DISEÑO DE UNA ZAPATA AISLADA

Diseñar la zapata mostrada en la fig: Si la Columna de 70 x 50 lleva 10 fierros de 1" y transmite
las cargas PD = 180 tn y PL = 100 tn . La capacidad portante admisible del suelo es qa = 2.5 kg/cm2
; ademas fy = 4200kg/cm2 , fy = 280 kg/cm2 en la columna y fc = 210 kg/cm2 en la zapata

DATOS:
Zapata
210 kg/cm²
Columna
f ' c = 280 kg/cm²
b=
50 cm
t=
70 cm
f'c=

S/C =
PD =
PL =

Otros
550 kg/m²
180 Tn
100 Tn

Df =
γ2=
qa =
db =
Lv =

Acero
f y = 4200 kg/cm²

Suelo
1.4 m
1700 kg/m³
2.50 kg/cm²
2.54 cm
150 cm

MD,ML

1.- DIMENSIONAMIENTO DE LA ZAPATA

PD, PL

Cálculo del peralte de la zapata (hc )

Ld=

0. 08.

d .F
b

 f'c

Reemplazo los valores que tenemos:
Ld = 58.89 cm

y

ht
Tomar

Ld = 58.89 cm

Df

Lv

(Del problema se emplean varillas de Ø1") Øb ( 1") = 2.54 cm
r.e. =
7.50 cm
(recubrimiento)
hc =
68.93 cm
Tomar
hc =
70.00 cm
hc = Ld + r.e + Øb
ht = Df - hc
ht =
70.00 cm

hc
T

Cálculo de la presión neta del suelo ( qm )

qm=qa−g ht− g chc-s/c

b

qm = 2.16 kg/cm²

t
t

T

Cálculo del área de la zapata ( Az )

P
qm
 t1-t2
T=  Az
2
t1-t2
S=  A z−
2
A zap=

Azap = 129,629.63 cm²
cm
T =
370.00
cm
B =
350.00

Donde:
P = Carga de servicio
Lv = Volados iguales sin
excentricidad

2.- DETERMINACIÓN DE LA REACCIÓN AMPLIFICADA ( qmu )

Pu
Wnu=
Azap

= 1.4 x 180000 + 1.7 x 100000
350 x 370

=

3.26

kg/cm2

Donde:
Pu = Carga Ultima

3.- VERIFICACION POR CORTE ( Ø = 0.85 )
Por Flexión:

T −t
L v=
2
V d u =W n u x BL v -d
V c= 0.5 3 f'cb d
Ø V c³ V d u

Lv = 150.00
r.e = 7.50
Øb ( 3/4") = 1.91
d = 60.59
Vdu = 101,975.73
Ø = 0.85

cm
cm
cm
cm
kg

Vc = 162,875.03 kg

(Suponiendo varillas Ø3/4")
( d = hc - Øb - r.e. )
(Coef. De reduccion por corte)

B

ØVc = 138,443.78 kg
ØVc > Vdu OK!
Por Punzonamiento:

[ β]

Vc=0. 27 2+

Vu=Pu-Wnu x mn
Vu =

374,938.21

 f ' c bo d

c

kg

β =Dmayor
, β ≤ 2 Vc=1. 06  f ' c b d
Dmenor

bo = 2 x ( t + d ) + 2 x ( b + d ) =
bo = 482.36
cm

2m +2n
(perimetro
de
los
* f 'c^.5 * bo * d = 1.06 *planos
f 'c^.5 * bo * de
d

c

c

o

Vu≤ØVc; Ø=0. 85

Vc = 0.27 * 2 + 4
βc
448,939.43 Kg
Vc = 555,426.41 kg
Vc=
ØVc = 472,112.45 kg
ØVc= 381,598.52 Kg
ØVc > Vdu
OK!
β c = lado mayor columna ( t )
βc = 1.4
lado menor columna ( b )
m=t+d
n=t+b
bo = 2*m + 2*n
Vu = Øvc OK !

4

d/2
bn = b+d

d/2

m = 130.59
n = 110.59
Vu = 1.1 x f'c x bo x d
Vu = 448,939.43
kg
Øvc = 381,598.52
kg

B

t
m = t+d
T

4.- CALCULO DEL REFUERZO LONGITUDINAL ( Ø = 0.90 )
Dirección Mayor:

 Wnu x B  Lv 2
2
Mu
As=
a
ØFy  d- 
2
As . Fy
a=
0 . 85f'cb
Mu=

Lv =
150.00
Mu = 12,831,081.08

cm
ree = 7.50
kg-cm Øb ( 3/4") = 1.91

B=
350.00
cm
d = 60.59 cm2 2
a = 3.89 cm (Valor Asumido)
As = 57.88 2cm²
Aøb ( 3/4" ) = 2.85
a = 3.89 cm
# Varilla ( n ) = 20
2
Espaciam = 17.53
As = 57.88 cm2
20 Ø 3/4" @ 17.53 cm

As mín = 0.0018 * B * d
As > As mín OK !!
Aøb
# Varilla ( n ) = As
Aøb
Espaciam = B - 2*r.e - Øb
n -1

As mín = 44.1
As

>

cm2
As mín

Aøb ( 3/4" ) = 2.85
# Varilla ( n ) = 15
Espaciam = 23.79
15 Ø 3/4" @ 23.79 cm
OK !!

Dirección Menor:
As tranv = As * T
B
As mín = 0.0018 * B * d
As > As mín OK !!

T = 370
B = 350 cm
d = 60.59 2cm2
a = 5.01 cm

(Valor Asumido)
Aøb ( 3/4" ) = 2.85 cm2
# Varilla ( n ) = 21
Espaciam = 17.65
21 Ø 3/4" @ 17.65 cm
cm2

2

Aøb
# Varilla ( n ) = As
Aøb
As transv = 61.19
Espaciam = B - 2*r.e - Øb
n -1

Asmin = 46.62 cm2
As transv
Longitud de desarrollo en Traccion ( Ld )
ld = Øb * fy * α ∗ β ∗ γ ∗ λ

ree = 7.50 cm
1.91 2cm

Øb ( 3/4") =

<

Lv1

>

Aøb ( 3/4" ) = 2.85
# Varilla ( n ) = 16
Espaciam = 23.54
16 Ø 3/4" @ 23.54 cm
As mín

OK !!

3.54 * f 'c^.5 * C + Kr
Øb
Lv1 = Lv - r.e.e

La Zapata es rectangular se debe compartir el Refuerzo adecuadamente de la siguiente manera:
Asc = 2 * Astrv
(β+1)
β = Lado mayor Zapata
Lado menor Zapata
Aøb
# Varilla ( n ) = As
Aøb
Espaciam = B - 2*r.e.e - Øb
n -1

β = 1.00
γ = 0.80
λ = 1.00
α = 1.00

C = 8.50
ktr = 0

Øb (3/4") = 1.91
r.e.e = 7.50
fy = 4200
f'c = 210

2.5

Longitud de desarrollo en tracción
Lv1 = 142.50 cm
Ld = 50.04 cm
Ld < Lv1

q = ( C+kt r )/ Øb
q= 10.41
q >= 2.5 ,PONER 2.5 !!
q < 2.5 ,PONER q !!

OK !!

Espaciamiento del Refuerzo
Asc = 61.19 cm2

45 cm
3xh

210 cm

> 17.65 OK !!

