HOW TO BUILD SOLID-STATE ELECTRICAL OVER-UNITY DEVICES

REV. 2.0a

William Alek

INTALEK, INC.
3506-43rd. Place Highland, IN 46322 CONTACT INFO: PHONE: 219.924.2742 EMAIL: alekws@intalek.com

(c) INTALEK, INC., 2002

(c) INTALEK, INC., 2002

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The third category are coils that use ferromagnetic cores and/or pms in a special configuration. INC. These devices typically have a COP (Coefficient Of Performance) less than unity. These devices typically have a COP close to. These devices can be placed into three unique categories. These devices have a COP greater than unity. (c) INTALEK. The second category are coils that use ferromagnetic cores and opposing and/or orthogonal magnetic fields applied by permanent magnets (pms). and have unique operating requirements. 2002 3 ..ABSTRACT Electrical coil-based devices that use Free Energy or Over-Unity effects require a unique understanding when determining their "correct" operation. The first category are classic coils that use ferromagnetic (iron alloy) core material. but NOT greater than unity. The purpose of this paper is to present the "hidden" mechanism that is at work in these devices which causes them to produce excess electrical energy.

meaning that the domains are in electromagnetic equilibrium with the thermal environment. and is expressed as a ratio of the energy out divided by the energy in. its' energy. thereby increasing its' inductance. B I µ oH THE MAGNETIC AXIS CAN PIVOT OR ROTATE S + S A N B - N µ oH THE POTENTIAL DIFFERENCE IS BOUND WITHIN THE DOMAIN FERROMAGNETIC DOMAIN SOLENOID MODEL (c) INTALEK.THE DEFINITION OF COP The Coefficient Of Performance. is a unitless number. Coil-Based Device EIN EOUT COP = EOUT EIN or COP = ∫ POUTdt ∫ PINdt FERROMAGNETIC DOMAINS A ferromagnetic domain of iron alloy core materials can be modeled as an ideal "unity-gain" solenoid. or COP. The key words here are unity-gain.. 2002 4 . INC. External coils can mutually couple to these domains. and as a consequence.

Y INCREASING PERMEABILITY: µXY > µo INCREASES INDUCTANCE: LXY > LIN X INCREASES OUTPUT ENERGY: EXY > EIN µXYHXY BY 0 µoHX Y INCREASING PERMEABILITY: µXYZ > µo BZ µXYZHXYZ 0 µoHX BY X INCREASES INDUCTANCE: LXYZ > LIN INCREASES OUTPUT ENERGY: EXYZ > EIN Z (c) INTALEK. Adding orthogonal magnetic fields using permanent magnets will " i n c r e a s e t h e p e r m e a b i l i t y µ " o f t h e ferromagnetic core material. As a consequence..ORTHOGONAL MAGNETIC FIELDS Magnetic fields are represented as vectors. The results are a higher COP value. INC. the inductance and the energy of the coil increases. 2002 5 .

SmartMEG. COP > 1.SmartPAK ZPOD Electrostriction/magnetostriction phenomena of ferromagnetic materials.. Cooling of ferromagnetic material is observed. PP Full flux transfer magnetic core anomaly. C Coil/Core/Magnet . MEG. This phenomena is related to the nature of flux flowing within the magnetic material.PERFORMANCE METHODS CATEGORY 1 DESCRIPTION Under-Unity Devices.00 Coil/Core/Magnet . Over-Unity Devices.00 A Coil/Core . 2002 6 .00 Coil/Core . 2 3 (c) INTALEK. Adams Motor A variable reluctance control of magnet in a Category 2 Near-Unity device.SmartPAK POD. Near-Unity Devices. A "negative" Carnot cycle is occurring within the material B Coil/Core/Magnet . POD Opposing/orthogonal magnetic fields applied to ferromagnetic materials. COP << 1. Kunel. COP < 1.Classic Devices Classic use of magnetic fields applied to ferromagnetic (iron alloy) core materials.H. INC.

or any stored-electrical medium. serves as a "starting engine" for all these devices. a CATEGORY 3 Over-Unity device can be configured to maintain. or collapse its' source dipole over time. 2002 7 . or replenish its' dipole.A SYSTEM REQUIREMENT: THE "SOURCE DIPOLE" The source dipole. TWO AND FOUR TERMINAL DEVICES EIN Source Dipole 1 Coil-Based Device EOUT 2 1 Source Dipole 4 EIN 2 Coil-Based Device 3 EOUT Load Dipole (c) INTALEK. defined as a forced separation of electric charges. A CATEGORY 1 Under-Unity device or a CATEGORY 2 Near-Unity device will eventually deplete. However. INC. a charged capacitor.. A source dipole may be a battery.

