Learn to Knit

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Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company, all rights reserved. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -- mechanically, electronically, or by any other means, including photocopying -- without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.

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Table of Contents
Table of Contents........................................................................................... 2 Before you start ............................................................................................ 4 1. Casting On ................................................................................................ 5 2. The Knit Stitch ..........................................................................................13 3. The Purl Stitch ..........................................................................................18 4. Ribbing ....................................................................................................23 5. Stockinette Stitch ......................................................................................25 6. Binding Off ...............................................................................................26 7. Making a Gauge Swatch .............................................................................28 8. Joining New Yarn.......................................................................................29 9. Recovering a dropped stitch........................................................................30 10. Unraveling Stitch by Stitch........................................................................33 11. Avoiding Extra Stitches.............................................................................34 12. Increasing ..............................................................................................36 13. Increasing - Making a Simple Increase........................................................38 14. Increasing Between a Stitch ('Make One') ...................................................39 15. Increasing - The Yarn Over Increase ..........................................................41 16. Decreasing .............................................................................................42 17. Decreasing - Slip, Slip, Knit (SSK/SSP) .......................................................43 18. Decreasing - Knit/Purl Two Together ..........................................................45 19. Slipping Stitches Purlwise and Knitwise .......................................................46 20. Making a cable ........................................................................................47 We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page, please contact us at support@lionbrand.com any time!
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Visit our website www.lionbrand.com for hundreds of free patterns, free instruction and more! 21. Knitting into the Back Loop/Front Loop .......................................................49 22. Purling into the Back Loop/Front Loop.........................................................50 23. Finishing ................................................................................................52 24. Weaving in Ends......................................................................................54 25. 3-Needle Bind Off ....................................................................................55 26. Picking up Stitches...................................................................................56 27. Knitting with two strands together .............................................................58 28. Duplicate Stitch .......................................................................................59 29. Grafting (Kitchener Stitch) ........................................................................60

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Page 3 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company, all rights reserved. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -- mechanically, electronically, or by any other means, including photocopying -- without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.

When you give a lovingly knit gift. Your time. the yarn and color you select -. electronically. As with any new skill. all rights reserved. or by any other means. take a deep breath.com for hundreds of free patterns. free instruction and more! Before you start . you should have fun with your knitting. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. please contact us at support@lionbrand.. Remember.lionbrand. part of you goes into it. You can create handmade knits for yourself and people you love.com any time! Page 4 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.. If you get stuck.mechanically.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. . including photocopying -.even the thoughts and feelings you have as your work -. Read through the steps before you start.Visit our website www. learning to knit requires equal measures of patience and perseverance. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. Find a comfortable chair in good light. but keep at it! Knitting will give you a lifetime of pleasure and relaxation.are part of your knitted gift. talent.

or by any other means. all rights reserved. electronically. To begin. including photocopying -.Visit our website www. then letting the rest of the tail fall slightly behind the loop: We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.com for hundreds of free patterns.com any time! Page 5 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. please contact us at support@lionbrand.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. free instruction and more! 1.mechanically. you make a slipknot: Pull the yarn strand from the center of the ball. . No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.lionbrand. Make a loop 5 or 6 inches (120 or 150 cm) from the end (the tail) by placing the tail in front of the ball of yarn. Casting On Casting On is the term for making the foundation row of stitches on your needle.

com for hundreds of free patterns. Pull it through the front of the loop.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. please contact us at support@lionbrand. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. Gently pull the tail yarn to tighten loop around the needle. all rights reserved.com any time! Page 6 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. This is your first stitch. or by any other means. Scoop up the yarn in the back of the loop with the tip of your needle.mechanically.Visit our website www. electronically. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. free instruction and more! Insert your needle into the loop. including photocopying -.lionbrand. .

electronically. . or by any other means. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. including photocopying -.com any time! Page 7 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. free instruction and more! With the yarn from your ball IN BACK of your needles.Visit our website www.com for hundreds of free patterns. hold your hands as shown.mechanically. please contact us at support@lionbrand.lionbrand. all rights reserved. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.

