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GUIDELINES FOR COMPOSITION (DIRECTED WRITING/CONTINUOUS WRITING)

1 OPENING PARAGRAPH  using idiom, proverb, quotation, saying, question, anecdote, statistics, description etc  interesting PARAGRAPH 2  main idea  details by using examples, illustrations, descriptive words/phrases  well-developed PARAGRAPH 3  main idea  details by using examples, illustrations, descriptive words/phrases  well-developed PARAGRAPH 4  main idea  details by using examples, illustrations, descriptive words/phrases  well-developed CONCLUDING PARAGRAPH  summarizing  using idiom, proverb, quotation, saying, question, anecdote, statistics, description etc Mark

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*** Complete this self-evaluation form before you hand in your composition.

2 Pre-Writing Strategies Pre-writing is a way of organizing your thoughts and beginning to put the information you have on paper. It is best to do a pre-writing activity before you actually begin writing your paper or essay. think more clearly You should use prewriting to . . see a start of your paper keep track of your ideas practice expressing yourself in writing BASIC PREWRITING STRATEGIES Develop Questions What do I know? What do I need to find out? What is the point of the paper? Jot List Brainstorm Freewrite

Visualize / Organize Major Categories Outline Mapping Tree Diagram

Use Sketches to show physical structures. concrete objects. points of overlap. classifications. and descriptions of places. descriptions. and points of distinction. sequences. spatial relationships. Outlines Webs Story maps Lists Graphic organizers Brainstorming How do you select the type of map to be used? Use Charts or Matrixes to compare and contrast qualities. and examples. chronological order. Use Trees or Hierarchies to show categories. visual images. and facts. and steps. Use Chains to show processes. causes and effects. structures. Use Stars or Spiders to show themes. and definitions. examples. Use Flowcharts/Venn Diagrams to show relationships between diagrams. examples. descriptions. analysis.3 Guide to Mapping Mapping is a process of reorganizing and rearranging (moving) the most important ideas and information from your reading or textbook and converting it into a diagram with your own words to help you understand and remember what you read. . descriptions.

4 Sample of a Tree Generated through the Questioning Method The Journalists' Questions Journalists traditionally ask six questions when they are writing assignments. you may have very little to say about Who? if your focus doesn't account for human involvement. 5 W's and 1 H: Who?. On the other hand. A key to using the journalists' questions is to make them flexible enough to account for the specific details of your topic. if your topic is the rise and fall of the Puget Sound tides and its effect on salmon spawning. especially if human involvement is a crucial part of the topic. For instance. When?. Why?. How? You can use these questions to explore the topic you are writing about for an assignment. some topics may be heavy on the Who?. Where?. What?. Possible generic questions you can ask using the six journalists' questions follow:       Who?: Who are the participants? Who is affected? Who are the primary actors? Who are the secondary actors? What?: What is the topic? What is the significance of the topic? What is the basic problem? What are the issues? Where?: Where does the activity take place? Where does the problem or issue have its source? At what place is the cause or effect of the problem most visible? When?: When is the issue most apparent? (past? present? future?) When did the issue or problem develop? What historical forces helped shape the problem or issue and at what point in time will the problem or issue culminate in a crisis? When is action needed to address the issue or problem? Why?: Why did the issue or problem arise? Why is it (your topic) an issue or problem at all? Why did the issue or problem develop in the way that it did? How?: How is the issue or problem significant? How can it be addressed? How does it affect the participants? How can the issue or problem be resolved? .

