Learn to Knit

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Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company, all rights reserved. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -- mechanically, electronically, or by any other means, including photocopying -- without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.

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Table of Contents
Table of Contents........................................................................................... 2 Before you start ............................................................................................ 4 1. Casting On ................................................................................................ 5 2. The Knit Stitch ..........................................................................................13 3. The Purl Stitch ..........................................................................................18 4. Ribbing ....................................................................................................23 5. Stockinette Stitch ......................................................................................25 6. Binding Off ...............................................................................................26 7. Making a Gauge Swatch .............................................................................28 8. Joining New Yarn.......................................................................................29 9. Recovering a dropped stitch........................................................................30 10. Unraveling Stitch by Stitch........................................................................33 11. Avoiding Extra Stitches.............................................................................34 12. Increasing ..............................................................................................36 13. Increasing - Making a Simple Increase........................................................38 14. Increasing Between a Stitch ('Make One') ...................................................39 15. Increasing - The Yarn Over Increase ..........................................................41 16. Decreasing .............................................................................................42 17. Decreasing - Slip, Slip, Knit (SSK/SSP) .......................................................43 18. Decreasing - Knit/Purl Two Together ..........................................................45 19. Slipping Stitches Purlwise and Knitwise .......................................................46 20. Making a cable ........................................................................................47 We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page, please contact us at support@lionbrand.com any time!
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Visit our website www.lionbrand.com for hundreds of free patterns, free instruction and more! 21. Knitting into the Back Loop/Front Loop .......................................................49 22. Purling into the Back Loop/Front Loop.........................................................50 23. Finishing ................................................................................................52 24. Weaving in Ends......................................................................................54 25. 3-Needle Bind Off ....................................................................................55 26. Picking up Stitches...................................................................................56 27. Knitting with two strands together .............................................................58 28. Duplicate Stitch .......................................................................................59 29. Grafting (Kitchener Stitch) ........................................................................60

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As with any new skill. electronically. talent. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. free instruction and more! Before you start . We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. take a deep breath. You can create handmade knits for yourself and people you love. you should have fun with your knitting. including photocopying -. but keep at it! Knitting will give you a lifetime of pleasure and relaxation.are part of your knitted gift.Visit our website www. When you give a lovingly knit gift. or by any other means.mechanically. the yarn and color you select -. learning to knit requires equal measures of patience and perseverance. Find a comfortable chair in good light. please contact us at support@lionbrand..com for hundreds of free patterns.even the thoughts and feelings you have as your work -. Read through the steps before you start. all rights reserved.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.lionbrand. part of you goes into it.com any time! Page 4 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. . Remember. Your time.. If you get stuck.

.Visit our website www. then letting the rest of the tail fall slightly behind the loop: We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. including photocopying -. please contact us at support@lionbrand. or by any other means. all rights reserved.mechanically. free instruction and more! 1.com for hundreds of free patterns.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. To begin.lionbrand. Casting On Casting On is the term for making the foundation row of stitches on your needle. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. electronically. you make a slipknot: Pull the yarn strand from the center of the ball. Make a loop 5 or 6 inches (120 or 150 cm) from the end (the tail) by placing the tail in front of the ball of yarn.com any time! Page 5 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.

mechanically. Pull it through the front of the loop. all rights reserved. .without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.com any time! Page 6 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.Visit our website www.lionbrand. please contact us at support@lionbrand.com for hundreds of free patterns. This is your first stitch. including photocopying -. free instruction and more! Insert your needle into the loop. Scoop up the yarn in the back of the loop with the tip of your needle. electronically. Gently pull the tail yarn to tighten loop around the needle. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. or by any other means.

without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. including photocopying -. or by any other means. free instruction and more! With the yarn from your ball IN BACK of your needles. electronically. hold your hands as shown. all rights reserved. . please contact us at support@lionbrand.lionbrand.com any time! Page 7 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.com for hundreds of free patterns. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.mechanically. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.Visit our website www.