.com for hundreds of free patterns. including photocopying -. Adjust your thumb so that you are gently gripping both needles between the thumb and forefinger of your left hand.Visit our website www. please contact us at support@lionbrand. or by any other means. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.mechanically.lionbrand. free instruction and more! Insert the tip of your right (empty) needle. electronically.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. all rights reserved.com any time! Page 8 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. from the fron to the back (from the left side of the stitch to the right) into the loop on the left needle. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. The needles will cross with the left needle remaining on top of the right needle.

We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. .lionbrand. free instruction and more! Holding the yarn with your right hand.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.com any time! Page 9 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. including photocopying -. please contact us at support@lionbrand.com for hundreds of free patterns. electronically. all rights reserved.Visit our website www. or by any other means.mechanically. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. wrap the yarn around the tip of the right needle in a clockwise motion as shown.

Don't get discouraged if you don't get this on the first try. please contact us at support@lionbrand. electronically.Visit our website www. The tips of your needles now cross with the right one on top and the left one below. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. Pull the tip of the right needle towards you. .mechanically.lionbrand. all rights reserved. including photocopying -. Elongate the pulled-through loop.com for hundreds of free patterns. free instruction and more! Secure the loop you have just made with your right pointer finger.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. Now you have one loop on each needle. or by any other means. below the left needle through the center of the stitch. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.com any time! Page 10 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.

.Visit our website www. including photocopying -.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. please contact us at support@lionbrand. all rights reserved. free instruction and more! We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.com for hundreds of free patterns. electronically.lionbrand.mechanically. or by any other means.com any time! Page 11 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.

please contact us at support@lionbrand.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.com any time! Page 12 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. all rights reserved. slip the stitch off. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. including photocopying -. Now get ready to knit! We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. electronically.com for hundreds of free patterns.mechanically. . free instruction and more! Insert the tip of the left needle into the loop on the right needle.lionbrand. or by any other means. You now have 2 loops on your left needle.Visit our website www. Repeat steps 4 through 9 until you have the desired number of stitches.

com for hundreds of free patterns.com any time! Page 13 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. free instruction and more! 2. The Knit Stitch Hold the needle with the stitches on it in your left hand. or by any other means. all rights reserved. The first stitch is approximately an inch from the top.Visit our website www. please contact us at support@lionbrand. The empty needle is in your right hand. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.mechanically. . electronically.lionbrand.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. including photocopying -.

electronically. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. including photocopying -.Visit our website www.lionbrand. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.com any time! Page 14 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.com for hundreds of free patterns. or by any other means. . please contact us at support@lionbrand. free instruction and more! Guess what? You already know what to do next! Insert the tip into the stitch closest to the tip of the left needle (from front to back) the same way as you did in step 4 when casting on. all rights reserved.mechanically.

mechanically. or by any other means. This is the same as step 6 in the section on casting on. . We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. please contact us at support@lionbrand. electronically.com any time! Page 15 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. This is the same step you did when you were casting on (step 7). free instruction and more! Secure the two needles in your left hand between your thumb and your forefinger. Pick up the yarn in your right hand and wrap it in a clockwise motion from under to over the tip of the right needle. Slide the right needle (with the loop of yarn on it) down and towards you through the center of the stitch. including photocopying -.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. all rights reserved.lionbrand.com for hundreds of free patterns. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.Visit our website www.

including photocopying -. or by any other means. 2.com for hundreds of free patterns.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.Visit our website www. Just knit the stitch.lionbrand. please contact us at support@lionbrand.com any time! Page 16 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. Exchange the empty needle in your left hand with the full needle in your right and begin again. CONGRATULATIONS! You have just knit your first stitch! Now continue repeating steps 1 through 7 until you have knit all the stitches off of your left needle. Just remember that knitting is a 4-step process: 1. Now its time to turn your work. all rights reserved. Insert the needle wrap the yarn pull through the loop pull off the new stitch We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.mechanically. You now have one stitch on your right needle. . You have now completed a ROW. electronically. When you reach that last stitch DON'T PANIC. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. free instruction and more! Now for something new! Slip the new stitch completely off the tip of the left needle. 4. 3.

