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Issue No. 10 * Cheshvan-Kislev 5771 * November 2010 * $3.95
Bringing you the latest buzz...from Israel and around the world
cious Deli late! Choco
Let’s Talk TUrkey!
, GO, GO GO .. Golan. to the
Z i m Zo o m
Bringing you the latest buzz...
From the Editor's Desk
Dear Readers, ns, trying As we go to press, Israel is having talks with the Palestinia tough to reach a peace agreement. The talks are difficult, with compromises necessary from both sides. rtheless Israel is a small country surrounded by enemies. It is neve t but also a successful and strong country, not just in military migh economically, scientifically, and democratically. Palestinians Israel, being so small, does not have much to offer the Israel in exchange for peace. Therefore, it sometimes seems that trivial to is being stubborn about trivial things. But they are not s now Israel. Israel must make sure that any compromises it make will result in real long-term results. country We Israelis want peace, but we also want to maintain our as safe, successful, Jewish and democratic. Yigal Tzadka, Editor
with updates from Israel and the World
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News in Hebrew...
ח ָשׁוֹת בּעב ִית ְ ִ ְר ֲד
שׁ ֵי מדע ִנים יִשׂראלים יְקבּלוּ את המדלָה הלאוּמית למדע ָ ַ ְ ִ ְ ַ ְ ְ ֵ ִ ַ ְ ֶ ַ ֵ ַ ְי ְַָ ְנ מה ָשׂיא האָמריקנִי בּ ָק אוֹבּמה. פּרוֹפסוֹר ַקיר אַ ֲרוֹנוֹב ָ ָ ְ ֶ יִ ה ֵ ַנ ִ ָ ֶ ִ ָ ָר .וּפּרוֹפסוֹר אַמנוֹן ָריב קידמוּ מאוֹד את המדע בּעוֹלם ָ ָ ַַָ ֶ ְ ְ ִ ְִ י ֶ ְ
for Readers: Important Note articles in this All the Hebrew heard online at magazine can be
mber beside the Look for the nu onto the article, then log n. website and liste
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פרופסור יקיר אהרונוב
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ח ָשׁוֹת בּעב ִית ְ ִ ְר ֲד two - shney - שֵׁי ְנ scientists - mad'aneem - מדעִים ַ ְ ָנ will receive (pl) - yikablu - ְק ְלוּ יַבּ medal - medal'ya - מדלָה ֶ ַ ְי
100 YEARS OF THE KIBBUTZ MOVEMENT
Have you ever thought about living on a kibbutz (kee-BOOTS)? A kibbutz is a type of living complex that is unique to Israel – kibbutzim don’t exist anywhere else in the world! And last month, the kibbutz movement celebrated its 100th anniversary at Kibbutz Degania, the very first kibbutz, close to the southern shore of Lake Kinneret.
In October of 1910, ten Jewish men and two women decided to create an “independent communal community” of Jews farming in the Jewish homeland. By “independent” they meant that the farm would be theirs; they had no sponsors or partners to whom they would owe a share of the profits. But since starting an agricultural business needs a lot of equipment and materials, and no one individual could afford to get started by him- or herself, they decided to make it a “communal” farm: they would buy the equipment together, share the work, and share the profits. They called themselves דגְָה ְ ַני (Degania), based on the Hebrew word for grain. Eventually they built their farm in a beautiful valley near the Jordan River. Their idea worked well, and over the next several decades, other groups of Jews founded kibbutzim all over Israel, especially in the Galilee and the Negev. The families on each kibbutz would eat their meals together, share the work of running the kibbutz’s business, and share decisions about how to spend the kibbutz’s money. For example, if their farm did especially well one year, they would meet to decide whether to add another bedroom to each home, or to expand the business, or to buy a car that they could take turns using to go on vacations. In the early years of the kibbutz movement, even the children were shared! Rather than live with their parents, children would live in special houses with other kids their own age, under supervision of a few adults whose job it was in the kibbutz to take care of all the kids. The children might see their parents only at dinner time. That way, the adults could focus on their work without worrying about childcare. However, most of the children who grew up this way didn’t like it, and when they reached adulthood and became kibbutz leaders, all the kibbutzim started Degania - then... allowing children to live with ...and now! their own parents – but they still have clubhouses where the kids do their homework and have Also, many activities in the kibbutzim are not in the afternoons, while agriculture business anymore; their parents work. they might own a hotel or a factory, perhaps in addition to a In the last 30 years, farm. But they are still close-knit kibbutzim have communities where everyone changed drastically. knows each other and shares For example, most kibbutz members today are allowed to own their own property, and their budgets might not all be exactly equal. (continued on page 10)
Thanksgiving Turkey Trivia
Americans celebrate Thanksgiving this year on November 25th. Impress your friends and family with your knowledge of little-known turkey tidbits.