free instruction and more! Insert the tip of your right (empty) needle. all rights reserved. please contact us at support@lionbrand.mechanically. from the fron to the back (from the left side of the stitch to the right) into the loop on the left needle. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.com any time! Page 8 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. Adjust your thumb so that you are gently gripping both needles between the thumb and forefinger of your left hand. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.com for hundreds of free patterns.lionbrand. . The needles will cross with the left needle remaining on top of the right needle.Visit our website www. electronically. including photocopying -. or by any other means.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.

lionbrand. electronically.Visit our website www. wrap the yarn around the tip of the right needle in a clockwise motion as shown. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. including photocopying -. please contact us at support@lionbrand.mechanically.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. . free instruction and more! Holding the yarn with your right hand.com any time! Page 9 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. or by any other means. all rights reserved.com for hundreds of free patterns.

Visit our website www. .mechanically. electronically. Pull the tip of the right needle towards you.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.com any time! Page 10 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. below the left needle through the center of the stitch.com for hundreds of free patterns. or by any other means. please contact us at support@lionbrand. Elongate the pulled-through loop. free instruction and more! Secure the loop you have just made with your right pointer finger. all rights reserved. including photocopying -. Now you have one loop on each needle. Don't get discouraged if you don't get this on the first try. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. The tips of your needles now cross with the right one on top and the left one below.lionbrand.

without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. please contact us at support@lionbrand. or by any other means. free instruction and more! We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. . electronically.mechanically.lionbrand. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. including photocopying -.Visit our website www. all rights reserved.com any time! Page 11 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.com for hundreds of free patterns.

Repeat steps 4 through 9 until you have the desired number of stitches. electronically.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.com any time! Page 12 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.mechanically. free instruction and more! Insert the tip of the left needle into the loop on the right needle.com for hundreds of free patterns.Visit our website www. all rights reserved.lionbrand. You now have 2 loops on your left needle. . Now get ready to knit! We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. slip the stitch off. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. or by any other means. please contact us at support@lionbrand. including photocopying -.

The empty needle is in your right hand. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. . free instruction and more! 2. The Knit Stitch Hold the needle with the stitches on it in your left hand.com for hundreds of free patterns. all rights reserved.Visit our website www.com any time! Page 13 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.mechanically. or by any other means. please contact us at support@lionbrand. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. The first stitch is approximately an inch from the top. electronically.lionbrand. including photocopying -.

electronically.com for hundreds of free patterns. please contact us at support@lionbrand. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.lionbrand.mechanically.Visit our website www. including photocopying -. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.com any time! Page 14 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. .without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. free instruction and more! Guess what? You already know what to do next! Insert the tip into the stitch closest to the tip of the left needle (from front to back) the same way as you did in step 4 when casting on. or by any other means. all rights reserved.

This is the same step you did when you were casting on (step 7). Pick up the yarn in your right hand and wrap it in a clockwise motion from under to over the tip of the right needle. Slide the right needle (with the loop of yarn on it) down and towards you through the center of the stitch.lionbrand. or by any other means. electronically. all rights reserved.com any time! Page 15 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.com for hundreds of free patterns. free instruction and more! Secure the two needles in your left hand between your thumb and your forefinger.Visit our website www. please contact us at support@lionbrand. including photocopying -. This is the same as step 6 in the section on casting on. .without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.mechanically. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.

No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. You now have one stitch on your right needle.Visit our website www.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. Insert the needle wrap the yarn pull through the loop pull off the new stitch We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. 4. Just knit the stitch. You have now completed a ROW. Just remember that knitting is a 4-step process: 1. . When you reach that last stitch DON'T PANIC. please contact us at support@lionbrand. free instruction and more! Now for something new! Slip the new stitch completely off the tip of the left needle.lionbrand. Exchange the empty needle in your left hand with the full needle in your right and begin again. Now its time to turn your work.com any time! Page 16 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.mechanically. 2.com for hundreds of free patterns. CONGRATULATIONS! You have just knit your first stitch! Now continue repeating steps 1 through 7 until you have knit all the stitches off of your left needle. including photocopying -. all rights reserved. or by any other means. electronically. 3.

