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Real time physics = event time physics + time delay physics Quantum = classical + relativistic
joenahhas1958@yahoo.com
(I/O) θ’0 = θ’0 + [(I – O)/O] θ’0
My name is Professor Joe Nahhas Re founder of Arabs real time physics July 4th 1973 There is one and only one physics Arabs real time physics This is me in October 2009 flashing my 1979 thermo book congratulating myself and telling 500 years of Western civilization Nobel physics and physicists Buzz off you idiots! Page 1
Chapter one: Arab real time Astronomy
Car size at distance 4
Car size at distance 3
Car size at distance 2
Car size at distance 1 Observer line: …………………Observer ……………… If we stand in the middle of the street and watch a car moving directly away from us we see as if the size of the car shrunk. If we take a picture of the car at different distances then we see that the pictures of the car look like as if the car contracted in size. The further the car away from us the smaller image of the car in the picture. The size of the car did not change but real time light data reflected from the car and ran through air and into our eyes changes the real time image of the car to indicate a different location of the car and not a different size of the car. Our eyes see real time images of a moving car. If the car stops, then the image of the car freezes. A picture or a snap shot of a moving car is a frozen image of the moving car. When a car moves its real time image change size but the car does not change size. The car as a moving object at different distances has a variable real time image that our eyes see in real time and depends on distance and motion as perceived by our eyes. Alfred Nobel Institution Prize winner western physicists say the opposite! That the size of the car had contracted in size and not the size of the image of the car that had contracted. Objects Length contraction and not image length contraction is a physics law that won 1902 Nobel Prize awarded to Henrik Lorentz and it is called “Lorentz length contraction”. Page 2
Lorentz Length contraction is just one of 500 years Western civilization piles of physics mistakes but Lorentz length contraction stunk so bad it started Darwin’s Apes modern physics cyclic theory: Ape Man Western Modern Physicist Nobel Prize Winner Physicist Ape Ass. There is one and only one thing left to do and it is the minimum required: Deleting Alfred Nobel Apes physics from classrooms and scientific calculations and it is the subject of this greatest first book of all: Arabs real time Physics/Astronomy
Alfred Nobel: The Man behind the Nobel Prize; Joe Nahhas: The Man after Alfred Nobel Institution head Since 1901, the Nobel Prize has been honoring men and women from all corners of the globe for outstanding achievements in physics. The foundations for the prize were laid in 1895 when Alfred Nobel wrote his last will, leaving much of his wealth to the establishment of the Nobel Prize. But who was Alfred Nobel? Meet Alfred Nobel  scientist, inventor, entrepreneur, author and pacifist. What is modern physics? Did anyone hear the big bang? Did anyone saw a black hole? Did anyone find Einstein’s gravity waves? Did anyone hook up a hose to the sky and found dark energy to verify E = mc2? Does anyone have a proof of Newton’s action at a distance? Does anyone have a proof of Einstein time travel? Does anyone figure out why humans have to accept Alfred Nobel prize winners claim that the universe is made up of particles that dies and rebirth billion billion times a second? Hey dude I am a redneck one grandfather was a damn farmer and my other grandfather was a damn Carpenter and my father was a Carpenter by inheritance but I never knew what a dumb ass really is till I met my science teacher! What did Alfred Nobel honor? The difference between an Alfred Nobel Prize winner physicists and fortune tellers is a flip of a coin. Space  Time is not physics but Alfred Nobel physicists’ flip of a coin between a crime and stupidity. Alfred Nobel Institution honored criminals in Alfred Nobel suit for all of past century. Modern space – time physics changed physics from science to stupidity and physicists from researchers to criminals. In writing: Yes I am after Alfred Nobel Institution head on my plate and I accept nothing less. Space – time physics is stupidity itself. Ending Nobel Prize for stupidity from classrooms and scientific calculations is the only Nobel thing left to do. Alfred Nobel Prize became 1001 times more worth in cash value. Big Institutions backed wrong physics and physicists for all of past century for a prize and a billion dollars jack pot and garbage for physics. I am Joe Nahhas and I am unknown to the world of physics but I have 1001 new physics formulas to cut Alfred Nobel Institution head and delete Alfred Nobel Prize winner physics and physicists without loss of subject. This book is just the beginning and it is prime time and it is Arabs real time astronomy Page 3
Arab Physicists of Baghdad of 950 Ad had said: I: Measurements are made along the line of sight or line of measurement
Arabs in 950 AD said that light going vertical (blue) to the eye it will go through the eye to be seen. The Arabs added that light coming oblique (pink) to the line of sight (blue line) we would see the part of light (pink) that is equal to the amount of light of horizontal amount (blue) or its vertical projection. What the Arabs concluded is that human eye and machines are unidirectional that can only recognize the amount of light along the line of sight or line of measurements. The Arabs mean that any point on the oblique pink line will be measured as its vertical projection as the blue line. The Arabs added that the horizontal projection of the pink line is the amount that would be measured as Zero or not seen at all. A point location on the pink line would be measured as equal to its vertical projection on the blue line and that part would be seen detected and measured by the eyes and instruments and its horizontal projection would not be detected or measured by the eyes or instruments and would be completely missed.
r0 r0
ωt
sine ω t
cosine ω t The angle between the pink line and the blue line is called light aberration angle. The aberration angle between the line where an object is (pink) and an object projection is with the eye as center. Light aberrations angle equals to: ω t = arc tan (v/c) where v = relative velocity of the moving object and c is light velocity. The light coming from a distant object is seen along the line of sight and that meant we do not measure actual distance of an object which is
r0
r0
r0
(pink line) but we measure its image or vertical projection
cosine ω t (blue line) and we escape measuring the horizontal projection
r0
sine ω t which is perpendicular to the line of sight (black line). Page 4
In Short, light coming from objects at distance r0 will be seen at r0 cosine ω t Using real time mathematics to explain what we can see and/or detect or/and measure is what the Arabs have/had said and that would mean that if we try to measure a distance r0 we would not find r0 but we would find: Arabs real time distance is seen in real time along the line of sight. Or,
r = r0
cosine ω t + í
r0
cosine ω t =
r0 e
í ω (r) t
Eq  1
Or r = real (blue = along line of sight) sight) Or,
+ í imaginary (black = perpendicular to line of r0
r = r0 e
í ω (r) t
.
The absolute value of r = the absolute value of
This statement said that light coming from objects when measured it is measured along line of sight and that meant we see light projections of objects (blue line) of objects positioned at positions
r0 (pink). We do not see objects at r0 but see
images of objects light
projections and images of objects light projection along the line of sight is images of object light projections perpendicular along the line of sight is line).
r0
cosine ω t and
r0 sine ω t (blue
The Arabs said that we do not see or measure light reflected from objects but we measure light speed projections as constant or light speed projections is measured as constant.
c c c
r0 but we see their visual position r. What humans see is r0 measured along the line of sight and miss r0 perpendicular to the line of sight. In other words an object at a distance r0 humans are not aware that they do í ω (r) t not see r0 but they see a visual of r0 which is r = r0 e and projection of r0 along the line of sight that humans eye see and instruments measure is r0 cosine ω t and the projection of r0 perpendicular to the line of sight is r0 cosine ω t. The Arabs added that when accounted for, the difference between an object image or visual position r (quantum mechanics) and object location or position r0 (classical mechanics) is equal to a time delay
The Arabs claim that we do not see objects position effect (relativistic mechanics) Page 5
Modern physics is based on 3 different mechanics classical quantum and relativistic mechanics and their combination known as strings Arabs said that there is one and only one mechanics
Quantum = classical + relativistic r = r0 e í ω (r) t Arabs real time independent mechanics (classical mechanics) is r = r0; t = 0 í ω (r) t The difference between r = r0 e ; and r = r0 í ω (r) t Or, r0 e  r0 = Arabs real time mechanics visual effects (relativistic mechanics)
Arabs real time dependent mechanics (quantum mechanics): Or r = r = visual distance and r0 = actual distance Or, r = r0 + (r  r0) Or visual distance = actual distance + (visual distance – actual distance) Dividing by r0 And r /r0 = r0/r0 +(r – r0)/r0 And r /r0 = 1+ (r– r0)/r0 What are wrong in all of modern physics are all wrong physics measurements What this law said is: If the car width is r0 moves away the visual of the car width is r. The quantity r/r0 is the percentage that humans eye see and instruments measure and it is equal to 1 and the percentage difference between the car width and what the human eye see of the car width or a time delay effect or a visual distance effect of (r– r0)/r0 If someone attempts to measure a quantity θ’0; then multiply by θ’0 And (r /r0) θ’0= θ’0 + [(r  r0)/r0] θ’0 What this formula said everything about modern astronomy is all wrong What is wrong with all of astronomy? If we to measure the angular velocity of moving planets around a star ,or, a star moving around another star in the skies θ’0, then we do not measure actual θ’0 but we measure θ’0 + [(r  r0)/r0] θ’0 Or we have antidote to western space – time stupidity [(r  r0)/r0] θ’0 This is the basis of correct measurements. The entire western civilization 500 years of physics and the world 500,000 “modern” western civilization educated physicists made/make this mistake and globalize their stupidity and to correct this mistake is to delete western civilization physicists without loss of subject. There is nothing in “modern” physics that can be considered as correct because modern physics is based on wrong measurements. Modern physics is “wrong time physics” that can be deleted without loss of subject. Arabs real time physics is the past present and future of all of physics and it is the subject of this book. Page 6
Arabs real time astronomy: The Arabs Astronomers and Physicists said that: We can not see or/and detect or/and measure something in space that did not exist; we can not see or/and detect or/and measure something that had not happened. We can only see or/and detect or/and measure things and events in space that had happened. What we see or/and detect or/and measure is not necessarily what there is and not necessarily what happened. We see or/and detect or/and measure traces and images of objects of past event. We see or/and detect or/and measure in present time of images of object and events that happened in past time. That is we measure images and record data of objects of past events in present time. An event changes in time and when an event is measured it is measured after it happened. Present time = present time Present time = past time + (present time – past time) Present time = past time + time difference Present time = real time; past time = event time; (present time – past time) = time delay, or, Real time = event time + time delay Real time Astronomy = Event time Astronomy + time delays Astronomy In Modern Physics language the Arabs would have said Quantum = classical + relativistic What there is = classical What we see and measure and detect and partially record is = quantum What we see and measure and has no detection because it is an Illusion = relativistic Time dependent measurements = time independent measurements + (Time dependent measurements – time independent measurements) Measured = actual + (measured – actual) We do not see object in real time but we see images of objects in real time In common Terms: Image = object + (image – object) With Image = I; object = O I = O + (I – O) I/O = O/O + (I – O)/O I/O = 1 + (I – O)/O Arabs real time measurements equation:
Is: (I/O) q = q + [(I – O)/O] q; q measured quantity  Eq – 1
That is a quantity q when measured in real time it would appear as q + [(I – O)/O] q 500 years of modern physics and 500,000 of modern physicists is all wrong because of this principle (I/O) q = q + [(I – O)/O]  Eq  1 Or quantum = classical + relativistic If Eq – 1 is applied it would expose modern physics as stupidity itself and it would expose modern astronomy as astrology itself. The thing about this principle given by Eq – 1: (I/O) q = q + [(I – O)/O] q is that it is flawless physics law or truth itself Page 7
r0 (actual or classical distance) and when measured in í ω (r) t real time they appear as at a location r (quantum distance) = r 0 e
There are objects at location That is the distance in the Universe is a classical distance but when a distance measured in real time it appears as quantum distance and the difference between classical distance and quantum distance is relativistic distance Quantum (real time distance) = classical (event distance) + [Quantum – classical] Quantum distance = classical distance + relativistic distance Relativistic distance = quantum distance – classical distance We see detect and measure quantum distance classical distance
r = r0 e
í ω (r) t
of an actual or
íωt
r0 and the difference between quantum distance r = r0 e and actual or classical distance r0 is relativistic distance í ω (r) t Take r = r0 e
Quantum (real time) = classical (event time) + [Quantum – classical] Quantum time = classical time + relativistic time Relativistic time = quantum time – classical time We see detect and measure Arabs real time physics Or,
t = t0 e
í ω (t) t
of an actual or classical time
t0  Eq  3
and actual or classical time
And the difference between Arabs relativistic time
t = t0 e
í ω (t) t
t0 is
Quantum = classical + [Quantum – classical] Quantum = classical + relativistic time Relativistic = quantum – classical All there is in the Universe is objects of mass m moving in space (x, y, z) at a location r = r (x, y, z). The state of any object in the Universe can be expressed as the product S = m r; State = mass x location is all of astronomy needed Equation 1 That is if mass of objects in space is known and if the location of object in space is know then the state S = m r = mass x location of any object in space can be known and that is all needed to be known to describe space motion of any object and that is what is called astronomy That is mass m location r and time t = Astronomy and from this we can conclude: Page 8
Quantum (mass) = classical (mass) + [Quantum – classical] Quantum mass = classical mass + relativistic mass Relativistic mass = quantum mass – classical mass We see detect and Arabs real time mass an actual or classical time
m = m0 e
í ω (m) t
 Eq 4 of
m0 and the difference between Arabs real time mass m = m0 e í ω (m) t and actual or classical time m0 is Arabs real time mass delay
Such a claim by the Arabs that Astronomical measurements are made along the line Is saying Quantum mass = classical mass + relativistic mass And saying (I/O) q = q + [(I – O)/O] q; q measured quantity Eq  1
real time distance r = r0 e í ω (r) t í ω (t) t And real time t = t0 e í ω (m) t And real time mass m = m0 e
And And S = m r, the state equation
Eq  2 Eq  3 Eq  4 Eq  5
That is Arabs see detect and measure quantum distance quantity r =
r0 e
í ω (r) t
When there is classical distance quantity r0 And the difference explains that the universe is seen in real time and not in silly Western ideas of wrong space time. That is the difference between an object location and an object measurement of its location is “relativistic” and that 500 years of “western” Modern physics can be deleted without loss of subject and 500,000 “Modern” physicists can be told idiots with no fear or regrets. That is Arabs detect and measure quantum time quantity t = When there is classical time quantity
t0 e
í ω (t) t
t0 m0
That is Arabs see detect and measure quantum mass quantity When there is classical mass quantity
m = m0 e
í ω (m) t
What is wrong in all of Modern physics is this experimental mistake:
[(I – O)/O] q in everything that western modern space – timers do from space science to nuclear structure and this mistake was made by every physicist. This painful mistake is the one mistake when corrected it deletes western civilization physics and physicists explain the universe correctly and matches experimental results with unprecedented accuracy to delete “modern” physics of past 500 years and delete 500,000 “modern” physicists without loss of subject. What I am going to do 1 Show how this one mistake was/is made daily by all western civilization educated “modern” physicists 2 How this one mistake won the majority of Nobel prizes and changed physics from 1258 Arabic science to 2010 western educated stupidity 3 – Show how correcting this mistake will solve any and all unsolved physical motion problems that is not solvable by space – time physics or any read or published physics Arabs real time physics and astronomy is the past present and future of all of physics Page 9
Chapter Three
Car size at distance 4
Car size at distance 3
Car size at distance 2
Car size at distance 1
Observer line: …………………Observer ……………… Humans do not see detect or measure cars but humans see detect and measures image of the car. In other words humans see detect and measure images of objects in real time. Page 10
The size of the car object is the same but the size of the car image is dependent on car distance and transmitted signal. Meaning we see detect and measure an image of size I in real time (present time) of an object O seen detected and measured in event (past time). That is when images of cars are seen these images of the cars are seen in real time. And when these car objects move the car see itself the same size. That is we measure images of object in real time and not objects. The difference between images and objects are visual illusions Arabs knew about and described in 10th century Ad. Conclusion: Is that humans see detect and measure images of objects in real time
Why all Modern Physics and modern astronomy is all wrong?
With Image = I; object = O I = O + (I – O) I/O = O/O + (I – O)/O I/O = 1 + (I – O)/O And (I/O) q = q + [(I – O)/O] q; q measured quantity  Eq  1
