Learn to Knit

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Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company, all rights reserved. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -- mechanically, electronically, or by any other means, including photocopying -- without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.

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Table of Contents
Table of Contents........................................................................................... 2 Before you start ............................................................................................ 4 1. Casting On ................................................................................................ 5 2. The Knit Stitch ..........................................................................................13 3. The Purl Stitch ..........................................................................................18 4. Ribbing ....................................................................................................23 5. Stockinette Stitch ......................................................................................25 6. Binding Off ...............................................................................................26 7. Making a Gauge Swatch .............................................................................28 8. Joining New Yarn.......................................................................................29 9. Recovering a dropped stitch........................................................................30 10. Unraveling Stitch by Stitch........................................................................33 11. Avoiding Extra Stitches.............................................................................34 12. Increasing ..............................................................................................36 13. Increasing - Making a Simple Increase........................................................38 14. Increasing Between a Stitch ('Make One') ...................................................39 15. Increasing - The Yarn Over Increase ..........................................................41 16. Decreasing .............................................................................................42 17. Decreasing - Slip, Slip, Knit (SSK/SSP) .......................................................43 18. Decreasing - Knit/Purl Two Together ..........................................................45 19. Slipping Stitches Purlwise and Knitwise .......................................................46 20. Making a cable ........................................................................................47 We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page, please contact us at support@lionbrand.com any time!
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Visit our website www.lionbrand.com for hundreds of free patterns, free instruction and more! 21. Knitting into the Back Loop/Front Loop .......................................................49 22. Purling into the Back Loop/Front Loop.........................................................50 23. Finishing ................................................................................................52 24. Weaving in Ends......................................................................................54 25. 3-Needle Bind Off ....................................................................................55 26. Picking up Stitches...................................................................................56 27. Knitting with two strands together .............................................................58 28. Duplicate Stitch .......................................................................................59 29. Grafting (Kitchener Stitch) ........................................................................60

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Page 3 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company, all rights reserved. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -- mechanically, electronically, or by any other means, including photocopying -- without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.

including photocopying -. all rights reserved..are part of your knitted gift.even the thoughts and feelings you have as your work -.com any time! Page 4 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. or by any other means. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. Remember. learning to knit requires equal measures of patience and perseverance. you should have fun with your knitting. the yarn and color you select -. You can create handmade knits for yourself and people you love. free instruction and more! Before you start . . electronically. When you give a lovingly knit gift. As with any new skill. Your time. but keep at it! Knitting will give you a lifetime of pleasure and relaxation. Read through the steps before you start. part of you goes into it. talent. If you get stuck. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.Visit our website www.lionbrand. please contact us at support@lionbrand.mechanically.com for hundreds of free patterns. take a deep breath. Find a comfortable chair in good light..

including photocopying -.Visit our website www. free instruction and more! 1. please contact us at support@lionbrand.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. .com for hundreds of free patterns. Casting On Casting On is the term for making the foundation row of stitches on your needle. electronically. you make a slipknot: Pull the yarn strand from the center of the ball.com any time! Page 5 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. Make a loop 5 or 6 inches (120 or 150 cm) from the end (the tail) by placing the tail in front of the ball of yarn. then letting the rest of the tail fall slightly behind the loop: We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. all rights reserved.lionbrand.mechanically. or by any other means. To begin.

This is your first stitch.mechanically. .com for hundreds of free patterns. Pull it through the front of the loop. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. please contact us at support@lionbrand. Scoop up the yarn in the back of the loop with the tip of your needle. Gently pull the tail yarn to tighten loop around the needle. electronically.lionbrand. or by any other means. including photocopying -. free instruction and more! Insert your needle into the loop.Visit our website www. all rights reserved.com any time! Page 6 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.

com any time! Page 7 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. or by any other means.com for hundreds of free patterns.mechanically. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.Visit our website www. please contact us at support@lionbrand. free instruction and more! With the yarn from your ball IN BACK of your needles. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. all rights reserved. electronically.lionbrand. hold your hands as shown. including photocopying -. .without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.

please contact us at support@lionbrand. or by any other means.lionbrand. electronically. . No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.com for hundreds of free patterns. Adjust your thumb so that you are gently gripping both needles between the thumb and forefinger of your left hand.com any time! Page 8 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.Visit our website www.mechanically.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. all rights reserved. including photocopying -. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. from the fron to the back (from the left side of the stitch to the right) into the loop on the left needle. The needles will cross with the left needle remaining on top of the right needle. free instruction and more! Insert the tip of your right (empty) needle.

