Learn to Knit

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Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company, all rights reserved. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -- mechanically, electronically, or by any other means, including photocopying -- without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.

Visit our website www.lionbrand.com for hundreds of free patterns, free instruction and more!

Table of Contents
Table of Contents........................................................................................... 2 Before you start ............................................................................................ 4 1. Casting On ................................................................................................ 5 2. The Knit Stitch ..........................................................................................13 3. The Purl Stitch ..........................................................................................18 4. Ribbing ....................................................................................................23 5. Stockinette Stitch ......................................................................................25 6. Binding Off ...............................................................................................26 7. Making a Gauge Swatch .............................................................................28 8. Joining New Yarn.......................................................................................29 9. Recovering a dropped stitch........................................................................30 10. Unraveling Stitch by Stitch........................................................................33 11. Avoiding Extra Stitches.............................................................................34 12. Increasing ..............................................................................................36 13. Increasing - Making a Simple Increase........................................................38 14. Increasing Between a Stitch ('Make One') ...................................................39 15. Increasing - The Yarn Over Increase ..........................................................41 16. Decreasing .............................................................................................42 17. Decreasing - Slip, Slip, Knit (SSK/SSP) .......................................................43 18. Decreasing - Knit/Purl Two Together ..........................................................45 19. Slipping Stitches Purlwise and Knitwise .......................................................46 20. Making a cable ........................................................................................47 We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page, please contact us at support@lionbrand.com any time!
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Visit our website www.lionbrand.com for hundreds of free patterns, free instruction and more! 21. Knitting into the Back Loop/Front Loop .......................................................49 22. Purling into the Back Loop/Front Loop.........................................................50 23. Finishing ................................................................................................52 24. Weaving in Ends......................................................................................54 25. 3-Needle Bind Off ....................................................................................55 26. Picking up Stitches...................................................................................56 27. Knitting with two strands together .............................................................58 28. Duplicate Stitch .......................................................................................59 29. Grafting (Kitchener Stitch) ........................................................................60

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We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. Your time. talent.Visit our website www. all rights reserved.are part of your knitted gift. but keep at it! Knitting will give you a lifetime of pleasure and relaxation. please contact us at support@lionbrand. Remember. learning to knit requires equal measures of patience and perseverance. . You can create handmade knits for yourself and people you love.. electronically.com any time! Page 4 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.mechanically.. Read through the steps before you start.lionbrand. When you give a lovingly knit gift. Find a comfortable chair in good light. free instruction and more! Before you start .com for hundreds of free patterns. take a deep breath. including photocopying -. If you get stuck. or by any other means. you should have fun with your knitting. As with any new skill. the yarn and color you select -. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.even the thoughts and feelings you have as your work -.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. part of you goes into it.

com for hundreds of free patterns. all rights reserved.lionbrand. To begin. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. Make a loop 5 or 6 inches (120 or 150 cm) from the end (the tail) by placing the tail in front of the ball of yarn. electronically. free instruction and more! 1. you make a slipknot: Pull the yarn strand from the center of the ball. including photocopying -. .com any time! Page 5 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. then letting the rest of the tail fall slightly behind the loop: We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. or by any other means. please contact us at support@lionbrand.Visit our website www.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. Casting On Casting On is the term for making the foundation row of stitches on your needle.mechanically.

. This is your first stitch.mechanically. Scoop up the yarn in the back of the loop with the tip of your needle. including photocopying -. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.lionbrand. please contact us at support@lionbrand. electronically. Pull it through the front of the loop. free instruction and more! Insert your needle into the loop.com for hundreds of free patterns.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.com any time! Page 6 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.Visit our website www. or by any other means. Gently pull the tail yarn to tighten loop around the needle. all rights reserved.

free instruction and more! With the yarn from your ball IN BACK of your needles. . or by any other means. all rights reserved.Visit our website www. hold your hands as shown.com any time! Page 7 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.lionbrand. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.mechanically.com for hundreds of free patterns. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. including photocopying -.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. electronically. please contact us at support@lionbrand.

