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amerikuli kartuli gazeti "ertoba". 2010 clis dekemberi

amerikuli kartuli gazeti "ertoba". 2010 clis dekemberi

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Published by: Tariel Putkaradze on Dec 28, 2010
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* NEW YORK * PHILADELPHIA * WASHINGTON D.C.

* CHICAGO * NEW JERSY * ATLANTA * LOS ANGELES * CINCINNATI * FLORIDA* CANADA *GEORGIA *

'fkf thsj,fibf

qarTuli gazeTi aSS-sa da kanadaSi
#16. noemberi. 2010

Georgian Newspaper in USA and Canada
srulyofilad rom vflobdeT qarTul enas, unda vikiTxoT qarTuli wignebi. geZlevaT locvakurTxeva, arc erTma dRem ar ganvlos ise, rom rame ar waikiTxoT qarTuli literaturidan. aucileblad unda vikiTxoT Cveni klasika, - am wignebSi aris didi siRrme.

fasi 1$

mwyemsi yovelTvis unda roca sZinavs fxizlobdes, maSinac ki
bynthdbe

gv. pensilvaniaSi wm. ninos saxelobis eklesiis winamZRvarTan, dekanoz aleqsandre TandilaSvilTan

6-7

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bynthdbe
opoziciuri partiis `Tavisufali demokratebi~ xelmZRvanelTan, b-n irakli alasaniasTan

minda mogiwodoT, gavufrTxildeT Cvens

18gv.

RvTiTboZebul enas! davicvaT igi da daveufloT mas!

8gv.

prof. tariel futkaraZe

`samarTliani saarCevno kodeqsi, Tavisufali media da depolitizirebuli policia iqneba qveyanaSi xelisuflebis pirvelad arCevnebis gziT Secvlis garanti~...

mcire replikebi sibrZnisa da gmirobis Sesaxeb

niu-iorkSi, sadac gv. axla vcxovrob, erTi wuTiTac ar maviwydeba, rom qarTveli var

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9

marTlmadidebluri kalendari - 2011
24 aprili - brwyinvale aRdgoma ieso qristesi

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`pro-rusi~ gv. saakaSvili da saerTaSoriso konstruqtivizmis uaxlesi peripetiebi

3

`amerikaSi mcxovrebi axloblebisgan Cveni centris meSveobiT SeuZliaT miiRon apostiliT damowmebuli dokumentebi: mindobiloba (maT Soris pasportis miRebis, uZravi qonebis daregistrirebis, ganqorwinebisa da sxv.), Tanxmoba, anderZi da a.S., monawileoba miiRon `Green Card~-is latariaSi. niu-iorkSi Camosul mgzavrebs vxvdebiT aeroportSi, vaTavsebT dabalfasian qarTul sastumroebSi, vexmarebiT sxvadasxva saxis dokumentis miRebaSi~...

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4-5

ubisa, bagrati, gelaTi, mowameTa da Cveni gv. axalgazrdoba

2

noemberi, 2010

F[FKB FV,T,B
_ xom ar arsebobs saqarTveloSi rusebTan mimarTebaSi pozitiuri cvlilebebi konfliqtis zonaSi? _ regionSi situacia kvlavindeburad tragikulia. TiTqmis milioni adamiani iqca devnilad, Cveni teritoriis 20% okupirebulia, davkargeT sanapiro zolis ori-mesamedi. ruseTma ukve daiwyo afxazeTSi navTobis sabadoebis moZieba. moskovi uars ambobs aramxolod molaparakebebze, aramed saqarTvelos mTavrobis cnobazec. miuxedavad amisa, ruseTis elitis pozicia mainc icvleba. bevri adamiani, maT Soris yofili ministri dadebiTad gamoexmaura Cvens ekonomikur reformebs, korufciasTan brZolas da policiis reformas, romelmac ruseTis xelisufleba STaagona. es yvelaferi Zalian mniSvnelovania, radgan sul pirdapiri dialogi dagvewyo ruseTTan, magram yovel jerze, aseTi winadadeba mkveTr uars awydeboda. axla me mxolod isRa damrCenia evroparlamentis avtoritets mivmarTo, raTa ganvacxado Zalis gamouyeneblobaze Cemi calmxrivi gadawyvetilebis Sesaxeb. Cven aranairi survili ara gvaqvs dampyrobels iaraRiT xelSi davupirispirdeT, rogori situaciac ar unda iyos. saubari imaze ki ar aris, rom Cvens uflebebze uars vambobT, aramed imaze rom brZola ideologiur, ekonomikur da samarTlebriv xarisxSi gadaviyvanoT. Cven unda gamovavlinoT strategiuli moTmineba, romelic SeiZleba dasruldes aramxolod Cveni teritoriis sruli gaTavisuflebiT, aramed ruseTTan SerigebiTac. Cven maT gayrac rom

erToba

UNITY

lisabonSi, samitis dros gazeT LeFigaro-sTan saubarSi prezidenti mixeil saakaSvili sakuTar pozicias ganmartavs.

saqarTvelos prezidentma lisabonSi saerTaSoriso mediis SekiTxvebs upasuxa
_ xarT Tu ara kmayofili lisabonis nato-s samitiT da prezident barak obamasTan SexvedriT? _ diax saqarTvelos sakiTxi kvlav pirvel planze rCeba, dRis wesrigSi arsebuli iseTi problemebis miuxedavad, rogorebicaa avRaneTi, axali strategiuli koncefciis miReba da nato-ruseTis urTierTobebi. ukrainis mxridan natoSi swraf gawevrianebaze uaris Semdeg, vSiSobdi rom sakmaris yuradRebas ar gviTmobdnen. sinamdvileSi ki absoluturad sapirispiro ram moxda. saboloo komunikes toni imaze mtkicea, vidre es odesme iyo. masSi kvlav naTqvamia, rom momavalSi saqarTvelo nato-s wevri gaxdeba da saqarTvelos situacia naxsenebia ruseTisadmi miZRvnil TavSi. lisabonidan axali imedebiT davbrundi, davrwmundi rom saqarTvelo arasdros iqneba xurda fuli saerTaSoriso arenaze. _ xom ar gaSfoTebT nato-ruseTis daaxloveba? - azri ara aqvs imis uaryofas, rom garkveuli daTboba SeimCneva, Tumca moskovma jer kidev unda gaamyaros is konkretuli valdebulebebiT. dimitri medvedevs lisabonSi Zalian Tbili Sexvedra mouwyves, magram vladimer putins misi Secvla surs. meores mxriv, Tuki ruseTi evropas dauxlovdeba da danarCen msofliosTan urTierTobaSi ufro civilizebuli gaxdeba (am moZraobas ki sxvaTa Soris ori wlis win saTave daudo prezidentma sarkozim), es xels Seuwyobs ruseTis paranoiis Semcirebas da mezoblebTan misi urTierTobebis gaumjobesebas. rusebis cnobierebaSi saqarTvelo dasavleTTan, amerikasTan da nato-sTan brZolis veli iyo. maTTvis es civi omis gagrZelebis saSualeba gaxldaT. im SemTxvevaSic, Tuki medvedevi ar apirebs CvenTan xelSekrulebis xelmoweras, konfliqturi logika aRar aris iseTi, rogoric adre iyo. raRac ori wlis win saqarTvelo 100%-iT mtrul saxelmwifod aRiqmeboda. Cven am tendenciiT srulad unda visargeblod. pirveli vinc amas mixvda, nikola sarkozi iyo. 2008 wlis agvistos omidan ori Tvis Semdeg is ruseTis gaxsnilobis perspeqtivaze da im gavlenaze saubrobda, romelsac es savaraudod mezobel qveynebze iqoniebda. me skeptikurad viyavi ganwyobili, magram rodesac xedav imas rac dRes xdeba, iZulebuli xar aRiaro rom igi marTali iyo. miuxedavad imisa, rom amis miRweva jer ver moxerxda, ukve sagrZnobia mTeli rigi pozitiuri momentebi. _ xarT Tu ara mzad imisTvis, rom axali dialogis dawyebisTvis moskovisken pirveli nabiji Tqven gadadgaT? da xom ar aris amisTvis saukeTeso SesaZlebloba evroparlamentis winaSe sityviT gamosvla? _ dalai-lamas Tu ar CavTvliT, me var erTaderTi im qveynis liderebidan, romelic evrokavSirSi ar Sedis da romelsac evroparlamentis winaSe gamosvlis SesaZlebloba orjer mieca. pirvelad aq sityviT oTxi wlis win gamovedi, `vardebis revoluciidan~ garkveuli xnis Semdeg. es saocari Sansia, rac didwilad prezident sarkozis Carevis damsaxurebaa. vapireb srulad gamoviyeno es Sansi da sakuTar Tavze aviRo Zalis gamouyeneblobis valdebuleba. es sakmarisad sadao iniciativaa, radgan nebismier okupirebul qveyanas aqvs ufleba da valdebulebac ki sakuTari suverenitetisTvis ibrZolos, maT Soris samxedro gziTac, Tumca me movlenebs sxvagvarad vuyureb. Cven ukve vnaxeT, rogor moigeria avRaneTma sabWoTa okupantebi, magram qveyana daingra da problemebi darCa. saqarTvelo Tanamedrove da evropuli qveyana unda gaxdes. Cven ubralod ver davamTavrebT ise, rogorc avRaneTi an CeCneTi… Cven yvela gza gamoviyeneT, raTa

_ SesZlebs ki saqarTvelo daTanxmdes ruseTTan Serigebas, Tuki afxazeTi da samxreT-oseTi ruseTis armiis kontrolis qveS darCeba? _ afxazeTsa da samxreT-oseTSi dRes Seqmnili situacia absoluturad miuRebelia. orive respublikis mosaxleobis umravlesobas sakuTari saxlis datoveba mouxda. dRes stalinis dro ar aris, mentaliteti Secvlilia. situacia arasworia rogorc saerTaSoriso, aseve teritoriuli da samarTlebrivi TvalsazrisiT. ar vfiqrob, rom es ruseTis interesebSia. moskovisTvis es ioli ar iqneba, magram movida saubris dawyebis dro. dialogis mxolod am sakiTxamde dayvana ar SeiZleba, radgan yvelaferi erTmaneTTanaa dakavSirebuli. ruseTi fiqrobda, rom Tuki dasavleTs rames miscemda, am sakiTxebs daiviwyebdnen. axla moskovi mixvda, rom es ar muSaobs. _ Tqven konstituciuri reforma ganaxorcieleT, romelic parlaments da premierministrs Tqveni Zalauflebis nawils gadascems, maSin rodesac Tqveni meore da bolo saprezidento vada 2013 wels iwureba. apirebT putiniviT imoqmedoT da 2013 wels premier-ministrad darCeT? _ saqarTvelo arasdros gaiziarebs putinis ti pis sitemas. es reforma evropuli sulisaa, is Zalian gawonasworebulia da arc erT konkretul politikosze morgebuli ar aris da miT ufro Cemze. Cven sami weli gvaqvs imisTvis, rom ganaTlebis sferoSi, ekonomikis marTvisa da decentralizaciis mimarTulebiT Zireuli reformebi ganvaxorcieloT. es reformebi bolomde unda iqnas miyvanili 2013 wlis bolomde, magram maT realizacias safrTxe daemuqreboda, me rom ise movqceuliyavi rogorc uZluri politikosi, romelsac momavali ara aqvs, rogorc prezidenti romelic gadadgomisTvis emzadeba. _ safrangeTisgan ras eliT? _ safrangeTi CemTvis Zalian mniSvnelovani qveyanaa. mas bavSvobidan vicnob, aq vswavlobdi. garda amisa prezidentma sarkozim CvenTvis Zalian mniSvnelovan momentSi qarTuli saxelmwifo gadaarCina. omis dros, man mis xelT arsebuli kartebi gamoiyena, raTa mieRwia imisTvis, rac SeuZlebeli iyo: situacia ganmuxta da regioni evropisTvis gadaarCina. man WeSmaritad strategiuli manevri ganaxorciela, radgan Tuki saqarTvelo daecemoda, evropa samudamod dakargavda Sua azias da kavkasias. konfliqtis Semdeg, rodesac bevri qveyana meryeobda, Cemma oficialurma vizitma parizSi qarTvelebs uCvena is, rom Cven erTguli mokavSireebi gvyavs. safrangeTi Cveni pirveli da mTavari partnioria.

movaxerxoT, mainc mtrebad davrCebiT momdevno TxuTmeti wlis ganmavlobaSi. es ar aris sasurveli. Cven ver SevcvliT Cveni qveynis geografias, Tumca ruseTTan normaluri urTierTobis gza unda gamovnaxoT… _ anu Zalis gamouyeneblobaze calmxrivi uariT Tqven ruseTs xels uwvdiT? _ diax, yvelaze Ria da evropuli gziT evropul Sekrebaze. msgavsi winadadebisTvis ar arsebobs ukeTesi adgili vidre evroparlamentia. es Zalian mniSvnelovani gamowvevaa da aramxolod CvenTvis. yofili sabWoTa kavSiris arc erTi sxva qveynis teritoria okupaciis msxverpli ar gamxdara. yvela es saxelmwifo yuradRebiT adevnebs Tvals imas, Tu ra moxdeba ruseTis da saqarTvelos urTierTobebSi. _ Tqven maT dialogs yovelgvari winapirobebis gareSe sTavazobT? _ diax, ara aqvs mniSvneloba ra doneze da yovelgvari pirobebis gareSe. Cven laparaki unda daviwyoT. Jenevis molaparakebebi mxolod regionSi Seqmnil situacias exeba. rac Seexeba magaliTad mso-s (msoflio savaWro organizacia, sadac ruseTis gawevrianebas saqarTvelom SeiZleba xeli SeuSalos - red.), moskovs ar SeuZlia ise imoqmedos, TiTqos saqarTvelo ubralod ar arsebobs. es aranormaluri situaciaa.

moldovis sofel obilenSi saqarTvelos saxelobis quCa gaixsna
saqarTvelos prezidenti moldovaSi sofel obilens estumra, sadac saqarTvelos saxelobis quCa man mixai gimpusTan erTad gaxsna. qarTuli soflis mSenebloba, romelic saqarTvelos prezidentis iniciativiT daiwyo, mixeil saakaSvilma piradad daaTvaliera. igi adgilobriv mosaxleobasac Sexvda da gaesaubra. wyaldidobiT dazaralebulebma saqarTvelos prezidents daxmarebisTvis madloba gadauxades. sofelSi ukve aTamde saxlia dasrulebuli da sabavSvo baRis mSeneblobac igegmeba. amas garda, saqarTvelos mTavroba obilenis arsebul skolaSi erT klasis Tanamedrove standartebis Sesabamisad moawyobs. `Cven gpirdebiT aRvWurvoT skola Tanamedrove laboratoriiT da sportuli darbaziT, xolo sabavSvo baRis ezos ise movawyobT, rom bavSvebma TamaSi da garToba SeZlon. mozardebTan urTierTobas Cven momavalSic gavagrZelebT~, - aRniSna adgilobrivebTan saubrisas saqarTvelos prezidentma.

911-is msgavsi sistema saqarTveloSi
saqarTveloSi amerikuli 911-is msgavsi sistema dainergeba - moqalaqe policias, saswrafos da saxanZros erT nomerze daukavSirdeba. `vmuSaobT meriis da Sinagan saqmeTa saministros erTobliv proeqtze - marTvis erTiani centris Seqmnaze~, ganacxda Tbilisis merma, gigi ugulavam. Tbilisis meriam proeqtisTvis momavali wlis biujetSi 21 mln lari gamoyo, aqedan 13 mln lari saswrafos biujeti iqneba. 033-s jandacvis programis statusi moexsneba da dedaqalaqis biujetidan dafinansdeba.

giga bokeria erovnuli uSiSroebis sabWos mdivnad dainiSna
saqarTvelos prezidentis gankargulebiT, giga bokeria erovnuli uSiSroebis sakiTxebSi saqarTvelos prezidentis TanaSemwed, erovnuli uSiSroebis sabWos mdivnad dainiSna. prezidentma amerikis SeerTebul StatebSi saqarTvelos sagangebo da sruluflebiani elCis Tanamdebobaze saqarTvelos parlaments Temur iakobaSvilis kandidatura warudgina. prezidentTan konsultaciis safuZvelze, saqarTvelos premierministris brZanebiT, saqarTvelos saxelmwifo ministrad reintegraciis sakiTxebSi dainiSna eka tyeSelaSvili, romelsac daekisra vicepremieris movaleobis Sesrulebac.

UNITY

erToba

GJKTVBRF

noemberi, 2010

3

`pro-rusi~ saakaSvili da saerTaSoriso konstruqtivizmis uaxlesi peripetiebi
saqarTvelos prezidentma, mixeil saakaSvilma gaeros 65-e generalur asambleaze mSvidobiani regionaluri aliansis - kavkasiis saxelmwifoTSorisi gaerTianebis Seqmnis metad saintereso xedva warmoadgina. saqarTvelos prezidentis TqmiT, ocneba mSvidobiani, usafrTxo da gaerTianebuli kavkasiis Sesaxeb ganxorcielebadia im SemTxvevaSi, Tu iqneba msoflios civilizebuli nawilis neba da mtkice gadawyvetileba Seiqmnas evraziul gzajvaredinze usafrTxo demokratiul princi pebze ganviTarebuli kavkasiis saxelmwifoTSorisi civilizebuli da demokratiuli regionaluri aliansi. `dagvexmareT Cven, uzrunvelvyoT mSvidoba saqarTveloSi da Cvens regionSi. Cven qarTvelebs kargad gvaxsovs rogor SeiZleba gayinuli konfliqtebi gadaiqces cxel winaaRmdegobad. Tuki saerTaSoriso sazogadoeba Riad dagviWers mxars, darwmunebuli var, kavkasiaSi xangrZlivi mSvidoba damyardeba. darwmunebuli var, Tuki Cvens regionSi konfliqtis samSvidobo gadawyvetis mimarT msoflio imave valdebulebas ikisrebs, rogorc msoflios danarCen nawilebSi, maSin SesaZlebeli iqneba saocrebebis moxdena. yvelas ainteresebs strategiuli regioni, civilizaciebis gzajvaredini ufro stabiluri, warmatebuli da gaxsnili ixilos~. - ganacxada saqarTvelos prezidetma. saakaSviliseul sakmaod maRalprofesionalurad SemoTavazebul winadadebaSi gaerTianeba ki ara evrokavSiris msgavsi aliansi igulisxmeba - rusuli `Cj.p yfhjljd~-sa da saxelmwifoTSoris (NATO-s msgavs) alians Soris iseTi gansxvavebaa, rogoric testikuloman putlersa da inglisis dedofal elisabeds Soris. sakaSvilis mier gaeros 65-e asambleaze gaJRerebuli ideebi srul SesabamisobaSia dRevandelobis moTxovnasTan - krizisidan axlad gamosuli kvlavac dasustebuli msoflio iswrafvis konstruqtivizmisa da saerTaSoriso partniorobisaken, mSvidobisa da gamojansaRebisaken. am SemTxvevaSi saakaSvili warsdga sruliand axal ampluaSi - reformisti saxelmwifo mmarTveli gardaisaxa saerTaSiriso, evraziuli da regionaluri usafrTxoebis optimaluri winadadebebis SemTavazebeli lideri di plomatis rangSi. aq ver gauZleb cTunebas da gavixseneb genialuri Wabua amirejibis `daTa TuTaSxias~ SesaniSnavi gmiris, sandro kariZis sityvebs `bunebaSi, albaT, araferia erTmaneTze ise pirdapir damokidebuli, rogorc pirovnebis zneobaze - misi eris bediRbali, moqalaqis zneobaze - misi saxelmwifos av-kargi da piruku. isini erTmaneTis Svilebi arian... zneoba is Sinagani Zalaa, romlis wyalobiTac pirovneba saqciels iwesrigebs, romlis wyalobiTac Tavis pirad moTxovnilebebs erisa da misi saxelmwifos saWiroebebs uTanxmebs... mcire eri saxelmwifos ver Seqmnis, Tu amiT kacobriobis an misi erTi nawilis winaSe raime samsaxuri ar aRasrula. saxelmwifos arsebobas saerTaSoriso funqcia, istoriuli misia sWirdeba... msoflios erT-erT geografiul raionSi - amierkavkasiaSi daisaxa garkveuli funqcia da, maSasadame, saxelmwifos Seqmnis istoriuli saWiroebac. aq qarTvelebi vcxovrobdiT da saWiroebas vupasuxeT - SevqmeniT saxelmwifo...~ RvTaebrivad genialuri Wabua amirejibis es sityvebi srulad asaxavs Cems msoflmxedvelobas - saxelmwifos siZliere msofliosagan misTvis dakisrebuli misiis mniSvnelobis mixedviT izomeba. mwifobrioba dgas kiTxvis niSnis qveS da es arasaxarbielo mdgomareoba ganpirobebulia ruseTisave mmarTveli reJimis agresiuli sagareo politikis Tavxedurad aSkara ormagi standartebiT ganxorcielebiT. rusuli kremlis amJamindeli agresiuli politika savsebiT naTlad gulisxmobs rusebis mier saqarTveloSi separatizmis ukanono waxalisebas. momavalSi ruseTi mTlianad iwvnevs kremlis mier sakuTari qveynis sazRvrebis xelSeuxeblobis iuridiuli safuZvlebis mospobas. Tavis federalur subieqtebTan mudmivad konfliqtur da saomar mdgomareobaSi yofnis reJimSi qveynis erTianobis SenarCuneba SeuZlebelia ganxorcieldes xangrZlivi droiT. am Sinagan winaaRmdegobriobas saxelmwifo daSlamde miyavs yovelTvis. ruseTis federaciam mis SemadgenlobaSi Semavali federaciis subieqtebs uZlieresi mastimulirebeli `separatistuli ineqcia~ gaukeTa soxum-cxinvalis 10-20 aTasiani dabebis `ga-nezavisimebiT~. axla ruseTs ara aqvs arc saxelmwifo teritorialuri mTlianoba da arc sazRvrebia iuridiulad xelSeuxebeli, radgan kremlma Tavad mospo yvela is kanonis arsebobis umTavresi bazisi, romelic ruseTis federaciis saxelmwifoebriv da teritorialur xelSeuxeblobas icavda. gaeros 65-e generalur asambleaze regionaluri usafrTxoebis saakaSviliseuli modeli mTlianad uaryofs separatistul moZraobebis rusuli modeliT `waxalisebas~ da konflitqebis Zaladobrivi gadawyvetis meTodebs. saocari realobaa, magram unda aRvniSno is faqti, rom prezident saakaSvilis pozicia ufro `pro-rusulia~, vidre putin-medvedevis. e.i. saakaSvilis mier 65-e generalur asambleaze SemoTavazebuli regionaluri usafrTxoebis koncefcia ufro scnobs saxelmwiforebrivi teritorialuri erTianobis, maT Soris ruseTis federaciis teritorialur mTlianobas, vidre medvedevputinis antikonstituciuri proseparatistuli qmedebebi. bevrma saerTaSoriso politikis eqspertma arc ki miaqcia yuradgeba imas, rom ruseTis federaciis prezidentma 2008 wlis 7 agvistos saqarTveloSi ganxorcielebuli intervenciiT fexqveS gaTela sakuTari qveynis konstitucia! ruseTis federaciis moqalaqeebma, dimitri medevedevma da vladimer putinma sakuTari qveynis konstituciis uxeSi darRveviT, samxedro regularuli armiis nawilebis gamoyenebiT ganaxorcieles agresia saqarTvelos winaaRmdeg. ruseTis federaciis 2008 wlis konstituciiT gansazRvruli organuli kanonebis mixedviT, sakuTari saxelmwifos sazRvrebs gareT samxedro regularuli SenaerTebiT omis warmoeba ruseTis saTaTbiros Tanxmobis gareSe, arRvevs ruseTis federaciis konstituciis organul kanonebs. 2008 wlis agvistos ruseTis federaciis prezident medvedevis mier erTpirovnulad miRebul iqna gadawyvetileba regularuli samxedro SenaerTebiT saqarTveloSi SeWris Taobaze. ruseTis prezidentis am qmedebaSi aSkarad gamoikveTa sisxlis samarTlis danaSaulis niSnebi, romelic gaTvaliswinebuli iyo ruseTis sisxlis samarTlis kodeqsis Sesabamisi muxlebiT - cn8 @(^ ERHA 3Ghtdsitybt ljk;yjcnys[ gjkyjvjxbb3 b cn8 @(( ERHA 3Ghbcdjtybt gjkyjvjxbq ljk;yjcnyjuj kbwf38 konstituciis imJamindeli organuli kanonebis uxeSi darRveviT medvedevma da misma mmarTvelma reJimma ganaxorcieles antisaxelmwifoebrivi qmedeba - separatizmis faqtobrivi legitimacia! konstituciis imJaminde-