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After you have knit several rows, the fabric you have made should look like this. This is called the GARTER STITCH. See the ridges? A ridge is created by two rows of knitting.

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3. The Purl Stitch
To make a purl stitch, you do all the same steps as you do to make a knit stitch except with slightly different motions.

Hold the needles as if to knit. Place the yarn IN FRONT of the needle. Insert the right needle from BACK to FRONT (right to left) into the first stitch on the left needle.

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Loop the yarn around the tip of the right needle in a downward (counter-clockwise) motion.

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without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.com for hundreds of free patterns. electronically. place your right thumb over the yarn and against the needle. Slide the tip of the right needle from the front to the back (away from you) and through the center of the stitch on the left needle. or by any other means. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.com any time! Page 20 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. all rights reserved. . including photocopying -.mechanically.lionbrand. free instruction and more! To make sure you don't lose the loop. please contact us at support@lionbrand.Visit our website www. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.

That's the purl side. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.Visit our website www. Continue working. One side of your fabric looks like its covered with V's. If it feels a little awkward. or by any other means. You now have a stitch on your right needle. To figure out whether you should be knitting the row or purling the row.com for hundreds of free patterns. Many new knitters find it easier to knit than to purl. alternating each knit row with a purl row.lionbrand. After that. CONGRATULATIONS! You have just made a purl stitch! Repeat steps 1 through 4 to complete the row. turn your work (place the full needle in your left hand and the empty needle in your right hand) and KNIT the next row. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. PURL the next row. . please contact us at support@lionbrand. including photocopying -. Look at your work. When you have finished this row.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. electronically.mechanically. free instruction and more! Pull the new loop off the tip of the left needle. Soon you'll feel at home doing either stitch. all rights reserved.com any time! Page 21 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. That's the knit side. you are not alone. This creates stockinette stitch. The other side looks like its covered with bumps. put your work in your left hand.

com any time! Page 22 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. Congratulations! You have mastered the two stitches that make everything possible! We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.Visit our website www. electronically. If the bumps are facing you. so purl the row. you are on the knit side and should knit the row. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. . you are on the purl side. please contact us at support@lionbrand.mechanically. free instruction and more! Which side is facing you? If the V's are facing you. or by any other means. all rights reserved.com for hundreds of free patterns. including photocopying -.lionbrand.

Ribbing Ribbing is a border that is commonly used on the cuffs of sweaters. Now purl two stitches. all rights reserved.com for hundreds of free patterns.mechanically. electronically. or by any other means.lionbrand. Knit two stitches. Knit two stitches. It is made with a combination of knit stitches and purl stitches. please contact us at support@lionbrand. It is used because it produces a stretchy fabric.com any time! Page 23 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.Visit our website www. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. .without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. including photocopying -. Bring the yarn to the back of your work between the needles. Bring the yarn from the back of your work between the needles to the front. free instruction and more! 4.

free instruction and more! On subsequent rows. . knit the knit stitches (V stitches) and purl the purl stitches (bump stitches) Remember to have the working yarn in BACK when you knit and in FRONT when you purl We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. or by any other means.mechanically. electronically.com for hundreds of free patterns.com any time! Page 24 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. all rights reserved. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.Visit our website www. including photocopying -. please contact us at support@lionbrand.lionbrand.

you are on the knit side and should knit the row. Stockinette Stitch To figure out whether you should be knitting the row or purling the row. please contact us at support@lionbrand. you are on the purl side.mechanically. all rights reserved.com any time! Page 25 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. Which side is facing you? If the V's are facing you.com for hundreds of free patterns. If the bumps are facing you. or by any other means. electronically. so purl the row. including photocopying -. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. .lionbrand.Visit our website www.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. put your work in your left hand. free instruction and more! 5.

