Overheads

to

The Basics of Biblical Greek

By
Dr. William D. Mounce
© 1993-1999 All Rights Reserved
page 2

Preface

Included is what I hope will become a growing body of visual teaching aids. So much of our edu-
cational theory is designed for auditory learners, not visual learners. Hopefully these overheads
will help all students.
We are starting with very basic overheads. If you have some ideas that you would like me to do
and include in this packets in future years (with due credit given to you), please send your sam-
ples to Bill Mounce, Teknia, PO Box 337, Wenham, MA 01984, or email me at lbbg@teknia.com.
Teachers using

The Basics of Biblical Greek

may copy these overheads, both for overheads and stu-
dent handouts, provided that the copies are distributed at cost.
First printing . . . . . . . Fall, 1993
Second printing . . . . . . Fall, 1999
Chapter 3 page 1
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce

Chapter 3

Alphabet

(

§

3.3.2)
e 3 v é
. n 0 t
ì a v :
a 5 o .
u e ¿ u
Chapter 3 page 2
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce

Vowels

(

§

3.4)
e s n
c t
u
æ
Chapter 3 page 3
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce

Breathings (

§§§ §

3.4-5)

1. eacotcìc.
2. uas5
3. 5ucaet
4. ettsæ
5. Attsæ
6. ∆Inocu.
Chapter 3 page 4
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce

Diphthong

(

§

3.5)
Chapter 4 page 1
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce

Chapter 4

Accents

(

§

4.2)

Acute:

uas5

Grave:

uas5

Circumßex:

avsuae
Chapter 4 page 2
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce

Co-Elision

(

§

4.2)
Chapter 4 page 3
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce

Vocabulary
5,437 different words
138,162 total occurrences
79.92 % of all occurrences
Words occurring 50 times and more account
for 110,425 of the total word occurrences, or
almost 80%.
Chapter 4 page 4
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce

Nominative and Genitive Paradigm

2 1 2
masc fem neut
nom sg

ìcvc. v5een s5vcv
æ5e

acc sg

ìcvcv v5eenv s5vcv
æ5ev

nom pl

ìcvct v5eeet s5ve
æ5et

acc pl

ìcvcu. v5eee. s5ve
æ5e.
Chapter 5 page 1
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce

Chapter 5

Terminology

(

§

5.3-5)

Case:

Nominative (subject)
Accusative (direct object)

Number:

Singular
Plural

Gender:

Masculine
Feminine
Neuter
Chapter 6 page 1
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce

Chapter 6

Nominative and Accusative

(

§

6.3)
ÒThe apostle sends the apostle.Ó
. nominative subject
v accusative direct object
c eacotcìc. asaast tcv eacotcìcv.
Chapter 6 page 2
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce

From Case to Function to Meaning

1. Case
2. Function
3. Meaning
your translation
nominative
subject predicate
nominative
Instead of thinking about word order, you should Þrst look at the wordÕs case, from
the case determine the wordÕs function, and from the function determine the wordÕs
meaning. Do not try to determine function on the basis of word order.
Chapter 6 page 3
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce

Parsing Made Simple
Step #1: Case ending
Step #2: Declension
Step #3: Gender
Step #4: Parsing
nom sing fem
t 1st nom plural fem
v 1st acc sing fem
2nd masc acc sing masc
neut nom/acc sing
The goal is to move from the case ending to the parsing. There are several scenarios. Sometimes you
can see the case ending and know automatically what it must be (e.g., no ending). In this case you can
skip steps #2 nd #3. Other times you have to see the declension. For example, iota can be found several
places, but if it is a Þrst declension noun then it must be nom plural fem. A third scenario requires you
to move through the declension all the way to gender, as in the ending nu.
Chapter 6 page 4
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce

Paradigm

(

§

6.13,15)
2 1 2
masc fem neut
nom sg . v
acc sg v v v
nom pl t t e
acc pl u. . e
2 1 2
masc fem neut
nom sg ìcvc. v5een s5vcv
æ5e
acc sg ìcvcv v5eenv s5vcv
æ5ev
nom pl ìcvct v5eeet s5ve
æ5et
acc pl ìcvcu. v5eee. s5ve
æ5e.
Chapter 6 page 5
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce
Alternate Paradigm (#6.13,15)
2 1 2
masc fem neut
nom sg c. n cv
acc sg cv nv cv
nom pl ct et e
acc pl cu. e. e
2 1 2
masc fem neut
nom sg ìcvc. v5een s5vcv
æ5e
acc sg ìcvcv v5eenv s5vcv
æ5ev
nom pl ìcvct v5eeet s5ve
æ5et
acc pl ìcvcu. v5eee. s5ve
æ5e.
For teachers preferring to show the Þnal stem vowel with the case ending, we have included sev-
eral alternate paradigms.
Chapter 6 page 6
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce
Nouns Rules 1-3 (§§§ §6.20)
e/n à 1st declension
neuter nom = neuter acc
neuter nom/acc plural = e
Chapter 6 page 7
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce
Noun Rule §§§ §2
Chapter 6 page 8
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce
The Fog
The only way is through!
Chapter 6 page 9
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce
Nominative and Accusative
2 1 2
masc fem neut
nom sg . v
acc sg v v v
nom pl t t e
acc pl u. . e
nom sg c ìcvc. n v5een tc s5vcv
n æ5e
acc sg tcv ìcvcv tnv v5eenv tc s5vcv
tnv æ5ev
nom pl ct ìcvct et v5eeet te s5ve
et æ5et
acc pl tcu. ìcvcu. te. v5eee. te s5ve
te. æ5e.
Chapter 6 page 10
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce
Nominative and Accusative
(alternate)
2 1 2
masc fem neut
nom sg c. n cv
acc sg cv nv cv
nom pl ct et e
acc pl cu. e. e
nom sg c ìcvc. n v5een tc s5vcv
n æ5e
acc sg tcv ìcvcv tnv v5eenv tc s5vcv
tnv æ5ev
nom pl ct ìcvct et v5eeet te s5ve
et æ5et
acc pl tcu. ìcvcu. te. v5eee. te s5ve
te. æ5e.
Chapter 7 page 1
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce
Chapter 7
Indirect vs. Direct Object (§7.2)
Karin threw Brad a ball.
Karin threw Brad .
Chapter 7 page 2
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce
Case Endings
(First and Second Declension)
2 1 2
masc fem neut
nom sg . v
gen sg u . u
dat sg t t t
acc sg v v v
nom pl t t e
gen pl æv æv æv
dat pl t. t. t.
acc pl u. . e
Chapter 7 page 3
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce
Case Endings (§7.6)
(First and Second Declension)
(alternate)
2 1 2
masc fem neut
nom sg c. n cv
gen sg cu n. cu
dat sg æ n æ
acc sg cv nv cv
nom pl ct et e
gen pl æv æv æv
dat pl ct. et. ct.
acc pl cu. e. e
Chapter 7 page 4
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce
DeÞnite Article (§7.7)
2 1 2
masc fem neut
nom sg c n tc
gen sg tcu tn. tcu
dat sg tæ tn tæ
acc sg tcv tnv tc
nom pl ct et te
gen pl tæv tæv tæv
dat pl tct. tet. tct.
acc pl tcu. te. te
Chapter 7 page 5
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce
Full Paradigm (§7.8)
2 1 2
masc fem neut
nom sg c ìcvc. n v5een tc s5vcv
n æ5e
gen sg tcu ìcvcu tn. v5een. tcu s5vcu
tn. æ5e.
dat sg tæ ìcvæ tn v5een tæ s5væ
tn æ5e
acc sg tcv ìcvcv tnv v5eenv tc s5vcv
tnv æ5ev
nom pl ct ìcvct et v5eeet te s5ve
gen pl tæv ìcvæv tæv v5eeæv tæv s5væv
dat pl tct. ìcvct. tet. v5eeet. tct. s5vct.
acc pl tcu. ìcvcu. te. v5eee. te s5ve
Chapter 7 page 6
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce
Noun Rules 4-6 (§7.10)
Dative singular?
Iota subscripts (if possible)
Ablaut
Genitive & Dative?
Masculine = neuter
Chapter 7 page 7
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce
Noun Rule §§§ §6 (§7.10)
Chapter 8 page 1
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce
Chapter 8
A Preposition and its Object (§8.2)
The object follows its preposition.
The object governs the meaning of the preposition.
Object
Preposition
Chapter 8 page 2
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce
Movable Nu (§8.10)
Chapter 8 page 3
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce
Dependent Clauses (§8.11)
Subject
Main Verb
Chapter 8 page 4
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce
Prepositions
uac
sk
éte
eac
a5c.
st.
a
e
5
e

sv
Chapter 9 page 1
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce
Chapter 9
Functions of an Adjective (§9.1)
ÒGoodÓ
Adjectivally Substantivally
(regular adjective) (noun)
ÒHe is a good boy.Ó ÒThe good, the
bad, and the ugly
are welcome
here.Ó
Chapter 9 page 2
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce
Types of Adjectives (§9.2)
ÒTallÓ
Attributive Predicate
(gives an attribute) (predicates)
ÒThe girl is tall.Ó ÒThe tall girl plays
basketball.Ó
Chapter 9 page 3
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce
Adjectival Use of the Adjective (§9.11-13)
Attributive: immediately preceded by the
article.
c eve0c. ev05æac. ÒThe good man.Ó
c eve0c. c ev05æac. ÒThe good man.Ó
Predicate: not preceded by the article.
c ev05æac. eve0c. ÒThe man is good.Ó
eve0c. c ev05æac. ÒThe man is good.Ó
No article: see context
eve0c. ev05æac. ÒGood man.Ó
ÒMan is good.Ó
eve0c. ev05æac. ÒGood man.Ó
ÒMan is good.Ó
Chapter 9 page 4
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce
Adjective (§9.6)
2 1 2
masc fem neut
nom sg eve0c. eve0n eve0cv
gen sg eve0cu eve0n. eve0cu
dat sg eve0æ eve0n eve0æ
acc sg eve0cv eve0nv eve0cv
nom pl eve0ct eve0et eve0e
gen pl eve0æv eve0æv eve0æv
dat pl eve0ct. eve0et. eve0ct.
acc pl eve0cu. eve0e. eve0e
Chapter 9 page 5
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce
Adjective Positions (§9.11-13)
Chapter 10 page 1
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce
Chapter 10
A Walk Through (§10.7)
nom sg oe5k + . ≥ oe5:
gen sg oe5k + c. ≥ oe5kc.
dat sg oe5k + t ≥ oe5kt√
acc sg oe5k + e ≥ oe5ke
nom pl oe5k + s. ≥ oe5ks.
gen pl oe5k + æv ≥ oe5kæv
dat pl oe5k + ot'v| ≥ oe5:t√'v|
acc pl oe5k + e. ≥ oe5ke.
Chapter 10 page 2
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce
Master Case Ending Chart (§10.10)
1st/2nd declension 3rd declension
masc fem neut masc/
fem
neut
nom sg
. v .
gen sg
u . u c. c.
dat sg
t t t t t
acc sg
v v v e/v
nom pl
t t e s. e
gen pl
æv æv æv æv æv
dat pl
t. t. t. ot'v| ot'v|
acc pl
u. . e e. e
Chapter 10 page 3
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce
Rule 7: Square of Stops (§10.13, 16)
Labial a 3 e
Velar k v ¿
Dental t é 0
Labial + o ≥ u
Velar + o ≥ :
Dental + o ≥ o
Chapter 10 page 4
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce
Rule 8 (§10.18)
A tau cannot stand at the end of
a word and will drop off.
cvcae
t
Chapter 10 page 5
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce
Please!
No More Quizzes!
Chapter 11 page 1
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce
Chapter 11
First and Second Person
Personal Pronouns (§11.6)
Þrst second translation
nom sg svæ ou I you
gen sg acu ocu my your
dat sg act oct to me to you
acc sg as os me you
nom pl nast. uast. we you
gen pl naæv uaæv our your
dat pl natv uatv us you
acc pl nae. uae. us you
Chapter 12 page 1
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce
Chapter 12
Third Person Personal Pronoun (§12.3)
2 1 2
masc fem neut translation
nom sg eutc. eutn eutc he she it
gen sg eutcu eutn. eutcu his her its
dat sg eutæ eutn eutæ to him to her to it
acc sg eutcv eutnv eutc him her it
nom pl eutct eutet eute they
gen pl eutæv eutæv eutæv their
dat pl eutct. eutet. eutct. to them
acc pl eutcu. eute. eute them
Chapter 12 page 2
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce
Three Uses of eutc. (§12.12)
use comment translation
1. Pronoun Non-intensive. Òhe, she , itÓ
2. Adj. intensive Usually predicate position. Òhim/her/itselfÓ
Normally in the nominative.
3. Identical adj. Usually attributive position. ÒsameÓ
1. eutc. ìsvst ...
2. tcv ∆Inocuv eutcv
∆Inocu. eutc. ....
3. c eutc. ∆Inocu. ...
Chapter 13 page 1
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce
Chapter 13
cutc. (§13.4)
masc fem neut
nom sg cutc. eutn tcutc
gen sg tcutcu teutn. tcutcu
dat sg tcutæ teutn tcutæ
acc sg tcutcv teutnv tcutc
nom pl cutct eutet teute
gen pl tcutæv tcutæv tcutæv
dat pl tcutct. teutet. tcutct.
acc pl tcutcu. teute. teute
Chapter 13 page 2
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce
sss s kkk ksss sttt t vvv vccc c... . (§13.5)
masc fem neut
nom sg skstvc. skst√vn skstvc
gen sg skst√vcu skst√vn. skst√vcu
dat sg skst√væ skst√vn skst√væ
acc sg skstvcv skst√vnv skstvc
nom pl skstvct skstvet skstve
gen pl skst√væv skst√væv skst√væv
dat pl skst√vct. skst√vet. skst√vct.
acc pl skst√vcu. skst√ve. skstve
Chapter 14 page 1
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce
Chapter 14
Relative Pronoun (§14.7)
2 1 2
masc fem neut translation
nom sg c. n c who/which/that
gen sg cu n. cu of whom/which
dat sg æ n æ to whom/which
acc sg cv nv c whom/which/that
nom pl ct et e who/which/that
gen pl æv æv æv of whom/which
dat pl ct. et. ct. to whom/which
acc pl cu. e. e whom/which/that
Chapter 15 page 1
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce
Chapter 15
Agreement (§15.3) Subject and verb must
ÒagreeÓ in person and
number.
Person (§15.4) First: ÒIÓ, ÒWeÓ
Second: ÒYouÓ
Third: ÒHe/She/It, They
Number (§15.5) Singular
Plural
Chapter 15 page 2
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce
Aspect (§15.6-7) Continuous
UndeÞned
Perfect
UndeÞned vs. Punctiliar
Tense (§15.11) Present
Future
Past
Time (§15.11)
Voice (§15.12) Active
Middle
Passive
Mood (§15.13) Indicative
Chapter 15 page 3
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce
Parts of the Verb (§15.16-18)
ìu c asv
Stem (§15.16)
Personal ending (§15.18)
Connecting vowel (§15.17)
Chapter 16 page 1
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce
Chapter 16
Present Active Indicative (§16.3,10)
Present Tense Stem +
Connecting Vowel +
Primary Active Personal Endings
ìu + c + asv ≥ ìucasv
form translation c.v. p.e.
1 sg ìu æ I am loosing c
2 sg ìu st. You are loosing s .
3 sg ìu st He/she/it is loosing s t
1 pl ìu casv We are loosing c asv
2 pl ìu sts You are loosing s ts
3 pl ìu cuot'v| They are loosing c vot
Chapter 16 page 2
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce
First of Four Endings (§16.12)
ìuæ '|
ìust. '.|
ìust 't|
ìucasv 'asv|
ìusts 'ts|
ìucuot'v| 'vot|
secondary tenses
a
c
t
i
v
e

