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1

Practising Korean vowel sounds

In the list below all the twenty-one Korean vowels are given with approximate Australian English
equivalents. As we will learn in the next unit, each of the twenty-one Korean vowels – not just ‘single’
vowels (ie a, e, o, u and i) but also ‘complex’ vowels (eg ae, ya, wa, etc) – is represented as a
different vowel symbol in Hangeul. Let’s practise the sounds.

a
ae
ya
yae
eo
e
yeo
ye
o
wa
wae
oe
yo
u
wo
we
wi
yu
eu
ui
i

2

as in part
as in cable
as in yard
as in yabby
as in pot
as in pet
as in yonder
as in yet
as in port
as in wonder
as in wag
as in wet
as in your
as in do
as in wobble
as in wet
as in weeds
as in few
as in urn
Say Ernie without the n (and without moving the lips)
as in feet

c G Shin 2006

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2

Practising Korean consonant sounds
What are the consonants that you have in your language but not in Korean?
• As mentioned in the main text, b, d, g and j are pronounced the same
as in English, except when they occur sentence-initially. In this case
they are pronounced as p, t, k and ch, respectively. Now practise
reading the following expressions.

g
kk as in sky
n
d
tt as in stop
r/l
m
b
pp as in spot
s
ss
ng as in sing
j
jj
ch
k
t
p
h

ban-chan
side dishes
gom
bear

a-beo-ji
don
father
money
a-gi
Jo-a-yo
baby
That’s good!

pa-do
waves
a-ju
very much

• Korean r is a ‘flap’ r. Although replacing r with English r does not
bring about a meaning change, you should know r is produced by a
single, quick flap of the tongue against the alveolar ridge – the inward
projection of the gums between the upper teeth and the hard palate.
Ask your instructor for a demonstration. Now practise.
sa-rang
love

gu-reum
clouds

da-ri
bridge

Geu-rae-yo
That’s right!

• Korean l is a ‘retroflex’ l. You produce a retroflex l sound in the same
manner as you do an l, except that your tongue tip should be placed on
the hard palate, not at the back of the upper teeth. Now practise.
sal-lim
house keeping
• A doubled consonant, ie
pp, tt, ss, jj or kk,
indicates tensed
pronunciation. In English
tensed consonants do not
constitute separate sound
categories for
distinguishing between
words, but tensed
consonants do exist. For
example, the p, t and k
sounds in s clusters are
tensed consonants – such
as spot, stop and sky. Now
practise.

Mol-la-yo
I don’t know.

Dal-la-yo
It’s different.

bul
fire
dal
the moon
geun
root
Ja-yo
I’m sleeping.
sal
flesh

ppul
horn
ttal
daughter
kkeun
string
Jja-yo
It’s salty!
ssal
rice

gil
road

pul
grass
tal
mask
keun
large
Cha-yo
It’s cold!

• By convention, s and ss shall be pronounced respectively as sh and ‘tensed’ sh (ie sh with a
stronger hiss) if they are followed by i or y. When you read si, for instance, you should not
read it in the same way of naming the English letter c but as she.
si-heom
exam

si
Sim-sim-hae-yo
peom
I’m bored!

c G Shin 2006

Me-i-seun-ssi
Mr Mason

3

V1»
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3

Understanding basic Insa
Match each of the Korean Insa expressions on the left with its English equivalent on the right.

4

An-nyeong-ha-se-yo?

• Come in.

An-nyeong-hi ga-se-yo.

• Good-bye (to someone staying behind).

An-nyeong-hi gye-se-yo.

• Good-bye (to someone leaving).

An-jeu-se-yo.

• Hello. How are you?

Ban-gap-sseum-ni-da.

• See you again.

Deu-reo-o-se-yo.

• I’m sorry.

Eo-seo o-se-yo.

• It’s O.K.

Gam-sa-ham-ni-da.

• Pleased to meet you.

Gwaen-cha-na-yo.

• Take a seat.

Mi-an-ham-ni-da.

• Sorry I’m late.

Ne.

• Thank you.

Neu-jeo-seo mi-an-ham-ni-da.

• Thank you.

Tto man-na-yo.

• Welcome.

Go-map-sseum-ni-da.

• Yes.

c G Shin 2006

• An-nyeong-ha-se-yo? • An-nyeong-hi ga-se-yo. • Ban-gap-sseum-ni-da.õ ¼ q  4 Reading basic Insa aloud Read aloud each of the Korean Insa expressions. • Ka-il-li Wo-keo-ye-yo. • Mi-an-ham-ni-da. • Gwaen-cha-na-yo. • An-jeu-se-yo. • Jon Me-i-seun-i-e-yo. • Tto man-na-yo. • Eo-seo o-se-yo. • Deu-reo-o-se-yo. • Go-map-sseum-ni-da. • Gam-sa-ham-ni-da. • Neu-jeo-seo mi-an-ham-ni-da. c G Shin 2006 5 . • An-nyeong-hi gye-se-yo. • Ne.

or Ne. 10. 6 c G Shin 2006 . Column 1 Column 2 An-nyeong-ha-se-yo? Ne. cover Column 2. tto man-na-yo. Mi-an-ham-ni-da. an-nyeong-hi ga-se-yo. When you have your response. 5. an-nyeong-ha-se-yo? Ka-il-li wo-keo-ye-yo. Now. Gwaen-cha-na-yo. Ne. Ne. Go-map-sseum-ni-da. 7. an-nyeong-ha-se-yo? Ne. An-nyeong-ha-se-yo? 11. 1. or Ne. ban-gap-sseum-ni-da. go-map-sseum-ni-da. or Ne. an-nyeong-hi gye-se-yo. gam-sa-ham-ni-da. Gwaen-cha-na-yo. An-nyeong-ha-se-yo? Ne. 2. go-map-sseum-ni-da. Eo-seo o-se-yo. 3. Ne. Gam-sa-ham-ni-da. An-nyeong-hi gye-se-yo. go-map-sseum-ni-da. Then read the first item in Column 1 and try to think of an appropriate response. Ban-gap-sseum-ni-da. Ne. An-nyeong-hi ga-se-yo. an-nyeong-hi ga-se-yo. 13. Firstly. 4. repeat for the rest of Column 1. 9. Ne. gam-sa-ham-ni-da. Tto man-na-yo. Ne. Ne. gam-sa-ham-ni-da. 12. Neu-jeo-seo mi-an-ham-ni-da. or Gwaen-cha-na-yo. Deu-reo-o-se-yo. 8. uncover the first item in Column two and check your response.V1» = Î 5 Exchanging Insa This exercise is to help you respond appropriately to Insa. YOUR NAME-ye-yo or -i-e-yo. or Gwaen-cha-na-yo. 6. An-jeu-se-yo.

The waiter brings your drink. 10. 6. The class starts at 11. 4. 11. The cashier gives you your change and thanks you for your custom.20 a.õ ¼ q  6 Practise: What do you say? Following is a series of social situations. Your teacher says “Thank you”. c G Shin 2006 7 . 5. you say to your teacher . 1.. You finish a brief conversation with a friend whom you’ve met by chance on the street. but you decide to keep it. Note that in some cases no substantial response may be required. A waitress brings your order. The taxi-driver reminds you that you’ve left your umbrella in the cab. There is a knock. The taxi-driver gives you your change. Discuss with your instructor what would be an appropriate response. you come at 11. A Korean friend makes a phone-call on your behalf to resolve a problem. 3. You greet your teacher.. you open the front door and it is your friend. 12. You made a phone call on behalf of a friend who cannot speak English and are now responding to his thanks. 7. it is not what you remember ordering.m. 2. 9. the waiter offers to change it. Your Korean class ends. 8.m.00 a.

but this time with Hangeul letters as well. and discuss with your fellow students how tensed consonants and ‘complex’ vowels are represented in Hangeul in particular. Vowels Consonants a a as in part  as in sky ae b as in cable n  ya c as in yard d  g kk as in yabby eo e as in pot e f as in pet tt  as in stop r/l  m  ye h as in yet b  o i as in port  as in spot wa j as in wonder pp 8 yae d yeo g as in yonder s wae k as in wag ss oe l as in wet ng as in sing yo m as in your j . We invite you to have a close look at them.V1» = Î 7 Hangeul preview: Consonants and vowels Here are the lists of Korean consonants and vowels again.

u n as in do wo jj o as in wobble  we ch p as in wet wi q as in weeds k  yu r as in few t  eu s as in urn p  ui t Say Ernie without the n (and without moving the lips) h  i u as in feet c G Shin 2006 .

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8

Hangeul preview: Basic Insa

Below are basic Insa expressions again, written in Hangeul as well. Using the lists of Hangeul letters
above, ascertain as much as possible how Hangeul letters are used. Do this exercise with your fellow
students. In particular, do you see where spaces are? Do you see how ‘strangely’ the letter is used?
Are there any discrepancies between what is romanised and what is written in Hangeul?
An-nyeong-ha-se-yo?


´
q
Ä
€ 
;
Vx
§?

Go-map-sseum-ni-da.

Gwaen-cha-na-yo.

An-nyeong-hi ga-se-yo.


´
q
Ä
€ 
;
Vx
§.


´
q
Ä
€ 
5 
;
Vx
§.

`x
F
:
ˆ;
Vx
§.

‡¡
´
o
TB
ë
Œ
†  

.

Š#
÷
¤
Tx
¦;
Vx
§.

T"
#
Xx
¦;
Vx
§.

Gam-sa-ham-ni-da.

S
F
3 
®
‹
"  

.

3.
6
Neu-jeo-seo mi-an-ham-ni-da.

Eo-seo o-se-yo.
• 

q 


´
‹
"  

.
Ne.

Deu-reo-o-se-yo.
• 

¨

À
ó 

ö 

<
Wx
§.
Mi-an-ham-ni-da.

Ban-gap-sseum-ni-da.

ˆ9
ó
w
R 
u
ˆ
Ù 
<
Vx
§.
Ka-il-li Wo-keo-ye-yo.

An-jeu-se-yo.

»
s
Æ
˜
" 
x
§.
Jon Me-i-seun-i-e-yo.

An-nyeong-hi gye-se-yo.

„¥
q
TB
ë
Œ
†  

.

#
†
=
T"
X 
q
P"
´
‹
®  

.
Tto man-na-yo.

c G Shin 2006

¦n
€
P
´ 
x
§.

9

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1

Writing Hangeul letters
Write all the Hangeul consonants and vowels in the table below.

Consonants

g

kk

n

d

tt

r/l

m

b

pp

s

ss

[ ]/ng

j

jj

ch

k

t

p

h

a

ae

ya

yae

eo

e

yeo

ye

o

wa

wae

oe

yo

u

wo

we

wi

yu

eu

ui

Vowels

i
10

c G Shin 2006

‡¢
´
w
W (1)
í

2

Vowel letters

Re-group the following vowel letters, according to their shapes: vertical, horizontal or mixed. Give
their pronunciations (ie romanisations) as well.
Vertical Vowel Letters

a

t

i

c

e

j

k

g

m

u

d

p

b

f

n

h

l

o

r

s

q

Horizontal Vowel Letters

Mixed Vowel Letters

c G Shin 2006

11

        .V2» = Î 3 Consonant letters Give the pronunciation (ie romanisation) of each of the following consonant letters.

   12   c G Shin 2006 .

Your task is identify. or guess.‡¢ ´ w W (1) í 4 Reading Hangeul syllables (1) The following list of words are commonly used English words in Korean. They should not be regarded as foreign words. what they are.   Rø 8 ˆ s « | | «  # T  .  5: Á N R¦ 9 u     V . but rather as Korean words of foreign origin.

r œ Tw ! ˆ   x ¦ . V| ˆ R @ w ˆ .

 «w | ˆ| ˆ ö  ˆ.

w   ©w ‘ ˆ   x ¦ 9 R  õ' ¼ q NŽ ®   } ˆ c G Shin 2006 13 .

what they are. Your task is identify. 14   w ˆ¡ ˆ6 Á N y = ˆ ˆ? w  / y ˆ ¦¡ } ˆ ˆm } õ' ¼ N ˆt w õt ¼ « õ ¾ ¦® x õ Ú    ­w ˆ T' ! N   # T  ?  ø(  Q Nw ˆ Š ž s ˆ žs Š ˆ ¦t x ˆ Þ Óy ù ˆ ø. or guess.V2» = Î 5 Reading Hangeul syllables (2) Here are more Korean words of foreign origin.

¸ P  õ ½ VB G 9 Ž ‚ ˆ  y¡ ˆ | ˆ c G Shin 2006 .

 .‡¢ ´ w W (1) í 6 Reading Hangeul syllables (3) Here are more Korean words of foreign origin. what they are. or guess. Your task is identify.

 õr Ú ² õ ¼  A õ ¾ w ˆ ö w ˆ   s ˆ     .

 õ ¼ q õ ½   N   œ r  ­   z » ý '  N û ñ ž ¬  ¦w } ˆ' N ˆt } «ˆ  J ø  >  ‹ ¹   ­    y ˆ ˆ} w ¦z ˆ  Á N > c G Shin 2006 15 .

V2» = Î 7 Reading Hangeul syllables (4) Below are some English first names in Hangeul. Tell us what they are. 16 ˆ ó w ' .

N õ B g õ ¼ r V: = Áw N ˆ ¨r  ‡ ´ «! t T| ˆ ˆ ¡ w ˆu õ ¼ p  ¾ ¼  ø  S « |  «o t õ ¼ ¦x y ¦  «! t T| ˆ V =  L 7  s ˆ %  `s ˆ Vs < ˆö s ˆ x .

¦  ¦g y õ B „q q ˆ Þ c G Shin 2006 .

‡¢ ´ w W (1) í 8 Reading Hangeul syllables (5) Below are some Korean surnames. õ ½  Ä í à ¦ y ¨ ‘ õ ¼ r   > õ Ö  % Ä ‡ ´ w d ) Á ß I } C 4 c G Shin 2006 17 . and see if you know any Koreans with these surnames. Read them aloud. V F 3 „ q A : ' † ‰ ¬   Á N 3 S F 4 œ r ® Œ ˆ ë s ¾ ¼ n O F 8 V F 8  : ô  L õ ¾  X " Ä ¶ Þ ˆ ó u Ž ‚ B ¾ ¼ p Á N 9 P ´ q V G : ¦ x ­  ®  ˆ ì v   õ ¼ q Á N : V F .

18 Q ! ( ç ( É Ž Ó'  s H ß ¼ t q Ö À Ò  .= V3» Î 3 w ‡¢ ´ W (2) í 1 Reading more Hangeul syllables (1) The following list of words are commonly used Korean words of foreign origin. Your task is identify. what they are. or guess.

 ›! þ Ù Q  ñ9   š \  &x _ v  šY \ 9 Uq „   Ô! à  3 ÔA Ú t # Q { .

 9 2 9 € § £ J  Yá Ô $ n à Ô  s à Ô9 tX þ  O ÐÖ – ¿  n “   ï·  ˜ ú  f "q Û ¼ <s X à Ô .

 à Ô ™× ½  ¼ ‰# K QÛ ¼ { 9  “ .

E   ¦ e ¦ “w = n   l  c G Shin 2006 .

In the list you’ll find some of English names as well.  R  2T 6 ' _ vS Ì ß  v| • Ø ¡m  í¿ ‘ v: Ì Û c" kP  º( ! Û .‡¢ ´ w W (2) í 2 Reading more Hangeul syllables (2) Here are more Korean words of foreign origin. what they are. Identify. or guess.

8 ¡ì ç ƒ } m ¹  à ‘ Ç ß   m î _ \ >)  > <à ã $ ‘û @ i ¡È { ‘[ . k R 8 &  vS < Ú  >  ] .

 Ð  Ð >) b > »S «  ºP ! Û à ‘ Ô× m ó và  ‘  > G) > Ôó m ó   # › ÿ ¼  ‘Q à à ‘ Óó ™ á   # Ú Q Ç v > b x · E c G Shin 2006 19 .

what they are.= V3» Î 3 Reading Hangeul The following list of words contains some examples of countries’ names. Your task is identify. 20 Œ uX { Œ 3 6Ü CK ! ew [ Œ £Õ Ž ¥ ` Aw _ Œ X g •  A ˜ ¤  Œ |   { Œ Z X   S N œ ç ^ @[ ÷   ¨ gN º S\ [   S P€ Œ€ h ’ CU ' ß < S Œ { ठA ˜  a ÕN S Ów c ô  6 3[    ?   . or guess.

_ { ŒS e [ éK h Ú ew [ Œ Œ‚  k{ É Œ ÓK c ù ew [ Œ ÓW c ô   í  Ù   x Œ˜ ¦g ¶ ` \ ׀  Œ Q[      vx Œ à\  ŒA { Sô Ó c c G Shin 2006 .

Ç ¨  • • ¸ š < ü 12. 9 € o . 9  {™ ½×  ¼ • •   Ø Ô  13. Û ¼J ?! p D • • Õ  ª × ¼ 5. “  • ¸W 1r   • • ¼: Û ¤. s ø Í ê • • Ô Ú 9  |o   8. ´ ˜Y ú Us r   • • u  ´   3. H    • •     10.. 1. Ú Ô 9  | • • ×  ¼o × ¼ 4. Ÿ Ë f2 § £ 9. Match up the following countries with their capital cities. 2ø Í ê× ¼ • • ¨· Ç ˜ ú µ §É ¡ ÒØ Ô 14. Û ¼` …  “ • • Ó9 ½ ~ q  6. H   • • ¸_ š t– þ Ð 11. ” ¸Ø ÔJ ?s  • • s  – Ðq  2.‡¢ ´ w W (2) í 4 Capital cites . — .. 2 — • • …K _ ‰ø Í ê 15. s  ß ¼ • • Ò  ` …Û ¼à Ô 7. Ao ù +  • • šd ¡ ó v ç  c G Shin 2006 21 .

Your task is to use the ‘Random Hangeul Character Table’ below and translate each of the messages into English. V <  ö  e   P ´ n ˆ Ù u Ä î ß ˆ x  f 3 6 R 9   W <    .= V3» Î 5 Hangeul reading Look at the following secret messages. • a4 a2 f6 SPACE a1 d3 b5 • a4 a2 f6 SPACE b1 d3 b5 • d1 a3 c5 f4 b5 • c2 SPACE e2 e1 b5 • c4 b3 SPACE a5 d3 b5 • b2 c4 a5 d3 b5 • b6 SPACE f2 f5 e3 f5 d4 b5 • f5 c3 e4 f5 d4 b5 • d6 a6 d2 SPACE d5 e6 f4 b5 • f1 • c1 c6 f3 b5 • b4 e5 d3 b5 Random Hangeul Character Table 1 2 3 4 5 6 22 c G Shin 2006 a  Ä € Ü V F 9 P ´ q ¦ x À ó ¨ b  5 Š ÷ ¤ X " ` F : § x ˆ ó w c ¬ s Æ ¦ € ¾ ¥  T # ­  ˜ " ª d Á N 3   V .

An-nyeong-hi ga-se-yo. An-nyeong-ha-se-yo? 2. Also. c G Shin 2006 23 . 5. and put the relevant punctuation mark at the end as well. Eo-seo o-se-yo. pay attention to spacing where applicable. Note that in each box only one syllable is to be written. 4. 3. Tto man-na-yo. An-nyeong-hi gye-se-yo. 1.‡¢ ´ w W (2) í 6 Writing Hangeul syllables Write the following Insa expressions from Unit 1 in Hangeul.

and Gat. Makgeolli. 24 c G Shin 2006 . a person’s sixtieth birthday – the major celebration in a person’s life. Soju. for which there are no ready English translations. Gayageum. Maedeup. Hanbok. Pansori. N Á 3  Š„  § q ‡µ ´ w ‡ A  < X S V† F . They are in general items of Korean food and clothing. Hwangap. cloudy rice wine Korean board game – ‘go’ in Japanese distilled Korean liquor knot-tying handicraft the Autumn Moon festival – the most significant festival day in Korea traditional Korean horsehair hat Romanisations: Gimchi. Chuseok. Janggu. ‰ ‡œ ´ v w  R× ë ¬ ¾ E ôó  L À ¨ wë ‹ i T ¡ Oñ F 7 + À  >  ‡ · œ‘ w ¨ > 9 Œ ¹ ­Þ ’ ½ ¶ U > j staple Korean side-dish Korean-style barbecue Korean national dress 12-string Korean musical instrument hour-glass-shaped Korean drum dramatic song-narrative art form masked dance art form the ‘hundred days’ – the major celebration of the birth of a child. Baegil. Talchum.= V3» Î 7 More Hangeul reading Practise reading some Korean words. Baduk. Bulgogi.

Which one is it? Australia Grenada Mexico Saudi Arabia Bangladesh Guinea New Zealand Sri Lanka Brazil Hungary Pakistan Sweden Colombia Liberia Panama Tonga France Mali Poland Yugoslavia ª  <  —   . if you read vertically or horizontally.‡¢ ´ w W (2) í 8 Word squares All but one of the countries in the box below can be found in the word square below. 2    _ —  C C n – .

‫ כ‬p 8   ` e 2 F > C n   C < … [  [ 8 < x C e   °  2 C Z  o ) K –   e = R  — ¥ 2 ¹ C Z .

R  = 7  F  3 < n .

 e n = C ) o – ¹  7 R   < A b 2  C ¦ ™  2 $ e > S  2 K C – C e G < n .

n « < Z C    Z p .  C n 2 F C n 7 – A  H Z  C —  Z 7 ‚ n  C  8 c D 7 } T   < [ < r 2 # T º  ™  C n ´ .

s R œ  e …   F 8 C n  R  " — n   o ) c G Shin 2006 25 .

. 26 V F 3 ԧ À ó [@ O <  } @ 7 †q } … ¦" s X\ B d X "à Á í  6 1 ½ î ß ­>  Z< T Q ˆ Þ vT û ¸ Â ó © . (1) What do we call each of the following places in Korean? Choose a ‘name’ from the list in the box below.= V4» Î 4 # T  x §? 1 Places where we go ..

B Œ ƒ †M } @ û9  ½5 N V F c G Shin 2006 .

.T #  x §? 2 Places where we go . (2) What do we call each of the following places in Korean? Choose a ‘name’ from the list in the box below. [ O < á E … q§ À ó Ä î Ý E á T !w ˆ' N ¢ R ë © ( N µ à  T.. ‹9 ¹ C ½à N Á í c G Shin 2006 ôÈ  L *à Á í   x ¦5  †q } @ … 27 . S < V F F  V .

student dining hall 8. downtown 10. library 5. book shop 6. “He/she writes” 7. “He/she telephones” 8. park c G Shin 2006 . restaurant 4. “He/she takes an exam” 9. “He/she goes” 12. to city. hospital 28 12 DOWN 1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 ACROSS 3. university 2. airport 11.= V4» Î 3 Crossword Try this crossword. inside the department store 10.

cover Column B. c G Shin 2006 29 . listen carefully what A asks. and ask a question: Are you going to · · ·? using the picture cue provided. If you take the B’s role. 2. 7. 8. 6. 5. 10. a question as shown in the example below. 12. 12. practising asking. EXAMPLE A †q } @ …< V x §? A B   x §. If you take the A’s role. 6. 2. 8. and answering to. © Â< ó V x §. 5. 3. 11. 3. and respond: No. 9. 4. cover Column A. 9. 4. 11. I’m going to · · · using the picture cue provided. 7. B A B 1. 10. 1.T #  x §? 4 Pair work: Question & Answer Do this exercise in pairs.

= V4» Î 5 Making a Statement and Asking a Question in the Polite Informal Style Attach - x §/-# Tx §. • •n P ´ •. Then. ie the Polite Informal ending. to each of the following verb stems. Explain what rule you have applied to get the answer. S F •v ¦• Z ø åv ¦•x ¦•£ Š •¤ ˆ•  •Ü ½í •¨ Ðó • •< [Ž O ­ •B ‡= „ V •9 ½ N  •v ˆ> ë Ž µ •   • õ* ½ È 30 c G Shin 2006 . practise making a statement or asking a question by changing the intonation pattern.

å  øÀ Z x §. x  §. [Ž O < ­B x §. ‡= „ B VB x §. Š  £ x §. S F . ½ N 9 B x §. x §.   B x §. ½# í Ü Tx §.T #  x §? 6 What are they doing? Tell us what the person or persons in each of the picture cues are doing in Korean. hx §. "  Ox §. c G Shin 2006 31 . P ´ n x §. x §. ˆ> ë v ŽB µ x §. Ð# ó ¨ Tx §. x À §. õÈ ½  *B x §.

Number 1 has been done for you. 32 c G Shin 2006 .= V4» Î 7 êB ó x §? Tell us what the persons below are doing. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 o q ).

