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Learn to Knit

Learn to Knit

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Published by: Ina Sambor on Jan 02, 2011
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Sections

  • Before you start
  • 1. Casting On
  • 2. The Knit Stitch
  • 3. The Purl Stitch
  • 4. Ribbing
  • 5. Stockinette Stitch
  • 6. Binding Off
  • 7. Making a Gauge Swatch
  • 8. Joining New Yarn
  • 9. Recovering a dropped stitch
  • 10. Unraveling Stitch by Stitch
  • 11. Avoiding Extra Stitches
  • 12. Increasing
  • 13. Increasing - Making a Simple Increase
  • 14. Increasing Between a Stitch ('Make One')
  • 15. Increasing - The Yarn Over Increase
  • 16. Decreasing
  • 17. Decreasing - Slip, Slip, Knit (SSK/SSP)
  • 18. Decreasing - Knit/Purl Two Together
  • 19. Slipping Stitches Purlwise and Knitwise
  • 20. Making a cable
  • 21. Knitting into the Back Loop/Front Loop
  • 22. Purling into the Back Loop/Front Loop
  • 23. Finishing
  • 24. Weaving in Ends
  • 25. 3-Needle Bind Off
  • 26. Picking up Stitches
  • 27. Knitting with two strands together
  • 28. Duplicate Stitch
  • 29. Grafting (Kitchener Stitch)

Learn to Knit

Visit our website www.lionbrand.com for thousands of free patterns, free instruction and more!

Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company, all rights reserved. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -- mechanically, electronically, or by any other means, including photocopying -- without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.

Visit our website www.lionbrand.com for hundreds of free patterns, free instruction and more!

Table of Contents
Table of Contents........................................................................................... 2 Before you start ............................................................................................ 4 1. Casting On ................................................................................................ 5 2. The Knit Stitch ..........................................................................................13 3. The Purl Stitch ..........................................................................................18 4. Ribbing ....................................................................................................23 5. Stockinette Stitch ......................................................................................25 6. Binding Off ...............................................................................................26 7. Making a Gauge Swatch .............................................................................28 8. Joining New Yarn.......................................................................................29 9. Recovering a dropped stitch........................................................................30 10. Unraveling Stitch by Stitch........................................................................33 11. Avoiding Extra Stitches.............................................................................34 12. Increasing ..............................................................................................36 13. Increasing - Making a Simple Increase........................................................38 14. Increasing Between a Stitch ('Make One') ...................................................39 15. Increasing - The Yarn Over Increase ..........................................................41 16. Decreasing .............................................................................................42 17. Decreasing - Slip, Slip, Knit (SSK/SSP) .......................................................43 18. Decreasing - Knit/Purl Two Together ..........................................................45 19. Slipping Stitches Purlwise and Knitwise .......................................................46 20. Making a cable ........................................................................................47 We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page, please contact us at support@lionbrand.com any time!
Page 2 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company, all rights reserved. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -- mechanically, electronically, or by any other means, including photocopying -- without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.

Visit our website www.lionbrand.com for hundreds of free patterns, free instruction and more! 21. Knitting into the Back Loop/Front Loop .......................................................49 22. Purling into the Back Loop/Front Loop.........................................................50 23. Finishing ................................................................................................52 24. Weaving in Ends......................................................................................54 25. 3-Needle Bind Off ....................................................................................55 26. Picking up Stitches...................................................................................56 27. Knitting with two strands together .............................................................58 28. Duplicate Stitch .......................................................................................59 29. Grafting (Kitchener Stitch) ........................................................................60

We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page, please contact us at support@lionbrand.com any time!
Page 3 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company, all rights reserved. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -- mechanically, electronically, or by any other means, including photocopying -- without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.