gaeros gen-asambleis saerTaSoriso tribunis meSveobiT msoflios sazogadoebas daintereseba saqarTvelos stabilurobiT, momavalSi ki evropisa da aziis makavSirebeli kavkasiis regionaluri stabiluri politikur-ekonomikuri saxelmwifoTSorisi aliansis Seqmnis SeTavazeba msoflios sazogadoebisaTvis, sruliad gamozomili da logikurad srulyofili wardgenaa sakuTari saxelmwifosi. saakaSvilma waradgina is realuri sasikeTo mxareebi, romelic moyveba evraziul kvanZSi kavkasiuri regionaluri usafrTxo saxelmwifoTSirisi gaerTianebis Seqnas. msoflio sazogadoebam kidev erTxel naTlad dainaxa is mosalodneli Sedegebi, romlebic did mogebas moutans msoflios stabiluri kavkasiuri saxelmwifoebis ekonomikur-politikuri aliansi. saakaSvili gansakuTrebulad aZlierebs potenciur investorebsa da Zlier saxelmwifoebs kavkasiis regioniT kavkasiaSi civilizebuli saxelmwifoTaSorisi regionaluri aliansis Seqmnis ideiT. CvenTvis isedac xom cxadia is, rom msoflio gacilebiT didi fuls Cadebs regionalur kavkasiur gaerTianebis arsebpobis SemTxvevaSi, vidre calkeuli kavkasiuri saxelmwifoebis arsebobis SemTxvevaSi xdeba amJamad. WvelasaTvis cxadia, isic rom, kavkasiuri saxelmwifoSorisi regionaluri gaerTianeba ufro sargebliania am regionis mosaxleobisaTvisac da evrokavSirisaTvisac, vidre amierkavkasiisa da momavalSi kavkasiis calcalke saxelmwifoebSi rusuli scenariT ganxorcielebul eTnokonfliqtebis dros warmoSobili ltolvilTa milioniani nakadebis banakebSi Senaxva da iaraRiT gaZeZgili urTierTgadakidebuli, mtruli da rusuli fesebes mier dagegmili gauTavebeli omebiT gatanjuli kavkasionis regionis arseboba. rusul mzakvrul da barbarosul gauTavebel konfliqtebze agebul politikas msofliom aRar SeiZleba wayruebiT upasuxos, winaaRmdeg SemTxvevaSi civilizirebuli samyaro miiRebs evraziul duginiseul imperias, Tanac iranTan saerTo sazRvariTa da centraluri aziis, aseve amierkavkasiis dapyrobiT energo-monopolist saSinelebas - duginiseul evraziul monstrs. swored amitom Rrmad var darwmunebuli imaSi, rom ruseTs imperialistur miswrafebebs SeaCereben civilizebuli msoflios liderebi. amJamad ki unda aRvniSno Semdegi metad arasasurveli realobis Sesaxeb: amJamad Tavad ruseTis saxel-

li organuli kanonebis uxeSi darRveviT medvedevma da misma mmarTvelma reJimma ganaxorcieles antisaxelmwifoebrivi qmedeba romelic aseve gaTvaliswinebulia ruseTis federaciis sisixlis samarTlis kodeqsSi Sesabamisi muxliT - cn8 @_( ER HA 3Jhufybpfwbz ytpfrjyyjuj djjhe;tyyjuj ajhvbhjdfybz bkb exfcnbt d ytv3 b cn8 @!_ ER HA 3Jhufybpfwbz ghtcnevgyjuj cjj,otcndf ~ghtcnegyjq jhufybpfwbb`38 saerTaSoriso organizaciebis dakvirvebebis Semdeg gamoikveTa sxva saxis danaSaulic - kremlma qarTuli eTnikuri jgufis mimarT ganaxorciela masobrivi devna, rac warmoadgens saerTaSoriso kanonebis uxeS darRvevas. cxinvalisa da soxumis separatistuli dabebis e.w.damoukideblad cnobiT ruseTis mmarTvelma politikurma reJimma mospo sakuTari saxelmwifoebrivi sazRvrebis xelSeuxeblobisa da ruseTis federaciis teritorialuri erTianobis iuridiuli safuZvlebi! es saSineli antisaxelmwifoebrivi qmedeba kremlis avantiuristebma Caatares sakuTari konstituciis mravali muxlis pirdapiri darRveviT da amis gamo isini nebismieri ruseTis prokuroris mier Tavisuflad SeiZleba iyvnen dapatimrebulni. kremlis mesveurTa da maTi Tanamoazreebis samarTlebrivi devna ruseTis sisxlis samarTlis kodeqsis mixedviT SeuZlia awarmoos nebismierma prikurorma. medvedevma da putinma upirveles yovlisa Caidines sakuTari qveynis Ralati da antikonstituciuri qmedeba romelic isjeba ruseTis sisxlis samarTlis kodeqsis Sesabamisi muxlebiT. erT dros am sakiTxze rusma moqalaqeebma savsebiT mkafiod miuTiTes generalur prokurorisadmi gagzavnil mimarTvaSi: (ixile: 3Pfzdktybt d Uththfkmye. ghjrehfnehe8 J djpvj;ys[ yfheitybz[ hjccbqcrjuj pfrjyjlfntkmcndf7 ljgeotyys[ dscibvb ljk;yjcnysvb kbwfvb HA dj dhtvz Uhepbycrjq djqys @__( ujlf38 veb-gverdis misamarTia http://gw2008.ru/ ) gTxovT, Tavad gaeciT pasuxi kiTxvas: vinaa ruseTis federaciis faqtobrivi damSleli - saakaSvili Tu medvedev-putinis tandemi?! aq aSkarad Cans Tu vinaa sakuTari saxelmwifoebrivi stabilurobis damrRvevi, miliardobiT fuladi saxsrebis gamflangveli, sakuTari qveynis teritorialuri mTlianobis saerTaSoriso samarTlebrivi mxardaWeris safuZvlebis momspobi - es putini da medvedevia! yvelasaTvis cxadia, rom saakaSvilis samSvidobo inciativebi, romlebic gaJRerebul iqna gaeros saerTaSoriso tribunidan, gacilebiT konstruqciulia Tavad rusuli saxelmwifobriobisaTvis, vidre separatistebTan gasamxedroebul dabebSi Casuli medvedevisa da misi impresario - putinis qmedebebi. amis damadastureblad me ucvlelad moviyvan Tavad saqarTvelos prezidentis sityvebs: `Cven liderebma am (Tbilisis tolerantuli da mravaleTnikur moqalaqeebis - SeniSvna g.o.) xalxis Tanacxovrebis magaliTze unda viswavloT da geopolitikur movlenad gardavqmnaT. Cveni erTianoba aravis winaaRmdeg ar iqneba mimarTuli da da kidev erTxel, ar vapirebT aranairi sazRvrebis Secvlas~. zemoTaRniSnulidan gamomdinare, sakmaod naTlad ikveTeba metad ucnauri faqti - saakaSvili ufro `prorusuli~ Cans, vidre ruseTis amJamindeli de-faqto da de-iure prezidentebi. gasaocaria, magram istoriuli paradoqsebis sakmaod grZel sias, albaT es ucnauri faqtic daamSvenebs momavalSi. gagi oTiaSvili, niu iorki, aSS 24.09.2010 w.

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noemberi, 2010

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erToba

UNITY

es rubrika miznad isaxavs, mkiTxvels gaacnos Cveni RvTivkurTxeuli samSoblos bunebrivi RirsSesaniSnaobani da qarTveli eris gamorCeuli Svilebis (mecnierebis, mwerlebis, mxatvrebis, musikosebis, xelovnebis ostatebis...) mier Seqmnili faseulobani.
dRes xSirad saubroben Tavisuflebis Sesaxeb. Tavisufleba ar aris xorcieli survilebis Tavisuflad gamovlena. Tavisufleba adamianuri arCevanis SesaZleblobaa; adamianuri arCevani ki miT ufro metia, rac ufro siRrmiseulad Seicnob sakuTar Tavs da garesamyaros. rac ufro metad cdilobs adamiani Seicnos Tavisi arsoba, miT ufro uaxlovdeba ufals, ufro erovnuli xdeba da Uufro uyvardeba mTeli kacobrioba... axlgazrdoba, visTanac me yoveldRiuri urTierToba maqvs Sin Tu gareT (quTaisSi, axalcixesa da TbilisSi), Tavisufalni da damoukidebelni arian: uflis moSiSni, patriotebi, ganaTlebulni, gonebasxartni, Tanamedroveni... piradad me bednieri var imitom, rom yovel wels vrwmundebi: yvela qalaqSi, sadac miwevs moRvaweoba, pirvelkurselTa yoveli axali nakadi winas sjobia Tavisuflebis xarisxiTac da erovnulobiTac. am mokle Sesavlis Semdeg konkretul pirovnebebs gagacnobT:

rubrikis avtori prof. tariel futkaraZe ubisa

ubisa, bagrati, gelaTi, mowameTa da Cveni axalgazrdoba
gazeTi `erTobis~ pativcemulo mkiTxvelo, Tqven axla gaicnobT saqarTvelos sapatriarqos andria pirvelwodebulis saxelobis qarTuli universitetis pirvelkurselebs da darwmundebiT, rom Cemi optimizmi safuZvliania (da me ufro da ufro loialuri ar vxdebi): minda, Tqvenc imediT aRivsoT. mkiTxvelisaTvis axalgazrdebis gacnobis originaluri forma SevarCie: gTavazobT pirvelkursel studentTa STabeWdilebebs qarTveli eris erovnuli identobis (meobis) ganmsazRvreli didebuli Zeglebis - ubisas, bagratis, gelaTisa da mowameTas - Sesaxeb da am STabeWdilebaTa miRma Tqven dainaxavT konkretul pirovnebebs (masalis varianti daibeWda `sapatriarqos uwyebanSi~).

ani nadiraZe: CvenTvis yvelaze lamazi da mSvenieri dRe iyo 2010 wlis 7 noemberi - sapatriarqos universitetis saCuqari _ didi gaseirneba dasavleT saqarTveloSi, didebuli Zeglebis naxva da uamravi STabeWdileba, romelic samudamod gahyveba Cvens cxovrebas. mariam muqeria: gamaoca imereTis silamazem, nanaxma molodins gadaaWarba: Cven win iyo uZvelesi, ulamazesi, daxvewili da srulyofili kilturuli Zeglebi, Cveni saunje - ubisa, bagrati, mowameTa, gelaTi. saocaria roca exebi, grZnob da xedav Seni qveynis istoriul, kulturul Zeglebs. warmoudgenelia rogor gauZlo im Semosevebsa da aoxrebebs, romlebic mravlad gvxvdeba Cvens istoriaSi... am dRes yvelani ufro metad davaxlovdiT, ufro metad gaTba urTierTobebi. ani giorgaZe: gzad movinaxuleT ubisas eklesia, romelic IX saukunis Zeglia. Semdegi gaCereba iyo bagratis taZari, sadac gadaviReT uamravi foto da gavigeT bevri axali ram Cveni qveynis Sesaxeb. amis Semdeg, Cveni leqtoris baton tariel fut-

marina kvaracxelia: Semodgomis erT uRrublo dRes, 2010 wlis 7 noembers, saqarTvelos sapatriarqos andria pirvelwodebulis saxelobis qarTuli universitetis humanitarul mecnierebaTa fakultetis studentebma da leqtorebma Tbilisidan gezi aviReT saqarTvelos erT-erTi ulamazesi da istoriuli qalaqisken - quTaisisken. am dRes moviloceT uZvelesi da qarTveli eris umniSvnelovanesi kulturuli Zeglebi: ubisa, bagrati, mowameTa da gelaTi. gzadagza: vmxiarulobdiT, vusmendiT Cveni profesorebis saubars ufro popularuli eniT, vecnobodiT studentebis mier momzadebul patar-patara istoriebs Cveni taZrebis istoriis Sesaxeb... piradad CemTvis arc erTi wuTi ar gasula

Tamar darbaiZe: 7 noemberi CemTvis siyvaruliT gamTbari dRe: oTxsaaTiani mgzavroba galobaSi, simRerasa da leqsebis kiTxvaSi ise gavida, rom erTi wamiTac ar mogviwyenia. ar megona im dRes Cemze bednieri Tu vinme iqneboda. mindoda yvelasTvis meCuqebina siTbo da siyvaruli. saocari silamaze ixiles Cemma Tvalebma, Cems mSobliur mxareSi, quTaisSi TiTqos sxvanairad vsunTqavdi da sxvagvarad micemda guli. bevr adaminSi davinaxe kargi Tvisebebi: imdenad avivse dadebiTi emociebiT, rom Tvalebze sixarulis cremlebic ki momadga. leqtorebi yvelanairad cdilobdnen erTmaneTTan megobrulebi da gaxsnilebi vyofiliyaviT. me mixaria, rom aseTi siyvaruliT aRsavse dRe maCuqa RmerTma. nino mJavanaZe: sapatriarqos universitetis studentur cxovrebas umSvenieresi dRe Seemata 7 noembris saxiT. movinaxuleT didebuli eklesiebi, romelTac saTanado informaciiT, krZalviTa da RvTismoSiSebiT vewvieT. bolos ki gulSi axleburad anTebuli rwmeniT gamovuyeviT Tbilisisken momaval gzas. Cvenze daviT aRmaSeneblis, daviT da konstantines locva-kurTxeva gadmovida. sasiamovno gancdebiTa da STabeWdilebebiT davubrundiT dedaqalaqs, Cvens universitets, sadac RvTis ZaliT yovel Cvenganze gadmodis suliwmindis madli, raTa "aRvizardoT Semoqmedisa Cvenisa sadideblad, mSobelTa CvenTa sanugeSod da eklesiisa da mamulis sasargeblod". gvanca maRraZe: ,,diliT Svid saaTze TiTqmis yvela ZilburabSi viyaviT, magram yvelas Zalian gvainteresebda Cveni qveynis siZveleebi. moviloceT ubisas monasteri, romelmac mravalqartexilian saukuneebs gauZlo. waruSleli kvali datova mowameTas adgilmdebareobam, Tuki rodesme bunebis saocrebis naxva mogindebaT estumreT mowameTas. rusudan kvaliaSvili: axali urTierTobebi, axali kavSirebi, araCveulebrivi garemo, SesaniSnavi ganwyoba. moviloceT Cveni qveynis gamorCeuli siwmindeebi _ gelaTi, mowameTa, ubisa, bagrati... es iyo marTlac saocari gancda, gancda erovnulobisa, patriotizmisa, marTlmorwmuneobisa, qarTuli faseulobebis siyvarulisa. CemTvis gansakuTrebiT dasamaxsovrebeli iyo daviT da konstantine mxeiZeebis wminda nawilebis molocva da daviT aRmaSeneblis saflavis qvis monaxuleba".

bagratis taZarTan

bagratis taZari
ise, rom saintereso ar yofiliyo. gansakuTrebuli emociiT aRvivse sagaloblebiTa da rusudan kvaliaSvilis mier violinoze Sesrulebuli nawarmoebebiT. saxlSi sasiamovno da Zvirfasi STabeWdilebebiT davbrundi: momavali eqskursiis molodinSi. Mmariam kverReliZe: ramdeni xania veli am dRes, ufro sworad, veliT yvela. ra dRea?! eqskursiaze mivdivarT, uZvelesi taZrebi unda movilocoT, amitom adre adgoma arafrad mimaCnia. dRes xom qarTveli eris RirsSesaniSnaobebis gacnobis garda erTmaneTic unda gavicnoT, davaxlovdeT da davmegobrdeT. am yvelafrisTvis ki 6 saaTze an Tundac ufro adre adgoma ras miqvia?! gzaze alionis sxivebiT ganaTebuli sveticxoveli da jvari locva-kurTxeviT gvacileben. TxoTis mTac da wiwamuric urTierTsapirispiro gancdebs iwveven CvenSi, TxoTze aexila sulieri Tvali mirian mefes, wiwamurTan ki mokles ilia... am saxelebis mogoneba udides pativiscemas da siyvaruls iwveven CvenSi iseve, rogorc ubisas, gelaTis, bagratisa da mowameTas xilva. karaZis xelmZRvanelobiT davaTvaliereT quTaisis lamazi quCebi, vnaxeT quTaisis pirveli skola, sadac Turme araerTi gamoCenili qarTveli moRvawe swavlobda. Semdeg: mowameTa da gelaTi...

uqimerioni

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erToba

CFMFHSDTKJC CBVLBLHTYB
gavuyeviT quTaisisken mimaval gzas. pirvelad moviloceT ubisas taZari, sadac wirva-locva mimdinareobda. Sesvlisas yvelas uCveulo grZnoba dagveufla, vakvirdebodiT taZris siZveles da vgrZnobdiT mis udides madls. ubisis Semdeg moviloceT gelaTi, mowameTa da bagrati, romelTa xilvamac aRmafrTovana da CemSi waruSleli kvali datova. movida saimedo da Rirseuli cvla. prof. gia alibegaSvili: Cveni axalgazrda universitetisTvis gansakuTrebuli mniSvneloba hqonda am eqskursias. misi mizani ar iyo mxolod kulturuli Zeglebis daTvaliereba, aramed erTmaneTis gacnoba da, vityodi, erTmaneTis aRmoCena. maswavlebleblebmac da studentebmac erTmaneTi sul sxva kuTxiT davinaxeT. vimedovneb, Cvens Soris meti siTbo, pasuxismgebloba da urTierTpativiscema iqneba. prof. vaxtang guruli: megona, ase Tu ise vicnobdi Cveni fakultetis studentebs, magram eqskursiis dros maT iseTi Tvisebebi gamoavlines, rom namdvilad ar velodi, verasdros davijerebdi, rom Cvens studentebSi

noemberi, 2010

5

mariam qevxiSvili: ubisa, bagrati, mowameTa, gelaTi: piradad Cemze TiToeulma taZarma waruSleli STabeWdileba datova; yoveli maTgani mravali saukunis manZulze icavda qristianobasa da qarTvelobas; isini gaumklavdnen uricxv mters da mainc ase amayad da Rirseulad dganan! julieta xuciSvili: pirvel rigSi didi madloba minda gadavuxado sapatriarqos 7 noembris ulamazesi dRisTvis. am eqskursiam saSualeba mogvca ufro ukeT gagvecno erTmaneTi studentebsa da leqtorebs. piradad CemTvis gansakuTrebuli kvali datova gelaTis taZris xilvam, romlis istoriuli warsuli siamayiT mavsebs. lela guledani: ubednieresi adamiani viyavi, roca universitetSi gavige, rom studentebi eqskursiaze mivdiodiT... kvira dRes dilaadrian gavuyeviT gzas, moviloceT ubisa, gelaTi, mowameTa da bagrati. am uZvelesi taZrebis xilvisas patriotulma grZnobebma gaiRviZes CemSi. aRsaniSnavia, rom ubisaSi misvlisas wirva-locva aRevlineboda da ismoda mRvdlis tkbili galoba, yovelivem madliT gaaTbo Cemi guli. vici rom es dRe arasdros damaviwydeba da yovelTvis sasiamovnod gamaxsendeba. nana sisvaZe: gaTenda Svidi noemberi; sisxam diliT yvelani SevikribeT da sapatriarqos avtobusiT
terminologiuri aRrevebi, rogorc wesi, sul cota, abundovnebs teqsts; araiSviaTad, poltikosebi gaazrebulad ayalbeben movlenis arss da araadekvaturi terminebiT aRweren sazogadoebis dezorientirebis mizniT. qvemoT ganvixilav sam SemTxvevas, romlebic azris gamabundovanebelia Tu sazogadoebis madezorientirebeli, Tavad gansajeT: 1. saqarTvelos "oficiozma" 19922007 wlebSi didxans eZaxa ruseTsaqarTvelos oms qarTul-afxazuri da qarTul-osuri konfliqtebi... cudi Sedegi movimkeT: okupants ki didi dagvianebiT aRudga 1991 wels miniWebuli statusi, ramac metad dagvazarala... mTavari: mters, okupants msoflios gasagonad didxans veZaxeT (me, ra Tqma unda, ara!) `megobari qveyana~ da Cvensave sawinaaRmdegod SecdomaSi SeviyvaneT msoflioc da Cveni sazogadoebac... dRes ki (Tundac ukve lisabonis saminis Semdeg) ukve civilizebuli msoflioc am movlenas ase afasebs: ruseTis mier saqarTvelos teritoriis okupacia. Cven ki, mravali wlis manZilze, rusebis nebis aRmsrulebelT - da vladislav arZinbasa da mis sparingpartnior gaiZvera qarTvel politikoss - SevardnaZes - "brZeni politikosebis" TamaSis Sansi miveciT. 2. amave pirovnebasTan (e. SevardnaZe) mimarTebiT, vfiqrob, arasworadaa SerCeuli termini "gmiri" Jurnalist ia anTaZis erT teqstSic (http://www.radiotavisupleba.ge/content/ article/1532544.html); Cemi azriT, mas aq unda gamoeyenebina termini: `mxsneli~. q-nma iam erTmaneTTan gaaTanabra realuri gmiri (zviad gamsaxurdia - kaci, vin mokvda saqarTvelosTvis) da eSmaki/gaiZvera (eduard SevardnaZe - kaci, vinc saSviliSvilo keTildReoba miiRo saqarTvelos ubedurebis xarjze). arasodes yofila da arc iqneba, rom erTma da imave sazogadoebam erTi terminiT aRweros gamsaxurdias Rvawli da SevardnaZis cxovreba. Cemma megobarma ia anTaZem, Tavisi werilis logikidan gamomdinare, isini erTi terminiT `daafasa~ (mas aqvs amis

amdeni poeti, amdeni mgalobeli da amdeni musikosi iqneboda. prof. tariel futkaraZe: mexsierebaSi ase mozaikurad arasodes davanebula STabeWdilebaTa kona: Semodgomis dilis sicivis fonze zrdadi mxiaruleba, gamorCeuli leqsebi; profesorTa eqskursiamZRoloba, didi qarTvelebis mier Seqmnili uZvirfasesi erovnuli ganZiT - madliT agvirgvinebuli (gvirgvini - Saravandedi) saukunovani taZrebiT - gamowveuli siamaye, TeTnuldisa da myinvarwveris Soreuli TeTri sidiade, qarTvelur sadRegrZeloebad morakrake axalgazrduli sixalise, mindvris surnelis fonze momRerali violino... da mSoblis sixaruli axali mravali, saimedo Svil(obil)is SeZenis gamo.

aqve gTavazobT leqtorTa konentarebsac:
universitetis akademiuri sabWos Tavmjdomare sergo vardosaniZe: pirdapir gaocebuli var humanitarul mecnierebaTa fakultetis studentTa niWierebiT. didi SemoqmedebiTi niWi, romelic studentebma gamoamJRavnes, maZlevs imis gancxadebis uflebas, rom qarTul universitetSi

gelaTi

daviT aRmaSeneblis saflavTan

ufleba, magram ramdenad zustia amgvari saxeldeba, es sxva sakiTxia). ara mgonia, amgvari `gaTanabreba~ mkiTxvels daexmaros, Cawvdes bolo periodis saqarTvelos politikuri movlenebis arss da saRad imsjelos saqarTvelos perspeqtivaze (arada, momavalze fiqri aqvs mizanad ias saintereso werils).

aSkaraa: mavanis mizania qarTveli eris enobriv-eTnikuri daSla, rom saqarTvelo iolad daanawevros da samudamod gadaylapos da am miznis misaRwevad aqtiurad iyenebs terminologiur diversiebs. Cven adekvaturad vigegmebiT ki mtris amgvari permanentuli `inteleqtualuri~ Tu eSmakuri ieriSebis

uZlia, movlena dainaxos ramdenime mxridan). Sdr.: gonieri - adamiani, romelsac aqvs Tandayolili logikuri azrovnebis unari da rogorc wesi, Trgunavs emocias (ganmartebiT leqsikonebSi aramarTebuladaa gaigivebuli goneba, inteleqti da Wkua).