Modern physics is all wrong because Modern physics is wrong time physics based on wrong physics measurements that misses by a factor of [(I – O)/O] q and this quantity [(I – O)/O] q is taken as real experimental result and not as a relativistic illusion correction. In other words: Correct Physics is: (I/O) q = q + [(I – O)/O] q Modern Physics is wrong because (I/O) q = q + [(I – O)/O] q What we measure = what there is + visual effects Quantum = classical + relativistic Quantum = we see in real time = observer dependent = time dependent measurements Classical = object independent of observer = time independent measurements Relativity = illusions In mathematical terms: Relativity = time dependent measurements – time independent measurements Real time scale Real time = event time + (real time – event time) Real time = event time + time delay; time delay = (real time – event time) With real time = Γ; event time = t; time delay = (Γ – t) Γ = t + (Γ – t) = t + ∆ Γ; ∆ Γ = (Γ – t) Γ/t = t/t + (Γ – t)/t Γ/t = 1 + (Γ – t)/t To measure orbital speed using time, then multiply by orbital speed to get the following equation: (Γ/t) θ’0= θ’0 + [(Γ – t)/t] θ’0 And θ’0 = orbital speed The quantity θ’0 measurement is independent of time The quantity (Γ/t) θ’0 measurement is time dependent The difference = [(Γ – t)/t] θ’0 = relativistic = Illusions Page 11
With (Γ/t) θ’0= θ’0 + [(Γ – t)/t] θ’0 Modern physics is wrong when: In general 1  (Γ/t) θ’0= θ’0 Quantum = classical or when someone looks at the car from different distances and wonder why he/she does not see the same size car.
An observer sees a car passing by at close distance
An observer sees a car passing by at far distance Each observer will find the car size different 2 – Modern physics is wrong when (Γ/t) θ’0= [(Γ – t)/t] θ’0 When quantum = relativistic 3 – Modern physics is wrong when θ’0= [(Γ – t)/t] θ’0 When classical = relativistic Let us demonstrate the power of Arabs real time Physics and astronomy and see how Arabs real time astronomy works but first let us do some definitions. Page 12
Real time distance scale Measured distance = actual distance + [measured distance – actual distance] Or, r = r0 + (r x – r0) And r /r0 = r0/r0 +(r – r0)/r0 And r /r0 = 1+(r– r0)/r0 And (r /r0) θ’0= θ’0 [(r  r0)/r0] θ’0 Real time Velocity Scale v With r = r0 + (r – r0) Divide by t Then r/t = r0/t + (r/t – r0/t) And v = v0 + (v – v0); dividing by v0 And v/ v0 = 1 + (v – v0)/ v0 Multiplying by θ’0 And (v/ v0) θ’0= θ’0+ [(v – v0)/ v0] θ’0 Real time acceleration scale γ With r = r0 + (r – r0) Divide by t² Then r/ t² = r0/ t² + (r/ t² – r0/ t²) And γ = γ 0 + [(γ – γ 0)]; dividing by v0 And γ / γ 0 = 1 + [(γ – γ 0)/ γ 0] Multiplying by θ’0 And (γ / γ 0) θ’0= θ’0+ [(γ – γ 0)/ γ 0] θ’0 The angular speed is a 5th grade math that is measured wrong by Astronomers expose the stupidity of modern physics and the stupidity of modern astronomy The circumference of a planet circular motion is C = 2 π r m where r m is the radius. In 1969 I knew about circular speed v m = 2 π r m/ T m where Tm is the period of rotation. Also, in 1969 I knew about angular speed θ’ m = 2 π /Tm = (v m/ r m). Or C = 2 π r m; v m = 2 π r m/Tm; θ’ m = 2 π /Tm = (v m/ r m)
θ’
m
= 2 π /Tm= (v m/r m)
Page 13
Angular velocity is θ’ m = 2 π /Tm= (v m/r m) In arc second per century δ θ’ m = (v m/r m) (180/ π) [36526/Tm (days)] (3600) Arabs Real time Astronomy distance scale: Is: (r m /r0) θ’ m= θ’ m [(r m  r0)/r0] θ’ m Multiplying by δ θ’ m Then (r m /r0) δ θ’ m= δ θ’ m + [(r m  r0)/r0] δ θ’ m In arc second per century δ θ’ m = (v m/r m) (180/ π) [36526/Tm (days)] (3600) The distance Error is: [(r m  r0)/r0] δ θ’ m The velocity Error is: [(v m  v0)/v0] δ θ’ m The acceleration error is: [(γ m – γ 0)/ γ 0] δ θ’ m The angular velocity real time distance scale Error: Is: [(r m  r0)/r0] δ θ’ m = [(r m  r0)/r0] (v m/r m) (180/ π) [36526/Tm (days)] (3600) The angular velocity real time velocity scale Error: Is: [(v m  v0)/v0] δ θ’ m = [(v m  v0)/v0] (v m /r m) (180/ π) [36526/T m (days)] (3600) The angular velocity real time acceleration scale Error: Is: [(γ m – γ 0)/ γ 0] δ θ’ m = [(γ m – γ 0)/ γ 0] δ θ’0 (v m /r m) (180/ π) [36526/T m (days)] (3600) As an example: when Astronomers look at planetary motion around the sun and they saw the angular velocity in arc second per century: Equal to δ θ’ m = (v m /r m) (180/ π) [36526/T m (days)] (3600) = 70.75 arc second per century Astronomers also saw the visual effect Of: [(r m  r0)/r0] δ θ’ m = [(r m  r0)/r0] (v m /r m) (180/ π) [36526/T m (days)] (3600) And it is equal to [(r m  r0)/r0] δ θ’ m = 43 Where r m = Mercury – Sun distance = 58.2 X 106km And v m = Mercury around the sun orbital speed Sun distance = 47.9 km/sec And r 0 = r e = Earth – Sun distance = 149.6 X 106km And T m = Mercury around the sun orbital period Planet Distance r Planet Orbit X 106km Orbit T speed v in km/sec Mercury 58.2 88 47.9 Venus 108.2 224.7 35.05 Earth 149.6 365.26 29.8 Mars 227.936 687 24.14 Jupiter 778.412 4333 13.06 Saturn 1,426.725 10760 9.65 Uranus 2,870.97 30690 6.80 Neptune 4,498 60180 5.43 Pluto 5906.4 90730 4.74 Less Spin Earth speed speed km/sec 18.1 5.7 .002 6.52 .46511 0.2411 12.6 9.87 2.59 2.68 Angular velocity; v/r arc sec/ century 70.75 10.86 4.1
Page 14 This quantity of: [(r m  r0)/r0] δ θ’ m = [(r m  r0)/r0] (v m /r m) (180/ π) [36526/T m (days)] (3600) And it is equal to [(r  r0)/r0] δ θ’ m = 43 is taken as the proof of the existence of silly Modern Astronomy notion that the Universe is not made of three dimensional Space (x, y, z) = (length, width, height) but made of a more complex space – to imaginary time – back to space Universe (x, y, z, it) = (length, width, height, imaginary time) [(v m – v e)/v e] δ θ’0 = [(v m – v e)/v e] (v m /r m) (180/ π) [36526/T m (days)] (3600) And it is equal to [(r  r0)/r0] δ θ’ m = 43 [(γ m – γ e)/ γ e] δ θ’ m = [(γ m – γ e)/ γ e] (v m /r m) (180/ π) [36526/T m (days)] (3600) [(γ – γ 0)/ γ 0] δ θ’ m= 43 Space – time is Einstein’s crime against physics
I am the Greatest Nuclear Physicist of all time And I have 1001 all new physics formulas to prove it
My name is Joe Nahhas and I am the greatest Physicist and Astronomer of past present and the future because as a teenager I stood up to criminals with Nobel prizes and this book is how to expose criminals with Nobel prizes in physics and the fact that most criminals with Nobel prizes are a product of the big western institutions has nothing to do with science but has something to do with western
capitalistic greed fraud and arrogance that changed physics from science to stupidity and the time has come to delete stupidity and that is to delete western physics and physicists without exception since the rise of western civilization 500 years ago starting with Copernicus. There is nothing correct in all western civilization physics that is taught in classrooms and used in scientific calculations. Yes, I am saying that all of physics is all wrong and this book is the proof of it and there is nothing better than to start with the grand master of stupidity, German – American moron of the 20th century, the one and only Albert Einstein. Page 15
Einstein greatest achievement in space said Planet Mercury travel in space at an angular speed of 70.75 arcs second per century And in time at angular speed of 43 arcs second per century The Advance of Planet Mercury’s Perihelion given by Euclid’s Geometry
[2 π/T] [180/π][36526/88][3600] = [2 π /88 x 24x3600] [180/π][36526/88][3600] = 70.75
Einstein’s time travel space – time formula: ψ =  6 π GM/a c² (1  ε²) [180/ π] [36526/T][3600] = 43 angular velocity time travel of
planet Mercury
G = 6.673 x 1011= gravitational acceleration constant M =2x1030 kilogram = mass of the Sun Eccentricity of Mercury’s orbit = ε = 0.206 T= 88 days = period of Planet mercury’s rotation around the Sun And c = 299792.458 kilometer/second =light speed in kilometers/second And a = 58.2 x 106 km/sec = semi major axis of planet Mercury orbit
The grand moron of the west said Planets travel in space and time
The Grand moron said planets travel in space around the Sun in an elliptical orbit
Planet
Su n
r
The Grand moron said planets travel in time around the Sun rotating the elliptical orbit 16
Mercury
r θ
Sun
This is space travel And the motion of a planet m around the Sun M measured as a rotating ellipse
m
θ ψ M
This is time travel
Page 17
Unless this moron can prove time travel he can keep his German stupidity to himself and Alfred Nobel Institution because time travel is Einstein’s and Alfred Nobel Institution stupidity
I am not saying Einstein is a moron but what I am saying is all western physicists are morns to say the least and can be deleted without loss of subject to be exact. Practicing again If 1= 1 2=2 3=3 Then we can write anything that is equal to itself as equal to itself like: Visual = Visual
Actual = actual  Actual =  actual  Add Visual = Actual + (Visual – actual) Divide by actual Visual/actual = Actual/actual + (Visual – actual)/actual Or Visual/actual = 1 + (Visual – actual)/actual Image/object = 1 + (Image – object)/object I/O = 1+ (I – O)/O We do not see object O but we see Image I. If we to look at planet Mercury from Earth and not from the Sun, then we are not looking at θ’ m= 2 π /T m = (v m /r0) but we are looking: At θ’0 I/O = 1 θ’0+ [(I – O)/O] θ’0 Or θ’0 I/O = θ’0+ [(I – O)/O] θ’0 The visual illusion and Modern Physicists confusion is: [(I – O)/O] θ’0 Where I is Mercury – Sun distance = 58,200,000 kilometers = r m And O is Earth – Sun distance = 149,600,000 kilometers = r e The Visual Illusions and modern Physicists confusion of Planet Mercury is: [(I – O)/O] θ’0 = [(r m – r e)/ r e] θ’0 Page 18 Multiplying by (t/t) = 1 [(I – O)/O] θ’0 = [(r m/t – r e/t)/ r e/t] θ’0 Then [(I – O)/O] θ’0 = [(v m – v e)/ v e] θ’0 [(I – O)/O] θ’0 = [(r m – r e)/ r e] θ’0 = [(r m – r e)/ r e] (v0/r0) [(I – O)/O] θ’0 = [(v m – v e)/ v e] θ’0 = [(v m – v e)/ v e] (v0/r0) With v0 = v m; and r0 = r m With r m = 58.2 x 109 m; r e = 149.6 x 109 m; v m = 47.9 km/s; T
m
= 88 days
With (v m /r m) [(180/π) (3600) (26526/T m) = 70.75 arc second per century Copernicus Distance Illusion
[(I – O)/O] δ θ’0 = [(r m – r e)/ r e] (v m /r m) [(180/π) (3600) (26526/T m)] = 43 = [(58.2 x 109  149.6 x 109)/ 149.6 x 109] (70.75) = [(58.2  149.6)/ 149.6] (70.75) = 43 arc second per century
Nicklaus Copernicus Distance Illusion [(I – O)/O] δ θ’0 = [(r m – r e)/ r e] (v
m
/r m) [(180/π) (3600) (26526/T m)] = 43
M r Copernicus you are wrong and you are deleted
With [(I – O)/O] δ θ’0 = [(r m – r e)/ r e] (v
m
/r m) [(180/π) (3600) (26526/T m)]
Next Is Galileo Page 19
With r m = v
Or
m
T m; r e = v
e
T
e
Galileo’s linear motion visual Illusion
m
[(I – O)/O] δ θ’0 = [(v
T
m
– v e T e)/ v e T e] (v
m
/r m) [(180/π) (3600) (26526/T m)] = 43
[(I – O)/O] δ θ’0= [(47.9x88 – 365.26x29.8)/ 365.26x29.8] (70.75) = 43
M r Galileo you are wrong and you are deleted
With [(I – O)/O] δ θ’0 = [(v
m
T
m
– v e T e)/ v e T e] (v
m
/r m) [(180/π) (3600) (26526/T m)] = 43
Page 20
Tyco Brahe Velocity Illusion: [(r m – r e)/ r e] = [(r m /t) – (r e/ t)]/ (r e /t) = (v [(I – O)/O] δ θ’0 = [(v
m
m
– v e)/ v e
– v e)/ v e] (v
m
/r m) [(180/π) (3600) (26526/T m)] = 43
[(I – O)/O] δ θ’0 = [(47.9– 29.8)/ 29.8] (70.75) = 43
M r Tyco Brahe you are wrong and you are deleted With
[(I – O)/O] δ θ’0 = [(v
m
– v e)/ v e] (v
m
/r m) [(180/π) (3600) (26526/T m)] = 43
Page 21
(I/O) q = q + [(I – O)/O] q M r Lippershey you can even read the telescope and you are deleted Hans Lippershey the person who attempted to get a patent for the telescope in 1609 Modern Physics is wrong because Hans and the entire Western civilization still have no clue how to read the telescope (I/O) q = q + [(I – O)/O] q
Page 22
Rene Descartes Cartesian failures t = t0 e í ω (t) t
Γ
= te
í ω (t) t
Along the line of sight Γ Γ Γ Γ
x x x x
= = /t /t
t cosine ω t t + (Γ x – t) = t + ∆ Γ x; ∆ Γ = t/t + (Γ x – t)/t = 1 + (Γ x – t)/t
x
x
= (Γ
x
– t)
What is [(Γ
– t)/t]
rm
Then ∆ Γ x (seconds) = Γ x  t =  2 t sine² {[arc tan (V And in arc ∆ Γ x (arc seconds) = Γ x  t =  30 t sine² {[arc tan (V r m  V r e)/ (√ 2c)]/ 2} = 43 Where r’ = V r; and r θ’ = V θ; and V r ²= 2 γ r r; and V
θ
 V r e)/ (√ 2c)]/ 2} = 43
²=rγθ
The confusion is and was γ r = γ θ; V r ²= 2 V θ ²; and taking V r = (√ 2) V θ And taking V r = V r (Mercury)  V r (Earth) = V r m  V r e And V θ = V r / (√ 2 ∆ Γ x Arc second) = Γ x  t =  30 t sine² {[arc tan (V r m  V r e)/ (√ 2c)]/ 2} = 43 arc second /century Page 23
Chapter 3: Arabs real time light motion
Car size at distance 4
Car size at distance 3
Car size at distance 2
Car size at distance 1
Observer line: …………………Observer ……………… Visual objects seen through emitted or reflected light follow this law Light measurement of visual motion of objects law: (I/O) q = q + [(I – O)/O] q The proof: Page 24
All there is in the Universe is objects of mass m moving in space (x, y, z) at a location r = r (x, y, z). The state of any object in the Universe can be expressed as the product S = m r; State = mass x location: P = d S/d t = m (d r/d t) + (dm/d t) r = Total moment = change of location + change of mass = m v + m' r; v = velocity = d r/d t; m' = mass change rate F = d P/d t = d²S/dt² = Total force = m (d²r/dt²) +2(dm/d t) (d r/d t) + (d²m/dt²) r = m γ + 2m'v +m" r; γ = acceleration; m'' = mass acceleration rate In polar coordinates system r = r r (1) ;v = r' r(1) + r θ' θ(1) ; γ = (r"  rθ'²)r(1) + (2r'θ' + r θ")θ(1) r = location; v = velocity; γ = acceleration F = m γ + 2m'v +m" r F = m [(r"rθ'²) r (1) + (2r'θ' + r θ") θ (1)] + 2m'[r' r (1) + r θ' θ (1)] + (m" r) r
(1)
= [d² (m r)/dt²  (m r) θ'²] r (1) + (1/m r) [d (m²r²θ')/d t] θ (1) = [Gm M/r²] r (1)  Newton's Gravitational Law Proof: First r = r [cosine θ î + sine θ Ĵ] = r r (1) Define r (1) = cosine θ î + sine θ Ĵ Define v = d r/d t = r' r (1) + r d[r (1)]/d t = r' r (1) + r θ'[ sine θ î + cosine θĴ] = r' r (1) + r θ' θ (1) Define θ (1) = sine θ î +cosine θ Ĵ; And with r (1) = cosine θ î + sine θ Ĵ Then d [θ (1)]/d t= θ' [ cosine θ î  sine θ Ĵ=  θ' r (1) And d [r (1)]/d t = θ' [sine θ î + cosine θ Ĵ] = θ' θ (1) Define γ = d [r' r (1) + r θ' θ (1)] /d t = r" r (1) + r'd [r (1)]/d t + r' θ' r (1) + r θ" r (1) +r θ'd [θ (1)]/d t γ = (r"  rθ'²) r (1) + (2r'θ' + r θ") θ (1) With d² (m r)/dt²  (m r) θ'² = F (r) And d (m²r²θ')/d t = 0 With m = constant, then With d² r/dt²  r θ'² = F (r) Eq1 And d (r²θ')/d t = 0 Eq2 With d² r/dt²  r θ'² = 0 Eq–1 And d (r²θ')/d t = 0 Eq2 Page 25
From Eq2: d (r²θ')/d t = 0 Then r²θ' = h = constant Differentiate with respect to time Then 2rr'θ' + r²θ" = 0 Divide by r²θ' Then 2(r'/r) + θ"/θ' = 0 And 2(r'/r) =  θ"/θ' = 2[λ (r) + ỉ ω (r)] Also, r = r0 (θ, 0) e [λ (r) + ỉ ω (r)] t And θ' = θ' 0 (θ, 0) e 2[λ (r) + ỉ ω (r)] t For a fixed orbit: λ r = 0 Also, r = r 0 (θ, 0) e ỉ ω t And θ' = θ' 0 (θ, 0) e 2ỉ ω t With d² r/dt²  r θ'² = 0 Let u = 1/r; r = 1/u; r²θ' = h = θ’ /u² And d r/d t = (d r/ d u) (d u /d θ) (d θ/ d t) = ( 1/u ²) (θ’) (d u/ d θ) =  h (d u/ d θ) And d² r/ d t² =  h (θ’) (d² u/ d θ ²) = [ h²/r²] (d² u/ d θ ²) =  h² u² (d² u/ d θ ²) With d² r/dt²  r θ'² = 0 Eq–1 And  h² u² (d² u/ d θ ²) – (1/u) (h u²) ² = 0 Then (d² u/ d θ ²) + u = 0 Then u = A e  í θ Then r 0 (θ, 0) = (1/A) e í θ And r 0 (θ, 0) = r 0 (0, 0) e í θ And r = r 0 (0, 0) e í θ e ỉ ω t Or, r = r 0 e í (θ + ω t) This is quantum mechanics Arabs real time astronomy is actually quantum mechanics
r = r0 e
í ω (r) t
Light is emitted and not an emitter and humans have no means of measuring light in motion and at best they can take a snap shot. In mathematical language Then r (θ, 0) = r 0 e í θ at t = 0 And r (θ, t) = r 0 e í (θ + ω t) = r 0 e í θ e í ω t = r (θ, 0) e í ω t And r (θ, t) = r (θ, 0) [cosine ω t + í sine ω t] And r x (θ, t) = r x (θ, 0) cosine ω t And ω t = cosine1 [r x (θ, t) / r x (θ, 0)] 26
Then ∆ r = r x (θ, t)  r x (θ, 0) = r x (θ, 0) [(cosine ω t) – 1] And [r x (θ, t)  r x (θ, 0)]/ r x (θ, 0) = [(1  2 sine² ω t/2) – 1] =  2 sine ² ω t/2; ω t = cosine1 [r x (θ, t) / r Arabs real time astronomy: Image = Image = I Object = Object = O  Object =  Object =  O Image = object + (Image – Object) I = O + (I – O) (I/O) = O/O + [(I – O)/O] (I/O) = 1 + [(I – O)/O] (I/O) θ' 0 = θ' 0 + [(I – O)/O] θ' 0 Quantum = classical + relativistic Illusion I = r; O = r 0 Or, (r / r 0) θ' 0 = θ' 0 + [(r – r 0)/ r 0] θ' 0 And [(r – r 0)/ r 0] θ' 0 Or [ 2sine ² ω t/2] θ' 0; ω t = cosine1 [r x (θ, t) / r For planet Mercury: The distance visual effect Error is: [(r
m
x
(θ, 0)]
x
(θ, 0)] = cosine1 (r/ r 0)
– re)/re] δ θ’
m
The quantity: δ θ’ m = (v m/r m) (180/ π) [36526/Tm (days)] (3600) = 70.75
With v
m
= 47.9 km/sec; r
m
= 58.2 x 106 km; Tm = 88 days
With r = 58.2 x 109 m = Sun – Mercury distance And r
e
= 149.6 x 109 m = Sun Earth distance
With [(r m – re)/re] = [ 2sine ² ω t/2] = 0.61 And ω t = cosine1 [r x (θ, t) / r x (θ, 0)] = cosine1 (r/ r 0) Or ω t = cosine1 [r x (θ, t) / r x (θ, 0)] = cosine1 (r m/ r e) And [(r m – re)/re] δ θ’ m = [ 2sine ² ω t/2] (v m/r m) (180/ π) [36526/Tm (days)] (3600) = [ 2sine ² {[cosine1 (r m/ r e)]/2}] (v m/r m) (180/ π) [36526/Tm (days)] (3600) = 0.61 x 70.75 = 43 Page 27
Chapter Four: Arabs real time light Astronomy Kepler’s force laws F =  ω² a and F =  GmM/a² Or, F =  ω² a =  GmM/a² And T²/a³ = 4 π GM
A
Johannes Keplers: Kepler’s law: a³/T² = k = constant Isaac Newton space Inverse square law γ = k/r² Hooke’s time Inverse square law γ = r/t² or γ = r/T² Kepler’s Space – time Law: k/r² = r/ T²; or, a³/T² = k = constant Where this law came from? Acceleration = γ = r/t² = k/r² γ = time coordinates r/t² = space coordinates k/r²; r substituted for t γ = r/t² = k/r² γ =  k/r² Newton’s theft = Newton γ =  r/t² =  r/T² =  k r Hooke’s theft = Hooke’ law Of: a³/T² = k = constant Or, a1³/ T1² = a2³/ T2² Or, a1/ a2 = (T1/ T2)2/3 And (a1  a2)/ a2 = (T1/ T2)2/3 – 1 Or (am – a e)/ a e = (Tm/ Te) 2/3 – 1
Nicklaus Copernicus Distance Illusion [(I – O)/O] δ θ’0 = [(r m – r e)/ r e] (v m /r m) [(180/π) (3600) (26526/T m)] = 43 Become: Kepler’s vision of idiot Einstein: Nicklaus Copernicus Distance Illusion
Mr Kepler you are wrong and you are deleted
[(I – O)/O] δ θ’0 = [(Tm/ Te)
2/3
– 1] (v
m
/r m) [(180/π) (3600) (26526/T m)] = 43 Page 28
When Newton came with F =  GmM/r²
Physicists calculated: θ' c m = v
/r; Angular velocity with respect to center of mass
cm
And Astronomers observed: θ's = v s/r Angular velocity with to the sun And v And v
cm
= √ [GM²/ (m + M) a]
s
= √ (GM/a)
cm
And (θ'
 θ’s) /θ’ s = [(2 π/T c m)  (2 π/T s)]/ (2 π/T s) = (T c m/T s) – 1 = (v s/v c m) – 1 = [√ (GM/a)] x {√ [(m + M) a/ GM²]}  1 = √ [(m + M)/M]  1 = √ [1 + (m/M)]  1 ≈ 1 + (m/2 M) – 1 ≈ m/2 M
And (θ' cm  θ’ s) /θ’ s ≈ (m/2 M) And (θ' cm  θ’ s) / θ' s = (2 π/T s) (m/2 M) And [(θ' cm  θ’ s)] T s = π (m/ M) Multiplying by [(180/π) (3600) (26526/T m)] [(I – O)/O] δ θ’0 = (π m/M) [(180/π) (3600) (26526/T m)] = 43 T²/a³ = 4 π²/GM with respect to the sun To T²/a³ = 4 π²/G (M + m) with respect to the center of mass That is Kepler's measurements data are centered from the sun and Newton's data are centered at the center of mass and this would explain this mistake like this: T² (1)/a³ = 4 π²/GM and T² (2) /a³ = 4 π²/G (M + m) When Newton changed Kepler's equation he solved the advance of perihelion as shown: The advance of Mercury perihelion by Newton T (1) = T (2) √ [M/ (M + m)] And 2π/ T (1) = [2 π/ T (2)] √ (1 + m/M) And θ' (1) = θ' (2) √ (1 + m/M) And θ' (2) = θ' (1) /√ [1 + (m/M)] ≈ [1  m/ (2M)] This approximation was not on the original work And θ' (2)  θ' (1) = θ' (1) [1 /√ [1 + (m/M)]  1] And θ' (2)  θ' (1) ≈  θ' (1) (m/2M) =  [2 π/T] [m/2M) =  π m/MT radians/T Page 29