Athletes and swimmers can also train at the school mini stadium and swimming pool. homework should also be fun and provides an exciting path to self-discovery instead of being dull and monotonous. as well as spiritual enrichment. emotional. Students can work out in the gymnasium and also play a game or two of badminton in the indoor badminton court. It is a place where one feels most comfortable to learn in.00am. Students nowadays are burdened with homework and endless examination.5 My Ideal School What is a school? Is it a building? Is it a place where future generations are educated? To me. Timetable should not be packed and hectic. ICT is of utmost importance. In my opinion. traditional art and culture classes should also be held in the ideal school to nurture the spirit of appreciation amongst students. Students should not be doing homework for the sake of doing them. we also need a well-equipped library with the state-of-art facilities for students to conduct their research and studies. lessons should start at 10. Teachers can also post the students‘ results and comments on secure school website so that parents can care for their child‘s academic achievements irrespective of time and place. In this era of KEconomy. There should be breaks in between lessons so that students can digest knowledge from the previous lesson instead of rushing into the next lesson straight after the previous one. It would look more like resort rather than a typical school. an ideal school would consists of a building with an ultra-modern infrastructure and top. Recess should also be lengthened so that students can enjoy their food in the cafeteria or read in the urbane library or even exercise in the school sports centre. why can‘t schools have paperless teaching and learning? In the ideal school. Apart from that. Besides.circle facing the teacher. to maximize the students‘ learning capacities. On top of that. it would also be excellent if students can have teleconferencing and online forum with scholars from all over the world. paperless administration and many up-to-date technologies. So. the school should also provide free Internet services to students. The library of an ideal school should be filled with books and materials on a wide range of topics. In this era of globalisation. students should each be given a notebook. All the classrooms would be well-lit and fully air-conditioned. To ensure students‘ optimum productivity. Students should be encouraged to understand their homework and find joy and fun in doing them. innovation and spiritual growth. Moreover. It would also be great if the number of students in a class is limited to 20 per class rather than the present 40 or 50 per class. students can be technology. Furthermore. Computer cataloguing should also be introduced to make referencing easier. Sad to say. All the classrooms would have colourful walls with wonderful paintings and thought-provoking pictures hanging on them. The modern world is fast-moving forward with paperless banking. many youngsters nowadays are Mat Salleh Celup – hopeless Americanised victim of pop culture. students can hand up their homework in the form of Compact Disc (CD) or emails. More constructive and productive homework should be given instead of burdening homework. an ideal school should have a sophisticated gymnasium and sports centre. In addition. An idyllic school should provide students with space for creativity. I am sure that everyone has their own notion of what an ideal school is. .savvy by having their lessons online. the school would also have a comfortable environment to study in. a school is the centre for education. It provides intellectual.notch facilities. ideal means most suitable. it would be perfect to arrange the tables and chairs in a semi. perfect. It has been observed that the traditional arrangement of tables and chairs in the classrooms does not allow teachers to pay equal attention to students. Apart from that. Heavy school bags and tones of books should be a thing of the past. Similarly. Thus. Therefore. Teachers could perhaps have Biology classes outdoors so that students can really appreciate the beauty of nature or organise field trips to exhibition and conventions to make learning interesting.

an ideal school should not require its students to wear school uniforms.6 In addition. Will the concept of an ideal school materialize? The idea might seem far-fetched at the moment. It presents students as faceless beings in uni-colour. Such a school would provide chances for members of the opposite sex to work together and understand each other better thus encouraging a sense of mutual respect among its students. Uniforms tend to make a school dull. However. (890 words) . Students should be allowed to present themselves properly by wearing proper attire to school. an ideal school should also be co-educational. This would enable better communication between genders and prevents gender discrimination. The notion of ideal is sometimes painfully defined as an idea existing only in imagination and is not likely to come true. One‘s clothing represents one‘s personalities and makes one unique. The 21st century promises a lot for individuals from all walks of life. it is my belief that if each and everyone of us were to reach in to find the best within ourselves and reach out to give the best education to our future generations. the idea of creating an ideal school would not merely remain a dream after all. Furthermore.

SPM 2007 You have been asked by your teacher to give a talk on a reference book that is useful for secondary students. allow me to introduce the title of the book. There are many reasons as to why the book is useful for secondary students. The first reason is its attractive presentation. Students can easily understand the notes given in the book. It is `Science Made Simple‘.Author: Sharifah Shazana .practice question papers . You have decided to talk about a science book. The reference book that I am going to talk about is a science book. Each topic is explained in details and keywords have been given to enable students to remember important facts. dear students.that the talk is for school students Sample Answer Good morning.Title: Science Made Simple .7 Directed Writing Question . The reason that I stand here in front of all of you is because I would like to give a talk on a reference book that is useful for all secondary students.clear explanations .sample answers .useful tips When writing the talk.Publisher: Bunga Publications Reasons why the book is useful . Use the following notes about the book to write your talk. The explanations are simplified that even students from the weaker classes can understand well.to use all the notes given .variety of exercises . I am the President of the Science Club. Details of the book . . I would like to warmly welcome all of you here.to give two other reasons of your own .helpful diagrams .to use an appropriate greeting and closing . The author of this book is Sharifah Shazana and the publisher is Bunga Publications. The next reason is clear explanations. Apart from the cover.to state the purpose of the talk . you should remember: .attractive presentation . I am sure all of you use many different types of reference books of your studies. The cover of the book itself is so attractive that the moment we see it. First and foremost. the contents of the book are also presented in a very attractive manner. our eyes will be glued onto the cover.