ê ó Bx §? 2. cover Column A. c G Shin 2006 33 . 7. ˆ> ë v ŽB µ x §? 4. Do this exercise in pairs. ê ó Bx §? 6. and answering to. x §? 1. and ask questions in Column A. cover Column B. ‡= „ B VB x §? 9. 11. Ð# ó ¨ Tx §? 5. 3. B A B 1. êB ó x §? 10. 4. [Ž O < ­B x §? 3. If you take the B’s role. 10. and respond using the picture cue provided. 2. Š  £ x §? 12. £ Š  x §. 8. 9. 12. listen carefully what A asks. If you take the A’s role.T #  x §? 8 Pair work: Question & Answer Practise asking. ½# í Ü Tx §? 8. õÈ ½  *B x §? 11. 6. EXAMPLE A O < [Ž ­B x §? A B   x §. a question as shown in the example below. 5. x À §? 7.

What do we call each of the following items in Korean? Choose a ‘name’ from the list in the box below..= V5» Î 5 = ‡ ‚ ‘ ¨. 1 Things we drink/eat . 34 Î »¨ À ó Î »  ‡ ‚ =  ô‘  K ¨ Š  ¦  : »  Î     Š  ¨ ¦® x õ Ú  ­  ® ¨w ‘ ˆ  . Vx §..

 Š " ¬  ¦s } ¦ Á ß I  c G Shin 2006 .

Liquor/Beverage Fruits Places S F 3 …§ q À ó W  ¢ T.‡ ‚ = ‘ ¨.  V F ½B N 9 c ½ î ß ‹  ¨ Â ó © ŠÂ } <  q . 2 Categories This is a vocabulary exercise. Put the words in the box under the correct category heading. S < V F R ë ° Ru 8 ¦6 3 s ˆ OÀ F 7 ñ +  § 9 À¨ ó ‘w ˆ ‡B µ A Ž „  ˆc v B õ    x ¦5  œ‘ w ¨ ¨8  O F ¨à  Ä» í Î 6  1 . Vx §.

õ ¼ <® ½ ü ¦s } ¦‘ ¨ †q } @ … c G Shin 2006 35 .

= V5» Î 3 Word Square This is a reading exercise. 36  & x  v  _ è ™ N B / Ó ½ † G F A þ + @ / æ ¥  9 | j [ ¶ é " © Ç Q œ ©  œ í Æ < † v þ _  q  n ¸ š   > î # \  § “ Q ! ¸ • f " a ' ›   " ¶ é   ´  z ¼ Û j ] r É “   ’ ê Ê ¦  ` r  / ?  '    K  Ÿ ' r @ • Æ < † t q Ò / ?  p » à  (   ¿ Ö “ §  õ f " ˜ ú ± © ½ º Ä ‰ ^ G D ² š ¸ H   Æ < † ˜ þ Ñ ¤ ¢ ¹ œ © y y p 0    æ ¥ t q Ò o  f " G D ²  _  q ‫כ‬ ¹ 6 § £  ” d  h &  p è ™ ¸ • ´  z %  i \  œ © {   z Ë + ½  r œ ©  ¦ ú · c G Shin 2006 . vertically and diagonally to find them. How many places from the vocabulary list in the previous unit can you find in the word square below? You can look horizontally.

‡
‚
= 
‘
¨;
Vx
§.

4

Odd one out
Look at the following groups of words and pick the odd one out. Also, explain why it is the odd one.

1.

2.

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W 

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O
F

AB
‡
µ
Ž
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r
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3.

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N
9
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c

4.


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s
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s
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s
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Šß 

½
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Á
í

F
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5. 

5 

C
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í

L*
ô
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í 

B
Œ
ƒ

Ý
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á
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@
û9
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6.   

w
ˆ¡
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V
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¼
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F 
q

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ö
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öw
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
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Š 

¦

c G Shin 2006

37

and if they are available. one by one.. Do this exercise in pairs.= V5» Î 5 Pair Work: Buying things . Things that you need are in the frame below. we also practise asking for them. Customer: Shopkeeper: Customer: 2. In this exercise we practise asking about availability of things in a shop. and ask your partner if he/she has the things that you need. listen carefully what your partner says.. If you take the shopkeeper’s role. If your partner says yes. Things that you have in your shop are listed below. EXAMPLES Customer: Shopkeeper: 1. cover the left Column. and respond. Customer: Shopkeeper: . cover the right Column. then ask for it. If you take the customer’s role.

 ¨ Ì# ó T§ x? 3. . ¨ 6 Ì# ó Tx §.

‘ ¨. } ¦s ¦‘ ¨2 ×#  Tx §. # 6 U ¨ Ì# ó Tx §. Do you have wine? ¦s } ¦‘ ¨ ¦s } ¦ ö  Š " ¬  . Do you have coffee? }s ¦ ¦‘ ¨¨ Ì# ó Tx §? q  P® ´ ‹ "  . „¥ q TB ë Œ †  . Vx §. 3.

Thanks.. Things to buy .. we do. Things to sell . here you are. c G Shin 2006 . we don’t.  ŠÂ } <  ŠÂ } <  ¦® x Ú õ    w ˆ¡ ˆ6 Á N ½B N 9 c ¨à  Ä» í Î ¨8  O F œ‘ w ¨ >  V F »  Î Š  ¦ § 9 À‘ ó ¨ Î »  S F 3 38 Can I have coffee? Yes. I’m sorry.. Á ß I  Yes..

6 Pure Korean Numbers (1) Match up the following Arabic numbers on the left with pure Korean numbers (ie pronunciations) on the right. 1• 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 • 16 • 17 • 18 • 19 • 2• 20 • 21 • 22 • 23 • 24 • 25 • 26 • 27 • 28 • 29 • 3• 4• 5• 6• 7• 8• 9• •a à  •  à  •¤ Š  •± ú  •w ˆ¦ Š  •w ˆ¦ Ša  à  •w ˆ¦ Š   à  •w ˆ¦ Š¤  Š  •w ˆ¦ Š±  ú  •w ˆ¦ Š  I ¿ ß •w ˆ¦ Š#  Uý Ò •w ˆ¦ Š#  U à  •w ˆ¦ Š¨  À< ó Y O •w ˆ¦ Š    • I ¿ ß •# Uý Ò •# U à  •2 À •2 Àa à  •2 À  à  •2 À¤ Š  •2 À± ú  •2 À I ¿ ß •2 À# Uý Ò •2 À# U à  •2 À¨ À< ó Y O •2 À   •¨ À< ó Y O •   c G Shin 2006 39 . Vx §. and read aloud the numbers. Then cover the right column.‡ ‚ = ‘ ¨.

Which one is it? 40 .= V5» Î 7 Pure Korean Numbers (2) All but one of the Pure Korean numbers in the following box can be found in the number table below.

8 Z U >   <º U´ > ´ <C [ es c D ‰  c_  s   <º U >   cº D s U´ > .

8 Z U > nº Un > # o c D s ‰  a n U . n# o c%  s e - nº Us > c D ‰  cº D s Un > _  c  s   c  s nº Un > ‰ º <C [ en _  cº D s U >   <º Un > # o   _ .

8 Z U´ > $ n Un > # o cº D s U > .

8 Z Us > c D ‰  <º Un > _  $ n UD > c s ‰  cn  s _  nº U´ > cnº  s ‰  <º U > n ‰ º .

8 Z Un > _  <º Us > c D ‰  <C [ en # o e % _     c´  s .

8 Z Un > # o 26 27 28 3 30 31 87 88 9 1 10 19 2 11 98 97 13 14 68 7 70 71 38 24 40 41 74 76 99 12 91 16 34 36 37 44 46 47 48 5 c G Shin 2006 .

»  Î n U¨ > Ì# ó Tx §? 3. Your role play can be based on this conversation piece or on your own. 9 § À‘ ó ¨w ˆp ˆ2 Ù ×#  Tx §.  í ¨à Ä» í Τ Š  q „ » Î   ‘ ¨. Vx §. q õ9 ¼ S F . ˆÛ   Á. then í c G Shin 2006 41 . ˆ8   x §? . 3 6 S F " ‹ ®  .  » Î ¨ Ì# ó T§ x. q  P" ´ ‹ ®  . I 6 Á ß  q „= ‡ ‚ . Vx §. Vx §. ¨ Ì# ó Tx §? 3. ¨à  Ä» í Τ Š  q „9 § À‘ ó ¨w ˆ  ‘ ¨. NOTES: • q „: and •   ˆ8 x §?: Is that right? •   ˆÛ Á: Well. and perform a role play with your fellow students. n 6 U¨ > Ì# ó Tx §.‡ ‚ = ‘ ¨. Waitress: David: Waitress: David: Waitress: David: Waitress: David: Waitress: T" # Xx ¦. Vx §. 3.. 8 Role Play Study the conversation piece below..

000 600. Alternatively.000 3.000 1. swap roles. 400 100 900 600 500 700 200 300 800 1.000 42 1.000.000 4.000 5.000 70.000 8. When finished. 2 8 3 6 1 9 2 4 7 5 10 70 20 30 10 40 80 60 90 50 100 65 75 45 85 55 5 15 25 35 95 14 89 52 35 47 76 0 23 68 91 Sino-Korean Numbers (2) Do the same as above.000 40. you can do this exercise in pairs: one person reads the following Sino-Korean numbers aloud and the other writes down the numbers.000 9.000 10.000 7.000 200.000 3.000 5.000. But this time you’re practising larger numbers.000 c G Shin 2006 .= V6» Î 6   2 À  < Wx §? 1 Sino-Korean Numbers (1) Read aloud the following Sino-Korean numbers.000 10.000.000 8.000 6.000.000 900.000 2.

000 1.000 6 70. 2  À  < Wx §? 3 Sino-Korean Numbers (3) All but one of the Sino-Korean numbers in the following box can be found in the number table below.000 60.000 6.000 60.000 300.000 Pure Korean Numbers (4) Practise reading the following pure Korean numbers.000 8 2 100 50.000 1 40.K  H  R  A H  K HA  K R  ZK HA  R  c_ D ‘ ‡A D R  b  ‫כ‬ ‚  _ ‡ D _ —  s  o ‚A  _ R  I 9 u ‚K  _ H  A o R  ‚_  _ ‡A D R  IA 9 u R  ‚‘  _ SA  R  CA n R  IK 9 u HA  R  ‡A D _ R  C_ n ‡ D I_ 9 u ‡A D R  C n S  ‘ I_ 9 u ‡ D ‘ o SA  R  c D ‘ CK n HA  R  c D s SA  ‘ R  bS  ‫כ‬  ‘ 3 0 4 9 20 60 4.000.000.000.  Z‘ S  .000 700.000 20.000 50. Which one is it? Z ™   c DA ‘ R  cK D ‘ H  b_  ‫כ‬ ‡A D R  ZA R  .000 5 8.000 30.000 4 10 700 300 30. 3 10 1 9 2 7 4 8 11 5 6 12 20 80 50 30 70 40 90 60 c G Shin 2006 43 .000 7 900 10.000 1.000.000.000 100.000 10.000 2.000.000.000 800.000.000 4.

you will find that at least one of the Hangeul characters in each word is not right – it is upside-down.. 44 c G Shin 2006 . Your task is to locate the ‘funny’ character and re-write the word as it is supposed to be.. countries’ names. As you read through. rotated. and English first names. See if you can finish this exercise within two minutes. Have a look at the following words.= V6» Î 5 More Hangeul Reading and Writing . etc. They include Korean words of English origin.

 r õ¨ ¼ Ì ó x §? 21. w ‡< ´ T# Q T< [Ž O ­ x §. ¨ À ó  n P ´  x §? 13. q „: V G  < Vx §. 11. P ô¨ ¸ Ð ó x §. # U v ¦x §. < s } ˆ< ë Wx §. 23. 7 @ †q } …< V  x §? 18.    # Tx §. : `# F T§ x. 16. 25. 2  À  < Wx §? 6 Grammar: Verb-Ending Each of the following sentences contains one grammatical mistake.  ¾ß ¥ Ä î p ˆ. © Â< ó Vx ¦# Tx §. Ù S F # Tx §? 22. 26. 9. 5 < V§ x. q ˆ ø < Wx §? 20. » Ψ À‘ ó ¨w ˆy ˆ. 19. 12. 5. B ‡= „ V x §. 10. 15.  å øv Z ¦# Tx §? 6.  Ô 2 ×  x §. 14. 4. 24. 1. each of the mistakes. ‘ ¨w ˆ¤ Š. 3.  ¨à Ä» í Î  # Tx §.   ¨ p ˆ9 Ù ½ N   § x? 8. @  ­ p ˆ Ù õÈ ½ * x §? c G Shin 2006 45 . and rectify. ÷ Vx §. » Î Ü ½ í x §? 17. 2. v ˆ> ë Ž µ x §? 7. Your task is to underline. P ô ¸ < Wx §. £ Š#  Tx §. Vx §.

= V6» Î 7 Making New Words . and discuss their meanings with your instructor. All of them combine elements from the vocabulary lists we’ve studied so far. Korean nouns usually combine quite freely with each other. •5 © Â ó •» Ψ À‘ ó ¨w ˆ •° Rn ë U > •° R ë  w ˆ¡ ˆ6 Á N •° R ë ­ ® •K ô‘  ¨Ý Ä î •¦ Š5   •¦ ŠÝ  Ä î •Ý Ä î ô K‘ ¨ •Ý Đ î ­ ® • » Α ¨w ˆ •¨ Š©  Â ó • ­ ®Ý Ä î •q õ9 ¼ S F  •s Œr > ‡ ´ •s Œ© >  ó •} ¦s ¦‘ ¨w ˆ 46 c G Shin 2006 .. and being aware of the combinations can help us to expand our vocabulary at a rapid rate.. Look at the following words.

2 ×#  Tx §? Look at the objects in the frame below and write answers to the questions that follow. 1. depending on whether you find the objects in the frame or not. 2  À  < Wx §? 8 Ì# ó ¨ Tx §. .

¨ Š¨  Ì# ó Tx §? 8. q ˆ¨ ø Ì# ó Tx §? 5. § Š·  õ¨ Ú Ì# ó Tx §? 13. 5 ¨ Ì# ó Tx §? 11. 5 © ¨ ó Ì# ó Tx §? 12. – ¶7 { »¨ ý Ì# ó Tx §? 6. P ô¨ ¸ Ì# ó Tx §? 15. ¨ Ì# ó Tx §? 9. © ¨ ó Ì# ó Tx §? 16. q „: V G ¨ Ì# ó Tx §? 10. < s } ˆ¨ ë Ì# ó Tx §? c G Shin 2006 47 . P ô9 ¸ V¨ F Ì# ó Tx §? 14.  õ­ ¾ À¨ ó Ì# ó Tx §? 4. Ý Ä¨ î Ì# ó Tx §? 3.  r õ¨ ¼ Ì# ó Tx §? 7. q õ9 ¼ S¨ F Ì# ó Tx §? 2.

12. two bottles of beer 3. 11. 5. 10. 7. How many of them . six peaches 12. 6.. (1) Tell us how many of them there are in Korean. c G Shin 2006 . a glass of water 48 10. four posters (} ¦w ˆ' N) 9. five taxis (R ô  ) 4. two cups of ginseng tea 8. 10 1. 8..= V6» Î 9 How many of them . 1. 2.. five cats 7. three hamburgers (T ø! ¸ T) 13.. (2) Translate the following sentences into Korean and write them in Hangeul. 3. three computers (â Á• H ©' N) nine plums 15. 9. 4. eight dogs 5. four persimmons 2. ten watermelons 11. a mandarin 6. seven ice-creams 14.

9. 6. 1. 3. 2. 8. 5. 4. 2  À  < Wx §? 11 How much are they? Tell us how much they are in Korean. 7. c G Shin 2006 49 . Use a unit noun wherever appropriate.

Look at the table below and answer the following questions. ' G ú Jª Šc  ¬N o ‡< é Vó ê¨ Ì# ó Tx §? Rs  } “n D .. 1. Number one has been done for you.= V7» Î 7 w ‡< ´ T# Q Tq …§ À ó 1 On the left of the first row is ..

ó ¥< È V" X¤ ŠG  Jª Šc  ¬N o ‡< é Vó ê Ì# ó ¨ Tx §? 10. ¤ ŠG  Jª Šx  ¦r »N 㠇< é Vó ê¨ Ì# ó Tx §? 5. 2.  úG ' Jª Š v  ˆ7 ë L< Vó ê¨ Ì# ó Tx §? 3.o ).  » Îp ˆx Ù §? 7. ¤ ŠG  Jª Š v  ˆ7 ë L< VP ô¨ ¸ Ì# ó Tx §? 4. ó ¥< È V" X¤ ŠG  Jª Š  v ˆ7 ë L< Vp ˆx Ù §? 11. a ÃG  Jª Šc  ¬N o ‡< é Vó ê¨ Ì# ó Tx §? 8.  ­ ®p ˆ# Ù T ¨ Ì# ó Tx §? 12.   ÃG  Jª Šx  ¦r »N 㠇< é Vó ê Ì# ó ¨ Tx §? 9.  r õv ¼ ˆ# Þ T ¨ Ì# ó Tx §? 6.   7 Oª F Šc  ¬N o ‡< é Vó ê¨ Ì# ó Tx §? 50 c G Shin 2006 .

This time. What we are practising here is simply saying “Where. 1. ¥ È< ó V" X¤ ŠG  Jª Šc  ¬N o ‡v é ˆ# Þ T < Wx §? 11.  úG ' Jª Šx  ¦r »N 㠇v é ˆ# Þ T < Wx §? 4. however.   7 Oª F Š v  ˆ7 ë Lp ˆ# Ù T < W§ x? 15. ie. ¥ È< ó V" X¤ ŠG  Jª Šx  ¦r »N 㠇v é ˆT Þ # < Wx §? 13. ' G ú Jª Šc  ¬N o ‡v é ˆ# Þ T < Wx §? (_  cn D Cn o ).   7 Oª F Šx  ¦r »N 㠇v é ˆ# Þ T < W§ x? c G Shin 2006 51 . ¤ ŠG  Jª Šc  ¬N o ‡v é ˆ# Þ T < Wx §? 5.” and so on. is not used here to designate the location whereon something is. ¤ ŠG  Jª Š v  ˆ7 ë Lp ˆ# Ù T < Wx §? 6. we are practising ‘identifying’ various places. eg.  úG ' Jª Š v  ˆ7 ë Lp ˆ# Ù T < Wx §? 3. what place.‡< ´ w T# Q Tq …§ À ó 2 What’s the left of the first row? Do the same as above. is the left of the first row?” — “It’s a classroom. ¤ ŠG  Jª Šx  ¦r »N 㠇v é ˆ# Þ T < Wx §? 7. 2.   7 Oª F Šc  ¬N o ‡v é ˆ# Þ T < Wx §? 14. ¥ È< ó V" X¤ ŠG  Jª Š v  ˆ7 ë Lp ˆT Ù # < Wx §? 12. The expression. ± úG  Jª Š v  ˆ7 ë Lp ˆ# Ù T < Wx §? 9. and thus we don’t need to use the particle -< V. ± úG  Jª Šc  ¬N o ‡v é ˆ# Þ T < Wx §? 8. the left of the first row. ± úG  Jª Šx  ¦r »N 㠇v é ˆ# Þ T < Wx §? 10.

Column 1 1. Step 3: Repeat for the rest of Column 1. or 3. 9. 5. 2. 52 Column 2 PÜ ´ q Ä €  §  ó x ¦. 3. q 6 PÄ ´ Ü € §  ó  ? 3. ¬ª s Æ ˜B " Œ †  . q 6 PÄ ´ Ü € 5 §  ó x ¦. ‡¡ ´ o TB ë Œ †  . 3. # † = T" X q P® ´ ‹ "  . T" # Xx ¦§  ó x ¦. q  P® ´ ‹ "  .= V7» Î 3 Insa revisted: Polite-Formal This exercise is to help you say Insa. o 6 ‡¡ ´ TB ë Œ †  . q 6 PÄ ´ Ü €  §  ó x ¦. and respond. 3. 7. q 6 PÄ ´ Ü € 5 §  ó x ¦. uncover the first item in Column two and check your response against the response in Item 2. ¦x € ¦ó  § x ¦. `x F : ˆ§  ó x ¦. in the Polite-Formal style. PÜ ´ q Ä € §  ó  ? 3. ¬ª s Æ ˜B " Œ †  . — 3. 3 6 S F ® ‹ "  . q 6 PÄ ´ Ü €  §  ó x ¦. PÜ ´ q Ä € 5 §  ó x ¦. 3. 4. When you have your response. 8. Note that sometimes no specific response is called for. c G Shin 2006 . 6. Step 1: Cover Column 2 Step 2: Read the first item in Column 1 and try to think of an appropriate response in the polite-formal mode.

Vx §? 2. ¦¦ € x. q 6 PÄ ´ Ü € 5 . Vx §. q 6 PÄ ´ Ü € . q 6 PÄ ´ Ü €  . Vx §. this time using the polite-informal style. Vx §? 9. Vx §. Vx §. PÜ ´ q Ä €  . q 6 PÄ ´ Ü € 5 . 6. # † = T" X q PB ´ x §. 3. Again. Vx §. c G Shin 2006 53 . ¬ª s Æ ˜ " x §. note that sometimes no specific response is called for. 10. or 3. PÜ ´ q Ä € . PÜ ´ q Ä € . 7. — 3. Vx §. Vx §. Vx §.‡< ´ w T# Q Tq …§ À ó 4 Insa revisted: Polite-Informal Now do the same. Vx §? 3. T" # Xx ¦. — 8. q  PB ´ x §. 3. — 4. Column 1 Column 2 1. 3. Vx §? 3. PÜ ´ q Ä € 5 . q 6 PÄ ´ Ü € . 5. ¬ª s Æ ˜ " x §. q 6 PÄ ´ Ü €  . `x F : ˆ. Vx §. Š# ÷ ¤ Tx ¦. Vx §.

# 6 U ó Ì ¨# Tx §. 3. 3.   à  ¬<  V § Â9 ó S´ F P n á E  < Vx §.= V7» Î 5 From Polite Informal to Polite Formal (1) Review Pages 42 and 43. and change the style of each of following statements into Polite Formal.   x §. 3.   x §. 2 ×#  Tx §. 8. s  ¦@ †q } …< V x §. À« ó ¨ Àt ó «< VF S 9§ Šx  ¦§  ó õ| Ú ± ˆ< Wx §. q  P ´ Bx §. 4. 7. [Ž O < ­B x §. c G Shin 2006 . ½T í Ü #x §. ¦¦ } s‘ ¨w ˆp ˆ2 Ù ×#  Tx §. 6. 54 1. 12. 2. 11. 5. ‘  ¨n U¨ > Ì# ó Tx §. £ 6 Š  x §. 10. 9. hx §.

2. 8. / : Æ 5ó Ì ¨# Tx §? Š  £ x §? r  õ/ ¼ Æ. 11. V¨ F Ì# ó T§ x? c G Shin 2006 55 . 6. T #  x §? ‡ ‚ = ó Ì ¨# Tx §? Ð# ó ¨ Tx §? 4. 9.‡< ´ w T# Q Tq …§ À ó 6 From Polite Informal to Polite Formal (2) Review Pages 42 and 43. 12. and change the style of each of following questions into Polite Formal. Ψ » À¨ ó ‘w ˆ< Wx §? U2 > n ×#  Tx §? x  ¦® Ú õ p ˆ2 Ù À  W <x §? 10. 5. 1. 3. "  Ox §? êB ó x §?  ó  ê< Wx §? 7.

. Ψ » Àˆ ó s. œ‘ w ¨‘ ¨. c G Shin 2006 . T" # Xx ¦. Vx §. [Ž O < ­ . 4. Ðx ó ¨ ˆ. œ. Vx §. Vx §. `x F : ˆV . 8. Vx §. Vx §. r Vx §.   Ã5  n P¨ ´ ‘. Vx §. and change the style of each of following commands into Polite Formal. ‚ í ‡ = ‘ ¨. Vx §.x §. 10. Vx §. 11.= V7» Î 7 From Polite Informal to Polite Formal (3) Review Pages 42 and 43.   . 5. 2. 3. 12. 7. 56 1. Vx §. ˆÛ   Á. 9. 6.  O F .    . Vx §.

please?” (Polite Informal) 13 on the left hand side c G Shin 2006 57 .” (Polite Formal) 2 Dictionary form of the verb not have.. “I have. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 ACROSS 2 “There isn’t/aren’t”. not be 3 “Once again!” 6 “I have a question..‡< ´ w T# Q Tq …§ À ó 8 Crossword Try this crossword.” (Polite Informal) 8 two thousand 11 one thousand one hundred and fifty 12 “Can I have . “I don’t have.” (Polite Formal) 4 “Well done!” (Polite Formal) 5 line 7 “All together!” 9 window 10 “Slowly!” 14 “Listen!” (Polite Informal) 15 the right DOWN 1 “There is/are”.

5. 6. 8. 3. 11. 7. 10. 12. and tell us what time it is in Korean.= V8» Î 8 1 ¦– x µV < j P¨ ´ Ì# ó Tx §? What time is it now? (1) Look at the clock faces below. 4. 1. 2. 58 c G Shin 2006 . 9.

5. 6. 7. 11. 10. 2. 9. 1.¦– x µ< V j P¨ ´ Ì# ó Tx §? 2 What time is it now? (2) Look at the clock faces below. 12. This time use Polite Formal endings. 4. and tell us what time it is. c G Shin 2006 59 . 3. 8.