and developers to do energy-related practical applications. collect. INC.. The theory of operation is based on the difference of energy between magnetization/de-magnetization cycles of ferromagnetic materials utilizing a coil/ core or coil/core/magnet Head assembly. T h e S m a r t P A K T M system is controlled by a Motorola 68HC908GP32 microcontroller programmed to measure input/output voltages and currents. and immediately test and display in real-time its' performance. (c) INTALEK. It provides a "standard" platform for experimenters. 2002 8 . It has been discovered that EXCESS energy is released during the de-magnetization portion of the cycle using a suitable core assembly. and store this excess energy for later use. and contains software algorithms for a complete "turn-key" power management system. The system features a "standard" user interface.R&D PLATFORM: THE SmartPAK CONTROLLER TM DESCRIPTION SmartPAKTM is the world's first all solid-state FREE ENERGY or OVER-UNITY power management system that transforms ambient thermal environmental energy to excess electrical energy. and perform exploration of the OVER-UNITY phenomena. researchers. The SmartPAK T M system is specially designed to measure. calculate COP. experiments. which allows the user to design their own custom coil/core/magnet "head assemblies".

2002 9 LOAD BATTERY OUTPUT LOAD ..FUNCTIONAL BLOCK DIAGRAM CUSTOM COIL/CORE/MAGNET HEAD ASSEMBLY EXTERNAL SUPPLY SHOCK CHARGING POWER CIRCUITRY INTERNAL SUPPLY SOURCE BATTERY MICROCONTROLLER INTERFACE CIRCUITRY CONTROLLED BY 68HC908GP32 MICROCONTROLLER 16X2 LCD DISPLAY AND SIX PUSHBUTTON SWITCHES (EXTERNALLY MOUNTED) PATH "A" PATH "B" PATH "A" BATTERY BANK 1 PATH "B" BATTERY BANK 2 (c) INTALEK. INC.

. INC.01 3% D2 I_EXT C1 TANTALUM I_LD_BAT R22 0. 36V. Pout = V_LD_BAT x I_LD_BAT Pin = V_EXT x I_EXT D G S PWM Q7 ELECTRICAL DIAGRAM NOTE: VOLTAGES AVAILABLE: 12V.SmartPAK XX10-XX Coil Driver R8 0. and 48V (c) INTALEK. 2002 10 . 24V.01 3% C28 TANTALUM J7 P1 + EXT V_LD_BAT BAT1(2) V_EXT C22 TANTALUM + User Designed Head (POD) Assembly P2 J6 D13 - + NOTE: COP = Pout / Pin where.

(c) INTALEK. MAG1 .4 are NIB type magnets. METGLAS C-CORE MAG3 µ oH N + FERRITE RODS N MAG4 B S S - I L2 2. L1 and L2 use 50ft of 16AWG magnet wire each.5mH S N FERRITE RODS I + S N MAG1 B MAG2 - µ oH NOTE 1: µoH: Produced by coil L1 and L2. which are magnetized in an opposing direction by permanent magnets. B: Produced by magnet MAG1 . The coil L1 and L2 fields are mutually coupled to the ferrite rods' magnetic domains..THE SmartPAK POD NEAR-UNITY DEVICE L1 2.5mH ELECTRICAL DIAGRAM The SmartPAK POD is classified as a CATEGORY 2 Near-Unity Device. 2002 11 . INC.MAG4. AMCC-500. C-Core: METGLAS.

INC.. the current (iBAT1 ) flows from the source battery (BAT1) and magnetizes coil L. Source Dipole (BAT1) iBAT1 = 0 vL + L iBAT2 Load Dipole (BAT2) S1 D1 t≥0 DEMAGNETIZATION PHASE OF CYCLE (c) INTALEK. 2002 12 . the voltage (vL ) across the coil L reverses (Lenz's Law) and the energy stored in L flows out as a high-current impulse (iBAT2 ).THE NEAR-UNITY MODEL OF THE SmartPAK POD With switch S1 closed. This action transfers or discharges energy from the source battery (BAT1) and stores it in L. Energy is transferred from L to the load battery (BAT2). + Source Dipole (BAT1) iBAT1 vL - L iBAT2 = 0 Load Dipole (BAT2) S1 D1 t<0 MAGNETIZATION PHASE OF CYCLE When switch S1 opens.