mcire replikebi sibrZnisa da gmirobis Sesaxeb
3. prorusulma istoriografiam daamkvidra yovlad araadekvaturi termini: `qarTizacia~, romelis mixedviTac, TiTqosda, qarTlelebma moaxdines imerlebis, megrelebis, svanebis, kaxelebis, mesxebis, xevsurebis, fxovelebis... enobriv-kulturuli asimilacia. sinamdvileSi, arsebobs erTiani qarTuli kultura, romelic Seiqmna qarTvelTa saerTo dedaenaze - erovnul enaze (romelic saerToqarTveluri amosavali enaa da ara erTi romelime kuTxis gavrcobili metyveleba) da romelic Tvisobrivad erTgvarad iqmneboda dasavleT saqarTveloSic, samxreT saqarTveloSic (tao-klarjeTSi, lazeTSi, eruSeTSi), aRmosavleT saqarTveloSic da kavkasionis gadaRma arsebul Crdilo saqarTveloSic (TuSeTSi, xevSi, CrdilosvaneTSi, CrdiloxevsureTSi piriqiTa xevsureTSi...). metic, qarTvelTa samwignobro kulturis qmnadobis aspeqtiT ufro STambeWdavi Sedegebi aqvT dasavleT da samxreT saqarTvelos mkvidrT. samwuxarod, `qarTizacias~ - am mavneblur termins - bevri dResac iyenebs saqarTveloSic ki (mas ZiriTadad vxvdebiT SevardnaZis `mefisnacvalobis~ dros aRzevebul mecnierTa nawerebSi); samwuxarod, `qarTizacia~ figurirebs saxelmZRvaneloebSic da farTodaa gavrcelebuli saerTaSoriso velSic (es terminologiuri mcdaroba pirvelad gaanaliza mitropolitma anania jafariZem). mosagerieblad? am mogeriebis gzaze, pirvel rigSi zustad unda gaviazroT da gamoviyenoT terminebi, romlebiTac xSirad fasdeba esa Tu is politikosi Tu movlena; kerZod: eTnokonfliqti, gmiri, patrioti, brZeni, moRalate, kolaboracionisti, ganaTlebuli, Wkviani da sxv. qvemoT ganvixilav gmirisa da brZenis rogisa Tu sapirispiro mniSvnelobis terminebs: brZeni: adamiani, romelic erTdroulad aris: zneobrivi, niWieri, inteleqtualuri da nakiTxi drois Sesabamisad (rac ar unda kargi `saazrovno unari~ hqondes, Tanamedrove adamians esaWiroeba misi `ganivTeba~ saTanado informaciebis `gadaxarSviT~). Sdr.: eSmaki (gaiZvera) - uzneo, magram gonieri adamiani. Wkviani -zneobrivi da gonieri adamiani. gmiri: gmiroba - didi riski diadi miznisTvis; gmiri: adamiani, romelsac SeuZlia Tavisi sicocxle gawiros maRali idealebisaTvis, zogadad, sazogadoebisaTvis; rogorc wesi, gmirobis SemZleni arian adamianebi, romelTac axasiaTebT: riskianoba (emociuroba), zneoba anu Sinagani simarTle da sazogadoebisadmi maRali pasuxismgebloba. Sdr.: Slegi - uazrod riskiani. inteleqtuali - adamiani, romelsac aqvs Tandayolili unari, iazrovnos mravalwaxnagovnad (anu, Se-

Sdr.: emociuri (riskiani) - adamiani, romelic gadawyvetilebebs iRebs grZnobebis dominantobiT; Sesabamisad, metad riskavs gadawyvetilebebis miRebis dros;
Cemi azriT, gonieri da inteleqtuali Tvisobrivad erTi kategoriis cnebebia, magram `raodenobrivad~ inteleqtuali metia. nakiTxi - adamiani, vinc raime mimarTulebiT/mimarTulebebiT bevri informacia miiRo (magram, kaxuri stilis anegdotisa ar iyos, `gamaadga ro?!~; aseTi adamiani mxolod briyvs hgonia brZeni).

ganaTlebuli - adamiani, romelsac aqvs Sinagani sinaTle/simarTle (martivad rom vTqvaT - patiosneba), inteleqti da amave dros aris nakiTxi. zneobrivi - adamiani, romelic dReniadag eswrafvis, icxovros aTi mcnebis mixedviT; axasiaTebs Sinagani simarTle da maRali pasuxismgebloba. niWieri -adamiani, romelsac aqvs Tandayolili unari axleburad - sxva adamianebisgan gansxvavebulad dainaxos garesamyaros romelime "waxnagi". geniosi - adamiani, romelsac aqvs Tandayolili unari, sxva adamianebisgan radikalurad gansxvavebulad dainaxos garesamyaro, adekvaturad aRiqvas is da daanaxos sxvebsac. Sdr.: satanuri Zalis mqone uzneo geniosi. mona RvTisa: zneobrivi adamiani (klimenti aleqandrieli). megobari RvTisa: ganaTlebuli da zneobrivi adamiani (klimenti aleqsandrieli). RvTaebrivi adamiani (wmindani): zneobrivi geniosi da brZeni erTdroulad.

6

noemberi, 2010

TVBUHFYNT,B CFPQDFHUFHTS
TiToeul adamians Tavisi jvari aqvs cxovrebis manZilze satarebeli, visTvis mZimea misi tareba, visTvis SedarebiT msubuqi. Tu gaviTavisebT da kargad CavwvdebiT sasuliero pirTa cxovrebas, mivxvdebiT, raoden mZimea maTi satarebeli jvari, radgan rwmenasTan erTad, udides pasuxismgeblobas moiTxovs maTgan. erTi SexedviT iqneb vinmes advili moeCvenos moZRvris yofa. arada, raodeni Zalisxmeva sWirdeba moZRvars, romelsac uamravi adamianis suli abaria. suli, yvelaze faqizi da saTuTi, yvelaze Rirebuli da mgZnobiare, rac adamians gaaCnia. swored karg moZRvars SeuZlia Semoikribos, moimravlos da rwmenis gza gaukvalos Tavis samwysos, swored moZRvarma unda Caagonos, daamSvidos, moeferos da Seumsubuqos tkivili da gansacdeli TiToeul sulier Svils. gadamdebia moZRvris yoveli qmedeba da saqcieli mrevlisaTvis, gadamdebia misi keTilSobileba da simSvide. vfiqrob, ar arsebobs ufro didi da keTilSobiluri saqme, vidre iyo moZRvari. mas stkiva yvelas tkivili, awuxebs yvelas gansacdeli, guls uwvavs sakurTxevelze daRvrili TiToeuli cremli, uxaria rwmenaSi moqceuli mrevli da Tavmdablurad amayia maTi simravliT. swored moZRvrisTvis damaxasiaTebelma am Tvisebebma ganapiroba mrevlis udidesi siyvaruli, morCileba da pativiscema mama aleqsandresadmi. swored misi keTilSobileba da saTnoebaa mizezi imisa, rom mis irgvliv uamravi qarTvelia Sekrebili da misgan mocemuli madlisa da locvis wyalobiT, umsubuqebs emigrantul mZime cxovrebas adamianebs. Cven swored am da sxva saintereso sakiTxebze sasaubrod vewvieT wmida ninos saxelobis eklesiis winamZRvars, dekanoz aleqsandre TandilaSvils.

erToba

UNITY

_ mama aleqsandre, mogviyeviT Tqveni cxovrebis Sesaxeb. rogor daiwyeT sasuliero moRvaweoba?
_ Cemi sasuliero moRvaweoba daiwyo imiT, rom 1978 wlis aprilidan, roca misi uwmindesoba gaxda patriarqi, im periodSi daviwye siaruli sionis eklesiaSi. ramdenime Tvis Semdeg gavxdi patriarqis stiqarosani da vemsaxurebodi uwmindess sionis sakaTedro taZarSi. aqedan daiwyo Cemi daintereseba sasuliero cxovrebiT. ori wlis Semdeg, anu 1980 wels Cavabare sasuliero seminariaSi, romelic davamTavre 1982 wels. me da meufe dimitri erTdroulad viyaviT sasuliero akademiis studentebi. swored im dros misi uwmidesoba gvagzavnida vatikanSi, romis papis orientalur institutSi. mogexsenebaT, jer kidev komunistebis dro iyo da moskovidan uari gviTxres. ase rom, Cemi da meufe dimitris wasvla veRar moxerxda. Semdeg me gamagzavnes swavlis

unda daviwyoT misi dafarva. Tumca yvelaferi rom damTavrdes, 20 aTasis sesxeba kidev gvWirdeba.

_ 20 aTasis Segroveba ar unda iyos Zneli. mrevlma rom kidev moindomos.
_ mrevlis Zalian didi madlobeli var. rac SeeZlo, dagvexmara, cudi droc daemTxva. samsaxurebic ar aris, magram Cveni dawyebuli saqme bolomde gvaqvs misayvani, rasac gverds veranairad avuvliT. Tu es Tanxebi male iqna moZiebuli, SeiZleba 2 kviraSic gadavideT da gaxsnac ar dayovndes. amis Semdeg qalaqis Semmowmebeli organodan mova inspeqtori, moxdeba Semowmeba da mogvcemen oficialur sabuTs.

_ TqvenTan saubrisas gverds ver avuvliT Tqvens wvlils amerikaSi moqmedi qarTuli eklesiebis daarsebis saqmeSi. ra xdeboda filadelfiasa da CikagoSi. rogor moxda pensilvaniaSi qarTuli

mwyemsi yovelTvis unda fxizlobdes,
gasagrZeleblad leningradSi, meufe dimitri ki moskovis sasuliero akademiaSi. vswavlobdiT 4 wlis ganmavlobaSi. saqarTveloSi dabrunebis Semdeg damniSnes metexis sasulieri seminariaSi pedagogad. Cemi pedagogiuri moRvaweoba gagrZelda ori weli. seminariaSi yofnisas, reqtoris aryofnis dros, periodulad vasrulebdi mis movaleobasac. amis Semdeg, uwmindesis uSualo gadawyvetilebiT, moxda Cemi amerikaSi wamosvla. _ Cemi pedagogiuri moRvaweobis ori wlis Tavze moxda Cemi amerikaSi wamosvla uwmindesis gadawyvetilebiT. aq swavla gavagrZele wmida vladimiris sasulieri seminariaSi, sadac erTi weli viswavle. amis Semdeg isev davbrundi saqarTveloSi, sadac ramdenime Tve momiwia darCena imis gamo, rom sabuTebi unda gakeTebuliyo moskovSi, rasac 4-5 Tve daagvianda. am periodSi davqorwindi. uwmindesma makurTxa jer diakvnad da Semdeg mRvdlad. amis Semdeg davbrundi isev amerikaSi. Camoagdes gamsaxurdias mTavroba, rasac mohyva Zalian didi areuloba. Semdeg daiwyo omi afxazeTSi. am yvelaferma da kidev iman, rom Cemi Svilebi jer kidev patarebi iyvnen, gadamawyvetina kidev davCeniliyavi aq. amis Semdeg daviwye fiqri qarTuli eklesiis gaxsnaze, vinaidan mxolod amiT eqneboda azri da gamarTleba Cems aq yofnas. 1992 wlis seqtembridan daviwye wirva-locvis Catareba qarTvelebisaTvis meore quCaze sakaTedro taZarSi. es grZeldeboda 11 wlis ganmavlobaSi. TveSi erTxel an orjer vatarebdi wirvas da erTxel parakliss. aseTnairad qarTvelebis garkveul nawils movuyare Tavi eklesiaSi. maxsovs pirvelad 25 adamiani movida. es kargi maCvenebeli iyo, vinaidan maSin sul 100 qarTvelic ki ar iqneboda aq. iyo sxva uamravi problemac, xan mgaloblebi ar gvyavda, xan medaviTne ar iyo, xan mrevlic ver axerxebda mosvlas. xandaxan wirvaze 23 adamiani idga xolme. miuxedavad amisa, wirva-locvis Catareba ar Semiwyvetia im imediT, rom xval ukeTesoba iqneboda. amasobaSi me gadavedi sacxovreblad dasavleT pensilvaniaSi, sadac vmsaxurobdi 34 wlis ganmavlobaSi. mxolod TveSi erTxel Camovdiodi wirvis Casatareblad. gzaSi 7-8 saaTi mWirdeboda, iyo sxva uamravi xelisSemSleli sakiTxebic, magram miuxedavad amisa, Cemi saqme udides siamovnebas maniWebda.

monastris SeZena?
_ filadelfiaSi didi wvlili ar maqvs Setanili. sanam moZRvars gamogzavnidnen, me rac gavakeTe, is iyo, rom Cavedi da Sevxvdi mrevls, daaxloebiT 40 adamiani iqneboda. aqedan avirCieT droebiTi sabWo da miveci rCevebi, ra unda gaekeTebinaT. minda aRvniSno, rom maT yvelaferi kargad warmaTes. Cikagosa da kaliforniaSi araferi gamikeTebia. ai, pensilvaniis monastris SeZenaSi ki marTlac mimiZRvis wvlili. roca meufe dimitri pirvelad CamobrZanda amerikaSi, mas movaxsene, rom pensilvaniaSi iyideboda eklesia 100 aTas dolarad. Amis Semdeg, roca meufe saqarTveloSi dabrunda, acnoba patriarqs. mas Zalian moswonebia es azri, damloces da momces kurTxeva, rom yvelaferi gagvekeTebina am taZris SesaZenad. magram axla yvelaze mTavari, Tanxa iyo mosaZebni. amisTvis davukavSirdi laSa darbaiZes, romelic moRvaweobs niuiorkSi erT-erT seriozul kompaniaSi. mas aqvs aseve wminda giorgis fondi da gaxlavT misi prezidenti. aucilebad unda aRvniSno, rom am kaTolikuri eklesiis gayidvis Sesaxeb pirvelad swored misgan Sevityve. man SemomTavaza, erToblivi ZalebiT gveyida es taZari. laSa dampirda, rom arc meti arc naklebi 40 aTass dolars Cadebda am saqmeSi. e.i. 60 aTasi darCa Sesagrovebeli, Tumca Semdeg ise moxda, rom gamoCnda kidev sxva eklesiac, romelic iyideboda 100 aTas dolarad. Cven wavediT molaparakebaze da sabolood SevTanxmdiT 65 aTas dolarze. maT hqondaT sxva SemoTavazebac, iyvnen myidvelebi, visac am SenobaSi Ramis klubis gaxsna undodaT, magram gamyidvelebs surdaT, vinc am Senobas SeiZenda, mxolod eklesiisTvis gamoeyenebinaT. amitom wamovidnen isini Cvens winadadebaze da mogvces Tanxmoba, rom gadagvexada 65 aTasi dolari. me davureke ramdenime pirovnebas da maTi daxmarebiT darCenili 25 aTasic Segrovda da taZaric SeviZineT. swored esaa daviT aRmaSeneblis saxelobis qarTuli monasteri pensilvaniis StatSi, pokonoSi.

_ mamao, gamodis, rom uwmindesis marto xeldasmuli ki ara, aRzrdilic yofilxarT.
_ diax, asea, radgan 20-21 wlis viyavi, roca uwmindesis stiqarosani gavxdi. misi uwmindesoba saocari adamiani gaxldaT. maSin igi jer kidev axalgazrda iyo. es xdeboda 30-32 wlis winaT. yovel mis sityvas gafacicebiT vusmendiT, gvindoda, rac SeiZleba didxans gagrZelebuliyo misi qadagebebi. es ara marto sasiamovnio iyo, aramed gveamayeboda kidec, rom patriarqs vemsaxurebodiT. es iyo mniSvnelovani periodi Cems cxovrebaSi, vizrdebodiT da vswavlobdi misgan.

_ mamao, rogorc viciT, samecniero xarisxic gaqvT.
_ diax, samecniero xarisxi maqvs, RvTismetyvelebis magistri gaxlavarT.

_ mama aleqsandre, Tqven pirvelma CamoayalibeT qarTuli wirva-locvis saqme amerikaSi _ wmida ninos saxelobis qarTuli taZris arseboba Sua niu-iorkSi, msoflisos megapolisSi. rogor gaCnda am taZris arsebobis idea da ra gza gamoiareT mis gansaxorcieleblad?
_ es idea jer kidev saqarTveloSi gaCnda, rodesac me da meufe dimitri uwmindesTan viyaviT vaxSamze. maSin aq bevri qarTveli ar cxovrobda, Zveli Taobis albaT aTiode adamiani iyo mxolod. patriarqma Tqva, vidre isini iq iqnebian, samlocvelo saxli Camoayalibeo da unda Cametarebina naTloba, jvriswera da ase Semdeg. ase rom, idea Tavad patriarqisaa, ra Tqma unda, es iyo monaxazi. maSin wmida vladimiris saxelobis seminariis reqtori iyo cnobili RvTismetyveli mama ioane maiendorfi, romelmac miTxra, rom manhetenze, meore sakaTedro taZarSi, aris patara eklesia da Tu ginda, dagexmarebi, iq drodadro rom Caataro wirva qarTvelebisTviso. es idea, jer kidev studentobisas, damijda WkuaSi, magram maSin amisTvis saWiro finansebi ar aRmomaCnda. roca seminaria davamTavre, niuirkis mTavari episkoposi iko mama petre, warmoSobiT frangi. mas Zalian kargi damokidebuleba hqonda CemTan. mama petrem SemomTavaza, rom davrCeniliyavi kidev erTi weli da daveniSne erT-erT eklesiaSi. me namdvilad aRar mqonda gegmaSi kidev darCena, saqarTveloSi vapirebdi dabrunebas da Cemi saqmianobis gagrZelebas. Semdeg, mqonda saubari uwmindesTan da misi kurTxeviT isev gadawyda, rom davrCeniliyavi. es iyo 1991 weli. im dros saqarTveloSi

_ garda patriarqisa, vin iyo TqvenTvis misabaZi pirovneba. sasuliero pirebs vgulisxmob, ra Tqma unda.
_ komunisturi gavlenis gamo, 80ian wlebSi arc ise mravlad iyvnen WeSmariti moZRvrebi, Tumca uflis wyalobiT, iyvnen iseTebi, visTvisac SeiZleboda migvebaZa da visganac bevri gveswavla. mama gabriel urgebaZes piradad vicnobdi Zalian axlos, jer kidev studentobidan. Cemi pedagogiuri moRvaweobis periodSi igi xSirad Camodioda mcxeTaSi zafxulobiT. samwuxarod, maSin jer kidev ver vaTviTcnobierebdiT mis siZlieres. Zalian miyvarda masTan saubari, sasiamovno da cocxali laparaki icoda, xSirad igonebda Tavis axalgazrdobas, masTan verasodes moiwyendi, ar SeiZleboda karg da sasiamovno ganwyobaze ar daeyenebine masTan saubars. maxsovs, mcxeTis eklesiis samreklos gverdiT TaRTan, romelic adre gaxsnili iyo, xolo Semdgom daxures, am TaRs 1 metri eqneboda siRrme Signidan, mama gabrieli ambobda, rom aq unda gavikeTo keliao, Zalian viwro kia, magram me meti rad mindao. samwuxarod, es veRar ganxorcielda...

_ mamao, ra fazaSia taZris mSenebloba da rodis gaixsneba igi?
_ Cven es Senoba ijariT aviReT. udidesia Cveni mrevlisa da keTili adamianebis Rvawli am saqmeSi. es aris sakmaod didi Senoba, sadac garda eklesiisa, iqneba didi darbazi sxvadasxva RonisZiebebisaTvis, gveqneba saklaso oTaxebi sakviaro skolisTvis. SeiZleba skola sxva dReeebSic funqcionirebdes. Senobis sardafSic gvaqvs didi parTobi, sadac movawyobT sxvadasxva Semswavleli wreebisTvis oTaxebs. es iqneba xatva, xelsaqme da sxva. momavalSi episkoposic Cveni xSiri stumari iqneba. ase rom, es Zalian mniSvnelovani SenaZenia da am etapze vsaWiroebT Tanadgomas, rom male moxdes Cveni iq gadasvla.

_ mamao, rogorc vici, kanadaSic iyaviT Casuli.
_ kanadaSi viyavi da Sevxvdi mrevls. Cven visaubreT, Tu rogor unda gaexsnaT eklesia, samjer gaxldiT iq Casuli, vixdidi paraklisebs, vkiTxulobdi qadagebebs, magram, es ar niSnavda imas, rom iq idealuri pirobebi iyo Seq-

_ garda mrevlisa, aris Tu ara vinme konkretuli pirebi, vinc gexmarebian?
_ arian keTili adamianebi. es 15 aTasi dolari valad gvaqvs aRebuli, masala aviReT ganvadebiT, ianvirdan

_ amerikaSi rogor da rodis daiwyo Tqveni moRvaweoba?

7

UNITY

erToba

TVBUHFYNT,B CFPQDFHUFHTS
amerikaSi daaxloebiT 100 welze meti xnis win cxovrobdnen. maT ukve hqondaT Tavisi eklesiebi. amas imperatori nikolozi afinansebda. mTavroba afinansebda. swored am dafinansebis saSualebiT moxda rusuli eklesia-monastrebis aSeneba da amoqmedeba. revoluciis Semdeg maT axali araferi auSenebiaT. rac aSenda, sul Zvelma Taobam gaakeTa. rusebis 3-4 Taoba aris aq, Cven ki jer pirveli Taoba varT. problemaa. amas sWirdeba gzebis Zieba. qristianma ise unda icxovros, rom ar aiTqvifos am WaobSi, man yvelgan unda daicvas qristes mcnebebi da mis gverdze sxva ras akeTebs, yuradReba ar unda miaqcios.

noemberi, 2010

7

6

mnili eklesiis gasaxsnelad. kargi is iyo, rom iyo bevri qarTveli, msurveli imisa, rom hqonodaT taZari. amis Semdeg iq Camovida moZRvari, mama pavle, romelic msaxurobs axla da muSaoben qarTuli eklesiis gaxsnaze.

_ mamao, ra sirTuleebi axlavs moZRvris funqcias am qveyanaSi da aris Tu ara igi gansxvavebuli Cveni qveynis moZRvris funqciisagan?
_ ra Tqma unda, Zalian gansxvavebulia. es sxva qveyanaa, sxva wesebi da kanonebia. kanonebis codna ki Zalian mniSvnelovania da kidev ufro mniSvnelovania misi dacva. saqarTveloSi moZRvris sazrunavs eklesiis SeZena ar warmoadgens, arc mrevlis problemaa. aq ki, mogexsenebaT, rogori cxovrebaa, cdunebac Zalian didia. bevrs gzakvali aeria, bevri, vinc saqarTveloSi eklesiaSi dadioda da aRmsarebeli iyo, aq ratomRac

_ mama aleqsandre, wminda ninos taZris SeZenaSi sapatriarqom Tu gagiwiaT raime daxmareba? viciT, rom maT moaxerxes evropis qveynebSi eklesia-monastrebis SeZena.
_ yvelam viciT, rom saqarTveloSi Zalian cudi periodi iyo, ris gamoc Cven sapatriarqos ver vTxovdiT daxmarebas, radgan maT iqeT sWirdebodaT daxmareba am mxriv. amitom finansuri daxmareba saqarTveloSi arsebuli rTuli

_ mamao, eklesia bevri saqvelmoqmedo saqmis wamomwyebi da misi sisruleSi momyvania. amisTvis Semosavlis wyaroa saWiro. Cven amaze ukve visaubreT, magram kidev xom ar dagvisaxelebT vinme konkretul pirovnebebs, vinc gverdiT dagidgaT?
_ ZiriTadad, ra Tanxac Semovida am 7 wlis ganmavlobaSi, es Segrovda mrevlisagan. aranairi daxmareba sxva organizaciidan ar yofila. didi daxmareba gagviwia qarTvelma guram SalutaSvilma da misma meuRlem ekaterinem. maT 10 aTasi dolari Semogvwires da 30 aTasi sesxad mogvces, Semdeg kidev dagvimates 7 aTasi dolari. aseve nikoloz da

amad saxlSia da Svilebs uvlis. ra Tqma unda, vcdilob, qarTuli suliskveTebiT gavzardo isini, Tumca ar dagimalavT da cota rTulia. maT faqtiurad ar uwevT qarTvel bavSvebTan Sexeba, Tumca es yvelaferi gamoswordeba axal taZarSi gadasvlis Semdeg.

