Fundamental Skills of Cricket

1.Batting Skills Given the goals of batting, a batsman must possess good hand-eye coordination, reflexes, strength, running speed, sound judgment, and of course knowledge of cricket rules and an understanding of cricket strategy and tactics. These basic skills are put to use in specific actions such as: * Preventing the ball from hitting the wicket (which would result in the batsman being out bowled). * Avoiding being hit in the legs in front of the wicket (which may result in the batsman being out leg before wicket). * Avoiding hitting catches to any fielders (which would result in the batsman being out caught). * Avoiding being hit by the ball in a way that might cause injury. * Hitting the ball with the bat with precise placement, timing, and strength to avoid fielders. * Judging when it is safe to take a run, and taking the run. Types of batting shots The act of hitting the cricket ball is called a shot or stroke. Batting involves knowledge and skill in several different types of shot. Good batsmen usually also have what is called "balance", which more or less involves stability of the body with synchronized movements of the shoulders and feet. There are a variety of shots a batsman can play: Having taken a long stride, a batsman blocks the ball with a forward defensive shot.

2.Bowling Skills
In the sport of cricket, bowling is the action of propelling the ball toward the wicket defended by a batsman. A player skilled at bowling is called a bowler. A single act of bowling the ball towards the batsman is called a ball or a delivery. Bowlers bowl deliveries in sets of six, called an over. Once a bowler has bowled their over, one of their team mates will bowl an over from the other end of the pitch. There are rules in the Laws of Cricket governing how a ball must be bowled. If a ball is bowled illegally, an umpire will rule it a no ball. If a ball is bowled too wide of the stumps or high for the batsman to be able to hit it, an umpire will rule it a wide. Goals of Bowling In terms of strategic importance in a game, the priorities of a bowler are, in order of importance: 1. Get batsmen out. 2. Prevent batsmen from scoring runs.

3.Wicket Keeping
WICKET KEEPER The wicket-keeper's major function is to stop deliveries that pass the batsman (in order to prevent runs being scored), but often he can also attempt to dismiss the batsman in various ways. The most common dismissal effected by the wicket-keeper is for him to catch a ball that has nicked the batsman's bat, called an edge, before it bounces. Sometimes the keeper is also in the best position to catch a ball which has been hit high in the air. The keeper can also stump the batsman by using the ball to remove the bails from the stumps if the batsman has come out of his crease during a delivery. Finally, when the ball is hit into the outfield, the keeper moves close to the stumps to catch the return throw from a fielder and, if possible, to run out a batsman.

Fielding in some ways, is the most spontaneous of cricketing skills,

feet and body right behind the ball. These skills all make you a good fielder but sustained good fielding depends on unremmited concentration.but it's possible to becomce a good fielder through haard work. Nothing spurs a bowler more than a well-held catch. The basic skills required to be a good fielder are that you must get your legs. that cricket teams can no longer afford to keep a slow mover or lazy bender in the team simply as a result of his batting or bowling acumen. Over the years the standard of fielding has become so paramount to the winning or losing of matches. accurately judge the flight of the ball when going for a catch. an excellent run-out or a throw-in which hits the wicket spot-on. In fact. even when your team's been out in the blazing sun for seven hours or more. . The standard of fielding in a team is of great importance in cricket because a good fielding team gives bowlers confidence and it's a great support structure to both wicket-keepers and bowlers. practice and concentration. good fielding gives the entire team a drive and dominance over t he batting team and puts them under the kind of pressure that wins many matches. keep down and watch the batsman.

All Rounder Refers to a player who is good at both batting and bowling. Average The total figure reached by computation of a batsman s run scoring performance measured against the number of deliveries faced or a bowlers performance measure against the number of runs conceded as compared to the number of wickets taken. Appeal A plea made to the umpire by the fielding side when they believe a decision is needed to clarify whether a batsman has been dismissed. Caught Behind A ball caught by the wicketkeeper after being struck by the batsman. Follow On . catches taken or dismissals completed by a player during a season or career.Terminology Aggregate Refers to the total number of runs made.

