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GUIDELINES FOR COMPOSITION (DIRECTED WRITING/CONTINUOUS WRITING)
1 OPENING PARAGRAPH using idiom, proverb, quotation, saying, question, anecdote, statistics, description etc interesting PARAGRAPH 2 main idea details by using examples, illustrations, descriptive words/phrases well-developed PARAGRAPH 3 main idea details by using examples, illustrations, descriptive words/phrases well-developed PARAGRAPH 4 main idea details by using examples, illustrations, descriptive words/phrases well-developed CONCLUDING PARAGRAPH summarizing using idiom, proverb, quotation, saying, question, anecdote, statistics, description etc Mark
*** Complete this self-evaluation form before you hand in your composition.
2 Pre-Writing Strategies Pre-writing is a way of organizing your thoughts and beginning to put the information you have on paper. It is best to do a pre-writing activity before you actually begin writing your paper or essay. think more clearly You should use prewriting to . . see a start of your paper keep track of your ideas practice expressing yourself in writing BASIC PREWRITING STRATEGIES Develop Questions What do I know? What do I need to find out? What is the point of the paper? Jot List Brainstorm Freewrite
Visualize / Organize Major Categories Outline Mapping Tree Diagram
spatial relationships. structures. and definitions. chronological order. sequences. and examples. visual images. Outlines Webs Story maps Lists Graphic organizers Brainstorming How do you select the type of map to be used? Use Charts or Matrixes to compare and contrast qualities. Use Chains to show processes. examples. and points of distinction. concrete objects. points of overlap. Use Trees or Hierarchies to show categories. descriptions. examples. . descriptions. and steps. Use Stars or Spiders to show themes. classifications. and descriptions of places. Use Sketches to show physical structures. descriptions. and facts. causes and effects. Use Flowcharts/Venn Diagrams to show relationships between diagrams. analysis.3 Guide to Mapping Mapping is a process of reorganizing and rearranging (moving) the most important ideas and information from your reading or textbook and converting it into a diagram with your own words to help you understand and remember what you read.
4 Sample of a Tree Generated through the Questioning Method The Journalists' Questions Journalists traditionally ask six questions when they are writing assignments. Where?. For instance. A key to using the journalists' questions is to make them flexible enough to account for the specific details of your topic. What?. Why?. especially if human involvement is a crucial part of the topic. 5 W's and 1 H: Who?. When?. On the other hand. some topics may be heavy on the Who?. Possible generic questions you can ask using the six journalists' questions follow: Who?: Who are the participants? Who is affected? Who are the primary actors? Who are the secondary actors? What?: What is the topic? What is the significance of the topic? What is the basic problem? What are the issues? Where?: Where does the activity take place? Where does the problem or issue have its source? At what place is the cause or effect of the problem most visible? When?: When is the issue most apparent? (past? present? future?) When did the issue or problem develop? What historical forces helped shape the problem or issue and at what point in time will the problem or issue culminate in a crisis? When is action needed to address the issue or problem? Why?: Why did the issue or problem arise? Why is it (your topic) an issue or problem at all? Why did the issue or problem develop in the way that it did? How?: How is the issue or problem significant? How can it be addressed? How does it affect the participants? How can the issue or problem be resolved? . if your topic is the rise and fall of the Puget Sound tides and its effect on salmon spawning. you may have very little to say about Who? if your focus doesn't account for human involvement. How? You can use these questions to explore the topic you are writing about for an assignment.