Jews nder ing Amer ican Wa Can! ey Wherever They for Americans that includes Get Turk ups of American
Small gro oes, sliced turkey, mashed potat Celebrating Thanksgiving olim often get together on an and pumpkin pie. There are with a turkey feast is such Thanksgiving evening, even shpart also organizations of Engli ingrained (and enjoyable) in Israel it is a regular though make many speaking immigrants who st of American culture that rk day, for a traditional fea als wo e communal Thanksgiving me Americans can’t give up th en o with all the trimmings – ev road. for all the American olim wh custom when they move ab ce which, like cranberry sau e just can’t give up this uniqu turkeys, isn’t always easy whole s) American olim (immigrant They American holiday. to find in the Middle East! stalgia to Israel feel such no or often invite native Israelis, ision Unfortunately, Israeli telev for Thanksgiving that many s from around the immigrant stations don’t broadcast of them make special orders to share the custom, the world, but American football games, for whole turkeys at their d, and of course the thanks! foo et, on these days, with the intern supermarkets, a phenomen o have tchers even those Americans wh which often puzzles the bu ies Some restaurants in big cit can of moved to Tel Aviv or Haifa here, who wonder why all usalem have caught like Jer y’s watch the game or the Mac a sudden so many people are to Thanksgiving rituals on at parade. planning to serve a bird th and offer holiday packages ok. takes hours to co
In English, the large bird we eat on Tha nksgiving has the same name as the country of Turkey, because when Europe ans first discovered the bird in the New World, they mistakenly thought it was a guinea-fowl, also known as the Turkey hen (which was brought to Eur ope through Turkey).
What’s In A Name?
DID Y OU K A gro NOW? up o turke ys is f a raf called ter.
Many languages, including Hebrew, call the bird after the country of India. Thi s might be because when America was first discovered, man y people thought it was part of Asia – and India is a large Asian country. Or it might be because at that time, anything exotic was asso ciated with India. In any case, in Hebrew, the bird is not called ( טוּרקָהToork’ya - Turkey), but rath ְ ְי er ( הוֹדוּHodu - India).
Four Ways To Cook A Turkey. . .
Looking to do something a little different with your turkey this year? Your parents might be willing to try one of these preparation methods.
ROASTING ( - צ ִיָהtzli’yah): This is the most popular way. Slather some ְל י flavorings all over the turkey, stuff it with bread or vegetables, and bake it on low heat in your oven for a few hours. SMOKING ( - ִישׁוּןishun): Smoking your turkey changes the taste significantly and results in a juicier bird, ע but you’ll need either a food smoker or a grill with a large cover – and about twice as much time. To smoke turkey, you burn wood close to the meat (but not directly under it) in an enclosed space, so that the turkey soaks up the taste of the smoke as it heats through. FRYING ( - ִיגוּןtigun): If you have a deep fryer large enough for your turkey, and if you don’t mind all the ט extra fat from the oil, deep-frying is a great way to cook the turkey fast, and you end up with a bird that is crispy on the outside and juicy on the inside. It is easy to burn yourself from all the hot oil, so be careful and maybe do this procedure outdoors. GRILLING ( - צ ִיָה ַל הג ִילtzli’yah al hagrill): Barbecuing a turkey takes some skill, but your family can find ְ ל י ע ַ ְר directions online. You can use a charcoal or gas grill. Give the turkey a few hours to cook completely.