Remember. all rights reserved.com for hundreds of free patterns. but keep at it! Knitting will give you a lifetime of pleasure and relaxation. You can create handmade knits for yourself and people you love. take a deep breath. When you give a lovingly knit gift.Visit our website www. part of you goes into it. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.are part of your knitted gift. or by any other means. Find a comfortable chair in good light.. talent. electronically.even the thoughts and feelings you have as your work -.mechanically.. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. . learning to knit requires equal measures of patience and perseverance. please contact us at support@lionbrand. As with any new skill. you should have fun with your knitting.com any time! Page 4 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. Your time. If you get stuck. including photocopying -.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. Read through the steps before you start. the yarn and color you select -.lionbrand. free instruction and more! Before you start .

mechanically. you make a slipknot: Pull the yarn strand from the center of the ball.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. To begin. all rights reserved. please contact us at support@lionbrand. . No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.com any time! Page 5 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.lionbrand. Make a loop 5 or 6 inches (120 or 150 cm) from the end (the tail) by placing the tail in front of the ball of yarn. including photocopying -. Casting On Casting On is the term for making the foundation row of stitches on your needle. or by any other means. electronically. then letting the rest of the tail fall slightly behind the loop: We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. free instruction and more! 1.Visit our website www.com for hundreds of free patterns.

We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.lionbrand. or by any other means.mechanically. Scoop up the yarn in the back of the loop with the tip of your needle.com any time! Page 6 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. Pull it through the front of the loop. Gently pull the tail yarn to tighten loop around the needle. .Visit our website www. including photocopying -. all rights reserved.com for hundreds of free patterns. electronically.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. please contact us at support@lionbrand. free instruction and more! Insert your needle into the loop. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. This is your first stitch.

No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. please contact us at support@lionbrand.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. electronically.lionbrand. or by any other means. . including photocopying -. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.com for hundreds of free patterns.com any time! Page 7 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. free instruction and more! With the yarn from your ball IN BACK of your needles. hold your hands as shown.Visit our website www.mechanically. all rights reserved.

. please contact us at support@lionbrand.Visit our website www.lionbrand. electronically.mechanically. The needles will cross with the left needle remaining on top of the right needle.com for hundreds of free patterns.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. or by any other means. Adjust your thumb so that you are gently gripping both needles between the thumb and forefinger of your left hand. free instruction and more! Insert the tip of your right (empty) needle. all rights reserved.com any time! Page 8 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. including photocopying -. from the fron to the back (from the left side of the stitch to the right) into the loop on the left needle.

mechanically. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. free instruction and more! Holding the yarn with your right hand.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. wrap the yarn around the tip of the right needle in a clockwise motion as shown. including photocopying -. . all rights reserved. electronically. or by any other means.com any time! Page 9 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.Visit our website www. please contact us at support@lionbrand.lionbrand.com for hundreds of free patterns.

electronically.Visit our website www. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.lionbrand. all rights reserved. including photocopying -.com any time! Page 10 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. Pull the tip of the right needle towards you. Now you have one loop on each needle. free instruction and more! Secure the loop you have just made with your right pointer finger. Elongate the pulled-through loop. . The tips of your needles now cross with the right one on top and the left one below. Don't get discouraged if you don't get this on the first try.mechanically.com for hundreds of free patterns. please contact us at support@lionbrand. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. below the left needle through the center of the stitch. or by any other means.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.

or by any other means. all rights reserved.mechanically.lionbrand.Visit our website www. including photocopying -.com any time! Page 11 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. electronically. please contact us at support@lionbrand. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. free instruction and more! We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.com for hundreds of free patterns. .without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.

Repeat steps 4 through 9 until you have the desired number of stitches.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.Visit our website www. free instruction and more! Insert the tip of the left needle into the loop on the right needle.lionbrand. Now get ready to knit! We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. please contact us at support@lionbrand. You now have 2 loops on your left needle. . all rights reserved.com any time! Page 12 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. electronically. including photocopying -. or by any other means.mechanically. slip the stitch off.com for hundreds of free patterns.

com any time! Page 13 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. or by any other means. . all rights reserved.Visit our website www. please contact us at support@lionbrand. The first stitch is approximately an inch from the top.com for hundreds of free patterns.lionbrand. including photocopying -. The empty needle is in your right hand. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. electronically. free instruction and more! 2.mechanically. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. The Knit Stitch Hold the needle with the stitches on it in your left hand.

or by any other means.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.com any time! Page 14 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. free instruction and more! Guess what? You already know what to do next! Insert the tip into the stitch closest to the tip of the left needle (from front to back) the same way as you did in step 4 when casting on.lionbrand. . including photocopying -.mechanically. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. electronically.Visit our website www.com for hundreds of free patterns. please contact us at support@lionbrand. all rights reserved. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.