v
o
i
c
e
m
i
d
d
l
e
/
p
a
s
s
i
v
e

v
o
i
c
e
primary tenses
Chapter 16 page 3
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce
Master Verb Chart
Tense Aug/ Tense Tense Conn. Personal 1st sing
Redup stem form. vowel endings paradigm
Present act pres c/s prim act ìuæ
Chapter 16 page 4
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce
Do You Feel Like You Are Sinking?
Hang In There!
DANGER!
Greek Quicksand
Chapter 17 page 1
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce
Chapter 17
Five Rules of Contraction (§17.4)
1. cu is formed by sc, cs, and cc.
2. st is formed by ss.
3. æ is formed from almost any
combination of omicron or
omega with any other vowel,
except for rule #1.
4. e is formed from es
5. n is formed from se.
Chapter 17 page 2
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce
Alternate Rules of Contraction (§§§ §17.8)
1. Two like vowels form their common long
vowel.
2. Exception: When e and e contract they
form st. and when c and c contract they
form cu.
3. An c or æ will overcome an e. s. or n
regardless of their order, and form æ.
4. Exception: When an s and c contract
they form cu. regardless of their order.
5. If an e comes before an s or an n. they
will contract to an e.
If an s or an n comes before an e. they
will contract to an n.
Chapter 17 page 3
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce
Contractions (§17.10-11)
eee e sss s nnn n ttt t uuu u ccc c æææ æ
eee e e e e et eu æ æ
sss s n sss sttt t n st su ccc cuuu u æ
ccc c æ ccc cuuu u æ ct cu ccc cuuu u æ
eee ettt t/eee e sss sttt t sss sttt t nnn n ccc cttt t ccc cuuu u æææ æ
eee e e e e e æ æ æ
sss s n st st n ct cu æ
ccc c æ ct cu ct ct cu æ
Chapter 18 page 1
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce
Chapter 18
Present Passive Indicative (§18.4)
Present Tense Stem +
Connecting Vowel +
Primary Passive Personal Endings
ìu + c + aet ≥ ìucaet
form translation c.v. p.e.
1 sg ìu c aet I am being loosed c aet
2 sg ìu n You are being loosed s oet
3 sg ìu s tet He/she/it is being loosed s tet
1 pl ìu c as0e We are being loosed c as0e
2 pl ìu s o0s You are being loosed s o0s
3 pl ìu c vtet They are being loosed c vtet
Chapter 18 page 2
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce
Second of Four Endings (§18.6)
ìuæ '|
ìust. '.|
ìust 't|
ìucasv 'asv|
ìusts 'ts|
ìucuot'v| 'vot|
secondary tenses
a
c
t
i
v
e

v
o
i
c
e
ìucaet 'aet|
ìun 'oet|
ìustet 'tet|
ìucas0e 'as0e|
ìuso0s 'o0s|
ìucvtet 'vtet|
m
i
d
d
l
e
/
p
a
s
s
i
v
e

v
o
i
c
e
primary tenses
Chapter 18 page 3
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce
Present Middle Indicative (§18.10-11)
Present Tense Stem +
Connecting Vowel +
Primary Passive Personal Endings
s5¿ + c + aet ≥ s5¿caet
form deÞnition c.v. p.e.
1 sg s5¿ c aet I come c aet
2 sg s5¿ n You come s oet
3 sg s5¿ s tet He/she/it come s tet
1 pl s5¿ c as0e We come c as0e
2 pl s5¿ s o0s You come s o0s
3 pl s5¿ c vtet They come c vtet
Chapter 18 page 4
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce
Master Verb Chart
Tense Aug/ Tense Tense Conn. Personal 1st sing
Redup stem form. vowel endings paradigm
Present act pres c/s prim act ìuæ
Present mid/pas pres c/s prim mid/pas ìucaet
Chapter 19 page 1
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce
Chapter 19
Future Active Indicative (§19.4,9)
Future Active Tense Stem +
Tense Formative (o) + Connecting Vowel +
Primary Active Personal Endings
ìu + o + c + asv ≥ ìuocasv
form deÞnition c.v. p.e.
1 sg ìu o æ I will loose c
2 sg ìu o st. You will loose s .
3 sg ìu o st He/she/it will loose s t
1 pl ìu o casv We will loose c asv
2 pl ìu o sts You will loose s ts
3 pl ìu c uot'v| They will loose c vot
Chapter 19 page 2
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce
Future Middle Indicative (§19.14,15)
Future Active Tense Stem +
Tense Formative (o) + Connecting Vowel +
Primary Passive Personal Endings
ac5su + o + c + aet ≥ ac5suocaet
form translation c.v. p.e.
1 sg ac5su o c aet I will go c aet
2 sg ac5su o n You will go s oet
3 sg ac5su o s tet He/she/it will go s tet
1 pl ac5su o c as0e We will go c as0e
2 pl ac5su o s o0s You will go s o0s
3 pl ac5su o c vtet They will go c vtet
Chapter 19 page 3
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce
Master Verb Chart
Tense Aug/ Tense Tense Conn. Personal 1st sing
Redup stem form. vowel endings paradigm
Present act pres c/s prim act ìuæ
Present mid/pas pres c/s prim mid/pas ìucaet
Future act fut act o c/s prim act ìuoæ
Future mid fut act o c/s prim mid/pas sìsuocaet
Chapter 20 page 1
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce
Chapter 20
Verbal Root and Stem (§20.2-3)
Verbal Root
P
r
e
s
e
n
t

s
t
e
m
F
u
t
u
r
e

s
t
e
m
I
m
p
e
r
f
e
c
t

s
t
e
m
A
o
r
i
s
t

s
t
e
m
P
e
r
f
e
c
t

s
t
e
m
Chapter 20 page 2
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce
Liquid Future Active (§20.16-17)
Future Active Tense Stem +
Tense Formative (so) + Connecting Vowel +
Primary Active Personal Endings
k5tv + so + c + asv ≥ k5tvcuasv
form translation
1 sg k5tvæ I will judge soc
2 sg k5tvst. You will judge sos .
3 sg k5tvst He/she/it will judge sos t
1 pl k5tvcuasv We will judge soc asv
2 pl k5tvstts You will judge sos ts
3 pl k5tvcuot'v| They will judge soc vot
Chapter 20 page 3
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce
Liquid Future Middle (§20.18-19)
Future Active Tense Stem +
Tense Formative (so) + Connecting Vowel +
Primary Passive Personal Endings
k5tv + so + c + as0e ≥ k5tvcuas0e
form translation
1 sg k5tvcuaet I will judge soc aet
2 sg k5tvn You will judge sos oet
3 sg k5tvsttet He/she/it will judge sos tet
1 pl k5tvcuas0e We will judge soc as0e
2 pl k5tvsto0s You will judge sos o0s
3 pl k5tvcuvtet They will judge soc vtet
Chapter 20 page 4
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce
Master Verb Chart
Tense Aug/ Tense Tense Conn. Personal 1st sing
Redup stem form. vowel endings paradigm
Present act pres c/s prim act ìuæ
Present mid/pas pres c/s prim mid/pas ìucaet
Future act fut act o c/s prim act ìuoæ
Liquid fut act fut act so c/s prim act k5tvæ
Future mid fut act o c/s prim mid/pas sìsuocaet
Chapter 21 page 1
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce
Chapter 21
Imperfect Active (§21.6-7)
Augment + Present Active Tense Stem +
Connecting Vowel +
Secondary Active Personal Endings
s + ìu + c + asv ≥ sìucasv
form translation c.v. p.e.
1 sg s ìu c v I was loosing c v
2 sg s ìu s . You were loosing s .
3 sg s ìu s'v| He/she/it was loosing s 'v|
1 pl s ìu c asvWe were loosing c asv
2 pl s ìu s ts You were loosing s ts
3 pl s ìu c v They were loosing c v
Chapter 21 page 2
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce
Imperfect Middle/Passive (§21.8-9)
Augment + Present Passive Tense Stem +
Connecting Vowel +
Secondary Passive Personal Endings
s + ìu + c + anv ≥ sìucanv
form translation c.v. p.e.
1 sg s ìu c anv I was being loosing c anv
2 sg s ìu c u You were loosing s oc
3 sg s ìu s tc He/she/it was loosing s tc
1 pl s ìu c as0e We were loosing c
as0e
2 pl s ìu s o0s You were loosing s o0s
Chapter 21 page 3
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce
Final Four Endings (§21.14)
ìuæ '|
ìust. '.|
ìust 't|
ìucasv 'asv|
ìusts 'ts|
ìucuot'v| 'vot|
secondary tenses
a
c
t
i
v
e

v
o
i
c
e
ìucaet 'aet|
ìun 'oet|
ìustet 'tet|
ìucas0e 'as0e|
ìuso0s 'o0s|
ìucvtet 'vtet|
m
i
d
d
l
e
/
p
a
s
s
i
v
e