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After you have knit several rows, the fabric you have made should look like this. This is called the GARTER STITCH. See the ridges? A ridge is created by two rows of knitting.

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Page 17 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company, all rights reserved. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -- mechanically, electronically, or by any other means, including photocopying -- without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.

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3. The Purl Stitch
To make a purl stitch, you do all the same steps as you do to make a knit stitch except with slightly different motions.

Hold the needles as if to knit. Place the yarn IN FRONT of the needle. Insert the right needle from BACK to FRONT (right to left) into the first stitch on the left needle.

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Loop the yarn around the tip of the right needle in a downward (counter-clockwise) motion.

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Page 19 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company, all rights reserved. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -- mechanically, electronically, or by any other means, including photocopying -- without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.

No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.com any time! Page 20 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.mechanically.Visit our website www.lionbrand.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. electronically.com for hundreds of free patterns. . including photocopying -. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. all rights reserved. please contact us at support@lionbrand. place your right thumb over the yarn and against the needle. or by any other means. Slide the tip of the right needle from the front to the back (away from you) and through the center of the stitch on the left needle. free instruction and more! To make sure you don't lose the loop.

No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. To figure out whether you should be knitting the row or purling the row. One side of your fabric looks like its covered with V's. all rights reserved. That's the knit side. Continue working. The other side looks like its covered with bumps.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.Visit our website www. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. CONGRATULATIONS! You have just made a purl stitch! Repeat steps 1 through 4 to complete the row. or by any other means. When you have finished this row. . This creates stockinette stitch. After that. You now have a stitch on your right needle.com for hundreds of free patterns. alternating each knit row with a purl row. turn your work (place the full needle in your left hand and the empty needle in your right hand) and KNIT the next row. That's the purl side. If it feels a little awkward. electronically. put your work in your left hand. Look at your work.mechanically. free instruction and more! Pull the new loop off the tip of the left needle. you are not alone. including photocopying -. PURL the next row.lionbrand. Soon you'll feel at home doing either stitch. Many new knitters find it easier to knit than to purl.com any time! Page 21 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. please contact us at support@lionbrand.

No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.mechanically. all rights reserved. Congratulations! You have mastered the two stitches that make everything possible! We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.com any time! Page 22 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. so purl the row.Visit our website www. you are on the knit side and should knit the row. including photocopying -.com for hundreds of free patterns. or by any other means. you are on the purl side. free instruction and more! Which side is facing you? If the V's are facing you.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. electronically. please contact us at support@lionbrand. .lionbrand. If the bumps are facing you.

please contact us at support@lionbrand. Bring the yarn from the back of your work between the needles to the front. Bring the yarn to the back of your work between the needles. .com for hundreds of free patterns.Visit our website www.mechanically. or by any other means.lionbrand. free instruction and more! 4. It is used because it produces a stretchy fabric. Now purl two stitches. Knit two stitches. including photocopying -.com any time! Page 23 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. all rights reserved. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. electronically. Knit two stitches. It is made with a combination of knit stitches and purl stitches. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. Ribbing Ribbing is a border that is commonly used on the cuffs of sweaters.

No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. or by any other means. electronically. please contact us at support@lionbrand. knit the knit stitches (V stitches) and purl the purl stitches (bump stitches) Remember to have the working yarn in BACK when you knit and in FRONT when you purl We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.lionbrand. . free instruction and more! On subsequent rows. all rights reserved.Visit our website www. including photocopying -.com for hundreds of free patterns.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.mechanically.com any time! Page 24 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.

mechanically. so purl the row. all rights reserved. Stockinette Stitch To figure out whether you should be knitting the row or purling the row.lionbrand.com any time! Page 25 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. Which side is facing you? If the V's are facing you. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.Visit our website www. put your work in your left hand. please contact us at support@lionbrand. . you are on the purl side. including photocopying -. free instruction and more! 5. electronically. or by any other means. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. you are on the knit side and should knit the row.com for hundreds of free patterns. If the bumps are facing you.