No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.com any time! Page 15 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. Slide the right needle (with the loop of yarn on it) down and towards you through the center of the stitch. free instruction and more! Secure the two needles in your left hand between your thumb and your forefinger. including photocopying -.Visit our website www. please contact us at support@lionbrand. .mechanically.lionbrand.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. This is the same as step 6 in the section on casting on. or by any other means. all rights reserved.com for hundreds of free patterns. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. electronically. Pick up the yarn in your right hand and wrap it in a clockwise motion from under to over the tip of the right needle. This is the same step you did when you were casting on (step 7).

Just knit the stitch. 4.mechanically. Exchange the empty needle in your left hand with the full needle in your right and begin again.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. When you reach that last stitch DON'T PANIC.lionbrand. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. Insert the needle wrap the yarn pull through the loop pull off the new stitch We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. please contact us at support@lionbrand. Now its time to turn your work.com for hundreds of free patterns. all rights reserved. Just remember that knitting is a 4-step process: 1. .com any time! Page 16 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. 2. free instruction and more! Now for something new! Slip the new stitch completely off the tip of the left needle. You now have one stitch on your right needle. CONGRATULATIONS! You have just knit your first stitch! Now continue repeating steps 1 through 7 until you have knit all the stitches off of your left needle. 3. electronically. You have now completed a ROW. including photocopying -.Visit our website www. or by any other means.

Visit our website www.lionbrand.com for hundreds of free patterns, free instruction and more!

After you have knit several rows, the fabric you have made should look like this. This is called the GARTER STITCH. See the ridges? A ridge is created by two rows of knitting.

We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page, please contact us at support@lionbrand.com any time!
Page 17 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company, all rights reserved. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -- mechanically, electronically, or by any other means, including photocopying -- without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.

Visit our website www.lionbrand.com for hundreds of free patterns, free instruction and more!

3. The Purl Stitch
To make a purl stitch, you do all the same steps as you do to make a knit stitch except with slightly different motions.

Hold the needles as if to knit. Place the yarn IN FRONT of the needle. Insert the right needle from BACK to FRONT (right to left) into the first stitch on the left needle.

We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page, please contact us at support@lionbrand.com any time!
Page 18 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company, all rights reserved. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -- mechanically, electronically, or by any other means, including photocopying -- without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.

Visit our website www.lionbrand.com for hundreds of free patterns, free instruction and more!

Loop the yarn around the tip of the right needle in a downward (counter-clockwise) motion.

We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page, please contact us at support@lionbrand.com any time!
Page 19 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company, all rights reserved. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -- mechanically, electronically, or by any other means, including photocopying -- without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.

free instruction and more! To make sure you don't lose the loop.lionbrand. Slide the tip of the right needle from the front to the back (away from you) and through the center of the stitch on the left needle. including photocopying -. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.Visit our website www. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.com any time! Page 20 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. or by any other means. electronically.mechanically.com for hundreds of free patterns. please contact us at support@lionbrand. . all rights reserved.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. place your right thumb over the yarn and against the needle.

Look at your work. PURL the next row.com for hundreds of free patterns. Many new knitters find it easier to knit than to purl. You now have a stitch on your right needle. all rights reserved. you are not alone.com any time! Page 21 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. If it feels a little awkward. turn your work (place the full needle in your left hand and the empty needle in your right hand) and KNIT the next row. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. When you have finished this row.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.lionbrand. CONGRATULATIONS! You have just made a purl stitch! Repeat steps 1 through 4 to complete the row. One side of your fabric looks like its covered with V's. Continue working. The other side looks like its covered with bumps. put your work in your left hand. That's the knit side. Soon you'll feel at home doing either stitch. alternating each knit row with a purl row. including photocopying -. This creates stockinette stitch. or by any other means. . To figure out whether you should be knitting the row or purling the row. After that. That's the purl side. electronically. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.Visit our website www.mechanically. please contact us at support@lionbrand. free instruction and more! Pull the new loop off the tip of the left needle.

If the bumps are facing you.com for hundreds of free patterns. or by any other means. all rights reserved.com any time! Page 22 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. free instruction and more! Which side is facing you? If the V's are facing you. you are on the purl side. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. please contact us at support@lionbrand.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. so purl the row. electronically. . including photocopying -.lionbrand. you are on the knit side and should knit the row.mechanically.Visit our website www. Congratulations! You have mastered the two stitches that make everything possible! We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.