=
V8»
Î

3

Pure Korean numbers, again

Read aloud the following Pure Korean numbers.
Alternatively, you can do this exercise in pairs: one person reads the following Pure Korean numbers
aloud and the other writes down the numbers. When finished, swap roles.

4

44

70

1

2

55

66

77

40

50

88

99

19

6

7

46

64

73

82

91

8

9

10

20

30

60

3

4

5

80

90

11

22

33

28

37

12

55

5

100

Sino-Korean numbers, again
Do the same as above. But this time you’re practising Sino-Korean numbers.

10

5

20

30

40

50

15

25

35

45

300

1,000

8,000

6,000

9,000

5,000

10,000

40,000

70,000

200,000

600,000

1,000,000

Days of the week
Re-arrange the following days of the week in order. Put Monday first.

Xx
S
<
§¨
À
ó

60

‡x
µ
@
§¨
À
ó

¨x

§¨
À
ó

®x
m 

§¨
À
ó

c G Shin 2006

Àx
ó
¨
§¨
À
ó

«x
|
§¨
À
ó

*x
È
§¨
À
ó

¦–
x
µ<
V 
j

´
Ì#
ó
Tx
§?

6   

x
§, ... (1)

This exercise is for practising making negative sentences. Answer the following questions in Korean.
For each question, use the picture cue provided. Number 1 has been done for you as an example.

1. @
†q
}
…<
V x
§?

2. <

O
­B 
x
§?

3. ¬
Š
"  

"
Ox
§?

4. 9
½
N 
B 
x
§?

5.  
»
Îí
½
Ü#
Tx
§?

6. v
ˆ>
ë
ŽB
µ 
x
§?

7. P
ô¨
¸
Ì#
ó
Tx
§?

8. m
õs
\
ˆ{
»
ý 
<
Vx
§?

9. »
Î 
<
Wx
§?

10. Â
Ô 
ó
Ì
¨#
Tx
§?

11. 5 
<
Wx
§?

12.  
>

F
½#
í

x?

13. ©
Â<
ó
V x
§?

14. 
õÈ
½
*B 
x
§?

15. £
Š  

x
§?

n
Co 
, ¹ 

F
(n 
s
R 

™¹  

–n  

)
o.

).
o

c G Shin 2006

61

=
V8»
Î

7   

x
§, ... (2)
Answer the following questions as in Number 1. Use Polite Formal endings.

1. ;

F
T
ë  

?

2. ¨
ÐB
ó
Œ
†  

?

3. A
Œ
µ  

?

4.  
§
Â
ó  

?

5. B
‡=
„

‹
"  

?

6.   

®
‹
"  

?

7. v
ˆµ
ë
Ž

‹
"  

?

8. Ü
½B
í
Œ
†  

?

9. 
õÈ
½

‹
"  

?

10. n

´
T
ë  

?

11. 9
½
N 
®
‹
"  

?

12. <

O
­®
‹
"  

?

13. †
Œ
M  

?

14. D
Œ
„  

?

15. ¡
T
ë  

?

n
Co
), }
‚R  

}
s
†C  

.
™H  


† 

C.

62

c G Shin 2006

exchange a short conversation according to the Example. 5. 4. 1. for instance: 2 p ˆq Ù P× ´ éx §. 6. 2. 9.¦– x µ< V j P¨ ´ Ì# ó Tx §? 8 Are you free at 2. 8.00? This is a pair-work exercise. 3. Example One person asks a question: 2 < V j P¨ ´ Ì# ó Tx §? The other person then gives a negative answer with a reason. c G Shin 2006 63 . 7. Using each of the clock faces below. : OB G ‡¨ ‚ Ì# ó Tx §.

and a time will have to be negotiated. • È *x §¨ Àx ó ¦– µ 2 Æ ¬ª s ˜ " x §? Is 2. Yes. that’s O. Look at the timetable below and mark with a cross the times in a week when you are usually busy. To do this. q P× ´ éx §. it’s no good.K. *§ È x¨ À ó ¨x  §¨ À ó 8 9 10 11 12 1 2 3 4 5 6 64 c G Shin 2006 ‡x µ @ §¨ À ó Xx S < §ó À ¨ .= V8» Î 9 When are you free? This is a class activity to help you practice asking when people are free. Here are some useful phrases. form a group of four or five and liaise with each other to find a time when everyone is free. -  ®x m  §¨ À ó No.? •   x §.00 pm on Tuesday O. • 6 3. The Situation: Your Korean class was disrupted last week and your teacher has asked you to find time for an extra class. I haven’t got any free time on Tuesday.K. Æ ¬ª s ˜ " x §. Various students in your class have various commitments – just as you have. • È *x §¨ Àx ó ¦õ ½<  V j P¨ ´ Ì# ó T§ x? Have you got time on Tuesday morning? • È *x §¨ À< ó V j P2 ´ ×#  Tx §.

Chorus – repeat after every verse   6 V F  6 V F   x §   6 Vq F „5 t «Ù Á#  Tj P ´  1)  ¥ ½! ü T q „  p ˆ4 Ù Áv N ˆ Þ Â ó § s ¦s À " ø X¦ RÝ ë Äk î P ´  2) H Áç × ¾  v ˆ ø 6 3H Áç × ¾   x § 3  Vp F P9 ´ S F Ö õ < VH Áç × ¾   x § 3) á û Z õ Ö £ Š² ò õ0 Ú Às ¦¥ aq ë „ 6  1 B ‹² † Ú õ ¨9 Ás N ¦¥ a ë  Like many folk songs.000 li •  3 Vp F P9 ´ S F Ö õ < V: in these 3.’ Verse 1: (The idea) ‘He’s thrown me over and gone. The Chorus: The chorus suggests a tone of lament – literally ‘(My love) has gone over the hill. and the visitor would be well advised to come prepared to offer a song. would be to come with a Korean song. sung on the indigenous Korean five-note scale.000 li of mountains and rivers – poetic reference to Korea • á û Z õ: azure blue • Ö £ Š: the sky • ² ò õ: in • 0 Ú À: stars • s ¦: also. the literal meaning of Arirang is not very susceptible to analysis and there is little or no thematic continuity in the verses.’ – a somewhat conventional expression of sentimentalised sorrow. and well worth taking the time to learn. Singing is an almost obligatory part of informal partying.¦– x µ< V j P¨ ´ Ì# ó Tx §? 10 Let’s sing: Arirang There can be few countries in the world where communal singing is more a feature of life than is the case with Korea. Verse 2: (The idea) ‘It’s been a season of plenty all through the land. happened • H Áç × ¾:  abundant harvest •  : subject marker • v ˆ ø 6 3: has come! •  x §: has come •  : these • 3 Vp F P: mountains ´ and rivers • 9 S F õ Ö : 3. It mainly consists of a distinctive chorus with multiple verses which are not always linked in meaning very noticeably to the chorus. but he won’t even go ten li before he gets footsore.. and without doubt the best-known of these is Arirang.. Arirang is a folk song. of course.. Verse 3: (The idea) ‘There are as many stars in the sky as there are sorrows in my heart. but a cheering sentiment in a song that is heavily used as a farming and rice-planting song.) •  p ˆ: (one who is) going • 4 Ù Á: my lord/my N love •  p ˆN Ù Á 4v ˆ: my love who is going • v Þ ˆ: topic marker • § Þ Â ó : distance of ten li (approximately 4km) • s ¦: even • s À " ø X: unable to go • ¦ RÝ ë Ä: lameness (‘foot sickness’) • k î P ´ : has occurred. What is certain is that it is the most easily recognisable tune in Korea. Best of all. too • ¥ aq ë „: are many (and .. Everyone has their own special understanding of what the song really means – our understanding is as follows. Language Notes: •   6 V: device like ‘tra-la-la’ • q F „5 : mountain pass • t «: by way of • Ù Á#  Tj P ´ : has gone over •  : me • ¥ ½: object marker • ! ü T q „: cast aside (and.) •  : this •6 1: my • B ‹Ú † õ ²: in (my) heart •  ¨9 Á: sorrows • ¥ N a ë : are many c G Shin 2006 65 .’ – no discernible connection with Verse 1.’ implying that he will come straight back again. and like many folk songs it is not always easy to trace it back in time.

66 1 2 3 Tr # ˆ  < V" X.= V9» Î 9 # Tr ˆ  < V" X. P# o Tx §? 1 Where does she come from? Answer the following questions.n Z . Number one has been done for you as an example. P# o Tx §? z µ .

v ’n  .

P# o Tx §? Tr # ˆ  < V" X. P# o Tx §? Tr # ˆ  < V" X.o ). P# o Tx §? Tr # ˆ  < V" X. P# o Tx §? Tr # ˆ  < V" X. P# o Tx §? 10 11 12 Tr # ˆ  < V" X. P# o Tx §? 7 8 9 Tr # ˆ  < V" X. P# o Tx §? Tr # ˆ  < V" X. P# o Tx §? 4 5 6 Tr # ˆ  < V" X. P# o Tx §? Tr # ˆ  < V" X. Shin 2006 . P# o Tx §? Tr # ˆ  < V" X. Tr # ˆ  < V" X. P# o Tx §? c G.

Tr
#
ˆ  

<
V"
XP
.
o#
Tx
§?

2

Is he an Australian?
Answer the following questions. Number one has been done for you as an example.

1

2

3 

¬ 

R
ë   

6
S
F 
<
Vx
§?
n
Co
), <
C
IZ7
‚n 

C
no
).

N    

6
S
F 
<
Vx
§?

R8
ë
¥
R    

6
S
F 
<
Vx
§?

4

5

6 

m 

‡
´ 
6
S
F 
<
Vx
§? 

w
ˆu
‡
´ 
6
S
F 
<
Vx
§?

ˆA
w
Rq
õ
¼ 
6
S
F 
<
Vx
§?

7

8

9

õs
¼
q
¦6
3   

6
S
F 
<
Vx
§?

R
:|
ˆ4
S
F 
6
S
F 
<
Vx
§?

Žq
µ
@
„ 
6
S
F 
<
Vx
§?

10

11

12 

n
7
P
´ 
6
S
F 
<
Vx
§?   

¡
ˆ 
6
S
F 
<
Vx
§?

û
Z
å  

6
S
F 
<
Vx
§?

c G. Shin 2006

67

=
V9»
Î

3

Where is it located? (1)
Make sentences according to the Example.

Example

õ
½ 

¥
¾/ß
ÄQ
î
T
<

Question: 
õ
½
¾v
¥
ˆ#
Þ
T 
<

Ì#
ó
Tx
§?
Response: 
õ
½
¥
¾v
ˆß
Þ
Ä<
î
T<
Q

Ì#
ó
Tx
§. 
õ
½
¾v
¥
ˆß
Þ
Ä<
î

Q
ԏ
¨s
¦<

x.

NOTE: If we want to say that London is the capital city of the UK, we then say “
õ
½
¾v
¥
ˆß
Þ
Ä<
î

Q
ԏ
¨s
¦<
Wx
§.” Here, Ô
 is the
possessive marker, equivalent to ’s or of in English, and is pronounced as e in everyday speech.

1. "

Š/w 

‡<
´
T
Q

11. j
õ!
B
T 
/~
³‘
¨

2. à
Ä:
î
V/A
G
‡w
·
‡
´

12. Š
ŸÅ
À 
/q
õs
¼
¦

3. :
R 
;
Ä(A
N
‡Ø
·
Ä)/D
I
Ž<
„
T
Q

13.  
¨
Š
ò   

s
ˆ/

| «{ ´(> ŽØ µ Ä)/¨ I Àt ó ˆ ø 14.  9 Ä N õ/ ½ < T Q 7. 8 VF F ‡/ Ú ¨ Àc ó B õs ˆ 16.  w ˆu ‡ ´ 4. “ ±¨ R ë ? ¾} × ˆt ˆ/¥ R8 ë R    18. : R¥ ½m ü õ/> ¼ ‡¨ µ À ó 8. u ¦w ˆ¡ ˆ / N   6.  ¢ À ó /­ À ó v õ ¼ 17.  A R /7 n P ´ 15.  w ˆu ‡§ ´ Š/'  N# T  5. .

The Eiffel Tower (< VÏ ÷ 1  ö) 8. VC ‹) · 2. Ayer’s Rock (< V # Tw ˆ? º) Õ 9. t « / ¬ R ë   10. 1. r œ /: R| ˆ4 S F 19.   t ˆ /q õs ¼ ¦6 3   4 20. Examples Big Ben (8 ½° N Ú õ) Question: 8 ½° N õv Ú ˆ# Þ T < V¨ Ì# ó Tx §? Response: ß Ä< î T Q õ ½ ¾< ¥ V¨ Ì# ó Tx §. the Parthenon (.  /} ˆ6 Vw F ˆ 9. B ^   ˆ/6 3ý Àm ‡s ´ ˆ Where is it located? (2) Make sentences according to the example. The Colosseum (¬ Št " «.

Ancorwat (: V{ F ‫כ‬t ˆ Â| ˆ  E á) 7. Shin 2006 . VÞ F Ä) ¶ 68 11. Disneyland ( y ˆ õ Bs c ˆ) 10. The Taj Mahal (   " ‰ ®) 14. The Petronas Twin Towers (| ˆá H  ö ) 6. Halong Bay ( ? Á: Õ R ) 5. t ˆ@ Rp ˆp ó ¾õ ¼ ½)  3. The Charles Bridge (ª ‰w " ˆv ˆm à F ) c G. Golden Gate Bridge (¢ Wq  ˆ5 Þ  | ˆ ˆF v à m ) 4. Siberia ( : R  ) 13. Mt Fuji (– µ p P) ´ 12. The Great Wall (n P ´ .

Now ask if the following facilities and amenities can be found nearby. Example 1 Example 2 A:  o U% ¹ `< Vv ˆT Þ û¨ ¸ Ì# ó Tx §? A:  o U% ¹ `< Vß ½¨ î Ì# ó Tx §? B: 6 3.Tr # ˆ  < V" XP . ¨ ÌT ó #x §. Look at the sketch map below. 2 ×#  Tx §. o# Tx §? 5 The street map This is a pair-work exercise. @ 7 †… } q ‹9 ¹ C ½à N Á í . and practise making questions and answers according to the Example. B:   x §.

S < V F [ O < á E †… } @ q ©(  N  à µ Tw ! ˆ' N ¢ R ë ˆ> ë v Ž. µ V F c G. B Œ ƒ ­>  Z< T Q 5  Ä î Ý E á T. Shin 2006 69 .

S < V F   x ¦ 5  ©(  N µ à  . Someone is asking you about them.E Á = the SK-th floor. È V§ F À = toilette ó T. S < Vv F ˆx Þ §? And the cinema? ~Î ³ ÷ 1   | ˆF Š ò  . Question 1   x ¦ 5 p ˆ/ Ù ÆE ÁV Ù <¨ Ì# ó Tx §? Response   x ¦ 5 p ˆx Ù ¦E ÁV Ù <¨ Ì# ó Tx §. and your task is to describe which floor they are located on. T.= V9» Î 6 What floor is it on? The situation: Below is a diagram of a building in a shopping centre. On each floor there are a number of shops and businesses. Translation The video shop is on the 5th floor. N SK . Ù *. Question 2 Translation 8 7 6 5 3 2 1 ¦5 À ó Ä = building.

@ ` g õÈ ½  * ¦" s X\ B d . Which of the following rooms and facilities are to be found in it? Make sentences to describe what floor they’re located on. B Œ ƒ ‹N ¹ C ½ 9à Á í ­>  Z< T Q ˆT Þ v û ¸ Extension exercise 1: Think a bit about the building you study Korean in. For example.

or whatever the main building on your campus is called. This is because the word for ‘four’ (sa .) is pronounced in the same way as the word for ‘death’ – and obviously no one wants to spend much time on ‘the death floor’! 0 6 x · E  ?  Extension exercise 2: Now try the same activity for the Student Union. È V§ F À ó ½5 N 9 V F V F 3 Ô§ À ó Xà " Á í 5  Á• H â ©' Nó À § CULTURAL NOTE: Often there’s no fourth floor on Korean buildings. nK C cD D — # n} S  ·s D “. B Œ ƒ *. especially if the building is a hospital.

n) o. u I’ 9 ™n > s “n D .

.o ).

 Z R > U ts ‹.

. Shin 2006 ½5 N 9 V F ¦" s X\ B d Xà " Á í ©(  N µ à    | ˆF Š. . 70 NOTES: c G. ò   ­ > Z< T Q Ä î Ý á E T. S < V F Š©  ¨  ó   x ¦5  . no )..

B Œ ƒ ˆ¸ Þ v û T .

Imagine that you are describing its contents in Korean for another person. Examples . Printed below is a menu from a coffee shop in Seoul. and make sentences as in the Example. o# Tx §? 7 The menu This is a revision exercise.Tr # ˆ  < V" XP .

000 š ÷ ¶ 7 ·  R $ ­ { · · · · · · · · · · · 0.000 š ÷ ¶ 9 ·  Q ô ­ { · · · · · · · · · · · .000 š – ¶ 8 · · „ ” · ·· ··  «)   · · ··· ··· Å ç~  ó –   ·· | æ š I ¾Å ™ V  Å –w ÷  c G.000 Ù E á < Vx §.000 š  ) 8 · · –  · ­ { š ·· ·· ! O S · · · · · · · · · · 6. · = ë 7 · · › š } ­ { · · · · · · · · · · .000 š ÷ ¶ 1 · æ û ­ { ª} — · · · · · · · · · · · .000 š ÷Ò   ON Ò 1 · O ­ { õ) ù ò · · · · · · · · · · · .000 š  w 8 · · u Ÿ ­ { · · ¾ ™ ·· · · · 12. Shin 2006 71 .000 š · · · · · · ­ { š · ·· – · · · · · · · · · · 6. · 0 · ÷ A 1 · À Q Í ­ { · · · · · · · · · · · .000 š · ý} O · ·  w · u ­ { OŸ · · · · · · · · · · · 0.000 š Ý Ã ­ ·· 00 { ·· 0 · . 8 · ­ { · · · · 6. ‰ O ­ { 00 š 0 .500 š ‰ ’ 7 · · u ’ ­ { · · · · · · · · · · .000 š  BP ÿ  ¤ ­ u x ·· 00 { ·· · 0 · . p ˆ 8.

. 1 2 6 3 4 7 8 9 10 11 12 14 5 15 13 16 17 19 18 20 21 22 23 ACROSS1 in Class 4 India 6 Northeast Asia 11 a little 13 “It’s difficult. Shin 2006 .” 14 Germany 16 the West 20 Russia 21 ‘canned’ beer (as opposed to ‘bottled’ beer) 23 Which country? 72 DOWN1 capital city 2 Middle East 3 four o’clock 5 nine (a PK number) 7 North Korea 8 The Arabic Language 9 now 10 “It’s easy..= V9» Î 8 CROSSWORD Try this crossword.” 11 Korea (DPRK) 12 France 15 Japan 17 Ladies and Gentlemen! 18 South America 19 the vicinity 21 Canberra 22 “Please give me .” c G.

I have.. No). …# ¤ Tx §? Tae-U: 3. Tae-U: s  ˆ p ˆ’ Ù ­ö x §? Annie:   x §. # T " X. Language Notes: • ~ ³‘ ¨# T " X: Where about in Australia • # U N  : various kinds (of things) •  .. x ¦A R   ­w ˆ. Annie: ‡ ´ w õv ½ ¦V ... 6 3 is used to ‘negatively’ disagree.) yet ´ • Note also how to respond to a negative question in Korean. ´ …# ¤ Tx §? Haven’t you been to Sydney yet? 3. P# o Tx §. P# o Tx §? Annie: ³‘ ~ ¨< V" X.?. negative disagreement)   x §.  s ˆ < V" X.  s ˆ < V . Tae-U:  <  p ˆ# Ù Tr ˆ  < V" X.x §. Tae-U: ˆ8   x §?  s ˆ p ˆó Ù êt « ®Ü ÄB î x §? Annie: ¢F W í mx §. Shin 2006 73 . Aren’t you . ½q N P ´ .. (ie. P# o Tx §? Annie: 3? 6 Tae-U: ³‘ ~ ¨ . ! T v ˆm à F .  ‘ ¨ ~ ÀB Þ x §.. ½q N P . ´ …# ¤ Tx §. and perform a role play with your fellow students. Don’t you . I haven’t. P# o Tx §.?. (ie.  ‘ ¨ª ”  x §. . P# o Tx §? Annie: .  6 . Yes (Lit. ½q N P · · ·: haven’t (done . positive disagreement) c G. Tae-U: ³‘ ~ ¨# T " X.. eg. Unlike in English. Your role play can be based on this conversation piece or on your own.. Yes). …# ¤ Tx §. ½q N P. No (Lit.Tr # ˆ  < V" XP . ½q N P . 6  3.  6 . with the question that has been asked. o# Tx §? 9 Role Play Study the conversation piece below. ´ …# ¤ Tx §. s  ˆ p ˆ# Ù U N  t « ®Ü ÄB î x §. and   x § to ‘positively’ disagree. Thus: s  ˆ < V .. etc.. .

4 1972.17 1979.12 2. Note that the Month has been put before the date.10.5. then write them down in Hangeul.23 8.31 9.17 7.13 11.25 11. you can do this exercise in pairs: one person reads the following dates aloud and the other writes down the numbers. Alternatively.10 8. But this time you’re practising years as well.9.6 12.26 6.7.22 7.11.1.15 1948.5.7.1 2000.6.19 1961.23 4.27 1960.8 5. 74 1919.25 1953.18 1987.6.16 10.10.2 1990.1 1945.15 2002.16 1972.4.30 9.8.6 9.4 Dates (2) Do the same as above.22 5.1 12.27 12.5 10. When finished.31 2002.3 1997.19 7.= V 10 » Î 10 1 Æ / < V¨ À# ó T¢ ^# ë Tx §? Dates (1) Practise pronouncing the following Korean dates.29 6.3.5. Shin 2006 .6.15 1.10.14 12.17 1988. 2 1.29 1988.17 1950.6 6.10.15 9.26 1980.17 2000.9 6.29 7.30 c G.7.2 2.6.21 3.8 10. swap roles.8 4.8 10.28 5.1 3.

Æ / < Vó À ¨# T¢ ^# ë Tx §? 3 When’s your birthday? This is a questionnaire exercise. for example. Ask as many of your fellow students as you can when their birthdays are and enter them in the grid below Example Question: · · · . the answer is 7 July Response: 7 m ® 7¨ À ó < Vx §. Shin 2006 75 . Ù  ¾ ? û¨  M À ó 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Language Note: •  ? ¾ = name Ù c G. M û¨  À ó / Æ ® Uª m ÷ * < Vx §? If.

Š  ¤ x ¦- to come back Š  ¤  x § As in 2 10. ¬ª s Æ ˜" to be all right ¬ª s Æ ˜ " x § ¬ª s Æ ˜¨ " ^# ë Tx § 6.  OB F x § As in 4 25.  : ­- to learn ö : x §  : º# q Tx § 20. ¦t u ˆ- to not know Š  ¦ x § Š¤  ¦ ^# ë Tx § 18. . „¥ q Të to be grateful „ q ö x § „ q  º# q Tx § 4.= V 10 » Î 4 The past tense marker (I) Look at the Verb ‘conjugation’ table below. Rë § to live R ë § x § As in 5 22. - to go x § ^# ë ¡ Tx § 2. and your task is to complete it. aë ¥ to be many a ë ¥ x § As in 5 15. ‡¡ ´ o Të to be glad (to see you) ‡ö ´ o x § As in 3 19. …# ¤ Tx § 3. ‡= „ B V - to do homework ‡= „ B VB x § As in 4 23. å  øv Z ¦- to take an exam å  øÀ Z x § As in 2 76 c G. P ´ n - to meet P ´ n x § As in 1 13. ½í Ü to eat ½# í Ü Tx § As in 13 17. Âý - to be hot Hö  x § As in 3 8. Š  ¤ - to go back Š  ¤ x § As in 1 9. Š £ to play Š  £ x § As in 5 7. ~  À Þ - to be warm ~  ÀB Þ x § As in 4 11. which is incomplete. ¦v to see/look at x À § As in 2 21. °p  to be easy íö õ x § As in 18 24.  O F - to begin .   - to drink "  Ox § Þ  Ì# î Tx § 12. P¤ ´ n Š÷ to make P¤ ´ n Š# ÷ Tx § P¤ ´ n Š2 ÷ Ì#  Tx § 14. [Ž O < ­ - to study [Ž O < ­B x § [Ž O < ­† # ÿ Tx § 5. VST Meaning Polite Informal Statement PRESENT TENSE Polite Informal Statement PAST TENSE 1. R ë ¥ - to speak RB ë ¥ x § As in 4 16. v ¦- to go and have a look À x § . Shin 2006 .

