Learn to Knit

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Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company, all rights reserved. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -- mechanically, electronically, or by any other means, including photocopying -- without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.

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Table of Contents
Table of Contents........................................................................................... 2 Before you start ............................................................................................ 4 1. Casting On ................................................................................................ 5 2. The Knit Stitch ..........................................................................................13 3. The Purl Stitch ..........................................................................................18 4. Ribbing ....................................................................................................23 5. Stockinette Stitch ......................................................................................25 6. Binding Off ...............................................................................................26 7. Making a Gauge Swatch .............................................................................28 8. Joining New Yarn.......................................................................................29 9. Recovering a dropped stitch........................................................................30 10. Unraveling Stitch by Stitch........................................................................33 11. Avoiding Extra Stitches.............................................................................34 12. Increasing ..............................................................................................36 13. Increasing - Making a Simple Increase........................................................38 14. Increasing Between a Stitch ('Make One') ...................................................39 15. Increasing - The Yarn Over Increase ..........................................................41 16. Decreasing .............................................................................................42 17. Decreasing - Slip, Slip, Knit (SSK/SSP) .......................................................43 18. Decreasing - Knit/Purl Two Together ..........................................................45 19. Slipping Stitches Purlwise and Knitwise .......................................................46 20. Making a cable ........................................................................................47 We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page, please contact us at support@lionbrand.com any time!
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Visit our website www.lionbrand.com for hundreds of free patterns, free instruction and more! 21. Knitting into the Back Loop/Front Loop .......................................................49 22. Purling into the Back Loop/Front Loop.........................................................50 23. Finishing ................................................................................................52 24. Weaving in Ends......................................................................................54 25. 3-Needle Bind Off ....................................................................................55 26. Picking up Stitches...................................................................................56 27. Knitting with two strands together .............................................................58 28. Duplicate Stitch .......................................................................................59 29. Grafting (Kitchener Stitch) ........................................................................60

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com any time! Page 4 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company..are part of your knitted gift.com for hundreds of free patterns.Visit our website www. Read through the steps before you start. the yarn and color you select -..even the thoughts and feelings you have as your work -. If you get stuck. talent. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. When you give a lovingly knit gift. free instruction and more! Before you start . please contact us at support@lionbrand.mechanically. You can create handmade knits for yourself and people you love.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. Your time. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. . Find a comfortable chair in good light. you should have fun with your knitting. Remember. part of you goes into it. including photocopying -. but keep at it! Knitting will give you a lifetime of pleasure and relaxation. electronically. As with any new skill.lionbrand. or by any other means. take a deep breath. all rights reserved. learning to knit requires equal measures of patience and perseverance.

com any time! Page 5 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.lionbrand. To begin. please contact us at support@lionbrand. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. including photocopying -. or by any other means. Casting On Casting On is the term for making the foundation row of stitches on your needle. all rights reserved. then letting the rest of the tail fall slightly behind the loop: We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. . you make a slipknot: Pull the yarn strand from the center of the ball. Make a loop 5 or 6 inches (120 or 150 cm) from the end (the tail) by placing the tail in front of the ball of yarn. electronically. free instruction and more! 1.Visit our website www.com for hundreds of free patterns.mechanically.

without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. please contact us at support@lionbrand.Visit our website www. all rights reserved. .com for hundreds of free patterns. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. electronically. This is your first stitch. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.mechanically. including photocopying -. Pull it through the front of the loop. or by any other means. Gently pull the tail yarn to tighten loop around the needle. free instruction and more! Insert your needle into the loop.com any time! Page 6 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.lionbrand. Scoop up the yarn in the back of the loop with the tip of your needle.

without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.lionbrand.com for hundreds of free patterns. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. hold your hands as shown. or by any other means.mechanically.com any time! Page 7 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. free instruction and more! With the yarn from your ball IN BACK of your needles. . all rights reserved.Visit our website www. including photocopying -. electronically. please contact us at support@lionbrand.