W " (calculated) = [ π m/MT] (180/π degrees) (3600 seconds) (36526 century); T = days; with m = 0.32 x1024 kg; and M = 2.0 x1030 kg; T = 88 days [(I – O)/O] δ θ’0 = (180 x 36526 x 3600/T) (π m/M) = 43.0" seconds of arc /100 years
Mr Newton you are wrong and you are deleted
Page 30
Hooke’s for law F =  ω²x; 3 – Newton’s law F =  GmM/x²
If Hooke’s law is taken the F =  k r in one dimension Then r’’ +ω²r = 0; then r (θ, 0) = r0 e ỉ ω t Then r = r0 e ỉ ω t; and r = r0 [1 2 sine² ω t/2] And (r  r0)/ r0 =  2 sine² ω t/2 The distance visual effect Error is: [(r m – re)/re] δ θ’
m
The quantity: δ θ’ m = (v m/r m) (180/ π) [36526/Tm (days)] (3600) = 70.75
With v
m
= 47.9 km/sec; r
m
= 58.2 x 106 km; Tm = 88 days
With r = 58.2 x 109 m = Sun – Mercury distance And r
e
= 149.6 x 109 m = Sun Earth distance
With [(r m – re)/re] = [ 2sine ² ω t/2] = 0.61 And ω t = cosine1 [r x (θ, t) / r x (θ, 0)] = cosine1 (r/ r 0) Or ω t = cosine1 [r x (θ, t) / r x (θ, 0)] = cosine1 (r m/ r e) And [(r m – re)/re] δ θ’ m = [ 2sine ² ω t/2] (v m/r m) (180/ π) [36526/Tm (days)] (3600) = [ 2sine ² {[cosine1 (r m/ r e)]/2}] (v m/r m) (180/ π) [36526/Tm (days)] (3600) = 0.61 x 70.75 = 43
Mr Hooke I really like you but you can be deleted Page 31
Chapter Five: The all time wrong Astronomer
Then Urbain Jean Joseph Le Verrier came
The angular velocity of Mercury around the Sun is: θ m' = v m /r m And δ θ’0 = (v m /r m) (180/π) (3600) (26526/Tm); Tm = 88 days If it is measured for planet Mercury from the sun then Then it is θ m' = v m /r m If planet Mercury around the sun measured from earth then = Then θ m' (Earth) = (v m + v e)/r m
E
S
M
And θ m' (Earth) = v m /r m + v e /r m And not v m /r m Le Verrier [1] mistake is: v e /r m The angular speed delay is: v* e /r m Or, [(v e/v m) (v m /r m)] Taking into account Earth rotation vº e Le Verrier mistake: Then the angular speed delay: Is: v e /r m = [v* e /r m +/ vº e /r m] In arc second per century multiplying by [(180/π) (3600) (26526/T)] [(I – O)/O] δ θ’0 = [(v* e +/ vº e) /r m] [(180/π) (3600) (26526/T)] [(I – O)/O] δ θ’0 = [(v* e +/ vº e) /v m) (v m /r m)] [(180/π) (3600) (26526/T)] = 43 [(I – O)/O] δ θ’0 = [(v* e +/ vº e) /v m) (v m /r m)] [(180/π) (3600) (26526/Tm)] Page 32
Idiot Le Verrier
[(I – O)/O] δ θ’0 = [(r m – r e)/ r e] (v
m
/r m) [(180/π) (3600) (26526/T m)] = 43
m
[(I – O)/O] δ θ’0 = [(v
m
T
m
– v e T e)/ v e T e] (v
/r m) [(180/π) (3600) (26526/T m)]
Arabs real time Astronomy is 5 laws
And saying (I/O) q = q + [(I – O)/O] q; q measured quantity Eq  1
real time distance r = r0 e í ω (r) t í ω (t) t And real time t = t0 e í ω (m) t And real time mass m = m0 e
And And S = m r, the state equation
Eq  2 Eq  3 Eq  4 Eq  5
Page 33
Chapter 5
Newton equation is a solved wrong for 350 years
Newton’s unprecedented stupidity
Being a good mathematician is solving own equation wrong? Newton said there is gravity Force F = GmM/r² whose solution is this
Planet r Su n
Fig1. Newton’s gravitational law
And r (θ, t) = [a (1ε²)/ (1+ε cosine θ)] Real time solution is: r (θ, t) = [a (1ε²)/ (1+ε cosine θ)] ℮ (r) "Apparent advance of perihelion" [(I – O)/O] δ θ’0 = (720x36526x3600/T) {[√ (1 ε²)]/ (1ε) ²} x [(v°+ v*)/c] ² = 43 arc second per century Page 34
But you idiot this solution is wrong
[λ
+ ỉ ω (r)] t
All there is in the Universe is objects of mass m moving in space (x, y, z) at a location r = r (x, y, z) = r [length, width, height]. The state of any object in the Universe can be expressed as the product S = m r; State = mass x location: P = d S/d t = m (d r/d t) + (dm/d t) r = Total moment = change of location + change of mass = m v + m' r; v = velocity = d r/d t; m' = mass change rate F = d P/d t = d²S/dt² = Total force = m (d²r/dt²) +2(dm/d t) (d r/d t) + (d²m/dt²) r = m γ + 2m'v +m" r; γ = acceleration; m'' = mass acceleration rate In polar coordinates system Location = r = r r Velocity = v = r' r
(1) (1)
+ r θ' θ
(1) (1)
Acceleration = γ = (r"  rθ'²) r F = m γ + 2m'v +m" r
+ (2r'θ' + r θ") θ
(1)
F = m [(r"rθ'²) r (1) + (2r'θ' + r θ") θ 2m'[r' r (1) + r θ' θ (1)] + + (m" r) r (1) F = [d² (m r)/dt²  (m r) θ'²] r (1) + (1/mr) [d (m²r²θ')/d t] θ (1) F = F1 + F2 F1 = [d² (m r)/dt²  (m r) θ'²] r F2 = (1/m r) [d (m²r²θ')/d t] θ
(1)
(1)]
+
(1)
Newton's Gravitational Equation is: F = GmM/r² With d² (m r)/dt²  (m r) θ'² = GmM/r² (1) And d (m²r²θ')/d t = 0 (2)
Page 35
The solution is not And r (θ, t) = [a (1ε²)/ (1+εcosθ)] But this solution
(r) Real time solution is: r (θ, t) = [a (1ε²)/ (1+ε cosine θ)] ℮ (r) "Apparent advance of perihelion" [(I – O)/O] δ θ’0 = (720x36526x3600/T) {[√ (1 ε²)]/ (1ε) ²} x [(v°+ v*)/c] ² arc second per century Proof: All there is in the Universe is objects of mass m moving in space (x, y, z) at a location = r (x, y, z) = r [length, width, height]. The state of any object in the Universe can be expressed as the product S = m r; State = mass x location: P = d S/d t = m (d r/d t) + (dm/d t) r = Total moment = change of location + change of mass = m v + m' r; v = velocity = d r/d t; m' = mass change rate F = d P/d t = d²S/dt² = Total force = m (d²r/dt²) +2(dm/d t) (d r/d t) + (d²m/dt²) r = m γ + 2m'v +m" r; γ = acceleration; m'' = mass acceleration rate In polar coordinates system Location = r = r r (1) Velocity = v = r' r (1) + r θ' θ (1) Acceleration = γ = (r"  rθ'²) r (1) + (2r'θ' + r θ") θ (1) F = m γ + 2m'v +m" r F = m [(r"rθ'²) r (1) + (2r'θ' + r θ") θ (1)] + 2m'[r' r (1) + r θ' θ (1)] + + (m" r) r (1) F = [d² (m r)/dt²  (m r) θ'²] r (1) + (1/mr) [d (m²r²θ')/d t] θ (1) F = F1 + F2 F1 = [d² (m r)/dt²  (m r) θ'²] r (1) F2 = (1/mr) [d (m²r²θ')/d t] θ (1)
[λ
+ỉω
]t
r
Newton’s force law is F1 = [GmM/r²] r Kepler's force law is: F2 = (1/mr) [d (m²r²θ’)/d t] θ (1) = 0
(1)
If m is constant then d (m²r²θ’)/d t = 0; and d (r²θ’)/d t = 0 Or, r²θ’ = h = 2 π a b/T; a = mean distance from sun and is called semi major axis and b is the semi minor axis. Page 36
Mercury
r θ
Sun
And the motion of a planet m around the Sun M measured in real time is a rotating ellipse
m
θ ψ M
Tyco Brahe Logged observational Data of Planets P motion around the Sun S and then Kepler stated the areal velocity law: If Planet p observed from the sun then the trajectory of planet p will cut equal areas in equal times. Page 37
P A A A S A A A A
T T T T
T T
P
T S
Page 38
When the areas size A are sliced equally it was found that the times spent by planets orbiting around the Sun and making areas A each are equal also. Or, r² (0) θ' (0) = r² (1) θ' (1) = r² (2) θ' (2) = r² (3) θ' (3) = = location² x [angular speed] = constant = Areal velocity If r² θ' = h Then differentiating with respect to time Then d (r² θ')/ d t = d h/ d t And 2 r r’ θ’ + r² θ’’ = 0 Or 2 (r’ /r) =  (θ’’/θ’) The r = r0 e
íωt –2íωt
And θ’ = θ’0 e With r = r0 e
íωt
In real time r (n) = r (0) e í ω t With r² (0) θ' (0) = r² (1) θ' (1) Then θ' (1) = [r² (0)/ r² (1)] θ' (0) And θ' (1) = {[e í 2 ω t] θ' (0) And θ’ (1) = {[cosine 2 ω t + í sine 2 ω t] – 1} θ' (0) Δ θ’ (1) = Δ θ’ (x) + í Δ θ’ (y) = [cosine 2 ω t + í sine 2 ω t] θ' (0) Δ θ’ (x) = [cosine 2 ω t] θ' (0) Δ θ’ (x) = [1 – 2 sine² ω t] θ' (0) Δ θ’ (x)  θ' (0) =  2 θ' (0) sine² ω t Δ W = Δ θ’ (x)  θ' (0) =  2 θ' (0) sine² ω t = 2(2π) [√ (1ε²)]/T (1ε) ²] sine² ω t And θ' (0) = h/r² (0) = 2 π a b/T a² = 2π√ (1ε²)]/T (1ε) ² Δ W =  4 π) [√ (1ε²)]/T (1ε) ²] sine² ω t If this apsidal motion is to be found as visual effects, then With, v ° = spin velocity; v* = orbital velocity And v/c = (v* + v°)/c = tan ω t Δ W = 4 π [√ (1ε²)]/T (1ε) ²] sine² {Inverse tan [(v* + v°)/c]} radians Multiplication by 180/π to change to degrees Δ W ° = (720/T) {[√ (1ε²)]/ (1ε) ²} sine² {Inverse tan [(v* + v°)/c]} Degrees And multiplication by 1 century = 36526 days and using T in days W° (ob) = (720x36526/Tdays) {[√ (1ε²)]/ (1ε) ²} x sine² {Inverse tan [(v* + v°)/c]} degrees/100 years Approximations With v° << c and v* << c, Then sine Inverse tan [v°/c + v*/c] ≈ (v° + v*)/c Δ W ° (calculated) = (720x36526/Tdays) {[√ (1ε²)]/ (1ε) ²} x [(v° + v*)/c] ² degrees/100 years This is the equation for axial rotations rate of planetary and binary stars or any two body problem. The circumference of an ellipse: 2πa (1  ε²/4 + 3/16(ε²)² .) ≈ 2πa (1ε²/4); R =a (1ε²/4) Page 39
Finding orbital velocities From Newton's inverse square law of an ellipse motion applied to a circular orbit gives the following: m v²/ r (cm) = GmM/r² Planet  r (cm)  Center of mass  r (CM)  Mother Sun Planet  r  Mother Sun Center of mass law m r (cm) = M r (CM); m = planet mass; M = sun mass And r (cm) = distance of planet to the center of mass And r (CM) = distance of sun to center of mass And r (cm) + r (CM) = r = distance between sun and planet Solving to get: r (cm) = [M/ (m + M)] r And r (CM) = [m/ (m + M)] r Then v² = [GM r (cm)/ r²] = GM²/ (m + M) r And v = √ [GM²/ (m + M) r = a (1ε²/4)] Planet orbital velocity or primary velocity: And v* = v (m) = √ [GM²/ (m + M) a (1ε²/4)] = 48.14 km for planet Mercury Velocity of secondary or Mother Sun velocity And v* (M) = √ [Gm² / (m + M) a (1ε²/4)] Applications: mercury ellipse and its axis rotation of 43 " /century 1 Planet Mercury axial "apparent" rotation rate Δ W’’ = (720x36526x3600/T) {[√ (1ε²]/ (1ε) ²} (v* + v°/c) ² seconds of arc per century The circumference of an ellipse: 2πa (1  ε²/4 + 3/16(ε²)² .) ≈ 2πa (1ε²/4); R =a (1ε²/4) Where v* (p) =√ [G M² / (m + M) a (1ε²/4)] ≈ √ [GM/a (1ε²/4)]; m<<M; Solar system data: G =6.673x1011; M=2x1030kg; m=.32x10^24kg; ε = 0.206; T=88days; c = 299792.458 km/sec; a = 58.2km/sec; v° = 0.002km/sec Calculations yield: v* =48.14km/sec; [√ (1 ε²)] (1ε) ² = 1.552 Δ W = (720x36526x3600/88) x (1.552) (48.14/299792)² =43.0”/century Δ W’’ = (720x36526x3600/T) {[√ (1ε²]/ (1ε) ²} [(v* + v°)/c] ² = 43 seconds of arc per century [(I – O)/O] δ θ’0 = (720x36526x3600/T) {[√ (1ε²]/ (1ε) ²} [(v*m + v° m)/c] ² seconds of arc per century Or, Newton is plain stupid? There is no proof of action at a distance? F = GmM/r² is not a proof of gravitational pull between planetary objects but rather the interaction of earth with its atmosphere G = 1/ (2/5) (4π/3) p T² = √ (2π)/ (4π/3)p T²; ρ = air density =1.2045kg/m³; and T = Earth rotation period = 23.9333x3600; Then G = 6.6747 x 1011 G = 1/ (radius of gyration) (sphere) (air density) (Earth spin) ² G = √ (2 π) / (4π/3) p T² = √ (2π)/ (4π/3)p T² Suggesting that gravity measured on Earth is local to earth surface caused by Earth spin motion Also a rotating Ellipse can be derived from many different solutions and not necessarily from an inverse square law Page 40
Chapter six
Inverse Cube equations F = m γ =  k/r³ r (1), then in polar coordinates With m [d² r/dt²  θ'²r] =  k /r³ Inverse Cube Gravitational law (1) And d (r²θ')/d t = 0 Kepler's Areal Velocity Equation (2) These two equations give an axial rotation rate: One: φ = π (m/ M) (180) [36526/T] [3600] arc second/100 years = 43.0344 seconds of arc / century for Mercury Two: δ θ' =  720 [36526/T] (3600) √ (1  ε²)/ T (1  ε) ² (v/c) ² arc second/100 years = 43.0" seconds of arc /century for Mercury
Solution:
With m = constant Then d² r/dt²  θ'²r =  k/ r³ (1) And d (r²θ')/d t = 0 (2) From (2) d (r²θ')/d t = 0; r²θ' = h From (1), θ'² d² r/ dθ²  θ'²r =  k/ mr³ And θ'² [d² r/ dθ²  r] =  k/ mr³ And d² r/ dθ²  r =  (k/mh²) r And d² r/ dθ²  r [1  (k/mh²)] = 0 And r (θ, 0) = r (0, 0) e ỉ {√ [1  (k/mh²)]} θ From (2) d (r²θ')/d t = 0; r²θ' = h Then 2rr'θ' + r²θ'' = 0 Dividing by r²θ' We get 2 (r'/r) + (θ''/θ') = 0 And 2 (r'/r) =  θ''/θ' = 2ỉ ω t
And θ' = (θ' (0, 0) {cosine 2 [{√ [1  (k/mh²)]} θ + ω t]  ỉ sine 2 [{√ [1  (k/mh²)]} θ + ω t]} And θ'  θ' (0, 0) =  2 θ' (0, 0) sine² [{√ [1  (k/mh²)]} θ + ω t] And δ θ' =  2 θ' (0, 0) sine² [{√ [1  (k/mh²)]} θ + ω t] If k = Gm M α (1  ε²); h = 2π a b/T Then: k/mh² = Gm M a (1  ε²)/m 4 π ² a² b²/T² And k/mh² = GM T² (1  ε²)/4 π ² a b²; multiply by (a²/a²) Then [a² (1  ε²)/ b²] [GM T²/4 π ² a³] = [GM T²/4 π ² a³] Then δ θ' =  2 θ' (0, 0)] sine² [{√ [1  (GM T²/4 π ² a³)]} θ + ω t] Taking Kepler's: GM T²/4π²a³ = 1 Page 41
e ỉ {√ [1  (k/mh²)]} θ e ỉ ω t And θ' = θ' (θ, 0) e  2ỉ ω t Or r = r (0, 0) e ỉ {√ [1  (k/mh²)]} θ + ỉ ω t And θ' = θ' (0, 0) e 2ỉ [{√ [1  (k/mh²)]} θ + ω t] And θ' = θ' (0, 0) e 2ỉ [{√ [1  (k/mh²)]} θ + ω t]
And r = r (0, 0)
Then δ θ' =  2 θ' (0, 0) sine² ω t And θ' (0, 0) = h/r² = 2πab/Ta² (1  ε) ² = 2πa²√ (1  ε²)/Ta² (1  ε) ² = 2π√ (1  ε²)/T (1  ε) ² And δ θ' =  4π√ (1  ε²)/ T (1  ε) ² sine² ω t With ω T = arc tan v/c << 1 Then δ θ' =  4π/T√ (1  ε²)/ (1  ε) ² sine² arc tan (v/c) radians per T Or δ θ' =  4π/T√ (1  ε²)/ (1  ε) ² (v/c) ² radians per T
And δ θ' =  4π/T√ (1  ε²)/ (1  ε) ² (v/c) ² [180/π] [36526] [3600] arc second/100 years Or δ θ' =  720 [36526/T] (3600) [√ (1  ε²)]/ (1  ε) ²] (v/c) ² arc second/100 years Or δ θ' =  720 [36526/T] (3600) (1.552) (48.2/c) ² = 43.11 " arc second/100 years
If k = Gm (M + m) α (1  ε²); h = 2π a b/T If we take Newton’s G (M + m) T²/4π²a³ = 1 Then δ θ' =  2 θ' (0, 0)] sine² [{√ [1 – [G (M + m) T²/4 π ² a³)]} θ + ω t] And G (M + m) T²/4π²a³ = 1 And 1 G (M + m) T²/4π²a³ = 0 Then δ θ' =  2 θ' (0, 0) sine² ω t Then δ θ' =  2 2 π √ (1  ε²)/T (1  ε) ² sine² ω t =  4 π √ (1  ε²)/T (1  ε) ² sine² ω t If k = mh²; then δ θ' =  2 θ' (0, 0) sine² ω t
Or δ θ' =  720 [36526/T] (3600) [√ (1  ε²)]/ (1  ε) ²] (v/c) ² arc second/100 years Or δ θ' =  720 [36526/T] (3600) [√ (1  ε²)]/ (1  ε) ²] (v/c) ² arc second/100 years
If k = m²h²/M; then δ θ' =  2 θ' (0, 0) sine² [{√ [1  (k/mh²)]} θ + ω t] Become δ θ' =  2 θ' (0, 0) sine² [{√ [1  (m/M)]} θ + ω t] And (m/ M) << 1; t = 0 Or r = r (0, 0)
e ỉ [1  (m/ 2M)]} θ And r ≈ r (0, 0) e ỉ [(θ  φ)]
Then r ≈ r (0, 0)
e
ỉ {√ [1  (m/M)]} θ
With φ = m/ 2M θ Taking θ = 2 π Then φ = π m/ M radians And φ = π m/ (M) [180/π] [36526/T] [3600] arc second/100 years If k = m²h²/ (M + m) Then φ = π m/ (M + m) radians And φ = π m/ (M + m) [180/π] [36526/T] [3600] arc second/100 years Or φ = π (m/ M) (180/ π) [36526/T] [3600] arc second/100 years = 43.0344"/100 years Or φ = π m/(M +m) (180/ π) [36526/T] [3600] arc second/100 years = 43.0344"/100 years Or δ θ' =  720 [36526/T] (3600) √ (1  ε²)/ (1  ε) ²] (v/c) ² arc second/100 years = 43.0"/100 years Page 42
Chapter seven: Nuclear gravity
Or Yukawa’s: [(I – O)/O] δ θ’0 : M r Yukawa travel is not physics but Alfred Nobel physicists’ stupidity
Nuclear Gravity F = (GmM/r²) e
k/r
With d² (m r)/dt² – (m r) θ'² = [GmM/r²] e k/ r Nuclear gravity Equation (1) And (m²r²θ')/d t = 0 Kepler's Areal Velocity (2) (2): d (m²r²θ')/d t = 0 Then m²r²θ' = constant; if m is taken as constant then r²θ' = h And (1): d² r/dt²  r θ'² = [GmM/r²] Let m r =1/u Then d r/d t = u'/u² =  (1/u²) (θ') d u/d θ = ( θ'/u²) d u/d θ =  h d u/d θ And d² r/dt² = hθ'd²u/dθ² =  hu² [d²u/dθ²]
e
k/r
With d² (m r)/dt²  (m r) θ'² = [GmM/r²]
e
k/r
Nuclear Gravity
(1)
With e k/r ≈ 1+ k/r; k/r <<1 And hu² (d²u/dθ²)  (1/u) (hu²)² = GMu² [1 + k u]; α m/M r << 1 And (d²u dθ²) + (1 – GMk/h²) u = GM/h² And u = [GM/ h²]/ {(1 – GMk/h²) + A cosine [√ (1  GMk/h²)] θ} And r = 1/u = 1/ {[GM/ h²]/ {[1 – GMk/h²] + A cosine {√ [1 – GMk/h²]} θ} = [1 – GMk/h²]/ (M/ h²)]/ {1 + ε cosine {√ [1  GMk/h²]} θ Where [1 – GMk/h²]/ (GM/h²) = a (1 – ε²) 43
And [1 – GMk/h²] = (GM/h²) a (1ε²) And h²  GM k = G M a (1 ε²) Then h²/GM – a (1 ε²) = k And √ [1 – GMk/h²] =√ {[1 – (GM/h²) [(h²/GM) – a (1  ε²)]} = √ {[1 – 1 + (GM/h²) a (1  ε²)]} = √ [(GM/h²) a (1  ε²)] = √ {[GMT²/4π²a4 (1  ε²)] a (1  ε²)]} = √ (GMT²/4π²a³) = 1; T²/ a³ = 4π²/ GM Kepler’s Then, r = 1/u = (GM/ h²) + A cosine θ If, T²/ a³ = 4π²/ G (M +m) Newton’s Then, √ [1 – GMk/h²] = √ (GMT²/4π²a³) = √ [M/ (M + m)] = 1/ √ [1 + (m/M)] ≈ 1/ [1 + (m/2M)] = 1 – (m/ 2M) And [1 – GMk/h²]/ (M/ h²)]/ {1 + ε cosine {√ [1  GMk/h²]} θ = a (1 ε²)/ [1 + ε cosine {√ [1 – (GMk/h²)]} θ = a (1 ε²)/ {[1 + ε cosine [(1 – m/2M) θ]} = a (1 ε²)/ [1 + ε cosine (θ – Φ)] And 2 π Φ = 2 π (m/ 2M) = π (m/M) If Newton’s law were to be F =  Gm (M + m)/r² The 2 π Φ = 2 π [m/ 2(M + m)] = π [m/ (m + M)]
Nuclear Gravity (GmM/r²) e
(m α/ M r)
Abstract: Yukawa Gravity (GmM/r²) e (m α/ M r) or the nuclear gravity force is the crudely approximated Newtonian gravity force (GmM/r²) explains planetary motion around the sun as a rotating ellipse with a rotation rate φ = [π m/(m + M)] (180/π)(36526/T)(3600) = 43.03 seconds of an arc per century for the most talked about planet of mercury; m = 3.2 x 1024 kg; M = 2x1030 kg; T = 88days With d² (m r)/dt² – (m r) θ'² = (GmM/r²) e (m α/ M r) Gravity Force And d (m²r²θ')/d t = 0 Kepler's Areal Velocity Then m²r²θ' = constant; if m is taken as constant then r²θ' = h And (1): d² r/dt²  r θ'² = GmM/r² + Gm²α/r³ Let m r =1/u Then d r/d t = u'/u² =  (1/u²) (θ') d u/d θ = ( θ'/u²) d u/d θ =  h d u/d θ And d² r/dt² = hθ'd²u/dθ² =  hu² [d²u/dθ²] hu² [d²u/dθ²]  (1/u) (hu²)² = G M u² [1 – (α m /M) u]; α m /M r << 1 Or (d²u/ dθ²) + (1 – Gmα/h²) u = GM/h² And u = [GM/ h²]/[1 – Gmα/h²] + A cosine {√ [1  Gmα/h²]}θ Page 44 (1) (2)
And r = 1/u = 1/ {[GM/ h²]/ [1 – Gmα/h²] + A cosine {√ [1 – Gmα/h²]} θ}
= [1 – Gmα/h²]/M/ h²]/ {1 + ε cosine {√ [1  Gmα/h²]} θ Where [1 – Gmα/h²]/GM/h² = a (1 – ε²) And [1 – Gmα/h²] = (GM/h²) a (1ε²) If α = a (1 – ε²), the h² = G (m + M) a (1 ε²) Then Gmα/h² = G ma (1  ε²) /G (m + M) a (1 ε²) = m/ (m + M) With r (θ, 0) = [1 – Gmα/h²]/M/ h²]/ {1 + ε cosine {√ [1 – Gmα/h²]} θ Then r (θ, 0) = a (1 – ε²)/ {1 + ε cosine {√ [1 – Gmα/h²]} θ And r (θ, 0) = a (1 – ε²)/ {1 + ε cosine {√ [1 – m/ (m + M)]} θ And m << M; √ [1 – m/ (m + M)] ≈ 1  m/2(m + M) With {√ [1 – Gmα/h²]} θ ≈ [1  m/ 2(m + M)] θ If θ = 2π, Then 2π [1 m/2(m + M)] = 2π  2π [m/2(m + M)] With r (θ, 0) = a (1 – ε²)/ {1 + ε cosine [θ – mθ/2(m + M)]} Then r (θ, 0) = a (1 – ε²)/ [1 + ε cosine (θ – φ)] And φ = mθ/2(m + M) With θ = 2π, then φ = 2πm/2(m + M) = π m/ (m + M) radians/second Multiplication by 180/π, then φ = 180m/ (m + M) degrees/second Multiplication by degrees/century (36526/T), then φ = [m/ (m + M)] (180)(36526/T)
Multiplication by 3600, then φ = [m/ (m + M)] (180) (36526/T)(3600) seconds/century With Planet Mercury: m = 3.2x1024kg; M = 2x1030kg Then φ = [3.2x1024/ 2x 1030] (180) (36526/T)(3600) seconds of an arc per century And φ = 43.03426909''/century φ = 2 π m/2(m + M) = π m/ (m + M) And [(I – O)/O] δ θ’0 = [π m/ (m + M)] (180/ π) (36526/T) (3600)] Page 45
Chapter 8
What is the accumulated value of 2 π f per century for planet mercury seen from Earth? The angular frequency is ω = 2 π f How I would see ω of planet mercury turning around the sun from earth? The answer is there will be a frequency change of W = 2 π f [v* m  v*e]/v* e; radians per second Where v*e = Earth orbital velocity around the Sun = 29.8 km/sec And vº e = Earth spin speed = 0.465 km/sec And v* m = Mercury orbital velocity around the Sun = 47.9 km/sec With f = 1/T; f = frequency; T = Period = 88 days If W is wanted in degrees multiply by: 180/π If W is wanted in degree per century multiply by (180/π) x (36526 days/ T) If W is wanted in arc second per century multiply by (180/π) x (36526 days/ T) x 3600 W = [2 π f [(v* m  v*e)/v* e] x (180/π) x [36526 days/ (T days)] x 3600 With f = 1/T (seconds) W = [360 x 3600 x (36526/T (days)] [1/T (seconds)] [(v* m  v*e)/v* e] W = [360 x 3600 x (36526/T (days)] [1/ 24 x 3600 x T (days)] [(v* m  v*e)/v* e] W = 15 x (36526/T² (days)] [(v* m  v*e)/v* e] [(I – O)/O] δ θ’0 =15 x (36526/T² (days)] [(v* m  v*e)/v* e] For Mercury W = 15 x [36526/ (88)²] [(47.9 – 29.8)/29.8] = 43.0 arc second per century The conclusion is With ω = 2 π f = 2 π /T angular frequency in event time And ω (real time) = ω (event time) + Δ ω Δ ω = ω (real time)  ω (event time) = 2 π f [(v* m  v*e)/v* e] = 2 π f Z; Z = [(v* m  v*e)/v* e] = red shift And Δ ω = 2 π f (1 + Z) The Advance of Planet Mercury Perihelion is 2 π f Z = 2 π Z/ T Δ ω = (2 π/T) [(v* m  v*e)/v* e] In arc seconds per century: Multiply by: (180/π) [36526/T (days)] (3600) And Δ ω = [2 π / T (seconds)] [(v* m  v*e)/v* e] x (180/π) [36526/T (days)] (3600); T (seconds) = T days x 24x 3600 Δ ω = [2 π / T days x 24x 3600] [(v* m  v*e)/v* e] x (180/π) [36526/T (days)] (3600) Δ ω = [15 x 36526 / T² (days)] [(v* m  v*e)/v* e] = 43 Page 46
