V

This is the most
important
Lesson for
speaking!

The Different Usages (forms) for

‫ ﻣﺎﺿﻲ‬and ‫ﻣﻀﺎﺭﻉ‬

With Verbs, you speak about yourself or someone else; or
to someone else, both or all; either masculine or feminine.

‫ص ُر‬
ُ ‫ص َر – َي ْن‬
َ ‫َن‬
gave victory to

‫ماضي‬

‫ﺍﳌﺘﻜﻠﱢﻢ‬

• silence ‫ﻻﻡ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ‬

The speaker

• silence ‫ﻻﻡ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ‬

• add ‫ﺗﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﻋﻞ‬

• add ‫ﻧﺎ‬

‫ﺍﳌﺨﺎ ﹶﻃﺐ‬
The one
spoken to

• silence ‫ﻻﻡ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ‬
• add ‫ﺕ‬

• silence ‫ﻻﻡ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ‬
• add ‫ﺕ‬

• silence ‫ﻻﻡ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ‬
• add ‫ﻤﺎ‬‫ﺗ‬
• silence ‫ﻻﻡ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ‬

‫ﻢ‬‫ﺗ‬

• add

• silence ‫ﻻﻡ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ‬
• add

‫ﺍﻟﻐﺎﺋﺐ‬
The one spoken
about
(may be absent or
present but not
directly spoken to)

‫ﻦ‬ ‫ﺗ‬

-- as is --

• add

‫ﺕ‬

• add ‫ﺍ‬

‫مُضارع‬

‫ﺕ‬
 ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﺼ‬
 ‫ﻧ‬

‫ﺃﻧﺎ‬

‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﺼ‬
 ‫ﻧ‬‫ﹶﺃ‬

• use ‫ ﺃ‬from ‫ﺖ‬
 ‫ﺃﻧﻴﻴ‬

‫ﺮﻧﺎ‬ ‫ﺼ‬
 ‫ﻧ‬

‫ﻦ‬ ‫ﺤ‬‫ﻧ‬

‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﺼ‬
 ‫ﻨ‬‫ﻧـ‬

• use ‫ ﹶﻥ‬from ‫ﺖ‬
 ‫ﺃﻧﻴﻴ‬

‫ﺕ‬
 ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﺼ‬
 ‫ﻧ‬

‫ﺖ‬
 ‫ﺃﻧ‬

‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﺼ‬
 ‫ﻨ‬‫ﺗـ‬

• use ‫ﺕ‬
 from ‫ﺖ‬
 ‫ﺃﻧﻴﻴ‬

‫ﺕ‬
 ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﺼ‬
 ‫ﻧ‬

‫ﺖ‬
 ‫ﺃﻧ‬

‫ﻦ‬ ‫ﺼ ﹺﺮﻳ‬
 ‫ﻨ‬‫ﺗـ‬

• use ‫ﺕ‬
 from ‫ﺖ‬
 ‫ﺃﻧﻴﻴ‬
• silence ‫ﻓﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ‬
• add ‫ﻦ‬ ‫ ﻳ‬at the end

You
1 female

‫ﻤﺎ‬‫ﺮﺗ‬ ‫ﺼ‬
 ‫ﻧ‬

‫ﻤﺎ‬‫ﺃﻧﺘ‬

‫ﻥ‬ ‫ﺮﺍ‬‫ﻨﺼ‬‫ﺗـ‬

• use ‫ﺕ‬
 from ‫ﺖ‬
 ‫ﺃﻧﻴﻴ‬
• silence ‫ﻓﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ‬

You
(both)
2 m/f

‫ﻢ‬‫ﺮﺗ‬ ‫ﺼ‬
 ‫ﻧ‬

‫ﻢ‬‫ﺃﻧﺘ‬

‫ﺮﻭ ﹶﻥ‬ ‫ﺼ‬
 ‫ﻨ‬‫ﺗـ‬

• use ‫ﺕ‬
 from ‫ﺖ‬
 ‫ﺃﻧﻴﻴ‬
• silence ‫ﻓﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ‬