5.- VERIFICACION DE LA CONEXIÓN COLUMNA - ZAPATA ( Ø = 0.70 )
Para la sección A colum = 70*50 = 3500 cm² ( COLUMNA )
Ø * 0.85 * f 'c * As1
A colum = b *t
Pu < ( Ø * 0.85 * f 'c * A1)
Aøb
As mín = 0.005 * A1
# Varilla = As1
Aøb
As col. > As mín OK !!

Pu = 422000 kg
A1 = 3500
cm2
Ø * 0.85 * f 'c * A1 = 583100 kg
Pu < Ø * 0.85 * f 'c * A1

# Varilla ( n ) = 6

OK !!

As mín = 17.50 cm2
Aøb ( 3/4" ) = 2.85 cm2
USAR :
As1 = 17.50 cm2
OK !!
As col > As min

Para la sección A zapata = 350*370 = 129500 cm² ( ZAPATA )
Pu < Ø x 0.85 x f 'c x A2/A1 x A1

Ø x 0.85 x f 'c x A2/A1 x A1 =

874650 kg

Pu = 422000 kg
A1 = 3500 cm2
A2 = 129500 cm2
OK !!

A2/A1 =

2

Página 4 de 41

DISEÑO DE ZAPATA COMBINADA
Diseñar la zapata combinada que soportara las columnas mostradas en la figura. La capacidad portante del suelo es
qa = 2 kg/cm2Considere fy = 4200 kg/cm2 y f'c = 210 kg/cm2 para la cimentacion . F'c = 280 kg/cm2 en las columnas.
COL:
C1
C2

SECCION
50 X 50
40 X 50
b x t

REF.
9 Ø 3/4"
9 Ø 3/4"
Acero

PD
20
40
tn

PL
15
24
tn

1

PL1

PL2
S/C =###kg/m²

2

γm

b1

b2

t1

hc = 54.00

t2
4.55

Df = 1.60
γ m = 1800
qa = 2.00

h t =101.00

m

1.40

m
Otros
kg/m3
S/C = 500 kg/m²
kg/cm2 d(eje-eje)=
4.3 m

Columna
f ' c = 210 kg/cm²

f'c=
fy =

Zapata
175 kg/cm²
4200 kg/cm²

1.- DIMENSIONAMIENTO DE LA ZAPATA ( Az = S*T )
Cálculo del peralte de la zapata (hc )
ld = 0.08 * Øb * Fy
raiz(f 'c)

Øb ( 3/4" ) =
0.08 x Øb x fy / f ´c =
.004*øb*fy =

1.91
49
32

cm
cm
cm

49

cm

r.e =
hc=
ht=

7.50
59.00
101.00

cm
cm
cm

Tomarht =

101.00

cm

OK !!

ld >= 0.004 * øb * fy
Tomarld =
hc = ld + r.e + Øb
hm = Df - hc

Longitud de desarrollo en compresión

Cálculo de la presión neta del suelo ( qm )
qm = qa - γm*hm -γc*hc - s/c

qm =

kg/cm²

1.63

Cálculo del área de la zapata ( Az )
P1s =

Ps1 = P1D + P1L
Ps2 = P2D + P2L
Rs = P1s + P2s
20

+ε Mo = 0

35

Tn

P2s = 64 Tn

20

30

0

Rs * Xo = P1s* t1/2 + P2s * 455
Xo = ??

Xo
455.00
Rs = 99

Lz / 2
e = Lz / 2 - Xo
Lz / 6
e < Lz/6
q1,2 = Rs * 1 ± 6 * e
Lz
Lz

30

P1s
P2s
Rs
Xo

=
=
=
=

35 Tn
64 Tn
99 Tn
301.21 cm

Lz =
Lz / 2 =
e=
Lz / 6=

625.00 cm
312.50 cm
11.29 cm
### cm

170.00
Tn

cm

5 Tn 64 Tn 91.26 cm 170.40 R2s = 87 Tn e= 12.56 kg/cm2 q < qm cumple " OK " q > qm no cumple "AUMENTAMOS EL ANCHO B" 150 cm Aumentamos el Ancho hc = Un nuevo calculo q = 1.41 kg/cm2 Ps = 91500 kg e = 23.2 qn = P1s + P2s Az qn = 6205.Xo Lz / 6 e2 < Lz/6 q1.DISEÑO EN SENTIDO LONGITUDINAL m P1s = I = ( B x L^3 )/12 I= 74531250 cm4 OK !! 35 Tn P2s = 64 Tn Cálculo de la presión neta por unidad de longitud ( qm ) 0.5 Tn P2s = 64 Tn 20 30 0 Xo 455.50 ( No amplificada ) Por Unidad de LONGITUD qm = 6205.73 kg/m m qm 140.00 e = Xo1 .05 cm B = 265 cm I = 74531250 cm4 OK !! Ps1 = P1D + P1L Ps2 = P2D + 50%P2L R2s = P1s + P2s P1s = +ε Mo = 0 20 R2s * Xo = P1s* t1/2 + P2s * 455 Xo = ?? 35 Tn P2s = 52 Tn 20 30 30 0 Xo 470.Xo q = Ps + Mc = Ps + Ps x e Az I Az I 30 P1s P2s R1s Xo1 = = = = 27.92 cm4 cm AUMENTAMOS EL ANCHO B q= 44.05 I = ( B x L^3 )/12 I= 1454767.73 kg/m² Por unidad de Longitud qm = qm1*B m 4.00 m cm3 .2 ) Ps1 = P1D + 50%P1L Ps2 = P2D + P2L R1s = P1s + P2s P1s = +ε Mo = 0 20 R1s * Xo = P1s* t1/2 + P2s * 455 Xo = ?? 27.ADICIONAL ( q 1.24 cm q= 1.97 cm q > qm no cumple "AUMENTAMOS EL ANCHO B" q < qm cumple " OK " 1.5 Tn e= 23.5 Tn 324..Página 5 de 41 L = 2 x Xo B =(P1s +P2s) qn x L L= 602 cm B= 101 cm tomamos B = 85 cm Como S/C = 500 kg/cm². Verificamos las presiones del suelo .00 cm R1s =91.62 kg/cm2 2.2 = R2s * 1 ± 6 * e2 Lz*BBLz P1s P2s R2s Xo = = = = 35 Tn 52 Tn 87 Tn 288.00 Lz / 2 e2 = Lz / 2 .