The needles will cross with the left needle remaining on top of the right needle. from the fron to the back (from the left side of the stitch to the right) into the loop on the left needle.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. Adjust your thumb so that you are gently gripping both needles between the thumb and forefinger of your left hand. electronically. or by any other means. including photocopying -.mechanically.Visit our website www. please contact us at support@lionbrand. all rights reserved.lionbrand.com any time! Page 8 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.com for hundreds of free patterns. . free instruction and more! Insert the tip of your right (empty) needle. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.

com any time! Page 9 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. all rights reserved.com for hundreds of free patterns. or by any other means.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. free instruction and more! Holding the yarn with your right hand. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. electronically. wrap the yarn around the tip of the right needle in a clockwise motion as shown.mechanically.lionbrand. . please contact us at support@lionbrand. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. including photocopying -.Visit our website www.

electronically. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. all rights reserved. including photocopying -.com for hundreds of free patterns. Elongate the pulled-through loop. Don't get discouraged if you don't get this on the first try. The tips of your needles now cross with the right one on top and the left one below. Now you have one loop on each needle. or by any other means.com any time! Page 10 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. below the left needle through the center of the stitch. free instruction and more! Secure the loop you have just made with your right pointer finger.Visit our website www. Pull the tip of the right needle towards you. please contact us at support@lionbrand.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.mechanically. .lionbrand.

all rights reserved.Visit our website www.mechanically. please contact us at support@lionbrand.lionbrand. free instruction and more! We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. electronically. .without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. or by any other means. including photocopying -.com any time! Page 11 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.com for hundreds of free patterns.

. Repeat steps 4 through 9 until you have the desired number of stitches. electronically. including photocopying -. please contact us at support@lionbrand.mechanically. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. or by any other means. Now get ready to knit! We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. all rights reserved.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.com any time! Page 12 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.Visit our website www. slip the stitch off.com for hundreds of free patterns. You now have 2 loops on your left needle. free instruction and more! Insert the tip of the left needle into the loop on the right needle.lionbrand.

The Knit Stitch Hold the needle with the stitches on it in your left hand. The empty needle is in your right hand. or by any other means.com for hundreds of free patterns. . free instruction and more! 2.mechanically.com any time! Page 13 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. please contact us at support@lionbrand. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.lionbrand. including photocopying -. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.Visit our website www. all rights reserved. electronically. The first stitch is approximately an inch from the top.

electronically. including photocopying -. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.lionbrand.com any time! Page 14 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.com for hundreds of free patterns.mechanically.Visit our website www.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. or by any other means. all rights reserved. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. please contact us at support@lionbrand. free instruction and more! Guess what? You already know what to do next! Insert the tip into the stitch closest to the tip of the left needle (from front to back) the same way as you did in step 4 when casting on. .

please contact us at support@lionbrand.Visit our website www. . or by any other means. Pick up the yarn in your right hand and wrap it in a clockwise motion from under to over the tip of the right needle. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. This is the same step you did when you were casting on (step 7). all rights reserved. free instruction and more! Secure the two needles in your left hand between your thumb and your forefinger. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. This is the same as step 6 in the section on casting on.lionbrand. Slide the right needle (with the loop of yarn on it) down and towards you through the center of the stitch. including photocopying -.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.com any time! Page 15 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.mechanically.com for hundreds of free patterns. electronically.

CONGRATULATIONS! You have just knit your first stitch! Now continue repeating steps 1 through 7 until you have knit all the stitches off of your left needle. Now its time to turn your work. You have now completed a ROW. . all rights reserved.mechanically. including photocopying -. Just remember that knitting is a 4-step process: 1. Just knit the stitch.Visit our website www. 2.com any time! Page 16 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. You now have one stitch on your right needle.com for hundreds of free patterns. or by any other means. electronically. please contact us at support@lionbrand.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. Exchange the empty needle in your left hand with the full needle in your right and begin again. When you reach that last stitch DON'T PANIC. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. free instruction and more! Now for something new! Slip the new stitch completely off the tip of the left needle. 4.lionbrand. Insert the needle wrap the yarn pull through the loop pull off the new stitch We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. 3.