Lift the stitch over the last stitch you knit and over the top of the right needle.lionbrand. . all rights reserved. including photocopying -. or by any other means.com for hundreds of free patterns. Insert the top of the left needle into the first stitch on the right needle. electronically. Binding Off Knit two stitches. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.Visit our website www.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. please contact us at support@lionbrand.mechanically. free instruction and more! 6.com any time! Page 26 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.

or by any other means. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. including photocopying -. Lift that stitch over the stitch just knit.lionbrand. all rights reserved. electronically. . please contact us at support@lionbrand.com for hundreds of free patterns.com any time! Page 27 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.Visit our website www. free instruction and more! One stitch remains on the right needle. Knit another stitch.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.mechanically.

the garment will not come out to the intended size. If you don't get the proper gauge. Count your stitches. all rights reserved.mechanically. you'll make smaller stitches and have more stitches and rows per inch. place a tape measure on your work and gently pin where the tape measure reads one inch. Make sure to count even a half or quarter of a stitch and include that into your gauge. Gauge varies from person to person. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. . Don't cheat. free instruction and more! 7. To make an accurate gauge swatch. If you are knitting with a finer yarn.com any time! Page 28 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. cast on or chain enough stitches to equal approximately four inches and work in pattern for four inches. Your gauge determines the size of your finished piece. please contact us at support@lionbrand. without stretching the fabric. electronically. Making a Gauge Swatch Gauge refers to the number of stitches and rows a knitter or crocheter makes per inch using a certain yarn and needles or hook. Take your stitches off the needle and. or by any other means.lionbrand.com for hundreds of free patterns. so it is very important to make sure you are achieving the gauge of your pattern. including photocopying -. If you are knitting with a thick yarn like Wool-Ease® Thick and Quick® you'll make bigger stitches and have very few stitches and rows per inch.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.Visit our website www. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.

please contact us at support@lionbrand. electronically. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. free instruction and more! If you have more stitches per inch than the gauge suggests.mechanically. try a smaller needle or hook 8. Joining New Yarn It is always better to add a new ball of yarn at the beginning of a row. that means you are working too tightly. If you have fewer stitches than the suggested gauge.lionbrand. your stitches are too loose. try a larger needle or hook. Loosely tie a knot with the new yarn around the old yarn.Visit our website www.com any time! Page 29 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. or by any other means. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. Slide the knot up the tail of the old yarn as close as possible to your work. all rights reserved.com for hundreds of free patterns. leaving a tail of a least 4 inches. including photocopying -. .

mechanically. please contact us at support@lionbrand. When this happens. a stitch falls off your needle and unravels for several rows beneath the row you are working on. . Recovering a dropped stitch At some point in your knitting career. all rights reserved. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. including photocopying -. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. electronically. or by any other means.Visit our website www. free instruction and more! 9.com any time! Page 30 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.lionbrand.com for hundreds of free patterns. you are going to drop a stitch.

free instruction and more! First of all.lionbrand. Knit until you've reached the dropped stitch.com for hundreds of free patterns. including photocopying -. the top of your needle will also work) into the loop of the dropped stitch. electronically. Pull the bar through the stitch. If your stitch has dropped down several rows. don't panic. Now grab the bar of the stitch right above it in the crook of your crochet hook. please contact us at support@lionbrand. . No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. or by any other means.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.Visit our website www. Insert a crochet hook (if you don't have one available.com any time! Page 31 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.mechanically. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. all rights reserved. repeat until your stitch is on the same row as the rest of your knitting.

