Instruction Manual

Model 2010

Sewconsult.com 2002 Div. Sewing Educational Warehouse

Table of Contents

Parts of your machine Winding a bobbin Changing a bobbin Threading Stitch selection Top tension Over riding stitches Width Balance Blind hems Buttonholes Care of your machine Troubleshooting guide

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When ever possible use the same thread in the top and bobbin tensions. Thread quality and the type of thread being used can be a problem. On most machines you install the needle so the flat is to the back of the machine. If you start with a new needle (inserted properly) and the machine is threaded as per instructions. 30 . The condition of the needle. 3. Side load machines (bobbin case is inserted on the left side of the machine) the flat is to the right. Threading and the quality of thread being used. sewing problems may be mechanical breakdown or damaged parts. The condition of the needle is the most common problem. Always use good quality thread and try to avoid thread that is old or knotted. The way the needle is inserted into the needle clamp is also very important. On some older Singer machines the flat is to the left. The needle should be inserted flat to the back on your machine. 2. Bent or damaged needles will cause many different sewing problems.SINGER FUTURA TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE In most cases poor sewing results and breakdowns are caused by three main factors: 1. Thread the machine as shown in your manual and make sure the thread is between the tension discs. Mechanical breakdown or damaged parts.

Your needle should be changed before each large project or if it hits the needle plate or hook. The needle is incorrectly inserted. Check that the flat of the needle is to the back of your machine. A damaged needle can also snag most fabrics. Here is a checklist we have put together for your type of machine. When using heavy thread in the top you will have to use a larger needle. Check your threading. Make sure the thread is between the tension discs. 4. 31 . Make sure the pressure foot is up when threading your machine. Type of thread being used can cause problems. The tension is not correct. Always use good quality thread. Check that the needle is inserted correctly and not damaged. In most cases the top tension is set to a medium number for regular sewing. This will increase the life of your machine and give you problem free results when sewing. 3. Check size of needle for thread. Make sure the top tension is not too tight. 2. (this will release the tension discs) Check for lint or thread caught in the discs. The needle is blunt or bent. 2. The groove in the needle must fit the thread. If you have problems while you are sewing run through the list to correct the problem. There should be free movement of the thread from spool to needle. 3. UPPER THREAD BREAKS 1. POOR STITCH QUALITY 1.For best results your machine should be serviced before every large project.

Make sure the bobbin is evenly wound.4. Check that the needle is inserted correctly. 4. Check threading of the machine. Check the hook for damage. Make sure the bobbin is inserted correctly and the right bobbin for your machine is being used. 2. 5. BOBBIN THREAD NOT BEING BROUGHT UP 1. 32 . If the take-up lever is not threaded properly the thread will not come up. Also check for thread or lint caught in the tension spring. LOWER THREAD BREAKS 1. Check the needle plate for damage. Check the needle plate for damage. Bobbins not wound evenly in your machine could be a damaged bobbin or damaged hook. Check that the thread is in the bobbin tension and the tension is not too tight. 3. 2.

Check for needle damage or type of needle being used. 5. Check your hook/needle timing. 2. 4. 3. Check that your feed dogs are coming up above the needle plate. Check your threading. SKIPPING STITCHES 1. The hook must pick up the thread from the scarf of the needle. 3. Hook timing may be out. If all points check out the feed timing may be off. There must be some pressure on the foot to feed the fabric.3. 33 . Set the pressure to normal for most types of fabric. 2. Check for lint caught in the feed dogs. STITCH LENGTH VARIES OR WILL NOT FEED 1. Check the pressure foot pressure. Is the pressure foot tight on the pressure bar? Make sure the foot is pushed up all the way and tight.

Notes 34 .

Sewing Educational Warehouse .Tune-up Guide Model 2000 2001 2005 2010  Sewconsult.com 2002 Div.

Table of Contents Removing covers and lubrication Hook timing Feed timing Tensions Troubleshooting guide page 1 – 3 page 4 page 5 page 6 page 7 – 10 .

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DO NOT START ANY REPAIRS WITH OUT UNPLUGGING THE MACHINE FROM THE WALL OUTLET Removing Covers and Lubrication Loosen the screw on the back of the needle bar cover 2 – 3 turns. Remove the screw behind the foot lifter. Now you can remove the needle bar cover and clean all lint from the area. -Cleaning and oiling -Hook and feed timing -Internal tension adjustment Start by removing the covers on your machine.Tuning up your machine There are three main points to a tune-up on a sewing machine. 1 .

To remove the slide plate. 2 . Do not push the clearance pin down further than the nut. Clean all lint and replace the bobbin case and bracket. loosen the set screw on the front of the machine (shown in the picture above) and remove the nut from the clearance bracket.Oil all parts in the needle bar area including the needle bar and pressure bar. To remove the bobbin case. To get at the spring the base must be removed first. push down on the spring and pull the plate off. push the plate on while pushing down on the spring. Lift out the bracket and remove the bobbin case. Be very careful not to use too much oil in this area as the oil will find its way onto your fabric. Clean off any excess with a soft cloth. To replace the plate.