It is made with a combination of knit stitches and purl stitches. free instruction and more! 4.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. It is used because it produces a stretchy fabric. electronically.com any time! Page 23 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. Bring the yarn to the back of your work between the needles.com for hundreds of free patterns. please contact us at support@lionbrand. or by any other means. Knit two stitches. Ribbing Ribbing is a border that is commonly used on the cuffs of sweaters.lionbrand. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. Bring the yarn from the back of your work between the needles to the front. . all rights reserved. including photocopying -. Knit two stitches. Now purl two stitches.mechanically.Visit our website www.

all rights reserved.com for hundreds of free patterns. knit the knit stitches (V stitches) and purl the purl stitches (bump stitches) Remember to have the working yarn in BACK when you knit and in FRONT when you purl We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.lionbrand.com any time! Page 24 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. . please contact us at support@lionbrand. free instruction and more! On subsequent rows.mechanically. including photocopying -.Visit our website www. or by any other means. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. electronically.

without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. Which side is facing you? If the V's are facing you.com for hundreds of free patterns. you are on the purl side. please contact us at support@lionbrand. you are on the knit side and should knit the row.Visit our website www. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. including photocopying -. all rights reserved.lionbrand. .mechanically. put your work in your left hand. or by any other means. so purl the row.com any time! Page 25 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. electronically. free instruction and more! 5. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. Stockinette Stitch To figure out whether you should be knitting the row or purling the row. If the bumps are facing you.

including photocopying -.mechanically. electronically.com for hundreds of free patterns. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. all rights reserved. Insert the top of the left needle into the first stitch on the right needle. please contact us at support@lionbrand.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.lionbrand. . We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.com any time! Page 26 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. Lift the stitch over the last stitch you knit and over the top of the right needle. free instruction and more! 6.Visit our website www. Binding Off Knit two stitches. or by any other means.

No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. electronically. Knit another stitch. .com for hundreds of free patterns. please contact us at support@lionbrand.Visit our website www. Lift that stitch over the stitch just knit.mechanically.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. including photocopying -.com any time! Page 27 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. free instruction and more! One stitch remains on the right needle.lionbrand. all rights reserved. or by any other means.

Don't cheat. electronically. all rights reserved. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.mechanically.com for hundreds of free patterns. To make an accurate gauge swatch. please contact us at support@lionbrand. cast on or chain enough stitches to equal approximately four inches and work in pattern for four inches. Your gauge determines the size of your finished piece. If you are knitting with a finer yarn. If you don't get the proper gauge. Gauge varies from person to person.Visit our website www. Make sure to count even a half or quarter of a stitch and include that into your gauge. so it is very important to make sure you are achieving the gauge of your pattern. If you are knitting with a thick yarn like Wool-Ease® Thick and Quick® you'll make bigger stitches and have very few stitches and rows per inch. Take your stitches off the needle and. the garment will not come out to the intended size. Count your stitches. or by any other means. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. . place a tape measure on your work and gently pin where the tape measure reads one inch. without stretching the fabric. free instruction and more! 7. Making a Gauge Swatch Gauge refers to the number of stitches and rows a knitter or crocheter makes per inch using a certain yarn and needles or hook.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. you'll make smaller stitches and have more stitches and rows per inch.lionbrand.com any time! Page 28 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. including photocopying -.

mechanically. or by any other means. that means you are working too tightly.com any time! Page 29 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. your stitches are too loose. free instruction and more! If you have more stitches per inch than the gauge suggests. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. If you have fewer stitches than the suggested gauge. leaving a tail of a least 4 inches. try a larger needle or hook. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. . please contact us at support@lionbrand.com for hundreds of free patterns. try a smaller needle or hook 8.lionbrand. Slide the knot up the tail of the old yarn as close as possible to your work. all rights reserved. electronically. Joining New Yarn It is always better to add a new ball of yarn at the beginning of a row. Loosely tie a knot with the new yarn around the old yarn. including photocopying -.Visit our website www.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.

com any time! Page 30 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.lionbrand. free instruction and more! 9. you are going to drop a stitch.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. please contact us at support@lionbrand. Recovering a dropped stitch At some point in your knitting career. When this happens. electronically. or by any other means. .Visit our website www. including photocopying -. a stitch falls off your needle and unravels for several rows beneath the row you are working on.com for hundreds of free patterns. all rights reserved.mechanically.

