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with HAWA and GTZ Bangalore, 2005 Understanding E-Waste Generation, Collection & Recycling In Bangalore 2 Summary WEEE (Waste from Electronic and Electrical Equipment) comprises a range of products and components where recycling and final disposal is known to adversely affect public health and the environment. However within this spectrum, the adverse impacts related to computer waste, including peripherals is expected to escalate rapidly in the next few years. Thus this waste stream has been selected as a starting point to address issues related to e-Waste recycling and disposal. Currently the Software Technology Park of India has registered 1,322 software companies in Karnataka as Export Oriented Units (EOU). In addition as per reports from MAIT, (Manufacturers Association for Information Technology) there are 36 hardware manufacturing units. Collectively these companies employ a workforce of around 1, 00,000 professionals. In addition there is a thriving BPO (Business Processes Outsourcing) segment which employs an additional 60,000 professionals. These three segments are responsible for the largest contribution of e-waste in the city. In a preliminary study entitled e-Waste, Bangalore wakes up to a new threat we explained how under the EXIM (Export Import) Policy 2000 of the Government of India, all companies registered as Export Oriented Units are exempted from a basic customs duty which would be around 15-20% depending on the goods imported. In Bangalore most of the software and hardware units avail this concession. Under this regulation however unless the duty is paid the computers remain under a customs bond which implies that they cannot be sold. The two options to release this equipment from the bond include donation to charitable institutions or physical destruction of the goods Companies insist that they donate their equipment to schools and charitable institutions. However given the large volume of equipment involved it is difficult to comprehend how suitable institutions could be identified. Moreover this equipment also has a limited life and therefore ultimately ends up in the e-waste stream. Understanding E-Waste Generation, Collection & Recycling In Bangalore 3 Besides it is now confirmed that companies also use the option to physically destroy obsolete equipment. During 2003-2004, IT equipment valued at Rs 15.6 crores were physically destroyed in this manner. In all around 21 leading IT companies chose this option for disposal of their e-waste. After destruction, this waste which last year is estimated to yield around 120 tonnes is sold to scrap dealers. Based on these figures we now estimate that the total annual e-scrap generated by IT companies in Bangalore/Karnataka is around 6,790 tonnes. Each company contributes around 5 tonnes of e-scrap every year which is the equivalent of 150-200 computers.
The flow of scrap is now well established. So far not much is known about the scrap generated on account of their activities. However this sector is known to retain its computers for several years. first method is by using mercury and the second method is by using cyanide. Our previous report entitled eWaste. wires. The annual turnover from the gold extraction alone in Bangalore will be around Rs 4. In Bangalore the main recycling activities include extraction of precious metal from gold and silver coated connectors in the PCB and the keyboard. Apart from the 36 registered units there are a host of other small time manufactures involved in the manufacture of a variety of IT equipment. Sources from some of these companies as well as the scrap dealers attending these auctions reveal that total annual sale of e-scrap comprising PCB boards. Regunning of CRT tubes is also taking place in the city as also burning of PCB Boards for recovery of copper but both these activities are carried out to a very limited extent. Thus this sector produces only a very small percentage of computers related scrap. A limited amount of waste would also be generated from the household sector. instead the job is outsourced to specialized organizations. Custom bonded computers which have been physically destroyed also enter the scrap market through this route These auctions are not conducted by the company itself.3 gms of gold. Some other companies especially the public sector and the customs department (unclaimed goods including electronic goods) use the auction as a medium of sale. Most often the scrap is a mix of different products. In contrast our study shows that there are as many as 20 units involved in the extraction of gold and silver from PCBs. Many large organisations have direct links with the scrap dealers and recyclers and sale of computer scrap is done directly. Currently it is estimated that 35 % of upper middle class households across Bangalore possess a computer.000 tonnes of computer scrap. Depending on the concentration of gold in the raw material there are two methods used for extraction. the recovery and recycling of plastic and the retrieval of copper from various components including PVC wires. Large companies conduct these auctions around 4-5 times every year. Understanding E-Waste Generation. Materials retrieved include plastic. gives a brief overview of the flow of this waste with the role of the different actors involved. wires. Bangalore wakes up to a new threat. Recycling in Bangalore involves meticulous segregation of the waste into different categories. Cathode Ray Tubes (CRT). We estimate that 80 kgs of gold is retrieved from e-scrap every year. Collection & Recycling In Bangalore 4 There are two large auctioneers in Bangalore which deal with waste generated from this sector they are Matexnet and Metal Scrap Trading Corporation of India (MSTC). and Printer Circuit Boards (PCB). Collection & Recycling In Bangalore . Larger components are then broken and further segregated. Most of this gold is retrieved from the PCBs of computers where each computer is said to have 0. Based on these values it is also possible to estimate that this gold was retrieved from around 8. and electrical equipment from a single large company amounts to around Rs 1 crore.The other sources of e-waste are rejects from the manufacturing sector. In Bangalore there is only one unit involved in the burning of PCB boards. Understanding E-Waste Generation.8 crores.