. . . a A Fifth! nd
In recent years, the Thanksgiving turkey has reached new levels of decadence with the popularity of the turducken, a chicken stuffed into a duck stuffed into a turkey and all cooked together. That’s right, three birds in one, with all the bones removed, so that when you slice through it you get rings of chicken, duck, and turkey meat. Some people also include sausages in the empty spaces for more flavor and color. The word “turducken” is a smushing together of the words TURkey, DUCK, and chickEN. The English name for a word that is created by combining parts of other words is portmanteau (PORT-man-toe). Examples of portmanteaus in English are brunch (breakfast + lunch), smog (smoke + fog), skort (skirt + shorts), Gleek (Glee + geek), Twihard (Twilight + diehard) and Wikipedia (wiki + encyclopedia). Hebrew has many portmanteaus. Here are a few examples:
( תק ִיטtakleet - record) + ( אוֹרor - light) = ( תק ִיטוֹרtaklitor - CD) ַ ְל ַ ְל ( ר ֶזremez - hint) + ( אוֹרor - light) = ( ר ְזוֹרramzor - traffic light) ֶמ ַמ ( ק ֶןkeren - horn) + ( אַףaff - nose) = ( קרַףkarnaff - rhinoceros) ֶר ַ ְנ ( רכּ ֶתrakevet - train) + ( כּ ֶלkevel - cable) = ( רכּ ֶלrakevel - cable car) ַ ֶב ֶב ַ ֶב ( ַיchai - life) + ( ָרzar - strange) = ( חְָרchaizar - alien) ח ז ַ יז ( מחֶהmachazeh - play) + ( ֶ ֶרzemer - song) = ( מחֶ ֶרmachazemer - musical) ַ ֲז זמ ַ ֲ זמ ( ַדוּרkadoor - ball) + ( רֶלregel - leg) = ( ַדוּרֶלkadooregel - soccer) כּ ֶג כּ ֶג ( מג ָלmigdal - tower) + ( אוֹרor - light) = ( מג ַלוֹרmigdalor - lighthouse) ִ ְד ִ ְד
ZIMZOOM TAKES YOU ON A VIRTUAL TRIP TO ISRAEL’S LUSHEST REGION
GOLAN PAST AND PRESENT
Hilly and green, the Golan Heights attract 3 million tourists every year who come to enjoy its streams and waterfalls, archeological sites, panoramic views of Lake Kinneret and the Syrian mountains, and farms that offer apple- and cherrypicking in the fall and spring. As you can guess from its name, the Golan Heights area is high up. The Israeli part of the Golan covers about 400 square miles, that on average are over 3,000 feet high. It is the rainiest part of Israel and provides 15 percent of Israel’s water. It is also a terrific area to grow grapes for wine. In the time of the Bible, the Golan was settled by the Jewish tribes of Dan and Menashe. Since then, very few people lived there, until the late 1800’s when the Ottoman (Turkish) empire solved its refugee problem by sending people to live in the Golan. When the State of Israel was founded in 1948, the Golan Heights was part of Syria. This was unfortunate for Israel because from the Heights, the Syrians could literally look down onto Israel and easily lob rockets onto the Jewish towns and kibbutzim across the border. For many years, Israelis in northern Israel lived under near-constant rocket attack and spent a lot of time in their bomb shelters. In 1967, Israel captured the Golan Heights in the Six Day War. They immediately offered to give the land back to Syria in exchange for a peace treaty, but Syria would not negotiate with Israel. Later, after the 1973 Yom Kippur War, Israel gave a very small amount of the Golan to Syria; that strip is now under the control of the United Nations. By then, Israel had started allowing Jews to move there. Now, about 120,000 people live in the Golan, almost all of whom are either Druze or Jewish. This move to “annex” the Golan Heights (make it part of Israel without any negotiations to give Syria something in return) was controversial. Israel says that it needed to annex the Heights in order to have safe borders – after all, the Syrians had used the Golan to launch rockets into Israel. The United Nations says that it is illegal under international
GO, GO, GOLAN!
SHOULD ISRAEL RETURN THE GOLAN TO SYRIA?
In 1981, Israel officially declared the Golan a part of Israel, and offered Israeli citizenship to the many Druze people (see page 7) who lived there.
law for Israel to keep the Golan Heights. In the last 10 years, there have sometimes been rumors that Israel and Syria are making tentative offers for peace negotiations, which would involve giving some or most of the Golan Heights back to Syria. There were actually peace talks in the year 2000, but they broke down because Syria demanded access to Lake Kinneret, and Israel did not want to give up its control over such an important water source. Three years later, Syria offered to talk again, and Israel demanded they first disarm the terrorist group Hezbollah, and that they stop hosting Palestinian terrorists – so the talks never happened. After the 2006 Israel-Lebanon war, the Israeli prime minister said that the Golan Heights “will remain in Israeli hands forever,” but since then rumors have again arisen that Israel and Syria are considering peace talks – but so have statements from Israeli leaders that they plan to hold on to the Golan Heights. The vast majority of Israelis want to keep the Golan, not only because it is beautiful but because they do not trust Syria to keep an agreement.