It provides intellectual.notch facilities.00am. Students should not be doing homework for the sake of doing them.circle facing the teacher. It is a place where one feels most comfortable to learn in. Therefore. we also need a well-equipped library with the state-of-art facilities for students to conduct their research and studies. a school is the centre for education. Thus. as well as spiritual enrichment. Apart from that. . students should each be given a notebook. It would look more like resort rather than a typical school. it would also be excellent if students can have teleconferencing and online forum with scholars from all over the world. why can‘t schools have paperless teaching and learning? In the ideal school. paperless administration and many up-to-date technologies. emotional. homework should also be fun and provides an exciting path to self-discovery instead of being dull and monotonous. Students nowadays are burdened with homework and endless examination. an ideal school would consists of a building with an ultra-modern infrastructure and top. Heavy school bags and tones of books should be a thing of the past. Similarly. Sad to say. the school should also provide free Internet services to students. Teachers could perhaps have Biology classes outdoors so that students can really appreciate the beauty of nature or organise field trips to exhibition and conventions to make learning interesting. There should be breaks in between lessons so that students can digest knowledge from the previous lesson instead of rushing into the next lesson straight after the previous one. In this era of globalisation. Moreover. Computer cataloguing should also be introduced to make referencing easier.5 My Ideal School What is a school? Is it a building? Is it a place where future generations are educated? To me. Besides. ideal means most suitable. So. lessons should start at 10. On top of that. In addition. students can be technology. an ideal school should have a sophisticated gymnasium and sports centre. ICT is of utmost importance. Recess should also be lengthened so that students can enjoy their food in the cafeteria or read in the urbane library or even exercise in the school sports centre. students can hand up their homework in the form of Compact Disc (CD) or emails. it would be perfect to arrange the tables and chairs in a semi. More constructive and productive homework should be given instead of burdening homework. innovation and spiritual growth. Athletes and swimmers can also train at the school mini stadium and swimming pool. In this era of KEconomy. many youngsters nowadays are Mat Salleh Celup – hopeless Americanised victim of pop culture. Furthermore. In my opinion. All the classrooms would be well-lit and fully air-conditioned. Apart from that.savvy by having their lessons online. Timetable should not be packed and hectic. traditional art and culture classes should also be held in the ideal school to nurture the spirit of appreciation amongst students. I am sure that everyone has their own notion of what an ideal school is. All the classrooms would have colourful walls with wonderful paintings and thought-provoking pictures hanging on them. An idyllic school should provide students with space for creativity. to maximize the students‘ learning capacities. Teachers can also post the students‘ results and comments on secure school website so that parents can care for their child‘s academic achievements irrespective of time and place. Students should be encouraged to understand their homework and find joy and fun in doing them. The library of an ideal school should be filled with books and materials on a wide range of topics. To ensure students‘ optimum productivity. Students can work out in the gymnasium and also play a game or two of badminton in the indoor badminton court. the school would also have a comfortable environment to study in. It has been observed that the traditional arrangement of tables and chairs in the classrooms does not allow teachers to pay equal attention to students. perfect. It would also be great if the number of students in a class is limited to 20 per class rather than the present 40 or 50 per class. The modern world is fast-moving forward with paperless banking.
This would enable better communication between genders and prevents gender discrimination. Such a school would provide chances for members of the opposite sex to work together and understand each other better thus encouraging a sense of mutual respect among its students. The notion of ideal is sometimes painfully defined as an idea existing only in imagination and is not likely to come true. One‘s clothing represents one‘s personalities and makes one unique. an ideal school should not require its students to wear school uniforms.6 In addition. The 21st century promises a lot for individuals from all walks of life. the idea of creating an ideal school would not merely remain a dream after all. it is my belief that if each and everyone of us were to reach in to find the best within ourselves and reach out to give the best education to our future generations. Will the concept of an ideal school materialize? The idea might seem far-fetched at the moment. Uniforms tend to make a school dull. It presents students as faceless beings in uni-colour. an ideal school should also be co-educational. Students should be allowed to present themselves properly by wearing proper attire to school. Furthermore. However. (890 words) .
First and foremost. I am sure all of you use many different types of reference books of your studies.to use an appropriate greeting and closing .7 Directed Writing Question . Each topic is explained in details and keywords have been given to enable students to remember important facts. you should remember: . The author of this book is Sharifah Shazana and the publisher is Bunga Publications.useful tips When writing the talk. There are many reasons as to why the book is useful for secondary students.to use all the notes given . Use the following notes about the book to write your talk.to give two other reasons of your own . The reference book that I am going to talk about is a science book. our eyes will be glued onto the cover. the contents of the book are also presented in a very attractive manner. allow me to introduce the title of the book.attractive presentation . Students can easily understand the notes given in the book.sample answers .Title: Science Made Simple .practice question papers . It is `Science Made Simple‘. dear students. Apart from the cover. I would like to warmly welcome all of you here. Details of the book . The next reason is clear explanations.Publisher: Bunga Publications Reasons why the book is useful .helpful diagrams . The explanations are simplified that even students from the weaker classes can understand well. I am the President of the Science Club. You have decided to talk about a science book. .Author: Sharifah Shazana . The cover of the book itself is so attractive that the moment we see it.that the talk is for school students Sample Answer Good morning.SPM 2007 You have been asked by your teacher to give a talk on a reference book that is useful for secondary students.to state the purpose of the talk .variety of exercises .clear explanations . The first reason is its attractive presentation. The reason that I stand here in front of all of you is because I would like to give a talk on a reference book that is useful for all secondary students.
Similarly this reference book has various helpful diagrams. each topic in this reference book starts with discussion activity with relevance to the theme of the topic. I think I have given sufficient reasons to all of you regarding this science reference book. students can express their ideas before actually making use of the contents of the book. The answers for the exercises are also provided in a separate booklet foe easy reference. there are many special and useful tips for examination preparation in the reference book. I am sure this is what most students prefer. Before I end my talk. I am sure all of you would be happy in hearing this. Students can check their understanding of the topics by attempting the exercises given. Another special reason is. Finally. Each topic is accompanied by various exercises. The diagrams are colorful and clear picture of the processes explained. I would like to thank all of you again for listening attentively to my talk. . Students can use these question paper for revision purposes. this reference book is very essential to all secondary students because there are a variety of exercises in it. As such. I hope all of you will buy and benefit in using this reference book. there are no science books without diagrams.8 Of course. These practice questions will also be useful for group discussions as sample answers are provided as well. In addition to the above reasons. There are also various practice question papers according to exam format.