Frequency Games
Chapter Nine: Space – time unlimited stupidity
Visual force: F =  Gm M/r²  Gm Mk/r³ With m [d² r/dt²  θ'²r] =  Gm M/r²  Gm Mk/r³ Visual Gravitational law And d (r²θ')/d t = 0 Kepler's Areal Velocity Equation (2) Gives an axial rotation rate of W = 15 x (36526/T² (days)] [(v*  v*e)/v* e] (1)
m
With d² (m r)/dt²  (m r) θ'² =  k/ r² Inverse square Gravitational And d (m²r²θ')/d t = 0 Kepler's law At Perihelion: d² r/d t²  r θ'² =  GM/r² =  r θ'²; d² r/d t² = 0 Then r θ'² = GM/r² A quick answer by Newton would be: First θ' ² = [GM/r³] And ω² = [GM/r³] [(v* m  v*e)/v* e] ²
Boundary value Law
(1) (2)
In arc sec / century Then ω = {[GM/r³]} 1/2 [(v* m  v*e)/v* e] [(180/π) (3600) (36526/Tm) = 43"/century [(I – O)/O] δ θ’0 = {[GM/r³]} 1/2 [(v* m  v*e)/v* e] [(180/π) (3600) (36526/Tm)
Or, r 1 /θ'² 1= r 2 /θ'²2 = constant Or, θ' 2= {√[r 2/ r 1]} θ' 1 And θ' 2  θ' 1 = {[√ (r 2/ r 1)]  1} θ' 1 Δ θ' = {[√ (r 2/ r 1)]  1} θ' 1 This is the angular time delay and will be seen as angular visual Illusion The angular speed is θ' = v/r For Mercury: θ' = v/r = (47.9km/sec)/58,200,000 km = 0.000000843 radians/sec If you want the accumulation value in arc sec /century W", then And W" = (v/r) (180/π) (3600) (26526/T) = angular velocity in arc sec per century. If it is measured for planet Mercury then W" = (47.9/58,200,000) (180/π) (3600) (26526/88) W"= 70.75 arc second per century Or, Δ W" = {[√ (r 2/ r 1)]  1} W" (1) What is the angular visual Illusion for planet Mercury that would be seen when measured from Earth with Earth location r (1) = Earth = 149.6 x 106 And r (2) = Mercury = 58.2 x 106 And W" (2) =  70.75 arc sec /century Δ W" = {[√ (r 2/ r 1)]  1} W" 1 Δ W" = {{√ [149.6/58.2]}  1} [70.29] = 43.0" arc per century [(I – O)/O] δ θ’0 = {{√[r e/ r m]}  1} (v m /r m)] [(180/π) (3600) (26526/T) Page 47
Constant acceleration law
Constant Areal velocity Law Or, r² Or, r
1 1
θ'1= r²
2
2
θ'2 = location x speed = constant = Areal velocity
v 1= r
v2
2
Or, θ' 1= (r 2/ r 1)² θ'
And θ' 1  θ' 2 = [(r 2/ r 1)²  1] θ'
2
Δ θ' = θ' 1  θ' 2 = [(r 2/ r 1)²  1] θ' Δ θ' = [(v 1/ v 2)²  1] θ'
2
2
This is the angular time delay and will be seen as angular visual Illusion The angular speed is θ' = v/r For Mercury: θ' = v/r = (47.9km/sec)/58,200,000 km = 0.000000843 radians/sec If you want the accumulation value in arc sec /century W", then And W" = (v/r) (180/π) (3600) (26526/T) = angular velocity in arc sec per century. If it is measured for planet Mercury then W" = (47.9/58,200,000) (180/π) (3600) (26526/88) W"= 70.29 arc second per century Or, Δ W" = [(v 1/ v 2)²  1] W" (2) What is the angular visual Illusion for planet Mercury that would be seen when measured from Earth with Earth location r (1) = Earth = 149.6 x 106 And r (2) = Mercury = 58.2 x 106 And W" (2) =  70.29 arc sec /century Δ W" = [(v 1/ v 2)²  1] W" (2) Δ W" = [(v 1/ v 2)²  1] (v
m
/r m)] [(180/π) (3600) (26526/T)
Δ W" = [(29.8/ 47.9)²  1] [70.75] = 43.0" arc per century [(I – O)/O] δ θ’0 = [(v e/ v m) ²  1] (v
m
/r m)] [(180/π) (3600) (26526/T) Page 48
No Force solution
Newton said there is gravity Force F = GmM/r² whose solution is this
Planet r Su n
Fig 1. Newton’s gravitational law With m [d² r/dt²  θ'²r] = 0 Zero force law equation (1) And d (r²θ')/d t = 0 Kepler's Areal Velocity Equation (2) íωt Equation (2) r = r0 e ; θ' = θ'0 e  2 í ω t Equation (1)  h² d² θ/ d u²  h² u³ = 0 Or d² θ/ d u² + u = 0 Then u = u0 e  í θ And r0 = r0 (0) e + í θ Or, r = r0 (0) e í (θ + ω t) [h/ θ'0]½ e í (θ + ω t) And θ' = θ'0 e  2 í ω t Δ θ' =  2 θ'0 sine² ω t =  2[2π/T] x [180/ π] [38526/T] [3600] sine² ω t =  2 [2π/88 x 24 x 3600] x [180/ π] [38526/T] [3600] sine² ω t =  141.5 sine² ω t And ω t = arc tan [(r m  r e)/ (r m + r e)] ½ = arc tan [(149.6 – 58.2)/ (149.6 + 58.2)] ½ Δ θ' =  141.5 sine² arc tan [(149.6 – 58.2)/ (149.6 + 58.2)] ½ = 43 arc seconds per century Planet Distance r Planet Orbit X 106km Orbit T speed v in km/sec Mercury 58.2 88 47.9 Venus 108.2 224.7 35.05 Earth 149.6 365.26 29.8 Mars 227.936 687 24.14 Jupiter 778.412 4333 13.06 Saturn 1,426.725 10760 9.65 Uranus 2,870.97 30690 6.80 Neptune 4,498 60180 5.43 Pluto 5906.4 90730 4.74 Less Spin Earth speed speed km/sec 18.1 5.7 .002 6.52 .46511 0.2411 12.6 9.87 2.59 2.68 Angular velocity; v/r arc sec/ century 70.75 10.86 4.1
Newton’s mathematically wrong [(I – O)/O] δ θ’0 = (720x36526x3600/88) (1.552) (48.14/300,000) ² arc sec per century = 43
This particular equation structure is the basis of stars studying. Originally, I derived it from Arabic real time physics literature. A visual Illusion along the line of sight is constructed as follows: Instead of seeing r0 we see r0 cosine arc tan (v/c) and perpendicular to the line of sight we see r0 sine arc tan (v/c) Or r = r0 [cosine arc tan (v/c) + í sine arc tan (v/c)]
Or r = r0 e í arc tan (v/c) íωt Or r = r0 e
And areal velocity law gives the same results If r² θ' = h Then differentiating with respect to time Then d (r² θ')/ d t = d h/ d t And 2 r r’ θ’ + r² θ’’ = 0 Or 2 (r’ /r) =  (θ’’/θ’) The r = r0 e
íωt –2íωt
And θ’ = θ’0 e With r = r0 e
íωt
In real time r (n) = r (0) e í ω t With r² (0) θ' (0) = r² (1) θ' (1) Then θ' (1) = [r² (0)/ r² (1)] θ' (0) And θ' (1) = {[e í 2 ω t] θ' (0) And θ’ (1) = {[cosine 2 ω t + í sine 2 ω t] – 1} θ' (0) Δ θ’ (1) = Δ θ’ (x) + í Δ θ’ (y) = [cosine 2 ω t + í sine 2 ω t] θ' (0) Δ θ’ (x) = [cosine 2 ω t] θ' (0) Δ θ’ (x) = [1 – 2 sine² ω t] θ' (0) Δ θ’ (x)  θ' (0) =  2 θ' (0) sine² ω t Δ W = Δ θ’ (x)  θ' (0) =  2 θ' (0) sine² ω t = 2(2π) [√ (1ε²)]/T (1ε) ²] sine² ω t And θ' (0) = h/r² (0) = 2 π a b/T a² = 2π√ (1ε²)]/T (1ε) ² Δ W =  4 π) [√ (1ε²)]/T (1ε) ²] sine² ω t If this apsidal motion is to be found as visual effects, then
With, v ° = spin velocity; v* = orbital velocity And v/c = (v* + v°)/c = tan ω t Δ W = 4 π [√ (1ε²)]/T (1ε) ²] sine² {Inverse tan [(v* + v°)/c]} radians Multiplication by 180/π to change to degrees Δ W ° = (720/T) {[√ (1ε²)]/ (1ε) ²} sine² {Inverse tan [(v* + v°)/c]} Degrees And multiplication by 1 century = 36526 days and using T in days W° (ob) = (720x36526/Tdays) {[√ (1ε²)]/ (1ε) ²} x sine² {Inverse tan [(v* + v°)/c]} degrees/100 years Page 50 Abstract: light measurements are done along the line of sight and we measure light projections to our eye. Meaning, that we do not measure distance r but we measure r cosine arc tan (v/c) when light is used and as a consequence instead of measuring time T we measure T cosine arc tan (v/c) and here is the experimental proof of it. Your eyes
A000 0 0000 0 0000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 θ (2) 0 0 0 0 θ (1) 0 0 θ (3) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 B 0  0  0 1 2 3 The projections of light is what we measure and the projection of 1 and 2 and 3 is AB If the angle between ray 1 and AB is θ (1) If the angle between ray 1 and AB is θ (2) If the angle between ray 1 and AB is θ (3)
Then C (1) cosine θ (1) = C (2) cosine θ (2) = C (3) cosine θ (3) = c = AB
You want experimental proof? Here is my iron clad proof of my theory: This is using the light projections to be equal c then the advance of perihelion and stars to solve mercury Venus and DI Herculis binary stars better than all is
If an object at location A sends light signals in all directions at time at t = 0 where B1 is;
And B1 is moving to B2 then the projection of AB2 of AB1 is measured. AB1 is theorized and AB2 is measured; or AB2 = AB1 cosine θ And θ = arc tan (v/c) B1B2 /AB1 = sine θ; AB2/AB1 = cosine θ; B1B2/AB2 = tan θ Instead of measuring time t we theorize time t and we measure time Γ = t cosine θ Page 51
A
Light V O O O
E O
L O
O O
θ
O O O
C O C
I O
T O
Y O
B2 O O O O O O O O O O B1
V O O O O
Γ = t cosine arc tan (v/c) = t {1 2 sine² {[arc tan (v/c)]/2}} Γ  t =  2 t sine² {[arc tan (v/c)]/2} With r2θ’ = h and 1/T= θ’’/θ’ =  2r’/r = 2/t Or T = t/2 or the time measurements changes are twice period changes Or (Γ – t)/2 =  t sine² {[arc tan (v/c)]/2} is the time delays for periods With t = 1 century and t in arc seconds is 15 times time seconds then (Γ – t)/2 =  15 T sine² {[arc tan (v/c)]/2}; T = One century With v = 47.9 (mercury) – 29.8 (Earth) =18.1 km/sec (Γ – t)/2 =  15 (36526) sine² {[arc tan (18.1/300,000)]/2] = 43
= 15 x (36526/T² (days)] [(r m – r e)/ r e] = 43 = 15 x (36526/T² (days)] [(v = 15 x (36526/T² (days)] [(v
m
T
m
– v e T e)/ v e T e] = 43
m
– v e)/ v e] = 43
2/3
= 15 x (36526/T² (days)] [(Tm/ Te)
– 1] = 43
Or, Center of mass gravity equation [(I – O)/O] δ θ’0 = [π m/ (m + M)] (180/ π) (36526/ T m) (3600)] = 43
Page 52
Mr Laplace yes you are deleted The solution to F = GmM/r² is not r = [a (1ε²)/ (1+ε cosine θ)] and it is time you get corrected Real time solution is: r (θ, t) = [a (1ε²)/ (1+ε cosine θ)] "Apparent advance of perihelion" Or, Boundary value law
℮ [λ (r) + ỉ ω (r)] t
[(I – O)/O] δ θ’0 = = {[GM/r³]} 1/2 [(r m – r e)/ r e] [(180/ π) (3600) (36526/ T m) = 43 = {[GM/r³]} = {[GM/r³]} = {[GM/r³]}
1/2
[(v m – v e)/ v e] [(180/ π) (3600) (36526/ T m) = 43 [(Tm/ Te) [(v
m 2/3
1/2
– 1] [(180/π) (3600) (26526/T m)] = 43
1/2
T
m
– v e T e)/ v e T e] [(180/π) (3600) (26526/T m) = 43 Page 53
Chapter Ten
Arabs real time physics in outer Space
Apparent Apsidal motion of binary (two) stars
This is the solution to the 150 years apsidal motion puzzle that is not solvable by spacetime physics or any said or published physics including 500 years of Modern physics and 500,000 modern physicists. Binary stars apsidal motion or "Apparent" rate of orbital axial rotation is a visual effect along the line of sight of moving objects applied to the angular velocity at Apses. From the thousands of close binary stars astronomers picked a dozen sets of binary stars systems that would be a good test of relativity theory and modern physics collected data for all of past century and relativity theory failed every one of them. This rate of "apparent" axial rotation is given by this new equation W° (ob) = (720x36526/T) {[√ (1ε²)]/ (1ε) ²]} (v* + v°/c) ² degrees/100 years T = period; ε = eccentricity; v° = spin velocity effect; v*= orbital velocity effects The simplest problem in physics that all 500 years modern physics and 500,000 modern physicists could not solve by any physics: 1 – As Camelopardalis 2 – DI Herculis 3 – V1143 Cygni 4 – V 541 Cygni 5  AI Hydra 6  V 731 Cephei 7  SW Canis Majoris 8  NV Canis Majoris 9  GG Orion 10 CM Draconis 11 VV PYX 12 – EW Oriomis 13 V1147 Sagittari 14 – PSR 1913 + 16 12 – PSR 0737 – 3039 Solution: Location r = r r (1) ; Velocity v = r' r (1) + r θ' θ (1) Acceleration γ = (r"  rθ'²) r (1) + (2r'θ' + r θ") θ (1) S = m r; State = mass x distance P = d S/ d t = d (m r)/d t = m (d r/d t) + (d m/d t) r Velocity = v = (d r/d t); mass rate change = m' = (d m/d t) P = m v + m' r; Momentum = change of state = change in location or change in mass F = d P/d t = d² S/d t² = d [m (d r/d t) + (d m/d t)]/d t = m d² r/d t² + (d m/d t) (d r/d t) + (d m/d t) (d r/d t) + (d² m/d t) ² r Page 54
The problems Einstein and all others can not solve
F = m d² r/d t² + 2 (d m/d t) (d r/d t) + (d² m/d t) ² r Force = Change of momentum F = m a + 2 m ' v + m" r F =  GmM/r² Or, Newton's Kepler's equation: F =  GmM/r² Then With d² (m r)/dt²  (m r) θ'² = GmM/r² Newton's Gravitational Equation (1) And d (m²r²θ')/d t = 0 Kepler's force law (2) With m = constant, then m can be taken out from both equations (1) and (2) With d² r/d t²  r θ'² =  GM/r² Newton's Gravitational Equation (1) And d (r²θ')/d t = 0 Kepler's force law (2) From 2: With m = constant; then d (m²r²θ')/d t = 0 And m² d (r²θ')/d t = 0 And d (r²θ')/d t = 0 And r²θ' = h With (1): d² (m r)/dt²  (m r) θ'² = GmM/r² With m = constant Then m [d² r/ d t²  r θ'²] =  Gm M/ r² And [d² r/ d t²  r θ'²] =  G M/ r² Let r =1/u Then d r/d t = u'/u² =  (1/u²) (θ') d u/d θ = ( θ'/u²) d u/d θ =  h d u/d θ And d² r /d t² =  h θ'd²u/dθ² =  h u² [d²u/dθ²] And  h u² [d²u/dθ²]  (1/u) (hu²)² =  G Mu² Or, [d²u/ dθ²] + u = G M/ h ² u = G M/ h² + A cosine θ And r = 1/u = 1/ [G M / h² + A cosine θ] = (h²/ G M)/ [1 + (Ah²/ GM) cosine θ] = (h²/GM)/ (1 + ε cosine θ) Then r (θ, 0) = a (1ε²)/ (1+ ε cosine θ) This is Newton's Classical Equation solution of two body problem. We solved this equation and we got the motion equation: Is: r (θ, t) = [a (1ε²)/ (1+ ε cosine θ)] which is the equation of an ellipse with eccentricity ε and semi  major axis a, and a semi minor axis whose value is b = a √ [1  ε²] and two foci one equals to c = ε a, and the other foci location equals to c =  ε a. Or the motion of one ball around the other ball should be an ellipse with the other ball at one of the foci +/ ε a, of the ellipse with semi major axes ( a, a) on xaxis and semi minor axes (b, b) on y axis and foci ( c, c) on x axis again with angle of rotation θ. If this law to work on two planets instead of two balls like planetary motion around the sun, then Astronomers should see this motion of a planet moving around the sun in an ellipse with the sun at one of its foci. Page 55
m
θ
M
What astronomers saw was not an ellipse but a rotating ellipse like the ellipse below wth rotating angle ψ
m
θ ψ
M
Page 56
When the areas size A are sliced equally it was found that the times spent by planets orbiting around the Sun and making areas A each are equal also. Or, r² (0) θ' (0) = r² (1) θ' (1) = r² (2) θ' (2) = r² (3) θ' (3) = = location² x [angular speed] = constant = Areal velocity If r² θ' = h Then differentiating with respect to time Then d (r² θ')/ d t = d h/ d t And 2 r r’ θ’ + r² θ’’ = 0 Or 2 (r’ /r) =  (θ’’/θ’) The r = r0 e
íωt –2íωt
And θ’ = θ’0 e With r = r0 e
íωt
In real time r (n) = r (0) e í ω t With r² (0) θ' (0) = r² (1) θ' (1) Then θ' (1) = [r² (0)/ r² (1)] θ' (0) And θ' (1) = {[e í 2 ω t] θ' (0) And θ’ (1) = {[cosine 2 ω t + í sine 2 ω t] – 1} θ' (0) Δ θ’ (1) = Δ θ’ (x) + í Δ θ’ (y) = [cosine 2 ω t + í sine 2 ω t] θ' (0) Δ θ’ (x) = [cosine 2 ω t] θ' (0) Δ θ’ (x) = [1 – 2 sine² ω t] θ' (0) Δ θ’ (x)  θ' (0) =  2 θ' (0) sine² ω t Δ W = Δ θ’ (x)  θ' (0) =  2 θ' (0) sine² ω t = 2(2π) [√ (1ε²)]/T (1ε) ²] sine² ω t And θ' (0) = h/r² (0) = 2 π a b/T a² = 2π√ (1ε²)]/T (1ε) ² Δ W =  4 π) [√ (1ε²)]/T (1ε) ²] sine² ω t If this apsidal motion is to be found as visual effects, then With, v ° = spin velocity; v* = orbital velocity And v/c = (v* + v°)/c = tan ω t Δ W = 4 π [√ (1ε²)]/T (1ε) ²] sine² {Inverse tan [(v* + v°)/c]} radians Multiplication by 180/π to change to degrees Δ W ° = (720/T) {[√ (1ε²)]/ (1ε) ²} sine² {Inverse tan [(v* + v°)/c]} Degrees And multiplication by 1 century = 36526 days and using T in days Page 57
W° (ob) = (720x36526/Tdays) {[√ (1ε²)]/ (1ε) ²} x sine² {Inverse tan [(v* + v°)/c]} degrees/100 years
Astronomy re  written
Primary → Secondary ↓ v°(s) ↑ v* (s)↑ Spin results Orbit results Examples v° (s) ↑v* (s)↓ Spin results Orbit results Examples v° (p) ↓ v*(s) ↑ Spin results Orbit results Examples v° (s) ↓V*(s) ↓ Spin results Orbit results Examples v°(p) ↑ v* (p)↑ Spin=[↑,↑] [↑,↑]=orbit v°(p) + v°(s) v*(p) + v*(s) AS CAM [↑,↑][↑,↓] v°(p) + v°(s) v*(p)  v*(s) [↑,↓][↑,↑] v°(p)  v°(s) v*(p) + v*(s) [↑,↓][↑,↓] v°(p)  v°(s) v*(p)  v*(s) v° (p) ↑v* (p)↓ [↑,↑][↓,↑] v°(p) + v°(s) v*(p) + v*(s) [↑,↑][↓,↓] v°(p) + v°(s) v*(p)  v*(s) [↑,↓][↓,↑] v°(p)  v°(s) v*(p) + v*(s) [↑,↓][↓,↓] v°(p)  v°(s) v*(p)  v*(s) v° (p) ↓ v* (p) ↑ [↓,↑][↑,↑]  v°(p) + v°(s) v* (p) + v*(s) [↓,↑][↑,↓] v°(p) + v°(s) v*(p)  v*(s) [↓,↓][↑,↑] v°(p)  v°(s) v*(p) + v*(s) [↓,↓][↑,↓] v°(p)  v°(s) v*(p)  v*(s) v° (p) ↓V* (p) ↓ [↓,↑][↓,↑] v°(p) + v°(s) v* (p) + v* (s) [↓,↑][↓,↓] v°(p) + v°(s) v* (p)  v* (s) [↓,↓][↓,↑] v°(p)  v°(s) v* (p) + v* (s) AS CAM [↓,↓][↓,↓] v°(p)  v°(s) v* (p)  v* (s) AS CAM
W° (calculated) = (720x36526/T) {[√ (1 ε²)]/ (1 ε) ²]} [(v° + v*)/c] ² degrees/100 years 1 As Cameloppardalis: Binary stars System AS Cam Data T=3.431; r (m) =0.1499; m=3.3 M (0); M=2.5 M (0) R (m) =2.57 R (0); [v° (m), v° (M)] = [40, 30]; ε = 0.1695; 1 ε = 00.8305 R (M) = 2.5 R (0); r (M) =0.1111; m + M=5.8 M (0); G=6.673x1011 M (0) = 2 x 1030 kg; R (0) = 0.696x109m; The circumference of an ellipse: 2πa (1  ε²/4 + 3/16(ε²)² .) ≈ 2πa (1ε²/4); R =a (1ε²/4) Finding orbital velocities From Newton's inverse square law of an ellipse motion applied to a circular orbit gives the following: m v²/ r (cm) = GmM/r² Planet  r (cm)  Center of mass  r (CM)  Mother Sun Planet  r  Mother Sun Center of mass law m r (cm) = M r (CM); m = planet mass; M = sun mass And r (cm) = distance of planet to the center of mass Page 58
And r (CM) = distance of sun to center of mass And r (cm) + r (CM) = r = distance between sun and planet Solving to get: r (cm) = [M/ (m + M)] r And r (CM) = [m/ (m + M)] r Then v² = [GM r (cm)/ r²] = GM²/ (m + M) r And v = √ [GM²/ (m + M) r = a (1ε²/4)] Planet orbital velocity or primary velocity: And v* (m) = v (m) = √ [GM²/ (m + M) a (1ε²/4)] R =a (1ε²/4)
Calculations: (1 ε²/4) = 0.9928
[√ (1ε²)]/ (1ε) ² = 1.43 With a = [R (m)/r (m)] = (2.57/0.1499) (0.696x109) = 11.9327x109 And v* (m) = √ [GM²/ (m + M) a (1 ε²/4)] = 110km/sec = √ [6.673x1011 (2.5)² (2 x 1030) / (5.8) 11.932x109 (0.9928)] = 110.178km/sec And v* (M) = √ [GM²/ (m + M) a (1 ε²/4)] = √ [6.673x1011 (3.3)² (2 x 1030) / (5.8) 11.932x109 (0.9928)] = 145.435 km/sec Spin: v° = 40 + 30=70km/sec And v* (e) = v* Earth = 29.8 km/sec And vº (e) = 0.465 km/sec Then v* + v °= v* (m) + v* (M) + v* (e) + vº (m) + v° (M) + vº (e) = 110.178 + 145.435 + 70 + 29.8 – 0.465 = 355 m/sec [√ (1ε²)]/ (1ε) ² = 1.43; T = 3.431days W°= (720x36526/T) x {√ [(1ε²)] (1ε) ²} {[v* + v°]/c} ² W°= (720x36526/3.431) x (1.43) (355/ 300,000) ² = 15.0°/century Dr Guinan and DR Maloney 1989: W°= 15°/century 1989 DR Khailullin and Dr Kozyreva: 1983 W º= 14.6 °/century Einstein: 44.3º/ century
2  Binary stars System: DI Her Apsidal Motion Solution
DI Her Apsidal motion solution: Data: T=10.55days r(m) = 0.0621 [v°(m),v°(M)]=[45,45] And ε = 0.4882; r (M) = 0.0574 M=4.52 M L = 2000 +/ 200 Ly Page 59 m=5.15M(0)
(0)
R(m)=2.68R(0)
(0)
R
(M)
=2.48; m + M=9.67 M
Calculations 1 ε = 0.5118; (1ε²/4) = 0.94; [√ (1ε²)] / (1ε) ² = 3.33181; 1 + ε = 1.4882; G=6.673x1011; M (0) = 1.98892x19^30kg; R (0) = 0.696x109m V* (p) = √ [GM²/ (m + M) a (1ε²/4)] = 99.88 km/sec V* (s) = √ [Gm²/ (m + M) a (1ε²/4)] = 113.8km/sec A Apsidal motion is given by this formula: W° (cal) = (720x36526/T) {[√ (1ε²)]/ (1ε) ²]} [(v° + v*)/c] ² degrees/100 years And v° =  45 km/s  45 km/sec = 90km/sec Now let us calculate v* (cm) = ∑m v/∑m = 106.38km/sec With v* = 2 v*(cm) = 212.76 km/sec And v° = 90 km/sec Then v* + v° = 212.76  90 = 122.76 km/sec and W° (cal) = (720x36526/T) {[√ (1ε²)]/ (1ε) ²} sine² [Inverse 122.76/300,000] = (720x36526/10.55) (3.33181) (122.76/300,000)² W° (cal) = 1.39°/century With σ = √ {∑ [v*  v* (cm)] ²/2} = √ {[106.36  99.88]²/2 + [106.36  113.8]²/2} = 6.975 km/sec Then W° (cal) = 1.39°/century +/ 0.16 Observed 2004: 1.39° +/ 0.3°/century; Relativity: 4.27°/century