Visit our website www. please contact us at support@lionbrand. wrap the yarn around the tip of the right needle in a clockwise motion as shown. all rights reserved.com for hundreds of free patterns.lionbrand.com any time! Page 9 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. including photocopying -. . or by any other means. free instruction and more! Holding the yarn with your right hand. electronically. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.mechanically.

free instruction and more! Secure the loop you have just made with your right pointer finger. electronically. . Now you have one loop on each needle.mechanically. Don't get discouraged if you don't get this on the first try.Visit our website www. please contact us at support@lionbrand. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. Pull the tip of the right needle towards you.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.com for hundreds of free patterns. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. or by any other means. Elongate the pulled-through loop. below the left needle through the center of the stitch. all rights reserved.lionbrand. including photocopying -.com any time! Page 10 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. The tips of your needles now cross with the right one on top and the left one below.

com for hundreds of free patterns.com any time! Page 11 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.lionbrand. including photocopying -. please contact us at support@lionbrand. free instruction and more! We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. all rights reserved. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.mechanically.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. or by any other means.Visit our website www. electronically. .

. Now get ready to knit! We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. or by any other means.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. slip the stitch off.com any time! Page 12 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.com for hundreds of free patterns.Visit our website www. free instruction and more! Insert the tip of the left needle into the loop on the right needle. Repeat steps 4 through 9 until you have the desired number of stitches. please contact us at support@lionbrand. electronically. all rights reserved.mechanically.lionbrand. including photocopying -. You now have 2 loops on your left needle. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.

The first stitch is approximately an inch from the top. electronically. The empty needle is in your right hand.lionbrand.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. free instruction and more! 2.com for hundreds of free patterns. The Knit Stitch Hold the needle with the stitches on it in your left hand. including photocopying -.mechanically. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. all rights reserved. or by any other means. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. please contact us at support@lionbrand.Visit our website www. .com any time! Page 13 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.

com any time! Page 14 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. electronically.Visit our website www. free instruction and more! Guess what? You already know what to do next! Insert the tip into the stitch closest to the tip of the left needle (from front to back) the same way as you did in step 4 when casting on. including photocopying -. please contact us at support@lionbrand. or by any other means.lionbrand. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.mechanically.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. . all rights reserved. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.com for hundreds of free patterns.

electronically. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. free instruction and more! Secure the two needles in your left hand between your thumb and your forefinger. Pick up the yarn in your right hand and wrap it in a clockwise motion from under to over the tip of the right needle. all rights reserved.Visit our website www. . or by any other means.com for hundreds of free patterns. please contact us at support@lionbrand. This is the same as step 6 in the section on casting on. Slide the right needle (with the loop of yarn on it) down and towards you through the center of the stitch.mechanically. including photocopying -.com any time! Page 15 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. This is the same step you did when you were casting on (step 7).lionbrand.

lionbrand. When you reach that last stitch DON'T PANIC. Just knit the stitch. or by any other means.mechanically.Visit our website www. . Insert the needle wrap the yarn pull through the loop pull off the new stitch We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. all rights reserved. Exchange the empty needle in your left hand with the full needle in your right and begin again. electronically. Now its time to turn your work. You have now completed a ROW. CONGRATULATIONS! You have just knit your first stitch! Now continue repeating steps 1 through 7 until you have knit all the stitches off of your left needle.com any time! Page 16 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. 4. including photocopying -. please contact us at support@lionbrand. 3. Just remember that knitting is a 4-step process: 1. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. You now have one stitch on your right needle. 2.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.com for hundreds of free patterns. free instruction and more! Now for something new! Slip the new stitch completely off the tip of the left needle.