INC. EC is energy of coil. EM is energy of permanent magnet (pm). 1 (c) INTALEK.. ESYS = EM + EC . ESYS is total field energy.THE ENERGETICS OF FERROMAGNETISM EXTERNAL COIL IC PERMANENT MAGNET IM + N + V LC LM A - S - POLARIZED FERROMAGNETIC MATERIAL CLASSIC TRANSFORMER ANALYSIS The total field energy of the system is.EMUTUAL where. 2002 13 . EMUTUAL is mutual energy between coil and ferromagnetic core coupled to a pm.

LC = 0 Ω 6 (c) INTALEK. ESYS = PSYS Because EM is conserved and does NOT change over time..PMUTUAL So. PSYS = PC .M IM IC FLUX PARAMETRIC COUPLING COUPLING TERM TERM PC PMUTUAL 2 3 4 5 Now. rewriting PSYS. of particular interest is LC of IC2 LC. PSYS or. 2002 14 . For classic CATEGORY 1 Under-Unity devices. EM = PM = LM IM IM = 0 Watts Now.Differentiating ESYS with respect to time is the total instantaneous power. INC. PSYS = LC IC IC + IC2 LC .

LC ≠ 0 Ω 7 Since the coil dissipates power. and the domains transforms this energy from the ambient thermal environment. the ferromagnetic domain can serve as a "hidden" source of energy simply by mutually coupling it to a coil. the instantaneous power PSYS equates to. however. 2002 15 . then the power is negative. by "strategically" polarizing the ferromagnetic material.However. The energy is in the form of excess electrical energy. For example. This reveals the "hidden" mechanism that makes these CATEGORY 3 Over-Unity devices. ESYS = ∫P SYS dt 9 In conclusion. INC.. if LC is "engineered" to be negative. and increases the inductance LC. this resistance may be positive or negative depending upon the slope of LC. PSYS = R IC2 + LC IC IC + IC2 LC . So. (c) INTALEK. This causes an observable cooling effect in the domains. ESYS or. given special operating conditions. if LC is "engineered" to be positive. integrating PSYS with respect to time is the total energy. this increases the permeability µ.M IM IC 8 Since LC has the same units as resistance Ω. then the power is positive.

2002 16 .. INC.THE FREE ENERGY "Alek Effect" PERMEABILITY and FLUX DENSITY (B) B-H CURVE PERMEABILITY (µ) MAGNETIZING FORCE (H) NORMAL VARIATION OF µ ALONG MAGNETIZATION CURVE PERMEABILITY and FLUX DENSITY (B) MODIFIED PERMEABILITY (µm) (CAUSED BY ELECTROSTRICTION / MAGNETOSTRICTION OF IRON ALLOY CORE) B-H CURVE IS SHIFTED LEFT EXCESS FREE ENERGY COMPONENT DUE TO INITIAL MAGNETIZATION MAGNETIZING FORCE (H) MODIFIED VARIATION OF µ ALONG MAGNETIZATION CURVE (c) INTALEK.

7uf "POD" HEAD ASSEMBLY UNDER TEST CURRENT PROBE P6042 HORIZ VERT SCOPE GND Engineering LC will shift the BH curve either left or right.DYNAMIC B-H LOOP TEST FIXTURE POWER OSCILLATOR (SQUARE WAVE) 10K 0. (c) INTALEK. 2002 17 .. INC.

2002 18 .The SmartPAK ZPOD OVER-UNITY DEVICE D1 n x LSEC LSEC1 LSEC2 LSEC3 LSECn + SECONDARIES WIRED IN SERIES T1 1:1 T2 1:1 T3 1:1 Tn 1:1 µ oH µ oH µ oH µ oH PRIMARIES WIRED IN PARALLEL + LPRI1 LPRI2 LPRI n LPRI3 LPRIn - ELECTRICAL DIAGRAM The SmartPAK ZPOD is considered to be a Thompson-Plank PERPETUAL MOTION MACHINE. and is classified as a CATEGORY 3A Over-Unity Device. INC.. (c) INTALEK.

Source Battery (BAT1) iBAT1 = 0 vL + L iBAT2 Load Battery (BAT2) S1 D1 t≥0 DEMAGNETIZATION PHASE OF CYCLE (c) INTALEK. Excess energy is transferred from L to the load battery (BAT2). This action transfers or discharges energy from the source battery (BAT1) and stores it in L0. of L0 ) flows out as a high-current impulse (i B A T 2 ).. the voltage (vL ) across the coil L reverses (Lenz's Law) and the energy stored in L (increased permeability µ. 2002 19 . INC. + Source Battery (BAT1) iBAT1 vL 0 L0 iBAT2 = 0 Load Battery (BAT2) S1 D1 t<0 MAGNETIZATION PHASE OF CYCLE When switch S1 opens.THE OVER-UNITY MODEL OF THE SmartPAK ZPOD With switch S1 closed. the current (iBAT1 ) flows from the source battery (BAT1) and magnetizes coil L0 .