tan
B  W° (cal) = (720x36526/T) {[√ (1ε²)]/ (1ε) ²]} [(v° + v*)/c] ² degrees/100 years With v° =  45 km/s + 45 km/sec = 0 km/sec And v* = v* (cm) = ∑m v/∑m = 106.38km/sec W° (cal) = (720x36526/10.55) (106.38.300, 000) ² degrees/100 years W° (cal) = 1.044 degrees/century C  V* (p) = √ [GM²/ (m + M) a (1ε²/4)] = 99.88 km/sec With v* x √ (1ε²/4)/√ (1ε) = 99.88 √ (.94)/√ (0.5118) = 135.36 And v* x √ (1ε²/4)/√ (1+ ε) = 99.88 √ (.94)/√ (1.4882) = 79.38 K (A) = [(135.36 + 79.38)/2] = 107.37 km/sec V* (s) = √ [Gm²/ (m + M) a (1ε²/4)] = 113.8 km/sec With v* x √ (1ε²/4)/√ (1ε) = 113.8 √ (.94)/√ (0.5118) = 154.2254 km/sec And v* x √ (1ε²/4)/√ (1+ ε) = 113.8 √ (.94)/√ (1.4882) = 90.44312 km/sec K (B) = 122.3342 km/sec V* = [m K (A) + M K (B)]/ (m + M) = 114.3646 km/sec Or v* = [K (A) + K (B)]/2 = 114. 85 km/sec; with v* = 114.85 Page 60
W° (cal) = (720x36526/T) {[√ (1ε²)]/ (1ε) ²} sine² [Inverse 114.85/300,000] = (720x36526/10.55) (3.33181) (114.85/300,000)² = 1.22° degrees/ century Observed: 1.24° degree/century +/ 0.05°
tan
References: Go to Smithsonian/NASA website SAO/NASA and type: 1 Apsidal motion of DI Her: Dr Edward Guinan and Dr Frank Maloney; 1985. 2 New Apsidal Motion of DI Her: Dr Edward Guinan and Dr Frank Maloney; 1994. 3 D. YA. Martynov; and KH. F. Khaliulullin 1980 4 Petrie et al.1967 5 Petrova  Ovlav Apsidal motion catalogue 6 Riazi 2003 7 Maloney Guinan 2004
3  V1143 Cgyni Apsidal Motion Solution
V1143 Cgyni data
T= 7.641days; r (m) = 0.059; m =1.391 M (0); R (1) =1.346R And [v ° (m), v° (M)] = [18, 28]; r (M) = 0.058; M=1.347 M (0) Distance [38 +/ 2 parsec] = 123.956 +/ 6.524 Ly
(0);
ε = 0.54
Calculations
We have 1 ε = 0.46 1 ε²/4=0.9721 R (0) = 0.696x109m With a = [R (1)/r (m)] R (0) = 15.87823729x10^9m; 1+ ε = 1.54 With v (p perihelion) = √ [GM²/ (m + M) a (1 ε)] = 110 km/sec And v (p aphelion) = √ [GM²/ (m + M) a (1+ε)] = 60 km/sec K (A) = (110 + 60)/2 = 170/2 = 85km/sec With v (s  perihelion) = √ [Gm²/ (m + M) a (1ε)] = 113.6 km/sec And v (s  aphelion) = √ [Gm²/ (m + M) a (1+ε)] = 62 km/sec K (B) = (113.6 + 62)/2 = 175.6/2 = 87.8km/sec With v (1) = √ [GM²/ (m + M) a] = 74.632 km/sec And v (2) = √ [Gm²/ (m + M) a] = 77.0699 km/sec When spinning on opposite directions 1 With v° [21, 28] = 28  21 = 7 2 With v° [18, 28] = 28  18 = 10 3 Taking average 10 + 7/2 = 8.5 With v (m) = √ [GM²/ (m + M) a (1ε²/4)] = 77.5126 km/s And v (M) = √ [Gm²/ (m + M) a (1ε²/4)] = 80.00448 km/s Also, [√ (1ε²)]/ (1ε) ² = 3.977622971 Page 61
Now: With 1 v° + v* = 157.51648km/sec  10 km/sec = 147.51648km/sec And 2 v° + v* = 157.51648km/sec  8.5 km/sec = 149.01648km/sec And 3 v° + v* = 157.51648km/sec  7 km/sec = 150.51648km/sec W° (obo) = (720x36526/T) x {[√ (1ε²)]/ (1ε) ²} {[v* + v°]/c} ² 1W°/century= (720x36526/7.641) (3.977622951) (147.51648/300,000)²=3.31°/century 2W°/century= (720x36526/7.641) (3.977622951) (149.01/300,000)²=3.3778°/century 3 W°/century= (720x36526/7.641) (3.977622951) (150.51648/300,000)² = 3.44614561°/century With v* = 2 v* (cm) = 157.4770 km/sec And v ° = v° (p)  v° (s) = 21  28 = 7 km/sec Then v* + v ° (p) = 157.477  7 = 150.477 km/sec W° /century= (720x36526/7.641) (3.977622951) (150.477/300,000)²=3.44°/century Observed values are: W° = 3.393987698°/century; W° = =3.489592985 Average observed: 3.44°/ century References: 1Geminez and Margrave, 1985 [0.00071°/cycle] = [1 century = 36526days/7.641days] = 3.393987698°/century 2 Anderson and Nordstrom and Garcia and Geminez 1987: 0.00073°/cycle [0.00073°/cycle] = [1 century = 36526days/7.641days] = 3.489592985°/century Relativity theory: 4.254435283°/ century = 0.00089°/cycle
4 V541Solution: Apsidal motion catalogue
W° (cal) = (720x36526/T) {[√ (1ε²)]/ (1ε) ²} [(v°+ v*)/c] ² degrees/100 years T = 15.3379days; r (m) = 0.0440 m = 2.4 M (0) R (m) = 1.88 R (0) And [v°(m),v°(M)]= [24±2,24±2] And ε = 0.479 r (M) =0.0425 M=2.4 M (0) R (M) =1.79 R (0) With 1 ε = 0.521 1ε²/4=0.94263975; [√ (1ε²)]/ (1ε) ² = 3.2339 Page 62
And a = [R (m)/r (m)] R (0) = (1.88/0.0440)0.696x10^9m = 29.73818182x10^9m Then a (1ε²/4) = 28.03x10^9m And v (m) = √ [GM²/ (m + M) a (1ε²/4)] = 75.5883km/sec; v° (m) =24 And v (M) = √ [Gm²/a (m + M) (1ε²/4)] = 75.883km/sec; v° (M) =24 With v°=24 + 24= 44km/sec And v* = 151.1766km/sec With v* + v°= 151.1766  48 = 103.1766km/sec W° (ob) = (720x36526/T) {[√ (1ε²)]/ (1ε) ²]} {[v* + v°]/c} ² W° (ob) = ( 720 x 365226/15.3379) (3.2339) (103.1766/300,000)² W° (ob) = 0.65° Notice: [v° (m), v° (M)] = [24 ± 2, 24 ± 2] If v° (m) = v° (M) = 24 + 2 = 26 Then v* + v°= 151.1766  52 = 99.1766km/sec And W° (ob) = ( 720 x 365226/15.3379) (3.2339) (99.1766/300,000)² W° (ob) = 0.60°/century Observed is W°= 0.60° +/ 0.1/century Lacy = [0.5°; 0.7°] Relativity: W° = 0.97°/century 1 Apsidal motion of V541Cgyni Lacy 1989
5  AI Hydra apsidal motion puzzle solution
W° (cal) = (720x36526/T) {[√ (1ε²)]/ (1ε) ²} [(v°+ v*)/c] ² degrees/100 years AI Hydra Apsidal motion solution: Data: T=8.29days r(m) = 0.1418 m=2.15M(0) R(m)=3.92R(0) [v°(m),v°(M)]=[28,27]; and ε = 0.0.23; r (M) = 0.1002 M=1.98 M (0) R (M) =2.77(0); m + M=4.13 M (0); L = 575 +/ 15 Ly Calculations 1ε = 0.77; (1ε²/4) = 0.986775; [√ (1ε²)] / (1ε) ² = 1.6414 G=6.673x10^11; M (0) = 1.98892x19^30kg; R (0) = 0.696x10^9m Then a = [R (m) / r (m)] = 19.24062059 x 10 ^ 9 m V (m) = √ [GM²/ (m + M) a (1ε²/4)] = 81.11439578 km/sec V (M) = √ [Gm²/ (m + M) a (1ε²/4)] = 88.11km/sec Apsidal motion is given by this formula: W° (ob) = (720x36526/T) {[√ (1ε²)]/ (1ε) ²]} [(v° + v*)/c] ² degrees/100 years Page 63
With v* = v (m) + v (M) = 81.11439578km/sec + 88.11km/sec = 169.2243958km/sec And v° = v° (m) + v° (M) = 28 + 27 = 55 km/sec Then (v* + v°) = 224.2243958 km/sec W° (ob) = (720x36526/T) {[√ (1ε²)]/ (1ε) ²} sine² [Inverse tan 224.2243958/300,000] = (720x36526/8.29) (1.6414) (224.2243958/300,000)² = 2.90°/ century W° (observed) = 2.90°/century as measured Observed is 2.90°/century SpaceTime Relativity theory 6.8° / century Now let us calculate v* (cm) = ∑m v/∑m = 2.15 x 81.11439578 + 1.98 x88.11= 84.46822 km/sec With v* = 2 v*(cm) = 168.936411 km/sec; And v° = 55 km/sec Then v* + v° = 223.9364411 km/sec and W° (observed) = (720x36526/T) {[√ (1ε²)]/ (1ε) ²} sine² [Inverse tan 223. 936/300,000] = (720x36526/10.55) (3.33181) (223.9364411/300,000)² W° (observed) = 2.9°0/century With σ = √ {∑ [v*  v* (cm)] ²/2} = √ {[88.11 84.46822]²/2 + [81.11439578  84.46822]²/2} = √ {[3.64178]²/2 + [3.35382422]²/2} = 3.5 km/sec Then W° (ob) = 2.9°0/century; observed is W° = 2.9°/per century And Einstein's 100,000 spacetimers 6.8° / century References: Go to Smithsonian/NASA website SAO/NASA and type: 1 Apsidal motion of AI Hydra Popper 1985 2 KH. F. Khaliulullin and V.S Kozyreva 1988 3 Petrova  Ovlav Apsidal motion catalogue 1999
6  V731Cehpei Apsidal Motion Solution
Primary → Secondary ↓ v°(s) ↑ v* (s)↑ Spin results Orbit results Examples v° (s) ↑v* (s)↓ Spin results Orbit results Examples v° (p) ↓ v*(s) ↑ Spin results Orbit results Examples v° (s) ↓V*(s) ↓ Spin results Orbit results v°(p) ↑ v* (p)↑ Spin=[↑,↑] [↑,↑]=orbit v°(p) + v°(s) v*(p) + v*(s) v° (p) ↑v* (p)↓ [↑,↑][↓,↑] v°(p) + v°(s) v*(p) + v*(s) [↑,↑][↓,↓] v°(p) + v°(s) v*(p)  v*(s) [↑,↓][↓,↑] v°(p)  v°(s) v*(p) + v*(s) [↑,↓][↓,↓] v°(p)  v°(s) v*(p)  v*(s) v° (p) ↓ v* (p) ↑ [↓,↑][↑,↑]  v°(p) + v°(s) v* (p) + v*(s) [↓,↑][↑,↓] v°(p) + v°(s) v*(p)  v*(s) [↓,↓][↑,↑] v°(p)  v°(s) v*(p) + v*(s) [↓,↓][↑,↓] v°(p)  v°(s) v*(p)  v*(s) v° (p) ↓V* (p) ↓ [↓,↑][↓,↑] v°(p) + v°(s) v* (p) + v* (s) [↓,↑][↓,↓] v°(p) + v°(s) v* (p)  v* (s) [↓,↓][↓,↑] v°(p)  v°(s) v* (p) + v* (s) [↓,↓][↓,↓] v°(p)  v°(s) v* (p)  v* (s)
V731Cephei
[↑,↑][↑,↓] v°(p) + v°(s) v*(p)  v*(s) [↑,↓][↑,↑] v°(p)  v°(s) v*(p) + v*(s) [↑,↓][↑,↓] v°(p)  v°(s) v*(p)  v*(s)
Examples
V731Cephei
Next the same equation will be used to find the advance of Periastron or "apparent" apsidal motion of V731 binary stars system.
V731Cehpei Apsidal Motion Solution
W° (ob) = (720x36526/T) x {[√ (1ε²)]/ (1ε) ²} [(v°+ v*)/c] ² degrees/100 years V731data [see below] T= 6.068567days; m= 2.577 M (0); M = 2.577 M (0) And [v° (m), v° (M)] = [19+/3, 18+/3] And ε = 0.0165 a = 23.27x R (0) Calculations M + m = 2.738; 1ε=0.9835 1ε²/4=0.9999 R (0) = .696x10^9m
With v° [21, 28] = [19 +/ 3] + [18 +/ 3] = 37 +/ 6 With v* (p) = √ [GM²/ (m + M) a (1ε²/4)] = 85.6111965km/sec And v* (M) = √ [Gm²/ (m + M) a (1ε²/4)] = 109.38km/sec Also, [√ (1ε²)]/ (1ε) ² = 1.033694356 With v* (cm) = 2∑m v∑/m = 96.46688km/sec; 2 v* (cm) = 192.9337619 And σ = √ {∑ [v*v* (cm)] ²/2} = √ {[96.46688  85.6] ²/2} + {[109.38  96.46688] ²/2} = 11.9288422 km/sec With v* (p) = 85.6111965km/sec +/ 11.9288422 km/sec And v* (s) = 109.38km/sec +/ 11.9288422 km/sec Then v* (p) + v* (s) = [192.9337619 +/] x 2 = 23.8567844 km/sec Then v* + v° = 229.9288422km/sec +/ 29.8567844 km/sec Now: Taking the upper limit Then v* + v° = 229.9288422km/sec + 29.8567844 km/sec = 259.7856266 km/sec Page 65
W° (obo) = (720x36526/T) x {[√ (1ε²)]/ (1ε) ²} {[v* + v°]/c} ² W°/century= (720x36526/6.068567) (1.033694356) (259.7856266 /300,000)²=2.91°/century W°/century = 3.35914177°/century = 0.0335914177°/year U = 360/0.0335914177° = 10717 years Observed values are U = 10000 +/ 2500 References: 1 Absolute dimensional and apsidal motion of V731Cep V. Batkis; M.Zejda; I. Bulut; M.Wolf; S. Bilir; H. Bakis; O.Demircan: J.w.Lee: M.Slechta: B. Kucerova. 2008
7  NV CMa Binary stars apsidal motion table
8  NV CMa apsidal motion solution:
Data: T=1.885159 days; ε = 0; v* (p) = 128.55 km/sec; v* (s) = 130.87 km/sec [√ (1ε²)] / (1ε) ² = 3.33181; v° (p) = 51.7 km/sec and v° (s) = 52.4 km/sec Apsidal motion is given by this formula: W° (ob) = (720x36526/T) {[√ (1ε²)]/ (1ε) ²]} [(v° + v*)/c] ² degrees/100 years With v* = v* (p) + v*(s) = 259.42 km/sec and v° = v° (p) + v° (s) = 104.1 And v* + v° = 363.52 km/sec W° (observed) = (720x36526/T) {[√ (1ε²)]/ (1ε) ²} sine² [Inverse tan 363.52/300,000] = (720x36526/1.885159) (1) (363.52/300,000)² = 20.48333818°/century = 0.2048333818°/year U = 360°/0.2048333818°/year; U = 1757. 5 years References: Go to Smithsonian/NASA website SAO/NASA and type: Absolute dimensions NV CMa; Kaluzny, J; Pych, W; Rucinski, S. M; Thompson, I.B Page 66
Relativity theory coffin nail # 8 SW Canis Majoris
W° (cal) = (720x36526/T) {[√ (1ε²)]/ (1ε) ²]} [(v° + v*)/c] ² degrees/100 years T = period = 10.09 days; ε = eccentricity = 0.3179 And v° = spin velocity effect = v° (p) + v°(s) = 57km/sec And v*= orbital velocity effect = v*(p) + v* (s) = 80.5 + 87.8 = 168.3 km/sec For SW Canis Majoris: v* + v° = 225.3km/sec W° (observed) = 2.99565967°/century = 0.0299565967° U = 360/ 0.0299565967= 12017years U (observed) = 12,000 years Einstein and spacetimers 14,000 years SW Canis Majoris Binary stars Primary → Secondary ↓ v°(s) ↑ v* (s)↑ Spin results Orbit results Examples v° (s) ↑v* (s)↓ Spin results Orbit results Examples v° (p) ↓ v*(s) ↑ Spin results Orbit results Examples v° (s) ↓V*(s) ↓ Spin results Orbit results Examples v°(p) ↑ v* (p)↑ Spin=[↑,↑] [↑,↑]=orbit v°(p) + v°(s) v*(p) + v*(s) v° (p) ↑v* (p)↓ [↑,↑][↓,↑] v°(p) + v°(s) v*(p) + v*(s) [↑,↑][↓,↓] v°(p) + v°(s) v*(p)  v*(s) [↑,↓][↓,↑] v°(p)  v°(s) v*(p) + v*(s) [↑,↓][↓,↓] v°(p)  v°(s) v*(p)  v*(s) v° (p) ↓ v* (p) ↑ [↓,↑][↑,↑]  v°(p) + v°(s) v* (p) + v*(s) [↓,↑][↑,↓] v°(p) + v°(s) v*(p)  v*(s) [↓,↓][↑,↑] v°(p)  v°(s) v*(p) + v*(s) [↓,↓][↑,↓] v°(p)  v°(s) v*(p)  v*(s) v° (p) ↓V* (p) ↓ [↓,↑][↓,↑] v°(p) + v°(s) v* (p) + v* (s) [↓,↑][↓,↓] v°(p) + v°(s) v* (p)  v* (s) [↓,↓][↓,↑] v°(p)  v°(s) v* (p) + v* (s) [↓,↓][↓,↓] v°(p)  v°(s) v* (p)  v* (s)
Sw Canis Majoris
[↑,↑][↑,↓] v°(p) + v°(s) v*(p)  v*(s) [↑,↓][↑,↑] v°(p)  v°(s) v*(p) + v*(s) [↑,↓][↑,↓] v°(p)  v°(s) v*(p)  v*(s)
SW Canis majoris
Page 67
SW CMa apsidal motion solution: Data: T=10.09 days; r (m) = 0.0942; m = 2.22 M (0); R (m) = 3.01R (0); ε = 0.3179 And r (M) = N/A M = 2.03 M (0) R (M) =2.46 R (0); m + M = 4.25 M (0) And [v° (m), v° (M)] = [30+/2, 27+/3] K (1) = 80.5; K (2) = 87.8 Calculations 1ε = 0.6821; (1ε²/4) = 0.974734898 [√ (1ε²)] / (1ε) ² = 2.037835646 G=6.673x10^11; M (0) = 1.98892x19^30kg; R (0) = 0.696x10^9m Then a = [R (m) / r (m)] = 22.23949045 x 10 ^ 9 m V* (p) = √ [GM²/ (m + M) a (1ε²/4)] = 77.26298km/sec V* (s) = √ [Gm²/ (m + M) a (1ε²/4)] = 84.4944913km/sec And v* = v* (p) + v* (s) = 161.7574713 km/sec With v° = v° (p) + v° (s) = 30 + 27 = 57 km/sec And, v* + v° = 218.7574713km/sec Apsidal motion is given by this formula: W° (ob) = (720x36526/T) {[√ (1ε²)]/ (1ε) ²]} [(v° + v*)/c] ² degrees/100 years W° (ob) = (720x36526/T) {[√ (1ε²)]/ (1ε) ²} sine² [Inverse 218.7574713/300,000] = (720x36526/10.09) (2.037835646) (218.7574713/300,000)² = 2.8242°/ century = 0.026242/yr U = 360/ 0.026242 = 12747 years Taking: v* + v° = 80.5 + 87.8 +57 = 225.3 km/sec W° (ob) = (720x36526/T) {[√ (1ε²)]/ (1ε) ²} Sine² [Inverse tan 225.3 /300,000] = (720x36526/10.09) (2.037835646) (218.7574713/300,000)² = 2.995659677°/ century = 0.0299565967°/yr U = 360/ 0.0299565967 = 12017 years Nahhas U (observed) = 12,000 years References: Go to Smithsonian/NASA website SAO/NASA and type: 1 Lacy Apsidal motion Canis Majoris 1997 68 tan
9  GG Orion Apsidal motion puzzle solution
Primary → Secondary ↓ v°(s) ↑ v* (s)↑ Spin results Orbit results Examples v° (s) ↑v* (s)↓ Spin results Orbit results Examples v° (p) ↓ v*(s) ↑ Spin results Orbit results Examples v°(p) ↑ v* (p)↑ Spin=[↑,↑][↑,↑]=orbit v°(p) + v°(s) v*(p) + v*(s) GG Orion [↑,↑][↑,↓] v°(p) + v°(s) v*(p)  v*(s) [↑,↓][↑,↑] v°(p)  v°(s) v*(p) + v*(s) v° (p) ↑v* (p)↓ [↑,↑][↓,↑] v°(p) + v°(s) v*(p) + v*(s) [↑,↑][↓,↓] v°(p) + v°(s) v*(p)  v*(s) [↑,↓][↓,↑] v°(p)  v°(s) v*(p) + v*(s) v° (p) ↓ v* (p) ↑ [↓,↑][↑,↑]  v°(p) + v°(s) v* (p) + v*(s) [↓,↑][↑,↓] v°(p) + v°(s) v*(p)  v*(s) [↓,↓][↑,↑] v°(p)  v°(s) v*(p) + v*(s) v° (p) ↓V* (p) ↓ [↓,↑][↓,↑] v°(p) + v°(s) v* (p) + v* (s) [↓,↑][↓,↓] v°(p) + v°(s) v* (p)  v* (s) [↓,↓][↓,↑] v°(p)  v°(s) v* (p) + v* (s)
v° (s) ↓V*(s) ↓ [↑,↓][↑,↓] [↑,↓][↓,↓] [↓,↓][↑,↓] [↓,↓][↓,↓] Spin results v°(p)  v°(s) v°(p)  v°(s) v°(p)  v°(s) v°(p)  v°(s) Orbit results v*(p)  v*(s) v*(p)  v*(s) v*(p)  v*(s) v* (p)  v* (s) Examples GG Orion Data: T=6.6314948; m = 2.342 M (0); M = 0.2338 M (0); R (1) = 1.852 R (0); R (2) =1.830 ε = 0.2218; 1  ε = 0.7782; r (1) = 0.0746; r (2) =.988 r (1); m + M = 4.68 M (0) And [v° (p); v° (s)] = [16 +/ 1; 16 +/ 1]; [v° (p); v° (s)] = [25 +/ 3; 24 +/ 3]; U = 10700 +/ 4500 years Calculations (1ε²/4) = 0.9877; [√ (1ε²)] / (1ε) ² = 1.57 G=6.673x10^11; M (0) = 1.98892x19^30kg; R (0) = 0.696x10^9m Calculations With v* (p) = √ [GM²/ (m + M) a (1ε²/4)] = 95.6 km/sec And v* (s) = √ [Gm²/ (m + M) a (1ε²/4)] = 95.735 km/sec And v° (p) = 16 km/sec; v° (s) = 16 km/sec Then v* (p) + v* (s) + v° (p) + v° (s) = 223.335 km/sec W° (ob) = (720x36526/6.6314948) (1.57) [223.335/300,000] ² degrees/100 years W° (ob) = 3.45°/century = 0.0345°/year U [years] = 360/[0.0345°/year] U = 10,432 years Nahhas U (observed) = 10700+/4500years References: Absolute dimensions and apsidal motion of eclipsing binary GG Orion Dr Lacy; Dr Torres; Dr Claret; Dr Sabby: 2000 The time has come to send relativity theories and all fourdimensional spacetime confusion of physics to the... Page 69
Chapter Eleven
Arabs real time physics in outer Space II
2009 total collapse of general relativity theory; CD Draconis Binary stars Primary → Secondary ↓ v°(s) ↑ v* (s)↑ Spin results Orbit results Examples v° (s) ↑v* (s)↓ Spin results Orbit results Examples v° (p) ↓ v*(s) ↑ Spin results Orbit results Examples v° (s) ↓V*(s) ↓ Spin results Orbit results Examples v°(p) ↑ v* (p)↑ Spin=[↑,↑] [↑,↑]=orbit v°(p) + v°(s) v*(p) + v*(s) v° (p) ↑v* (p)↓ [↑,↑][↓,↑] v°(p) + v°(s) v*(p) + v*(s) [↑,↑][↓,↓] v°(p) + v°(s) v*(p)  v*(s) [↑,↓][↓,↑] v°(p)  v°(s) v*(p) + v*(s) [↑,↓][↓,↓] v°(p)  v°(s) v*(p)  v*(s) v° (p) ↓ v* (p) ↑ [↓,↑][↑,↑]  v°(p) + v°(s) v* (p) + v*(s) [↓,↑][↑,↓] v°(p) + v°(s) v*(p)  v*(s) [↓,↓][↑,↑] v°(p)  v°(s) v*(p) + v*(s) [↓,↓][↑,↓] v°(p)  v°(s) v*(p)  v*(s)
A Arabs Binary stars and Binary Pulsar apsidal motion
v° (p) ↓V* (p) ↓ [↓,↑][↓,↑] v°(p) + v°(s) v* (p) + v* (s) [↓,↑][↓,↓] v°(p) + v°(s) v* (p)  v* (s) [↓,↓][↓,↑] v°(p)  v°(s) v* (p) + v* (s) [↓,↓][↓,↓] v°(p)  v°(s) v* (p)  v* (s)
CD Draconis
[↑,↑][↑,↓] v°(p) + v°(s) v*(p)  v*(s) [↑,↓][↑,↑] v°(p)  v°(s) v*(p) + v*(s) [↑,↓][↑,↓] v°(p)  v°(s) v*(p)  v*(s)
CD Draconis
10 – 2009 CD Draconis apsidal motion Table:
Data: T=1.268389985days; m = 0.231 M (0); M = 0.2141 M (0); a = 3.7634 R 0.0051 And [v° (p); v° (s)] = [9.5 +/ 1; 10.0 +/ 1] Einstein and space – timers: W° = 1.91x103/day Calculations m + M = 0.4451 M (0) 1ε = 0.9949; (1ε²/4) = 0.99993498; [√ (1ε²)] / (1ε) ² = 1.01 G=6.673x1011; M (0) = 1.98892x1030kg; R (0) = 0.696x10 9m Calculations With v* (p) = √ [GM²/ (m + M) a (1ε²/4)] = 72.436 km/sec And v* (s) = √ [Gm²/ (m + M) a (1ε²/4)] = 78.153 km/sec And v° (p) = 9.5 km/sec; v° (s) = 10 km/sec Then v* (p) + v* (s) + v° (p) + v° (s) = 170.117 km/sec
(0);
ε=
Page 70
Apsidal motion is given by this formula: W° (ob) = (720x36526/T) {[√ (1ε²)]/ (1ε) ²]} [(v° + v*)/c] ² degrees/100 years W° (ob) = (720x36526/1.238389985) (1.01) [170.09/300,000] ² degrees/100 years W° (ob) = 6.731598944°/century = 0.06731598944°/year U [years] = 360/[0.06731598944°/year] U = 5348 years Nahhas U (observed) = 5400+/3200years Einstein's and spacetimers U = 360/ [0.00191x365.26] = 516 years Can it get any better? It is not just about dumping relativity it is dumping relativity and Alfred Nobel institution with it. References: Absolute properties of the lowmass eclipsing binary CM Draconis; 2009 By : Juan Carlos Morales; Ignasi ribas; carme jordi; Guillermo Toress; Jose Gallardo; Edward F. Guinan; David Chardonneau; Marek wolf; David w.latham; Guillem Angalada Escude; David H.Bradstreet; Mark E.Everett; Francis T. O, Donavan; Georgi Mandushev; Robert D. Mathieu and other 15
11  V 1147 Sagittari
V 1147 Sagittari: Data: U = 592.5 +/ 6 years With K (p) = 117.4 km/sec; K(s) = 130.8 km/sec Giving v* (p) = 117.4 + 29.8  0.465 = 146.735 km/sec And v* (s) = 130.8 + 29.8 – 0.465 =160.135 km/sec Orbital speed of earth = 29.8 km/sec; spin speed of earth is 0.465 km/sec And vº (p) = 80 + 29.88 – 0.465 km/sec = 109.335 km/sec And vº(s) =75 + 29.88 – 0.465 km/sec = 104.335 km/sec Then v* + vº = 146.735 + 160.135 + 109.335 + 104.335 = 520.54km/sec [√ (1 ε²)] (1ε) ² = 2.62 W (cal) = (720x36526/3.28) x (2.62) (520.541/300,000)²= 63º/century U = [63/100]1x 360 = 570 years. Observed values; 592.5 References Absolute dimensions of solartype eclipsing binaries V 1147Sagittari
J. Anderson, A. Gimenez 1985
Page 71 12 EW Orionis EW Orionis: Data: U =16300 +/ 3900 With K (p) = 73.18km/sec; K(s) = 75.46 km/sec Giving v* (p) = 73.18 + 29.8  0.465 = 102.515 km/sec And v* (s) = 75.46 + 29.8 – 0.465 =104.795 km/sec And vº (p) = 9 + 29.8  0.465 = 102.515 km/sec And vº (s) = 73.18  29.8 + 0.465 = 102.515 km/sec Orbital speed of earth = 29.8 km/sec; spin speed of earth is 0.465 km/sec And vº (p) = 9km/sec; vº(s) =8.8km/sec Then v* + vº = 102.515 + 104.795 +9.0 + 8.8 =225.11km/sec [√ (1 ε²)] (1ε) ² = 1.167 W (cal) = (720x36526/6.93) x (1.167) (225.11/300,000)²= 2.1367º/century U = [2.1367/100]1x 360 = 16848 years.
