Glossary

Human Impact on the Environment acid rain chlorofluorocarbon (CFC) deforestation desalinization desertification dry acid deposition fossil fuel fusion power green revolution industrial smog meltdown ozone thinning PAN (peroxyacyl nitrate) photochemical smog pollutant Wet acid deposition; falling of rain (or snow) rich in sulfur and nitrogen oxides. A compound of chlorine, fluorine, and carbon; is contributing to ozone thinning. Removal of all the trees from a large tract of land (e.g., Amazon River Basin). Removing salt from seawater. The conversion of grassland or irrigated or rain-fed cropland to a desertlike condition. Airborne oxides of sulfur, nitrogen fall to Earth during dry weather. Coal, petroleum, or natural gas; a nonrenewable energy source that formed long ago from remains of swamp forests. Release of energy from fuel (e.g., heated gas of H isotopes) that implodes when compressed to extremely high densities. In developing countries, use of improved crop strains, modern agricultural equipment and practices to raise crop yields. Polluted, gray-colored air in industrialized cities during cold, wet winters. Accidental overheating of the core in a nuclear power plant. A pronounced and seasonal thinning of the atmosphere's ozone layer. An oxidant in photochemical smog. Polluted, brown, smelly air that forms in warm weather in large cities that have many gas-burning vehicles. Natural or synthetic substance with which an ecosystem has no prior evolutionary experience, in terms of kinds or amounts; it accumulates to disruptive or harmful levels. Salt buildup in soil through poor drainage, evaporation, and heavy irrigation. Cutting and burning trees in a plot of land, followed by tilling ashes into soil. Once called slash-and-burn agriculture. Sunlight energy captured, converted to H2 as a fuel source. A layer of dense, cool air trapped beneath a layer of warm air; can hold air pollutants close to the ground. Processing of liquid wastes to remove sludge, organic matter, etc. Upper limit at which ground in a specified region is fully saturated with water. Collection of turbines used to convert mechanical energy into electricity

salinization shifting cultivation solar-hydrogen energy thermal inversion wastewater treatment water table wind farm

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