Visit our website www. repeat until your stitch is on the same row as the rest of your knitting. including photocopying -.com for hundreds of free patterns. electronically. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.com any time! Page 31 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. the top of your needle will also work) into the loop of the dropped stitch. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. If your stitch has dropped down several rows.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. don't panic. free instruction and more! First of all.lionbrand. Knit until you've reached the dropped stitch. please contact us at support@lionbrand. Now grab the bar of the stitch right above it in the crook of your crochet hook. all rights reserved. or by any other means. Insert a crochet hook (if you don't have one available. Pull the bar through the stitch.mechanically. .

com any time! Page 32 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. all rights reserved. electronically.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. please contact us at support@lionbrand. free instruction and more! Slip the stitch onto your knitting needle. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.lionbrand.Visit our website www.com for hundreds of free patterns. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. . or by any other means.mechanically. including photocopying -.

including photocopying -. you need to unravel your work in order to fix the error. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. hold the yarn in front and insert the needle from the back of the work. electronically. On a knit stitch. free instruction and more! 10. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.com for hundreds of free patterns." Unravel your knitting by following the directions below. As painful as it may sound. please contact us at support@lionbrand. gently pulling the yarn out of the stitch above it. Continue in this way until you have reached your mistake.lionbrand.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. Instead. This is a slightly slower but a very safe method to fix your knitting.Visit our website www. or by any other means.mechanically. Unraveling Stitch by Stitch Sometimes a mistake is too many rows down to fix with a crochet hook. holding the yarn in the back. . insert the left needle into the stitch one row below the first stitch on the right needle. Slip the stitch onto your left needle. On a purl stitch (not shown). all rights reserved.com any time! Page 33 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. any good knitting teacher will tell you that 'Ripping is part of Knitting.

including photocopying -. all rights reserved. free instruction and more! 11.mechanically.com any time! Page 34 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.com for hundreds of free patterns. Avoiding Extra Stitches We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. electronically.Visit our website www. or by any other means. . please contact us at support@lionbrand.lionbrand.

No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. . all rights reserved.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. bring your yarn underneath your knitting when moving it from front to back for a knit stitch or from back to front for a purl stitch.mechanically.com any time! Page 35 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. or by any other means. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. To prevent this. electronically. This happens when you begin to work a row and you take the yarn over the top of the needle.com for hundreds of free patterns.Visit our website www. including photocopying -. please contact us at support@lionbrand. free instruction and more! Sometimes an extra stitch is formed at the beginning of your needle.lionbrand.

all rights reserved. . Please check the FAQ for information and examples of 1. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. when you knit a sleeve.Visit our website www.lionbrand.com for hundreds of free patterns.mechanically. or by any other means. Increasing Increasing is the process of adding one or more stitches to a piece. free instruction and more! 12. please contact us at support@lionbrand. The Simple Increase 2. For example. Increasing Between a Stitch (Make One) 3. The Yarn Over Increase We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. Adding stitches to a knit piece makes it a bigger size.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.com any time! Page 36 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. electronically. you increase stitches from the cuff to the shoulder. including photocopying -.

or by any other means. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.com any time! Page 37 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.lionbrand.com for hundreds of free patterns. all rights reserved. . please contact us at support@lionbrand.Visit our website www. including photocopying -. electronically.mechanically. free instruction and more! We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.

You now have two stitches on the right needle. free instruction and more! 13. elongating the loop slightly. Increasing . all rights reserved.mechanically. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. Don't pull the stitch over the left needle yet. or by any other means. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. including photocopying -. Bring the top of the right needle around to the back and knit into the back loop of the stitch as shown (see the FAQ on knitting into the back loop for more detail). please contact us at support@lionbrand. Insert the right needle into the stitch.com any time! Page 38 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. .Visit our website www.com for hundreds of free patterns.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. wrap the yarn around the needle and pull through as for a normal knit stitch.lionbrand. electronically.Making a Simple Increase An easy way to add a stitch is to use an existing stitch.