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After you have knit several rows, the fabric you have made should look like this. This is called the GARTER STITCH. See the ridges? A ridge is created by two rows of knitting.

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3. The Purl Stitch
To make a purl stitch, you do all the same steps as you do to make a knit stitch except with slightly different motions.

Hold the needles as if to knit. Place the yarn IN FRONT of the needle. Insert the right needle from BACK to FRONT (right to left) into the first stitch on the left needle.

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Loop the yarn around the tip of the right needle in a downward (counter-clockwise) motion.

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Slide the tip of the right needle from the front to the back (away from you) and through the center of the stitch on the left needle.mechanically. place your right thumb over the yarn and against the needle. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. please contact us at support@lionbrand.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. or by any other means. all rights reserved.com any time! Page 20 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. electronically.com for hundreds of free patterns. including photocopying -. free instruction and more! To make sure you don't lose the loop. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. .Visit our website www.lionbrand.

you are not alone. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. free instruction and more! Pull the new loop off the tip of the left needle. alternating each knit row with a purl row. That's the knit side. CONGRATULATIONS! You have just made a purl stitch! Repeat steps 1 through 4 to complete the row. put your work in your left hand. Soon you'll feel at home doing either stitch. Many new knitters find it easier to knit than to purl. You now have a stitch on your right needle. please contact us at support@lionbrand. turn your work (place the full needle in your left hand and the empty needle in your right hand) and KNIT the next row. Continue working. After that. including photocopying -.Visit our website www. One side of your fabric looks like its covered with V's. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. That's the purl side. To figure out whether you should be knitting the row or purling the row. or by any other means. electronically. When you have finished this row.com any time! Page 21 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. If it feels a little awkward.mechanically. This creates stockinette stitch. all rights reserved. The other side looks like its covered with bumps. PURL the next row. Look at your work. .without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.com for hundreds of free patterns.lionbrand.

or by any other means.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.com any time! Page 22 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. please contact us at support@lionbrand. you are on the knit side and should knit the row. If the bumps are facing you. free instruction and more! Which side is facing you? If the V's are facing you. all rights reserved. you are on the purl side. . electronically.lionbrand. including photocopying -.com for hundreds of free patterns.mechanically.Visit our website www. so purl the row. Congratulations! You have mastered the two stitches that make everything possible! We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.

com any time! Page 23 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. It is made with a combination of knit stitches and purl stitches. Bring the yarn from the back of your work between the needles to the front. including photocopying -. Ribbing Ribbing is a border that is commonly used on the cuffs of sweaters. Knit two stitches. please contact us at support@lionbrand. Bring the yarn to the back of your work between the needles.mechanically. It is used because it produces a stretchy fabric. Knit two stitches.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. . or by any other means. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. free instruction and more! 4. all rights reserved. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. Now purl two stitches.lionbrand. electronically.com for hundreds of free patterns.Visit our website www.

electronically.com for hundreds of free patterns. all rights reserved. free instruction and more! On subsequent rows. or by any other means.com any time! Page 24 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.lionbrand. knit the knit stitches (V stitches) and purl the purl stitches (bump stitches) Remember to have the working yarn in BACK when you knit and in FRONT when you purl We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.Visit our website www.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.mechanically. . including photocopying -. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. please contact us at support@lionbrand.

or by any other means. you are on the purl side. you are on the knit side and should knit the row. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.com for hundreds of free patterns. please contact us at support@lionbrand. Which side is facing you? If the V's are facing you.lionbrand. If the bumps are facing you. free instruction and more! 5. Stockinette Stitch To figure out whether you should be knitting the row or purling the row. electronically. .without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. all rights reserved.Visit our website www. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.mechanically. so purl the row.com any time! Page 25 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. including photocopying -. put your work in your left hand.