13  The Apsidal motion of VV PYX
Data: T = 4.596 days; m = 2.098 M (0); M = 2.098 M (0) With r (p) = 0.1156 and r (s) = 0.1156 and R (m) = 2.167 R (0) and R (M) = 2.167 R (0) And ε = 0.0956; 1  ε = .9044; U = 3200 +/ 1000 And [v° (p); v° (s)] = [23; 23] V = 381.03095km/sec Calculations With m + M = 4.196 M (0) And (1ε²/4) = 0.99771516; [√ (1ε²)] / (1ε) ² = 1.216984877 G=6.673x10^11; M (0) = 1.98892x19^30kg; R (0) = 0.696x10^9m And a = [R (m)/r (m)] = [2.06/ 0.097] R (0) = [2.167/ 0.1156] [0.696x109 m] Then a = 13.04698962 x 109 m And a (1ε²/4) = [13.04698962 x10^9m] [0.99771516] = 13.01717934 x109m K (A) = {√ [GM²/ (m + M) a (1 ε)] + √ GM²/ (m + M) a (1+ ε)]}/2 K (A) = {√ [6.673x2.098²x2x1019/ (4.196) 13.04698962x10^9x0.9044] + √ [6.673x2.098²x2x1019/ (4.196) 13.04698962x10^9x1.0956]}/2 = [108.85 + 98.96511511]/2 = 103.9km/sec K (B) = {√ [Gm²/ (m + M) a (1 ε)] + √ Gm²/ (m + M) a (1+ ε)]}/2 = 103.9km/sec Page 72
With v* (m) = √ [GM²/ (m + M) a (1ε²/4)] = 103.70 km/sec And v* (M) = √ [Gm²/ (m + M) a (1ε²/4)] = 103.70 km/sec And v* (cm) = [m v* (p) + M v* (s)]/ (m + M) = 103.70 km/sec And v° (p) = 23vkm/sec; v° (s) = 23 km/sec W° (ob) = (720x36526/T) {[√ (1ε²)]/ (1ε) ²]} (v* + v°/c) ² degrees/100 years T = period; ε = eccentricity; v° = spin velocity effect; v*= orbital velocity effects With v* (m) = √ [GM²/ (m + M) a (1ε²/4)] = 103.70 km/sec Primary orbital speed contribution to apsidal motion Is v* (m) = 103.7 + 29.8 – 0.465 = 133 km/sec And v* (M) = √ [Gm²/ (m + M) a (1ε²/4)] = 103.70 km/sec Secondary orbital speed contribution to apsidal motion Is v* (M) = 103.7 + 29.8 – 0.465 = 133 km/sec And v° (m) = 23 km/sec Primary spin speed contribution to apsidal motion Is vº (m) = 23 + 29.8 – 0.465 = 52.335 km/sec And v° (M) = 23 km/sec Secondary spin speed contribution to apsidal motion Is vº (m) = 23 + 29.8 – 0.465 = 52.335 km/sec Then v * + vº = 370.67 With ε = 0.17; T = 4.596 days [√ (1ε²)] / (1ε) ² = 1.216984877 W° (cal) = (720x36526/4.596) (1.216984877) [370.67/300,000] ² U = 3386 years Nahhas' U (observed) = 3200 +/ 1000years References Absolute dimensions of solartype eclipsing binaries EW Orionis
J.V. Clausen, H. Bruntt, E.H. Olsen, B.E. Helt, and A. Claret 2009
Page 73
Chapter 12: Alfred Nobel prize winner for less than a $ 1993 Nobel Prize Winner Dr Joseph H. Taylor Binary Pulsar 1913 + 16
For PSR 1913 + 16 Data: Joseph Taylor and Joel M. Weisberg 2004 With a =2.3417725 R (0); R (0) = 0.696 x 10 9meters And ε = 0.6171338 T = 0.322997448930
And θ' = 4.226595 °/year With mass m = 1.4414 M (0) and M = 1.3867 M (0); M (0) = 2 x 1030 kg V* (p) = √ [GM²/ (m + M) a] = 235.9574664 km/sec V* (s) = √ [Gm²/ (m + M) a] = 245.2640841km/sec W° (cal) = (720x365.26/Tdays) x sine² [Inverse tan (v/c)] degrees/100 years = (720x365.26/0.329974489) x sine² [Inverse tan (481.22/300, 00)] deg/100 years
W = 4.2°/year
15
PSR J0737 – 3039
Data: U =21.3 years With m = 1.34 M (0); M = 1.25 M (0); M (0) = 2 x 1030 And ε = 0.0878; [vº (p), vº (s)] = [22.7 km/sec, 2km/sec] With G = 6.673 x 10 – 11; T =2.4 hours; a = 1.145 x 0.069 x 109 With K (p) = v* (p) = √ [GM²/ (m + M) a (1ε²/4)] = 303 km/sec And K(s) = v* (m) = √ [Gm²/ (m + M) a (1ε²/4)] = 325 km/sec Giving v* (p) = 303 + 29.8  0.465 = 332.335 km/sec And v* (s) = 325+ 29.8 – 0.465 =354.335 km/sec And vº (p) = 22.7 + 29.8  0.465 km/sec And vº (s) = 2  29.8 + 0.465 km/sec Orbital speed of earth = 29.8 km/sec; spin speed of earth is 0.465 km/sec Then v* + vº = 332.335 + 354.335 +22.7 + 2 =711.37km/sec [√ (1 ε²)] (1ε) ² = 1.197 W (cal) = (720x36526/6.93) x (1.197) (711/300,000)²= 1770º/century U = [1770/100]1x 360 = 20.3389 years. References The Double pulsar PSR J0737  3039
Burgay, M; D’Amico,N.; A.Manchester,R.N; Lyne, A.G.; Kramer, M; Mclaughlin, M.A; Lorimer, D.R; Carmilo, F.; Stairs, I.H: Freire, P.C.C; Joshi,
Page 74
Chapter 13
B Arabs Real time GPS or Real time Global positioning systems
B Arabs real time Global Positioning System: GPS Abstract: The Global Positioning System or GPS 45 micro seconds per day time delays have nothing to do with Einstein's relativity theory time travels confusions of physics and they are a consequence of Satellite orbital speed and Earth rotational speed given by this formula below. Even if Einstein's formulas were correct for all practical purposes they are insignificant to the performance to the GPS system. Earth  Satellite distance is a variable that Engineers account for and the tiny "relativistic" effect has no significance whatsoever because distance adjustment is far more than any relativistic adjustment. For the president of the United States President to ask for Innovations like that in an AAAS meeting is a sign of a bankrupt scientific community and for those who knew the facts must have laughed to their teeth at the president. NASA's and AAAS laughing at the president requires a reply with laugh at AAAS and NASA and all other including the person who wrote the speech for the president GPS time delays of 45 micro seconds per day have nothing to do with relativity theory or Einstein or AAAS or NASA or silly time travel physics or any theory. This time delay is due to Earth rotation and satellite orbital speed that Scientists turn their heads away from because without Einstein's silly magic sock of time travel physics, Physicists will have less tricks that allows them to say anything publish anything based on nothing for jobs money prestige Nobel Prizes and silly physics. W" (ob) = (720x3600x15) [(v° +/ v*)/c] ² arc sec /day T = period; ε = eccentricity; v° = spin velocity of earth; v*= orbital velocity of satellite And v* = 14000km/hr = 3.88888888889 km/s; ε = 0; T = 0.5 days and v° = 0.465km/s
U = W" x (24/360) = 45.016microsecond per day Nahhas'
Relativity theory silly professor of time travel accounted for 38 Micro seconds and blamed the other 7 Micro seconds on weather 1 – Arabs Global Positioning Systems in arc second per century: W" (calculated) = [720x36526x3600/T] {[√ (1  ε²)]/ (1  ε) ²} (v/c) ² arc sec/ century Page 75
2 – Arabs Global Positioning Systems in arc degree /century W" (calculated) = [720x36528/T] {[√ (1  ε²)]/ (1  ε) ²} (v/c) ² arc sec/ century 3 – Arabs Global Positioning Systems in arc second per year: W" (calculated) = [720x365.26x3600/T] {[√ (1  ε²)]/ (1  ε) ²} (v/c) ² arc sec/ century 4 Arabs Global Positioning Systems in arc degree per year: W" (calculated) = [720x365.26/T] {[√ (1  ε²)]/ (1  ε) ²} (v/c) ² arc sec/ century 5  Arabs Global Positioning Systems delays in arc degree per cycle: W" (calculated) = [720/T] {[√ (1  ε²)]/ (1  ε) ²} (v/c) ² arc sec/ century 6 Arabs Global Positioning Systems delays in arc second per cycle: W" (calculated) = [720x3600/T] {[√ (1  ε²)]/ (1  ε) ²} (v/c) ² arc sec/ century 7 Arabs Global Positioning Systems delays in arc second per day: W" (calculated) = [720x3600] {[√ (1  ε²)]/ (1  ε) ²} (v/c) ² arc sec/ century 8 Arabs Global Positioning Systems delays in second per cycle: W" (calculated) = [24/360] [720x3600/T] {[√ (1  ε²)]/ (1  ε) ²} (v/c) ² arc sec/ century 9  Arabs Global Positioning Systems delays in second per day: U (seconds/day) = [720x 3600/15] {[√ (1  ε²)]/ (1  ε) ²} (v/c) ² sec/day 10  Arabs Global Positioning System Circular Satellite Orbits time delays in seconds/day U (seconds/day) = [720x 3600/15] (v/c) ² sec/day Application of Arabs Global positioning system GPS Data: T = 0.5 days satellite orbital Period; ε = 0 And v° = 0.465km/sec Earth spin speed; And v* = 14,000 km/hr = 35/9 km/second Then v* +/ v° = 35/9 = 3.88888889km/sec  0.465km/second We subtracted because satellite and motion and spin orientations are opposite GPS time delays are given by this formula per day in seconds of an arc W" (ob) = (720x3600/T) {[√ (1ε²)]/ (1ε) ²]} [(v° +/ v*)/c] ² seconds/day W" (ob) = (720x36/0.5) (1) [3.423888889/300,000] ² seconds of arc /1 day W" (ob) = 0.000675246 arc seconds per day to get this answer in seconds divide by 24hours/360degress = 15 U [seconds] = 0.000675246 x [24/360] seconds/day U = 0.000045016 seconds/day = 45 micro seconds /day Page 76
Chapter 14 Arabs Real time Interplanetary Telecommunications systems C  Interplanetary telecommunications around the sun
Harvard Irwin Shapiro historical mistake Relativity stupidity of Harvard Physics department
Universal Constant Γ0 =16πGM/C³= 247.597μs
Abstract: Interplanetary time delays around the moving sun derived from three dimensional timedependent Newton  Kepler's equations solution gives a solar round trip time delay rate of: ΔΓ= 16πGM/c³ [1 + (v°/v)] ² = ΔΓ0 [1 + (v°/v)] ² ΔΓ0 = 16πGM/c³= 247.597μs G = Gravitational constant; M=Sun mass; a=mean distance from Sun. And eccentricity; c = light speed; a = mean distance And v = Planet speed; v°= Sum/Difference in spin between Earth and planets. When applied to actual data it gives extremely accurate results better than Shapiro's Spacetimedelay analysis and without spacetime fictional forces or spacetime fiction. Page 77
W° (ob) = (720x36526/Tdays) {[√ (1ε²)]/ (1ε) ²} x [(v° + v*)/c] ² degrees/100 years The circumference of an ellipse: 2πa (1  ε²/4 + 3/16(ε²)² .) ≈ 2πa (1ε²/4); R =a (1ε²/4) Where v (m) = √ [GM²/ (m + M) a (1ε²/4)] And v (M) = √ [Gm² / (m + M) a (1ε²/4)] Then W (ob) = 4π [√ (1ε²)]/T (1ε) ² sine² [ω (m) t + ω(r) t] Δ θ = T W (ob) =  4π {[√ (1ε) ²]/ (1ε) ²} (v° + v*/c) ²} radians; and with ε = 0 Δ θ =  4π (v° + v*/c) ² SunPhoton; and with v° = 0 Δ θ = 4π (v*/c) ² SunPhoton: 0 = ε [Sun  Photon] ≠ ε [Earth  Mars] = 0.2075 The circumference of an ellipse: 2πa (1  ε²/4 + 3/16(ε²)²) ≈ 2 π a (1ε²/4); R =a (1ε²/4) v=√ [Gm M/ (m + M) a (1ε²/4)] ≈ √ [GM/a (1ε²/4)]; m<<M; Solar system ΔΓ = 2 arc length/c = 2[Δ θ] d/c = 2[ 4π (v/c) ²] 2R/c; ΔΓ = 16π/c (v/c) ²; ΔΓ = 8πd/c³ [GM/a (1ε²/4)] =16πGM/c³ (1ε²/4) = Γ0 (1  ε²/4) ε = [a (planet 1)  a (planet 2)]/ [a (planet 1) + a (planet 2)] =0.2075 MarsEarth Γ0 = 16 πGM/c³= 247.5974607μs=universal constant ΔΓ = 250μs MarsEarth. x 1000 x 1000 x 1000
Planet
Distant
Mercury 57,910 Venus Earth Mars Jupiter Saturn 108,200 149,600 227,940 778,330
PlanetEarth 91,690 41,400 0 78,340 628,730 1,279,80 0 2,721,39 0 4,354,70 0 5,763,92 0
Planet+ Earth 207,510 257,800 299,200 377,540 927,930 1,579,00 0 3,020,59 0 4,653,90 0 6,063,12 0
Eccentricity 0.44185822 4 0.16058960 4 0 0.20750119 2 0.67756188 5 0.81051298 3 0.90094650 4 0.93570983 5 0.95065246 9 Page 78
1ε²/4 0.95119032 8 0.99355274 5 1 0.98923581 4 0.88522747 3 0.83576717 6 0.79707384 9 0.78111177 6 0.77406497 1
ΔΓ0 247.597460 7 247.579460 7 247.579460 7 247.579460 7 247.579460 7 247.579460 7 247.579460 7 247.579460 7 247.597460 7
ΔΓ μs 260.3 249.2 247.597
250.273
279.6789 296.230 310.61 316.98 319.86650
1,429,40 0 Uranus 2,870,99 0 Neptune 4,504,30 0 Pluto 5,913,52 0
These data compared to Shapiro's time delay from NASA 1977 Vikings 6, 7 Earth Mars Telecommunications mission are more accurate because the actual value is 250μs and the value published by Doctor Irwin Shapiro of Harvard is 247.597μs Although this formula works the correct formula is Δ θ = 4π [(v° + v*)/c] ² SunPhoton; and with v° ≠ 0 v = √ [GM/a] = 24.1 km/sec; vº = 0.46511 – 0.241 = 0.224 km/sec ΔΓ = 2 arc length/c = 2[Δ θ] d/c = 16πGM/c³ [1 + (vº/v)] ² = 247.597 x [1 + 0.224/24.1)]² Δ Γ = 250 µs For Mars; 0.4651 = Earth rotation; 0.241 = mars rotation; v = mars speed
Harvard physics department is where physics changed from science to stupidity Page 79
Physics in a capitalist country is a business and physics is not necessarily science or scientific and if it is a western invention it is to be at least 88.88 % fraud
After World War II and the emergence of USA as a global superpower and the shift of power from traditional old empires to the new world “superpower” American Universities rushed for gold and gold is “reputable” physics department that can say anything publish anything based on nothing and nothing is Robert Pound and Glen Rebka confusion of an experiment . Harvard strikes again with fraud Robert Pound and Glen Rebka (top)
22.5 meters apart
To start with gravity is a spin effect of a planet with atmosphere The gravitational and electric and magnetic constants all are derived from two constants p and T which are air density and Earth spin Page 80
If we took a look at the most famous physics fundamental constant G from Newton's 350 years old Equation F =  GmM/r², or, Coulomb electric force equation F =  Qq/4π ε 0, one can see that, for example, G’s value has unit dimension of [G] = [1/ρ T²]; ρ is density and T is time rotational period. If we can show that the gravitational constant G = G (ρ, T) is a variable air density and Earth rotational period dependent then we can say what Earth is saying that the most famous physics fundamental constants are not so universal constants because all three fundamental constant are air density and Earth spin dependent.
Proof: G = G (ρ, T) = 1/ [(2/5) (4 π/3) ρT²] = √ (2π)/ (4 π/3) ρT² Nothing that: 8 π /15 = (2/5) (4π/3); 4π/3 and 2/5 come from spherical aspect Where: ρ = air density; T = Earth rotation period The 2/5 is the ratio for radius of gyration of a sphere Taking T = 24 hours and ρ = 1.2045 kg/m³ G = 1/ (8 π/15) ρT² = 6.674 x 10  11
ε And μ
And
0
= 1/4πρT² = 8.85 x 10
12
= 4πρT²/c² When Newton’s equation F =  mM/r² was solved it produced the angular velocity r’
0
= r’0 e í ω t Divide by c And r’/c = (r’0/c)
e íωt And f = f0 e  í ω t
T = T0
e íωt
And f = f x + f y = f 0[cosine ω t  í sine ω t] And f x = f 0 cosine ω t And f x  f 0 = f 0 [1 – 2 sine² (ω t/2)]  f 0 And δ f = f x  f 0 = – 2 f 0 sine² (ω t/2) And δ f/f 0 =  2 sine² (ω t/2) Up And δ f/f 0 = 2 sine² (ω t/2) Down And δ f/f 0 (total) = [2 sine² (ω t/2) Down] – [ 2 sine² (ω t/2)] And δ f/f 0 (total) = 4 sine² (ω t/2) With ω t = arc tan (v/c) With v = δ f/f 0 (total) = 4 sine² [(arc tan √2gh) /2] With v << c Then δ f/f 0 (total) ≈ 2gh/c² = 2x9.81x22.5/ (299,792,458)² = 4.91 x 1015 Page 81
Chapter 15 Handymen in white ropes
In Cleveland Ohio there were two handymen in white robes named
Michelson
Morley
Set up this round rotating table in 1887 with a lamb, two mirrors beam splitter, telescope Page 82
In Modern times an animation of the experiment would look like
Their reasoning was that if they rotate the table 90 degrees they would see the interference pattern should change looking through the telescope. When the interference pattern did not change they claim that physical quantities data would not change when rotated 90 degrees or 1 = 1 +i
A. Michelson and E. Morley Handymen in white ropes confusions of an Experiment
In General V = v = Velocity of Earth assuming that emitter  receiver lineup with earth line travel at start and during this whole experiment. That would be the xx line X' Earth moving in this direction with velocity v X And C = c at start What is turning is the table that has the lamb and the mirrors and the telescope on top of it. To turn a quantity you multiply by e î θ And that means light c and distance d C = c e î θ = velocity of light And d = d e î θ Then: V = v; C = c e î θ; d = d e î θ; e î θ = cosine θ + î sine θ For example: Page 83
1Assume θ = 0° Arm A Then: V = v; C = c; d = d Forward is CV = c  v Backward C+V = c + v And t = d/ (cv) + d/ (c + v) 2 Assume θ = 90° then e î 90 = î Arm B Then V = v; C = c î; d = d î Forward is CV = v + c î; and its measure is = √ (c² + v²) V is along the xx and has no component on yy axis and î means along the yy axis Backward C+V = v + c î; and its measure is = √ (c² + v²) And comes to this is Position I Position 1: RightUpper Right: t (1) = d/ (c v) +d/ (c +v) = 2dc/ (c²  v²) = (2d/c) [1/ (1 v²/c²)] Upper: t (2) = d/√ (c² + v²) + d√ (c² + v²) = 2d/ √ (c² + v²) = (2d/c) [1/√ (1 + v²/c²)] Now Position II 3Assume θ = 90° Arm A Then: V = v; C = ỉ c; d = d Forward is CV = v + c î; and its measure is = √ (c² + v²) MMX mistake √ (c² v²) Backward C+V = v + c î; and its measure is = √ (c² + v²) And t' (1) = 2d/ √ (c² + v²) = (2d/c) [1/√ (1 + v²/c²)] 4 Assume θ = 90° + 90° =180 then e î 180 = î Arm B Then V = v; C = c; d = d Forward is CV = c  v; V is along the xx and has no component on yy axis and î means along the yy axis Backward C+V = c + v Then t = d/c+ v forward and in absolute value t = d/ (c  v) And t = d/c v backward and in absolute value t = d/ (c + v) And t' (2) = d/ (c  v) + d/ (c + v) = 2dc/ (c²  v²) = (2d/c) [1/ (1 v²/c²)] With t' (1) = 2d/ √ (c² + v²) = (2d/c) [1/√ (1 + v²/c²)] Conclusions is turning the table 90° has no effect what so ever on time length difference In General If we twist the table by an angle θ then V = v; C = c e î θ; d = d e î θ; e î θ = cosine θ + î sine θ Now position I V = v; C = c cosine θ + î c sine θ; d = d cosine θ + î d sine θ Forward: C  V = c cosine θ v + î c sine θ and its measure is √ [(c cosine θ v) ² + c² sine ² θ] Backward: C + V = c cosine θ +v + î c sine θ and its measure is √ [(c cosine θ + v) ² + c² sine ² θ] Page 84
And t (1) = d / √ [(c cosine θ v) ² + c² sine ² θ] + d / √ [(c cosine θ + v) ² + c² sine ² θ] And Position II V = v; C = c cosine [θ + 90°] + î c sine [θ + 90°] = c sine θ  ỉ c cosine θ d = d cosine θ + î d sine θ Forward: C  V = c sine θ v  î c cosine θ and its measure is √ [(c sine θ v) ² + c² cosine ² θ] Backward: C + V = c sine θ + v  î c cosine θ and its measure is √ [(c sine θ + v) ² + c² cosine ² θ] And t (2) = d / √ [(c sine θ v) ² + c² cosine ² θ] + d / √ [(c sine θ + v) ² + c² cosine ² θ] As General rule: And t (1) = d / √ [(c cosine θ v) ² + c² sine ² θ] + d / √ [(c cosine θ + v) ² + c² sine ² θ] And t (2) = d / √ [(c sine θ v) ² + c² cosine ² θ] + d / √ [(c sine θ + v) ² + c² cosine ² θ] If θ = 0 then, we get position I Right: t (1) = d/ (c v) +d/ (c +v) = 2dc/ (c²  v²) = (2d/c) [1/ (1 v²/c²)] Upper: t (2) = d/√ (c² + v²) + d√ (c² + v²) = 2d/ √ (c² + v²) = (2d/c) [1/√ (1 + v²/c²)] If θ = 90°, then we get position II With t' (1) = 2d/ √ (c² + v²) = (2d/c) [1/√ (1 + v²/c²)] And t' (2) = d/ (c  v) d/ (c + v) = 2dc/ (c²  v²) = (2d/c) [1/ (1 v²/c²)] There is no Path difference change If θ = 45 degrees, then Upper: t (2 = d/ (c v) +d/ (c +v) = 2dc/ (c²  v²) = (2d/c) [1/ (1 v²/c²)] Right: t (1) = d/√ (c² + v²) + d√ (c² + v²) = 2d/ √ (c² + v²) = (2d/c) [1/√ (1 + v²/c²)] And the difference is still the same Now Let us turn the Table 30° A Assume θ = 30° then Exp [30° î] = √ 3/2 + 1/2î Then: V = v; C = c Exp [î 30°]; d = d Exp [î 30°]; Exp [î 30°] = cosine 30° + î sine 30° And t (1) = d / √ [(c cosine 30° v) ² + c² sine ² 30°] + d / √ [(c cosine 30° + v) ² + c² sine ² 30°] And t (2) = d / √ [(c sine30° v) ² + c² cosine ² 30°] + d / √ [(c sine 30° + v) ² + c² cosine ² 30°] And t (1) = d / √ [(c √ 3/2 v) ² + c² /4] + d / √ [(c √ 3/2 + v) ² + c² /4] And t (2) = d / √ [(c/2 v) ² + c² (√ 3/2) ²] + d / √ [(c /2 + v) ² + c² (√ 3/2) ²] Now let us use v = 30km/sec and c = 300,000km/sec If θ = 0 then, Page 85
Right: t (1) = d/ (c v) +d/ (c +v) = 2dc/ (c²  v²) = (2d/c) [1/ (1 v²/c²)] Upper: t (2) = d/√ (c² + v²) + d√ (c² + v²) = 2d/ √ (c² + v²) = (2d/c) [1/√ (1 + v²/c²)] If θ = 30° then, And t (1) = d / c √ [(√ 3/2 v/c) ² + 1 /4] + d / c √ [(√ 3/2 + v/c) ² + 1 /4] And t (2) = d / c √ [(1/2 v/c) ² + (√ 3/2) ²] + d / c √ [(1 /2 + v/c) ² + (√ 3/2) ²] We can take (d/c) Then Multiply that at the end If θ = 0 then, Right: t (1)/ (d/c) = 2 / (1 v²/c²)] = 2.00000002 Upper: t (2)/ (d/c) =2/√ (1 + v²/c²)] = 1.99999999 Then δ t = 3 x 108 (d/c) = 3 x 108 (d/300,000,000) = 10 16 d Then δ t = 10 16 d If θ = 30° then, And t (1)/ (d / c) = √ [(√ 3/2 v/c) ² + 1 /4] + √ [(√ 3/2 + v/c) ² + 1 /4] = 0.99999134 + 1.00000866 = 2 And t (2)/ (d / c) = √ [(1/2 v/c) ² + (√ 3/2) ²] + √ [(1 /2 + v/c) ² + (√ 3/2) ²] = 0.999995 + 1.000005 = 2 Then δ t' = 0 So the difference is ΔΓ = δ t  δ t' = 10 16 d With fringe shift = c ΔΓ/ δ r = 3x108d/λ; λ = 5.9 x 10^5 c m; d = 11m =1100c m With (d/λ) = 1100/ (5.9x 105) Then fringe shift = (3300x108)/ (5.9x 105) = .559322034 Well if fringe shift does not happen at angle 90° and fringe shift happens at 30° why no shift seen? The initial problem was and is the lineup of apparatus with earth velocity which is impossible because of the infinite numbers of possibilities of earth motion in space and if it happened it will be momentarily. MMX will never work and all similar experiments will not work unless it is designed as a 3dimensional setup and not a onedimensional wish washy setup An ideal setup is a spherical setup but a more realistic setup will be discussed below how to find earth path in space The conclusion was 1 = 1 +i Or E = mc²/2 = (mc²/2).1 = (mc²/2) (1 + i) ² = 2i (mc²/2) = i mc² Or E = mc²; i in absolute value = 1 Page 86
Page 87
Chapter 16 Earth Path in real space in real time Earth path in space is possible and Einstein can keep his relativistic trash to himself: Self – referenced motion
There is a serious problem in all of physics and that is timing of experiments and physics experiments theory.