Visit our website www.com for hundreds of free patterns. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.lionbrand.com any time! Page 26 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.mechanically. all rights reserved. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. Lift the stitch over the last stitch you knit and over the top of the right needle. electronically. please contact us at support@lionbrand. . including photocopying -. free instruction and more! 6. or by any other means. Insert the top of the left needle into the first stitch on the right needle. Binding Off Knit two stitches.

please contact us at support@lionbrand.com any time! Page 27 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. including photocopying -. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.Visit our website www. or by any other means.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. Lift that stitch over the stitch just knit.lionbrand. . Knit another stitch. electronically. all rights reserved.mechanically. free instruction and more! One stitch remains on the right needle.com for hundreds of free patterns.

without stretching the fabric.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. free instruction and more! 7. Count your stitches. place a tape measure on your work and gently pin where the tape measure reads one inch.Visit our website www. Take your stitches off the needle and.lionbrand. Your gauge determines the size of your finished piece. Gauge varies from person to person. If you are knitting with a thick yarn like Wool-Ease® Thick and Quick® you'll make bigger stitches and have very few stitches and rows per inch. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. If you are knitting with a finer yarn. electronically. . you'll make smaller stitches and have more stitches and rows per inch. all rights reserved. Make sure to count even a half or quarter of a stitch and include that into your gauge.com any time! Page 28 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.com for hundreds of free patterns. the garment will not come out to the intended size. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. To make an accurate gauge swatch. or by any other means. If you don't get the proper gauge. please contact us at support@lionbrand. so it is very important to make sure you are achieving the gauge of your pattern. including photocopying -.mechanically. cast on or chain enough stitches to equal approximately four inches and work in pattern for four inches. Making a Gauge Swatch Gauge refers to the number of stitches and rows a knitter or crocheter makes per inch using a certain yarn and needles or hook. Don't cheat.

mechanically. try a larger needle or hook. Loosely tie a knot with the new yarn around the old yarn.lionbrand.com for hundreds of free patterns. free instruction and more! If you have more stitches per inch than the gauge suggests. please contact us at support@lionbrand. your stitches are too loose.com any time! Page 29 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. . including photocopying -. electronically. leaving a tail of a least 4 inches. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. all rights reserved. or by any other means. that means you are working too tightly. try a smaller needle or hook 8. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. Joining New Yarn It is always better to add a new ball of yarn at the beginning of a row. Slide the knot up the tail of the old yarn as close as possible to your work. If you have fewer stitches than the suggested gauge.Visit our website www.

When this happens. please contact us at support@lionbrand.com for hundreds of free patterns. you are going to drop a stitch. or by any other means. . electronically.mechanically. Recovering a dropped stitch At some point in your knitting career. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.lionbrand. free instruction and more! 9.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. including photocopying -. all rights reserved. a stitch falls off your needle and unravels for several rows beneath the row you are working on. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.com any time! Page 30 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.Visit our website www.

com any time! Page 31 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. all rights reserved. free instruction and more! First of all. please contact us at support@lionbrand. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.Visit our website www.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. repeat until your stitch is on the same row as the rest of your knitting. . Now grab the bar of the stitch right above it in the crook of your crochet hook. If your stitch has dropped down several rows. electronically.com for hundreds of free patterns.mechanically. Insert a crochet hook (if you don't have one available. the top of your needle will also work) into the loop of the dropped stitch. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.lionbrand. Pull the bar through the stitch. including photocopying -. don't panic. Knit until you've reached the dropped stitch. or by any other means.

free instruction and more! Slip the stitch onto your knitting needle. including photocopying -. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.lionbrand. all rights reserved.mechanically. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.com any time! Page 32 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. .com for hundreds of free patterns.Visit our website www. or by any other means. please contact us at support@lionbrand. electronically.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.