02 kg -33758.7 x L )/( D + L ) F= Vu < 0 x Vc 1.52 Cumple !! 44700.5*d ) + 2x( t + d ) = Vc = 0.50 x Vu = 67050.qn x ( b2/2 + d ) = Aporte del Concreto : 261975.14 kg Vc = 1.m ya que : F = ( 1. Vu = Vmax .qnu x m x n ) = Vu = 75697.Página 6 de 41 55311.77 kg 261975.27 x 2 + Vc = ØVc = 948492.18 kg Aporte del Concreto : Vc = 0.85 kg kg .02 kg OK !! d= h.6297 + m - - -8688.81 kg βc= 1 El aporte del Concreto : bo = ( b + .m 6081.50 x ( Pu .62 Encontramos el diagrama de fuerzas cortantes verificamos el corte por Flexion: d = -ree + hc 1.49 kg β c = ### El aporte del Concreto : bo = ( b + 0.18 kg Vc = 0.49 kg 75697.49 kg ØVc = 806218.27 x 2 + 422 cm 4 x f 'c x bo x d βc Vc = 1396870.76 kg ØVc = 1187340.00 cm Vu = Vmax .02 kg Vu < 0 x Vc Cumple !! Vu < O x Vc CUMPLE !! VERIFICACION POR CORTE ( Ø = 0.53 x f ' c x b x d = 0.m -27385.ree d= 141 cm kg kg .85 ) COLUMNA EXTERIOR : Vu = 1.27 d = 141.79 kg CUMPLE !! Vu < ØVc ### kg kg .85 x Vc = 222678.98 kg V 1241.12 kg .77 kg Aumentamos el Peralte a h = 150 cm.62 kg CUMPLE !! Vu < ØVc COLUMNA INTERIOR : Vu = 1.4 x D + 1.50 x ( Pu .49 ### ### 4 x f 'c x bo x d βc kg kg Vc = 1.5*d ) + 2x( t + d ) = ### cm Vc = 0.1 M + + + 124.10 x f 'c x bo x d = Vc = 948492.qnu x m x n ) = 31075.85 x Vc = 222678.81 kg Vu = 31075.10 x f 'c x bo x d = Vc = ### kg ØVc = 940906.qn x ( b2/2 + d ) = 44700.15 kg + - + 1.53 x f ' c x b x d = 0.

61 L= 1.e = B = 265 cm2 d = 141 cm2 a = 2.18 As = 1.Página 7 de 41 4.85 * f 'c * B ) As mín = 0.m 8cm db =1.e .Øb n -1 Mu = Mu = qn x X^2 2 _ 91699.64 m m m As = Mu / ( Ø * fy * ( d .m cm2 9 cm Aøb ( 3/4" ) = 2.71 a = 0.26 cm2 24 Ø 3/4" @ 11 cm As > As mín ASUMIR As mín !! 5.e .11 kg .0018 * B * d As > As mín OK !! Aøb # Varilla ( n ) = As Aøb Espaciam = B .85 cm2 # Varilla ( n ) = 25 Espaciam =10 cm As mín = 71.61 r .2*r.a/2 )) a = As * fy / ( 0.e .85 2 cm2 # Varilla ( n ) = 1 Espaciam =#DIV/0! cm 1 Ø 3/4" @ #DIV/0! cm Aøb ( 3/4" ) = 2..P1 = 0 X= P1 qn Calculo de As : X = 5.55 cm2 25 Ø 3/4" @ 10 cm As > As mín ASUMIR As mín !! Diseñar en sentido transversal a cada columna le corresponde una porcion de Zapata d/2 1.91 .Øb n -1 kg .4 Mu = B = 265 d = 141 a = 0.CALCULO DEL REFUERZO EN EL TRAMO CENTRAL X x qn .78 cm P1 x X kg .2*r.m m 1.e = kg .91 c m 2.06 cm2 Mu = -91699.18 cm2 cm2 cm2 cm2 cm As = 1.85 cm2 # Varilla ( n ) = 24 Espaciam =11 cm As mín = 67.a/2 )) a = As * fy / ( 0.0018 * B * d As > As mín OK !! Aøb # Varilla ( n ) = As Aøb Espaciam = B ..CALCULO DEL REFUERZO POR DEBAJO DE LA COLUMNA INTERIOR Mu = qn x ( L )^2 2 Mu = 6081.11 r .91 Calculo de As : As = Mu / ( Ø * fy * ( d .77 cm As = 26.06 cm2 a = 2.21 d/2 d/2 1.85 2 (Valor Asumido) Aøb ( 3/4" ) = # Varilla ( n ) = Espaciam =31 cm 9 Ø 3/4" @ 31 As = 26.71 cm2 14 Ø 5/8"@ 22cm 6081.e .m 8cm db =1.85 * f 'c * B ) As mín = 0.91 c (Valor Asumido) m Aøb ( 3/4" ) = 2.

Página 8 de 41 ZAPATA EXTERIOR ZAPATA INTERIOR .

59 cm2 (Valor Asumido) cm cm2 cm As mín = 51.91 kg/cm2 B = 191 d = 141 a = 0.54 cm2 1.70 ) Para la sección A columna = 50*50 = 2500 cm² ( COLUMNA ) Pu = 53500 kg A1 = 2500 cm2 Ø * 0.50 Ld < Lv1 Ld = 71.00 Longitud de desarrollo en tracción C = 6.85 * f 'c * A1 = 249900 kg Pu < Ø * 0.52 cm As = 2.85 cm2 # Varilla ( n ) = 11 Espaciam = 10.85 * f 'c * As1 A colum = b *t Pu < ( Ø * 0.5 !! q < 2.20 cm2 a = 0.5 .e .00cm2 As col > As min CUMPLE !! OK !! Detalle de refuerzos en la Zapata Combinada verificamos primero el espaciamiento maximo Espaciamiento del Refuerzo 45 cm 3xh= 450 cm > 450 d/2 OK !! d/2 d/2 24 Ø3/4"@ 11cm 18 Ø 3/4"@ 10cm 11 Ø 3/4"@ 10cm 25 Ø 3/4"@ 10cm Longitud de desarrollo en Traccion ( Ld ) ld = Øb * fy * α ∗ β ∗ γ ∗ λ < 3.50 ktr = 0 q = ( C+kt r )/ Øb q= 8.r.00 Øb (5/8") = 1.85 * f 'c * A1) As mín = 0.59 γ = 0.80 r.e = 8 cm db = 1.64 cm cm2 As = 4.e .91 β = 1.52 (Valor Asumido) cm As = 2.2 cm2 As mín = 32.Página 9 de 41 qn = Pu Az Mu = qnu x B x (L^2) 2 qn = 1.e.PONER 2. 0.2 .e = 7.00 cm 18 Ø 3/4" @ 10 cm cm2 6.5 q >= 2.VERIFICACION DE LA CONEXIÓN ZAPATA .85 * f 'c * A1 = 312375 kg Ø * 0.85 * f 'c * A1) As mín = 0.e .50 λ = 1.e.85 * f 'c * A1 As mín = 10. > As mín OK !! Pu = 96800 kg A1 = 2000 cm2 Ø * 0.e Lv1 Ld = 71 cm Ld1 = 46 cm La Zapata es rectangular se debe compartir el Refuerzo adecuadamente de la siguiente manera: Asc = 2 * Astrv (β+1) β = Lado mayor Zapata Lado menor Zapata # Varilla ( n ) = As Aøb Espaciam = B .64 As = 4.85 cm2 # Varilla ( n ) = 25 Espaciam = 10.57 ### Aøb ( 3/4" ) = 2.85 cm2 # Varilla ( n ) = 18 Espaciam = 10.54 * f 'c^.26 cm Refuerzo montaje en forma de Garrido OK !! Ø 3/8" para refuerzo principal Ø =< 3/4" Ø 1/2" para refuerzo principal Ø > 3/4" con espaciamiento maximo de 45 cm.PONER q !! Lv1 = 132.55 cm2 Aøb ( 3/4" ) = 2.2*r.005 * A1 # Varilla = As1 Aøb As col.00 cm 11 Ø 3/4" @ 10 cm qn = 1.59 cm2 Aøb ( 3/4" ) = 2.5 * C + Kr Øb Lv1 = Lv .85 * f 'c * As1 A colum = b *t Pu < ( Ø * 0.e.005 * A1 # Varilla = As1 Aøb As col.5 cmr2.34 a = 0.COLUMNA( Ø = 0.00 fy = 4200 α = 1.34 cm2 Mu = r .e = 8 cm db = d = 141 cm2 a = 0. > As mín OK !! As mín = 12.85 * f 'c * A1 As col > As min CUMPLE !! OK !! Para la sección B columna = 40*50 = 2000 cm² ( COLUMNA ) Ø * 0.Øb n -1 Calculo del refuerzo minimo : As mín = 71.50cm2 Pu < Ø * 0.68 kg/cm2 qn = Pu Az ### Mu = qnu x B x (L^2) 2 Mu = B = 120.30 f'c = 175 α1 = 1.41 2..00 cm 25 Ø 3/4" @ 10 cm Øb (3/4") = 1.5 .