Finding new sources of energy requires the elimination of bad physics and bad physics is E = mc² because it is based on space  time physics and space time physics is wrong because I can prove it wrong as follows. What is wrong with space  time is that it is a wrong idea and it is without proofs. Time is a human made scale and making it a dimension is scientifically stupid and the reasoning behind accepting time as a dimension and not as a scale is the assumption that it matches experiment. Time as a dimension allowing the exchange of time for space or squeezing space to expand time is not acceptable to me regardless what all Nobel prize winners have said about it and regardless what the 100, 000 living physicists are saying about it and regardless what all 100, 000 dead physicists had said about it because it is wrong and proving it wrong is what I can do and did the first time I read what started it and that would be the original dumb idea and experiment in Cleveland Ohio in 1887 by Michelson and Morley. What dumb Michelson and Morley experiment did is it started stupidity as accepted science. The stupidity of Michelson and Morley experiment is the following. We can not measure something that did not happen. We can only measure something that had happened. We can measure something in present time that had happened in past time. Michelson and Morley experiment is stupid because two handymen in white robes tried to measure something in real time and wondered why they did not see it in past time. Present time = present time Present time = past time + [present time  past time] Present time = past time + time delays Real time = event time + time delays What we measure = what happened + what changed till things are measured. Real time physics = event time physics + time delays physics What we see or measure is relativistic = Absolute event + relativistic time delays What happened is absolute = real time relativistic event  real time relativistic effects Michelson and Morley mistake is the attempt: Page 88
Real time = event time [this is the wrong idea that started space  time stupidity] What are missing are time delays [Known as quantum theory and relativity theory] Real time = event time + time delays This formula is my 1973 discovery that not only Nobel Prize winners are wrong but all of physics and physicists are wrong because physics solution is based on the idea that: Real time = event time In one dimension: How would I know if I am going to the right or the left? The problem is very simple, I would send a signal to 2 signals to two equidistant repeaters that send back the signal to me and the signal that comes first indicate a motion in opposite direction. Installing a multi opposite directional repeaters system and one signal and for each tow opposite direction have on timer will produce Earth path in absolute space and may produce the greatest formula in all of Physics and that would be mass motion and spin and better than that it will erase stupidity from classrooms know as space  time. Abstract: Finding new sources of energy require the elimination of bad physics and bad physics is Einstein's spacetime (x, y, z, ict) confusion of physics that lead to energy fraud symbol E = mc² because energy spent is based on distance traveled and not relative distance and distance traveled is self referenced distance or absolute motion and finding this motion is waiting on funding for discovery since the beginning of time and experimentally is possible. Discovering Earth absolute motion in space could be one of the greatest discoveries in physics of all time because it will answer the trillion dollar question if mass m spin s and absolute motion r are related by a mathematical formula that expresses a physical law and if this law is to be found can it explains the structural design of the solar system and if so what applications of such a law is useful inside the nucleus to produce new sources of energy?
Page 89
The experimental set  up
Experimental setup d <<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<E >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> d Sensor x' Emitter Ex Lead Sensor x Timer T x And d <<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<E>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> d Sensor y' Emitter E y Lead Sensor y E Timer T y And d <<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<E>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> d Sensor z' Emitter E z Lead Sensor z E Timer T z 1Assume there is a pulse emitter E shooting pulses in six different directions of the Euclidean system of axes per unit time τ; x'x and y'y and z'z axes at six equidistant receivers of distance d and has three wire leads Ex, E y, E z connected to three Timers Named T x , T y, and T z. 2  The six equidistant receivers are named x', x, y', y, z', z. 3 Three timers are named timer T x with three wires one to receiver x' and one wire to receiver x and one wire to emitter wire lead E x and timer T y with three wires one to receiver y' and one wire to receiver y and one wire to emitter wire lead E y and timer T z with three wires one to receiver z' and one wire to receiver z and one wire to emitter wire lead E z are used 4 These six pulses has their directions grouped in three sets of pairs x'x, y'y, z'z. 5 Three timers T x; T y, and T z are associated with the three axes respectively a  Timer T x takes measurements from Emitter lead E x; receiver x' and receiver x b  Timer T y takes measurements from Emitter lead E y; receiver y' and receiver y c  Timer T z takes measurements from Emitter lead E z; receiver z' and receiver z
Page 90 Now d <<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<E>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> d Sensor x' E x Lead Sensor x Emitter E Timer T x tx 1 Timer T x receives 3 signals a From lead E x a signal departures from emitter E to T x register E [T x, n = 1, 2, 3,] b  From receiver x' a signal departures to timer T x [t x', n =1, 2, 3,] c  From receiver x a signal departures to timer T x [t x, n =1, 2, 3,] If t x'  T x is the travel time from emitter E to receiver x' And t x  T x is the travel time from emitter E to receiver x
t x'
RIGHT (C  V x'x) = d/ t (xdirection) = V x = measurable quantity; t (xdirection) measured because d is known LEFT (C + V x'x) = d/ t (x'direction)/d = V x' = measurable quantity; t (x'direction) measured because d in known Then C = (V x' + V x)/2 And V x' x = (V x'  V x)/2 Equation X1 Measurable quantity Similarly we can get V y' y = (V y'  V y)/2 Equation Y1 Measurable quantity V z' z = (V z'  V z)/2 Equation Z1 Measurable quantity V (earth) = √ [V² x'x + V² y'y + V² z'z] If we take unit of times τ = period of a light source (or a high speed signal) Wave # 1 2 3 4 5 Page 91 V x'x Vx
1
If t x' < t x Then t x'  T x < t x  T x And motion Earth is in the x  direction Let C = average velocity of the pulses and v = velocity of earth in x'x direction Then
V y'y Vy1 Vy2 Vy 3 Vy4
V z'z Vz
1
V = √ [V²x + V²y + V²z] V1=√ [V²x1 + V²z1] V2=√ [V²x2 + V²z2] V3=√ [V²x3 + V²z3] V4=√ [V²x4 + V²z4] V²y1 + V²y2 + V²y3 + V²y4 +
X= τVx X1 X2 X3 X4
Y= τVy Y1 Y2 Y3 Y4
Z= τV z
Z1
r=X+Y+Z r (1) = X1 + Y1 + Z1 r (2) = X2 + Y2 + Z2 r (1) = X3 + Y3 + Z3 r (4) = X4 + Y4 + Z4
Vx
2
Vz
2
Z2 Z3 Z4
Vx 3 Vx
4
Vz 3 Vz
4
Then Conclusion: The idea of this experiment is to find distance travel segments r (1); r (2); r (3); r (4); ...ETC; then join them together. With [r (1); τ] O  O
[r 
[r (4); τ] O 
(2);
τ]

[r (3); τ]
O
r r r r
= = (1) = (4) =
(1) (2)
X1 + Y1 + Z1 X2 + Y2 + Z2 X3 + Y3 + Z3 X4 + Y4 + Z4
The smaller the signal time interval or period τ then the more accurate the experiment. Such a setup is not only capable of finding absolute motion but it will give clues to finding the relation between mass m spin s and its orbit r of planet Earth. If mass m motion r and spin s are found to be related it will the greatest formulas of all time because all there is in the Universe is mass m space r and spin s. Earth mass m and spin s are know but mass r is Earth absolute motion that had been waiting on funding for discovery since the beginning of time.
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Johann Georg Von Soldner 1801 light bending historical mistake
Chapter 17
Abstract: Newton proposed F =  GmM/r² as gravitational law In 1801 Johann Georg Van Soldner was the first person to calculate the gravitational bending of light using Newtonian Mechanics and he got: Johann Georg Van Soldner ς (Johann) = 2 {cosine 1 [v²/ (c² + v²)}  π With v² = GM /R where G = gravitational constant = 6.673 x 1011; C = 3 x108m/sec And M = Sun mass = 2 x 1030 kg; R = sun radius = 0.695 x 10 9 m; v = 437.89 Einstein said if make – believe time travel and new forces added: Then: ς (Einstein) = 4 (v/c) ²; ς (Johann) = 0.8789 arc sec; ς (Einstein) = 2(0.8789) Johann Georg Van Soldner derivation was incomplete and when completed and approximated it produces Einstein’s formula without Einstein’s space – time fiction and as light aberration and not light bending. Johann Georg Van Soldner wrong derivation of angle of light aberration around the Sun With d² r/d t²  r θ'² = GM/r² And d (r²θ')/d t = 0 Assuming mass m = constant Newton's Gravitational equation (1) Kepler's force law (2)
Proof:
Proof: With (2): d (r²θ')/d t = 0 Then r²θ' = constant = h Differentiate with respect to time Then 2rr'θ' + r²θ" = 0 Divide by r²θ' Then 2(r'/r) + θ"/θ' = 0 And 2(r'/r) =  (θ"/θ') = 2[λ (r) + ì ω (r)] And 2(r'/r) = 2[λ (r) + ì ω (r)] And (θ"/θ') =  2[λ (r) + ì ω (r)] Solving for r = r (θ, t) = r (θ, 0) r (0, t) = r (θ, 0)
℮ [λ (r) + ỉ ω (r)] t 2[λ (r) + ỉ ω (r)] t Then θ'(θ, t) = [h/ r² (θ, 0)] ℮
With r (0, t) = And, θ'(θ, t) = θ' (θ, 0) θ' (0, t)
℮ [λ (r) + ỉ ω (r)] t
Page 93
(r) (r) And θ' (0, t) = ℮ Also θ'(θ, 0) = [h/ r² (θ, 0)] And θ'(0, 0) = [h/ r² (0, 0)]
2[λ
+ỉω
]t
With (1): d² r/d t²  r θ'² =  GM/r² Let r =1/u Then d r/d t = u'/u² =  (1/u²) (θ') d u/d θ = ( θ'/u²) d u/d θ =  h d u/d θ And d² r/d t² =  hθ'd²u/dθ² =  h u² [d²u/dθ²] And  hu² [d²u/dθ²]  (1/u) (hu²)² =  G Mu² [d²u/ dθ²] + u = G M/ h² And u = G M/ h² + A cosine θ And du/ d θ = 0 =  A sine θ; θ = 0 Then u (0) = 1/ r (0) = GM/h² + A; h = RC C = light velocity of 300,000km/sec; And A = 1/R – GM/ (RC) ² And u = G M/ h² + A cosine θ = GM/ (RC) ² + [1/R – GM/ (RC) ²] cosine θ And r = 1/u = 1/ {GM/ (RC) ² + [1/R – GM/ (RC) ²] cosine θ} If r  ∞; GM/ (RC) ² + [1/R – GM/ (RC) ²] cosine θ = 0 Divide by GM/ (RC) ² Then 1 + [R²C²/ GM R – 1] cosine θ = 0 And cosine θ = 1/ [C²/ (GM/ R) – 1] Or cosine θ = 1/ [1 – (C²/V²)]; GM/R = V² Or cosine θ = v²/ (v²  c²) And θ = cosine 1 [v²/ (v²  c²)] And ς (Johann) = 2 {cosine 1 [v²/ (c² + v²)}  π ≈ 2 [π/2 + (v/c) ²] – π = 2 (v/c) ²; v/c <<1
Light Sun
Light
θ
ς
Einstein invented many things to come up with double the amounts: Or, ς (Einstein) = 4 (v/c) ² Here is Johann Georg Van Soldner 1801 Historical mistake We have u (θ) = G M/ h² + A cosine θ
(r) And r (θ, t) = r (θ, 0) r (0, t) = r (θ, 0) ℮ (r) And r (θ, 0) = 1/ u (θ, 0) = 1/ [G M/ h² + A cosine θ] Or, r (θ, 0) = (h²/GM)/ [1 + (h²/GM) A cosine θ] Or, r (θ, 0) = (h²/GM)/ [1 + ε cosine θ]
[λ
+ỉω
]t
Real time orbit: r (θ, t) = [a (1ε²)/ (1+ ε cosine θ)]
℮ [λ (r) + ỉ ω (r)] t
This equation is real time Universal mechanics solution [λ + ỉ ω (r)] t This: r (θ, t) = [a (1ε²)/ (1+ ε cosine θ)] ℮ (r)  I It is the math formula that matches a physical experiment If time is frozen that is t = 0 Then r (θ, t) = [a (1ε²)/ (1+ ε cosine θ)] we get the classical or event time solution  II Relativistic is the difference between I and II And it is the visual illusion between motion II and Visual motion I The difference between an event and its measurement in real time With θ’ (θ, t) = [h/ r² (θ, 0)] ℮ With (θ”/ θ’) =  2[λ (r) + ì ω (r)]
2[λ (r) + ỉ ω (r)] t
Then θ” (θ, t) =  2[λ (r) + ì ω (r)] [h/ r² (θ, 0)]
℮ 2[λ (r) + ỉ ω (r)] t
With λ (r) = 0
(r) Then θ” (θ, t) =  2 ì ω (r) [h/ r² (θ, 0)] ℮ Or, θ” (θ, t) =  2 ì ω (r) [h/ r² (θ, 0)] [cosine 2 ω (r) t + ί sine 2 ω (r) t]
2 ỉ ω
t
The real part or along the line of sight Is Real θ” (θ, t) = 2 ω (r) [h/ r² (θ, 0)] sine 2 ω (r) t] (t/t) Or, Real θ” (θ, t) = 2 t ω (r) [h/ t r² (θ, 0)] sine 2 (r) ω t] Or, Real θ” (θ, t) / [h/ t r² (θ, 0)] = 2 t ω (r) sine 2 ω (r) t At t = T; light aberration angle in real time is confused for light bending. With ω T = arc tan (v/c) Then ψ = visual illusion angle = θ” (θ, T) / [h/ T r² (θ, 0)] Or, ψ =2 T ω (r) sine 2 ω (r) T Johann Georg Van Soldner 1801 historical mistake Is: ψ = [2 arc tan (v/c)] sine [2 arc tan (v/c)] Page 95
With (v/c) << 1; 2 arc tan (v/c) ≈ 2 (v/c) And sine 2 arc tan (v/c) ≈ sine 2 (v/c) ≈ 2 (v/c) And ψ = [2 arc tan (v/c)] sine [2 arc tan (v/c)] ≈ [2 (v/c)] [2 (v/c)] Or ψ ≈ 4 (v/c) ² radians Or, ψ ≈ 4 (v/c) ² x (180/π) degrees Or, ψ ≈ 4 (v/c) ² x (180/π) x 3600 seconds With v² = GM/R Then ψ ≈ 4 GM/R c² x (180/π) x 3600 seconds Einstein with the help of others rigged eternity to come up with 4 (v/c) ² and not 2 (v/c) ² to justify experimental illusions or 2[2(v/c) ²] Ψ = 7200 [arc tan (437.89 / 300,000)] sine 2 [arc tan (437.89/300,000)] = 1.757855865 arc second
MR Eddington: keep the trash to England Royals
Chapter 18: 20th century greatest mistake is E = mc²
The difference between old physics and new physics is double That is one Einstein equal two Newton.
Newton energy definition is En = mc²/2 Einstein doubled that amount or E e = 2 En = 2[mc²/2] = mc² It is not just Einstein and Newton are wrong but physics is 500 years wrong Page 1 Abstract: The elimination of 500 years of Physics including relativity theory is a matter of time and not a matter of science and the time is 1900. E = mc² death certificate is now available Real time Physics: We can only measure past events. We can not measure something that did not happen. We can only measure things that had happened. What we measure is not what happened. We measure in present time an event that happened in past time. Present time = present time Present time = past time + [present time  past time] Present time = past time + real time delays Real time physics = event time physics + real time relativistic delays What one sees is relativistic = what happened in an absolute event + relativistic effects What happened in an event is absolute = real time physics  real time relativistic effects. Observer time = observed traveler time + time delays Real time = absolute time + time delays Real time = Event time + time delays Real time Physics = event time Physics + time delays Physics Page 97
Quantum = classical + relativistic Naming Γ as real time and t as event time Γ = t + (Γ  t) = t [1 + (Γ – t)/t] = t (Γ/t) Γ = t + Δ Γ; Δ Γ = Γ  t If an event happens on Planet Mercury and the event is seen from the Sun at event time t, then this same event would be seen from Earth in real time as time Γ = t + ΔΓ Γ = t + (Γ  t) Real time = Event time + time delays Γ = t + Δ Γ (x) + ỉ Γ (y) = t + Δ Γ Δ Γ = Δ Γ (x) + ỉ Γ (y) Δ Γ (x) is along the line of sight time delays Δ Γ (y) is perpendicular to the line of sight time delays
Γ = t (Γ/t)
Γ=te ; Γ/t = e ίωt Γ=te Multiplying by c, then r = c Γ = c t e Or r = r0 e
ίωt
ỉωt
ỉωt
ίωt
= r0 e
ίωt
; ω T = arc tan (v/c)
A – Light aberration ω T= arc tan (v 0/c) B – Michelson and Morley ω T = [π/2 + arc tan (v 0/c)]
Real time location is r = r 0
℮ ỉωt ℮ ỉωt
Real time velocity v = [v 0 + í ω r 0]
The definition of energy
E = m (V. V)/2 = (m/2) [v 0 + í ω² r 0]. [v 0 + í ω r 0] ℮ 2 ỉ = (m/2) [(v0²  ω² r 0²) + 2 í ω (r 0 v 0)] [cosine 2ω t + í sine 2ω t] = (m/2) {[(v0²  ω² r 0²) cosine 2ω t  2 ω (r 0 v 0) sine 2ω t] + í [(v0²  ω r 0²) sine 2ω t + 2 ω (r 0 v 0) cosine 2ω t]} = Ex + i E y Ex = (m/2) [(v0²  ω² r 0²) cosine 2ω t  2 ω (r 0 v 0) sine 2ω t] Page 98
ωt
Case I
Constant velocity of light principle: v 0 = ω r 0 = c Then Ex = (m/2) [(c²  c²) cosine 2ω t  2 c² sine 2ω t] Ex = (m/2) [ 2 c² sine 2ω t] Ex =  m c² sine 2ω t A – Light aberration ω T= arc tan (v 0/c) Ex =  m c² sine 2ω t Ex =  m c² sine 2 [arc tan (v 0/c)] Ex =  m c² sine 2 [arc tan (c/c)] Ex =  m c² B – Michelson and Morley ω T = [π/2 + arc tan (v 0/c)] Ex =  m c² sine 2ω t Ex =  m c² sine 2[π/2 + arc tan (v 0/c)]
Ex =  m c² sine 2[π/2 + arc tan (c/c)] Ex =  m c² sine 2[π/2 + π/4] Ex =  m c² sine [3π/2] Ex = m c² Case II Rest Energy Principle: v 0 = 0; ω r 0 = c Then Ex = (m/2) [(0²  c²) cosine 2ω t  2 c (0) sine 2ω t] Ex = (m/2) [ 2 c² cosine 2ω t] Ex =  m c² cosine 2ω t A – Light aberration ω T= arc tan (v 0/c) Ex =  m c² cosine ω T= arc tan (v 0/c) Ex =  m c² cosine 2 [arc tan (0/c)] Ex =  m c² cosine 2 (0) Ex =  m c² B – Michelson and Morley ω T = [π/2 + arc tan (v 0/c)] Ex =  m c² cosine 2ω t Ex =  m c² cosine 2[π/2 + arc tan (0/c)] Ex =  m c² cosine 2(π/2) Ex =  m c² cosine π Ex =  m c² (1) Ex = m c² Page 99
Michelson Morley This 1907 Nobel Prize winner Dude along with this Dude put a Lamp two mirrors and a telescope on a round rotating table.
This was the set –up.