v
o
i
c
e
sìucv 'v|
sìus. '.|
sìus'v| '|
sìucasv 'asv|
sìusts 'ts|
sìucv 'v|
primary tenses
sìucanv 'anv|
sìucu 'oc|
sìustc 'tc|
sìucas0e 'as0e|
sìuso0s 'o0s|
sìucvtc 'vtc|
Chapter 21 page 4
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce
Master Verb Chart
Tense Aug/ Tense Tense Conn. Personal 1st sing
Redup stem form. vowel endings paradigm
Present act pres c/s prim act ìuæ
Present mid/pas pres c/s prim mid/pas ìucaet
Imperfect act s pres c/s sec act sìucv
Imperfect mid/pas s pres c/s sec mid/pas sìucanv
Future act fut act o c/s prim act ìuoæ
Liquid fut act fut act so c/s prim act k5tvæ
Future mid fut act o c/s prim mid/pas sìsuocaet
Chapter 22 page 1
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce
Chapter 22
Second Aorist Active (§22.4)
Augment + Aorist Active Tense Stem +
Connecting Vowel +
Secondary Active Personal Endings
s + ìe3 + c + asv ≥ sìe3casv
form translation c.v. p.e.
1 sg s ìe3 c v I took c v
2 sg s ìe3 s . You took s .
3 sg s ìe3 s'v| He/she/it took s 'v|
1 pl s ìe3 c asv We took c asv
2 pl s ìe3 s ts You took s ts
3 pl s ìe3 c v They took c v
Chapter 22 page 2
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce
Second Aorist Middle (§22.13)
Augment + Aorist Active Tense Stem +
Connecting Vowel +
Secondary Passive Personal Endings
s + vsv + c + anv ≥ svsvcanv
form translation c.v. p.e.
1 sg s vsv c anv I became c anv
2 sg s vsv c u You became s oc
3 sg s vsv s tc He/she/it became s tc
1 pl s vsv c as0e We became c as0e
2 pl s vsv s o0s You became s o0s
3 pl s vsv c vtc They became c vtc
Chapter 22 page 3
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce
Master Verb Chart
Tense Aug/ Tense Tense Conn. Personal 1st sing
Redup stem form. vowel endings paradigm
Present act pres c/s prim act ìuæ
Present mid/pas pres c/s prim mid/pas ìucaet
Imperfect act s pres c/s sec act sìucv
Imperfect mid/pas s pres c/s sec mid/pas sìucanv
Future act fut act o c/s prim act ìuoæ
Liquid fut act fut act so c/s prim act k5tvæ
Future mid fut act o c/s prim mid/pas sìsuocaet
2nd aorist act s aor act c/s sec act sìe3cv
2nd aorist mid s aor act c/s sec mid/pas svsvcanv
Chapter 23 page 1
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce
Chapter 23
First Aorist Active (§23.3)
Augment + Aorist Active Tense Stem +
Tense Formative (oe) +
Secondary Active Personal Endings
s + ìu + oe + asv ≥ sìuoeasv
form translation t.f. p.e.
1 sg s ìu oe I loosed oe
2 sg s ìu oe . You loosed oe .
3 sg s ìu os'v| He/she/it loosed os 'v|
1 pl s ìu oe asv We loosed oe asv
2 pl s ìu oe ts You loosed oe ts
3 pl s ìu oe v They loosed oe v
Chapter 23 page 2
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce
Liquid Aorists (§23.12-13)
Augment + Aorist Active Tense Stem +
Tense Formative (e) +
Secondary Active Personal Endings
s + astv + e + asv ≥ sast√veasv
form translation t.f. p.e.
1 sg s astv e I remained e
2 sg s astv e . You remained e .
3 sg s astv s 'v| He/she/it remained s 'v|
1 pl s ast√v e asv We remained e asv
2 pl s ast√v e ts You remained e ts
3 pl s astv e v They remained e v
Chapter 23 page 3
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce
First Aorist Middle (§23.15-16)
Augment + Aorist Active Tense Stem +
Tense Formative (oe) +
Secondary Passive Personal Endings
s + ìu + oe + anv ≥ sìuoeanv
form translation t.f. p.e.
1 sg s ìu oe anv I loosed oe anv
2 sg s ìu o æ You loosed oe oc
3 sg s ìu oe tc He/she/it loosed oe tc
1 pl s ìu oe as0e We loosed oe as0e
2 pl s ìu oe o0s You loosed oe o0s
3 pl s ìu oe vtc They loosed oe vtc
Chapter 23 page 4
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce
Master Verb Chart
Tense Aug/ Tense Tense Conn. Personal 1st sing
Redup stem form. vowel endings paradigm
Present act pres c/s prim act ìuæ
Present mid/pas pres c/s prim mid/pas ìucaet
Imperfect act s pres c/s sec act sìucv
Imperfect mid/pas s pres c/s sec mid/pas sìucanv
Future act fut act o c/s prim act ìuoæ
Liquid fut act fut act so c/s prim act k5tvæ
Future mid fut act o c/s prim mid/pas sìsuocaet
1st aorist act s aor act oe sec act sìuoe
Liquid aorist act s aor act e sec act sastve
2nd aorist act s aor act c/s sec act sìe3cv
1st aorist mid s aor act oe sec mid/pas sìuoeanv
2nd aorist mid s aor act c/s sec mid/pas svsvcanv
Chapter 24 page 1
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce
Chapter 24
First Aorist Passive (§24.3)
Augment + Aorist Passive Tense Stem +
Tense Formative (0n) +
Secondary Active Personal Endings
s + ìu + 0n + v ≥ sìu0nv
form translation t.f. p.e.
1 sg s ìu 0n v I was loosed 0n v
2 sg s ìu 0n . You were loosed 0n .
3 sg s ìu 0n He/she/it was loosed0n
1 pl s ìu 0n asv We were loosed 0n asv
2 pl s ìu 0n ts You were loosed 0n ts
3 pl s ìu 0n oev They were loosed 0n oev
Chapter 24 page 2
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce
Second Aorist Passive (§24.10)
Augment + Aorist Passive Tense Stem +
Tense Formative (n) +
Secondary Active Personal Endings
s + v5ee + n + asv ≥ sv5eenasv
form translation t.f. p.e.
1 sg s v5ee n v I was written n anv
2 sg s v5ee n . You were written n oc
3 sg s v5ee n He/she/it was writtenn tc
1 pl s v5ee n asv We were written n as0e
2 pl s v5ee n ts You were written n o0s
3 pl s v5ee n oev They were written n vtc
Chapter 24 page 3
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce
First Future Passive (§24.12)
Aorist Passive Tense Stem (without augment) +
Tense Formative (0no) + Connecting Vowel +
Primary Passive Personal Endings
ìu + 0no + c + aet ≥ ìu0nocaet
form translation t.f.+c.v. p.e.
1 sg ìu 0no c aet I will be loosed 0noc aet
2 sg ìu 0no n You will be loosed 0nos oet
3 sg ìu 0no s tet He/she/it will be loosed 0nos tet
1 pl ìu 0no c as0eWe will be loosed 0noc as0e
2 pl ìu 0no so0s You will be loosed 0nos o0s
3 pl ìu 0no c vtet They will be loosed 0noc vtet
Chapter 24 page 4
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce
Second Future Passive (§24.15)
Aorist Passive Tense Stem (without augment) +
Tense Formative (no) + Connecting Vowel +
Primary Passive Personal Endings
eacoteì + no + c + aet ≥ eacoteìnocaet
form translation p.e.
1 sg eacoteì no c aet I will be sent aet
2 sg eacoteì no n You will be sent oet
3 sg eacoteì no s tet He/she/it will be sent tet
1 pl eacoteì no c as0e We were written as0e
2 pl eacoteì no s o0s You were written o0s
3 pl eacoteì no c vtet They were written vtet
Chapter 24 page 5
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce
Master Verb Chart
Tense Aug/ Tense Tense Conn. Personal 1st sing
Redup stem form. vowel endings paradigm
Present act pres c/s prim act ìuæ
Present mid/pas pres c/s prim mid/pas ìucaet
Imperfect act s pres c/s sec act sìucv
Imperfect mid/pas s pres c/s sec mid/pas sìucanv
Future act fut act o c/s prim act ìuoæ
Liquid fut act fut act so c/s prim act k5tvæ
Future mid fut act o c/s prim mid/pas sìsuocaet
1st future pas aor pas 0no c/s prim mid/pas ìu0nocaet
2nd future pas aor pas no c/s prim mid/pas eacoteìnocaet
1st aorist act s aor act oe sec act sìuoe
Liquid aorist act s aor act e sec act sastve
2nd aorist act s aor act c/s sec act sìe3cv
1st aorist mid s aor act oe sec mid/pas sìuoeanv
2nd aorist mid s aor act c/s sec mid/pas svsvcanv
1st aorist pas s aor pas 0n sec act sìu0nv
2nd aorist pas s aor pas n sec act sv5eenv
Chapter 25 page 1
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce
Chapter 25
Perfect Active (§25.4)
Reduplication + Perfect Active Tense Stem +
Tense Formative (ke) +
Primary Active Personal Endings
ì + s + ìu + ke + asv ≥ ìsìukeasv
form translation t.f. p.e.
1 sg ìs ìu ke I have loosed ke
2 sg ìs ìu ke . You have loosed ke .
3 sg ìs ìu ks 'v| He/she/it have loosed ks 'v|
1 pl ìs ìu ke asv We have loosed ke asv
2 pl ìs ìu ke ts You have loosed ke ts
3 pl ìs ìu ke ot'v| They have loosed ke ot'v|
Chapter 25 page 2
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce
Perfect (Middle/Passive) (§25.5)
Reduplication +
Perfect Middle/Passive Tense Stem +
Primary Passive Personal Endings
ì + s + ìu + aet ≥ ìsìuaet
form translation p.e.
1 sg ìs ìu aet I have been loosed aet
2 sg ìs ìu oet You have been loosed oet
3 sg ìs ìu tet He/she/it have been loosed tet
1 pl ìs ìu as0e We have been loosed as0e
2 pl ìs ìu o0s You have been loosed o0s
3 pl ìs ìu vtet They have been loosed vtet
Chapter 25 page 3
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce
Reduplication of Stops (§25.6)
a 3 e ≥ as
k v ¿ ≥ ks
t é 0 ≥ ts
Chapter 25 page 4
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce
Master Verb Chart (§25.19)
Tense Aug/ Tense Tense Conn. Personal 1st sing
Redup stem form. vowel endings paradigm
Present act pres c/s prim act ìuæ
Present mid/pas pres c/s prim mid/pas ìucaet
Imperfect act s pres c/s sec act sìucv
Imperfect mid/pas s pres c/s sec mid/pas sìucanv
Future act fut act o c/s prim act ìuoæ
Liquid fut act fut act so c/s prim act k5tvæ
Future mid fut act o c/s prim mid/pas sìsuocaet
1st future pas aor pas 0no c/s prim mid/pas ìu0nocaet
2nd future pas aor pas no c/s prim mid/pas eacoteìnocaet
1st aorist act s aor act oe sec act sìuoe
Liquid aorist act s aor act e sec act sastve
2nd aorist act s aor act c/s sec act sìe3cv
1st aorist mid s aor act oe sec mid/pas sìuoeanv
2nd aorist mid s aor act c/s sec mid/pas svsvcanv
1st aorist pas s aor pas 0n sec act sìu0nv
2nd aorist pas s aor pas n sec act sv5eenv
1st perfect act ìs perf act ke prim act ìsìuke
2nd perfect act ìs perf act e prim act vsvcve
Perfect mid/pas ìs perf pas prim mid/pas ìsìuaet
Chapter 26 page 1
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce
Chapter 26
Participles
Verbal Adjective
Tense: present; aorist; perfect
Voice: active; middle; passive
Verbal modifiers
Case: nom; gen; dat; acc
Number: singular; plural
Gender: masc; fem; neut
Chapter 26 page 2
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce
Your Guess
ìucuon
ìuoevtæv
ìsìukctc.
Chapter 27 page 1
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce
Chapter 27
Summary of Participles (§27.1,3)
Guidelines for Present Adverbial
1. Present tense verbal stem
2. Continuous action
3. Related to verb (ÒwhileÓ + ÒingÓ)
Present Tense Stem + Connecting Vowel +
Participle Morpheme + Case Endings
atotsu + c + vt + s. ≥ atotsucvts.
masc fem neut
act vt cuoe vt
mid/pas asvc asvn asvc
Chapter 27 page 2
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce
Present (Continuous) Active (§27.5)
Present Tense Stem + Connecting Vowel +
Active Participle Morpheme + Case Endings
ìu + c + asvc + . ≥ ìucasvc.
3 1 3
masc fem neut
nom sg ìuæv ìucuoe ìucv
gen sg ìucvtc. ìucuon. ìucvtc.
dat sg ìucvtt ìucuon ìucvtt
acc sg ìucvte ìucuoev ìucv
nom pl ìucvts. ìucuoet ìucvte
gen pl ìucvtæv ìucuoæv ìucvtæv
dat pl ìucuot'v| ìucuoet. ìucuot'v|
acc pl ìucvte. ìucuoe. ìucvte
masc fem neut
act vt cuoe vt
mid/pas asvc asvn asvc
Chapter 27 page 3
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce
Present (Continuous) Mid/Pas (§27.7)
Present Tense Stem + Connecting Vowel +