We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. Insert the left needle from front to back into the horizontal strand between the two stitches: Knit the stitch through the back loop as shown. .mechanically. all rights reserved.com for hundreds of free patterns.com any time! Page 39 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. On the purl side. Increasing Between a Stitch ('Make One') This increase is also called 'Make One'. or by any other means. free instruction and more! 14. please contact us at support@lionbrand.Visit our website www. electronically. including photocopying -. Work to the place where the increase is to be made.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.lionbrand. insert the needle from front to back and then purl the stitch through the back loop.

without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. all rights reserved. . or by any other means. please contact us at support@lionbrand. electronically.Visit our website www. free instruction and more! We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.com any time! Page 40 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.mechanically.com for hundreds of free patterns. including photocopying -.lionbrand. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.

We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.Visit our website www. bring the yarn to the front and knit the next stitch in the normal way.lionbrand. free instruction and more! 15.The Yarn Over Increase To work a yarn over increase.com any time! Page 41 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. purl the loop in the normal way as shown. This leaves an extra loop (new stitch) on the needle. Increasing .mechanically. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. please contact us at support@lionbrand. electronically. On the next purl row. including photocopying -. . all rights reserved.com for hundreds of free patterns. or by any other means.

or by any other means.Visit our website www.mechanically. . Decreasing Decreasing is the process of removing one or more stitches from a piece. slip. knit) We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. including photocopying -. electronically. There are a number of ways to decrease and the choice of decrease used is most often determined by the desired slant of the stitches. free instruction and more! 16.com any time! Page 42 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. all rights reserved.com for hundreds of free patterns. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.lionbrand. Two common decreases are: • • Knit two together ssk (slip. please contact us at support@lionbrand.

. or by any other means. On the purl side of the work. This decrease slants to the left. purl (ssp).com for hundreds of free patterns. One stitch is decreased. including photocopying -. one at a time as if to knit.com any time! Page 43 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.Slip. Slip. Insert the left needle into the fronts of these two stitches and knit them together.Visit our website www. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. to the right needle. Slip the next 2 stitches. slip the 2 stitches on at a time as if to knit to the right needle. all rights reserved. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. Knit (SSK/SSP) Work to the place where the decrease is to be made.lionbrand. electronically. free instruction and more! 17. This decrease slants to the left.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. In the same way as ssk. Purl them together through the back loops (see the FAQ on purling through the back loops for detail). Decreasing . please contact us at support@lionbrand. the decrease is called slip.mechanically. slip.

without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. .Visit our website www.com for hundreds of free patterns. electronically. or by any other means. please contact us at support@lionbrand. free instruction and more! We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. all rights reserved.com any time! Page 44 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.mechanically.lionbrand. including photocopying -.

or by any other means. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. This decrease slants the stitches to the right. The stitches slant to the right. free instruction and more! 18. . please contact us at support@lionbrand. Purling two stitches together is done in the same manner.mechanically.Knit/Purl Two Together Work to the two stitches to be decreased and then knit the two stitches together as shown. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.lionbrand. including photocopying -. Decreasing .without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.com for hundreds of free patterns.Visit our website www.com any time! Page 45 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. electronically. all rights reserved.

without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. slip the stitch or stitches purlwise. free instruction and more! 19.com any time! Page 46 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. If you are asked to slip stitches and the instructions don't specify which way.lionbrand. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.Visit our website www.mechanically. or by any other means. Slipping Stitches Knitwise Insert the right needle into the next stitch on the left needle as shown and place it on the right needle without working it. Slipping Stitches Purlwise and Knitwise Sometimes stitches are slipped without working from the right needle to the left needle. . Slipping Stitches Purlwise Insert the right needle (from back to front) into the next stitch on the left needle and place it on the right needle without working it. please contact us at support@lionbrand. including photocopying -. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. electronically. all rights reserved.com for hundreds of free patterns. They can either be slipped purlwise or knitwise.

work to the cable and then slip the next three stitches onto a cable needle and hold them to On the cable row. They are simply worked by transferring a number of stitches to a third needle and knitting them in a different sequence. The examples shown here are worked over 6 stitches. work to the cable and then slip the next three stitches onto a cable needle and hold the front of the work.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.Visit our website www. knit the next three stitches. A cable needle is used to hold the stitches in place as the stitches are being transferred. please contact us at support@lionbrand. Cables can be made over any even number of stitches (for example. them to the back of the work. or by any other means.mechanically. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. including photocopying -. .lionbrand.com any time! Page 47 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. Leaving the stitches on the cable needle. Making a cable Cables are easy to make.) A cable row is normally worked on right side rows as indicated in the pattern. electronically. knit the next three stitches. free instruction and more! 20. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. Leaving the stitches on the cable needle. all rights reserved. 8-stitch or 10-stitch cables. Right (back) 6-stitch Cable Left (front) 6-stitch Cable On the cable row. 4-stitch.com for hundreds of free patterns.