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After you have knit several rows, the fabric you have made should look like this. This is called the GARTER STITCH. See the ridges? A ridge is created by two rows of knitting.

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3. The Purl Stitch
To make a purl stitch, you do all the same steps as you do to make a knit stitch except with slightly different motions.

Hold the needles as if to knit. Place the yarn IN FRONT of the needle. Insert the right needle from BACK to FRONT (right to left) into the first stitch on the left needle.

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Loop the yarn around the tip of the right needle in a downward (counter-clockwise) motion.

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including photocopying -. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.lionbrand.com for hundreds of free patterns.Visit our website www. all rights reserved. electronically. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. . please contact us at support@lionbrand. free instruction and more! To make sure you don't lose the loop.mechanically. or by any other means. Slide the tip of the right needle from the front to the back (away from you) and through the center of the stitch on the left needle.com any time! Page 20 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. place your right thumb over the yarn and against the needle.

We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. Look at your work. You now have a stitch on your right needle. turn your work (place the full needle in your left hand and the empty needle in your right hand) and KNIT the next row. To figure out whether you should be knitting the row or purling the row. Continue working. . After that. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. free instruction and more! Pull the new loop off the tip of the left needle. or by any other means. When you have finished this row. CONGRATULATIONS! You have just made a purl stitch! Repeat steps 1 through 4 to complete the row.lionbrand. including photocopying -. please contact us at support@lionbrand. If it feels a little awkward.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. PURL the next row. electronically. all rights reserved. Many new knitters find it easier to knit than to purl.mechanically. alternating each knit row with a purl row. you are not alone. That's the purl side.com any time! Page 21 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. This creates stockinette stitch. One side of your fabric looks like its covered with V's.com for hundreds of free patterns.Visit our website www. Soon you'll feel at home doing either stitch. The other side looks like its covered with bumps. put your work in your left hand. That's the knit side.

Congratulations! You have mastered the two stitches that make everything possible! We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. or by any other means. please contact us at support@lionbrand. electronically.com any time! Page 22 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.Visit our website www. so purl the row. all rights reserved. you are on the purl side. free instruction and more! Which side is facing you? If the V's are facing you. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.mechanically. you are on the knit side and should knit the row.lionbrand.com for hundreds of free patterns. . including photocopying -.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. If the bumps are facing you.

Knit two stitches. free instruction and more! 4.mechanically. Knit two stitches. Now purl two stitches.com any time! Page 23 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. Bring the yarn from the back of your work between the needles to the front. including photocopying -. It is used because it produces a stretchy fabric.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.Visit our website www. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. electronically. . all rights reserved. please contact us at support@lionbrand.com for hundreds of free patterns. Bring the yarn to the back of your work between the needles. It is made with a combination of knit stitches and purl stitches. Ribbing Ribbing is a border that is commonly used on the cuffs of sweaters. or by any other means.lionbrand. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.

com any time! Page 24 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. . or by any other means. including photocopying -.lionbrand.mechanically. knit the knit stitches (V stitches) and purl the purl stitches (bump stitches) Remember to have the working yarn in BACK when you knit and in FRONT when you purl We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. please contact us at support@lionbrand. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.com for hundreds of free patterns.Visit our website www. electronically. free instruction and more! On subsequent rows. all rights reserved.

or by any other means.com any time! Page 25 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. electronically. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.Visit our website www.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. please contact us at support@lionbrand. you are on the purl side. all rights reserved. . If the bumps are facing you. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.mechanically.com for hundreds of free patterns.lionbrand. so purl the row. free instruction and more! 5. Which side is facing you? If the V's are facing you. you are on the knit side and should knit the row. put your work in your left hand. Stockinette Stitch To figure out whether you should be knitting the row or purling the row. including photocopying -.