gc*hc .Página 10 de 41 DISEÑO DE ZAPATA CONECTADA Diseñar la zapata conectada que soportara las columnas mostradas en la figura .51 cm hc = Ld + r.00 kg/cm² 1.08x1.DIMENSIONAMIENTO DE LA ZAPATA Y VIGA DE CIMENTACION ZAPATA EXTERIOR: Ld = Ld = 0.91 cm PD (tn) 50 40 S/C = 500 kg/m² Lc = 550 cm db = 1.08xdbxfy f 'c ld >= 0.60 m 1800 kg/m³ 2400 kg/m³ 2.hc = Cálculo de la presión neta del suelo ( qm ) qn = qa .63 kg/cm2 tomamos .004x1.91x4200 = Ld = 32 cm 48.49 cm P'1 = P'2 = e = 58 A = 2 x( b )^2 = 54980 Tomamos b = 165 cm = = P'2 = 1.hc 32.91x4200/(175^(1/2)) = Ld = 49 cm 0. Considere Fy = 4200 kg/cm2 .004 * øb * fy Ld >= 0.e Az = ( 50 + 30 ) x 1000 x 57 550 .09 cm Cálculo del peralte de la zapata (hc ) hc = 59 cm hc = Ld + 10 = ht = 101 cm ht = Df .0 kg/cm2 . f'c = 175 kg/cm2 para la cimentacion DATOS: Zapata f ' c = 175 kg/cm² Columna f ' c = 210 kg/cm² b1 = 50 cm t1 = 50 cm b2 = 40 cm t2 = 50 cm COL 1 2 fy= Df = γm= γc= qa = db = SECCION REFUERZO 50 X 50 9 Ø 3/4" 40 X 50 9 Ø 3/4" Acero 4200 kg/cm² Suelo 1.57 P1 + P' 2 qn 54868.44 b = 166 t=2b = cm2 9431 54980 b = 166 b= 165 t= 330 -----> A = 165 x 330 e = 57 cm 9249.ee + Øb hm = Df .49kg Ps Az = qn A = 2 x( b )^2 = nuevo e = 57 cm Lc .4-(1800xE^-06)x(101)-(2400xE^06)x(59)-(500xE^04) = qn = CALCULO DE P'2 : Tanteo e = P1xe = L ( PD + PL ) x e P'2 = 9249. La capacidad portante admisible del suelo es qa = 2..44 b -t 2 2 = = 54868.s/c qn = 2.91 cm PL (tn) 30 24 1.γm*hm .

50 P2 + P' 2 qn 36743.2*r.85 x f 'c x b ) As mín = 0.8 x (f ' c ^0.6 As = Mu / ( Ø * fy * ( d .hc = Cálculo de la presión neta del suelo ( qm ) qn = qa .00 2cm2 a = 5.gc*hc .hc cm 32 cm Ld >= 0.4-(1700xE^-06)x(120)-(2400xE-06)x(60)-(500xE-04) = qn = CALCULO DE P'2 : Tanteo e = P1xe = L ( PD + PL ) x e P'2 = 9486.00 = b = 192 b -t 2 2 nuevo e = = 36743 P'1 = P'2 = e = 71 150 = 9486 cm2 usamos b = 250 cm 155 cm A = 2 x( b )^2 = 44743 b= = P'2 = 2.γm*hm .91x4200/(175^(1/2)) = Ld = 49 cm 0.a/2 )) a = As x fy / ( 0.004x1.67 cm2 11 Ø 1" @ 3 cm .07 cm2 Aøb ( 1" ) = 2.00 cm2(Valor Asumido) As = 25.91x4200 = Ld = 32 cm Cálculo del peralte de la zapata (hc ) hc = 60 cm hc = Ld + 10 = ht = 100 cm ht = Df .e .16 cm # Varilla ( n ) = 11 Espaciam = 3 cm As = 26.50 1.004 * øb * fy hc = Ld + r.Página 11 de 41 ZAPATA EXTERIOR: Ld = 49 Ld = 0.54 cm2 a = 14.s/c qn = 2.Øb n -1 kg/m Mu = P' 2 x L + Wv x ( L^2 )/2= 7250000 Mu = 7250000 kg-cm Øb ( 3/4") = ree = 7.08xdbxfy f 'c ld >= 0.e Az = ( 40 + 24 ) x 1000 x 50 550 .ee + Øb hm = Df .5) x B * d/ fy As > As mín OK !! # Varilla ( n ) = As Aøb Espaciam = B .08x1.00kg Ps Az = qn A = ( b )^2 = 71 cm Lc .00 kg/cm2 9486 44743 b = 150 A2 = ( 150 x 150 ) VIGAS DE CIMENTACION h= b= Lc 7 = 550 7 P1 31 x Lc h = 79 cm SECCION 50 x 80 b = 47 cm DISEÑO DE LA VIGA DE CONEXIÓN Wv = b x h x γ c = 9.91 B = 50 cm d = 79.

Página 12 de 41 As mín = 9.95 cm2 As > Asmin 11 Ø 1" @ OK !! 3 cm .

85 * f 'c * As1 A colum = b *t Pu < ( Ø * 0.85 * f 'c * A1 = 249900 kg # Varilla ( n ) = Pu < ( Ø * 0.54 * f 'c^.85 * f 'c * A1) As mín = 0.70 ) Columna Exterior Para la sección A columna = 50 x 50 = 2500 cm² ( COLUMNA ) Ø * 0.e < Lv1 .5) x b x d = OK !! DISEÑO DE LA ZAPATA EXTERIOR ZAPATA EXTERIOR qn = Pu Az Mu = qnu x B x (L^2) 2 ZAPATA INTERIOR qn = #DIV/0! kg/cm2 B = 150 cm2 d = 41 cm2 a = 5.85 * f 'c * As1 A1 = 2000 cm2 A colum = b *t Ø * 0. > As mín OK !! Pu = 121000 kg A1 = 2500 cm2 Ø * 0. > As mín OK !! As col > As min Longitud de desarrollo en Traccion ( Ld ) ld = Øb * fy * α ∗ β ∗ γ ∗ λ 3.50 cm2 OK !! Columna Interior As col > As min Para la sección B columna = 50 x 50 = 2500 cm² ( COLUMNA ) Pu = 96800 kg Ø * 0.e = 7.r.85 * f 'c * A1 USAR : As1 = OK !! # Varilla = As1 Aøb As mín = 10. = 17.53 x (f ' c ^0.COLUMNA( Ø = 0.5 ### #DIV/0! Aøb ( 5/8" ) = 1.e .85 cm2 USAR : As1 = 12.00 cm2 OK !! As col.88 Asmin = 27 cm2 #DIV/0! cm 14 Ø 5/8" @ 6.e = B = 250 cm2 d = 51 a = 5 cm ( Valor Asumido ) As = #DIV/0!cm2 a = #DIV/0! cm Mu = As = #DIV/0!cm2 #Varilla n = 14 Espaciam.005 * A1 Pu < Ø * 0.85 * f 'c * A1) Aøb ( 3/4" ) = As mín = 0.e.5 cm db = 1.85 * f 'c * A1 # Varilla ( n ) = OK !! As mín = 12.005 * A1 # Varilla = As1 Aøb As col.50 cm2 Aøb ( 3/4" ) = 2.Página 13 de 41 VERIFICACION POR CORTE Vu = P' 2 + Wv x L L APORTE DEL CONCRETO Vu = 21982 KG Vu < Ø Vc 23540 Vc = 0.85 * f 'c * A1 = 312375 kg Pu < Ø * 0.59 cm2 (Valor Asumido) cm2 cm2 cm As = #DIV/0!cm2 As mín = 13..5 * C + Kr Øb Lv1 = Lv .00 As = #DIV/0! a = #DIV/0! Mu = r .e .98 cm2 # Varilla ( n ) = #DIV/0! Espaciam = #DIV/0! cm cm2 Ø 5/8" @ Pu Az qn = #DIV/0! qnu x B x (L^2) 2 L = 100 cm r .VERIFICACION DE LA CONEXIÓN ZAPATA .