please contact us at support@lionbrand. electronically. The needles will cross with the left needle remaining on top of the right needle.com for hundreds of free patterns. including photocopying -.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. free instruction and more! Insert the tip of your right (empty) needle.com any time! Page 8 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.mechanically. . We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.Visit our website www. from the fron to the back (from the left side of the stitch to the right) into the loop on the left needle.lionbrand. Adjust your thumb so that you are gently gripping both needles between the thumb and forefinger of your left hand. all rights reserved. or by any other means.

wrap the yarn around the tip of the right needle in a clockwise motion as shown. please contact us at support@lionbrand.com for hundreds of free patterns.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. . or by any other means.com any time! Page 9 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. including photocopying -. electronically.Visit our website www. all rights reserved. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.lionbrand. free instruction and more! Holding the yarn with your right hand.mechanically.

all rights reserved. free instruction and more! Secure the loop you have just made with your right pointer finger. below the left needle through the center of the stitch.lionbrand. Don't get discouraged if you don't get this on the first try. . please contact us at support@lionbrand.com any time! Page 10 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. Now you have one loop on each needle. including photocopying -. or by any other means. Elongate the pulled-through loop. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. Pull the tip of the right needle towards you.com for hundreds of free patterns.mechanically. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.Visit our website www. The tips of your needles now cross with the right one on top and the left one below. electronically.

including photocopying -. or by any other means.Visit our website www.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. free instruction and more! We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. . all rights reserved.com any time! Page 11 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.com for hundreds of free patterns. electronically.mechanically.lionbrand. please contact us at support@lionbrand.

com any time! Page 12 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. slip the stitch off.com for hundreds of free patterns. please contact us at support@lionbrand.Visit our website www. electronically. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. or by any other means. including photocopying -. all rights reserved.lionbrand. Now get ready to knit! We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. free instruction and more! Insert the tip of the left needle into the loop on the right needle. .mechanically. You now have 2 loops on your left needle. Repeat steps 4 through 9 until you have the desired number of stitches.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.

The empty needle is in your right hand. electronically. all rights reserved.com any time! Page 13 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.Visit our website www. free instruction and more! 2. . The Knit Stitch Hold the needle with the stitches on it in your left hand.com for hundreds of free patterns. or by any other means.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. The first stitch is approximately an inch from the top. including photocopying -. please contact us at support@lionbrand. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.lionbrand.mechanically.

Visit our website www.com any time! Page 14 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. or by any other means.mechanically. .lionbrand. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. electronically. including photocopying -. free instruction and more! Guess what? You already know what to do next! Insert the tip into the stitch closest to the tip of the left needle (from front to back) the same way as you did in step 4 when casting on.com for hundreds of free patterns.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. all rights reserved. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. please contact us at support@lionbrand.

No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. Pick up the yarn in your right hand and wrap it in a clockwise motion from under to over the tip of the right needle.mechanically. This is the same as step 6 in the section on casting on. . electronically.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. all rights reserved. please contact us at support@lionbrand.lionbrand. Slide the right needle (with the loop of yarn on it) down and towards you through the center of the stitch. free instruction and more! Secure the two needles in your left hand between your thumb and your forefinger. including photocopying -. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. This is the same step you did when you were casting on (step 7). or by any other means.com for hundreds of free patterns.com any time! Page 15 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.Visit our website www.

You now have one stitch on your right needle. 4. Insert the needle wrap the yarn pull through the loop pull off the new stitch We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.mechanically.com any time! Page 16 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.Visit our website www. CONGRATULATIONS! You have just knit your first stitch! Now continue repeating steps 1 through 7 until you have knit all the stitches off of your left needle. including photocopying -. Exchange the empty needle in your left hand with the full needle in your right and begin again. Just knit the stitch. When you reach that last stitch DON'T PANIC. . free instruction and more! Now for something new! Slip the new stitch completely off the tip of the left needle. Just remember that knitting is a 4-step process: 1. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.com for hundreds of free patterns.lionbrand. or by any other means. 3. 2. Now its time to turn your work. all rights reserved.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. electronically. You have now completed a ROW. please contact us at support@lionbrand.