Students can check their understanding of the topics by attempting the exercises given. In addition to the above reasons. I think I have given sufficient reasons to all of you regarding this science reference book. there are no science books without diagrams. each topic in this reference book starts with discussion activity with relevance to the theme of the topic. I am sure all of you would be happy in hearing this. There are also various practice question papers according to exam format. Similarly this reference book has various helpful diagrams. Students can use these question paper for revision purposes. Before I end my talk. this reference book is very essential to all secondary students because there are a variety of exercises in it. Each topic is accompanied by various exercises.8 Of course. Finally. students can express their ideas before actually making use of the contents of the book. These practice questions will also be useful for group discussions as sample answers are provided as well. The diagrams are colorful and clear picture of the processes explained. I am sure this is what most students prefer. I hope all of you will buy and benefit in using this reference book. The answers for the exercises are also provided in a separate booklet foe easy reference. I would like to thank all of you again for listening attentively to my talk. As such. . there are many special and useful tips for examination preparation in the reference book. Another special reason is.

close . your classmates face problems. who lives in another town. making it clear that you are an intelligent and hard-working student. It has been quite a while since I last heard from you.good study habits – academic performance will not be affected . wants to know whether he/she should run for the post of Head Prefect. your academic performance outshines your peers.Problem solver Co-curricular involvement .Responsible .Helpful Academic performance . However. together with the message note in it. As such.School debater Other points .popular with students and teachers When writing your letter.Blue House Captain .salutation/greeting . You should take on this task because you have great personal qualities that would make you a good Head Prefect.Intelligent student .address . I was happy to receive the birthday card from you last week. Besides that. Personal qualities . this helpful character of yours is indeed a pleasure to others. You are always willing to walk an extra mile to achieve something. I am writing you this letter to reassure you that you would make an excellent Head Prefect. you should remember to include the following: . you are also a problem solver. Whenever.Hard-working . You are always fond of helping others.lives near school – able to sacrifice time . Taman Madu.9 Question: Your friend. I understand that you are in a dilemma of running for the post of Head Prefect at your school. Use the notes given below to write your letter.Friendly .Secretary of English Language Society .use all the given notes Sample Answer 50. your responsible nature will be a well-added advantage too. Do not worry. Besides. . Bukit Merah. You are well liked and respected by the student of your school. Write a letter to your friend giving reasons why he/she would make a good Head Prefect. 54000 Taiping. Furthermore. 21 November 2006 Dear Kamal.

you would be able to sacrifice time and effort in carrying out your duties as Head Prefect. The strategic location of your house should also give you an extra shove towards running for the post. you have always represented your school as a school debater. You have had good study habits since young. As a Blue House Captain. Apart from this.10 you always seem to find ways of solving them. I would be happy to say that you are active enough in it too. till hear from you again. As regarding to your co-curricular involvement. I hope I have convinced you enough to run for the post of Head Prefect. I am sure you can be good role model if you are the Head Prefect as everybody will respect you. it has proven your great leadership qualities and skills. so go far it. Your loving friend. Last but not least. Being elected as the secretary of the English Language Society also proves that the students of your school have much faith in you entrust you with such huge responsibility. therefore your academic performance will not be affected and you will remain as a top student. you are also popular among students and teachers because of your achievements. This portrays your confidence and self-esteem. Anyway my advance congrats to you if you are selected. Bye. You deserve it. Lokman (Mohamad Lokman bin Ramli) . As it is within walking distance from the school.

At first. I have discovered my own potentials. self improvement and time management. I was at a camp. My greatest weakness is procrastination. there! How are you? I am sorry I was not able to reply your letter earlier. It was a superb place for us to unwind and discover ourselves. After this we were given a series of motivation guidance for studying.benefits . No. I was very apprehensive about the whole thing.Give two relevant examples of : .Date of the camp .to use paragraphs . Here we were practically yelled at and scolded by the trainers. But later I realized I needed some motivation to boost me for the coming SPM examination. We enjoyed many interesting activities. overlooking the beautiful hills.problems When writing the letter you should remember: . The purpose was to break our egos. The first activity was called ‗Loosen Up‘. I greatly benefited from this camp. T he camp was called ‗Discover Yourself‘.that your letter is to a friend Sample Answer Shirley Lim.11 Directed Writing Question . We got to know each other in this ice-breaking session. trainers and leaders from various social groups who have come together to help young people to excel. There were about 120 participants with 12 trainers.Number of participants . It was called the ‗Bear the Brunt‘ session. They are basically teachers.Transport to the campsite . The camp was from 1st of December to 9th December. We went to the camp by bus and later got into a ferry that took us to the Pangkor Island. Write your letter based on all the notes below.activities . It was an enriching experience as I have never attended such camp before.Who organized the camp . Jln Mesra. It was a three day outdoor activity camp. Hi. My uncle. The organizers are a group of people who call themselves 'The Millennium People‘. . . There were little chalets reserved for us. But we have learnt to deal and overcome our weaknesses.to layout the letter correctly . It was so quiet and peaceful.Accommodation . roped me in. 47600 Subang Jaya. 9. The camp was conducted in the west of Pangkor Island. Then came the difficult section.Location of the camp . 10 December 2005 Dear Shanti. You have decided to write a letter to a friend about your experience at the camp. I also have identified my weaknesses. who is one of the organizers. Selangor. Now I know that I have a good memory and can socialize easily.SPM 2005 Question: You have just returned from a three-day outdoor activity camp. Let me give you some details. I can describe them all but I need to tell you some of the interesting activities.