. holding the yarn in the back. On a purl stitch (not shown).Visit our website www.com for hundreds of free patterns. Slip the stitch onto your left needle. Instead. As painful as it may sound.mechanically. or by any other means. you need to unravel your work in order to fix the error. including photocopying -.com any time! Page 33 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. On a knit stitch. This is a slightly slower but a very safe method to fix your knitting. free instruction and more! 10.lionbrand. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. gently pulling the yarn out of the stitch above it. any good knitting teacher will tell you that 'Ripping is part of Knitting. insert the left needle into the stitch one row below the first stitch on the right needle. please contact us at support@lionbrand." Unravel your knitting by following the directions below. Unraveling Stitch by Stitch Sometimes a mistake is too many rows down to fix with a crochet hook. electronically. all rights reserved. Continue in this way until you have reached your mistake. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. hold the yarn in front and insert the needle from the back of the work.

all rights reserved. free instruction and more! 11.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. or by any other means.mechanically. electronically.com any time! Page 34 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. please contact us at support@lionbrand. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. including photocopying -.lionbrand.com for hundreds of free patterns. Avoiding Extra Stitches We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. .Visit our website www.

mechanically.Visit our website www. or by any other means.com for hundreds of free patterns. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. To prevent this. bring your yarn underneath your knitting when moving it from front to back for a knit stitch or from back to front for a purl stitch.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.com any time! Page 35 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.lionbrand. electronically. all rights reserved. free instruction and more! Sometimes an extra stitch is formed at the beginning of your needle. This happens when you begin to work a row and you take the yarn over the top of the needle. including photocopying -. please contact us at support@lionbrand. .

. Increasing Increasing is the process of adding one or more stitches to a piece.Visit our website www. Please check the FAQ for information and examples of 1.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. all rights reserved. when you knit a sleeve.lionbrand. free instruction and more! 12.com any time! Page 36 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. Adding stitches to a knit piece makes it a bigger size. For example. please contact us at support@lionbrand. The Yarn Over Increase We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.com for hundreds of free patterns. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. electronically.mechanically. The Simple Increase 2. you increase stitches from the cuff to the shoulder. Increasing Between a Stitch (Make One) 3. or by any other means. including photocopying -.

please contact us at support@lionbrand.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.lionbrand. all rights reserved. or by any other means. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. . free instruction and more! We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.com any time! Page 37 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.mechanically.com for hundreds of free patterns.Visit our website www. electronically. including photocopying -.

No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.Making a Simple Increase An easy way to add a stitch is to use an existing stitch.lionbrand. including photocopying -. electronically. Bring the top of the right needle around to the back and knit into the back loop of the stitch as shown (see the FAQ on knitting into the back loop for more detail). or by any other means. Increasing . Insert the right needle into the stitch. You now have two stitches on the right needle.com for hundreds of free patterns. please contact us at support@lionbrand. elongating the loop slightly. wrap the yarn around the needle and pull through as for a normal knit stitch. Don't pull the stitch over the left needle yet.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.com any time! Page 38 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. all rights reserved.mechanically.Visit our website www. free instruction and more! 13. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. .

including photocopying -. Work to the place where the increase is to be made. all rights reserved. insert the needle from front to back and then purl the stitch through the back loop. Insert the left needle from front to back into the horizontal strand between the two stitches: Knit the stitch through the back loop as shown.mechanically. On the purl side.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.com any time! Page 39 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. free instruction and more! 14. or by any other means. please contact us at support@lionbrand. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.Visit our website www. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. .lionbrand. electronically.com for hundreds of free patterns. Increasing Between a Stitch ('Make One') This increase is also called 'Make One'.

electronically. including photocopying -.lionbrand. . free instruction and more! We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. all rights reserved.Visit our website www. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. please contact us at support@lionbrand. or by any other means.mechanically.com for hundreds of free patterns.com any time! Page 40 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.

please contact us at support@lionbrand. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.The Yarn Over Increase To work a yarn over increase. Increasing . purl the loop in the normal way as shown.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. bring the yarn to the front and knit the next stitch in the normal way.Visit our website www. all rights reserved. . including photocopying -.lionbrand. This leaves an extra loop (new stitch) on the needle. On the next purl row. or by any other means. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.com for hundreds of free patterns.com any time! Page 41 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. free instruction and more! 15. electronically.mechanically.