¿× E to be cold ­ ’ö x § As in 3 50. Ìó ¨ to have Ì ó ¨# Tx § As in 13 41. TÞ #  to be difficult T # Oö x § As in 3 31. × 2 to not have ×#  2 Tx § As in 13 32. ˆ¤ to write h -x § Ì#  < Tx § 28. Shin 2006 77 . Rë ¨ to know R ë ¨ x § As in 5 29. ½í à to be few ½ í à# Tx § As in 13 46. - to sleep S F . ¦x to come x  § As in 2 34.  to do  Bx § As in 4 c G. õB ¾  Œ † - to practise ¾ B õ ŒB † x § As in 4 33.    . Å# N : TT ! . Ðó ¨ to read Ð ó ¨# Tx § As in 13 40. x § As in 3 43. ½ N 9  - to have a meal ½ N 9 B x § As in 4 on the previous page 27.to talk   B x § As in 4 38.  = 2 × to be boring  = 2 ×#  Tx § As in 13 44. ˆ> ë v Ž µ - to exercise ˆ ë v> ŽB µ x § As in 4 35.  = ¨ Ìó to be interesting  = ¨ Ì# ó Tx § As in 13 45. ®Ü  Ä î - to be famous ® Ü ÄB î x § As in 4 36.to forget Å N :# T! T Ox § As in 11 42. À# ó ¨ T - to wake up À ó ¨# T x § As in 3 39.  to be  < Vx §/< Wx § 2  Ì#  Tx §/ß Ì# î Tx § 37. õÈ ½  * - to telephone ½ È õ *B x § As in 4 47. ¨‘ to give ¨ ‘# Tx § ¨2 ‘ Ì#  Tx § but see 19 49. ” ª to be good ”  ª x § As in 5 48.Æ / < Vó À ¨# T¢ ^# ë Tx §? 5 The past tense marker (II) Do the same as above. S F . T: # Ê to be how T #D Jx § Tˆ # #  Tx § 30. VST Meaning Polite Informal Statement PRESENT TENSE Polite Informal Statement PAST TENSE 26.

. This is a questionnaire exercise. @M † } û1   ? ¾ Ù @M † } û2  ?  ¾ Ù T= # V/ Æ < V¨ À# ó T¢ ^# ë Tx §? Æ / < V < ø9 … ½ N ¥ ½† ü # ÿ Tx §? Æ / < V@ †q } …< V¡ ^# ë Tx §? Æ / < Và Á9 í Á9 N ½ N ¥ ½† ü # ÿ Tx §? Æ / < V© Â< ó V¡ ^# ë Tx §? Æ / < V$ \Ü ½ €9 ½ N ¥ ½† ü # ÿ Tx §? Æ / < V. S© F Š© ÷ ^# ë Tx §? T= # V/ Æ j P< ´ [Ž O ­† # ÿ Tx §? w< ‡ ´ T# Q T ¨2   ¨ Ì2 ó Ì#  Tx §? Æ / j P¨ ´ Ì2 ó Ì#  Tx §? v> ˆ ë Žv µ ˆq Þ Pÿ ´  †# Tx §? À  2 µ Ž >q P† ´ T ÿ #x §? Sv F . Ask the following questions to five of your fellow students and enter the responses in the grid below.. Shin 2006 @M † } û3  ?  ¾ Ù @M † } û4  ?  ¾ Ù @û † } 5 M  ? ¾ Ù . Example Question: # T= V/ Æ < V¨ À# ó T¢ ^# ë Tx §? Response:   à  < V¨ À# ó T¢ ^# ë Tx §. ˆ/ Þ Æ j P© ´ ^# ë Tx §? 78 c G.= V 10 » Î 6 Yesterday I did .

. =⇒ 2  < Vn P¢ ´ T ë  . Discuss your answers with your fellow student. Example 2 ... 5......... ~ ³Î ÷ 1 . ó ó ê® ‰ " x §? 3..... and the particle -< V" X indicates the location of an action.  < X† S } @q …. † } @M û9  ½5 N V. x ¦£ Šó ò  ©..Æ / < Vó À ¨# T¢ ^# ë Tx §? 7 V vs V < <" X The particle -< V indicates progress towards a goal (and is also used with some time expressions)... n F Pë ´ ¢ T  .... q …§ À.. ¨ ÀE ó ½¤ N Š  ë T ¡  . ¡ d Z ë w ‡< ´ TT Q #¥ ½< ü [Ž O ­® ‰ " x §? 4..... 1. Read the following sentences and fill in the blank space with either -< V or -< V" X where appropriate.... =⇒ } @M † û9  ½5 N V< F V" Xn P¢ ´ T ë  . s ¦" X\ B. ´ n¢ P T ë  ....... x §? 2..

... ´ m ‡ w< T... B Œ. 7....... w ‡< ´ T....... 8. n ƒ P¢ ´ T ë  .... ¡ ´ R ë x §? 12.. 6 1ç  ¾...... K ôs  ¦¢ Rs ë ˆ...   x §... ¡ Q T ë  ...... 10.......... x ¦– µ. 6 1¨ À~ ó ³Î ÷8 1 Rw ˆ| «6 V.. s õ‰ ¼ †M û¨  À..... w ‡< ´ T¹ Q ‹ C9 ½à N Á. ¡ Q T ë  .   ½ õ¨ ‘¥ R< ë Vp P. 9 í ½ N ® ‰ " x §? 9.. ¡ € Z ë < [Ž O ­® ‰ " x §? 11.....  F < ø9 … ½ N ¥ ½® ü ‹ "  .. T ø! ¸ T¥ ½Ü ü ½© í Š ÷ x §? 13....... 6.... < Xç S  ¾ 12 ®.. $ \Ü ½..

.. x §.. @ †q } …........ 14... w ó ‡< ´ TC Q ‹9 ¹ ½© N Š ÷ P> ´ n Œ ¹  ... ¨ € Šw  ‡r ´ ‡ ´ §  ó  ... $ \Ü ½.   x §. ë ¨ À ó  © Â... x ¦£ Šx ò ¦– µ...... L 7  s ˆ © Â. 16. Shin 2006 79 .  õB ¾ Œ® † ‹ "  .. c G.......... ¨ ó Àt ó ˆC ø ‹9 ¹ ½© N Šn ÷ P¤ ´ Š ÷ x §? 17...  C ‹‘ ¹ ¨¥ R....... 15.. ó  .

4 W/w F ‡< ´ TT Q #/ ¾ õB Œ † - I practised Korean during the day. Make sentences according to the model and also to the translations. @  ­ /# T= V/x ¦– µ/– ¶7 { »/ ý - Tae-U bought a mobile phone yesterday afternoon. 7 L  s ˆ /8 S/ F . 8.= V 10 » Î 8 Using Particles This exercise is to help you get used to putting together simple sentences in Korean. 13.  ¾ß ¥ Ä î /# T= V/x ¦– µ/q „: V G / - Seon-Yeong bought a cat yesterday afternoon. Example ˆ   F S 6/# T= V/7 L  s ˆ ¥ ½/n ü P ´ That person met David yesterday. @ †q } …o U% ¹ `/C ‹9 ¹ ½à N Á/ í ‘ ¨/¥ aë There are lots of restaurants near university.   ˆ@ †M } û/‘  ¨¥ R/B ë ‡= „ V/ / - That student finished the homework over the weekend. 12. x ¦– µ/s õ† ¼ ‰/v ˆ> ë Ž/ µ - I exercised with my friend in the afternoon. ¨ À ó  / k P‘ ´ ¨¥ R/w ë ‡¢ ´ W/¥ í a ë /¤ ˆ10.   ˆ@ †M } û/P  ô/¥ ¸ a ë /¨ Ðó The student reads a lot of books. 4. 7 @ †q } …/w ‡< ´ T# Q T/:  ­- I learn Korean at university 14. Note in particular the use of particles (case markers). ˆ   6 Sv F ˆ# Þ T= V 7 L  s ˆ ¥ ½n ü P¢ ´ ^# ë Tx §. <   /3 Á N /y ¦< X/Ü S ½# í Tv ¦- Annie tried a little bit of kimchi. 7. 2. $ \@ †M } û/Î  ÷8 1 R  õ/¥ ½ a ë /v ¦- That student (over there) watches TV a lot. 9. 6. $ \@ †M } û/¨  Àt ó ˆ¥ ø R/y ë ¦< X/ S - That student (over there) speaks a little Japanese. # T= V/w ‡Q ´ T <# T ¨2 Â/   6 V/> F ‰¹ Kylie wrote lots of Hangeul last weekend. We listened to the ‘Arirang’ yesterday in the Korean class. 15. 1. 3. 5. @  ­/# TV =/# U à  /¨ À# ó T - Tae-U got up at six o’clock yesterday. 11.

30 yesterday. 20. On the left of the third last line is a cat. /q P/ ´  - David doesn’t drink coffee at night. 19. w ‡< ´ T/3 Q Á N / ®Ü Ä î - Korea is famous for Gimchi. ¥ È/± ó úG  Jª Š/c  ¬N o ‡/q é „: V G /¨ Ìó Annie came late to the Korean class yesterday. 16. x ¦£ Š/x ò ¦µ – 1 /w ‡< ´ TC Q ‹9 ¹ ½à N Á/s í õ† ¼ ‰/à Á9 í Á/Ü N ½í I had lunch with my friend at a Korean restaurant at 7. 17. <   /# T= V/w ‡< ´ T# Q T ¨2 Â/=  5 † /x ¦18. # T= V/$ \€ ½ Ü/7 o ‡/D ´ Ž< „ TC Q ‹9 ¹ ½à N Á/s í õ‰ ¼ †/$ \Ü ½9 € ½ N / I had dinner with my friend at a Chinese restaurant at 7. 80 c G.30 yesterday. Shin 2006 .

Œ ­< V/ Æ j Pw ´ ‡< ´ T# Q T¥ ½O ü [ <Ž ­B x §? 10. 10ç  ¾½ < õ V# T " X§ R¨ ë ^# ë Tx §? 3. w ‡< ´ T# Q Tp ˆ2 Ù À  > Žq µ P< ´ [Ž O ­† T ÿ #x §? 14.  < T# Q T¥ ½< ü [Ž O ­B . …# ¤ Tx §? 4. …# ¤ Tx §? # Tr ˆ  < V . …# ¤ Tx §? 5. x ¦£ ŠÞ ò ˆ v/ Æ ® Uª m ÷ * < Vx §? 12. 1. 6 1¨ ÀÞ ó ˆ v ®x m §¨ À ó < Vx §? 13. w ‡< ´ T# Q T ¨2 Âv  ˆ1‘ Þ ¨¨ À< ó V/ Æ j P¨ ´ Ì# ó Tx §? 9. # T= V\ $Ü ½< € V# T " X9 ½ N † T ÿ #x §? 15.  < TV Q < .  k P‘ ´ ¨¥ R< ë Vó ê† # ÿ Tx §? 7. # T= Vx ¦– µ 5 < Vó ê† # ÿ Tx §? 6.  < X# S T " X§ R ë x §? 2.   õ‘ ½ ¨¥ R< ë Vó êB x §? 8.Æ / < Vó À ¨# T¢ ^# ë Tx §? 9 Some real life questions Answer the following questions in Korean. < Xç S ¾Þ  ˆ v/ Æç ¾  < Vx §? 6 1ç ¾Þ  ˆ vx §? c G. Shin 2006 81 . w ‡< ´ Ts Q õ‰ ¼ † q „¡ Z ë w ‡< ´ T# Q T¥ ½ ü õB ¾ ŒB † x §? 11.

= V 11 » Î 11 ë a ¥ s ˆ. Ž  . 82   . 1 WORD SQUARE See how many words relating to food you can find in the word-square below. vertically and diagonally to find them. H ! ! R ' & ™  œ D s «   b ª R  K ‡ D } C x C ‚  C F ' & R R  ‘ f  # –  s   C ƒ D K   C F –  }   ‚  ‘ C … > 8 . p  _ –  I –  } I   … =  <  n ˜  _ . Vx §. Ž C Œ . Ž  A –  - U  $    8 p R   –  } . ¶ S  _  Œ C n   U C n « D s  o G D _ Œ  ´ C e c G. You can look horizontally. Ž  o  F . Ž M e  [   C < –  } b  #   b  « –  U e >  C Z . Shin 2006 . > †  K .

Shin 2006 83 . at 11. at 2. at 3.00 this morning at the bank 11. using the VST – (x ˆ) x §? form. at 11.00 at the airport today ¦£ x Šw ò ‡ ´ < V< [@ O < } V" Xn P¢ ´ R ë x §? Shall we meet at 1 o’clock at the airport today? 1. at 5.00 this Sunday at Seoul station 5.00 this afternoon at the bus terminal 8. at 12.m. at 10. Example at 1.00 p. 2 Using -(x ˆ) x § Suggest to people that you meet at the following times and places.00 tomorrow at the university 2. Vx §. at 2.00 this evening at the hospital 10.m.00 at the library 7. at 7.00 this Sunday at the park 12.00 today at the movie theatre 4. at 9.00 p. at l5. at 6.00 at the student canteen 9. this Saturday at In-cheon Airport c G.a ë ¥ s ˆ. at the coffee shop 6.00 this Saturday at the park 3.

let’s ..  ú6 # O© F Š¤ ÷ ˆ19. – µ9 ½© N Š‘ ÷ ¨s ˆ ë 5. < [@ O < } V 16. 12 < V.’ answers. ´ V© F Š2Ý ÷ Ä î 4.  < X9 S ½ N  11. O F 9.  < Xq S ˆ© ø Š6 ÷ 184 c G. £ bq ë „ § x ¥ ½n ü P¤ ´ Š÷ 7.  » Α ¨ˆ w¥ ½ ü  20. let’s do it.?/Yes. P ô© ¸ Š¨ ÷ Ðó 10.   ˆ q „ 4 < V¨ À# ó T 18. x ¦– µ< V õÈ ½ * 13. s õ‰ ¼ †¥ ½n ü P ´ 3.?’ questions.... § Šq  „¥ ½Ü ü ½# í Tv ¦6. w ‡< ´ T# Q Tü ½ ¥< [Ž O ­ 12. Shin 2006 . Î ÷8 1 R ½ õ © Šv ÷ ¦15. let’s . S© F Š ÷ 17.. Example  ‰ " ® § x? Shall we do it? 3. and then into ‘Yes.. ¡ Z ë „ ‡ BV = 2. 1. Yes.= V 11 » Î 3 Shall we .  ¨  2© Š ÷ . j P. ® 6 ‹ "  .. T ø! ¸ T¥ ½ ü Ü ½í 8.  ¾M ¥ û4  Á N q „   14. Transform the following verb-stems into ‘Shall we ..

´  n C« <3 s RA  G. « — . Vx §. 2. For each question use the picture cue provided.a ë ¥ s ˆ. Number one has been done for you as an example. 1. }¡ ¦ ˆ q „  } ˆt «Ü ½# í Tx §? n Co ). 4 Using Negatives Answer negatively to the following questions.

no ).  7 } Fo  <3 A Gn .

¨<  Wx §? 3. ¬. <  XÎ S ÷8 1 R  ½ õ© ŠÀ ÷ x §? ¾ß ¥  Ä î p ˆ Ù 5¥ ½ª ü ”  B x §? c G. ´ j Vv F ˆ Þ 9ö x §? 7. Shin 2006 85 . o ^ V F < Vx §? P. # U » Ψ À ó ¨ Ì# ó Tx §? Vq G : „¥ ½ª ü ”  B x §? 5. 4. 6. 8.) o.

One of you asks a question: # T= Vó êÜ ½2 í Ì#  Tx §?. #= T Vó êÜ ½2 í Ì#  Tx §? e M C A G“ n s . and the other answers using the picture cue provided. 5. 2. 6. 4. 9. 3. 1. 8. 7.= V 11 » Î 5 What did you eat yesterday? Do this exercise in pairs. You then exchange at least one follow-up question and the answer. Number one has been done for you as an example.

T # " XÜ ½2 í Ì#  Tx §? R  ¹ I… >_ t G} D ƒn .o ).

ZA G “ sn .

86 c G. Shin 2006 .o ).

.’ before. Vx §. in the spaces provided.’. w 6 ‡< ´ TC Q ‹9 ¹ ½© N Šª ÷ ”  B x §.a ë ¥ s ˆ. WF í ¢ mx §. TARGET QUESTION: POSITIVE ANSWER: NEGATIVE ANSWER: ‡< ´ w TC Q ‹9 ¹ ½: ´ N w< ‡ TC Q ‹9 ¹ ½© N Šª ÷ ”  B x §? 3.. Šq  § „: (1) (2) (3)  8 Á¦ N T: ë (1) (2) (3) Á N 3 : (1) (2) (3) ˆ. 6 Find someone who likes . In case you haven’t met ‘¢ WF í mx §.. Your objective is to find someone in the class who likes one or more of the following. and it carries the idea of negativity effectively – and more politely – than a brusque ‘  x §’. Write the names of up to three students who answer ‘Yes’. This is a class activity.. it is the equivalent of English ‘We-ell.

w 5   (Spaghetti): (1) (2) (3) |  ˆ.

  (Meat-pie): (1) (2) (3) O F 6  (Laksa): (1) (2) (3) õ9 ¼ q S F : (1) (2) (3) .

Shin 2006 87 . : (1) (2) (3) ô‘  K ¨: (1) (2) (3) ¦s } ¦‘ ¨: (1) (2) (3) w ö ˆ : (1) (2) (3) W}  ¢ ˆ: (1) (2) (3) R @ w ˆ: (1) (2) (3) Jy G ˆ: (1) (2) (3) ù® * ® ‹: " (1) (2) (3) ‡< ´ w Tß Q Ä* î È: (1) (2) (3) ‡< ´ w Tr Q œ8 : (1) (2) (3) : 5 (1) (2) (3) „: q V G : (1) (2) (3) Language Notes: ß Ä* î È = movie. r œ8  = songs c G.

88 c G. and then your host suggests that you both eat. you feel you’ve had enough and decline. Shin 2006 . • By now. • The meal finishes. • Your host then invites you to have more Galbi. • You reply yes.= V 11 » Î 7 MAKING DIALOGUE Make a dialogue to fit the following situation. Your host invites you to begin. • You and your host talk for while. it’s delicious. • You have been invited to a Korean home. Your host greets you at the door. and offers you a cola. • You say hello to your host. • You accept the cola. • You eat a plateful and remark on how delicious it is. and you say you’ve eaten well and add what a good meal it has been. and invites you in. • You all sit at the table. • Your host asks you to sit down. • Your host asks if you like Gimchi.

8 Role Play Study the following conversation piece. Æ ¬ª s ˜ " x §. and do role plays with fellow students on the basis of the piece or on your own. 6  3. / Æ < V¡ R ë x §? C ‹ .  j P¨ ´ Ì# ó Tx §. 6 ¹ Æ ¬ª s ˜ " x §? ¾ß ¥  Ä: 6 î 3. 5 í o ‡< ´ V@ †q } … . …# ¤ Tx §? Annie:   x §. Annie: ˆÛ   Á. n U¨ > Ì# ó Tx §. Seon-Yeong is arranging with Annie to go to a Korean restaurant.. @ †q } …o U% ¹ `< V¡ R ë © Â ó ¥ a ë x §. ¡ Z ë ¡ R ë x §? Annie: 3. ¾ß ¥  Ä: w î ‡< ´ TC Q ‹9 ¹ ½# N TD Jx §? ª ”  B x §? Annie: 3. Below. ¡ R ë  # TD Jx §? n U¨ > Ì# ó Tx §? ¾ß ¥  Ä: 6 î 3.a ë ¥ s ˆ. Vx §.. ¾ß ¥  Ä:  î  õ| ½ «x §¨ À< ó V j P¨ ´ Ì# ó Tx §? Annie: 3? 6 ¾ß ¥  Ä:  î  õ| ½ «x §¨ À< ó V j P¨ ´ Ì# ó Tx §? Annie: . ¾ß ¥  Ä: ¡ î R ë Ü ½# í T. ¡ 6 Z ë  x §. ª 6 ”  B x §.

6 3 = Oh.. A: Well. í TRANSLATION S: A: S: A: S: A: S: A: S: Are you free this Saturday? Pardon? Are you free this Saturday? Ah – I understand now. There are quite a few Galbi places around near the school.. What’s it like? Is it nice? Yes it is.30. C ‹ . What time shall we go? Let’s see. then.   ¹ ˆÛ Á. Shin 2006 89 . c G. I’m free... What do you think of Korean food? Do you like it? Yes. = well. Yes. let’s meet at the coffee shop at 5. I do.. . B Œ< ƒ V" Xn P ´ x §. = uhm . Shall we go? A: Sure.. then . is 6 o’clock OK? S: Yeah. fine. Have you tried pork Galbi (spare ribs)? No.... Language Notes:  ... I see ..

to ... Shin 2007 . ! Tw ˆt « x §? From . Look at the pictures below and make sentences according to the Example..= V 12 » Î 12 1  t « x §. Example Â< ó © V" X 6 1  ! Tw ˆt «¡ ^# ë Tx §. (1) (2) (3) (4) 90 c G..

! Tw ˆt « x §? (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) c G. t « x §. Shin 2007 91 .

.000 441 5.000 232 4...?: X© " Š<  V" X .      2 À   × éx §? How long .000 153 2. giving fares. and the distances are in kilometers..30 X "© Š—Ø  đ I ¨ 60.30 X "© Š—'  H‘ : ¨ 50.= V 12 » Î 2 HOW MUCH? HOW FAR? The following table contains basic express bus travel information.?: X© " Š<  V" X ..      2 À  < Wx §? How far .?: " X© Š<  V" X .000 233 3..30 X "© Š—7  ‰ † 55.. The fares are in won.00 X "© Š—3  V? F Á Ù 42. distance and journey times between Seoul and a number of major Korean cities.00 X "© Š—  õ‘ ½ ¨ 37.000 297 4.000 363 4. Shin 2007 ..     j  P ´ X "© Š—Ž  ­p P ´ 70. Read the table and make sentences according to the Examples.000 320 4.00 X "© Š—7   ½ õ 28.00 Examples How much ..   / Æ j PN ´ ‹+ † À ñ Ox §? 92 c G.

 t « x §. ¡ í Z ë ¡ T ë  . ¦8 x j Pn ´ P ´ < Vx §.    . B:   ¨p ˆx Ù §? 7. A: @  ­p ˆw Ù ‡< ´ T¥ Q R© ë Š< ÷ [Ž O ­B x §. A: © Â< ó V" X$ \Ü ½9 € ½ N ¥ ½B ü x §. U· @8 e~ > ±n´  o ). Following is a scrambled conversation between Ji-Su and David. B: ¨ Àt ó ˆ< ø Vp ˆx Ù §? 4. B: ¨ Àt ó ˆ¥ ø Rv ë ˆx Þ §? 3.   6 ˆ. Vx §? T #  x §? 3. B: H Ä J õv ¾ ˆx Þ §? 8. A: § Šq  „¥ ½‘ ü ¨s ˆ† ë # ÿ Tx §. David: David: David:   ¨:   ¨: David:   ¨:   ¨:   ¨: David: 4 9 ½ õ! Tw ˆ¥ ½ ü x §. A: 4 ÷  ¨p ˆu Ù ˆÈ æ ¥ ½ª ü ”  B x §. A: © T> ë ¥ ½‘ ü ¨s ˆ† ë # ÿ Tx §. B: Ý ÄK î ô‘  ¨p ˆx Ù §? —. ! Tw ˆt « x §? 3 Jumbled Conversation This is a reading comprehension exercise. Unscramble it and write it in the space provided.  s \ a . B:  ¾ß ¥ Ä î p ˆx Ù §? 9. B: D Ž< „ Tp Q ¾s ¼ ˆv ë ˆx Þ §? 10. §D x ‹# † T+ N. A: j õK B ô‘  ¨¥ ½§ ü ^# ë Tx §. x 6 ¦8 j Pn ´ P ´ < V§ x. Using the particle s ¦ This exercise is to help you practice using the particle s ¦. A: w ‡< ´ T< Q V¡ ^ ë . A:  õ ½‘  ¨¥ R< ë Vp P< ´ V x §. 1. Answer B’s question in each example positively using the particle -s ¦. A: w ‡< ´ Tp Q ¾s ¼ ˆ© ë Š¨ ÷ Ð# ó Tx §. B: ß Ä î ¨p ˆx Ù §? 6. B: n P‹ ´ ¨p ˆx Ù §? c G. 6  1< V x §. Æ / õ! ½ Tw ˆ¥ ½ ü x §? ˆ8   x §?   ˆÛ Á. 3. Shin 2007 93 . Number one has been done for you. A: q „: V G ¥ ½ª ü ”  B x §. © 6 R ë 6 1x §. 3. Ji-Su has just met David after not seeing him for a few days. P# o Tx §. B:  < ø9 … ½ N p ˆx Ù §? 5. 2.