lionbrand.com any time! Page 48 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. A completed cable with two cable rows. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. including photocopying -. Knit the 3 stitches on the cable needle without twisting them. or by any other means. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. .mechanically. all rights reserved. free instruction and more! Knit the 3 stitches on the cable needle without twisting them. please contact us at support@lionbrand.com for hundreds of free patterns.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.Visit our website www. electronically. A completed cable with two cable rows.

including photocopying -.lionbrand. Knitting into the Back Loop/Front Loop Knitting into the front loops is the normal procedure and is used unless otherwise specified. Knitting Into the Front Loop Insert the right needle into the front of the stitch from front to back and continue to knit the stitch. Knitting Into the Back Loop Insert the right needle into the back of the stitch from the front to back and continue to knit each stitch. or by any other means.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.Visit our website www. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. .com any time! Page 49 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. free instruction and more! 21. electronically. all rights reserved. Knitting through the back loop twists the stitch.mechanically. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.com for hundreds of free patterns. please contact us at support@lionbrand.

without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.mechanically.Visit our website www. . Purling Into the Front Loop Insert the right needle into the front of the stitch from right to left as shown and continue to purl the stitch.com for hundreds of free patterns. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. free instruction and more! 22. electronically. Purling through the back loop twists the stitch.com any time! Page 50 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. please contact us at support@lionbrand. all rights reserved. including photocopying -. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. Purling into the Back Loop/Front Loop Purling into the front loops is the normal procedure and is used unless otherwise specified.lionbrand. or by any other means. Purling Into the Back Loop Insert the right needle into the back of the stitch from back to front and continue to purl the stitch.

gently pulling the yarn out of the stitch above it. holding the yarn in the back.mechanically. Continue in this way until you have reached your mistake. free instruction and more! On a knit stitch. insert the left needle into the stitch one row below the first stitch on the right needle. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. please contact us at support@lionbrand. hold the yarn in front and insert the needle from the back of the work.com for hundreds of free patterns.Visit our website www. On a purl stitch (not shown).lionbrand. Slip the stitch onto your left needle. all rights reserved.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. electronically. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. or by any other means. . including photocopying -.com any time! Page 51 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.

Place the edges of the garment side by side with the right sides (the sides that people will see) FACING OUT. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. Stitch up the sides as shown. assemble them by sewing them together. electronically.Visit our website www. alternating from side to side. Finishing Once you have your knit pieces finished.mechanically. JOINING STOCKINETTE STITCH We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. including photocopying -. please contact us at support@lionbrand.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. The seaming technique used depends on the type of stitch used in the piece and whether you are making a vertical or a horizontal seam.lionbrand.com for hundreds of free patterns. . thread a darning needle with the same yarn used to make the garment. free instruction and more! 23.com any time! Page 52 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. all rights reserved. or by any other means. JOINING GARTER STITCH To join two pieces together.

No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. free instruction and more! With the right sides (knit sides) facing you.com for hundreds of free patterns. JOINING SHOULDER SEAMS With the right sides facing you. . including photocopying -.com any time! Page 53 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.lionbrand.mechanically. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. Work inside the bind-off edge for a seamless look. all rights reserved. begin seaming as for the beginning illustration of joining garter stitch. go under the horizontal bar one stitch in from the edge as shown. Working from side to side. electronically. or by any other means. please contact us at support@lionbrand.Visit our website www. align the shoulders and insert the yarn needle under one complete stitch as shown.

free instruction and more! 24. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.Visit our website www. or by any other means. Thread a darning needle with the end of the yarn and run it in and out in an inconspicuous place for an inch or two.com any time! Page 54 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. Clip remaining excess yarn. electronically.lionbrand.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. all rights reserved. . please contact us at support@lionbrand. including photocopying -. Weaving in Ends Ends of yarn can be woven directly into your knitting.mechanically. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.com for hundreds of free patterns.