. all rights reserved.com for hundreds of free patterns. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.mechanically. please contact us at support@lionbrand. free instruction and more! 6. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. Binding Off Knit two stitches. Lift the stitch over the last stitch you knit and over the top of the right needle.lionbrand. Insert the top of the left needle into the first stitch on the right needle.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.Visit our website www. or by any other means. electronically. including photocopying -.com any time! Page 26 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.

free instruction and more! One stitch remains on the right needle. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.mechanically. Lift that stitch over the stitch just knit.Visit our website www. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. including photocopying -. or by any other means. . electronically. please contact us at support@lionbrand. all rights reserved.lionbrand.com any time! Page 27 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. Knit another stitch.com for hundreds of free patterns.

including photocopying -. cast on or chain enough stitches to equal approximately four inches and work in pattern for four inches. please contact us at support@lionbrand.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. so it is very important to make sure you are achieving the gauge of your pattern.lionbrand. . place a tape measure on your work and gently pin where the tape measure reads one inch. If you don't get the proper gauge. all rights reserved. Gauge varies from person to person. Take your stitches off the needle and.com any time! Page 28 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. To make an accurate gauge swatch. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. Count your stitches. electronically. Your gauge determines the size of your finished piece. If you are knitting with a finer yarn. If you are knitting with a thick yarn like Wool-Ease® Thick and Quick® you'll make bigger stitches and have very few stitches and rows per inch. or by any other means.mechanically. you'll make smaller stitches and have more stitches and rows per inch. Making a Gauge Swatch Gauge refers to the number of stitches and rows a knitter or crocheter makes per inch using a certain yarn and needles or hook.Visit our website www. the garment will not come out to the intended size. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. Don't cheat. without stretching the fabric. Make sure to count even a half or quarter of a stitch and include that into your gauge. free instruction and more! 7.com for hundreds of free patterns.

. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. free instruction and more! If you have more stitches per inch than the gauge suggests. electronically. that means you are working too tightly. try a larger needle or hook. try a smaller needle or hook 8.lionbrand.Visit our website www. Joining New Yarn It is always better to add a new ball of yarn at the beginning of a row. all rights reserved.com any time! Page 29 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. your stitches are too loose. If you have fewer stitches than the suggested gauge.com for hundreds of free patterns. leaving a tail of a least 4 inches. please contact us at support@lionbrand. Slide the knot up the tail of the old yarn as close as possible to your work. Loosely tie a knot with the new yarn around the old yarn. or by any other means.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. including photocopying -.mechanically.

or by any other means. please contact us at support@lionbrand. electronically. . you are going to drop a stitch. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. including photocopying -.com any time! Page 30 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. all rights reserved. free instruction and more! 9. Recovering a dropped stitch At some point in your knitting career.com for hundreds of free patterns.mechanically.lionbrand. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. a stitch falls off your needle and unravels for several rows beneath the row you are working on. When this happens.Visit our website www.

Pull the bar through the stitch.lionbrand. If your stitch has dropped down several rows. Knit until you've reached the dropped stitch. electronically.com for hundreds of free patterns.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. Insert a crochet hook (if you don't have one available.mechanically. don't panic.Visit our website www. please contact us at support@lionbrand. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.com any time! Page 31 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. free instruction and more! First of all. or by any other means. Now grab the bar of the stitch right above it in the crook of your crochet hook. repeat until your stitch is on the same row as the rest of your knitting. . including photocopying -. all rights reserved. the top of your needle will also work) into the loop of the dropped stitch.

including photocopying -. all rights reserved. free instruction and more! Slip the stitch onto your knitting needle. or by any other means.Visit our website www.com any time! Page 32 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. .mechanically.com for hundreds of free patterns.lionbrand. electronically. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. please contact us at support@lionbrand.