Refer to it to answer the questions that follow. QUESTION: ANSWER: 83 ½ õ! Tw ˆp ˆ# Ù T    x §? 83 ½ õ! Tw ˆp ˆ Ù @  E á   x §. T # " X T #   ? 83 ½ õ X© " Šß  ½ î @   E á 53 ½ õ ĵ î Ü Ž > Ž7 µ > s ˆ ë 142 ½ õ " X© Š  7@ †q } … Á} N 3 ¦< [@ O  } 342 ½ õ Žt ‚ D « 1 Sp F 4 P ´ 586 ½ õ á  û¨ Z [ ë õ. ¼ p V 5¨ [ ë „B q ‡! ‚ Tw ˆ' N ¢ R ë 23 ½ õ „ q 7¨ [ ë Ž7 µ > s ˆ ë . ¾  V7 @ †q } … 7 õ ½   @ á E   á E 39 ½ õ ¾.  @  E á< V p ˆ! Ù Tw ˆp ˆ/ Ù Æ õ ½ < Vx §? 7. 23 ½ õ! Tw ˆp ˆ# Ù T " X# T    x §? 5.   á< E V p ˆ! Ù Tw ˆp ˆ/ Ù Æ õ ½ < Vx §? 3. 39 ½ õ! Tw ˆp ˆ# Ù T    x §? 4. ¾ V7 @ †q } …< V x §? 8. 142 ½ õ! Tw ˆp ˆ# Ù T    x §? 94 c G. V F 1.   á< E V p ˆ! Ù Tw ˆp ˆ# Ù T " X« ½¦  RB ë x §? 6. Shin 2007 . 586 ½ õT !w ˆp ˆ# Ù T " X« ½ë  R ¦B x §? 2.= V 12 » Î 5 Which bus goes where? The table below lists the starting point and the terminus for a number of bus routes. 586 ½ õ! Tw ˆp ˆ Ù õ.

1. ~ ³Î ÷v 1 ˆv Þ ˆT Þ û ¸ 2. ! Tw ˆt « x §? 6 THE STREET MAP Look at the street map below and fill in the blanks. t « x §. Number one has been done for you as an example. ˆ Þ v .

. 5. 3. B Œ2 ƒ É< V¨ Ì# ó T§ x. V¨ < Ì# ó Tx §. 10. ß ½v î ˆ~ Þ ³Î ÷ 1 4. « <  s V¨ Ì# ó T§ x.

V¨ < Ì# ó T§ x. 12. c G. 13. V¨ < ÌT ó #x §. Shin 2007 v ˆ Þ ­> Z< Tc Q ¬N o ‡2 é É< V Ì# ó ¨ Tx §. ˆ Þ v ­> Z< Tí Q ñ< V¨ Ì# ó Tx §. 14. È *. 15. 95 . " Xà Áv í ˆC Þ ‹9 ¹ ½à N Á í V¨ < ÌT ó #x §. ß ½v î ˆO Þ [ < E á V¨ < ÌT ó #x §. vv ˆ Þ ˆT Þ û¦ ¸ xr »N 㠇2 é É< V Ì# ó ¨ T§ x. B Œv ƒ ˆC Þ ‹9 ¹ ½à N Á í Ì# ó ¨ Tx §. < [ O áÞ E ˆ v~ ³1 ÷ Î 9. Vó F À §v ˆ< Þ [ O E á V < ˆÝ Ù p Ä î áF E W 7v ˆ Þ ¾ õ< V¨ Ì# ó Tx §. V¨ < Ì# ó Tx §. C V© F Âv ó ˆ< Þ [ O E á 7. 6. 11. L ôÈ  *à Áv í ˆ~ Þ ³Î ÷ 1 8. V¨ < Ì# ó Tx §. # UT û ¸ p ˆ Ù ©( N V¨ < ÌT ó #x §.

10....... (Give dates.......= V 12 » Î 7 Conversation Activities This is a conversation exercise about commuting and travelling in general........... ..... P# o Tx §... or months of the year) 3..... It took .¨ Ù ÀŽ ó ­' N .. I left home at .....(x ˆ)t «¡ ^ ë . ... 8... .. 2... (use ‘ ¨¥ R....) 9.. . Ù j P/¨ ´ À/‘ ó ¨¨ À ó Ì2 ó ¨ ÌT  #x §.. Form a small group and practise asking and answering the following questions... .< Vp ˆ . P# o Tx §.. I went to .. We left there at ....= to return) Your Recent Trips Have you taken any trips lately – local? interstate? overseas? See if you can recount the details of the trip by using the following sentences.. Shin 2007 ... P# o Tx §....... I went there with .... Last . We were there from ... o’clock.... o’clock........... 6... .. .© Š/¥ ÷ ½ ü N¢ + ^T ë #x §...... 2.. 1... We arrived home at . 6... hours to get to .. < V .... q „¡ ^ ë ..... < V© © ó Š+ ÷ N¢ ^# ë Tx §. 5......< V" X .. 3......... P# o T§ x...........† # ÿ Tx §.............. 4.... ... 96 c G. 1......... days of the ë week...........  k P . < V© Â< ó V¤ Š  ...< ´ V ... Travelling to class ©<  ó V" X@ †q } …     2 À   × éx §? †q } @ …< Vp ˆ# Ù T: Ê5   x §? †q } @ …< Vp ˆ/ Ù Æ õ! ½ Tw ˆ/ ½ õ t «Â x §?   2 À  < Wx §? Â< ó © V" X@ †q } …  / Æ j PN ´ ‹ñ † + À Ox §? ¦£ x Šv ò ˆ/ Þ Æ < V© Â< ó V" X« ½¦  R† ë # ÿ Tx §? †q } @ …< Vp ˆ/ Ù Æ < Vs ¦< †† } # ÿ Tx §? Â< ó © Vp ˆ/ Ù Æ < V¤ Š  x §? (¤ Š  .¨ À ó  ¨ Ì2 ó Ì#  Tx §........ 7.. hours/days/weeks. 5............ to ... for example?) 7.. (What did you do when you got there – did you have a meal..< Vp ˆ .......... . 8.. 10..< V ^ ë ¡ .. j P+ ´ ÀÞ ñ Ì# î Tx §. 4.   .... 9...... I went there by ... We were there for .

and that you’ll arrive at the beach at nine thirty. and you want your friends to go with you. They suggest the station. 3. Perhaps because all these details make you sound like a tour guide. You ask them what they’re doing. and ask whereabouts should you all meet. You answer twenty dollars a person! c G. 11. You suggest nine o’clock. they ask. 5. and ask if you’ve got a car. make a dialogue to fit the following situation. 8. and would they like to go to the seaside. and that it should take half an hour to get there. You say Seaview ( Ž ®) Beach is good. as a joke. You want to go to the beach tomorrow. 10. 6. They say yes. You tell them it’s twenty kilometres. 4. You say you have. They ask how far is it? 7. Shin 2007 97 . and ask where you’re planning to go. 1. 2. suggest you all go together. t « x §. They ask you what time you should leave. 9. how much the fare will be. ! Tw ˆt « x §? 8 Making Dialogue In small groups.

 ¾ß ¥ Ä î p ˆ> Ù ŽM µ û  ¨ Ì# ó Tx §? 6. 4 S> F ŽM µ û    ¨ Ì# ó Tx §. Shin 2007 .  ¾ß ¥ Ä î p ˆå Ù û= A V 9  / ƨ Ì# ó Tx §? 4. Vx §? Annie: 6 3.  ¾ß ¥ Ä î p ˆx Ù §? ¾ß ¥  Ä: u î ¦‹ ¨  à  6 S F < Vx §. In the conversation Annie and her friend  ¾ß ¥ Ä are talking about their families. <   p ˆŽ Ù ­u ¦4 Á N 5 . Vx §? 7. <   p ˆ9 Ù ½‰ N † / Æ 6 S F < Vx §? 2. <   p ˆx Ù ¦  ¨ Ì# ó Tx §?  õ ½ p ˆx Ù §? 9. Annie:   ˆ8 x §?  õ ½ p ˆx Ù §? ¾ß ¥  Ä:  î õ ½ p ˆ7 Ù @ †M } û  < Vx §. Vx §.  õ ½   ¨ Ì# ó Tx §. <    Ô> ŽM µ ûv  ˆ Þ < Xÿ S ®B m § x? 98 c G. ¾ß ¥  Ä:  î õ ½ . QUESTIONS 1.  5.  < Xq S „> Ž@ ¹ †q } …< V  0x §. Annie: # TN  q „ ! T  q „¦ €Š ž ¨ Ì# ó Tx §? ¾ß ¥  Ä: 6 î 3. x ¦   . î ß ¾ ¥ Ä: 9 î ½‰ N † u ¦‹ ¨/ Æ 6 S F < Vx §? Annie: u ¦‹ ¨6 3 6 S F < Vx §.  ¾ß ¥ Ä î  Ôx ¦ p ˆ Ù < Xÿ S ®B m § x?  õ ½ p ˆx Ù §? 11. <   p ˆŽ Ù ­u ¦4 Á N 5 . <   p ˆ> Ù ŽM µ û  ¨ Ì# ó Tx §? 10.= V 13 » Î 13 1 D ‡ ‚ Reading Practice Read the following conversation and answer the questions that follow.   ˆ õ7 ½ L. Annie: x ¦ p ˆ Ù < Xÿ S ®B m x §? ¾ß ¥  Ä: x î ¦ p ˆ Ù < Xv S ˆT Þ û< ¸ V  0x §.  ¾ß ¥ Ä î p ˆx Ù ¦  ¨ Ì# ó Tx §?  õ ½ p ˆx Ù §? 5.  ¾ß ¥ Ä î p ˆ9 Ù ½‰ N † / Æ 6 S F < Vx §? 3.  ¾ß ¥ Ä î p ˆx Ù §? 8. ¦ x p ˆx Ù §? Annie: 2 ×#  Tx §.

Ä %Ü ÄC î ‡ µ —8 OC F Ž ¶  9. ß Ä î ¨—Þ ÄÈ ¶  18. ß Ä î ¨—r õ ¼ ¨ 17. Example ÄÈ î ß —¶ Ä ÞÈ  =⇒ —·  s @> U _ —· @q @s S  Cn o ). Shin 2007 99 . r õ ¼ ¨—  ¨È   15. Þ ÄÈ ¶ —8 OC F Ž ¶  14. Ä %Ü ÄC î ‡ µ —r õ ¼ ¨ 11. r õ ¼ ¨—ß ÄÈ î  4.   ¨È  —8 OC F Ž ¶  12. Þ ÄÈ ¶ —  ¨È   5.  Ü Ä= î  —Ä %Ü ÄC î ‡ µ  10.D ‡ ‚ 2 The Family Tree Look at this family tree and describe the relationship between the pairs of people that follow. r õ ¼ ¨—8 OC F Ž ¶  6. ß ÄÈ î —r õ ¼ ¨ 16.  Ü Ä= î  —Þ ÄÈ ¶  2. Ä %Ü ÄC î ‡ µ —  ¨È   8. 1.   ¨È  —Þ ÄÈ ¶  7. 8 OC F Ž ¶ —  ¨È   3. ß ÄÈ î —ß Ä î ¨ 13. r õ ¼ ¨—ß Ä î ¨ c G.

In this Example we are assuming that the conversation took place in 2003. _ ƒ D S_  ˜q  @bn  C  n ..= V 13 » Î 3 How long since .. Example 3 Á N ¥ ¾M û  Ô° Rv ë ˆ 1988ç Þ ¾<  V@ # T¢ ^# ë Tx §.? Transform the following sentences according to the Example. =⇒ Mr Kim’s daughter was born in 1988.

 Rx  C 15 Sn  C& ’n # .

$ \p ˆ 2002ç Ù  ¾< Vw ‡< ´ T¥ Q R< ë [Ž O ­¥ ½ ü . P# o Tx §. 3. 12. 4. 5. ß Ä î ¨p ˆ 1985< Ù V" X© Št  «  . 6. 13. 8. 1. O† F # ÿ Tx §. $ \p ˆ 1990ç Ù ¾ < Vw ‡< ´ T< Q V¡ ^ ë .  ¥ ½§ ü ^# ë Tx §. 14. PT o #x §. Shin 2007 . 11. 9 Á¾ N ¥M  ûv  ˆ 1982ç Þ ¾<  V+ À| ò »†  # ÿ T§ x. PT o #x §. P# o Tx §. $ \p ˆ 1998ç Ù  ¾< V. 9. $ \p ˆ 1992< Ù V s ˆ t «  . q P ´ ¥ ¾M ûv  ˆ 1999ç Þ ¾<  V~ ³‘ ¨< V. $ \p ˆ 1997ç Ù  ¾< Vq õs ¼ ¦< V¡ ^ ë . 7. ß Ä î ¨p ˆ 1990ç Ù ¾<  V ¨ E áx ˆt «  ¡ ^# ë Tx §. PT o #x §. ® ‰N " Ù ˆ p 1979ç ¾<  V¤ Š  Þ ÌT î #x §.o ). …T ¤ #x §. Mr Kim’s daughter was born ten years ago. 2. ß Ä î ¨ ÂÜ ÄÈ î p ˆ 1993ç Ù ¾<  V: O| G »÷  Š ©† # ÿ Tx §. ß Ä î ¨Â Ü ÄÈ î p ˆ 2000ç Ù ¾<  V< q õ ¼ “ º# p Tx §. $ \p ˆ 2001ç Ù  ¾< Vw ‡< ´ T< Q V. 10.   ˆ p ˆ 2000ç Ù  ¾< VD ‡2 „ Ì#  Tx §. 100 c G.

@ N †M } û¤  Š..  u ¦. x §..... ¨ N Àt ó ˆ¼ ø õ s‰ †........... 3..  ú6 # O... ¡ ´ ^# ë Tx §........  ! T .  ! T ... w F ˆ   .. $ \.....  k P‘ ´ ¨¥ R.. # UT û.. 1 À: ý Op F P p ´ ˆ! Ù Tw ˆ.. w d ‡< ´ T¥ Q R. Ø ÷ đ I ¨. # TN ... < [Ž O ­† # ÿ Tx §..    à  . † ¸ # ÿ Tx §...... § F ^# ë Tx §.......... C F ‹9 ¹ ½....... 8. p P...... 6 1s õ† ¼ ‰. > ŽM µ û. " ´ X© Š....... © N RÜ ë ½# í Tx §... ´  P j.. 12.. à ÷ Á9 í Á N j P... # TN .... Shin 2007 101 ... s õ‰ ¼ †. 9.. w ó ‡< ´ T# Q T... ½2 í Ü ÌT  #x §....  < ø …   < T@ Q †M } û. 18 î ½ õ! Tw ˆ. U # à  .D ‡ ‚ 4 Particles Choose the appropriate particle from the following list and write it in the blank spaces in the sentences below. 2... q „u ¦.. V.... u ˆ4 ó Á.. s ´ ¦" X\ B.. c G.. x ¦£ Š ò < ø. # U> ŽM µ û  < Vx §..  ® ‰N " .   ........ # } U. # T= V8 S¨ F À< ó Y O ... 14....  ! T < Wx §. ® ‰ " ! T ....... ß ½¨ î [... 15. ! Tw ˆ..... 5........ \ B' d HG : ½ J¤ Š.... © Â......... # U> ŽM µ û  < Vx §.............. ...... ¨ Àt ó ˆ9 ø ½5 N V. @ †M } û¤  Š.. 3 ë Áq N … ¨4 Á.. « ë ½¦  RB ë x §... 4. 7...  õ ½ ......  N ©( N µ Ã.. < [ O E á....  ! T . # TN < Wx §.. (< V)" XŽ ­' N (x ˆ)t « (x ˆ)t «B " X /     Ž ­' N V < VX < "  /» Î ˆ/p Þ v ˆ ÷ Ù ©/¥ Š ½  ü Ô 1.. 6..... P# o Tx §.......... 11.. 13... 10............ 2 À ....... ˆ  Â < Tu Q ˆ4 ó Á......  ë õB ¾ ŒB † x §... $ \. < … [@ O ..........  ÷ . Š ž . ß  ½... n P¢ ´ ^# ë Tx §. ­ Žp P.

ž Š  ‡¨ µ > À ó s } < ˆ ë 9. 10. placing the words from the same category on the same line. A B C 1. 9. ©  Š  Á9 í à Á N   2. <  ø … ‰6 „ B O F õ ½   1. 5. ‡ · A „: q V G  12. Number 1 is done for you. 8.= V 13 » Î 5 Vocabulary Exercise Here are three columns containing items of vocabulary.  N   12. S < V F  : 14. 6.  ­> Z< T Q ¦ x  õ  ½  13. Ä î Ý T ë ©  …» q ÎX " 3. ¦s } ¦ ˆ ë s \Ü $ ½ € 7. 4. W  ¢ Ä î Ý E á 15. 14. 102 Ô   S F 4 c G.  8 Á¦ N T ë 7. 2. 13. Your task is to write the columns again. 15.  5 ˆ æ p õ¦ ¼ q s 5. é ×  Á Õ G 6. ¾s ¼ p ˆ ë § Šq  „ P¨ ´ n ‹ 8. © Š ÷ Ž µ > 11.  T ¸ û T. Shin 2007 A B C n‘ ƒ D } ƒ_ ƒ D . ¦¡ } ˆ ‡ ´ r ‹ µ A 4. 6  S F  : ú6 #  O F 10. 11. 3.

 x G  .

D ‡ ‚ 6 Conversation: the Family (1) Form yourselves into groups. for example. Mark the appropriate boxes with ticks and crosses. Remember that this is not just an automatic tick-off exercise.”) c G.. an older brother. It wouldn’t be appropriate.. to ask young undergraduates if they have children. Shin 2007 103 . has two older sisters. #2. å ûs A ¦  ¨ Ì# ó Tx §. sum up the family composition of your conversation partners with the following sentence pattern . #4. #3. ¤ Š¨  Ì# ó Tx §. but a real-life conversation activity. designate who will be @ †M } û #1.   ˆ q „> ŽM µ ûs  ¦   Ì# ó ¨ Tx §. (“. This means that you should take into account what you can see and what you may already know about the members of your group. The types of questions you will need to ask are: You ask: A å= û V 9  ¨ Ì# ó Tx §? Your partner answers: 6 3.. and then fill in the  questionnaire sheet about family members below. ˆ Þ ! T  9  Sx F » ý Finally.. You then ask: # U> Ž µ M û < Vx §? 4 S> F ŽM µ û  < Vx §?. p ˆŠ Ù ž  ¤ Š¨  Ì# ó Tx §. and so on †M } @ û#1  †M } @ û#2  †M } @ û#3  †M } @ û#4   õ ½  ž Š  ¦ x  û A å S> F 4 Žû µ M  U> # Žû µ M  ‰ " ® ! T  ‰N " ®  ¤  Š ÷ u  ¦ „u q ¦ ˆ Ù y ! T  Ov F . and a younger brother. and so on.

= V 13 » Î 7 Conversation: the Family (2) This is a group conversation activity. For example. Vx §? •# Ut «  v ˆ ø 2 À   “ º# p Tx §? or õ= ½  V# Ut «  . 1949ç  ¾< V@ # T¢ ^# ë Tx §. Form a small group and practice asking and answering the following questions. P# o Tx §? •å û= A V  9 ¨ Ì# ó Tx §? •+ À| ò »†  T ÿ #x §? •+ À| ò »w  ‡ ´ 2 À   “ º# p T§ x? •   ¨ Ì# ó Tx §? As an extension exercise. • ? ¾ Ù # T: Ê5  × éx §? •/ Æç ¾<  V@ # T¢ ^# ë Tx §? •# T " X@ # T¢ ^# ë Tx §? •# T " X ¤ ^# ë Tx §? •Ž ­u ¦4 Á N 5 . Vx §? •Ž ­u ¦4 Áv N ˆ# Þ T " X  Þ ÌT î #x §? •Ž ­u ¦4 Áv N ˆ# Þ T < V . think of a family member and answer the above questions from his/her point of view.” and so on. Shin 2007 . if you choose your mother: “= V ? ¾v Ù ˆ MARY< Þ Wx §. 104 c G.

 H8 eZ > CF } ¹ Rx  C¹ R#  bn  C& ’n # .. Form a small group with your colleagues and ask questions according to the Example.D ‡ ‚ 8 How long has it been . Example Question: w< ‡ ´ T¥ Q R< ë [Ž O ­¥ ½ ü .? This is a group discussion activity. Ow F ‡ ´ 2 À   “ º# p Tx §? How long since you started studying Korean? Response: ¹ R  I b A ™..

5.  < T< Q Vt ˆ ø  . 3.  @ †q } …¥ ½ ü k ¾ ¼  . w ‡< ´ TC Q ‹9 ¹ ½© N ŠÜ ÷ ½# í Tt ˆ ø  . 4. .... w ‡< ´ T# Q TB ‡= „ V¥ ½w ü ‡ ´  .. Remember that some of them may not be entirely appropriate to your group. 6.. It’s been a month since I started studying Korean. 2..... Now try the following questions..o ). 7.. w ‡< ´ TC Q ‹9 ¹ ½à N Á< í V" X9 ½ N w ‡ ´  . 1. =  ¨ Ìp ó ˆß Ù ÄÈ î *¥ ½t ü ˆ ø  ..

. 10...  l U< > Vt ˆ ø  ... 15... CD¥ ½p ü P ´  .. 12. w ‡< ´ T Q 6 S© F Šn ÷ Pk ´ P ´  . =  ¨ Ìp ó ˆ­ Ù TB ë Ž© ‚ Š¤ ÷ Š# ÷ Tt ˆ ø  .. 13.  õ ¾ ¥ ½€ ü ˆ Ù  ..  < Vt ˆ ø  . 8. Shin 2007 105 .. c G.. \ B' d H# : UT ¸ û© Šw ÷ ‡ ´  .. T ø! ¸ T¥ ½Ü ü ½# í Tt ˆ ø  . 11.. 14... 9..  < X© S Âx ó ˆt «  v ˆ ø  ..

V F œ w   S F 4 õ ¾     9  M û ‹ ¨ „ q ú #  ‰ " ®   T !   9 S F x » ý ¦ u Á N 4 ¦ u ­ Ž ¦ y  c G. 1 6   õ ½    ³ ~ x ¦   T ! O F : ¦ u   Š ÷ ¤ Á N 4 > Ž µ .= V 13 » Î 9 Word Square Including repetitions. Shin 2007 . Can you find them? 106 û A å ‰ " ® T # Ä î Ý S F 4 Ž µ > û  M ­ Ž    N ô  K     ¾ ¥  ¦ u   9       9 Š ÷ ¤ R ë ° Á N 4 Š ž ¸ P ô P ´ p   Ž µ > û  M û A å V =     V . the word square below contains twenty-seven words relating to family relationships.

.... ....................... ¥ ½w ü œ5  à ÌB % Œ †  .. w ‡< ´ T# Q T< [Ž O ­¥ ½ ü .. .. and to help you we’ve set out a standard format below......D ‡ ‚ 10 I’d like to introduce ...............< Ù V" X@ # T¢ ^B ë Œ †  ... We did a conversation exercise in the above. asking questions such as • • • • • • • /ç Æ ¾<  V@ # T¢ ^# ë Tx §? T # " X@ # T¢ ^# ë Tx §? T # " X ¤ ^# ë Tx §? ­u Ž ¦4 Ás N ¦ " X  Þ Ì# î Tx §? <  X# S T " X . and so we use formal language............  .... ..< V" X ¤ ^B ë Œ †  .........’ c G.......... 4 S> F ŽM µ û  ¤ Š....... <  X ......ç  ¾  ì2 ½ ÌB  Œ †  .... Where the format doesn’t fit the case of the person whom you’re introducing........ you’ll need to improvise.ç Ù  ¾  ì2 ½ ÌB  Œ †  . in which you exchanged personal information with each other.. " X@ †q } …s ¦ Ü ÌB € Œ †  .... p ˆ Ù } † @q …< V k ¾ ¼  ..... Note that this is a formal situation..... Ž ­u ¦4 Á N q „¡ Z ë § T ë  . ½v N ˆw Þ ‡< ´ T< Q Vs À........  U> # ŽM µ û    ¨ ÌB ó Œ †  ............ p ˆå Ù û= A V 9  ± ú¨  ÌB ó Œ †  .... ø …B ¤ Œ †  .   ˆ q „ .............< S V" X§ T ë  ............. # U Në ˆ t.... ... p ˆ . Ow F ‡ ´ p ˆ ..... Shin 2007 107 ...  ‘I propose to introduce ... Vx §? Ut # «  v ˆ ø 2 À   “ º# p Tx §? û= A å V 9  ¨ Ì# ó Tx §? Now we’re inviting you to introduce one of your colleagues to the class on the basis of the information gained during that exercise...

. < Xç S ¾ 10  ®< m Vp ˆ Ù 9. Shin 2003 . 6 1ç ¾ 3  ® m< Vp ˆ Ù 88 c G.  C ‹‘ ¹ ¨¥ R< ë Vp ˆ Ù 8.   õ‘ ½ ¨ë R ¥< Vp ˆ Ù 5. What are you going to do tomorrow.  C ‹‘ ¹ ¨ ®x m §¨ À< ó Vp ˆ Ù 6. x ¦£ Šv ò ˆ Þ 2.= V 14 » Î 14 1 ½ < õ [ O ó ê< Wx §? I’m going to . 6 1ç ¾<  VÙ ˆ p 11.  C ‹‘ ¹ ¨È *x §¨ À< ó Vp ˆ Ù 7. < Xç S ¾ 12  ®< m Vp ˆ Ù 10. 1. next year? Look at the time words at the beginning of the following sentences and complete them accordingly using -(x ˆ)< Wx §.. next week. 6 1¨ Àv ó ˆ Þ 4. x ¦£ Š$ ò \Ü ½< € Vp ˆ Ù 3.