MEET THE DRUZE
The Druze are a religious community of about 1 million people who live mostly in Syria and Lebanon, with a few in Jordan, but 100,000 live in northern Israel, in Haifa, the Galil, and the Golan. (There are also communities of Druze who have moved to the United States, Canada, and other Western countries.) The Druze religion is unusual in that they do not accept converts and they don’t explain much about their beliefs to outsiders. Many Druze in Israel consider themselves “liberal” (which to them means “not particularly religious”), but a large segment of the Druze population are quite religious; only the most religious among them know all the secrets about their faith. What we know about the Druze faith is that it is monotheistic (believing in just one God). It split from Islam about a thousand years ago. They believe in the reincarnation of souls and that when a Druze dies, his soul will come back in a Druze baby. Among their prophets is Yitro (Jethro), the father-in-law of Moshe (Moses). One of the distinguishing characteristics of Druze beliefs – which makes them much respected by Israelis – is that they believe in supporting the government of whatever country they live in. This means
that Israeli Druze are highly patriotic. They serve in the Israeli army, even reaching high ranks as army officers. Their dedication to Israel, despite the fact that they are not Jewish, is highly appreciated by the Israeli public. While the Druze of the Galil and Carmel (Haifa) regions consider themselves Israeli, the Druze of the Golan are in a more complicated situation. Many of them were separated from their families in Syria when Israel captured the Golan Heights in 1967, and the legality of Israel’s rule over the Golan is controversial. Therefore, the Druze there, especially young people born after 1982, consider themselves neither Israeli nor Syrian. Many have refused to take Israeli citizenship, they are exempt from army service, and their travel papers (not passports, since they are not citizens of any country) label their nationality as “undefined.” Still, while their feelings about Israel might be mixed, the Golani Druze have lived peacefully under Israeli rule and not engaged in violence.
g to gi Should Israel be willin offers a good Golan to Syria if Syria peace deal?
What do YOU think? the ve
ZIMZOOM TAKES YOU ON A VIRTUAL TRIP TO ISRAEL’S LUSHEST REGION
JEWISH LIFE IN THE GOLAN
Archeologists have uncovered 29 ancient synagogues in the Golan. Today, there are 24 Jewish towns and 10 kibbutzim in the Golan. Many Jews there own farms or other food production businesses, but tourism is also a big industry. Many people build cottages on their land and perhaps a swimming pool, and rent them out to the many tourists who come to the Golan. In the spring, summer and fall, the tourists go horseback riding or jeeping, hike in the national parks, visit wineries, and eat Druzi food. In the winter, they go skiing on Mount Hermon. The largest Jewish town in the Golan is Katzrin, which has a population of over 6,000 people and boasts two shopping malls and many cultural activities and museums.
GO, GO, GOLAN!
SITES TO SEE: THE BANIAS
The Banias Nature Reserve, a short distance from the Syrian border, is considered one of the most beautiful sites in all of Israel. Here you can hike along riverbanks lined with lush trees and grasses, gaze at rushing waterfalls, and explore ancient ruins. Close to the entrance is the striking site of five tremendous gates hewn high into the face of a rocky hill. These are the remains of Greek and Roman temples to the mythological god Pan, patron of shepherds, nature, music and theater. The Banias river is named after Pan; the Arabs who took over the area could not pronounce the “p” sound, so “Panias” became “Banias.” Also in the nature reserve are the awesome remains of a huge ancient Greek palace, and an ancient flour mill that is powered by the river. While you hike the trails, you’ll smell the aroma of the mint and figs that grow in the park, and see many of the protected animals that live in the nature reserve, including the Syrian rock hyrax, wild boars, doves, kestrel, and a variety of birds.