Printed Circuit Boards (PCB). Thus in looking at the problems associated with e-waste in the city. This exercise explained KSPCB would help document the quantity of computer waste generated by these companies and understand the disposal methods used. In September 2004. serious questions need to be raised about the impact on health and environment on account of the processes used for extraction of metal. Our survey of e-Waste hotspots in Bangalore concentrated on units where . e-Waste has now become closely associated with computer and other IT related electronic equipment. Discussions with the proprietors and workers in the unit show that there is an underlying awareness about the health and environment implications. There is extensive use of nitric acid. recyclers. The long term effect is bound to have severe repercussions on the health of the population living in the surroundings as well as the people working in the units. wires. Bangalore continues to be the IT capital of the country. (CPU). keyboards and mouse. However these concerns are ignored. the WEEE Care initiative which was started in August 2004 has been working to motivate the single largest producer of e-waste namely the IT industry to also participate in the programme. a greater awareness within the larger public domain has set in. INTRODUCTION: E-waste and computer scrap The world over. A model is being finalised where the key stake holders comprising generators. After use these chemicals are casually disposed in open drains or the ground adjoining the units. the Karnataka State Pollution Control Board had addressed a letter to individual IT companies requesting them to give details of the quantity of waste generated and the manner of disposal. the recycling and disposal of this waste naturally takes precedence over the other e-waste streams such as refrigerators and televisions IT scrap would include all hardware and accessories including networking equipment. cyanide and mercury. In the absence of an authorized recycler. Understanding E-Waste Generation. Collection & Recycling In Bangalore 6 Thus we now have a base where the IT industry will work together with both formal and informal sectors of e-Waste recycling to ensure proper disposal of waste. The IT industry and other industrial sectors are now under greater pressure to exercise caution in disposing e-waste. The response of the IT companies however has been very poor and only about 5 companies have acknowledged the receipt of such a letter. Nevertheless over the last two years. printers. NGOs and the government agencies will regulate this flow of waste and monitor the final disposal. Collection & Recycling In Bangalore 7 1. Companies on their part however maintain that it is difficult to comply with such a directive as the quantities of waste generated are considerable and space constraints do not allow them to store waste. However. In Delhi computer scrap accounts for around 25% of total e-Waste in the city (Pilot assessment for Delhi. Understanding E-Waste Generation.5 Gold extraction is undoubtedly a lucrative business. WEEE Care together with representatives from the industry has drawn up a wish list which will require all generators of e-waste to comply with certain regulations at the time of disposal of their e-waste. monitors. Central Processing Units. Meanwhile.IRG). The KSPCB has already directed companies to only store their waste and not dispose the same to the scrap trade.