_ aramarto Cven, aramed ucxoeTSi wasuli yvela qarTveli unda davubrundeT erovnul fesvebs. am bolo dros xSirad mogviwodebs patriarqi amis Sesaxeb. raRac konkretuli TariRebi saxeldeba. ra TariRebia es, mamao?
_ me piradad aranairi konkretuli TariRi ar momismenia, magram is, rom aucileblad unda davbrundeT, es gardauvalia. Tu didxans davrCebiT, davikargebiT, rogorc qarTvelebi. Cven ki dasakargi erTi adamianic ar gvyavs. Cvens Semdeg meore Taobam SeiZleba kidev gauZlos, magram mesame Taoba ukve ver iqarTvelebs. saqarTveloSi rac adre gamoswordeba mdgomareoba, miT ukeTesi iqneba. es mowodebebi ki kargia, magram raRac realuri sWirdeba am xalxs, rom ukan dabrundnen. me viyavi saqarTveloSi erTi Tvis win da bevri ramea Secvlili, galamazebuli, Tumca es sakmarisi ar aris. vimedovneb, ekonomiuradac gamoswordeba mgdomareoba.

maSinac ki roca sZinavs
moixsna pasuxismgebloba, viTom ucxo qveyanaSi aRar gvWirdebodes RmerTi da moZRvari. Cveni mrevlis daaxloebiT 70% is xalxia, vinc aq daiwyo pirvelad eklesiaSi siaruli. situaciis gamo ldeboda, Tumca aq mainc moxerxda SeZena, rac cota ver ganxorcieRvTis wyalobiT, ori didi Senobis saqme ar aris.

_ Tqven RmerTTan Suamavloba ikisreT, adamianebis daxmarebas evedrebiT ufals, mTisa da miwis Serigeba Zalian mZime tvirTi unda iyos. Znelia es gza, mamao?
_ casa da dedamiwas moZRvrebi ver SevarigebT. TviTon ufali ieso qriste arigebs. Cven rasac vakeTebT, vcdilobT RvTis saqme iyos da mivitanoT igi adamianebamde. esaa swored Cveni saqme, adamianebis daxmareba da maTi RvTis gzaze dayeneba. wminda mamebi gveubnebian, rom adamianebTan urTierTobaSi gvmarTebs sifrTxilis gamoCena, raTa Cveni sityviT mopyrobiT, saubris toniT ar gavanawyenoT moyvasi. es xelovnebacaa da di plomatiac. ramdenad axerxebs mama aleqsandre, daajeros adamiani, rom is aris RvTis xateba, romelsac gamoRviZeba sWirdeba. sabednierod, es mosaxerxebelia, magram adamianebTan xangrZlivi muSaobaa saWiro, rac garkveul drosTanaa dakavSirebuli. ra Tqma unda, problemebi aris, mrevli xSirad ver axerxebs gamosvlas, mZime da datvirTuli samuSao pirobebis gamo. madloba ufals, Cveni mrevlis ukmayofilo arasodes vyofilvar. uflis wyalobaa, rom mrevli myavs, uflis wyalobaa, rom qarTuli eklesia gvaqvs da xalxTan urTierTobac, es ki Zalian mniSvnelovania, gansakuTrebiT aq, amerikaSi. mogexsenebaT, aq aris rusuli eklesiebi da rusi mamaoebi, romlebic ganicdian mrevlis simcires, miT ufro, rom teritoriuladac da raodenobrivadac rusul eklesiebSi misvla ufro mosaxerxebelia, SeiZleba iTqvas, `jansaRi Sejibricaa~ am mxriv. ramdenadac Tbili da yuradRebiani iqnebi adamianebis mimarT, meti Sansia, Sens eklesiSi iaron.

_ mamao, Cvens qveyanaSi aRzrdis aTaswleulebis gamocdilebaa, rac sarwmunoebas da erovnul tradiciebs ukavSirdeba. adamiani, romelic fizikurad moswydeba Tavis winapars, sulieri daRupvis safrTxis winaSe dadgeba. rogor fiqrobT, ucxoeTSi myofi qarTvelebi SeZleben erovnulobis da tradiciebis SenarCunebas?
_ saerTod qarTvelebs ar gvaqvs ucxoeTSi cxovrebis gamocdileba. magaliTad, somxebs, rusebs, berZnebs, ebraelebs amis didi gamocdileba gaaCniaT. maT gamomuSavebuli aqvT ucxoeTSi cxovrebis imuniteti, rac Zalian exmarebaT enis da erovnulobis SenarCunebaSi. samwuxarod, qarTvelebs es imuniteti jer ar gagvaCnia. imedia, eklesiebi swored rom Seuwyobs xels am imunitetis warmoSobas. Cven, imedia, didxans ar mogviwevs aq darCena. RmerTma dagvifaros, rom es kidev 50 weli gagrZeldes. magaliTad, italielebidan iSviaTad naxavT, rom italiurad laparakobdnen. es albaT kanonzomiericaa _ raRac drois Semdeg dakargo ena da erovnuloba, Tumca erovnulobas ufro inarCuneb, magram enas mainc dakargav. qarTvelebic dadgeba am safrTxis winaSe, Tu didxans davrCebiT aq. uflis imedi maqvs, rom es ar moxdeba.

elisabed fircxalaiSvilebma Semowires 10 aTasi dolari, risTvisac minda didi madloba dagavuxado maT. mogexsenebaT, Cvens eklesias sxva Semosavali faqtiurad ar aqvs. vinaidan aq Cvensas verafers ver vyidiT da aqedan gamomdinare, rasac mrevli Semowirulobis kalaTSi Caagdebs, isaa taZris Semosavali. xarjebi ki, rogorc mogaxseneT, sakmaod didia.

_ Tqvens mier gadaxdil parakliss didi madli aqvs. rames xom ar gaixsenebT madlmosili paraklisebis Sesaxeb?
_ Cems gadaxdil parakliss ki ara, saerTod parakliss aqvs didi madli, vinc ar unda gadaixados is. Tumca aqve vityodi, rom gulmodgine damokidebuleba yvela saqmisadmi da miT ufro locvisadmi, uflisagan Sesmenili iqneba. iyo aseTi SemTxveva, roca uSvilo col-qmars paraklisis gadaxdis Semdeg Svili SeeZinaT. erTxel, erTi qalbatoni movida CemTan, romelic 6 Tve samsaxurs eZebda da gawbilebulma paraklisis gadaxda mTxova. Cven gvaqvs Zalian kargi xati `Sen xar venaxis~' RvTismSoblisa, romelic mama arCil mindiaSvilma gamogvigzavna. es xati Zalian miyvars da masTan vixdi xolme parakliss. am qalbatonsac am xatTan gadavuxade. 5 wuTic ki ar iyo gasuli paraklisis damTavrebidan, roca am qalbatons daurekes da samsaxuris Sesaxeb acnobes. samwuxaro faqtia, rom amis Semdeg is qalbatoni taZarSi agar minaxavs, magram RvTimSobelma Seismina Cveni Txovna da daexmara mas.

_ ras etyodiT emigrantebs, rogor SevinarCunoT simSvide gansacdelSi, romelic mravlad gvaqvs am qveyanaSi?
_ eklesiaSi siaruli namdvilad aucilebelia, aucilebelia aseve adamiani CarTuli iyos locvebSi. vinaidan ise araferi amSvidebs adamians, rogorc locva. garda amisa, Tu kacs uflis imedi aqvs, es win gadadgmuli didi nabijia simSvidis SesanarCuneblad, radgan RvTis gareSe araferi xdeba. Tu gansacdeli Segvxvda, unda gvaxsovdes, rom esec RvTisganaa gamogzavnili. Cvens dasasjelad ki ara, aramed azrze mosayvanad da ufalTan misaaxloveblad. zogi fiqrobs, rom ai, raRac davaSave da amisTvis msjis RmerTi. magisi droc mova, roca warvsdgebiT RvTis winaSe, manamde ki aTasnair gansacdels gvigzavnis, rom swor gzaze dagvayenos, dagvifaros, gamogvafxizlos, vinaidan, roca myudro cxovreba gvaqvs, araferi aRar gvaxsovs adamianebs. gansacdeli, es aris raRac mujluguni, romelmac unda gamogvafxizlos. ase rom, es saWiroa, magram Cven adamianebi amas ver vxvdebiT, an ar vafasebT. Tu simSvide ar SevinarCuneT da mxolod TavSi xeliscemas movyvebiT, es situacias ar gamoasworebs, piriqiT, dagvaavadmyofebs. yvelaze kargi wamali aris am dros iesos locva: `ufalo ieso qriste, Zeo RmrTisao, Semiwyale me codvili.~ rac SeiZleba xSirad unda vimeoroT, 100-jer, 200jer, aTasjer, zogjer xmamaRla, zogjer gulSi, rogorc mogvixerxdeba. es locva Zalian exmareba da amSvidebs adamians.

_ morwmune adamianisaTvis gamsazRvreli aris siaxlove da urTierToba RmerTTan, ufalTan aseT urTierTobas locva hqvia. rogor dagvlocavT, mamao?
_ pirvel rigSi vusurvebdi da es erTgvari locvac aris, rom yvelas moeces madli eklesiaSi siarulisa, RvTis gzaze Sedgomisa. meore rigSi, SeZlon SeinarCunon qarTveloba da ena. mesame rigSi, uyvardeT erTmaneTi, rac SeiZleba metad, vinaidan ucxoeTSi qarTvelebs erToba gvaklia. krilovis kvartetiviT sxvadasxva mxares viweviT. es ar aris kargi niSani. davlocav da vusurvebdi yvela qarTvels, hqonodeT sulieri erToba, erToba da kidev erToba.

_ mama alqsandre, erT mxares Tqven da rwmeniT gajerebuli qarTveli emigrantebi, maTi momavali dgaxarT, meore mxares ki qveyana, sadac adamianis uzneoba SeiZleba im donemde davides, ise CaiZiros WaobSi, rom wamodgoma gauWirdes. qveyana, sadac qristianebs sxvadasxva mwvalebluri seqtis wevrebTan TiTqmis yoveldRiuri Sexeba gvaqvs...
_ qristiani yvelgan qristiani unda iyos. ara aqvs mniSvneloba, romel qveyanaSi cxovrobs igi. saerTod ki qristianebis cxovreba gansacdelebiTaa savse. me ar vityodi, rom amerika iseTi qveyanaa, sadac yvela codvis WaobSi iZireba, Tumca cdunebac didia. am mxriv sxva qveynebic ar CamorCebian. SeiZleba iTqvas, rom evropa uswrebs kidec amerikas. arc saqarTveloa gamonaklisi dRes samwuxarod. es ara marto amerikis, aramed globaluri

_ mamao, mogexsenebaT, rom Cven ufro adre gavqristiandiT, vidre rusebi. isini 5 saukunis Semdeg gaqristiandnen, magram rusebma ufro moaxerxes am qveyanaSi eklesiamonastrebis gaxsna da amoqmedeba. CvenTan es ar moxerxda, miuxedavad imisa 20 welia qarTveli emigrantebis gamodineba xdeba.
_ saqme imaSia, rom rusebs Tu aviRebT, berZnebs an sxva xalxebs, maTTan cota sxva situaciaa. rusebi

_ mamao, Tqveni ojaxuri mdgomareobis Sesax gviambeT, Tu SeiZleba. ramdeni Svili gyavT da ramdenad SeZeliT Tqveni SvilebisTvis qarTuli suliskveTebis SenarCuneba. isini xom aq dabadebulebi da gazrdilebi arian?
_ myavs sami Svili, ori gogo da erTi biWi. ufrosebi 19 da 18 wlis arian, umcrosi ki 14-is. meuRle amJ-

_ didi madloba, mama aleqsandre. ufalma Seiwiros yvela Tqveni sikeTe, mogceT madli da Zala, Tavi mogviyaroT, dagvlocoT da aqauri mZime yofa gagviadviloT yvela qarTvel emigrants.
_ icocxleT. RmerTma daglocoT! esaubra

lela WeliZe

8

noemberi, 2010

erToba

UNITY

3cfmfhsdtkjib htdjkewbt,bc lhj lfvsfdhlf4888
gTavazobT intervius opoziciuri partiis `Tavisufali demokratebi~ xelmZRvanelTan, b-n irakli alasaniasTan
_ Tqven Zalian kargad gicnobT qarTuli sazogadoeba; axalgazrda asakis miuxedavad, muSaobdiT Zalze sapasuxismgeblo Tanamdebobebze da yvelgan gamorCeuli iyaviT. bolos muSaobdiT amerikis SeerTebul StatebSi da uceb, opoziciaSi aRmoCndiT... _ didi madloba. me yovelTvis vemsaxurebodi Cems qveyanas da ara pirvel pirs. ase iyo pankisis xeobaSi, ase iyo amerikaSic. gaeroSi mudmivi warmomadgenlis Tanamdebobis datovebis survili 7 noembris Semdeg gamiCnda. Cemi megobari levan miqelaZe asec moiqca _ is gadadga SveicariaSi saqarTvelos elCis Tanamdebobidan. me maSin vmuSaobdi dokumetze, romelic Zalian mniSvnelovani iyo Cveni qveynisTvis. rezoluciaSi, romlic aqtiuri muSaobis Sedegad gaeros generalurma asambleam miiRo, pirvelad Caiwera devnilebis sakuTar saxlebSi dabrunebis ufleba da gaCnda Canaweri afxazeTSi qarTvelTa eTnowmendis Sesaxeb. aqtiurad viyavi CarTuli afxazebTan molaparakebebis procesSic. damerwmuneT, CemTvis es ar iyo ioli, me soxumSi omis dros mSobeli davkarge. miuxedavad amisa, Cven momavalze orientirebuli urTierToba avawyveT da rom ara saakaSvilis ugunuri da gauTvleli politika, dRes soxumSic da cxinvalSic gansxvavebuli viTareba iqneboda. agvistos omis Semdeg saakaSvils vuTxari, rom Tanamdebobaze aRar davrCebodi. mas SeeZlo am omis Tavidan acileba... Sedegad okupirebulia saqarTvelos teritoriebi da didi xniT gadaweulia saqarTvelos teritoriuli mTlianobis aRdgenis perspeqtiva. _ opoziciaSi ratom waxvediT? _ opoziciaSi wavedi, rom moxdes arsebuli sistemis Zireuli cvlileba; dRes saqarTveloSi nebismier sakiTxze gadawyvetilebas iRebs mxolod erTi pirovneba _ saakaSvili. me vibrZvi qveyanaSi axali politikuri kulturis dasamkvidreblad. saqarTveloSi revoluciebis dro damTavrda. vmuSaobT saarCevno garemos gaumjobesebaze. samarTliani saarCevno kodeqsi, Tavisufali media da depolitizirebuli policia iqneba qveyanaSi xelisuflebis pirvelad arCevnebis gziT Secvlis garanti. _ batono irakli, ramdenime xnis win qarTul opoziciaSi didi gaurkveveloba iyo, gaurkveveloba iyo qarTul sazogadoebaSic. Semdeg gaCnda molodini, rom Tqvens garSemo gaerTiandeboda mTeli opozicia. Tqveni azriT, ram SeuSala xeli, erTiani Zlieri opoziciuri Zalis Seqmnas? _ mTeli opoziciis gaerTianeba SeuZlebelia. me Tavidanve ganvacxade, rom vibrZvi xelisuflebis arCevnebis gziT Sesacvlelad. viRacas es warmoudgenelad miaCnia, Tumca sazogadoebas sxvas verafers sTavazobs. `Tavisufali demokratebi~ erTaderTi partia saqarTveloSi, romelsac aranairi valdebuleba ar gaaCnia moqmedi xelisuflebis winaSe. Cven viciT, xelisuflebaSi mosvlis Semdeg rogor SevcvaloT jandacvis, ganaTlebis, sasamarTlosa da usafrTxoebis sistemebi. Cveni brZolis meTodebi yvelasaTvis cnobilia da Cveni partiis karic yvelasTvis Riaa, vinc iziarebs Cvens Rirebulebebs. _ gTxovT gviambeT Tqveni da Tqveni partiis uaxloesi gegemebis Sesaxeb? _ `Tavisufali demokratebi~ axla aqtiurad vmuSaobT partiuli manqanis Seqmnaze, vayalibebT raionul organizaciebs. ukve Seiqmna zugdidis, goris, ozurgeTisa da wyaltubos raionuli organizaciebi. 2011 wlis bolomde ofisi gveqneba saqarTvelos yvela raionSi. Cven mosaxleobas vTavazobT problemebis gadaWris konkretul gzebs, vacnobT Cvens programebs.

_ Tqveni azriT, dRevandel etapze ra prioritetebia saqarTvelosTvis? _ mTavari sagareo prioriteti afxazeTis da cxinvalis regionis araRiarebis politikis SenarCunebaa. Rrmad var darwmunebuli, es asec iqneba. qveynis SigniT ki mTavaria umuSevrobasTan brZola da socialuri problemebis mogvareba. dRes saqarTvelos mosaxleobis 80%-ze meti darCenilia xelmisawvdomi jandacvis gareSe. mosaxleobis 50%-ze meti umuSevaria. biznesis 50%-ze meti ganicdis saxelmwifos mxridan zewolas. qveyanaSi praqtikulad aRar arsebobs saSualo fena. am gamowvevebis daZlevas sWirdeba gaTvlili da gaazrebuli politika, mixeil saakaSvils ki arc saSinao da arc sagareo resursi ar aqvs am problemebis mosagvareblad. _ batono irakli, bolo 15 weliwadSi, amerikis SeerTebul StatebSi qarTuli diasporis raodenobam gadaaWarba 100 aTass. sxvadasxa StatebSi ixsneba qarTuli eklesiebi, qarTuli kulturis centrebi, sakvirao skolebi, gamodis qarTuli gazeTebi, internetSi yoveldRiurad uyureben qarTul telearxebs. emigrantebi cdiloben, saqmis kursSi iyvnen saqarTveloSi mimdinare movlenebTan dakavSirebiT. ras etyviT amerikaSi mcxovreb qarTvelebs? _ amerikaSi Zalian bevri Cemi megobari cxovrobs da moRvaweobs. Cveni mTavari amocanaa is codna da gamocdileba, rasac qarTvelebi sazRvargareT iZenen, samSoblos moaxmaron. saamisod maT^ sWirdebaT xelSewyoba. didi imedi maqvs, ramdenime weliwadSi saqarTveloSi iqneba iseTi garemo, rom daiwyeba samSobloSi dabrunebis procesi. _ gmadlobT. _ didi madloba Tqvens gazeTs... intervius uZRveboda

mixeil mumlaZe

UNITY

erToba

MFHSDTKT,B CFPQDFHUFHTS

noemberi, 2010

9

niu-iorkSi, sadac axla vcxovrob, erTi wuTiTac maviwydeba, rom qarTveli
losTan, moniWebuli maqvs niu-iorkis cixeSi Sesvlis ufleba... da mainc, Cems yvelaze mniSvnelovan miRwevad amerikaSi Semdeg faqts miviCnev. im mizniT, rom saqarTveloSi da amerikis SeerTebul StatebSi miRebuli gamocdileba, codna da miRwevebi kvlav Cemi eris sakeTildReod gamomeyenebina, davaarse da dRemde vxelmZRvanelob `qarTvel emigrantTa momsaxurebis centrs~, riTac ara marto amerikis SeerTebul StatebSi, aramed kanadaSi mcxovreb mraval qarTvels vexmarebi sxvadasxva saxis problemis mogvarebaSi. _ ra saxis momsaxurebas eweva `qarTvel emigrantTa momsaxurebis centri~? _ vrceli informaciis miReba centris mier SemoTavazebuli momsaxurebis sferoebis Sesaxeb SesaZlebelia veb-gverdze: www.babajana.com pirvel gverdze ganTavsebuli baneris `qarTvel emigrantTa momsaxurebis centris~ gaxsniT. saqarTveloSi mcxovrebi qarTvelebisTvis, gansakuTrebiT saintereso iqneba imis codna, rom maT amerikaSi mcxovrebi axloblebisgan Cveni centris meSveobiT SeuZliaT miiRon apostiliT damowmebuli dokumentebi: mindobiloba (maT Soris pasportis miRebis, uZravi qonebis daregistrirebis, ganqorwinebisa da sxv.), Tanxmoba, anderZi da a.S., monawileoba miiRon `Green Card~-is latariaSi. niuiorkSi Camosul mgzavrebs vxvdebiT aeroportSi, vaTavsebT dabalfasian qarTul sastumroebSi, vexmarebiT sxvadasxva saxis dokumentis miRebaSi. _ bolosdabolos moirge `amerikuli panama~ Tu darCi mSvenieri qarTveli qalbatoni? _ Cemi azriT, saSinelebaa, roca adamiani sakuTar Tavs kargavs. gansakuTrebiT samwuxaroa, Tu igi sakuTar fesvebs wydeba. vfiqrob, rTulia, magram aucilebelia msoflios centrSi, niu-iorkSi, sadac ukve 12 welia vcxovrob, sakuTari TviTmyofadobis SenarCuneba. saSineli sanaxavia is faqti, roca zogierTi qarTveli qarTvelobas iviwyebs da cdilobs msoflio erTa am `did qvabSi moixarSos~. es gansakuTrebiT vlindeba imaSi, rom mas qarTul enaze aRar surs saubari. amgvari pirovnebebi Cems `risxvas~ imsaxureben. amerikaSi `qarTuli enis sadarajoze vdgavar~. miuxedavad imisa, rom gaxlavarT aSS notariusi, qarTvelebisTvis yvela dokuments qarTul enaze vadgen. ara marto mkacrad viTxov, rom yvela qarTveli mSobliur enaze damelaparakos, aramed yvela sxva eris warmomadgenels, romelsac odesme saqarTveloSi ucxovria, vTxov, qarTulad damelaparakos da roca is damtvreuli qarTuliT melaparakeba, did madlobas vuxdi. gansakuTrebul daxmarebas vuwev yvela im qarTvels, visac raime wvlili miuZRvis qarTuli kulturis ganviTarebaSi, SeZlebisdagvarad uangarod vexmarebi CemTvis ucnob ekonomiurad gaWirvebul qarTvelebsac. aseve, qarTuli kulturis mravali moRvawe swored Cemi daxmarebiT Camodis amerikaSi da sakuTar Semoqmedebas ara marto aq mcxovreb qarTvelebs, aramed amerikelebsac uziarebs. meores mxriv, Cemi finansuri anazRaurebis dakargvis fasad, uars veubnebi daxmarebaze im qarTvelebs, romlebsac qurdobis gamo eqmnebaT problemebi sasamarTloSi, aseve, im qarTvelebsac, romlebic saqarTveloSi mimdinare procesebis Sesaxeb SeTx-

lia barnabiSvili:

ar var

enaTmecnierebis doqtori, saxelmwifo marTvis magistri lia barnabiSvili rusTavSi daibada da gaizarda. dRes igi amerikis SeerTebul StatebSi cxovrobs da aqtiur samecniero da sazogadoebriv saqmianobas eweva. rac mTavaria, ar iviwyebs Tavis fesvebs, mWidro kavSiri aqvs saqarTvelosTan da yovel mniSvnelovan politikur Tu sazogadoebriv movlenas exmaureba.
_ davibade da gavizarde rusTavSi Zalian Tbil, sayvaruliT aRsavse, Rirseul da sapativsacemo ojaxSi. skolaSi warCinebiT swavlas warmatebiT vuTavsebdi varjiSs sportSi, swavlas qoreografiul studiasa da samusiko saswavlebelSi. gansakuTrebuli warmatebebi mqonda musikaSi. var saqarTvelos pianistTa konkursis I adgilis mflobeli. wiTel di plomze davamTavre ucxo enaTa instituti, saxelmwifo universitetis aspirantura, vaSingtonis saxelmwifo marTvis akademiis magistratura. var enaTmecnierebis doqtori, profesori, saxelmwifos marTvis magistri, `inglisur-qarTuli frazeologiuri leqsikonis~ Semqmneli da 15 samecniero naSromis avtori, saqarTveloSi mecnierebaTa aRorZinebis fondis erT-erTi damaarsebeli, samecniero naSromTa krebulis redkolegiis wevri, samecniero konferenciaTa erTerTi organizitori da aqtiuri monawile. 23 wlis asakidan vmuSaobdi maRal da sapasuxismgeblo Tanamdebobebze: direqtoris moadgiled rusTavis 23-e saSualo skolaSi, qvemo qarTlis ganaTlebis sammarTveloSi, ucxo enaTa kaTedris gamged or umaRles saswavlebelSi, sagareo urTierTobaTa sammarTvelos ufrosad prezidentis rwmunebulis aparatSi, saqarTvelos parlamentis sagareo urTierTobaTa dapartamentSi da sagareo saqmeTa saministros amerikis departamentSi. mWidrod vTanamSromlobdi aSS saelCosTan da amerikel specialistebTan saqarTvelos momavali ganviTarebis gegmebTan dakavSirebiT. sxvaTaSoris, var kerZo biznesis erTerTi pirveli mflobeli saqarTveloSi. _ samSobloSi warmatebuli qalbatoni rogor moxvdi amerikaSi? _ amerikaSi vaSingtonis saxelmwifo akademiis profesorebis miwveviT gavemgzavre. maTi survili iyo, memuSava gaerTianebuli erebis organizaciaSi, Tumca, imis gamo, rom amerikaSi darCenas ar vapirebdi, sxva gza avirCie. es gza sakmaod ekliani aRmoCnda... miuxedavad im uamravi sirTulisa, romlis gadalaxvac momixda, SevZeli met-naklebad Tavi damemkvidrebina mravalmilionian qalaqSi. CamovTvli Cems zogierT miRwevas aSS-Si: gavxdi notariusi, paralegali, movi pove yvelaze maRali _ doqtoris samecniero xarisxi, vTanamSromlob amerikisa da didi britaneTis sxvadasxva kompaniasTan, niu-iorkisa da niu-jersis Statis munici palur da uzenaes sasamarTloebTan, aSS-s federalur sasamarT-

zuli yalbi istoriebis safuZvelze aSS-s mTavrobisgan politikur TavSesafars iTxoven. merwmuneT, gansakuTrebiT mas Semdeg, rac mravali wlis manZilze msoflios bevri eris warmomadgenelTan momiwia urTierToba, kidev ufro vamayob da bednieri var, rom qarTveli var. Cemi samSoblos gulisfeTqva aqac mesmis da misi satkivari mawuxebs, gamudmebiT Tvals vadevneb saqarTveloSi mimdinare procesebs. dedamiwis meore naxevarsferodan sul sxvagvarad Cans saqarTvelos problemebi. Cemi samuSao dRe amJamad mand mimdinare procesebis gaanalizebiT iwyeba. Semdeg es analizi adeqvaturad aisaxeba Cems statiebSi, romlebiu qarTul veb-gverdebze Tavsdeba da saqarTveloSi gamomaval gazeTebSi ibeWdeba. amiT vcdilob, sakuTari xma aqedan mivawvdino saqarTvelos da Cemi wvlili Sevitano im adamianTa gamofxizlebaSi, romlebic Cemi samSoblos araswori gziT wayvanas cdiloben.

vin icis, kidev rodisRa gnaxav, an ki odesme Segxvdebi gana? vin icis, iqneb aRar giyvarvar, an ki odesme giyvardi, gana?