Provide two relevant details/examples for each of the four points . Your friend. In the next camp.Use all the points given . because there have been many complaints about the condition of the school. The school's Prefects' Board has had a meeting. The first issue that was discussed was the unsatisfactory service and high food prices in the school canteen. The meeting was called by our Head Prefect.12 However. Principal. the price of food seems rather expensive for school students. Take care. As the secretary to the board. you have been asked to write the report. The canteen seems to be short of workers because there are only two people handling the huge crowd of students during recess. 56400 Kuala Lumpur. Due to this. I addition. That‘s all for now. For example.Write in paragraphs Sample Answer To: Puan Maisarah binti Kamaruzaman. we did not have water supply on the first day.The urgent need to improve the cleanliness of the school . Here we would like to present a detail report of the meeting to the principal of SMK Kampung Pandan for further action and consideration. Another problem was that. Nazrin bin Arshad. Some participants did not co-operate because they refused to participate in the hiking and jungle trekking activities. Shirley Shirley Lim **** Directed Writing Question . I will surely take you along. Suggestions for Improving Facilities in SMK Kampung Pandan The Prefectorial Board of SMK Kampung Pandan had a meeting on 17 September 2004 at 2. a plate of .SPM 2004 Question: There are a few matters in your school which could be improved. include the following: . I hope to hear from you soon.00 pm in the Prefectorial Room.Give your report a title . the camp had its own problems. The prefects have decided to write a report for the principal. some students are not able to buy their food on time. SMK Kampung Pandan. In your report.The request for a pedestrian or zebra crossing in front of the school Do remember to: . But these are all small matters compared to the benefits and the lifelong experience that I have gathered in the camp.The unsatisfactory service and high food prices in the school canteen .

There is an urgent need to improve the cleanliness of the school. so they are only able to by light food like bread or buns.00 to school.13 fried rice is RM2. leaving behind stain and stench.00. Prefectorial Board. in the canteen the food is split all over the floor. The workers need to work to wash the toilets as soon as recess is over. Furthermore. Even a zebra crossing with a traffic warden would be ideal for the time being. Reported by. The next point of discussion was the safely of the students. The first place to start is the school toilet. We hope that the school authorities would take the necessary actions to improve the condition of the school so that the students would have a safe. Shalini (Shalini Ganesan) Secretary. Most of the students only bring RM1. clean and comfortable environment in which they could study. Since the traffic is very heavy in front of the school is over. there need to be a pedestrian crossing. SMK Kampung Pandan. Usually after recess the toilets are in the deplorable condition. This is due to the fact that there have been minor accidents in the past couple of months. .

00 . You get a message from your teacher.COST PER PERSON: RM 120. Trip to the City .ACCOMMODATION: Camps . You have been given the following information on the two trips. who is away from school.ACCOMMODATION: Hotel .4 December .DURATION: 3 days and 2 nights .Places of interest: • Art gallery • Shopping complexes • Parks and gardens • Zoos • Museums Trip to the Seaside .DATE: 15 .17 December .DATE: 2 .14 Directed Writing Question .DURATION: 3 days and 2 nights .00 .SPM 2003 Question: Your class would like to make a trip after the end-of-year examination.Activities: • Swimming • Boat rides • Games on the beaches • Jungle trekking • Campfires When writing the formal letter you should remember to: . Write a formal letter to your teacher stating the choice made by your class and give reasons for the choice.COST PER PERSON: RM80.make a choice of one trip . You are the class monitor.give reasons using all the information given on the trip of your choice . asking you to discuss with the students where they would like to go.

Moreover. Taman Berangan. the students feel that the idea of staying in camps is good. all of us considered that the date proposed that is from 2 to 4 December is convenient because it is the beginning of the month and many of us will be able to make it for the trip. Therefore. 4. is cheaper and it is affordable for every student. boat riding. we will be very happy if you could arrange the trip to the seaside as soon as you come back to school. which is about RM80 per person. Perak Darul Ridzuan. 142. games on the beach. Many of us will be going out for holidays with our family members around the end of the month. Not only that. We are hoping to see you soon at school. The trip to the seaside was decided because the students say that the cost for the trip. Besides that. 3. …………………… (JULIANA BT MAT DERIS) Form 5 Neon Monitor . we have decided to carry on the trip to the seaside. which will enable us to enjoy ourselves during our stay at the seaside for 3 days and 2 nights. 10 October 2003 Dear Madam. which include swimming. Decisions on trip to the seaside After having discussed with the students regarding the trip we have planned after the end-of-year examination. Taman Oriental. Thank you. 39600 Slim River.15 Sample Answer Juliana bt Mat Deris. 09600 Slim River. 2. The proposed activities. we think that the activities proposed will be very enjoyable. Yours faithfully. __________________________________________________________________________________ Puan Kamaliah bt Aliff. jungle trekking and campfires would help to create stronger ties between students. 5. 106. Perak Darul Ridzuan.