or by any other means. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. all rights reserved. Insert the top of the left needle into the first stitch on the right needle. including photocopying -.mechanically.lionbrand.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.com any time! Page 26 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.com for hundreds of free patterns. free instruction and more! 6. . Binding Off Knit two stitches. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. please contact us at support@lionbrand.Visit our website www. electronically. Lift the stitch over the last stitch you knit and over the top of the right needle.

electronically.com for hundreds of free patterns. including photocopying -. free instruction and more! One stitch remains on the right needle. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. . Lift that stitch over the stitch just knit.Visit our website www. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. please contact us at support@lionbrand.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. or by any other means. Knit another stitch.lionbrand.mechanically. all rights reserved.com any time! Page 27 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.

cast on or chain enough stitches to equal approximately four inches and work in pattern for four inches. To make an accurate gauge swatch. Don't cheat. Making a Gauge Swatch Gauge refers to the number of stitches and rows a knitter or crocheter makes per inch using a certain yarn and needles or hook. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. Gauge varies from person to person. .com any time! Page 28 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. free instruction and more! 7. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. without stretching the fabric. electronically. place a tape measure on your work and gently pin where the tape measure reads one inch. the garment will not come out to the intended size.lionbrand. If you don't get the proper gauge. Your gauge determines the size of your finished piece. so it is very important to make sure you are achieving the gauge of your pattern. If you are knitting with a finer yarn. you'll make smaller stitches and have more stitches and rows per inch.mechanically. Make sure to count even a half or quarter of a stitch and include that into your gauge. or by any other means. including photocopying -.Visit our website www. Count your stitches.com for hundreds of free patterns.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. please contact us at support@lionbrand. If you are knitting with a thick yarn like Wool-Ease® Thick and Quick® you'll make bigger stitches and have very few stitches and rows per inch. Take your stitches off the needle and. all rights reserved.

No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. try a larger needle or hook. try a smaller needle or hook 8. Joining New Yarn It is always better to add a new ball of yarn at the beginning of a row.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.lionbrand. Slide the knot up the tail of the old yarn as close as possible to your work.com for hundreds of free patterns. or by any other means.mechanically. . If you have fewer stitches than the suggested gauge. electronically. free instruction and more! If you have more stitches per inch than the gauge suggests.com any time! Page 29 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. Loosely tie a knot with the new yarn around the old yarn. including photocopying -. all rights reserved. leaving a tail of a least 4 inches.Visit our website www. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. that means you are working too tightly. your stitches are too loose. please contact us at support@lionbrand.

com any time! Page 30 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. When this happens. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. free instruction and more! 9. please contact us at support@lionbrand. or by any other means. . you are going to drop a stitch.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.Visit our website www.com for hundreds of free patterns. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. a stitch falls off your needle and unravels for several rows beneath the row you are working on.lionbrand.mechanically. Recovering a dropped stitch At some point in your knitting career. electronically. including photocopying -. all rights reserved.

com for hundreds of free patterns.Visit our website www. If your stitch has dropped down several rows. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. Now grab the bar of the stitch right above it in the crook of your crochet hook. including photocopying -. Knit until you've reached the dropped stitch. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. repeat until your stitch is on the same row as the rest of your knitting. Insert a crochet hook (if you don't have one available. don't panic.mechanically. or by any other means.lionbrand. . free instruction and more! First of all. please contact us at support@lionbrand. Pull the bar through the stitch.com any time! Page 31 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. the top of your needle will also work) into the loop of the dropped stitch.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. electronically. all rights reserved.

com for hundreds of free patterns.com any time! Page 32 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. please contact us at support@lionbrand.mechanically. or by any other means. including photocopying -. electronically. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. .Visit our website www. all rights reserved. free instruction and more! Slip the stitch onto your knitting needle.lionbrand.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.

