VISCOSITY OF LIQUIDS

References

The absolute viscosity of some common liquids at temperatures
between –25 and 100°C is given in this table. Values were derived
by fitting experimental data to suitable expressions for the temperature dependence. The substances are arranged by molecular
formula in the modified Hill order (see Preface). All values are
given in units of millipascal seconds (mPa s); this unit is identical
to centipoise (cp).
Viscosity values correspond to a nominal pressure of 1 atmosphere. If a value is given at a temperature above the normal boiling
point, the applicable pressure is understood to be the vapor pressure of the liquid at that temperature. A few values are given at a
temperature slightly below the normal freezing point; these refer
to the supercooled liquid.
The accuracy ranges from 1% in the best cases to 5 to 10% in the
worst cases. Additional significant figures are included in the table
to facilitate interpolation.
Molecular
formula

Name

Compounds not containing carbon
Br2
Bromine
Trichlorosilane
Cl3HSi
Phosphorous trichloride
Cl3P
Tetrachlorosilane
Cl4Si
H2O
Water
H4N2
Hydrazine
Hg
Mercury
Nitrogen dioxide
NO2
Compounds containing carbon
Trichlorofluoromethane
CCl3F
Tetrachloromethane
CCl4
Carbon disulfide
CS2
Tribromomethane
CHBr3
Trichloromethane
CHCl3
CHN
Hydrogen cyanide
Dibromomethane
CH2Br2
Dichloromethane
CH2Cl2
Formic acid
CH2O2
Iodomethane
CH3I
Formamide
CH3NO
Nitromethane
CH3NO2
Methanol
CH4O
Methylamine
CH5N
C2Cl3F3
1,1,2-Trichlorotrifluoro-ethane
C2Cl4
Tetrachloroethylene
C2HCl3
Trichloroethylene
C2HCl5
Pentachloroethane
C2HF3O2
Trifluoroacetic acid
C2H2Cl2
cis-1,2-Dichloroethylene
C2H2Cl2
trans-1,2-Dichloroethylene
C2H2Cl4
1,1,1,2-Tetrachloroethane
C2H3ClF2
1-Chloro-1,1-difluoro-ethane
C2H3ClO
Acetyl chloride
C2H3Cl3
1,1,1-Trichloroethane
C2H3N
Acetonitrile
C2H4Br2
1,2-Dibromoethane

–25°C

0.870

1. Viswanath, D. S. and Natarajan, G., Data Book on the Viscosity of
Liquids, Hemisphere Publishing Corp., New York, 1989.
2. Daubert, T. E., Danner, R. P., Sibul, H. M., and Stebbins, C. C.,
Physical and Thermodynamic Properties of Pure Compounds: Data
Compilation, extant 1994 (core with 4 supplements), Taylor & Francis,
Bristol, PA (also available as database).
3. Ho, C. Y., Ed., CINDAS Data Series on Material Properties, Vol. V-1,
Properties of Inorganic and Organic Fluids, Hemisphere Publishing
Corp., New York, 1988.
4. Stephan, K. and Lucas, K., Viscosity of Dense Fluids, Plenum Press,
New York, 1979.
5. Vargaftik, N. B., Tables of Thermophysical Properties of Liquids and
Gases, 2nd ed., John Wiley, New York, 1975.

0°C
1.252
0.415
0.662
1.793

0.532
0.740

0.539
1.321
0.429

0.988

0.706
0.235
1.320
0.533

1.948
0.727

1.311
1.258
0.319
1.465

0.594
7.114
0.875
0.793
0.231
0.945
1.114
0.703
3.761

0.786
0.522
3.660
0.477

0.575
0.398
2.200
0.376

1.847

1.161
0.400

Viscosity in mPa s
25°C
50°C
0.944
0.326
0.529
99.4
0.890
0.876
1.526
0.402
0.421
0.908
0.352
1.857
0.537
0.183
0.980
0.413
1.607
0.469
3.343
0.630
0.544