or by any other means.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. please contact us at support@lionbrand.com any time! Page 33 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. electronically. Continue in this way until you have reached your mistake. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. gently pulling the yarn out of the stitch above it.com for hundreds of free patterns. This is a slightly slower but a very safe method to fix your knitting. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.lionbrand. . all rights reserved.Visit our website www. hold the yarn in front and insert the needle from the back of the work. insert the left needle into the stitch one row below the first stitch on the right needle. On a knit stitch. As painful as it may sound. On a purl stitch (not shown). Unraveling Stitch by Stitch Sometimes a mistake is too many rows down to fix with a crochet hook. free instruction and more! 10. holding the yarn in the back." Unravel your knitting by following the directions below. any good knitting teacher will tell you that 'Ripping is part of Knitting. you need to unravel your work in order to fix the error. Instead. including photocopying -.mechanically. Slip the stitch onto your left needle.

lionbrand. please contact us at support@lionbrand. or by any other means. including photocopying -.Visit our website www. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. free instruction and more! 11.com any time! Page 34 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.com for hundreds of free patterns. all rights reserved. Avoiding Extra Stitches We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.mechanically. electronically. .

. This happens when you begin to work a row and you take the yarn over the top of the needle.lionbrand. all rights reserved.com for hundreds of free patterns. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.com any time! Page 35 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.Visit our website www. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. electronically.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. free instruction and more! Sometimes an extra stitch is formed at the beginning of your needle. including photocopying -. please contact us at support@lionbrand. bring your yarn underneath your knitting when moving it from front to back for a knit stitch or from back to front for a purl stitch. or by any other means. To prevent this.mechanically.

For example. Increasing Between a Stitch (Make One) 3. including photocopying -. The Yarn Over Increase We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.lionbrand. you increase stitches from the cuff to the shoulder. . The Simple Increase 2. Adding stitches to a knit piece makes it a bigger size. all rights reserved. electronically.com any time! Page 36 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. Please check the FAQ for information and examples of 1.com for hundreds of free patterns. please contact us at support@lionbrand. or by any other means.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. when you knit a sleeve. free instruction and more! 12.Visit our website www.mechanically. Increasing Increasing is the process of adding one or more stitches to a piece.

electronically.Visit our website www. including photocopying -. . free instruction and more! We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.com any time! Page 37 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. or by any other means. all rights reserved.lionbrand.com for hundreds of free patterns. please contact us at support@lionbrand.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.mechanically.

Insert the right needle into the stitch. elongating the loop slightly.com for hundreds of free patterns. please contact us at support@lionbrand. free instruction and more! 13.lionbrand. Bring the top of the right needle around to the back and knit into the back loop of the stitch as shown (see the FAQ on knitting into the back loop for more detail).without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. including photocopying -. or by any other means. all rights reserved. Increasing .Visit our website www.Making a Simple Increase An easy way to add a stitch is to use an existing stitch.com any time! Page 38 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. You now have two stitches on the right needle. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. . Don't pull the stitch over the left needle yet. wrap the yarn around the needle and pull through as for a normal knit stitch.mechanically. electronically.

Insert the left needle from front to back into the horizontal strand between the two stitches: Knit the stitch through the back loop as shown. insert the needle from front to back and then purl the stitch through the back loop. all rights reserved. . We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.lionbrand.mechanically.com any time! Page 39 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. Increasing Between a Stitch ('Make One') This increase is also called 'Make One'.com for hundreds of free patterns. On the purl side. including photocopying -. Work to the place where the increase is to be made.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.Visit our website www. electronically. free instruction and more! 14. please contact us at support@lionbrand. or by any other means.

.lionbrand. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. electronically.com any time! Page 40 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. including photocopying -. free instruction and more! We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. or by any other means.com for hundreds of free patterns. all rights reserved.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. please contact us at support@lionbrand.Visit our website www.mechanically.

