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anada kumarasamy

anada kumarasamy

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11/15/2012

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w;b!f)Jw /bm- !J)fT06I1if1J ~ j fijJUJ ITUJLO e!jJm- p5l1if1J U8; a;riil a¢tiTr 61, 62@,;b @jDluUITS;' a;mrllJ-UJ fil;bOl a;liiIf)w (Craftsmen) C8 /b IT ;b jD fo GOO fo U u;b p5l DI m- fill (!5 WIT!J)J ® p5l u DI CE' &il@IT.

@!i>Jb1 UJfT a1l~ .J}J m t51 ~ ~ G'lUJ ffil~ ~rorfurna;ci@j rufT!pm1~~

fjuG1u®ffiJa;&u~IT fow J$l'.£I6isr C1W;b@jp51j;fo .,fPJC1fo

.,fPJj;fj}lUJITUJj;fijJlifIJ w;bQ@® U@jfiJ~1ifIJ 8'n.~W DlWfill®W

a;(!§j;~w filriJa;6'ft W8;8iIiilf)W ~IP$JD filPiJD&Wi;®If/UJjp.

"The arts, however can only be saved In the long run by the people themselves. How are the people "to be saved? How shall they be re-energised and re-inspired, how become once more socla lly constructive. how learn to re-express the national emotion In literature and art? T he answer is by love of India there is scarcely any part of sinhalese life or religion or art which is' quite comprehensible without reference to India. The sinhalese themselves are Indiaas. The greatness of their civilization dates from the wave of Indian influe-, nces that reached Ceylon through Asokas missionaries. The air and soil in which the nation has grown and borne good fruit are Indian. How should another soil and atmosphere be suited to it now."

(fiTW6lJIT@~~W a;&u8i&rr8; a;lTuu6lJIT w8;a;(J6'ft.

~~iiJ w8;e&rr8;a;/TUutpJ en'n.uq.? .,fPJ6lJITa;&ir 'iTWfillIT!!l tilT 8; 8\. ILIa) IT .,fPJ IiiIf) u U ~ ? tE mr (£. W .!PI ,,1) IT a; 6Yr B' e!jJ a; ffi fj}l1iflJ ~ 8; a; Jd, IT 6lJ W IT 61fT Gl <'T UJ IifIJ a; &rr ~ ;b jD.i Gl8' til eu §iJ er U U 1lJ-? (J j!i fil UJ :L =r IT GOO fill fj6ll 8; &ilUJ fo fj}l2ll W a; &u a; IiiIf) iW W Lf @ ~::pJQJ !PJ er riJ IAJ 61fT Ii.>? liJQJ ;b;& ;D Gl a; iiJ 6lJ IT W DB GOO L V> W C1 ,lD V>W!f)J fo IT 6isr •

"At first sight It seems strange to suppose that many of them(craftsman) Were of Indian origin, yet this is a point on which no. doubt can be entertained - The craftsman thus from time to time imported from south India very soon became part and parcel of the Kandyan Sinhalese people & Buddhist by faith- Something of the Hindu Dravidian element being lost and Buddhist Aryan element acquired.

((D) u ® Ii.> U IT oar GOO W UJ IT"' fil ;b J.51 a; 6Yr liJ Pi fi1 UJ IT 6£1 iiJ @® $ C8 /b a fo IT rir p5l UJ QJ IT a; tiTr et rir!J)J 8'n.!J)I W C8 U IT ~ (yJ /D .£I1ifIJ .!PI~ Lf~GOOwUJITa;C81DlJ C8foITW!J)Iw. mwf)~1i.> iilw~mrmw u;bpSi fiT~6£I/b tEUJf.!:Pw Qa;rrlOYrm ~ C1/bGOOfill~IifIJ&u. a;IT6ll~

fi);b®8; sur eoti: Gl{!jw fj$fi)UJIT6£liiJ iiI®.di~' liJjD8;@W§j1

Gl <'T til,UJu ULL &'J;bDl a; C861T DI 1f/8; a; (yJIlJ-UJ IT fo m~ fl1'~crr IlJ-UJ

filffiJ a; filT6lJ[J' IT a; WIT p5lUJC8 fo IT(£. Lf ~ fo W fo ~ GOO folLfw JD~:ilJl