Page 100
Michelson and Morley looked at the virtual image from the two mirrors of light reflections through the telescope. They claim that if they to rotate the table then the image should change. When Michelson and Morley rotated the table in 1887 and the image did not change they claim that you can rotate data without change in results! Then conclusion of this wacky claim that won a Nobel Prize is that The number 1 can be replaced by 1 + i; i is the complex number Or; in Cartesian coordinates Page 101
i
1
If we take E = (mc²/2) (1)² And replace (1) with (1 + 1i) Then E = (mc²/2) (1)² = (mc²/2) (1 + 1i) ² E = (mc²/2) (1 + 1i) ² = (mc²/2) (1 – 1 + 2i) ² E = 2i (mc²/2) = imc² E = imc² = mc² Case III: Classical Energy Principle: v 0 = c; ω r 0 = 0: Then ω Ex = (m/2) [(c²  0²) cosine 2 ω t  2 c (0) sine 2ω t] Ex = (m/2) (c² cosine 2 ω t) Ex = (m/2) [c² cosine 2 (0) t] Ex = m c²/2
E = mc²/2 and not E = mc² but the visual illusion ∆ E = mc² The crooks of “University” are using visual effects to claim Dark energy or an expansion of 500 years of western stupidity and fraud in physics
Page 102
Chapter 19: special relativity stupidity
All there is in the Universe is objects of mass m moving in space (x, y, z) at a location r = r (x, y, z). The state of any object in the Universe can be expressed as the product S = m r; State = mass x location: P = d S/d t = m (d r/d t) + (dm/d t) r = Total moment = change of location + change of mass = m v + m' r; v = velocity = d r/d t; m' = mass change rate F = d P/d t = d²S/dt² = Total force = m (d²r/dt²) +2(dm/d t) (d r/d t) + (d²m/dt²) r = m γ + 2m'v +m" r; γ = acceleration; m'' = mass acceleration rate In polar coordinates system r = r r (1) ;v = r' r(1) + r θ' θ(1) ; γ = (r"  rθ'²)r(1) + (2r'θ' + r θ")θ(1) r = location; v = velocity; γ = acceleration F = m γ + 2m'v +m" r F = m [(r"rθ'²) r (1) + (2r'θ' + r θ") θ (1)] + 2m'[r' r (1) + r θ' θ (1)] + (m" r) r
(1)
= [d² (m r)/dt²  (m r) θ'²] r (1) + (1/mr) [d (m²r²θ')/d t] θ (1) = [GmM/r²] r (1)  Newton's Gravitational Law Proof: First r = r [cosine θ î + sine θ Ĵ] = r r (1) Define r (1) = cosine θ î + sine θ Ĵ Define v = d r/d t = r' r (1) + r d[r (1)]/d t = r' r (1) + r θ'[ sine θ î + cosine θĴ] = r' r (1) + r θ' θ (1) Define θ (1) = sine θ î +cosine θ Ĵ; And with r (1) = cosine θ î + sine θ Ĵ Then d [θ (1)]/d t= θ' [ cosine θ î  sine θ Ĵ=  θ' r (1) And d [r (1)]/d t = θ' [sine θ î + cosine θ Ĵ] = θ' θ (1) Define γ = d [r' r (1) + r θ' θ (1)] /d t = r" r (1) + r'd [r (1)]/d t + r' θ' r (1) + r θ" r (1) +r θ'd [θ (1)]/d t γ = (r"  rθ'²) r (1) + (2r'θ' + r θ") θ (1) With d² (m r)/dt²  (m r) θ'² = F (r) And d (m²r²θ')/d t = 0 With m = constant, then With d² r/dt²  r θ'² = F (r) Eq1 And d (r²θ')/d t = 0 Eq2 With d² r/dt²  r θ'² =  ω²s r E q – 1 Hooke’s Law And d (r²θ')/d t = 0 Eq2 Page 103
From Eq2: d (r²θ')/d t = 0 Then r²θ' = h = constant Differentiate with respect to time Then 2rr'θ' + r²θ" = 0 Divide by r²θ' Then 2(r'/r) + θ"/θ' = 0 And 2(r'/r) =  θ"/θ' = 2[λ (r) + ỉ ω (r)] Also, r = r0 (θ, 0) e [λ (r) + ỉ ω (r)] t And θ' = θ' 0 (θ, 0) e 2[λ (r) + ỉ ω (r)] t For a fixed orbit: λ r= 0 Also, r = r 0 (θ, 0) e ỉ ω t An object of length r could be seen longer or shorter if it extended or shortened e λ t or twisted e í ω t making it in general r e [λ + í ω] t. If the length of an object is not extended or shortened then λ = 0 and it could be seen as a twisted visual effect. Then r  Visual r = S = r e í ω t 1 The illusion of length contraction: Length contraction is just a visual effect of projected light aberration and it is an "apparent" visual effect and not real
Alfred Nobel Institution Idiot An object located at r  light sensing measured as S = r e arc tan (v/c); tan (v/c) = light aberrations angle = ω t S = r e í ω t caused by light aberrations visual effects as follows: If e í ω t = [cosine ω t + ỉ sine ω t]; From S = r e í ω t Page 104
í ω t
with ω t =
It changes to: S = r {√ [1 sine² arc tan (v/c)]  ỉ sine arc tan (v/c)} = r {√ [1 (v/c) ²]  ỉ (v/c)}; v/c <<< 1 =Sx+ỉSy Where S x = √ [1 sine² arc tan (v/c)]; And S y = cosine arc tan (v/c) With v/c << 1 then; Where S x = √ [1 sine² arc tan (v/c)]; And S y = cosine arc tan (v/c) In absolute value S = r Along the line of measurement: S x = √ [1 sine² arc tan (v/c)] ≈ r √ [1(v/c) ²]; v/c << 1 This the equation for length contraction of Lorentz's used in Einstein's theories But it is the light aberrations visual effects and it is "apparent and not real 2  Constant velocity of light leading to Time Dilations Projected light aberrations S x = r cosine ω t Hypotenuse = S x = [c t x] = c t x √ [1 sine² arc tan (v/c)] S x ≈ c t √ [1(v/c) ²]; from constant velocity of light and c is constant in all reference frames Where t = local self time; t x = time by observer t x = t √ [1(v/c) ²]; and t = {1/√ [1(v/c) ²]} t x absolute math These are time dilatation equations given by Einstein’s special relativity theory. t x' = t' √ [1(v'/c) ²]; and t' = {1/√ [1(v'/c) ²]} t x' absolute math Two observers observing the same thing the time dilations are Then, t x = t √ [1(v/c) ²]; t = {1/√ [1(v/c) ²]} t x absolute math; Lab purposes And, t x' = t √ [1(v'/c) ²]; t' = {1/√ [1(v'/c) ²]} t x' absolute math; Lab purposes However; two observers looking at each other S (A) = r exp [ỉ ω t] S (B) = r exp [ ỉ ω t] S x (A) = S x = c t x ≈ c t x' √ [1(v/c) ²] S x (B) = S x = c t x' ≈ c t x √ [1(v/c) ²] And t x ≈ t x' √ [1(v/c) ²] And t x' ≈ t x √ [1(v/c) ²] That is why there no twin Paradox except on science fictions books because it is all about aberrations and nothing real. Page 105
3 – Momentum S x = Visual location along the line of sight = r [√ [1(v/c) ²] P x = v [√ [1(v/c) ²]; v =constant; P x = d [S x]/d t And m P x = m v [√ [1(v/c) ²] = m (0) v 4 – Mass Then m = m (0) / [√ [1(v/c) ²] Also; m = m (0) / [11/2(v/c) ²] 5 Energy mc² = m (0) c² / [11/2(v/c) ²] E = m (0) c²; v = 0 Also m ≈ m (0) [1+ 1/2(v/c) ²] Hence m c² ≈ m (0) c² + m v ²/2
Page 106
Chapter 20 Quantum mechanics Copenhagen Cyclic Interpretation
Ape Man Modern Physicist Nobel Prize Ape Ass. Then came the Copenhagen Interpretation
The Copenhagen idiots with Nobel prizes That new physics is needed! This new physics is quantum mechanics! Quantum mechanics is a purely western stupidity: I  In 950 AD with Arabs visual location law is quantum mechanics: Is r = r 0 e í (θ + ω t) All there is in the Universe is objects of mass m moving in space (x, y, z) at a location r = r (x, y, z). The state of any object in the Universe can be expressed as the product S = m r; State = mass x location: P = d S/d t = m (d r/d t) + (dm/d t) r = Total moment = change of location + change of mass = m v + m' r; v = velocity = d r/d t; m' = mass change rate F = d P/d t = d²S/dt² = Total force = m (d²r/dt²) +2(dm/d t) (d r/d t) + (d²m/dt²) r = m γ + 2m'v +m" r; γ = acceleration; m'' = mass acceleration rate In polar coordinates system r = r r (1) ;v = r' r(1) + r θ' θ(1) ; γ = (r"  rθ'²)r(1) + (2r'θ' + r θ")θ(1) r = location; v = velocity; γ = acceleration F = m γ + 2m'v +m" r F = m [(r"rθ'²) r (1) + (2r'θ' + r θ") θ (1)] + 2m'[r' r (1) + r θ' θ (1)] + (m" r) r
(1)
= [d² (m r)/dt²  (m r) θ'²] r (1) + (1/mr) [d (m²r²θ')/d t] θ (1) = [GmM/r²] r (1)  Newton's Gravitational Law Page 107
Proof: First r = r [cosine θ î + sine θ Ĵ] = r r (1) Define r (1) = cosine θ î + sine θ Ĵ Define v = d r/d t = r' r (1) + r d[r (1)]/d t = r' r (1) + r θ'[ sine θ î + cosine θĴ] = r' r (1) + r θ' θ (1) Define θ (1) = sine θ î +cosine θ Ĵ; And with r (1) = cosine θ î + sine θ Ĵ Then d [θ (1)]/d t= θ' [ cosine θ î  sine θ Ĵ=  θ' r (1) And d [r (1)]/d t = θ' [sine θ î + cosine θ Ĵ] = θ' θ (1) Define γ = d [r' r (1) + r θ' θ (1)] /d t = r" r (1) + r'd [r (1)]/d t + r' θ' r (1) + r θ" r (1) +r θ'd [θ (1)]/d t γ = (r"  rθ'²) r (1) + (2r'θ' + r θ") θ (1) With d² (m r)/dt²  (m r) θ'² = F (r) And d (m²r²θ')/d t = 0 With m = constant, then With d² r/dt²  r θ'² = F (r) Eq1 And d (r²θ')/d t = 0 Eq2 With d² r/dt²  r θ'² = 0 Eq–1 And d (r²θ')/d t = 0 Eq2 From Eq2: d (r²θ')/d t = 0 Then r²θ' = h = constant Differentiate with respect to time Then 2rr'θ' + r²θ" = 0 Divide by r²θ' Then 2(r'/r) + θ"/θ' = 0 And 2(r'/r) =  θ"/θ' = 2[λ (r) + ỉ ω (r)] Also, r = r0 (θ, 0) e [λ (r) + ỉ ω (r)] t And θ' = θ' 0 (θ, 0) e 2[λ (r) + ỉ ω (r)] t For a fixed orbit: λ r = 0 Also, r = r 0 (θ, 0) e ỉ ω t And θ' = θ' 0 (θ, 0) e 2ỉ ω t With d² r/dt²  r θ'² = 0 Let u = 1/r; r = 1/u; r²θ' = h = θ’ /u² And d r/d t = (d r/ d u) (d u /d θ) (d θ/ d t) = ( 1/u ²) (θ’) (d u/ d θ) =  h (d u/ d θ) And d² r/ d t² =  h (θ’) (d² u/ d θ ²) = [ h²/r²] (d² u/ d θ ²) =  h² u² (d² u/ d θ ²) Page 108
With d² r/dt²  r θ'² = 0 Eq–1 And  h² u² (d² u/ d θ ²) – (1/u) (h u²) ² = 0 Then (d² u/ d θ ²) + u = 0 Then u = A e  í θ Then r 0 (θ, 0) = (1/A) e í θ And r 0 (θ, 0) = r 0 (0, 0) e í θ And r = r 0 (0, 0) e í θ e ỉ ω t Or, r = r 0 e í (θ + ω t) This is quantum mechanics Arabs real time astronomy is actually quantum mechanics
r = r0 e
í ω (r) t
Light is emitted and not an emitter and humans have no means of measuring light in motion and at best they can take a snap shot. In mathematical language Then r (θ, 0) = r 0 e í θ at t = 0 And r (θ, t) = r 0 e í (θ + ω t) = r 0 e í θ e í ω t = r (θ, 0) e í ω t And r (θ, t) = r (θ, 0) [cosine ω t + í sine ω t] And r x (θ, t) = r x (θ, 0) cosine ω t And ω t = cosine1 [r x (θ, t) / r x (θ, 0)] Then ∆ r = r x (θ, t)  r x (θ, 0) = r x (θ, 0) [(cosine ω t) – 1] And [r x (θ, t)  r x (θ, 0)]/ r x (θ, 0) = [(1  2 sine² ω t/2) – 1] =  2 sine ² ω t/2; ω t = cosine1 [r x (θ, t) / r x (θ, 0)] rabs real time astronomy: Image = Image = I Object = Object = O  Object =  Object =  O Image = object + (Image – Object) I = O + (I – O) (I/O) = O/O + [(I – O)/O] (I/O) = 1 + [(I – O)/O] (I/O) θ' 0 = θ' 0 + [(I – O)/O] θ' 0 Quantum = classical + relativistic Illusion I = r; O = r 0 Or, (r / r 0) θ' 0 = θ' 0 + [(r – r 0)/ r 0] θ' 0 And [(r – r 0)/ r 0] θ' 0 Or [ 2sine ² ω t/2] θ' 0; ω t = cosine1 [r x (θ, t) / r For planet Mercury: Page 109
x
(θ, 0)] = cosine1 (r/ r 0)
The distance visual effect Error is: [(r
m
– re)/re] δ θ’
m
The quantity: δ θ’ m = (v m/r m) (180/ π) [36526/Tm (days)] (3600) = 70.75
With v
m
= 47.9 km/sec; r
m
= 58.2 x 106 km; Tm = 88 days
With r = 58.2 x 109 m = Sun – Mercury distance And r
e
= 149.6 x 109 m = Sun Earth distance
With [(r m – re)/re] = [ 2sine ² ω t/2] = 0.61 And ω t = cosine1 [r x (θ, t) / r x (θ, 0)] = cosine1 (r/ r 0) Or ω t = cosine1 [r x (θ, t) / r x (θ, 0)] = cosine1 (r m/ r e) [(r m – re)/re] δ θ’ m = 0.61 x 70.75 = 43
All rights reserved Page 111
Chapter 21: Earth Absolute Motion is circular
Copernicus said that Planets move around the sun in an ellipse Galileo affirmed that planets move around the sun in an ellipse Tycho Brahe collected the astronomical data and confirmed that planets move around the Sun in an ellipse
Mercury
r θ
Sun
Figure  1
Kepler wrote the acceleration law: a/T2 = k/a2 And deduced that planets move around the sun in an ellipse and that the sun is at the focus of the ellipse like in figure above Newton and Hooke reiterated the same thing as Kepler and wrote: r/ t2 = k/r2 Astronomers found that the motion is not an ellipse but a rotating ellipse Einstein wrote another acceleration law r/t2 = k/ r2 + k1/r4 to describe a rotating ellipse 7 billion people were told by Alfred Nobel prize winner physicists that Planets rotate around the Sun in a rotating ellipse What if I can prove all wrong? I am Joe Nahhas And I am better than good and I am after Alfred Nobel Institution head Page 112
Mercur y
θ ψ Sun
Newton gave the equation of the ellipse: As: r (θ, t) = [a (1ε²)/ (1+ε cosine θ)]
Einstein said he corrected Newton and wrote the new equation: Is: r (θ, t) = a (1ε²)/ [1+ε cosine (θ  Ψ)]
It is a fact that Astronomers see this axis tilt and Einstein got a formula for it: ψ = {6 π G
M/a c² (1  ε²)} [180/ π] [36526/T (days)][3600]
G = 6.673 x 1011= gravitational acceleration constant M =2x1030kg = mass of the Sun Eccentricity of Mercury’s orbit = ε = 0.206 T= 88 days = period of Planet mercury’s rotation around the Sun And c = 299792.458 km/sec =light speed/sec And a = 58.2 x 106 km/sec = semi major axis of planet Mercury orbit
ψ = {6 (π) 6.673 x 1011 (2 x 1030)/58.2 x 106 (299792.458) ² [1– (0.206)²]} x [180/ π] [36526/88] [3600] = 43 seconds of an arc per century Page 113
Newton used magical powers or action at a distance force F = G m M/r2 Einstein said if Newton can add magical power then I can do magic powers of Newton and add Einstein’s own magical powers of time travel force and the force Is F = G m M/r2 (space force) + k/r4 (time force)
These two morons claim that what we see is due to magic where the Sun is pulling on the planets to keep them around? Did anyone see the Sun Pulling? Did anyone see a damn robe not the Sun hanging the planets to revolve around it but to hang these two idiots with Alfred Nobel physicists?!
There is nothing Nobel about Alfred Nobel institution that gave prizes for magical forces and time travel and garbage for physics.
Page 114
I am not saying that Alfred Nobel physicists are idiots to say the least but what I am saying is that Alfred Nobel prize winner physics is stupidity itself and Alfred Nobel prize winner physicists are crooks to be exact. Time is not a structure like space to allow Alfred Nobel Institution to dictate stupidity in classrooms on the rest of us and Alfred Nobel Physicists can keep stupidity to themselves. Alfred Nobel prize is worth 1001 times in money. Alfred Nobel prize is a 1 billion dollar business each. Big Institutions with massive funding needs backed bad physics and idiots for physicists for 1 billion dollars prize and the world stuck with garbage for physics.
What is modern physics? Did anyone hear the big bang? Did anyone saw a black hole? Did anyone find Einstein’s gravity waves? Did anyone hook up a hose to the sky and funnel dark energy to verify E = mc2? Does anyone have a proof of Newton’s action at a distance? Does anyone have a proof of Einstein time travel? Does anyone figure out why humans have to accept Alfred Nobel prize winners nuclear claims that the universe is made up of particles that dies and rebirth billion billion times a second? Hey dude I am a redneck one grandfather was a damn farmer and my other grandfather was a damn Carpenter and my father was a much damn redneck I sometimes feel reluctant to claim him but I never knew what a dumb ass really is till I met my science teacher talking about the greatest idiots of physics starting With the seven idiots in order Copernicus Galileo Newton and Einstein! What did Alfred Nobel honor? My answer to that is: “University” Crooks in Alfred Nobel Suit The difference between a crook and a Nobel Prize winner is a flip of a coin The difference between me and all others I can prove them crooks and I dare all to prove me wrong. Starting with Einstein and Newton to make Galileo irrelevant to the subject of planetary motion around the Sun because of now and now is July 4th 1973 there is no Galileo and there is No Einstein and there is no Newton because I can prove them all wrong including NASA and Europeans space agency and all others!
Newton’s space force: F = G m M/r2
Einstein’s – Newton space  time:
F = G m M/r2 (Newton’s space force) + k/r4 (Einstein’s time force) The force is with Joe Nahhas and in real time space F = 0
Nahhas said the only magic is an act of kindness of a human to all others! My act of kindness to humanity is to make humanity aware of the criminals with Nobel prizes and the idiots with Intelligent portfolios!
Page 115
What I am saying is that there is no Newton’s gravitational force and Einstein’s space – time force is silly to say the least and I can prove that there is no gravitational force between the Sun and the Planets force, or, F = o solution is a rotating ellipse Illusion. What I am saying dear Pope John Paul is that those with “knowledge” and sick intentions to be arrogant and claim magical forces and mocks the believers have absolutely no clue what they see in their telescopes and have nothing to offer beside stupidity that started with Newton and perfected with Alfred Nobel Institution’s dumbest Einstein. To start with let me solve this equation F = 0. The solution of F = 0 is the equation of a real time circle Is r = r 0 e í (θ + ω t)
All there is in the Universe is objects of mass m moving in space (x, y, z) at a location r = r (x, y, z). The state of any object in the Universe can be expressed as the product S = m r; State = mass x location: P = d S/d t = m (d r/d t) + (dm/d t) r = Total moment = change of location + change of mass = m v + m' r; v = velocity = d r/d t; m' = mass change rate F = d P/d t = d²S/dt² = Total force = m (d²r/dt²) +2(dm/d t) (d r/d t) + (d²m/dt²) r = m γ + 2m'v +m" r; γ = acceleration; m'' = mass acceleration rate In polar coordinates system
r = r r (1) ;v = r' r(1) + r θ' θ(1) ; γ = (r"  rθ'²)r(1) + (2r'θ' + r θ")θ(1) r = location; v = velocity; γ = acceleration F = m γ + 2m'v +m" r F = m [(r"rθ'²) r
(1) (1)
+ (2r'θ' + r θ") θ
(1)]
+ 2m'[r' r
(1)
+ r θ' θ
(1)]
+ (m" r) r
= [d² (m r)/dt²  (m r) θ'²] r (1) + (1/m r) [d (m²r²θ')/d t] θ (1) = [G m M/r²] r (1)  Newton's Gravitational Law Page 116
Proof: First r = r [cosine θ î + sine θ Ĵ] = r r (1) Define r (1) = cosine θ î + sine θ Ĵ Define v = d r/d t = r' r (1) + r d[r (1)]/d t = r' r (1) + r θ'[ sine θ î + cosine θĴ] = r' r (1) + r θ' θ (1) Define θ (1) = sine θ î +cosine θ Ĵ; And with r (1) = cosine θ î + sine θ Ĵ Then d [θ (1)]/d t= θ' [ cosine θ î  sine θ Ĵ=  θ' r (1) And d [r (1)]/d t = θ' [sine θ î + cosine θ Ĵ] = θ' θ (1) Define γ = d [r' r (1) + r θ' θ (1)] /d t = r" r (1) + r'd [r (1)]/d t + r' θ' r (1) + r θ" r (1) +r θ'd [θ (1)]/d t γ = (r"  rθ'²) r (1) + (2r'θ' + r θ") θ (1) With d² (m r)/dt²  (m r) θ'² = F (r) And d (m²r²θ')/d t = 0 With m = constant, then With d² r/dt²  r θ'² = F (r) Eq1 And d (r²θ')/d t = 0 Eq2 With d² r/dt²  r θ'² = 0 Eq–1 And d (r²θ')/d t = 0 Eq2 From Eq2: d (r²θ')/d t = 0 Then r²θ' = h = constant Differentiate with respect to time Then 2rr'θ' + r²θ" = 0 Divide by r²θ' Then 2(r'/r) + θ"/θ' = 0 And 2(r'/r) =  θ"/θ' = 2[λ (r) + ỉ ω (r)] Also, r = r0 (θ, 0) e [λ (r) + ỉ ω (r)] t And θ' = θ' 0 (θ, 0) e 2[λ (r) + ỉ ω (r)] t For a fixed orbit: λ r = 0 Also, r = r 0 (θ, 0) e ỉ ω t
And θ' = θ' 0 (θ, 0) e 2ỉ ω t With d² r/dt²  r θ'² = 0 Let u = 1/r; r = 1/u; r²θ' = h = θ’ /u² And d r/d t = (d r/ d u) (d u /d θ) (d θ/ d t) = ( 1/u ²) (θ’) (d u/ d θ) =  h (d u/ d θ) Page 117
And d² r/ d t² =  h (θ’) (d² u/ d θ ²) = [ h²/r²] (d² u/ d θ ²) =  h² u² (d² u/ d θ ²) With d² r/dt²  r θ'² = 0 Eq–1 And  h² u² (d² u/ d θ ²) – (1/u) (h u²) ² = 0 Then (d² u/ d θ ²) + u = 0 Then u = A e  í θ Then r 0 (θ, 0) = (1/A) e í θ And r 0 (θ, 0) = r 0 (0, 0) e í θ And r = r 0 (0, 0) e í θ e ỉ ω t Or, r = r 0 e
í (θ + ω t)
What I am saying Dear Pope is this is the equation of motion of any planet! It is also the equation of motion of the smallest particle light! Now Planet Mercury motion is r m = r m 0 e The Sun Motion is r s = r s 0 e í [θ (s) + ω (s) t] Sun
s í [θ (m) + ω (m) t]
r
r Mercury r1 r0 r2 X2
r
m
X1
Earth
Page 118
In mathematical form: r1 = x1 + r And r2 = x2 + r m
s
Then r2  r1 = x2  x1 + r m – r s Or, r = r0 + (r m – r s) To find the extreme values of r, Then: d r/d t = d r0/d t+ (d r m/d t – d r s/ d t) = 0 And (d r m/d t – d r s/ d t) = 0; d r0/d t = 0 And d r m/d t = d r s/ d t Now Planet Mercury motion is r m = r m 0 e The Sun Motion is r s = r s 0 e í [θ (s) + ω (s) t] And d r m/d t = r And d r s/ d t = r
m 0 s 0 í [θ (m) + ω (m) t]
[θ’ (m) + ω (m)] e [θ’ (s) + ω (s)] e
í [θ (m) + ω (m) t]
í [θ (s) + ω (s) t]
With r m 0 [θ’ (m) + ω (m)] Cosine [θ (m) + ω (m) t] = r s 0 [θ’ (s) + ω (s)] Cosine [θ (s) + ω (s) t] And r m 0 [θ’ (m) + ω (m)] sine [θ (m) + ω (m) t] = r s 0 [θ’ (s) + ω (s)] sine [θ (s) + ω (s) t]
Then dividing we get: tan [θ (n) + ω (n) t] = tan [θ (s) + ω (s) t] Or, [θ (m) + ω (m) t] = [θ (s) + ω (s) t] + [n π = 0; n =0]
And θ (m)  θ (s) + = [ω (s)  ω (m)] t This is the time delay Illusion And, r m 0 [θ’ (m) + ω (m)] = r s 0 [θ’ (s) + ω (s)]
And [θ’ (s) + ω (s)] = (r
m 0/
r
s 0)
[θ’ (m) + ω (m)]
m 0/
And [θ’ (s) + ω (s)]  [θ’ (m) + ω (m)] = [(r
In arc second per century:
r
s 0)
1] [θ’ (m) + ω (m)]
Is: [θ’ (s) + ω (s)]  [θ’ (m) + ω (m)] x (180/π) x (36526/88) x (3600) = [(r
m 0/
r
s 0)
1] [θ’ (m) + ω (m)] x (180/π) x (36526/88) x (3600) Page 119
And, r
And
m 0
[θ’ (m) + ω (m)] =
r
s 0
[θ’ (s) + ω (s)]
r
m 0
[θ’ (m) + ω (m)] =
r
e 0
[θ’ (e) + ω (e)]
m 0/
And [θ’ (s) + ω (s)]  [θ’ (e) + ω (e)] = [(r
In arc second per century:
r
e 0)
1] [θ’ (m) + ω (m)]
Is: [θ’ (e) + ω (e)]  [θ’ (m) + ω (m)] x (180/π) x (36526/88) x (3600) = [(r
m 0/
r
e 0)
1] [θ’ (m) + ω (m)] x (180/π) x (36526/88) x (3600) = 43
r
M
m 0
M
Mercury
0
r
s 0
S
Sun
r
m0
r
Is: r
Is: r
= r 0 + (r m 0 + r s 0) And r min = r 0  (r m 0 + r s 0) And c = (r max  r min)/2 = r m 0 + r And a = (r max + r min)/2 = r 0
max
0
= distance between centers
s 0
With c = (r
max
r
min
)/2 = r
m 0
+r
s 0
And a = (r max + r min)/2 = r 0 This establishes visual ellipse of semi major axis a and a semi minor axis b = √ (a²  c²) = a √ [1 – (c/a) ²] = a √ (1 – ε ²) And h = 2 π a b = 2 π a² √ (1 – ε ²) Areal Velocity is: 2 π a² √ (1 – ε ²)/T Page 120
Mercury
r θ
Sun
Figure  1
Page 121
And Farthest distance = r
max
= r 0 + (r
m 0
+r
s 0
)=a+c
And closest distance = r
min
= r 0  (r
m 0
+r
s 0
)=ac
At closest approach: h =2 π a² √ (1 – ε ²)/T And dividing h / (a – c) ² = 2 π a² √ (1 – ε ²)/T a² (1 – ε) ² Or r²θ' = h will give θ' (a) = 2 π √ (1 – ε ²)/T (1 – ε) ²
And for any motion θ' = θ' 0 (θ, 0) e 2ỉ ω t And θ’ = {[cosine 2 ω t + í sine 2 ω t] – 1} θ' 0 (θ, 0) And θ’ = θ’ (x) + í θ’ (y) = [cosine 2 ω t + í sine 2 ω t] θ' 0 (θ, 0) And θ’ (x) = [cosine 2 ω t] θ' 0 (θ, 0)
= [1 – 2 sine² ω t] θ'
0
(θ, 0)
And θ’ (x)  θ' (0) =  2 θ' 0 (θ, 0) sine² ω t = 2(2π) [√ (1ε²)]/T (1ε) ²] sine² ω t =  4 π [√ (1ε²)]/T (1ε) ²] sine² ω t Page 122
If this apsidal motion is to be found as visual effects, then
Mercur y
θ Ψ Sun
With, v ° = spin velocity; v* = orbital velocity And v/c = (v* + v°)/c = tan ω t = 4 π [√ (1ε²)]/T (1ε) ²] sine² {Inverse tan [(v* + v°)/c]} radians
Multiplication by 180/π to change to degrees Ψ ° = (720/T) {[√ (1ε²)]/ (1ε) ²} sine² {Inverse tan [(v* + v°)/c]} Degrees And multiplication by 1 century = 36526 days and using T in days Ψ’’ (calculated) = (720x36526/T days) {[√ (1ε²)]/ (1ε) ²} x sine² {Inverse tan [(v* + v°)/c]} degrees/100 years
And in arc seconds per century:
Ψ’’ (calculated) = (720x36526x3600/T days) {[√ (1ε²)]/ (1ε) ²} x sine² {Inverse tan [(v* + v°)/c]} degrees/100 years = 43 Page 123 All rights reserved
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