# MULTISIM tutorial

Introduction to MultiSim

Need For Simulation
For determination of parameters for complex circuits. To test validity of the circuit. Generate mathematical models of electronic components. Test performance without actually building the circuit . Calculating parameters of non-linear devices non-

(3) .Simulation Basics (Analog ckt) G1 * e1 + (± k ± G1)*e2 + k*e3 = I0 «««..(1) -G1*e1 + (G1 + G2 + G3)*e2 ± G3*e3 = 0«.(2) (-G3 + k)*e2 + (G4 + G3 ± k)*e3 = 0«««.

 Solve.5k (Simulation Program with Integrated Circuit Emphasis) R2 2 0 1k  How many nodes?  Do we need extra variables (e. voltage sources)?  Assemble the system matrix.Simulation Basics V1 1 0 10 SPICE input file: example R1 1 2 1.g. ..

Simulation Basics (Digital ckt) Digital Circuits: event-driven simulation Instead of ckt description its behaviour is defined. Only discrete levels of voltage. .

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Switches : SPST . transformer . AC power . capacitor . potentiometer . SPDT . Vdd.Components Available Basic : resistors . Ground . DPDT. Vcc . . Sources : DC power . inductor .

And many more . Timer IC 555.«. IC 741) .Components Diodes : Si / Ge diodes . Zener diodes . Transistors : BJT ( npn and pnp) FET ( MOSFET & JFET ) Analog IC : operational amp (eg. LED .

etc. etc. 74138 (DEMUX) . 7404 (NOT) . MSI chips : 74151 (MUX) . . digital probe. Basic gates : 7408 (AND) . 7483 (4 bit adder) . Indicators : HEX display . 7490 (dec counter) .Digital Components Digital IC : available in TTL and CMOS families.

Voltage regulators (eg. . 7905). LM317 . RF Components. Transmission lines .Miscellaneous Components Crystals . Fuse. 7805 .

Wattmeter : for power and power factor measurement. voltage and resistance measurements in ac and dc modes. .Instruments Multimeter : for current .

X- . with controls for frequency . amplitude Oscilloscope : to view output waveforms with controls for time base .«Instruments Function Generator : for generation of waveforms such as sinusoidal . Volt/div . trigger . triangular . duty cycle. square . X-Y mode and cursors 1 & 2 .

Setting up of the output variables : Variables are nothing but nodes whose behavior is to be monitored . Setting of parameters to be varied.Analysis of Circuits It is carried out to test the behaviour of the circuit for various inputs and/or varying conditions. .

Types of Analysis DC Operating Point Analysis AC Analysis Transient Analysis Fourier Analysis Noise Analysis Distortion Analysis DC Sweep Analysis .

«Types of Analysis DC and AC Sensitivity Analyses Parameter Sweep Analysis Temperature Sweep Analysis Transfer Function Analysis Pole Zero Analysis RF Analyses (and more) .

Used for Q point determination of amplifier stage. inductors short circuited. . Capacitors are assumed to be open.DC operating point analysis In this analysis all the ac sources are zeroed out.

AC analysis then calculates the AC circuit response as a function of frequency.AC Analysis All input sources are automatically switched internally to a sinusoidal waveform for analysis. Used to calculate the Band width and/or Critical freq. .

0001 seconds]. Time = 0 to 0. Used for observing step response of the system.Transient Analysis The circuit response is calculated as a function of time. . Can be used to see the system response for a short duration of time [ eg.

. Parameter sweep : Specified parameter of the active device is varied. . DC sweep analysis : The value from the source is incremented and another DC Operating Point is calculated.Other Analyses. Temperature sweep : Operating temperature is varied..

Connect power supply and ground .General steps for simulation Place components on the workspace . Press the ¶ Simulation switch · Observe the results and carry out the required analyses. . Connect components according to circuit diagram .

Bill of materials. Virtual Lab instruments and components . Dynamic measurement probe. .Some Special Features IC 555 Timer Wizard . Filter wizard. Dependant sources.

Place HB/SB connector to labeling a node. Check all component values. Make sure all components are connected properly.Precautions Each simulation must have a ground . .