.Visit our website www. any good knitting teacher will tell you that 'Ripping is part of Knitting. Instead. you need to unravel your work in order to fix the error. electronically.lionbrand. free instruction and more! 10. On a purl stitch (not shown). holding the yarn in the back. On a knit stitch.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.com for hundreds of free patterns. gently pulling the yarn out of the stitch above it." Unravel your knitting by following the directions below. As painful as it may sound. all rights reserved. insert the left needle into the stitch one row below the first stitch on the right needle. including photocopying -. Unraveling Stitch by Stitch Sometimes a mistake is too many rows down to fix with a crochet hook.com any time! Page 33 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. or by any other means. This is a slightly slower but a very safe method to fix your knitting.mechanically. please contact us at support@lionbrand. hold the yarn in front and insert the needle from the back of the work. Slip the stitch onto your left needle. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. Continue in this way until you have reached your mistake.

please contact us at support@lionbrand. electronically. all rights reserved. free instruction and more! 11.Visit our website www.com for hundreds of free patterns. or by any other means.mechanically. .without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. including photocopying -. Avoiding Extra Stitches We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.com any time! Page 34 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.lionbrand. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.

without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. bring your yarn underneath your knitting when moving it from front to back for a knit stitch or from back to front for a purl stitch. To prevent this. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.mechanically. please contact us at support@lionbrand. including photocopying -.com for hundreds of free patterns. free instruction and more! Sometimes an extra stitch is formed at the beginning of your needle. This happens when you begin to work a row and you take the yarn over the top of the needle.lionbrand. all rights reserved. . or by any other means.com any time! Page 35 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.Visit our website www. electronically. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.

mechanically. please contact us at support@lionbrand.com any time! Page 36 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. all rights reserved. or by any other means. Increasing Between a Stitch (Make One) 3. Increasing Increasing is the process of adding one or more stitches to a piece. you increase stitches from the cuff to the shoulder. .Visit our website www.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. Please check the FAQ for information and examples of 1. electronically.com for hundreds of free patterns. Adding stitches to a knit piece makes it a bigger size. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.lionbrand. For example. including photocopying -. free instruction and more! 12. when you knit a sleeve. The Yarn Over Increase We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. The Simple Increase 2.

. or by any other means.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. all rights reserved.mechanically.lionbrand.com any time! Page 37 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. electronically. free instruction and more! We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.com for hundreds of free patterns. including photocopying -. please contact us at support@lionbrand.Visit our website www.

Bring the top of the right needle around to the back and knit into the back loop of the stitch as shown (see the FAQ on knitting into the back loop for more detail). free instruction and more! 13.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. all rights reserved. including photocopying -.com any time! Page 38 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.com for hundreds of free patterns. electronically. You now have two stitches on the right needle.Making a Simple Increase An easy way to add a stitch is to use an existing stitch.Visit our website www. wrap the yarn around the needle and pull through as for a normal knit stitch. elongating the loop slightly. or by any other means. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. Don't pull the stitch over the left needle yet.lionbrand. Increasing . please contact us at support@lionbrand.mechanically. Insert the right needle into the stitch. .

free instruction and more! 14. please contact us at support@lionbrand.com any time! Page 39 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.mechanically. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. Insert the left needle from front to back into the horizontal strand between the two stitches: Knit the stitch through the back loop as shown. Increasing Between a Stitch ('Make One') This increase is also called 'Make One'. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. On the purl side. including photocopying -. Work to the place where the increase is to be made. electronically. or by any other means.Visit our website www. all rights reserved. insert the needle from front to back and then purl the stitch through the back loop.lionbrand. .com for hundreds of free patterns.

including photocopying -.com any time! Page 40 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. . electronically.com for hundreds of free patterns. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. all rights reserved.lionbrand.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.Visit our website www. or by any other means. please contact us at support@lionbrand.mechanically. free instruction and more! We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.

lionbrand. free instruction and more! 15. please contact us at support@lionbrand. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. purl the loop in the normal way as shown.The Yarn Over Increase To work a yarn over increase.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.mechanically. On the next purl row. including photocopying -. Increasing . electronically.com any time! Page 41 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. or by any other means. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. bring the yarn to the front and knit the next stitch in the normal way. This leaves an extra loop (new stitch) on the needle.com for hundreds of free patterns. .Visit our website www. all rights reserved.