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II

10

a; ffir liJ-UJ fi.! ,dJ OJ e; ~ W (J /D tt ;:b jD fo rn tD U u,dJ pJ; UJ (!Jl (!:P fiii U [T P.iJ a; &r ILj W .,!Pf pJ; UJ fiB! (I!) W Lf (J 611 tr ti (J w,dJ ®}JS1 fo p; .!Vf 66/ W .,!Pf fo jl UJ rr UJ W 383 iWl<iUr pJ;u U liJ- 8; $)w iL ffir rn W a; vir U6lJ 611,dJrnjD iLlJro'rT611rT. fiB!rfllOlJ~fi.! .,!Pf<nJ,dJm/D $.i;nil@i fil1lrfl8;a; fil1l iu &0. er fiMI Wi W @!J)J $I UJ tt a; fo IJj 6ir !W 66/w (!Jlm WI~) [T1l!UU U ~ $I 1 ,@Gv fi) P.iJ s; ett 8; a; &u u;D }JS1 .,!Pf GlJ ti: an.!f)I W a; (1) fo jl 3m@ciJ® !ff13m-Q[u(j)1for~iu CFrr6lJ<OlJw QUT(I!)folJj(!Jlrn LUJ~ IiiTW8;

a;(I!)§iJlOlJrr W. .,!Pf;;JJ rT an.Jl)lill p;rr 611 fP.

!iJ6irrn/DUJ @[) :!ff1&vrnUJl1jw ~wrn/D1Ll QU(I!) pjJ&umUJILj/b" tff! 3m- ~!Pl 6J 8; a; (!Jl!J)J IOlJ rn tD ILj W p; 06/ ri 8; a; (!JlliJ- UJ tr fo m (J (!!l ?

"Sinhalese art Is essentially Indian but possesses this

. special Interest that Is In many ways of an earlier character, and more truly Hindu. though Buddhist In Intention-than any Indian art surviving on the main land so late" as th~ beginning of the 19th Century.

(fi.!ciJa;~8; a;&u ~/fow .,!PfliJ-uum;_u5Iiu @~$IUJ8;a;&u mUJ(JIlJ ~d;$I(1!)Mi'/D!Pl" ~jl.iJ2Jw @;D,uurra; 19w !W;D (!!lffirliJ-w Q/DrrL8;a;w ~/m'T @.~jlUJ8; a;mrLfojliu !ff16lJfil1l filJ(I!)w LD;D>iW)/DUJ @~jlUJ8; a;&ua,&r8; a;rrLliJ-WIw!iJ8;8i&ua;6ir u5Ja;u UbPiWlWUJffrow IJjrra;<OlJw Lf j;/FI iF WILl i] flirr 8;6a}a; -c!P/i'J-U' JrnLlLlrTlh$ Gl a;,TmrliJ-(I!)Lu51WIb iLmr6aJwu5!filJ ~m611 @~§jI (!Jlm/D8; i]Q;rrLUrrLmLi]UJ 1B(!:p5I1I @(I!)s;fiilw/Dm.)

~u5l1J>~m Gu®mlDmw~

~lJmiL~@j SLmTfr.st~wrur'r

!iJ® fiii /FI W L QI a; Q W tr [) a; vir U 6lJ 8i ;D f!), iL 6lJ a, W dN UJ 8; ®!p (!JlrnjDu51itJ 1L'liilJ8i8;a;&u8i&rr ~[Trrtil~fo ~m~j!j 9; (!!Jwrr[j iF tr u5! ~ eu ti 8i vir et W W 611 ti et W /D tr til Gl u: tr y5) rn ILl W /D ~!Pl ~ ciJ &il6lJ Gl LDrr[)8i@i -c!P/liJ-mwUJrrlOlJrnp; ,jg{/D(J IOlJ Gl6lJ!J)JfoforrrT IiiTW u/h;D® .,!PflOlJrflw U1wru(l!)w fi.!~fo3m-mUJfo ~rmr(£ilb a;'(1!)~ t§J 8: iF tr W (!!l 8i ~ m W $) /D !Pl'

"A single generation of English education suffices to break the threads of radiation and to create a non-descrtpt and superficial being deprived of all roots -,--- a sort of Intellectual pariah who does not belong to the east or the west. the past or the ~uture.

(1iiT~P; fil1lfl> -c!P/liJ-i]611(1!)W .,!Pf;D/D (Jw(JGIJ@!hp; !ff1&uu51titJ IiiTwm G611WJl)l @;DItiU1L (!JJliJ-lLlrrp; u!frnwfo Gp;rrLrTq (yJ;D(f!Ia; .,!Pf!J)J8;q,UULL LDfiMI/FI3m- ~(I!) P;&u(!Jl>iWl/D ~1!i1$)6lJ.4; a;iufiB! iL(I!)lOlJrr#iildN(j)1w. @,®~p;lb (Jp;rr ;Dl!)lo»/8; '];uu(j)1w .JI{pJ; 611 rr ~ fiI bP Mil;D (J Q; tr i] u: ;D $) ;D i] q, tr , U Ii' rn us .4; i] a; rr 611 (I!) P.iJ a;rrGIJj; jl;D(J e« (J ffim 61JU U L. rr ffi GlIOlJ!J) fo!Pl ~!Pl8; mu u(£iUfilJ @q,(Jw q,rrLfi)ILl~uurrw.)