75°C

100°C

0.746
0.439
96.2
0.547
0.628
1.402

0.378
0.480
1.312

0.656

0.494

1.367
0.427

1.029

0.779

0.652

1.030

0.724

0.545

1.833
0.481

0.383

0.317

0.535
0.376
1.061

0.442

0.282
0.384
1.245

0.656
0.844
0.545
2.254
0.808
0.445
0.317
1.437

0.481
0.663
0.444
1.491
0.571
0.261
1.006

0.741

0.570

0.368
0.793
0.369
1.595

0.294
0.578
0.284
1.116

0.428
0.234
0.837

0.661

6-175

Section6.indb 175

4/29/05 4:20:16 PM

385 0.492 0.1 0.3 152 0.261 4/29/05 4:20:18 PM .506 0.714 0.581 0.321 0.418 0.973 0.506 0.533 0.indb 176 Name 1.556 1.569 0.387 0.635 0.549 0.262 0.424 0.828 0.597 0.779 0.363 0.408 1.512 0.333 0.688 1.798 1.458 0.749 0.374 0.447 0.325 0.489 0.612 0.361 1.359 0.815 4.1-Dichloroethane 1.786 0.4-Dioxane Ethyl acetate Methyl propionate Propyl formate Butanoic acid 2-Methylpropanoic acid Sulfolane Tetrahydrothiophene 1-Bromobutane 1-Chlorobutane Pyrrolidine N.464 0.540 0.477 1.176 1.074 1.569 0.781 0.436 0.624 0.329 0.576 4.556 1.359 0.653 0.982 0.914 0.364 0.542 0.1 0.474 0.373 3.107 1.444 1.337 3.645 0.694 1.476 0.405 0.477 0.606 0.975 21.422 0.503 0.704 1.N-Dimethylacetamide –25°C 0°C 1.2-Propylene glycol Glycerol 1-Propanethiol 2-Propanethiol Propylamine Isopropylamine Furan Pyrrole Acetic anhydride Butanenitrile 2-Butanone Tetrahydrofuran 1.912 0.426 1.290 6.576 1.454 0.303 0.284 0.423 0.374 75°C 0.155 0.073 0.038 40.723 2.177 0.787 0.661 0.Viscosity of Liquids 6-176 Molecular formula C2H4Cl2 C2H4Cl2 C2H4O2 C2H4O2 C2H5Br C2H5Cl C2H5I C2H5NO C2H5NO2 C2H6O C2H6OS C2H6O2 C2H6S C2H6S C2H7N C2H7NO C3H5Br C3H5Cl C3H5ClO C3H5N C3H6O C3H6O C3H6O C3H6O2 C3H6O2 C3H6O2 C3H7Br C3H7Br C3H7Cl C3H7Cl C3H7I C3H7I C3H7NO C3H7NO2 C3H8O C3H8O C3H8O2 C3H8O3 C3H8S C3H8S C3H9N C3H9N C4H4O C4H5N C4H6O3 C4H7N C4H8O C4H8O C4H8O2 C4H8O2 C4H8O2 C4H8O2 C4H8O2 C4H8O2 C4H8O2S C4H8S C4H9Br C4H9Cl C4H9N C4H9NO Section6.395 0.300 0.759 0.284 0.249 0.240 0.606 0.620 0.334 0.589 1.379 0.485 1.218 0.356 0.945 2.940 1.325 0.614 0.377 0.259 0.998 0.8 0.499 0.477 0.431 0.241 0.464 0.472 0.645 0.300 0.770 39.028 11.293 0.226 8.970 0.456 1.407 0.325 0.553 0.436 0.268 0.669 2.619 248 0.815 0.380 0.720 0.505 2.605 0.401 0.294 0.340 1.857 1.794 0.160 3.315 0.987 16.415 0.280 0.249 0.376 0.357 0.927 0.471 0.849 0.N-Dimethylformamide 1-Nitropropane 1-Propanol 2-Propanol 1.560 0.362 0.4 934 0.471 0.703 0.319 0.883 1.449 0.475 2.266 0.247 0.526 0.935 1.202 0.287 0.215 1.612 0.599 100°C 0.364 1.851 8.639 3.330 0.071 Viscosity in mPa s 25°C 50°C 0.8 0.460 0.225 0.306 1.314 1.492 2.843 0.750 14.365 0.280 0.554 0.578 0.232 2.030 0.354 3.056 0.685 0.570 0.863 6.541 0.818 0.125 1.678 0.370 0.786 0.559 0.2-Dichloroethane Acetic acid Methyl formate Bromoethane Chloroethane Iodoethane N-Methylformamide Nitroethane Ethanol Dimethyl sulfoxide Ethylene glycol Dimethyl sulfide Ethanethiol Dimethylamine Ethanolamine 3-Bromopropene 3-Chloropropene Epichlorohydrin Propanenitrile Acetone Allyl alcohol Propanal Ethyl formate Methyl acetate Propanoic acid 1-Bromopropane 2-Bromopropane 1-Chloropropane 2-Chloropropane 1-Iodopropane 2-Iodopropane N.824 0.085 1.416 1.