Intelligent student .close . I am writing you this letter to reassure you that you would make an excellent Head Prefect. Bukit Merah. who lives in another town. Taman Madu. Furthermore. making it clear that you are an intelligent and hard-working student. You should take on this task because you have great personal qualities that would make you a good Head Prefect. Whenever. you are also a problem solver. Personal qualities . You are always fond of helping others. Besides that. you should remember to include the following: .Secretary of English Language Society . I understand that you are in a dilemma of running for the post of Head Prefect at your school.Problem solver Co-curricular involvement .good study habits – academic performance will not be affected .Hard-working . You are well liked and respected by the student of your school.9 Question: Your friend. Use the notes given below to write your letter.popular with students and teachers When writing your letter. Do not worry.lives near school – able to sacrifice time .salutation/greeting .Helpful Academic performance .School debater Other points . It has been quite a while since I last heard from you. together with the message note in it.address . 54000 Taiping. 21 November 2006 Dear Kamal. Write a letter to your friend giving reasons why he/she would make a good Head Prefect. your responsible nature will be a well-added advantage too. I was happy to receive the birthday card from you last week.Blue House Captain .Responsible . your academic performance outshines your peers.use all the given notes Sample Answer 50. Besides. wants to know whether he/she should run for the post of Head Prefect. . As such. your classmates face problems. You are always willing to walk an extra mile to achieve something.Friendly . this helpful character of yours is indeed a pleasure to others. However.
it has proven your great leadership qualities and skills. Last but not least. I would be happy to say that you are active enough in it too.10 you always seem to find ways of solving them. This portrays your confidence and self-esteem. you are also popular among students and teachers because of your achievements. Apart from this. so go far it. you have always represented your school as a school debater. As a Blue House Captain. therefore your academic performance will not be affected and you will remain as a top student. I am sure you can be good role model if you are the Head Prefect as everybody will respect you. As regarding to your co-curricular involvement. you would be able to sacrifice time and effort in carrying out your duties as Head Prefect. You deserve it. Bye. The strategic location of your house should also give you an extra shove towards running for the post. till hear from you again. Your loving friend. Being elected as the secretary of the English Language Society also proves that the students of your school have much faith in you entrust you with such huge responsibility. As it is within walking distance from the school. I hope I have convinced you enough to run for the post of Head Prefect. You have had good study habits since young. Lokman (Mohamad Lokman bin Ramli) . Anyway my advance congrats to you if you are selected.
I have discovered my own potentials. But we have learnt to deal and overcome our weaknesses.Date of the camp . Let me give you some details. 10 December 2005 Dear Shanti. The purpose was to break our egos. No.Give two relevant examples of : . trainers and leaders from various social groups who have come together to help young people to excel. 47600 Subang Jaya. 9. Jln Mesra. The organizers are a group of people who call themselves 'The Millennium People‘. They are basically teachers. overlooking the beautiful hills. We went to the camp by bus and later got into a ferry that took us to the Pangkor Island. It was an enriching experience as I have never attended such camp before.to layout the letter correctly . The camp was from 1st of December to 9th December. I was at a camp. . T he camp was called ‗Discover Yourself‘.activities .that your letter is to a friend Sample Answer Shirley Lim. The first activity was called ‗Loosen Up‘. I greatly benefited from this camp. It was called the ‗Bear the Brunt‘ session.Who organized the camp .11 Directed Writing Question . At first. Now I know that I have a good memory and can socialize easily. It was so quiet and peaceful. Hi. I was very apprehensive about the whole thing. We enjoyed many interesting activities.Accommodation . My greatest weakness is procrastination. roped me in.Number of participants . It was a superb place for us to unwind and discover ourselves. We got to know each other in this ice-breaking session. You have decided to write a letter to a friend about your experience at the camp.Location of the camp .Transport to the campsite .problems When writing the letter you should remember: . self improvement and time management.to use paragraphs . It was a three day outdoor activity camp. Selangor. Write your letter based on all the notes below. There were little chalets reserved for us. The camp was conducted in the west of Pangkor Island. I also have identified my weaknesses. who is one of the organizers.benefits . . But later I realized I needed some motivation to boost me for the coming SPM examination. My uncle. I can describe them all but I need to tell you some of the interesting activities. After this we were given a series of motivation guidance for studying. Then came the difficult section.SPM 2005 Question: You have just returned from a three-day outdoor activity camp. There were about 120 participants with 12 trainers. there! How are you? I am sorry I was not able to reply your letter earlier. Here we were practically yelled at and scolded by the trainers.