00 Øb (5/8") = 1.PONER q !! Espaciamiento del Refuerzo 45 cm 3xh 0 cm As1 > = OK !! 6 Ø 1"@ 7cm 14 Ø 5/8"@ 22cm 12 Ø 5/8"@ 12cm d/2 d/2 14 Ø 5/8"@ 18cm .80 λ = 1.e .PONER 2.59 r.e.e = 7.Øb n -1 β = 1.e.00 α = 1.Página 14 de 41 La Zapata es rectangular se debe compartir el Refuerzo adecuadamente de la siguiente manera: Asc = 2 * Astrv (β+1) β = Lado mayor Zapata Lado menor Zapata Aøb # Varilla ( n ) = As Aøb Espaciam = B .5 Longitud de desarrollo en tracción Lv1 = 38.50 fy = 4200 f'c = 175 C = 8.5 !! q < 2.13 cm Ld = ### cm AUMENTAR EL T !! Ld < Lv1 q = ( C+kt r )/ Øb q= q >= 2.50 ktr = 0 2.5 .00 γ = 0.5 .2*r.

Página 15 de 41 .

Página 16 de 41 cm2 3 3 .

Página 17 de 41 .

Página 18 de 41 kg #DIV/0! kg 8 cm ( Valor Asumido ) 18 cm 4 4 2.00 cm2 OK !! .85 cm2 10.

5 .50 q = ( C+kt r )/ Øb 10.PONER q !! .5 !! q < 2.09 q >= 2.PONER 2.Página 19 de 41 8.5 .

003240 m-1 .4 X' 5.8 4 5 6 X G H 4.003242 m-1 λ= 0..DISEÑO DE LOSA DE CIMENTACION S/C= 450 γm1= 1700 KS 0.9 Y' A B C D 0.2 0.5 Y 9.2 1 2 3 E F 4.4 0.4 kg/cm2 Ks = 1 450 kg/cm3 Kg/m2 1700 kg/m3 γm1= t= 50 cm. E=15000*√F'c Et3 λ= 0.CALCULO DEL ESPESOR DE LA PLACA METODO DE DISEÑO ASUMIENDO λ= 4 3Ks F'c = Fy = 210 4200 kg/cm2 kg/cm2 2400 kg/m3 qa = 1.6 K 5.6 DATOS COLUMNA PD (ton) PL (ton) Pu 1 45 25 70 2 60 30 90 γc= 3 60 30 90 4 5 60 100 30 40 90 140 S/C= 6 7 8 9 70 60 70 60 585 30 30 30 30 275 100 90 100 90 860 1.5 7 8 9 I L O J 0.6 11.

029 -0.4 Lc= 4.156 1.029 0.132 1.-PROCESAMOS LA TABLA PUNTO Pu/A X(cm.029 -0.73 Iy= 1274.006 0.00006y q(kg/cm2) A B C D E F G H I J K L 1.108 1. PRESIONES DEL SUELO qn=qa .153 1.012 -0.132 1.401 Lc= 5.132 1.159 1.114 1.003 -0.029 -0.82 Ix= 909.029 0.132 1.141 1.) 0.1317 Pu/A = 1.132 3.68 m2 B= L= 11. Y'= ΣPiYi X = 579 cm.5146000y (980)(1160) 1.132 1.75 λ 5.6 9.167 1.1286500x + .S/C qn= 1.30 cm.0.17 kg/cm2 2.84 cm.097 .00001x + . Df= 90 cm.100 1.006 -0.L/2 Entonces : q = ( Pu/a ) + .73 m4 ENTONCES: q= q= 1286500 + .098*1010 1.B/2 Pi X'= 578.006 0. ht= 40 cm.γc * hc .006 0.006 0.003 -0.132 1.006 0.( MyX / Iy ) + .012 -0.015 -0.( MxY / Ix ) Donde : Pu= 1286500 kg. Pi Y'= 494.132 1.00001X Y(cm.106 1. Y '= 494 cm.75/λ <Lc METODO RIGIDO AREA DE LOSA A= B * L = 113.126 1.006 490 490 490 490 245 245 -205 -205 -490 -490 -490 -490 0. ex = -1 cm.132 + .029 0.82 m4 Iy= LB3/12 = 1274.132 1.015 0.8 m.003 -0. ey= Y' .003 -0.132 1.0.) 0.5 Se debe cumplir la siguiente condición: 1.275*1011 9.132 -580 -290 250 580 -580 580 -580 580 -580 -290 250 580 0.00006y Pu/A = 1.132 1.029 1.γτ * ht .006 -0.1.164 1.029 0.-PRESION POR DEBAJO DE PUNTOS PERIMETRALES X'= ΣPiXi ex= X' . m. ey = 4 cm. Ix= BL3/12 = 909.132 1.

4*45000 +1.55d2 Vu=φVc Igualamos 13.-COMPARAMOS LAS PRESIONES CALCULADAS CON LA PRESION NETA DEL SUELO q<=qn SI CUMPLE 5.167*(40+d/2)*(40+d/2) Vu= Vc=1.1√210*4(40+d) φVc= n = 40 +d/2 COLUMNA 2 Vu = Pu .002663 m-1 λ= 0.7*25000 -1.63d .167*(40+d)*(40+d/2) m = 40 +d COLUMNA 1 Vc=1.4.1√F'c*bo*d Vc=1.002660 m-1 .-CALCULAMOS EL PERALTE DE LA LOSA A PARTIR DEL CORTE POR PUNZONAMIENTO COLUMNA 5 Vu = Pu .1√210*(120+2d)d φVc= Vu=φVc Igualamos n=40 +d/2 m = 40 +d/2 Vu= 1.(qnu * m * n) n= 40 + d d/2 m = 40 + d Vu= 1.103633 =0 Si d = 55 ht = 65 VERIFICAMOS LA CONDICION DE DISEÑO λ= 4 3Ks E=15000*√F'c Et3 λ= 0.7*30000 -1.4*100000 +1.(qnu * m * n) Vu= 1.1√F'c*bo*d Vu = Pu .95d +13.7*40000 -1.83d2 + 1130.167*(40+d)*(40+d) Vu= Vc=1.1√F'c*bo*d Vu = φVc Igualamos : Vc=1.4*60000 +1.(qnu * m * n) Vc=1.1√210*2(40+d/2)d φVc= 1083.