As we know. their licence should be suspended. these problems can be overcome with strict enforcement of traffic rules to those who flaunt the law.use all the notes above . teachers and fellow friends. their age limit should be increased. Moreover. First. I would like to give a talk on some safety tips for the students. Your school has decided to launch a ―Road Safety Week‖ to raise awareness among students of the need to be more responsible on the road chairperson of the school‘s organising committee. drivers who are tired after long distance driving or after a long day work. Awareness campaigns on safe driving should be carried out everywhere.introduce the topic of the talk . . you should remember to: . Youngsters using the road as their racing track is another cause too. Reasons * Speed * Reckless driving * Tiredness * Racing * Poor maintenance of vehicles * Road conditions Suggestions * Strict enforcement of traffic rules * Increase fines * Road-worthy vehicles * Awareness campaigns * Increase age limit for new drivers * Suspend driving license Write out the talk that you would give. Drivers who do not check and maintain their vehicles often may be involved in accidents because their vehicle is faulty. I would like to identify some of the reasons why road accidents occur. you have been asked to give a talk to other students on road safety.address the audience .end the talk appropriately Sample Answer A very good morning to the Principal of SM Sri Mayang. may not be able to concentrate on the road. which have been maintained well. Only road-worthy vehicles. Since young drivers are high on the accident list. However. speeding beyond the prescribed limits is the main cause. I hope this talk will raise your awareness to be more responsible and careful when using the road. As the chairperson of the school‘s organizing committee for the ‗Road Safety Week‘. If the drivers are involved in any accidents. breaking road rules and beating the traffic lights. Some drivers not only speed but also drive recklessly. should be permitted on the roads.SPM 2002 Question: Road accidents have been on the increase with more young people becoming victims. The offenders should be caught and fines should be increased. When writing out what you plan to say. there has been an increase in the accidents reported involving students of this school.16 Directed Writing Question . thus causing accidents. Below are some notes you have made on the reasons why road accidents occur and suggestions to reduce the number of accidents. Many potholes and uneven roads which contribute to the poor condition of the road too can cause accidents.

so going for walks or jogging will do us good.Make a check-list .Regular exercise . we have to find ways to overcome with stress.that your readers are mainly students .Enough sleep .SPM 2001 Question: You find that many of your friends are under a lot of pressure.Plan a timetable .Hobbies . If you . Sitting and studying for hours can add more stress. Make a checklist that helps you to monitor how far you are with revision. You also must practice good study skills.to write in paragraphs (35 Marks) Sample Answer Tips on Coping with Stress for Students Stress is a word that is closely associated to students like us who are studying for our SPM examination. However.to add two new points of your own .Games . you need to have a timetable for studying and relaxing. **** Directed Writing Question . You can discuss what you do not know with your friends and motivate each other to study Eating a balanced meal is essential to cope with stress.Work in groups .to give a title . Studying in groups is a good idea. You will be tired to concentrate in class. Having hobbies such as stamp collecting or playing music will help to relax our tensed mind. They spend most of their time studying and appear to suffer from stress.Study skills .Balanced meals .Talk to your family .17 I hope the short talk that I have delivered have given you some ideas of how to use the road safely. Stress comes from our family and teachers who are pressuring us to do well. You also must have enough sleep. Making notes and mind – mapping are good studying techniques.to include all the points given . Do not cut on your sleeping hours.Listen to music You should use the all points given above and add two new points of your own.Seek advice . We need the nutrition and energy to study. Include the following points: . studying too late into the night and walking up early. Firstly. Write an article for your school newsletter on how to cope with stress. Thank you for listening. we must make time for exercise. When writing the article. For all these activities. you should remember: . as well as from the competition among our friends to excel. there is no way out.

