The Reynolds number used in the analysis was


Geometry for the analysis of the backward facing step flow:

The mesh is generated with the given coordinates taking the value, H=1. The

coordinates which are required for the mesh are shown below. X
1 2 3 4 5 6 21 21 0 0 3 3

0 3 3 1 1 0

0 0 0 0 0 0

No. Of cells
210 180 30 10 20 30

Model before mesh generation:
The model outline has been drawn with the given coordinates:

Generated mesh: Merge option is used to merge the cells, so there is no conflicts between two meshes, and to make the flow continous from the inlet to outlet.

Plot residual history:

The graph has been plotted for the iteration number and residual, which produces the graph values for the U, V and the mass residual for the fluid.

Plot monitor history (U, V and Pressure):

For the iteration number 300 and velocity U=10 m/s, the graph is plotted. As we can see the values of U & V remains the same. The pressure has been surged with little fluctuations and remains constant thereafter.

U component and pressure:

The diagram shows the behaviour of the flow from the inlet to the outlet, the flow has been analysed for 300 iterations. The flow behaviour would be similar even for V component & pressure and UV component & pressure.

U and Total pressure:
The pressure is high all over the model except in the left down corner of the model. As we can see it is too low in corner region and it is slightly increasing towards right i.e. outlet. The values can be seen on the right side of the model. The values would remain constant for V & total pressure and UV & total pressure.

Velocity component U and U:

High pressure can be seen at the flow inlet and the pressure would be reduced and the medium pressure is observed. The figure would be alike for velocity component V and U.

The flow behaviour is entirely different for the following models almost with the moderate pressure and lower pressure levels can be observed in the following figures. Velocity component U and V:

U and velocity magnitude:

Comparison of turbulent kinetic energy and turbulent viscosity: The comparison of turbulent kinetic energy and viscosity with the standard models made not much difference, as we can see the comparison models below. 1. Standard k-e model:

2. Standard RNG k-e model:

3. chen-kin k-e model:

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