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After you have knit several rows, the fabric you have made should look like this. This is called the GARTER STITCH. See the ridges? A ridge is created by two rows of knitting.

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Page 17 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company, all rights reserved. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -- mechanically, electronically, or by any other means, including photocopying -- without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.

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3. The Purl Stitch
To make a purl stitch, you do all the same steps as you do to make a knit stitch except with slightly different motions.

Hold the needles as if to knit. Place the yarn IN FRONT of the needle. Insert the right needle from BACK to FRONT (right to left) into the first stitch on the left needle.

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Loop the yarn around the tip of the right needle in a downward (counter-clockwise) motion.

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Page 19 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company, all rights reserved. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -- mechanically, electronically, or by any other means, including photocopying -- without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.

electronically.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.lionbrand. all rights reserved.com any time! Page 20 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. free instruction and more! To make sure you don't lose the loop. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. please contact us at support@lionbrand. Slide the tip of the right needle from the front to the back (away from you) and through the center of the stitch on the left needle. . including photocopying -. place your right thumb over the yarn and against the needle.Visit our website www.com for hundreds of free patterns. or by any other means.mechanically.

We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.lionbrand. PURL the next row. Look at your work. .Visit our website www. put your work in your left hand. Soon you'll feel at home doing either stitch. After that. electronically. Continue working. That's the purl side. That's the knit side. Many new knitters find it easier to knit than to purl.com for hundreds of free patterns. To figure out whether you should be knitting the row or purling the row.com any time! Page 21 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. including photocopying -. When you have finished this row. turn your work (place the full needle in your left hand and the empty needle in your right hand) and KNIT the next row. or by any other means.mechanically. alternating each knit row with a purl row. CONGRATULATIONS! You have just made a purl stitch! Repeat steps 1 through 4 to complete the row. please contact us at support@lionbrand. One side of your fabric looks like its covered with V's. You now have a stitch on your right needle. all rights reserved. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. you are not alone. If it feels a little awkward. This creates stockinette stitch.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. The other side looks like its covered with bumps. free instruction and more! Pull the new loop off the tip of the left needle.

free instruction and more! Which side is facing you? If the V's are facing you. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. you are on the purl side. so purl the row. including photocopying -. all rights reserved.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. electronically. or by any other means. you are on the knit side and should knit the row.lionbrand.com for hundreds of free patterns. please contact us at support@lionbrand. .mechanically.Visit our website www. If the bumps are facing you. Congratulations! You have mastered the two stitches that make everything possible! We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.com any time! Page 22 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.

No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. or by any other means. all rights reserved. Now purl two stitches. . please contact us at support@lionbrand. free instruction and more! 4. Knit two stitches. electronically. It is used because it produces a stretchy fabric. Bring the yarn to the back of your work between the needles. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. Bring the yarn from the back of your work between the needles to the front. including photocopying -.Visit our website www.lionbrand. It is made with a combination of knit stitches and purl stitches. Knit two stitches.mechanically.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.com any time! Page 23 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.com for hundreds of free patterns. Ribbing Ribbing is a border that is commonly used on the cuffs of sweaters.

please contact us at support@lionbrand.Visit our website www. electronically.lionbrand. . free instruction and more! On subsequent rows.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. or by any other means.com any time! Page 24 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. knit the knit stitches (V stitches) and purl the purl stitches (bump stitches) Remember to have the working yarn in BACK when you knit and in FRONT when you purl We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.com for hundreds of free patterns. all rights reserved.mechanically. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. including photocopying -.