!iJ® fiB! ffi W ~ row ~ §j 8; @ LD IT [T CF tr u5! .,!Pf eu It a; vir p; m !Pl !PIT itJ q, vir U GIJ eu ;D !lJ W @,as,uurr a; F1' bP fo!Pl8; q, &0 q, vir u;D ;D1, p;rrw 61}(i~[T~ffi q,L(£im[Tq,~iu, !WitJq,~iu liiTiu6lJrrw @~jl UJrr<OlJa;®w @GlJciJrna;8;@u5!rnLIl51iu iLW~ OJrfI.4;a; (!JlliJ-lLlrrffi U1&mu rn u-- j!j uSilP rflw j!j ~ 8: fi) /D urn U fi) ;Du fo jl /D 3m- rg;dN ILl tt a; ~ W ~l~ OJ GIJ rr fo j!j w m wGl UJ iu 6lJ tr W I'L W~ fo $I iu !W1 ;b Q;n(j)14@Jw ILGmrT8:fi.!u Glu(I!)8;(JQ;rr(j)1 ~@iu f!j(j)1!ff1&o U1/D l:Prr ID !ff1 &vu516u 0;'!J)J fiI w /D Gil U rr @ ~ ID t.&!f rT q, W IT filUJ !Ii tt W

~m~.st ~u5l1J>~$ 6J!D®tDUll - <lrumrllw ~~lD$m

cfJ. m Ih j!j 8; @iw tr [J' 8' IT u5! -c!P/QJ rT Q;..-iT fl> w fP u}...1/ 6lJ tr 8; q, &, .., ,nj) fiB!@iu iL 6lJ q, u Lf Q; rn!J> FF LliJ-@)~ W -c!P/611 rT j!j w 3mt?,i @!6,~UJ@Q;, @}JS1uurrQ;ft; j!ju'lbP@$(JQJ Q;(I!)jl QJrrJj)611jl6u i61(£i~iu ~p5IUJIT5I1I(I!)uLf.4; QQ;rr.liJ-@~ffirrrT fiTWUffi;D@ ~611 Ifl.., L9"'QI® l.b an.;Df!)J ffi;i; 8i(J /FIrrrt iF rrw (!!ltil -c!P/m w$)/DI6I'

12

13

1 9 0 6 t'PJ, W ~ oW (£i f!d, oW W rr /b j, j}lviv UJ rr !p u u rr ~ W 8; e; ett rr ill ~ GlJ ® 8; (!fj ~ v;yf) 8; e; U u L.. L GlJ [T (] GlJ ;b lSI viv~ GlJ ti a;,_ p5J UJ IL fii1r etr (!JJ ® 8; @J tb G)em ;bG) C!!l L ti e; w @(] /b rr :

fIJrrRr fiJUaurr~ G)lFtUt5I GlJ®W aGlJ~tl8;@J ~GlJ®rnLUJ (!JJ(!J1 6lJ rr tP j, ~ W iL mv ajl. @jDj}I UJ rr fifHDirr e; L jD /b 3 000 ~ 00 (£i GlJ [T fjlJrr ;brn/D fIJuJ~ IF WfJ..)W G) wtU fifHw 8; e; !JilT""}. e;(};;u e;w (!JJ/b rii'6I UJ 6lJ ;b rn /D fifH "" 8; @jW 6lJ [T fjIJ rr ;b rn jD ~ [T rr ILf W G) u rr (!J1 ~ @$1;D e; rr ~ U u(£i 6lJ $1 iW w fil jD fD!b @fjlJL..filUJ/5/e,&r a 6lJG /D{6J @jLo e; rr ~ (!jJLif- UJ rr ~ fiTrir W1 W (!JJLif- 61J 8; ® 6lJ jD ~ wa 6fT rir .' •