362 0.151 0.099 0.276 0.345 0.835 4.583 0.727 1.474 0.730 1.300 0.351 0.274 0.850 0.739 0.370 0.470 0.749 2.274 0.224 30.575 3.550 0.214 3.289 0.704 0.096 1.937 0.906 0.131 0.473 4.646 0.879 0.031 1.488 0.5 1.627 0.241 0.833 0.820 3.703 1.497 9.298 2.612 0.863 1.381 0.470 1.692 1.238 0.465 0.592 0.Viscosity of Liquids Molecular formula C4H9NO C4H10O C4H10O C4H10O C4H10O C4H10O3 C4H10S C4H11N C4H11N C4H11N C4H11NO2 C5H4O2 C5H5N C5H10 C5H10 C5H10 C5H10O C5H10O C5H10O C5H10O2 C5H10O2 C5H10O2 C5H10O2 C5H10O2 C5H11N C5H12 C5H12 C5H12O C5H12O C5H12O C5H12O C5H12O C5H13N C6F6 C6H4Cl2 C6H4Cl2 C6H5Br C6H5Cl C6H5ClO C6H5ClO C6H5F C6H5I C6H5NO2 C6H6 C6H6ClN C6H6O C6H7N C6H8N2 C6H10 C6H10O C6H11N C6H12 C6H12 C6H12 C6H12O C6H12O C6H12O C6H12O2 C6H12O2 C6H12O2 Section6.316 0.840 1.058 0.indb 177 6-177 Name Morpholine 1-Butanol 2-Butanol 2-Methyl-2-propanol Diethyl ether Diethylene glycol Diethyl sulfide Butylamine Isobutylamine Diethylamine Diethanolamine Furfural Pyridine 1-Pentene 2-Methyl-2-butene Cyclopentane Mesityl oxide 2-Pentanone 3-Pentanone Butyl formate Propyl acetate Ethyl propanoate Methyl butanoate Methyl isobutanoate Piperidine Pentane Isopentane 1-Pentanol 2-Pentanol 3-Pentanol 2-Methyl-1-butanol 3-Methyl-1-butanol Pentylamine Hexafluorobenzene o-Dichlorobenzene m-Dichlorobenzene Bromobenzene Chlorobenzene o-Chlorophenol m-Chlorophenol Fluorobenzene Iodobenzene Nitrobenzene Benzene o-Chloroaniline Phenol Aniline Phenylhydrazine Cyclohexene Cyclohexanone Hexanenitrile Cyclohexane Methylcyclopentane 1-Hexene Cyclohexanol 2-Hexanone 4-Methyl-2-pentanone Butyl acetate Isobutyl acetate Ethyl butanoate –25°C 12.4 2.574 0.409 0.239 109.501 0.143 0.912 0.492 1.422 0.639 0.373 1.685 0.847 2.571 0.683 0.362 0.429 0.772 0.380 0.421 0.894 0.394 3.19 0°C 5.267 0.202 57.698 0.3 0.631 0.919 0.354 3.927 0.512 0.242 0.447 4.770 0.044 0.447 0.493 2.676 0.602 0.958 1.798 0.627 0.472 0.248 1.882 0.419 4.041 0.406 0.035 0.130 0.029 13.671 0.467 2.854 0.326 1.364 0.436 3.409 0.017 1.650 0.593 0.312 1.545 0.356 1.573 0.361 0.326 0.255 0.036 0.558 0.533 0.691 0.456 1.117 1.0 4.641 0.554 1.332 4.224 0.672 0.262 0.479 0.848 0.286 4/29/05 4:20:19 PM .544 0.321 0.413 0.619 1.842 0.555 0.615 0.406 0.488 0.7 0.753 0.296 0.331 0.963 3.437 3.376 25.313 1.784 1.321 0.850 0.789 1.453 75°C 0.702 0.283 0.203 0.587 1.247 2.367 0.031 0.185 0.768 0.021 1.262 0.560 1.316 1.838 0.604 0.982 0.364 0.678 100°C 0.644 0.338 0.247 1.149 1.291 0.512 8.257 1.653 0.453 1.319 0.423 1.525 0.002 Viscosity in mPa s 25°C 50°C 2.277 8.195 0.227 0.074 0.100 0.436 0.962 1.500 0.625 0.441 0.369 0.382 4.5 12.761 0.444 0.289 0.887 1.200 11.329 1.553 0.406 0.649 0.383 0.305 0.759 0.501 1.628 0.030 1.850 0.465 0.958 0.324 0.787 1.830 0.917 0.786 0.913 3.541 0.637 0.505 28.335 1.544 1.255 0.252 0.318 0.918 0.627 1.589 1.493 0.299 0.