Which side is facing you? If the V's are facing you. . all rights reserved. put your work in your left hand. including photocopying -.mechanically. please contact us at support@lionbrand.com any time! Page 25 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. If the bumps are facing you.com for hundreds of free patterns. you are on the knit side and should knit the row. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.Visit our website www. electronically. or by any other means.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. you are on the purl side.lionbrand. Stockinette Stitch To figure out whether you should be knitting the row or purling the row. so purl the row. free instruction and more! 5.

com any time! Page 26 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. please contact us at support@lionbrand. . Lift the stitch over the last stitch you knit and over the top of the right needle.com for hundreds of free patterns. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.Visit our website www. or by any other means. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. including photocopying -. free instruction and more! 6.lionbrand.mechanically. all rights reserved. Insert the top of the left needle into the first stitch on the right needle.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. Binding Off Knit two stitches. electronically.

or by any other means. Knit another stitch. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. please contact us at support@lionbrand.com any time! Page 27 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.Visit our website www. including photocopying -. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.mechanically. all rights reserved. electronically. free instruction and more! One stitch remains on the right needle. Lift that stitch over the stitch just knit. .without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.com for hundreds of free patterns.lionbrand.

without stretching the fabric.com for hundreds of free patterns. or by any other means. Gauge varies from person to person. To make an accurate gauge swatch. If you are knitting with a finer yarn.mechanically. please contact us at support@lionbrand. so it is very important to make sure you are achieving the gauge of your pattern. including photocopying -.Visit our website www. If you are knitting with a thick yarn like Wool-Ease® Thick and Quick® you'll make bigger stitches and have very few stitches and rows per inch. electronically. Take your stitches off the needle and. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. you'll make smaller stitches and have more stitches and rows per inch. If you don't get the proper gauge. Count your stitches. Your gauge determines the size of your finished piece. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. Making a Gauge Swatch Gauge refers to the number of stitches and rows a knitter or crocheter makes per inch using a certain yarn and needles or hook. . free instruction and more! 7. Make sure to count even a half or quarter of a stitch and include that into your gauge.com any time! Page 28 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. cast on or chain enough stitches to equal approximately four inches and work in pattern for four inches. Don't cheat.lionbrand. the garment will not come out to the intended size. place a tape measure on your work and gently pin where the tape measure reads one inch.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. all rights reserved.

Loosely tie a knot with the new yarn around the old yarn. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.Visit our website www.com any time! Page 29 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.com for hundreds of free patterns.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. please contact us at support@lionbrand. free instruction and more! If you have more stitches per inch than the gauge suggests. all rights reserved.lionbrand. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. try a smaller needle or hook 8. If you have fewer stitches than the suggested gauge. Joining New Yarn It is always better to add a new ball of yarn at the beginning of a row. that means you are working too tightly. Slide the knot up the tail of the old yarn as close as possible to your work. . your stitches are too loose. leaving a tail of a least 4 inches. or by any other means. electronically.mechanically. try a larger needle or hook. including photocopying -.

please contact us at support@lionbrand. including photocopying -. you are going to drop a stitch.mechanically. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.com for hundreds of free patterns. a stitch falls off your needle and unravels for several rows beneath the row you are working on.lionbrand. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. or by any other means.Visit our website www.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.com any time! Page 30 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. . electronically. Recovering a dropped stitch At some point in your knitting career. free instruction and more! 9. all rights reserved. When this happens.

. Knit until you've reached the dropped stitch.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. electronically. the top of your needle will also work) into the loop of the dropped stitch.lionbrand. Now grab the bar of the stitch right above it in the crook of your crochet hook.mechanically.com any time! Page 31 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. free instruction and more! First of all. repeat until your stitch is on the same row as the rest of your knitting. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. including photocopying -.com for hundreds of free patterns. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. Insert a crochet hook (if you don't have one available. or by any other means. all rights reserved. Pull the bar through the stitch. don't panic.Visit our website www. please contact us at support@lionbrand. If your stitch has dropped down several rows.

com any time! Page 32 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.Visit our website www.com for hundreds of free patterns. or by any other means. free instruction and more! Slip the stitch onto your knitting needle. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. please contact us at support@lionbrand.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. . all rights reserved.lionbrand.mechanically. including photocopying -. electronically. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.