INC. thereby cooling itself. (c) INTALEK. 2002 20 . A s a consequence of releasing this excess electrical energy..THE MAGNETIZATION / DEMAGNETIZATION CYCLE µoH µoH + LPRI1 T1 1:1 + LSEC1 LPRI1 T1 1:1 LSEC1 D1 µoH µoH LPRI2 T2 1:1 LSEC2 LPRI2 T2 1:1 LSEC2 LPRI n LPRI3 µoH HIGH VOLTAGE LSEC3 LPRI' n LPRI3 µoH n x LSEC' T3 1:1 LSEC3 T3 1:1 µoH µoH HIGH CURRENT LPRIn iMAG Tn 1:1 LSECn LPRIn - + iDEMAG Tn 1:1 LSECn + MAGNETIZATION PHASE OF CYCLE DEMAGNETIZATION PHASE OF CYCLE Excess electrical energy is released from the device during the demagnetization phase of a magnetization/demagnetization cycle. the device transforms it from the ambient thermal environment.

2002 21 . The fluroescent tube functions as current limiting resistor.. The excess electrical energy appears in the secondary coil of the transformer during the demagnetization phase of a magnetization/ demagnetization cycle. (c) INTALEK. INC.SHOCK CHARGING SYSTEM BY STEFAN HARTMANN ELECTRICAL DIAGRAM The Shock Charging System presented by Stefan Hartmann is classified as a CATEGORY 3A OverUnity Device. The magnetization phase of the cycle is initiated by closing switch S1.

FLYNN'S PARALLEL PATH DESIGN S1-A +12V S2-B MAGNET STACK 2 MAGNET STACK 1 + VOUT2 + VOUT2 VOUT1 MAGNET STACK 1 + + VOUT1 - - - S2-A +12V S1-B BOTH DESIGNS HAVE IDENTICAL SWITCH STATES T1 CLOSED T2 S1 OPEN CLOSED S2 OPEN SWITCHING CHARACTERISTICS The Flynn design has a more efficient input switching scheme than the Bearden design.. BEARDEN'S MEG DESIGN S2 +12V S1 J. (c) INTALEK. 2002 22 . FLYNN'S PP T. INC. BEARDEN'S MEG AND J.COMPARISON BETWEEN T.

THE SmartMEG OVER-UNITY DEVICE The SmartMEG is classified as a CATEGORY 3B Over-Unity Device. This devices uses the series-wired control coils and a double magnet stack. (c) INTALEK. The design implements the efficient Flynn input scheme. INC.. 2002 23 .

Collect excess energy. the intended secondary coil has a voltage bounded by Faraday's Law to the total flux flowing through its' core.THE SmartMEG SWITCHING STATES S1-A +12V S2-A +12V S1-A S2-A + MAGNET STACK 2 MAGNET STACK 1 MAGNET STACK 2 MAGNET STACK 1 VOUT2 + + VOUT1 VOUT2 + + VOUT1 S4 S3 S4 S3 - - - - +12V S2-B S1-B +12V S2-B + S1-B ELECTRICAL DIAGRAM T1 CLOSED T2 T3 T4 S1 OPEN CLOSED S2 OPEN CLOSED S3 OPEN CLOSED S4 OPEN SWITCHING CHARACTERISTICS T1 & T3 : Wait for full flux transfer. When S3 and S4 are open. This flux is the sum total of the two magnet stacks flux and the control coils flux. T2 & T4 : Activate output switches.. INC. (c) INTALEK. 2002 24 .

The "correct" operation of this device appears to be a combination of the SmartMEG and the Adams Motor. 1982 The Heinrich Kunel patent is classified as a CATEGORY 3C Over-Unity Device. (c) INTALEK. reverse magnetization of the same causes flux from the control coil plus the flux from the magnet to magnetize the core. Excess energy can then be collected in the output coil. but NOT as shown in the patent.. INC. Then. 2002 25 . An output delay turn-on circuit may be required as a caveat to ensure magnet flux transport across the air gap. The magnetization of the control coil cancels the field flowing through the flux gate.THE Heinrich Kunel PATENT (DE3024814) January 1.