SITES TO SEE: MOUNT HERMON
The top of Mount Hermon he (hair-MONE) is in Syria, but its slopes, the highest in Israel at 9,230 feet above sea level, offer Israel’s only ski resort, with a variety of trails and restaurants. That’s right: Skiing in Israel! OK, the slopes aren’t as interesting as the ones in Colorado or Vermont, but there is snow, and a chairlift, and gorgeous views of the towns and hills below. It is because the mountain is so
high that it collects a lot of water and snow, which drips down to form rivers and streams in the Golan and eventually the Jordan River and Lake Kinneret. Its height also makes it a valuable military location for Israel, since the country can see and sense threats of attack from on high. During the summer, the Hermon Mountain is a great place to go hiking. It is full of wild flowers and herbs, and the constant temperature changes between cold in the winter and warmth in the summer have created many crevices and chasms to explore.
WINERIES FOR THE WIN
There aren’t that many good wines that come from the Middle East. Growing grapes that are suitable for high-quality wine requires very specific climate and soil conditions. These conditions can be found in the Golan. Before the Golan became part of Israel, the country had a wine industry but the quality of the wine was considered poor. But in the 1970’s Israel planted the first vines in the Golan, and since then the wine business in Israel, and its reputation, have grown tremendously. There are now 200 wineries in Israel, many of which have won important wine awards from around the world. That Israeli
brand you might be using for Kiddush on Shabbat might also be served in fancy restaurants. Eighty percent of Israel’s wines come from just five wineries. The biggest producer is the Golan Heights Winery near the small city of Katzrin; they make wines called Gamla (named after an ancient Golani town), Golan, and Yarden (after the Jordan river); you may have seen these brands on your Shabbat table. But many Israelis have opened small “boutique” wineries that produce only a few thousand bottles per year. When you visit the Golan, tour some of these wineries, learn more about the art of winemaking, and (if you are over 18 years old) taste the wines. Ironically, drinking wine is not very popular in Israel itself; culturally, Jews tend not to consume much alcohol, and Israel has one of the lowest rates of alcohol drinking in the world. So most Israeli wines are sold in the United States and Europe, where many wine experts appreciate the wines’ increasing quality.
!זוֹ ִשׂראל שׁ ִי יְ ֵָ ֶל
This is My Israel!
(continued from page 3)
.ארגוּן " ֶפשׁ בּ ֶפשׁ" מביא עוֹלים ֲדשׁים ליִשׂ ָאל ִֵ חָ ִ ְ ְ ר ִ ֵ ֶנֶ ְ נ ְִ .בָּמים אלה ֵשׁ להם פּרוֶֹקט מיוּחד ָ ְ ְְיִ ֵ ֶ י ָ ֶ ְ י ."א ָשׁים מצלמים את עצמם עם שׁלט "זוֹ יִשׂ ָאל שׁלי ִ ֶ ְֵ ר ֶ ֶ ִ ָ ְ ַ ֶ ִ ְ ַ ְ ִ ֲנ :ה ֵה חלק מהתמוּנוֹת ְ ַ ֵ ֵֶ ִנ
Also, many kibbutzim are not in the agriculture business anymore; they might own a hotel or a factory, perhaps in addition to a farm. But they are still close-knit communities where everyone knows each other and shares their resources to a great extent. In honor of the 100th anniversary of kibbutzim, Israelis reconstructed the shack where the leaders of K’vutzat Degania (the Degania Group), who literally planted the seeds of what would later become the first kibbutz, lived. Six thousand people came to celebrate, including Israeli and Jewish leaders from around the world, families who live on kibbutzim, and the children and grandchildren of Degania’s founders. Mr. Efi Stenzler, a leader in the Jewish National Fund, called the shack “not a memorial, but a road sign that shows us the way. One hundred years may have passed, but the shack of the founders of Degania still broadcasts the same message: Only if we believe in our own strength will we succeed in maintaining a Jewish country.”
זוֹ ִשׂראל שׁ ִי יְ ֵָ ֶל themselves - atzmam - עצ ָם ַ ְמ days - yameem - ָ ִים ימ organization - irgun - א ְגוּן ִר sign - shelet - שׁ ֶט ֶל these - eh'leh - א ֶה ֵל brings - meh'vee - מ ִיא ֵב here - heeneh - הֵה ִנ project - proyect - ְרוֶֹ ְט פּ יק immigrants - oleem - עוֹ ִים ל some, part - chelek - ח ֶק ֵל special - meyuchad - ְיוּ ָד מ ח ִ ֲד pictures - tmunot - תמוּנוֹתphotographing (pl) - metzalmeem - מצל ִיםnew (pl) - chadasheem - ח ָשׁים ְ ְ ַ ְמ
ZimZoom Quiz: How Neat Are You?