This is a slightly slower but a very safe method to fix your knitting. . On a knit stitch. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. Unraveling Stitch by Stitch Sometimes a mistake is too many rows down to fix with a crochet hook. Instead. please contact us at support@lionbrand. you need to unravel your work in order to fix the error. any good knitting teacher will tell you that 'Ripping is part of Knitting. free instruction and more! 10. holding the yarn in the back.com any time! Page 33 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. gently pulling the yarn out of the stitch above it. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.Visit our website www. electronically.mechanically.com for hundreds of free patterns. all rights reserved. or by any other means. including photocopying -. hold the yarn in front and insert the needle from the back of the work.lionbrand. insert the left needle into the stitch one row below the first stitch on the right needle. Continue in this way until you have reached your mistake. Slip the stitch onto your left needle.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. On a purl stitch (not shown). As painful as it may sound." Unravel your knitting by following the directions below.

or by any other means.lionbrand.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.com for hundreds of free patterns. . free instruction and more! 11. all rights reserved. Avoiding Extra Stitches We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.Visit our website www. please contact us at support@lionbrand. including photocopying -.com any time! Page 34 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.mechanically. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. electronically.

including photocopying -. . please contact us at support@lionbrand. bring your yarn underneath your knitting when moving it from front to back for a knit stitch or from back to front for a purl stitch.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. all rights reserved.Visit our website www. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. To prevent this.com for hundreds of free patterns. This happens when you begin to work a row and you take the yarn over the top of the needle. free instruction and more! Sometimes an extra stitch is formed at the beginning of your needle.lionbrand. or by any other means. electronically. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.mechanically.com any time! Page 35 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.

or by any other means.lionbrand. please contact us at support@lionbrand. Increasing Between a Stitch (Make One) 3.com for hundreds of free patterns. all rights reserved. Increasing Increasing is the process of adding one or more stitches to a piece. you increase stitches from the cuff to the shoulder. The Simple Increase 2. when you knit a sleeve. Please check the FAQ for information and examples of 1. For example. . including photocopying -. free instruction and more! 12.Visit our website www. Adding stitches to a knit piece makes it a bigger size. electronically. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.mechanically.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. The Yarn Over Increase We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.com any time! Page 36 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.

com any time! Page 37 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. please contact us at support@lionbrand.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. electronically.com for hundreds of free patterns. . including photocopying -. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. all rights reserved. free instruction and more! We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.lionbrand.Visit our website www. or by any other means.mechanically.

Insert the right needle into the stitch.Visit our website www. You now have two stitches on the right needle. Increasing . electronically.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. . Don't pull the stitch over the left needle yet. please contact us at support@lionbrand. wrap the yarn around the needle and pull through as for a normal knit stitch.com for hundreds of free patterns. free instruction and more! 13. Bring the top of the right needle around to the back and knit into the back loop of the stitch as shown (see the FAQ on knitting into the back loop for more detail).mechanically.Making a Simple Increase An easy way to add a stitch is to use an existing stitch. including photocopying -. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.lionbrand. or by any other means. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. elongating the loop slightly.com any time! Page 38 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. all rights reserved.

Insert the left needle from front to back into the horizontal strand between the two stitches: Knit the stitch through the back loop as shown.lionbrand. please contact us at support@lionbrand. insert the needle from front to back and then purl the stitch through the back loop.com for hundreds of free patterns. free instruction and more! 14.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. On the purl side. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. all rights reserved.mechanically.Visit our website www. Work to the place where the increase is to be made.com any time! Page 39 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. or by any other means. including photocopying -. electronically. . Increasing Between a Stitch ('Make One') This increase is also called 'Make One'.

including photocopying -. electronically. or by any other means. . all rights reserved. free instruction and more! We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.com any time! Page 40 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.lionbrand.com for hundreds of free patterns.mechanically. please contact us at support@lionbrand.Visit our website www. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.

