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vRole of Agriculture in India vIndia’s position in world Agriculture vCharacteristics of Agriculture vCurrent Concerns vSources of Development in Agriculture vInformation Systems Requirement in Agriculture vBiotechnology and Organic. vIndia’s international trade. vIndian Agriculture Scenario. vRecent Initiatives in Indian Agriculture. vAgriculture Online. vConclusion. v
. Price going high and getting low.Role Of Agriculture In India Most Important role in Economic Factor in all areas. 75% of people living in Rural is dependent on Agriculture. In all Indian Industrial sector. In Government sector also as Taxes collection.
India’s position in world Agriculture Rank Total Area Seventh Irrigated Area First Population Second Economically Active population Second Total Cereals Third Wheat Second Rice Second Coarse grains Fourth Total Pulses First Oil Seeds .
Characteristics of Agriculture Accounts for 27% of GDP Contributes 21% of Total Exports.17 mt .7% Food grains production – 211. and Supplies Raw materials to Industries Provides about 65% of the livelihood Growth Rate in production .5.
Current Concerns Pressure of the Population on Land Skewed distribution of operational holdings Land Degradation Water Balance Low level of mechanization Low Fertilizer Consumption .
edible) Ever-Green Revolution (1996) . fish) Yellow Revolution (flower.Sources of Development in Agriculture Green Revolution (1968) Blue Revolution (water.
3)Using seeds with improved genetics .Green Revolution (1968) There were three basic elements in the method of The Green Revolution: 1)Continued expansion of farming areas. 2)Double-cropping existing farmland.
Developed value-added fishery products for export market. in c lu d in g 1 . wh ic h 5 0 ye a rs a g o p ro d u c e d o n ly 6 0 0 0 0 0 t o n n e s o f fis h . Du e t o b lu e re vo lu t io n . the rapid increase of fish production. After that India is pushing ahead with a Blue Revolution. t o d a y p ro d u c e s 5 m illio n t o n n e s . Th e In d ia n fis h e rie s s e c t o r.Blue Revolution (Water. Developed national standards for fish inspection and quality control . India made headlines with its Green Revolution.6 m illio n t o n n e s fro m fre s h wa t e r. Fish) In the 1960s.
and better quality of fruits by fruit cultivation(horticulture). Due to yellow revolution India recorded a spectacular increase both in area under oilseeds as well as its output. flower and also vegetable. with production doubling from 11 million tonnes in 1986-87 to 22 million tonnes in 1994-95. . Edible) Yellow revolution is to yield more no.Yellow Revolution(Flower.
The aim of this new thrust is to lift food production well above the level attained by the green revolution of the 1960s. without being trapped in a Faustian bargain that threatens freedom from security. The benefits must come from an evergreen revolution. using technology and regulatory policy more advanced and even safer than now in existence .Ever-Green Revolution (1996) The problem before us is how to feed billions of new mouths over the next several decades and save the rest of life at the same time.
Information Systems Requirement in Agriculture Soil and Land use Disaster management Watershed developments Cropping systems Agriculture Resources Information Organic farming (bio-fertilisers) Crop weather watch .
Biotechnology and Organic 1) Soil Health •Vermiculture •Bio-fertilisers •Stem nodulating green manure crops 6) Environment •Biomonitoring through Bio-indicators •Higher Carbon Sequestration 2) Water Quality •Bioremediation 3) Plant Health •Genetic Resistance •Biopesticides Organic Farming 4) Post-harvest Technology 5) Animal Health •Vaccines •High quality feeds and fodder •New strains with improved keeping. processing and transport qualities .
of land Low Technology Inputs Unsustainable Water Management Poor Infrastructure Low value addition THREATS Unsustainable Resource Use Unsustainable Regional Development Imports .E.Indian Agriculture Scenario STRENGTHS WEAKNESS Fragmentation OPPORTUNITIES Rich Bio-diversity Arable land Climate Strong and well dispersed research and extension system Bridgeable yield crops Exports Agro-based Industry Horticulture Untapped potential in the N.
India ’ s international trade Agriculture Non-Agriculture 2500 2000 1500 1000 500 0 Exports Imports 1736 2148 120 289 .
.Reasonable labour costs. qThrust Areas Ø Improvement and maintenance of quality. Ø Strengthening of Infrastructure.Strategies & Initiatives : Promotion of Exports qIndia’s competitive advantage . . Ø Consonance with International Standards.Sufficiency of Inputs. . Ø Identification of niche products and markets.Target is to raise India’s share to 2% .Diverse agro climatic conditions. . qAgriculture exports from India account for less than 1% world trade in Agriculture commodities.
India’s Agricultural Export Potentials § Marine Products § Rice § Wheat § Condiments and Spuces § Cashew § Tea § Coffee § Castor § Jute § Fruits and Vegetables. Lichchi .etc. Potato . Grapes.Onions. Tomato . . Banana. Mango.
grading. handling.Recent Initiatives in Indian Agriculture ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ 98% of fruits and vegetables are sold as fresh products. processing accounts for only 7% of agricultural value. packaging. Improved post harvest interventions: price support mechanism. marketing. processing . storage. wastage levels are extremely high.
. an investment of approximately Rs 1400 billion required.Cont… ◦ Draft Processed Food Development Act formulated. ◦ Package of promotional schemes available for infrastructure development and quality improvement. ◦ ◦ To raise the processing level by 10% . ◦ Draft National Policy on Food Processing prepared.
5 million tonnes Pulses 13.9 million tonnes Sugarcane 29.6 million tonnes Coarse Cereals 30.8 million hectares Major Crop Production (1999-2000) Rice 89.9 million tonnes .5 million tonnes Wheat 75.328 million hectares Net Area sown .Some Facts Total Geographical Area .Indian Agriculture.4 million tonnes Oilseeds 20.142 million hectares Gross Cropped Area – 190.
Field Offices State. NRM Division Database Server Crops Division Data Ware housing Hort. Division Workgroups Mail Server INTRERLINK Internet Server Finance Div. Subordinate.DACNET Attached . Division GIS Server “Agriculture On-line” . District & Block Agricultural Offices AGRISNET Admn. Autonomous.
Conclusion The Life line of India had started from agriculture only from late 50s .
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