On the next purl row.Visit our website www. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. electronically. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.mechanically.The Yarn Over Increase To work a yarn over increase.com any time! Page 41 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. . bring the yarn to the front and knit the next stitch in the normal way. Increasing . purl the loop in the normal way as shown. including photocopying -. This leaves an extra loop (new stitch) on the needle.com for hundreds of free patterns. or by any other means.lionbrand. free instruction and more! 15. please contact us at support@lionbrand. all rights reserved.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.

knit) We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. or by any other means. Two common decreases are: • • Knit two together ssk (slip. Decreasing Decreasing is the process of removing one or more stitches from a piece. electronically. .lionbrand. all rights reserved. There are a number of ways to decrease and the choice of decrease used is most often determined by the desired slant of the stitches.Visit our website www.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.mechanically.com for hundreds of free patterns. including photocopying -. please contact us at support@lionbrand.com any time! Page 42 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. slip. free instruction and more! 16. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.

please contact us at support@lionbrand. the decrease is called slip. On the purl side of the work. This decrease slants to the left. slip. free instruction and more! 17.Slip. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.com any time! Page 43 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. electronically.mechanically. including photocopying -. to the right needle.lionbrand. One stitch is decreased. Insert the left needle into the fronts of these two stitches and knit them together. Knit (SSK/SSP) Work to the place where the decrease is to be made. slip the 2 stitches on at a time as if to knit to the right needle. Purl them together through the back loops (see the FAQ on purling through the back loops for detail). one at a time as if to knit. This decrease slants to the left. .com for hundreds of free patterns.Visit our website www. Slip the next 2 stitches. Decreasing . or by any other means.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. purl (ssp). Slip. In the same way as ssk. all rights reserved. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.

Visit our website www. .com for hundreds of free patterns.lionbrand. all rights reserved. including photocopying -. free instruction and more! We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. or by any other means. please contact us at support@lionbrand.com any time! Page 44 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. electronically.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.mechanically.

com for hundreds of free patterns. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.Knit/Purl Two Together Work to the two stitches to be decreased and then knit the two stitches together as shown.mechanically. free instruction and more! 18. all rights reserved.com any time! Page 45 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. .Visit our website www. This decrease slants the stitches to the right. electronically. or by any other means. Decreasing .without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. please contact us at support@lionbrand. Purling two stitches together is done in the same manner. including photocopying -.lionbrand. The stitches slant to the right. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.

Visit our website www. They can either be slipped purlwise or knitwise. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.lionbrand. electronically.mechanically.com any time! Page 46 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.com for hundreds of free patterns. Slipping Stitches Purlwise Insert the right needle (from back to front) into the next stitch on the left needle and place it on the right needle without working it. slip the stitch or stitches purlwise. or by any other means. please contact us at support@lionbrand. including photocopying -. . Slipping Stitches Purlwise and Knitwise Sometimes stitches are slipped without working from the right needle to the left needle. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. If you are asked to slip stitches and the instructions don't specify which way. Slipping Stitches Knitwise Insert the right needle into the next stitch on the left needle as shown and place it on the right needle without working it. all rights reserved. free instruction and more! 19.

No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. Cables can be made over any even number of stitches (for example. free instruction and more! 20. work to the cable and then slip the next three stitches onto a cable needle and hold the front of the work. Leaving the stitches on the cable needle. knit the next three stitches. them to the back of the work. A cable needle is used to hold the stitches in place as the stitches are being transferred.mechanically.Visit our website www. They are simply worked by transferring a number of stitches to a third needle and knitting them in a different sequence. Right (back) 6-stitch Cable Left (front) 6-stitch Cable On the cable row. all rights reserved.) A cable row is normally worked on right side rows as indicated in the pattern.com any time! Page 47 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. please contact us at support@lionbrand. knit the next three stitches.lionbrand. 8-stitch or 10-stitch cables. The examples shown here are worked over 6 stitches. Making a cable Cables are easy to make.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. 4-stitch. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. Leaving the stitches on the cable needle. electronically. including photocopying -. or by any other means. . work to the cable and then slip the next three stitches onto a cable needle and hold them to On the cable row.com for hundreds of free patterns.