Number 1 has been done for you. 1 2 e M C8 eG >  A _ «n D . Look at the picture cues below and make sentences using -q „§ É# ó Tx §..õ< ½  [ O ó ê< Wx §? 2 I want to do ..

o ). 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 c G. Shin 2003 89 .

= V 14 » Î 3 He/She wants to do .. However. and thus we make sentences using -q „§ É# ó TB x §. this time we are talking about someone else’s wants. 90 1 2 e M C8 eG >  A _ «n D . Number 1 has been done for you. Do the same as above..

3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 c G. Shin 2003 .´ ) o.

< Þ V" X< [Ž O ­" ‰ ® < Wx §.. Example úG '  J@ †M } ûv  ˆ ..... and 5) the university they attend in Korea. 3) their home town in Korea. The five categories are 1) the country in which they’re going to study..... The table below gives five different categories of information about five Korean students who are planning to study overseas.õ< ½  [ O ó ê< Wx §? 4 THE OVERSEAS STUDENTS This is a reading comprehension exercise. †M } @ û1  <  T Q †M } @ û2  Ä< î ß T Q †M } @ û3  ³‘ ~ ¨ −→ † } @M û4  n 7 P ´ ‚ ‘ ¹ F_  ˜t  U< > C In Z . 4) the major foreign language they speak. Your task is to consult the table and the information it contains in order to fill in the blanks in the sentences that follow. 2) their study major.

 ™H  .¹ b .

.... ± úG  J@ †M } ûv  ˆ ..¥ Þ ½ ü   0x §.... 2. 3... ' G ú J@ †M } ûv  ˆ ......© Þ Š ÷ õ< ½ [® O ‰ " < Wx §. 15.....¥ Þ ½B ü x §. Shin 2003 91 .......... 13..< Þ V" X [Ž O < ­® ‰ < " Wx §.... 12. " X3 V7 F @ †M } ûv  ˆ ....   ÃG  J@ †M } ûv  ˆ .... Tx §..................© Þ Š ÷ õ< ½ [® O ‰ " < Wx §. 8... 10.......< Þ V" X P# o ..  7 õ@ ½ †M } ûv  ˆ .. †M } @ û5  Àt ó ¨ ˆ ø 1..... ' G ú J@ † } û Mv ˆ ...© Þ Š ÷ õ< ½ [" O ‰ ® < Wx §.. 7... c G.n  o )...  ¤G Š J@ †M } ûv  ˆ ..< Þ V" X< [Ž O ­® ‰ < " Wx §.... 9......... ± úG  J@ †M } ûv  ˆ ..... 11. ‰ 7 † Ä# î ß T „7 q   7 ½ õ ‡# µ > T õ7 ¾   ­p Ž P ´ Š#  § T H‘ : ' ¨ Ž# „ D T X© " Š  À# ó ¨ T X© " Š7   X "3 V7 F  Ž ­p P7 ´  6.. 14....  ¤G Š J@ †M } ûv  ˆ ..¥ Þ ½B ü x §.... a ÃG  J@ †M } ûv  ˆ ..< Þ V" X [Ž O < ­® ‰ < " Wx §. 5......< Þ V" X [Ž O < ­® ‰ < " Wx §..... Ô@  † } Ä I Øß Ä@ î † ß } Äs î ˆ@ ë † } [@ O < † } Ä= I Ø V@ † } 4..¥ Þ ½ ü  0x §..... " X Š ©7 @ †M } ûv  ˆ ..¥ Þ ½ ü  0x §......... " X Š ©@ † } Mv û ˆ ... " X Š ©@ † } Mv û ˆ .......... 16.  aG à J@ †M } ûv  ˆ .......   ÃG  J@ †M } ûv  ˆ ...... Tx §.¥ Þ ½B ü x §.. 7 ‰ †@ † } Mv û ˆ ...< Þ V" X P# o ......< Þ V" X< [Ž O ­® ‰ < " Wx §...

Shin 2003 . Form a small group and ask each other the questions below. z «> Ž@ ¹ †q } … • • • • • • /§ Æ RD ë Jz «> Ž@ ¹ †q } …< V¤ ŠT ÷ #¡ ^# ë Tx §? Tr # ˆz «¹ Ž >@ †q } …¥ ½ ü Ü Ì# € T§ x? †q } @ … T #ˆ #  Tx §? =  ¨ Ì2 ó Ì#  Tx §? †M } @ û  ¥ a¨ ë ^# ë Tx §? / ÆÜ Ä î 2 Ì#  Tx §? <  T# Q T¥ ½: ü  º# q Tx §? †q } @ …p ˆ# Ù T: Ê5   Ü Ì# € Tx §? ! Tw ˆt « Ü Ì# € Tx §?    ¾ õ+ À# ñ T" X Ü  Ì# € Tx §? •© Â< ó V" X@ †q } …  2 À   + ÀÞ ñ Ì# î Tx §? •8 V@ F †D } Jp ˆ Ù ¨ ú© # Š† ÷ # ÿ Tx §? (D Ž)q „ „> Ž@ ¹ †q } … • • • • • • • • • • (D Ž)q „ „> Ž@ ¹ †q } …p ˆ Ù õ= ½ V Ü Ì# € Tx §? Tr # ˆ (D Ž)q „ „> Ž@ ¹ †q } …¥ ½ ü Ì €# Ü Tx §? †q } @ … T #ˆ #  Tx §? =  ¨ Ì2 ó Ì#  Tx §? †M } @ û  ¥ a¨ ë ^# ë Tx §? / ÆÜ Ä î 2 Ì#  Tx §? ¾M ¥  û4  Á¤ N Š ÷ © R t ë ˆá # A Tx §? <  T# Q T¥ ½: ü  º# q Tx §? ‡@ ´ w †< } V/ Æ» Î@ ‡< µ [Ž O ­† # ÿ Tx §? ¨u  ˆ» Ù Î@ ‡© µ Š§ ÷ Ö# ó T† # ÿ Tx §? ¨u  ˆ» Ù Î@ ‡© µ Šª ÷ ”  † # ÿ Tx §? †q } @ …p ˆ# Ù T: Ê5   Ü Ì# € Tx §? ! Tw ˆt « Ü Ì# € Tx §?    ¾ õ+ À# ñ T" X Ü  Ì# € T§ x? •© Â< ó V" X@ †q } …     2 À   “ º# p Tx §? •8 V@ F †D } Jp ˆ Ù ¨ ú© # Š† ÷ # ÿ T§ x? 92 c G.= V 14 » Î 5 QUESTIONNAIRE: SCHOOLDAYS Below is a questionnaire about the things you liked and didn’t like when you were at primary and secondary school.

form a small group and ask each other questions as follows. and graduation. • • • • • • • • • • • • • = õ ½ V¨ Â@ ó †† } # ÿ Tx §? @ 7 †q } …< V" X< [Ž O ­  # TD Jx §? =  ¨ Ì# ó Tx §? õ< ½  [ O ó ê< Wx §?   õ} ½ † @< V ¨u ˆ» Ù Î@ ‡÷ µ Š ©¤ Šx ÷ ˆ. Vx §? ¨u  ˆ» Ù Î@ ‡ µ # T Oö x §? ¨u  ˆ» Ù Î@ ‡ µ õ íö x §? k  P} ´ † @< V ¨u ˆ» Ù Î@ ‡© µ Š¤ ÷ Š2 ÷ Ì#  Tx §? Äà ¶ Þ ½v í ˆ# Þ Tˆ #  Tx §? @ 7 †q } …< V¨ Â@ ó † }   õV ½ <ó ê† # ÿ Tx §? <  XŽ S ­u ¦4 Á» N Ρ Z ë § R ë x §?    ¾ õ B ‡ „ < V" X§ R ë x §? t  ˆ  | ˆ¥ ½B ü x §?  ¨u ˆ Ù t ˆ  | ˆ¥ ½B ü x §? Š2  ª Âv  ˆ Þ õ= ½ V® ‰ < " Wx §? Š2  ª Âw  ‡– ´ µ< Vÿ ®® m ‰ < " Wx §?  < T< Q V# UT û© ¸ Š¡ ÷ R < ë Wx §? ø . As in the previous Activity. ½© N Š ÷ ‰ < " ® Wx §? c G. Shin 2003 93 .õ< ½  [ O ó ê< Wx §? 6 QUESTIONNAIRE: UNIVERSITY Below is a questionnaire relating to university life. the courses you’re doing/have done. Remember that not all of them may be appropriate to the members of your group.

6. linking the different actions using VST . Firstly. 5. 7. Next. and they needn’t be consecutive actions. 94 c G. write a list of up to nine activities that comprised your daily routine yesterday. 9.  õ< ½ V or VST .= V 14 » Î 7 WHAT DID YOU DO YESTERDAY? This is a questionnaire exercise. 3. 8. and exchange information on what you all did. Yourself Partner 1 1. They can be any things. 2. form a group of three students.(v ˆ)  Þ C ‹< ¹ V as appropriate. Shin 2003 Partner 2 . 4.

õ< ½  [ O ó ê< Wx §? 8 I WANT TO . Form a small discussion group and ask each other questions that follow from the cue words below. This is a questionnaire activity to help you to express your likes and dislikes.. AND DON’T FORGET TO ASK FOLLOW-UP QUESTIONS! Example Cue word Question Responses w< ‡ ´ T Q R  ¹ In   _ «n D .. You may have to use your imagination to ask interesting and meaningful questions.

o )? .   _ «n D .

or  ed = o ). s R  _  «n D .o ).

And when you finish..    c G. p ˆw Ù ‡< ´ T< Q V q „§ É# ó TB x §.. †M } @ û1  †M } @ û2  †M } @ û3  †M } @ û4  †M } @  û5 ‡< ´ w T Q 1ç 6  ¾< V ‡< ´ w T# Q T >  Ž µ  Šq  § „ ‡< ´ w TC Q ‹N ¹ ½ 9à Á í t  ˆ  | ˆ å  ø Z ¨¥ ‘ R< ë V U # s õ† ¼ ‰/4 S F s õ‰ ¼ † ‰N " ®  ®. relate to the class how the other members of your group responded as follows: Example . Shin 2003 95 .o ).

. See how many different activities you can think of for each of the following situations... Response e a  <Z C ‘ S E . I .= V 14 » Î 9 At parties .$ e > n Cn C  ´ t …_ > G D A Gn .. Example AT PARTIES.

. c G..  O F F .. To help you along..o ).. 3.. AT THE PARK. WE .. I . 96 5... 1. Shin 2003 . S - <Ž [ O ­ ½í Ü ½ N 9  õÈ ½  * - †Ø ‰ Ä I ÜT ½ í #v ¦ˆ¤ ¨ ‘- Š £ :  ­ˆ> ë v Ž µ ¨s ‘ ˆ ë - ˆ© ø q Š0 ÷ À ¦v     ‰¹ >  À# ó ¨ T -   Rë § Ðó ¨ 2. here’s a checklist drawn from the verbs you’ve had to date: n P ´ B ‡= „ V  õ ¾B Œ † - v ¦P¤ ´ n Š÷ . 4. EVERY MORNING BEFORE GOING OUT. I . I . I . AT A RESTAURANT. IN THE CLASSROOM. Now try these.. ON WEEKENDS.

ends in a consonant. - = device. Look at the pictures in the box below and carry on the chain sentence. ¤ ŠG  Jª Šc  ¬N o ‡v é ˆ .. ¦ Õ G ŠG  Á = water bucket. v ˆ7 ë Lp ˆ . container............ x ¦r »N 㠇v é ˆ Þ .... ( )q „. machine c G... Shin 2003 97 ... Language Note: Á = box............. G ú ' Jª Šc  ¬N o ‡v é ˆ .... ( Þ )q „. ( Ù )q „.  Õ õÈ ½ * = telephone... Use - q „ where the item.. and -q „ where the item ends in a vowel.õ< ½  [ O ó ê< Wx §? 10 The looong sentence .. ( Þ )q „. and so on. ie the ‘name’ of the item.

. Join the following sentences using - n P.= V 14 » Î 11 I want to do . −→ ¹ R  In ... but .. as shown in the example. ´ Example w< ‡ ´ T# Q T< [Ž O ­¥ ½¥ ü a ë  q „ É# ó § Tx §..  j P ´ 2 ×#  Tx §.

8 eA > Zn  C ´  «x D _ CA RZ  C Rn  Cs ‹n . ™H  .

 l U< > V q „§ É2 ó Ì#  Tx §. 4. 3.  <  p ˆ. q ˆ ø 2 ×#  Tx §. 2.o ). 1. w ‡< ´ T< Q V q „§ É# ó Tx §. D ‹# ‚ T Oö x §.  / ¨’ ­ º# q Tx §. I want to learn English properly but I don’t have the time. w ‡< ´ T# Q T¥ ½© ü R ë q „§ É# ó T§ x.

 x »å ý ûv A ˆ7 Þ @ † } E á< V q „§ É# ó T† # ÿ Tx §. 7. 98 c G. 5. s õ‰ ¼ †© Â< ó V õÈ ½ *¥ ½ ü q „§ É# ó Tx §. Þ Äà ¶ ½ í q Pª ´ ”¨  ^# ë Tx §. Ù  < V q „ó É §# T† # ÿ Tx §.   ˆ4 V G Äß I Ø Ä@ î †© } Š ÷ õ< ½ [† O # ÿ Tx §. B ‡= „ V ¥ a ë x §. 6. „ qu ¦Ž ­Ù ˆ p7 @ †q } …D J Ô@ †© } Š ÷ õ< ½ [ O q „§ É# ó T† # ÿ Tx §.  ¾ß ¥ Ä î ü ½ ¥n P ´ q „§ É# ó Tx §. Î ÷8 1 R  ½ õ© Šv ÷ ¦q „§ É# ó Tx §. 8.  ®x m §¨ À< ó Vw ‡< ´ T# Q T å  ø© Z ŠÀ ÷ x §. S V< F V q „§ É# ó Tx §. ¨ ‘¥ R< ë Vs õ‰ ¼ † q „¡ Z ë < T.  õÈ ½ * õ~ ½ ³¥ ½: ü Å# N T! TÞ Ì# î Tx §.  < X S < T< Q V¨ Ì# ó Tx §. 10. 9. Shin 2003 . <   4 S F s õ‰ ¼ †p ˆq Ù P ´ q „§ ÉT ó #† # ÿ Tx §.

..? (1) Look at the picture cues below and make sentences using -(x ˆ) ª Š¨  R ë x §? Number 1 has been done for you.= V 15 » Î 15 1 ‰  †® ‰ª " Š¨  R ë x §? Do you know how to . 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 F  ¥ .‘ c D es bno  )? 98 c G. Shin 2003 .

? (2) Do the same as for the previous exercise. Shin 2003 99 .. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 c G..‰  †® ‰ª " Š¨  R ë x §? 2 Do you know how to .

2. using - /# T/· · ·B x § ending. 13. this time. 11. Shin 2003 ..? Look at the picture cues below again and make sentences. 10. 12. 15. 8. 21.= V 15 » Î 3 Do you do .. 7. 18. 20. 16.) Number 1 has been done for you. Vx § ending if you wish to sound more polite. 14. (You can use -(x ˆ). 4. F  ¥ . 1.Œ o )? 100 c G. 19. 9. 5. 6. 3. 17.

A: A: A: B: B: B: 19. 9. 8. and the other (B) provides an answer. One person (A) asks a question. 11. see Page 88 in the Textbook. 18. 5. 1. A: A: A: B: B: B: 10. A: A: A: B: B: B: 4. but this time in pairs. 20. For various ways of formulating your answers. 14. 17. A: A: A: B: B: B: 13. 6. 21. A: A: A: B: B: B: 16. 2. A: A: A: B: B: B: c G.‰  †® ‰ª " Š¨  R ë x §? 4 Conversation Exercise Do the previous exercise again. Shin 2003 101 . 12. 15. 3. A: A: A: B: B: B: 7.

formulate appropriate questions and respond as in the Example. Example ¹ R  In  ’n  N .? Look at the picture cues below.. You should give real-life answers based on your actual experience.= V 15 » Î 5 Have you been to ..

o )? .  ’n  N .

o ). n} GB D ‘  Question Responses 102 ’n  N . or n Co .

o ). Shin 2003 . 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 c G.

‰  †® ‰ª " Š¨  R ë x §? 6 WORD SQUARE Including repetitions. hobbies and pastimes. R @ ] ë ¢ ‡ µ > X " ˆ ë v  . Can you find them? O F > † ‰ V F . the word square below contains eighteen words relating to sports.

¨ ‹   [ O <   Á N 6   † ‰ ¦ s ˆ w  á E  ? ¾ Ù ­  ¬   1 6  ¨  ½ í Û   ¸ ¢ P ´ p ­ ” Ä î ß  Ä î ß ˆ ¡ ¨  Ž ¹ >  : º × E Z > ¦ y   Â ó © T # P ´ p † ‰ ‡ ¸ C V F 9 à  µ c G. Shin 2003 103 .

Shin 2003 . .. (it isn’t..= V 15 » Î 7 Crossword Try this crossword. 1 2 3 4 5 7 6 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 ACROSS 2 stamp collecting 6 boxing 7 waves (cf surfing) 8 India 9 interesting =   ··· 11 Teacher! 12 professor 14 husband 15 grandfather 17 No.) 18 bicycle 104 DOWN 1 Taekwondo Competitor 3 ticket counter 4 Capital City 5 house 10 opposite 12 Education (as a subject of study) 13 father 15 grandmother 16 am (morning) c G.

¹ R t  …n > ¹ F  (n  ’n  . Translate the sentence into English as well. Example Question: ê† ó # ÿ Tx §? Cue: Your Response:  ™H  . and make one sentence for each pair as shown in the example.‰  †® ‰ª " Š¨  R ë x §? 8 What did you do? Look at the following pairs of pictures.

•  õ ¾ ¥ ½¤ ü ˆ. Language Notes: • ¨ À ó .= read a newspaper.= work. 2.= write a letter • p ¾s ¼ ˆ© ë Š¨ ÷ Ð. 1. 8. 5. 4.o ).= listen to music. Shin 2003 105 . 6. 3. ¹ c G. 7. Translation: She studied and after that she went to school. ó •C ‹: ¹ O© F Š> ÷ ‰.

Example Question: ê† ó # ÿ Tx §? Cue: Your Response: ¹ F  (n  C} Sn   ™H  . and make one sentence for each pair as shown in the example.= V 15 » Î 9 What did you do? Look at the following pairs of pictures. Translate the sentence into English as well.¹ ”n  .

o ). 3. 5. 4. c G. 1. Translation: She studied before she went to school. Shin 2003 . 6. 8. 106 7. 2.

= V 16 » Î 16 ­  ©  ó < Vx §. 1 Word Squares All but one of the things/places in the box below can be found in the word square below. if you read vertically or horizontally. Which one is it? air-conditioner gas cook-top microwave oven 108 apartment heater oven balcony kitchen sink standing lamp R ë ¦ V F 5 R ë ¦ ˆ ë s Ä N 9  } < ‫כ‬ {  Ä N 9 õ Ú ® õ ½  V <   ˆ ¡ ˆ w ¦ x   T #  7 á E  ˆ Þ t ¾ © a õ Ú ® ˆ  y     .

Shin 2003 . ˆ |    } < N ' ˆ w õ B k ˆ s O F > ˆ ë s c G.

6.­  ©  ó < Vx §. 5. 1. 15. È V§ F À ó ûw Z á œ ô. O F q „ @C ‡ µ ‡§ ¶ À ó T  û ¸ Ä. in pairs identify the meaning of each of the following words. ¸ P V F . 12. 2. 17. 11. 3. 10. 4.> V O§ F À ó V> . 7. V F ). J H Vq F „ C3 Ž ¹ §  À ó ½. 14. 2 Memory Game First. 8. Shin 2003 109 . V F ). V F )q „ )( )§ À ó )§ À ó )§ À ó )§ À ó ) ) )( ) ) )( )  … q  J H Ä ‡ µ @   V . 9. § À ó ø§ … < À ó õÈ ½  * ‡. œ w 9 ½ N À ø v ‡ ¶ C Ž ¹ C V F . ø v V F Second. and fill each of the blanks with a appropriate syllable. 13.  õ ½   3  ‡ ´ s ô ¸ P ô Z á û Z á ø … < O F > û ¸ T * È )q „ c G. bedroom lounge room sitting room bathroom laundry room classroom toilette vacuum cleaner washing machine dish washer airplane telephone wardrobe cupboard bookcase garage refrigerator ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( )§ À ó )§ À ó )( )( )( )§ À ó )( )( )( )( )( )( ). N 9 Vá ô Z À. cover the box above. 16. ´ s V F q§ … À ó *.

.= V 16 » Î 3 Modifying Clauses (1) This is a fluency drill. occur inside an Adjectival Clause.. ie -v ˆ/p Þ ˆ marked NOUNs.) I received a letter yesterday. (This is a/the letter which .  Þ õ ¾ < Wx §. (Note that normally no TOPICs.) Solution C n t U >  . (  Ãv  ˆ ...) Ù Example Task p  ˆ# Ù T= V õ ¾ ü ½ ¥8 Q¨ F ^# ë Tx §. Make sentences according to the Example.

 Þ õ ¾ < Wx §. (  Ãv  ˆ .) 8.) 9. CD< Þ Wx §...) 6... @  ­ p ˆI Ù Á ß ¥ ½ ü Þ Ì# î Tx §.) 3..) 5. # TN    ˆ6 Á© N Š  ÷ ˆÞ Ì# î Tx §. LANGUAGE NOTES:   = I. © Þ T> ë < Wx §.   Þ ˆ6 Á N < Vx §.) 4. I Þ Á ß < Wx §.. V< F V" XM û  ¾© ¥ Š§ ÷ ^# ë Tx §. (  Ãv  ˆ .  Ù ¥ ½=I ü + OBJ. (  Ãv  ˆ .. x ¦   r õ© ¼ ŠE ÷ ½2 N Ì#  Tx §.  Þ r õ ¼ < Vx §. 6 1 + NOUN = my NOUN. (  Ãv  ˆ . etc 1. (  Ãv  ˆ . ¨ À ó   © T> ë ¥ ½n ü P¤ ´ Š2 ÷ Ì#  Tx §... 6 1 = I + SUB. M Þ û  ¾ ¥ < Vx §... (  Ãv  ˆ . This is a/the letter that I received yesterday. ® ‰N " p ˆ Ù .... (  Ãv  ˆ . : R| «° õ(Bethoven)v Ú ˆ.) 2.) 7.. (  Ãv  ˆ ..  p ˆ = I + TOP.  p ˆ# Ù T= VL  ôÈ *à Á< í V" X CD¥ ½§ ü ^# ë Tx §.  ¾ß ¥ Ä î p ˆ Ù k P‘ ´ ¨¥ R© ë T ë ¥ ½¨ ü Ð2 ó Ì#  Tx §.  p ˆ3ç Ù ¾  õ< ½ V õ ¾ ¥ ½< ü Ì#  Tx §.x n K ^t  U‫כ‬ > Sx  Cn o ). © Þ T ë < Wx §.

. Þ  r œ¥ ½á ü # A Tx §.. (  Ãv  ˆ . .

..) 11. ( @ †… } qp ˆ .) 10. @ Ù †q } …< Wx §. ( © Âv ó ˆ . Þ  r œ< Wx §. (  ÃÞ  ˆ v . <   p ˆ@ Ù †q } …¥ ½ ü Ü Ì# € Tx §.. © Þ Â ó < Vx §. @ Ù †q } …< Wx §.   ¨ p ˆ@ Ù †q } …¥ ½ª ü Š2  †  # ÿ Tx §.) 12..) 13. Shin 2003 . w ‡ ´ < Wx §. 110 c G. 3 Á N ¾M ¥ û4  Áv N ˆ© Þ Â© ó Š§ ÷ ^# ë Tx §..... 7 L  s ˆ  w ‡ ´ ¥ ½< ü Ì#  Tx §. ( } † @q …p ˆ .

.  Þ õ ¾ < Wx §.  ¾ß ¥ Ä î  © T ë ¥ ½¨ ü Ð# ó Tx §. > ŽM µ û  .) 2. (  Ãv  ˆ . Vx §.) 8. 1. CD< Þ Wx §. ¨ À ó   © T> ë ¥ ½n ü P¤ ´ Š# ÷ Tx §. I Þ Á ß < Wx §. ® ‰N "    ˆ6 Á© N Š  ÷ ˆ . © Þ T> ë < Wx §.­  ©  ó < Vx §. 4 Modifying Clauses (2) This is a fluency drill. This is the tea that I (normally) drink...) 5. x ¦  # U ¥ ½n ü P ´ x §.. (  6 SÞ F ˆ v . Example Task p  ˆI Ù Á ß ¥ ½ ü " Ox §.) 3. (  Ãv  ˆ . (  Ãv  ˆ . (  Ãv  ˆ . © Þ T ë < Wx §.... (  Ãv  ˆ .) 7. I Þ Á ß < Wx §. (  Ãv  ˆ ..... Make sentences according to the Example... # U  < Vx §...   Þ ˆ6 Á N < Vx §.) 6.  ¾ß ¥ Ä î   õ ¾ ¥ ½ü hx §. @  ­ p ˆI Ù Á ß ¥ ½ª ü ”  B x §.) 4.. (This is the tea which ..) Solution C n t U >  <Z C Uº > ™Œn  o ).) I drink tea. $ \p ˆ‘ Ù ¨¥ R ë   CD¥ ½¤ ü Š# ÷ Tx §.. (  Ãv  ˆ .