•• IITrirWlmL UJ G) uC~ fifH®u uw tEffiJ e; w IITrir&w IL~ e; rorF! fi'tJ 'fj)® GlJ ~ e; er ;b!J)l8; G) e; rr Iiiir ea a 6lJ oo@W lIT m llG, /b . ~me;UJf7 viv tEffiJe;fii1r IITmam §lC!? /buS!bP~e;'iilfLo fIJOOL1(t!)e;'iilfLo flj';D!J)l @®uLJ/b;De;rre; ILffiJe;@j8;@j roT~~ [ljrir~(iff)UJj, G) /b rfl015i Milm (] /D rir . fIJ rr rir @j ~ 00 (£i a;@j8; @j (!jJrir fIJ rr Dirr @,GlJffiJ m e; 8; @j r:!::P rir C!!l GlJ~ (!JJ m /D UJ rr a; 6lJ jD /b G) LJ rr r.!:P fP ~ ciJ &il a GlJ UJ ~ a; fill jD a /b rir. @,u G) LJ rr (!J1!ffi fIJ rr rir @,fD fti UJ j, . /b rr uS) rir Lf j1i ill GlJ ® a; W jJ)J UI /D U Lf lIT (£i j, !ffi tp ® @bP jD ~ /IJ /b rir Gl u ;b a C!!l rfl L rir G) IF viv fi)m /D IiJ rr fiji rfl IL ~ a; v;yf) L W 511 jD fP Iiiir (] ett rir . lIT 6irr GlJ tr tP w tr v;yf) rir G) t.s ® W u rr e; j, m!IJ rilffiJ &il GlJ rr jD fiji;b e; If1 j, /b (]urrfiji~lW fj:ffiJ@j 6lJjD/b/IJ;b(!!Ju t51rir IITffiJa;1iiir UoourrL..Lif-rir UJ /D u mUlL fi61iT ti jD ~ w (] ett rir . ~ (iff) a; UJ rr fi'tJ lIT i5J e; 6YI) ;b U filJ rT (] W viv fIJ rr L.. (£i w rr9lli tf/ " fo (iff) Jb U t51Dirr U;D!J)J GlJ Jb ~ viv ~;D u (£i Ln $ m W a; &IT IL fi61iT IT jD!ffi .,f)J (iff) /b ~ 8; iii lIT Dirr ~ viv ~ ~ (!JJUJ ;b ~ o,&r# G)lFtiJ~ GlJ®8il(8/Drir.

30 dN:, 6OO1 rB If> ~ Ih (I!) <!f W ~ tV' ~ Ii ~ ~ QlI1 II If> 6Dl Gl1 rhJ ~UJ 6lW ~rblilD~llJ~l!!>U, (1;uo\> .!!JilL LIIGlf-I1U Ci:UllillCi:QJ fill ~ W ,lb,g,l Ql rb ~ ,,11-

~8;e;rrfilJj,fijiviv~!ffi 'fj)® a/b(iff)GlJUJrre; @,®fDffiJ®8;e; eotrib . ..!p{GlJrT G)fIJ(£i~o,rrfjlJw eutr tPjDfiji®jD/brrviv (8wviv fIJrrL..(£i wrre;rfle;j,(iff)/b8; a;oor:!::PLif-j,/b~wrro,u l51riru;b!J)JGlJ/brir UI(iff)1:P e;&r IIT~ ~ enu: j,~~rT fijiC!!J eutr strti @[TrrwfIJrr/brir. ~® (~ IF filJ Ln (] u rr viv IL. fi61iT ti jD!ffi fl ti $1 ® j, fo @UJ 8; a; j, fiji viv @,jDffiJ fi) uS) ®uurrrt . ..;eJ,(iff)e;UJTviv ~GlJ®(iff)LUJ we;rir @#flrTfij)®j,/b afilJ(};;umUJ# G)lFtiJ~ 6lJ®GlJ~ G)urr®j,/b(]w. IIT~!ffi /brrUJrr fWl [T u G) u IT JJ)J Pi !b GlJ rn [T u5) viv /b IT til lIT rir /b 0, U U ~ (iff) [T W fi61iT jD f!i Ibm uUJ@)a; ~ffiJ8il(]GlJUJ®8;@jW /buS!bP®8;«[JjW [j)(iff)LuS)viv fIJviv iW/D61J er ;buL(8GlJmr(j)iw IITrirualb ~GlJ®mLUJ fifH(!!)uuw.