pass first stitch worked over second to bind off.lionbrand. please contact us at support@lionbrand. including photocopying -.com for hundreds of free patterns. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.Visit our website www. repeat form * across to last stitch. hold in one hand two needles with equal number of stitches on each. Cut working yarn and pull through last stitch to secure. 3-Needle Bind Off With right sides together. . No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. With third needle. or by any other means. all rights reserved. *knit together one stitch from each needle. knit together one stitch from each needle. electronically.com any time! Page 55 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.mechanically. free instruction and more! 25.

electronically. Slide your other needle underneath. Pull the stitch through as in in knitting We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. including photocopying -. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.Visit our website www.com for hundreds of free patterns. To pick up a stitch: 1. .com any time! Page 56 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. into the stitch as to knit 3.lionbrand.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. Picking up Stitches Picking up stitches is a way to add to a piece that has been completed.mechanically. or by any other means. Slide one needle into an existing stitch 2. please contact us at support@lionbrand. all rights reserved. free instruction and more! 26.

all rights reserved.mechanically. which would be joined in the round to several rows) which is very firmly anchored in the other piece.lionbrand.Visit our website www. You do not have to pick up stitches on the same row. please contact us at support@lionbrand. .com any time! Page 57 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. Note: When picking up stitches you do not always have to pick up every stitch (your pattern will tell how how many to pick up). or by any other means. electronically. including photocopying -. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.com for hundreds of free patterns. free instruction and more! 4.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. Pick up the next stitch. This allows you to start a new part of your knitting (a collar. for instance. You now have a new stitch on your needle 5. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page.

please contact us at support@lionbrand. including photocopying -. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.com any time! Page 58 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. or by any other means. . free instruction and more! 27.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. electronically.lionbrand.Visit our website www. roll each skein into two equal-sized balls 2. If the pattern uses only one skein of yarn. all rights reserved. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. you have two choices: 1.mechanically. Knitting with two strands together Some items are made using two strands of yarn held together throughout. use yarn from both the outside and the inside of the skein.com for hundreds of free patterns.

Duplicate Stitch Duplicate stitch is a way to work a design or pattern into your knitting after the piece is complete. all rights reserved. but you can also use it to correct small mistakes. Place needle from right to left behind both sides of the stitch above the one being duplicated. Pull yarn through to front. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. It is used to add color details.com any time! Page 59 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.Visit our website www. free instruction and more! 28. When working a series of horizontal duplicate stitches. please contact us at support@lionbrand.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. such as a stripe or small motif.com for hundreds of free patterns. Complete the stitch by returning the needle to where you began. It is actually embroidery worked on the surface of the knitted fabric.lionbrand. electronically. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. including photocopying -. or by any other means.mechanically. Bring yarn to the outside at the base of the stitch below the stitch to be duplicated. complete one stitch and begin the adjacent stitch in one step. .

The Kitchener stitch is used to join two pieces of knitting together by using a large-eyed blunt needle and sewing in a manner that imitates knitting. electronically. You'll have two pieces to join. or by any other means. Pull yarn through and take the stitch off the needle. We are here to help you succeed! If you would like a little help with the instructions on this page. please contact us at support@lionbrand. blunt needle (often called a 'tapestry needle') 5. wrong sides together 4. Hold the needles parallel. 8. including photocopying -. The working thread should be under the needles each time. 2. insert the large-eyed. Grafting (Kitchener Stitch) 1.lionbrand.com for hundreds of free patterns. Pull yarn through and take the stitch off the needles.mechanically. one side on each of two needles. leaving a tail equal to the amount you would normally need to finish the row 3.Visit our website www. It is commonly used to join the toe end of socks so there is no seam to rub on the toes. Bring the tail to the inside of the work and fasten off. blunt needle in first stitch on lower piece as if to purl and draw the thread all the way through. 10. Insert needle in first stitch on lower piece from front to back and second stitch from back to front. all rights reserved.com any time! Page 60 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. 9. free instruction and more! 29. Insert needle in first stitch on top piece from front to back and second stitch from back to front 7. Repeat until no stitches remain. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. Cut the yarn. . Working from right to left. 6.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. Thread the end of the yarn through a large-eyed.

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