Two common decreases are: • • Knit two together ssk (slip.Visit our website www. knit) We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. all rights reserved.com any time! Page 42 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. There are a number of ways to decrease and the choice of decrease used is most often determined by the desired slant of the stitches. slip. free instruction and more! 16. or by any other means. electronically. including photocopying -. please contact us at support@lionbrand.mechanically. Decreasing Decreasing is the process of removing one or more stitches from a piece.com for hundreds of free patterns. . No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.lionbrand.

one at a time as if to knit. This decrease slants to the left.com for hundreds of free patterns. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.Slip. Insert the left needle into the fronts of these two stitches and knit them together. Purl them together through the back loops (see the FAQ on purling through the back loops for detail). purl (ssp). Knit (SSK/SSP) Work to the place where the decrease is to be made. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. . Slip the next 2 stitches. Slip. all rights reserved. slip.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. free instruction and more! 17. the decrease is called slip. to the right needle.Visit our website www.mechanically. or by any other means.lionbrand. Decreasing .com any time! Page 43 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. electronically. This decrease slants to the left. including photocopying -. One stitch is decreased. please contact us at support@lionbrand. slip the 2 stitches on at a time as if to knit to the right needle. On the purl side of the work. In the same way as ssk.

all rights reserved. including photocopying -.com for hundreds of free patterns.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. . please contact us at support@lionbrand.mechanically.com any time! Page 44 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.lionbrand. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. free instruction and more! We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. electronically.Visit our website www. or by any other means.

com any time! Page 45 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. free instruction and more! 18.mechanically. This decrease slants the stitches to the right. all rights reserved. .without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. The stitches slant to the right.Visit our website www.com for hundreds of free patterns. or by any other means. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. Decreasing . No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. Purling two stitches together is done in the same manner. including photocopying -.lionbrand.Knit/Purl Two Together Work to the two stitches to be decreased and then knit the two stitches together as shown. electronically. please contact us at support@lionbrand.

Slipping Stitches Knitwise Insert the right needle into the next stitch on the left needle as shown and place it on the right needle without working it.lionbrand.Visit our website www. Slipping Stitches Purlwise Insert the right needle (from back to front) into the next stitch on the left needle and place it on the right needle without working it. free instruction and more! 19. including photocopying -.com any time! Page 46 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. please contact us at support@lionbrand. electronically.com for hundreds of free patterns. slip the stitch or stitches purlwise. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. . or by any other means. They can either be slipped purlwise or knitwise.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. all rights reserved. Slipping Stitches Purlwise and Knitwise Sometimes stitches are slipped without working from the right needle to the left needle. If you are asked to slip stitches and the instructions don't specify which way.mechanically. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.

free instruction and more! 20.Visit our website www. . Making a cable Cables are easy to make.com any time! Page 47 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. Right (back) 6-stitch Cable Left (front) 6-stitch Cable On the cable row. work to the cable and then slip the next three stitches onto a cable needle and hold them to On the cable row. them to the back of the work. please contact us at support@lionbrand. knit the next three stitches. electronically. 4-stitch. The examples shown here are worked over 6 stitches.com for hundreds of free patterns. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.) A cable row is normally worked on right side rows as indicated in the pattern. Leaving the stitches on the cable needle. knit the next three stitches. Cables can be made over any even number of stitches (for example. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. or by any other means. A cable needle is used to hold the stitches in place as the stitches are being transferred. including photocopying -. work to the cable and then slip the next three stitches onto a cable needle and hold the front of the work.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. They are simply worked by transferring a number of stitches to a third needle and knitting them in a different sequence. 8-stitch or 10-stitch cables.mechanically. all rights reserved.lionbrand. Leaving the stitches on the cable needle.

