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Introduction to Plastics Recycling Second Edition

Introduction to Plastics Recycling Second Edition

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Published by Thảo Sương

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Published by: Thảo Sương on Dec 31, 2010
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01/20/2015

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This process combines elements of injection moulding and
compression moulding. It is similar to injection moulding in that

Processing Techniques

91

a fixed weight of material is transferred into a mould. Transfer
moulding was originally developed from compression moulding,
to allow production of more complex parts incorporating holes,
recesses or inserts [2]. The result was a process whereby the mould
was closed first and the moulding material then transferred by a
compressive action into the cavity. A number of variations exist as
this method is used for the production of thermoset parts as well
as for mixed plastics. The process used for mixed plastic waste is
now described.

Material is fed from a melt hopper into the heated barrel where it is
homogenised and plasticated. It is then fed into a melt accumulator,
which meters a fixed weight of material at low pressure into a
partially open mould (as opposed to high pressure in the injection
moulding process). This is illustrated in Figure 6.20. When filling is
achieved, the press closes the mould and the material is compressed,
as shown in Figure 6.21. When the moulding has cooled and
has dimensional stability, it can be removed. The low clamping
forces required by this process make equipment costs lower than
conventional injection moulding. However, it does not lend itself to

Figure 6.20 Transfer moulding Stage 1: Material transferred to
cavity, tool closed

92

Introduction to Plastics Recycling – Second Edition

produce intricate parts and can best be applied to fairly simple parts
similar to those produced in the compression moulding processes.
One such application is pallets. This process is applicable to both
mixed and unmixed plastics. The degree of other contamination
that the process can tolerate, for example metal, depends on the
design of the extruder and the extruder nozzle. Providing that
contaminants are small enough and that sufficient plastic material
is present to allow them to flow through the machine and out of
the nozzle, no problems should be encountered.

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