including photocopying -. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.com any time! Page 42 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. slip. Decreasing Decreasing is the process of removing one or more stitches from a piece.com for hundreds of free patterns. knit) We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. Two common decreases are: • • Knit two together ssk (slip. please contact us at support@lionbrand. or by any other means.Visit our website www. all rights reserved. electronically. There are a number of ways to decrease and the choice of decrease used is most often determined by the desired slant of the stitches.lionbrand.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.mechanically. . free instruction and more! 16.

or by any other means. .without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. Knit (SSK/SSP) Work to the place where the decrease is to be made. slip. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. This decrease slants to the left. Slip. including photocopying -. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. all rights reserved.com any time! Page 43 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. to the right needle. In the same way as ssk. Slip the next 2 stitches. One stitch is decreased. please contact us at support@lionbrand. purl (ssp).Visit our website www.Slip. Purl them together through the back loops (see the FAQ on purling through the back loops for detail).lionbrand. This decrease slants to the left. On the purl side of the work. free instruction and more! 17. electronically.mechanically. Decreasing . slip the 2 stitches on at a time as if to knit to the right needle. the decrease is called slip.com for hundreds of free patterns. one at a time as if to knit. Insert the left needle into the fronts of these two stitches and knit them together.

com for hundreds of free patterns. including photocopying -.lionbrand.com any time! Page 44 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.mechanically. free instruction and more! We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. all rights reserved.Visit our website www. or by any other means. electronically. . No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. please contact us at support@lionbrand.

Knit/Purl Two Together Work to the two stitches to be decreased and then knit the two stitches together as shown. This decrease slants the stitches to the right. free instruction and more! 18. . all rights reserved. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.com for hundreds of free patterns. electronically. please contact us at support@lionbrand.Visit our website www. Purling two stitches together is done in the same manner. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.com any time! Page 45 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. Decreasing . The stitches slant to the right. including photocopying -.mechanically.lionbrand. or by any other means.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.

Slipping Stitches Purlwise Insert the right needle (from back to front) into the next stitch on the left needle and place it on the right needle without working it. all rights reserved.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. electronically. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. If you are asked to slip stitches and the instructions don't specify which way. Slipping Stitches Knitwise Insert the right needle into the next stitch on the left needle as shown and place it on the right needle without working it. They can either be slipped purlwise or knitwise.lionbrand. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. or by any other means. slip the stitch or stitches purlwise.Visit our website www. free instruction and more! 19. including photocopying -.com for hundreds of free patterns.com any time! Page 46 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. . please contact us at support@lionbrand. Slipping Stitches Purlwise and Knitwise Sometimes stitches are slipped without working from the right needle to the left needle.mechanically.

work to the cable and then slip the next three stitches onto a cable needle and hold the front of the work. Right (back) 6-stitch Cable Left (front) 6-stitch Cable On the cable row. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. They are simply worked by transferring a number of stitches to a third needle and knitting them in a different sequence.com any time! Page 47 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.) A cable row is normally worked on right side rows as indicated in the pattern. free instruction and more! 20. 8-stitch or 10-stitch cables. knit the next three stitches. Making a cable Cables are easy to make.lionbrand.com for hundreds of free patterns. including photocopying -. Cables can be made over any even number of stitches (for example. please contact us at support@lionbrand. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. or by any other means. them to the back of the work. . Leaving the stitches on the cable needle. Leaving the stitches on the cable needle. The examples shown here are worked over 6 stitches.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. all rights reserved. work to the cable and then slip the next three stitches onto a cable needle and hold them to On the cable row. electronically. knit the next three stitches. A cable needle is used to hold the stitches in place as the stitches are being transferred.Visit our website www.mechanically. 4-stitch.

