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Dual ChannelHigh PowerDigital MotorController

Dual ChannelHigh PowerDigital MotorController

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Published by: Bank on Dec 26, 2010
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When operating in closed loop speed mode, tachometers must be connected to the con-
troller to report the measured motor speed. The tachometer can be a good quality brushed
DC motor used as a generator. The tachometer shaft must be directly tied to that of the
motor with the least possible slack.

TABLE 11. Analog Position Sensor connection depending on operating mode

Operating Mode

Ana 1
pin 11

Ana2
pin 10

Ana 3
pin 12

Ana 4
pin 8

RC or RS232 - Dual Channel

Position 1

Position 2

Unused

Unused

Analog - Dual Channel

Command 1

Command 2

Position 1

Position 2

RC or RS232 - Single Channel

Position

Unused

Unused

Unused

RC or RS232 - Dual Channel

Command

Unused

Position

Unused

47kOhm

10kOhm

47kOhm

10kOhm

Internal Resistors
and Converter

Ana 1: 11
Ana 2: 10
Ana 3: 12
Ana 4: 8

+5V 14

Ground 5

A/D

FIGURE 33.Potentiometer wiring in Position mode

AX2550 Motor Controller User’s Manual

65

Connecting Tachometer to Analog Inputs

Since the controller only accepts a 0 to 5V positive voltage as its input, the circuit shown in
Figure34 must be used between the controller and the tachometer: a 10kOhm potentiom-
eter is used to scale the tachometer output voltage to -2.5V (max reverse speed) and
+2.5V (max forward speed). The two 1kOhm resistors form a voltage divider that sets the
idle voltage at mid-point (2.5V), which is interpreted as the zero position by the controller.
The voltage divider resistors should be of 1% tolerance or better. To precisely adjust the
2.5V midpoint value it is recommended to add a 100 ohm trimmer on the voltage divider.

With this circuitry, the controller will see 2.5V at its input when the tachometer is stopped,
0V when running in full reverse, and +5V in full forward.

The tachometers can generate voltages in excess of 2.5 volts at full speed. It is important,
therefore, to set the potentiometer to the minimum value (cursor all the way down per this
drawing) during the first installation.

Since in closed loop control the measured speed is the basis for the controller’s power out-
put (i.e. deliver more power if slower than desired speed, less if higher), an adjustment and
calibration phase is necessary. This procedure is described in “Closed Loop Speed Mode”
on page97.

Important Warning

The tachometer’s polarity must be such that a positive voltage is generated to the
controller’s input when the motor is rotating in the forward direction. If the polarity
is inverted, this will cause the motor to run away to the maximum speed as soon as
the controller is powered with no way of stopping it other than pressing the emer-
gency stop button or disconnecting the power.

TABLE 12. Analog Speed Sensor connection depending on operating mode

Operating Mode

Ana 1 (p11)

Ana2 (p10)

Ana 3 (p12)Ana 4 (p8)

RC or RS232 - Dual Channel

Speed 1

Speed 2

Unused

Unused

Analog - Dual Channel

Command 1

Command 2

Speed 1

Speed 2

RC or RS232 - Single ChannelSpeed

Unused

Unused

Unused

RC or RS232 - Dual Channel

Command

Unused

Speed

Unused

47kOhm

10kOhm

47kOhm

1kOhm

Max Speed Adjust
10kOhm pot

Zero Adjust
100 Ohm pot

1kOhm

Internal Resistors
and Converter

+5V 14

Ground 5

A/D

Tach

Ana 1: 11
Ana 2: 10
Ana 3: 12
Ana 4: 8

FIGURE 34.Tachometer wiring diagram

Connecting Sensors and Actuators to Input/Outputs

66

AX2550 Motor Controller User’s Manual

Version 1.9b. June 1, 2007

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