An A in these subjects does not reflect a student‘s competency in all areas of the language. Listen to music that makes you feel light and easy. principals want excellent performances from their students and teachers. the range of sub-skills tested is limited. many of our students are ill-prepared to face the challenges of the real world. I strongly believe that public examinations should be abolished as they have several drawbacks. Students with excellent memory do well in such examinations while those with poor memorising skills do poorly. a student has to sit for three major public examinations. and the list goes on. for example. I hope you take heed of my tips and wish you all the best in the coming SPM examination. Thus. which requires students to memorise moral values. The language papers. An A in this paper does not guarantee that the student is a morally sound and virtuous individual. Spend equal time for all the subjects. As such. This is not a valid test as it tests only a student‘s knowledge of values. not the practice of these values. seek advice from your teacher or counsellor. it is not surprising that many students with poor recall skills loathe subjects like History and Biology. Allow me to illustrate my point. Despite these advantages. If you have difficulty in certain subjects. test a student‘s reading and writing skills only and even so. In his eleven years of schooling. Written by: Mohammad Firdaus bin Abdul Rahim Form 5 Cromium **** ―Public exams should be abolished. he may be an incompetent speaker. go for private tuition to get some assistance. We tend to spend more time on our favourite subjects and less time on others. Another case in point is the Moral Education paper. the UPSR. For all you know.18 feel distressed. Go for outdoor games such as badminton or tennis to release your tension and get away from books for a while. parents want straight A‘s for their children. Do you agree?‖ Public examinations play an important role in a student‘s life in Malaysia. At the end of the day. does a C mean a student is about average in all the language skills? Do these grades tell us where a student‘s strengths and weaknesses lie? Another major drawback is that teaching in schools today is largely influenced by public examinations. especially students because the results are used for a wide range of purposes ranging from placement of students to awarding of scholarships. This also goes against the grain of our National Philosophy of Education where the emphasis is on character building and the development of human capital. public examinations to some extent merely test a student‘s ability to memorise and regurgitate facts. Bloom‘s taxonomy of learning ranks these skills as lower order thinking skills. PMR and SPM. These examinations are taken seriously by all parties involved. Talk to your family members if you think they are pushing you too much to study. This will affect our SPM grades. Or for that matter. . All parties involved are to be blamed for this as they are more concerned with student achievement and not student development. This is because these examinations test only certain skills. To begin with. Teachers teach to prepare students for exams and not for life. Higher order thinking skills such as application and inference are often neglected. And what about the student who gets an E? Are we suggesting that he is not a morally upright individual? Another reason why I am not in favour of public examinations is that they are not the best way to identify a student‘s strengths or weaknesses.

are affected by the emphasis on academic achievement. There was no way I could be wrong. her brains and her beautiful character. is it not?‖ She nodded her head silently as if embarrassed. I had gone to her house. **** Write a story ending with. the buried and forgotten memories pierced my heart with an unknown intensity. The flash of recognition in her eyes told me I was not wrong. Taking a seat next to her. school becomes a bore and a chore. only to find it all locked up. it is clear that we should seriously consider other means of assessing students and do away with public exams. we need to prepare our students for the many challenges they will have to face as they will form the backbone of our nation in the years to come. Checks with neighbours proved futile.19 Finally. Thus. that God had worked overtime with her – making her one of his masterpieces. my best friend in secondary school. Everyone had admired her for her looks. ―Why did you leave so suddenly. like the rest of us. hiring only the best. Mary Anne? Why?‖ . ―Hello. I was rattled. Mary Anne had stopped coming to school. too. she sat on one of the chairs and waited patiently. Mary Anne Danker. this person looked old. Then again. One day. Her dreary-looking outfit did nothing to conceal her bleak and depressing demeanour. John? You are looking good. “I never saw her again after that”. leaving both parties with little or no time for relaxation. Many had said. Anyone who looked at her would have thought she carried the world‘s burdens on her shoulders. and teachers are overworked. rather enviously.‖ Her remarks reminded me of how beautiful she had been once. I wondered what had happened to the ravishing beauty I had once known. for her number to be flashed on the digital screen. Anyway. extra classes and tuition. Taking into consideration the flaws of the public exam system. happier version. Quietly. Thus. They see these as a waste of precious time. Parents. Hearing my footsteps. I summoned enough courage and went towards her. ―It is you. Students are overwhelmed with homework. Some go to great lengths to secure private tuition for their children. she looked up slowly. it is not surprising that students choose to ignore co-curricular activities. Like an arrow released from its bow. Mary Anne had been the school beauty. We cannot deny the fact that public examinations enable us to assess thousands of students using a similar instrument but the question one needs to ask is who eventually benefits from such a system? What happens to students who are not able to master test-taking skills? Is academic excellence the only indicator of success as suggested by the public examination system? In a world which is changing rapidly. I knew I had seen her somewhere before — a younger. Devastated. much too old to be 29. in their quest for excellent academic results. No one knew where the Danker family had gone and why they had left so suddenly. It had to be Mary Anne. The gaunt figure that inched its way slowly towards the medicine counter looked old and haggard. we can conclude that public exams take the fun out of learning.

Finally. Mary Anne felt sorry for her. Mary Anne turned and smiled sadly at me. She has no one else. forcing Mary Anne to quit school and to work as a dishwasher in a restaurant. ―I cannot leave her. She got up and collected the medicine which. Her father thought it best to return to their hometown. he too died of a broken heart. (677 words) . leaving Mary Anne in the care of relatives. I saw an amazingly beautiful human being. Tears rolled down Mary Anne‘s cheeks as she related the difficult years with her aunt.‖ she said. reluctant to expose a part of her life which had probably caused her a great deal of pain and suffering. Her story reminded me of something my late grandfather used to say. she inhaled deeply and started telling me her story. Now that the aunt was old and suffering from cancer. Her father. Her mother had been diagnosed with endstage cancer and there was nothing the doctors could do. was for her aunt. and sometimes you weep.‖ Before leaving. My heart went out to her. Despite her aunt‘s ghastly treatment of her. clasping and unclasping her hands in her lap. Instead of seeing a gaunt and weary figure. The old widow treated her badly. jealous of her beauty. started to neglect his own health and three months later. ―I have promised to take care of her till the end of her life. ―Life is like an onion: You peel it off one layer at a time. and her cousins. I understood.20 She looked at me nervously. Just then her number was flashed on the screen. to let her live in peace in the surroundings she had grown up in. A prolonged silence ensued. Never had I felt so helpless and wretched. I never saw her again after that. The cruel old lady often beat her. were more vicious than their mother. I could sense that she was rather reluctant to talk. They said that she had only three months to live.‖ I looked at Mary Anne and saw her goodness. devastated by his wife‘s death. her five children had deserted her when they realised that she needed special care.