No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.com for hundreds of free patterns. or by any other means. . including photocopying -.mechanically.Visit our website www. all rights reserved.com any time! Page 32 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. free instruction and more! Slip the stitch onto your knitting needle.lionbrand. please contact us at support@lionbrand. electronically.

free instruction and more! 10. holding the yarn in the back.com for hundreds of free patterns. any good knitting teacher will tell you that 'Ripping is part of Knitting.lionbrand. electronically. please contact us at support@lionbrand. Continue in this way until you have reached your mistake. As painful as it may sound.Visit our website www. you need to unravel your work in order to fix the error.mechanically. . On a purl stitch (not shown). or by any other means. This is a slightly slower but a very safe method to fix your knitting. including photocopying -." Unravel your knitting by following the directions below. On a knit stitch. all rights reserved.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.com any time! Page 33 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. insert the left needle into the stitch one row below the first stitch on the right needle. gently pulling the yarn out of the stitch above it. hold the yarn in front and insert the needle from the back of the work. Instead. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. Slip the stitch onto your left needle. Unraveling Stitch by Stitch Sometimes a mistake is too many rows down to fix with a crochet hook. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.

please contact us at support@lionbrand. free instruction and more! 11. Avoiding Extra Stitches We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.com any time! Page 34 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. including photocopying -. or by any other means.Visit our website www. electronically.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.lionbrand.com for hundreds of free patterns. all rights reserved. .mechanically. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.

lionbrand.com any time! Page 35 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. bring your yarn underneath your knitting when moving it from front to back for a knit stitch or from back to front for a purl stitch. all rights reserved. free instruction and more! Sometimes an extra stitch is formed at the beginning of your needle. electronically.com for hundreds of free patterns.mechanically. including photocopying -.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.Visit our website www. please contact us at support@lionbrand. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. or by any other means. This happens when you begin to work a row and you take the yarn over the top of the needle. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. To prevent this. .

com for hundreds of free patterns. please contact us at support@lionbrand.com any time! Page 36 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. electronically. For example. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.Visit our website www. or by any other means. all rights reserved. The Yarn Over Increase We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. you increase stitches from the cuff to the shoulder. . Increasing Between a Stitch (Make One) 3. The Simple Increase 2. when you knit a sleeve. Adding stitches to a knit piece makes it a bigger size. including photocopying -.lionbrand.mechanically.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. free instruction and more! 12. Increasing Increasing is the process of adding one or more stitches to a piece. Please check the FAQ for information and examples of 1.

lionbrand.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.com any time! Page 37 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. please contact us at support@lionbrand. electronically. or by any other means. all rights reserved.Visit our website www. including photocopying -. . free instruction and more! We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.com for hundreds of free patterns.mechanically.

We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. please contact us at support@lionbrand.com for hundreds of free patterns. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. You now have two stitches on the right needle.mechanically. all rights reserved. electronically.Visit our website www. or by any other means.lionbrand. .without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. Insert the right needle into the stitch. Bring the top of the right needle around to the back and knit into the back loop of the stitch as shown (see the FAQ on knitting into the back loop for more detail). including photocopying -. elongating the loop slightly.Making a Simple Increase An easy way to add a stitch is to use an existing stitch. Increasing . wrap the yarn around the needle and pull through as for a normal knit stitch.com any time! Page 38 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. free instruction and more! 13. Don't pull the stitch over the left needle yet.

electronically. free instruction and more! 14. Insert the left needle from front to back into the horizontal strand between the two stitches: Knit the stitch through the back loop as shown. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. On the purl side.mechanically.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.Visit our website www. please contact us at support@lionbrand.com for hundreds of free patterns. insert the needle from front to back and then purl the stitch through the back loop. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.lionbrand. Work to the place where the increase is to be made. all rights reserved. . or by any other means. including photocopying -.com any time! Page 39 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. Increasing Between a Stitch ('Make One') This increase is also called 'Make One'.

electronically. or by any other means. free instruction and more! We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. please contact us at support@lionbrand.com for hundreds of free patterns. including photocopying -.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. all rights reserved. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. .mechanically.com any time! Page 40 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.lionbrand.Visit our website www.

purl the loop in the normal way as shown. or by any other means. all rights reserved. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. please contact us at support@lionbrand.com for hundreds of free patterns.lionbrand. bring the yarn to the front and knit the next stitch in the normal way. On the next purl row. Increasing .The Yarn Over Increase To work a yarn over increase. including photocopying -.mechanically. This leaves an extra loop (new stitch) on the needle. . electronically. free instruction and more! 15.com any time! Page 41 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.Visit our website www. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.