4 are NIB type magnets. (c) INTALEK. 2002 26 . Excess energy is collected in output coils L1 and L2. MAG1 .THE SmartPAK KPOD OVER-UNITY DEVICE IC IC L3 + S N AIR L1 2. B: Produced by magnet MAG1 . B S S L4 L2 2. C-Core: METGLAS. The coils L3 .L6 are the flux control gates.5mH + FERRITE RODS AIR L6 S N NOTE 1: µoH: Produced by coil L1 and L2. µ oH MAG1 B + MAG2 MAG3 µ oH N + AIR + FERRITE RODS AIR N MAG4 L1 and L2 use 50ft of 16AWG magnet wire each.MAG4. Output delay turn-on is provided by switch S1. and are operated bidirectionally (AC).5mH + L5 S1 METGLAS C-CORE ELECTRICAL DIAGRAM The SmartPAK KPOD is classified as a CATEGORY 3C Over-Unity Device. The actual operation is very similar to the Flynn input design. AMCC-500.. This will ensure the magnet flux is transported across the air gap. INC.

the coil/core demagnetization energy is greater than the magnetization energy. Hence.. INC. maximum influence of the magnet flux with the coil/ core demagnetization phase is obtained. As the magnet approaches Top-Dead-Center (TDC).THE Adams MOTOR N TDC S N S N MAGNETIZATION PHASE I + DEMAGNETIZATION PHASE NOTE: S1 is closed during the magnetization phase of a magnetization / demagnetization cycle. Source Battery (BAT2) Source Battery (BAT1) D1 S1 - ELECTRICAL DIAGRAM The Adams Motor is are classified as a CATEGORY 3C Over-Unity Device. the influence of its flux with the coil/core decreases. 2002 27 N S S DIRECTION OF ROTATION N S . As the magnet moves past TDC. (c) INTALEK.

2002 28 .. (c) INTALEK.FUTURE RESEARCH GRAVITONICS Is a scientific discipline that investigates ferromagnetic-based methods and devices that control or influence gravity. The latest Russian research shows a correlation between magnetostriction and gravity. INC. Develop the Gravito-Ferromagnetic Space Drive. THERMOFERROMAGNETICS Is a scientific discipline that investigates ferromagnetic-based methods and devices that control or influence the ambient thermal environment. The latest Russian research shows a correlation between magnetostriction and the ambient thermal environment.

9. Adams. Flynn. "Motionless Electromagnetic Generator". "Fuel-less Energetics". Jan. 1989. 1960.859. Sept. 1992.718. Leon Dragone. GB2282708. 8. 10. 1999. "Electromechanical Devices for Energy Conversion and Control Systems". "Inductive Conversion of Heat Environmental Energy to Electrical Energy".geocities.. 5. "Analysis of Leon Dragone's. Mar. "Physics Part II". 2002. McGraw Hill. 7.html. 26. William H. "Inductive Device Having Orthogonal Windings". Nicolas Zaev. 11. William McLyman.362. July 1. 2001. 1993. Marcel Dekker. Col. Del Toro. 6. William Alek. 17. 1976.. US Patent 3. 1980. Aspden and R. "Pulsed Current Battery Charging Method and Apparatus". "Switching Power Supply Design". "The Motionless Battery Shock Charger". "Gravitonics is Electronics of the 21st Century". "Rechargeable Batteries. INC. 4. Applications Handbook". Kunel. H. Energetics of Ferromagnetism". "Transformer and Inductor Design Handbook".210. Pressman. 19. 30. "The Parametric Power Conversion". US Patent 6. 20. 15.561. 1968. Nicolas Zaev. 2. H. Clark. 1993.com/theadamsmotor/ cdmotor. 2002 29 . Jean-Louis Naudin. Inc. "Electrical Motor-Generator". http://www. 3. US Patent 4. 18. US Patent 6.963. 1982. 2000. "Methods for Controlling the Path of Magnetic Flux from a Permanent Magnet and Devices Incorporating the Same". June 15. 2001. 1997. Butterworth-Heinemann. Paul Meretsky.976. Spartak and Oleg Poliakov. June 12. 2002. Amiran Carmon. 14. 28. "Procedures and Devices for Energy Production". (c) INTALEK. T. 12.. C. Tim Harwood's Over-Unity CD Motor. Technical Marketing Staff of Gates Energy Products. 16. "Energetics of Ferromagnetism". Hayt & Kemmerly. 1998. 1988. "Engineering Circuit Analysis".REFERENCES 1. DE3024814. 1962 13. Bearden and co.246. Halliday & Resnick. 1999. William Alek.

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