interesting phrases and literary devices such as metaphors. Looking for a Rain God. themes and issues raised by the author or poet. improves thinking skills and gives us a better understanding of mankind. similes and personification show us how language can be used creatively. short stories or novels. we are forced to think about characters. it cannot be denied that literature texts expose us to a variety of cultures. help us understand the people around us. All these help develop our critical thinking skills. When we actively engage with literature texts. They not only help us improve our understanding of the language but also help us learn new ways of using language. Next. experiences. from the virtuous to the despicable. for instance. These and the other texts expose us to the lives of different people across the continents and also their ways of dealing with circumstances. Exposure to new words. literature gives us a better understanding of mankind. Literature texts. exposes us to the Baba Nyonya culture. . We learn to gather information not only from the text but also from our own observations. over the centuries. Do you agree? Answer: The literature component was made part of the Malaysian school curriculum in 2000. studying the literature component helps encourage language learning. The authors force us to explore our beliefs and those of other people and by doing so we are able to understand people of other cultures.21 Studying the literature component is useful. The short story The Drover‘s Wife exposes us to the hardships of people who live in the Australian bush. studying literature also helps us improve our thinking skills. This move was seen as vital as literature has untold benefits for language learners. We might recognise some women around us who are materialistic like Mathilde from The Necklace or cruel like Ravi‘s stepmother in The Return. The poem Monsoon History. and reflections as well as those of others. Finally. These characters. conveyed their insights into human nature through an amazing assortment of characters from all walks of life engaged in a variety of activities. I strongly believe that studying the literature component is useful because it helps promote language learning. We learn to view things from different perspectives. Moreover. The short stories and poems studied in Form Four are written by foreign and local writers and through these texts we learn to understand and appreciate cultures and ideologies which are not similar to ours. be they poems. Seeing such similarities can help us to understand and accept other people. Grammar and vocabulary exercises generated from literature texts are more interesting and motivating. which is based on a true story. Great authors have. exposes us to the hardships faced by the people in Botswana and how one family in particular succumbs to the old practice of ritual killing. exposes students to a variety of cultures. can be used to teach grammar and vocabulary. To begin with. By learning the various literary devices we can even create our own examples of such devices.

Motorcyclist should always wear safety helmet for their own safety.22 We cannot deny that there are immense benefits to be reaped from studying the literature component and Education Ministry should be lauded for making a wise decision to include it in the English Language syllabus.‖ Literature texts. Finally all road-users should cultivate the virtues of consideration. cycling two or three abreast carrying pillion riders. As for the drivers on the road. Hence safety rules is everybody‘s business. caution and a respect for the highway code for everybody‘s benefit. Exhibitions by the schools and demonstrations by the police authorities can do much in instilling in the children in a greater awareness of the dangers on the roads. Statistics has time and again shown that a great proportion of the people involved in road accidents are school children. . They are living texts and we should not overlook the incredible wealth they offer us. Thus to observe the traffic rules is an important activity to ensure road safety. Posters in vivid pictorial terms which tell of the dangers and the consequences of careless reckless driving should also be imposed to act as deterrents to negligent driving. Someone once said. The drives of heavy vehicles especially. There are cases where accident are caused by children running across the road without much attention. A good driver should also know how to assess the speed and the distance of the oncoming traffic. they should be thought the important the road safety both at home and in schools. patience. Drives should always exercise caution and show more road sense. alighting from moving buses and cycling without due care. ―A man who does not read or reads little or reads only trash.drivers should not exceed the speed limits and should always think of the safety of the passengers. [580 words] ***** Road Safety Road Safety is essential in our daily life. Finally all roads until the defects are reflectors should not be allowed on the roads until the defects are corrected. is a person with an impediment. Unroadworthy vehicles such as vehicles whish are very old and in state of despair. be they classics or modern texts. vehicles which do not be allowed on the road until the defects are corrected. It cannot be denied therefore that improper education is one of the major causes if accidents. they should always concentrate and study the situation ahead. It is very important that they anticipate road movements. Therefore. should exercise greater consideration for those of smaller vehicles. Children should also be taught the highway code and advised to follow them strictly. They should drive safely showing consideration for others road users. Road safety should first of all begin at home by teaching and instructing children about the traffic rules with some good hints on the do‘s and dont‘s. crossing behind parked vehicle. The government on their part should distribute pamphlets which warn and instill fear in roadusers who are careless and inconsiderate. Dangerous of overtaking has been cited as one of the major causes of road accidents. Drives in their enthusiasm or impatience overtakes other vehicles and end up in the head-on collision with other oncoming vehicles. help remove these impediments. Motorist and taxi. They should remember that prevention is better than cure. tolerate.