free instruction and more! 16. . electronically. There are a number of ways to decrease and the choice of decrease used is most often determined by the desired slant of the stitches. slip. Decreasing Decreasing is the process of removing one or more stitches from a piece. Two common decreases are: • • Knit two together ssk (slip. all rights reserved.Visit our website www.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.lionbrand.mechanically. please contact us at support@lionbrand. including photocopying -.com for hundreds of free patterns. knit) We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. or by any other means.com any time! Page 42 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.

Slip the next 2 stitches. or by any other means. including photocopying -. Insert the left needle into the fronts of these two stitches and knit them together.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. Purl them together through the back loops (see the FAQ on purling through the back loops for detail). one at a time as if to knit. . please contact us at support@lionbrand. Decreasing .lionbrand.Visit our website www. purl (ssp). This decrease slants to the left. This decrease slants to the left. the decrease is called slip. On the purl side of the work.Slip. Knit (SSK/SSP) Work to the place where the decrease is to be made. to the right needle. In the same way as ssk. One stitch is decreased. slip. slip the 2 stitches on at a time as if to knit to the right needle. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. Slip.mechanically.com for hundreds of free patterns. electronically. free instruction and more! 17.com any time! Page 43 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. all rights reserved.

.mechanically.com any time! Page 44 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.lionbrand. including photocopying -.Visit our website www. or by any other means.com for hundreds of free patterns. electronically. all rights reserved. please contact us at support@lionbrand. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. free instruction and more! We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.

or by any other means. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.com any time! Page 45 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. Purling two stitches together is done in the same manner. free instruction and more! 18. electronically. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. all rights reserved.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. The stitches slant to the right.Visit our website www. including photocopying -.lionbrand. Decreasing .mechanically. please contact us at support@lionbrand.com for hundreds of free patterns.Knit/Purl Two Together Work to the two stitches to be decreased and then knit the two stitches together as shown. . This decrease slants the stitches to the right.

please contact us at support@lionbrand. free instruction and more! 19. electronically.Visit our website www.mechanically. . We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.com any time! Page 46 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. or by any other means. all rights reserved.lionbrand. slip the stitch or stitches purlwise. They can either be slipped purlwise or knitwise. Slipping Stitches Purlwise and Knitwise Sometimes stitches are slipped without working from the right needle to the left needle. If you are asked to slip stitches and the instructions don't specify which way. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. including photocopying -. Slipping Stitches Purlwise Insert the right needle (from back to front) into the next stitch on the left needle and place it on the right needle without working it.com for hundreds of free patterns. Slipping Stitches Knitwise Insert the right needle into the next stitch on the left needle as shown and place it on the right needle without working it.

knit the next three stitches. work to the cable and then slip the next three stitches onto a cable needle and hold them to On the cable row. 8-stitch or 10-stitch cables. Leaving the stitches on the cable needle. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.com any time! Page 47 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.com for hundreds of free patterns. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. please contact us at support@lionbrand. They are simply worked by transferring a number of stitches to a third needle and knitting them in a different sequence.) A cable row is normally worked on right side rows as indicated in the pattern. electronically. Cables can be made over any even number of stitches (for example. Right (back) 6-stitch Cable Left (front) 6-stitch Cable On the cable row. them to the back of the work. The examples shown here are worked over 6 stitches.lionbrand. knit the next three stitches.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. Making a cable Cables are easy to make. including photocopying -. Leaving the stitches on the cable needle. 4-stitch. A cable needle is used to hold the stitches in place as the stitches are being transferred.Visit our website www. . all rights reserved. free instruction and more! 20. or by any other means. work to the cable and then slip the next three stitches onto a cable needle and hold the front of the work.mechanically.