2 x(1.75/λ <Lc Lc= 5.1566 245 1160 P1 P2 P3 375500.156 1.126 1.2 P5 1.167 1.-CALCULAMOS EL FACTOR DE AMPLIFICACION DE CARGA F PARA CADA FRANJA FRANJA q q prom.164 1.153 1.4x60000+1.106 1.141 1.153 1.7x40000) = 162000 249600 .126 ) = 513 2 q2 = b x ( qf + qh ) 2 q2 = 450 x ( 1.935 Efectuamos el diseño de la losa considerando por cuestiones academicas una sola franja central EFGH.159 1.159 1.164 1.4x100000+1.101 1.2 P4 1.126 1.114 1.579 m.159 1.938 1 1.2 x(1.1277 330 980 P3 P6 P9 419000.00 ### 0.2 x P5 = 1.100 1.2 x P4 = 1.1084 285 1160 P7 P8 P9 419000.109 1.164 1.5 METODO RIGIDO 6.100 1. λ Se debe cumplir la siguiente condición: 1.141 1.1372 290 980 P1 P4 P7 375500.00 ### 0.141 1. 1.7x30000) = 1.141 + 1.4 0.1.167 1.2 1.114 1.114 ) = 507 2 q = 510 149400 123600 1.106 1. b L P ΣP CP F A B C D E F E F H G G H I J K L A B J I G E B C J K C D F H K L 1.75 6.2 P6 q1 = b x (qe + qg) 2 0.126 1.106 1.153 + 1.097 1.6 q1 = 450 x ( 1.00 541765.0 ### 0.114 1.100 1.097 1.4 5.00 ### 0.156 1.937 1 1.2 5.153 1.108 1.108 1.1322 540 980 P2 P5 P8 492000.930 1 1.00 ### 1. en primer lugar determinamos el diagrama de fuerzas cortantes y momentos flectores a partir del modelo estructural.1332 450 1160 P4 P5 P6 492000.4 Lc= 4.

0018 x b x h = Refuerzo Inferior : Mu = a= 7512000 kg -cm 1.0018 x b x h = ( 19 Ø 3/4" @ 25 cm ) cm2 cm cm2 52.510*(20 + 56 ) = 113040 Vc = 0.94 cm AS = 36.4x70000+1.65 cm2 .10200 1.06 ( 23 Ø 1" @ 20 cm ) Asmin = 0.5 ) x b x d = 126000 29400 151800 ØVc =164515 Vu < ØVc OK Refuerzo superior : 22489412 20614568 Mu = a= (-) 102000 22489412 kg -cm 5 cm (-) 7512000 918000 AS = 111.11 a= 5.81 AS = 112.81 AS = 37.2 x(1.43 Asmin = 0.53 x( 210 ^.21 a= 5.7x30000) = 178800 Verificacion por Flexion Vu = 151800 .65 cm2 cm2 cm cm2 52.2 x P6 = 1.

05m 5 6 7 8 4.55m 5.16 90 40 17 80 35 18 .80m 13 14 15 16 4.12 .9 . el peso específico del suelo es g = 1650 kg/m³ y la sobrecarga s/c = 500 kg/m² .19 85 40 20 100 45 5..75m 5. fy = 4200 kg/cm² . 1 2 3 4 5.2 kg/cm².00m 4.Diseñar la losa de cimentación mostrada considerando un suelo de capacidad portante admisible qa = 1.50m 17.7 140 70 10 .10 m.15 160 85 8 .70m .11 160 75 14 .80m 17 18 19 20 0. f'c = 210 kg/cm² y ks = 8 kg/cm³.45m CUADRO DE CARGAS Toneladas COLUMNA PD PL 1 40 15 2-3 60 30 4 50 25 5 .80m 9 10 11 12 20. Todas las columnas son cuadradas de 50 cm x 50 cm. La profundidad de cimentación es de 1.50m 0.13 70 30 6 .

1 √ f'c x bo x d FALSE FALSE FALSE FALSE FALSE FALSE FALSE FALSE .1650E-6 (110 .75 λ ⇒ METODO RIGIDO Lc > 1.2 .qn x m x n Vc = 1.500E-4 qn = 0.50) .00*17.01 0.2400E-6 (50) .25 0 kg/cm³ CALCULO DEL AREA DE LA LOSA Y EL ESPESOR A= 20.00165 kg/cm³ 50 cm s/c = 0.s/c qn = 1.00 cm qn = qa .75/λ 96 161 219 272 321 368 413 → → → → → → → METODO FLEXIBLE METODO FLEXIBLE METODO FLEXIBLE METODO FLEXIBLE METODO FLEXIBLE METODO FLEXIBLE METODO FLEXIBLE CALCULO DE LA PRESION NETA Asumiendo t= 50.γc x hc .018228569 0.931 kg/cm² Verificación por punzonamiento Vu = Pu .75 λ ⇒ METODO FLEXIBLE λ= Si 4 E x t³ cm cm Tabulando : t λ 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 0.γt x ht .05 kg/cm² tcol = 50 cm fy = 4200 kg/cm² Df = 110 cm f'c = 210 kg/cm² qa = 1.SOLUCION γs = 0.00 m2 Método a usar √ 3 x Ks Lc = { 550 480 Lc < 1.45 m2 A= 349.01 0.2 kg/cm² bcol = Ks = 8 kg/cm³ µ= E= 217371 kg/cm² γc = 0.01 0.01 0 0 1.

43 cm NO OK ! COLUMNA 2 .3 50 50 + d/2 50 50 + d Vu = 1.0.69.0.25 d² ) (α) Vc = 1.931 x ( 2500 + 50 d + 0.2327.50 .5 d² ) 135000 .7 x 15000 .881 x ( 50 d + 0.03 cm COLUMNA 4 50 50 + d/2 50 50 + d NO OK ! .10 √ 210 x 2 (50 + d/2) d Vc = 31.0.46 = 0 → d= 40.0.4813.5745.35 d + 27.941 x ( 150 d + 2 d² ) ø Vc = 13.099 x ( 50 d + 0.931 x (50 + d/2) x (50 + d/2) Vu = 81500 .0.25 d² ) = 81500 .70 d .825 d .10 √ 210 x (( 50 + d ) + ( 50 + d/2) x 2 ) x d Vc = 15.50 d² ) ø Vc = 27.0.098 d² = = 135000 .50 d² ) (β) Igualando (α) y (β).46.55 d . tenemos: 13.COLUMNA 1 50 50 + d/2 50 50 + d/2 Vu = 1. tenemos: 27.27 d .55 d² = 81500 .25 = 0 → d= 41.931 x ( 2500 + 50 d + 0.7 x 30000 .94 d + 13.931 x ( 2500 + 75 d + 0.5 d² ) Vc = 1.4 x 60000 + 1.50 .099 x ( 50 d + 0.2327.549 x ( 150 d + 2 d² ) 2032.4 x 40000 + 1.0.931 x ( 2500 + 75 d + 0.23 d² d² + 101.466 d² d² + 76.931 x (50 + d) x (50 + d/2) Vu = 135000 .549 x ( 150 d + 2 d² ) (α) (β) Igualando (α) y (β).50 d² ) 1354.0.