electronically. or by any other means. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.lionbrand.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. A completed cable with two cable rows. free instruction and more! Knit the 3 stitches on the cable needle without twisting them. please contact us at support@lionbrand.com any time! Page 48 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.mechanically.Visit our website www. Knit the 3 stitches on the cable needle without twisting them. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. . including photocopying -. all rights reserved.com for hundreds of free patterns. A completed cable with two cable rows.

free instruction and more! 21. Knitting through the back loop twists the stitch. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.mechanically. or by any other means. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.lionbrand. Knitting into the Back Loop/Front Loop Knitting into the front loops is the normal procedure and is used unless otherwise specified. including photocopying -.com for hundreds of free patterns. Knitting Into the Back Loop Insert the right needle into the back of the stitch from the front to back and continue to knit each stitch. electronically. Knitting Into the Front Loop Insert the right needle into the front of the stitch from front to back and continue to knit the stitch.Visit our website www.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. .com any time! Page 49 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. all rights reserved. please contact us at support@lionbrand.

without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. or by any other means. Purling Into the Back Loop Insert the right needle into the back of the stitch from back to front and continue to purl the stitch.com for hundreds of free patterns. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. please contact us at support@lionbrand. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.lionbrand.Visit our website www. free instruction and more! 22. Purling through the back loop twists the stitch.com any time! Page 50 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. all rights reserved. Purling into the Back Loop/Front Loop Purling into the front loops is the normal procedure and is used unless otherwise specified. . electronically. including photocopying -. Purling Into the Front Loop Insert the right needle into the front of the stitch from right to left as shown and continue to purl the stitch.mechanically.

lionbrand. hold the yarn in front and insert the needle from the back of the work. On a purl stitch (not shown). free instruction and more! On a knit stitch. please contact us at support@lionbrand. Slip the stitch onto your left needle.mechanically. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. electronically.Visit our website www.com any time! Page 51 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. all rights reserved. or by any other means. .without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. insert the left needle into the stitch one row below the first stitch on the right needle. including photocopying -.com for hundreds of free patterns. Continue in this way until you have reached your mistake. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. gently pulling the yarn out of the stitch above it. holding the yarn in the back.

please contact us at support@lionbrand. all rights reserved.lionbrand.mechanically.com for hundreds of free patterns. Place the edges of the garment side by side with the right sides (the sides that people will see) FACING OUT. Finishing Once you have your knit pieces finished.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. electronically. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. thread a darning needle with the same yarn used to make the garment. free instruction and more! 23.Visit our website www. The seaming technique used depends on the type of stitch used in the piece and whether you are making a vertical or a horizontal seam. JOINING STOCKINETTE STITCH We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.com any time! Page 52 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. JOINING GARTER STITCH To join two pieces together. . including photocopying -. assemble them by sewing them together. or by any other means. Stitch up the sides as shown. alternating from side to side.

electronically. or by any other means. Work inside the bind-off edge for a seamless look.com for hundreds of free patterns. align the shoulders and insert the yarn needle under one complete stitch as shown.mechanically. free instruction and more! With the right sides (knit sides) facing you.Visit our website www. including photocopying -. . Working from side to side. all rights reserved. go under the horizontal bar one stitch in from the edge as shown. JOINING SHOULDER SEAMS With the right sides facing you. begin seaming as for the beginning illustration of joining garter stitch. please contact us at support@lionbrand. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.com any time! Page 53 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.lionbrand. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.

electronically.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. including photocopying -. Clip remaining excess yarn.com any time! Page 54 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.com for hundreds of free patterns. or by any other means. please contact us at support@lionbrand.Visit our website www. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. Weaving in Ends Ends of yarn can be woven directly into your knitting. Thread a darning needle with the end of the yarn and run it in and out in an inconspicuous place for an inch or two. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.mechanically. all rights reserved. .lionbrand. free instruction and more! 24.