Understanding E-Waste Generation. steel. The study showed the existence of a thriving trade in ewaste scrap in the city which was regularly fed by the public and private sector The baseline study however gave only limited information about the various activities.5 gms per computer. BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE OF THE MISSION In 2004. In addition to working with the recycling and scrap dealers. Some of this is also sold to scrap dealers in other cities. the current study has focused on this waste stream.2 Methodology adopted E-Waste: Bangalore wakes up to a new threat.3-0. Collection & Recycling In Bangalore . Gowri Palya (Central) ?? Rajaji Nagar (West) ?? Thammaiah Road. government agencies. This results in the recovery of broad categories of material including plastic. There are around 50 units involved with the retrieval and recycling of IT related scrap in the city. copper. we continued to meet various stakeholders and generators to look at the quantities of ewaste generated by them and their disposal systems. etc) 2. iron. It is about the most lucrative as well as the most environmentally damaging. Further. Yet the extraction of gold from the PCBs and keyboard is a significant part of recycling of e-waste in Bangalore. Tannery Road (East) ?? Whitefield and Madhavpura (South). These included: ?? Mysore Road incl.computer scrap accounted for around 45-50% of the total e-scrap. Specifically we will look at the large Public Sector units and Multinational Corporations Since the first study indicated that computer scrap was the most significant within the e-waste spectrum. CRTs and PCBs The city has a host of units involved in the further recycling of plastic and metal. 2. in Delhi only 60% of waste is generated from domestic sources and the balance accounted for by imports and waste from other Indian towns and cities In Bangalore more than 75% of waste is generated from within the city. The quantity of gold is very small just about 0. Saahas conducted a baseline study e-Waste. Collection & Recycling In Bangalore 8 2. Understanding E-Waste Generation. Imports through Chennai takes place in relatively small quantities. These 5 areas were further explored in the current study to determine the exact nature of the activities. One of the key attractions for scrap dealers is the retrieval of gold/silver coated connectors which form part of a PCB and are also found in very small quantities in the keyboard. Indicated that there were 5 areas in Bangalore where some form of electronic waste recycling was being carried out. All these units are actively involved with primary segregation and some form of dismantling. Bangalore wakes up to a new threat.1 Objectives of current study ?? To get a comprehensive picture about the recycling activities carried out with respect to computer scrap ?? To understand the processes used for extraction of precious metals and the economic involved ?? To identify and survey all the recycling cluster centers in Bangalore ?? To initiate dialogue with the scrap dealers and recyclers so as to bring them into some form of organisation ?? To make a database of select large recyclers and dealers who could be invited to participate in the WEEE Care Initiative ?? To get an insight into the expectations of the scrap dealers from the other stakeholders (IT industry.
3 Recycling and final disposal 4. In this context the Indian recycling systems which was so labour intensive was now being appreciated all over the world. This helped to gain the confidence of the owners and workers. Further we explained that we would be conducting awareness programmes.322 software companies registered in Bangalore. Reports from the Software Technology Park of India (STPI) indicate that in 2004. Each of the five areas was then surveyed to identify the recycling units and determine the nature of their activities.1 Tracking generation of computer scrap 4.2 Distribution and flow of computer scrap 4. Under these conditions a broad questionnaire was formulated (Annex) to probe into the disposal and recycling methods used. Understanding E-Waste Generation. dealers and government institutions 4 ACTIVITIES AND RESULTS ACHIEVED The activities conducted and subsequent information obtained can be put into three broad categories 4. We informed the scrap dealers that we were conducting a study to understand the recycling systems in Bangalore. We also gave them details about how in other western countries. The survey however was conducted very informally.1 Tracking generation of computer scrap The IT industry is the single largest generator of computer scrap in the city. Discussions were held with the owner of the units and some workers. On the generation front. Each of the areas had to be visited frequently. Collection & Recycling In Bangalore 10 3 SCOPE OF TASK Outcome ?? A comprehensive picture of the situation with respect to e-Waste recycling and disposal in Bangalore will emerge ?? More specifically we will have information on the recycling capacities and methods adopted for computer components especially PCBs ?? A database of scrap dealers and recyclers who would be willing to upgrade recycling technologies so as to make them environment friendly ?? The other activities related to the study will facilitate a dialogue between all stakeholders including the generators. Both generators and the scrap trade are apprehensive about giving information about the methods used in disposal.this waste was being dumped after which retrieval of materials was very difficult. there were 1. . This approach helped us slowly gain confidence of the scrap dealers. At all times we showed great appreciation for the recycling activities carried out.9 The current study is more in the nature of an exploration into the generation and recycling activities taking place in Bangalore city. We also informed them that corporate offices were now willing to help the recyclers get access to better technology which would help eliminate the pollution caused on account of recycling without interfering in the labour force involved. educational institutions as also corporate offices to educate the general public about the need to ensure that all their e-waste gets recycled. we targeted the auctions in Bangalore through which all the large companies sold waste. E-waste however is a subject that has acquired great sensitivity. We explained how on account of their activities important materials are recovered and reused rather than be dumped and lost. General observations also helped to answer some of the questions.