931 x ( 2500 + 75 d + 0.0.97 = 0 → d= 35.13 50 50 50 + d/2 50 + d .10 √ 210 x (( 50 + d ) + ( 50 + d/2) x 2 ) x d Vc = 15.466 d² d² + 76.50 .7 x 25000 .Vu = 1.9 .5 d² ) = 112500 .3996.0. tenemos: 13.549 x ( 150 d + 2 d² ) (α) (β) Igualando (α) y (β).0.931 x ( 2500 + 75 d + 0.2327.69.931 x (50 + d) x (50 + d/2) Vu = 112500 .4 x 50000 + 1.825 d .27 d .098 d² = 112500 .0.35 d + 27.5 d² ) Vc = 1.7 cm OK ! COLUMNA 5 .549 x ( 150 d + 2 d² ) 2032.941 x ( 150 d + 2 d² ) ø Vc = 13.

549 x ( 150 d + 2 d² ) (α) (β) Igualando (α) y (β).931 x ( 2500 + 100 d + d² ) Vc = 1.931 x (50 + d) x (50 + d) 315000 .27 d .5671.Vu = 1. tenemos: 13.4 x 140000 + 1.50 .10 √ 210 x 4 x ( 50 + d ) x d Vc = 15.10 √ 210 x (( 50 + d ) + ( 50 + d/2) x 2 ) x d Vc = 15. tenemos: 13.0.5 d² ) Vc = 1.4 x 70000 + 1.16 = 0 → d= 44.5 d² ) 149000 .2327.0.0.098 d² = = 149000 .0.931 x ( 2500 + 75 d + 0.941 x ( 150 d + 2 d² ) ø Vc = 13.69.931 d² d² + 50.549 x ( 200 d + 4 d² ) (α) (β) Igualando (α) y (β).549 x ( 150 d + 2 d² ) 2032.549 x ( 200 d + 4 d² ) 2709.10 d .80 d + 54.2327.931 x ( 2500 + 75 d + 0.0.5321.931 x ( 2500 + 100 d + d² ) 315000 .0.18 cm NO OK ! COLUMNA 6 .93.941 x ( 200 d + 4 d² ) ø Vc = 13.07 cm NO OK ! .86 = 0 → d= 54.84 d .7 x 30000 .196 d² = = 315000 .35 d + 27.0.7 50 50 + d 50 50 + d Vu = Vu = 1.50 .0.825 d .931 x (50 + d) x (50 + d/2) Vu = 149000 .466 d² d² + 76.7 x 70000 .

941 x ( 200 d + 4 d² ) ø Vc = 13.931 x ( 2500 + 100 d + d² ) Vc = 1.0.0. tenemos: 13.549 x ( 200 d + 4 d² ) 2709.549 x ( 200 d + 4 d² ) (α) (β) Igualando (α) y (β).10 √ 210 x 4 x ( 50 + d ) x d Vc = 15.10 d .93.50 .10 √ 210 x 4 x ( 50 + d ) x d Vc = 15.84 d .931 x (50 + d) x (50 + d) 351500 .13 cm NO OK ! COLUMNA 14 .0.941 x ( 200 d + 4 d² ) ø Vc = 13.97 = 0 → d= 58.0.6333.4 x 160000 + 1.0.549 x ( 200 d + 4 d² ) (α) (β) .931 x ( 2500 + 100 d + d² ) Vc = 1.2327.196 d² = = 351500 .0.7 x 85000 .7 x 75000 .4 x 160000 + 1.931 x (50 + d) x (50 + d) 368500 .80 d + 54.931 d² d² + 50.931 x ( 2500 + 100 d + d² ) 351500 .COLUMNA 10 .11 50 50 + d 50 50 + d Vu = Vu = 1.15 50 50 + d 50 50 + d Vu = Vu = 1.

931 d² d² + 50. tenemos: 13.93 = 0 → d= 38.93.16 50 50 + d 50 50 + d Vu = 1.50 .Igualando (α) y (β).549 x ( 200 d + 4 d² ) 2709.2327.0.4 x 90000 + 1.6642. tenemos: 13.10 √ 210 x 4 x ( 50 + d ) x d Vc = 15.84 d .0.931 x (50 + d) x (50 + d) Vu = 194000 .549 x ( 200 d + 4 d² ) 2709.931 x ( 2500 + 100 d + d² ) (α) Vc = 1.7 x 40000 .84 d .95 cm NO OK ! COLUMNA 8 .196 d² = = 194000 .0.0.80 d + 54.10 d .2327.34 = 0 → d= 59.196 d² = = 368500 .931 x ( 2500 + 100 d + d² ) 368500 .3476.12 .0.549 x ( 200 d + 4 d² ) (β) Igualando (α) y (β).79 cm OK ! COLUMNA 17 50 50 50 + d/2 50 + d .931 d² d² + 50.50 .931 x ( 2500 + 100 d + d² ) 194000 .10 d .941 x ( 200 d + 4 d² ) ø Vc = 13.93.80 d + 54.0.

2327.931 x ( 2500 + 75 d + 0.10 d .Vu = 1.2327. tenemos: 13.931 x (50 + d) x (50 + d) Vu = 187000 .27 d .19 50 50 + d 50 50 + d Vu = 1.825 d .0.549 x ( 200 d + 4 d² ) (β) Igualando (α) y (β).93.931 x ( 2500 + 100 d + d² ) 187000 .35 d + 27.549 x ( 200 d + 4 d² ) 2709.5 d² ) 171500 .466 d² d² + 76.549 x ( 150 d + 2 d² ) 2032.931 x ( 2500 + 100 d + d² ) (α) Vc = 1.84 d .549 x ( 150 d + 2 d² ) (β) Igualando (α) y (β).196 d² = = 187000 .6137.50 .95 = 0 → d= 37.0.0.50 .0.44 = 0 → d= 49.10 √ 210 x (( 50 + d ) + ( 50 + d/2) x 2 ) x d Vc = 15.931 x ( 2500 + 75 d + 0.5 d² ) (α) Vc = 1.931 d² d² + 50.79 cm OK ! .3349.0.69.00 cm NO OK ! COLUMNA 18 .7 x 40000 . tenemos: 13.941 x ( 150 d + 2 d² ) ø Vc = 13.4 x 80000 + 1.0.4 x 85000 + 1.7 x 35000 .10 √ 210 x 4 x ( 50 + d ) x d Vc = 15.80 d + 54.931 x (50 + d) x (50 + d/2) Vu = 171500 .941 x ( 200 d + 4 d² ) ø Vc = 13.0.0.098 d² = = 171500 .

tenemos: 13.931 x (50 + d) x (50 + d) Vu = 216500 .931 x ( 2500 + 100 d + d² ) (α) Vc = 1.916 x (50 + d) x (50 + d) Vu = 368500 .7 x 85000 .89 cm ⇒ t= 70 cm qn = NO OK ! 1.549 x ( 200 d + 4 d² ) 2709.0.10 √ 210 x 4 x ( 50 + d ) x d Vc = 15.7 x 45000 .0.0.4 x 160000 + 1.931 d² d² + 50.10 d .07 = 0 → d= 41.941 x ( 200 d + 4 d² ) ø Vc = 13.50 .80 d + 54.916 x ( 2500 + 100 d + d² ) Vc = 1.2327.500E-4 qn = 0.COLUMNA 20 50 50 + d 50 50 + d Vu = 1.15 50 50 + d 50 50 + d Vu = 1.10 √ 210 x 4 x ( 50 + d ) x d Vc = 15.0.1650E-6 (110 .549 x ( 200 d + 4 d² ) (β) Igualando (α) y (β).4 x 100000 + 1.0.941 x ( 200 d + 4 d² ) (α) .84 d .2 .3885.931 x ( 2500 + 100 d + d² ) = 216500 .2400E-6 (70) .70) .0.196 d² = 216500 .916 kg/cm² COLUMNA 14 .93.