Read the following questions and choose the answer that best describes you. Check the results on the bottom. 1. What is under your bed? a. A bin with neatly folded summer clothes. b. A few dust bunnies. c. Socks ( - גרבִּיםgarba’yeem), ְַ ַי used tissues, old notebooks, and candy wrappers. 2. You have a math test (מב ָן ִ ְח - mivchan) tomorrow! Your exercise sheets and notes are... a. All together, in order. b. Mixed with other school notes in a big binder. c. Scattered around your room, your locker, and in your BFF’s backpack ( - ְַקוּטyalkoot)... יל 3. How often do your parents nag you to clean your room? a. Never. My room ( ח ֶרֶד cheder) is always neat and tidy. b. About once a week. c. Several times a week – it’s never ending nag, nag, nag! 4. Your locker in school is... a. Organized alphabetically, with a special section for your lunch. b. Not in any particular order, but you can always ﬁnd what you need within a few seconds. c. Empty, because you’ve lost most of your books. 5. Tomorrow is a ﬁeld trip, and you forgot to have your mom sign the permission slip. Quick – do you know where it is right now? a. Yeah, it’s in the top righthand drawer of my desk. b. I think so. If it’s not in my backpack, then it’s on my desk. c. Ummm, no. 6. What do you do with your clothes ( - בג ִיםbgadeem) when ּ ָד ְ you take them off at night? a. Hang up what I can wear again and put the rest in the laundry hamper. b. Dump some of it onto the back of a chair, and put the rest in the hamper. c. Leave them on the ﬂoor. 7. Your BFF is coming to sleep over tomorrow ( - מ ָרmachar). ָח How do you feel about having someone in your room?
a. Can’t wait to hang out! b. I guess I’d better put away a few things so it’ll look a little ( - ק ָתktzat) nicer. ְצ c. OMG, I can’t see the ﬂoor... I gotta clean up around here or we’ll be stepping on my stuff! 8. Your BFF has slept over, and now you are making breakfast. After you ﬁnish eating you... a. Wash and dry the dishes (כּ ִים ֵל - keh’leem) and wipe the table and counters. b. Wash the dishes. c. Go to the family room to play on the Wii.
to look perfect. This is a d like your environment r-organized an you are. ers who aren’t as neat as Mostly A’s: You are supe ve some patience for oth as you ha terriﬁc quality – as long gh ce, but you are neat enou thing 100 percent in its pla t have every t not so Mostly B’s: You might no might be a little messy, bu ed when you need it. You u ne ll make your life a little that you can ﬁnd what yo Stepping up your game wi lem in your life. much that it’s a big prob have things under control. easier, but basically you on is having a bad effect ! Your lack of organizati a clutter-bug – and developing better habits Mostly C’s: You are quite e. Take small steps toward your lif nd (really!). on your schoolwork and r is a sign of a creative mi lf with the idea that clutte se meanwhile comfort your
Mmmm, It’s Time fo
And now, for a little Elite
There are two things ( - דב ִיםdvareem) that are dangerous to ְ ָר chocolate: water and heat. Israel doesn’t have a lot of water, but most of the country is very hot, so you wouldn’t think that a chocolate company ( - חב ָהchevrah) could have thrived here before ֶ ְר the invention of air-conditioning ( - ִיזוּגmeezug) – especially since מ there aren’t exactly a lot of cocoa beans around. But those are exactly the conditions under which Israel first got its most famous ( - ְפוּר ָםmefursam) chocolate brand, Elite. מ ְס The story of Elite chocolate starts in Russia and Latvia. In 1933, Eliyahu Fromenchenko, a maker ( - ַצ ָןyatz’ran) of confectionaries יְר (candies) fled those countries and moved to Ramat Gan, in Palestine. By 1934 Elite chocolates were in stores. The most popular was a chocolate bar with a picture of a cow on the package, known to Israelis as ( שׁוֹקוֹ ָד פּ ָהShokolad ל ָר Para - cow chocolate), but over the years they introduced other brands that are still famous, including ( ְקוּפּ ֶתMekupelet - folded) and ( פּ ֶק ְ ַןPesek Zman - time out). מ ֶל ֶ ס זמ For many years, people would go out of their way to pass the Elite factory ( - מפ ָלmif’al) so they could ִ ְע smell the chocolate. Today, Elite is part of a larger food company called Strauss, but it is still most known for its chocolates, which still have pictures ( - ְמוּנוֹתtmunot) of cows on the packaging. Elite also sells ת coffee ( - ק ֶהkafeh) around the world – especially in Central and Eastern Europe and in Brazil – and some ָפ salty snacks.