The prefects have decided to write a report for the principal. Suggestions for Improving Facilities in SMK Kampung Pandan The Prefectorial Board of SMK Kampung Pandan had a meeting on 17 September 2004 at 2. include the following: . Another problem was that. SMK Kampung Pandan. the camp had its own problems. Nazrin bin Arshad. The meeting was called by our Head Prefect.Use all the points given . Here we would like to present a detail report of the meeting to the principal of SMK Kampung Pandan for further action and consideration. But these are all small matters compared to the benefits and the lifelong experience that I have gathered in the camp. I hope to hear from you soon.Give your report a title . Due to this. Your friend. Take care. the price of food seems rather expensive for school students. The first issue that was discussed was the unsatisfactory service and high food prices in the school canteen. because there have been many complaints about the condition of the school.SPM 2004 Question: There are a few matters in your school which could be improved. we did not have water supply on the first day. you have been asked to write the report.12 However.The unsatisfactory service and high food prices in the school canteen . 56400 Kuala Lumpur. a plate of .Provide two relevant details/examples for each of the four points . The school's Prefects' Board has had a meeting.The urgent need to improve the cleanliness of the school . That‘s all for now. In your report. Principal. As the secretary to the board. I addition.Write in paragraphs Sample Answer To: Puan Maisarah binti Kamaruzaman. some students are not able to buy their food on time. In the next camp. Shirley Shirley Lim **** Directed Writing Question . Some participants did not co-operate because they refused to participate in the hiking and jungle trekking activities. The canteen seems to be short of workers because there are only two people handling the huge crowd of students during recess.00 pm in the Prefectorial Room.The request for a pedestrian or zebra crossing in front of the school Do remember to: . I will surely take you along. For example.
Most of the students only bring RM1.00 to school. There is an urgent need to improve the cleanliness of the school.00. leaving behind stain and stench. The next point of discussion was the safely of the students. SMK Kampung Pandan. Prefectorial Board. in the canteen the food is split all over the floor. there need to be a pedestrian crossing. Even a zebra crossing with a traffic warden would be ideal for the time being. This is due to the fact that there have been minor accidents in the past couple of months. We hope that the school authorities would take the necessary actions to improve the condition of the school so that the students would have a safe. clean and comfortable environment in which they could study. Reported by. Furthermore. Since the traffic is very heavy in front of the school is over. The workers need to work to wash the toilets as soon as recess is over. Usually after recess the toilets are in the deplorable condition. . The first place to start is the school toilet.13 fried rice is RM2. so they are only able to by light food like bread or buns. Shalini (Shalini Ganesan) Secretary.
asking you to discuss with the students where they would like to go. You get a message from your teacher.DATE: 15 .14 Directed Writing Question .give reasons using all the information given on the trip of your choice . Trip to the City .4 December .COST PER PERSON: RM80.ACCOMMODATION: Camps .DURATION: 3 days and 2 nights .DATE: 2 .COST PER PERSON: RM 120.00 . who is away from school.17 December . You have been given the following information on the two trips.ACCOMMODATION: Hotel .00 . Write a formal letter to your teacher stating the choice made by your class and give reasons for the choice.make a choice of one trip .DURATION: 3 days and 2 nights .Places of interest: • Art gallery • Shopping complexes • Parks and gardens • Zoos • Museums Trip to the Seaside .Activities: • Swimming • Boat rides • Games on the beaches • Jungle trekking • Campfires When writing the formal letter you should remember to: .SPM 2003 Question: Your class would like to make a trip after the end-of-year examination. You are the class monitor.
the students feel that the idea of staying in camps is good. which will enable us to enjoy ourselves during our stay at the seaside for 3 days and 2 nights. 2. 142. Taman Oriental. Perak Darul Ridzuan. Besides that. 5. Perak Darul Ridzuan. games on the beach. is cheaper and it is affordable for every student. we will be very happy if you could arrange the trip to the seaside as soon as you come back to school.15 Sample Answer Juliana bt Mat Deris. all of us considered that the date proposed that is from 2 to 4 December is convenient because it is the beginning of the month and many of us will be able to make it for the trip. The trip to the seaside was decided because the students say that the cost for the trip. Taman Berangan. Moreover. which is about RM80 per person. we think that the activities proposed will be very enjoyable. Many of us will be going out for holidays with our family members around the end of the month. jungle trekking and campfires would help to create stronger ties between students. Yours faithfully. 09600 Slim River. We are hoping to see you soon at school. 39600 Slim River. __________________________________________________________________________________ Puan Kamaliah bt Aliff. …………………… (JULIANA BT MAT DERIS) Form 5 Neon Monitor . we have decided to carry on the trip to the seaside. boat riding. which include swimming. 10 October 2003 Dear Madam. The proposed activities. Decisions on trip to the seaside After having discussed with the students regarding the trip we have planned after the end-of-year examination. Not only that. Thank you. 3. 106. 4. Therefore.