_ modiT cota viwropiradulze gadavideT... eSxian `vomens~, Tanac martos, ucxoeli `maCoebi~ da aramxolod isini, albaT, mosvenebas ar gaZleven? _ rasakvirvelia, am mravalmilionian da mravalerovan qveyanaSi Tayvanismcemeli bevri myavs. mqonia uamravi SemoTavazeba, raTa aqaur da aramarto aqaur milionerebTan erTad ojaxi Semeqmna, an maTi `megobari~ gavmxdariyavi da `dedofaliviT~ mecxovra~, magram sakuTari Rirseba arasodes damikargavs da dRemde maRali sulieri Rirebulebebis erTguli vrCebi. _ vin iyvnen is adamianebi, romlebmac waruSleli kvali datoves Sens cxovrebaze? _ Zalze saintereso cxovreba ganvvle, mraval ganaTlebul da gamoCenil adamians Sevxvdi. maT Soris gansakuTrebiT gamovyofdi sam bumberaz pirovnebas, romlebTanac mravalwliani piradi da SemoqmedebiTi urTierToba makavSirebda: 1. q-ni meri esakia, enaTmecnierebaTa doqtori, profesori, deida udrood gardacvlili gamoCenili qarTveli mxatvris daTo krawaSvilisa, romelsac uSualod vicnobdi. qalbatoni meri Tavis Svilobilad mTvlida. swored man STamagona, Semeqmna `inglisur-qarTuli frazeologiuri leqsikoni~, romelic 1996 w. gamoica. 2. q-ni dinara JorJoliani, enaTmecnierebaTa doqtori, profesori, ucxo enaTa institutis kaTedris gamge, aseve msaxiobi, film `oTaraanT qvrivSi~ umSvenieresi kesos rolis Semsrulebeli. ucxo enaTa institutSi Cemi sadi plomo namuSevris prezentaciiT aRfrTovanebulma, jer moskovis aspiranturaSi CemTvis ugamocdod swavlebis ufleba moi pova, Semdeg Tavis aspirantad

amiyvana. 3. qalbatoni cisana gogliCiZe, akademikosi, ucxo enaTa institutSi germanuli enis kaTedris gamge. meri esakias gardacvalebisa da dinara JorJolianis aSS-Si sacxovreblad wasvlis Semdeg qalbatoni cisanas daxmarebiT warvadgine Cemi disertacia saxelmwifo universitetis samecniero sabWos winaSe, sadac pirvelad universitetis istoriaSi yvela akademikosis dadebiTi xma movi pove. _ ras warmoadgens rusTavi SenTvis? _ rusTavi Cemi cxovrebis ganuyofeli nawilia. miuxedavad imisa, rom saqarTveloSi Cemi cxovrebisa da moRvaweobis udidesi dro TbilisSi gavatare, rusTavidan TbilisSi sacxovreblad ar gadavsulvar. rusTavSi cxovroben mamaCemi da Cemi qaliSvili, Cemi naTesavebi, megobrebi. rusTavSi ramdenjerme movaxerxe Camosvla. sasiamovnoa is faqti, rom bevri ram keTdeba, dRiTidRe lamazdeba da mSvenierdeba igi. rac yvelaze metad maxarebs aris is, aSkarad SeimCneva inteleqtualuri Taoba, romelTa Zalisxmevac, qalaqis keTildReobasa da winsvlas Seuwyobs xels. rusTavTan mravali lamazi mogoneba makavSirebs. gansakuTrebiT miyvars rusTavSi arsebuli Cemi saxli, sadac jer me da Semdeg Cemi Svilebi gaizardnen, sadac udidesi mzrunveloba, siTbo da siyvaruli miviReT Cemi mSoblebisagan, sadac Cveni ojaxis udidesi simdidre, dedaCemis mier Seqmnili biblioTeka inaxeba, sadac Cemi ojaxis wevrebs rogorc calke, ise Cvens stumrebTan erTad literaturisa da sxva saintereso Temebze mravali diskusia da poeziis lamazi saRamoebi gagvimarTavs. _ gviambe Seni ojaxis Sesaxeb... _ cnobilia, rom adamiani mSoblebs ar irCevs. ganuzomlad bednieri var, rom RmerTma aseTi araCveulebrivi mSoblebi marguna, ukeTilSobilesi pirovnebebi. mama _ valiko barnabiSvili da deda, venera gorgaZe. me maTi lamazi siyvarulis nayofi var. venera gorgaZem, romelic 25 wlis ganmavlobaSi dRevandeli gimnaziis pedagogi gaxldaT, Cemi saxiT erTaderTi Svilis garda, rusTavs mravali Taoba aRuzarda da, marTalia, samwuxarod, dRes igi Cvens gverdiT aRar aris, dRemde udidesi siyvaruliTa da pativiscemiT sargeblobs. rom ara Cemi mSoblebis udidesi zrunva da maT mier CemTvis maqsimaluri pirobebis Seqmna, aseT warmatebas verasodes mivaRevdi. RmerTisgan udides saCuqrad miviCnev Cems or Svils - eka bainduraSvils, romelmac saerTaSoriso ekonomikis fakulteti da Teatraluri institutis kinosareJisoro fakulteti daamTavra, mravali gamoCenili pirovneba gauocebia Tavisi erudiciiTa da niWierebiT da beqa bainduraSvils, romelmac niu-iorkis kolejSi, kompiuteruli mecnierebis fakultetze iswavla da dRes mZime da patiosani SromiT amerikaSi sakuTari adgilis damkvidrebas cdilobs. sxvaTaSoris, eka leqsebs wers. amasTan dakavSirebiT saintereso istoria maxsendeba. adreul wlebSi vasrulebdi simRerebs, romlis teqstsac da melodiasac Tavad vwerdi. samwuxarod, mravali maTgani ar Caviwere imis imediT, rom arasodes damaviwydeboda. gavida dro da TandaTan damaviwyda erT-erTi Cemi simReris teqsti. vRiRinebdi mxolod erT strofs da danarCens ver vixsenebdi. ekam ramdenime wlis win, Cems dabadebis dReze, amerikaSi gamomigzavna CemTvis Zalze Zvirfasi saCuqari. im Cemi pirveli strofis gaazrebis Semdeg, warmoidgina da Seecada, egrZno is, rasac dedamisi ganicdida im leqsis daweris momentSi da Cemi strofis pirvel strofs danarCeni strofebi Tavad miumata. Jurnali `rusTavi da RusTavelebi~

10 noemberi, 2010
tiria da wunia sul wuwunebs, wuwunebs... dedas sadils uwunebs, mamas waRebs uwunebs, bebos windebs uwunebs... misi dawunebuli gamouxravT wrurunebs. sadac aris wunia, moTqma da wuwunia... tiria da wunia cremliT gawuwulia. matarebeli gzaSi garbis aTi saxli, ukan misdevs daTvi saxriT; xvrelSi Sedis bagabugiT, xidze gadis dagadugiT, mosaxvevSi - jaxajuxiT, gaSlil gzaze - taka-tukiT. xeobaSi - baqabuqiT,

CF,FDIDJ

erToba

UNITY

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sadgurebSi - CaqaCuqiT. bagabugi, dagadugi, jaxajuxi, CaxaCuxi, takatuki, baqabuqi,wiTeli rom naxa Suqi, wina saxlma dahkra buki: du-du, du-du, Cu-Cu, Cu-Cu, da Sewyvita CaqaCuqi. gadmovidnen baqabuqiT dagvaluli daTuCebi, dauares baqans buqniT, daicviTes faCuCebi.

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quCaSi
SuqniSnisTvis mTavaria, rom ar moxdes avaria. sadac mgzavris da transportis adgili da savalia, saamiso mizezebi, samwuxarod, mravalia. gvavalia, davujeroT wiTlad, yviTlad, mwvaned maSuqs, Seucdomlad awesrigebs SuqniSani yvelas marSruts. Tu wiTeli anTia, sdeq! ar wadga bijic, Tundac iyo yvelaze gabeduli biWi. Tu yviTeli anTia, cota xanic adrove! male SeaCereben lamaz-lamaz avtoebs. roca mwvane anTia, gza Senia, gaswi! wesrigs Tu ar daarRvev, xar namdvili kaci.

wiflis Ziras amosula wiflio da wiflis soko, misdgomia wiflisCita, wiflisCitas soko moswons, soko rom gamoelia, miubrunda wiwiboso. kona-kona korCiotas krefen skvinCa da beRura, mwvane kordi korCiotiT fia, fia, fifiao, gadakorCiotebula. fTilasaviT finiao, misdgomia fisos fafas, Tqlafa-TqlufiT mouTqlafavs.

tybc ufcfnt[t,b

LFFCHEKT YF[FNB888

uqnara Svili

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klouni
es cirkia, es arena! arenaze klounia. hopla! scena jambazobiT yiramala mouvlia. cxvirze burTi azis, naxe, mouxatavs grimiT saxe. sasacilo kacia, aca-baca acvia. fokuznikobs: buStebi bati-butad aqcia! Tokze dadis, ZaRlic hyavs, mayurebels arTobs: mReris, cekvavs, TaTebiT daatarebs avtos. masxaraa isic, hgavs sakuTar patrons. es klouni yvelafers sasacilos ambobs. xa-xa, xi-xi, acinebs didebsa da patarebs. _ de, xvalidan klounebis karg skolaSi matare!

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saxaliso amocanebi

e1. ra aris qveynad is el af er s Ti , ra c yv sWirdeba?

3. risi SeCereba ar ZaSeuZlia araviTar las?

2. yvelaze celqi da mousvenari bavSvi ro laze mSvidis aris yve dad?

, 4. di l iT gr Ze l ia e, saRaSuadRisas mokl . ra mos isev grZeldeba aris?

iyo da ara iyo ra, iyo erTi kaci, romelsac metad zarmaci da uqnara Svili hyavda. sanam Zala mosdevda, arCenda Svils, arafers aklebda, magram bolos moxucda da ojaxis Senaxva gauWirda. ifiqra, biWi Tavisi uqnarobiT daiRupebao, dauZaxa erT dRes da gamosacdelad uTxra: - me sacaa movkvdebi da Cemi qoneba sxva unda davutovo, radgan Sen, sul erTia, ver moixmar, uqnarobiT gaaniaveb. muSaoba gezareba, sul mcireodeni fulis Sovnac ki ar SegiZliao. - ratom ar SemiZliao, iwyina biWma. - Tu SegiZlia, wadi, Seni naSovni fuli moitane da qonebasac maSin dagitovebo. biWi xom arafris gamkeTebeli iyo da gadawyvita, qoneba eSmakobiT Caegdo xelSi. saxlSi Cumad aiRo mamis fuli, wavida, quCa-quCa uqmad ixetiala, saRamos dabrunda Sin, mamas misive fuli moutana da uTxra: - gadavyevi magis Sovnaso. mamam Svilis motanili fuli daynosa, gadaabrun-gadmoabruna da buxarSi SeuZaxa. - es Seni naSovni araao! uTxra Svils. biWma gaicina da gaecala. meore dRes isev Cumad aiRo mamis fuli. quCaquCa uqmad ixetiala, saRamos ki imdeni irbina, gaoflianda, Sevarda mamasTan da uTxra: - xom xedav, rogori gaoflili maqvs Subli, Zlivs viSove es fulio. mamam Svilis motanili fuli daynosa, gadaabrungadmoabruna, buxarSi SeuZaxa da uTxra: - matyueb, es Seni naSovni araao! biWma gaicina da gaecala.

igi mixvda, rom saqme waxda, mama Wkviani kaci iyo da ver moatyuebda. amitom gadawyvita, marTla sakuTari ofliT da SromiT eSova fuli. mTeli kvira imuSava, zogs ra gadauzida, zogs ra gaukeTa, moagrova cotaodeni fuli da miutana mamas. mamam Svilis motanili fuli daynosa, gadaabrun-gadmoabruna, buxarSi SeuZaxa da uTxra: - ara, es Seni naSovni araao!

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sofos werili futkars
axla ki gadairia biWi, orive xeliT eca buxarSi Segdebul fuls, gamoitana da iyvira: - ra hqeni, mamaCemo, magis Sovnas me erTi kvira gadavyevi da Sen cecxlSi yrio! mamam uTxra: - axla ki mjera, Svilo, Seni. mag fulze ise dagewva guli, namdvilad Seni SromiTaa naSovni. asea, fulis Sovna Znelia, imuSaveb, geqneba da icxovreb, ar imuSaveb da SimSiliT amogZvreba sulio. amis Semdeg mamam dautova Svils qoneba, xolo TviTon mSvidad gaemgzavra iq, saidanac ukan aRar brundebian. futkrisaTvis gasagzavnad werilsa wers sofo: - rac Tafli gamomigzavne, aRar avadvmyofob! yovel diliT Seni TafliT Cais mitkbobs deda. axla gri pi Semotevas veRar gamibedavs. bebikosTan, gasul zafxuls, mindorSi rom gdie, gaxsovs, xelze rom mikbine? ukve gapatie!

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bu
dRisiT wignebs kiTxulobs, ar Sordeba fuRuros. RamiT gareT dafrinavs, varskvlavebs rom uyuros. rCevas vinc ekiTxeba, ar istumrebs uariT... yvelaferi scodnia, marTla brZeni bu aris!

pepela
- vin mouqarga pepelas es TeTri kaba, netav? - amas rad unda SekiTxva, raRa Tqma unda, dedam!

UNITY erToba

RFKTYLFHB @_!!

noemberi, 2010 11

marTlmadidebluri kalendari - 2011
24 aprili - brwyinvale aRdgoma ieso qristesi

12

noemberi, 2010

[CJDYF

erToba

UNITY

`Tavis samyaroSi SegiSvebda da gimegobrebda~...
qvaSavaZe (Zveli yomarbazebi), aristo qvaSavaZe (samaniSvilis dedinacvali), glexi da ketsbi qmari (kavkasiuri carcis wre), ketsbi (riCard III), skruji (Sobis Ramis sizmari). sizmari). karlo sakandeliZis kinodebiuti 1955 wels "magdanas lurjaSi" Sedga. Tengiz abulaZisa da rezo CxeiZis gadaRebul filfilmSi man vanos roli Seasrula. am filfilmma "saukeTeso moklemetraJiani filmisTvis" kanis festivalze oqros palmis mniSvnelo lovani rto daimsaxura. meore mniSvnelovani filmi iyo daTa TuTaSxia, sadac man nikandro qiria ganasaxiera. rusTavelis Teatris scenaze msaxiobma 61 weli gaatara, mas 50-mde kinoroli da 80-mde roli TeatrSi aqvs Sesrulebuli. dam1961 wels mieniWa saqarTvelos dam saxu xurebuli sa xu rebuli artistis, xolo 1974 wels saqarTvelos wode desa qarTvelos saxalxo artistis wo de bebi. Teat2008 wlis 23 aprils rusTavelis TeatvarsrTan karlo sakandeliZis saxelobis varskvlavi gaixsna. karlo sakandeliZe gardaicvala 2010 xangrZ wlis oqtombers, 82 wlis asakSi, xangrZ livi avadmyofobis Sedegad, dakrZales didubis sazogado moRvaweTa panTeonSi.

modis imedi
`iveriis RvTismSoblis xati aTonis mTis datovebas, rom daapirebs,... taZrebi xiluli saxiT moixrebian RvTismSoblis xatis gacilebis mizniT... es iqneba RvTis didi wyaloba, imisTvis, rom msofliom naxos da gadasarCeni sulebi aq Camovidnen, saqarTveloSi.~ mama gabrieli

karlo sakandeliZe
avadmyofo fo82 wlis asakSi, xangrZlivi avadmyofobis Sedegad, qarTuli kinosa da Teatris msaxiobi gardaicmsaxiobi karlo sakandeliZe gardaic apvala. karlo sakandeliZe 1928 wlis 1 aprils daibada. moRvaweobda rusTavelis goTeatrSi. misi mniSvnelovani rolebia: gogolua), gia (losves ambavi), gio (tariel golua), azna naurebi), osiko xarebaZe (Semodgomis aznaurebi), toSeki kuCara (yvaryvare TuTaberi), toSeki (ra buTxuza siyvaruli), WinWraqa (WinWraqa), buTxuza

yfyf vtafhbidbkb
modis iveris RvTismSobeli, moapobs zvirTebs, angelozebi mohfenia zecas galobiT. muxlze moyrili saqarTvelo sakmevels inTebs, modis imedad iveriis, modis wyalobiT. modis mariam RvTismSobeli, iveris karTa da molodiniT garindula suli yoveli, wilxvedro miwav, dagafara ufalma kalTa, gminavs sameba, sioni da svetiscxoveli. modis sinaTled iverias deda uflisa, aduRebula daRvril sisxlTa yoveli wveTi, Tu es wyaloba sanacvloa mZime uRlisa, iverielno, ra wyalobas gigzavniT RmerTi! modis iveris RvTismSobeli, naTeli mrwamsi. gaSaleT sulis nawilebi eklian gzaze, mtkvridan ifeTqebs aTasobis wmindanTa sisxli, Seegebeba da bilikebs gaufens zRvaze. aanTeT yvela sanTeli da yvela kandeli, daadgiT sxivi eklesiebs gubmaTis jvarSi, am dRes elodi, saqarTvelov, xani ramdeni! CaaweT puri sakurneblad Rvinian jamSi. eri, romelsac gamudmebiT ugebdnen maxes, xalxi, romelic gansacdelebs iRebda TmeniT, eri, romelic daCoqili verasdros naxes, axla sruliad iveria iCoqebs rwmeniT. madloba ufals, aTasjer rom agviklo mterma, daRvril sisxlisTvis, glovisaTvis, rac odes gvWirda. Tu ram SesZlo da gaditana patara erma, yvela cremli da gansacdeli am dRisTvis Rirda. gesmiT? miwidan saocari ismis galoba, bumberaz qedebs dauxriaT Tavebi ridiT, aRreulia erTmaneTSi SiSi, daroba, macxovris deda mobrZandeba nabijiT mSvidiT. gafineT zRvaze cisartyelis ferebi erTad, xelis gulebSi CaagubeT mdumare cremli, modis iveris RvTismSobeli, saunje ferTa da zRvis napirTan mdumarebiT loculobs beri. dedav iesos, dambadeblis dambadebelo, Sens siwmindesTan kacTa modgma godebiT borgavs, madlSemosilo qristianTa mtkice kedelo, uflis mosvlisas uwinamZRvre iverTa modgmas. zeca mtredebiT mofenili TeTri feria, es ra madli da wyaloba gaqvs, amis mnaxvelo, muxlze moyrili molodiniT sdums iveria da fiandazad gagebuli wevs saqarTvelo.

guram saRaraZe:
_ me da karlos erTmaneTTan didi xnis megobroba gvakavSirebs. Cveni megobroba pionerTa sasaxlidan daiwyo, sadac dramatul wreSi davdiodiT da speqtaklebs vTamaSobdiT. maSin jer kidev skolis moswavleebi viyaviT. rusTavelis TeatrSi 1951 wels mivedi, karlo ori wlis misuli iyo. mas Semdeg arsad wavsulvarT. erTad bevr speqtaklSi viTamaSeT. karlo Zalian didi profesionali iyo. Cven verc erTi ver davitrabaxebT im profesionalizmiT, romelic mas gaaCnda. rols rom miscemdnen da muSaobas daiwyebda, bolomde gawuravda. reJisors axal-axal winadadebebs sTavazobda. bunebiT fxukiani iyo. raRaca ambavi rom SeemTxveoda, im ambavs gazviadebulad mogiyveboda, gaabuqebda da gaaformebda. ise moyveboda, TiTqos vefxvi mokla. mere vicinodiT, karlom ra Tqva, karlom rogor gaakeTa, ra mouvida da ase Semdeg. bunebiT iseTi iyo, rom ar gawyeninebda. megobris da Zmakacis moyvaruli iyo. ra sikeTec SeiZleba iTqvas adamianze, is SeiZleba iTqvas karloze. qeific Zalian uyvarda. kargad mReroda da kargad cekvavda. qarTuli simRerebis didostati iyo. daleva uyvarda, magram repeticiaze, an speqtaklze arasodes movidoda nasvami. scenaze ise iyo, rogorc Tevzi wyalSi. bolos "moxuc jambazebSi"

imuSava. rolic kargi hqonda da mSvenivradac muSaobda, magram Cawva da muSaoba aRar SeeZlo. yovelTvis mzad viyaviT, am speqtaklSi karlo Segveyvana, magram janmrTeloba amis saSualebas ar aZlevda. samwuxaroa, rom karlo dRes Cvens gverdiT aRar aris. sanam iarsebebs qarTuli kino da Teatri, misi saxeli ar mokvdeba.

givi berikaSvili:
- saocari pirovneba iyo, dauzareli da wundaudebeli. yvelafers gaakeTebda, oRond vinmesTvis rame esiamovnebina. yvelasTan marTali iyo. rogorc Semoqmedi, Zalian mimzidveli iyo. muSaobis procesSi araferze brazdeboda. Tu Seni partniori iyo, muSaobis saSualebas gaZlevda. masTan muSaobas araferi sjobda. 24 saaTi SeeZlo emuSava. arasodes getyoda sayvedurs. magaliTad, repeticia rom unda dagvewyo, gvetyoda: biWebo, Tqven ar SewuxdeTo, adgeboda da Tavad gaakeTebda yvelafers da mere gvetyoda, repeticia daviwyoTo. pirvelad "Rvinis qurdebSi" viTamaSeT erTad. am filmidan daiwyo Cveni didi megobroba. dRe da Rame erTad viyaviT.

murman jinoria:
- Cveni pirveli gacnoba moxda rusTavelis TeatrSi, rodesac miSa TumaniSvilma dadga Seqspiris piesa "iulius keisari", maSin III kursis studenti viyavi da batonma miSam Tavisi studen-

tebi masobriv scenebze dagvakava. Cven movxvdiT did scenaze, sadac TamaSobdnen: erosi manjgalaZe, guram saRaraZe, gogi gegeWkori, ediSer maRalaSvili. maSin batoni karlo kaskas rols TamaSobda. ase moxda Cveni pirveli profesionaluri urTierToba. yvelaze Zalian masSi momwonda is, rom masTan urTierTobaSi Tavisuflad SexvidodiT. Tavis samyaroSi SegiSvebda da gimegobrebda. uyvarda sufTad da koxtad Cacma. SeiZleba ZviradRirebuli ar scmoda, magram gamorCeulad ecva. 20-25 wliT Cvenze ufrosi iyo, magram masTan urTierTobaSi es asakobrivi barieri ar igrZnoboda. gacnobis wuTidanve davmegobrdiT. batoni karlo im kategorias miekuTvneboda, romelTanac Tavisuflad mixvidodi, magram mowiwebiT da didi pativiscemiT. es Tviseba mas Tavis profesiaSic hqonda. udidesi msaxiobi iyo da amave dros upretenzio. batoni karlo Semdgaria, rogorc udidesi xelovani. xSirad misi partniori viyavi. bolos iyo speqtakli "saSobao sizmari". rogorc partniori guliTadi iyo. arc erT Sens Canafiqrs, qcevas ar gamotovebda. agyveboda, improvizaciis udidesi niWi hqonda. is marto Tavis rolze ar fiqrobda. mas hqonda imis unari, rom rasac akeTebda, mayurebels SeagrZnobinebda, ki ar daanaxvebda, SeagrZnobinebda. is ukanaskneli mohikani iyo, romelmac es msaxioburi Tviseba Tan gaiyola. man mSvenieri feri datova qarTul ekranze. brazdeboda usamarTlobaze. Tavad marTali kaci iyo. raRac momentSi simtkices iCenda. ficxic iyo, raRacaze wamoWarxldeboda, magram es gabrazeba borotebaSi ar gadavidoda. SeiZleba mis garSemo intriga yofila, magram amas yuradRebas ar aqcevda. arian msaxiobebi da reJisorebi, romlebic amas ufro aqceven yuradRebas, vidre Semoqmedebas. amaSic gamorCeuli iyo batoni karlo.

uflis saxeliT, unetaress vTxovoT Sendoba
mamao Cveno, gevedrebiT Segvindo codvilT, mavanTa mxrebze, eSmakebma daides bina. rogorc arasdros, mowyaleba gvWirdeba gmobilT, SemogRaRadebT sakvirvelo maRalTa Sina.

