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A05_Ancient Greece

A05_Ancient Greece

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Published by Anthony Valentin
Assignment covering the topic of Ancient Greece.
Assignment covering the topic of Ancient Greece.

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Published by: Anthony Valentin on Dec 27, 2010
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A05 Unit02: New Directions in Government and Society Ch.

05
Purpose: Along with class lessons and activities, this assignment will help us address this essential
question: What impact has ancient Greece had on the modern world?
POWER AND AUTHORITY
In the Greek city-state of Athens, a new form of government developed—democracy—in which citizens
exercised power.
CULTURAL INTERACTION
Alexander the Great spread Greek culture throughout much of Asia. Greek, Egyptian, and Asian cultures
then blendedto create Hellenistic culture.
EMPIRE BUILDING
Athens assumed control of a defense league and eventually built it into an empire. Later, Alexander
conquered the Persian Empire and beyond to create a vast new empire of his own.

Given:
! Use the World History: Patterns of Interaction (POI) textbook to complete the assignment below.
! Refer to the to the course calendar to acquire due dates and other instructions.
Task:
A. Cultures of the Mountains and the Seas
Read pages 123 – 126. On page 126…
TERMS & NAMES: For each term or name, write a sentence explaining its significance.
• Mycenaean • Dorian • Homer • Epic • Myth
MAIN IDEAS
3. How did Greece’s proximity to the sea impact its development?
5. Why were the epics of importance to the Greeks of the Dorian period?
CRITICAL THINKING & WRITING
DRAWING CONCLUSIONS How did the physical geography of Greece cause Greek-speaking
peoples to develop separate, isolated communities?
MAKING INFERENCES The Dorian period is often called Greece’s “Dark Age”. Why?
B. Warring City-States
Read pages 127 – 133. On page 133…
TERMS & NAMES: For each term or name, write a sentence explaining its significance.
• polis • acropolis • monarchy • aristocracy • oligarchy • tyrant
• democracy • helot • phalanx • Persian Wars
MAIN IDEAS
4. What contributions did Solon and Cleisthenes make to the development of Athenian
democracy?
5. How did Athens benefit from victory in the Persian Wars?
CRITICAL THINKING & WRITING
CONTRASTING How was living in Athens different from living in Sparta?
MAKING INFERENCES The introduction of cheap iron weapons meant that ordinary Greek
citizens can arm themselves. How might the ability to own weapons change the outlook of
ordinary citizens?
A05 Unit02: New Directions in Government and Society Ch.05
C. Democracy and Greece’s Golden Age
Read pages 134 – 139. On page 139…
TERMS & NAMES: For each term or name, write a sentence explaining its significance.
• direct democracy • classical art • tragedy • comedy • Peloponnesian War
• philosopher • Plato • Aristotle
MAIN IDEAS
3. What steps did Pericles take to strengthen democracy in Athens?
5. Why do you think some Athenians found the ideas of Socrates so disturbing?
CRITICAL THINKING & WRITING
FORMING AND SUPPORTING OPINIONS Socrates supported the view that there are absolute
standards for truth and justice. Support or Refute.
D. Alexander’s Empire
Read pages 142 – 145. On page 145…
TERMS & NAMES: For each term or name, write a sentence explaining its significance.
• Philip II • Macedonia • Alexander the Great • Darius III
MAIN IDEAS
3. How was Philip II able to conquer Greece?
4. Philip II’s goal was to conquer Persia. Why did Alexander continue his campaign of conquest
after this goal had been achieved?
5. What happened to Alexander’s empire after his death?
E. The Spread of Hellenistic Culture
Read pages 146 – 149. On page 149…
TERMS & NAMES: For each term or name, write a sentence explaining its significance.
• Hellenistic • Alexandria • Euclid • Archimedes • Colossus of Rhodes
MAIN IDEAS
4. How did Euclid influence some of the developments in astronomy during the Hellenistic period?
5. What did Stoicism and Epicureanism have in common?
CRITICAL THINKING & WRITING
SYNTHESIZING Describe how Alexander’s campaign of conquest aided the spread of Greek
culture.

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