com for hundreds of free patterns.lionbrand. electronically.The Yarn Over Increase To work a yarn over increase.com any time! Page 41 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.Visit our website www.mechanically. This leaves an extra loop (new stitch) on the needle.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. bring the yarn to the front and knit the next stitch in the normal way. . please contact us at support@lionbrand. free instruction and more! 15. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. purl the loop in the normal way as shown. including photocopying -. On the next purl row. or by any other means. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. all rights reserved. Increasing .

all rights reserved.mechanically. . free instruction and more! 16. Decreasing Decreasing is the process of removing one or more stitches from a piece.com any time! Page 42 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.Visit our website www. Two common decreases are: • • Knit two together ssk (slip. electronically. or by any other means. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. knit) We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.com for hundreds of free patterns. slip. please contact us at support@lionbrand.lionbrand. There are a number of ways to decrease and the choice of decrease used is most often determined by the desired slant of the stitches.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. including photocopying -.

This decrease slants to the left.Slip. slip. This decrease slants to the left. . slip the 2 stitches on at a time as if to knit to the right needle. to the right needle. electronically. or by any other means.mechanically. Insert the left needle into the fronts of these two stitches and knit them together. In the same way as ssk. please contact us at support@lionbrand.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. including photocopying -. free instruction and more! 17. Slip the next 2 stitches. Decreasing . Knit (SSK/SSP) Work to the place where the decrease is to be made.com any time! Page 43 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. Purl them together through the back loops (see the FAQ on purling through the back loops for detail).lionbrand. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. all rights reserved.com for hundreds of free patterns. the decrease is called slip.Visit our website www. On the purl side of the work. purl (ssp). One stitch is decreased. Slip. one at a time as if to knit.

com any time! Page 44 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. electronically. including photocopying -.com for hundreds of free patterns.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. please contact us at support@lionbrand. all rights reserved. free instruction and more! We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.Visit our website www. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.lionbrand. or by any other means. .mechanically.

.Visit our website www.lionbrand. Decreasing . all rights reserved. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.com any time! Page 45 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.com for hundreds of free patterns.mechanically. or by any other means. Purling two stitches together is done in the same manner. free instruction and more! 18. including photocopying -.Knit/Purl Two Together Work to the two stitches to be decreased and then knit the two stitches together as shown. This decrease slants the stitches to the right.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. electronically. please contact us at support@lionbrand. The stitches slant to the right.

They can either be slipped purlwise or knitwise. all rights reserved. slip the stitch or stitches purlwise. Slipping Stitches Purlwise Insert the right needle (from back to front) into the next stitch on the left needle and place it on the right needle without working it.mechanically.com any time! Page 46 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. . free instruction and more! 19. including photocopying -.com for hundreds of free patterns. If you are asked to slip stitches and the instructions don't specify which way. electronically.lionbrand. please contact us at support@lionbrand. Slipping Stitches Knitwise Insert the right needle into the next stitch on the left needle as shown and place it on the right needle without working it. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.Visit our website www. Slipping Stitches Purlwise and Knitwise Sometimes stitches are slipped without working from the right needle to the left needle. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. or by any other means.

or by any other means. Cables can be made over any even number of stitches (for example. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.) A cable row is normally worked on right side rows as indicated in the pattern. Making a cable Cables are easy to make. 4-stitch. electronically. The examples shown here are worked over 6 stitches. Leaving the stitches on the cable needle.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.com for hundreds of free patterns. A cable needle is used to hold the stitches in place as the stitches are being transferred.mechanically. 8-stitch or 10-stitch cables. They are simply worked by transferring a number of stitches to a third needle and knitting them in a different sequence. work to the cable and then slip the next three stitches onto a cable needle and hold the front of the work.lionbrand. knit the next three stitches. all rights reserved.Visit our website www. work to the cable and then slip the next three stitches onto a cable needle and hold them to On the cable row. them to the back of the work. Leaving the stitches on the cable needle. Right (back) 6-stitch Cable Left (front) 6-stitch Cable On the cable row.com any time! Page 47 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. including photocopying -. free instruction and more! 20. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. please contact us at support@lionbrand. knit the next three stitches. .