222 3.333 1.267 0.631 0.056 0.961 1.714 0.798 1.047 0.554 0.286 0.380 0.882 0.662 0.695 1.619 0.976 0.681 0.955 1.231 0.050 0.396 0.093 1.987 0.014 0.288 0.353 0.207 1.795 1.936 3.482 0.944 1.384 1.600 0.052 20.055 0.300 609 114 1.178 6.356 0.390 0.757 0.437 0.637 0.565 0.5 0.301 0.390 0.407 3.7 0°C 6.849 0.596 1.931 0.594 0.760 1.654 0.833 0.314 0.337 1.197 1.180 0.316 1.243 0.115 2.391 0.455 0.375 0.347 0.075 Viscosity in mPa s 25°C 50°C 2.270 0.273 0.621 0.679 1.453 0.760 0.511 1.080 0.679 0.883 0.3 8.825 1.289 0.169 0.606 0.303 0.695 0.232 0.991 0.700 1.991 0.207 1.401 0.507 1.297 1.488 0.306 0.634 1.084 0.417 1.539 0.904 2.603 1.692 1.839 0.362 0.523 0.405 0.474 2.618 0.165 1.Viscosity of Liquids 6-178 Molecular formula C6H12O2 C6H12O3 C6H13N C6H14 C6H14 C6H14 C6H14O C6H14O C6H15N C6H15N C6H15N C6H15NO3 C7H5N C7H7Cl C7H7Cl C7H7Cl C7H8 C7H8O C7H8O C7H8O C7H8O C7H9N C7H9N C7H9N C7H9N C7H14 C7H14 C7H14O C7H14O2 C7H16 C7H16 C7H16O C7H16O C7H16O C7H16O C7H17N C8H8 C8H8O C8H8O2 C8H8O3 C8H10 C8H10 C8H10 C8H10 C8H10O C8H11N C8H11N C8H16 C8H16O2 C8H18 C8H18O C8H18O C8H18O C8H18O C8H18O C8H19N C8H19N C9H7N C9H10 C9H12 Section6.139 0.562 2.7 0.581 0.302 1.710 0.825 0.441 0.198 1.810 2.485 0.577 0.237 31.517 0.226 0.624 1.603 3.578 2.228 11.457 0.579 2.702 0.621 0.784 5.918 1.542 0.509 1.165 0.482 0.656 0.300 0.584 0.829 1.699 0.751 1.395 0.377 0.035 12.306 1.270 0.483 0.288 1.390 1.865 0.996 3.762 2.290 0.648 0.230 1.817 0.360 0.020 0.282 0.508 7.indb 178 Name Diacetone alcohol Paraldehyde Cyclohexylamine Hexane 2-Methylpentane 3-Methylpentane Dipropyl ether 1-Hexanol Triethylamine Dipropylamine Diisopropylamine Triethanolamine Benzonitrile o-Chlorotoluene m-Chlorotoluene p-Chlorotoluene Toluene o-Cresol m-Cresol Benzyl alcohol Anisole N-Methylaniline o-Methyl aniline m-Methyl aniline Benzylamine Methylcyclohexane 1-Heptene 2-Heptanone Heptanoic acid Heptane 3-Methylhexane 1-Heptanol 2-Heptanol 3-Heptanol 4-Heptanol Heptylamine Styrene Acetophenone Methyl benzoate Methyl salicylate Ethylbenzene o-Xylene m-Xylene p-Xylene Phenetole N.310 0.981 1.300 2.857 0.781 0.523 1.872 1.466 0.240 0.085 1.345 0.823 1.497 0.372 0.957 4.359 0.892 0.545 4/29/05 4:20:21 PM .387 0.560 0.390 0.631 0.7 0.242 1.547 75°C 1.393 0.304 4.681 1.737 0.201 0.501 0.271 0.042 1.769 0.281 0.692 1.782 0.561 0.675 0.840 2.616 0.427 0.815 0.102 0.147 0.340 0.424 3.221 0.536 1.432 0.918 0.911 1.271 0.615 0.385 3.N-Dimethylaniline N-Ethylaniline Ethylcyclohexane Octanoic acid Octane 1-Octanol 4-Methyl-3-heptanol 5-Methyl-3-heptanol 2-Ethyl-1-hexanol Dibutyl ether Dibutylamine Diisobutylamine Quinoline Indane Cumene –25°C 28.9 4.823 0.723 3.350 5.273 0.226 0.345 0.778 4.524 0.747 2.445 0.449 0.837 0.357 0.964 0.547 0.304 0.417 5.243 100°C 0.434 0.079 0.810 0.389 0.120 10.799 1.041 1.