imported equipment remains under a customs bond which implies that they cannot be sold.In addition there are 36 hardware manufacturing units. Currently there is little information about what Understanding E-Waste Generation. all companies registered as EOUs are allowed the duty free import of hardware and accessories.000. Collection & Recycling In Bangalore 11 ?? debonding of custom bonded equipment ?? rejects from manufacturing processes ?? Unclaimed goods. Under this regulation however unless the duty is paid. Industry sources indicate that in 2004 the average cost of an imported computer would be around Rs 40.61 crores * *USD converted @ 1 USD = Rs 40 2 0 03-2004 Rs 15. These units also contribute significantly to e-waste which reaches the scrap market in the form of manufacturing rejects. However it must be said that there are some units which are not registered and for which there is not much information available The major sources for generation of e-waste in Bangalore includes Understanding E-Waste Generation. Destruction of custom bonded imported computer hardware and accessories Year Value at the time of bonding 2 0 02-2003 Rs 10.6 crores * *USD converted @ 1 USD = Rs 40 2004-2005 (April 04 Feb 05) . 21 companies opted for physical destruction of goods. Collectively the industry comprising 1. Thus a total value of Rs 15. 4.1 A: Debonding of custom bonded equipment Under the EXIM (Export Import) Policy 2000 of the Government of India. These items were collectively valued at 15.6 crores would account for around 3. After destruction this waste is generally sold to scrap dealers and thereby it enters the recycling chain.900 computers/ accessories At an average weight of around 31 kgs per computer the waste generated would be around 120 tonnes with each company generating on an average 5 tonnes of e-waste per annum.358 companies would generate around 6. In 2003-2004. Equipment which becomes old and obsolete has either to be donated to charitable institutions or physically destroyed (please see E-Waste.790 tonnes of obsolete equipment annually. Thus the life of this equipment would be extended for a while although ultimately this equipment would also enter the scrap market.6 crores (value at the time of entering custom bond). Collection & Recycling In Bangalore 12 happens to this material except to assume that it was donated to some charitable institutions. Bangalore Wakes up to a New Threat) In 2003-2004 reports from the STPI showed that 21 companies opted to go in for destruction of their computer hardware and peripherals in order to debond. Together these 1358 companies represent the formal face of the IT industry in Bangalore and Karnataka. What happens then to the rest of the 1337 companies in the IT industry? No doubt these companies would also be generating an equal volume of obsolete equipment.