fiJ6iJ fifH /b Lo @jD fiji UJ rr fIJ rr L...Lif- fir L£ ~ W /IJ rir /b jD (iff)!b <ill Jj1 @ ~ usn ti: /b uS! tP @wj,fij)6irr L£ ~ LD WIT C!!l /b ~60T Lf IJ, 00 (hi "(if 501 @)JIilDL UJ ~u <!!lUi l'!>.3 U til ,[b tht If> Gil m51 &I IlL tht If> GTf1 <fu 9<!!)iiU@1f> ~ li>J!)JIh~lf>l1lOilm (1;Ql6!ilJJ$til 6lwua:~! ~GlD"" um <fu ,[bthtlf>Gll (ifW~ 9<!!> ~til!J!@If'6l.Jtil .!!J~MU@If>6l.JU, ~ g, P<!!>UUil>JDIh".,. Llhlth@!>Ih®.!!J6lH ~GlDlU~~SbIf15l111h"'Ci:.\D"" er rir.!J)J et W W GlJ (iff) [J' 8; G a; ® fi) - Q a; IT ® aT Lo Q W rr !:P1 uS) viv et W iii mr e; v;yf) viv & ti Q u ® @jW (!JJ (iff) /DuS) viv a GlJ 00 (6l a 0, IT 6il1Dl9 (hi j, !b ~u Q u® W e; Dirr &iJm.iW er W uS! (iff) L a UJ fiJviv 6lJ IT fifH Lif-Wl W ~6lJ tr ~ am (iff) GlJ et Rr JJ)J W au IT ;b.!J)J W (!JJ (iff) jD u5) viv "'" QJ (iff) [T fiTLo W 6lJ ti: ..fI,8;&il. "",511fT ~8;&il ~6'rF!j,/IJ ~®wG)u®LiJ !JiITvive;&r "",®jD /b uS! I:fl ffIJ Q WIT !:P1 G) u UJ tt j,!ffi et Lo @ ~ j, $I Dirr I'F (8 L ;b jD j, fi) ;b @jLn er W IL uS) tr &¥ UJ G wrr iPu5) fir 6111T tP61f 8; @Jw fAl6fT j,.® JiJ@w fAI!:P1 6lJ (!!J U au rr WI!" e; .

15

14

"The difficulty only arises when it is forgotten that nationalism implies internationalism. It is a case

of 'live and let live'. Nationalism is essentially altruistic - it is a people s recognition of its own special function and place in the civilized world; internationalism is the recognition of the rights of others to their self development and of the incompleteness. of the civilized world if their special culture-contribution is missing.

1. LlJ(,i(f)jDLD&uUJL4-a;<J! (~f!il&;1~w)

S. a;uul]~rTL_L4- Gl<F8;&;1@ffijD Gl<FWLlJwU

3 . I] <F ti , Gl U tr rn-. fiI [f tr LlJ J_6 rr ~ Giir

4. • uut mfl8; a; 6lJ tr <F a; ti LlJrr",w LJ

o • 6lJ tr yx;£! L- ffi tW> tD 8; a; tr j;!h 6lJ m ~ UJ it i6I a; W

6 . ~ @ 8; I] a; rr ~~1 LlJ &1J tLf W I] a; tt I] fim' a; 6lJ [T (Yl W

G ru ro1 su IJ m1 ® lJU rn su

~~-~

~ G\)8;liwlD

1. iT~ GJ!jrr8;@ilJ a<FrrLlJa;jJjh[TuL/~6lJIT

2. •• urr[f~

3 . u tr fT f?t .ffJ rr <F Giir

4. LlJ(,i(f)jDLD&uUJLJt.a;6ir

5. f?t@. 'i>GI. a; .

6. ~~L/a;~ ~4~rr~%!h ~L4-e,~

7. ~_6IJ a; uitr a;!ii!S1®rT Gl<F e,ut!ilrfJlL1rT

8. Gl<Fm/buSJ~ 6lJrrfj)fTjhrr?

A nationalism which does not reccgnize these rights and duties of others but attempts to aggrandize itself at their expense. becomes no longer nationalism. but a disease. generally called imperialism"

to. G U) uliulm cf,1r. tb

1. iTm @tDUJj;~Sv filL-W Glu,IDjD @aUJ8r

2. Lj!ii!S18;@JU L/~6lJt}1 a;rrL_UJ--UJ LjffijhrT

3. J!jiv6lJiP a;rrL_(Elw J!jrriv6lJIT

4 . J!jrr6lJ IiillrT §l(!lj LlJ f?tuu(El -

.'5. (JU[TIT ;DjDiv 6lJt}1urr(El

6. 8.1_1iil[@!j8;01Jfo /buSJ~ Gl/brfltLfwrr?

Taken (rom Dr. Ananda K. Coomarasamy's presidential address to the Social Reform League· 1907.

1. 2. 3. 4 O.

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• • ~;DI®rT ~mr~

m~U,,~iJ))ll~ ~,,~ - ~@ w~uu(El

'.'

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