‫ﻦ‬ ‫ﺗ‬‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﺼ‬
 ‫ﻧ‬

‫ﻦ‬ ‫ﺘ‬‫ﺃﻧ‬

‫ﺮ ﹶﻥ‬ ‫ﺼ‬
 ‫ﻨ‬‫ﺗـ‬

• use ‫ﺕ‬
 from ‫ﺖ‬
 ‫ﺃﻧﻴﻴ‬
• silence ‫ﻓﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ‬

‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﺼ‬
 ‫ﻧ‬

‫ﻫﻮ‬

‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﺼ‬
 ‫ﻨ‬‫ﻳـ‬

• use ‫ﻱ‬
 from ‫ﺖ‬
 ‫ﺃﻧﻴﻴ‬

‫ﺕ‬
 ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﺼ‬
 ‫ﻧ‬

‫ﻫﻲ‬

‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﺼ‬
 ‫ﻨ‬‫ﺗـ‬

• use ‫ﺕ‬
 from ‫ﺖ‬
 ‫ﺃﻧﻴﻴ‬

‫ﻥ‬ ‫ﺮﺍ‬‫ﻨﺼ‬‫ﻳـ‬

• use ‫ﻱ‬
 from ‫ﺖ‬
 ‫ﺃﻧﻴﻴ‬

‫ﻥ‬ ‫ﺮﺍ‬‫ﻨﺼ‬‫ﺗـ‬

• use ‫ﺕ‬
 from ‫ﺖ‬
 ‫ﺃﻧﻴﻴ‬

‫ﺮﺍ‬ ‫ﺼ‬
 ‫ﻧ‬

‫ﳘﺎ‬

• silence ‫ﻓﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ‬

• silence ‫ﻓﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ‬

• silence ‫ﻓﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ‬

• add ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ ﺍ‬at the end

• add ‫ ﻭ ﹶﻥ‬at the end

• add ‫ ﹶﻥ‬at the end
• silence ‫ﻓﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ‬
• silence ‫ﻓﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ‬
• silence ‫ﻓﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ‬
• add ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ ﺍ‬at the end

‫ﺗﺎ‬

‫ﺮﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﺼ‬
 ‫ﻧ‬

• give ‫ ﻻﻡ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ‬a ‫ﺔ‬‫ﺿﻤ‬

‫ﺮﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﺼ‬
 ‫ﻧ‬

‫ﻣﻢ‬

‫ﺮﻭ ﹶﻥ‬‫ﻨﺼ‬‫ﻳـ‬

• use ‫ﻱ‬
 from ‫ﺖ‬
 ‫ﺃﻧﻴﻴ‬

‫ﺮ ﹶﻥ‬ ‫ﺼ‬
 ‫ﻧ‬

‫ﻦ‬ ‫ﻫ‬

‫ﺮ ﹶﻥ‬ ‫ﺼ‬
 ‫ﻨ‬‫ﻳـ‬

• use ‫ﻱ‬
 from ‫ﺖ‬
 ‫ﺃﻧﻴﻴ‬

• add

• add ‫ﻭﺍ‬
• silence ‫ﻻﻡ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ‬
• add ‫ﻥ‬
‫ﹶ‬

I

We

You
1 male

You
(all)
3+ m
You
(all)
3+ f

the
same
form
was
used

You
1 male
You
1 female

You
(both)
2 m/f

• silence ‫ﻓﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ‬
• add ‫ﻥ‬ ‫ ﺍ‬at the end
• silence ‫ﻓﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ‬
• add ‫ ﻭ ﹶﻥ‬at the end
• silence ‫ﻓﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ‬
• add ‫ ﹶﻥ‬at the end

You
(all)
3+ m
You
(all)
3+ f

Observations:


extra letters are only added to the end of ‫ماضي‬
extra letters may be added to the beginning and end of ‫مضارع‬
‫ُران‬
ِ ‫ َتـ ْنص‬is used in the dual form for ‫ المخاطب‬and ‫ الغائب‬in the ‫مُضارع‬
‫ص ُر‬
ُ ‫ َتـ ْن‬is used for ‫ المخاطب‬1 male and ‫ الغئبة‬1 female

My notes in Sarf – Bintu Jose as-Salafiyyah # 11

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