he places a bid for the lots he is interested in by paying an EMD-Earnest money deposit. copper. For example there are in all 15-20 companies involved in the manufacture of Printed Circuit Boards in the city. monitors. According to MAIT there are many more unregistered manufacturing units all engaged in the production of electronic equipment? In the course of our study we also tracked the PCB industry in Bangalore. In Bangalore there are 36 large hardware manufacturers registered with the STPI. Collection & Recycling In Bangalore 13 Rejects from a leading public sector companies involved in the manufacture of PCB among other electrical and electronic equipment amounts to around 6 tonnes per annum. The volume of this material though is small and relatively insignificant. This would include items such as CPUs.(It ranges between -10-20 percent of his bid value) The scrap dealers attending these auctions are either middlemen who purchase scrap for secondary sale to recyclers or large scrap houses or relatively smaller recyclers who need the scrap for their own units. Collection & Recycling In Bangalore 14 This scrap is then sorted and segregated.Rs 11. Conducting an auction has now become a professional exercise and most large companies would hand over the task to specialized organisations. A part of this waste is also sold to middlemen who have contacts with scrap dealers in Mumbai and Delhi. Bangalore faces a new threat we had traced the flow of e-Waste through the different channels. copper and precious metal like gold and silver.2 A Sale through Auctions: This is a primary platform whereby scrap dealers acquire computer scrap. 4. 50% of these scrap dealers . Companies on their part utilize this medium to sell all possible scrap and it is seen that computers and peripherals form part of the items which are auctioned.2 Distribution and flow of e-waste In our last report e-Waste. Understanding E-Waste Generation. It is estimated that there are around 100 medium to large scrap dealers involved in the trade in Bangalore. Depending on the requirement of the scrap dealer. In a typical auction the scrap is piled together into different categories termed as lots. The material retrieved from these components includes iron.32 crores* *USD converted @ Rs 1USD =Rs 43 4. Further we now know that the auction plays in a crucial role as the means by which scrap dealers acquire waste.1B Rejects from manufacturing processes Manufacturing of electronic equipment generates considerable electronic waste. Reusable components sold to the second hand market.000 sq meters of board per annum. 4. plastic. Rejects from this sector of the industry is also considerable. 4. These manufacturing units are not part of the STPI but they have considerably large manufacturing facilities which ultimately also contribute significantly to the waste generated.1D Unclaimed goods Reports from scrap dealers indicate that there is a small quantity of new IT equipment which enters the scrap trade as unclaimed baggage. The rest of the waste is then further reprocessed in Bangalore. steel. keyboards. On an average each company would hold an auction 3-4 times a year. wires. Understanding E-Waste Generation.000-9. Collectively these companies manufacture around 8. mouse and other components.
This later is used for making low cost televisions. Most of the units have no proper ventilation and c. Burning of PCBs 4. dismantling of scrap is carried out. In 2 units we found that the children were family members. R. 4. Segregation in itself can be classified as a positive activity.simultaneously run small recycling outfits. Understanding E-Waste Generation. There is also certain skill which is required as the persons involved must have knowledge of the material content of each scrap item. Segregation is a labour intensive activity which requires immense patience. The negative aspects includesa. PCBs and other electrical items all mixed together. These units however deal with electrical waste. In the case of a computer monitor. Each of these raw materials is then channeled to different waste streams. These buying houses regularly made lists of products that they required. b. Use of child labour and the infrastructure of units. and CRT tubes to TV manufacturers or to Delhi based recyclers who are involved in CRT tube regunning. Thus in the case of the PCB or a computer monitor PCBS or the CRT tubes which can be reused are kept separately. Our survey showed that 4-5 units used child labour for this activity. iron. We located two such units on SP Road. In addition there are small units located in tannery road. . Some of the large scrap dealers also function as buying houses. This in turn is circulated to various scrap dealers who acquire these products through auctions or through direct purchase from companies and sell it to these buying houses. wires. Common items which are retrieved after dismantling include copper. Each scrap item is taken apart and the raw material retrieved for recycling or reuse. Thus there will be monitors. steel and plastic.3A Segregation of waste and dismantling: This is the basic activity conducted by all scrap dealers and recyclers. Workers sit on the floor bending for hours over scrap items and working with their bare hands. plastic to plastic recyclers. Collection & Recycling In Bangalore 15 Even if the various different components are kept together in one lot (this happens in auctions) the scrap has to be further sorted depending on the content of each scrap item. These are then sold later to second hand dealers who are involved with repair of old equipment.3 Dismantling and Recycling of computer scrap mapping Bangalore It is now confirmed that Gowri Palya (including Bytranpura. Their clients include those dealers involved in repair and second sale of products as also those coming from outside the city including Delhi and Mumbai. Thus all metal goes to metal scrap dealers. Thus for example a heap of Printed Circuit Boards will have to be sorted depending on the content of precious metal in each of them. When dealers purchase scrap either directly or through auctions the scrap that they acquire is mixed. After the sorting processes. Some of this equipment is also sold in the Sunday Bazar. Recycling processes carried out here include: A. In addition persons involved must be able to identify those components which are in working condition. Extraction of precious metal C. Together these two areas would account for 95% of computer scrap recycling in the city. keyboards. This is especially true for the PCB Boards which are of different kinds. the CRT tube is retrieved. Segregation of waste and dismantling B. JJ Nagar and Mysore Road) and Thimmaiah Road are the two hot spots for e-waste recycling in the city.T Nagar and Whitefield.