No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. please contact us at support@lionbrand. electronically.com any time! Page 48 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.lionbrand.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.mechanically. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. Knit the 3 stitches on the cable needle without twisting them. or by any other means. free instruction and more! Knit the 3 stitches on the cable needle without twisting them. including photocopying -.com for hundreds of free patterns. all rights reserved. A completed cable with two cable rows. A completed cable with two cable rows.Visit our website www. .

all rights reserved. electronically. Knitting into the Back Loop/Front Loop Knitting into the front loops is the normal procedure and is used unless otherwise specified.lionbrand. Knitting Into the Front Loop Insert the right needle into the front of the stitch from front to back and continue to knit the stitch. Knitting Into the Back Loop Insert the right needle into the back of the stitch from the front to back and continue to knit each stitch.Visit our website www. Knitting through the back loop twists the stitch. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. free instruction and more! 21. please contact us at support@lionbrand.com for hundreds of free patterns. including photocopying -. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.mechanically.com any time! Page 49 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. . or by any other means.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.

free instruction and more! 22.com for hundreds of free patterns. electronically. .com any time! Page 50 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. Purling Into the Back Loop Insert the right needle into the back of the stitch from back to front and continue to purl the stitch. please contact us at support@lionbrand. Purling into the Back Loop/Front Loop Purling into the front loops is the normal procedure and is used unless otherwise specified. all rights reserved. Purling through the back loop twists the stitch. or by any other means. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.lionbrand.mechanically.Visit our website www. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. including photocopying -. Purling Into the Front Loop Insert the right needle into the front of the stitch from right to left as shown and continue to purl the stitch.

please contact us at support@lionbrand. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. insert the left needle into the stitch one row below the first stitch on the right needle. including photocopying -. electronically. .com any time! Page 51 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. holding the yarn in the back. or by any other means. free instruction and more! On a knit stitch. gently pulling the yarn out of the stitch above it. Slip the stitch onto your left needle.Visit our website www.lionbrand. hold the yarn in front and insert the needle from the back of the work.mechanically.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. On a purl stitch (not shown). No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. all rights reserved. Continue in this way until you have reached your mistake.com for hundreds of free patterns.

free instruction and more! 23.com any time! Page 52 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. . Place the edges of the garment side by side with the right sides (the sides that people will see) FACING OUT.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. alternating from side to side. Stitch up the sides as shown. JOINING STOCKINETTE STITCH We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. JOINING GARTER STITCH To join two pieces together. thread a darning needle with the same yarn used to make the garment. assemble them by sewing them together.mechanically. electronically. or by any other means. all rights reserved.lionbrand. please contact us at support@lionbrand. The seaming technique used depends on the type of stitch used in the piece and whether you are making a vertical or a horizontal seam.Visit our website www. including photocopying -.com for hundreds of free patterns. Finishing Once you have your knit pieces finished. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.

lionbrand. Work inside the bind-off edge for a seamless look. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.Visit our website www.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. please contact us at support@lionbrand. free instruction and more! With the right sides (knit sides) facing you. JOINING SHOULDER SEAMS With the right sides facing you. align the shoulders and insert the yarn needle under one complete stitch as shown.com any time! Page 53 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. go under the horizontal bar one stitch in from the edge as shown. electronically.com for hundreds of free patterns. . including photocopying -. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.mechanically. or by any other means. all rights reserved. Working from side to side. begin seaming as for the beginning illustration of joining garter stitch.

Clip remaining excess yarn. Thread a darning needle with the end of the yarn and run it in and out in an inconspicuous place for an inch or two. free instruction and more! 24.mechanically. all rights reserved. . No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. Weaving in Ends Ends of yarn can be woven directly into your knitting. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. electronically. including photocopying -.Visit our website www. or by any other means.lionbrand.com any time! Page 54 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. please contact us at support@lionbrand.com for hundreds of free patterns.