com for hundreds of free patterns.mechanically. A completed cable with two cable rows. or by any other means. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. A completed cable with two cable rows.Visit our website www. including photocopying -. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. free instruction and more! Knit the 3 stitches on the cable needle without twisting them. . all rights reserved.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.lionbrand. electronically. Knit the 3 stitches on the cable needle without twisting them. please contact us at support@lionbrand.com any time! Page 48 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.

com any time! Page 49 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. all rights reserved. Knitting through the back loop twists the stitch. Knitting into the Back Loop/Front Loop Knitting into the front loops is the normal procedure and is used unless otherwise specified. Knitting Into the Back Loop Insert the right needle into the back of the stitch from the front to back and continue to knit each stitch.mechanically.com for hundreds of free patterns. Knitting Into the Front Loop Insert the right needle into the front of the stitch from front to back and continue to knit the stitch. electronically.Visit our website www. free instruction and more! 21. . please contact us at support@lionbrand.lionbrand.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. including photocopying -. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. or by any other means.

electronically. free instruction and more! 22. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.mechanically. including photocopying -. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.lionbrand.Visit our website www.com any time! Page 50 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. .com for hundreds of free patterns.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. all rights reserved. Purling Into the Front Loop Insert the right needle into the front of the stitch from right to left as shown and continue to purl the stitch. Purling Into the Back Loop Insert the right needle into the back of the stitch from back to front and continue to purl the stitch. Purling into the Back Loop/Front Loop Purling into the front loops is the normal procedure and is used unless otherwise specified. Purling through the back loop twists the stitch. please contact us at support@lionbrand. or by any other means.

please contact us at support@lionbrand.mechanically. . gently pulling the yarn out of the stitch above it. free instruction and more! On a knit stitch. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. or by any other means. On a purl stitch (not shown). holding the yarn in the back. insert the left needle into the stitch one row below the first stitch on the right needle. including photocopying -.com any time! Page 51 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.com for hundreds of free patterns. Continue in this way until you have reached your mistake.Visit our website www. electronically. all rights reserved. Slip the stitch onto your left needle.lionbrand. hold the yarn in front and insert the needle from the back of the work.

com for hundreds of free patterns. all rights reserved.mechanically. assemble them by sewing them together.lionbrand. including photocopying -.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. . Finishing Once you have your knit pieces finished. please contact us at support@lionbrand. JOINING GARTER STITCH To join two pieces together. Place the edges of the garment side by side with the right sides (the sides that people will see) FACING OUT. JOINING STOCKINETTE STITCH We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.com any time! Page 52 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. thread a darning needle with the same yarn used to make the garment. electronically. or by any other means.Visit our website www. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. The seaming technique used depends on the type of stitch used in the piece and whether you are making a vertical or a horizontal seam. alternating from side to side. free instruction and more! 23. Stitch up the sides as shown.

without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. begin seaming as for the beginning illustration of joining garter stitch. free instruction and more! With the right sides (knit sides) facing you.com any time! Page 53 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. Working from side to side. Work inside the bind-off edge for a seamless look. . or by any other means. all rights reserved.lionbrand.Visit our website www. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. JOINING SHOULDER SEAMS With the right sides facing you.com for hundreds of free patterns. electronically.mechanically. go under the horizontal bar one stitch in from the edge as shown. please contact us at support@lionbrand. including photocopying -. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. align the shoulders and insert the yarn needle under one complete stitch as shown.

com any time! Page 54 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. Thread a darning needle with the end of the yarn and run it in and out in an inconspicuous place for an inch or two. including photocopying -.lionbrand. or by any other means.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.com for hundreds of free patterns.Visit our website www. . No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. free instruction and more! 24. Weaving in Ends Ends of yarn can be woven directly into your knitting. please contact us at support@lionbrand. Clip remaining excess yarn. all rights reserved. electronically.mechanically.

