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7 How to Change the Maadhee Into Mudhaari3

7 How to Change the Maadhee Into Mudhaari3

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My notes in Sarf Class conducted by Ustaadh Fahad
My notes in Sarf Class conducted by Ustaadh Fahad

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Published by: UmmuYusuf Iman Grajo al-Filibiniyyah on Dec 26, 2010
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08/26/2012

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How to change the

‫( ﻣﺎﺿﻲ‬Past Verb) to ‫( ﻣﻀﺎﺭﻉ‬Present Verb)

This is done by simply adding one of the letters of

‫ﻧـﻴـﺖ‬‫ﺃ‬ 
I did (Add

to the verb.

Illustration: For a three-letter Past Verb

You did َ (add ‫)ت‬

They did (Add ‫) ي‬ َ

We did (Add ‫) ن‬ َ

‫)أ‬

‫ﻣﺎﺿﻲ‬

Example of verbs in this forms

‫ـﻔﻌ ُﻞ‬‫ـﻔﻌ ُﻞ ﺗ‬‫ـﻔﻌ ُﻞ ﻳ‬‫ـﻞ ﻧ‬‫ﻓﻌﻞ ﹶﺃﻓﻌ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ﹾ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ﹾ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ ﹶ ﹾ ﹸ ﹾ‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫ـﻔﻌ ُﻞ‬‫ـﻔﻌ ُﻞ ﺗ‬‫ـﻔﻌ ُﻞ ﻳ‬‫ـﻞ ﻧ‬‫ﻓﻌﻞ ﹶﺃﻓﻌ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ﹾ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ﹾ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ ﹶ ﹾ ﹸ ﹾ‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫ـﻔﻌ ُﻞ‬‫ـﻔﻌ ُﻞ ﺗ‬‫ـﻔﻌ ُﻞ ﻳ‬‫ـﻞ ﻧ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﻞ ﹶﺃﻓ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ﹾ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ﹾ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ ﹶ ﹾﻌ ﹸ ﹾ‬ ‫ﹶ‬
• Principles • • After adding the appropriate letter from ‫ت‬

‫ﺘﺢ‬‫ﻓ‬  ‫ﹶ‬ ‫ﺭﻛﺐ‬   ‫ﺣﺴﻦ‬  

‫ , أ‬mark the said letter with a fat7ah

The ‫ ل‬in this case will always get a dhummah--- due to a principle in grammar Four 7arakaat in a row is heavy on tongue so the ‫ ف‬is silenced, due to the principle of seeking lightness in speech Silence the ‫ف‬

The ‫ ل‬gets a dhummah

Give it a fat7ah

‫ـﻔﻌـﻞ‬‫ﻧ‬ ‫ ﹸ‬‫ﹾ‬
Observations: • The ‫ ل‬can’t be silenced due to a grammar principle • The ‫ ع‬can’t be silenced, otherwise all forms would look and read the same. Note that only the ‫ ن ا‬changes in its vowel. • It is justified to silence ‫ف‬

A letter from

‫ﻧـﻴـﺖ‬‫ﺃ‬ 

My notes in Sarf – Bintu Jose as-Salafiyyah # 7

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