

One who is gave
Å  Ä ª Ä

One who gives Singular Dual 


Those who are gave
Å  Ä ªÄ

Those who give Plural 


(it, he) is being given Passive Voice 
Ä ÅÄ Ä «

(it) is given 
Ä ªÄ

47  

«   

   

Ä 

Ä 

Ä Ä Ä  «    



ªÄ ª ª ª ªÄ ª

near past::

+

Past continuous:

+

Active participle

Passive Voice

(Verbal noun) .

VT-5
Detached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. or PLU.

Attached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. or PLU.

Imperfect Tense

Past Tense

near future:

near past::

+

+

distant future:

+
(with noun)

Past continuous:

+
(with verb)

_

_

_

.
Negative Imperative

Singular

Dual

Plural

Passive participle

Active participle

Singular Dual

Plural

Passive Voice

Passive Voice

48

Feminine Gender
Attached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. FEM. or BROKEN PLU.

‫عل‬
Imperfect Tense Past Tense

VT-5
Detached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. FEM. or BROKEN PLU.

near future:

near past::

+

+

distant future:

+

Past continuous:

+
(with noun)

(with verb)

_

_

_

.
Negative Imperative

Plane of

Singular

Dual

Plural

Passive participle

Active participle

Singular

Dual

Plural

Passive Voice

Passive Voice

49

to receive admonition; to remember Attached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. or PLU. 
Ç  Ä

(Verbal noun)

He received admonition; he remembered.

(51)
VT-5
Detached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. or PLU.

Imperfect Tense
He receives admonition / He will.. 
Ç   Ä «

Past Tense
He received admonition. 
Ç

You two .. They receive admonition / They will.. 
Ç  

They two received admonition. They all received admonition. 
 Ç

You receive admonition / You will.. 
Ç 

You received admonition. 
Ç 

You two.. You all receive admonition / You’ll.. 
Ç 

You two received admonition. You all received admonition. 
Ç 

(with noun)

I receive admonition / I will ... 
Ç  Ä

I received admonition. 
 Ç

(with verb)

We receive admonition / We’ll ..
« Ç 

We received admonition.
«  Ç 

_

_

_

.
Negative Imperative

Don’t receive admonition! Don’t receive admonition (you two)! Don’t receive admonition (you all)! 
Ç   Ç 

Receive admonition! 
Ç 

Receive admonition (you two)! Receive admonition (you all)! 
Ç 

Passive participle

Active participle

one who receives admonition 
Ç   

Those who receive admonition 
Ç   

Passive Voice

50 

Ç  

   « « « « « Ç  Ä  Ä   Ä   Ä   Ä    5 ªÄ ª ª ª ª ªÄ

Singular Dual

Plural

Passive Voice

to turn away; to take charge 
4  Ä Ä «Ä  ÆÄ

(Verbal noun)

He turned away; took as friend; took charge

(79)
VT-5
Detached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. or PLU.

Attached Pronouns

Imperfect Tense
He turn awayes. He will turn away. 
4  Ä «

Past Tense
He turned away. He took charge. 
4 

Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. or PLU.

They turn away. They will turn away. 
4  «

They turned away.

You turn away. You will turn away. 
4  «

You turned away.

near future:

+

You all turn away. You all will … 
4 

You all turned away.

distant future:

+

(with noun)

I turn away. I will turn away. 
4  Ä «

I turned away.

(with verb)

We turn away. We will turn away.
« 4  «

We turned away.

_

_

_

.
Negative Imperative

Don’t turn away! 
4 

Turn away! 
4 

Don’t (you two) turn away! Don’t (you all) turn away! 
4 

Turn away (you two)! Turn away (you all)! 
4 

Passive participle

Active participle

One who turns away. Singular Dual Those who turn away. Plural 
4    4   

‫َ ُْ ل‬
Passive Voice

51  

4  

  

Ä «
«      4  4  4  4  4   « 4   « 4   4   4  Ä   

4  5 ªÄ ª ª ª ª ªÄ

near past::

+
Past continuous:

+

‫َ ُْ ل‬
Passive Voice

(Verbal noun) .

VT-8
Detached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. or PLU.

Attached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. or PLU.

Imperfect Tense

Past Tense

near future:

near past::

+

+

distant future:

+
(with noun)

Past continuous:

+

(with verb)

_

_

_

.
Negative Imperative

Singular

Dual

Plural

Passive participle

Active participle

Singular Dual

Plural

Passive Voice

Passive Voice

52

Feminine Gender
Attached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. FEM. or BROKEN PLU.

‫عل‬
Imperfect Tense Past Tense

VT-8
Detached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. FEM. or BROKEN PLU.

near future:

near past::

+

+

distant future:

+
(with noun)

Past continuous:

+
(with verb)

_

_

_

.
Negative Imperative

Plane of

Singular

Dual

Plural

Passive participle

Active participle

Singular

Dual

Plural

Passive Voice

Passive Voice

53

to follow

(Verbal noun)

He followed. 
Æ 

(140)
VT-8
Detached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. or PLU.

Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. or PLU.

You two follow/ will follow. They follow. They will follow. 
Æ Æ «

They two followed. They all followed.

near future:

+

You follow. You will follow. 
Æ Æ «

You followed.

distant future:

You two follow / will follow.

You two followed. You all followed. 
Æ

+

You all follow. You all will follow. 
Æ Æ

(with noun)

I follow. I will follow. 
 Æ Æ Ä «

I followed.

(with verb)

We follow. We will follow.
« Æ Æ «

We followed.