may not be able to concentrate on the road. As we know. teachers and fellow friends. these problems can be overcome with strict enforcement of traffic rules to those who flaunt the law. Youngsters using the road as their racing track is another cause too. I would like to identify some of the reasons why road accidents occur. should be permitted on the roads. Moreover. Awareness campaigns on safe driving should be carried out everywhere.16 Directed Writing Question . Since young drivers are high on the accident list. First. Reasons * Speed * Reckless driving * Tiredness * Racing * Poor maintenance of vehicles * Road conditions Suggestions * Strict enforcement of traffic rules * Increase fines * Road-worthy vehicles * Awareness campaigns * Increase age limit for new drivers * Suspend driving license Write out the talk that you would give. you should remember to: .use all the notes above .end the talk appropriately Sample Answer A very good morning to the Principal of SM Sri Mayang. which have been maintained well. Your school has decided to launch a ―Road Safety Week‖ to raise awareness among students of the need to be more responsible on the road chairperson of the school‘s organising committee. Some drivers not only speed but also drive recklessly. . their licence should be suspended. Drivers who do not check and maintain their vehicles often may be involved in accidents because their vehicle is faulty. As the chairperson of the school‘s organizing committee for the ‗Road Safety Week‘.address the audience .SPM 2002 Question: Road accidents have been on the increase with more young people becoming victims. speeding beyond the prescribed limits is the main cause. When writing out what you plan to say. However. Many potholes and uneven roads which contribute to the poor condition of the road too can cause accidents. drivers who are tired after long distance driving or after a long day work. Only road-worthy vehicles. If the drivers are involved in any accidents. The offenders should be caught and fines should be increased. you have been asked to give a talk to other students on road safety. breaking road rules and beating the traffic lights. Below are some notes you have made on the reasons why road accidents occur and suggestions to reduce the number of accidents. there has been an increase in the accidents reported involving students of this school. thus causing accidents. I hope this talk will raise your awareness to be more responsible and careful when using the road. I would like to give a talk on some safety tips for the students.introduce the topic of the talk . their age limit should be increased.
You will be tired to concentrate in class.Plan a timetable . Write an article for your school newsletter on how to cope with stress.Seek advice .Regular exercise . Having hobbies such as stamp collecting or playing music will help to relax our tensed mind.to write in paragraphs (35 Marks) Sample Answer Tips on Coping with Stress for Students Stress is a word that is closely associated to students like us who are studying for our SPM examination.17 I hope the short talk that I have delivered have given you some ideas of how to use the road safely. so going for walks or jogging will do us good. For all these activities. Firstly. Do not cut on your sleeping hours.Work in groups .Enough sleep . They spend most of their time studying and appear to suffer from stress. You can discuss what you do not know with your friends and motivate each other to study Eating a balanced meal is essential to cope with stress. However. you should remember: . We need the nutrition and energy to study.to add two new points of your own .to give a title .Talk to your family .Hobbies .Listen to music You should use the all points given above and add two new points of your own. Make a checklist that helps you to monitor how far you are with revision. You also must practice good study skills. Studying in groups is a good idea.Study skills .SPM 2001 Question: You find that many of your friends are under a lot of pressure. studying too late into the night and walking up early. Include the following points: . Thank you for listening. You also must have enough sleep. **** Directed Writing Question .to include all the points given .Balanced meals . you need to have a timetable for studying and relaxing. there is no way out. Making notes and mind – mapping are good studying techniques. If you . When writing the article. as well as from the competition among our friends to excel. Stress comes from our family and teachers who are pressuring us to do well. Sitting and studying for hours can add more stress.that your readers are mainly students . we must make time for exercise. we have to find ways to overcome with stress.Make a check-list .Games .