electronically. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. 3-Needle Bind Off With right sides together. free instruction and more! 25. Cut working yarn and pull through last stitch to secure.mechanically. With third needle. hold in one hand two needles with equal number of stitches on each.com for hundreds of free patterns. all rights reserved. repeat form * across to last stitch.Visit our website www. *knit together one stitch from each needle. including photocopying -.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.com any time! Page 55 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. or by any other means.lionbrand. . pass first stitch worked over second to bind off. please contact us at support@lionbrand. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. knit together one stitch from each needle.

free instruction and more! 26.Visit our website www. Slide one needle into an existing stitch 2. electronically. please contact us at support@lionbrand. Slide your other needle underneath. To pick up a stitch: 1. including photocopying -. Picking up Stitches Picking up stitches is a way to add to a piece that has been completed.lionbrand.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. or by any other means. Pull the stitch through as in in knitting We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.mechanically. . all rights reserved. into the stitch as to knit 3. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.com any time! Page 56 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.com for hundreds of free patterns.

which would be joined in the round to several rows) which is very firmly anchored in the other piece. free instruction and more! 4. Pick up the next stitch. for instance. including photocopying -. Note: When picking up stitches you do not always have to pick up every stitch (your pattern will tell how how many to pick up). No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. electronically. You now have a new stitch on your needle 5.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.com any time! Page 57 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. please contact us at support@lionbrand. or by any other means. This allows you to start a new part of your knitting (a collar.Visit our website www. You do not have to pick up stitches on the same row. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. all rights reserved. .mechanically.lionbrand.com for hundreds of free patterns.

roll each skein into two equal-sized balls 2. Knitting with two strands together Some items are made using two strands of yarn held together throughout.com for hundreds of free patterns. use yarn from both the outside and the inside of the skein. . please contact us at support@lionbrand.com any time! Page 58 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. electronically.mechanically. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.Visit our website www. all rights reserved.lionbrand. including photocopying -. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. If the pattern uses only one skein of yarn. free instruction and more! 27. you have two choices: 1. or by any other means.

such as a stripe or small motif. When working a series of horizontal duplicate stitches.mechanically. It is used to add color details. but you can also use it to correct small mistakes. all rights reserved. Complete the stitch by returning the needle to where you began.com any time! Page 59 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. or by any other means. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. including photocopying -. electronically.lionbrand. It is actually embroidery worked on the surface of the knitted fabric. Bring yarn to the outside at the base of the stitch below the stitch to be duplicated. Duplicate Stitch Duplicate stitch is a way to work a design or pattern into your knitting after the piece is complete.Visit our website www. .com for hundreds of free patterns. please contact us at support@lionbrand.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. Place needle from right to left behind both sides of the stitch above the one being duplicated. complete one stitch and begin the adjacent stitch in one step. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. Pull yarn through to front. free instruction and more! 28.

You'll have two pieces to join. 8. 10. or by any other means.com for hundreds of free patterns. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. free instruction and more! 29. Thread the end of the yarn through a large-eyed. 2. including photocopying -. electronically. . 9. Hold the needles parallel. Repeat until no stitches remain. Bring the tail to the inside of the work and fasten off. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. The working thread should be under the needles each time. Pull yarn through and take the stitch off the needle. blunt needle in first stitch on lower piece as if to purl and draw the thread all the way through. blunt needle (often called a 'tapestry needle') 5. 6.mechanically. wrong sides together 4. Grafting (Kitchener Stitch) 1. Cut the yarn. Insert needle in first stitch on lower piece from front to back and second stitch from back to front. Working from right to left.lionbrand. Pull yarn through and take the stitch off the needles. The Kitchener stitch is used to join two pieces of knitting together by using a large-eyed blunt needle and sewing in a manner that imitates knitting. It is commonly used to join the toe end of socks so there is no seam to rub on the toes. Insert needle in first stitch on top piece from front to back and second stitch from back to front 7.com any time! Page 60 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. leaving a tail equal to the amount you would normally need to finish the row 3. one side on each of two needles. all rights reserved.Visit our website www. please contact us at support@lionbrand. insert the large-eyed.