(  Ãv  ˆ .. .  r œ¥ ½% ü ]x §..

@ Ù †q } …< Wx §. r Ù œ8 < Wx §... (# Up ˆ .. > ŽM µ û    ˆr œ8 ¥ ½© ü R§ ë Š  Nx §.) c G. (# Up ˆ .... Þ  r œ< Wx §.) 10. 7 L  s ˆ  w ‡ ´ ¥ ½ü hx §. @  ­ p ˆ© Ù Â< ó V" X§ R ë x §. Shin 2003 111 . ( r œ8 p ˆ .) 12.) 11.. (  Ãv  ˆ . <   p ˆ@ Ù †q } …¥ ½ ü  0x §.. w Þ ‡ ´ < Wx §.) 9. © Ù Â ó < Vx §.

( r œ8 p ˆ ...) 6.... @ Þ †M } û  < Vx §. > ŽM µ û   r œ8 ¥ ½Ž ü ­¥ ½ < ü Wx §. (  Ãv  ˆ . @  ­p ˆ Ù C ‹@ ¹ †< } V » Î@ ‡© µ Š¤ ÷ Š© ÷ Š < ÷ Wx §. > ŽM µ û  6 1¾ ç Ž ­' N @ †q } …¥ ½ ü ¢ À < ó Wx §...= V 16 » Î 5 Modifying Clauses (3) This is a fluency drill... ( @ †q } …p ˆ . Shin 2003 . C Þ ‹: ¹ O F < Vx §. I Ù Á ß < Wx §.) 8.. Make sentences according to the Example..) 12. > ŽM µ û   C ‹9 ¹ ½© N ŠÜ ÷ ½© í Š < ÷ Wx §. (This is the book which . x ¦£ Šx ò ¦– µ< V   ¥ ½¬ ü R < ë Wx §...  ¾M ¥ û4  Áv N ˆ Þ C ‹‘ ¹ ¨< V  ˆ@ †M } û©  Šn ÷ P¢ ´ R < ë Wx §.) I’m going to read this book tomorrow.) 4.) 7. ( ¨ Àv ó ˆ . ( P ôv ¸ ˆ ..  ! T  6 1¨ À ó ¨ À© ó Š® ÷ ‰ < " Wx §..) 5. (  Ãv  ˆ . (  Ãv  ˆ . © Þ T ë < Wx §...  Ù < Wx §. ¨ Þ À ó < Vx §.. x ¦   P ¸ ô© Š§ ÷ R < ë Wx §.. 1.  Þ > Ž µ < Wx §..... Example Task p  ˆ6 Ù 1¨ À ó P ô© ¸ Š¨ ÷ Щ ó Š < ÷ Wx §.) 9. (  ˆ@ †M } ûv  ˆ .) 3.. r Ù œ8 < Wx §.. = V  I Á ß ¥ ½ ü § À < ó Wx §.) Solution C n t U >  c  Ds s gt D e‘ > Hn  Cn o ).  õ ½   C ‹‘ ¹ ¨< V  > Ž µ ¥ ½§ ü R < ë Wx §.) 11. This is the book that I’m going to read tomorrow. C Þ ‹9 ¹ ½ N < Vx §.. ( I Á ß p ˆ .  p ˆ Ù C ‹: ¹ O© F Š¤ ÷ Š© ÷ Š < ÷ Wx §. ( C ‹F ¹ O :v ˆ ..) 112 c G..) 2. P Þ ô ¸ < Vx §. ( C ‹9 ¹ ½v N ˆ . (   p ˆ . ( » Î@ ‡v µ ˆ . » Þ Î@ ‡ µ < Vx §. <   p ˆ© Ù T ë ¥ ½¨ ü Щ ó Š < ÷ Wx §.) 10. P Þ ô ¸ < Vx §. @ Ù †q } …< Wx §.

= V 17 » Î 17 1 Á í ß ü ½ ¥£ cv ë ˆ Þ Ã¡  Z ë x §. Shin 2003 . WORD SQUARE In the following word square. each accessory or item of clothing except one can be found twice. Which one only occurs once? 120 † ‰ ¨ ‹ ‡ ´ w ˆ w ë  N ' ¦ u   ‡ µ A ‡ ‚ B À ø v V G :   à  µ    ˆ w R ë ¥ † ‰  5 V G : ‡ µ A    ¨ ‹   P ´ q Ä I Ø ˆ |  5 ‡ ‚ B   ½ ƒ H ˆ s T # ˆ w À ø v   à  µ    ¾ ¼ p P ´ q V G : R ë ¥ ¾ ¼ p     Ä I Ø ½ ƒ H    V G : ‡ µ A ‡ ´ w    ˆ w ë  N ' ‡ µ A   ˆ w  ˆ | ˆ z c G.

.. Shin 2003 121 . .. 2 What’s in the case? Look at the picture below and list the items in the suitcase by extending the example sentence. 8 V´ F P q< Vp ˆH Ù ½ ƒ  s ¦¨ Ìq ó „. c G...Á í ß ¥ ½£ ü cv ë ˆ Þ Ã¡  Z ë x §...

= V 17 » Î 3 Verbs of Wearing What verb of wearing (see the box below) do we use with each of the following clothing and accessories? Âó ¨ ˆ¤ ¾¼ p    ú#  " Oz ˆ …A q ‡ µ ¨ß  ÄA î ‡ µ ½ ƒ H   ‡ ´ o  ˆ8 s Rw ˆ ¦ u  ‡ ´ o   ˆ v  ­w ˆ ‡v ‚ B À ø ˆ w ë' N ˆ w } ˆ ˆ w | ˆ ˆ w = Ä N PØ ´ q Ä I V¥ G : R ë VA G : ‡ µ ‡+ µ @ À ñ    " Oz ˆ û Z á   ˆ> ë v ŽÈ µ * á.

E  w ˆ µ  à  V¡ F . T ë 5   dv ë ³ ˆ Þ   Ó+ ï ñ À  ‡A ´ w ‡ µ 122 c G. Shin 2003 PE .

4 Colours c G. Shin 2003 ˆë w ' N V¥ G : R ë u ¦  VA G : ‡ µ   à µ s ˆ8 Rw ˆ   " Oz ˆ " Oz ˆ ½ ƒ H   dv ë ³ ˆ Þ     ˆ w } ˆ v ˆ> ë ŽÈ µ * ³ dv ë ˆ Þ       n PM ´ ô  q PM µ ô  ± Rj ë PM ´ ô  r œm ‡M ´ ô  .Á í ß ¥ ½£ ü cv ë ˆ Þ Ã¡  Z ë x §.

m  ‡M ´ ô  z? « ºM Õ ô  8 F SM ô  tI ë ˆ Á ß ô M -M È  ô x ¦® õ Ú M ô  Below is a grid comprising articles of clothing (vertical) with colours (horizontal). 123 . Ask your fellow student(s) if they have one of the articles listed in one of the colours listed.

O F x § •  . It’s my baby. hx § • ? ¾ Ù ö x § •³ d ë x § •¡ À# ó Tx § • ­ B x § 124 c G. x §: À ó ¡# Tx §: d ë ³ x §:  x §: The song: ‘Yes. Shin 2003 .’ mouse     w ˆ | ˆ   F Šy ò ¦ ¾ ¥ •3 Ñ#  Tx § •# T Ox § •£ š2 ò Ì#  Tx § •¢ b¨ ë ^# ë Tx § •£ c¨ ë ^# ë Tx § •© RM ë ûØ  Ì# I Tx § •© Rs ë Àû ø Ø M Ì# I Tx § •x ¦8 ½ ì2 Ì#  Tx § • x § •  § x •.= V 17 » Î 5 Some description verbs Can you think of any person or thing as example for each of the following description verbs? Examples x8 ¦ ½ ì Ì 2# Tx §: O F . Sir. O F x § •< W.

7.  F ¦no  ). 7 He/She/They seem to .. c G. 3. 6. 6 It looks like a . 2. or else respond WF í ¢ mx §.. 1. In some cases you may not have a ready answer. 2. 5. Shin 2003 125 . in which either use your imagination. 8. No 1 has been done for you. Look at the people below and try to guess what they might be doing. 3.p ˆ ٠á  Z ë x §.. 4.. 1. Look at the shapes below and discuss what they might represent. 6. 4. 5. © Ru ë ¦t ˆÃ Ì# % Tx §. using VST .Á í ß ¥ ½£ ü cv ë ˆ Þ Ã¡  Z ë x §.

and is going over to the sink. (  x ¦-) Response: F C U  t  ¦no  ). (® ‰N "  ¤ Š   -) 3. You see a funeral lantern outside a Korean house. 1. and you know the family’s grandmother is old and frail. You see your friend order Bulgogi whenever you go to a Korean restaurant together. (2 É© Â< ó V" X > Ž µ ¥ ½q ü „ -) 9. Your housemate is rolling up his sleeves. (w ‡< ´ TC Q ‹9 ¹ ½v N ˆ§ Þ Šq  „n P¨ ´ R-) ë Language Notes •q „ . (¨ ÀE ó ½¤ N Š  x ¦ -) 7. (1 À ýØ Å H ¥ ½ ü -) 8. ( C ‹! ¹ Tw ˆ¥ ½  ü  -) 10. (x ¦8 > Žq µ Pà ´ Äá í E —  †¥ ½ ü  ¨ a-) ë 4.= V 17 » Î 8 What’s up? Look at the situations described below and make appropriate comments on them using the cue words plus - á  Z ë x §. You hear a lot of noises from your neighbour’s garage. (» Î ¥ ½ ü / ¨¥ a ë Ü ½-) í 5.= wait for 126 c G. You hear the thud of a football outside. Bus No 31 comes but one of the people at the bus stop doesn’t take it. You expect Mr Chon back at eleven but you see his light go on at 9.= repair. fix •   . Shin 2003 . You are wondering why the children have no appetite at dinner. (© Â< ó V¤ Š  -) 2.30. You look for a colleague at work but can’t find him. (  ¤ Š ÷ ¦ ]< ë V" X£ Š-)  6. You see weeds have overrun a garden. Example: You go outside and the streets are all wet.

and write them in the space provided. Example Cue Question VA G ‡ µ : –L  s It  es > ‡ D   CZ o )? (Do you wear a suit? When do you wear a suit?) Response n Co .Á í ß ¥ ½£ ü cv ë ˆ Þ Ã¡  Z ë x §. To make the exercise go more smoothly. ´x CA R.. 9 When do you wear .? Form a small group and ask each other the questions about the items of clothing listed below. prepare your own answers in advance.   cº  U_  Gn D  b(   Us > –L  It  es > ‡n D .. s Rs  ‡ D   o ).

Shin 2003 127 . to say when I do such and such. ¢ R ë  . G V. eg P ô© ¸ Š¨ ÷ Щ ó ŠD ÷ J = when I read books c G. I (female) am wearing a suit would be : V. thus. when I go to a wedding. D ‹% ‚ `Û Á + Neg. G V© F ŠB ÷ x §. etc? Review Pages 94 – 95 in Unit 16. ½ • A woman’s suit can be : V. + À| ò »9  ½ = wedding ceremony.) †‹ ‰ ¨ ÓÀ ï ñ +  ½ ƒ H   ˆ8 s Rw ˆ N® ½ ü N ¦ u  ‡+ µ @ À ñ     ¨ß  ÄA î ‡ µ 5   PØ ´ q Ä I VA G : ‡ µ   " Oz ˆ ˆ> ë v ŽÈ µ * dv ë ³ ˆ Þ     LANGUAGE NOTES: • Remember  õ= ½ V . I don’t.o ).  Õ ‘ ¨ J X0 S Àt « + Neg. and I (generally) wear a suit : V. (No. v ¦G Á. 9 ¨ À. ¨ ë À‘ ó ¨¨ À< ó Vw ‡ ´ õ. ó £ 9 R. we use N · · · VST . • Also. I do. G V© F Š† ÷ # ÿ Tx §. But. and the verb to use with it will be F -.(x ˆ) D J.  í õ) ½ e + Neg. note + À| ò »9  ½< N V¡ RD ë J.

.= V 17 » Î 10 He’s wearing red trousers .. 128 c G. Shin 2003 Ñ#  3 Tv ¦ p ˆ Ù ­  w ‡ ´ õq ¾  PB ´ v ¦ p ˆ Ù ¢ R{ ë õB ¼ v ¦ p ˆ Ù   áB E v ¦ p ˆ Ù   q õ ¼ < W ˆ Þ ¨ ¼ Ô ¨ Ìp ó ˆ Ù ? Ä¡ N ˆM ô  -M È  ô 8 SM F ô  z «? ºM Õ ô  .

and talk to the class about your findings. make a cross in the appropriate box where someone is wearing one of the articles listed in one of the colours/appearances listed. . Below is a grid comprising articles of clothing (horizontal) with colours/appearances (vertical). Your task is to look at the people around you. m ‡M ´ ô  œm r ‡M ´ ô  ± Rj ë PM ´ ô  áM c i  ô Ø Áv H ˆM Þ ô     ³ dv ë ˆ Þ   v ˆ> ë ŽÈ µ * @+ µ ‡ À ñ  o ´ ‡  N® ½ ü N   "  Oz ˆ  µ à  u ¦  :¥ G V R ë w ˆ ë' N This exercise is to help you practise further describing colours and using some relevant description verbs in Korean.

Shin 2003 129 . 11. but China is bigger. Canberra’s cleaner than Sydney. Sorak-san (1 À ý: O´ F P p) is commonly recognised as the most beautiful mountain area. Annie’s got three brothers and sisters. Korean food is hot. 2.Á í ß ¥ ½£ ü cv ë ˆ Þ Ã¡  Z ë x §. ´ Response cs _ F_  Rt  Ux > C2 C_ RG   n8 …r > /o ). but Thai food is even hotter. 9. My neighbours are quieter than David’s. 12. David is 1. 1. Learning Japanese is more difficult that learning Korean (well. but Galbi’s even nicer. 11 COMPARISONS This exercise is designed to help you practice making comparisons in Korean. at least to some!). Australia is a big country. and Ji-Su’s 1. c G. and Seon-Yeong has four. 5. In Australia cricket is more popular than baseball. 4. Read the cues below and make sentences according to the Example. 10. more beautiful than even Jiri-san (  p P). This University is older than that one. Example Cue In Korea.8m tall. 7.77m. 8. Bulgogi’s delicious. 3. And Seoul’s noisier than Sydney. 6. New Zealand’s closer to Australia than Fiji.

= V 18 » Î 18 1 T # " X§ R < ë Wx §? What are you going to buy? Look at the pictures below and make sentences according to the Example. Example 130 Question: ®ë m ÿ R §< Wx §? Response: Œ n 8 e_ > b.

3. 6. 5. 4. c G. 2. 1. 8.n  o ). Shin 2003 . 7. 9.

17. 15. 20. 11. 23. 16.T # " X§ R < ë Wx §? 10. 18. 12. 14. 24. 21. 13. 22. c G. 19. Shin 2003 131 .

Example !  T p ˆ Ù ..= V 18 » Î 2 .. M û  ¾© ¥ Š§ ÷ ^# ë Tx §. Response: nF . IN ORDER TO ... Make sentences according to the model. V< F V¡ ^T ë #x §.

x C U_ > ˜_  St  e Z2 > .

Z C} –n   ’n  .

s õá ¼ ô© Z Šn ÷ P¢ ´ ^# ë Tx §.  ®Ü Äw î ‡ ´ ¨ á¡ E R ë ¥ ½Ü ü ½2 í Ì#  Tx §. Š ž p ˆ' Ù N ¢ R< ë V¡ ^# ë Tx §. # TN p ˆ Ù ©( N µ Ã<  V¡ ^# ë Tx §. <  p ˆ" Ù X© Šß  ½< î V¡ ^# ë Tx §. q „B ‡! ‚ Tw ˆü ½ ¥¬ ^# ë Tx §. ´ V÷ F Š ©§ ^# ë Tx §. ¨ Àt ó ˆ# ø T¥ ½< ü [­ O Ž† # ÿ Tx §.  ¨ á p E ˆ  Ù ¥ ½¬ ü ^# ë Tx §. 11. 4. x ¦ p ˆ< Ù [ O E á< V¡ ^# ë Tx §.  õ ½ p ˆ@ Ù †q } …< V¡ ^# ë Tx §. å ûv A ˆ Þ . P# o Tx §. 1.  ¾M ¥ û4  Á» N Î  † # ÿ Tx §. Ä % ¾M ¥ ûv  ˆq Þ „@ < ~ V¡ ^# ë Tx §. # U s õ‰ ¼ †¥ ½n ü P¢ ´ ^# ë Tx §.o ). 9. j P. 2. # TN p ˆL Ù  ôÈ *à Á< í V¡ ^# ë Tx §. 10.   ¨p ˆ Ù ­ © Â< ó V. 7. Cue: Translation: Dad went to the market to buy fish. 6. 3. 5. v À© ø Š§ ÷ ^# ë Tx §. > ŽM µ û»  Îë Z ¡ < [Ž O ­† # ÿ Tx §. 8. @  ­p ˆ¨ Ù Àt ó ˆ< ø V¡ ^# ë Tx §. ¨ À ó p ˆ Ù ¨ á< E V¡ ^# ë Tx §.

x ¦8 > Ž´ µ P qs Àn ø Pk ´ Ps ´ õ‰ ¼ †¥ ½n ü P¢ ´ ^# ë Tx §. : ¥ ½¬ ü ^# ë Tx §. Shin 2003 . 132 c G. 12.  õ ½ p ˆw Ù ‡3 ´ V< F V¡ ^# ë Tx §. s õ‰ ¼ † „ qK ô‘  ¨¥ ½ ü Þ Ì# î Tx §. 13. B Œ< ƒ V+ À# ñ T¡ ^# ë Tx §. ® ‰ " ! T p ˆ¨ Ù Š©  Â< ó V¡ ^# ë Tx §.

..T # " X§ R < ë Wx §? 3 If . P ô© ¸ Šq ÷ P ´ - Response:  Šn  C . Complete the following sentences using the words in the brackets. Example Cue: i ë ¡  / ¨  -.

> .F CdA SH  t ‘ es > R_  b .

B ‡= „ V =  2 ×-. q õ9 ¼ S F  n U > 2 ×-.  > Ž µ ¡ i ë  / ¨  -. C ‹9 ¹ ½ N  / ¨} ù-. @ × †q } …< Vq P ´ c G. I  Á ß ¥ ½ ü  6. 3 Á N ¾M ¥ û4  Á N q P5 ´  -.n  o ). C ‹9 ¹ ½ N n U > 2 ×-. ! Tw ˆt « 7. 6 ó 1ç ¾<  Vw ‡< ´ T< Q V 11. x ¦| «  ¥ ½ ü 9. q  P ´ 5.   ˆP ô© ¸ Š ÷ 2. Translation: If the price is too expensive I won’t buy the book.   8. >  Žp ¹ P© ´ Š ÷ 10. R ô    / ¨  -.   õ‘ ½ ¨¥ R< ë V¢ R ë  ª ”-. ¡ i ë  -.  / ¨E ¿-. q  PÜ ´ ½í 4. Shin 2003 133 . q ˆ ø ¨ Ì-. q ù PÜ ´ ½í 3. 1.

= V 18 » Î 4 Introductory Statements Make sentences according to the Example. Example !w T ˆ 2 ×#  Tx §. Response: F . R ô  « t x §.

¥ HZ  C3  o ). I Á ß ¥ ½ ü " Ox §. § Šq  „ 2 ×#  Tx §.[ < s ‹ U > . q õ9 ¼ S F  2 ×#  Tx §. § Š¡  R ë ¥ ½‘ ü ¨s ˆB ë x §. 1. :  q „. 3. 2. Cue: Translation: There aren’t any buses – we’ll go by taxi.

P# o Tx §. V< F V" Xs õ‰ ¼ †¥ ½n ü P ´ x §. 6. P# o Tx §.  q „© Àª ó ”v  ˆ Þ Ã¨  Ì# ó Tx §? 7. 4. w ‡< ´ T# Q T å ø Z 6 1¨ À ó < Vx §. 9.  / ¨  x §. ° R< ë V5 ª Šq  õå ¼ û© A Š ÷  N.  j P2 ´ ×#  Tx §. Vx §.  H{ ‡ ´ Ã2  ×#  Tx §? 8. D ‹  ‚  . x §. Vx §. > Ž7 µ s ˆ ë . 5. q …§ Àt ó «¡ T ë  . > Ž µ 7s ˆ ë .   ­p P© ´ Š $ ÷ Y . N   . R ô  t « x §. I Á ß ¾M ¥ û4  Á N  < Xq S P5 ´ . C ‹9 ¹ ½à N Á< í V¡ T ë  . Vx §. 12. < W ˆq Þ õå ¼ û¨ A Ì# ó Tx §? 13.    x §. V< F Vp ˆ/ Ù Æ õ! ½ Tw ˆ¥ ½ ü q „ x §? 10. 8 V© F Š ÷  N. # T: Ê5   Bx §? 11. ‹ ¨   “ º# p Tx §.

134 c G. x §. C ‹: ¹ O© F Š¤ ÷ Š# ÷ Tx §. Shin 2003 .

• # U $ \: Literally Here (and) over there . R = gerund form of ¨ ë ¨ R-. = Ù V ¨ Rt ë «p ˆ Ù .. V© F Š ÷ R¨ ë © R ë x §? Seon-Yeong: 6 3. · · · • ..  = subject marker. $ \p ˆ6 Ù 1¨ À4 ó S7 F s ˆ ë .. Annie:   ˆ8 x §? Ü ÁH € ¾v × ˆx Þ §? Seon-Yeong: Ü ÁH € ¾s × ¦4 S7 F s ˆ ë  x §. V< F V¡ R < ë Wx §.. 4 S7 F s ˆ ë .T # " X§ R < ë Wx §? 5 Conversation ...: This is a useful introductory phrase when giving information. c G. where Annie is talking to  ¾ß ¥ Ä about going shopping. and thus ¦ Š  ¾< s V  " X .. Thus it means literally By means of what I know. ÿ ®§ m R < ë Wx §? Annie: v À ø q „ Ü ÁH € ¾© × ŠD ÷ ‹§ ‚ R < ë Wx §. t ë « = instrumental particle by (means of). ... •   ˆ õ7 ½ L: by the way. Annie:  .. ¦ Š  ¾< s V  " X# U $ \" X p ˆ ٠á  Z ë x §. NOTES • V = ¨ Rt ë «p ˆ . corresponds to As far as I know. Seon-Yeong: = V ¨ Rt ë «p ˆÂ Ù < T Q 6 S¤ F Š ÷ v ¦G Á Õ @  á< E V" Xv À© ø Š ÷ x §. Annie: ¥ ß ¾ Ä î . < V  " X . do a role-play î with your fellow student...   ˆ õ7 ½ L" X© Š  6 S¤ F Šv ÷ ˆ# Þ T " Xw ? Ä© N ŠB ÷ x §? Seon-Yeong: ¢ WF í mx §. means According to the goods (concerned).. and breaks down as follows.  n Pv ´ Àv ø ˆ4 Þ S7 F s ˆ ë  H x §. That said. = V = I. Study the conversation below...: This phrase corresponds to According to . Shin 2003 135 ... © R¨ ë R ë x §... ie knowing... . 6 3.

Do this exercise in pairs. Look at the pictures below and make sentences according to the Example... Example Cue: Question: ƒŒ D  C8 e Z2 > A Sn  .= V 18 » Î 6 YOU CAN GET IT AT THE .

4. 6. Shin 2003 . 5. 136 c G. Cn  )? o Response:  ƒŒ D C8 e Z2 > A S_  G± D …} ƒn  Z o ). 1. 3. 2.

c G. 8. 10. 14. 12. Shin 2003 137 . 11. 13.T # " X§ R < ë Wx §? 7. 15. 9.

You spot a nice piece of celadon and ask how much it is. dolls. 7. The answer is 50. You say you’re leaving Korea next week.. 5. You enter a souvenir shop. You see one you like. and are looking for souvenirs to take home. You ask what they have. 9. 13. remark how nice it is and ask the price. She says it’s 10. 3.= V 18 » Î 7 MAKING CONVERSATION The situation: 1. the shop assistant greets you and asks what she can do for you.000 won. You say that’s a bit expensive and ask if they have anything cheaper. and as you pay says that she’ll give you this fan with the compliments of the store. NOTE: fans = Ž ­>  138 c G. 2. You thank her and say good bye. You hesitate and ask if they sell pictures. She says they do and brings out a folder. 12.000 won. 6. She says they don’t have cheap celadon.. You find three more you like and say you’ll take all four. 11. fans. Shin 2003 . 8. toys. ceramics .000 won. 10. 14. She says that will be 40. The shop assistant answers that they have bags. 4. and then suggests you buy a Korean doll.