Participle Morpheme + Case Endings
atotsu + c + vt + s. ≥ atotsucvts.
2 1 2
masc fem neut
nom sg ìucasvc. ìucasvn ìucasvcv
gen sg ìucasvcu ìucasvn. ìucasvcu
dat sg ìucasvæ ìucasvn ìucasvæ
acc sg ìucasvcv ìucasvnv ìucasvcv
nom pl ìucasvct ìucasvet ìucasve
gen pl ìucasvæv ìucasvæv ìucasvæv
dat pl ìucasvct. ìucasvet. ìucasvct.
acc pl ìucasvcu. ìucasve. ìucasve
masc fem neut
act vt cuoe vt
mid/pas asvc asvn asvc
Chapter 27 page 4
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce
Forms You Should Know
Present active: cvt. cuoe æv cuoe cv
cvtc. cuon. cvtc.
Present middle/passive: casvc/n casvc. casvn casvcv
casvcu casvn. casvcu
Participle Morphemes
vt (active)
asvc/n (middle/passive)
Chapter 28 page 1
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce
Chapter 28
First Aorist (UndeÞned) Active (§28.7-8)
Unaugmented Aorist Active Tense Stem +
Tense Formative (oe) +
Participle Morpheme + Case Endings
ìu + oe + vt + c. ≥ ìuoevtc.
3 1 3
masc fem neuter
nom sg ìuoe. ìuoeoe ìuoev
gen sg ìuoevtc. ìuoeon. ìuoevtc.
dat sg ìuoevtt ìuoeon ìuoevtt
acc sg ìuoevte ìuoeoev ìuoev
nom pl ìuoevts. ìuoeoet ìuoevte
gen pl ìuoevtæv ìuoeoæv ìuoevtæv
dat pl ìuoeot'v| ìuoeoet. ìuoeot'v|
acc pl ìuoevte. ìuoeoe. ìuoevte
masc fem neut
nom sg oe. oeoe oev
gen sg oevtc. oeon. oevtc.
Chapter 28 page 2
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce
First Aorist (UndeÞned) Middle (§28.9)
Unaugmented Aorist Middle Tense Stem +
Tense Formative (oe) +
Participle Morpheme + Case Endings
ìu + oe + asvc + . ≥ ìuoeasvc.
2 1 2
masc fem neuter
nom sg ìuoeasvc. ìuoeasvn ìuoeasvcv
gen sg ìuoeasvcu ìuoeasvn. ìuoeasvcu
dat sg ìuoeasvæ ìuoeasvn ìuoeasvæ
acc sg ìuoeasvcv ìuoeasvnv ìuoeasvcv
nom pl ìuoeasvct ìuoeasvet ìuoeasve
gen pl ìuoeasvæv ìuoeasvæv ìuoeasvæv
dat pl ìuoeasvct. ìuoeasvet. ìuoeasvct.
acc pl ìuoeasvcu. ìuoeasve. ìuoeasve
masc fem neut
nom sg oeasvc. oeasvn oeasvcv
gen sg oeasvcu oeasvn. oeasvcu
Chapter 28 page 3
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce
First Aorist (UndeÞned) Passive (§28.10)
Unaugmented Aorist Passive Tense Stem +
Tense Formative (0n) +
Participle Morpheme + Case Endings
ìu + 0s + vt + c. ≥ ìu0svtc.
3 1 3
masc fem neuter
nom sg ìu0st√. ìu0stoe ìu0sv
gen sg ìu0svtc. ìu0st√on. ìu0svtc.
dat sg ìu0svtt ìu0st√on ìu0svtt
acc sg ìu0svte ìu0stoev ìu0sv
nom pl ìu0svts. ìu0stoet ìu0svte
gen pl ìu0svtæv ìu0stoæv ìu0svtæv
dat pl ìu0stot'v| ìu0st√oet. ìu0stot'v|
acc pl ìu0svte. ìu0st√oe. ìu0svte
masc fem neut
nom sg 0st. 0stoe 0sv
gen sg 0svtc. 0ston. 0svtc.
Chapter 28 page 4
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce
Second Aorist (UndeÞned) Active (§28.12)
Unaugmented Aorist Active Tense Stem +
Connecting Vowel +
Participle Morpheme + Case Endings
ìta + c + vt + c. ≥ ìtacvts.
3 1 3
masc fem neuter
nom sg ìtaæv ìtacuoe ìtacv
gen sg ìtacvtc. ìtacuon. ìtacvtc.
dat sg ìtacvtt ìtacuon ìtacvtt
acc sg ìtacvte ìtacuoev ìtacv
nom pl ìtacvts. ìt√acuoet ìtacvte
gen pl ìtacvtæv ìtacuoæv ìtacvtæv
dat pl ìtacuot'v| ìtacuoet. ìtacuot'v|
acc pl ìtacvtcu. ìtacuoe. ìtacvte
masc fem neut
nom sg æv cuoe cv
gen sg cvtc. cuon. cvtc.
Chapter 28 page 5
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce
Second Aorist (UndeÞned) Middle (§28.13)
Unaugmented Aorist Middle Tense Stem +
Connecting Vowel +
Participle Morpheme + Case Endings
ìta + c + asvc + . ≥ ìtacasvc.
2 1 2
masc fem neuter
nom sg ìtacasvc. ìtacasvn ìtacasvcv
gen sg ìtacasvcu ìtacasvn. ìtacasvcu
dat sg ìtacasvæ ìtacasvn ìtacasvæ
acc sg ìtacasvcv ìtacasvnv ìtacasvcv
nom pl ìtacasvct ìtacasvet ìtacasve
gen pl ìtacasvæv ìtacasvæv ìtacasvæv
dat pl ìtacasvct. ìtacasvet.
ìtacasvct.
masc fem neut
nom sg casvc. casvn casvcv
gen sg casvcu casvn. casvcu
Chapter 28 page 6
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce
Second Aorist (UndeÞned) Passive (§28.13)
Unaugmented Aorist Passive Tense Stem +
Connecting Vowel +
Participle Morpheme + Case Endings
v5ee + s + vt + s. ≥ v5eesvts.
3 1 3
masc fem neuter
nom sg v5eest√. v5eestoe v5eesv
gen sg v5eesvtc. v5eest√on. v5eesvtc.
dat sg v5eesvtt v5eest√on v5eesvtt
acc sg v5eesvte v5eestoev v5eesv
nom pl v5eesvts. v5eestoet v5eesvte
gen pl v5eesvtæv v5eestoæv v5eesvtæv
dat pl v5eestot'v| v5eest√oet. v5eestot'v|
acc pl v5eesvte. v5eest√oe. v5eesvte
masc fem neut
nom sg st. stoe sv
gen sg svtc. ston. svtc.
Chapter 28 page 7
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce
Forms You Should Know
Present active: cvt. cuoe æv cuoe cv
cvtc. cuon. cvtc.
Present middle/passive: casvc/n casvc. casvn casvcv
casvcu casvn. casvcu
First aorist active: oevt. oeoe oe. oeoe oev
oevtc. oeon. oevtc.
First aorist middle: oeasvc/n oeasvc. oeasvn oeasvcv
oeasvcu oeasvn. oeasvcu
First aorist passive: 0svt. 0stoe 0st. 0stoe 0sv
0svtc. 0ston. 0svtc.
Second aorist active: cvt. cuoe æv cuoe cv
cvtc. cuon. cvtc.
Second aorist middle: casvc/n casvc. casvn casvcv
casvcu casvn. casvcu
Second aorist passive: stoe. svt st. stoe sv
svtc. ston. svtc.
Participle Morphemes
vt (active)
asvc/n (middle/passive)
Chapter 30 page 1
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce
Chapter 30
Perfect Active (§30.3)
Reduplication + Perfect Tense Stem +
Tense Formative (k) +
Participle Morpheme + Case Endings
ìs + ìu + k + ct + s. ≥ ìsìukcts.
3 1 3
masc fem neuter
nom sg ìsìukæ. ìsìukute ìsìukc.
gen sg ìsìukctc. ìsìukute. ìsìukctc.
dat sg ìsìukctt ìsìukute ìsìukctt
acc sg ìsìukcte ìsìukutev ìsìukc.
nom pl ìsìukcts. ìsìukutet ìsìukcte
gen pl ìsìukctæv ìsìukutæv ìsìukctæv
dat pl ìsìukcot'v| ìsìukutet. ìsìukcot'v|
acc pl ìsìukcte. ìsìukute. ìsìukcte
masc fem neut
nom sg kæ. kute kc.
gen sg kctc. kute. kctc.
Chapter 30 page 2
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce
Perfect Middle/Passive (§30.4)
Reduplication + Perfect Tense Stem +
Participle Morpheme + Case Endings
ìs + ìu + asvc + . ≥ ìsìuasvc.
3 1 3
masc fem neuter
nom sg ìsìuasvc. ìsìuasvn ìsìuasvcv
gen sg ìsìuasvcu ìsìuasvn. ìsìuasvcu
dat sg ìsìuasvæ ìsìuasvn ìsìuasvæ
acc sg ìsìuasvcv ìsìuasvnv ìsìuasvcv
nom pl ìsìuasvct ìsìuasvet ìsìuasve
gen pl ìsìuasvæv ìsìuasvæv ìsìuasvæv
dat pl ìsìuasvct. ìsìuasvet. ìsìuasvct.
acc pl ìsìuasvcu. ìsìuasve. ìsìuasve
masc fem neut
nom sg asvc. asvn asvcv
gen sg asvcu asvn. asvcu
Chapter 30 page 3
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce
Forms You Should Know
Present active: cvt. cuoe æv cuoe cv
cvtc. cuon. cvtc.
Present middle/passive: casvc/n casvc. casvn casvcv
casvcu casvn. casvcu
First aorist active: oevt. oeoe oe. oeoe oev
oevtc. oeon. oevtc.
First aorist middle: oeasvc/n oeasvc. oeasvn oeasvcv
oeasvcu oeasvn. oeasvcu
First aorist passive: 0svt. 0stoe 0st. 0stoe 0sv
0svtc. 0ston. 0svtc.
Second aorist active: cvt. cuoe æv cuoe cv
cvtc. cuon. cvtc.
Second aorist middle: casvc/n casvc. casvn casvcv
casvcu casvn. casvcu
Second aorist passive: stoe. svt st. stoe sv
svtc. ston. svtc.
First perfect active: kct. kute kæ. kute kc.
kctc. kute. kctc.
First perfect middle/passive: asvc/n asvc. asvn asvcv
asvcu asvn. asvcu
Participle Morphemes
vt (active)
asvc/n (middle/passive)
ct (perfect active)
Chapter 32 page 1
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce
Chapter 32
InÞnitive (§32.4)
present 1st aorist 2nd aorist perfect
active stv oet stv vet
middle so0et oeo0et so0et o0et
passive so0et 0nvet nvet o0et
present 1st aorist 2nd aorist perfect
active ìustv ìuoet ìtastv ìsìuksvet
middle ìuso0et ìuoeo0et ìtaso0et ìsìuo0et
passive ìuso0et ìu0nvet v5eenvet ìsìuo0et
Chapter 32 page 2
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce
Uses of the InÞnitive (#32.9-13)
1. Substantive
2. Complementary inÞnitive
3. Articular inÞntive with preposition
a. éte because
b. st. in order that
c. sv when/while
d. aste after
e. a5c before
f. a5c. in order that
4. Purpose
a. articular inÞnitive with st. or a5c.
b. articular inÞnitive with article in the genitive
c. inÞnitive
5. Result
Chapter 33 page 1
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce
Chapter 33
Imperative (§33.6)
active and aorist passive middle/passive
2 sg v
3 sg tæ o0æ
2 pl ts o0s
3 pl tæoev o0æoev
present Þrst aorist translation
active
2 sg ìus ìuocv (You) Loose!
3 sg ìustæ ìuoetæ Let him loose!
2 pl ìusts ìuoets (You) loose!
3 pl ìustæoev ìuoetæoev Let them loose!
middle
2 sg ìucu ìuoet (You) loose for yourself!
3 sg ìuso0æ ìuoeo0æ Let him loose for himself!
2 pl ìuso0s ìuoeo0s (You) loose!
3 pl ìuso0æoev ìuoeo0æoev Let them loose!
passive
2 sg ìucu ìu0ntt (You) be loosed!
3 sg ìuso0æ ìu0ntæ Let him be loosed!
2 pl ìuso0s ìu0nts (You) be loosed!
3 pl ìuso0æoev ìu0ntæoev Let them be loosed!
Chapter 34 page 1
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce
Chapter 34
Rule #1 (§34.6)
Rule One: at verbs reduplicate
their initial stem letter to form the
present, and separate the
reduplicated consonant with an
iota.
t
æ
é
é
éæ
étéæ
æ
t
é
é
Chapter 34 page 2
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce
Rule #2 (§34.7)
Rule Two: at verbs do not
ordinarily use a connecting (i.e.,
ÒthematicÓ) vowel in the
indicative. The personal ending is
added directly to the stem.
ét + øéc + asv
≥ ét√éæasv
Chapter 34 page 3
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce
Rule #3 (§34.8)
Rule 3: at verbs employ three
different personal endings in the
present active.
at verbs thematic conjugation
1 sg ét√éæat at ìuæ
2 sg ét√éæ. . ìust. .
3 sg ét√éæot'v| ot ìust t
1 pl ét√écasv asv ìucasv asv
2 pl ét√écts ts ìusts ts
3 pl étéceot'v| eot ìucuot'v| vot
Chapter 34 page 4
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce
Rule #4 (§34.9)
Rule Four: the stem vowel of at
verbs can lengthen, shorten, or
drop out (ablaut).
ét√éæat
ét√écasv
Chapter 34 page 5
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce
Rule #5 (§34.10)
Rule Five: Most of the at verbs
use ke as their tense formative in
the aorist.
at verbs thematic conjugation
1 sg séæke sìuoe
2 sg séæke. sìuoe.
3 sg séæks'v| sìuos'v|
1 pl séækeasv sìuoeasv
2 pl séækets sìuoets
3 pl séækev sìuoev
Chapter 34 page 6
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce
ééé éttt t√ √ √ √ ééé éæææ æaaa attt t in the Indicative (§34.11)
present imperfect future aorist perfect
1 sg ét√éæat sét√écuv éæoæ séæke éséæke
2 sg ét√éæ. sét√écu. éæost. séæke. éséæke.
3 sg ét√éæot'v| sét√écu éæost séæks'v| éséæks'v|
1 pl ét√écasv sét√écasv éæocasv séækeasv éséækeasv
2 pl ét√écts sét√écts éæosts séækets éséækets
3 pl étéceot'v| sét√écoev éæocuot'v| séækev éséækev
Chapter 34 page 7
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce
LetÕs Practive
1. éæosts
2. sét√écu.
3. séæke
4. ét√éæotv
5. éséæks
Chapter 35 page 1
© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce
Chapter 35
Present Active Indicative (§35.2)
*ote *0s *éc *éstkvu
1 sg totnat tt√0nat ét√éæat ést√kvuat
2 sg totn. tt√0n. ét√éæ. éstkvust.
3 sg totnot'v| tt√0not'v| ét√éæot'v| ést√kvuot 'v|
1 pl toteasv tt√0sasv ét√écasv ést√kvuasv
2 pl totets tt√0sts ét√écts ést√kvuts
3 pl toteot'v| tt0seot'v| étéceot'v| éstkvueot'v|