No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. hold in one hand two needles with equal number of stitches on each.com for hundreds of free patterns. or by any other means.Visit our website www. electronically. free instruction and more! 25. *knit together one stitch from each needle.mechanically. .without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. 3-Needle Bind Off With right sides together. Cut working yarn and pull through last stitch to secure. including photocopying -. pass first stitch worked over second to bind off.com any time! Page 55 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. please contact us at support@lionbrand. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.lionbrand. repeat form * across to last stitch. knit together one stitch from each needle. With third needle. all rights reserved.

or by any other means. please contact us at support@lionbrand. Slide one needle into an existing stitch 2. Slide your other needle underneath. including photocopying -.com for hundreds of free patterns. electronically.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.com any time! Page 56 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. all rights reserved.mechanically.Visit our website www. . To pick up a stitch: 1. into the stitch as to knit 3. free instruction and more! 26. Picking up Stitches Picking up stitches is a way to add to a piece that has been completed. Pull the stitch through as in in knitting We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.lionbrand.

or by any other means.mechanically. all rights reserved. please contact us at support@lionbrand. You now have a new stitch on your needle 5. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. including photocopying -.lionbrand. Note: When picking up stitches you do not always have to pick up every stitch (your pattern will tell how how many to pick up).com any time! Page 57 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. You do not have to pick up stitches on the same row.Visit our website www. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. which would be joined in the round to several rows) which is very firmly anchored in the other piece. for instance. free instruction and more! 4.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.com for hundreds of free patterns. This allows you to start a new part of your knitting (a collar. . Pick up the next stitch. electronically.

com any time! Page 58 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.lionbrand. free instruction and more! 27. If the pattern uses only one skein of yarn. you have two choices: 1.Visit our website www.com for hundreds of free patterns. electronically. Knitting with two strands together Some items are made using two strands of yarn held together throughout.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. please contact us at support@lionbrand. all rights reserved. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.mechanically. . use yarn from both the outside and the inside of the skein. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. or by any other means. including photocopying -. roll each skein into two equal-sized balls 2.

com any time! Page 59 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. When working a series of horizontal duplicate stitches.com for hundreds of free patterns. Duplicate Stitch Duplicate stitch is a way to work a design or pattern into your knitting after the piece is complete. complete one stitch and begin the adjacent stitch in one step. . We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. Complete the stitch by returning the needle to where you began.mechanically. all rights reserved. electronically. Place needle from right to left behind both sides of the stitch above the one being duplicated.lionbrand. It is used to add color details. or by any other means. It is actually embroidery worked on the surface of the knitted fabric. including photocopying -. free instruction and more! 28. such as a stripe or small motif. Pull yarn through to front. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.Visit our website www. Bring yarn to the outside at the base of the stitch below the stitch to be duplicated. please contact us at support@lionbrand. but you can also use it to correct small mistakes.

9. one side on each of two needles. Hold the needles parallel. Pull yarn through and take the stitch off the needles. free instruction and more! 29. . please contact us at support@lionbrand. Working from right to left. The working thread should be under the needles each time.Visit our website www. 8. wrong sides together 4. leaving a tail equal to the amount you would normally need to finish the row 3. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. Pull yarn through and take the stitch off the needle. Insert needle in first stitch on lower piece from front to back and second stitch from back to front.com any time! Page 60 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. 6. all rights reserved. blunt needle in first stitch on lower piece as if to purl and draw the thread all the way through. Grafting (Kitchener Stitch) 1. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.mechanically. including photocopying -. 10. insert the large-eyed. blunt needle (often called a 'tapestry needle') 5. electronically.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. Bring the tail to the inside of the work and fasten off. You'll have two pieces to join.com for hundreds of free patterns. Cut the yarn. Repeat until no stitches remain. 2. The Kitchener stitch is used to join two pieces of knitting together by using a large-eyed blunt needle and sewing in a manner that imitates knitting.lionbrand. Thread the end of the yarn through a large-eyed. Insert needle in first stitch on top piece from front to back and second stitch from back to front 7. or by any other means. It is commonly used to join the toe end of socks so there is no seam to rub on the toes.

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