especially students because the results are used for a wide range of purposes ranging from placement of students to awarding of scholarships. Teachers teach to prepare students for exams and not for life. go for private tuition to get some assistance. Or for that matter. In his eleven years of schooling. it is not surprising that many students with poor recall skills loathe subjects like History and Biology. . seek advice from your teacher or counsellor. principals want excellent performances from their students and teachers. not the practice of these values. parents want straight A‘s for their children. For all you know.18 feel distressed. This is not a valid test as it tests only a student‘s knowledge of values. public examinations to some extent merely test a student‘s ability to memorise and regurgitate facts. does a C mean a student is about average in all the language skills? Do these grades tell us where a student‘s strengths and weaknesses lie? Another major drawback is that teaching in schools today is largely influenced by public examinations. The language papers. And what about the student who gets an E? Are we suggesting that he is not a morally upright individual? Another reason why I am not in favour of public examinations is that they are not the best way to identify a student‘s strengths or weaknesses. All parties involved are to be blamed for this as they are more concerned with student achievement and not student development. Talk to your family members if you think they are pushing you too much to study. many of our students are ill-prepared to face the challenges of the real world. We tend to spend more time on our favourite subjects and less time on others. Go for outdoor games such as badminton or tennis to release your tension and get away from books for a while. Listen to music that makes you feel light and easy. Students with excellent memory do well in such examinations while those with poor memorising skills do poorly. Allow me to illustrate my point. the UPSR. a student has to sit for three major public examinations. These examinations are taken seriously by all parties involved. Do you agree?‖ Public examinations play an important role in a student‘s life in Malaysia. he may be an incompetent speaker. I strongly believe that public examinations should be abolished as they have several drawbacks. the range of sub-skills tested is limited. Thus. This will affect our SPM grades. This also goes against the grain of our National Philosophy of Education where the emphasis is on character building and the development of human capital. To begin with. Bloom‘s taxonomy of learning ranks these skills as lower order thinking skills. Another case in point is the Moral Education paper. As such. At the end of the day. An A in this paper does not guarantee that the student is a morally sound and virtuous individual. If you have difficulty in certain subjects. An A in these subjects does not reflect a student‘s competency in all areas of the language. Higher order thinking skills such as application and inference are often neglected. Despite these advantages. Written by: Mohammad Firdaus bin Abdul Rahim Form 5 Cromium **** ―Public exams should be abolished. This is because these examinations test only certain skills. for example. and the list goes on. I hope you take heed of my tips and wish you all the best in the coming SPM examination. test a student‘s reading and writing skills only and even so. Spend equal time for all the subjects. PMR and SPM. which requires students to memorise moral values.
Taking a seat next to her. Devastated. that God had worked overtime with her – making her one of his masterpieces. this person looked old. only to find it all locked up. her brains and her beautiful character. much too old to be 29. Checks with neighbours proved futile. Thus. “I never saw her again after that”. Mary Anne had stopped coming to school. the buried and forgotten memories pierced my heart with an unknown intensity. we need to prepare our students for the many challenges they will have to face as they will form the backbone of our nation in the years to come. she sat on one of the chairs and waited patiently. Everyone had admired her for her looks. Anyone who looked at her would have thought she carried the world‘s burdens on her shoulders. I had gone to her house. in their quest for excellent academic results.‖ Her remarks reminded me of how beautiful she had been once. ―Hello. Taking into consideration the flaws of the public exam system. One day. Anyway. The gaunt figure that inched its way slowly towards the medicine counter looked old and haggard. There was no way I could be wrong. John? You are looking good.19 Finally. Quietly. Many had said. The flash of recognition in her eyes told me I was not wrong. Thus. for her number to be flashed on the digital screen. and teachers are overworked. happier version. rather enviously. too. Students are overwhelmed with homework. Mary Anne? Why?‖ . like the rest of us. leaving both parties with little or no time for relaxation. she looked up slowly. I wondered what had happened to the ravishing beauty I had once known. No one knew where the Danker family had gone and why they had left so suddenly. ―It is you. I was rattled. Like an arrow released from its bow. extra classes and tuition. is it not?‖ She nodded her head silently as if embarrassed. Her dreary-looking outfit did nothing to conceal her bleak and depressing demeanour. We cannot deny the fact that public examinations enable us to assess thousands of students using a similar instrument but the question one needs to ask is who eventually benefits from such a system? What happens to students who are not able to master test-taking skills? Is academic excellence the only indicator of success as suggested by the public examination system? In a world which is changing rapidly. **** Write a story ending with. we can conclude that public exams take the fun out of learning. ―Why did you leave so suddenly. Mary Anne had been the school beauty. my best friend in secondary school. Some go to great lengths to secure private tuition for their children. it is not surprising that students choose to ignore co-curricular activities. Then again. I knew I had seen her somewhere before — a younger. I summoned enough courage and went towards her. school becomes a bore and a chore. are affected by the emphasis on academic achievement. it is clear that we should seriously consider other means of assessing students and do away with public exams. Parents. It had to be Mary Anne. Mary Anne Danker. They see these as a waste of precious time. hiring only the best. Hearing my footsteps.
Never had I felt so helpless and wretched. she inhaled deeply and started telling me her story.‖ I looked at Mary Anne and saw her goodness. (677 words) . Mary Anne turned and smiled sadly at me. Just then her number was flashed on the screen. her five children had deserted her when they realised that she needed special care. Mary Anne felt sorry for her.‖ she said. Her father. and sometimes you weep. The old widow treated her badly.20 She looked at me nervously. She got up and collected the medicine which. ―I have promised to take care of her till the end of her life. She has no one else. leaving Mary Anne in the care of relatives. was for her aunt. Now that the aunt was old and suffering from cancer. Despite her aunt‘s ghastly treatment of her. Tears rolled down Mary Anne‘s cheeks as she related the difficult years with her aunt. Instead of seeing a gaunt and weary figure. devastated by his wife‘s death. My heart went out to her. They said that she had only three months to live. I understood. ―I cannot leave her. I could sense that she was rather reluctant to talk. Her story reminded me of something my late grandfather used to say.‖ Before leaving. clasping and unclasping her hands in her lap. forcing Mary Anne to quit school and to work as a dishwasher in a restaurant. I saw an amazingly beautiful human being. Her father thought it best to return to their hometown. he too died of a broken heart. The cruel old lady often beat her. started to neglect his own health and three months later. Her mother had been diagnosed with endstage cancer and there was nothing the doctors could do. were more vicious than their mother. Finally. ―Life is like an onion: You peel it off one layer at a time. jealous of her beauty. to let her live in peace in the surroundings she had grown up in. reluctant to expose a part of her life which had probably caused her a great deal of pain and suffering. and her cousins. A prolonged silence ensued. I never saw her again after that.