these parents are unwittingly setting their children up for mistakes that they may regret for the rest of their lives. Parents are reminded that the parenting goal should be to encourage children to have self-disciplined and self-control. Having a large family is a reward for a person in life. Family is an important role in our lives. With such demand. they get used to it and becomes more matured than their real age! Although there are so many advantages.23 what is the advantages and disadvantages of being a member of a large family? What family means? Family to me is having a caring mother. they have to overtake their parents responsibility little much. whereas an extended family includes other relatives. Some of the advantages of having and being part of a large family is one can has the support of the family circle. another advantage being a member of a large family is the older children can learn responsibility from an early age. And this will be the problem if they have too many children. Some parents feel that their children are old enough to make their own decisions. They can get help and support from one another. blood is thicker than water. having a large family is a reward and not everyone will have this opportunity. Being a part and a member of a large or either small family. when they got too many siblings. so they literally allow them to do anything they want. Another advantages of being a member of a large family. From the reader‘s digest dictionary. cousins. Family is an important role in life. Apart from that. sadly. the eldest and the youngest can depending on each other and one should be the leader so that the eldest can take the responsibility to overtake and solve others problem. Effective parenting is much needed during the adolescent years. Along with aunties. when they get sisters and brothers when they are still need an attention and cares from their parents. Their parents tend to be too busy with their work to give them any attention. Sometimes. uncles. As example. a nuclear family consists of parents and their children. we could see that everyone in this world have their own family. As the breadwinner is not high income earner they are not be able to afford a big house for their children as they have a large family and the members will got no privacy if the house is small. A person without family is all alone by themselves is lonely and empty of happiness. that they loved much. Without parental guidance. As they have a large family members. a loving father. In most families with troubled teenagers. Solving and sharing sister‘s and brother‘s problem made us to be a better person and getting a close relationship together. they individually have to care and think about themselves and others when the mother gives birth of their little brother and sister. grandparents and lots more. and a helpful sisters and brothers. As their family becomes bigger. the average parent does not really have the time nor the patience for their children in today‘s hectic lifestyle. As the famous saying goes. parents are not be able to give individual attention to every child. is the household chores can be divided equally among the children likes many hand make light work means sharing work makes the job easier. Loves our family more than everything ! . we find troubled adult as parents.

After that. Our education system in Malaysia very fair and equal everyone. Nowadays. Someone like that.? Our government gives equal opportunities to our children to study and they do not pick girls or boys to study at the higher stage those boys. Our race religion and country maybe destroyed if we give our country in their hands. carefully with their country and have a high stage in education. gambling or so on. Girl‘s student in University have many opportunity because they study very hard when they at school. As a Malaysian‘s people they will get opportunity to study in Malaysia and get a good education really don‘t have to say because our government very fair in education. this situation is happened because they are lazy to study and they also enter with crimes like drug. Because of that many people say that boy‘s student does not have opportunity in education. There are equal and as a student they have to grab the golden opportunity in their hand. we want to be a Chief Minister. People are not realized what are real situation right now because they just easy to make a complaint about this issues and do not think why this happened in our education. I think our country will be destroyed and our children also have a dark dream in their ambition. Give your views. . Many girls‘ student in University get opportunity to study because a lot of them are female and this situation make them comfortable to study. right now really want boys in university or college but their result in examination does not show that they want to study. Male‘s student usually lazy to study and play very much than study. they think that our government do not give equal opportunity to boy and choose girls to get education at the higher place. We are supposed to give boy‘s student space to they think about their life. We do not care about girls and ignore our boys in education but their attitude is not quality to enter at the university or college. Our country. boys also involved in many crimes and our country difficult to make a decision because there are many girls than boys in education and who will be replace our Chief Minister if we do not have a right candidate right now. A person that want to be a Chief Minister in our country. They do not suppose to throw their ambition because of small things. Boys and girls should be given equal opportunities in education. Next. Because of that. that person must have determination. have a brilliant ideas. Their result make boys did not quality to study at university or college.24 Boys and girls should be given equal opportunity in education. I think boys didn‘t take the change to study property and successful in examination. many students at University in our country have many girl‘s student from boys. Malaysia. They can study and achieve their ambition property because there is not composition between male students. The situation happened not because our country do not ignore boy‘s student but there are make it happened. I think this issues maybe did not speak because in college or university have many girls that boys.

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