Preface
Included is what I hope will become a growing body of visual teaching aids. So much of our educational theory is designed for auditory learners, not visual learners. Hopefully these overheads will help all students. We are starting with very basic overheads. If you have some ideas that you would like me to do and include in this packets in future years (with due credit given to you), please send your samples to Bill Mounce, Teknia, PO Box 337, Wenham, MA 01984, or email me at lbbg@teknia.com. Teachers using The Basics of Biblical Greek may copy these overheads, both for overheads and student handouts, provided that the copies are distributed at cost.

First printing . . . . . . . Fall, 1993 Second printing . . . . . . Fall, 1999

page 2

Chapter 3

page 1

Chapter 3

Alphabet (#3.3.2)

a z l p u

b h m r f

g q n s c

d i x " y

© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce

William D.4) w u i a e © 1993 Dr. Mounce o h .Chapter 3 page 2 Vowels (#3.

uJpevr 3. ∆Ihsou'" © 1993 Dr. ajpovstolo" 2. aijtevw 5. Aijtevw 6. William D. Mounce .Chapter 3 page 3 Breathings (#3. rJuvomai 4.4-5) 1.

Chapter 3 page 4 Diphthong (#3.5) © 1993 Dr. Mounce . William D.

2) Acute: uJpevr Grave: uJpe.r Circumßex: pneu'ma © 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce .Chapter 4 page 1 Chapter 4 Accents (#4.

William D.2) © 1993 Dr. Mounce .Chapter 4 page 2 Co-Elision (#4.

© 1993 Dr.425 of the total word occurrences. William D. Mounce .162 total occurrences 79. or almost 80%.Chapter 4 page 3 Vocabulary 5.92 % of all occurrences Words occurring 50 times and more account for 110.437 different words 138.

William D. Mounce .Chapter 4 page 4 Nominative and Genitive Paradigm 2 masc nom sg 1 fem 2 neut lovgo" lovgon acc sg grafhv w{ra grafhvn w{ran grafaiv w|rai grafav" w{ra" e[rgon e[rgon nom pl lovgoi lovgou" e[rga e[rga acc pl © 1993 Dr.

Chapter 5 page 1 Chapter 5 Terminology (#5. William D. Mounce .3-5) Case: Nominative (subject) Accusative (direct object) Number: Singular Plural Gender: Masculine Feminine Neuter © 1993 Dr.

Mounce .Chapter 6 page 1 Chapter 6 Nominative and Accusative (#6.Ó oJ ajpovstolo" pevmpei to. William D. " nominative subject n accusative direct object © 1993 Dr.3) ÒThe apostle sends the apostle.n ajpovstolon.

and from the function determine the wordÕs meaning. William D. you should Þrst look at the wordÕs case. Mounce . Case 2. Meaning nominative subject predicate nominative your translation Instead of thinking about word order. © 1993 Dr.Chapter 6 page 2 From Case to Function to Meaning 1. Function 3. from the case determine the wordÕs function. Do not try to determine function on the basis of word order.

A third scenario requires you to move through the declension all the way to gender. no ending). as in the ending nu.. © 1993 Dr. Other times you have to see the declension. For example. Mounce . There are several scenarios. In this case you can skip steps #2 nd #3. Sometimes you can see the case ending and know automatically what it must be (e.Chapter 6 page 3 Parsing Made Simple Step #1: Case ending Step #2: Declension Step #3: Gender Step #4: Parsing i n 1st 1st 2nd masc neut nom sing fem nom plural fem acc sing fem acc sing masc nom/acc sing The goal is to move from the case ending to the parsing. William D. but if it is a Þrst declension noun then it must be nom plural fem. iota can be found several places.g.

Mounce . William D.13.15) 2 masc nom sg acc sg nom pl acc pl 1 fem 2 neut " n i u" n i " n n a a 2 masc nom sg 1 fem 2 neut lovgo" lovgon grafhv e[rgon acc sg w{ra grafhvn e[rgon w{ran nom pl lovgoi acc pl grafaiv e[rga w|rai lovgou" grafav" e[rga w{ra" © 1993 Dr.Chapter 6 page 4 Paradigm (#6.

we have included several alternate paradigms.Chapter 6 page 5 Alternate Paradigm (#6.13. William D. Mounce . © 1993 Dr.15) 2 masc nom sg acc sg nom pl acc pl 1 fem 2 neut o" on oi ou" h hn ai a" on on a a 2 masc nom sg 1 fem 2 neut lovgo" lovgon grafhv e[rgon acc sg w{ra grafhvn e[rgon w{ran nom pl lovgoi acc pl grafaiv e[rga w|rai lovgou" grafav" e[rga w{ra" For teachers preferring to show the Þnal stem vowel with the case ending.

William D. Mounce .20) a/h à 1st declension neuter nom = neuter acc neuter nom/acc plural = a © 1993 Dr.Chapter 6 page 6 Nouns Rules 1-3 (#6.

Chapter 6 page 7 Noun Rule #2 © 1993 Dr. Mounce . William D.

Chapter 6 page 8 The Fog The only way is through! © 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce .

" w{ra" © 1993 Dr.n w{ran aiJ grafaiv aiJ w|rai n n a a to. William D.n grafhvn th. e[rga acc pl tou.Chapter 6 page 9 Nominative and Accusative 2 masc nom sg acc sg nom pl acc pl 1 fem 2 neut " n i u" oJ lovgo" n i " hJ grafhv hJ w{ra th." lovgou" ta. e[rgon nom pl oiJ logoiv ta. Mounce ta.n lovgon to." grafav" ta. e[rga . e[rgon nom sg acc sg to.

" grafav" ta.n w{ran aiJ grafaiv aiJ w|rai on on a a to. e[rgon nom sg acc sg to.n grafhvn th. e[rga acc pl tou.Chapter 6 page 10 Nominative and Accusative (alternate) 2 masc nom sg acc sg nom pl acc pl 1 fem 2 neut o" on oi ou" oJ lovgo" h hn ai a" hJ grafhv hJ w{ra th. e[rga . Mounce ta. e[rgon nom pl oiJ logoiv ta. William D." w{ra" © 1993 Dr.n lovgon to." lovgou" ta.

© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce . Karin threw Brad . Direct Object (#7.2) Karin threw Brad a ball.Chapter 7 page 1 Chapter 7 Indirect vs.

Chapter 7 page 2 Case Endings (First and Second Declension) 2 masc nom sg gen sg dat sg acc sg 1 fem 2 neut " u i n i wn i" u" " i n i wn i" " n u i n a wn i" a nom pl gen pl dat pl acc pl © 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce .

Mounce .6) (First and Second Declension) (alternate) 2 masc nom sg gen sg dat sg acc sg 1 fem 2 neut o" ou w/ on oi wn oi" ou" h h" h/ hn ai wn ai" a" on ou w/ on a wn oi" a nom pl gen pl dat pl acc pl © 1993 Dr. William D.Chapter 7 page 3 Case Endings (#7.

William D. Mounce .7) 2 masc nom sg gen sg dat sg acc sg 1 fem 2 neut oJ tou' tw/' tovn oiJ tw'n toi'" touv" hJ th'" th/' thvn aiJ tw'n tai'" tav" tov tou' tw/' tov tav tw'n toi'" tav nom pl gen pl dat pl acc pl © 1993 Dr.Chapter 7 page 4 DeÞnite Article (#7.

e[rgon nom pl gen pl dat pl acc pl oiJ lovgoi tw'n lovgwn toi'" lovgoi" tou.8) 2 masc nom sg 1 fem 2 neut oJ lovgo" hJ grafh hJ w{ra th'" grafh'" th'" w{ra" th'/ grafh'/ th'/ w{ra/ th. Mounce ." grafav" to. William D.n w{ran aiJ grafaiv tw'n grafw'n tai'" grafai'" ta. e[rgon gen sg tou' lovgou tou' e[rgou dat sg tw'/ lovgw/ tw'/ e[rgw/ acc sg to.Chapter 7 page 5 Full Paradigm (#7.n lovgon to. e[rga tw'n e[rgwn toi'" e[rgoi" ta.n grafhvn th." lovgou" ta. e[rga © 1993 Dr.

10) Dative singular? Iota subscripts (if possible) Ablaut Genitive & Dative? Masculine = neuter © 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce .Chapter 7 page 6 Noun Rules 4-6 (#7.

Chapter 7 page 7 Noun Rule #6 (#7. Mounce . William D.10) © 1993 Dr.

Chapter 8 page 1 Chapter 8 A Preposition and its Object (#8. The object governs the meaning of the preposition. Mounce .2) Preposition Object The object follows its preposition. William D. © 1993 Dr.

William D.Chapter 8 page 2 Movable Nu (#8. Mounce .10) © 1993 Dr.

Mounce .11) Subject Main Verb © 1993 Dr.Chapter 8 page 3 Dependent Clauses (#8. William D.

William D. Mounce .Chapter 8 page 4 Prepositions prov" diav eij" ejn uJpov ajpov ejk paravv © 1993 Dr.

Ó © 1993 Dr. Mounce .Chapter 9 page 1 Chapter 9 Functions of an Adjective (#9. the bad. William D.Ó ÒThe good.1) ÒGoodÓ Adjectivally (regular adjective) Substantivally (noun) ÒHe is a good boy. and the ugly are welcome here.

Chapter 9 page 2 Types of Adjectives (#9.Ó ÒThe girl is tall. William D. Mounce .Ó © 1993 Dr.2) ÒTallÓ Attributive (gives an attribute) Predicate (predicates) ÒThe tall girl plays basketball.

Ó ÒMan is good. Mounce .Ó ÒMan is good.Ó ÒGood man.Ó No article: see context ajgaqo. William D.11-13) Attributive: immediately preceded by the article.Ó © 1993 Dr." oJ a[nqrwpo" ÒThe good man." a[nqrwpo" ÒGood man. oJ a[nqrwpo" ajgaqov" ajgaqo.Ó Predicate: not preceded by the article.Ó ÒThe man is good.Chapter 9 page 3 Adjectival Use of the Adjective (#9. oJ ajgaqo." a[nqrwpo" oJ ajgaqo." oJ a[nqrwpo" ÒThe man is good.Ó ÒThe good man." a[nqrwpo" ajgaqo.

Mounce .Chapter 9 page 4 Adjective (#9. William D.6) 2 masc nom sg gen sg dat sg acc sg 1 fem 2 neut ajgaqov" ajgaqou' ajgaqw/' ajgaqovn ajgaqoiv ajgaqw'n ajgaqoi'" ajgaqouv" ajgaqhv ajgaqh'" ajgaqh/' ajgaqhvn ajgaqaiv ajgaqw'n ajgaqai'" ajgaqav" ajgaqovn ajgaqou' ajgaqw/' ajgaqovn ajgaqav ajgaqw'n ajgaqoi'" ajgaqav nom pl gen pl dat pl acc pl © 1993 Dr.

William D. Mounce .11-13) © 1993 Dr.Chapter 9 page 5 Adjective Positions (#9.

William D.Chapter 10 page 1 Chapter 10 A Walk Through (#10. Mounce .7) nom sg gen sg dat sg acc sg sark + " sark + o" sark + i sark + a sark + e" sark + wn sark + a" ≥ ≥ ≥ ≥ ≥ ≥ ≥ savrx sarkov" sarki√ savrka savrke" sarkw'n sarxi√(n) savrka" nom pl gen pl dat pl acc pl sark + si(n) ≥ © 1993 Dr.

William D.10) 1st/2nd declension masc nom sg gen sg dat sg acc sg fem neut 3rd declension masc/ fem neut " u i n " i n n u i n " o" i a/n i - o" nom pl gen pl dat pl acc pl i wn i" u" i wn i" " a wn i" a e" wn si(n) a" a wn si(n) a © 1993 Dr.Chapter 10 page 2 Master Case Ending Chart (#10. Mounce .

13.Chapter 10 page 3 Rule 7: Square of Stops (#10. 16) Labial Velar Dental p k t b g d f c q Labial + Velar + Dental + s ≥ y s ≥ x s ≥ s © 1993 Dr. Mounce . William D.

18) A tau cannot stand at the end of a word and will drop off. William D.Chapter 10 page 4 Rule 8 (#10. o[noma t © 1993 Dr. Mounce .

Chapter 10 page 5 Please! No More Quizzes! © 1993 Dr. Mounce . William D.

Chapter 11 page 1 Chapter 11 First and Second Person Personal Pronouns (#11.6) Þrst nom sg gen sg dat sg acc sg second translation I my to me me you your to you you ejgwv mou moi me suv sou soi se nom pl gen pl dat pl acc pl hJmeiæ" uJmeiæ" hJmw'n uJmw'n hJmiæn hJma'" uJmiæn uJma'" we our us us you your you you © 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce .

3) 2 masc nom sg gen sg dat sg acc sg 1 fem 2 neut translation he his she her it its aujtov" aujtou' aujtw/' aujtovn aujtoiv aujthv aujth'" aujth/' aujthvn aujtaiv aujtov aujtou' aujtw/' aujtov aujtav to him to her to it him her it nom pl gen pl dat pl acc pl they their to them them aujtw'n aujtw'n aujtw'n aujtoi'" aujtai'" aujtoi'" aujtouv" aujtav" aujtav © 1993 Dr. Mounce .Chapter 12 page 1 Chapter 12 Third Person Personal Pronoun (#12. William D.

to. she .. translation Òhe. comment Non-intensive. intensive Identical adj. itÓ Usually predicate position." ∆Ihsou'" . © 1993 Dr. 2. 2.... Pronoun Adj.. aujto. Usually attributive position. William D. 3.n ∆Ihsou'n aujtovn ∆Ihsou'" aujtov" .." levgei . ÒsameÓ 1.12) use 1. Òhim/her/itselfÓ Normally in the nominative. 3.Chapter 12 page 2 Three Uses of aujtov" (#12.. Mounce . oJ aujto.

Chapter 13 page 1 Chapter 13 ou|to" (#13. William D. Mounce .4) masc nom sg gen sg dat sg acc sg fem neut ou|to" touvtou touvtw/ tou'ton ou|toi touvtwn touvtoi" touvtou" au{th tauvth" tauvth/ tauvthn au|tai touvtwn tauvtai" tauvta" tou'to touvtou touvtw/ tou'to tau'ta touvtwn touvtoi" tau'ta nom pl gen pl dat pl acc pl © 1993 Dr.

Chapter 13 page 2 ekeino" (#13. William D. Mounce .5) j æ masc nom sg gen sg dat sg acc sg fem neut ejkeiæno" ejkei√nou ejkei√nw/ ejkeiænon ejkeiænoi ejkei√nwn ejkei√noi" ejkei√nh ejkei√nh" ejkei√nh/ ejkei√nhn ejkeiænai ejkei√nwn ejkei√nai" ejkeiæno ejkei√nou ejkei√nw/ ejkeiæno ejkeiæna ejkei√nwn ejkei√noi" ejkeiæna nom pl gen pl dat pl acc pl ejkei√nou" ejkei√na" © 1993 Dr.

7) 2 masc nom sg gen sg dat sg acc sg 1 fem 2 neut translation who/which/that of whom/which to whom/which whom/which/that o{" ou| w/| o{n oi{ w|n oi|" ou{" h{ h|" h/| h{n ai{ w|n ai|" a{" o{ ou| w/| o{ a{ w|n oi|" a{ nom pl gen pl dat pl acc pl who/which/that of whom/which to whom/which whom/which/that © 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce .Chapter 14 page 1 Chapter 14 Relative Pronoun (#14.

William D. Person (#15. Mounce .3) Subject and verb must ÒagreeÓ in person and number. They Number (#15.4) First: ÒIÓ. ÒWeÓ Second: ÒYouÓ Third: ÒHe/She/It.5) Singular Plural © 1993 Dr.Chapter 15 page 1 Chapter 15 Agreement (#15.

Chapter 15 page 2 Aspect (#15. Mounce .11) Present Future Past Time (#15. Punctiliar Tense (#15. William D.13) Indicative © 1993 Dr.11) Voice (#15.12) Active Middle Passive Mood (#15.6-7) Continuous UndeÞned Perfect UndeÞned vs.

16-18) luv o men Stem (#15.18) © 1993 Dr.16) Connecting vowel (#15.17) Personal ending (#15.Chapter 15 page 3 Parts of the Verb (#15. William D. Mounce .

William D.Chapter 16 page 1 Chapter 16 Present Active Indicative (#16. luv w luv ei" luv ei luv omen luv ete luv ousi(n) o e e o e o " i men te nsi 1 pl 2 pl 3 pl We are loosing You are loosing They are loosing © 1993 Dr. Mounce . p.e.v.10) Present Tense Stem + Connecting Vowel + Primary Active Personal Endings lu + o + men ≥ luvomen form 1 sg 2 sg 3 sg translation I am loosing You are loosing He/she/it is loosing c.3.

William D.12) primary tenses secondary tenses luvw luvei" active voice (-) (") (i) (men) (te) (nsi) luvei luvomen luvete luvousi(n) middle/passive voice © 1993 Dr. Mounce .Chapter 16 page 2 First of Four Endings (#16.

William D. Mounce .Chapter 16 page 3 Master Verb Chart Tense Present act Aug/ Tense Redup stem pres Tense Conn. vowel endings o/e prim act 1st sing paradigm luvw © 1993 Dr. Personal form.

Chapter 16 page 4 Do You Feel Like You Are Sinking? DANGER! Greek Quicksand Hang In There! © 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce .

oe. 4.4) 1.Chapter 17 page 1 Chapter 17 Five Rules of Contraction (#17. 3. h is formed from ea. w is formed from almost any combination of omicron or omega with any other vowel. © 1993 Dr. a is formed from ae 5. and oo. William D. ou is formed by eo. except for rule #1. 2. Mounce . ei is formed by ee.

Chapter 17

page 2

Alternate Rules of Contraction (#17.8)

1.

Two like vowels form their common long vowel. Exception: When e and e contract they form ei, and when o and o contract they form ou. An o or w will overcome an a, e, or h regardless of their order, and form w. Exception: When an e and o contract they form ou, regardless of their order. If an a comes before an e or an h, they will contract to an a. If an e or an h comes before an a, they will contract to an h.

2.

3.

4.

5.

© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce

Chapter 17

page 3

Contractions (#17.10-11) a a e o a h w e a h a i u o w

ai au w w ei eu ou w oi ou ou w

ei h ou w

a ai/a/ ei ei h/ oi ou w/ a a/ e o h/ w/ a/ a a/ w/ w ei ei h/ w/

oi ou w/

oi ou oi oi ou w

© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce

Chapter 18

page 1

Chapter 18

Present Passive Indicative (#18.4) Present Tense Stem + Connecting Vowel + Primary Passive Personal Endings lu + o + mai ≥ luvomai

form

translation

c.v.

p.e.

1 sg 2 sg 3 sg

luv o mai luv h/ luv e tai lu ov meqa luv e sqe luv o ntai

I am being loosed You are being loosed He/she/it is being loosed

o e e o e o

mai sai tai meqa sqe ntai

1 pl 2 pl 3 pl

We are being loosed You are being loosed They are being loosed

© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce

6) primary tenses secondary tenses luvw luvei" active voice (-) (") (i) (men) (te) (nsi) luvei luvomen luvete luvousi(n) luvomai middle/passive voice (mai) (sai) (tai) (meqa) (sqe) (ntai) luvh/ luvetai luovmeqa luvesqe luvontai © 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce .Chapter 18 page 2 Second of Four Endings (#18.

e.v. William D. e[rc o mai e[rc h/ e[rc e tai ejrc ov meqa e[rc e sqe e[rc o ntai o e e o e o mai sai tai meqa sqe ntai 1 pl 2 pl 3 pl We come You come They come © 1993 Dr.10-11) Present Tense Stem + Connecting Vowel + Primary Passive Personal Endings erc + o + mai ≥ e[rcomai form 1 sg 2 sg 3 sg deÞnition I come You come He/she/it come c. p.Chapter 18 page 3 Present Middle Indicative (#18. Mounce .

Chapter 18 page 4 Master Verb Chart Tense Present act Present mid/pas Aug/ Tense Redup stem pres pres Tense Conn. William D. Mounce . Personal form. vowel endings o/e o/e prim act prim mid/pas 1st sing paradigm luvw luvomai © 1993 Dr.

Chapter 19

page 1

Chapter 19

Future Active Indicative (#19.4,9)

Future Active Tense Stem + Tense Formative (s) + Connecting Vowel + Primary Active Personal Endings

lu + s + o + men ≥ luvsomen

form 1 sg 2 sg 3 sg

deÞnition I will loose You will loose He/she/it will loose

c.v.

p.e.

luv s w luv s ei" luv s ei luv s omen luv s ete luv o usi(n)

o e e o e o

" i men te nsi

1 pl 2 pl 3 pl

We will loose You will loose They will loose

© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce

Chapter 19

page 2

Future Middle Indicative (#19.14,15)

Future Active Tense Stem + Tense Formative (s) + Connecting Vowel + Primary Passive Personal Endings

poreu + s + o + mai ≥ poreuvsomai

form 1 sg 2 sg 3 sg

translation I will go You will go He/she/it will go

c.v.

p.e.

poreuv s o mai poreuv s h/ poreuv s e tai poreu s ov meqa poreuv s e sqe poreuv s o ntai

o e e o e o

mai sai tai meqa sqe ntai

1 pl 2 pl 3 pl

We will go You will go They will go

© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce

Chapter 19

page 3

Master Verb Chart
Tense Present act Present mid/pas Future act Future mid Aug/ Tense Redup stem pres pres fut act s fut act s Tense Conn. Personal form. vowel endings o/e o/e o/e o/e prim act prim mid/pas prim act prim mid/pas 1st sing paradigm luvw luvomai luvsw ejleuvsomai

© 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce

Mounce Perfect stem Future stem Aorist stem .2-3) Verbal Root Imperfect stem Present stem © 1993 Dr. William D.Chapter 20 page 1 Chapter 20 Verbal Root and Stem (#20.

Chapter 20 page 2 Liquid Future Active (#20. Mounce .16-17) Future Active Tense Stem + Tense Formative (es) + Connecting Vowel + Primary Active Personal Endings krin + es + o + men ≥ krinou'men form 1 sg 2 sg 3 sg translation I will judge You will judge He/she/it will judge krinw' krineiæ" krineiæ krinou'men krineiæte krinou'si(n) eso ese " ese i eso men ese te eso nsi 1 pl 2 pl 3 pl We will judge You will judge They will judge © 1993 Dr. William D.

Chapter 20 page 3 Liquid Future Middle (#20. Mounce . William D.18-19) Future Active Tense Stem + Tense Formative (es) + Connecting Vowel + Primary Passive Personal Endings krin + es + o + meqa ≥ krinouvmeqa form 1 sg 2 sg 3 sg translation I will judge You will judge He/she/it will judge krinou'mai krinh'/ krineiætai krinouvmeqa krineiæsqe krinou'ntai eso mai ese sai ese tai eso meqa ese sqe eso ntai 1 pl 2 pl 3 pl We will judge You will judge They will judge © 1993 Dr.

Chapter 20 page 4 Master Verb Chart Tense Present act Present mid/pas Future act Liquid fut act Future mid Aug/ Tense Redup stem pres pres fut act s fut act es fut act s Tense Conn. William D. Personal form. Mounce . vowel endings o/e o/e o/e o/e o/e prim act prim mid/pas prim act prim act prim mid/pas 1st sing paradigm luvw luvomai luvsw krinw' ejleuvsomai © 1993 Dr.

Mounce .Chapter 21 page 1 Chapter 21 Imperfect Active (#21. e[ lu o n e[ lu e " e[ lu e(n) o e e o e o n " -(n) men te n 1 pl 2 pl 3 pl ej luv o men We were loosing ej luv e te You were loosing e[ lu o n They were loosing © 1993 Dr.v. William D. p.e.6-7) Augment + Present Active Tense Stem + Connecting Vowel + Secondary Active Personal Endings ej + lu + o + men ≥ ejluvomen form 1 sg 2 sg 3 sg translation I was loosing You were loosing He/she/it was loosing c.

William D. Mounce . ej lu ov mhn ej luv o u ej luv e to ej lu ov meqa ej luv e sqe o e e o e mhn so to meqa 2 pl 1 pl We were loosing You were loosing sqe © 1993 Dr.8-9) Augment + Present Passive Tense Stem + Connecting Vowel + Secondary Passive Personal Endings ej + lu + o + mhn ≥ ejluvomhn form 1 sg 2 sg 3 sg translation I was being loosing You were loosing He/she/it was loosing c.v. p.Chapter 21 page 2 Imperfect Middle/Passive (#21.e.

William D.14) primary tenses secondary tenses luvw luvei" active voice (-) (") (i) (men) (te) (nsi) e[luon e[lue" e[lue(n) ejluvomen ejluvete e[luon (n) (") (-) (men) (te) (n) luvei luvomen luvete luvousi(n) luvomai middle/passive voice (mai) (sai) (tai) (meqa) (sqe) (ntai) ejluvomhn ejluvou ejluveto ejluovmeqa ejluvesqe ejluvonto (mhn) (so) (to) (meqa) (sqe) (nto) luvh/ luvetai luovmeqa luvesqe luvontai © 1993 Dr.Chapter 21 page 3 Final Four Endings (#21. Mounce .