383 0.834 7.707 2.917 2.712 0.129 1.515 1.277 2.032 1.9 4.192 5.475 0.514 0.375 100°C 0.651 0.128 16.309 0.495 1.329 1.289 4.724 2.930 1.260 1.4 5.201 0.359 4/29/05 4:20:21 PM .300 2.Viscosity of Liquids Molecular formula C9H14O C9H18O C9H18O2 C9H20 C9H20O C10H10O4 C10H14 C10H18 C10H18 C10H20O2 C10H22 C10H22O C11H24 C12H10O C12H26 C13H12 C13H28 C14H30 C16H22O4 C16H34 C18H38 Section6.271 0.824 0.327 0.032 14.011 3.376 6.123 4.697 2.980 0.199 0.407 0.234 0.948 1.683 3.484 1.923 0.950 0.796 0.879 2.645 3.433 1.6 3.132 0.130 1.188 1.899 1.243 2.594 0.619 2.838 0.415 1.indb 179 6-179 Name Isophorone 5-Nonanone Nonanoic acid Nonane 1-Nonanol Dimethyl phthalate Butylbenzene cis-Decahydronaphthalene trans-Decahydronaphthalene Decanoic acid Decane 1-Decanol Undecane Diphenyl ether Dodecane Diphenylmethane Tridecane Tetradecane Dibutyl phthalate Hexadecane Octadecane –25°C 0°C 4.909 483 66.487 75°C 0.023 0.665 0.964 63.763 2.8 6.638 0.425 0.470 1.953 3.562 1.098 0.277 1.929 0.689 0.488 9.4 Viscosity in mPa s 25°C 50°C 2.598 10.2 12.042 1.875 1.924 0.453 1.673 1.265 0.590 1.609 0.

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