Sir Donald Bradman Sir Donald Bradman of Australia was. which lasted. 1946 in Amritsar.000 runs in one-day cricket.Sunil Gavaskar Sunil Gavaskar is one of the best opening batsmen to have played for India. It was once the usual practice. he led India to its only World Cup victory till date. Bishansinghbedi Bishan Singh Bedi . Plumb When a batsman is standing directly in the line of the stumps. He was vital pillar strength for Indian Cricket. Innings The period of time spent batting by a team or individual. This ex-Indian cricketer rose to prominence because of his fascinating utilisation of the tradition of slow left-arm bowling. 28 hundreds and 50 half-centuries in his 10. he created a record by securing 64 wickets 4. but is now very uncommon. in the Test series. was the first batsman to score 10.In the 1974-75 session of the Ranji Trophy.000 runs barrier in Test cricket. Furthermore. the greatest batsman who ever lived and the greatest cricketer of the 20th century. His most famous innings came in the 1983 World Cup against Zimbabwe when he played what can only be described as a captain`s knock amassing 175 after India had crumbled to 5/17. in a five-day match series against Australia on the 31st of March 2001. A perennial crowd-favorite.Kapil Dev There is no doubt that KapilDev (RamlalNikhanjKapilDev) is the best all-rounder India has produced till date. But his contribution as the captain of the Indian team has been legendary as well. he is the only Indian cricketer to receive the Rajiv Gandhi KhelRatna. Gavaskar became the first to cross the 10. He has scored a world record. . the Sikh superbowler. The physical act of walking away from the stumps.000 runs. Walk Generally used by a batsman to indicate his acceptance of a dismissal without waiting for the decision of an umpire. beyond any argument. He was India`s leading pace bowler throughout the 80s. Selectors A group of officials appointed for the purpose of picking the players to represent a cricket team. Infield The grouping of fieldsman normally placed with 30-40 metres of the batsman. 3. from 1979-1994 saw his break and set a number of records. Sachin Tendulkar The pride of Indian cricket Sachin Tendulkar. 2. Sunil Gavaskar surpassed the long-standing record of 29 Test centuries held by none other that Sir Donald Bradman. India's highest sporting honour for his performance in 1997-1998.Kapil`s career. was born on September 25. Gavaskar went on to score 34 Test centuries before Sachin Tendulkar broke his record. He overtook Richard Hadlee`s record of 431 Test wickets. 5. After all.The requirement by the fielding Captain for the batting team to immediately bat again after being dismissed during its first innings and not having met the total of the opposing side at the close of the first days play. Sports Personalities of Cricket 1.

Treatment: Generally such fractures are treated by using splints. this injury is quite common amongst cricketers. y Pulled Hamstring The injury would typically be described as a pulled hamstring caused by excessive straining or tearing of posterior thigh muscles. More recently. organ injury or large muscle tear. . Local ultrasonic treatment also helps. y Rib Cage Injury Thisinjury. It can result from direct blows or from indirect crushing injuries or occasionally due to a violent ³pull´ of the muscles attached to ribs. It is similar to tennis elbow or golfer's elbow. ice application. except that it is caused by trauma to the elbow bone ±and not wear and tear or inflammation of the tendons. typically of the middle ribs which are the ones most commonly injured. and major muscle tears sometimes need surgery. Neglect. could lead to the infamous tennis elbow. application of ice packs and painkillers to reduce bruising. along with exercise and physiotherapy. involves a painful inflammation. Termed epicondylitis. tiny screws and plates are sometimes used to treat them. Treatment: The injury is treated with rest. it leads to inflammation and severe pain.94 234 338 43 28067 452* 95. Prolonged rest may be required in case of a rib fracture. This very common sports injury can put an otherwise fit athlete out of action. termed costochondritis. leading to a prolonged spasm. fibers and tissues. Treatment: Rest and pain killers are the key to treating such injuries. Persistent injuries may be investigated using sonography. Minute tears in the muscle could also lead to bleeding in the capillaries. y Finger Fracture Medically referred to as a phalange fracture. but complex cases could require surgery. Overall these injuries heal well. even in spite of an elbow guard. along with overtraining. Treatment: Treatment usual includes advice to rest.14 117 69 First Aid of Sports injuries in Cricket y Injured Elbow This injury is commonly caused when the ball hits the outer part of the elbow.Batting and fielding averages Mat Inns NO Runs HS Ave 100 50 6s Ct St 29 13 6 32 0 131 1 Tests First-class 52 80 10 6996 334 99.

Types of Bowling  Fast Bowling y Seam Bowling y Swing Bowling  Finger Spin y Off Spin y Left-Arm Orthodox  Wrist Spin y Leg Spin y Left-Arm Unorthodox  Deliveries y Full Toss y Beamer  y y y y y y y y  y y y y y y y y y Fast Bowling Bouncer Indipper Inswinger Leg Cutter Off Cutter Outswinger Reverse Slower Ball Spin Bowling Arm Ball Chinaman Doosra Flipper Googly Leg Break Off Break Slider Teesra .

Types of batting y y y y y y y y y y y y Block Cut Drive Hook Leg Glance Paddle Sweep Pull Sweep Reverse Sweep Marillier Shot Slog Slog Sweep Wicket Keeping y Wicket Keeper .

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