We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. Knit the 3 stitches on the cable needle without twisting them.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. or by any other means.Visit our website www. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.lionbrand. all rights reserved. . free instruction and more! Knit the 3 stitches on the cable needle without twisting them.mechanically. A completed cable with two cable rows. including photocopying -.com for hundreds of free patterns. electronically. A completed cable with two cable rows.com any time! Page 48 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. please contact us at support@lionbrand.

electronically. including photocopying -.Visit our website www. . or by any other means. Knitting Into the Front Loop Insert the right needle into the front of the stitch from front to back and continue to knit the stitch. Knitting into the Back Loop/Front Loop Knitting into the front loops is the normal procedure and is used unless otherwise specified. all rights reserved. Knitting Into the Back Loop Insert the right needle into the back of the stitch from the front to back and continue to knit each stitch.com for hundreds of free patterns.com any time! Page 49 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.lionbrand. please contact us at support@lionbrand. free instruction and more! 21. Knitting through the back loop twists the stitch.mechanically. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.

free instruction and more! 22. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. Purling Into the Front Loop Insert the right needle into the front of the stitch from right to left as shown and continue to purl the stitch.com for hundreds of free patterns. including photocopying -.Visit our website www. please contact us at support@lionbrand. electronically.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.com any time! Page 50 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. . No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. or by any other means. Purling Into the Back Loop Insert the right needle into the back of the stitch from back to front and continue to purl the stitch.lionbrand. Purling into the Back Loop/Front Loop Purling into the front loops is the normal procedure and is used unless otherwise specified. Purling through the back loop twists the stitch.mechanically. all rights reserved.

mechanically. please contact us at support@lionbrand. gently pulling the yarn out of the stitch above it. . hold the yarn in front and insert the needle from the back of the work.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. electronically. or by any other means.Visit our website www.lionbrand. Continue in this way until you have reached your mistake. holding the yarn in the back. including photocopying -. all rights reserved. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. insert the left needle into the stitch one row below the first stitch on the right needle. free instruction and more! On a knit stitch. On a purl stitch (not shown).com for hundreds of free patterns. Slip the stitch onto your left needle. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.com any time! Page 51 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.

all rights reserved. electronically. thread a darning needle with the same yarn used to make the garment. please contact us at support@lionbrand. or by any other means. . free instruction and more! 23. Place the edges of the garment side by side with the right sides (the sides that people will see) FACING OUT. assemble them by sewing them together.com for hundreds of free patterns. Finishing Once you have your knit pieces finished.com any time! Page 52 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. Stitch up the sides as shown.mechanically.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. JOINING GARTER STITCH To join two pieces together. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. alternating from side to side. including photocopying -. JOINING STOCKINETTE STITCH We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.Visit our website www. The seaming technique used depends on the type of stitch used in the piece and whether you are making a vertical or a horizontal seam.lionbrand.

free instruction and more! With the right sides (knit sides) facing you. begin seaming as for the beginning illustration of joining garter stitch. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.com for hundreds of free patterns. . Work inside the bind-off edge for a seamless look. JOINING SHOULDER SEAMS With the right sides facing you. Working from side to side.Visit our website www.com any time! Page 53 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. go under the horizontal bar one stitch in from the edge as shown.lionbrand. please contact us at support@lionbrand. including photocopying -. all rights reserved. or by any other means.mechanically. electronically. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. align the shoulders and insert the yarn needle under one complete stitch as shown.