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erToba

[CJDYF

noemberi, 2010

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angelozebi dastirian sibrmaves eris, radgan codvilni ver amCneven naTelTa ferebs, iq, samTavroSi albaT oxravs wmindani beri, ros uwmindesis samoselze iwmenden xelebs. cudas rad unda mterobao, uTqvams madlians, Tumca qarTvelma icis mtroba visTan sWirdeba. albaT Cems rwmenas, mainc didi rame aklia, radganac maTi miteveba gamiWirdeba. SeerTdiT, mrevlo, oxiTa da zarebis cemiT, am codvis mere Tu ufali isev gvendoba. muxlze dacemiT, sinanuliT, godebis cremliT, uflis saxeliT, unetaress vTxovoT Sendoba.

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akuTrebuli mowyalebiT da guluxvobiT gamoirCeoda. akademiuri ganaTlebis miRebis Semdeg man nikolaZis samxatvro saswavlebeli da saxelmwifo samxatvro akademia warCinebiT daasrula. is Caeba dauRalav pedagogiur moRvaweobaSi da paralelurad iRebda monawileobas araerT respublikur, sakavSiro da saerTaSoriso gamofenaSi. igi aswavlida sabavSvo samxatvro skolaSi, nikolaZis samxatvro saswavlebelSi da Tbilisis teqnikuri universitetis arqiteqturis fakultetze. mis pedagogiur moRvaweobaze yvelaze kargad metyvelebs mravalricxovan niWier SemoqmedTa armia, wlebis ganmavlobaSi rom aRuzarda ers. is marto xatvas ar aswavlida studentebs, aramed patiosnebas, Rirsebas da Sromisadmi pativiscemas. madlierma samSoblom leila CoCels damsaxurebuli mxatvris da pedagogis wodeba mianiWa. qalbatoni leila CoCeli qmnida silamazes da uxvad gascemda Tavis naxelavs. misi samyaro iyo siyvarulis da silamazis sinTezi. misi siTbo dResac aTbobs mraval adamians. leilas didi ostatobiT Sesrulebuli namuSevrebi dRes araerT pirad koleqcias amSvenebs saqarTveloSi da mis sazRvarebs gareT. bolo wlebSi misma xelovnebam didi gamoZaxili hpova amerikis SeerTebul StatebSi, sadac mravalma adamianma Seiyvara CoCelis Semoqmedeba. `rasaca gascem Senia, rac ara, dakargulia~, _ es iyo leila CoCelis cxovrebis devizi... ise miabara suli ufals, rom orTav samyaroSi datova kvali naTeli, rogorc didma xelovanma, didma adamianma da uaRresad ubralo, siyvaruliT aRsavse morwmunem. didi ilias cnobili sityvebi namdvilad upriania axla gavixsenoT: `diaR, batonebo, dRes samudamod veTxovebiT imisTana didbunebovan adamians, romelsac RmerTi mouvlens xolme am codvil qveyanas, rom adamianma misi mixedviT da magaliTiT SeiZlos sakuTaris znisa da xasiaTis gawrTvna da ganmtkiceba~. WeSmaritad aseTi samagaliTo adamiani iyo igi. RmerTs ebarebodeT, sayvarelo leliko! megobrebi, Seni didi niWis Tayvanismcemlebi.

Cems moZRvars mama aleqsandres
samSoblodan gamoyolil siTbos, ucnauri Sehparvia feri. guli SenTan siaxloves iTxovs, gvaimedeb da gansacdels Sveli. am miwaze sad gvepova madli, zecas swvdeba aRmsareblis bodva, Sen rom ara dagvjabnida dardi, Sen rom ara dagvaxrCobda codva. sad gvepova is biliki sulis, dabneuli taZarSi rom mihyavs, SenTan yofna simSvidea gulis Sengan vismenT RvTiTkurTxeul sityvas. saTnoeba amogviwe sulze, raki RmerTi saTnoebas iTxovs, imedebad agvakari gulze, mag TvalTagan gadmoRvrili siTbo. Segvkribe da gagvamxneve mrevli, dagvafice wminda ninos jvarTan. gviwinamZRvre da Cagvkide xeli, migvacile sasufevlis karTan.

minda gagecnoT
me rusTavelis samSoblodan var, iq Semaswavles locva da rwmena, vaJas miwaa Cemi saZvale, gogebaSvilma amidga ena. aRmaSeneblis samSoblodan var, iqaa Cemi sulis sauflo, sadac simReriT omebs igeben, sadac yoveli leqsad saubrobs. me saakaZis samSoblodan var, Tamaris sisxli gadamdis gulze, uflis siyvaruls Tavs rom swiraven da rwmenas arvin ar hyidis fulze. me da firosmans erTi miwa gvaqvs, galaktionis damyurebs Rame, swored iqaa Cemi samSoblo, deda RvTismSoblis rCeuli mxare. me qeTevanis samSoblodan var, misi sisxli var, Svili var, da var, akakis nasunTq haers visunTqav, ilias gavlil miwaze daval. Cemi samSoblo ver iTvlis asaks, kacobriobis dReTa Seqmnidan. diax, gaxlavarT saqarTvelodan, geniosTa da gmirTa qveynidan!

Tu iavnana ar gesmis...
sulSi siamaye minda vabatono, daval mogonebiT garTuli, rogor mebralebiT, ucxo qalbatono, Tqven rom sul ar gesmiT qarTuli. ici? am galobas Cemi winaprebi, ufals Seswiravdnen alersiT, rarig sabralo xarT, ucxo qalbatono, Tqven rom `iavnana~ ar gesmiT. Tu ar gidardia, Tu ar gangicdia, ras niSnavs, samSoblo datovo, amas verasodes Tqven ver mimixvdebiT, Cemo usamSoblo batono. qarTul vaJkacobas, qarTul moferebas, qarTul miwis surnels dagideb, magram, mapatieT, ucxo qalbatono, Tqven amas verasdros gaigebT.

gardaicvala gamoCenili qarTveli mxatvari, Rvawlmosili pedagogi da uaRresad mosiyvarule adamiani leila CoCeli. leila CoCeli bavSvobidanve gamoirCeoda silamazis gansakuTrebuli aRqmiT. igi didi niWiT, uaRresad daxvewili gemovnebiT iyo dajildoebuli. misi xelovneba arnaxulad mravalferovania. jer kidev axalgazrda gogonam Seiswavla msoflio xelovnebis araerTi unikaluri nimuSi da daewafa msoflio xelovnebis saganZurs. mas gansakuTrebiT iaponuri xelovneba itacebda. misi faqizi xedva da feris da xazis didi gancda aaxloebda unikalur iaponur fenomenTan. did xelovnebasTan araerTgzis Sexebam adridanve Camouyaliba leilas daxvewili gemovneba. maSin, jer kidev sabWoTa kavSirSi, iaponiis elCma ixila misi xelnakeTi, elCis gaocebas sazRvari ar hqonda, man es namuSevari aRiqva iaponuri xelovnebis ulamazes nimuSad. aRtacebulma elCma umalve miiwvia igi tokioSi Tavisi personaluri gamofeniT. samwuxarod, sabWoTa periodis `di plomatiam~ leila CoCels ar misca saSualeba iaponiaSi gamgzavrebisa. amis miuxedavad, iaponurma presam farTod gaaSuqa misi Semoqmedeba da aRiarebis nimuSad tokioSi misi suraTebiT damSvenebuli Jurnal-gazeTebi gamosca. leila CoCelis niWiereba gasakvirveli arc iyo, radganac is gaxldaT SviliSvili qarTuli dendrologis fuZemdeblis, cnobili sazogado moRvawis, Tbilisis saxelmwifo universitetis erT-erTi damaarseblis solomon qurdianisa. Rvawlmosili mecnieris ojaxSi man miiRo jerovani ganaTleba da im didi Taobis didi kulturis da patriotizmis pirveli gakveTilebi. tragikuli iyo leila CoCelis bavSvoba, radgan didi solomon qurdiani 1937 wlis avbediT represiebs Seewira. misi bebia barbare cimbirSi gadaasaxles. saxelovani qarTuli ojaxis ngreva man mZimed ganicada. miuxedavad esodeni gansacdelisa mainc moaxerxa imedis SenarCuneba, daewafa swavlas da... eris samsaxurSi Cadga. qalbaton leilas niWi gascda mxatvrobis farglebsac. igi iyo uniWieresi musikosi, poeti da rac yvelaze mTavaria, ukeTilSobilesi da mosiyvarule pirovneba. morwmune ojaxSi aRzrdili yovelTvis inaxavda gulSi uflis siyvaruls, marTlmadidebeli eklesiis sasoebas da erTgulad axorcielebda qristes mcnebebs. qalbatoni leila gans-

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noemberi, 2010

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erToba

UNITY

biZina ivaniSvilis fenomeni
gamomcemloba `iridam~ gamosca wigni `siyvaruli gzad da xidad~. es wigni eZRvneba erT-erT sanimuSo da samagaliTo kacs, cnobil biznesmens, did qvelmoqmedsa da mecenats, did patriots, samSobloze da xalxze uzomod Seyvarebul baton biZina ivaniSvils. wignis Seqmnis idea ekuTvnis q. rusTavis koloritul pirovnebas, momReral boris SeyilaZes. wignSi Sesulia qarTul da sazRvargareTul presaSi baton biZina ivaniSvilze gamocemuli Tu dabeWdili masalebi, aseve qarTuli sazogadoebis sxvadasxva warmomadgenlebis azri am did pirovnebaze. meamayeba, rom var zemo imereTis warmomadgeneli. swored im kuTxisa, sadac daibada da aRizarda aseTi kaci. masze wignis Sedgena marto idea rodia. es aris udidesi madlierebisa da siyvarulis gamoxatuleba im adamianis mimarT, vinc ase wynarad, uxmaurod, uangarod, yovelgvari reklamisa da afiSirebis gareSe akeTebs imas, rac dRes Zalian sWirdeba Cvens qveyanas. boris SeyilaZe, momRerali, q. rusTavi yvelas gasagonad miTqvams da vambob: Cvens qveyanaSi misTana 2-3 kaci rom iyos, saqarTvelo ar iqneboda gaWirvebuli da gaRatakebuli. kacobaSi, biznesSi da mamuliSvilobaSi es msoflio rangis legenda adamiani Cemi idealia! badri kikabiZe, biznesmeni, q. rusTavi. aseTi kaci, Tundac ramdenima rom gvyavdes, me da CemisTana aTasobiT da aTiaTasobiT qarTveli ucxo miwaze ar davdgebodiT sxvis samsaxurSi. niko TaTaraSvili, amerikaSi mcxovrebi rusTavis moqalaqe biZina ivariSvils badali ar hyavs, analogi ar hyavs ara marto CvenSi, aramed _ msoflioSi. makvirvebs, maxarebs da macocxlebs misi aseTi unikaluri niWi, misi kacTmoyvareoba da maRali zneoba, radgan, rasac igi akeTebs, SeiZleba mxolod zRaprebSi waikiTxo. is aris rCeulTa Soris rCeuli, bednierTa Soris ubednieresi da aris epoqis movlena. igi yvela Cvenganis idealia. giga lorTqifaniZe es svebednieri, zeciuri kaci aravis rols ar TamaSobs, arc aravis baZavs, arc aravis ejibreba da arc arafers akeTebs vinmes dasanaxad an niSnis mosagebad. Cumad, wynarad, dinjad akeTebs imas, rasac guli da cems maqsimums da arafers iTxovs sanacvlod. manana doijaSvili, Tbilisis konservatoriis reqtori mematiane mogviTxrobs, rom mefe demetre iyo moSiSi RvTisa, sviani da gamarjvebuli, simaRlesa da simdidresa Sina mdabali, glaxakTa mowyale, obolTa da qvrivTa patroni, saydarTa da misTa msaxurTa keTilmyofeli, Semwirveli sofelTa da agarakTa, tkbilmoubari, uxvi da gamkiTxveli. vin daiSurebda am sityvebs baton biZina ivaniSvilis misamarTiT, romeli mematiane? naTela kobiaSvili miiRe rCeva: 84 wlis moxuci var, damijere, Seni naqvelmoqmedari dro da dro vinmes gamoaqveynebine, rom zogma qarTvelma, iqneb, mogbaZos da amiT, rogorc Tavis, ise Sens brwyinvale mamuliSvilobas ukvdaveba moupovos. ar iwyino, SenobiT ro mogmarTav. saqarTveloSi mefeebs ase mimarTavdnen: `gmadlob, mefeo~, Sen udidesi adamiani xar!!! Wabua amirejibi `rasaca gascem Senia, rac ara _ dakargulia~, _ ki brZana rusTavelma, magram biZina ivaniSvilamde ar moxerxda am sibrZnis saqmed qceva. otia ioseliani Tqven kvlav gindaT, darCeT uCinari da amitom Zalian bevri ram ar viciT, rasac saqarTvelos sasikeTod akeTebT, magram `samebis~ aRmSenebeli veRar darCeba ucnobi. biZina kvernaZe esaubreT nebismier Temaze, gnebavT politikaze, gnebavT xelovnebaze... mas Tavisi, ase vTqvaT, originaluri, kompetenturi da gansakuTrebuli azri aqvs. batoni biZina ambobs, madlobas nu metyvio; me maqvs da vakeTeb, visac uWirs da mainc akeTebs, madloba imas ekuTvniso. ramaz CxikvaZe sakuTari mdgomareoba mafiqrebs. Zalian Zneli iqneboda Cemi da Cemi ojaxis arseboba misi Tanadgomis gareSe da gana marto Cemi _ mTeli qarTuli Teatraluri da kinoxelovneba. Tengiz arCvaZe simarTle unda iTqvas: ase gaazrebuli, uangaro, masStaburi qvelmoqmedeba, rogorsac axorcielebs batoni biZina dRes, saqarTveloSi Znelad mosaZebnia. eldar Sengelaia swored misi daxmarebiT gadaviRe filmi `midioda matarebeli~, sadac misi da Cemi megobrebi _ ramaz CxikvaZe, kaxi kavsaZe, zurab yifSiZe da sxvebi monawileoben. giorgi Sengelaia araerTi mecnieri, mwerali da damsaxurebuli pirovneba, daumsaxureblad miviwyebuli saxlmwifo biurokratiis mier, uxsnia mas mZime xvedrisgan. mTavari ki mainc is aris, rom igi, marTlac, qarTuli xelgaSlilobiT gascems, rusTavelis sibrZnis sakadrisad, gascems uSurvelad da arafers iTxovs samagierod. fridon Todua, saqarTvelos mecnierebaTa akademiis vice-prezidenti biZina ivaniSvili kvlavac aRsavsea grandiozuli CanafiqrebiTa da ideebiT, romelTa ganxorcielebasac mSobliur qveyanaSi apirebs. gogi TofaZe

batono biZina, didia Tqveni Rvawli Cveni qvyenisa da saqarTvelos marTlmadidebeli eklesiis winaSe. gansakuTrebiT mniSvnelovania is wvlili, rac Tqven SeitaneT aTaswleulis mSeneblobis _ yovladwmida samebis saxelobis sakaTedro taZris aSenebis saqmeSi. RmerTma daglocoT da gagaxaroT Tqven da Tqveni ojaxi im auracxeli sikeTisTvis, romelsac Tqven akeTebT~. Rrma pativiscemiT, ilia II, sruliad saqarTvelos kaTolikos-patriarqi goneba karnaxobs, xolo guli da goni RmerTma daujildova sikeTisa da kacTmoyvareobis niWiT. Cven yvelani davalebuli varT misgan! oTar meRvineTuxucesi sofel Worvilis (saCxeris raioni) erTi mozrdili ubnis, sadac me vcxovrobdi (da ara marto am ubanSi), yoveli mcxovrebi yovelTviurad daxmarebis saxiT oras lars iRebs TavianTi Tanasofleli qvelmoqmedisagan, maT Soris dedaCemic. msgavs daxmarebas aseve, raionis masStabiT yvela oboli da invadili iRebs. Worvilis saSualo skolis Senoba, albaT, erT-erTi saukeTeso skolis Senobaa saqarTveloSi. moswavleebi ufasod iReben saskolo formebs, saxelmZRvaneloebs. aqvT ufaso kveba. ufaso samedicino momsaxureba. skolas ufasod emsaxureba ori komfortuli avtobusi. moswavleebi weliwadSi 2-3-jer ufasod dadian eqskursiebze. zoia gamgebeli, s. Worvila, q. rusTavi me rom mkiTxon, mivaniWebdi erT, yvelaze sapatio jildos: `saqarTvelos sapatio moqalaqe~. Salva dauSvili, q. rusTavis sapatio moqalaqe es is kacia, romelic uangarod axarebs mravalT da gulwrfelad xarobs maTi gaxarebiT. muxran maWavariani mxolod erTs vityvi: biZina ivaniSvils araferi unda sTxovo. man TviTon icis, vis rogor daexmaros, vis ra gaukeTos. yvelaze ukeT ki is icis, ra gaukeTos Tavis qveyanas. nani bregvaZe cnobilia, rom Cveni msaxiobebi, mecnierebi, musiko-

Rirs sicocxle
biZina ivaniSvils
daikarga sityva saRi, kacs abamen cxenis aRvirs, kvnesis deda, kvnesis balRi, miatova Citma baRi, dangreula taZris TaRi, aqeT _ tyvia, iqiT _ naRmi, sizmrad vxedav Zmis sisxls daRvrils, saqarTvelos vxedav daRlils, dRes sicocxle Rirs Tu ar Rirs? Rirs sicocxle, Rirs sicocxle, roca gverdSi biZina gyavs, gaumarjos, mis nagrams da gaumarjos mis winapars. jansuR Carkviani sebi, muzeumis TanamSromlebi da, vin icis, kidev ramdeni vinme, fizikurad ixsna biZina ivaniSvilis sti pendiam, roca qarTul inteligencias SimSili da sicive emuqreboda. sxva mraval sikeTesTan erTad saqarTvelos erT patara kuTxeSi (saCxeris raionSi) daZleulia siRaribis zRvari: gza gzas hgavs, skola _ skolas, saavadmyofo _ saavadmyofos, saxli _ saxls; aris sinaTle, aris gazi. erTi sityviT, yvelaferi isea, rogorc unda iyos. samebis taZari, Teatrebi, sakoncerto darbazebi, konservatoria da samxatvro akademia, muzeumebi, uzarmazari Tanxa gaRebuli bakurianis sportuli kompleqsis mSeneblobisTvis, uamravi axali gegma, risTvisac uSurvelad, uangarod gas-

aq amovwere wignSi gamoqveynebuli ramdenime pirovnebis mier gamoTqmuli azri am did pirovnebaze. albaT, batoni biZina ivaniSvilis Sesaxeb momavalSi bevri daiwereba da bevri ram iTqmeba, magram, Cemi azriT, saWiroa, axlave daiwyos muSaoba mis Sesaxeb dokumenturi filmis gadaRebisaTvis. am filmSi mTeli qveyana naxavs, ra gaakeTa man saCxeris raionSi, naxavs aRdgenamdel da aRdgenil Tbilisis Teatrebs, muzeumebs, samebis taZars, axal bakurians, gzebs, Senobebs, zRvispira bavSvTa qalaqs SekveTilSi; mousmens da naxavs im SemoqmedebiT koleqtivebs, romlebic finansdebian biZina ivaniSvilis fondidan, mousmenen qarTuli inteligenciis TvalsaCino warmomadgenlebs, naxaven da mousmenen ramdenime aTasi adamianis zogierT warmomadgenels, romlebic gamojanmrTeldnen saCxeris, Tbilisisa da sazRvargareTis samkurnalo dawesebulebebSi. mayurebeli naxavs da gaigebs bevr rames, da ara marto qarTveli mayurebeli da ara marto saqarTveloSi. Cemi azriT, am dokumenturi filmis gadasaRebad scenaristebic gamoCndebian, reJisorebic da, ra Tqma unda, damfinanseblebic. batonma biZina ivaniSvilma qarTvelebs samebis taZari agvigo da iq misasvleli gzac gagvikeTa. axla gzis gavlaa saWiro. mixeil mumlaZe P.S. baton biZina ivaniSvilis fenomenis garkveva da Sefaseba dResdReobiT srulyofilad SeuZlebelia, radgan aseTi pirovnebebi saukunis manZilzec ki SeiZleba ar gamoCndnen.