improves thinking skills and gives us a better understanding of mankind. The authors force us to explore our beliefs and those of other people and by doing so we are able to understand people of other cultures. They not only help us improve our understanding of the language but also help us learn new ways of using language. from the virtuous to the despicable. All these help develop our critical thinking skills. interesting phrases and literary devices such as metaphors. We learn to view things from different perspectives. which is based on a true story. over the centuries. These characters. studying the literature component helps encourage language learning. studying literature also helps us improve our thinking skills. for instance. To begin with. similes and personification show us how language can be used creatively. can be used to teach grammar and vocabulary. and reflections as well as those of others. The poem Monsoon History. Moreover. We learn to gather information not only from the text but also from our own observations. By learning the various literary devices we can even create our own examples of such devices. Great authors have. themes and issues raised by the author or poet. Exposure to new words. exposes us to the Baba Nyonya culture. exposes students to a variety of cultures. This move was seen as vital as literature has untold benefits for language learners. Do you agree? Answer: The literature component was made part of the Malaysian school curriculum in 2000. it cannot be denied that literature texts expose us to a variety of cultures. When we actively engage with literature texts. literature gives us a better understanding of mankind. We might recognise some women around us who are materialistic like Mathilde from The Necklace or cruel like Ravi‘s stepmother in The Return. experiences. be they poems. The short stories and poems studied in Form Four are written by foreign and local writers and through these texts we learn to understand and appreciate cultures and ideologies which are not similar to ours. Seeing such similarities can help us to understand and accept other people. . Next. conveyed their insights into human nature through an amazing assortment of characters from all walks of life engaged in a variety of activities. Literature texts. short stories or novels. help us understand the people around us. Finally. exposes us to the hardships faced by the people in Botswana and how one family in particular succumbs to the old practice of ritual killing. The short story The Drover‘s Wife exposes us to the hardships of people who live in the Australian bush.21 Studying the literature component is useful. These and the other texts expose us to the lives of different people across the continents and also their ways of dealing with circumstances. Looking for a Rain God. we are forced to think about characters. I strongly believe that studying the literature component is useful because it helps promote language learning. Grammar and vocabulary exercises generated from literature texts are more interesting and motivating.
Road safety should first of all begin at home by teaching and instructing children about the traffic rules with some good hints on the do‘s and dont‘s. Motorcyclist should always wear safety helmet for their own safety.‖ Literature texts. Motorist and taxi. is a person with an impediment. Hence safety rules is everybody‘s business. caution and a respect for the highway code for everybody‘s benefit. should exercise greater consideration for those of smaller vehicles.22 We cannot deny that there are immense benefits to be reaped from studying the literature component and Education Ministry should be lauded for making a wise decision to include it in the English Language syllabus. It cannot be denied therefore that improper education is one of the major causes if accidents. cycling two or three abreast carrying pillion riders. Thus to observe the traffic rules is an important activity to ensure road safety. There are cases where accident are caused by children running across the road without much attention. they should always concentrate and study the situation ahead. they should be thought the important the road safety both at home and in schools. Finally all roads until the defects are reflectors should not be allowed on the roads until the defects are corrected. Drives should always exercise caution and show more road sense. Therefore. [580 words] ***** Road Safety Road Safety is essential in our daily life. help remove these impediments. . be they classics or modern texts.drivers should not exceed the speed limits and should always think of the safety of the passengers. ―A man who does not read or reads little or reads only trash. vehicles which do not be allowed on the road until the defects are corrected. They should remember that prevention is better than cure. patience. The drives of heavy vehicles especially. Dangerous of overtaking has been cited as one of the major causes of road accidents. They are living texts and we should not overlook the incredible wealth they offer us. A good driver should also know how to assess the speed and the distance of the oncoming traffic. alighting from moving buses and cycling without due care. Posters in vivid pictorial terms which tell of the dangers and the consequences of careless reckless driving should also be imposed to act as deterrents to negligent driving. They should drive safely showing consideration for others road users. Children should also be taught the highway code and advised to follow them strictly. tolerate. It is very important that they anticipate road movements. As for the drivers on the road. crossing behind parked vehicle. Someone once said. Statistics has time and again shown that a great proportion of the people involved in road accidents are school children. Unroadworthy vehicles such as vehicles whish are very old and in state of despair. Finally all road-users should cultivate the virtues of consideration. Drives in their enthusiasm or impatience overtakes other vehicles and end up in the head-on collision with other oncoming vehicles. The government on their part should distribute pamphlets which warn and instill fear in roadusers who are careless and inconsiderate. Exhibitions by the schools and demonstrations by the police authorities can do much in instilling in the children in a greater awareness of the dangers on the roads.