YOU KNOW? DID
that makes Elite Strauss, the company rules for all its offices chocolate, has strict d g good to workers an rael worldwide about bein nment. A group in Is protecting the enviro d on their “social rates companies base which med Strauss #1. responsibility ” has na
The Chocolate Mountain
Elite isn’t the only chocolate company in Israel. There are many smaller brands and companies that make fancy chocolates, the kind that are individually wrapped and sold in pretty boxes. One such company in the Golan is De Karina Chocolates, located in Kibbutz Ein Zivan. This company was founded by an immigrant from Argentina whose family had made chocolate for three generations. If you visit the Golan, you can tour the De Karina factory, make your own chocolates, and enjoy hot and cold chocolate in its little shop. One of the most popular De Karina products is a little piece of dark chocolate shaped like a cone, with a bit of white chocolate dotted on the top. Can you guess what it is supposed to be? (Answer below).
OW? KN YOU DID
l, n Israe t olate i hey pu t choc r a ho a powder. T kupelet bar) de Me you or om When ’t make it fr ten an Elite over it , and c on (of cup they d f chocolate he f your tom o lk. Mix up t ce o bot pie e ! a into th steamed mi ss and enjoy ne th od wi tey go hocola c
Answer: Mount Hermon. The white chocolate represents the snow. For more on Mount Hermon see page 8.
!טוֹב לחיוֹת בִּשׂראל ֵ ָ ְ ְי ְִ
It’s Good to Live in Israel!
.מ ָזִין "נְיוּזְוִויק" בּדק בּאילוּ מדינוֹת ֲכי טוֹב לחיוֹת ְִ ִה ִ ְ ֵ ְ ַָ ָג .המ ָזִין בּדק 001 מדינוֹת ְִ ַ ָ ָג .22-יִשׂ ָאל נִמצאת בּמקוֹם ה ַ ָ ַ ֵ ְ ְֵ ר .פינְלנְד נִמצאת בּמקוֹם הראשׁוֹן ִָ ַָ ְֵ ַ ִ .14-ארה"ב נִמצאת בּמקוֹם ה ַ ַָ ְֵ
is found, is at (f) - nimtzet - ִמ ֵאת נְצ place - makom - ָקוֹם מ ﬁrst - rishon - ִאשׁוֹן ר U.S. - arhab - ארה"ב טוֹב לחיוֹת בִּשׂראל ֵ ָ ְ ְי ְִ checked - badak - בּ ַק ָד in which - beh'elu - בּ ֵילוּ ְא countries - medinot - מ ִינוֹת ְד the best - hachi tov - ה ִי טוֹב ֲכ
On page 5 you learned sev eral Hebrew portmanteaus. Column A has the Hebre w words and Column B has the En glish translations. Can you match up the co lumns?
1. קרַף ַ ְנ 2. חְָר ַ יז 3. רמזוֹר ְַ 4. ַדוּרֶל כּ ֶג 5. תק ִיטוֹר ַ ְל 6. מחֶ ֶר ַ ֲ זמ 7. מגדלוֹר ְַ ִ 8. רכּ ֶל ַ ֶב
a. CD b. cable car c. musical d. soccer e. rhinoceros f. trafﬁc light g. lighthouse h. alien
Weekly Torah Portion - VaYeshev
In Parashat Vayeshev we learn that Ya’akov (Jacob) settled in the land of Canaan with his large family. Many of his sons sold their brother, Yosef (Joseph), to merchants, who brought Yosef to Egypt as a slave. The Torah continues with Yosef’s story and all the problems he experienced in Egypt as a foreign servant. He was framed for a crime and thrown in prison, but managed to succeed and advance himself, until he became the second-most powerful person in the country.
פּ ָשׁת ַשּׁבוּע - ֵַשׁב ֶ ָ ר ַ ה ָ ַ וי
Yosef meets his brothers.