On an average each unit acquires around 1-2 tonnes of mixed scrap every month. Improper maintenance. Dismantling Retrieving process is easier. Of these about 20 units are also involved in the recovery of precious metal.3B Extraction of precious metals Precious metal including gold and silver can be extracted from connector pins which are components embedded in the PCBs. Child Labour. segregation. Crude method Recycling Material can be reused. Improper maintenance. Most of these units have been engaged in some form of recycling activity including . Collection & Recycling In Bangalore 17 4. 4. Lack of protective equipment. dismantling and recovery of components. Child Labour. Disposal Only non-recyclable material is disposed Materials recovered Part Recovered Recovery process Monitor CRT . The PCB boards minus connectors have some amount of steel and copper. RAM. Segregation and dismantling: a closer look Activity Positive Negative Segregation Materials can be used again facilitates recycling Child Labour.It is very difficult to estimate the quantities of waste retrieved from the scrap. Understanding E-Waste Generation. BUZZ and other small parts Manual work using hammer. Keyboard Plastic casing and Key connectors Gold is recovered using acid bath. Improper maintenance. These pins are plucked from the connector and sold to units involved in extraction. Collection & Recycling In Bangalore 16 Looking specifically at the PCBs in the scrap units in Bangalore . Environmental pollution.3C Precious metal extraction: profile of units Currently Bangalore has around 50 units involved in purchase of electronic waste.Circuit board and plastic casing Manual work using screwdriver CPU Motherboard. Processor. Understanding E-Waste Generation. Gold is recovered using acid. plier and screw driver. CD drive.material retrieved includes connector pins containing precious metal like gold and silver. Graphiccard. Audiocard Floppydrive. Burning to retrieve copper. After extraction the pins are then used for recovery of steel and other metal.
As an observer it is difficult to stay in the vicinity of the pungent fumes from the nitric acid for more than 5 minutes. The extraction process is carried out in tiny rooms with an area of around 10 meters.recovery of precious metal for the last 10-15 years. the workers When queried about this seeming indifference to their health admitted that they were aware that substances like cyanide were poisonous. This will be possible only after an action plan has been developed which will demonstrate to the scrap dealers the advantages in forming an association or a cooperative. Over the last six months slowly the gap is being bridged and the IT . However. Moreover. The heating process here was done in the open area outside the shed. The regulatory agency namely the Karnataka State Pollution Control Board Certain steps have been initiated to bring about a better understanding of the problem and prepare the ground for introducing some solutions 6. Workers are in the age group between 25-50. i. These women were not family members but employed as additional workforce. All these units have similar capacities with respect to recovery of precious metal and therefore operate under similar conditions. The informal sector involved in computer scrap ii. DEVIATION FROM SCOPE OF TASK In the last six months we had extensive meetings with the different scrap dealers. About 95% of them are male with women involved largely with the segregation process. There is no ventilation in the form of windows and most often all work is conducted behind closed doors. INITIATED STEPS In the course of working on this report we have interacted with three key stake holders. 5. Collection & Recycling In Bangalore 18 on their health so they presumed that their bodies had got used to the working conditions. They did not see a direct connection between their business and the issues of e-waste. The family members thus make up about 95% of the workforce and only 2-3 members are employed additionally.1 Participation of the IT industry in identifying solutions Until recently the IT industry remained detached from the environment and health concerns associated with e-waste. and primus stove and a few steel containers for heating the acids. Most of these units are located in densely populated residential areas. There was only one unit identified where extraction was carried out in an open shed. no special precautions are taken even when handling hazardous substances like mercury and cyanide. Workers prefer to work with their bare hands and do not even wear masks. The units are run as a family business where the extended family is involved. However we have yet to bring them together in a joint meeting. Further an intervention programme for the scrap dealers has to be developed after which they can be encouraged to seek authorisation for the concerned civic agencies. Each unit has a worker strength ranging from 10-25. Infrastructure is limited to a bare minimum and consists of a few hammers and pliers for plucking the connectors from the PCBs. they claimed that they had not experienced any adverse effects Understanding E-Waste Generation. The IT industry which is the single largest producer of computer scrap iii. 6. In fact some of the units are simply an extension of a family home. Yet the persons working in the unit appear totally acclimitised and can spend a whole day working in the midst of all the fumes.