_

_

_

.
Negative Imperative

Don’t follow! 
Æ Æ

Follow! 
Æ Æ

Don’t (you two) follow! Don’t (you all) follow! 
Æ Æ

Follow (you two)! Follow (you all)! 
Æ Æ

Passive participle

‫ل‬

‫ا‬
one who follows

ohe who is followed
Å  Æ  ªÄ

those who are followed
Å  Æ  ªÄ

those who follow Plural 
Æ Æ 

(He,it) is being followed 
Æ  ÅÄ  «

(He,it) is followed Passive Voice 
Æ  ªÄ

Passive Voice

54 

Æ  

«   

Æ    

Æ 

Æ  

Æ 

Æ 

Æ      

« Æ

« 

Æ 

Æ 

Æ 

Æ 

Æ 

Ä Æ 

Æ 

Æ 

Æ 

Æ 

Æ Ä « 

Æ5 ªÄ

ª

ª

ª

ª

ªÄ 

Æ ÆÄ
Attached Pronouns

Imperfect Tense
He takes up. He will follow.

Past Tense
He followed.

near past::

+

Past continuous:

+

Active participle

‫ا‬

Singular Dual

to find or follow the right path 
Æ  ÄÄ

(Verbal noun)

He found the right path. 
Æ  ÄÄ

(61)
VT-8
Detached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. or PLU.

Attached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. or PLU.

Imperfect Tense
He finds the path. He will .. 
Æ  Ä Ä «

Past Tense
He found the path.

They two found the path. They find the path. They will.. 
Æ  Ä «

They all found the path. 
 Æ 

near future:

+

You find the path. You will.. 
Æ  Ä «

You found the path.

You two found the path. distant future:

+

You all find the path / You all will.. 
Æ 

You all found the path. 
Æ 

(with noun)

I find the path. I will find the path. 
Æ  Ä Ä

I found the path.

(with verb)

We find the path. We will..
« Æ  Ä «

We found the path.

_

_

_
Negative

.
Imperative

Don’t find the path! 
Æ  Ä

Find the path! 
Æ  Ä

Don’t (you two) find the path! Don’t (you all) find the path! 
Æ  Ä

Find the path (you two)! Find the path (you all)! 
Æ  Ä

Passive participle

one who finds the path Singular Dual those who find the path Plural 
Æ  Ä  Æ  Ä 

he is being shown the path Passive Voice 
Æ  ÅÄ  «

he is shown the path 
Æ  ªÄ

55 

«     

Æ  

Æ  

ÄÄ 

ÄÄ 

Æ  Æ  

ÄÄ 

ÄÄ 

ÄÄ 

ÄÄ Ä «

« Æ  

Æ  

Ä ÄÄ

« 

Æ  Ä Ä 

Ä ÄÄ 

ÄÄ 

Ä 

Ä5 ªÄ ª ªÄ ª ª ª

near past::

+

Past continuous:

+

Singular

Dual

Plural

Active participle

Passive Voice

(Verbal noun) .

VT-5
Detached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. or PLU.

Attached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. or PLU.

Imperfect Tense

Past Tense

near future:

near past::

+

+

distant future:

+
(with noun)

Past continuous:

+

(with verb)

_

_

_

.
Negative Imperative

Singular

Dual

Plural

Passive participle

Active participle

Singular Dual

Plural

Passive Voice

Passive Voice

56

Feminine Gender
Attached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. FEM. or BROKEN PLU.

‫عل‬
Imperfect Tense Past Tense

VT-10
Detached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. FEM. or BROKEN PLU.

near future:

near past::

+

+

distant future:

+
(with noun)

Past continuous:

+
(with verb)

_

_

_

.
Negative Imperative

Singular

Dual

Plural

Passive participle

Active participle

Singular

Dual

Plural

Passive Voice

Passive Voice

57

to ask for forgiveness 
Æ Ä«Ä

(Verbal noun) 
Ä«

He asked for forgiveness. 
Æ

(42)
VT-10
Detached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. or PLU.

Attached Pronouns Starting verb in a verbal sentence. when the subject is SING. or PLU.

Imperfect Tense
He asks for forgivenss/ He’ll .. 
Æ Ä« Ä

Past Tense
He asked for forgiveness. 
Æ Æ Æ «        Æ

You two ask / will ask .. They ask for forgiveness / They’ll.. 
Æ Ä«

They two asked for forgiveness. They all asked for forgiveness. 
Æ

near future:

+

You ask for forgiveness / You’ll.. 
Æ Ä«

You asked for forgiveness. 
Æ Ä«

You two ask / will ask for … distant future:

You two asked for forgiveness. You all asked for forgiveness. 

+

You all ask for forgiveness / You all.. 
Æ

(with noun)

I ask for forgiveness / I will .. 
 Æ Ä« Ä

I asked for forgiveness. 
Æ

(with verb)

We ask for forgiveness / We’ll..
« Æ Ä«

We asked for forgiveness. 
Æ Ä«

_

_

_

.
Negative Imperative

Don’t ask for forgiveness! 
Æ Ä«

Ask for forgiveness! 
Æ Ä«

Don’t ask for forgiveness (you all)! 
Æ Ä«

Ask for forgiveness (you all)! 
Æ Ä«

Passive participle

one who is asked for forgiveness
Å Æ Ä« ªÄ

one who asks for forgiveness 
Ä« 

those who are asked for forgiveness
Å Æ Ä« ªÄ

those who ask for forgiveness 
Ä« 

is being asked for forgivenss Passive Voice 
Æ Ä« ÅÄ  «

is asked for forgivenss Passive Voice 
Ä« ªÄ

58 

Ä« Ä« Ä« Ä« « « « 

Ä«

«

« 

Ä Ä« 

Ä Ä« 

Ä Ä« 

Ä Ä« « Ä Ä« Ä«

ªÄ ª ª ª ªÄ ª

near past::

+

Past continuous:

+

Singular

Dual

Plural

Active participle

Singular Dual

Plural

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