com any time! Page 55 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. With third needle. Cut working yarn and pull through last stitch to secure.com for hundreds of free patterns.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. please contact us at support@lionbrand. hold in one hand two needles with equal number of stitches on each. *knit together one stitch from each needle. knit together one stitch from each needle.Visit our website www. all rights reserved. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. 3-Needle Bind Off With right sides together.mechanically. or by any other means. pass first stitch worked over second to bind off. electronically. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.lionbrand. free instruction and more! 25. including photocopying -. repeat form * across to last stitch. .

electronically. Slide your other needle underneath. To pick up a stitch: 1.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.lionbrand. or by any other means. all rights reserved. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. please contact us at support@lionbrand.mechanically. free instruction and more! 26.Visit our website www. into the stitch as to knit 3. Pull the stitch through as in in knitting We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. including photocopying -. Picking up Stitches Picking up stitches is a way to add to a piece that has been completed. Slide one needle into an existing stitch 2. .com any time! Page 56 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.com for hundreds of free patterns.

mechanically. You do not have to pick up stitches on the same row. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. which would be joined in the round to several rows) which is very firmly anchored in the other piece. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. please contact us at support@lionbrand. You now have a new stitch on your needle 5. electronically. Note: When picking up stitches you do not always have to pick up every stitch (your pattern will tell how how many to pick up). This allows you to start a new part of your knitting (a collar. free instruction and more! 4. or by any other means. for instance.lionbrand. including photocopying -.Visit our website www. all rights reserved. . Pick up the next stitch.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.com any time! Page 57 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.com for hundreds of free patterns.

all rights reserved. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. electronically.com for hundreds of free patterns. If the pattern uses only one skein of yarn.com any time! Page 58 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. or by any other means. Knitting with two strands together Some items are made using two strands of yarn held together throughout. you have two choices: 1. including photocopying -. roll each skein into two equal-sized balls 2. use yarn from both the outside and the inside of the skein. free instruction and more! 27. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.Visit our website www.lionbrand.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.mechanically. . please contact us at support@lionbrand.

. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. Place needle from right to left behind both sides of the stitch above the one being duplicated. such as a stripe or small motif. but you can also use it to correct small mistakes. Bring yarn to the outside at the base of the stitch below the stitch to be duplicated. When working a series of horizontal duplicate stitches.mechanically. It is used to add color details. It is actually embroidery worked on the surface of the knitted fabric. Complete the stitch by returning the needle to where you began. electronically. please contact us at support@lionbrand. all rights reserved. Pull yarn through to front. free instruction and more! 28. complete one stitch and begin the adjacent stitch in one step.com for hundreds of free patterns. including photocopying -. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. Duplicate Stitch Duplicate stitch is a way to work a design or pattern into your knitting after the piece is complete.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.com any time! Page 59 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.Visit our website www.lionbrand. or by any other means.

free instruction and more! 29. blunt needle (often called a 'tapestry needle') 5. wrong sides together 4.com any time! Page 60 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. blunt needle in first stitch on lower piece as if to purl and draw the thread all the way through.lionbrand. please contact us at support@lionbrand. or by any other means.mechanically.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. Insert needle in first stitch on lower piece from front to back and second stitch from back to front. The working thread should be under the needles each time. Thread the end of the yarn through a large-eyed. all rights reserved. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. one side on each of two needles. The Kitchener stitch is used to join two pieces of knitting together by using a large-eyed blunt needle and sewing in a manner that imitates knitting. including photocopying -. 10. Working from right to left. Cut the yarn. Insert needle in first stitch on top piece from front to back and second stitch from back to front 7.com for hundreds of free patterns. Repeat until no stitches remain. electronically. Bring the tail to the inside of the work and fasten off. It is commonly used to join the toe end of socks so there is no seam to rub on the toes. leaving a tail equal to the amount you would normally need to finish the row 3. You'll have two pieces to join. Pull yarn through and take the stitch off the needles. Hold the needles parallel. Grafting (Kitchener Stitch) 1. . insert the large-eyed. Pull yarn through and take the stitch off the needle. 2. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. 9. 8.Visit our website www. 6.

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