. Example Cue: i ë ¡  / ¨ ² ^# ë Tx §.. Response: Š n  C . Connect the following pairs of sentences using VST +  /# T" X or B " X ..= V 19 » Î 19 t ˆ ë # TD Jx §? 1 BECAUSE . q P§ ´ ^# ë Tx §..

> .F CdZ .

s R_  ’n  .

 ­ © Âx ó ˆt «ë ^ ¡# Tx §. 1 À: ý Op F Pv ´ ˆØ Þ Ä I   ? ¾ Ù ö x §. 13. 2. w ‡< ´ T¥ Q R ë # T Oö x §.  Ü ½ í Ì 2# Tx §. @ †M } û   / ¨¥ a ë x §. s ÀÜ ø ½2 í Ì#  Tx §.  ­ © Â ó    º# q Tx §. 11. ¬ Š " ¥ ½‘ ü ¨s ˆ† ë # ÿ T§ x.  > U l< V¡ ^# ë Tx §. < [á O E<  V¡ ^# ë Tx §. 3. 9. < [Ž O ­¥ ½¥ ü a ë B § x. 8. < [ O á E / À2  Ì#  Tx §.   . ¢ R ë  ª ”¨  ^# ë Tx §. C ‹9 ¹ ½ N 9  º# q Tx §. :  q „­ ^# ë Tx §.o ). C ‹9 ¹ ½ N  / ¨9  º# q Tx §. 6.  l U< > Vq P¡ ´ ^# ë Tx §. 12.  > Ž µ t «¡ ^# ë Tx §. ¢ R ë   H q º# Tx §. 14. © Â< ó V¨ Ì2 ó Ì#  Tx §. P# o Tx §. 5. ¢ R ë   / ¨’ ­ º# q Tx §. \ B' d H½ : J G¤ Š ÷ ¥ a ë x §. 1. 10. . t «s À¡ ø ^# ë Tx §. 7. ¡ À ó  ± ^# ë Tx §. t ˆ  @ ø÷ … Š ¤# Tx §. Translation: Since it was too expensive I didn’t buy it. 4.

@ ‡ µ ¥ R¤ ë ^# ë Tx §. ¨ Š©  Š¥ ÷ a ë Ü ½2 í Ì#  T§ x.  9 V† F # ÿ Tx §. 148 c G.    ¥ ½. 15. t ˆ ë  ± ^# ë Tx §. Shin 2007 . B Œ ƒ  ª ˆ N º# q Tx §. ü VÝ Ä î î Ì Þ# Tx §. 17. ¦ ]x ë ˆt « o P .   . 16. …# ¤ Tx §.# Tx §.

t ˆ ë # TD Jx §? 2 You must be . S© F Šs ÷ À© ø ^# ë Tx §... (. choose a response that most appropriately applies to this situation/action. From the words in brackets. Example #V T =8 S< F V. Each of the following sentences describes an action or a situation.

o UB î x §. A ‡© µ TB ë x §.   áB E x §.) Response: ª C U´Z  C ”n  .

< q õ ¼  < T< Q V¡ ^# ë Tx §. t ˆ ë q Pª ´ ”  x §. …# ¤ Tx §. § Š  õB ¾ x §. 1. # T= V8 S< F V¨ Š©  Š¥ ÷ a ë  Þ Ì# î Tx §.) 3. hx §. hx §.) 2. ( C ‹< ¹ V¤ Š# ÷ Tx §.) 4. < q õ ¼  < T< Q V" X¤ Š  . Cue: Translation: I couldn’t sleep last night – You must be tired. < [Ž O ­¥ ½¥ ü a ë †  ÿ n P ´ å ø© Z Š© ÷ Rø ë À s. hx §. ¨ Š( ò Nx §. (=  ¨ Ì# ó Tx §.o ). . P# o Tx §. 1 Â1 ý ÂB ý x §. . (N  ª ”  x §. N   . (.

) 8.) 5. N    x §. # T= V8 SŽ F ­' N < X S  9 ½ N ¥ ½s ü Àÿ ø  †# Tx §.) 6. x §.) 7. # TN  3 Á N ¥ ½n ü P¤ ´ Š ÷ Ì 2# Tx §.  ú¨ # Ì# ó Tx §. o ‡ö ´ x §. ( / ¨ª ”  x §. (  x §. Ž ­ Nö x §. (õ íö x §.) 9. :  q „. A ‡© µ TB ë x §. (Ž ­ Nö x §. (n U¨ > Ì# ó Tx §. s õ‰ ¼ †  ‘ ¨ { ‡ ´ ¥ ½§ ü ^# ë Tx §. ¨ Š( ò Nx §. w ‡ ´ ¥ ½¥ ü a ë : ö x §.  6 1< V   / ¨¥ a ë x §. § Šq  PB ´ x §. @ ø¤ … Š# ÷ Tx §. Æ ¬ª s ˜ " x §.

. x §.

(p ¾ ¼ ¢ ^# ë Tx §.) 10. o UB î x §. V j P> ´ Žq µ P¨ ´ À© ó Š† ÷ # ÿ Tx §.) 11. +  ñ ¢ ^# ë Tx §. ë …# ¤ Tx §. £ Š¤  ^# ë Tx §. :  q „. (=  ¨ Ì# ó Tx §.  å ø© Z Š© ÷ R. x ¦£ Š2 ò À.

x §. .

) 12. (:  q „. o UB î x §. x ¦£ Šv ò ˆ¦ Þ Šw  ‡r ´ ‡s ´ ¦s À ø Þ Ì# î Tx §.

x §.  .

) 13. @ ‡ µ ¥ R ë x §. x §.  / ¨  " X< [Ž O ­® ‰ " j P ´ 2 ×#  T§ x. ( 9 VB F x §.  ¾3 s VB F x §. £ T£ ë TB ë x §. Shin 2007 149 .) c G.

= V 19 » Î 3 WHY . and you are to make third-person questions asking how the situation came about.. You can omit the subject/topic ’He/She..’ Example Cue: Your friend didn’t do any homework. Response: q !a Ix 8 es > R¹  ”n  .? In this exercise you are given a series of situations involving people..

13. Your friend left her umbrella behind. 5. Your friend couldn’t meet Mr Kim.m. 9. Shin 2007 . Your friend didn’t come to class. Your friend didn’t sit for the Korean exam. 11. Your friend likes riding a bike.00 p. Your friend sold his car. 6. Your friend went to Busan at the weekend. 12. Your friend had a headache. 8. Your friend walked to school today. 14. 10. Your friend didn’t enjoy Korea. 150 c G. Your friend went back to Korea. 7. 2. 3. 4. Your friend couldn’t come to your birthday party. Your friend has decided to study Japanese.o )? 1. Your friend worked until 9. 15. Your friend moved house.

. In this exercise you are given a series of situations.t ˆ ë # TD Jx §? 4 BECAUSE .. Example Cue: You couldn’t go to school today. (N   } ˆ-) Response: < . Give explanations using VST  /# T" X or B " X to explain why you did what you did.

2 C Translation: nªZ .

o  e¹ > F  (n B ‘  ’n  .

) 3. You couldn’t go to the park.) 2. You couldn’t buy the shoes. 1. (:   . (® ‰¨ " À ó  / ¨¥ a ë x §. You couldn’t eat the food. You couldn’t do your homework. (   Âx §. I couldn’t go to school today because I had a headache.o ).) 4. ( / ¨  x §.

( / ¨9  öx §.) 5. (n U > 2 ×#  Tx §. You didn’t go out at all yesterday. You didn’t write to Sunhui.) 12. (@ ‡ µ ¥ R¤ ë ^# ë Tx §.) 14. (. You (left the car and) went on foot. (‘ ¨w œ¥ ½ ü Š ¦¤ ^# ë Tx §. (R ô    / ¨  x §.) 8. You didn’t eat the fish you ordered. You had another glass of cola.) 13. You couldn’t meet your friend. (ß Ä* î È =  2 ×#  Tx §. You walked out of the movie theatre. x §. You took a bus to the market.) 7. (¢ R ë   / ¨Â-) ý 9. You couldn’t eat the kimchi.) 11. You went to the beach (instead of to school). (¡ À ó   ˆ-) 10.) 6. ( /¨   x §.

) c G. Shin 2007 151 . o U† î # ÿ Tx §.

... Choose the phrase in the box that can most suitably explain the actions in the sentences below.= V 19 » Î 5 THE REASON IS THAT .

 " X /  ¨.

3. ( )# UT û© ¸ Š¡ ÷ ^ ë . ( )B ‡= „ V¥ ½s ü À† ø # ÿ Tx §. 9. 2. ( )  ¤ Š ÷ © Âq ó P< ´ V" X£ Š¨  ^# ë Tx §. ( )© © ó Š­ ÷ Rë ë ^ ¨# Tx §. ( )© © ó Š§ ÷ ^T ë #x §. # TN p ˆ( Ù 11. 10. 8. 4. å ûv A ˆ( Þ 12. )Ý ÄE î  á< V¡ ^# ë Tx §. ) ©( N< V" X ­p P© ´ Š§ ÷ ^# ë Tx §. S© F Š2 ÷ À j P© ´ ^# ë Tx §. ( )@ †q } …¥ ½ø ü À s  0x §. c G. ( ) õÈ ½ *¥ ½ø ü À s† # ÿ Tx §. ( 152 )R ô  t «¡ ^# ë Tx §. Shin 2007 . ( )r œ8 ¥ ½† ü # ÿ Tx §. ( ). 5. h" X /  ¨# T Oö " X  ©  Š  á  Z ë " X T£ ë £ TB ë " X 1. U îB o " X R ë ¢   / ¨’ ­ö " X /  ¨  " X    / ¨/ À#  T" X j  P ´ 2 ×#  T" X /  ¨§ Š  õB ¾ " X  C ‹< ¹ V¤ Š# ÷ T" X /  ¨ . 7. P# o Tx §. 6.

7 L p ˆÜ Ù x ¦£ Š" ò X© Š©  Šs ÷ À+ ø N x §? 5. Read it and answer the questions below.. 7 L p ˆÜ Ù = V‘ ¨s ¦< Vs À x ø §? 6. 7 L p ˆÜ Ù  k P‘ ´ ¨¥ R< ë V" X© Š©  Šs ÷ À+ ø N¢ ^# ë Tx §? 3. 7 L p ˆÜ Ù  k P‘ ´ ¨< V" X© Š©  Šs ÷ À+ ø N¢ ^# ë Tx §? 2.t ˆ ë # TD Jx §? 6 Why couldn’t Debbie . 7 L p ˆÜ Ù > Á N Ôs õ‰ ¼ †¥ ½s ü Àn ø P ´ x §? NOTE: to be tired = . 7 L p ˆÜ Ù # T= V" X© Š©  Šs ÷ À+ ø N¢ ^# ë Tx §? 4.. 1.? Below is the text of letter written on a visit to Korea.

Shin 2007 153 . to have a stomach-ache = :   } ˆc G. o U î -. It snows = p ˆ æ x ¦-.

I closed the door. I opened the door.. ÷v * ª ‡¨ ´ [< ë V" X1 Ì# ý Tx §. I went to the window. I entered the room. making sure that your fellow students will be able to describe what you are about to do.’ 154 c G.. `¨ F : ^# ë Tx §.. ˆ© ë s Š2 ÷ À2 Ì#  Tx §. you shut the door. I went out of the room.. And then . saying (in Korean) ‘You came in.= V 19 » Î 7 ON STAGE In this activity. I stopped in front of the blackboard. I went to the door. I got up. ˆ   q „ .   t «¤ Š  ¡ ^# ë Tx §. Ì# ý 1 Tx §. Vq F 8 Px ´ ˆt «¤ Š# ÷ T. I sat down. P# o Tx §... Write down your script.. s } < ˆx ë ˆt «¡ ^# ë Tx §. you take turns moving about the room performing a series of actions.. . Basically. À# ó ¨ T¢ ^# ë Tx §. I stood there. Step 2: Take turns to leave the classroom and then return and go through your act. Step 3: After each act. V© F 8 Š ÷ ¡ ^# ë Tx §. When you have finished. sx ˆ ë ˆt «¡ ^# ë Tx §. Shin 2007 . The pantomimes will basically involve the following actions.. I went back to my seat.. Step 1: Think about the pantomime you are going to act out. w ‡@ ´ Rq õ ¼ ¥ ½† ü # ÿ Tx §. the other students will be asked to describe what you have done. I said hello to . we practise some of the vocabulary in this Unit by performing simple pantomimes. you . ˆ© ë s Š5 ÷ Q¨ F ^# ë Tx §. the class describes what they have just scene. but you can add to them if you want to.

.... 25 § RD ë J ......q „¨ Ì2 ó Ì#  T§ x. Example You say: Translation: 15 § RD ë JÇ ÷! 1 Tr »< ã V" X@ †q } …¥ ½ ü  q „¨ Ì2 ó Ì#  Tx §....q „¨ Ì ó Ì 2# T§ x........... 3 § RD ë J ..............q „¨ Ì ó Ì 2# Tx §................ 5... 9......... 3........q „¨ Ì ó Ì 2# T§ x...q „¨ Ì2 ó Ì#  T§ x.......... 6. 9 § RD ë J . 20 § RD ë J .. 1........ 19 § RD ë J ............... 10... 4...........q „¨ Ì ó Ì 2# T§ x.....” Your task is to complete the sentences that are relevant to your own circumstances........ 7...q „¨ Ì ó Ì 2# T§ x................. Shin 2007 155 ........... 15 § RD ë J . c G.... In this exercise we ask you to recall what you were doing at various times in your past life..................q „¨ Ì ó Ì 2# T§ x.........t ˆ ë # TD Jx §? 8 WHEN I WAS TEN .q „¨ Ì ó Ì 2# T§ x.. 35 § RD ë J .... years old I was doing such-and-such......q „¨ Ì ó Ì 2# Tx §.... 6 § RD ë J .... 11.. 12 § RD ë J ..... 18 § RD ë J ..q „¨ Ì2 ó Ì#  T§ x.... At the age of fifteen I was going to school in Melbourne...... 8. 30 § RD ë J ..... 12....q „¨ Ì ó Ì 2# Tx §..... 40 § RD ë J ................. 2... Below there are a series of sentences saying “When I was ........

V 20 » = Î 20 1 ‡ ´ w< T< Q V" X§ R T ë #D Jx §? Opposites In the box below are twenty seven Korean adverbs. Each of them. except one. Your task is to identify the one that does not have the opposite. has an adverb that is opposite in meaning. CQ <  >  ‡ # Zn  A C Žs  A ‹ ˆ  A s A “ D C d F b2  U C ‡ 6 c e« > ` < C Z <7 ‡ d RA  s ˆ  .

 — c G. Shin 2007 < x Cs ‹ .7 n ‡  Žs  A “ D c‡ D s G D F  } < x Cs “ D t y ™´ + C n  ‡ S‘  ‘ S´  C s A ‹ 156 c D  ‰ “ .

Example Situation: You say: The temperature today is 35 degrees Celsius. (...) 2. and your task is to make appropriate comments using VST- x §. Your Korean friend is learning French.‡< ´ w T< Q V" X§ R # ë TD Jx §? 2 . (} ˆ6 Vw F ˆ¥ R÷ ë Š ©:  ­ . aren’t you?/isn’t it? Below are a series of situations.  o et > U > bd  C ‡x # Co )?& 1.. Use a falling intonation pattern to indicate that you expect the other party to confirm your observation.. You’re watching a TV program and your companion yawns.

(w ‡ß ´ Ä î  õ ½ 2 ×-)  10. (w ‡< ´ T# Q T< [Ž O ­   °-) p 8. The phone is ringing constantly. Your companion eats a tiny portion of Gimchi and leaves the rest. You look around the bookshop. (N   } ˆ-) 13. Your companion leaves most of the food uneaten. Your companion recites a list of things of things that have to be done today. o U î -) 3. ( / ¨} ù-) ù 5. You think the person you’re addressing is Mr Park. (w ‡< ´ T# Q T< [Ž O ­  # TÞ Â-)  7. (n U > 2 ×-)  6. Your friend has a desk piled high with papers and files. Your friend tells you he has a long subway ride to work every morning. Another friend passes the Korean exam. Your friend fails the Korean exam. but can’t find a Korean-English dictionary. (  ˆ-) 11. Your friend keeps frowning and rubbing her forehead. The temperature is around zero. (§ Š  õ ¾ -) 4. (E ¿-) × 12. (® ‰¨ " À ó ¥ a-) ë NOTES: . (8 O F ¾M ¥ û4  Á N -) 9.

= tired. w ‡ß ´ Ä î  õ = Korean-English dictionary ½ c G. Shin 2007 157 . o U î .

Your friend is hanging streamers and laying snack food on the table. didn’t you? As in the previous exercise your task is to make appropriate comments using VST- x §. You think there’s a restaurant inside the railway station. You want to check with your fellow student that there’s a vocabulary quiz next Monday. You’re checking whether Annie has learned Chinese characters or not. 10. 2.. p   .V 20 » = Î 3 . 158 c G. You want to check whether Annie has ever tried naengmyeon. You want to check with the teacher that the lesson finishes at 1. You think Kylie’s ordered beef spare ribs but want to make sure that she has. You want to check whether Annie worked in the school library. You want to check that John went there on foot. and you ask him to check if this is the case. 9. 7.. 3. _ Ss  —d  C8 eA > R  ’x  Co )?% 1. 12. You want to check whether Annie has done her homework. Example Situation: You say: You think Tae-U has met Seon-Yeong. You want to check with Seon-Yeong that she’s got an appointment at 7. You want to check with the teacher that there’s no exam tomorrow. But this time you’ll be using a rising intonation pattern and inviting the hearer to agree with you on the point you are making.00. Shin 2007 . 13. 5.00 pm. You want to check if Tae-U has read yesterday’s paper. 4. 11.d C. 8. 6.

c G.Ž . Shin 2007 159 . 1. 5. 4. 2.. Look at the pictures below and suggest what tomorrow’s weather will look like.‡< ´ w T< Q V" X§ R # ë TD Jx §? 4 IT SEEMS TO BE .. 6. Example s  ct D U > bd  C nz .u e  ¦no  ). 3.

l P# ´ T:  ­ making sentences – s ˆ. ë s Vn F P¤ ´ Š ÷ -È È * As an extension exercise. Os F ˆ ë listening and (then) speaking – > ‰q ¹ „¥ R ë  acquiring vocabulary – . find out how your fellow students feel. ë s Vn F P¤ ´ Š ÷ -È È * 160 c G. P# ´ T:  ­ ˆ. Name: Name: R ë ¥  ‰ ¹ > Ð ó ¨ ˆ ¤ ˆ0 ë s   RC ë ¦ ‹ ¹ l . ‘  ¨# T Oö x § ‹# ‚ D T Oö x § ¬ª s Æ ˜ " x § íö õ x § ‘  ¨õ íö x § ¥ R ë  ‰ ¹ > Ð ó ¨ ˆ ¤ ˆ0 ë s   RC ë ¦ ‹ ¹ l . This exercise is designed to help you respond. Shin 2007 Name: Name: .V 20 » = Î 5 What’s studying Korean like? When you talk with Koreans you’ll find this is one of the most frequently-asked questions. ë Vn F P¤ ´ Š ÷ Now look at the grid below and describe how you feel. Learning Korean is a task involving various facets and skills: speaking – ¥ R ë  listening – > ‰ ¹ reading – ¨ Ð ó writing – ¤ ˆ vocabulary – l P# ´ T grammar – s ˆ0 ë   pronunciation – ¦ RC ë ‹ ¹ conversation – È -È * composition – . PT ´ #:  ­ ˆ.

. 1.......... . ......... ... ..... ............ . .. ........ .... ... .. ..... ... . ... .. ..... .. ...  © Š<  Vp ˆ æ  x §? ©  Š<  Vp ˆ æ  . .... .. .... .. .. .... . ... ...... .. .. .. ...... ... . 3.................. ........ .... # U? ¾< Ù V  ¥ a ë  x §? U? # ¾< Ù V  .... ............. ........ .... In this exercise..... . . . . And from the description of Korea’s climate in this Unit can you describe Korea’s climate by responding to the same five questions? 1.............. ..... . .... . ... ...  © Š<  Vp ˆ æ  x §? ©  Š<  Vp ˆ æ  ..... 4. . ...... .... .. ... . ...... q Ù „ ... ... ~ ³‘ ¨Â Ô – µp ˆ# Ù TD Jx §? ³‘ ~ ¨Â Ô – µp ˆ .... .. ... ....... .... see if you can put together a number of sentences to describe the climate in the area of Australia in which you live.. ....... ....... ....... ..... ............. ... . . ........ ..... ........ .. .... .. .. 3... ..... ...... ...... ...... ..... ... ... .... # U? ¾¢ Ù R ë p ˆ# Ù TD Jx §? U? # ¾¢ Ù R ë p ˆ ..... by responding to the following questions. . ... . ...... ........ . . ...  © Š¢  R ë p ˆ# Ù TD Jx §? ©  Š¢  R ë p ˆ . . 4.. .......... .... ....... ......................... .... .. q Ù „ . w ‡< ´ T Q Ô – µp ˆ# Ù TD Jx §? ‡< ´ w T Q Ô – µp ˆ ..... ... . .... ......... .... .. ..... .......... ..... ..... q Ù „ .. .. 5.. ..... ...... ... # U? ¾¢ Ù R ë p ˆ# Ù TD Jx §? U? # ¾¢ Ù R ë p ˆ ... . ..... .. . ..... ... . . .... . .... .... or in the country from which you came.. ... ..... # U? ¾< Ù V  ¥ a ë  x §? U? # ¾< Ù V  ...... ... ....... . Ù 2... .... ... ... . . In conversations with Korean people you’ll often be asked about Australia’s climate....... 5.. ..........‡< ´ w T< Q V" X§ R # ë TD Jx §? 6 What’s the weather like? Yet another common topic of conversation is the weather. .... ........ . ... ... . .. ..................  © Š¢  R ë p ˆ# Ù TD Jx §? ©  Š¢  R ë p ˆ .............. . c G....... ...... ... Ù 2.. .... q Ù „ ..... ......... Shin 2007 161 . .....

D ‡ ‚ Z ë ¡  [Ž O < ­B x §    R ë § x § j  P¨ ´ Ì© ó ŠD ÷ J . 7 W F x §.  Vx § T #  ®@  †M } û  < Vx § Ì ó ¨ x § ¦< y X S Â ó © õ‰ ¼ s † 162 c G. R: 6 3. t «! T| ˆ p ˆ© Ù Â ó ( )< Wx §? R: p ¾x ¼ »q ý õ7 ¼ Lx § .V 20 » = Î 7 FILL IN THE MISSING WORDS In the conversation below Yongsu is asking Robert about his accommodation.   ˆ õ7 ½ L < Xs S õ‰ ¼ † q „¡ Z ë (    õw ¾ ‡< ´ T( Q ) q „¡ Z ë § R ë x §? ). Vx §.. # U Ôs ¦N ‡< é V( À  / x §? Y: 6 3. ( )? p ¾x ¼ »< ý V" X0 Àt «q P ´ )w ‡ ´ õ£ ½ Š  Nx ¦. R: ´ w< ‡ T D Q ‡ ‚ q „( )§ R ë § x.   ˆ8 x §.  .. Vx §? R: í ¢F W mx § . ( ˆ½   7 õ L.  < X S ­ ( )< V" X( ).   ˆ© Â ó ¤ Šv ÷ ˆ= Þ V ( )q õ7 ¼ L. . 4 ÷  ¨ p ˆ( Ù ) # T < Wx §? Y:  } ¦ . Your task is to supply the missing words in the conversation from the words in the box below... Shin 2007 ). ( )¨ R ë x §. p ¾x ¼ »ß ý ½o î U% ¹ `¥ ½© ü R( ë )? Y: 3 6. Y: t «! T| ˆ .

..... and you are riding in a taxi ............................. You say that speaking Korean is O................................. 1.. .......................... .................................K.............................................................. Australia... He responds with interests! He asks if you had any Korean Korean teachers............... You respond............................. 8...................... The taxi driver starts a conversation by asking where you come from..............‡< ´ w T< Q V" X§ R # ë TD Jx §? 8 Making Conversation The situation: You’re in Seoul....................... 6............. ................... 9..................................................................... 2................ 4.......... but because you don’t speak Korean well............................................... .................................... ....................... c G........................ 3..... but understanding what people say is difficult........... 7..................... You say yes.. You say you like it.................................... He then asks you how you find living in Korea........ You say you learnt at the University of New South Wales in Sydney................................. ......................... ................. Shin 2007 163 ..... ................................. ... You like the food and people are kind to you.. ................................ 5.................................... you find it inconvenient from time to time... 10.................................................. He asks if you find Korean difficult............ He asks you where you learnt Korean.....

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