A completed cable with two cable rows. please contact us at support@lionbrand. or by any other means.com any time! Page 48 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. including photocopying -. A completed cable with two cable rows. free instruction and more! Knit the 3 stitches on the cable needle without twisting them. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. Knit the 3 stitches on the cable needle without twisting them.lionbrand.mechanically.Visit our website www. . electronically.com for hundreds of free patterns. all rights reserved. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.

electronically. all rights reserved.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.com any time! Page 49 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.mechanically. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. Knitting through the back loop twists the stitch. Knitting Into the Back Loop Insert the right needle into the back of the stitch from the front to back and continue to knit each stitch. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.Visit our website www.lionbrand. or by any other means. Knitting into the Back Loop/Front Loop Knitting into the front loops is the normal procedure and is used unless otherwise specified.com for hundreds of free patterns. . Knitting Into the Front Loop Insert the right needle into the front of the stitch from front to back and continue to knit the stitch. including photocopying -. please contact us at support@lionbrand. free instruction and more! 21.

free instruction and more! 22. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.lionbrand. including photocopying -. .com any time! Page 50 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. Purling through the back loop twists the stitch. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. all rights reserved. electronically.mechanically.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. please contact us at support@lionbrand. or by any other means. Purling Into the Back Loop Insert the right needle into the back of the stitch from back to front and continue to purl the stitch. Purling into the Back Loop/Front Loop Purling into the front loops is the normal procedure and is used unless otherwise specified.com for hundreds of free patterns. Purling Into the Front Loop Insert the right needle into the front of the stitch from right to left as shown and continue to purl the stitch.Visit our website www.

com any time! Page 51 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. please contact us at support@lionbrand. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. Continue in this way until you have reached your mistake. gently pulling the yarn out of the stitch above it.lionbrand. On a purl stitch (not shown). We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. including photocopying -. holding the yarn in the back.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. or by any other means. free instruction and more! On a knit stitch. electronically.mechanically.Visit our website www. hold the yarn in front and insert the needle from the back of the work. all rights reserved. Slip the stitch onto your left needle.com for hundreds of free patterns. insert the left needle into the stitch one row below the first stitch on the right needle. .

Visit our website www. please contact us at support@lionbrand. free instruction and more! 23. including photocopying -. electronically. all rights reserved. JOINING GARTER STITCH To join two pieces together. Finishing Once you have your knit pieces finished. The seaming technique used depends on the type of stitch used in the piece and whether you are making a vertical or a horizontal seam. Place the edges of the garment side by side with the right sides (the sides that people will see) FACING OUT.lionbrand. assemble them by sewing them together. alternating from side to side. . thread a darning needle with the same yarn used to make the garment. Stitch up the sides as shown. or by any other means.mechanically. JOINING STOCKINETTE STITCH We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.com any time! Page 52 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.com for hundreds of free patterns. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.

Work inside the bind-off edge for a seamless look. align the shoulders and insert the yarn needle under one complete stitch as shown. . No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. electronically. or by any other means.com for hundreds of free patterns. Working from side to side. go under the horizontal bar one stitch in from the edge as shown.Visit our website www.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.com any time! Page 53 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. please contact us at support@lionbrand.mechanically.lionbrand. all rights reserved. including photocopying -. free instruction and more! With the right sides (knit sides) facing you. JOINING SHOULDER SEAMS With the right sides facing you. begin seaming as for the beginning illustration of joining garter stitch.

free instruction and more! 24.Visit our website www.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. Clip remaining excess yarn.com any time! Page 54 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. electronically.lionbrand. Thread a darning needle with the end of the yarn and run it in and out in an inconspicuous place for an inch or two. . all rights reserved.mechanically. or by any other means. including photocopying -. please contact us at support@lionbrand. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. Weaving in Ends Ends of yarn can be woven directly into your knitting. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.com for hundreds of free patterns.

including photocopying -. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. .mechanically. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. knit together one stitch from each needle. hold in one hand two needles with equal number of stitches on each. 3-Needle Bind Off With right sides together.lionbrand. pass first stitch worked over second to bind off. electronically. please contact us at support@lionbrand. repeat form * across to last stitch. or by any other means.com any time! Page 55 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. *knit together one stitch from each needle. With third needle. Cut working yarn and pull through last stitch to secure. free instruction and more! 25. all rights reserved.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.Visit our website www.com for hundreds of free patterns.