UNITY

erToba

CFBYNTHTCJ FV,T,BC RBLJ,FYB

noemberi, 2010

15

`aqtiorebi~ gastrolebze
msaxiobebis cxovreba metad datvirTulia. am profesiis Tavisebureba imaSia, rom aqtiorebs gastrolebsa Tu gadaRebebze siaruli xSirad uwevT da mSobliur garemos didi xniT arian mowyvetilebi. rasakvirvelia ucxoeTSi araordinarul situaciebSi araerTxel vardebian da gamosavalsac sakuTari gamWriaxobis wyalobiT pouloben. dRevandel werilSi cnobili qarTveli msaxiobebis sazRvargareTul Tavgadasavlebze gesaubrebiT.
qarTuli mxatvruli filmi `daviT guramiSvilis~ ramdenime epizodi qalaq peterburgSi, maSindel leningradSi gadaiRes. aprilis Sua ricxvebi iqneboda da saSinlad cioda. Sesvenebaze msaxiobebi mdinare nevis sanapiroze gavidnen. rusma msaxiobma tatiana okunevskaiam, romelic petre pirvelis qaliSvils, elizavetas TamaSobda da uzomod iyo Seyvarebuli giorgi SavguliZeze uceb wamoiZaxa: ai, is iqneba namdvili vaJkaci, vinc am mdinares gadacuravso. winadadeba dasrulebuli ar hqonda, rom giorgi nevaSi aRmoCnda. atyda saSineli panika, magram sul amaod, qarTvelma msaxiobma mdinare uSiSrad dalaSqra. rodesac napirze amovida, gaocebulebi uyurebdnen yvelani, is ki, sicivisagan gaToSili, kmayofili saxiT iRimeboda. cnobili qarTveli msaxiobi sofiko Wiaureli axalgazrdobaSi moskovSi swavlobda. sti pendiasac iRebda da mamamisi Tbilisidan kidev 200 maneTsac ugzavnida, rac maSin karg fulad iTvleboda. qalbatoni sofiko da misi megobrebi mTeli kvira qeifobdnen, Semdeg ki didi xnis ganmavlobaSi ukapikod rCebodnen. sabednierod saswavleblis bufetSi Saqari, marili, mdogvi da puri ufaso gaxldaT. msaxiobs mTeli sicocxlis manZilze Tan gahyva marilmoyrili da mdogvwasmuli Savi puris gemo. erTxelac dabadebis dReze, sofiko Wiaurelma Tbilisidan 30 maneTi da depeSa miiRo: `gilocav, gkocni, gigzavni tortis fuls~. saqarTveloSi moskovidan Semdegi saxis pasuxi wamovida: ~mamiko, didi madloba, tortis fuli miviRe, gamomigzavne puris fuli~. zogjer msaxiobebi zebunebrivi movlenebis momswreebic xdebian. jemal RaRaniZe mogvianebiT erT ucnaur istorias ixsenebda. `iyo periodi, rodesac saswaulebis ar mjeroda, magram amdeni Tanamedrove eqstrasensebisa da naTelmxilvelebis Semyure nel-nela raRaceebs vijereb. erTxel gastrolebze viyaviT lvovSi. TeatrSi auzi gamogviyves da msaxiobebi yoveldRe davdiodiT. gaxldaT da popularobac naklebad `emuqreboda~. raoden gakvirvebuli darCa, rodesac diliT, sastumros nomridan gamosuls, am dawesebulebis administratori miuaxlovda, erTi gemrielad gadakocna, Semdeg xeli CamoarTva da Tan suaihilis enaze raRacas gamwarebuli uxsnida. gareT gamosvlisas ki igive procedura sastumros Sveicarma gaimeora. dabneuli kikabiZe quCaSi ukve adgilobrivi mcxovreblebis yuradRebis centrSi moeqca. `Camwarda~ qarTvels is afrikuli winasaaxalwlo dila. sadac gamoCndeboda yvelgan eseodnen, gulSi ikravdnen da siyvarulsac uxsnidnen. erTi piroba isic gaifiqra, albaT wina saRamos koncertze iyvnen da Cemi simRerebi moewonaTo, magram am aJiotaJis mizezis dadgena mainc ver SeZlo. ukve saRamos, rodesac `dielos~ wevrebi axal wels erTad xvdebodnen gamoirkva, rom gaognebul bubas Tbilad imitom egebebodnen, rom keniis erovnuli droSisferi halstuxi uyidia da romlis tarebiTac am afrikuli saxelmwifos macxovreblebis mimarT erTgvar solidarobas gamoxatavda. ramdenime wlis win, espaneTSi erTi saerTaSoriso safexburTo matCi gaimarTa, romlis peri petiebsac sportul cnobarebSi ver ixilavT. qarTvel msaxiobTa gundi adgilobriv traqtoristTa nakrebs eTamaSa da metoqe gamanadgurebeli angariSiT daamarcxa. am saxaliso ambavs msaxiobi gia abesalaSvili ixsenebda: `espaneTSi yofnisas erTi kuriozi gadagvxda. erT dilas TeatrSi mimavalni traqtoristebis gaficvaSi movyeviT. avtobusebiT gavla ver movaswariT, zustad Cven win gadaketes gza. aranairi TxovniT ar gagvatares. bolos, vTxoveT, mainc ar gviSvebT,

modiT fexburTi viTamaSoT da Tu movigeT, gagvatareT-Tqo. magari gundi SevikribeT. maSin CvenTan erTad iyvnen rezo CxikviSvili, levan uCaneiSvili, daTo erisTavi, miSa jojua da sxvebi. marTalia traqtoristebs didi angariSiT movugeT, magram rad ginda, mainc ar gagviSves.~ msaxiobi gia feraZe sicocxleSi gansakuTrebuli oxunjobiT gamoirCeoda da megobrebs `sasiamovno~ siurprizebs xSirad uwyobda. rasakvirvelia gastrolebze mudmivad dadioda da originaluri saCuqrebic yovelTvis Camohqonda. misi susti wertili niRbebi iyo. erTxelac aSS-dan asi wlis moxuci qalis danaoWebuli da Tmagawewili niRabi Camoitana. daureka Tavis megobars, marjaniSvilis Teatris msaxiobs, amiran buaZes, CemTan gamodi da axloblebTan stumrad erTad wavideTo. am niRbiT Seegeba stumars. saSineli niRabi iyo da amirans kinaRam SiSiT guli gauskda. erTi ki daiZaxa, vaimeo da liftsac aRar daeloda, kibeze Tavqudmoglejili daeSva, Tan yviroda: xom vici, rom Sen xar, gia feraZe, magram magisTanas rogor giyuroo?! kinoreJisori rezo CxeiZe ucxoeTSi xSirad imyofeboda, albaT araordinarul situaciebSic araerTxel Cavardnila. magram dRes piriqiT, mis marTlac rom im saamayo mogonebas SemogTavazebT, romelic nebismier qarTvels Zalian esiamovneba. batoni rezo kanis saerTaSoriso kinofestivals eswreboda, romelzec `burTi da moedani~ uCvenes. qarTveli reJisoris gverdiT popularuli frangi msaxiobi Jan gabeni mjdara. aRfrTovanebuls Cumad gadaulaparakia misTvis: es ra geniosi gyoliaT qarTvelebso. albaT mixvdiT, rom saubari baton ipolite xviCias exeboda. Jan gabenis amgvari Sefaseba yvela msaxiobisaTvis didi pativi iyo.

kaxi kavsaZis Svili, iraklic
dacuravda xolme mamasTan erTad. erTxelac rom CayvinTa da amovida, kaxis uTxra, TiTidan beWedi momZvrao. wyali ankara ar iyo rom dagvenaxa. Cavidnen, eZebes da ver i poves. mere kaxim Tavisi beWedi moixsna da uTxra, beWeds Camovagdeb da Tvali adevne, saiT wavao. Caagdo, beWedi wavida da zustad im dakargul beWedze dajda, ar aris saswauli?~ 1965 wels ansambli `dielo~ sagastrolod afrikis kontinentze imyofeboda. qarTvel momRerlebTan erTad

vaxtang kikabiZec iyo. wlis ukanaskneli dReebi idga da Cveni Tanamemamuleebi keniaSi aRmoCndnen. bubas eleganturi TeTri kostiumi ecva da adgilobriv maRaziaSi wina dRiT nayidi halstuxi ekeTa. im xanad kikabiZe xelovnebis damwyebi muSaki

fereidneli qarTvelebis mogonebebi
ingliselma mogzaurma henri laiardsma, 1840 wels pirvelma aRwera qarTvelebiT dasaxlebuli fereidani soflebi. ai, ras wers igi: `maTi soflebis garSemo gaSenebul baRebsa da saxnav-saTesebs mSromeli kacis mzrunveli xeli aSkarad atyvia. es soflebi Tvalis erTi gadavlebiTac aSkarad gamoirCeva sxva aqauri dasaxlebebisagan~... fereidnuli qarTuli unikaluri movlenaa. es aris oTxi saukunis winandeli qarTuli metyveleba. fereidnelTa daxasiaTebisas ar SeiZleba erT rames ar gaesvas xazi, mTeli oTxi saukunis manZilze fereidanSi ar axsovT, qarTvels qarTveli moeklas. pirveli fereidneli qarTveli romelmac saqarTvelomde CamoaRwia, zemo martyofeli ioTam onikaSvili iyo. igi 1871 wels Camovida da dasaxlda sagarejoSi. igi sabolood gaurkvevel viTarebaSi gardaicvala. TbilisSi dekanoz nikoloz oqromWedliSvilis saojaxo arqivSi aRmoCnda istoriuli fotosuraTi, sadac dekanozis ojaxTan erTad gadaRebulia fereidneli qarTvelebi. rogorc cnobilia, 1901 wels saqarTvelos ewvia ori fereidneli - yolam-hosein onikaSvili da yolamreza xuciSvili. vaxtang onikaSvili wers: `maxsendeba, rogor gadioda zamTarSi mama 14 kilometrs fexiT fereidanSi sabuTebze, isini ki ukan abrunebdnen da eubnebodnen, erTi kviris Semdeg modi da maSin getyviT pasuxso. ase daatarebdnen mTeli zamTari, 1972 wlis ivnisi, movdivarT matarebliT, ukve SemovediT julfis sazRvarze. iranis matareblidan unda gadavjdeT sabWoTa kavSiris matarebelSi. am Tormeti ojaxidan aravis warmodgena ar gvqonda, Tu rogor dagvxvdeboda dedasamSoblo, is xom Cven mxolod cisartyelis zRapridan vicodiT. didebi gveubnebodnen, vinc cisartyelis qveS gaZvreba, saqarTveloSi aRmoCndebao. Cvenc, bavSvebi, mTeli dRe dauRalavad mivrbodiT. da ai, matarebeli bolo baqanze gaCerda, CamovediT yvelani, vxedavT daaxloebiT 100 metris moSorebiT dgas meore matarebeli da uamrav xalxs mouyria Tavi, Cvenebma dauZaxes, qarTvelebi xarTo, gvi pasuxes, ki Tqvenianebi varT da gelodebiT, sada xarT aqamdeo. Cvenebma uTxres movdiodiTo. naxevari saaTi erTmaneTs veferebodiT da vkocnidiT. sixarulisagan yvela tiroda, momsvlelic da damxvduric. es raRac saocreba iyo, gviyurebdnen sparselebi da maTac Tvalebze cremli moadgaT. da ai, kaxeTi, gurjaanis raioni, saqarTveloSi vardobis Tvea. mTeli kaxeTi aRmosavleTisken iyureba, avtobusebs elodeba, romelmac maT qarTvelebi unda Camoiyvanos iranidan, gzebi gadaketilia, mTeli kaxeTis mosaxleoba gareT aris gamosuli vardebiT xelSi. bavSvebi xelidan xelSi gadavyavdiT da ase mivdiodiT fexiT. me aseTi lamazi saqarTvelo ar menaxa~.

g i o r g i saqarTveloSi yvelaze popularuli saxelia
saqarTvelos iusticiis saministros samoqalaqo reestris saagentos monacemebiT, saqarTveloSi mamakacis saxelebs Soris giorgi yvelaze popularulia. 23 noembers marTlmadidebeli eklesia wmindisa didmowamisa da ZlevaSemosili giorgis xsenebis dRes aRniSnavs. aRniSnul TariRTan dakavSirebiT, samoqalaqo reestris saagentos sainformacio-teqnologiebis sammarTvelom kvleva Caatara, romelic monacemTa erTian bazas eyrdnoba. amJamad, saqarTveloSi sul 168639 giorgi cxovrobs. aRsaniSnavia, rom popularulia agreTve amave fuZidan warmoebuli sxva saxelebic, magaliTad: gio (94), laSa-giorgi (235). garda amisa gvxvdeba iseTi saxelebic, rogoricaa:

saba-giorgi, maTe-giorgi, luka-giorgi, edvard-giorgi, Teimuraz-giorgi, giorgiumcrosi, giorgi-arCili, giorgi-lazare da
sxva. aRsaniSnavia, rom saxeli giorgi mamakacis saxelebs Soris yovelTvis populauli iyo. yvela asakis mamakacTa gavrcelebuli saxelebis aTeuli amgvaria: 1. giorgi, 2. daviTi, 3. zurabi, 4. levani, 5. aleqsandre , 6. irakli , 7. mixeili , 8. Tamazi , 9. nikolozi da 10. avTandili. axalSobil vaJTa Soris popularuli saxelebi ki aseTia: giorgi, nikolozi, luka, saba, daviTi, andria, aleqsandre, sandro da sxva.
udthlb vjvpflt,ekbf www.presa.ge-bc vb[tldbs

16

noemberi, 2010

CGJHNB

erToba

UNITY

patarkaciSvilebi Tbilisis `dinamos~ Tmoben
rogorc iciT, safexburTo klubi, Tbilisis `dinamo~, amJamad aw gardacvlili biznesmenis - badri patarkaciSvilis ojaxis mflobelobaSia. Tumca, patarkaciSvilis ojaxis mier gavrcelebuli gancxadebis mixedviT, irkveva, rom patarkaciSvilebi klubis marTvis sadaveebs nebayoflobiT daTmobaze arian Tanaxma. gTavazobT badri patarkaciSvilis ojaxis gancxadebas: `... Cveni ojaxis Tavkacs, badri patarkaciSvils, iseve rogorc yvela Cvengans, gansakuTrebiT uyvarda da pativs scemda `dinamo Tbiliss~ da zustad amis gamo, aTiode wlis win, man gadawyvita gverdSi amosdgomoda qarTuli fexburTis flagmans klubisaTvis gansakuTrebiT mZime periodSi.... Sedegmac ar daayovna: `dinamo~ gaxda saqarTvelos samgzis Cempioni, samgzis Tasis mflobeli, orjer moigo superTasis gaTamaSeba, moi pova dsT-is Tasi, monawileobda UEFA-is jgufur etapze da a.S. badris gardacvalebis Semdegac, TiTqmis sami weli, SeZlebisdagvarad Cveni ojaxi ganagrZobda `dinamos~ finansur mxardaWeras, miuxedavad im urTulesi mdgomareobisa, romelSic aRmovCndiT - mTeli am periodis ganmavlobaSi da dRemde gviwevs sakuTari aqtivebis dacva sxvadasxva Zalisagan, romlebic cdiloben maT dauflebas. am viTarebas damatebiT amZimebs qarTuli sasamarTlos mier Cven mimarT gacemuli sxvadasxva saxis amkrZalavi da SemboWveli gadawyvetilebebi.... dRes realurad unda SevafasoT klubis mdgomareoba grZelvadiani stabilurobis TvalsazrisiT. klubs esaWiroeba investori, romelic CaerTveba klubis yoveldRiur saqmianobaSi, es ki sxvadasxva obieqturi mizezis gamo, Cveni ojaxis SemTxvevaSi, faqtobrivad SeuZlebelia. amasTan ukve Segvatyobines, rom uaxloes

Tbilisi Tu brno?
27 noemberi qarTuli sportisa da olimpiuri moZraobis istoriaSi albaT erT-erTi yvelaze mniSvnelovani TariRia. SegaxsenebT, rom Tbilisi 2015 kontinentis axalgazrdobis olimpiuri festivalis maspinZlobisTvis ibrZvis da swored am dRes belgradSi evropis olimpiuri komitetebis generalur asambleaze faruli kenWisyriT gadawydeba es pativi saqarTvelos dedaqalaqs ergeba Tu CexeTis qalaq brnos. niSandoblivia, rom brno am uflebis mopovebas jer kidev 2007 wlidan cdilobs. 2011 wlis festivalis maspinZloba maT jer trapzons dauTmes, xolo 2013 wlis TamaSebisTvis brZolaSi holandiur utrextTan dayares far-xmali. imedia, belgradSi gasamdeba da am sapasuxismgeblo misias amjerad Tbiliss daakisreben. belgradis asamblea muSaobas 26 noembers daiwyebs. kongresis monawileni moismenen eok-is prezidentis patrik hikis wlis Semajamebel sityvas, aseve londonisa da (1012) rio-deJaineiros (2016) wlis zafxulis olimpiadebisa da soWis (2014) wlis zamTris TamaSebis saorganizacio komitetebis moxsenebebs, Tumca CvenTvis saintereso da mniSvnelovani movlenebi rogorc zemoT aRvniSneT 27 ricxvSi ganviTardeba. evropis 49 qveynis erovnuli olimpiuri komitetebis winaSe jer zamTris 2015 wlis kandidati kalaqebi - saraevo (bosnia) da avstria-lixStenSteini (erToblivi ganacxadi) warsdgebian prezentaciiT, xolo Semdeg zafxulis festivalis msurvelebi - Tbilisi da brno.

saqarTvelos moragbeTa nakrebma reitingSi win waiwia

periodSi `dinamos~ aseve esaWiroeba sakmaod mniSvnelovani morigi investicia. xangrZlivi, Zalze frTxili da mravalmxrivi ganxilvis Semdeg mivediT samwuxaro daskvnamde, rom Cveni ojaxi unda CamoSordes `dinamos~... Sesabamisad, klubis administracias vaZlevT rekomendacias, moiZios axali investori, romelic moaxdens saeqsperto interesisa da `dinamos~ momavlisaTvis aucilebeli grZelvadiani saxsrebis investirebis mzadyofnis demonstrirebas. Cveni mxriv ki. SegviZlia. ganvacxadoT, rom mzad varT, simbolur Tanxad davTmoT Cveni ojaxis kuTvnili interesi safexburTo klub `dinamoSi~, rac aseve moicavs sakmaod mniSvnelovan uZrav qonebas. kidev erTxel vacxadebT, rom am nabijs vdgamT uaRresi sinanuliT, Tumca darwmunebulebi varT, rom klubis momavlisaTvis es erTaderTi da saukeTeso gamosavalia. dainteresebul pirebsa da organizaciebs vTxovT mimarTon klubis administracias damatebiTi informaciisaTvis~. _ naTqvamia patarkaciSvilis ojaxis gancxadebaSi. safexburTo klub `dinamo Tbilisis~ xelmZRvanelebi klubis gayidvis Sesaxeb miRebul gadawyvetilebas gamarTlebulad miiCneven. rogorc klubis direqtorma giorgi tyavaZem aRniSna, bolo periodSi klubSi krizisi Seiqmna, rac ganpirobebuli iyo imiT, rom klubis mflobelebi saTanado yuradRebas, garkveuli obieqturi mizezebis gamo ver iCendnen.

saqarTvelos moragbeTa erovnulma nakrebma kanadelebis damarcxebis Sedegad msoflio reitingSi erTi safexuriT win waiwia. qarTvelma moragbeebma kanadelebis angariSiT 22:15 damarcxebis Sedegad ragbis saerTaSoriso sabWos yovelkvireul reitingSi Tavis monagars 1.024 qula Semates, jamSi 67.40 qula daagroves da tongas nakrebs 0.05 quliT gauswres. amis Sedegad riCi diqsonis gundma me-17-dan me-16 safexurze gadainacvla. saqarTvelos nakrebi kviris bolos reitingSi me-15-e adgilze myof aSS-sTan dapirispirebisTvis emzadeba. Tu 27 noembers dagegmil SexvedraSi saqarTvelom metoqes 15ze naklebi quliT sZlia, reitings 0.810 qulas Sematebs, jamSi 68.21 daugrovdeba, aSSs monagari 67.69-mde Semcirdeba da saqarTvelos nakrebi mas me-15 adgils aarTmevs. 15 da meti quliT mogebis SemTxvevaSi, winsvla kidev ufro mniSvnelovani iqneba. am SemTxvevaSi nakrebs 1.215 qula daericxeba (jamSi 68.62) da me15 poziciaze ufro myarad damkvidrdeba. garda amisa gaCndeba Sansi, rom saqarTvelom kidev ufro zeviT, me-14 adgilze gadainacvlos. es im SemTxvevaSi moxdeba, Tu kanadam portugaliaSi adgilobriv nakrebTan waago, an fre iTamaSa. amerikasTan marcxis an fris SemTxvevaSi saqarTvelos nakrebi reitingSi kvlav ukana poziciaze gadainacvlebs. fris SemTxvevaSi, nakrebi 0.190 qulas dakargavs da kvlav me17 adgilze daqveiTdeba, 15 qulaze naklebi angariSiT marcxisTvis, 1.190 qulas dakargavs, xolo ufro didi sxvaobiT wagebis SemTxvevaSi 1.785 qulas. samive SemTxvevaSi, saqarTvelos nakrebi me-17 adgils ar Cacdeba, Tumca mdevari ruseTis nakrebi Zalian miuaxlovdeba.

UNITY

erToba

UFCFHSJ,B

noemberi, 2010

17

siyvarulis qandakeba baTumSi
moZraobas ciklur moZraobas asrulebs, Tan qandakebebi Tanmimdevrulad erTmaneTs uaxlovdebian da uax Sordebian. qandakeba baTumis navsadguran, bulvaris dasawyisSi daidga, simbosadac male qalaqis meore simbolo anbanis koSkic aRimarTeba. Zegli yurban saidis bestselers Zegli daudges es. bulvaris gagrZelebaze daudges . germanul jer iyo mxolod germanul enaze, msofliom ki, maSin gaicno, rodesac is inglisurad Targmnes. Seeqandakebis avtori amerikis SeeqarrTebul rTebul StatebSi moRvawe qarkvesitaZea sitaZea. Tveli xelovani Tamar kvesitaZea. teq unimas saqarTvelos teqn ikuri universiteti damTav Tavrebuli. versiteti aqvs damTavrebuli. misi farTodaa safra rasaxeli farTodaa cnobili safraSveicariis, italiis, ngeTis, Sveicariis, italiis, aSSgermaniis xelovanTa s, germaniis xelovanTa wreebSi. gansakuTrebuli sakuT gansakuTrebuli aRiareba, man 2007 wlis 21 seqtembers, veneciaSi gamarTu Tul gamarTul bienaleze moipova, sadac warmodgenili iyo misi ori qmnileba Carxi~ (igive qmnileba ` cxovrebis Carxi~ (igive nino~ Semodgoma~ goma ` ali da nino~ ) da ` Semodgoma~ . skulptura, qarTul-azerbaijabaija skulptura, qarTul-azerbaijanul siyvaruls eZRvneba da ori megob gobrobis qveynis mravalwliani megobrobis simbolo gaxdeba. cota xnis win cnobili gaxda, rom yviTelaSvili SeerTebul StatebSi Tavis rigiT meeqvse albomze muSaobs, romelsac metad bevrismetyveli koncertis saxelwodeba - "Made in Georgia" (`damzadebulia saqarTveloSi~) daerqmeva. aRniSnuli albomi am wlis dekemberSi gamova da masSi Sesuli iqneba yvelasaTvis kargad nacnobi qarTuli musikaluri kompoziciebis Temuriseuli variaciebi. albomi ramdenime qveyanaSi da ra Tqma unda maT Soris saqarTveloSic gaiyideba.

krosvordi

qanda dakeba baTumSi alis da ninos qandakeba simbo bolo gaixsna. siyvarulis simbolo uJangavi foladisagan aris damzadebuli, 9 metrs aRwevs da ganmavlobaSi 11 wuTis ganmavlobaSi erT

Made in Georgia
gitaristi Temur yviTelaSvili erT-erT yvelaze nayofier da Sromismoyvare gitaristad iTvleba musikalur samyaroSi. musikosi dRemde aqtiurad agrZelebs Tavis saqmes da TiTqmis yovel Tves koncerts marTavs israelsa Tu SeerTebul StatebSi. aqamde mas xuTi solo-albomi hqonda gakeTebuli, romlebSic umetesad mis mier Seqmnili kompoziciebi iyo Sesuli.

msoflioSi yvelaze Zvirad gayiduli naxatebi
msoflios yvelaze cnobili ferweruli tiloebi muzeumebis mflobelobaSia da isini Tavdapirvelad SeZenis Semdeg iSviaTad iyideba. es tiloebi, rogorc wesi, mxatvrulad fasdaudebelia. Tu raime mizezis gamo iseTi ferweruli tilo, rogoricaa `mona liza~, gasayidad gamotanil iqna, is ueWvelad yvelaze maRal fasSi gaiyideboda, vinem romelime qvemoT moyvanili naxati. ginesis rekordebis wignSi `mona lizas~ umaRlesi sadazRvevo Rirebuleba aqvs, romelic ki micemula romelime naxatisTvis xelovnebis istoriaSi. is Sefasebul iqna 100 milionad. 1962 wlis 14 dekembers sanam mas aSS-Si sagamofeno turiT gaitandnen. inflaciis gaTvaliswinebiT 2004 wels es Tanxa 626.821.192,00 dolaris eqvivalenturi iqneboda. luvrma gadawyvita gayidvis nacvlad Tanxa naxatis dacvis sistemaSi daebandebina. auqcionebze yvelaze Zvirad gayidul tiloTa sia: 1. `NO. 5, 1948~ - j. poloki 140 milioni dolari. 2006. kerZo. 2. `qali III~ - uilem de kooningi 137.5 milioni dolari. 2006. kerZo. 3. `adel blox-baueris portreti~ - gustav klimti 135 milioni dolari. 18 ivnisi, 2006. daxurul auqcionze. 4. `eqimi gaSes portreti~ - vinsent van gogi. 82.5 milioni dolari. 15 maisi,

1990. kristis auqcioni, niu-iorki 5. `wveuleba mulen-de-la-galeSi, monmartri~ - pier-ogiust renuari. 78 milioni dolari. 17 maisi, 1990 sozebis auqcioni, niu-iorki 6. `biWi CibuxiT~ - pablo pikaso 104,1 milioni dolari. 4 maisi, 2004. sozebis auqcioni. 7. `irisebi~ - vinsent van-gogi. 49 milioni dolari. 11 noemberi, 1987 sozebis auqcioni. 8. `ucodvelTa mkvleloba~ - piter pol rubernsi 76.7 milioni dolari. 10 ivlisi, 2002 sozebis auqcioni 9. `pieretis Rameebi~ - pablo pikaso. 49 milioni dolari. 30 noemberi, 1989. 10. `avtoportreti uwverod~ vinsent van-gogi. 65 milioni dolari. 19 noemberi, 1998 kristis auqcioni. 11. `farda, doqi da xilis lambaqi~ - pol sezani. 60.5 milioni dolari. 10 maisi, 1999 sozebis auqcioni.