Mounce . William D.Chapter 21 page 4 Master Verb Chart Tense Present act Present mid/pas Imperfect act Imperfect mid/pas Future act Liquid fut act Future mid e e Aug/ Tense Redup stem pres pres pres pres fut act s fut act es fut act s Tense Conn. Personal form. vowel endings o/e o/e o/e o/e o/e o/e o/e prim act prim mid/pas sec act sec mid/pas prim act prim act prim mid/pas 1st sing paradigm luvw luvomai e[luon ejluovmhn luvsw krinw' ejleuvsomai © 1993 Dr.

v. e[ lab o n e[ lab e " e[ lab e(n) ej lavb o men ej lavb e te e[ lab o n o e e o e o n " -(n) men te n 1 pl 2 pl 3 pl We took You took They took © 1993 Dr. William D.e.4) Augment + Aorist Active Tense Stem + Connecting Vowel + Secondary Active Personal Endings ej + lab + o + men ≥ ejlavbomen form 1 sg 2 sg 3 sg translation I took You took He/she/it took c. Mounce .Chapter 22 page 1 Chapter 22 Second Aorist Active (#22. p.

v.13) Augment + Aorist Active Tense Stem + Connecting Vowel + Secondary Passive Personal Endings ej + gen + o + mhn ≥ ejgenovmhn form 1 sg 2 sg 3 sg translation I became You became He/she/it became c.Chapter 22 page 2 Second Aorist Middle (#22. William D. Mounce .e. ej gen ov mhn ej gevn o u ej gevn e to ej gen ov meqa ej gevn e sqe ej gevn o nto o e e o e o mhn so to meqa sqe nto 1 pl 2 pl 3 pl We became You became They became © 1993 Dr. p.

Personal form. Mounce . vowel endings o/e o/e o/e o/e o/e o/e o/e o/e o/e prim act prim mid/pas sec act sec mid/pas prim act prim act prim mid/pas sec act sec mid/pas 1st sing paradigm luvw luvomai e[luon ejluovmhn luvsw krinw' ejleuvsomai e[labon ejgenovmhn © 1993 Dr.Chapter 22 page 3 Master Verb Chart Tense Present act Present mid/pas Imperfect act Imperfect mid/pas Future act Liquid fut act Future mid 2nd aorist act 2nd aorist mid e e e e Aug/ Tense Redup stem pres pres pres pres fut act s fut act es fut act s aor act aor act Tense Conn. William D.

Chapter 23 page 1 Chapter 23 First Aorist Active (#23.f. William D. e[ lu sa e[ lu sa " e[ lu se(n) ej luv sa men ej luv sa te e[ lu sa n sa sa se sa sa sa " -(n) men te n 1 pl 2 pl 3 pl We loosed You loosed They loosed © 1993 Dr. Mounce .e. p.3) Augment + Aorist Active Tense Stem + Tense Formative (sa) + Secondary Active Personal Endings ej + lu + sa + men ≥ ejluvsamen form 1 sg 2 sg 3 sg translation I loosed You loosed He/she/it loosed t.

e[ mein a e[ mein a " e[ mein e (n) a a e a a a " -(n) men te n 1 pl 2 pl 3 pl ej mei√n a men We remained ej mei√n a te You remained e[ mein a n They remained © 1993 Dr.12-13) Augment + Aorist Active Tense Stem + Tense Formative (a) + Secondary Active Personal Endings ej + mein + a + men ≥ ejmei√namen form 1 sg 2 sg 3 sg translation I remained You remained He/she/it remained t.f. Mounce . p.Chapter 23 page 2 Liquid Aorists (#23. William D.e.

f. William D. p. ej lu sav mhn ej luv s w ej luv sa to ej lu sav meqa ej luv sa sqe ej luv sa nto sa mhn sa so sa to sa meqa sa sqe sa nto 1 pl 2 pl 3 pl We loosed You loosed They loosed © 1993 Dr. Mounce .15-16) Augment + Aorist Active Tense Stem + Tense Formative (sa) + Secondary Passive Personal Endings ej + lu + sa + mhn ≥ ejlusavmhn form 1 sg 2 sg 3 sg translation I loosed You loosed He/she/it loosed t.e.Chapter 23 page 3 First Aorist Middle (#23.

Chapter 23 page 4 Master Verb Chart Tense Present act Present mid/pas Imperfect act Imperfect mid/pas Future act Liquid fut act Future mid 1st aorist act Liquid aorist act 2nd aorist act 1st aorist mid 2nd aorist mid e e e e e e e Aug/ Tense Redup stem pres pres pres pres fut act s fut act es fut act s aor act sa aor act a aor act aor act sa aor act o/e o/e Tense Conn. Mounce . William D. vowel endings o/e o/e o/e o/e o/e o/e o/e prim act prim mid/pas sec act sec mid/pas prim act prim act prim mid/pas sec act sec act sec act sec mid/pas sec mid/pas 1st sing paradigm luvw luvomai e[luon ejluovmhn luvsw krinw' ejleuvsomai e[lusa e[meina e[labon ejluvsamhn ejgenovmhn © 1993 Dr. Personal form.

William D. p.f.e.Chapter 24 page 1 Chapter 24 First Aorist Passive (#24. Mounce . 1 sg 2 sg 3 sg ej luv qh n ej luv qh " ej luv qh ej luv qh men ej luv qh te ej lu qh san qh n You were loosed qh " He/she/it was loosed qh I was loosed We were loosed You were loosed They were loosed 1 pl 2 pl 3 pl qh men qh te qh san © 1993 Dr.3) Augment + Aorist Passive Tense Stem + Tense Formative (qh) + Secondary Active Personal Endings ej + lu + qh + n ≥ ejluvqhn form translation t.

f. William D. ej gravf h n ej gravf h " ej gravf h ej gravf h men ej gravf h te ej gravf h san h mhn You were written h so He/she/it was writtenh to We were written You were written They were written 1 pl 2 pl 3 pl h h h meqa sqe nto © 1993 Dr. p.e. Mounce .Chapter 24 page 2 Second Aorist Passive (#24.10) Augment + Aorist Passive Tense Stem + Tense Formative (h) + Secondary Active Personal Endings ej + graf + h + men ≥ ejgravfhmen form 1 sg 2 sg 3 sg translation I was written t.

Mounce .Chapter 24 page 3 First Future Passive (#24.f.v. lu qhvs o mai lu qhvs h/ lu qhvs e tai qhso mai qhse sai qhse tai qhso meqa qhse sqe qhso ntai 1 pl 2 pl 3 pl lu qhs ov meqaWe will be loosed lu qhvs esqe You will be loosed lu qhvs o ntai They will be loosed © 1993 Dr. William D.+c.e. p.12) Aorist Passive Tense Stem (without augment) + Tense Formative (qhs) + Connecting Vowel + Primary Passive Personal Endings lu + qhs + o + mai ≥ luqhvsomai form 1 sg 2 sg 3 sg translation I will be loosed You will be loosed He/she/it will be loosed t.

e.Chapter 24 page 4 Second Future Passive (#24.15) Aorist Passive Tense Stem (without augment) + Tense Formative (hs) + Connecting Vowel + Primary Passive Personal Endings ajpostal + hs + o + mai ≥ ajpostalhvsomai form 1 sg 2 sg 3 sg translation I will be sent You will be sent He/she/it will be sent p. William D. ajpostal hvs o mai ajpostal hvs h/ ajpostal hvs e tai ajpostal hs ov meqa ajpostal hvs e sqe ajpostal hvs o ntai mai sai tai meqa sqe ntai 1 pl 2 pl 3 pl We were written You were written They were written © 1993 Dr. Mounce .

William D. vowel endings o/e o/e o/e o/e o/e o/e o/e o/e o/e prim act prim mid/pas sec act sec mid/pas prim act prim act prim mid/pas prim mid/pas prim mid/pas sec act sec act sec act sec mid/pas sec mid/pas sec act sec act 1st sing paradigm luvw luvomai e[luon ejluovmhn luvsw krinw' ejleuvsomai luqhvsomai ajpostalhvsomai e[lusa e[meina e[labon ejluvsamhn ejgenovmhn ejluvqhn ejgravfhn © 1993 Dr. Personal form. Mounce .Chapter 24 page 5 Master Verb Chart Tense Present act Present mid/pas Imperfect act Imperfect mid/pas Future act Liquid fut act Future mid 1st future pas 2nd future pas 1st aorist act Liquid aorist act 2nd aorist act 1st aorist mid 2nd aorist mid 1st aorist pas 2nd aorist pas e e e e e e e e e Aug/ Tense Redup stem pres pres pres pres fut act s fut act es fut act s aor pas qhs aor pas hs aor act sa aor act a aor act aor act sa aor act aor pas qh aor pas h o/e o/e Tense Conn.

f.e. Mounce .4) Reduplication + Perfect Active Tense Stem + Tense Formative (ka) + Primary Active Personal Endings l + e + lu + ka + men ≥ leluvkamen form 1 sg 2 sg 3 sg translation I have loosed You have loosed He/she/it have loosed t.Chapter 25 page 1 Chapter 25 Perfect Active (#25. William D. lev lu ka lev lu ka " lev lu ke (n) ka ka " ke -(n) ka men ka te ka si(n) 1 pl 2 pl 3 pl le luv ka men We have loosed le luv ka te You have loosed le luv ka si(n) They have loosed © 1993 Dr. p.

Chapter 25 page 2 Perfect (Middle/Passive) (#25. William D.e. lev lu mai lev lu sai lev lu tai le luv meqa lev lu sqe lev lu ntai mai sai tai meqa sqe ntai 1 pl 2 pl 3 pl We have been loosed You have been loosed They have been loosed © 1993 Dr. Mounce .5) Reduplication + Perfect Middle/Passive Tense Stem + Primary Passive Personal Endings l + e + lu + mai ≥ levlumai form 1 sg 2 sg 3 sg translation I have been loosed You have been loosed He/she/it have been loosed p.

William D. Mounce .6) p b k g t d f c q ≥ ≥ ≥ pe ke te © 1993 Dr.Chapter 25 page 3 Reduplication of Stops (#25.

19) Tense Present act Present mid/pas Imperfect act e Aug/ Tense Redup stem pres pres pres pres fut act s fut act es fut act s aor pas qhs aor pas hs e e e e e e e le le le aor act sa aor act a aor act aor act sa aor act aor pas qh aor pas h perf act ka perf act a perf pas o/e o/e Tense Conn. vowel endings o/e o/e o/e o/e o/e o/e o/e o/e o/e prim act prim mid/pas sec act sec mid/pas prim act prim act prim mid/pas prim mid/pas prim mid/pas sec act sec act sec act sec mid/pas sec mid/pas sec act sec act prim act prim act prim mid/pas 1st sing paradigm luvw luvomai e[luon ejluovmhn luvsw krinw' ejleuvsomai luqhvsomai ajpostalhvsomai e[lusa e[meina e[labon ejluvsamhn ejgenovmhn ejluvqhn ejgravfhn levluka gevgona levlumai Imperfect mid/pas e Future act Liquid fut act Future mid 1st future pas 2nd future pas 1st aorist act Liquid aorist act 2nd aorist act 1st aorist mid 2nd aorist mid 1st aorist pas 2nd aorist pas 1st perfect act 2nd perfect act Perfect mid/pas © 1993 Dr. Mounce . William D.Chapter 25 page 4 Master Verb Chart (#25. Personal form.

gen. acc Number: singular. middle. Mounce .Chapter 26 page 1 Chapter 26 Participles Verbal Adjective Tense: present. plural Gender: masc. fem. William D. dat. passive Verbal modifiers Case: nom. neut © 1993 Dr. aorist. perfect Voice: active.

Chapter 26 page 2 Your Guess luouvsh/ lusavntwn lelukovto" © 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce .

Chapter 27 page 1 Chapter 27 Summary of Participles (#27. William D. Present tense verbal stem 2. Related to verb (ÒwhileÓ + ÒingÓ) Present Tense Stem + Connecting Vowel + Participle Morpheme + Case Endings pisteu + o + nt + e" ≥ pisteuvonte" masc act mid/pas fem neut nt meno ousa nt menh meno © 1993 Dr. Continuous action 3.3) Guidelines for Present Adverbial 1.1. Mounce .

William D.Chapter 27 page 2 Present (Continuous) Active (#27.5) Present Tense Stem + Connecting Vowel + Active Participle Morpheme + Case Endings lu + o + meno + " ≥ luovmeno" 3 masc nom sg gen sg dat sg acc sg nom pl gen pl dat pl acc pl luvwn luvonto" luvonti luvonta luvonte" luovntwn luvousi(n) luvonta" 1 fem luvousa luouvsh" luouvsh/ luvousan luvousai luousw'n luouvsai" luouvsa" 3 neut lu'on luvonto" luvonti lu'on luvonta luovntwn luvousi(n) luvonta masc act mid/pas fem neut nt meno ousa nt menh meno © 1993 Dr. Mounce .

7) Present Tense Stem + Connecting Vowel + Participle Morpheme + Case Endings pisteu + o + nt + e" ≥ pisteuvonte" 2 masc nom sg gen sg dat sg acc sg nom pl gen pl dat pl acc pl luovmeno" luomevnou luomevnw/ luovmenon luovmenoi luomevnwn luomevnoi" luomevnou" 1 fem luomevnh luomevnh" luomevnh/ luomevnhn luovmenai luomevnwn luomevnai" luomevna" 2 neut luovmenon luomevnou luomevnw/ luovmenon luovmena luomevnwn luomevnoi" luovmena masc act mid/pas fem neut nt meno ousa nt menh meno © 1993 Dr.Chapter 27 page 3 Present (Continuous) Mid/Pas (#27. William D. Mounce .

ousa Present middle/passive: omeno/h wn onto" omeno" omenou ousa oush" omenh omenh" on onto" omenon omenou © 1993 Dr.Chapter 27 page 4 Forms You Should Know Participle Morphemes nt meno/h (active) (middle/passive) Present active: ont. William D. Mounce .