is the household chores can be divided equally among the children likes many hand make light work means sharing work makes the job easier. Parents are reminded that the parenting goal should be to encourage children to have self-disciplined and self-control. Being a part and a member of a large or either small family. A person without family is all alone by themselves is lonely and empty of happiness. cousins. that they loved much. Without parental guidance. As they have a large family members. In most families with troubled teenagers. another advantage being a member of a large family is the older children can learn responsibility from an early age. As the famous saying goes. With such demand. they get used to it and becomes more matured than their real age! Although there are so many advantages. Their parents tend to be too busy with their work to give them any attention. Solving and sharing sister‘s and brother‘s problem made us to be a better person and getting a close relationship together. Family is an important role in our lives. they individually have to care and think about themselves and others when the mother gives birth of their little brother and sister. whereas an extended family includes other relatives.23 what is the advantages and disadvantages of being a member of a large family? What family means? Family to me is having a caring mother. Loves our family more than everything ! . when they got too many siblings. and a helpful sisters and brothers. grandparents and lots more. blood is thicker than water. From the reader‘s digest dictionary. these parents are unwittingly setting their children up for mistakes that they may regret for the rest of their lives. they have to overtake their parents responsibility little much. uncles. a loving father. the eldest and the youngest can depending on each other and one should be the leader so that the eldest can take the responsibility to overtake and solve others problem. a nuclear family consists of parents and their children. And this will be the problem if they have too many children. we could see that everyone in this world have their own family. having a large family is a reward and not everyone will have this opportunity. Apart from that. Having a large family is a reward for a person in life. As the breadwinner is not high income earner they are not be able to afford a big house for their children as they have a large family and the members will got no privacy if the house is small. Effective parenting is much needed during the adolescent years. Along with aunties. the average parent does not really have the time nor the patience for their children in today‘s hectic lifestyle. As their family becomes bigger. so they literally allow them to do anything they want. Some parents feel that their children are old enough to make their own decisions. Some of the advantages of having and being part of a large family is one can has the support of the family circle. sadly. Another advantages of being a member of a large family. As example. parents are not be able to give individual attention to every child. They can get help and support from one another. Family is an important role in life. Sometimes. we find troubled adult as parents. when they get sisters and brothers when they are still need an attention and cares from their parents.
we want to be a Chief Minister. Boys and girls should be given equal opportunities in education. Malaysia. this situation is happened because they are lazy to study and they also enter with crimes like drug. Our country. Male‘s student usually lazy to study and play very much than study. many students at University in our country have many girl‘s student from boys. I think our country will be destroyed and our children also have a dark dream in their ambition.? Our government gives equal opportunities to our children to study and they do not pick girls or boys to study at the higher stage those boys. Our race religion and country maybe destroyed if we give our country in their hands. Because of that many people say that boy‘s student does not have opportunity in education. People are not realized what are real situation right now because they just easy to make a complaint about this issues and do not think why this happened in our education. . Nowadays. have a brilliant ideas. Next. that person must have determination. right now really want boys in university or college but their result in examination does not show that they want to study. They do not suppose to throw their ambition because of small things. A person that want to be a Chief Minister in our country. carefully with their country and have a high stage in education. Our education system in Malaysia very fair and equal everyone. The situation happened not because our country do not ignore boy‘s student but there are make it happened. gambling or so on. Because of that. As a Malaysian‘s people they will get opportunity to study in Malaysia and get a good education really don‘t have to say because our government very fair in education. We are supposed to give boy‘s student space to they think about their life. After that. They can study and achieve their ambition property because there is not composition between male students. Someone like that.24 Boys and girls should be given equal opportunity in education. There are equal and as a student they have to grab the golden opportunity in their hand. Their result make boys did not quality to study at university or college. We do not care about girls and ignore our boys in education but their attitude is not quality to enter at the university or college. I think boys didn‘t take the change to study property and successful in examination. Girl‘s student in University have many opportunity because they study very hard when they at school. Many girls‘ student in University get opportunity to study because a lot of them are female and this situation make them comfortable to study. boys also involved in many crimes and our country difficult to make a decision because there are many girls than boys in education and who will be replace our Chief Minister if we do not have a right candidate right now. I think this issues maybe did not speak because in college or university have many girls that boys. Give your views. they think that our government do not give equal opportunity to boy and choose girls to get education at the higher place.
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