Visit our website www. all rights reserved.mechanically. including photocopying -. or by any other means.com any time! Page 54 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.lionbrand. Weaving in Ends Ends of yarn can be woven directly into your knitting.com for hundreds of free patterns. please contact us at support@lionbrand. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. . free instruction and more! 24. Clip remaining excess yarn. electronically.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. Thread a darning needle with the end of the yarn and run it in and out in an inconspicuous place for an inch or two. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.

pass first stitch worked over second to bind off.com any time! Page 55 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.lionbrand. please contact us at support@lionbrand. Cut working yarn and pull through last stitch to secure.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.mechanically. 3-Needle Bind Off With right sides together. free instruction and more! 25. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. electronically. hold in one hand two needles with equal number of stitches on each. repeat form * across to last stitch. including photocopying -.com for hundreds of free patterns. or by any other means. all rights reserved.Visit our website www. With third needle. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. knit together one stitch from each needle. . *knit together one stitch from each needle.

free instruction and more! 26.lionbrand. electronically.com any time! Page 56 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. Pull the stitch through as in in knitting We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. all rights reserved.mechanically. To pick up a stitch: 1.com for hundreds of free patterns.Visit our website www. Slide your other needle underneath. . No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. or by any other means. please contact us at support@lionbrand. into the stitch as to knit 3.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. Picking up Stitches Picking up stitches is a way to add to a piece that has been completed. including photocopying -. Slide one needle into an existing stitch 2.

You do not have to pick up stitches on the same row. free instruction and more! 4. for instance.com for hundreds of free patterns.lionbrand. or by any other means.mechanically. This allows you to start a new part of your knitting (a collar.Visit our website www. please contact us at support@lionbrand. including photocopying -. electronically.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. Note: When picking up stitches you do not always have to pick up every stitch (your pattern will tell how how many to pick up). which would be joined in the round to several rows) which is very firmly anchored in the other piece. Pick up the next stitch. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. You now have a new stitch on your needle 5. all rights reserved.com any time! Page 57 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. . No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.

including photocopying -. roll each skein into two equal-sized balls 2. electronically. please contact us at support@lionbrand.mechanically.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.Visit our website www. If the pattern uses only one skein of yarn.com for hundreds of free patterns.lionbrand. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. all rights reserved. you have two choices: 1. Knitting with two strands together Some items are made using two strands of yarn held together throughout. or by any other means. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. . free instruction and more! 27. use yarn from both the outside and the inside of the skein.com any time! Page 58 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.

We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.com any time! Page 59 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. .without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. such as a stripe or small motif. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. Complete the stitch by returning the needle to where you began. but you can also use it to correct small mistakes. When working a series of horizontal duplicate stitches. It is used to add color details.Visit our website www. please contact us at support@lionbrand. free instruction and more! 28. electronically. It is actually embroidery worked on the surface of the knitted fabric.mechanically. Place needle from right to left behind both sides of the stitch above the one being duplicated. Bring yarn to the outside at the base of the stitch below the stitch to be duplicated. Duplicate Stitch Duplicate stitch is a way to work a design or pattern into your knitting after the piece is complete. Pull yarn through to front. or by any other means.com for hundreds of free patterns. complete one stitch and begin the adjacent stitch in one step. including photocopying -. all rights reserved.lionbrand.

Insert needle in first stitch on top piece from front to back and second stitch from back to front 7. Bring the tail to the inside of the work and fasten off. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. leaving a tail equal to the amount you would normally need to finish the row 3. or by any other means. wrong sides together 4. 10.lionbrand. 9. The working thread should be under the needles each time. 2. The Kitchener stitch is used to join two pieces of knitting together by using a large-eyed blunt needle and sewing in a manner that imitates knitting.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. Working from right to left. free instruction and more! 29. . Grafting (Kitchener Stitch) 1. one side on each of two needles. Repeat until no stitches remain. Insert needle in first stitch on lower piece from front to back and second stitch from back to front. Thread the end of the yarn through a large-eyed. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. insert the large-eyed. You'll have two pieces to join. 6. Pull yarn through and take the stitch off the needle. Pull yarn through and take the stitch off the needles. including photocopying -. Cut the yarn. 8.com for hundreds of free patterns. blunt needle in first stitch on lower piece as if to purl and draw the thread all the way through. blunt needle (often called a 'tapestry needle') 5.com any time! Page 60 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.mechanically. all rights reserved. please contact us at support@lionbrand. Hold the needles parallel.Visit our website www. electronically. It is commonly used to join the toe end of socks so there is no seam to rub on the toes.

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