Slide one needle into an existing stitch 2. into the stitch as to knit 3. including photocopying -. Slide your other needle underneath. all rights reserved.Visit our website www.mechanically. free instruction and more! 26. electronically. Picking up Stitches Picking up stitches is a way to add to a piece that has been completed.com for hundreds of free patterns. . or by any other means.lionbrand. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. please contact us at support@lionbrand. To pick up a stitch: 1. Pull the stitch through as in in knitting We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.com any time! Page 56 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.

Note: When picking up stitches you do not always have to pick up every stitch (your pattern will tell how how many to pick up). all rights reserved. free instruction and more! 4. including photocopying -. or by any other means. .lionbrand. which would be joined in the round to several rows) which is very firmly anchored in the other piece.Visit our website www.com any time! Page 57 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. You do not have to pick up stitches on the same row. for instance. electronically. This allows you to start a new part of your knitting (a collar.mechanically. Pick up the next stitch.com for hundreds of free patterns. please contact us at support@lionbrand. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. You now have a new stitch on your needle 5.

use yarn from both the outside and the inside of the skein.mechanically. electronically. . free instruction and more! 27.lionbrand. including photocopying -. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.com for hundreds of free patterns. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.Visit our website www. please contact us at support@lionbrand.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. roll each skein into two equal-sized balls 2.com any time! Page 58 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. If the pattern uses only one skein of yarn. all rights reserved. you have two choices: 1. or by any other means. Knitting with two strands together Some items are made using two strands of yarn held together throughout.

com for hundreds of free patterns. Complete the stitch by returning the needle to where you began. Duplicate Stitch Duplicate stitch is a way to work a design or pattern into your knitting after the piece is complete. all rights reserved. Place needle from right to left behind both sides of the stitch above the one being duplicated. Bring yarn to the outside at the base of the stitch below the stitch to be duplicated. When working a series of horizontal duplicate stitches. electronically. It is actually embroidery worked on the surface of the knitted fabric.mechanically. Pull yarn through to front. .Visit our website www. but you can also use it to correct small mistakes. or by any other means. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. complete one stitch and begin the adjacent stitch in one step.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. please contact us at support@lionbrand. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. free instruction and more! 28. such as a stripe or small motif. It is used to add color details.com any time! Page 59 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.lionbrand. including photocopying -.

No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.mechanically. Insert needle in first stitch on top piece from front to back and second stitch from back to front 7.com any time! Page 60 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. . 2.Visit our website www. blunt needle in first stitch on lower piece as if to purl and draw the thread all the way through. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. Grafting (Kitchener Stitch) 1. Insert needle in first stitch on lower piece from front to back and second stitch from back to front.lionbrand. 8. blunt needle (often called a 'tapestry needle') 5. Cut the yarn. Repeat until no stitches remain. including photocopying -. Bring the tail to the inside of the work and fasten off. The Kitchener stitch is used to join two pieces of knitting together by using a large-eyed blunt needle and sewing in a manner that imitates knitting. Hold the needles parallel. 6. 9. Pull yarn through and take the stitch off the needle. 10. Thread the end of the yarn through a large-eyed. Working from right to left. all rights reserved. free instruction and more! 29. It is commonly used to join the toe end of socks so there is no seam to rub on the toes. please contact us at support@lionbrand. You'll have two pieces to join. wrong sides together 4. Pull yarn through and take the stitch off the needles. leaving a tail equal to the amount you would normally need to finish the row 3. The working thread should be under the needles each time. one side on each of two needles.com for hundreds of free patterns. insert the large-eyed. or by any other means. electronically.

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