Our Sages saw Yosef as a model for how a Jew can succeed in far-flung lands. He stayed true to his Jewish roots, always remembering his family and traditions, but at the same time helped the Egyptians, even saving them from the effects of a terrible famine. Through hard work, honesty, intelligence and faithfulness to G-d, Yosef earned the respect of those around him and overcame his problems. At the time, Egypt was a world power, a place of almost limitless riches and possibilities, much like the United States today. Can you think of North American Jews (perhaps in your own community) who remind you of Yosef? What can we learn from Yosef about how to be a strong Jewish community in North America?
סלְג עב ִי ְ ֶנ ִ ְר
Hebrew is a living language that is always integrating new words and expressions. Learn Hebrew slang and use it when you talk. You’ll be speaking like a Sabra in no time!
ג‘ָָה ָ ננ
Janana is the feeling of being so irritated you think you are going to lose your mind. When someone or something is being annoying, it makes other people crazy and “gives them Janana.” This word is based on the Arabic word ( מְ‘נוּןmajnun), which is also used in Hebrew. ַג It means crazy or mixed-up. If something gives you the janana, you are feeling maj’nun. Here are some examples of this slang in action: • During the concert, the people sitting around us were screaming the whole time and really gave us the .ָ‘ָָה ג ננ • The bus driver was speeding so recklessly, all the passengers became .מְ‘נוִּים ַג נ
ANSWERS TO LAST ISSUE’S ACTIVITIES
Page 8 1-d; 2-a; 3-c; 4-g; 5-f; 6-b; 7-e Answers to page 12 1-a 2-e 3-b 4-c 5-d Answers to page 15 1-c 2-i 3-e 4-a 5-g 6-f 7-j 8-d 9-b 10 - h Answers to page 16 1. ספּטמ ֶר ֶ ְ ֶ ְבּ 2. ְיוּ יוֹ ְק נ ר 3. ְלוֹ ִי ָה פ רד 4. ק ְפּוּס ַמ 5. אַר ֵאוֹלוֹגָה ְ כ ְי 6. גֶּאוֹלוֹגָה ֶנ ְי 7. קוּל 8. ִיִי סנ
in words that you learned Column A has Hebrew glish Column B has their En the article on page 12. lumns? tch up the co translations. Can you ma
COLUMN A ְִָ 1. דברים מ 2. ִיזוּג ֶ ְר 3. חב ָה ְ ְס 4. מפוּר ָם ל 5. שׁוֹקוֹ ָד ָר 6. פּ ָה ָפ 7. ק ֶה ִ ְע 8. מפ ָל יְר 9. ַצ ָן ְ 10. תמוּנוֹת
COLUMN B a. maker b. famous c. cow d. air-conditioning e. chocolate f. coffee g. company h. pictures i. things j. factory
Check your answers in the next issu e
rew Yo Heb
Many words in Hebrew actually come from other languages. Here are some words in Hebrew that are very similar to English words. Read the Hebrew words first. Can you figure out what they mean?
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Asia aas’ya ְי אַסָה Turkey democracy grill barbecue internet puzzle focused (v) drastic toork’ya demo’kra’tya greel baarr’bee’kyu een’terr’net paazel mefukaseem draas’tee ְ ִי טוּרקָה ד ְ ַ ְי ֵמוֹקרטָה ְר ג ִיל ַ ְבּ ק בּר ִי ְיוּ א נֶ ְנ ִיְטרֶט פּ ז ָאֶל מ ָס ְפוּק ִים ְ ַ ְט דרס ִי
t ... ity...Ac.tivibeloyis iv ctivity...Act sed on English words The text t abwove. ...A
are ba the lis ords in Hebrew rew words from above, many w the correct Heb aces with As you read ds. Fill in the sp sing some wor mis
th. untry every mon out a different co e learn ab hool subject. W lled is my favorite sc of a continent ca Geography _) which is part ____ a star in about (1. ______ cent moon and onth we learned Last m with a white cres ag is red ned that their fl _____). We lear torship. (2. ______ ___), not a dicta a (3. ________ ey have its center and th _) for research. (4. __________ d the puter and we use t done on the com and I had to pu were ties. My friends e of our lessons Som nt activi e we did differe eces so we really a fun class wher er also had e were lots of pi - ther My teach the map of Asia ue ___) that showed ers in the next iss ______ Check your answ together a (5. __ _________)! had to be (6. __
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