Mounce . William D.Chapter 28 page 1 Chapter 28 First Aorist (UndeÞned) Active (#28.7-8) Unaugmented Aorist Active Tense Stem + Tense Formative (sa) + Participle Morpheme + Case Endings lu + sa + nt + o" ≥ luvsanto" 3 masc nom sg gen sg dat sg acc sg nom pl gen pl dat pl acc pl luvsa" luvsanto" luvsanti luvsanta luvsante" lusavntwn luvsasi(n) luvsanta" 1 fem luvsasa lusavsh" lusavsh/ luvsasan luvsasai lusasw'n lusavsai" lusavsa" 3 neuter lu'san luvsanto" luvsanti lu'san luvsanta lusavntwn luvsasi(n) luvsanta masc nom sg gen sg fem neut sa" sasa santo" sash" san santo" © 1993 Dr.

9) Unaugmented Aorist Middle Tense Stem + Tense Formative (sa) + Participle Morpheme + Case Endings lu + sa + meno + " ≥ lusavmeno" 2 masc nom sg gen sg dat sg acc sg nom pl gen pl dat pl acc pl lusavmeno" lusamevnou lusamevnw/ lusavmenon lusavmenoi lusamevnwn lusamevnoi" lusamevnou" 1 fem lusamevnh lusamevnh" lusamevnh/ lusamevnhn lusavmenai lusamevnwn lusamevnai" lusamevna" 2 neuter lusavmenon lusamevnou lusamevnw/ lusavmenon lusavmena lusamevnwn lusamevnoi" lusavmena masc nom sg gen sg fem neut sameno" samenou samenh samenon samenh" samenou © 1993 Dr. William D.Chapter 28 page 2 First Aorist (UndeÞned) Middle (#28. Mounce .

William D.Chapter 28 page 3 First Aorist (UndeÞned) Passive (#28.10) Unaugmented Aorist Passive Tense Stem + Tense Formative (qh) + Participle Morpheme + Case Endings lu + qe + nt + o" ≥ luqevnto" 3 masc nom sg gen sg dat sg acc sg nom pl gen pl dat pl acc pl luqei√" luqevnto" luqevnti luqevnta luqevnte" luqevntwn luqei'si(n) luqevnta" 1 fem luqei'sa luqei√sh" luqei√sh/ luqei'san luqei'sai luqeisw'n luqei√sai" luqei√sa" 3 neuter luqevn luqevnto" luqevnti luqevn luqevnta luqevntwn luqei'si(n) luqevnta masc nom sg gen sg fem neut qei" qento" qeisa qeish" qen qento" © 1993 Dr. Mounce .

12) Unaugmented Aorist Active Tense Stem + Connecting Vowel + Participle Morpheme + Case Endings lip + o + nt + o" ≥ lipovnte" 3 masc nom sg gen sg dat sg acc sg nom pl gen pl dat pl acc pl lipwvn lipovnto" lipovnti lipovnta lipovnte" lipovntwn lipou'si(n) lipovntou" 1 fem lipou'sa lipouvsh" lipouvsh/ lipou'san li√pou'sai lipousw'n lipouvsai" lipouvsa" 3 neuter lipovn lipovnto" lipovnti lipovn lipovnta lipovntwn lipou'si(n) lipovnta masc nom sg gen sg fem neut wn onto" ousa oush" on onto" © 1993 Dr. William D.Chapter 28 page 4 Second Aorist (UndeÞned) Active (#28. Mounce .

Mounce .13) Unaugmented Aorist Middle Tense Stem + Connecting Vowel + Participle Morpheme + Case Endings lip + o + meno + " ≥ lipovmeno" 2 masc nom sg gen sg dat sg acc sg nom pl gen pl lipovmeno" lipomevnou lipomevnw/ lipovmenon lipovmenoi lipomevnwn 1 fem lipomevnh lipomevnh" lipomevnh/ lipomevnhn lipovmenai lipomevnwn lipomevnai" 2 neuter lipovmenon lipomevnou lipomevnw/ lipovmenon lipovmena lipomevnwn dat pl lipomevnoi" lipomevnoi" masc nom sg gen sg fem neut omeno" omenh omenou omenh" omenon omenou © 1993 Dr. William D.Chapter 28 page 5 Second Aorist (UndeÞned) Middle (#28.

Mounce .13) Unaugmented Aorist Passive Tense Stem + Connecting Vowel + Participle Morpheme + Case Endings graf + e + nt + e" ≥ grafevnte" 3 masc nom sg gen sg dat sg acc sg nom pl gen pl dat pl acc pl grafei√" grafevnto" grafevnti grafevnta grafevnte" grafevntwn grafei'si(n) grafevnta" 1 fem grafei'sa grafei√sh" grafei√sh/ grafei'san grafei'sai grafeisw'n grafei√sai" grafei√sa" 3 neuter grafevn grafevnto" grafevnti grafevn grafevnta grafevntwn grafei'si(n) grafevnta masc nom sg gen sg fem neut ei" ento" eisa eish" en ento" © 1993 Dr.Chapter 28 page 6 Second Aorist (UndeÞned) Passive (#28. William D.

qeisa Second aorist active: ont. Mounce . ousa Present middle/passive: omeno/h First aorist active: sant. William D. ent wn onto" omeno" omenou sa" santo" sameno" samenou qei" qento" wn onto" omeno" omenou ei" ento" ousa oush" omenh omenh" sasa sash" samenh samenh" qeisa qeish" ousa oush" omenh omenh" eisa eish" on onto" omenon omenou san santo" samenon samenou qen qento" on onto" omenon omenou en ento" © 1993 Dr.Chapter 28 page 7 Forms You Should Know Participle Morphemes nt meno/h (active) (middle/passive) Present active: ont. ousa Second aorist middle: omeno/h Second aorist passive: eisa. sasa First aorist middle: sameno/h First aorist passive: qent.

3) Reduplication + Perfect Tense Stem + Tense Formative (k) + Participle Morpheme + Case Endings le + lu + k + ot + e" ≥ lelukovte" 3 masc nom sg gen sg dat sg acc sg nom pl gen pl dat pl acc pl lelukwv" lelukovto" lelukovti lelukovta lelukovte" lelukovtwn lelukovsi(n) lelukovta" 1 fem lelukui'a lelukuiva" lelukuiva/ lelukui'an lelukui'ai lelukuiw'n lelukuivai" lelukuiva" 3 neuter lelukov" lelukovto" lelukovti lelukov" lelukovta lelukovtwn lelukovsi(n) lelukovta masc nom sg gen sg fem neut kw" koto" kuia kuia" ko" koto" © 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce .Chapter 30 page 1 Chapter 30 Perfect Active (#30.

Mounce . William D.Chapter 30 page 2 Perfect Middle/Passive (#30.4) Reduplication + Perfect Tense Stem + Participle Morpheme + Case Endings le + lu + meno + " ≥ lelumevno" 3 masc nom sg gen sg dat sg acc sg nom pl gen pl dat pl acc pl lelumevno" lelumevnou lelumevnw/ lelumevnon lelumevnoi lelumevnwn lelumevnoi" lelumevnou" 1 fem lelumevnh lelumevnh" lelumevnh/ lelumevnhn lelumevnai lelumevnwn lelumevnai" lelumevna" 3 neuter lelumevnon lelumevnou lelumevnw/ lelumevnon lelumevna lelumevnwn lelumevnoi" lelumevna masc nom sg gen sg fem neut meno" menou menh menh" menon menou © 1993 Dr.

qeisa Second aorist active: ont. kuia First perfect middle/passive: meno/h wn onto" omeno" omenou sa" santo" sameno" samenou qei" qento" wn onto" omeno" omenou ei" ento" kw" koto" meno" menou ousa oush" omenh omenh" sasa sash" samenh samenh" qeisa qeish" ousa oush" omenh omenh" eisa eish" kuia kuia" menh menh" on onto" omenon omenou san santo" samenon samenou qen qento" on onto" omenon omenou en ento" ko" koto" menon menou © 1993 Dr. ent First perfect active: kot. William D. sasa First aorist middle: sameno/h First aorist passive: qent. ousa Second aorist middle: omeno/h Second aorist passive: eisa. Mounce . ousa Present middle/passive: omeno/h First aorist active: sant.Chapter 30 page 3 Forms You Should Know Participle Morphemes nt meno/h ot (active) (middle/passive) (perfect active) Present active: ont.

Mounce . William D.4) present active middle passive 1st aorist 2nd aorist perfect ein sai esqai sasqai esqai qhnai ein esqai hnai nai sqai sqai present active middle passive 1st aorist 2nd aorist perfect luvein luvesqai luvesqai lu'sai lipei'n lelukevnai leluvsqai leluvsqai luvsasqai lipevsqai luqh'nai grafh'nai © 1993 Dr.Chapter 32 page 1 Chapter 32 InÞnitive (#32.

inÞnitive 5. ejn d. prov f. William D.Chapter 32 page 2 Uses of the InÞnitive (#32. eij" c. Result © 1993 Dr. Substantive 2. articular inÞnitive with article in the genitive c. articular inÞnitive with eij" or prov" b. diav b. Complementary inÞnitive 3. prov" because in order that when/while after before in order that 4. Articular inÞntive with preposition a. Purpose a.9-13) 1. Mounce . metav e.

6) active and aorist passive 2 sg 3 sg 2 pl 3 pl middle/passive tw te twsan Þrst aorist active n sqw sqe sqwsan translation present 2 sg 3 sg 2 pl 3 pl lu'e luevtw luvete luevtwsan lu'son lusavtw luvsate lusavtwsan middle (You) Loose! Let him loose! (You) loose! Let them loose! 2 sg 3 sg 2 pl 3 pl luvou luevsqw luvesqe luevsqwsan lu'sai lusavsqw luvsasqe lusavsqwsan passive (You) loose for yourself! Let him loose for himself! (You) loose! Let them loose! 2 sg 3 sg 2 pl 3 pl luvou luevsqw luvesqe luevsqwsan luvqhti luqhvtw luvqhte luqhvtwsan (You) be loosed! Let him be loosed! (You) be loosed! Let them be loosed! © 1993 Dr. William D.Chapter 33 page 1 Chapter 33 Imperative (#33. Mounce .

Mounce . William D. dw d dw did w didw i © 1993 Dr. and separate the reduplicated consonant with an iota.Chapter 34 page 1 Chapter 34 Rule #1 (#34.6) Rule One: mi verbs reduplicate their initial stem letter to form the present.

7) Rule Two: mi verbs do not ordinarily use a connecting (i. The personal ending is added directly to the stem.e. di + *do + men ≥ di√dwmen © 1993 Dr.Chapter 34 page 2 Rule #2 (#34.. ÒthematicÓ) vowel in the indicative. Mounce . William D.

Mounce . mi verbs 1 sg 2 sg 3 sg thematic conjugation di√dwmi di√dw" di√dwsi(n) di√domen di√dote didovasi(n) mi " si men te asi luvw luvei" luvei luvomen luvete luvousi(n) " i men te nsi 1 pl 2 pl 3 pl © 1993 Dr.8) Rule 3: mi verbs employ three different personal endings in the present active. William D.Chapter 34 page 3 Rule #3 (#34.

di√dwmi di√domen © 1993 Dr.Chapter 34 page 4 Rule #4 (#34. Mounce . or drop out (ablaut). shorten. William D.9) Rule Four: the stem vowel of mi verbs can lengthen.

William D. mi verbs 1 sg 2 sg 3 sg 1 pl 2 pl 3 pl thematic conjugation e[dwka e[dwka" e[dwke(n) ejdwvkamen ejdwvkate e[dwkan e[lusa e[lusa" e[luse(n) ejluvsamen ejluvsate e[lusan © 1993 Dr. Mounce .10) Rule Five: Most of the mi verbs use ka as their tense formative in the aorist.Chapter 34 page 5 Rule #5 (#34.

11) √ present 1 sg 2 sg 3 sg 1 pl 2 pl 3 pl imperfect future aorist perfect di√dwmi di√dw" di√dwsi(n) di√domen di√dote didovasi(n) ejdi√doun ejdi√dou" ejdi√dou ejdi√domen ejdi√dote dwvsw dwvsei" dwvsei dwvsomen dwvsete e[dwka e[dwka" e[dwke(n) devdwka devdwka" devdwke(n) ejdwvkamen dedwvkamen ejdwvkate dedwvkate devdwkan ejdi√dosan dwvsousi(n) e[dwkan © 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce .Chapter 34 page 6 didwmi in the Indicative (#34.

Chapter 34 page 7 LetÕs Practive 1. devdwke © 1993 Dr. dwvsete 2. Mounce . ejdi√dou" 3. e[dwka 4. William D. di√dwsin 5.

Chapter 35 page 1 Chapter 35 Present Active Indicative (#35.2) *sta 1 sg 2 sg 3 sg 1 pl 2 pl 3 pl i{sthmi i{sth" i{sthsi(n) i{stamen i{state iJsta'si(n) *qe ti√qhmi ti√qh" ti√qhsi(n) ti√qemen ti√qete tiqevasi(n) *do di√dwmi di√dw" di√dwsi(n) di√domen di√dote didovasi(n) *deiknu dei√knumi deiknuvei" dei√knusi (n) dei√knumen dei√knute deiknuvasi(n) © 1993 Dr. William D. Mounce .

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