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PEKA form 1

Learning Area : Matter


Learning Objective : Understanding the concept of density
Aim : To study the concept of density and buoyancy
Apparatus : 100ml measuring cylinder and 250ml beaker
Material : Water, cooking oil, cork, stone

Procedure :
1. I measured 50ml of water and 50ml of cooking oil using the measuring
cylinder. Then, i poured into the beaker.
2. I put cork and stone in the beaker.
3. 1 drew what I observed.
4. 1 wrote a lab report.

Observation :

cork

cooking oil

water

stone

FIGURE 1

1. Cork and cooking oil float on water while stone sinks in water.
2. The density of these substances affects their buoyancies.
3. The cork sinks and become denser when a nail is added to it.

Analysis :
1. Cork and cooking oil float on water because it is less dense than water.
2. Stone sinks in water because it is denser than water.
3. Sequence of densities of substances in ascending order is :
Cork Cooking oil Water Stone
4.
Substance Density (gcm-3)
Cork 0.25
Cooking oil 0.75
Ice 0.92
Water 1.0
Stone 2.6
Mercury 13.6

TABLE 1
PEKA form 1

i) Using the results in Table 1, the position of ice and mercury are predicted.
ii) Figure 2 is drawn using the result in Table 1.

cork

cooking oil
ice
water

stone
mercury

FIGURE 2

iii) Based on Figure 2, the substances are classified into 2 groups based on
common property.

Float on water Sink in water


Cork Stone
Cooking oil Mercury
Ice -

iv) Another criteria to group the substances is buoyancy of substance in


cooking oil.

Float on cooking oil Sink in cooking oil


Cork Water
- Ice
- Stone
- Mercury

Conclusion :
Different substances have different densities.