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Rice Diseases & Their Casual Organisms

Bacterial diseases

Bacterial diseases
Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae = X. campestris pv.
Bacterial blight
oryzae
Bacterial leaf streak Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzicola
Foot rot Erwinia chrysanthemi
Grain rot Burkholderia glumae
Pecky rice (kernel Damage by bacteria (see also underfungal and
spotting) miscellaneous diseases)
Sheath brown rot Pseudomonas fuscovaginae

[edit] Fungal diseases

Fungal diseases
Ceratobasidium oryzae-sativae
Aggregate sheath spot Rhizoctonia oryzae-sativae
[anamorph]
Curvularia lunata
Black kernel
Cochliobolus lunatus [teleomorph]
Pyricularia grisea
Blast (leaf, neck [rotten neck], nodal and
= Pyricularia oryzae
collar)
Magnaporthe grisea [teleomorph]
Cochliobolus miyabeanus
Brown spot
Bipolaris oryzae [anamorph]
Crown sheath rot Gaeumannomyces graminis
Downy mildew Sclerophthora macrospora
Eyespot Drechslera gigantea
False smut Ustilaginoidea virens
Tilletia barclayana
Kernel smut
= Neovossia horrida
Leaf smut Entyloma oryzae
Microdochium oryzae
Leaf scald
= Rhynchosporium oryzae

farhan@gmail. disease) Pythium spp. Fusarium spp.com Cercospora janseana Narrow brown leaf spot = Cercospora oryzae Sphaerulina oryzina [teleomorph] Damage by many fungi including Cochliobolus miyabeanus Curvularia spp. Microdochium oryzae Sarocladium oryzae and other fungi. Pythium dissotocum Pythium spinosum [edit] Miscellaneous diseases and disorders Miscellaneous diseases and disorders . Pecky rice (kernel spotting) Fusarium spp. Thanatephorus cucumeris Sheath blight Rhizoctonia solani [anamorph] Sarocladium oryzae Sheath rot = Acrocylindrium oryzae Sheath spot Rhizoctonia oryzae Stackburn (Alternaria leaf spot) Alternaria padwickii Magnaporthe salvinii Stem rot Sclerotium oryzae [synanamorph] Achlya conspicua Achlya klebsiana Water-mold (seed-rot and seedling Fusarium spp. Seedling blight Rhizoctonia solani Sclerotium rolfsii Athelia rolfsii [teleomorph] and other pathogenic fungi. Pythium spp. Root rots Pythium dissotocum Pythium spinosum Cochliobolus miyabeanus Curvularia spp. Fusarium spp. onlin.

farhan@gmail. onlin.com Alkalinity or salt damage Excessive salt concentration in soil or water Bronzing Zinc deficiency Cold injury Low temperatures Panicle blight Cause undetermined Pecky rice (kernel spotting) Feeding injury by rice stink bug Arsenic induced. unknown physiological Straighthead[1] disorder White tip (see nematodes) Aphelenchoides besseyi .