Tarazulad: 1. rogori mravalkuTxelia yoveli samkuTxedi geometriaSi? 5. momcro simebiani musikaluri sakravi, yvelaze metad gavrcelebuli iyo XIX saukuneSi germaniasa da avstriaSi; 10. satiruli xasiaTis mokle poeturi nawarmoebi; 11. Tanamdebobebis an wodebebis Tanmimdevroba _ udablesidan umaRlesisaken; 13. giunter grass dawerili aqvs romani `Tunuqis ...~ (ra)? 14. XX saukuneSi moRvawe rusi poetesa margarita ...; 15. Wadrakis figura mxolod horizontalebze da vertikalebze rom gadaadgildeba; 18. sityva, romliTac iwyeba `bedi qarTlisa~; 19. uWkuo, mousazrebeli da suleli anu rogori? 23. ori sityvis _ paralaqsis da sekundis SeerTebiT miRebuli manZilis sazomi erTeuli; 24. vin iyo giorgi kuWatneli arsena oZelaSvilisTvis? 28. Senobis, nagebobis zeda nawili, romlis binadaricaa karlsoni arstid lindgrenis SemoqmedebaSi; 29. ra erqva portugaliis zRvaosans magelans; 31. devdarianisa da nakaSiZis mkurnali eqimi n. dumbaZis `TeTr bairaRebSi~; 32. britaneTis ufro poeturi saxelwodeba; 33. erTi saxelmwifos umaRlesi rangis mudmivi di plomatiuri warmomadgeneli meore qveyanaSi; 36. tristanis satrof rihard vagneris operaSi; 37. XX saukunis dasawyisis uZlieresi kubeli moWadrake xose raul ...; 38. mosaxleobiT yvelaze didi saxelmwifo afrikaSi; 39. beisbolisti, romelsac ernest hemingueiseuli moxuci eTayvaneba `moxuci da zRvaSi~ da, romelmac SemdgomSi merlin monros qmroba moaswro. Sveulad: 1. axladmoTibuli balaxi `nedli Tiva~ sulxan-sabas ganmartebiT; 2. ra ewodeba Sua saukuneebSi safrangeTs mefeebs Standarts; 3. Savi italiurad; 4. moxaluli marcvlis fqvili; 6. didi frinvelis narnarad da mdored frena; 7. bavSvTa daavadeba, romlisTvisac damaxasiaTebelia Zvlebisa da nervuli sistemis ganviTarebis darRveva; 8. Tanamedrove frangi kompozitori miSel ...; 9. germaniaSi aRmocenebuli faSizmis saxelwodeba; 12. musikaluri nawarmoebis Sesrulebis dros mxatvruli gamosaxvelobis gaZlierebis mizniT tempis an metris mcire Secvla; 16. qalaqi indoeTSi, misi saxelwodeba emTxveva im frinvelis saxelwodebas, romelsac Cven indoelobas mivawerT; 17. ra qvia wyalbadis atomis birTvs? 20. amJamad aSS-Si moRvawe qarTveli pianisti, batoni aleqsandre ...; 21. nivTiereba, romelic warmoadgens organizmis ujredebis sistemas; 22. XIX saukuneSi moRvawe ingliseli qimikosi, qimiaSi gavrcelebuli terminis `valentobis~ SemomRebi 1953 wels eduard ...; 25. XIX saukunis azerbaijaneli mwerali da azerbaijanuli dramaturgiis fuZemdebeli mirza faTali ...; 26. amerikeli fizikos-Teoretikosi, kvanturi eleqtrodnamikis erT-erTi mamamTavari riCard ...; 27. ra erqva II msoflio omis dros adgilobriv mosaxles, vinc faSistebTan TanamSromlobda; 30. mevalisaTvis valis gadaxdis uzrunvelsayofad Cabarebuli nivTi, igive windi; 34. rodis amdgar kurdRels ver daeweva mwevari? 35. sofeli gudauTis raionSi.

sudoku
VFHNBDB
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HSEKB
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- es aris iaponuri krosvordi-Tavsatexi, nebismieri asakis adamianebis gonebis saukeTeso savarjiSo. mis amosaxsnelad CasviT cifrebi 1-dan 9-mde ise, rom cifrebi ar ganmeoreds rogorc horizontalur striqonebSi da vertikalur svetebSi, aseve cxra danayofebian blokebSic.

18

noemberi, 2010

MFLFUT,F

erToba

UNITY

`ufali aerTianebs, eSmaki hyofs~
saqarTvelos sruli aneqsiis mizniT, ruseTis imperia saukuneze metia cdilobs daanawevros qarTveli eri (princi piT: `dayavi da ibatone~). paralelurad, imperis mier marTuli samecniero wreebi mTel msoflioSi avrceleben politizebul kvalifikaciebs da acxadeben, rom `qarTlelebis ena~ (`qarTis ena~) gabatonebulia sxva `eTnosebis~ (aWarlebis, megrelebis, svanebis, lazebis, mesxebis...) `enebze~... qarTveli eris danawevrebis mosurneni dRes `regionuli an umciresobis enebis Sesaxeb evropuli qartiis~ arsis gayalbebiT cdiloben saqarTvelos eTnikurenobriv umciresobebad warmoadginon qarTvelTa didi nawili (megrelebi, svanebi, lazebi) da am gziT `daakanonon~ qarTvelTa enobriv-eTnikuri daSla. sinamdvileSi qarTuli ena yvela qarTvelis (megrelis, svanis, aWarelis, qarTlelis, kaxelis, mesxis, lazis, ingilos, imerelis, raWvelis, xevsuris, moxevis, imerxevelis, livanelis...) saerTo Semoqmedeba da istoriuli dedaenaa. sruliad saqarTvelos kaTolikos-patriarqi ilia II Tavis epistoleebSi araerTgzis Seexo am Temas, sul axlaxan ki sagangebod iqadaga.

ras gvetyvi, mamao?
- mainteresebs ra aris cxovrebis azri da risTvis vcxovrobT? - adre Tu gvian yovel adamians uCndeba kiTxva: vin var da risTvis vcxovrob? metic, SeiZleba iTqvas, rom arseboba maSin iqceva cxovrebad, roca adamiani svams am kiTxvas, cdilobs upasuxos da konkretuli maradiuli miznisaken warmarTavs miwier cxovrebas. mraval brZens amasoflisa ucdia pasuxis gacema, TiTqos upovia kidevac, magram Znelad moi poveba adamiani, romelic pasuxiT bednieri gamxdara. qristeanebs ki gvaqvs martivi pasuxi, romelic erTi sityviT gamoiTqmis: ganRmrToba. diax, adamianis miwieri cxovrebis mTavari mizani aris is, risi naadrevad, moumwifeblad mopoveba SesTavaza eSmakma adams samoTxeSi - iyos viTarca RmerTi. macxovari brZanebs: `iyveniT Tquen srul, viTarca mama? Tqueni zecaTa? srul ars~ (mT. 5,48). miwieri cxovrebis azri aris swored am miznisaken svla. ganRmrToba niSnavs RmrTis madlis mier RmrTis Svilobas. rasac vakeTebT Cven zneobrivi cxovrebis mowesrigebiT dawyebuli, aris madlis Semwynareblad suli momzadebis mcdeloba. naTlobiT Cven vuerTdebiT qristes da mTeli cxovreba unda waremarTos ise, rom Cven mas SeveTvisoT. es aris mTavari sazrunavi miwieri cxovrebisa. roca adamianma icis sad aris naTeli, aucilebelia yvelaferi iRonos imisaTvis, rom misi cxovreba am naTlisaken warimarTos, am uxilavi maradiuli naTliT gaciskrovndes. amis saSualeba aris mosagre cxovreba. SeiZleba sityva `asketizmi~ miusadagad migvaCndes erSi cxovrebasTan, magram sinamdvileSi ar aris ase. moRvaweoba, sulieri marxva yvelas ZalgviZs, ra Tqma unda sazomisaebr Cvenisa. wmida pavle mociquli brZanebs: `yovelive jer-ars Cemda, aramed ara yoveli umjobes ars~ (1 kor. 6,12). bevri ram aris cxovrebaSi rac TavisTavad ar aris codva da amdenad dasaSvebi da misaRebia qristeanesaTvis, magram konkretulad CvenTvis mavnea da miuRebeli. pirvel rigSi es exeba wuTisoflis siameebs, romlebic ukargaven suls brZolisunarianobas, gviTreven da Svebismoyvares, wuTisoflis sulTan Semrigebels gvxdian. unda vecadoT, rom Cveni cxovreba iyos martivi, aucileblobiT Semofargluli, da Tu aris Sveba, es ar iyos e.w. sulieri gemoTmoyvareobis dakmayofileba, aramed sulis mosveneba da Semdgomi brZolisaTvis momzadeba. visac ar emeteba Tavi aseTi cxovrebisaTvis, visac unda datkbes aqac da iqac, verc aq ganZReba SvebiT da verc mermindel cxovrebaSi ixilavs netarebas. roca gaviTvliswinebT amas da sworad mivudgebiT cxovrebas, ganRmrTobis survili, rogorc mizani realuri cxovrebis mTavar impulsad iqceva.

uwmindesisa da unetaresis, sruliad saqarTvelos kaTolikos-patriarqis ilia II-is sakvirao qadageba
`geZlevaT locva-kurTxeva, arc erTma dRem ganvlos ise, rom rame ar waikiTxoT qarTuli literaturidan!"
saxeliTa mamisaTa da ZisaTa da wmindisa sulisaTa! CvenTan ars RmerTi! dRes aris wminda kalistrates xseneba. mogexsenebaT, Cven gvyavda didi kaTolikos-patriarqi, saqarTvelos eklesiis brZeni saWeTmpyrobeli - kalistrate cincaZe. igi iyo mmarTveli saqarTvelos eklesiisa yvelaze mZime 1932-dan 1952 wlebSi, anu 20 urTulesi weli! am saSinelma wlebma mis mxrebze gadaiara, magram RvTis wyaloba icavda mas. iyo iseTi dro, roca mas sionis sapatriarqo taZarSi Sesvlis ufleba ar hqonda! mTeli sinodi dapatimrebuli iyo! magram RmerTma mogvxeda da igi Seiqna erT-erTi udidesi rCeulTagani patriarqebs Soris. dRes Tqveni saxeliT, wminda sinodisa da piradad Cemi saxeliT vulocavT uwmindessa da unetaress, sruliad saqarTvelos kaTolikos-patriarq kalistrates angelozis dRes, misi locva-kurTxeva ar mogvaklos RmerTma! dRes aseve aris angelozis dRe Cveni uxucesi mRvdelmTavris, quTaTel-gaenaTeli mitropoliti kalistratesi. vulocavT meufe kalistrates am didebul dResaswauls... dRes minda visaubroT Cvens erovnul faseulobebze, romelTac saTuTad unda movufrTxildeT da davicvaT. upirveles yovlisa, es aris Cveni marTlmadidebeli sarwmunoeba, es aris Cveni erovneba, es aris Cveni ena qarTuli, Cveni kultura, Cveni literatura - proza da poezia, Cveni arqiteqtura, qarTuli xelovneba da mravali sxv. saukuneebis manZilze qmnida qarTveli kaci am kulturas da dRes gagvaCnia udidesi sulieri da kulturuli simdidre da Tvalis CiniviT unda gavufrTxildeT mas! udidesi saunjea Cveni qarTuli ena! igi uZvelesi da utkbesia, raRac gansakuTrebuli madliT mosili! rodis warmoiSva igi? rodesac qarTveli kaci gaCnda amqveynad, ai, maSin warmoiSva qarTuli enac! qarTuli ena didebulia Tavisi siRrmiT, Tavisi filosofiuri datvirTviT, Tavisi uZvelesi formebiT! amaze metyvelebs iseTi saRvTismetyvelo da filosofiuri Sromebi, romlebic hqondaT, magaliTad, efrem mcires, ioane petriws, - isini gadmocemulia qarTuli eniT! qarTuli ena mdidaria saRvTismetyvelo-filosofiuri terminologiiTa da iseTi sityvebiT, romlebic saSualebas aZlevs adamians, zedmiwevniT zustad gamoTqvas Tavisi azri. es imas niSnavs, rom igi aris kacobriobis erT-erTi uZvelesi ena. dRes amaze imitom vsaubrob, rom Cven Soris arian adamianebi, romelTa azriT arsebobs e.w. `qarTveluri enebi~. minda giTxraT, rom araviTari qarTveluri enebi ar arsebobs, aris mxolod erTi ena qarTuli, Tavis mravalricxovani dialeqtiT, rogoricaa - svanuri, megruli, mesxuri da sxva... es aris ara calke enebi, aramed erTi qarTuli enis ganStoebani! Cven unda gavufrTxildeT Cvens enas! gavixsenoT ioane zosimes didebuli sityvebi, qarTuli enis Sesxma - `qebai da didebai qarTulisa enisai~. sxvaTaSoris, arsebobs mosazreba, rom SesaZloa, ioane zosime am qebais teqstis gadamweria da ara - avtori. maSin es Sesxma ufro Zvelic SeiZleba iyos. ioane zosimes uweria, rom `saxarebasa Sina amas enasa lazare hqvian~, igi aRdgeba, rogorc oTxi dRis mkvdari lazare da gabrwyindeba; Semdeg ki himnografi gvamcnobs, rom meored mosvlis Jams qarTuliTa eniTa ganisjeba samyaro. Cven bevri gvifiqria amis Sesaxeb da, albaT, TiToeul Tqvengansac ufiqria, Tu riT daimsaxura qarTulma enam esodeni pativi? arsebobs winaswarmetyveleba imis Sesaxeb, rom ukanasknel Jams kacobrioba dakargavs sarwmunoebas, Caefloba codvebSi da mxolod qarTveli kaci daicavs WeSmarit sarwmunoebas da ai, amis gamo, rogorc jildo, qarTvel ers miecema es wyaloba RvTisa, rom sayovelTao gankiTxva qarTuli enis moxdeba. minda mogiwodoT, gavufrTxildeT Cvens RvTiTboZebul enas! davicvaT igi da daveufloT mas! mogexsenebaT, Cven gagvaCnia sami damwerloba, sami anbani, uZvelesi maT Soris aris asomTavruli (albaT, imaze adrec iqneboda sxva), Semdeg - nusxa-xucuri da mxedruli. Tamamad SemiZlia vTqva, rom ar meguleba arc erTi qveyana, sami anbani rom hqondes! zogs Tavisi damwerlobac ki ar gaaCnia! amitom, Cven movaleni varT vicodeT samive anbani, Tavisuflad unda vkiTxulobdeT samive damwerlobas. xSirad Cveni axalgazrdoba Sedis romelime uZveles taZarSi da ar SeuZlia asomTavruli da xucuri warwerebis amokiTxva. metsac getyviT, am 33 wlis win, roca sruliad saqarTvelos patriarqad makurTxes, iSviaTad Tu moiZebneboda adamiani, asomTavruli da nusxa-xucuri rom scodnoda da saqme iqamdec ki mivida, rom Jamnsa da kondaks mxedrulad iwerdnen da ase kiTxulobdnen eklesiaSi. me maT avukrZale aseTi qmedeba da am samive anbanis swavla daviwyeT. samwuxaroa, rom dRes mravali problema aqvs qarTul enas. arseboben adamianebi, romelTa Sesaxebac zemoT mogaxseneT, - vinc fiqrobs, rom svanuri, megruli da sxva dialeqtebi qarTuli ena ar aris, aramed, raRac e.w. qarTveluri enebia. qarTuli ena mxolod erTia, amaze metyvelebs is faqti, rom ar arsebobs arc megruli da arc svanuri damwerloba, winaaRmdeg SemTxvevaSi gveqneboda amis mtkicebulebebi, uZvelesi xelnawerebi. maSasadame, aris mxolod erTi qarTuli ena! amis sawinaaRmdegod ilaSqreben is adamianebi, romelTac ganzraxuli aqvT, Targmnos qarTulidan svanurad da megrulad wminda werili da sxva saeklesio wignebi! isini did Secdomas uSveben da nebsiT Tu uneblieT ers mtroben. ra Tqma unda, Cven unda SevinarCunoT megruli da svanuri dialeqtebi, magram es ojaxebSi unda moxdes. Cveni oficialuri saxelmwifo, saliteraturo ena ki aris erTi - qarTuli ena. dRes aseve minda Tqveni yuradReba SevaCero kidev erT, metad sagulisxmo sakiTxze. mogexsenebaT, rogor Semodis da mkvidrdeba TandaTan Cvens leqsikaSi ucxouri sityvebi. magaliTad, sityva `menejeri~. ratom unda vambobdeT `menejers~, roca SeiZleba iTqvas mmarTveli? ratom unda vixmaroT sityva `Sou~, roca SegviZlia igive vTqvaT qarTulad - `Cveneba~? an kidev `qeisi~ - CanTa da a.S. am bolo dros aseTi sityvebis raodenoba qarTul enaSi Zalian momravlda da ar daviwyeb axla aq yvelas CamoTvlas. ufro xSirad es sityvebi dRes inglisuri enidan Semodis. es ar aris gamarTlebuli. Cveni qarTuli ena Zalian mdidaria da yovel am sityvas aqvs Sesabamisi qarTuli Targmani da Tuki enaSi arsebobs amgvari terminologia, raRa saWiroa ucxo sityvebis Semotana da danergva? amis araviTari saWiroeba ar arsebobs da es yvela sityva qarTulad unda iyos warmoTqmuli. aseve Zalian mawuxebs is faqti, rom dRes xSirad dawesebulebebze warwerebi ucxour enebze keTdeba. zog SemTxvevaSi qarTulad arc aweria, aramed mxolod inglisurad an kidev romelime sxva enaze. aseTi ram xSirad minaxavs ara marto TbilisSi, aseve, magaliTad, aWaraSi. ai, kidev erTi sityva momagonda, warwera `Sopingi~. ratom `Sopingi~? gana Sesatyvisi qarTuli ar moiZebna? am yvelaferze dafiqreba gvmarTebs da saswrafod unda gamovasworoT. Tavad Tu ar gavufrTxildiT Cvens enas, sxva, miT umetes, ar gaufrTxildeba! qarTulma enam gadaarCina Cveni eri da qarTuli ena da Cveni sarwmunoeba gadaarCens mas aseve momavalSic. upirveles yovlisa, Cven kargad unda vicodeT qarTuli ena, Cveni damwerloba, samive anbani. vfiqrob, rom dawesebulebebze warwera unda iyos samive qarTuli anbaniT. es xels Seuwyobs Cvens mosaxleobas, Tvali SeaCvios da Seiswavlos samive damwerloba: asomTavruli, nusxa-xucuri da mxedruli. mivmarTav yvelas, gansakuTrebiT Cvens biznesmenebs, TavianT dawesebulebebs warwerebi gaukeTon samive anbanze. amiT Cven mivaRwevT, rom erT weliwadSi yvelas ecodineba samive damwerloba. marTlac, saocaria qarTuli ena da xSir SemTxvevaSi, qarTuli poeziis Targmna SeuZlebelia, imdenad Rrma aris qarTuli ena. qarTuli leqsis Targmani ucxour enaze Zalian fermkrTali da ubralo gamodis. bevrs uTqvams Sesxma qarTuli enisa, magram bolo dros brwyinvaled gamoTqva es irakli abaSiZem. minda, kidev erTxel gaixsenoT irakli abaSiZis es sityvebi qarTuli enis Sesaxeb: `o, enav Cemo, dedao enav~... srulyofilad rom vflobdeT qarTul enas, unda vikiTxoT qarTuli wignebi. geZlevaT locva-kurTxeva, arc erTma dRem ar ganvlos ise, rom rame ar waikiTxoT qarTuli literaturidan. aucileblad unda vikiTxoT Cveni klasika, - am wignebSi aris didi siRrme. dalocvili iyaviT! gaxsovdeT mudam, rom Cveni erovnuli TviTSegneba, Cveni qarTuli ena, marTlmadidebeli sarwmunoeba gadaarCens saqarTvelos! dalocvili iyos qarTuli ena, romelsac aRadgens ufali Cveni ieso qriste, msgavsad lazaresi, amin! CvenTan ars RmerTi!

UNITY

erToba

noemberi, 2010

19

saxelmwifo departamentis klinika, mier gaxsnilia klinika, romelic moemsaxureba fsiqologiur, fsiqologiur , fsiqiatriul da fsiqoTerapevtiul daavadebaTa mkurnalobas.

Philadelphia office: 6722 Bustleton ave. Philadelpia,PA 19149 Tel:215-708-1645 Fax:215-708-1650 (miReba yoveldRe kviris garda) Bensalem Office: 3103 Hulmeville Road Unit 102 Bensalem, PA 19020 Tel:215-638-8600 Fax: 215-638-3856 (miReba mxolod samSabaTobiT)

Cven pecializerebuli varT:
depresiis, stresis, uZilobis, ojaxuri problemebis, bavSvebisa da mozardebis emociuri Tvisebebis daregulirebaSi

maRalkvalificiuri specialistebi amerikaSi moRvaweobis didi gamocdilebiT gagiweven konsultacias da daxmarebas Tqvenivve mSobliur enaze.

215 632 1191
amanaTebis transportireba saqarTveloSi

1LB - S3.18
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saqarTveloSi mcxovreb qarTvelTa sayuradRebod!
amerikaSi gamomaval gazeT `erTobis~ yvela nomris wakiTxva SegiZliaT TbilisSi respublikur sajaro biblioTekaSi. redkolegia

qarTuli puris maRazia niu-iorkSi, sadac iyideba gazeTi `erToba~.
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HTLRJKTUBF

20

noemberi, 2010

ATCNBDFKB ABKFLTKABFIB

erToba

UNITY

5 seqtembers, amerikis SeerTebul StatebSi, filadelfiaSi, qarTuli marTlmadebeli eklesiis da qarTuli asociaciis TaosnobiT qarTuli festivali gaimarTa. zeims ramdenime aseuli qarTveli daeswro. qarTuli xalxuri cekvebi da simRerebi, qarTveli mozardebis Sejibri WidaobaSi, qarTuli xelovnebis nimuSebis gamofena gayidva da bolos emigrantebis mier damzadebuli qarTuli Rvinoebis gamofena-daWaSnikeba - es yvelaferi erTian qarTuli garemos qmnida. festivalze Segrovebuli fuladi Tanxebi ki moxmardeba filadelfiaSi qarTuli eklesiis mSeneblobas.
NEW YORK*PHILADELPHIA*WASHINGTON D.C.*CHICAGO*NEW JERSY*ATLANTAS*LOS ANGELES*CINCINNATI*CANADA*FLORIDA*GEORGIA

qarTveli AUTO dileri
Office: 215-330-0539 Cell: 215-500-5656
Georgian Newspaper in USA and Canada

qarTuli gazeTi aSS-sa da kanadaSi 614 Lawler Pl., Philadelphia, PA 19116 Phone: 267-237-3753, Fax: 215-437-1422 gazetiertoba@yahoo.com, www.gazetiertoba.com
gazeTis dizaini: mT. redaqtori da gamomcemeli Sps `mze-2006~. nukri mumlaZe saqarTvelo, quTaisi, Chife Editor&Publisher: puSkinis q. 14. t: 4-66-50 NUKRI MUMLADZE
redkolegia: merab kervaliSvili/niu-iorki/, lela vaSakiZe/cincinati/, zurab mWedliSvili /niu-iorki, mama aleqsandre/niu-iorki/, mama petre/ filadelfia/, tariel futkaraZe /saqarTvelo/, mixeil mumlaZe/ saqarTvelo/, guram sexniaSvili /kanada.
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ES SAL O AUT & TING R XPO E USA
10100 Bustleton Ave. Philadelphia PA, 19116 usaexporting@yahoo.com

www.usaexporting.us

giorgi

mWedliSvili

USA EXPORTING & AUTO SALES dagexmarebiT manqanis yidva-gayidvaSi. Cven gvaqvs 200-ze meti manqanis arCevani garantiiT da 24-saaTiani evakuatoris momsaxurebiT aSS, kanadasa da meqsikaSi damatebiTi gadasaxadis gareSe.

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