006 0.126 1.108 1.500 1 CP ### ### F 0.159 1.00 cm.60 d .549 x ( 200 d + 4 d² ) Igualando (α) y (β).006 0.012 -205 -0. 1.132 1.132 1.141 1.153 1.029 -490 -0.83 = 0 → d= → 59.126 1.00 313520765.141 1.500 1 1.029 490 0.100 1. tenemos: 13.097 q prom.029 245 0.006 Y(cm.132 1.114 1.167 1.500 1 .00 0.132 1.006 0.106 1.132 1.015 245 0.029 -490 -0.ø Vc = (β) 13.156 1.132 1.-PROCESAMOS LA TABLA PUNTO A B C D E F G H I J K L Pu/A 1.114 1.132 1.97 cm t= OK ! 70.003 -0.0.108 1.132 X(cm.100 1.167 1.6644.91.132 1.0.-CALCULAMOS EL FACTOR DE AMPLIFICACION DE CARGA F PARA CADA FRANJA FRANJA A B C D E F E F H G G H I J K L q 1.003 -0.156 1.159 1.153 1.006 0.006 0.132 1.006 -0.196 d² = = 368500 .83 d .0 1.2 0.114 1.916 x ( 2500 + 100 d + d² ) 368500 .00006y 490 0.132 1.126 1.1332 450 1160 P4 P5 P6 626450000.916 d² d² + 50.141 1.2290 .029 -490 -0.029 490 0. 3.006 -0.003 -0.029 490 0.012 -490 -0.097 6.) 0.029 q(kg/cm2) 1.) -580 -290 250 580 -580 580 -580 580 -580 -290 250 580 0 0.164 1.164 1.1566 b 245 L 1160 P P1 P2 P3 ΣP 626450000.1084 285 1160 P7 P8 P9 626450000.015 -205 -0.80 d + 54.003 -0.153 1.549 x ( 200 d + 4 d² ) 2709.106 1.132 1.

106 1.500 1 1.500 1.126 1.141 1.156 1.164 1.00 161600.86 0.164 1.1372 290 980 P1 P4 P7 0.500 .1322 540 980 P2 P5 P8 626450000.097 1.106 1.159 1.1277 330 980 P3 P6 P9 626450000.153 1.100 1.100 1.108 1.A B J I G E B C J K C D F H K L 1.00 ### 0.00 ### 0.167 1.159 1.114 1.

112.19 kg Calculamos el N° de Pilotes : Qa = Qu/F.6 12165 kg D = 0. que lleva de refuerzo 8 Ø 3/4" transmite las cargas PD = 80 tn PL = 40 tn . Qu = Qf + Qp Para suelos granulares Qf1 = k x γ x tan ξ x p x D x ( 15 x L . Calculamos su capacidad de carga.5 x D ) Qf2 = k x γc x tan ξ1 x p x ( Z2^2 . Considere f ' c =210 kg/cm2 y fy = 4200kg/cm2. En una edificacion a la estratigrafia mostrada en la figura.S = Qp = 3 49572 kg Pu = Qu = 67445. S/C 300 Arena suelta kg/m2 ht= #REF! Datos 24 Columna b t φ = cm 30 60 γ= Cargas tn PD 80 PL 40 f ' c = 210 Fy = 4200 db 1.S Qa = 22481.6 Z1 = 5.1) x Ap k= 1 p = 1.09 5708.91 1500 γc = 1800 Df = 650 γ2 = hc= 0..DISEÑO DE PILOTES Una columna de 30 x 60 .( b + t )+ 1 L= 660 cm Usamos Pilotes de C° A° Prefabricado cuadrados de 40 x 40 .4 L = 5.Cálculo del peralte de la zapata: Fy ld = 0. Diseñar los elementos a considerar en la cimentacion que permita transmitir la carga de la columna al estrato duro .6 Ap = 0.004 x db x fy Ld = La longitud del Pilote es : 44 cm hc = Ld + 15 hc = Se toma hc = 32 cm L = Df .00 m.Z1^2 )/2 Qp = γ x L x( Nq . 2400 Estracto Duro 1. 08 *db*  F'c Ld = Ld = 0.73 kg Dimensiones de la Zapata .19 kg F.

6 Ap = 0.45 x 0.5 x D ) Qf2 = k x γc x tan ξ1 x p x ( Z2^2 .01 Entonces N1° = 9 Az = 3.6 Z1 = 5.45 Recalculamos la seccion : Qu = Qf + Qp Para suelos granulares k= 1 p = 1.N° = Pu/ Qa N° = 8.112.Z1^2 )/2 D = 0.45 0.8 13176 kg Qf1 = k x γ x tan ξ x p x D x ( 15 x L .1) x Ap Qp = 3 59982 kg Pu = Qu = 79580 kg Qa = Qu/F.OK !! Calculamos la capacidad de carca del grupo de Pilotes : Q = Ef Qf + Qp ### tn .45 0.45 L = 5.S = Qp = γ x L x( Nq .60 Verificamos el numero de Pilotes a usar : N ° = P'u /Qa =( Pu + Az x ( γ t x +γ c + S/C) )/Qa N ° = 9.S Calculamos el N° de Pilotes : N° = Pu/ Qa Qa = 26527 kg Dimensiones de la Zapata N° = 6.11 6422 kg F.1 4.17 Entonces : P' u = Cumple .1 Verificamos el numero de Pilotes a usar : N ° = P'u /Qa =( Pu + Az x ( γ t x +γ c + S/C) )/Qa N ° = 8.27 Entonces : N° < N1° No Cumple AUMENTAR SECCION !! Aumentamos (Pilote o la seccion del Pilote a 0.79 Az = Entonces N1° = 9 4.60 3.

1 ) x n^3)/ (90 x m^3 x n^3) = Qf = Qp = 176382 kg 539838 kg Qga = Qgu/F. entonces Qga = ### Qgu = 0.73 x Qf + Qp Qgu = 716221 entonces : Qga > P'u Cumple !! .Ef = (1 .tan ^ .S.1 x ( D/d ) ) x( ( n^3 -1 ) x m^3 + (m^3 .

Datos kg/m3 kg/m2 kg/cm2 kg/cm2 kg/m2 cm 59 cm 60 cm s su capacidad de carga.6 Nq = 55 180000 kg .32 Tan ξ1= 0. s a considerar en la cimentacion 10 kg/cm2 y fy = 4200kg/cm2.48 Z2 = 6. Tan ξ = 0.PD = 80 tn PL = 40 tn .

Tan ξ = 0.6 Nq = 55 180000 .48 Z2 = 6.32 Tan ξ1= 0.

Qga > P'u 0.73 Cumple !! .

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