Do not get oil on the wires. Be sure to have the machine unplugged because the main circuit board is under the top cover.Removing Covers and Lubrication Continued Remove the screws from the base as shown and pull of the bottom cover. Push the top cover to the right to remove. Oil the top shaft at the points shown. Oil all moving parts and grease the gears with light sewing machine gear grease. Remove all lint from the bottom and the gears. 3 . Model 2005 and 2010 have a screw by the hand wheel on the top cover to remove first.

4 . Move the hook to line up the tip with the needle as shown. Tighten the screws and recheck the timing. At this point the tip of the hook should pass the back of the needle above the eye.Hook Timing Your machine has timing marks on the needle bar to check the timing. With the needle in the lowest position the upper timing mark must line up with the pressure bar bushing as shown above. Then slowly turn the hand wheel towards you until the lower (bottom) timing mark lines up. If the hook and needle do line up adjust as follows: Loosen the two screws on the timing belt pulley.

If these marks do not line up. Tighten the screws and recheck the feed timing.Feed Timing When the hook timing is set and the lower timing mark is lined up with the pressure bar bushing. The feed dogs must be down below the plate when the needle is down. Move the eccentric until the marks line up. move the feed timing 180°. 5 . loosen the two screws on the feed eccentric. the feed timing marks should line up also. If not.

Continue until the right tension is achieved. Make sure the dial is set at normal after you turn the screw and before you test stitch. 6 . Retighten the nut and replace the covers on the machine. locate the top tension unit.Tensions From the open top of the machine. If adjustment is required. The knot should meet in the center of the fabric. The bobbin tension should not require adjusting. Stitch out a test seam. loosen the nut on the tension unit and turn the adjusting screw ½ turn at a time and test stitch again. Turning the adjusting screw clockwise will tighten the top tension (increase). The normal top tension for your machine should be 3 – 4 on the tension dial.

2. Side load machines (bobbin case is inserted on the left side of the machine) the flat is to the right. Mechanical breakdown or damaged parts. Thread quality and the type of thread being used can be a problem. If you start with a new needle (inserted properly) and the machine is threaded as per instructions. Thread the machine as shown in your manual and make sure the thread is between the tension discs. Threading and the quality of thread being used. On most machines you install the needle so the flat is to the back of the machine.SINGER FUTURA TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE In most cases poor sewing results and breakdowns are caused by three main factors: 1. The condition of the needle. Bent or damaged needles will cause many different sewing problems. 3. On some older Singer machines the flat is to the left. sewing problems may be mechanical breakdown or damaged parts. The way the needle is inserted into the needle clamp is also very important. Always use good quality thread and try to avoid thread that is old or knotted. When ever possible use the same thread in the top and bobbin tensions. 7 . The condition of the needle is the most common problem. The needle should be inserted flat to the back on your machine.

Check that the needle is inserted correctly and not damaged. Type of thread being used can cause problems. 3. 8 . Always use good quality thread. Check your threading. Here is a checklist we have put together for your type of machine. UPPER THREAD BREAKS 1. Check size of needle for thread. 4. 2. Make sure the thread is between the tension discs. Your needle should be changed before each large project or if it hits the needle plate or hook. POOR STITCH QUALITY 1. In most cases the top tension is set to a medium number for regular sewing. If you have problems while you are sewing run through the list to correct the problem. (this will release the tension discs) Check for lint or thread caught in the discs.For best results your machine should be serviced before every large project. The groove in the needle must fit the thread. 2. The needle is blunt or bent. There should be free movement of the thread from spool to needle. The tension is not correct. A damaged needle can also snag most fabrics. When using heavy thread in the top you will have to use a larger needle. 4. The needle is incorrectly inserted. Make sure the top tension is not too tight. Make sure the pressure foot is up when threading your machine. Check the needle plate for damage. Check that the flat of the needle is to the back of your machine. 3. This will increase the life of your machine and give you problem free results when sewing.

2. 2. BOBBIN THREAD NOT BEING BROUGHT UP 1.5. Check threading of the machine. LOWER THREAD BREAKS 1. 3. 4. Make sure the bobbin is inserted correctly and the right bobbin for your machine is being used. Check the hook for damage. Bobbins not wound evenly in your machine could be a damaged bobbin or damaged hook. Check the needle plate for damage. Make sure the bobbin is evenly wound. Also check for thread or lint caught in the tension spring. 9 . Check that the needle is inserted correctly. If the take-up lever is not threaded properly the thread will not come up. Check that the thread is in the bobbin tension and the tension is not too tight.

Hook timing may be out. 4. If all points check out the feed timing may be off.3. Is the pressure foot tight on the pressure bar? Make sure the foot is pushed up all the way and tight. Check that your feed dogs are coming up above the needle plate. Check your threading. 3. Check your hook/needle timing. SKIPPING STITCHES 1. 2. Check the pressure foot pressure. STITCH LENGTH VARIES OR WILL NOT FEED 1. Check for lint caught in the feed dogs. Set the pressure to normal for most types of fabric. 3. 2. The hook must pick up the thread from the scarf of the needle. 10 . Check for needle damage or type of needle being used. There must be some pressure on the foot to feed the fabric. 5.

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