6. these volumes will only increase in the future. ii. There is an urgent need to recognise the threat of e-waste to public health and the environment and act accordingly. The quantities of e-Waste being generated in the city are huge. However. RECOMMENDATIONS Problem Recommendation The quantities of ewaste generated are huge. more formal recycling enterprises Understanding E-Waste Generation. In such a situation the informal sector will need support so as to ensure that they continue to co-exist with the larger.industry has now agreed to come forward and be a part of the WEEE Care initiative which is identifying solutions to the E-waste problem. Currently estimates are available only about the volumes generated. All generators will have to maintain a register of ewaste generated and the disposal route. reuse and recycling of this waste stream. Therefore big entrepreneurs are bound to come forward in this sector vi. Collection & Recycling In Bangalore 20 8. ANALYSIS OF RESULTS i. E-Waste recycling can be a profitable business enterprise. iv. This film will also be useful in reaching out to the other e-waste generators and the general public 7.2 Film on e-waste Understanding E-Waste Generation. We have the capacities to address the volumes since we have in place a solid framework for collection. However the intervention of the other stake holders is necessary to ensure that the existing system is strengthened so that capacities to address environment and health concerns are also factored in v. This inventory system will help the recycling industry to cope with the capacities generated. distribution. iii. This will motivate e-waste generators to participate along with the other stake holders to strengthen e-waste recycling and disposal systems Recycling processes (eg gold extraction) are polluting and a threat to human health Identify the polluting processes and introduce alternatives Informal sector works . Difficult to get credible estimates of volumes generated Extensive tracking done of quantities generated through a well established inventory system. Generators are unwilling to take responsibility for waste generated Through widespread awareness -Concept of Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) can be strengthened. Collection & Recycling In Bangalore 19 The work done to understand the problems and find solutions has also been now documented in a film on e-Waste.
000 per 10 gms Platinum .3-18/kg Iron 20 27/kg Copper 7 110-174 /kg MS Steel .000 per 10 gms Aluminium 14 35-95/kg Table 2: Profile of the units surveyed: Location No of units Size of Unit * Laborers Type of working area Activity Gowripalya 22-25 Small 200-250 Residential/ Closed sheds Dismantling Segregation Nayadanahalli 1 Large 10-15 Commercial/ Open street corridors Dismantling Segregation Gold and silver recovery Avenue road 2 Small 5-10 Commercial/ Closed sheds Refining Thimmaih road 10-12 Small .9.under a shroud of secrecy Give incentives to the informal sector to upgrade their facilities and support them to come forward to seek authorisation for their facilities Authorisation of facilities is a tedious process All stakeholders could come together to form a regulatory body which will conduct regular audits and recommend authorisation.54-94/kg Silver 0.000/ kg Gold 0. sale price (Rs) Plastics 23 12-35 per kg Wire (outer casing) . This will make the process transparent and authorisation will be simplified Co-existence of formal and informal sector Bring the two sectors together into a dialogue so that optimal recycling processes can be discussed and demarcations drawn with respect to areas of operation Understanding E-Waste Generation.01 6. Collection & Recycling In Bangalore 21 TABLES Table 1: Scrap Economics Material recovered from e .waste Content in computer (%) Approx.0016 6.
Medium 10-15 sqm area. Large Note: *Small area Understanding E-Waste Generation.Medium Large 100-150 Residential/ Closed sheds Dismantling Segregation Gold and silver recovery Refining Mysore road 5-8 Medium & Large 80-100 MixedResidential & commercial areas/ Closed sheds Dismantling Segregation Gold and silver recovery PCB board burning less than 10 sqm area. Collection & Recycling In Bangalore 22 above 15 sqm .
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